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Berkeley Castle Muniments


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Reference BCM
Covering dates 1153-17th cent
Held by Berkeley Castle Muniments
Extent 10 Subfonds
Copies information LIST OF COPIES OF THE MUNIMENTS IN THIS CATALOGUE ON MICROFILM (MF) AND MICROFICHE (BCF)
IN THE GLOUCESTERSHIRE RECORD OFFICE
The programme of filming is continuing, and further documents may have become available since the catalogue went to press. Enquiry should be made at the Gloucestershire Record Office.
General Account Rolls
GAR 1-99 MF 1400
GAR 100-157 MF 1403
GAR 158-243 MF 1406
GAR 244-326 MF 1416
GAR 327-434 MF 1418
GAR 428 BCF 245-246
General Charters
GC 201-640 MF 1337
GC 641-1000 MF 1346
GC 1001-1362 MF 1353
GC 1363-1750 MF 1354
GC 1743-2165 MF 1356
GC 2166-2533 MF 1366
GC 2534-2920 MF 1367
GC 2921-3335 MF 1368
GC 3336-3750 MF 1373
GC 3751-4200 MF 1374
GC 4201-4560 MF 1375
GC 4561-4908 MF 1380
GC 4909-5220 MF 1384
General Court Rolls
GCR 1-200 MF 1420
GCR 201-218 MF 1421
General Miscellaneous Rolls
GMR 1-47 MF 1421
General Rental Rolls
GRR 1-41 MF 1421
General Unbound Books
GSUB 82 BCF 488-489
Select Books
SB 1 MF 1166
SB10 MF 1159
SB18 MF 1158
SB22 MF 1160
SB24 MF 1158
SB33 BCF 4-8
SB 75/1-3 BCF 15
Select Charters
SC 1-100 MF 1290
SC 101-400 MF 1293
SC 401-700 MF 1297
SC 701-892 MF 1315
Select Rolls
SR 1-7 MF 1276
SR 8-38 MF 1277
SR 39-63 MF 1278
SR 64-85 MF 1279
SR 86-175 MF 1280
SR 176-182 MF 1281
SR 184 MF 1281
Wills
Wills 1-26 MF 1158
Language English and Latin
Creators Berkeley family, Earls of Berkeley
Arrangement The importance of the collection was recognised early in modern times and at the end of the 19th century extensive work on the archive was begun by Edward Peacock and completed by Isaac Herbert Jeayes. Unfortunately, their methods cannot be approved by those aware of modern archival practice. Instead of attempting to preserve or reconstitute the bundles of deeds relating to the various estates they rearranged the whole archive in strictly chronological order, grouping the undated charters under (for instance) 'temp. Hen. III' or 'late Edw. I'. Jeayes then extracted those items which he considered to be particularly important, chiefly those concerning royal or papal grants, and denominated them as Select Charters, relegating the vast bulk remaining to a General series, each series being separately numbered in sequence. [Where he later found that he had to insert a document or documents into the series he added an asterisk or asterisks to the General series number. For further information please contact Berkeley Castle Muniments.] He later added the pre-1250 documents from the General series to the Select series, on the grounds that their early date qualified them, and so the General series starts with charter number GC 278 Jeayes and Peacock paid less attention to the other documents, but Jeayes did select some of the account rolls, wills and other documents for his catalogue of the documents in the Select series. [Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muniments in the possession of the Rt. Hon. Lord FitzHardinge at Berkeley Castle, compiled by I. H. Jeayes (Bristol, 1892).] Jeayes's references remain in use as shelf-marks, with SC for the Select series charters and GC for the General series charters. The present editor has extended the system to include account rolls (prefixed GAR), court rolls (GCR), rental rolls (GRR), and others (GMR).
EDITORIAL METHOD
Over the many centuries during which the muniments have been in the Castle the effects of damp, insects, rodents, pillage and deliberate mutilation and destruction, besides the re-arrangement already mentioned, have so disorganised the documents that it is now impossible to reconstruct the original order in which they were created and stored. The present catalogue attempts a notional re-assembly by grouping the items according to the estates to which they relate. Rather more than half of the catalogue relates to the Berkeley estate, A, beginning with the manors in Berkeley hundred, for which there are relatively very large numbers of deeds. In that part, and in other parts of the catalogue where appropriate, deeds have been grouped where they appear to refer to the same piece of land, those for which there is evidence that they came into Berkeley hands being placed before the rest. In B to K of the catalogue each estate is divided, where relevant, into the different inheritances of which it was composed, and the entries arising from each inheritance are arranged in alphabetical order of the counties, and within each county in alphabetical order of the manors or parishes, in which the property lay.
The present editor has assigned to each item a distinctive reference that indicates its position in the catalogue. The numbers assigned by Jeayes and the similar references now used as shelf-marks are also given in each file description and should be used when requesting a file at Berkeley Castle Muniments.
Note LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
Besides those in common use, the following abbreviations may require elucidation.
BCM Berkeley Castle Muniments.
BIHR Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research (later called Historical Research)
BL British Library
BL Harl. MS 4748 British Library, Cartulary of the honour of Segrave
Barkley Sir Henry Barkley, 'The Earlier House of Berkeley', TBGAS viii (1883-4)
Blomefield, Norfolk Francis Blomefield, Essay Towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk (2nd edn., 11 vols., 1805-10)
Bridges, Northants. John Bridges, History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (3 vols., 1759-91)
CChR Calendar of Charter Rolls (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1903-27)
CCR Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry III (14 vols.) and Calendar of Close Rolls (47 vols., Edward I to Henry VII, Public Record Office, 1911-63)
CFR Calendar of Fine Rolls (22 vols., Public Record Office, 1911-62)
CIM Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous (7 vols., Public Record Office, 1916-68)
CIPM Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (21 vols., Public Record Office, 1904-2002)
CIPM Hen. VII Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry VII (3 vols., Public Record Office, 1898-1955)
CLibR Calendar of Liberate Rolls (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1916-64)
CMR Calendar of Memoranda Rolls, 1326-7 (Public Record Office, 1968)
CPL Calendar of Papal Registers: Letters (15 vols., Public Record Office, 1893-1978)
CPR Calendar of Patent Rolls (54 vols. to the end of Henry VII, Public Record Office, 1893-1916)
Cal.Doc.Irel. Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland (5 vols., Public Record Office, 1875-86)
Cat.Anct.D. Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1890-1915)
Copinger, Suffolk Manors W. A. Copinger, The Manors of Suffolk (7 vols. 1905-11)
Cornwall Fines, 1195-1377; 1377-1461 Cornwall Feet of Fines, vol. i, 1195-1377; vol. ii, 1377-1461 (Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1914, 1950)
xviii CATALOGUE OF BERKELEY CASTLE MUNIMENTS
Curia Regis Rolls Curia Regis Rolls (19 vols., Public Record Office, 1922-2002)
d.s.p. died sine prole (i.e. without issue)
Devon CRO Devon County Record Office
Dorset Fines, 1327-1485 Full Abstracts of Feet of Fines relating to the County of Dorset [1327-1485] (Dorset Records vol. 10, 1910)
Ekwall, Dict. of Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (4th edn., 1960)
Ellis C. A. Ellis, note and pedigree in Smyth, Lives of the Berkeleys, i. 19-20
Farrer William Farrer, Honors and Knights' Fees (3 vols., 1923-5)
Feud. Aids Inquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1899-1920)
Fryde, Fall of Edward II Natalie Fryde, The Tyranny and Fall of Edward II, 1321-1326 (1979)
GAR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Account Rolls
GC Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Charters
GCR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Court Rolls
GEC The Complete Peerage, ed. G. E. C[ockayne] (14 vols., 1910-98)
GIPM Abstracts of Inquisitiones post mortem for Gloucestershire, 1236-1413 (3 vols., issued jointly by the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society and the British Record Society Index Library, vols. xxx, xl, xlviii, 1903-14)
GMR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Miscellaneous Rolls
GRR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Rental Rolls
GSUB Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Series Unbound Books
Genealogist The Genealogist: a quarterly magazine (1877-1922)
Great Cartulary Berkeley Castle Muniments, The Great Cartulary (BCM SB 10)
Hist. of Parl. 1386-1421 J. S. Roskell, Linda Clark and Carole Rawcliffe, The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1386-1421 (4 vols., 1992)
Historical Research See BIHR
Hutchins, Dorset John Hutchins The History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset (4 vols., 1861-70)
Jeayes Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muniments in the possession of the Rt. Hon. Lord Fitzhardinge, at Berkeley Castle, compiled by Isaac Herbert Jeayes (1892)
Lysons, Magna Britannia Daniel and Samuel Lysons, Magna Britannia (1874)
McFarlane, Collected Essays K. B. McFarlane, England in the Fifteenth Century: Collected Essays (1981)
Morant, Essex Philip Morant, History and Antiquities of the County of Essex (1816)
n.d. no date
Nichols, Leics. John Nichols, History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester (4 vols. in 8 parts, 1795-1811)
PNGlos A. H. Smith, The Place-Names of Gloucestershire (English Place-Name Society, 4 vols., 1964-5)
PRO Public Record Office, Kew, London
Pole, Devon Sir William Pole, Collections towards a Description of the County of Devon (1791)
Proc. Som. Arch. & Nat. Hist. Soc. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society
Radford, 'Tretower' C. A. Raleigh Radford, 'Tretower: The Castle and the Court', Brycheiniog (The Brecknock Society), vi (1960)
Reg. Bransford Calendar of the Register of Wolstan de Bransford, Bishop of Worcester, 1339-49 (Worcestershire Historical Society, 1966)
Reg. Cobham Register of Thomas de Cobham, Bishop of Worcester, 1317-27 (Worcestershire Historical Society, 1930)
Reg. Drokensford Calendar of the Register of John de Drokensford, Bishop of Bath and Wells (A.D. 1309-1329) (Somerset Record Society vol. 1, 1887)
Reg. Giffard Register of Bishop Godfrey Giffard, 1268-1301 (2 vols., Worcestershire Historical Society, 1898, 1902)
Reg. Hallum The Register of Robert Hallum, Bishop of Salisbury, 1407-17 (Canterbury and York Society, part cxlv, 1982)
Reg. Shrewsbury The Register of Ralph of Shrewsbury, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 1329-1363 (Somerset Record Society, vols. 9 and 10, 1896)
Rot. Litt. Claus. Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in turri Londinensi asservati (Record Commission, 2 vols., 1833-4)
Rot. Parl. Rotuli Parliamentorum (6 vols., 1783, and index vol., 1832)
Rudder, Glos. Samuel Rudder, A New History of Gloucestershire (1779)
SB Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Books
SC Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Charters
SR Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Rolls
SRS Somerset Record Society
St Augustine's Cartulary The Cartulary of St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol (Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, Gloucestershire Record Series, vol. 10, 1998)
Sanders, English Baronies I. J. Sanders, English Baronies: a Study of their Origin and Descent, 1086-1327 (1960)
Saul, Knights and Esquires Nigel Saul, Knights and Esquires: the Gloucestershire Gentry in the Fourteenth Century (1981)
Smyth John Smyth of Nibley, The Lives of the Berkeleys, with a Description of the Hundred of Berkeley (The Berkeley Manuscripts, 3 vols., Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society; vols. i-ii, 1883, are the Lives of the Berkeleys; vol. iii, 1885, is The Hundred of Berkeley)
Somerset Fines, 1196-1307; 1307-46; 1347-99; 1399-1461 Pedes Finium, commonly called Feet of Fines, for the County of Somerset, 1196-1307; [second series] 1307-46; [third series], 1347-99; [fourth series], 1399-1461 (Somerset Record Society, vols. vi, xii, xvii, xxii, 1892-1906)
Staffs. Hist. Collections Collections for a History of Staffordshire (published by the William Salt Archaeological Society, later the Staffordshire Record Society)
TBGAS Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
temp. tempore (i.e. in the time of)
VCH Victoria History of the Counties of England (for all counties; in progress)
Wilts. Fines, 1272-1327; 1327-77 Abstracts of Feet of Fines relating to Wiltshire for the reigns of Edward I and Edward II (Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Records Branch vol. i, 1939); for the reign of Edward III (Wiltshire Record Society vol. xxix, 1974)
Wilts. IPM Abstracts of Wiltshire Inquisitions post mortem, 1242-1326; 1327-77 (British Record Society Index Library and Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 2 vols., 1908, 1914)
In the abstracts of deeds, place-names are usually given in the spelling of the manuscripts. Exceptions include the names of counties used to locate places, the names of places of residence (other than surnames) that occur in the statements of the parties to deeds or in witness-lists, and the names of the rivers Severn and Wye. The identifiable place-names occurring in notes of accounts and court rolls are similarly modernised. Persons' surnames are given in the abstracts in the spelling of the manuscripts except that descriptive surnames in Latin using common nouns (usually occupational terms) or adjectives are, where possible, translated; for relatively unusual surnames the Latin word may be given in brackets, in italic and in the nominative case or with a preposition. Latin and French forenames are translated into English where there is no problem: thus Matilda appears as Maud, Dionisia as Denise, but Amicia retains her Latin form rather than appearing as Amice, Amy, Amity or Aimée. Where French or English words and phrases that occur in documents that are mainly in Latin need to be distinguished they are either enclosed in quotation marks or are given in translation or modernised form with the original word or words in italic within brackets.
Illegible parts of documents are represented by an ellipsis (...). Editorial interpolations are in square brackets, with editorial comments in italic. The omission from an abstract of detail, typically listing titles of honour, offices or varieties of holding, is represented by '[etc.]'.
Work on the arrangement of the muniments is continuing and from time to time reveals documents that had hitherto been overlooked. For that reason, if for none other, the present catalogue should be seen as susceptible to amendment.
Additional research, chiefly in secondary sources, has been done only where necessary to establish the means by which certain documents reached the archive. The introductions to the several sections, and the references to secondary sources cited, are consequently uneven in their range.
The following pedigrees can be consulted at Berkeley Castle Muniments:
1. Descendants of Harding son of Eadnoth
2. Berkeley: descendants of Maurice (I) de Berkeley
3. Berkeley: descendants of Thomas (II) de Berkeley
4. Berkeley: descendants of Elizabeth de Berkeley
5. Berkeley: descendants of James (I) de Berkeley
6. Mowbray
7. Segrave
8. Drayton
9. Lovet of Rushton
10. Prayers
11. Cranford
12. Paris and Ivaus
13. Blount

