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Retirement and pensions

In 1959 pensioners join Welsh miners at a demonstration in Eaton Square.
In 1959 pensioners join Welsh miners at a demonstration in Eaton Square.
©TopFoto

In 1908 and 1925, Pension Acts introduced non-contributory and contributory pensions although they were substantially below subsistence levels. The Beveridge Report of 1942 recommended subsistence level state pensions for all workers on reaching the age of retirement.

Related documents

Conservative financial review

Search using National Insurance Act Social Security Pensions Act

Further reading

  • Land, A., Lowe, R. & Whiteside, N., The Development of the Welfare State 1939-1951 A Guide to Documents in the Public Record Office (London: HMSO, 1992)
  • Bridgen, P. & Lowe, R., Welfare Policy under the Conservatives 1951-1964 A Guide to Documents in the Public Record Office (London: PRO Publications, 1998)
  • Glennerster, H., British Social Policy 1945 to the Present (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007)
  • Timmins, N., The Five Giants A Biography of the Welfare State (London: Harper Collins Publisher, 2001)