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Why did people want the king back in 1646?

Case study 1: Effects of war, 1642-45 - Source 7

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An order from Parliament in 1644 about paying for Parliament’s army

(Catalogue ref SP 16/506/45)

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SP16/506/45; paying for Parliament's army, 1644
 

What is this source?

This is an Ordinance from 1644 (and this copy of it was published the following year). This ordinance set up a new type of army, which came to be known as the New Model Army.

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What's the background to this source?

The Civil War was still dragging on in late 1643. Neither side could achieve a final victory, although Charles had the upper hand. This changed when Parliament made an alliance with the Scots. Parliament also decided to introduce a completely new army. The New Model Army was a well-disciplined force commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax. It was also properly paid for.

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It's worth knowing that...

The amounts of money listed in this source are very large. London’s bill of £8000 would be about £1 million today. Paying for this new army was very expensive. The New Model Army was also unusual in that many of the soldiers had strong religious and political ideas. As they fought, the officers and soldiers began to debate what England should be like once the war was over.

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Your turn: What can we learn from this source?

  1. What was the purpose of this ordinance?
  2. Look at the list of counties and towns to be taxed. Which one is nearest to you and how much did it have to pay?
  3. How do you think people felt when they read this new measure?
  4. What was the role of the County Committees?
  5. Does this source help to explain why County Committees were unpopular?
  6. How does this source help to explain why many people were supporting Charles in 1646?