Administrative history:
THE BERKELEY LORDS TO 1492 AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ESTATE
For three and a half centuries the Berkeleys of Berkeley maintained their position in the upper ranks of the English aristocracy. Only the Plantagenets rivalled their ability to continue to produce male heirs and the Berkeleys' achievements were imperilled only by the apparently selfish actions of the last lord of the medieval period, William (d. 1492), who bartered the ancient patrimony of the family for the meretricious, and merely temporary, attractions of a marquessate. The development of the estate falls naturally into three periods. In the first, from c. 1140 to c. 1280, the Berkeleys acquired the lordship of Berkeley and consolidated their local position. In the second, from c. 1280 to 1417, overlapping the era of 'high farming' in the earlier part, they greatly extended their estate by purchase and by acquiring the Lisle estate through marriage. The third, rather dismal period, from 1417 to 1492, was dominated by the efforts of the heirs male to retain their estate in the face of determined opposition by the heirs general but culminated in the fortuitous inheritance of half of the Mowbray estate and the promotion to exalted rank. At all times the marriages of the lords and the families which they produced had the most significant impact, although in differing ways.
First Period: c.1140-1280
Robert FitzHarding (d. 1170)
Robert, founder of the baronial family of Berkeley, was a younger son of Harding son of Eadnoth, otherwise Harding de Meriet. Harding witnessed a royal charter in 1086 and was still alive c. 1125, [For a useful summary of references to Eadnoth and Harding see Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (1995).] and from his eldest son, Nicholas (d. c. 1170), the Meriets of Merriott in Somerset descended. [B. W. Greenfield, 'Meriet of Meriet and Hestercombe', Proc. Som. Arch. & Nat. Hist. Soc. xxviii (1882), 99-215. Smyth, i. 15, says that Robert was the eldest son, and Nicholas a younger. Eadnoth was called 'the staller' from the position which he held under Edward the Confessor.] Robert established himself as a merchant at Bristol, becoming provost of the town and acquiring a number of manors to add to that of Fifehead in Dorset which he had from his father. [Ellis] From Robert earl of Gloucester he purchased the manors of Bilswick and Bedminster (now in Bristol) and the three Somerset hundreds of Portbury, Bedminster and Hartcliff, just south of Bristol; from others the manors of Leigh (a member of Bedminster), Portbury, Weare, Tickenham and Pawlett in northern Somerset, Bray (Devon) and South Cerney and Acton (Glos.). [Below, BCM/A/2/3, A/2/8, A/2/67, A/2/74, A/2/77 and A/2/84 Smyth, i. 34-5. Bedminster was later held of the Clare earls of Gloucester and then of the Despensers: CIPM v, no. 538, p. 338; ix, no. 428, p. 338.] As an associate of the earl of Gloucester, the Empress Maud's half-brother and greatest supporter, he took Maud's side against Stephen, and Maud and her son 'made use of the purse of this Robertt in that wantfull tyme of theirs'. [Smyth, i. 22.] The tradition that Henry II rewarded his services immediately on his succession with the grant of 'Berkeley and Berkeley Herness' has recently been challenged by the finding that the early charters purporting to record the grants are forgeries. [N. Vincent, 'New Charters of Henry II as Duke of Normandy', Historical Research (forthcoming); R. B. Patterson, 'Ducal and Royal Acta of Henry Fitz Empress in Berkeley Castle', TBGAS cix (1991), 117-26, upheld the authenticity of the charters; cf. below, BCM/A/1/1/1-5.] Berkeley Herness was royal demesne but had been held at an annual fee farm rent of £500 17s. 2d. by a family earlier called of Berkeley. [Smyth, i. 22-5, 30. 'Herness' means 'obedience, a jurisdiction, a district obedient to a single jurisdiction': PNGlos ii. 207. The chronicler Walter Map says that it was worth £500 a year: Smyth, iii. 3.] Those Berkeleys, who had been staunch in support of Stephen from their castle at Dursley, were dispossessed of Berkeley in 1147. Robert FitzHarding is not named as possessing Berkeley until 1166, and may have acquired Berkeley shortly before, some years after the beginning of Henry II's reign.
FitzHarding died in 1170 as a canon of St. Augustine's Abbey, which he had founded some thirty years earlier on his manor of Bilswick just outside the borough of Bristol. He had endowed the abbey with the manors of Bilswick, Almondsbury, Ashleworth, South Cerney, Cromhall, Fifehead Magdalen, Horfield and Leigh, [Smyth, i. 35-6; St Augustine's Cartulary, pp. xiv-xxii. Almondsbury, Ashleworth, Horfield and Cromhall were, later, detached portions of the lordship of Berkeley.] later adding the advowsons of all the churches in Berkeley Herness (Berkeley, Wotton, Beverston, Ashleworth and Cromhall). [Below, (BCM/A/1/1/110-114), Smyth, i. 35-6, 39, 60, 66.] His wife Eve, whom he married before 1130, [One of their younger sons, Henry, was evidently born by the early 1130s: See below,] founded a priory of nuns, St. Mary Magdalen's in Bristol, and, following her husband's example, retired there, dying as prioress in March 1173, and being buried with her husband at St. Augustine's. [Smyth, i. 42-4.]
If there was ill-feeling between the former holders of Berkeley Herness and the new ones it was ameliorated, to some extent at least, by an agreement for a double marriage thought to have taken place in 1153-4 but perhaps some ten years later. [Below BCM/A/1/43/62, Smyth, i. 3-5, 33, 55, 72-3. Maurice de Berkeley's eldest son Robert was not born until c. 1165.] FitzHarding's eldest son Maurice married Alice, daughter of Roger de Berkeley of Dursley, and his daughter Helen married Roger's eldest son, another Roger. Alice brought with her the manor of Slimbridge, and Helen took the manor of Dursley to Roger de Berkeley. Dursley was to be held directly of the king and, in addition, Roger held Ozleworth, half of Newington and the lands of Bernard Capelli, for which he did no service to FitzHarding. [As recorded in the Red Book of the Exchequer, 1166: Smyth, i. 28.] Although the arrangement solved the immediate strife, as late as 1278 FitzHarding's great-grandson Maurice (II) paid £200 to Henry de Berkeley, great-great-grandson of Robert and Helen, for a quitclaim of the lordship of Berkeley, [Smyth, i. 143; below, BCM/A/1/1/8-9.] and the transfer caused other complications. For instance, the Berkeleys of Dursley had granted advowsons and lands in the Herness to Kingswood, Gloucester and Reading abbeys, resulting in disputes as late as 1224. [Smyth, i. 33, 69; iii. 124; Curia Regis Rolls xi, nos. 698, 1006, 1392, 2870.]
Having acquired the large and valuable lordship, by whatever means, FitzHarding gave away a large proportion of it, either out of generosity or in the hope of securing supporters of his title to the estate. Besides his grants to St. Augustine's, he had a large family for which to provide. To his brother Elias he gave 2 hides of land in Combe and Huntingford, both within the later manor of Wotton under Edge. [Below, BCM/A/1/55; Smyth, i. 16; iii. 147, 234-5. That in Combe, which had been purchased by FitzHarding, passed through a younger son of Elias whose descendants adopted the name of de Combe, and that in Huntingford passed to the Veel family by marriage to Maud, daughter and heir of Harding, Elias's eldest son. Maud's second cousin Robert (II), lord 1190-1220, granted to her and Geoffrey le Veel more lands in free marriage, including two assarts in Michaelwood Chase, which in 1205-6 the king confirmed: Smyth, iii. 37, 238.] To his second daughter Aldena or Alditha he granted the small sub-manor of Kingscote (also in Wotton) on her marriage to Nigel FitzArthur of Clapton (Som.) [Smyth, i. 58, 65; iii. 251-2; Ellis; CIM i, no. 1291. In the 13th century the manor probably passed to a younger son, since it was held by a family who used the surname of Kingscote, while the manors of Clapton and Ashcombe (Som.) descended with another line surnamed Arthur: CIM i, no. 1291; CIPM iii, no. 371, pp. 248-9; v. no. 538, pp. 338-9] FitzHarding's third daughter Margaret married Odo FitzWilliam and was granted lands in Dursley parish to add to Odo's manor of Woodmancote in the same parish. [Odo's descendant, Thomas FitzOdo (d. 1274), left a son and heir aged nine (d.s.p.) whose heir was his sister Maud who married John Lord Botetourt (d. 1324). In 1288 Botetourt was holding a land of Cam manor at a rent of 13s. 4d. which was reduced to 6s. 8d. a year. Woodmancote passed from Botetourt to Robert de Swynburne (d. 1326). It was held by his widow at her death in 1341 and was then purchased from his grandson and heir Thomas by Thomas (III) Lord Berkeley: Ellis; CIPM ii, no. 56; vi, no. 693; Sanders, English Baronies, 11; GEC ii. 233-5; BCM SB 22; CFR 1369-77, 365.]
FitzHarding had four younger sons, Robert, Nicholas, Henry and Thomas Henry and Thomas were clerks. Thomas became archdeacon of Worcester, and Henry (d. 1188) dean of Mortain in Normandy and archdeacon of Exeter, having been treasurer to Henry II as duke of Normandy. [Ellis; Smyth, i. 54-5.] He was also presented to all the churches of Berkeley Herness by the first abbot of St. Augustine's. [Smyth, i. 55; St Augustine's Cartulary, no. 68.] On Nicholas (d. 1189) his father settled the manors of Hill and Nympsfield from the Herness, and from outside it the manor of Tickenham and other manors and lands in Somerset. [Smyth, i. 45; below, BCM/A/1/34] Nicholas married Ala, said to be a daughter and coheir of Guy FitzTecius, who brought him another manor in Tickenham and other lands in Somerset, in Elmore (Glos.) and in Cambridgeshire. [Smyth, i. 46, below, BCM/A/2/17/19 [SC 61], mentioning his son and heir Henry, who evidently died before his father.] His son and heir Roger died in 1230. Roger's son and heir Nicholas ('FitzRoger') married one Sibyl who was heir to the Gloucestershire manor of Elmore. [Smyth, i. 47. The Roger de Berkeley who in 1196-7 paid 60 marks to marry Hawise, widow of John de Somery and sister and heir of Gervase Paynel, was Roger de Berkeley of Dursley, not Roger FitzNicholas as Smyth assumes: GEC xii (1), 110; Smyth, i. 46. See also below, BCM/A/1/45/16] This family did not adopt a fixed surname until the 14th century when the long life of John FitzNichol (who succeeded his father in 1312 and died in 1375) prompted his grandson and heir Thomas to continue the use of FitzNichol.
Nicholas's brother Robert, usually called Robert de Weare, received more generous treatment from his father. FitzHarding granted to him the manors of Beverston, King's Weston and Elberton in Berkeley Herness, those of Over, Redwick and Northwick elsewhere in Gloucestershire, and in Somerset the manors of Weare and Pawlett, with the three hundreds. [BCM/A/2/84; Smyth, i. 50-1.] Robert married, first, Hawise, the twice-widowed but still childless daughter and heir of Robert de Gurney, who brought him the Somerset manors of Barrow and Englishcombe. She had a daughter Eve but was dead by 1168. [Smyth, i. 52; Ellis.] By 1182 Robert had bought the wardship of his second wife, Avice, daughter of Robert de Gaunt and heir of her mother Alice Paynel. [Smyth, i. 52; Sanders, English Baronies, 55.] Avice died in 1192 in the lifetime of her father, and in 1193-4 and 1194-5 Robert was paying 33 marks to have the lands of Alice Paynel. [Ellis; Smyth, i. 52.] Robert died in 1195 leaving as his heir his son by Avice, Maurice, usually called de Gaunt although he occurs once as Paynel. [Ellis.] Maurice was born c. 1186 and came of age in 1207, succeeding to half of the Paynel barony of Hooton Pagnell in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire as well as his father's lands. [Ellis.; GEC x. 320; Sanders, English Baronies, 55, says that Maurice came of age in 1205.] He married, first, Maud, daughter and heir of Henry Doyly (d. 1232) of Hook Norton (Oxon.) and, secondly, Margaret, sister of William Earl Marshal and widow of Ralph de Somery (d. 1210), but he died without issue in 1230. [Ellis; Smyth, i. 52; GEC x. 319-20, xii (1), 110; Sanders, English Baronies, 54, 113. Maud died without issue in the lifetime of her father in 1219. Maurice founded the hospital of St. Mark in Bristol, endowing it with the manor of Pawlett (Som.) and other land: Cartulary of St. Mark's Hospital, Bristol, ed. C. D. Ross (Bristol Record Society, xxi, 1959), pp. xii-xiii, xxvii.] His half-sister Eve, usually called de Gurney as the heir of her mother Hawise de Gurney, seems to have been married three times, to Thomas de Tilly, Roger de Peauton and Thomas son of William FitzJohn of Harptree (Som.). [Ellis; Smyth, i. 52. Smyth assumed that she had a husband surnamed Gurney.] In 1213-14 she recovered the manor of Farrington (Som.) in dower against William FitzJohn but she died before her half-brother, leaving a son Robert, evidently by Thomas son of William FitzJohn, since he inherited the manors of Harptree and Farrington. [Smyth, i. 52.] Robert de Gurney succeeded his uncle Maurice de Gaunt in 1230. [Smyth, i. 52. The Paynel lands were inherited by Andrew Lutterel, a distant cousin of Maurice's mother Avice Paynel de Gaunt: Sanders, English Baronies, 55. Sanders calls this Gurney barony that of 'Beverston' (including the lordship's other manors of Elberton and King's Weston), possibly because there was a castle at Beverston which Maurice de Gaunt built or substantially repaired without royal licence, for which he was pardoned shortly before his death: Sanders, English Baronies, 14; Smyth, iii. 101. Robert inherited the two Gurney manors of Barrow and Englishcombe and the FitzJohn manors of Farrington and Harptree, as well as the eight manors granted by FitzHarding to his son Robert.] Robert married Hawise de Longchamp and is recorded as holding 21 fees in Somerset and Gloucester in 1262-3. [Smyth, i. 53.] He was succeeded in 1270 by his son and heir Anselm de Gurney, who had two sons. [Smyth, i, 53.] Anselm granted the manors of Englishcombe, Harptree and Farrington to the younger, Thomas, who took service with his cousin Thomas (II) Lord Berkeley, as did his son and grandson, the latter gaining notoriety as the regicide Thomas de Gurney. [CPR 1338-40, 368. The regicide left four sons, Thomas, John, George and the well-known Matthew de Gurney (d. 1406), who all died without issue.] Anselm's elder son John (d. 1290) left an only daughter Elizabeth, who married John Lord Ap Adam. [Smyth, i. 53-4; GEC i. 179-81. It was from their son, Thomas ap Adam, that Thomas (III) Lord Berkeley and his brother bought back the manors of Beverston, King's Weston, Elberton and Over in 1330.]
Maurice (I) de Berkeley (1170-90)
FitzHarding's heir, his eldest son Maurice, inherited the manors of Portbury and Bedminster (Som.), Bray (Devon) and Acton (Glos.), and a much depleted Berkeley Herness. Shortly after his father's death, he obtained a confirmation from Henry II of the grant of Berkeley and in Oct. 1189, after the succession of Richard I, he obtained another confirmation for 1,000 marks. [Smyth, i. 64-5, 76.] He bought the manors of Foxcote, Purton, Hanham and 'Hampton' (Glos.), the two latter of which he then enfeoffed to tenants, and founded two hospitals within Berkeley Herness. [Smyth, i. 69, 77; below, BCM/A/2/8,A/2/74. 'Hampton' may be Rockhampton.] He died in June 1190 leaving Alice as his widow. [Smyth, i. 65.] She bought several holdings, some of which she granted to her younger sons, and 'lyved till extreame old age'. [Smyth. 73-4] They had six sons and a daughter but, mercifully, except for the necessary continuance of the line, they were not as prolific as Maurice's siblings. The daughter Maud was married to Elias (III) Giffard (d. 1190) and had two sons, the elder, Elias (IV) (d. 1248), being the father of John Lord Giffard of Brimpsfield (d. 1299). The younger, Osbert (d. 1237), was granted the reversion of the manor of Foxcote (Glos.) by his uncle Thomas (I) Lord Berkeley in 1227 and was the father of another Osbert, who was prominent in the troubles of Henry III's reign. [Smyth, i. 76; GEC v 639, 649-53. Osbert had originally been granted the Devon manor of Bray but agreed to exchange it for Foxcote after the death of Robert's widow Lucy de Berkeley, who was holding it in dower.]
The six sons were Robert and Thomas, successively lords of Berkeley, and Richard, Henry, Maurice and William. [Their respective ages are indicated in a charter concerning St. Augustine's Abbey and Longbridge Priory (both family foundations) witnessed by all of them except Thomas, in the order Robert, Richard, Henry, Maurice and William. Since Thomas succeeded Robert he was older than Richard, who was the only one of the six, other than Thomas, to have issue.] Henry appears only as witnessing several family charters and presumably died without issue. [Smyth, i. 75, says that Henry and Richard went to Scotland with William the Lion when the Scottish king was released but that is highly unlikely.] More is known of the remaining three, principally through grants of lands to them, many of them made under certain conditions and being early examples of entails. William, the youngest, was granted by his father half the manor of Gossington, in the Herness, and the manor of Portbury, but in 1195-6 he exchanged Portbury with his brother Robert (II) Lord Berkeley for the other half of Gossington. [Smyth, i. 74; iii. 200-1.] The terms of the exchange were that if William died before his brother, without issue by his wife, the Gossington moiety would revert to Robert, and vice versa regarding Portbury. William was married but seems to have died without issue. [Smyth, i. 75, says nothing of any descendants, although elsewhere, iii. 201, he offers a descent which he describes as suspect. The reversion of Portbury to Robert (II), and Thomas (I)'s grant to his nephew of the land in Gossington which William had held, seem to be conclusive evidence that William died without issue.] Maurice, the fifth son, was granted two holdings in Berkeley and Gossington by his uncle Roger Berkeley of Dursley and two more, in Hinton and Cam, by his father. [Smyth, i. 74.] On his marriage, his brother Robert (II) granted the manor of Foxcote to him and his issue, the manor to revert to Robert and his heirs if there was no issue, and he died, without issue, before Robert. [Smyth, i. 100. Smyth, i. 74, says that Maurice had a son Thomas to whom he made over his lands in Hinton and Cam, and that Thomas died without issue at the end of Henry III's reign when the lands reverted to 'Thomas Lord Berkeley', but Maurice certainly died without issue (cf. Smyth, i. 100) before his brother Robert, for Foxcote was held in dower by Robert's widow Lucy and by his will he devised to St. Augustine's Abbey lands which he had bought in Cam and Foxcote, and which the abbey later granted to his brother Robert; GEC v. 650 n.] The third son, Richard, appears only as witness to a couple of charters, but in 1220-1 a son of his was granted by Thomas (I) the land in Gossington which had reverted after the death of William, the grant being made to 'Robert son of Richard, my nephew,' on the condition that it would revert if Robert died without issue. [This Robert fitz Richard was not the knight of the same name who granted lands to the church of St. Michael on Steep Holme before 1209 and left a daughter and heir Agacia who married John de Keu.] Robert witnessed several charters for his uncle Thomas and had three children: Sir Robert de Kingston (d.s.p. 1275), Alice and Letuaria. [Sir Robert de Kingston also held land in Kingston, a hamlet within the manor of Slimbridge, and his lands were later acquired from Letuaria's son Robert de Dounton by John de Acton for his younger son Odo. Part, at least, of Alice's portion was bought by Maurice (II) Lord Berkeley.]
Robert (II) de Berkeley (1190-1220)
Robert, Maurice (I)'s eldest son, was brought up at the court of Henry II, testimony to his father's close relations with that monarch. [Smyth, i. 82.] He paid a relief of £1,000, at £200 down and the rest at £80 a year, although in 1195-6 he was pardoned 500 marks for his good service in war, and he obtained confirmations of the grant of the lordship from Richard I in Sept. 1190 (two months after his father's death), again in Nov. 1198 after the 'loss' of the Great Seal, and a third in April 1199 from the new monarch John for 60 marks. [Smyth, i. 82-3. These fresh confirmations from successive monarchs are testimony to the relatively precarious tenure of the lordship in the early days.] He founded the hospital of St. Katherine in Bristol and, having recovered Portbury from his brother in 1195-6, he acquired another large holding there by exchange for lands of equal quantity in the lordship at Woodford. He also bought more land in Somerset at Chatley and Tellisford. [Smyth, i. 74, 89, 100. This holding in Woodford was repurchased by Thomas (III) in 1329: Smyth, i. 326.] In July 1204 he was granted Herbert de Moreville's half of Portbury manor (which was in the king's hands because Moreville was a Norman) to hold during the king's pleasure rendering the profits to the Exchequer. [The Berkeley portion of Portbury, and the new holding there, were held of the Morevilles.] He was constable of Bristol Castle between 1202 and 1204, a justice itinerant in 1208 and a witness in 1207-8 to royal charters, but soon afterwards he lost the royal favour and in 1211 his castle and lands were seized, to be restored only after a fine of 2,000 marks and a further 100 marks to have a fair trial by his peers for his life, a total debt of £1,400. [The Pipe Roll for 1212-13 records the settlement with Robert and that he had repaid £250 already, now paid another £200 and was pardoned £50 by the king, leaving a debt remaining of £900. This £900 stayed on the books until 1218-19 when he agreed to repay it at £100 a year and was finally cleared in 1230-1: Smyth, i. 90-2; GEC ii. 126.] Although partially restored to royal favour, he joined the baronial revolt and during John's vigorous counter-attack Berkeley Castle was siezed and placed under a royal castellan by June 1216. [Smyth, i. 91-2, 94-5.]
In this dire crisis it seems that Robert's brother Thomas took steps to secure the inheritance to himself. Thomas was Robert's heir presumptive as after some years Robert's marriage to Juliana, daughter of Robert de Ponte de l'Arche and niece of William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, was still childless. [Smyth: 97-8. William de Ponte de l'Arche, probably Juliana's brother, witnessed charters of Robert and his brother Thomas (I).] Thomas obtained the support of Pembroke by agreeing to marry another of his orphaned nieces, Joan, daughter of Ralph de Somery (d. 1210), and in return Pembroke was to arrange for the king to take Thomas's homage and restore to him his brother's barony and lands, to discharge him of a debt of 210 marks which Robert owed to the earl of Salisbury, to have Berkeley Castle delivered to him, and to arrange for him to 'be freed of the king's justiciar (presumably Peter des Roches) and of William Briwerre. [Curia Regis Rolls, xi, no. 50; GEC xii (1). 111. Thomas's marriage to Joan de Somery, usually regarded as having occurred in 1220, is said by Smyth, i. 117, to have been in 1217. Their son and heir was of sufficient age by 1221 to be the subject of a marriage agreement.] In the event these arrangements were nullified as Robert was eventually pardoned and finally came to terms in Feb. 1217 and for a fine of 1,450 marks was restored to his lands but not to the Castle. Juliana died in Nov. 1217 and he immediately hurried into marriage with Lucy, said to be a niece of William Longespée, earl of Salisbury (illegitimate son of Henry II), but he died in May 1220, still childless. His haste may suggest nothing more than a natural desire for an heir of his own body, but it might also suggest that he had been offended by Thomas's actions in 1216-17. Certainly, he left Thomas with a heavy burden of debt and several other troublesome legacies of the civil war. Shortly after Robert's death Lucy married Hugh son of Hugh de Gurney, and she died in 1234, having held Bedminster, Wotton, Slimbridge and other manors in dower. [Smyth, i. 96-8, 106, 108 n.; GEC ii. 126.]
Thomas (I) de Berkeley (1220-43)
Robert's brother Thomas had some difficulty in succeeding to the lordship. When the sheriff of Gloucestershire went to Berkeley Castle to take it into the king's hands on Robert's death, the earl of Salisbury, who had been granted custody of it, refused to hand it over without an express order by the king and council on the grounds that his niece Lucy was with child. [Smyth, i. 106, 108 n.] Thomas enlisted the aid of his wife's cousin, the earl of Pembroke, who wrote to the justiciar Hubert de Burgh asking for justice for Thomas, and on 9 Aug. 1220 Thomas did homage. [Smyth 107, 108n.; GEC ii. 126; xii (1), 111.] He did not have seisin of the Castle until 1224 and in the interim he was paying the wages of the royal keepers from his debts to the king. [Smyth, i. 107.] The spectre of debt hung over Thomas for the rest of his life. In 1224 he came to an arrangement with the Exchequer to repay the debts of himself and his late brother at £80 a year. [Smyth, 107, 116, 126.] and as well as the enormous sums remaining on the royal books from Robert's troubles, Lucy survived Robert for 14 years, holding her dower lands; the inflation, of 1180-1220 can only have added to Thomas's problems. Nevertheless, before 1230 he recovered the three Somerset hundreds from his cousin Maurice de Gaunt.
Thomas's entanglement with William Briwerre (d. 1226), which arose from his agreement to marry one of Briwerre's daughters, was resolved, probably in 1221, when Thomas granted to Briwerre the marriage of his son and heir Maurice, on condition that he would be married to the daughter of Richard FitzRoy and Rose of Dover. Richard was an illegitimate son of King John and Rose was the daughter and heir of Robert de Dover (d. 1205) and a granddaughter of Briwerre; she brought the barony of Chilham to FitzRoy.[Sanders, English Baronies, 111-12.] It was also agreed that Briwerre would acquit Thomas of 200 marks which he owed to the king, and that Thomas would make over to Briwerre his manors of Portbury and Arlingham for a term of 15 years. On Briwerre's death, if not before, Rose of Dover took possession of the two manors and she was ejected from Arlingham in Dec. 1236, a proceeding which she disputed on technical grounds. [Curia Regis Rolls, xvi, no. 148B.]
Joan de Somery does not seem to have brought any lands to Thomas but she gave him six sons and two daughters, Margaret and Isabel. Isabel held land in the manor of Ham, and died probably shortly before 1307, apparently unmarried. Thomas gave to Margaret half the manor of Uley on her marriage with Sir John FitzMatthew (d. 1261), by whom she was the mother of Matthew FitzJohn (d.s.p. 1309) and Joan (d. 1295). That Joan married Walter (d.s.p. 1301), son and heir apparent of John Lord Beke (d. 1303). [GEC iii. 182-4; Smyth, iii. 182-4, 186-8. Joan had her mother's manor of Uley which Walter Beke is recorded as holding of Thomas (II) Lord Berkeley in 1284-5. On her death without issue it reverted to her brother Matthew. Uley should have passed on Matthew's death in 1309 to Margaret's issue by Anselm Basset or to Thomas (II) de Berkeley, but in 1287 Matthew had granted the reversion of all his lands (including that of Uley) to the king and queen. Uley was granted to Walter de Gloucestre (d. 1311) and was bought from his son and heir by Maurice de Berkeley of Stoke Giffard.] Margaret married secondly Sir Anselm Basset (d. 1280) in 1265 and was still living in 1287. [GEC iii. 182-4; Smyth, i. 121, does not record her first marriage.] Basset held land in Somerset and Gloucestershire, and bought lands in Cam and Uley from Margaret's brothers Richard and William. [Smyth, iii. 132, 184.]
The younger sons of Thomas (I) were Thomas, Robert, Henry, William and Richard, of whom three died young and all died without legitimate issue. Thomas was granted the Devon manor of Bray, to him and his heirs, and lands at Symond's Hall in the lordship by his father, bought more lands in Symond's Hall from his cousin Elias de Combe, but died without issue between 1243 and 1247 when such lands as he had not granted to Kingswood Abbey reverted to his brother Maurice. [Smyth, i. 117, 119, 123, iii. 316. In 1250-1 Maurice was impleaded by William de Fourd for ½ hide in East Bray, a suit which was decided in Maurice's favour after a trial by battle: Smyth, i. 133. East Bray does not appear later in Berkeley hands.] After Thomas's death, his brother Robert sued the abbey with seven suits in 1247-8 for lands in Berkeley and Symond's Hall as heir of his brother but was fined for making a false claim since he was not the eldest brother. [Smyth, i. 119. Given his mother Joan's predilection for granting lands to her younger sons, not only in tail but also with specific remainders, it is possible that these lands were under an entail which was violated by the grant to the abbey.] Nothing else is known of Robert and he presumably died without issue soon after. The fourth son, Henry, was granted lands within the lordship at Billow, Wotton and Cam by his father, and by his mother a messuage and virgate in Bradley, to him and his issue with reversion to his brother Richard and his issue. [Smyth, i. 119; iii. 81.] He also died without issue. The remaining two sons, Richard and William, lived longer. Richard presumably inherited the Bradley holding on Henry's death and he acquired other lands within the lordship, in Nibley from his mother, and in Uley, Huntingford and Wick by purchase. [Smyth i, i.120.] In 1268-9 he initiated a suit against a substantial free tenant of the lordship, Robert de Stone, for a half-virgate in Cam, and some time between 1265 and 1280 he granted a holding in Cam to his sister Margaret and Anselm Basset. [Smyth, i. 121. His seal shows a shield of arms, the arms being a chevron with a label of five points.] In 1271-2 he stood as surety for his brother William, and in March 1271 he witnessed a Berkshire charter of his uncle Sir Roger de Somery (d. 1273). [Smyth, i. 120; Cat. Anct. D. iii, D306.] The date of his death and possible issue are unknown.
The last son, William, was granted a holding in Bradley and two holdings amounting to 2½ virgates in Cam by his father, and the manor house at Bradley and two other holdings there, in tail, by his mother, and in 1262 he acquired a large holding in Uley which he later sold to Anselm Basset and Margaret. [Smyth, i. 120; iii. 109, 140, 181, 184.] He followed his eldest brother into the king's service: he was with Henry III in Gascony in 1254-5 as a king's yeoman and by 1261 was a knight, in the interim receiving several marks of royal favour. In 1271-2, having caused a serious breach of the peace, he promised before the king to join the Hospitallers or Templars and leave the kingdom, a promise for which his brother Richard was one of the pledges. [CCR 1253-4, 247; 1254-6, 396; 1256-9, 227; 1259-61, 308, 381, 401-2, 499; 1264-8, 515-16; CPR 1247-58, 330, 343, 395, 481, 503; 1258-66, 619; 1266-72, 298, 499; CLibR 1251-60, 349. Smyth, i. 120; iii. 173-7, incorrectly assigns this William's activities to William de Berkeley of Dursley, who was born in 1269 and died in 1300.] By Oct. 1256 William had married Avice de Blackford, heir of four Devon manors and the widow of Robert de Blackford (d. 1253), by whom she had had a son John. In 1261 William alienated three of her manors to Ralph de Gorges, intending to deprive young John de Blackford of his inheritance. Avice and William were both dead by June 1272 when her son was acknowledged as her heir, and William seems to have had no legitimate issue. [Smyth, i. 120; CIPM i, nos. 262, 799. In 1290, during a law-suit initiated by Thomas (II) for the recovery of lands in Bradley granted by Joan to her son William under an entail, Sir William was said to have died without issue, and there is no mention of his heirs in the inquisition post mortem of 1272. He had a son Maurice de Camme who was presumably illegitimate but was granted some lands by his father and lived until 1301 or later.] His nephew, Thomas (II), was able to recover some of the lands which William had sold, on the grounds of the entails created by William's mother Joan. [Smyth, iii. 109-10.]
On the death of Thomas (I) in 1243 Berkeley and the Somerset lands (Portbury, Bedminster and the three hundreds) passed to his eldest son and heir, Maurice (II). [Smyth. i. 122-3] Thomas's widow Joan lived almost as long as Maurice; her dower was settled around 1246 and she had the manors of Wotton, Cam, Coaley, Hurst, Alkington and Hinton. [Smyth, i. 117, 127.] In 1247-8 her lands were valued at £200 a year which, if this was an underestimate as may be assumed, shows that the Berkeley estate was then worth over £600 a year. [Smyth, i. 117, 122-3. A value of £212 12s. 11d. was given to the lordship in her late husband's inquisition post mortem.] She lived until 1276, surviving her husband by 33 years, but was active on her family's behalf, buying lands which she granted in tail to her younger sons Henry, Richard and William, obtaining grants of free warren in her dower manors of Cam and Wotton, and obtaining a grant of a market and fair at Wotton, in which manor she created a borough in 1253. [Smyth, i. 119; CChR 1226-57, 401.]
Maurice (II) de Berkeley (1243-81)
Thomas (I) had conducted a relatively successful holding operation for the family, and his heir started the family's recovery through his close connection with Henry III, receiving several marks of royal favour. [Smyth, i. 116, 126.] Maurice was with the king for Christmas at Windsor and did his homage there on 24 Dec. 1243. [Smythi. 126.] This favour may perhaps be attributed at least partly to Maurice's marriage to the king's niece Isabel. [GEC ii. 127; Smyth, i. 145-6.] According to Smyth, Maurice and Isabel were married and had issue by 1240. Isabel's marriage portion was the Essex manor of Great Wenden, which was worth around £45 a year, and in 1262 Maurice was granted free warren and a market and fair there. [CChR 1257-1300, 43.]
Maurice's association with the court culminated in March 1261 when he was retained to be of the king's household with a fee of 40 marks a year and the usual robes. [CCR 1259-61, 392-3; CPR 1258-66, 147; CLibR 1260-7, 31,60, 94.] After the battle of Lewes in May 1264 Maurice suffered from his loyalty to the king by the loss of his lands, but Henry, although under the control of the victorious Montfortian council, continued to look after his niece. [Two months after the battle the king restored Wenden to Isabel and in August granted her two Kent manors, for the sustenance of herself and her children: CCR 1261-4, 353, 390.] After the battle of Evesham restored the status quo in Aug. 1265, payment of Maurice's annual fee was resumed in October and the livery of robes in May of the following year. [Smyth, i. 139; CCR 1264-8, 193; CLibR 1260-7, 182.] The royal favour seems to have continued when Edward I succeeded his father. Maurice's heir Thomas (II) took a crusading vow (adopting the ten crosses in his arms as a result), most probably at the parliament at Northampton in June 1268 along with the Lord Edward and numerous others. [Smyth, i. 219. Thomas does not seem to have actually joined the crusade: B. Beebe, 'The English Baronage and the Crusade of 1270', BIHR xlviii (1975), 143-8.] In 1280 Maurice was granted free warren in his demesne lands of Berkeley Herness and Portbury, and he and his son Thomas were granted respectively four bucks and two bucks. [CChR 1257-1300, 233; CCR 1279-88, 25.]
Maurice's financial position was weakened by his mother's longevity and, although his wife's manor of Wenden extended the estate outside the counties of Gloucestershire and Somerset for the first time, he bought no new manors. [In 1246 he arranged with the Exchequer to pay his debts at £40 a year, being pardoned £24 because of his recent service in Wales; in 1253 he again had to borrow money, 60 marks from the king, to equip himself for the campaign in Gascony, and was pardoned another 50 marks of his debts: CChR 1257-1300, 127, 133.] His efforts were concentrated instead on the small-scale development of his inherited manors, making small acquisitions and exchanges. [For his similar activities in Wenden, see BCM/A/2/6] He was the first of the Berkeley lords to evince that manifestation of the 'high farming' of the period.
Maurice (II) had four sons, Thomas, Maurice, Robert and Simon, and a daughter Maud who 'lived long', bought land in Nibley and died without issue. Maurice the son was active with his father in the troubles of 1264-5 but is reported to have been killed in a tournament in 1279, two years before his father's death. [Smyth, i. 147-8. Smyth says that Maurice was the eldest son, but circumstantial evidence points strongly to Thomas being the eldest: he was married in 1267 to the sister of Robert de Ferrers, earl of Derby, was holding the important manor of Bedminster by 1276, and was named after his grandfather, as was customary, while Maurice was named after his father (customary for the second son), was apparently unmarried and did not hold any of the family lands.] Simon was destined for the church and was presented to Slimbridge church by his father in 1270 when he was still under-age. [Reg. Giffard, 44] In 1275 their father granted half the manor of Arlingham, a detached portion of Berkeley hundred, to Robert and Simon jointly. Simon was dead by 1281, when one William was parson of Slimbridge, [PRO CP25/1/75/30 no. 20; Smyth, i.150.] and Robert, and the cadet branch which he founded, retained the moiety of Arlingham. Robert married Elizabeth, probably a daughter of Sir John de Acton and Margaret, daughter and coheir of John de Aller, and seems to have had with her part of her mother's inheritance in Somerset. [In Feb. 1289 Margaret de Acton settled a rent of 10s. and appurtenances in Blackford (Som.) on Robert and Elizabeth and their issue, with remainder to herself and her heirs. John, son and heir of Robert and Elizabeth, held quarter parts of the manors of Wanstrow and Stathe (Som.) which were part of the same inheritance: PRO CP25/1/197/12; Somerset Fines, 1196-1307, 265, 273-4.] He had two sons, John and Robert, and died c. 1300. [Smyth, iii. 59.] John was in the wardship of his uncle Thomas (II) Lord Berkeley and died in 1320 leaving four daughters, Elizabeth, Felicia (or Leticia), Thomasia and Margaret. Thomasia had died without issue by 1332. [GIPM v. 30; CPR 1330-4, 240.] Elizabeth married James de Wilton and then Walter de Thornhill, in 1355 settling her lands on herself and Walter and their issue with reversion to James and Joan, her children by her former husband. [PRO CP25/1/199/24 no. 42, 77/66 no. 252; Feud Aids iv. 354, 359; Somerset Fines, 1307-99, 183; CIPM xiv, no. 10, p. 9] Leticia married John Westmancote, and Margaret married Richard de Aston, who died without issue, and then John atte Yate; the inheritance was divided between the Thornhills, Westmancotes and Yates. [CPR 1330-4, 240; CIPM xii, no. 116; xiv, no. 10, p. 9; Smyth, iii. 59] Robert de Berkeley's younger son Robert had from his father holdings at Billow and Clingre in Cam, and he acquired other lands within the Herness and in Wiltshire. [PRO SC6/1148/12; Smyth, i. 149; iii. 350; CCR 1323-7, 98; CIM ii, nos. 277, 764.] He died in 1315-16, leaving a daughter Isabel, who married Hugh de Bisley, and a son and heir Thomas. [Smyth, i. 149.] Thomas died between 1340 and 1343; his five year old son John was in the wardship of Thomas (III) Lord Berkeley and died in 1348, his heir being his sister Margaret, who married Ralph Trye. [BCM GAR 125-7 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24/136); Smyth, i. 149.]
The first period of the estate's history was a quiet one. Mainly, it seems, because of the political background the lords' marriages before that of Maurice (II) brought no lands to the estate. Similarly, few lands were purchased and such new manors as were bought were often sub-enfeoffed. After the cadet branches descended from FitzHarding's sons Robert and Nicholas, no more were established until that descended from Maurice (II)'s son Robert of Arlingham. Younger sons, who were numerous but not prolific, were endowed with holdings from within the lordship, most of which reverted to the lordship on the childless deaths of the cadets, and some which had been granted to religious houses were repurchased by the lords. The lordship of Maurice (II) pointed to the future with the acquisition of lands outside Gloucestershire and Somerset through his wife, the beginning of an intense concentration on developing the potential of existing manors, and the dispersal of lands to cadet branches.
Second Period: c. 1280-1417
Until c. 1280 the shape of the Berkeley estate had changed little but thereafter it was composed of two elements, the original patrimony or core, around which the acquisition and dispersal of the other lands, the second element, ebbed and flowed. The patrimony, which remained with the family (with one major exception) throughout the period, lay in two blocks of land. The smaller consisted of the large manors of Portbury and Bedminster with the small hundreds of Portbury, Bedminster and Hartcliff, in the north-eastern corner of Somerset, immediately west and south of Bristol, and a quantity of rents from the city itself, which had been acquired by Robert FitzHarding before 1140. [CIPM ii, no. 407; PRO SC6/1148/2, 8. The rents from Bristol amounted to £6 14s., during the forfeiture, £5 16s. 4d. between 1350 and 1356, and £6 12s. 6d. between 1361 and 1364: BCM GAR 417-18.] The Bristol suburb of Redcliffe Street, on the southern bank of the Avon, had grown up on the land of Bedminster manor. [CIPM ii, no. 407; GIPM iv. 118. Redcliffe Street provided £16 in rents in 1281.] That block provided an income of c. £200 a year in the 14th century. The larger block was the lordship of Berkeley, which was far more important in terms both of income and of the status and influence it provided. Although FitzHarding had granted some manors, principally detached portions, to St. Augustine's Abbey and to members of his family, and although some lands continued to be held of the Berkeleys of Dursley, who held Dursley in chief, it was a source of extraordinary strength. It included two boroughs, Wotton-under-Edge and Berkeley, and by 1281 was divided, somewhat arbitrarily, into nine manors, Ham (the largest and closest to the castle, which included the previously distinct manor of Appleridge), Wotton under Edge, Symond's Hall, Cam, Coaley, Hinton, Hurst, Slimbridge and Alkington; each manor incorporated several vills and hamlets. The manors formed the hundred of Berkeley, which was held by the family, and the hundred was entirely contained within a five-mile radius of Berkeley Castle at its centre. In the 14th century the lordship, including the hundred, was worth c. £800 a year. During the Mortimer régime Thomas (III) de Berkeley obtained the privilege of return of writs, which enlarged the family's control within this compact and rich territorial unit. [PRO SC8/157/7832.] Although, between them, the two portions of the patrimony may have provided as little as £800 a year in 1281, by 1321 the income from them had risen to around £975, and by 1389 it had risen still more to £1,050. The value which Thomas (III) placed on the core lands, as the patrimony, was marked when, c. 1349, he settled the lordship of Berkeley and the manor and hundred of Portbury on himself for life with remainder to his son and heir Maurice in tail male, so that the lands should not be alienated or partitioned between coheirs. [Somerset Fines, 1307-99, 21; Smyth, i. 364; PRO C136/58 no.1; C135/199 no. 9.] Bedminster had already been settled in jointure and tail general on the marriage of Maurice (III) in 1289 and was therefore detached from the rest of the patrimony in 1417 when, on the death of Thomas (IV), it passed to his daughter Elizabeth, countess of Warwick.
Thomas (II) (1281-1321) and Maurice (III) de Berkeley (1321-6)
Thomas (II) inherited from his father a good position in court circles, which he fostered and improved by years of faithful service to Edward I as a councillor, military commander and ambassador. On the king's death in 1307 Thomas was probably well over sixty and, although he continued to serve the new king for a few more years and lived on until 1321, it was his son and heir, Maurice, who increasingly took up the more active role. Maurice was given around half the inheritance by his father in 1301 when he was about thirty and started his career as a military commander in the Scottish campaigns of the end of Edward I's reign. From 1308 he was summoned to parliament along with his father, and he was appointed to a series of important positions, warden of Berwick-upon-Tweed 1315-16, justiciar of Wales 1316-17 and seneschal of Gascony in Feb. 1320 (an office which he appears not to have taken up). He was a leader of the rebels in the Despenser war of 1321 and, having succeeded his father in Nov. 1321, surrendered to the king in Feb. 1322 and spent the rest of his life imprisoned in Wallingford Castle. He died in May 1326, a few months before the coup led by Isabella and Mortimer. The period 1281-1321 was one of intense activity in the estate, the 'high farming' era which generated an astonishing number of charters that now survive in the archive. The wives of Thomas (II), Maurice (III) and Thomas (III) brought lands to their husbands which expanded their interests outside Gloucestershire and northern Somerset, but the lords themselves were actively engaged in developing and increasing the estate by purchase, both of small holdings within the patrimony manors and of new manors.
This very deliberate and positive policy of land acquisition began with the making of small additions whenever possible to the manors of the patrimony, sometimes as small as a fraction of a single acre. Major purchases with the same end in view were the acquisitions of the small manor of Bradley within the lordship manor of Wotton in 1292, the manor of Henry de Middleton at Portbury in 1299 and the manor of Frampton on Severn in 1303, which was immediately leased at a rent of £14 13s. 4d. to be paid to the lordship manor of Hurst. [PRO CP25/1/75/36 no. 156; Smyth, i. 189; PRO CP25/1/75/39 no. 250, 40 no. 265] Thomas also acquired holdings in Bradley and Arlingham through successful litigation in 1290. [Smyth, i. 193, iii. 110; Cal. Doc. Irel. 1293-1301, 686 (where Wick is not Wick in Ireland, as implied).] His efforts were directed particularly at the acquisition of rents, however, and it is clear that he had a preference for that form of revenue. The process gradually grew in scale. After c. 1300 Thomas and Maurice began to expand their territorial ambitions and to acquire whole manors. During the 1310s Thomas bought substantial holdings at Leckhampton and Hartpury north of Berkeley hundred besides one called Planches within the lordship manor of Cam, and Maurice the manors of Upton St. Leonards and King's Weston (Glos.), and Kingston Seymour and Portishead, along with a number of smaller holdings at Winterhead, Barton, Winscombe, Ashton, Cheddar and Tickenham, in northern Somerset. [BCM SB 10 f. 31; PRO CP25/1/198/18 no. 46; CPR 1327-30, 269; Rot. Parl. ii. 399; Smyth, i. 274; CIPM viii, no. 678. The holdings at Winterhead, Barton and Winscombe were settled on Maurice, his wife Eve and their younger son Maurice.] Each was concentrating principally on areas local to their separate households: Thomas, from Berkeley, on central and northern Gloucestershire and Maurice, from Portbury, on northern Somerset. Maurice's wife's lands in northern Somerset gave him an added interest in that area, and her other lands in Wiltshire gave him a secondary focus, resulting in the acquisition of another holding at her manor of Brigmerston. [Rot. Parl. i. 396; PRO C137/23 no. 39.] The last major addition to the estate was the manor of Awre, opposite Berkeley on the other side of the Severn, with its appurtenant advowson and hundred of Bledisloe, which was acquired in two halves. The first was granted to Maurice by his lord Aymer de Valence in 1308, and the second was settled on Thomas (III) by Roger Mortimer in marriage with his daughter in 1319. [BCM GAR 255 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/51/50); CPR 1327-30, 269; Feud. Aids, ii. 264, 273; Genealogist, NS xxxv (1919), 96.] Thomas (II) also bought lands in the area to add to the manor in 1308 and 1317, and their acquisition seems to have prompted Maurice to buy another holding on the west bank of the Severn, at Beachley, in 1317-18. [Smyth, i. 327.]
Other lands were acquired but held only temporarily. The manor of Sopworth (Wilts.), worth around £12 a year, was granted to Maurice (III), for life, by Aymer de Valence in 1308 [BCM GAR 255, GAR 319 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/51/50, BCM/A/2/97/1).] and the manors of King's Stanley (Glos.) and Great Rollright (Oxon.) were granted to Thomas and Maurice respectively in 1314 and 1316 by Edward II. [Feud. Aids, ii. 266; Smyth, i. 274; CIPM viii, no. 678.] Kings Stanley was the subject of a dispute with John Lord Giffard of Brimpsfield, to whom it had passed by 1316, and Great Rollright was also held only briefly. Maurice also leased for a term of years thirds of the manors of Olveston and Berwick in Henbury from Roger, son and heir of the Berkeley retainer Sir Peter Crok (d. 1308 x 1316), which may have been worth c. £7 a year. [PRO SC6/1145/15, 1147/12.]
Between 1270 and 1319 the estate benefited from the marriage portions of the wives of successive lords, the only time at which this was a factor since earlier marriages had been dictated by politics, and the landed portion was replaced by the cash portion during the 14th century. The manors of the marriage portions expanded the estate beyond the confines of Gloucestershire and northern Somerset for the first time, although these too were only temporary additions as they were used to endow younger sons. The first major addition of the kind had been Isabel Fitzroy's, which had not, as might have been expected, been used to provide for the younger son, Robert (of Arlingham). In 1267 Thomas had married Joan de Ferrers, sister of the Robert who was dispossessed of his earldom of Derby by the Lord Edward. By her he had four sons, Maurice (III), Thomas, John and James (who joined the church), and two daughters, Margaret and Isabel. [Margaret married first Thomas FitzMaurice of Ireland, whose marriage her father had bought in 1284 and by whom she was the mother of the first earl of Desmond, and then Reginald Russell; Isabel became a nun: CCR 1279-88, 252; 264, 265, 300, 301, 365; CFR 1272-1307, 199, 208, 425-6; CPR 1307-13, 383; VCH Som. ii. 150; GEC iv. 234-7. James became bishop of Exeter after the murder of Bishop Stapledon during Queen Isabella's coup in 1326; James was elected on 5 Dec. 1326 but died on 21 or 24 June 1327.] Joan died in 1309 and Thomas did not remarry. [Smyth, i. 207.] She brought him the manors of Coston (Leics.) and Eynesbury (Hunts.). [Smyth; 205-6; CIPM i,nos. 732, 776; ii, no. 423, pp. 297, 310.] In 1289 the heir Maurice (III) married Eve, daughter of Eudo de la Zouche and Milicent de Montalt, and she brought the manors of Brigmerston and Milston (Wilts.) and holdings at, Edingworth and Milverton and a rent of £10 from Bridgwater (Som.) [PRO SC6/1148/15; Smyth, i. 244.] The two Ferrers manors cannot be evaluated but the Zouche lands and rent were worth almost £50 a year. [CCR 1288-96, 46. The two Wilts. manors were worth £30 a year, and Milverton £7-8.] Maurice and Eve had five sons, Thomas (III), Maurice and John, and Eudo and Peter who joined the church, and two daughters, Milicent and Isabel [Milicent married John Lord Mautravers (d. 1364) c. 1314 and Isabel married Robert Lord Clifford (d. 1344) in 1328. Eudo died in his brother's household at Bradley in Aug. 1328 and Peter in 1341.] Eve died in 1314 and about three years later Maurice married Isabel, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester. She brought him a rent of £8 from Speenhamland (Berks.), the manors of Burford and Shipton-under-Wychwood (Oxon.), and the manor of Stanley Pontlarge and holdings at Falfield and Ampney Crucis (Glos.) but most of them were held by Isabel for life only and benefited Maurice only between the marriage and the forfeiture in 1322. [CIM ii, no. 681, 950; CFR 1319-27, 96, 124, 175, 181; CCR 1323-7, 219; 1327-30, 46; CIPM v, no. 316; PRO CP40/269/41 dorse; Feud. Aids, ii. 270. The arrangements which Isabel's father made for his second marriage cut her out of the Clare inheritance.] She survived him and lived until 1338.
Maurice was probably aged around nineteen when he married Eva la Zouche in 1289 and his father Thomas granted the manor of Bedminster to the couple [Smyth, i. 244.] In 1301 Thomas handed over another portion of the inheritance to his heir, granting him the other Somerset manor of Portbury, and around half the lordship in return for a rent of £120 and Maurice's obligation to pay annuities totalling £54 to his brothers and sister, to keep up payment of the annuities and maintenance agreements already promised to those who had sold land to Thomas, and other burdens on the estate such as rents to chantries. From this time on, therefore, a large part of the estate was administered from the household which Maurice set up at Portbury. The division of the Berkeley patrimony into two blocks made a natural choice of lands for the adult heir: Bedminster manor was granted to Thomas (II) before he succeeded his father and to Maurice (III) and Maurice (IV) on their marriages. [In a similar fashion, Wotton, the secondary centre of the Berkeley block, was set aside for the use of widows, being held by Thomas (I)'s widow Joan in the mid 13th century, by Maurice (III)'s widow Isabel and by Thomas (III)'s widow Katherine in the 14th century. Maurice (IV)'s widow did not hold it because Katherine was still alive at Maurice (IV)'s death.] When Maurice's eldest son and heir, Thomas (III), reached adulthood and married Margaret daughter of Roger Mortimer of Wigmore in 1319, his grandfather was still alive and the couple were established with the manor of Awre, both the Mortimer and Berkeley moieties being settled on them. [Genealogist, NS xxxv (1919), 96; PRO SC6/1148/12.]
Thomas (II) had two other lay sons to establish, Thomas and John, and Maurice (III) also two, Maurice and John. Both generations were dealt with in much the same way, the elder of each pair having his mother's marriage portion, with some additional lands within Gloucestershire which had been acquired, and the younger more haphazardly with lands which had been acquired. Thomas (II)'s sons also married heiresses. Thomas was granted Coston (Leics.) and Eynesbury (Hunts.) some time before 1300 and later, in the 1310s, the manor of Wick in Arlingham, a holding at Hartpury and a rent of 10 marks from the Arlingham fisheries (Glos.) [Smyth, i. 209; BCM SB 10 f. 351. The charter recording the grant of Coston and Eynesbury (SB 10 f. 351) is undated but was witnessed by Thomas (II)'s brother Sir Robert (d.1300-1).] He married first Margery, daughter and heir of Sir Robert de Bray of Wollaston (Northants.), by whom he had a daughter Katherine, and secondly Isabel, daughter and heir of Sir John Hamelyn of Wymondham (Leics.) [VCH Northants. iv. 58] He died in 1346 leaving Katherine to inherit Wollaston and a son John by his second wife who inherited Coston, Eynesbury, Wymondham and the lands in Gloucestershire. [CIPM viii, no. 630] This cadet branch in Leicestershire was still going strong in the 16th century. Thomas's brother John had an annuity of £20 before 1301 and was also granted a small manor at Bradley (in Wotton) and sundry other new small holdings around the hundred. [BCM GAR 256 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/51/51); Smyth, i. 214.] He married Hawise, daughter and heir of Thomas de Timworth (d. c. 1290) of Bratton Clovelly (Devon). In Nov. 1311 Bratton Clovelly was settled on Hawise's mother Lucy for life, with reversion to Hawise and her issue, along with the manor of Bradford-on-Tone and substantial holdings at Hoccombe near Milverton, which Lucy had acquired. [BCM SB 10 ff. 26-7; Proc. Som. Arch. & Nat. Hist. Soc. xxviii (1882), 174, 177, 178, 192-5, assumes incorrectly that the husband of Hawise de Timworth was John de Berkeley of Dursley. Lucy married secondly Simon de Meriet.] Two years later they were settled again on Lucy for life, with reversion to John de Berkeley and his wife Hawise and the issue of Hawise. Lucy had died by March 1316 when John was holding Bratton Clovelly, but both John and Hawise were dead without issue by Sept. 1317 when Kingswood Abbey drew up a charter promising religious benefits for their souls in recognition of their substantial grants of land to the abbey. [Smyth, i. 215; iii. 317]
In the next generation, Maurice (III)'s second son, Maurice of Stoke Gifffard, was granted the manor of Bradley (bought by his grandfather), before 1321, and the reversions of his mother's lands in Somerset and Wiltshire and of Kingston Seymour (bought by his father), lands worth around £60 a year. [PRO SC6/1148/12, 15; CIM ii, no. 919; Smyth, iii. 148.] He bought three more manors in Gloucestershire, King's Weston and Elberton in 1330 and Uley by 1340. [CPR 1327-30, 507; PRO CP25/1/77/57 no. 40, 65 no. 230; Reg. Bransford, 274; Smyth, iii. 186-8. The three manors were valued at almost £90 a year in 1400: CIPM xviii, no. 409.] He was retained by the king as a banneret in 1330 and received generous grants in fee of forfeited land, worth probably around £300 a year, but his son and heir was deprived of them when their earlier holders were restored to favour. [CMR nos. 2270 (iii), 2271 (i); CPR 1327-30, 530, 1330-4, 145.] He married by 1330 Margery de Vere who was probably a daughter of Alphonse de Vere (d. 1328) and sister of John, who succeeded his uncle Robert as earl of Oxford in 1331. [CPL ii. 368.] They had three sons, Thomas, Maurice and Edward, and two daughters, Emma and Isabel. Isabel was still alive and apparently unmarried in 1400, and Emma married Thomas, son and heir apparent of Sir John de la Ryvere of Tormarton. [GIPM vi. 224; PRO CP25/1/77/66 no. 267. Sir John was succeeded by his son Henry: Saul Knights and Esquires, 228.] Maurice married Joan, daughter and heir of William Hereward of Devon, and had died by 1371 when Sir John de Wylington quitclaimed his interest in the wardship of Maurice's son and heir, another Maurice, to the executors of Maurice (IV). The young heir had evidently died without issue by 1400. [GIPM vi. 224.] The third son Edward married Joan, daughter and heir of Cecilia de Hickling of Suffolk but died without issue in 1380. [CFR 1337-47, 417; CCR 1349-54, 421; 1369-74, 340; CPR 1374-7, 437; CIPM xv, no. 310.] Maurice of Stoke Giffard's eldest son Thomas was thirteen at his father's death in 1347. He married Katherine, daughter of John de Botetourt, in 1355 and died in 1361 leaving a son Maurice, born in late 1358, as his heir. [CPR 1354-8, 257; CCR 1360-4, 226, 235, 237; CFR 1356-68, 198; CIPM xi, no. 10; Smyth, i. 257.] This Maurice proved his age in 1380 and died in 1400, his heir being a posthumous son, another Maurice, who was coheir to the Botetourt inheritance in 1420. [CCR 1377-81, 288-9; 1419-22, 87; 1422-9, 39; CFR 1399-1405, 81; 1405-13, 79; CPR 1399-1401, 431-2; Smyth, i. 259.] Maurice (III)'s third son, John, had by 1322 been granted the manor of King's Weston and holdings at Leckhampton, Cam (Planches) and Awre and Blakeney (Glos.), which had been bought by his father and grandfather and were worth c. £30 a year. [BCM GAR 122 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24/131); PRO SC12/36/11 m. 8; SC6/1147/12, 1148/12.] He died, apparently without issue, in 1336.
Thomas (II) died in July 1321 and the estate was taken into the king's hands following his son's surrender in Feb. 1322. During the previous forty years the estate had been enlarged by the landed portions of their wives and the acquisition of several new manors and other holdings. Their territorial horizons had been expanded by marriage into Huntingdonshire, Leicestershire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire, and by royal grant into Oxfordshire, although the purchasing policy was directed primarily at strengthening the patrimony and the immediately adjacent areas of Gloucestershire and north Somerset. All the lands brought as marriage portions, and most of those which had been purchased, had been granted to younger sons, but the manors of Awre, Portishead and Upton St. Leonards, worth c. £34 a year, and holdings at Ashton, Cheddar, Tickenham and Beachley, had been added to the inheritance of Thomas (III), [PRO SC6/1148/12; BCM GMR 17 (cf.below, BCM/A/4/2/28).] while the lands worth £30 a year granted to his younger brother reverted to him on John's death in 1336, having been granted in tail male. Most of the two lords' efforts, however, had been directed at making the numerous small additions to the manors of the patrimony, and the greatly increased value of those manors was Thomas (III)'s main benefit from the careers of his father and grandfather.
[Thomas (III) (1326-61) and Maurice (IV) de Berkeley (1361-8)]
The estate was officially restored to Maurice's heir, Thomas (III), in Jan. 1327. His relationship with Mortimer thrust the family to the forefront of national politics, especially with the imprisonment and death of Edward II at Berkeley Castle in 1327, and ensured that the family received a number of benefits during Mortimer's régime. When, in 1330, the political tide turned Thomas faced a parliamentary trial for the death of Edward III's father. He was finally cleared in 1337 but spent the 1330s under a cloud. He was restored to royal favour in the 1340s and briefly took up a prominent position again, before relapsing into obscurity in old age, devoting himself to domestic pursuits and the acquisition of land. His marriage with Margaret Mortimer brought him three sons, Maurice (IV), Thomas and Roger, and a daughter Joan. [Joan was married in 1337 to Thomas, son and heir of John de Haudlo (d. 1347) and Maud Burnell, and secondly, following the death of her young husband, to Reginald (later Lord) Cobham in 1342.] Margaret died in 1337 and ten years later Thomas married again, to Katherine, daughter of Sir John de Clevedon and widow of Sir Peter le Veel, who gave him another four sons, another Thomas, another Maurice, Edmund and John. Despite this plethora of younger sons, only one, the youngest, survived Thomas.
Like his grandfather, Maurice (IV) enjoyed most of his active career before becoming lord. Born probably around 1320, in 1338 he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of the younger Despenser, and by her had three sons, Thomas (IV), Maurice and James, and three daughters. Elizabeth survived him and remarried, to the Somerset knight Sir Maurice Wyth, dying in 1389. In the early 1340s Maurice had been crusading in Spain, and was then retained before 1347 by the Black Prince, whom he accompanied on the Poitiers campaign of 1355-7. He was wounded and captured at Poitiers and, after three years in captivity in France, was eventually released in 1360, having paid around half his ransom of £2,000 and made arrangements to pay the remainder. His wound appears to have made him an invalid for the rest of his life and he cut no figure in either national or local politics while lord. His early death in 1368 can probably be attributed to the same cause, and his heir was the sixteen-year-old Thomas.
The forty years between 1280 and 1320 had been notable for the unusual quantity of land purchased (by no means all of which had been earmarked for younger sons, provision for whom was most often the reason for magnates to buy land), but Thomas (III) far exceeded his father and grandfather in this respect. Purchase was, however, the only means by which the estate was changed permanently, since marriage portions by then were paid in cash rather than in land (although Thomas's second wife did bring with her a large quantity of land which she held for life). Thomas's stepmother was still alive when he was restored to the estate in 1327, so he did not immediately hold the entire inheritance. She held the manor and hundred of Portbury (and the manor of Kingston Seymour settled on Thomas's brother) in jointure and was granted as dower the manor and borough of Wotton, the manor of Symond's Hall and rents of £63 from Cam and Coaley and £23 6s. 8d. from Bedminster. [Cim ii, no. 919; Smyth, i. 245; BCM GAR 424 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/8). In 1329 she released Portbury manor and hundred to Thomas (presumably in return for an annuity) and died in 1338. [Smyth, i. 245. She was still alive in June 1337 despite the assertion in VCH Berks. iv. 100 that she died on 7 July 1333. BCM/A/2/22/2.]
To a certain extent Thomas followed his grandfather's practice of acquiring small holdings to add to his existing manors. Some additions were more substantial, such as the sub-manor of Sages, worth £17 a year, within Slimbridge manor, [BCM GAR 247 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/43/125).] but to a far greater extent he concentrated on acquiring whole manors. He bought 14 new manors, in possession or reversion, and had a temporary interest (mostly through leases for life or for a term of years) in seven other manors. In 1330 he made his first major purchase, the manors of Beverston and Over (Glos.) and Barrow Gurney and a large holding at Tickenham (Som.), from Thomas ap Adam, and in 1332 the reversion of the manor of Syde (which fell in in 1339), also in Gloucestershire. [PRO CP25/1/77/62, no. 16, /69 no.347; Glos Record Office D1866/T18, T19; Somerset Fines, 1307-99, 238.] In 1339 he bought a moiety of Elston (Wilts.), and between 1342 and 1346 the manors of Woodmancote (Glos.), Clevelode (Worcs.) and a moiety of Cheddar (Som.) with the reversion of the other moiety. [Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 199, BCM GAR 30 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/3/132); PRO CP25/1/199/24 no. 61; C135/156 no.12. For Woodmancote, CPR 1340-3, 443; BCM GAR 125 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24134); Smyth, i. 349; iii. 387-8, giving two conflicting accounts.] In 1355 he acquired another six manors, buying those of Tockington (Glos.) and a moiety of Sock Dennis (Som.) with the reversion of the other moiety [Smyth, i. 330; J. Maclean, 'The Manor of Tockington', TBGAS xii (1887-8), 135-6; GIPM v. 309] and arranging a complicated marriage agreement with Sir Ralph de Middleney whereby the reversion of Middleney's inheritance of four manors and other associated holdings in Somerset was settled on Thomas's younger sons after his death. [Somerset Fines, 1347-99, 28-9; CIPM xi, no. 517; PRO C136/38 no. 10; C139/35 no. 50.] All these 14 manors, with other holdings purchased by Thomas at Cricklade (Wilts.), 1350, Tickenham (Som.), 1330 and 1352, and Falfield, by 1337, Compton Greenfield, by 1340, Westonbirt, by 1344, Bentham, by 1346, Down Hatherley, by 1346, and Alveston (Glos.), were eventually inherited by Thomas's only surviving younger son, John. [PRO C136/38 no. 10; C139/35 no. 50; CP25/1/77/56 no. 12,/67 no. 295; Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 380; Smyth, i. 328, 330, 350, CCR 1360-4, 236. Apart from the reference by Smyth there is no evidence that Alveston was held by Thomas (III), but it was held by John at his death.] John also had some lands which had been held by his uncle John and which had reverted to his father in 1336. Those which were most closely associated with the patrimony (in Cam and in Awre) were kept for Thomas's heir, but King's Weston and Leckhampton were included in the numerous entails made by Thomas for his younger sons. [PRO C136/38 no. 10; C139/35 no. 50; CP25/1/77/66 no. 268, /69 no. 330.] The lands which passed to John were worth an absolute minimum of £300 a year.
Those fourteen manors and other smaller holdings were permanent acquisitions inherited by Thomas's sons Maurice or John, but Thomas also obtained a temporary interest in the Herefordshire manor of Burghill between 1327 and 1336, and the Wiltshire manor of Sheldon between 1351 and 1363. Furthermore, in 1347 his second wife brought him another nine manors which she held in jointure and dower from her first husband: Charfield, Tortworth, Hamfallow and Huntingford (Glos.), Ablington and Alton (Wilts.), Norton Fitzwarren (Soms.), Plympton (Devon) and 'Lariharn'. These were worth at least £70 a year, [Smyth, i. 346; iii. 210-12, 234-40, Wilts. IPM, 151; CIPM viii, no. 466; xvi, nos. 214-15; BCM GAR 126-34, GAR 422 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24/135-43, BCM/A/3/16/1), GMR 3. Charfield, Tortworth, Ablington, alton, Plympton and Hamfallow were together valued at about £70: GIPM v. 300-1; PRO C136/38 no. 10; BCM GAR 126-34. There are no available valuations for Huntingford, Norton Fitzwarren or 'Lariharn']. and they benefited Thomas until his death in 1361 but were eventually inherited by the heirs of Katherine's first husband. [PRO C136/38 no. 10.] The Veel connection also led Thomas to have an interest in the manor of Penleigh (Wilts.), which in 1350 was acquired by Thomas and Katherine jointly, with the reversion belonging to Katherine's children by Peter le Veel [VCH Wilts. viii. 159; Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 376.]
Thomas's land dealings also involved some sales. The block purchase from ap Adam in 1330 had included the reversion of the manor of Monewden (Suff.), held for life by Isabel Hastings, and two years later Thomas sold it to Isabel.[CPR 1327-30, 507; CCR 1330-3, 424, 529.] In 1320 Thomas had bought a small holding at Childrey (Berks.) and acquired another reversionary holding there, which he sold to Nicholas de la Beche in 1338,[BCM SR 39 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/7); CMR no. 872; CCR 1337-9, 522.] and in 1354 he sold the reversionary interest which he had acquired in the manor of Yewdon (Bucks.) to Thomas Doyly.[VCH Bucks. iii. 49] Finally there were the manors of Eastham and Eckington (Worcs.).[VCH Worcs. iv. 70, 187, 267; PRO CP25/1/260/23 no. 51; BCM GAR 398-400 (cf. below, BCM/A/2/98/6, BCM/A/2/99/1-2).] Eckington had been acquired from the Mortimers by 1333 but was sold in 1358, the timing suggesting strongly that it was parted with in order to help with the payment of Maurice (IV)'s ransom. In Eastham Thomas seems to have acquired an interest from one of his servants, Richard le Porter, in 1341 and supplemented it with rents in the area acquired from another servant, Roger de Eastham. The manor did not continue in Berkeley hands: it may have been sold like Eckington, the various interests may have been for life only, or the manor may have been given up to resolve a disputed title which also concerned Clevelode (which did stay in Berkeley hands).
As well as ensuring by settlements and entails that the vast bulk of his acquisitions benefited his numerous younger sons, Thomas also had the patrimony to protect and his eldest son Maurice to establish. When in 1338 Maurice and Elizabeth were married, Thomas settled on them in jointure the lordship manor of Hurst (with its appurtenant rent from Frampton and a rent from the lordship manor of Cam), entailing it on their heirs male.[PRO C135/199 no. 9; C136/58 no. 1.] In 1349 Thomas settled the remaining portion of the lordship (8 manors, 2 boroughs, 2 advowsons, the castle and the hundred) and the manor of Upton St. Leonards, and in 1352 the manor and hundred of Portbury, on himself for life with reversion to Maurice and his male issue. Before his death the entire estate had been entailed in tail male except for a few small holdings, and Bedminster and Awre (settled in tail general in 1289 and 1319 respectively). The year before his marriage Maurice was granted the Bristol block of the patrimony (Portbury, Bedminster and their hundreds), initially at an annual rent of 400 marks, which was gradually reduced and then given up altogether.[Smyth, i. 364, 365; Thomas (III) was holding Bedminster again 1356-60: BCM GAR 361 (cf. below, BCM/A/2/67/24).] In 1342 he was granted the manor of Wenden and the £10 rent from Bridgwater and 10 years later the small holding at Christon and Uphill close to his manor of Portbury.[Smyth, i. 364, 365, 371; PRO C136/58 no. 1; C138/28 no. 50] After succeeding his father, he bought the reversion of the manors of Little Marshfield and Purton (Glos.) in 1366, and Little Marshfield was settled on his younger son James in tail male, Purton probably being intended for another son, who died young. Maurice needed to buy lands for his younger sons since nearly all the lands inherited from his father were entailed.[The manor of Wenden (Essex), the manor of Yorkley (then known as Tutnalls and Purton), a holding in Iron Acton and Sages in Slimbridge (Glos.), and the rent from Bridgwater and the holding at Christon and Uphill (Som.) were the only unentailed lands available to Thomas (IV) when he wanted to raise cash through a mortgage in 1375 BCM/A/2/36/12-13]. In addition to the lands granted to him before he succeeded, he inherited holdings at Chicklade (Wilts.) and a manor at Yorkley (Glos.).[BCM GAR 320, GMR 17 (cf. below, BCM/A/2/37/19, BCM/A/4/2/28); PRO C135/199 no. 9; 136/58 no. 1; Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 379]. Thomas had created that manor by a number of small acquisitions along the west bank of the Severn, south of Awre, between 1330 and 1350.[BCM GAR 326 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/2/13); PRO C135/199 no. 9.] Maurice also benefited from the additions to the patrimony manors made by his father and from the holdings in Cam and Awre which had reverted to Thomas on the death of his younger brother John in 1336. He never enjoyed the full benefit of his inheritance because his stepmother outlived him by several years and held in dower the manors of Cam, Wotton and Symond's Hall, the borough of Wotton and a third of the hundreds of Bedminster and Berkeley, in addition to jointure in the most valuable of her husband's acquisitions, the reversion belonging to her son John.[PRO C136/38 no. 10. By April 1363 she had recovered against her son John (aged eleven) her dower of Syde manor and in holdings in Westonbirt, Down Hatherley, Leckhampton and Bentham. BCM/A/1/1/74 and A/2/41/3]
The period from the restoration in 1327 to the death of Maurice (IV) in 1368 is notable not only for the huge additions made to the estate (manors and lands worth well over £300 a year, around a third of the value of the patrimony inherited by Thomas in 1327) but that they had all been achieved by purchase. Marriage had brought Thomas substantial lands but they were temporary interests only. His heir benefited little, but the manor at Yorkley and the small holdings at St. Chloe, Uphill and Chicklade passed to him and he added the manor at Purton, having also acquired Little Marshfield for his younger son.
Thomas (IV) de Berkeley (1368-1417)
Until the death of Maurice (IV) the family had benefited from a succession of adult heirs, most of the lords being over thirty when they inherited, but the estate was now in wardship for six years. Thomas's father-in-law, Warin Lord Lisle (d. 1382), obtained the wardship, which ended in Jan. 1374, but for some time after reaching his majority Thomas was further handicapped by the longevity of two dowagers, his mother and step-grandmother, who held over half his inheritance until their respective deaths in 1389 and 1385. Aged fourteen, he had married the seven-year-old Margaret, Lisle's only daughter, in 1367, and in 1381 she became her father's heir. In 1385 she produced her only child, a daughter Elizabeth, who was betrothed to Richard Beauchamp, son and heir of the earl of Warwick (d. 1401), six months after her mother's death in 1392. Being outside the court circle, Thomas suffered from Richard II's policy of bolstering the local positions of his favourites, and was an enthusiastic supporter of Bolingbroke's invasion in 1399. He was actively involved in the deposition of Richard II and for the next seven or eight years he played a prominent role on the national stage as councillor and admiral for Henry IV. After 1406, however, he retired into relative obscurity. He did not remarry after Margaret's death and on his own death in 1417 the estate was divided between his daughter, who had the Lisle lands and some of the Berkeley lands, and his nephew James, who inherited the bulk of the Berkeley patrimony under the entail of the mid 14th century.
During the fifty-year lordship of Thomas (IV) purchase again played an important part in the development of the estate but the most significant change was the accession of the Lisle estate in 1382. During Maurice (IV)'s lordship the Berkeley estate had been divided by the assignment of dower to his father's widow and further division followed his death in 1368 since he too left a widow, Elizabeth. Elizabeth was granted Wenden (Essex), two-thirds of Portbury and Portishead and Uphill (Som.), the small holding at Chicklade (Wilts.), and the manors of Coaley, Upton and Awre, and the small holding at St. Chloe (Glos.) in dower, and already held Hurst (with a rent from Cam) in jointure.[PRO C136/58 no. 1.] Katherine's dower was worth £285 a year and Elizabeth's jointure and dower a further £335 a year, leaving lands worth £540 a year for the 16-year-old heir Thomas (IV).[BCM GMR 17 (cf. below,BCM/A/4/2/28).] The wardship of his lands was granted to his father-in-law for £400 a year.[CFR 1356-69, 388.]
That Thomas felt purse-pinched in early adulthood is seen in his mortgage of the unentailed lands in 1375 to raise 400 marks and in an agreement with his step-grandmother Katherine in Jan. 1375 to cut and sell timber from the manor of Wotton. His situation improved with the fortuitous death of his brother-in-law Gerard, Lisle's only son and heir, without issue between Jan. 1380 and Nov. 1381, when Lisle and Thomas came to an agreement by which Lisle allowed his daughter to inherit his estate.[GEC viii. 39.] Lisle died the following year and his estate, worth c. £600 a year, was duly joined to the Berkeleys'.[PRO SC12/18/42 dorse.] The Lisle estate consisted of numerous manors and other holdings scattered all over the south of England, but lying principally in two groups, the smaller one of seven manors in Devon and Cornwall, the larger based on seven Berkshire manors with four in Wiltshire, three in Oxfordshire, three in Northamptonshire and one each in Buckinghamshire and Middlesex. His wife's inheritance widened Thomas's territorial horizons. Like his own, it did not all come to him immediately, since about half was held in dower and jointure by Lisle's widow Joan (d. 1392), and a further two manors in jointure by Gerard's widow Amy, but during the next 10 years his position gradually improved following the deaths of the various widows.
Not surprisingly, Thomas had bought no new lands before the various groups of dower lands came into his hands, although he did acquire temporarily two Gloucestershire manors and a borough from the widow of one of his late retainers in 1383.[BCM SR 67, GMR 17 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/14,28); CPR 1381-5, 228.] Land-buying was largely a matter for consideration when lords had surplus cash in hand and Thomas had none to spare, certainly until 1382 and more probably until 1389 or 1392. Thereafter he held two inheritances and it would not have been surprising if he had then merely sat back to enjoy the profits: his wife died in 1392 leaving an only daughter, and there were no younger sons, provision for whom was the prime motive for land acquisition. It is all the more interesting, therefore, that Thomas did purchase a number of manors and lands after 1392. Some of them were connected with the Lisle inheritance, such as a large holding in Kingston Lisle, Fawler, Baulking and Uffington (Berks.), which he bought in 1397 and two years later leased at £5 a year, the manor of East Peek (Devon) and a moiety of Nethercott (Wilts.) bought in 1413, and a holding in Charlton, in Hungerford (Berks.) in 1414, [Thomas also acquired a weekly market and three annual fairs at Penzance (where the Lisle manor of Alverton lay) in 1406: CChR 1341-1417, 430.] Other acquisitions were clearly connected with the Berkeley inheritance and included lands in Bancombe, in Charlton (Som.) in 1383, the Edingworth and Milverton holdings of his second cousin Maurice of Stoke Giffard before 1395, and a couple of advowsons, Chicklade in 1380 and St. Andrews, London (the parish in which most of his London holdings lay), in 1394.[BCM SB 10 f.239 and v.] In 1398 he acquired the reversion of the St. Amand manor of South Cerney and Cerney Wick (Glos.), and in 1399 holdings at Wraxall and Weston-in-Gordano in Portbury hundred (Som.); and then in 1412 a holding at Horton and Yate (Glos.), another holding within Portbury hundred at Portishead and the manor of Cerney Wick (Glos.), in 1414 the manor of Shorncote (Wilts.) and in 1415 the manor of Tickenham, in Portbury hundred (Som.) [PRO CP25/1/79/85 no. 57; Somerset Fines, 1399-1461, 47, CCR 1409-13,334.] There were also acquisitions within Berkeley hundred, a number in Wotton manor in the vills of Bradley, Nibley and Wortley, two holdings in Arlingham, one in Ham, several in the boroughs of Wotton and Berkeley, as well as others elsewhere. [PRO CP25/1/79/85 no. 46; Smyth, iii. 59, 61, 112, 213, 287. For Thomas (IV)'s purchases in general. Smyth, ii. 13-16.] Most of those lands lay in three clear territorial areas, Portbury hundred, Berkeley hundred, and on the Gloucestershire-Wiltshire border. The focus on Portbury hundred is emphasised in his further acquiring the advowsons of Portishead and Walton-in-Gordano in 1412, and free warren in Walton- and Weston-in-Gordano, Portishead and Charlton in 1401, which can be compared with his obtaining a confirmation of the grant of free warren in Berkeley Herness and Portbury in 1413. [CChR1341-1417, 416; CCR 1409-13, 334.] It therefore appears that the purchases of lands and rights were carefully chosen to suit the portion of the inheritance settled in tail male (Berkeley lordship and Portbury) and thus for the benefit of his nephew James. Thomas enfeoffed all these latter acquisitions (Shorncote, Chicklade and those in Gloucestershire, Somerset and London) to a group of trustees three weeks before his death and, although no instructions for their disposal are included in the grant, it was probably for the purpose of leaving them to James, through either an entail or a use. [No instructions for their employment are mentioned in his will, which had been made in Feb. 1415.] Despite the enfeoffment, the jury at Thomas's inquisition post mortem returned that the lands were all held in fee simple and they were the subject of a long dispute with Thomas's daughter Elizabeth and her husband the earl of Warwick. [PRO C138/28 no. 50.]
The sale of Wenden in 1404 partly balanced Thomas's acquisitions. It was the only principal manor which had not been entailed, either in fee tail or tail male, and so the only one available when he needed to raise cash in a rush in order to loan £1,000 to the king. Although it had been part of the estate for 150 years it had long been the one anomaly in an otherwise concentrated estate, and its distance from the administrative centre had already led to its being farmed by 1389.
At Thomas (IV)'s death in 1417 the Berkeley estate, after following a pattern of recurrent growth and diminution over the previous 140 years, had reached a pinnacle. As well as the Berkeley patrimony itself, hugely increased in value since 1281, and a few other manors in Gloucestershire added to it, Thomas had held the Lisle estate and had bought a further four manors with numerous other small holdings. On his death, however, it broke apart. To his daughter went lands worth c. £725 a year, comprising the Lisle lands (£600 a year) and the manors of Awre and Bedminster with their hundreds (£125 a year). To his nephew went an estate worth c. £1,000 a year consisting of the lordship of Berkeley (with the manor of Upton) worth £825 a year, and Portbury manor and hundred worth £130 a year. In addition to the lands which he had from his uncle, James had his father's manor of Little Marshfield and the prospect of his mother's inheritance in Wales and the Marches. If the Berkeley inheritance had passed to him peacefully after his uncle's death, and if he had inherited all his mother's lands, James would have held land of greater value than any of his predecessors had done on succeeding their fathers.
Third Period: 1417-92
James (I) de Berkeley (1417-63)
James was the son of Thomas (IV)'s younger brother James who had married a Marcher heiress and died in 1405 fighting the Welsh under Glendower. He was eleven in 1405 and heir apparent to the substantial inheritance of his mother, Elizabeth Bluet: the two minor Marcher lordships of Raglan and Stradewy, and the manors of Thruxton (Herefs.) and Daglingworth (Glos.). Elizabeth was also the prospective heir on the death of Adam de Peasenhall to the ap Rees lands of the lordship of Talgarth and the manor of Shifnal (Salop.). [For what follows, see BCM/C Administrative history.] Her inheritance was worth at least 400 marks a year but in the event James inherited very little of it. [Below, BCM/A/1/1/46 [GC 4129]. In 1408 Elizabeth and her third husband, Thomas ap Harry, sold Thruxton to Thomas's elder brother John, and in the following year, Peasenhall having granted them Talgarth, they settled the manor and 50 marks of rent on themselves and their issue with remainder to the right heirs of Elizabeth. They evidently had no issue, however, as, after her fourth marriage to William ap Thomas, Talgarth was resettled in 1420. In Aug. 1429 the lordship was granted to James de Berkeley and his heirs but that may have been part of a deal with ap Thomas, for in July 1425 James and his wife Isabel granted Raglan to ap Thomas for life and in 1430 ap Thomas bought Raglan outright for 1,000 marks, which seems to have included Stradewy. James also failed to get Shifnal, which was regarded as an escheat, the reversion being sold by Henry IV. James therefore inherited from his mother only Talgarth and Daglingworth.
James may have sold Raglan and Stradewy in order to fund his fight to retain his Berkeley inheritance against his cousin Elizabeth and her husband Richard earl of Warwick. There can be little doubt that Elizabeth's father Thomas fully recognized and approved his nephew as his heir male, despite allegations to the contrary. James and his brother Maurice were in their uncle's care at Berkeley from 1410 and Thomas twice sold James's marriage, specifically as his heir male, in 1410 to John St. John and in 1414 to Humphrey Stafford, and in 1412 St. John requested an exemplification of the entail of 1349 of the Berkeley estate. [According to Smyth, citing a manuscript of c. 17 Hen. VI (1438-9), Thomas twice sold the marriage of James, once for 1,000 marks and once for 1,200 marks: Smyth, ii. 79-80.] Furthermore, Thomas's very specific policy of acquiring land centred on Berkeley and Portbury hundreds and his granting of all the lands which he had acquired to feoffees three weeks before his death strongly suggest that he was not only happy for the patrimony to pass to James but also intended to enhance it. James's troubles arose from the attempts of the Warwicks to claim as much of it as they could. An early attempt to claim the whole lordship of Berkeley on the grounds of a fee tail settlement in the time of Robert FitzHarding seems to have been dropped quickly. They were rather more persistent and successful with two other ploys, first a claim to the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall, Hinton, Cam and Coaley, on the grounds that they had been settled in tail general on the marriage of Maurice (II), Lord Berkeley to Isabel Fitzroy in the mid 13th century, and, secondly, claims to portions of some manors which they maintained had not been included in the 1349 entail, such as the rents from Iron Acton, which had been paid to Ham manor for over a century, and Sages, in Slimbridge, which had been bought by Thomas III in the mid 14th century. [The rent of 22 marks from Frampton on Severn which was paid to Hurst manor had specifically been mentioned in the 1338 settlement on Maurice (IV) and his wife.]
The Warwicks' determination was apparent immediately after Thomas (IV)'s death, which occurred when they were in Gloucestershire, staying either at the Castle or at Wotton, while James was in Dorset with his father-in-law Humphrey Stafford. [For what follows see, unless otherwise stated, Smyth, ii. 41-8, 57-76.] Thomas died on 13 July and James sued out a writ of diem clausit extremum two days later, but on 21 July the custody of the lands was granted to three of Warwick's retainers. [The render was remitted on 12 June 1418: Smyth, ii. 41. A court was held at Alkington in the name of the Warwicks on 21 Sept. 1418: BCM GCR 1 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/3/163). For the grant of the custody of Thomas's lands to John Harewell, John Barton and John Baysham on 21 July 1417: below, BCM/A/2/29.] The inquisition post mortem at Gloucester at the end of September was adjourned because the evidence was disputed. On 22 Oct. Warwick sued out a supersedeas countermanding James's writ, and after some legal manoeuvring Warwick's writ was countermanded on 5 Nov., another inquisition was held and the jury found that James was heir, as Thomas's male heir, to the entailed lands and the countess was heir to the rest. James did fealty and had his homage respected on 1 Dec. but, handicapped by the desertion of some of his uncle's closest servants to the Warwicks, he was unable to sue livery, pay his relief and have proper possession until, on 1 Nov. 1420, he obtained the support of the duke of Gloucester by promising him the reversion of lands of his mother's inheritance to the value of 400 marks a year. Recognition courts at all the lordship manors were held on 6 May 1421, [BCM GRR 7 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/30)] and James had licence to sue livery at Michaelmas 1421 and paid his relief of 100 marks. His belated succession was recognised by his first appearance on the Gloucestershire commissions of the peace on 2 Sept. and his first summons to parliament on 20 Oct.
On 1 Sept. 1422 James took the precaution of granting the Castle and the manors of Berkeley, Ham, Appleridge, Hinton, Hurst, Slimbridge, Cam, Coaley, Alkington, Upton St. Leonards, Wotton and Symond's Hall to a powerful group of feoffees consisting of Humphrey duke of Gloucester, John Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, John Holand, earl of Huntingdon, Thomas Stanley, Robert Wingfield and John Morgan. [The dukedom of Norfolk was in fact not revived until 1425.] The countess of Warwick died on 28 Dec. 1422, but the dispute continued. On 10 Sept. 1421 James and Warwick agreed, under bonds of 10,000 marks each, to submit the dispute to the arbitration (which was not to include the manors of Wotton, Portbury, Cerney and Shorncote) of the bishop of Worcester and the justice John Juyn, provided that the award was made before Christmas. The date was not met, and on 20 May 1423 they again entered into bonds for arbitration before midsummer, yet again for an award by 1 Nov., and once more for a partial award which was made on 24 Nov. 1424, with the promise of a final award before the following Michaelmas. That award, made on 6 Oct. 1425, declared that Warwick would hold for his life the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley and holdings in Frampton on Severn, Cromhall, Iron Acton, Kingscote and Minchinhampton (Glos.) and the hundreds of Hartcliff and Portbury and the manor of Portishead, Limeridge Wood, Weston-in-Gordano and lands in Christon and Uphill (Som.), while James would retain, to him and his male issue, the manors of Cam, Hinton and Slimbridge (Glos.). [Smyth, ii. 48]
There the matter rested until the death of Warwick on 30 April 1439. His inquisition post mortem, held on 6 Sept., reopened the dispute by finding that he died holding, by the courtesy of England, the manors of Hinton, Cam, Coaley, Wotton and Symond's Hall, as Elizabeth's inheritance by entail from Maurice (II) (d. 1281) and his wife Isabel, and the manor of Slimbridge, as her inheritance from Maurice (I) (d. 1190) and his wife Alice, the manor having been granted to them in free marriage by her father. The findings were clearly faulty: James had retained possession of Cam, Hinton and Slimbridge and, under the award of 1425, Warwick had had only a life interest in Wotton, Symond's Hall, Coaley and the other lands. The countess Elizabeth's heirs were her three daughters, Margaret (d. 1467) wife of John Talbot, later earl of Shrewsbury (d. 1453), Eleanor (d. 1467) wife successively of Thomas, Lord Roos (d. 1430), Edmund Beaufort, duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and Walter Rokesley, and Elizabeth (d. 1480), wife of George Nevill, Lord Latimer (d. 1469). The dispute continued between James and the three sisters, the Talbots taking the lead. Margaret was Talbot's second wife and her heir was her son John, Talbot's fourth son, created Lord Lisle in 1444 and Viscount Lisle in 1451, who died with his father in 1453. After that, Margaret was fighting on behalf of her grandson Thomas Talbot (k. 1470).
James took possession of Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley after Warwick's death and held them peaceably for three years, but was dispossessed by the countess of Shrewsbury (John Talbot having been created earl of Shrewsbury on 20 May 1442), the three coheirs bringing an assize of novel disseisin against James for Cam, Hinton and Slimbridge, and James one against them for Wotton and Coaley. An unusual document illustrating the local effect of these disputes records that on 24 Feb. certain tenants of Coaley manor acknowledged that, having returned to James and paid their rents to him the previous Christmas, they would thereafter be true tenants to him and his heirs. An arbitration of 5 April 1448 awarded Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley and all the other disputed lands mentioned in the arbitration of 1425 (except the 22 marks in Frampton on Severn and £10 rent from Sages in Slimbridge) to the three coheirs, and to James and his male issue Cam, Hinton, Slimbridge, Hurst and Portbury. The award was reaffirmed in July 1449, but James refused to give his assent. The dispute grew increasingly violent during the 1440s and culminated in 1451 when, having suborned some Berkeley servants, Lisle was let into Berkeley Castle, captured James and his sons and forced them to enter into bonds to abide by the latest award, i.e. that the coheirs would have Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley, and Berkeley hundred, and James would have Berkeley, Ham, Appleridge, Alkington, Hinton, Hurst, Slimbridge, Cam, Upton St. Leonards, the 22 marks rent in Frampton on Severn and Portbury. Meanwhile, the countess of Shrewsbury had captured James's wife Isabel and imprisoned her in Gloucester Castle, where she died in Sept. 1452. James's sons James and Thomas accompanied Talbot to France in 1453 where at Chatillon in July Thomas was captured, and James killed, along with Talbot himself and his son John Lord Lisle.
James's marriage to Stafford's daughter was short-lived and childless. In 1423-4 James married Isabel, daughter of Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk (d. 1399). She was the widow of Henry de Ferrers (d. by 1423), son and heir apparent of William Lord Ferrers of Groby (d. 1445), by whom she had an only daughter Elizabeth. Elizabeth married Sir Edward Grey (d. 1457), a younger son of Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthin: Edward became Lord Ferrers of Groby in her right and was a feoffee for James and William de Berkeley in 1447. Their elder son John, Isabel's grandson, was killed at St. Albans in 1455 (his widow infamously marrying Edward IV), and their younger son Edward married Elizabeth, sister and heir of Thomas Talbot, Viscount Lisle (k. 1470), and was himself created Lord Lisle in 1475 and Viscount in 1483.
Isabel Mowbray brought to James the manors of Aspley, Alspath and Flecknoe (Warws.), which her brother had granted to her and Ferrers on their marriage in July 1416, and Marks and Buttsbury (Essex), which she had held in jointure with Ferrers. [GEC v. 357-8.] She gave James four sons, William, James, Maurice and Thomas. Her elder brother Thomas was executed in 1405 but their brother John succeeded to the vast inheritance in 1413 and was restored to the dukedom in 1425, died in 1432 and was succeeded by his son John (VI) (d. 1461). Isabel's puissant brother John does not seem to have become involved in the dispute between the Berkeleys and the Warwicks and may have been handicapped by the fact that his wife Katherine was George Nevill's sister. After Isabel's death James married Joan Talbot, daughter of the first earl of Shrewsbury, reaching agreement with her brother the second earl in July 1457 that the earl would give 100 marks with his sister and redeem one bond of £1,000 from James to the king, and that James would make a jointure for Joan in £120 of land. Joan survived James and married secondly Edmund Hungerford.
Talgarth and Daglingworth, along with a moiety of the manor of Brokenborough (Glos.), which James and Isabel had purchased, were settled on their younger sons in 1434-5, one moiety of Talgarth on James, the other moiety on Maurice, and Daglingworth and Brokenborough on Thomas, being available for the purpose because not held in tail male like the Berkeley patrimony. After James was killed at Chatillon in 1453 the manors were transferred between different sets of feoffees in a way that is confusing, but it is clear that the settlement of 1434-5 was not strictly adhered to: Daglingworth was included in settlements on the eldest son William and his wife in the 1470s, and Brokenborough was granted to Maurice and his wife Isabel. Little Marshfield was at some time granted to the youngest son Thomas but was also held by his brother Maurice by 1461. Maurice had married Isabel, daughter of Philip Mead, and after the death of her brother Richard and his children c. 1488 she inherited various lands in Gloucestershire and in Bedminster, Wraxall, Ashton and Tickenham (Som.). On William's death in 1492 Maurice was his heir, although he inherited very little in the first instance. Thomas, who was under nineteen when captured at Chatillon, was granted by his father the lands held in fee simple (presumably purchased) in Gloucestershire, some of which lay in Berkeley, Dursley and Hinton, and on 13 Dec. 1482 his brother William granted him an annuity of £19 for life. [Smyth, ii. 83-4.] On 18 March 1454 Humphrey duke of Buckingham appointed him receiver general of his lands in Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Hampshire, at £5 a year with 2s. for each day spent travelling on his business. Thomas married Margaret, daughter and heir of Richard Guy of Minsterworth, by whom he had four sons and three daughters, and died in 1484.
James and Isabel also had three daughters. [Smyth ii. 90-3.] Elizabeth, who had a portion of £200, married Thomas Burdet of Warwickshire, shortly before Nov. 1448. Isabel married William Trye of Hardwicke (Glos.) and in Aug. 1476 her brother William granted to the Tryes the rent of 40s. which they owed for the holding called Inwood in Cam until her portion of £200 be paid. [Trye was descended from Ralph Trye who married Margaret, granddaughter and eventually heir of Robert de Berkeley of Billow.] The third daughter, Alice, married Richard Arthur of Clapton (Som.).
William Lord Berkeley (1463-92)
William was born c. 1426 and when aged thirteen joined the household of Henry Beaufort, bishop of Winchester, with whom he went to Calais in 1438-9. On 15 May 1440 his father granted the manor of Portbury to him and Nicholas Poyntz for a term of 40 years, and in 1447 William granted his estate in the manor to John Mowbray, duke of Norfolk (his cousin), Edward Grey (his brother-in-law), James Ormond and others. Relations between William and his cousin Norfolk were evidently close: in 1448 Norfolk granted to William all his lands in Ireland to hold for life at a rent of a rose a year, and in Jan. 1453 appointed him supervisor of Gower and steward of Chepstow for life, with the customary fees and an additional annual rent of £20.[Smyth, ii. 138.] In sharp contrast, William seems not to have been on good terms with his father: on 20 Aug. 1460 they reached an agreement under ten headings, beginning 'First that the said Sir William should not henceforth greeve, vex nor trouble the said lord James his father, nor any of his servants, counsellors or tenants of any of his Lordship's manors in Gloucestershire, by lawe nor otherwise.'[Smyth, ii. 75-6.]
One of William's first acts on succeeding his father was to agree with James's widow Joan that she would receive an annuity of £100 in lieu of her dower and jointure but he soon renewed the dispute with Margaret countess of Shrewsbury, petitioning for the restoration of Wotton, Symond's Hall, Coaley, and the New Leaze and Sages in Slimbridge, and recounting the Talbots' assault on the castle in 1451 and its consequences. A flurry of bills and replies ensued, in one of which William accused the countess of having hired a man to kill him when he came to London to sue out his livery. Before the case came to issue, the countess died in June 1468 leaving her grandson Thomas Talbot, Viscount Lisle, as her heir to the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall, a moiety of Arlingham, and various lands and rents in Arlingham, Cromhall, Alkington, Hurst, Dursley, Nibley, Sharncliffe, Kingscote, a sixth part of Iron Acton, lands in Horwood, Murcott and Gloucester, the manor of Wick in Arlingham, Sages Place and Sages Land in Slimbridge, and the 'hundred' of Wotton (formerly the hundred of Berkeley). Those lands had been allotted to Margaret in a division of the lands between the coheirs in Nov. 1466, her sister the duchess Eleanor having the manors of Coaley and Portishead, and her sister Elizabeth Nevill having Limeridge Wood in Portbury. Thomas Talbot's mother Joan, daughter and coheir of Thomas Cheddar, [GEC viii. 57] died in the same year as his grandmother and, as he was then only nineteen, the two inheritances were granted to William Herbert, earl of Pembroke, the father of Thomas's wife Margaret. Thomas sued his livery on 14 July 1469 and had possession of his lands, which were valued at 1,873 marks 12s. 3d. (or £1,249 5s. 7d.), but on 20 March 1470 he and his followers met William, his brothers Maurice and Thomas, and their supporters in the skirmish at Nibley Green, where Thomas Talbot was killed. His widow Margaret brought an action against William for the death of her husband, and, on petitions by both parties, an agreement was reached in parliament on 6 Oct. 1472 that William and his heirs should have the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall and the other Berkeley lands which Talbot had inherited from his grandmother, paying to the viscountess £100 a year for her life. Shortly afterwards she married Henry Bodrugan and she quietly received the annuity for many years. Talbot's heirs were his sisters Margaret and Elizabeth, and when Margaret died without issue in 1475 Elizabeth became sole heir: days after her sister's death, her husband Edward Grey was created Lord Lisle on 14 March 1475. Grey was William's nephew, being the son of William's half-sister, but he immediately renewed the dispute. An agreement was made on 25 Feb. 1482 that Wotton and Symond's Hall, a rent of 34s. 4d. in Nibley and Sharncliffe, a sixth of Iron Acton, New Leaze, the Warth and Sages in Slimbridge, Westmancotes in Arlingham, etc., should be settled on William and his male issue, William to give Edward and Elizabeth an annuity of £20 during the life of the Viscountess Margaret and after her death £100, but the agreement does not seem to have been enforced.
William's first known wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Reginald West, Lord de la Warr (d. 1450) by Margaret (d. 1433), daughter and heir of Robert Thorley. [Smyth, ii. 138-9.] Smyth says that they were married in 1466, but since William was then forty or more and Elizabeth at least 33, and since their childless marriage ended in divorce in 1467, they were probably married much earlier. William then married Joan Strangeways, daughter of Katherine duchess of Norfolk by her second husband Thomas Strangeways. Joan was the widow of Sir William Willoughby to whom she was married by July 1461 when her half-brother, John duke of Norfolk, granted them the reversion of six Yorkshire manors held for life by Katherine, for their lives. Willoughby had died by Aug. 1468 and in the November following she married William Lord Berkeley. [In Aug. 1468, as Willoughby's widow, Joan was granted an annuity of 100 marks from the tunnage and poundage of London: CPR 1467-77, 107.] In June 1475 her nephew, John duke of Norfolk, granted to William and Joan the six Yorkshire manors, for the life of Joan, and his estate officials were instructed to accept them as occupiers. By Willoughby she had had two sons, Edward and Richard, and two daughters, Cecilia and Anne, and William was very generous to these stepchildren. In May 1480 he arranged with Richard Beauchamp, Lord St. Amand, for Anne Willoughby to marry Beauchamp's son and heir Sir John, and granted the couple his manor of Arlingham (Glos.) for their lives. He also seems to have been involved in the mariage of Cecilia Willoughby to Edward Dudley, who succeeded his grandfather John Sutton, Lord Dudley, in 1487, for in Dec. 1480 William and Joan entered into an indenture to pay Edward 500 marks. Edward Willoughby frequently acted as a feoffee for William, and William settled several manors from the Mowbray inheritance on Edward and Richard. [The reversion of Cherry Hinton (Cambs.) after the death of the duchess Elizabeth, Caludon (Warws.) in July 1488, and Kennett and Kentford (Cambs.) in Feb. 1488. Kennett and Kentford reverted to Henry Lord Berkeley in 1559-60 on the failure of the male issue of Edward and Richard Willoughby.] Joan gave William a son Thomas in 1470 and a daughter Katherine in 1474. Thomas was made a Knight of the Bath on 18 April 1475 (on the same occasion as the king's eldest son was made prince of Wales and his younger son duke of Norfolk), and in June contracts were made for his marriage to Mary, daughter of William Herbert, earl of Pembroke. In the same year the manor of Cam was settled on Katherine, but both Thomas and Katherine died shortly afterwards. Joan died in Feb. 1484 and in the summer of 1486 William married Anne, daughter of John Fiennes, Lord Dacre, but they had no issue. She outlived him, later married Sir Thomas Brandon and died in Sept. 1497.
William remained on close terms with his cousin John duke of Norfolk, and in 1467 John made a grant of timber at Haynes (Beds.) to William's creditors to void William's bond to them of 1,000 marks. William was named as John's coheir apparent in the grant, although John, while childless, was then only 23. John died in Jan. 1476, leaving an only daughter Anne, aged three. Edward IV moved immediately to secure the inheritance for his younger son Richard (born Aug. 1473) and on 28 May William Berkeley made over his title to the lands that he might inherit if Anne Mowbray died to Richard and his issue and the king, in exchange for a release from his bonds to the Talbots. Anne Mowbray died in Nov. 1481 but in Jan. 1483 an Act of Parliament vested the Norfolk inheritance in Richard for life, his heirs and the king's heirs, and Berkeley, who had been created Viscount Berkeley in April 1481, confirmed his renunciation of the inheritance. The king's death in April 1483 nullified the agreement. Soon after Richard III's accession Berkeley was created earl of Nottingham and the Mowbray inheritance was at last divided between the coheirs, Howard and Berkeley, [For the division of the inheritance, below, BCM/D Administrative history.] but in March 1484 Berkeley made an agreement with Richard and settled on the king a large proportion of the inheritance. Again, the agreement was nullified by Richard's death at Bosworth on 22 Aug. 1485 and with Henry VII's accession William Berkeley again started with a clean sheet, being created Earl Marshal on 19 Feb. 1486. [Howard had been created duke of Norfolk and Earl Marshal in 1483 but had been killed at Bosworth and attainted.] According to Smyth, he had disapproved of the marriage contracted by his brother and heir presumptive, Maurice, and therefore determined to disinherit him. From Feb. 1486 he began to alienate his inheritance in good earnest, and this time included the lordship of Berkeley itself. In Feb. 1486 he granted to Sir William Stanley his portion of Bromfield and Yale, in the following August he settled the reversion of six Berkeley manors on Thomas Grey, marquess of Dorset, and in Feb. 1488 he settled those and another on the king, adding another three in June 1488. Also settled on the king were Gower and numerous other Mowbray manors (all those in Bedfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire, the Brotherton manors in Susssex, and another ten in Surrey, Essex and Warwickshire). The Yorkshire and Lincolnshire lands, the manors in Buckinghamshire, and five other manors in Essex, Warwickshire, Sussex and Surrey were settled on Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby, two manors in Shropshire and Worcestershire on Humphrey Coningsby, three in Middlesex and Bedfordshire on Reginald Bray (including two also settled on the king), and four in Cambridgeshire and Warwickshire on his Willoughby stepsons (including two also settled on the king). That comprised his whole inheritance from the Mowbrays except for his eighth portion of Lewes which passed to his brother Maurice, despite an attempt to settle it on the king in 1490 [VCH Suss. vii. 5.] On 28 Jan. 1489 he was created marquess of Berkeley, a title which he enjoyed for three years before his death Feb. 1492. His brother Maurice, although 56 when William died, tackled the situation with vigour, and within seven years had recovered around fifty of the seventy Mowbray manors in England by challenging the legality of the alienations. Berkeley remained lost to the family, however, until the failure of the male issue of Henry VII with the death of Edward VI in 1553 restored it to Maurice's great-grandson Henry, born posthumously in 1534.

