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Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Douglas Rayner Hartree, 1897-1958, mathematician


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Reference CSAC 45.9.76
Covering dates 1932-1950
Held by Cambridge University, Christ's College Library
Extent 4 boxes
Source of acquisition The manuscripts were received from Mrs. Elaine Hartree (widow), and from Professor M.V. Wilkes (Items 15 and 16).
Creators Hartree, Douglas Rayner, 1897-1958, scientist and mathematician
Note Compiled by Jeannine Alton and Harriot Weiskittel

Administrative history:
b.1897 Cambridge.
1910-15 educated Bedales School.
1915 St. John's College, Cambridge (Scholar).
1915-19 Work with A.V. Hill, Anti-Aircraft Experimental Section, Munitions Inventions Department.
1918-22 Mathematical Tripos Pt.I, Natural Sciences Tripos (Physics), Pt.II.
1923 married Elaine Charlton.
1924-27 Fellow, St. John's College, Cambridge.
1926 Ph.D., Cambridge.
1928-29 Fellow, Christ's College, Cambridge.
1929-37 Beyer Professor of Applied Mathematics, University of Manchester.
1932 Fellow of the Royal Society.
1937-46 Professor of Theoretical Physics, University of Manchester.
1939-45 Work on scientific staff, Ministry of Supply.
1946-58 Plummer Professor of Mathematical Physics, University of Cambridge; Fellow of Christ's College

Contents:
Items 1-12 consist of manuscript notes and drafts, many heavily revised, for books projected but not completed by Hartree as single author or in collaboration. Lady Jeffreys (née Bertha Swirles, Hartree's collaborator on his proposed book on Mechanics (Items 1-10)) retains some duplicated lecture-notes of his courses, and some calculations made by his father, William Hartree, on an early, hand-operated Brunsviga.
Items 15 and 16 were received from Professor Wilkes, whose explanatory notes accompany both files. Item 15 consists of Hartree's notes for a course of lectures on Partial Differential Equations to be given in the University of Cambridge; Item 16 is notes taken by him of lectures given by A.M. Turing 1946-47. Fuller information on both these files is given in the handlist below.
Item 17 consists of Xerox copies of letters, or notes of letters, written by Hartree to E.V. Appleton; they were received from Mrs. Hartree via Professor C. Stewart Gillmor.
Some of Hartree's early calculating machines are held in the Science Museum, South Kensington, London.
All the items in the handlist are manuscript unless otherwise stated. Titles and descriptions in inverted commas are those which appear on the documents.



Mechanics  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Extensively-revised manuscript and typescript drafts for projected book on 'Mechanics' in 2 vols.: 'Statics' and 'Dynamics', to be written by Hartree in collaboration with Dr. Bertha Swirles (now Lady Jeffreys) and published by Cambridge University Press. The book was not completed.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/1  1932-33

Contents:
'Book on Dynamics'
Correspondence with S.C. Roberts (Secretary to Syndics, C.U.P.) and with Dr. Swirles; Hartree's outline sketches for chapter contents 1-19.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/2  1935

Contents:
'Chapter 2. Vectors'
Ms. drafts and revisions; correspondence with co-author re book, and re British Association meeting at Norwich.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/3  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 3' (Kinematics of a Particle)
Ms. drafts and typescr.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/4  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 4. Laws of Motion'
Ms. drafts and typescr.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/5  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 5' ('Special Cases of rectilinear motion of a particle')
Ms. drafts and typescr.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/6  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 6' ('Special Motions of a Particle in Two Dimensions')
Ms. drafts and typescr.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/7  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 8' ('Localised Vectors, Moments, Vector Products')
Ms. drafts and typescr.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/8  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 9' ('Motion of a System of Particles')
Ms. drafts and notes; typescr.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/9  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 11' ('The Kinematics of a Rigid Body in Two Dimensions' - later renumbered as Chaps. 12 and 13)
Ms. drafts and typescr.

Mechanics  CSAC 45.9.76/10  n.d

Contents:
'Chapter 12' ('The Dynamics of a Rigid Body in Two Dimensions')
Ms. drafts and typescr.

'Introduction to Wave Mechanics'  CSAC 45.9.76/11  [n.d.]

Contents:
Drafts of uncompleted book;
typescr. of Chapter 2: 'Particles and Waves.'
Chapter 6: 'Momentum and Moment of Momentum.'
Chapter 9: 'Many-particle systems.'
Chapter 13: 'Relativity and wave mechanics.'

Introduction and typescr. Chapters I-III of projected book on differential equations  CSAC 45.9.76/12  n.d

Contents:
Chapter I: How differential equations arise in scientific and technical problems.
Chapter II: Introductory concepts.
Chapter III: First-order linear equations.

Misc. press-cuttings and reviews of Hartree's book  CSAC 45.9.76/13  1950

Contents:
Calculating Instruments and Machines, Illinois U.P. 1949, Cambridge U.P. 1950.

Copy of Calculating Machines  CSAC 45.9.76/14  1947

Contents:
Hartree's Inaugural address as Plummer Professor of Mathematical Physics, Cambridge.

'Numerical treatment of partial differential equations'  CSAC 45.9.76/15  nd

Contents:
34pp. Ms. Notes for a course of lectures to be given in the University of Cambridge. These were received from Professor M.V. Wilkes whose explanatory note of 2 August 1976 is attached. It runs 'In the Lent Term 1958, Hartree told me that he was about to go into the Evelyn Nursing Home. He expected to be out in time to give a course of lectures on P.D.E.s that he had announced for the second half of the term, but that he would, as a precaution, like to give me his notes so that I could deputise for him if necessary.
Hartree collapsed in the street on his way to the Nursing Home and was taken to Addenbrooke's Hospital where he died'.

Notes taken by Hartree of lectures by Alan M. Turing  CSAC 45.9.76/16  1946-1947

Contents:
(Received from Professor M.V. Wilkes whose explanatory note of 2 August 1976 is attached).
These are part of the notes taken by Hartree of a course of 7 lectures given at the Ministry of Supply, London, by Turing Dec.1946-Jan.1947 on the design of A.C.E. (ACE: Automatic Computing Engine) They relate to Lecture 6 (23 Jan.1947), 5pp., and Lecture 7 (30 Jan.1947), 4pp., plus 1p. diagram.

Copies of letters by Hartree to E.V. Appleton  CSAC 45.9.76/17  1933-1936

Contents:
4 April 1933, 9 August 1934, and notes on two further letters, 22 February 1936, 6 June 1936.

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