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The Berlin problem and Cuban Missile Crisis

President Kennedy and Harold Macmillan attend a press conference after Kennedy's arrival at Gatwick Airport in June 1963.
President Kennedy and Harold Macmillan attend a press conference after Kennedy's arrival at Gatwick Airport in June 1963.
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The Cold War was fought through the exercise of economic power and proxy conflicts between lesser states. The arms race was a deterrent to direct military conflict but major crises involving Berlin and Fidel Castro's Cuba raised the possibility of nuclear war.

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Further reading

  • Dockrill, M.L. & Hopkins, M.F., The Cold War (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006)