Contents:
The catalogue relates to the medieval portion of the muniments in Berkeley Castle and includes all estate and administrative documents of a date up to the death of William marquess of Berkeley in 1492. Inevitably, the cut-off results in some artificiality in that the catalogue includes the medieval documents pertaining to estates which came to the Berkeleys after that date while excluding the post-1492 documents belonging to estates which came to them earlier. [Although the post-1492 documents have not been studied and consequently have not been used in any formal way in the construction of the catalogue, occasional references have been made in order to clarify certain points.]
The principal events after 1492 by which documents in the catalogue are presumed to have arrived in the Castle are the inheritance c. 1500 of lands from the Breouse family of Tetbury by Maurice Berkeley, the marriage in 1587 of Frances, daughter of Henry Lord Berkeley (d. 1613), to George Shirley, the marriage in 1596 of Sir Thomas Berkeley (d. 1611), Henry's son and heir apparent, to Elizabeth, only child of George Carey Lord Hunsdon (d. 1603), and the marriage in 1614 of Thomas and Elizabeth's son George Lord Berkeley (d. 1658) to Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir Michael Stanhope of Sudbourne (d. 1621). The most significant purchase after 1492 which affects the archive is that of the bulk of the Blount inheritance in Gloucestershire in 1519-20.
The Berkeley family, through various vicissitudes, have remained in possession of the Castle from 1553 until the present day and as a consequence the Castle now contains one of the largest collections of medieval documents in private hands in the country. The catalogue describes some 5,500 documents, chiefly deeds, although there are several manorial account rolls (mostly for the manors of Berkeley hundred), and several court rolls, besides other administrative documents. For the historian, the most disappointing lack is that there are few documents concerned with household administration. In the history of scholarship the collection has the honourable distinction of having inspired John Smyth of Nibley in the early 17th century to write his history of the Berkeley family by using the original documents, an important break from the tradition of merely re-writing and updating earlier chronicles.



