Until 1916, food production essentially remained in its pre-war form - unregulated and uncontrolled. Germany's submarine warfare resulted in massive losses of food imports to Britain. Combined with international factors, this meant food shortages became commonplace in Britain from 1915.
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- Howkins, A., The Death of Rural England, A Social History of the Countryside Since 1900 (London: Routledge, 2003)
- Whetham, E., The Agrarian History of England and Wales Vol. 8, 1914-1939 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978)