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The war at sea

The merchant ship 'SS Ardendearg' sinks after being hit by a German submarine.
The merchant ship 'SS Ardendearg' sinks after being hit by a German submarine.
©Imperial War Museum SP1121

By the time the Cabinet Office was created in December 1916, the great fleet battles at Dogger Bank and Jutland had passed. However, the government now had to cope with a new form of conflict - unrestricted submarine warfare.

Related documents

Search using Submarine menace Merchant shipping War at sea

Further reading

  • Terraine, J., Business in Great Waters: The U-Boat Wars 1916-1945 (Ware: Wordsworth Editions, 1999)
  • Hough, R., The Great War at Sea 1914-1918 (Edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd, 2000)
  • Newbolt, H., History of the Great War: Naval Operations, vols. IV & V (London: Longmans, Green and Co, 1931)
  • Marder, A.J., From Dreadnought to Scapa Flow, vols. IV & V (London: OUP, 1961-1970)
  • Offer, A., The First World War: An Agrarian Interpretation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989)