THE BLOUNT ESTATE  BCM/E  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The early history of the Blount estate is illustrated by the charters sabstracted below. The manor of Bitton, near Bristol, passed from Adam de Damneville, who held it of Henry II, to his son and heir Robert. Robert received confirmations of Bitton in 1189, as Adam's heir, from Richard I and in March 1227, as Adam's son and heir, from Henry III. He married Petronilla, one of the three daughters and coheirs of Roger de Croxley, of the manor of Oxhey in Watford (Herts.). Petronilla survived him and had dower in Bitton. They had a son Robert and two daughters, both called Petronilla, one of whom married Nicholas de Oxhey and the other William de Putot. The elder Robert granted a holding in Mangotsfield to William in marriage with his daughter between 1207 and 1230, and before April 1230 the younger Robert granted to William the dower third of Bitton which had been held by his mother Petronilla. [The assumption is that Adam de Damneville did not leave a widow Petronilla, and that the grantor of the dower third was therefore a son of Petronilla de Croxley and Robert de Damneville.] By 1231 William was holding portions at least of both Bitton and Mangotsfield, but the other Petronilla and her husband Nicholas de Oxhey also had interests in Bitton, where they granted a half-virgate to a tenant; in 1241 they leased their demesne at Conham, in Kingswood (Glos.), which had been acquired by Robert de Damneville, to William for five years. William and Petronilla had a daughter, also called Petronilla, who married first John de Vivonia, by whom she had a son John, and secondly David le Blount, by whom she had a son David. In 1257-8 she granted Bitton to her son David and his wife Amabel. She held Mangotsfield in 1263-4, when a rental was made for her, and in 1270 she and her husband sold a rent of 10 marks in Croxley and Oxhey, which she had presumably inherited from her grandmother Petronilla. Her son David and his wife Amabel were active in Bitton in 1275 but she was also acting in Bitton as late as 1282. That suggests that her aunt Petronilla, widow of Nicholas de Oxhey, had died without issue and that Petronilla le Blount inherited another portion of Bitton after her grant to her son David. [David claimed some lands in Bitton by inheritance from his mother rather than by her grant below, BCM/E/1/1/6 [GC 2500].] Her son John de Vivonia, presumably after her death, quitclaimed the manors of Bitton and Mangotsfield to Amabel Arthur and David le Blount and their issue; presumably Petronilla's son David had died, his widow had remarried and it was their son David to whom John made the quitclaim. [David le Blount (d. 1323) is likely to have been the son of David and Amabel. David and Amabel were both still alive in 1304, at least 46 years after their marriage; Edmund, son of David (d. 1323), lived until 1361 and had a grandson born in 1352, which suggests that he was the grandson, not the son, of a marriage that took place in 1258 or earlier.]
The descent of the Gloucestershire manors, usually described as a moiety of Bitton and the manor of Mangotsfield, is then clearly shown in inquisitions post mortem. [CIPM vi, nos. 496, 747; xi, no. 298; xiv, no. 69; xv, no. 303.] David died in 1323 and was succeeded briefly by his elder son Richard who died without issue in 1326, leaving his brother Edmund to succeed. Edmund died in 1361 and his heir was his grandson Edmund, son of his son Hugh, although there was another son John very active in acquiring land in the period 1338-49. John may have been either the elder son, dying without issue before his father, or a younger son acquiring a living. The younger Edmund, aged nine in 1361, proved his age in 1374 and died in 1381, leaving two sons, William and John. The custody of Edmund's lands had been granted to Sir Thomas Moyne in 1362, but after Moyne's death in the following year his brother and executor, John Moyne, sold it to Thomas Stiward of Gloucester. To prevent a further wardship, in 1381, shortly before his death, Edmund granted his manors to feoffees. Both manors continued to pass in the Blount family until the end of the 15th century when they eventually fell to Margaret, daughter and heir of the last Blount, Simon, who married John Hussey. Their son William Hussey sold Bitton manor, with Hanham and Mangotsfield, to Robert Dormer, who in 1519-20 sold them to Maurice (VI) Lord Berkeley (d. 1523), and in the following year Maurice bought the lands in Elmington from William. [Smyth, ii. 196, 215, 256. Robert Dormer had bought the manor of Wing (Bucks.) from Maurice in 1515: VCH Bucks. iii. 451; BCM GC 4599. Maurice's brother and heir Thomas Lord Berkeley died at Mangotsfield in 1533: GEC ii. 137.]

BITTON (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Bitton was a large manor parts of which were held by several different lords. The de la More family held the manor of Oldland in Bitton, Stephen de la More (d. 1328) being succeeded by his young son William (d. 1340) and William briefly by his three-year-old son John (d. 1349), from whom it passed to his sister Cecilia, wife of Sir Nicholas de Berkeley of Dursley. [CIPM vii, nos. 148, 703; viii, no. 263; ix. no. 341; CPR 1385-9, 49.] William had married Maud, daughter of Sir John de Bitton who held another large manor in Bitton and resided at Barr's Court in Oldland. [Saul, Knights and Esquires, 71.] Sir John (d. 1314) was the elder brother of Thomas de Bitton, bishop of Exeter (d. 1307), and was succeeded by his son another Sir John (fl. 1345) and he by his son and heir Matthew (d. 1374); another Sir John (d. 1382) was the last of the family. Sir John's daughter and heir Katherine married Thomas Rugge and their daughter and heir married Robert Greyndour. [H. T. Ellacombe, History of the Parish of Bitton (Exeter, 1881), 80.] Most of those people appear in the charters for Bitton and for the other vills within Bitton (Hanham, Oldland, Swineford and Upton Cheyney).

THE BLOUNT MANOR  [no ref. or date]

The passage of the manor  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/1  [1189]

Contents:
King Richard I and Robert de Dameneville, heir of Adam de Damnenevill. 10 Nov. 1 Ric. I
The king has confirmed to Robert the manor of Betton, to hold by the service of one knight's fee, in the same way as Adam held it from the king's father.
Witnesses: Earl William de Mandeville, William Marshal.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC35 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/2  [1227]

Contents:
King Henry III and Robert de Dammenevill, son and heir of Adam de Dammenevill. 18 March 11 Hen. III
The king has confirmed to Robert the manor of Betton, to hold as his father held it, for the service of one knight.
Witnesses: J[ocelin Trotman], bishop of Bath, R[ichard le Poore], bishop of Salisbury, H[ubert] de Burgo, earl of Kent, justices of England, Ralph son of Nicholas, Richard de Argent[ine], the king's stewards, Henry of the chapel (de capella).
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC218 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/3  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Robert de Amenevill and William de Putot. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Robert has granted to William all the land which Petronilla his mother held in dower in the vill of Button, viz. one third of the whole manor, to hold of Robert and his heirs; rent a pair of gilt spurs price 6d. [In April 1230 William de Putot received a confirmation of this grant, and of his acquisition of lands in Mangotsfield from William son of Warin: CChR 1226-57, 117.]
Witnesses: Ralph de Wilinton, Richard de Veim, Peter de Eggeworth, Bartholomew le Chanu, Geoffrey de Audelond, Martin de Audelond, Richard burgess of Gloucester, Robert Joye.
[Please quote GC343 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/4  [1231]

Contents:
King Henry III and William de Putot. 2 March 15 Hen. III
The king has released William from the payment of 20s. a year to the constable of Bristol from his land of Manegodesfeld in the name of garrison (jaresyne), and grants to him a market every Tuesday in his manor of Button.
Witnesses: H[ubert] de Burgo, earl of Kent, chief justiciar of England, W[illiam] Marshall, earl of Pembroke, Stephen de Segrave, William de Cantilupo, Gilbert Basset, John son of Philip, Geoffrey Dispenser, Geoffrey de Cauz, Henry of the chapel (de capella).
At: Gloucester. [CChR 1226-57, 130.]
[Please quote SC221 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/5  [1257-8]

Contents:
Petronilla de Vyvoun, lady of Bitton; and David le Blount her son and Amabel his wife. 42 Hen. III
Petronilla has quitclaimed to David and Amabel, and their issue, the manor of Button, to hold as freely as it came to her on the death of Petronilla her mother.
Witnesses: Sir Milo Langetot, Sir Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), knights, Hubert le Moun, Robert de Stanton, Nicholas Putot.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote SC428 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/6  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
John de Vivone; and Amabel Arthur and David le Blund. n.d.
John has quitclaimed to Amabel and David, and their issue, the manors of Buttune and Managodesfeld which Petronilla de Vivone, his mother, held hereditarily, to hold as they were enfeoffed by Petronilla.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de la More, Sir Adam de Buttun, Sir Robert Marmyun, Sir Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), knights, Adam Malet, Nicholas Joye, Richard Poyntel.
[Please quote GC1567 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/7  [1304]

Contents:
King Edward I; and David le Blound and Amabel his wife. 7 May 32 Edw. I
The king has pardoned David and Amabel, by virtue of a fine which they have made, for their transgression in acquiring without licence the manor of Button and half of the hundred of Button from Petronilla de Vivonia, held in chief, to them and their issue, remainder to David's right heirs.
At: Stirling.
[Please quote GC1062 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/8  [no year, 1307 x 1314?]

