Winston Churchill and Charles de Gaulle are caricatured as ghosts looming over the 1971 summit talks of Edward Heath and Georges Pompidou.
The importance of the Commonwealth and Britain's relationship with the US meant it approached supranational European cooperation with caution. Britain attempted to join the European Economic Community (EEC) in the early 1960s but didn't achieve membership until 1973.
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- George, S., Britain and European Integration since 1945 (Oxford and Cambridge: Blackwell, 1991)
- Greenwood, S., Britain and European Cooperation since 1945 (Oxford and Cambridge: Blackwell, 1992)