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Stanley Baldwin 1935

In his final term of office, Baldwin presided over the constitutional crisis caused by the abdication of Edward VIII.
In his final term of office, Baldwin presided over the constitutional crisis caused by the abdication of Edward VIII.
© National Portrait Gallery, London

National Government 
7 June 1935 - 28 May 1937

Beset with ill health, Ramsay MacDonald stepped down as Prime Minister on 6 June 1935 and was replaced by the Conservative, Stanley Baldwin. National Government candidates were returned in large numbers at the November 1935 election and Conservatives formed the bulk of the Cabinet. A rebuilt Labour party formed the official opposition. Recovery from the depression was long and many industrial areas still suffered. The National Government also had to face two threats to peace - an aggressive Japan and a re-arming Germany.

Cabinet members
Position Name Dates
Prime Minister S. Baldwin 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Lord President of the Council R. MacDonald 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Lord Chancellor Viscount Hailsham 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Lord Privy Seal Marquis of Londonderry 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
  Viscount Halifax 22 Nov 35 - 28 May 37
Chancellor of the Exchequer N. Chamberlain 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Sir S. Hoare 7 Jun 35 - 22 Dec 35
  A. Eden 22 Dec 35 - 28 May 37
Secretary of State for Home Affairs Sir J. Simon 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
First Lord of the Admiralty Sir B. Eyres-Monsell 7 Jun 35 - 5 Jun 36
  Sir S. Hoare 5 Jun 36 - 28 May 37
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries W. Elliott 7 Jun 35 - 29 Oct 36
  W. Morrison 29 Oct 36 - 28 May 37
Secretary of State for Air Sir P. Cunliffe-Lister 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Secretary of State for the Colonies J. Thomas 22 Nov 35 - 28 May 36
  W. Ormsby-Gore 28 May 36 - 28 May 37
President of the Board of Education O. Stanley 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Minister of Health Sir K. Wood 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Secretary of State for India Marquis of Zetland 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Minister for Labour E. Brown 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Ministerwithout Portfolio for The League of Nations A. Eden 7 Jun 35 - 22 Dec 35
Secretary for Scotland Sir G. Collins 7 Jun 35 - 29 Oct 36
  W. Elliott 29 Oct 36 - 28 May 37
President of the Board of Trade W. Runciman 7 Jun 35 - 28 May 37
Secretary of State for War Viscount Halifax 7 Jun 35 - 22 Nov 35
  A. Duff Cooper 22 Nov 35 - 28 May 37
Minister without Portfolio Lord Percy 7 Jun 35 - 31 Mar 36
Dominions J. Thomas 7 Jun 35 - 22 Nov 35
  M. MacDonald 22 Nov 35 - 28 May 37