Contents:
[King Edward II] and David le Blund. One week after Trinity
The king commands the sheriff of Gloucester to order John de Buttone to render to David 7 messuages and 4 virgates of land in Buttone which David claimed to be his right and inheritance and which were demised by Petronilla de Vivonia, mother of the said David and of whom he is the heir, to Thomas de Buttone, [Thomas was presumably the bishop of Exeter: cf. BCM/E/1/1 Administrative history], kinsman of John, for a term, after which term it ought to revert to Petronilla. Also for a messuage in Buttone.
[Please quote GC2500 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/9  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Edmund le Blount and John de Buttone. n.d. [early Edw. III]
Edmund claims from John a messuage and 2 virgates of land which Robert de Buttone formerly held; scutage, relief, heriot and other services from a messuage and a half-virgate which Adam Malet formerly held; a messuage and 1 virgate which William Putot alienated of the inheritance of his wife; a half-virgate of land which Robert le Vader holds, rent 20s. a year; a quarter-virgate which Richard Sterk holds, rent 10s. a year [etc.]; and restitution of the lands which John de Buttone his father... at Hanam to the disinheritance of Edmund.
[Please quote GC2490 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/10  [c. 1380?]

Contents:
List of tenants-for-life in Buttone on the day before the marriage of William Blount. n.d.
[Please quote GC3964 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/11  [15 Aug. 1399]

Contents:
Roger Marmyon of Grimsbury and John Blount, son of Edmund Blount of Bitton. The Assumption, 23 Ric. II
Roger has quitclaimed to John the manor of Buttone.
[Please quote GC3960 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/12  [1470]

Contents:
Edmund Haute, esquire, and Morgan Jeynkyn app Philip, esquire. 15 May 10 Edw. IV
Whereas King Edward IV, by letters dated 21 Nov. 8 Edw. IV, granted to Edmund the custody of the manors, lands [etc.] which were of Edmund Blount, 'gentilman', during the minority of Simon Blount, Edmund's son and heir, with the marriage of the heir, until the full age of the heir, and if Simon dies, from heir to heir while under age, rendering the annual value of the lands to the king, Edmund has leased to Morgan the said wardship, with the marriage of Simon.
[Please quote GC4360 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Wardship during minority of William Blount, 1381-95  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/13  [1381]

Contents:
King Richard II and Margaret widow of Edmund Blount. 29 May 4 Ric. II
The king has granted to Margaret, by mainprise of Richard Waleys and Laurence Saybrok of Gloucestershire, the wardship of two thirds of a messuage and a half-virgate of land in Button, and two thirds of rents of 33s. 7½d. and 2 lb. of cumin due from Sir John Bitton, William Stokewell, Thomas Man, Peter Wytyng, Thomas Gybbes, John Colyns and John Phippes in Button, until the full age of William, Edmund's son and heir, with the marriage of the heir; for which Margaret will pay 24s. and 1½ lb. of cumin a year for the wardship and £20 for the marriage.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC558 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/14  [6 Dec. 1393]

Contents:
John de Berkeley, sheriff of Gloucestershire, and Margaret widow of Edmund le Blount. Sat. before the Conception, 17 Ric.II
John has received from Margaret the rent of 24s. and 2 lb. of cumin which she pays to have the custody of two thirds of a messuage, a half-virgate of land and 33s. 7½d. and 2 lb. of cumin rent.
At: Gloucester.
[Please quote SC567 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Settlement of Bitton manor, 1381  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/15  [1381]

Contents:
King Richard II; and William Heyberare, Hugh Manne, Ralph Waleys, Richard Scottard, Craddoc Phelippes, Richard Cook and William Willecotes, chaplain. 10 May 4 Ric. II
Whereas William, Hugh, Ralph, Richard, Craddoc, Richard and William were granted half of the manor of Button by Edmund Blount, now dead, for 20 marks, the king has pardoned their transgression in receiving it without his licence, and has allowed them to hold it until the full age of Edmund's heir.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC557 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/16  [12 Nov. 1395]

Contents:
Cradoc Phelippes, burgess of Gloucester, and William Blount of Bitton. Morrow of St. Martin, 19 Ric. II
Cradoc has quitclaimed to William half of the manor of Buttone (Glos.), which he had by grant of Edmund Blount.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3901 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/17  [1396]

Contents:
Hugh Manne of Stoke and William son and heir of Edmund Blount of Bitton. 12 June 19 Ric. II
Hugh has quitclaimed to William the manor of Buttone, and has granted the reversion of the one third of the said manor which Margaret, William's mother, holds in dower for her life.
At: Gloucester.
[Please quote GC3910 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/18  [1396]

Contents:
Richard Scotard and William Blount, son and heir of Edmund Blount. 24 Nov. 20 Ric. II
Richard has quitclaimed to William the manor of Buttone.
[Please quote GC3916 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/19  [1435]

Contents:
The king has inspected the inquisition post mortem taken at Gloucester on Thurs. before St. George, 4 Ric. II [18 April 1381], of Edmund Blount, regarding the manor of Bitton, held of the king as half a fee, but granted by Edmund, before his death, to feoffees, his heir being his son William (Blount), aged seven. 12 Nov. 14 Hen. VI
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC588 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Bond and quitclaim by John ap Gwilliam, 1421  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/20  [1421]

Contents:
John ap Gwilliam of Monmouth in Wales, esquire, Richard Grene of Rodley (Glos.) and John Baret of Minsterworth (Glos.); and John Blount of Bitton (Glos.), esquire. Sat. 3 May 9 Hen. V
Whereas John, Richard and John are bound to John Blount in £40 payable at Easter, the bond, dated this day, shall be void if John ap Gwilliam goes to the justices of assize within four days of their coming to Gloucestershire and quitclaims by final concord the dower rights of Joan wife of John ap Gwilliam and widow of William Blount, brother of John Blount, in the manor of Buttone.
[Please quote GC4134 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/21  [1421]

Contents:
John ap Gwilliam of Monmouth in Wales, esquire, and Joan his wife, widow of William Blount of Bitton (Glos.); and John Blount, brother and heir of William. 4 May 9 Hen. V
John and Joan have quitclaimed to John... the manor of Bittone ...
Witnesses: Robert Poyntz, Edmund Forde, Thomas Bradestone, William Tracy, ...
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC4135 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/22  [18 Nov. 1421]

Contents:
John Blount of Gloucestershire, esquire; and John ap Gwilliam of Monmouth in Wales, esquire, and Joan his wife. One week after St. Martin, 9 Hen. V
Final concord concerning half of the manor of Bittone; John and Joan have acknowledged the right of John Blount and have quitclaimed it to him, and John has given them 100 marks.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC4135 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Acquisitions  [no ref. or date]

Grants in Micklemead by Geoffrey de Oldland  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/23  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Geoffrey de Oldelond and William de Puthot. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Geoffrey has granted to William 1 a. of meadow in Mukelmed towards the meadow of the parson of Button; rent a pair of white gloves a year price 1d. at Whitsun.
Witnesses: Robert de Damenevill, Hugh de Bathonia, Robert de Hanum, Henry Puintell, Robert Joie, William Malet, Nicholas de Mar', Martin de Langefeld.
[Please quote SC105 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/24  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Geoffrey de Holdelonde and Sir William de Puthot. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Geoffrey has granted to William 2 a. of meadow and a quarter-virgate in the meadow called Mukelmed; rent a pair of white gloves or a silver penny (esterlingus).
Witnesses: Sir Robert de Dameneville, Sir Ralph de Wileton, Bartholomew Canute, Henry Puintel, Robert son of Robert de Betton, Robert de Hanum, William Marmiun, Robert Joye, Martin de Holdelonde, Thomas Franciscus, Elias Bebet.
At: ...
[Please quote SC183 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Sigges holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/25  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
William de Putot and Gilbert son of John. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William, with the assent of Petronilla his daughter and heir, has granted to Gilbert, once reeve of Button, the croft in Button for which John Thortemein and Gunnilda his wife render to him 12d. a year, in free marriage with Eve servant to his daughter; rent 1d. a year, John and Gunnilda to have the holding for her life and it is then to remain to Gilbert and Eve.
Witnesses: Robert de Hannam, William Marm', Robert Joye, Adam Malet, Robert Young (Juven'), Martin de Aldel[onde].
[Please quote GC806 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/26  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Petronilla de Vivona, widow, and Gilbert son of John Sigge. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Petronilla has granted to Gilbert a half-virgate of land which John Sigge formerly held in Buttone, and a croft which John Tortemayn and Gunnilda his wife formerly held; rent 4s. a year.
Witnesses: Sir Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), Robert Marmyun, Adam Malet, Richard Poyntel, Nicholas Joie.
[Please quote GC2562 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/27  [29 Nov. 1407]

Contents:
Peter Gybbus, son and heir of John Gybbus of Bitton; and John Blount of Bitton and Thomas Felawe, vicar of Bitton. Eve of St. Andrew, 9 Hen. IV
Peter has granted to John and Thomas, and John's heirs and assigns, a messuage and a half-virgate of land with a croft, meadow [etc.] in the vill and parish of Buttone, which Gilbert Syggys sometime held by grant of Petronilla Vivon, and all the lands [etc.] that he held in fee in the vill and parish of Buttone.
Witnesses: Gilbert Deneys, John Deveros, knights, Thomas Rygge, Edmund Forde, John Westone of Oldland, Thomas Staunton, John Eytone.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC4021 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/28  [1463]

Contents:
Edmund Blount of Bitton (Glos.), esquire; and William Faryngdon and Katherine his wife. 2 May 3 [Edw. IV]
Edmund has leased to William and Katherine the enclosure with a meadow called [Gybbescote] in Bytton; for a term of [30] years, rent.. .
Witnesses: William Townesend, Thomas Underhyll, John Bauton.
[Please quote GC4322 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Hayward holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/29  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard de la More, knight, lord of Bitton, has inspected and confirmed two charters, viz. n.d.
(i) of Sir Nicholas de Oxehay, with the assent of Petronilla his wife, daughter of Robert de Damenevile, granting to William his hayward of Buttona a half-virgate of land in Buttona in fee; rent 2s. a year. Witnesses: Robert de Hanum, William Marmyun, Robert Joye, William Chanu, Henry Poyntel, Martin de Longefeld, Robert Young (Juven'), Adam Malet, Thomas Franceys, and William de Chertesle;
(ii) of lady Petronilla de Damenevile, eldest daughter of Robert, widow, granting to Geoffrey le Hayward her servant the messuage which William le Hayward formerly held in the vill of Buttone with the half-virgate of land appurtenant to the messuage, and 3 fardels of meadow in Holemede; rent 4s. a year. Witnesses: Sir Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), Sir William Marmyn, knights, Robert Joye, Martin de Oldelond, Adam Malet, Gilbert de Putot, Richard Poyntel, William de Chertesleg', Peter son of Geoffrey de Oldelonde.
Witnesses: Sir Robert Marmyn, Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), John Chanu, John de Stauntone, Nicholas Joye, Richard Poyntel, John de Nortone, clerk.
[Please quote GC2534 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/30  [10 July 1333]

Contents:
Alice widow of Richard le Hayward of Bitton; and Hugh Payn and William de la Grene. Sat. before the translation of St. Benedict, 7 Edw. III
Alice has quitclaimed to Hugh and William the holding which was formerly Richard's in Buttone.
Witnesses: William de la More, Edmund le Blount, John Marmyon, Philip Joye, Robert Burnel, Thomas de Stauntone, John Gibbes of Bitton.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2776 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/31  [10 May 1338]

Contents:
Robert son and heir of John Berewyne of H[atch] and John son of Edmund le Blund of Bitton. Sun. after St. John before the Latin Gate, 12 Edw. III
Robert has granted to John all his lands and holdings in Buttone which he inherited after the death of John his father; to John and his issue, with remainder to the said Edmund le Blunt and Agnes his wife and their issue.
Witnesses: William atte More, Robert Burnel, Thomas de Staunton, John Marmyon, John Gibbes, John Joie, Geoffrey Broun.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2904 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/32  [11 June 1338]

Contents:
Mabel daughter and heir of Geoffrey le Heyward of Bitton and John son of Edmund le Blount, lord of Bitton. Thurs. the feast of St. Barnabas, 12 Edw. III
Mabel has granted to John all her lands and holdings in Buttone which she inherited after the death of Geoffrey her father; to John and his issue, with remainder to Edmund le Blount and Agnes his wife and their issue.
Witnesses: Sir Peter Corbet, knight, Sir John Traci, knight, William le Mouznon, Roger de Fromtone, Llewellyn le Regni, John Gibbes, Thomas de Staunton.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2911 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/33  [4 July 1338]

Contents:
Edmund le Blount, lord of Bitton, and Mabel daughter of Geoffrey le Haywardes. Sat. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 12 Edw. III
Edmund has leased to Mabel a house in the vill of Buttone, which he has built as part of an agreement between them, for one third of a messuage and of half a half-virgate of land which Mabel has granted to Edmund.
Witnesses: John Marmyon, Robert Burnel, Thomas de Staunton, John Gibbes.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2912 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/34  [24 June 1339]

Contents:
Adam de la Hulle, son and heir of Alice de la Hulle, of the parish of le Boxe (Wilts.), and John le Blount, son of Edmund le Blount. Thurs. the feast of the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 13 Edw. III
Adam has quitclaimed to John the lands and holdings which he inherited after the death of Alice in the vill of Buttone, with the reversion of the dower after the death of Alice widow of Richard le Hayward.
Witnesses: William de la More, John Marmyon, Robert Burnel, John Joye, Thomas de Staunton.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2957 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/35  [24 June 1339]

Contents:
Robert Berewyne, son and heir of John Berewyne of Hatch (Wilts.), and John le Blount, son of Edmund le Blount. Thurs. the feast of the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 13 Edw. III
Robert has quitclaimed to John the lands and holdings which he inherited after the death of John his father in the vill of Buttone, with the reversion of the dower after the death of Alice widow of Richard le Hayward.
Witnesses: William de la More, John Marmyon, Robert Burnel, John Joye, Thomas de Staunton.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2958 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/36  [1 Oct. 1340]

Contents:
John Dobyn and John le Blount. Sun. after Michaelmas, 14 Edw. III
John Dobyn has quitclaimed to John le Blount one third of a messuage and of a half-virgate of land in the vill of Buttone, which he inherited after the death of Mabel his [mother].
Witnesses: John Marmyon, Robert Burnel, John..., Geoffrey Broun, John Warde, John Broun.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2977 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/37  [9 Feb. 1343]

Contents:
Mabel widow of John Dobyn and John son of Edmund le Blont, lord of Bitton. Sun. one week after the Purification, 17 Edw. III
Mabel has quitclaimed to John all the lands and holdings which she inherited after the death of Geoffrey le Hayward, her father, in Buttone; to John and his issue, with remainder to the issue of Edmund and Agnes his wife.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3045 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grants by John Brown and his widow  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/38  [9 Feb. 1343]

Contents:
John Broun, son of Geoffrey Broun; and Edmund le Blont, lord of Bitton, and Agnes his wife. Sun. one week after the Purification, 17 Edw. III
John has granted to Edmund and Agnes an annual rent of 3d. from the plot of land in Buttone above Rydone, held by Adam Joilyng and Joan his wife for their lives, and the reversion of the land; to them and Edmund's heirs and assigns.
Witnesses: John de Oldebur', Elias de Oldebur', John Marmion, Robert Burnel, John Joye.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3044 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/39  [18 Oct. 1349]

Contents:
Agnes widow of John Broun of Oldland and John son of Edmund le Blount, lord of Bitton. Sun. before St. Dunstan, 23 Edw. III
Agnes has granted to John, his heirs and assigns, 2 a. of land in Kynemercoumbe in Buttone.
Witnesses: William Marmyon, John Burnel, Edmund de Stauntone, William Langefelde, John Gybbus.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3236 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/40  [13 Oct. 1379]

Contents:
Edmund Blount; and Roger Marmyoun and Agnes his wife. Two weeks after Michaelmas, 3 Ric. II
Final concord concerning 1 a. of land in Buttone; Roger and Agnes have acknowledged the right of Edmund by their gift, and he has given them 20.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3732 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Leases  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/41  1216-1272

Contents:
David le Blund and Petronilla his wife; and Richard Pointel and Margaret his wife. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
David and Petronilla have granted to Richard and Margaret his wife a croft at la Gorste in the manor of Button called Wogenhulle, for life, at a rent of 12d. a year.
Witnesses: Robert Marmiun, Adam Malet, John le Chanu, Nicholas Joye, John the tailor (cyssor), Peter de Cherchesley.
At: ...
[Please quote SC347 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/42  [29 June 1275]

Contents:
David le Blond and Amabel his wife; and Thomas Plonte and Helen his wife. St. Peter and St. Paul, 3 Edw. I
David and Amabel have leased to Thomas and Helen a plot of land on which to build a house, which lies at la Fortheye in the vill of Button measuring 34 feet by 32 feet, and 6 a. of land; for their lives, rent 18d. a year.
Witnesses: John de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), Henry Chanu, John Joye, John de Wodehulle, Thomas le Knyth.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC466 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/43  [6 Feb. 1327]

Contents:
Edmund le Blunt of Bitton; and John le Vautor of Bitton and Agnes his wife. Fri. after the Purification, 1 Edw. III
Edmund has granted to John and Agnes the holding which John le Vautor, John's father, held in the same vill, with 10 a. of land and a half-acre of meadow; for their lives, rent 10s. a year, and two ducas [ducks?] at Christmas.
Witnesses: Sir Stephen de la More, Sir John de Button, knights, John de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), Henry Chanew, Thomas de Stauntone, Robert Wrunch, John Joye.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2618 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/44  [14 Feb. 1328]

Contents:
Edmund le Blunt of Bitton and Richard le Wartor of Bitton. Tues. the feast of St. Valentine, 2 Edw. III
Edmund has leased to Richard and his wife a messuage and curtilage at Dornerly in the hundred of Button which Thomas le Brasor formerly held, with 5½ a. of land; for their lives, rent 4s. a year.
Witnesses: Sir John de Buttone, Henry Chanew, Robert Burnel, John Joye, Thomas de Stanten.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2642 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/45  [1490]

Contents:
John Huse, esquire, and Margaret his wife, daughter and heir of Simon Blount, esquire; and Thomas Smyth, Eleanor his wife and Thomas their son. 12 Nov. 6 Hen. VII
John and Margaret have leased to Thomas, Eleanor and Thomas a messuage called Grymesbury, within Button (Glos.), and a pasture; for their lives, rent 39s. a year.
[Please quote GC4470 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Law suits  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/46  [1327]

Contents:
The king to the sheriff of Gloucester. 12 Oct. 1 Edw. III
Mandate to impanel a jury in the suit of unjust disseisin against Edmund Blount by William Broun of Oldland.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC2636 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/47  [25 Feb. 1345]

Contents:
Edmund le Blount of Bitton; and William Sully, John le Galiere, Richard atte Hurne and William le Ferour of Keynsham. Fri. after St. Peter in cathedra, 19 Edw. III
Plea that William, John, Richard and William, did unjustly disseise Edmund of his free holding in Buttone.
At: Gloucester.
[Please quote GC3112 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/48  [1380]

Contents:
King Richard II; and Roger de Kyrketon and David Hanemere. 7 Feb. 3 Ric. II
The king has appointed Roger and David to hold an assize of novel disseisin which Edmund Blount has arraigned against John Buttone, knight, for a holding in Buttone.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3771 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/49  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Henry Pointel and Sir William de Putot. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Henry has granted to William all the land of Hauestane which he held of the hospital of St. Laurence outside Bristol, in exchange for the messuage which Robert le Bule held of William in the manor of Button with all appurtenances except the meadow in Holemed and except the land in the fields; William is to hold Hauestane of Henry at a rent of 1d. a year and 32d. a year to the hospital, and Henry is to hold the messuage of William at a rent of 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Sir Robert Walerond, Sir Richard de Sancto Johanne, John de Abbedestun, Adam de Nutestude, Robert de Hannam, William Marmiun, Robert Joye, William Canutus, Gilbert de Putot, Martin de Audelonde, Robert Juvene.
[Please quote GC415 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/50  [31 July 1272]

Contents:
Sir Bogo de Cnovill and James de Sancto Victore, attorneys of Sir John de Muscegros; and David le Blund and Lady Petronilla de Vivona his wife. Sun. the eve of St. Peter in chains, 56 Hen. III
Bogo and James have quitclaimed whatever Sir John had in the manor of Button by reason of exchange of the wardship of the heir of Sir Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco) at Hanam, for £20 which David and Petronilla will pay him; the sureties for David and Petronilla are Robert Marmion, Adam Malet, Richard Paniael and William de la Stone.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Mora, Sir Adam de Button, Sir John de Sancto Laudo, knights, John de Acton, Reginald de Gosinton, Henry de Stoke, William de Sandhurst, John le Chanu, John Deverers.
[Please quote GC335 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/51  [1 Nov. 1346]

Contents:
Christina la Warre, widow of the late Walter Gr[...]cs of la Beche in the hundred of Bitton, and John son of Edmund le Blount, lord of Bitton. Wed. the feast of All Saints, 20 Edw. III
Christina has granted to John, his heirs and assigns her claim to a plot of enclosed meadow within the hundred of Buttone called le Hamme.
Witnesses: John Marmyon, Robert Burnele, John Gybbus, Nicholas Wade, John Broun.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3152 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/52  [1439]

Contents:
Robert Tornour, brother of William Tornour, and John Burnell the elder; and John Blount, esquire. 4 Sept. 18 Hen. VI
Robert and John have quitclaimed to John Blount right of pasture for six oxen in the pasture and common of the manor of Bitton and in the pasture of Hamstall.
Witnesses: William Canynges, sheriff of Bristol, Thomas Mede and John Gosselyn, bailiffs of Bristol, Maurice de Berkeley of Uley, knight, Maurice de Berkeley of Beverstone, knight, Robert Greyndore, John Kemeys, Edmund Blount, esquire, John Sherp, Richard Forster, John Bolton, William Pavy, William Waryn.
At: ...
[Please quote SC592 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/53  [1457]

Contents:
Thomas [de Sebroke] abbot of St. Peter's, Gloucester, and Edmund Blount, esquire. 13 May 35 Hen. VI
Thomas has received from Edmund £4 in part payment of £40 which Edmund owes by his bond, and the same day also received 13s. 4d.
[Please quote GC4294 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS  [no ref. or date]

Manor account rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/54  [1381]

Contents:
Account roll 4 March to Michaelmas, 4-5 Ric. II
[Please quote GAR283 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/55  [1401-2]

Contents:
Account roll 2-3 Hen. IV
[Please quote GAR284 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/56  [1401-2]

Contents:
Dower portion 2-3 Hen. IV
[Please quote GAR285 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/57  [1402-3]

Contents:
Account roll 3-4 Hen. IV
[Please quote GAR286 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/58  [1403-4]

Contents:
Account of bailiff of dower of Margaret Sherbrok 4-5 Hen. IV
[Please quote GAR287 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Court rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/59  [30 Nov. 1278]

Contents:
Bitton, estreats Sat. after St. Andrew, 7 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR164 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/60  [11 May 1290]; [30 Oct. 1291]; [26 Nov. 1305]

Contents:
Three courts Bitton, estreats Thurs. after St. John before the Latin Gate, 18 Edw. I
Bitton Wed. before All Saints 19 Edw. I
Bitton Fri. after St. Katherine, 34 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR165 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/61  [20 June 1290]

Contents:
Bitton Tues. [the translation of] St. Ed[ward], 18 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR166 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/62  [22 July 1301]; [8 Sept. 1301]; [30 Sept. 1301]

Contents:
Three courts Bitton, estreats St. Mary Magdalene, 29 Edw. I
Mangotsfield, estreats St. Mary in autumn, 29 Edw. I
Bitton, estreats Sat. after Michaelmas 29 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR167 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/63  [17 Oct. 1304]; [15 May 1305]

Contents:
Two courts Bitton, estreats Sat. before St. Luke, 32 Edw. I
Bitton, estreats Sat. before St. Dunstan, 33 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR168 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/64  [18 Oct. 1316]; [23 Feb. 1317]

Contents:
Two courts Bitton Mon. in St. Luke, 10 Edw. II
Bitton Wed. the morrow of St. Peter in cathedra, 10 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR169 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/65  [11 Nov. 1333]; [13 Nov. 1333]; [13 Nov. 1333]; [2 March 1334]; [3 March 1334]

Contents:
Four courts View of frankpledge Thurs. in St. Martin, 7 Edw. III
Bitton Sat. after St. Martin, 7 Edw. III
Mangotsfield same day
Bitton Wed. third week in Lent, 8 Edw. III
Mangotsfield Thurs. following
[Please quote GCR170 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/66  [15 March 1345]; [13 Aug. 1345]

Contents:
Two courts Bitton Tues. after St. Gregory the pope, 19 Edw. III
Bitton Sat. after St. Laurence [the martyr], 19 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR171 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/67  [1349]; [29 April 1350]; [30 Sept. 1350]

Contents:
Three courts Bitton [...] 23 Edw. III
Bitton Thurs. before St. Philip and St. James, 24 Edw. III
Bitton Thurs. after Michaelmas, 24 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR180 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/68  [1368]; Thurs. 27 Sept. [1368]; [25 April 1368]

Contents:
Three courts Bitton 4 July [42] Edw. III
Bitton
Bitton Tues. before St. Philip and St. James 42 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR172 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/69  [10 Oct. 1369]

Contents:
Bitton Wed. after St. Denis, 43 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR173 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/70  [23 Aug. 1371]

Contents:
Bitton Sat. before St. Bartholomew, 45 [Edw. III]
[Please quote GCR174 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/71  [1374]; [7 Feb. 1375]

Contents:
Two courts Bitton 19 April 48 Edw. III
Bitton Wed. after St. Agatha, 49 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR175 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/72  [1381]

Contents:
Bitton 4 Jan. 4 Ric. II
[Please quote GCR176 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/73  [1386]

Contents:
Bitton 17 Sept. 10 Ric. II
[Please quote GCR177 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/74  [1391]; [1392]

Contents:
Two courts Bitton [10] Oct. 15 Ric. II
Bitton 6 Feb. 15 Ric. II
[Please quote GCR178 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/75  [29 Sept. 1430]; [9-10 April 1431

Contents:
Two courts View of frankpledge Michaelmas, 9 Hen. VI
View of frankpledge Hocktide, 9 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR179 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/76  [1323]

Contents:
Recognition court of Richard le [Blount] n.d.
[Please quote GCR181 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Rental  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/77  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Rental n.d.
[Please quote GRR25 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/78  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Geoffrey de Oldelonde and William Marmium. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Geoffrey has granted to William 4 a. of land, viz. 1 a. in the field of Button between the two crosses above Finegrave, 1 a. at Whatewell, two half-acres above Beket mill and 1 a. south of the same Beket mill; rent a pair of white gloves at Easter; for which grant William has given Geoffrey.... shillings.
Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Oxhay, Robert de Hanum, Robert Joye, Henry Puintell, Martin de Aldelond, Robert Young (Juvenis), Peter Gargatte, Thomas Francis, William de Cherthesley.
At: ...
[Please quote SC206 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/79  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Edelina widow of Thomas le Franceys of Oldland, widow, and John the tailor (cissor) of Bitton. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Edelina has granted to John, in free marriage with Maud her daughter, a messuage with curtilage in Oldelonde in the manor of Button, which John Hurdemay held of her, and 3½ a. of arable land; rent 1 lb. of cumin a year.
Witnesses: Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), Robert Marmion, Adam Malet, Richard Pointel, Nicholas Joye, Peter de Langefeld, John le Mey, Thomas de Aldelonde.
[Please quote GC757 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/80  1216-1272

Contents:
Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), son of Maurice de Saltmarsh, and Walter son of Silvester. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Maurice has granted to Walter, for 11s., a messuage with a curtilage, which... Wolvel formerly held, in the vill of Buttone, with 2½ a. of land in the fields of Buttone; rent 12d. a year and service to his court at Hanem.
Witnesses: Sir [Richard] de Mora, Robert Marmion, Nicholas Joye,... Chercheslay, John the tailor (cissor).
[Please quote GC1534 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/1/81  [1389]

Contents:
(1) Thomas Staunton, brother and heir of John Stauntone; (2) Edmund Fordd and John Whutokesmedd of Tadwick (Tatewyke); (3) Richard Godefelawe, parson of half of the church of Shillingstone (Akefordd Skylling), and William parson of Swainswick. 22 Nov. 13 Ric. II
Thomas has appointed Edmund and John to give seisin to Richard and William of all the lands, holdings [etc.] which he had in Buttone, Uptone Chanu, Beche and Oldelond, and also in all pasture rights in all the lands which John Devereux holds and which were of John de Button, knight, in Uptone. [Cecilia, daughter and heir (after the death of her brother John in 1349) of William de la More, held the manor of Oldland in Bitton. She married Nicholas de Berkeley of Dursley (d.s.p. 1382) and in 1385 granted the reversion of half of the manor of Bitton called Oldland to Sir John Devereux of Staundon and his wife Joan. When the Devereuxs took possession of Cecilia's lands they also took up some lands in the parish which were of the inheritance of Katherine, daughter and heir of Sir John de Bitton (d. 1382), wife of Thomas Rugge, and the Rugges brought a writ of novel disseisin against the Devereuxs: CIPM ix, no. 341; CPR 1385-9, 49; CIM iv, no. 349; vi, no. 144; CCR 1396-9, 176, 186.]
At: Beach.
[Please quote GC3832 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BITTON HUNDRED (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Blounts held half of the hundred of Bitton along with half of the manor: above, BCM/E/1/1/7 [GC 1062]. A large number of court rolls has survived.

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/1  [26 April 1278]

Contents:
Court roll Hockday, 6 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR132 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/2  [11 Nov. 1279]

Contents:
Court roll Sun. in St. Martin, 7 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR133 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/3  [11 Nov. 1280]

Contents:
Court roll St. Martin, 8 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR134 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/4  [30 April 1280]

Contents:
Court roll Hockday, 8 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR135 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/5  [11 Nov. 1283]

Contents:
Court roll St. Martin, 11 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR136 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/6  [18 April 1284]

Contents:
Court roll Hockday, 12 Edw. I
[Please quote GCR137 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/7  [7 April 1293]; [1378]; [12 April 1306]; [21 April 1338]; [11 Nov. 1331]; 11 Nov. 1373]

Contents:
Six court rolls joined at the top: Hockday, 21 Edw. I
Hocktide, 4 May 1 Ric. II
Hockday, 34 Edw. I
Hocktide; Tues. the eve of St. Mark, 12 Edw. III
St. Martin, 5 Edw. III
Fri. the feast of St. Martin, 47 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR138 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/8  [11 Nov. 1307]

Contents:
Court roll Sat. in St. Martin, 1 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR139 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/9  [23 April 1308]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. called Hockday, 1 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR140 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/10  [11 Nov. 1308]

Contents:
Court roll St. Martin, 2 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR141 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/11  [8 April 1309]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. in Hocktide, 2 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR142 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/12  [11 Nov. 1309]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. in St. Martin, 3 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR143 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/13  [28 April 1310]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. called Hockday, 3 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR144 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/14  [11 Nov. 1310]

Contents:
Court roll Wed. in St. Martin, 4 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR145 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/15  [20 April 1311]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. called Hockday, 4 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR146 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/16  [11 Nov. 1326]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. in St. Martin, 20 Edw. II
[Please quote GCR147 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/17  [28 April 1332]; [22 Oct. 1332]

Contents:
Two courts Tuesday called Hockday, 6 Edw. III
Dorse: Mangotsfield Thurs. after St. Luke, 6 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR148 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/18  [11 Nov. 1334]

Contents:
Court roll Fri. in St. Martin, 8 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR149 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/19  Hockday; Tues. before St. Augustine, 11 Edw. III [29 April 1337], St Martin, 12 Edw. III [11 Nov. 1338]

Contents:
Two courts
[Please quote GCR150 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/20  [2 May 1340]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. the morrow of St. Philip and St. James, 14 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR151 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/21  [18 April 1341]

Contents:
Court roll Hockday; Wed. after St. George, 15 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR153 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/22  [11 Nov. 1341]

Contents:
Court roll Sun. the feast of St. Martin, 15 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR152 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/23  [11 Nov. 1343]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. the feast of St. Martin, 17 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR154 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/24  [13 April 1344]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. in Hocktide
[Please quote GCR156 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/25  [11 Nov. 1344]

Contents:
Court roll Thurs. the feast of St. Martin, 18 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR155 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/26  [25-6 April 1346]

Contents:
Court roll Hocktide..., 20 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR157 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/27  [11 Nov. 1347]; [17 April 1347]; [11 Nov. 1348]; [6 May 1348]; [11 Nov. 1349]; [29 April 1349]

Contents:
Six courts Sun. the feast of St. Martin, 21 Edw. III
Tues. before St. George, 21 Edw. III
Tues. the feast of St. Martin, 22 Edw. III
Tues. the feast of St. John before the Latin Gate, 22 Edw. III
Wed. the feast of St. Martin, 23 Edw. III
Wed. before St. Philip and St. James, 23 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR158 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/28  [9 April 1353]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. after St. Ambrose, 27 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR159 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/29  [11 Nov. 1354]

Contents:
Court roll Tues. the feast of St. Martin, 28 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR160 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/30  [11 Nov. 1365]; [14 April 1366]

Contents:
Two courts Tues. the feast of St. Martin, 39 Edw. III
Tues. in Hocktide, 40 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR161 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/31  [11 Nov. 1368]

Contents:
Court roll Sat. the feast of St. Martin, 42 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR162 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/32  1399-1412

Contents:
Court roll n.d. [temp. Hen. IV]
[Please quote GCR163 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/33  [1408]; [16-17 April 1409]

Contents:
Two courts 11 Nov. 10 Hen. IV
Hocktide, 10 Hen. IV
[Please quote GCR220 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/34  [11-12 April 1431]

Contents:
Court roll Hocktide, 9 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR224 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/2/35  [Sept.-Oct. 1437]; [21-2 April 1438]

Contents:
Two courts Michaelmas term, 16 Hen. VI
Hocktide, 16 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR221 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CONHAM, IN KINGSWOOD (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/3  [n.d.]

HANHAM HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/3/1  1189-1199

Contents:
William de Fromtuna and Sir Robert de Damenevilla. n.d. [temp. Ric. I]
William has granted to Robert the rent of 5s. which Robert de Hanum is accustomed to pay him for the land of Koneham; rent a pair of white gloves a year at Michaelmas, and Robert has given him 4 marks.
Witnesses: Sir Richard abbot of Keynsham, Richard dean of Pucklechurch, Bartholomew de Upton, Robert de Hanum, Geoffrey de Oldelond, Robert Joie.
[Please quote SC43 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/3/2  1189-1199

Contents:
Robert de Hanum and Robert de Damnevill. n.d. [temp. Ric. I]
Robert de Hanum has granted to Robert de Damnevill all his land of Coneham which he holds of the fee of William de Frompton; rent 9s. a year.
Witnesses: William abbot of Keynsham, Morgan the chamberlain (camerarius), Giffard Witenk, Hugh Witenk, Walter de Abbedeston, Adam de Maretot, Peter de Aldelande, Geoffrey Marmiun, Robert de Betthon, William Malet, Walter Witenk, Matthew Francus, Bartholomew Canutus.
[Please quote SC44 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/3/3  1241

Contents:
Sir Nicholas de Oxehay and Petronilla his wife; and Sir William de Putot. c. Michaelmas [29 Sept.] A.D. 1241, 25 Hen. III
Nicholas and Petronilla have leased to William all their part of the arable land of Koneham which they hold in demesne, to hold at farm for 5 years, viz. from Michaelmas A.D. 1241, 25 Hen. III, for ½ mark a year, and William has given Nicholas 30s. for the expenses of a knight whom Nicholas has in the host with the king in Wales, with horse and arms.
Witnesses: Robert de Hanum, Robert Joye, Henry Puintel, Adam Malet, Robert Young (Juven'), William Marm'.
[Please quote GC1501 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/3/4  [1427]

Contents:
John Blount, esquire; and William Smyth, Edith his wife and Nicholas their son. 10 Oct. 6 Hen. VI
John has leased to William, Edith and Nicholas the holding in Kyngeswode between Haustan and Tymbresbrook, and between the oak called Wetaoke and Tymbresbrook, and a pasture; for their lives, rent thirty ...
Witnesses: Thomas Rugge, John Westone, Thomas Stauntone, John Burnell, Richard Kyngton.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC4155 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ELMINGTON, IN HENBURY (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/4/1  [22 March 1304]

Contents:
Simunda widow of Drogo Dane; and John Jude and Alice his wife. Sun. before the Annunciation, 32 Edw. I
Simunda has granted to John and Alice, for their lives, 4½ a. and a quarter-virgate of land lying in the marsh of Berewik and in Aylmynton; rent 4s. 9d. a year, and they have given her 63s. 4d.
Witnesses: Thomas de Styntescumbe, Adam de Syton, William Batekoc, Florentinus de Stok, John de Cumbe, clerk.
At: Oldbury.
[Please quote GC1059 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/4/2  [24 April 1309]

Contents:
Simunda widow of Drogo de Alne; and John de Fyspull and Agnes his wife. Thurs. the morrow of St. George, 2 Edw. II
Simunda has leased to John and Agnes a messuage with a croft of land in Aylmenton; for their lives, rent 4s. a year, and they have given her a sum of money.
Witnesses: John de Coueleye, Thomas Jurdan, John de Gydeford, William Randulf, Richard de Stoke, Walter Duggel, Richard de Mora, clerk.
At: Elmington.
[Please quote GC1692 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/4/3  [1 Feb. 1327]

Contents:
Richard de Dupyate, chaplain; and Gilbert de Alne and Elizabeth his wife. Sun. before the Purification, 1 Edw. III
Richard has granted to Gilbert and Elizabeth, and Gilbert's heirs and assigns, all his lands and holdings in Aylmenton by the salt marsh within Hembur' hundred.
Witnesses: William de la Hay, John de Weston, William de Overe, Florentinus de Stoke, John de Gydeford, Robert Mattocke, Thomas de Gydeford, clerk.
At: Elmington.
[Please quote GC2615; duplicate GC 2616 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/4/4  [22 Nov. 1327]

Contents:
Gilbert de Alne and Richard de Dupeyate, chaplain. Sun. before St. Clement, 1 Edw. III
Gilbert has granted to Richard, his heirs and assigns, all his lands and holdings in the salt marsh in Hembur' hundred.
Witnesses: William de la Hay, John de Weston, William de Overe, Florentinus de Stoke, John de Gideford, Robert Mattock, Richard ate More.
At: Elmington.
[Please quote GC2638 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

FILTIN (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Moieties of the manors of Filton and Harry Stoke were inherited by Margery, first wife of Sir Thomas FitzNichol, and the FitzNichols leased the moieties in 1379-80 to Edmund Blount and his wife Margaret (for the lives of Thomas and Margery) at 16 marks a year. [CCR 1419-22, 158-9; CIPM xv, no. 303.]

ACCOUNT ROLLS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/5/1  [1381]

Contents:
Account roll. 4 March 4 Ric. II to Michaelmas 5 Ric. II
[Please quote GAR302 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/5/2  [1390-1]

Contents:
Account roll. 14-15 Ric. II
[Please quote GAR303 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

COURT ROLLS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/5/3  [1409]; [1410]

Contents:
Filton and Harry Stoke 9 Nov. 11 Hen. IV
Two courts 22 May 11 Hen. IV
[Please quote GCR182 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HANHAM, IN BITTON (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/6  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/6/1  [1377]

Contents:
King Edward III; and Roger de Kirketone and David Hanemere. 18 March 51 [Edw. III]
The king has appointed Roger and David to hold an assize of novel disseisin which Edmund Blount has arraigned against John Buttone for a holding of Hanam.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3706 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MANGOTSFIELD (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor passed with Bitton from the time of William Putot: cf. BCM/E/1/1/4.

CHARTERS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/1  [1207 x 1230]

Contents:
Robert de Ammenevill and William de Putot. n.d. [Maurice de Gant, who witnessed the charter, came of age in 1207 and died in 1230: GEC x. 320; Sanders, English Baronies, 55.]
Robert has granted Chulrenehull to William in marriage with his daughter; rent a pair of white gloves.
Witnesses: Maurice de Gant, Ralph de Wuleton, Robert de Turvill, Ralph de Redleg, Peter de Eggesworth, Bartholomew Chanu, Robert de Hanum, Geoffrey de Audelande, Martin de Audelande, Robert Leye, Henry Puingtel, William Marmiun of Bitton.
[Please quote SC45 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/2  [14 Aug. 1303]
Language:  French

Contents:
David le Blound and Amabel his wife; and Hugh de Wyrecestre. Eve of the Assumption, 31 Edw. I
David and Amabel have granted to Hugh, for his life, a messuage, with all the land and appurtenances, which was held by John le Hyne in Mangodesfeld; rent 8s. a year.
Witnesses: John de Alkeleye, steward of David and Amabel, William Auxte, Bartholomew le Clerk, John le Fener, Roger le Chart', William de Wykwyk.
[Please quote GC1052 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/3  [mid 14th cent.]
Language:  French

Contents:
Edward prince of Wales and Edmund Blount. 20 July
The prince writes to Edmund to ask him to allow certain muniments in his possession to be seen and examined for the purposes of a lawsuit between John de Brampton, parson of St. Peter's, Bristol, and Tewkesbury Abbey concerning the chapel of Mangodesfeld.
At: London.
[Please quote SC485 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/4  [5 Oct. 1348]

Contents:
Edmund le Blount, lord of Bitton; and Amicia wife of William Maunyng and Nicholas their son. Sun. after Michaelmas, 22 Edw. III
Edmund has leased to Amicia and Nicholas two parcels of meadow in Dudemor; for their lives, rent 12d. a year and two suits to Edmund's court at Mangoddesfeld.
Witnesses: John Underhulle, Adam Hale, John atte Heye, Roger atte Heye, Adam Fortheye.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3183 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS  [no ref. or date]

Account rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/5  [1363-7]

Contents:
Two rolls attached at head, 37-41 Edw. III (i) 1366-67, (ii) 1363-4, 1364-5 and 1365-6.
[Please quote GAR305 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/6  [1386-7]

Contents:
Account roll 10-11 Ric. II
[Please quote GAR306 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/7  [1390-1]

Contents:
Account roll 14-15 Ric. II
[Please quote GAR307 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/8  [1398-9]

Contents:
Account roll 22-3 Ric. II
[Please quote GAR308 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/9  [1401-2]

Contents:
Account roll 2-3 Hen. IV
[Please quote GAR309 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/10  [1402-3]

Contents:
Account roll 3-4 Hen. IV
[Please quote GAR310 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/11  [1404-5]

Contents:
Account roll 5-6 Hen. IV
[Please quote GAR311 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/12  [1421-2]

Contents:
Account roll 9 Hen. V to 1 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR312 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Rentals  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/13  [29 Sept. 1367]

Contents:
Rentals Michaelmas, 41 Edw. III
[Please quote GRR32 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/14  [1263-4]; [1383]; [1302]; [n.d.]; [1330]

Contents:
Five rentals for Lady Petronilla de Vyvona 48 Hen. III
6 and 7 Ric. II
For David le Blount 30 Edw. I
Demesne lately of Edmund le Blount
For Edmund le Blund of Bitton 4 Edw. III
[Please quote GRR33 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Court rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/15  [1344]; [23 July 1344]

Contents:
Two courts 23 Jan. 17 Edw. III
Fri. the morrow of St. Mary Magdalene, 18 Edw. III
[Please quote OCR183 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/16  [1349-50]

Contents:
Court roll 23-4 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR184 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/17  [23 Oct. 1365]; [1365]; [25 April 1366]; [4 July 1366]; [23 Sept. 1366]

Contents:
Five rolls Thurs. after St. Luke, 39 Edw. III
Sat. after... 39 Edw. III
Sat. in St. Mark, 40 Edw. III
Sat. after the translation of St. Thomas the martyr, 40 Edw. III
Wed. after St. Matthew, 40 Edw. III
[Please quote GCR185 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/7/18  [1388]; [1389]

Contents:
Two courts 3 Dec. 12 Ric. II
14 May 12 Ric. II
[Please quote OCR186 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OLDLAND, IN BITTON (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor, formerly part of Bitton, belonged to the de la More family until 1349: above, Bitton, BCM/E/1/1.

BLOUNT  [no ref. or date]

Holemed meadow  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/1  [1 Oct. 1329]

Contents:
Edmund le Blunt, son and heir of David le Blunt of Bitton, and Gregory son of Peter Wrench of Churchley. Sun. after Michaelmas, 3 Edw. III
Edmund has demised to Gregory a messuage with land, meadow and pasture adjacent which Gilbert the miller (molendin') formerly held in villeinage in Oldelonde by Button, with 2 a. of land and 1 a. of meadow in Holemed called la Woweacre; for his life, rent 4s. and the services of mowing for four days in Edmund's meadow of Holemed and suit to his court of Button twice a year.
Witnesses: Sir John de Buttone, knight, John de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), Robert Burnel, Thomas le Knigt, Peter Forest'.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC2684 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/2  [17 March 1409]

Contents:
John Blount, lord of Bitton; and Walter Colyns and Edith his wife. Sun. after St. Gregory, 10 Hen. IV
John has leased to Walter and Edith all his pasture in the enclosure called Wowenhulle and 1 a. of meadow in Holemede; for a term of 70 years, rent 10s. a year.
Witnesses: John Weston of Oldland, Thomas Staunton, Thomas Snaylham, Nicholas Balby, John Lacok.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC4032 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/3  [1490]

Contents:
John Huse, esquire, and Margaret his wife, daughter and heir of Simon Blount, esquire; and John Rogers, Eleanor his wife and John their son. 12 Nov. 6 Hen. VII
John and Margaret have leased to John, Eleanor and John a messuage with three. .. containing 4 a. and 17 a. of arable land in each field, and 1 a. of meadow in Holmede in Button (Glos.); for their lives, rent 8s. a year.
[Please quote GC4471 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/4  [15 Dec. 1348]

Contents:
Agnes daughter and coheir of Peter Wrench, widow, and Edmund Blund of Bitton. Mon. before St. Thomas the apostle, 22 Edw. III
Agnes has granted to Edmund, his heirs and assigns a cottage with a curtilage and a plot of meadow which William le Brid formerly held in Oldelond.
Witnesses: Robert Burnel, William Gargate, John Poyntel.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3200 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

Bitton  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/5  [12 March 1349]

Contents:
Matthew de Buttone, son and heir of Sir John de Buttone, knight; and William Maundeware, clerk, and Joan his wife. Thurs. in St. Gregory, 23 Edw. III
Matthew has leased to William and Joan his holding at Oldelonde in the hundred of Buttone called Gargettes, and 5¼ a. of land in various fields of Buttone and Optone, and a parcel of pasture, and 1 a. of land in la Redefelde of Buttone [etc.]; for their lives, rent 7s. 8d. a year and suit to his court of Hanam.
Witnesses: Edmund le Blount, William Marmyon, John Burnele, Robert Joye, William Langefelde.
At: Hanham.
[Please quote GC3216 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/6  [11 Jan. 1366]

Contents:
Matthew de Buttone, son and heir of Sir John de Buttone, knight; and Nicholas de Waneswelle and Maud his wife. Sun. after Epiphany, 39 Edw. III
Matthew has leased to Nicholas and Maud the reversion of the holding held for their lives by William Maundeware and Joan his wife called Garogeitus at Oldelonde within the hundred of Buttone, and also 5¼ a. of land in Buttone and Uptone, and a parcel of pasture; for their lives, rent 7s. 8d. a year after the deaths of William and Joan.
Witnesses: Roger Marmyen, Hugh de Staunton, William de Longefeld.
At: Hanham.
[Please quote GC3575 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/7  [1291 x 1307]

Contents:
Thomas called le Knight and Thomas de Button, bishop of Exeter. n.d.
Thomas le Knight has granted to the bishop rents of 3s. 3d. from Oldelonde in the parish of Button, from various tenants [named]. n.d.
Witnesses: John de Sancto Laudo, John le Chaven, William de Hous, John de Wydyhull, Peter Wrench, Richard de Colihoik, William at Stone.
[Please quote GC794 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/8/8  [16 June 1336]

Contents:
Nicholas Wrench, son of Thomas Wrench, and John Broun. Sun. after St. Barnabas, 10 Edw. III
Nicholas has granted to John, his heirs and assigns, a messuage with a curtilage in Oldelonde by Buttone (Glos.), and also 2 a. of land in the field of Buttone above la Rydoune, which he had by grant of his father Thomas.
Witnesses: John de Brokeneberegh, John Joye, Robert Burnel, Thomas de Staunton, Thomas le Knyght, Nicholas atte Stone, William de Langefeld.
At:Oldland.
[Please quote GC2846 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SWINEFORD, IN BITTON (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/9  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/9/1  [16 May 1282]

Contents:
Master Thomas de Button, archdeacon of Wells, and Lady Petronilla de Vivone. Eve of Whit Sunday, 10 Edw. I
Whereas in 9 Edw. I [1280-1] Petronilla granted to Thomas her fulling mill and all her part of the corn mill at Swineford for a term of 8 years, she has now granted to Thomas a rent of £4 a year from the manor of Button, for a term of 8 years.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de la More, Sir Robert Marmiun, Sir Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), knights, John Chanu, John de Staunton, Richard Poyntel, Peter de Chercheleye, Gilbert.. .
[Please quote GC498 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/9/2  [1396]

Contents:
William Blount, son and heir of Edmund Blount; and William Dodde and Margery his wife. 1 Sept. 20 Ric. II
William Blount has leased to William and Margery Dodde his part of the corn mill and fulling mill, with the part which William Dodde previously occupied by demise of Laurence Seybrook and Margaret his wife; for a term of 100 years, rent 23s. 4d. a year, viz. 20s. for the corn mill and 3s. 4d. for the fulling mill.
Witnesses: John de Westone, Thomas Bur.. ., William Broun.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3911 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/9/3  [1445]

Contents:
Willelma Blount, widow of John Blount of Bitton (Glos.), esquire, and Edmund Blount, John's son and heir; and William Wyllyce of Swineford and Margaret his wife. 27 May 23 Hen. VI
Willelma and Edmund have leased to William and Margaret the reversion of the holding of the fulling mill and a croft adjacent and the lands [etc.] which Isolda widow of John Kyngescot holds in Swynford for a term of years, if Isolda lives until the end of the term, or on her death; for a term of 100 years, rent to Willelma for her life, and after her death to Edmund, 27s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: John Kernes, John Westone, Thomas Staunton, John Smyth, William Smyth.
At: Swineford.
[Please quote GC4247 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

UPTON CHEYNEY, IN BITTON (GLOS.)  BCM/E/1/10  [n.d.]


Related information: See also above, BCM/E/1/1/81 [GC 3832]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/10/1  [29 Feb. 1348]

Contents:
Nicholas Horn and Edith his wife; and Edmund le Blount, Agnes his wife and John their son. Fri. [after] St. Oswald the confessor, 22 Edw. III
Nicholas and Edith have granted to Edmund, Agnes and John [9½ a.] of land and an eighth of an acre of meadow in ...
Witnesses: Sir William Traci, Sir Peter Corbet, knights,. .. de Brokenberge, John Joye, John Broun.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3174 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/E/1/10/2  [29 Feb. 1348]

Contents:
(1) Nicholas Horn and Edith his wife; (2) John Gibbes of Oldland; (3) Edmund le Blount, Agnes his wife and John their son. Fri. in [recte after] [The evident mistake can hardly have arisen from a failure to remember that it was a leap year.] St. Oswald the confessor, 22 Edw. III
Nicholas and Edith have appointed John Gibbes to give seisin to Edmund, Agnes and John of 9½ a. of land and an eighth of an acre of meadow in Uptone in the hundred of Buttone.
At: Bitton.
[Please quote GC3175 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CROXLEY AND OXHEY, IN WATFORD (HERTS.)  BCM/E/1/11  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor of Oxhey in Watford was held by Roger de Croxley, who died leaving three daughters, of whom Petronilla married Robert de Damneville of Bitton and Mangotsfield (Glos.) [VCH Herts. ii. 455.]. The rent of 10 marks evidently represents the portion which passed through the Damnevilles' daughter Petronilla and her husband William de Putot to that couple's daughter Petronilla, who married John de Vivonia and David le Blount.

[no title]  BCM/E/1/11/1  [25 Nov. 1270]

Contents:
Susan daughter of Matthew de Bosill; and David le Blount and Petronilla his wife. Two weeks after St. Martin, 56 Hen. III
Final concord concerning 10 marks of rent in Crokesle and Oxhaye paid by Henry de Stoke for a holding which he holds of David and Petronilla; David and Petronilla have acknowledged the right of Susan by their grant; Susan has given them 100 marks.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC329 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KINGSWOOD ABBEY  BCM/F  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The abbey at Kingswood, adjacent to Wotton-under-Edge but just south of the boundary of Berkeley hundred, was founded by the Berkeleys of Dursley. The abbey held the manors of Kingswood, Bagpath, Newington (now Newington Bagpath) and Ozleworth, and granges at Calcot in Newington, Elbury, Bagston, Ridge, Hill and Hazleton, as well as various other holdings scattered over most of the manors of the hundred. Charters concerning most of those holdings remain in the Castle, despite the fact that in the early 17th century the family historian John Smyth stated categorically that the little manor of Canonbury, previously of St. Augustine's Abbey, Bristol, was the only instance of church lands acquired by the family [Smyth, ii. 361.]. The patronage of the abbey was one of the acquisitions of Thomas (IV) Lord Berkeley mentioned in the settlement of 1417. Most of the charters are concerned with Bagpath, Newington and Ozleworth, which all lay within Berkeley hundred. [Smyth, iii. 73-6, 306-10. Newington was a manor of the Berkeleys of Dursley, so it did not from part of Berkeley Herness.]

BAGPATH, IN NEWINGTON BAGPATH (GLOS.)  BCM/F/1/1  [n.d.]


Related information: See also below, BCM/F/1/5/37 [SC 474]

ABBEY LANDS  [no ref. or date]

Grants to the abbey by the Franklins  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/1  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Robert le Frankeleyn of Bagpath and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Robert has granted to the abbey 2 a. of land in Baggepath towards Oslewrth, which lie below la Honiclive.
Witnesses: Thomas de Rocheford, Thomas de Tonewell, Richard le Nevu, Robert le Nevu, William de la Home.
[Please quote GC1368 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/2  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Maud widow of Robert le Frankelayn and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Maud has quitclaimed to the abbey 2 a. of land in the field of Baggepath under la Honiclive, which Robert gave to the abbey.
Witnesses: Roger de Niwentun, William de la Home, Thomas le Nevew, Walter Spereke, Robert le Nevew, Robert the constable (constabularius).
[Please quote SC373 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/3  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Maud widow of Robert le Fraunckelein of Bagpath and Robert her son, Robert's heir. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Maud has quitclaimed to Robert her dower rights in all the lands which her late husband held in Baggepath.
Witnesses: William de la Home, Nicholas de Nuenton, Robert le Neveu, John Lock, John Culling.
[Please quote GC758 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/4  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Robert le Frankelein of Bagpath and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Robert has granted to the abbey a messuage and a half-virgate of land in the vill of Baggepathe.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescote, Henry de Lesseberge, Nicholas de Newynton, Ralph de Chamme, Thomas de le Chereche of Nibley, Peter Caparun, Ivo de Cumbe.
[Please quote GC1611; duplicate GC1369 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/5  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Roger de Newenton, son of Philip de Berkel, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Roger has confirmed to the abbey the 2 a. of land in Baggepath which Robert le Frankeleyn of Baggepath granted to the abbey in alms.
Witnesses: Thomas de Rocheford, Thomas de Tonewelle, Richard le Nevu, Robert le Nevu, William de la Home.
[Please quote GC402 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Kingscote holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/6  [c. 1238]

Contents:
Matthew son of Thomas parson of Newington and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Matthew has granted to the abbey the half-virgate of land in Baggapath which he had by gift of Sir Adam, son of Nigel de Kingescote, the abbey to render to the chief lord of Kingescote 6d. a year at Michaelmas and whatever service pertains to a half-virgate in Kingescote.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, Simon de Olepenne, Robert de Rocheford, Roger de Niwintun, Nicholas Ruffus, John le New, Adam de la Home, William de Bradeleg', Nicholas de Culcretun.
[Please quote SC246 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/7  1216-1272

Contents:
Nigel de Kyngescot and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Nigel has quitclaimed to the abbey the rent of 6d. from a half-virgate in Baggepath, which Matthew son of Thomas parson of Niwenton gave to the abbey.
Witnesses: Thomas de Rochefort, William de Lasseberg, Peter de Ywelege, Elias de Cumba, Geoffrey Caperun, William de la Home, Thomas le Archer.
[Please quote SC383 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The holding of Richard son of Sarah  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/8  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Maurice son of William de Berkel and Richard son of Sarah de Baggepath. n.d.
Maurice has granted to Richard a half-acre of land in Baggepath above Yrworth; rent a rose a year, and Richard has given him ½ mark.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescot, Nicholas de Neuenton, William de Hocholte, William de la Home, John le Duc, Jordan de Fonte.
[Please quote GC872 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/9  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Maurice son of William de Berkel and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Maurice has confirmed to the abbey a half-acre of land, which the monks had by grant of Richard son of Sarah in Baggepath above Yrworth; rent a rose a year, and Richard has given him ½ mark.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescot, Nicholas de Neuenton, William de Hocholte, William de la Home, John le Duc, Jordan de Fonteyne.
[Please quote GC873 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Newman holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/10  15 Kal. of March [15 Feb.] 1265

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey; and Roger le Vouler de Hill and Gonilda his wife.
The abbey has agreed to pay to Roger, in his wife's name, 5s. a year for her life for one third of a holding which John le Newman formerly held of the abbey in Baggepath, which Gonilda claims as her dower from her former husband Matthew de Baggepath.
[Please quote SC435 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/11  Nativity of Our Lady [8 Sept.] 1280

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey and John Basely.
The abbey has leased to John the holding and the buildings on it which John le Neweman held in the vill of Baggepath; to John Basely and his first wife for their lives, rent 14s. 1d. a year, and John has given the abbey 3 marks.
Witnesses: Robert de Brothestane, Reginald de Gosinton, Thomas de Bol', Walter de Egeton, William de Egeton, John de Craul', Adam Hathulph, William de Sokwich, Geoffrey Neel.
[Please quote GC491 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other acquisitions  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/12  1216-1272

Contents:
Matthew son of Thomas parson of Newington and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Matthew has granted to the abbey all the gift which Thomas de la Planche, his uncle, gave him in Baggepath, viz. a croft with half an acre, 5 a. in the North field and 5 a. in the South field; the abbey to pay in rent to the lord of the fee a pair of white gloves at Easter.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkele, Simon de Olepenna, Robert de Rochefort, Roger de Niwintun, Nicholas Ruffus, John le New, Adam de la Hame, William de Bradeleg', Nicholas de Culcretun.
[Please quote SC302 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/13  [1240 x 1245]

Contents:
John de Berkelay, lord of Dursley, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
John has granted to the abbey a half-virgate of land in Baggepathe, which Richard de Middeltune held, and a half-virgate in the same vill, which John le Druie held, and a furlong of his demesne at Bollecote, which lies between the great road to Dursley and the land of Roger de Newintune, son of Philip de Berkelay.
Witnesses: Sir Oliver de Berkeley, Geoffrey de Chausi, Roger de Camme, Robert de la Planche, Nicholas Ruffus, Peter de Ywele, Henry de Olepenne, Roger de Newintun, Matthew le Scay.
[Please quote SC332 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/14  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Richard de Haselcote and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Richard has granted to the abbey a half-acre of land in Baggeparth above Yrworthi, which lies in common (indivisa) with a half-acre of Maurice de Cham, which he had by grant from Nigel de Kyngescote with Maud his daughter.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescote, Nicholas de Neuinton, William de Ocholte, John le Duch, Jordan de Fonte.
[Please quote GC385 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/15  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Walter son of Peter de Yweleg' and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Walter has granted to the abbey 1 a. of land in Baggepeth in the furlong called Sheplond, another half-acre and another half-acre above Yrwrth.
Witnesses: Sir Geoffrey de Chausy, Roger de Nywentun, Geoffrey Caperun, Nigel de Kyngeschot, William de la Home.
[Please quote GC991 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/16  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Bartholomew de Olepenne and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Bartholomew has granted to the abbey 2 a. of land in the south field of Baggepathe, above Fhichale and above the road called Budeweye, for the sustenance of the chapel at the gate of the abbey.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescote, Elias de Cumbe, Ivo de Cumbe, William de la Home, Thomas le Archer.
[Please quote GC945 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Leases  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/17  1253

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey and Walter de Middeltun. Invention of Holy Cross [3 May], A.D. 1253
The abbey has leased to Walter a half-virgate of land in the vill of Baggepath, viz. the one called Middeltun; for life, rent 1 mark a year, and Walter has given the abbey, 1 mark for this agreement.
Witnesses: Thomas de Rochefort, William de Lasseberg, Peter de Ywelegh, Roger de Niwentun, Henry Trilli.
[Please quote GC285 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/18  1306

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey; and Reginald de Mathcumbe and Joan his wife. St. Peter and St. Paul [29 June], A.D. 1306
The abbey has leased to Reginald and Joan a half-virgate of land in the vill of Baggepathe which Walter de Mathcumbe formerly held; for their lives, rent 1 mark a year, and Reginald and Joan have given the abbey 40s.
Witnesses: William de Lasseberewe, John de Olepenne, Nigel de Kyngescote, Walter Petith, Robert Trilli.
[Please quote GC1127 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

The holding of Thomas de la Planche  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/19  1216-1272

Contents:
Thomas de la Planche and Gilbert de Baggepath son of Ralph. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Thomas has granted to Gilbert the house [misum], croft and land which Hugh Hulle held in Baggepath; for the lives of Gilbert and Sarah his wife, rent 2s. a year and the royal service pertaining to half a cotland; but if either outlives the other, they may not take another spouse into the misum without Thomas's permission.
Witnesses: Philip de Berkeley, Geoffrey de Chausi, Henry de Scropes, Adam son of Nigel, Robert his brother, Gilbert de Egge, Thomas Loch, Philip son of Elias de Cumba, Hugh de Bradeleg'.
[Please quote SC394 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/20  [c. 1250]

Contents:
Thomas de la Planch; and Gilbert de Baggepath, son of Ralph, and Sarah his wife. n.d.
Thomas has granted to Gilbert and Sarah his wife a croft of land in Baggepath; for their lives, at a rent of 2s. a year and whatever royal service pertains to half a cotland, on the condition that if either dies and the other marries again, they shall cease to hold the same unless they obtain a re-grant from Thomas.
Witnesses: Philip de Berkele, Geoffrey de Chausi, Henry de Scropes, Adam son of Nigel, Robert his brother, Gilbert de Egge, Thomas Loch, William son of Elias de Cumba, Hugh de Bradeleg'.
[Please quote SC309 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/21  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Walter Passelewe and Thomas de Nubbeleg', son and heir of Richard called of the church (de ecclesia). n.d.
Walter has granted to Thomas all his land in Baggepath, viz. 1½ a. of land, also a half-acre of land in the field called Chastle; rent a clove a year and Thomas has given him 14s. Witnesses: Nigel de Kingescot, Elias de Cumb, Bartholomew de Olepenne, Robert de Olepenne, Peter Jake, Nicholas de Newinton, Walter Symund.
[Please quote GC949 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/1/22  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Roger de Bercheleia and Robert son of Walter de Baggpathe. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Roger has confirmed to Robert the half-virgate of land in Baggpathe which Walter his father held; rent 30d., a year and Robert has paid a fine of 1 mark.
Witnesses: William son of Elias, Adam de la Hamme, Richard son of the clerk, Roger Martel,..., Henry de Guderintona.
[Please quote SC441 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CALCOT, IN NEWINGTON BAGPATH (GLOS.)  BCM/F/1/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Eighteen of the nineteen charters concerned with the vill are quitclaims to the abbey for common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange, so that the abbey could enclose the land. See also below, BCM/F/1/4/11 [GC493].

QUITCLAIMS FOR ENCLOSURE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/1  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Richard de Kyngescote, son and heir of Nigel de Kyngescote, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Richard has quitclaimed to the abbey, in free alms, his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Robert de Bradestone, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC557 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/2  Early 14th cent

Contents:
John de Olepenne, son and heir of Robert de Olepenne, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
John has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecot, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC1499 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/3  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Bartholomew called de Olepenne and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Bartholomew has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecot, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC1498 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/4  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Thomas de Haselcote, son and heir of Richard de Haselcote, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Thomas has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC1409 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/5  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Thomas called de Aveninge, rector of the church of Beverston, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Thomas has quitclaimed to the abbey, in free alms, his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Kaldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC548 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/6  Early 14th cent

Contents:
John Apadam and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
John, with the consent of Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heir of Sir John de Gurney, lord of Beverstan, has quitclaimed to the abbey, in free alms, his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Kaldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC547 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/7  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Walter called Petyt of Newington and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Walter has quitclaimed to the abbey, in free alms, his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Kaldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William son of William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Olepenn, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC563 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/8  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Nicholas de Newenton, son and heir of Roger de Newenton, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Nicholas has quitclaimed to the abbey, in free alms, his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Kaldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC562 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/9  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Agatha, daughter and heir of William de Lassebere, widow, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Agatha has quitclaimed to the abbey, in free alms, her common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Kaldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC559 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/10  Early 14th cent

Contents:
John de Egeton and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
John has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescot, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumb', Thomas de Swanhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC902 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/11  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Isabel daughter of Maurice de Camme and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Isabel has quitclaimed to the abbey her common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefelde, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Swanhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC1273 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/12  Early 14th cent

Contents:
(1) Maurice de Camme; (2) Isabel his daughter; (3) Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Maurice has inspected the charter of his daughter Isabel quitclaiming to the abbey her common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it; witnessed by Richard lord of Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefelde, Henry de Camme, William de Cumb', Thomas de Swonhungre, John de Yweleye, and has confirmed it.
Witnesses: [none entered.]
[Please quote GC888 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/13  Early 14th cent

Contents:
John son of the late Richard de Kyngescote and Alice le Cryspe; and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
John and Alice have quitclaimed to the abbey their common of pasture in an enclosure which the monks have made at their grange of Caldecote.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescote, John's brother, Walter de Chaldefeeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumb, Thomas Sergaunt, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC558 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/14  Early 14th cent

Contents:
John le Duk of Kingscote and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
John has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in the abbey's enclosure next to its grange of Caldecote.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescote, Walter de Chaldefeeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas le Sergaunt, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC1339 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/15  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Walter Jordan of Kingscote and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Walter has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in 5 a. of land beside their grange of Caldicot, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescoth', Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Haselcote, John son of Richard de Kyngescoth'.
[Please quote GC1436 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/16  Early 14th cent

Contents:
William de Berkelay, son and heir of Sir Henry de Berkelay, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [1291 x 1300] [William de Berkeley succeeded his father in 1287 aged 18, did homage in 1291 and died in 1300: Barkly, 251-2.]
William has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: William de Burgo, Robert de Bradeston, Robert de Coueleye, Henry de Camme, Robert de Draycote, Warin son of William.
[Please quote GC696 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/17  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Joan [Joan widow of Sir Henry de Berkeley (d. 1287) had Newington in dower: Barkly, 246-50.] widow of Sir Henry de Berkeleye and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Joan has quitclaimed to the abbey her common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecot, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: Robert de Bradestone, Robert de Coueleye, Henry de Camme, Robert de Draycote, Walter de Chaldefeld, William de Cumbe, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC1627 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/18  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Laurence de Brome and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Edw. I]
Laurence has quitclaimed to the abbey his common of pasture in 5 a. of land next to the abbey's grange of Caldecote, so that the abbey may enclose it.
Witnesses: John de Olepenne, Walter de Chaldefeld, Henry de Camme, William de Cumbe, Thomas de Sanhungre, John de Yweleye.
[Please quote GC1261 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/2/19  St. Ambrose [4 April] 1236

Contents:
Thomas de Berkele and Kingswood Abbey.
Thomas has granted to the abbey 4 a. of the land of Wixi, lying near the grange of Caldechote.
Witnesses: Ralph de Wilintun, Nicholas son of Roger, Geoffrey de Chausi, Oliver de Berkele, Simon de Olepenne, Bartholomew Labanc, Roger de Ducton, Thomas de la Planche, Walter his brother, John de Egintun, Robert Veel (Vitulus), William de Bradeleg', Matthew le Scay, Robert de Sorestone, Adam Russel.
[Please quote SC238 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CULKERTON, IN RODMARTON (GLOS.)  BCM/F/1/3  [n.d.]


Related information: See also below, BCM/F/1/5/37 [SC 474].

THE CULKERTON HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was held of the manor of Tetbury, a manor held by the Breouse family of Gower until it passed to the cadet branch based at Tetbury, for which see BCM/D/3. John de Breouse (d. 1232) succeeded his grandfather William in 1211 and was of age in 1216. [GEC ii. 302.]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/3/1  1216-1272

Contents:
Henry de Culcretuna and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Henry has granted to the abbey a half-virgate in Culcretuna, viz. 13 a. in the West field and 14 a. in the East field.
Witnesses: William Camberlan, William son of Turstan de Rodmerton, William parson of Tetbury, Adam de Cherletun, Robert de Ductuna, William Frankelan, William le Scai of Tresham, Adam his son, Henry son of Bernard, Henry Ferragii, Harding de Hunteneford, Alfred Barete, Robert Muschet, Richard de Bec...., William..., Geoffrey son of Adam, Adam le Scai of Kingswood, Nicholas de Kingswod, Master Robert Lathom, Nicholas Lathom, Nicholas de Bristoll, Henry de Bradeleg'.
[Please quote SC331 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/3/2  Early mid 13th cent

Contents:
Nicholas son of Henry de Culcretun and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Nicholas has granted to the abbey all his holding of Culcretun, viz. a court with a garden and curtilage, 26½ a. of arable in the East field and 19 a. in the West field, and the rents and services of all his tenants, reserving to himself a rent of a pair of iron spurs at Easter or 3d., as the monks choose, and doing the appropriate services to the chief lord of Tetbury as for one quarter of a knight's fee.
Witnesses: Bartholomew Labanc, Walter de Uptone, Roger de Duchtune, Adam de Cherletune, Philip de Tettebire, Laurence de Lasceles, Roger de Calfhaia, Roger Barette, Geoffrey Custance, Walter Bernard, William son of Elias, William de Bradeleg, Matthew le Scay, Henry de Bradelega.
[Please quote SC209 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/3/3  [1216 x 1232]

Contents:
John de Breusa and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
John has confirmed to the abbey all the lands [etc.] which it has in Cherletun of the gift of Adam de Cherletun, and all which it has in Culcretun of the gift of Henry de Culcretun and John his son and which the canons of St. Oswald's of Gloucester had of William Butevilein and of Richard de Beckeford and Walter his son, and of the gift of Nicholas son of the said Henry de Culcretun and which the canons sold to the monks, saving the service of one quarter of a knight's fee for the lands of Nicholas son of Henry and 2s. rent a year at Tettebir' for the same land, and suit to his court of Tettebir'.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas abbot of Neath (Neth), Sir Reginald de Gosintun, Sir William de la Marre, Sir Henry de Vilers, Sir Henry de Holt, Sir Richard de Wrockesy, knights, Bartholomew Labanc, William de Rodmerton, Walter de Uptun, Roger de Dutton, David the clerk, Laurence de Lasceles.
[Please quote GC706 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/3/4  1216-1272

Contents:
John Suht of Culkerton and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has granted to the abbey half an acre of land at Heydich.
Witnesses: John lord of Rodmertun, Walter Bernard, Geoffrey Cunstance, Henry Bernard, Walter Freman.
[Please quote SC409 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/3/5  [before 1276]

Contents:
Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, constable of England, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [Humphrey de Bohun died 12 Sept. 1275. He had married secondly Maud de Avenbury, perhaps a daughter of Sir Walter who witnessed this charter: GEC vi. 462.]
The earl has confirmed to the abbey the holding in Culcreton which was of Henry de Mineriis of the earl's fee, which the abbey has had by various grants, viz. from the canons of St. Oswald's Gloucester the portion of Isabel de Longo Campo, which Isabel gave to the canons and they sold to the abbey, the portion of Elizabeth de Gamages, sister of Isabel, which Elizabeth gave to the abbey in her widowhood, and the one third of the holding which the abbey had by grant of William le Maunsel, which was the portion of Basilia, wife of Payn de Boruhull, sister of Isabel and Elizabeth, and which William had in free marriage with Rose his wife, daughter of Payn and Basilia.
Witnesses: Sir Walter de Avenebir', Miles de Morl', Guy Pipard, Aubrey de Avenebur', John de Rodmarton, Robert de Upton, Robert de Dutton, Geoffrey Custante, William de Rodmarton.
[Please quote GC1252 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/3/6  June 1290

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey; and William de Rodmerton, Simon le Chaumberleyne, Agnes his sister Henry Passelewe, William Kytevile, John Bordun, and Robert Brathel of the vill of Rodmarton.
Agreement between the abbey and William, Simon, Agnes, Henry, William, John and Robert concerning the common right of way called Colkerden between the foot of the abbey's down and the field of the said men of Rodmerton.
Witnesses: Sir Peter de la Mare, John de Hanekniton, Philip de la Hulle, Adam Spileman, John de Seyncleye, John de Chalcford, Walter de Cotes.
[Please quote GC955 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/3/7  [1297]

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey and Thomas called Neel of Purton. March 25 Edw. I
The abbey has granted to Thomas that he may enclose 2 a. of land next to his croft in la Westgarstone of Culkerton and quitclaims to him any pasture rights which the abbey may have, and in return Thomas has quitclaimed to the abbey pasture rights in the furlong called la Garstone in the east part of the vill of Culkerton.
Witnesses: Adam Spileman, Richard de Nayleswrth, William de Rodmerton, Roger de Dolihaton, Robert Heward, Adam le Moyngne, William Blakemore.
[Please quote GC628 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NEWINGTON BAGPATH (GLOS.)  BCM/F/1/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Newington was a manor of the Berkeleys of Dursley. [Barkly, 248-69; CCR 1392-6, 190.] It was held at his death by Sir Henry de Berkeley (d. 1287), whose widow Joan held it in dower. Henry's son and heir William did homage in 1291 and died in 1300 leaving a son and heir John, who did homage in 1314. He was holding Newington in 1316 and entailed it, with Dursley and other lands, in 1332. He died in 1349 and his son and heir Sir Nicholas settled it on himself and his wife Cecilia, daughter and heir of William de la More of Oldland in Bitton; Nicholas died without issue in 1382 and Cecilia in 1394, and thereafter the manor passed to Nicholas's sister Maud Cauntelo. Maud died in 1402 and her heir was her granddaughter Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Robert Cauntelo of Heddington (Wilts.), who married Richard Cheddar in 1403. On Richard's death in 1437 the lands of his wife's inheritance passed to his daughter Jane, wife of Thomas Wyke, while the Cheddar lands passed to Richard's brother. [Hist of parl. 1386-1421, i, 537-8; CIPM xv, nos, 687-8; CPR 1381-5, 228; CCR 1392-6, 190.] See also below, BCM/F/1/5/37 [SC 474]

ABBEY LANDS  [no ref. or date]

The Landa holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/1  Ascension Day [3 May] 1212

Contents:
Maud de Landa, widow, and Kingswood Abbey.
Maud has leased to the abbey, for 13 years, all her lands, men and rents in Niwent' and in Dureslega, at a rent of 2 marks a year.
Witnesses: Philip de Berkelai, Thomas parson of Niwentun, William de Scai, Adam his son, Peter de Upthrop, Adam de Scai, Nicholas de King', Thomas de Planca, Adam Loch, William Trussi, Robert de Landa, John brother of Maud.
[Please quote SC90 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/2  [c. July 1218]

Contents:
Maud de Landa, daughter of Roger de Berkeley, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Maud acknowledges that at Ascension 1212 she leased for a term of 14 years all her land of Newintun to the abbey and received 12 marks for 6 years' rent, but that on 20 July 1218 she gave the land to the abbey in perpetual alms, the monks promising to pay 26 marks, of which they then paid 6 marks, with the option that if at any time during the term of 14 years they chose to pay the other 20 marks they could retain the land in perpetual alms but if not the 6 marks already paid should be counted as 3 years' rent according to the original lease.
Witnesses: Nicholas de Kingeswd, Henry the scribe (scriptor) of Bradley, Roger the scribe, Adam of the hall (de aula), John de Stanlega, Maud's nephew, John Blundel, Ralph Herman, Gilbert Lathom of Bradley (de Bradel Lathom), Roger Lathom, William son of Clarice, Walter le Franceis, Walter the clerk surnamed the archdeacon.
[Please quote SC156 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/3  Early mid 13th cent

Contents:
Roger de Berkelai and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Roger has granted to the abbey the service of his man Ralph son of Wibert with the lands which Ralph held of him, viz. half a hide of land in Niwintun, and other land near the bridge of Gloucester, for which Ralph paid him one besant a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Berkelai, Philip and Oliver, brothers of the grantor, Master Richard de Sorestan, William the chamberlain (camerarius), Geoffrey de Chausi, Henry de Liveth, William de Scai, Adam his son, John de Foxlega, Ralph de Moun, William Cotele, William le Brun, Robert Diffe, Harding de Hunteneford, Nicholas de Kingeswood.
[Please quote SC334 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/4  Early mid 13th cent

Contents:
Alice del Egge, daughter of William del Egge, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Alice has granted to the abbey 4 a. of land, 2 a. lying near Ykeburg abutting on la Rugwei and 2 a. abutting on la Grenewei from la Vernislade.
Witnesses: Philip de Berkelai, Oliver his brother, Simon de Olepenne, Thomas parson of Niwinton, Peter de Yweleg, Gilbert del Egge, William de Westcote, Ulger de Buivile, Thomas Loch.
[Please quote SC210 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/5  Early mid 13th cent

Contents:
Peter de Ywelegh and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Peter has granted to the abbey the 2 a. of land at the head of the white wall, which he had in exchange for 2 a. of Alice de Egge.
Witnesses: Philip de Berkelai, Simon de Olepenne, Walter de Bennecumbe, Thomas de la Planke, Gilbert del Egge, Thomas Loc, William de Westcote, Ulger de Bunvile, Nicholas de Kingeswde.
[Please quote SC215 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/6  Easter [3 April] 1233

Contents:
Thomas Loch and Ralph Sune.
Thomas has leased to Ralph, for a term of 12 years, 4½ a. of land in Niwintun, viz. 1 a. called Worthiacre, 2 a. at Tvistlebroke, 1 a. called Bretcheaker and ½ a. at Tvistlebroke, for which Ralph has given him 26s.
Witnesses: Bartholomew Labanc, Thomas de la Planche, Walter de la Planche, Adam de la Hame, William de Westcote, William Trelli, Walter de Fromtun, Ralph de Calfhaga, Colin de Culcretun.
[Please quote SC230 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/7  1216-1272

Contents:
Philip de Berkelay and Kingswood Abbey. n.d [temp Hen III]
Philip has granted to the abbey 4 a. of land in Newenton, viz. in Suthfelde, Sclattresslade, Vernslade and Northfelde.
Witnesses: Robert son of Nigel, Gilbert del Egge, Richard le Duc, William de Westcote, Thomas de la Planche, William Treilli, Adam de la Hame, William son of Elias, Matthew le Scay.
[Please quote SC440 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/8  1216-1272

Contents:
Philip de Berkelay and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Philip has granted to the abbey 4 a. of land, with all appurtenances with his body [cum corpore meo], in the holding at Niwintun which lies at the thorns.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, brother of Philip, Geoffrey de Chausi, Robert son of Nigel, Adam de Cherleton, Thomas de la Planche, William Trelli, William de Westcot, William son of Elias, Matthew le Scay, Eustace Ruffus, Henry de Bradele.
[Please quote SC333 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/9  Morrow of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist [25 June] 1241

Contents:
John de Berkeley, son and heir of Henry de Berkeley, and Kingswood Abbey.
John has confirmed to the abbey the lands and holdings which it had of the fee of Roger de Newintune, son of Philip de Berkeley, of the fee of Thomas Loch, son of Adam Loch, and of the fee of Thomas de la Planche in Newintun.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Coueleya, Roger de Camme, Robert de la Plaunche, Nicholas Ruffus, Peter de Yweleya, Roger de Duchtune, Robert Passelewe.
[Please quote SC272 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/10  May 1261

Contents:
Roger de Berkeley, son of Philip de Berkeley, and Kingswood Abbey.
Roger has granted to the abbey 4 a. of land in Nywentun, for a term of 60 years, of which 2 a. lie above la Greneweye which leads from Newington to Malmesbury and 2 a. near Fontesdich in la Wrthifurlong; for this the abbey have given him 20s. Endorsed Cyrograph inter Roger de Nywenton et nos. . .
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Cromhale, Henry de Lyves, Geoffrey Caperun, Robert de Upton, Richard de Wockesye, Peter de Ewelegh, Walter de Neylesworth.
[Please quote SC431 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/11  Michaelmas [29 Sept.] 1280

Contents:
Thomas de Haselcote, son and heir of the late Richard de Haselcote, and Kingswood Abbey.
The abbey has granted to Thomas 16 a. and a fardel of land in Kyngescote, in exchange for 18 a. of land in Caldecote and Nywenton.
At: Kingswood.
[Please quote GC493 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/12  Michaelmas [29 Sept.] 1280

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey and Walter Petyt of Newington.
The abbey has granted to Walter 25 a. of land in Newenton.
At: Calcot.
[Please quote GC492 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/13  Late 13th cent

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey; and John Loc and Alice his wife. n.d. [early Edw. I]
The abbey has leased to John and Alice and their heirs a messuage in the vill of Newynton with a croft and curtilage, rent 2s. 6d. a year to support a lamp to the Virgin Mary in the abbey; further the abbey remits to them ½ mark in which they were bound; and in return John, with the assent of his wife, has granted to the abbey in free alms 2 a. of land to support the said lamp, one in the field of Bolencot and one next to the monks' lands.
Witnesses: Nigel de Kyngescot, Nicholas de Newynton, Elias de Cumbe, William de la Home, William de Ockam.
[Please quote GC441 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/4/14  [1243-4]

Contents:
Nicholas de Craule and Peter de Wika. 28 Hen. III
Nicholas has leased to Peter all his land and court in Newenton, which he had already leased to him as coparcener (ad campartum) for 15 years, Peter to support Hawise, Nicholas's wife, during the term and to keep the land in good condition and to restore the court and return it at the end of the term in better condition than it was in when Nicholas leased it to him.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Cromhale, Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso marisco), Roger de Lokinton, Henry de Berkeley, Ralph Musard, Nicholas le Rus, Andrew de Bradestan, William son of Robert, John de Draicot, Robert de Coueleg', Maurice de Stanes.
[Please quote SC282 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OZLEWORTH (GLOS.)  BCM/F/1/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Isabel, daughter of Roger (IV) de Berkeley (d. 1191), married first Thomas de Rochford (d. c. 1205) and secondly William Waleraund. She had Ozleworth in marriage, but Thomas de Rochford granted it to his brother Robert and in 1220 Robert did homage for half a fee there to Andrew de la Bere and Alice his wife, daughter and heir of Thomas de Rochford and Isabel. [Harkly, 215, 217, 19 GEC x, 552.]

THE ROCHFORD MANOR  [no ref. or date]

Passage of the manor to the abbey  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/1  [c. 1200]

Contents:
Thomas de Rochford and Robert de Rocheford his brother. n.d.
Thomas has granted to Robert all his land of Osleworth to hold by the service of half a knight, and Robert to find a chaplain to celebrate divine service for the health of Thomas's soul.
Witnesses: William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, Manasser de Hastings, Eustace the chaplain, Geoffrey the chaplain, Walter de Kanebir, William de Cromhale, John de Aries'.
[Please quote SC185 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/2  St. Mary Magdalen [22 July] 1241

Contents:
Cecilia widow of Robert de Rocheford and Kingswood Abbey.
Cecilia has granted to the abbey all the lands which she holds in dower in Osleworth at a rent of 62s. a year while she lives.
Witnesses: Peter de Eggeswrth, Gilbert de Sipton, Geoffrey de Chausi, Roger de Ducton, Nicholas Ruffus, William Sumeri, Robert parson of Oslewrth, John le Newth, Nigel de Oslewrth, Robert le Newh, Roger Petipas.
[Please quote SC273 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/3  [1246-7]

Contents:
Cecilia widow of Robert de Rocheford and Richard de la Bere. 31 Hen. III
Cecilia has declared before Sir Robert Waleraund, sheriff of Gloucester, in the full county court, that she never held or laid claim to the land which Richard demands of her by writ of right in Osleworth but that the monks of Kingswood Abbey have held it for a long time.
Witnesses: Sir William Maunsel, Sir John de Wautone, Robert le Veel, Jordan la Warre, Richard de Colewych, Walter de Neylesworth.
[Please quote SC293 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/4  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
William de Rochford, brother and heir of Thomas de Rochford, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Hen. III]
William has quitclaimed to the abbey the holding in the vill of Oslewrth which Cecilia his mother formerly held in dower, and has confirmed to the abbey all the grants of his ancestors.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Cromhale, William de Lesseberg', Richard le Bret, Nigel de Kynggescote, Elias de Cumbe, Henry le Lyvet.
[Please quote GC2548 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/5  [1262 x 1276]

Contents:
Joan de Berkeley [Joan de (Somery), widow of Thomas (1) Lord Berkeley (d. 124), died c. 1276; Smyth, i. 119.] and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Joan has quitclaimed to the abbey whatever she has in the manor of Oslewrth from William de Rocheford or from Sir John de Monumuth, or in dower of Letuaria, once wife of Thomas de Rocheford, or in dower of Cecilia, mother of the said William.
Witnesses: Sir Maurice de Berkeley, Joan's son, Sir William le Maunsel, Sir John de Wautun, Sir Richard de Cromhal, Sir Maurice de Saltmarsh (de salso [marisco]), Sir Richard de Berkelay, Sir Henry de Berkelay.
[Please quote GC347 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/6  [1262 x 1287]

Contents:
Henry de Berkeley, knight, lord of Dursley, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Henry has quitclaimed to the abbey the manor of Oslewurth with the land which Letuaria, widow of Thomas de Rocheford, held in dower in the same vill.
Witnesses: William Maunsel, Robert le Veel, knights, Peter de Stintescumbe, Bartholomew de Olepenne, Elias de Cumbe, William de Mathine, Thomas Passelewe.
[Please quote GC1195 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/7  [1262 x 1275]

Contents:
Henry de Berkeley, lord of Dursley, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Henry has quitclaimed to the abbey all the holdings which it has in Oslewurth.
Witnesses: Sir Maurice de Berkeley, Sir William le Maunsel, Sir Robert de Mesy, Sir Robert le Veel, Sir Robert de Kyngestone, knights, Elias de Cumbe, William de Mathine, Walter de Chaldefeld, William de Eginrun, Thomas Passelewe.
[Please quote SC449 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/8  1272-1307

Contents:
Lucy, daughter of Robert de Rocheford and sister and heir of William de Rocheford, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]]
Lucy has quitclaimed to the abbey the manor of Oslewurth.
Witnesses: Sir William Mansel, Sir Robert le Veel, knights, Elias de Cumbe, Thomas le Archer, William de la Home.
[Please quote GC1526 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The holding of Katherine de Rochford  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/9  Late 13th cent

Contents:
Katherine de Rochesford and Agnes her daughter. n.d. [early Edw. II]
Katherine has granted to Agnes 8 a. of land in the manor of Oslewurth, viz. 4 a. above the wood called Baterugge and 4 a. in the field called le Duna, which she had from Robert de Rochesford her father in free marriage.
Witnesses: Robert le Franceis of Tresham, John de Aune, Nicholas de Newynton, William de la Home, Geoffrey de Chausi of Alderley.
[Please quote GC566 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/10  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Agnes daughter of Nigel de Osleworthe and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Agnes has granted to the abbey, for the sustenance of the paupers and the chapel at the gate, 8 a. of land in Osleworthe, viz. 4 a. above Baderugge, 2 a. in Bradeleyeforlong and 2 a. in Woweforlonge above Sladeleyswelle, and one quarter of a half-virgate.
Witnesses: Nigel lord of Kyngescot, Richard de Kyngescot, Walter de Chaldefeld, Ivo de Cumb', Nicholas de Niwenton, William de la Home, Thomas de Haselcot.
[Please quote GC946 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grants by Robert de Rochford to the abbey  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/11  [before 1241]

Contents:
Robert de Rocheford and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Robert has granted to the abbey a path from the great road, from Wrtileg' to Callicote, to the acre which they had from John le New next to their sheepfold.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeleg', Simon de Olepenne, John le New, Neil de Oslewrth, Richard le Duc, Thomas le Archer, Nicholas de Culcretune, Roger Petitpas, Walter Tisun.
[Please quote GC2549 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/12  [1236 x 1241]

Contents:
Robert de Rocheford and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Robert has confirmed the grant to the abbey of two cotlands in Oslewrde, viz. one which was given to them by William le Bretun, who bought it from Alice Toki who acquired it from the said Robert in a suit at Gloucester before the king's justices in 20 Hen. III [1235-6], and the second given them by Geoffrey son of Geoffrey de Chausi, and remits to the monks the rents of 1 lb. of cumin and 1d. from the holdings, respectively; and also grants right of passage through all the fields of Oslewrde while they are fallow, but when they are sown, passage only with the guidance of Robert or his men.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, Geoffrey de Chausi, Colin his son, Henry de Livez, John de Egintune, William de Bradele, Thomas le Archer, John de Newh, Nigel de Oslewrde, Roger Petitpas, Walter Tisun, Henry the clerk of Bradleg, Walter Lefrich of Tresham.
[Please quote SC241 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/13  [before 1241]

Contents:
Robert de Rocheford and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Robert has granted to the abbey two half-virgates of land in Oslewrthe, one called Lippehiete and the other which Adam le Wite and Alfred de Langanacre held; also pasture in his demesne for 200 sheep at most, and for 60 when Robert's sheep are there, with permission to build a sheep-fold, and pasture for the sheep on the fallow in summer for at least one month.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, Geoffrey de Chausi, Colin his son, Henry de Livez, John de Egintune, William de Bradele, Thomas le Archer, John le New, Nigel de Oslewrthe, Roger Petitpas, Walter Tysun, Henry the clerk of Bradel', William Lefrich of Tresham.
[Please quote SC245 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/14  St. Nicholas [6 Dec.] 1238

Contents:
Robert de Rochefort and Kingswood Abbey.
Robert has granted to the abbey a half-virgate of land which Calebat held, a cotland which Walter de Gathurde held and a meadow called Holecumbemede in Oslewrthe.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, Bartholomew Labanc, Nicholas Ruffus, Robert parson of Oslewrth, Roger de Ducton, Robert his son, William son of Elias de Cherletun, Nicholas Mignot, Colin de Culcretun, John le New, Walter Tysun, Roger Petitpas, Robert le Stabler.
[Please quote SC242; duplicate SC243 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/15  [c. 1238]

Contents:
Robert de Rocheford and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Robert has granted to the abbey, in Osleworth, the half-virgate which Calebat held, the cotland which William le Gathurde held and all the meadow called Holecumbemed, with freedom of ingress and egress for carts, wagons and cattle from the way of Sprakeweye to the said meadow over the headland of Adam le Fuelere's croft.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, Bartholomew Lebanc, Nicholas Ruffus, Colin de Culcretun, Roger Petipas, Walter Tysun, Robert le Stabler, Henry de Bradele, clerk, Adam le Parcheminer.
[Please quote SC141 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other Rochford charters  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/16  1199-1216

Contents:
John son of Robert the nephew (nepos) of Ozleworth and Thomas de Rochefort. n.d. [temp. John]
John has quitclaimed to Thomas the land which Roger de Berkeley granted to Thomas, John's brother, in Osleworth.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Cha....... de Hastings, Robert de Sloctre, Philip de Berkeley, William de Cromhale, John de Anesi.
[Please quote SC106 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/17  [before 1241]

Contents:
John le Nevou of Ozleworth and Robert de Rocheford. n.d.
John has granted to Robert half of the mill of Oslewrthe at a rent of a pair of white gloves a year at Easter, for which Robert has acquitted John of a debt of 100s., given him a silver mark and quitclaimed to him the warranty of one cotland in Oslewrthe during the life of Alice Thoki who holds it.
Witnesses: The abbot, prior and cellarer of Kingswood, Philip de Berkelai, Peter le Franceis, Laurence le Nevou.
[Please quote SC146 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/18  [before 1241]

Contents:
Robert de Rocheford and Nigel son of Bernard. n.d.
Robert has granted to Nigel the half-virgate of land in Oslewerda which William de Stanlega held; rent 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Chausi, Philip de Berkele, Oliver de Berkele, Peter de..., Peter le Franceis, John the nephew (nepos), Laurence ...
[Please quote SC400 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/19  [before 1241]

Contents:
Robert de Rocheford and Nigel son of Bernard. n.d.
Robert has granted to Nigel 8 a. of land in Oslewrth, viz. 4 a. on Baderugge, 2 a. on Bradelegefurlang and 2 a. near the land of John le New and Laurence le New, and the half-virgate which William de Stanley held; rent 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Chausi, Philip de Berkeley, Oliver his brother, Peter de Yweleg, Thomas de la Planche, Peter le Franceis, John the nephew (nepos), Thomas le Archer, Gilbert del Egge, Walter the clerk, Walter de la Planche, Adam le Scay.
[Please quote SC399 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/20  [before 1241]

Contents:
Robert de Rocheford and Richard the clerk of Lukinton. n.d.
Robert has granted to Richard the holding which Thomas Bacun held in Oslewrde, to supply a lamp to burn night and day in the church of St. Nicholas of Oslewrde, to the honour of God and St. Nicholas, and Richard and his heirs shall have housebote and heybote in Robert's wood of Oslewrde and common of pasture for his beasts.
Witnesses: Richard Burdon, Richard de Lukinton, Peter le Fraunceis, John the nephew (nepos), Nigel de Oslewrde, Henry de Legrave, Simon de Badmintun.
[Please quote SC398 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER GRANTS TO THE ABBEY  [no ref. or date]

The Ham holding, from Thomas de Rochford  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/21  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
William son of Adam de la Hame, and Thomas de Rocheford. n.d. [late Hen. III]
William has granted to Thomas 2 a. of land lying below the pasture called Elepenne, of which one head is above the furlong of Sandforlong towards Osleworthe Park; rent a pair of white gloves or ½d. a year; Thomas has given him 1 mark.
Witnesses: Sir Geoffrey de Chausi, Sir Henry de Berkel', Sir Thomas de Radeberg, William de Lasseberg, Elias de Cumb, Thomas Larch', Reginald de Igetesbury, Richard le Nevou, Robert le Nevou.
[Please quote GC554 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/22  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Thomas de Rocheford and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Thomas has granted to the abbey 2 a. of land which he bought from William son of Adam de la Home, lying below the pasture called Elepenne; rent a pair of gloves to William de la Home.
Witnesses: Sir William de Lasseberg', sheriff of Gloucestershire, Roger de Newentun, Thomas le Archer.... le Nevew, John le Scay.
[Please quote GC1527 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grants by Richard le Nevou grants to the abbey  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/23  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard le Newout of Ozleworth and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Richard has granted to the abbey 1 a. of land in Oslewrth in the field of Owere dune.
Witnesses: Jordan de Budiford, Henry de Livet, Peter de Yweleg, Roger de Nywenton, Elias de Cumb, Thomas le Archer, Robert le Newout.
[Please quote GC940 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/24  [late 13th cent]

Contents:
Richard le Nevoth of Ozleworth and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Richard has granted to the abbey 1 a. of land in the furlong of Overedune, beside their land which they had by the grant of Robert le Nevoth to the north of their sheepfold.
Witnesses: Roger de Nywentun, Peter de Yweleg', Peter Caperun, Thomas le Archer, Robert le Nevoth.
[Please quote GC1491 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/25  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard le Nevou and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Richard has granted to the abbey a half acre of land lying above Agheleghegrave, on the east of the road between Osleworthe and Simundeshale.
Witnesses: Peter de Yweleghe, Nigel de Kyngescote, Roger de Nywentone, Elias de Cumba, William de la Hore.
[Please quote SC204 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/26  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard le Nevouz of Ozleworth, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Richard has granted to the abbey, in free alms, all his holding, with the capital messuage and all appurtenances, in the vill of Oslewrth.
Witnesses: Robert le Veel, Elias de Cumbe, Roger de Hyldesleg', Roger de Newentun, Thomas le Archer, William de la Home, Robert le Nevouz.
[Please quote GC2536 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Frith Wood  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/27  1216 - 1272

Contents:
John le New of Osleworth and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has quitclaimed to the abbey all his rights in common of pasture in [le] Frith wood, in Osleworth, which wood Robert de Rocheford his lord gave to the abbey.
Witnesses: Oliver de Bercheley, William de Bradeley, Nicholas Ruffus, Adam de Hore, Thomas le Archer, Nigel de Oslewrth, Henry the clerk of Bradel'.
[Please quote SC126 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/28  1216 - 1272

Contents:
Robert le Newh, son and heir of Laurence le Newh, and Kingswood Abbey. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Robert has quitclaimed to the abbey common of pasture in the wood called le Frith in Oslewrth, which wood Robert de Rocheford his lord gave to the abbey.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkelay, William de Bradeley, Nicholas Ruffus, Thomas le Archer, Nigel de Oslewrth, Roger Petipas, Walter Tisun.
[Please quote SC330 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Bilsby holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/29  [c. 1262]

Contents:
Henry de Belesby and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Henry has granted to the abbey all the holding in Oslewurth which he had by grant of William de Rocheford brother of Thomas de Rocheford; rent a pair of gloves or 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Sir John le Brun, Sir Richard de Cromhale, Sir William le Mansel, Sir John de Wauton, knights, Henry le Livet, Peter de Yweleg, Robert de Nuttun, Richard de Wockesey, Walter de Neylewurth.
[Please quote GC549 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/30  [20 Jan. 1263]

Contents:
Kingswood Abbey and Henry de Belesby. One week after Hilary, 47 Hen. III
Final concord concerning 50 a. of wood in Osilworthe and the capital messuage and a carucate of land which William de Rupeforti once held in the vill; Henry has acknowledged the abbey's right to the wood and land.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC433 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/31  [after 1262]

Contents:
William de Rocheford and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
William has quitclaimed to the abbey the holding in Oslewrth which Henry de Bylesby had of his gift and gave to the monks; rent 1d. and a pair of gloves price 1d., which Henry rendered for the holding.
Witnesses: Richard le Breht, Geoffrey de Burton, Henry de Lyveht, John de Kyllecot, Hugh de Kyllecot.
[Please quote GC420 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/32  [c. 1238]

Contents:
John le Newh and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
John has granted to the abbey 2½ a. of land [each located] in Oslewrde.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, Robert de Rocheford, Geoffrey de Chausi the younger, William de Lasseburwe, Robert parson of Oslewrde, Roger de Berkeley, Nigel de Oslewrde.
[Please quote SC247 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/33  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
John le New and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
John has granted to the abbey 1 a. of land lying under Badderigge, in Oclewrthe.
Witnesses: Oliver de Berkeley, Nicholas Ruffus, Nigel de Oslewrth, William de Bradeley, Adam de la Hame, Nicholas Mignot, Roger Petitpas.
[Please quote SC127 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/34  [before 1275]

Contents:
Cecilia daughter of William de la Home and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Cecilia has granted to the abbey 10 a. of land at la Home which she had by grant of William her father.
Witnesses: Sir William le Mansel, Sir Nicholas Burdun, Sir Richard de la Rivere, Sir Robert le Veel, Sir Robert de Kyngeston, knights, John de Meisi, Nigel de Kyngescote, Peter de Stintescumbe, Bartholomew de Olepenne, Elias de Cumbe, Walter de Chaldefeld, Nicholas de Newinton.
[Please quote GC1613 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/35  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Aubrey daughter of Cecilia de Monemuta and Kingswood Abbey. n.d.
Aubrey has granted to the abbey one quarter of a half-virgate of land which she inherited in the manor of Oslewrthy.
Witnesses: William de Cumbe, Walter de Chaldefeld, Ivo de Cumbe, Nicholas de Neowenton, Peter Caperon', William de la Home, Geoffrey de Chausi, Richard de Colewyth, Thomas de Lude.
[Please quote GC787 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/36  St. Clement [23 Nov.] 1336

Contents:
Walter de la Home, son of William de la Home, and Kingswood Abbey.
Walter has inspected and confirmed the charter of his father William to the abbey in which William granted to the abbey his holding of la Home with 10½ a. of land in the field towards the grange of Kaldecote, witnessed by Sir William le Maunsel, Nicholas Burdon, Richard de la Rivere, Robert le Veel, Robert de Kyngestone, Nigel de Kyngescote, Peter de Styntescombe, Elias de Combe, Walter de Chaldefelde.
Witnesses: John Serjaunt, John Lidiard, Nicholas Wynebald, Nicholas Lovecok, Roger Hayl, William the cook (cocus) of la Ende, Edward de la Tour.
At: Kingswood.
[Please quote GC2858 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADVOWSONS OF OZLEWORTH AND NEWINGTON, LAND IN BAGPATH AND RENT IN HAZLETON AND CULKERTON  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/5/37  [1307]

Contents:
(1) King Edward I; (2) the sheriff of Gloucester; (3) Gloucester Abbey; (4) Kingswood Abbey. 35 Edw. I
The king's writ addressed to the sheriff, dated Carlisle, 10 April 35, for an inquisition on a proposed grant by Gloucester Abbey to Kingswood Abbey of 1 a. of land in Baggepath and the advowsons of the churches of Oselworth and West Newenton, in exchange for a rent of £10 in Haselden and Culkerton; and the finding of the inquisition, held at Wotton Wed. after St. Barnabas [14 June], approving the exchange.
At: Wotton under Edge.
[Please quote SC474 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

TETBURY AND HAZLETON (GLOS.)  BCM/F/1/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
During the civil war of Stephen's reign the monks of Kingswood purchased from John de St. John at Hazleton land for a new site, which had belonged to Reginald de St. Valery and had been confiscated by Stephen. They settled there for a short while but c. 1147 St. Valery recovered the lands and drove the monks out. They moved back to Kingswood and pursued their dispute with St. Valery until eventually they returned to Hazleton, but they found that they were short of water there and St. Valery moved them on to Tetbury. [VCH Glos. ii. 100.] By 1307 the abbey had granted a rent of £10 in Hazleton and Culkerton to St. Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, in exchange for the advowsons of Ozleworth and Newington: above, BCM/F/1/5/37 [SC 474].

[no title]  BCM/F/1/6/1  nd

Contents:
Copies of four deeds
[Please quote SR29 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title or date]  BCM/F/1/6/1/i

Contents:
Grant of all of Haseldene by John de Sancto Johanne

[no title or date]  BCM/F/1/6/1/ii

Contents:
Confirmation by Bernard de Sancto Walerico, for the souls of King Henry and Queen Eleanor, and of Reginald his father, M. his mother, M. his wife and A. his wife, of 40 a. at Myreford, all of Haseldene, 2 carucates at Chyriton, 1 carucate at Douthone and the park at Tetbury

[no title or date]  BCM/F/1/6/1/iii

Contents:
Confirmation by Thomas de Sancto Walerico of whatever the abbey has at Tetbury by grant of his grandfather Reginald and his father Bernard

[no title or date]  BCM/F/1/6/1/iv

Contents:
Confirmation by Reginald de Sancto Walerico of grants to the abbey of 40 a. at Myreford, Haseldene and 2 carucates at Chyriton, and further grant to them of 1 carucate at Douthone and the park of Tetbury, witnessed by the abbot of St. Augustines's [Bristol].

OTHER (VARIOUS)  BCM/F/1/7  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/7/1  Tues. before St. Mark [22 April] 1287

Contents:
Henry called of the marsh (de marisco) and Kingswood Abbey.
Before the justices in eyre at Gloucester, Henry has quitclaimed to the abbey a libation, [The quitclaim presumably released the abbey from the obligation to hold the libation.] according to an agreement between the abbey and himself and William de Rocheford, he having restored to the monks all the instruments which he held concerning the libation, and the monks have given him 100s.
Witnesses: Sir Roger le Rous, Sir William de Colevile, knights, Roger de Cumbe, Robert de la Feelde, Peter Caperun.
[Please quote GC526 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/7/2  4 Nones of Sept. [2 Sept.] year 4 Clement [?V, 1309]

Contents:
Pope Clement and Kingswood Abbey.
Copies of two bulls confirming the privileges granted by his predecessors to the abbey.
[Please quote SC37 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/F/1/7/3  [2 Feb. 1470]

Contents:
Pope Paul II and Kingswood Abbey. 4 Nones of Feb. year 6 Paul II
Licence to the abbot to appoint John Alford, clerk, of Kingswood, to the office of notary [officium tabellionatus], provided that he is over 25 years of age and of honest behaviour.
At: Rome.
[Please quote SC623 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE SHIRLEY ESTATE  BCM/G  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The presence at the Castle of the documents which concern the Shirley family may result from the marriage between Frances, youngest daughter of Henry Lord Berkeley (d. 1613), and George Shirley in 1587. George's maternal grandfather, Thomas (VI) Lovet of Astwell (Northants.), died in that year, leaving George as his heir. [Smyth, ii. 359, 403.] Most of the documents relate to the lands which had been held by the Lovets, including the inheritances of the Draytons (BCM/G/2), the Prayers (BCM/G/3) and the Cranford (BCM/G/4), and it is reasonable to assume that a settlement of those lands was made on the marriage of George and Frances; soon after George had inherited them.

THE SHIRLEY INHERITANCE  BCM/G/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Shirleys profited from a series of marriages in the 14th and 15th centuries. They failed, however, to make the most of the one which was potentially the most profitable of all: the attempt of Ralph Lord Basset (d.s.p. 1390), to settle most of his lands on Hugh Shirley, the son of Ralph's half-sister Isabel [GEC ii. 4. As Ralph's half-sister, whether or not she was a bastard, Isabel was not his heir.] who had married Sir Thomas Shirley (d. 1361), was successfully challenged by Ralph's heirs. Hugh, who was killed at Shrewsbury in 1403, married Beatrice, sister and heir of John Breouse (d. 1423); their son and heir Ralph, born in 1390, married Joan, daughter and heir of Henry de Braylesford of Brailesford (Derb.), and died c. 1443; and their son and heir Ralph (II) married Margaret, sister and heir of Thomas Staunton (d. 1422-3) of Staunton Harold and a coheir of the Meynells of Meynell Langley, Willington and Bradley (Derb.) and Newton Regis (Warws.). [Ralph de Meynell (d. 1389) left four daughters as coheirs: CIPM xvi, no. 715. The eldest daughter, Joan, married of John de Staunton and was mother of Thomas and Margaret: Nichols, Leics. iii (2), 704, 709. VCH Warws. iv. 161, appears to be wrong in giving the second daughter, Elizabeth [wife of William Crawshaw, as Margaret's mother.] Ralph (II) married secondly Elizabeth, sister of Walter Blount, Lord Mountjoy, and he died in 1466 leaving a son and heir John Shirley (d. 1486). [John held at his death the manors of Shirley, Brailesford and Hoon (Derb.), Staunton Harold, Ratcliffe-on-the-Wreake, and Long Whatton, with holdings in Burton Overy and Dunton Bassett (Leics.) and a third of the manor of Newton Regis (Warws.): CIP Hen. VII, i, nos. 89-91.] The line continued through Sir Ralph (d. 1517) and Francis (d. 1571) to John (II) Shirley. That John married Jane, daughter and heir of Thomas Lovet of Astwell and heir also of the Drayton, Cranford and Prayers families, but he died in 1570 before his father. George, son of John and Jane, succeeded his paternal grandfather Francis Shirley in 1571 and his maternal grandfather Thomas Lovet in 1587, the year in which he married Frances, daughter of Henry Lord Berkeley; he was created baronet in 1611. [Nichols, Leics. iii (2), 703-4, 708-712; Lysons, Magna Britannia, v, p. xc.]

TICKNALL (DERB.)  BCM/G/1/1  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/1/1  [22 May 1337]

Contents:
Court of Lord William de Staunton, held at Ticknall. Thurs. before St. Augustine [archbishop of Canterbury], 11 Edw. III
[Please quote GC191 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BARROW UPON SOAR (LEICS.)  BCM/G/1/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter below refers to Ralph Lord Basset's enfeoffment of much of his lands for the benefit of his nephew Hugh Shirley and the ensuing dispute with the Staffords, the heirs at law. Barrow passed from Ranulf Blundeville, earl of Chester (d.s.p. 1232) to his nephew Hugh d'Aubigny, earl of Arundel (d.s.p. 1243), whose sister and coheir Nichola left four daughters and coheirs by Roger de Somery, of whom Margaret married Ralph Basset (d. 1265), great-great-grandfather of Ralph Lord Basset (d. 1390). At Lord Basset's death the manors of Barrow, Ratcliffe on the Wreake, Dunton Bassett, Ragdale, Willowes and Great Bowden, with other lands in Long Whatton and elsewhere (Leics.), Colston Basset and Ratcliffe on Soar (Notts.) and two manors in Sheldon (Warws.) were held by feoffees for the benefit of Hugh Shirley, but in the 1430s Humphrey Stafford, earl of Stafford, gained the Nottinghamshire and Warwickshire lands. [CIPM xvi, nos. 963-75; C. Rawcliffe, The Staffords, earls of Stafford and dukes of Buckingham 1394-1521 (Cambridge, 1978), 192; Hist. Parl. 1386-1421, iv. 364-5, 367.] Long Whatton and Ratcliffe on the Wreake, with holdings in Dunton Basset, were held by John Shirley at his death in 1486. [CIPM Hen. VII, i, no. 90.] See also Colston Basset, BCM/G/1/5.

[no title]  BCM/G/1/2/1  [1394]
Language:  French

Contents:
[Hugh Shirley and the heirs of Ralph Lord Stafford.] 23 Jan. 17 Ric. II
Whereas dissensions arose on the attornment of the tenants of Lord Ralph Basset, lord of Drayton, whom God assoil, of the lands, holdings [etc.], in Barugh, on which matter Richard Freman and others came before William Chysulden, dean of the church of Our Lady of Leicester, Thomas Wakefeld, mayor, William Bysphan, bailiff, and Geoffrey Okeham of Leicester, at Leicester on 23 Jan. 17 Ric. II, and said that Ralph had granted all his lands, holdings [etc.], in Barugh to Master Richard Byrmychan, John Leyre, clerk, John Olney and John Broun, clerk.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC3879 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ROTHERBY (LEICS.)  BCM/G/1/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Rotherby was held of Ralph Basset (d. 1343) by Ralph Bret as one third of a fee in 1343. [CIPM viii, no. 473.]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/3/1  1276

Contents:
Richard [de Gravesend] bishop of Lincoln and Richard de Suthflet. 7 Kal. of Oct. [25 Sept.] A.D. 1276
The bishop has presented Richard to his church of Retherby, in Lincoln diocese.
At: Stowe.
[Please quote GC469 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STAUNTON HAROLD, IN BREEDON (LEICS.)  BCM/G/1/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Ralph Shirley (d. 1466) married Margaret, daughter of John Staunton (d. 1405) of Staunton Harold and sister and heir of Thomas Staunton (d. 1422-3) of the same. [Hist. of Parl. 1386-1421, iv. 366. Only the manor of Staunton Harold is mentioned in John de Staunton's inquisition post mortem of 1405, his son and heir Thomas being then aged 2: CIPM xix, no. 19.] All the charters below are from the time when the manor was held by the Staunton family. Staunton Harold lay on the border between Leicestershire and Derbyshire, adjacent to both Ticknall (above, p. 872) and Melbourne (below, BCM/G/1/4/4-5 [GC 3340, SC 572]).

[no title]  BCM/G/1/4/1  1272-1307
Language:  French

Contents:
Roger de Staunton and Stephen de Segrave. 12 May [temp. Edw. I]
Roger pledges his manor of Staunton and two roots of the herb called maundragon [i.e. mandrake] for the repayment within a year of £30 belonging to his master, Stephen, which he had wickedly spent by his knavery and foolish company from the treasure which Stephen had entrusted to his care when he departed over the seas; appointing as his sureties, Roger de Verdoun and Gari Normand.
[Please quote SC466 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/4/2  1272-1307

Contents:
Elias lord of Staunton Harold; and Robert Crane, his chaplain, and Hugh his son. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Elias has granted to Robert and Hugh, for their lives, a toft in the vill of Stanton, 12½ a. of land, and 4 furlongs in the fields of Stanton (called le Holegate, le Parrokes, le Fordolegrene, and one in le Lound, beside the park of Esseby); rent 3s. a year; with successive remainders to Robert's son Henry and his issue, to Henry's brother Ralph and his issue and to Elias and his heirs.
Witnesses: William de Ingwardby, William de Bredon, William Sawcheverel, Adam de Heton of Worthington, Richard son of Simon of the same, Adam Thurgunt of Newbold, Roger Petit of the same.
[Please quote GC1551 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/4/3  [22 April 1324]

Contents:
William de Staunton Harald, knight; and Geoffrey de Steynsby, Agatha his wife and Robert his son. Sun. before St. George, 17 Edw. II
William has leased to Geoffrey, Agatha and Robert a messuage and 1 virgate of land in the vill of Staunton, viz. the messuage and virgate which William de Smyth [sic] formerly held of William; for their lives, rent 10s. a year and 4 hens at Christmas and the work of making the hedge of William's park of Staunton and his fields as his villeins do.
Witnesses: William Pakemon of Worthington, William Honte of Bredon, William del Grene of the same, William Balle of Wilson, Thomas Grave of Staunton.
At: Staunton Harold.
[Please quote GC2401 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/4/4  [late 14th cent.]
Language:  French

Contents:
[John of Gaunt] duke of Lancaster and his 'bachiler' Robert de Staunton. n.d.
Robert petitions the duke that whereas the duke's tenants of Melburne (Derb.) and of Staunton (Leics.), with force and arms, wrecked Robert's enclosure at Stauntone, and the duke ordered his steward John Cokeyn to see that the grievance ended, his tenants have continued their malice against Robert's hedges and have cut down and taken away his trees, and he begs a remedy.
[Please quote GC3340 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/4/5  1399-1412
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Staunton, son of Sir Robert de Staunton, of Leicestershire, and King Henry IV. n.d. [temp. Hen. IV]
John complains that tenants of the king's lordship of Melburn damaged the fences of John's wood called Carwood in the time of the noble prince the king's late father, and prays that the king should make good the damage.
[Please quote SC572 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

COLSTON BASSET (NOTTS.)  BCM/G/1/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Colston Basset and Ratcliffe on Soar were among the lands which Ralph Lord Basset settled on his nephew Hugh Shirley, but in the 1430s Hugh's son and heir Ralph lost the two manors to the earl of Stafford. The Sir Thomas Shirley mentioned below is presumably Hugh's father, who had died by 1362. See Barrow upon Soar, BCM/G/1/2.

[no title]  BCM/G/1/5/1  [early 16th cent.]

Contents:
'List of evidences to prove' the enfeoffments by Ralph late Lord Basset of the manors of Ratcliffe on Soar, Colston Basset (Notts.), and other manors. Endorsed Sir Thomas Shirleys manuscripts. n.d.
[Please quote GC3835 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NEWTON REGIS (WARWS.)  BCM/G/1/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was divided into moieties, one held by the Harthills and then by the Cockayne family, the other by the Meynells. The Meynell moiety was divided between coheirs in 1399 and one of the purparties passed to Margaret wife of Sir Ralph Shirley. [VCH Warws. iv. 161-2; above, BCM/G/1 Administrative history] John Shirley died in 1486 holding one third of the manor of Newton Regis. [CIPM Hen. VII, i, no. 91.]

SHIRLEY: THE ADVOWSON  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/6/1  2 Nov. 1471

Contents:
John [Hales], bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.
An account of presentations and admissions to the church of Newton Regis from 1350 to date.
At: Harbury (Erdebury).
[Please quote SC626 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/6/2  [1472]

Contents:
Lady Isabel Cokeyn, widow of Sir John Cokeyn, knight, and John Shyrley, esquire. 2 Jan. 11 Edw. IV
Whereas Isabel and John were in dispute over the advowson of Kyngesnewton (Warws.), of which Isabel claimed the whole and which claim John denied, their councils undertook an inquiry and discovered that the advowson has been exercised alternately between John Shyrley's ancestors and John Cokeyn's ancestors, and whereas Isabel presented last, John Shyrley shall present this time.
At: Newton Regis.
[Please quote GC4366 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/6/3  [14 Jan. 1391]

Contents:
Richard Herthull, knight, and Robert Brom of Warwick, steward of the courts of Thomas Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, in Warwickshire. Sat. after St. Hilary, 14 Ric. II
Whereas Richard granted to Richard Bromleye, clerk, Roger Vuker of the church of Pollesworth, and John Shepeye of Tamworth, chaplains, half of the manor of Kyngesneuton by charter dated Saturday after St. James the apostle, 10 Ric. II [28 July 1386], and then Richard, Roger and John granted the half to Richard, Mary his wife and their male issue, with successive remainders to William son of Giles de Herthulle, knight, and his male issue, and to Thomas Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, his heirs and assigns, by charter dated Saturday the eve of St. Simon and St. Jude, 10 Ric. II [27 Oct. 1386], Robert testifies that he has not been enfeoffed in the said half or in any other of the lands of the said Richard de Herthulle.
At: Warwick.
[Please quote GC3846 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PERSONAL  BCM/G/1/7  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/G/1/7/1  [1441]

Contents:
Humphrey [Stafford] earl of Stafford and Ralph Shirley, knight. 15 July 19 Hen. VI
Humphrey is bound to Ralph in £1,000 payable at Holy Trinity next [27 May 1442]; [on the dorse] the condition of the bond is that their quarrel regarding the title and possession of all the manors, lands, and holdings which were of Ralph Lord of Basset in the counties of Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire should be decided by arbitration, Humphrey appointing Ralph lord of Cromwell, John Portyngton and William Tresseham or others of his choice, and Ralph appointing John, viscount and lord of Beaumonde, John Fortescu and Thomas Monge or others of his choice.
[Please quote GC4219 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE DRAYTON INHERITANCE  BCM/G/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Drayton inheritance passed to the Lovets (BCM/G/5) through the marriage of Thomas Lovet (d. 1492) with Anne sister and heir of Richard de Drayton, who died chidless in 1479. Anne's inheritance also included part of the Cranford inheritance (BCM/G/4), to which her grandmother Anne had been coheir, and the Prayers inheritance (BCM/G/3), through her great-great-grandmother Alice. The Drayton family's estate had grown through acquisitions, some evidently planned and some fortuitous, by marriages to heiresses. The family came from Drayton, in Lowick (Northants.), where it held the manor, along with Slipton, from the mid 12th century. The manors passed from father to son through Walter (d. 1210-11) and Sir Henry (d. 1253) to Baldwin (d. 1278), who acquired the manor of Botolph Bridge, in Orton Longueville (Hunts.), on his marriage in 1259 to Idonia, daughter of Robert de Gimiles, and died holding Drayton and Botolph Bridge. [VCH Hunts. iii. 196; CIPM ii, no. 260.] His son and heir John died in 1291-2 holding the same two manors and leaving a son Simon aged 9 or 10 [CIPM iii, no. 17.] Simon married Margaret, sister of Gilbert de Lindsey of Molesworth (Hunts.), and between 1330 and 1354 he acquired the manor of Cranford St. John (Northants.), also known as FitzRanes manor. At his death in 1357 aged 75 he left a son John, who married his cousin Christine, daughter and coheir of Gilbert de Lindsey. Simon had made some major settlements. [VCH Northants. iii. 190; CIPM x, nos. 369, 446.] Cranford had been granted to feoffees in 1354 and may have been passed then to John since it is not mentioned in Simon's inquisition post mortem. Simon and Margaret held Molesworth for life, the reversion belonging to Gilbert de Lindsey's coheirs (his daughter Christine, wife of John de Drayton, and Thomas Dacre, son of Christine's sister Isabel), and Botolph Bridge and Drayton were held in jointure by Simon and Margaret. Margaret consequently held all the lands except Cranford until her death in 1358, when Molesworth was divided, half passing to John and Christine, Drayton to John, and half of Botolph Bridge to John's son Baldwin. [The remainder of the other half of Botolph Bridge had been settled on the Paynel family; in 1340 John Paynel had bound himself in an annual rent of 40 marks to Simon de Drayton from his manor of Boothby Pagnell (Lincs.): below, BCM/G/2/4/1 [GC 2969].] In 1360 Christine sold her half of Molesworth and there is no mention of it among the charters at the Castle. [VCH Hunts. iii. 93.] John died presumably between 1358 and 1360. In 1362 Drayton and Slipton passed to John's sister Katherine on her marriage to the Chief Justice Henry Green. [VCH Northants. iii. 237, 243-4.]
Baldwin de Drayton married Alice de Prayers, sister and eventually heir of Thomas de Prayers (d. 1388 x 1391) [Bridges, Northants. ii. 197.] Alice brought the manors of Dorsington (Glos.) and Strixton (Northants.) to the Drayton family. In 1394 Baldwin and Alice granted Dorsington and Cranford to their son John, and in 1400, after Baldwin's death, John granted them back to Alice for her life, at the same time as Alice granted Botolph Bridge to him. Strixton presumably passed to John on his father's death, and he paid an aid to the earl of Warwick for half a fee in Dorsington in 1424. John's son and heir apparent, another John, married Anne, daughter and coheir of Robert de Cranford (d. 1454?) of South Newington (Oxon.), but died in 1429 in the lifetime of his father. In Nov. 1429 the elder John granted the manor of Botolph Bridge to Anne for life, and ten years later he settled the other manors of Dorsington, Strixton and Cranford on himself and his wife Margaret and their issue. [Margaret may not have been the mother of the younger John. In 1443 she and her son William de Drayton quitclaimed all actions to one of the feoffees of the 1439 settlement: below, BCM/G/3/1/12 [GC 4235]. If the settlement was designed to transfer the bulk of the family holdings to the younger son by a later wife, it evidently failed; possibly William died without issue.] Margaret was a widow in June 1445. The inheritance of Robert de Cranford was partitioned in April 1454 between Anne, then the widow of Thomas Halle, and her sister Alice, wife of John Barry; Anne was to have South Newington and Alice all the other lands, with Anne paying 8 marks a year to Alice in addition. [The Cranford inheritance included lands in Wigginton and Barford (Oxon.) as well as South Newington, and Robert de Cranford's wife Alice had inherited lands in Berkshire and Oxfordshire from her father Walter Dauntsey.] Anne paid the rent to the Barrys in 1459, but by 1465 it was paid by her son William de Drayton. [By 1480 the Barrys' purparty had passed to Richard Halle and his wife Elizabeth, who sold the rent to Thomas Lovet and his wife Anne in that year.] William died soon after, leaving a son Richard who died without issue in 1479, and a daughter Anne, who married Thomas Lovet of Astwell. Thomas died in 1492 holding Botolph Bridge, Dorsington, South Newington, Cranford St. John and Strixton as well as Astwell. [CIPM Hen. VII, i, nos. 749-51, 753.]
Most of the charters in this section are concerned with Botolph Bridge, which was acquired by Baldwin de Drayton on his marriage in 1259 to Idonia, daughter of Robert de Gimiles, and became the family's principal manor.

BOTOLPH BRIDGE, IN ORTON LONGUEVILLE (HUNTS.)  BCM/G/2/1  [n.d.]

THE DRAYTONS' MANOR  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/1  [1225]

Contents:
William de Giminges and Ralph son of Reginald de Pokebrok. 9 Hen. III
(i) Grant from William to Ralph of 1 virgate of land in Botilbrigge which Geoffrey Coke holds, together with Geoffrey and all his issue and a half-virgate which Eve daughter of Godwyn held, and the service of Reginald son of Robert with his land in Overton and Botilbrigge. Witness: Norman Darcy
(ii) Final concord made two weeks after Easter [13 April] whereby Ralph has acknowledged the right of William to 8 virgates of land, 3 tofts and 20s. rent in Botilbrigge and Overton and in return William has granted to Ralph 1 virgate etc. [as in (i)].
[Please quote SC174 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/2  nd

Contents:
Robert de Gymull; and Hugh de Boby and Emma daughter of Robert n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Robert, with the assent of Sibyl his wife, has granted to Hugh and Emma and their issue half of his land of Botolbrigg and Overtone. [Copy.]
[Please quote GC2599 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/3  [13 Jan. 1259]

Contents:
Sibyl de Gimiles, widow, and Sir Baldewin de Draiton. Mon. one week after Epiphany, 43 Hen. III
Sibyl has granted to Baldewin, in free marriage with Idonia her daughter, and their heirs [sic], all her land in Overton Lungevill and in Bothoubrig, to hold as a quarter of a fee; if they die without issue [sic] then the lands are to revert to Sibyl.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Hementon, Sir John de Wyham, Sir John de Lungewill, Sir Gilbert de Sancto Laudo, knights, William de Pokebrok, William de Sancto Medardo, Robert son of Alexander de Careby, Simon de Ownabi, clerk.
At: Careby.
[Please quote GC488 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/4  [14 Dec. 1259]

Contents:
Robert de Gymilles; and Baldwin de Draytone and Idonia his wife. Sunday the morrow of St. Lucy
Robert has granted to Baldwin and Idonia all his land in Botulfbregge; rent a sore sparrowhawk or 2s. a year, and Baldwin and Idonia have given Robert £120.
Witnesses: Sir William le Moyne, Walter de Washingele, Robert de Beumys, John de Longavilla, Geoffrey Russel, Richard de Hemington, Wydo Gobald, Simon de Copmanford, William de Waldis, John de Folkeswrthe, Robert de Meynil, Laurence de Overton, Ralph de Waldesek, William de Torp.
At: Botolph Bridge.
[Please quote SC429 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/5  [c. 24 June 1269]

Contents:
Baldwin de Drayton, knight, and Emma widow of William de Waldis. n.d.
Baldwin has demised to Emma the capital messuage with a dovecot and all other buildings in the vill of Overton Longevile and 25 a. of land, and 12 a. which Ranulph de Careby held and 8 a. of Baldwin's demesne, with 6 a. of meadow in the meadow called Baam in the same vill of Overton and Botulbrig', and 4 villeins with the land which they hold and their issue and pasture for 6 oxen and 2 horses in his enclosed pasture called Goldheye; for a certain sum of money, for a term of 10 years beginning at the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 53 Hen. III.
Witnesses: Hugh de Boby, Ralph Waldesef, Thomas de Welham, William son of Arnold de Jakel, William Joklyn, William de Meynil, Richard de Cattewrth, Richard Hotot of Weston, Richard de Aylington.
[Please quote GC1338 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/6  [23 May 1279]

Contents:
Lady Sibyl de Gyming and Sir Baldwin de Drayton, knight. Tues. in Whitsun week
Memorandum of grant by Sibyl to Baldwin, in free marriage with her daughter Idonia, of all her land in Overton de Lungewill and in Botilbrigg, reciting her charter of 6 Jan. 1259.
At: Elsthorpe.
[Please quote GC486; duplicate GC487 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/7  [1278 x 1292]

Contents:
Copy of two charters: n.d.
(i) John son of Henry de Overton and Sir John de Drayton, son and heir of Sir Baldwin de Drayton.
John de Overton has confirmed to John de Drayton a rent of 12d. in Overton Longevile which Henry his father paid for 1 a. of land above le Feuforlong, and John has given him 23s.
(ii) Nicholas de Flors and Sir Baldwin de Drayton.
Nicholas, with the assent of Agnes his wife, has granted to Baldwin, for 4 marks, 1 a. of arable land in Overton above le Feuforlonge; rent 12d. a year.
[Please quote GC947 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/8  [5 March 1319]

Contents:
Lady Alice, widow of Sir John de Drayton, knight, and Sir Simon de Drayton, knight, her son. Mon. in the second week of Lent, 12 Edw. II
Alice has leased and demised at farm to Simon, for her life, all her manor of Botilbrigge as fully as she holds it in dower; rent 20 marks a year during her life.
Witnesses: Sir Peter de Saltmerchs, knight, Sir Robert de Watervile, knight, John de Overton, John White, William White.
At: Botolph Bridge.
[Please quote GC2269 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/9  [21 Sept. 1332]

Contents:
Simon de Draytone, knight; and William de Empyngham, Robert his son, Henry de Empyngham and Alice his wife, Thomas de Fareshevyd and his wife Margaret. Mon. the feast of St. Matthew, 6 Edw. III
Simon has leased to William, Robert, Henry, Alice, Thomas and Margaret, for their lives, a furlong of land in the fields of Botulfbrigge called le Brode dole, containing 15 a. of land; rent 15s. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Hale, William Wyth, John Branche.
At: Botolph Bridge.
[Please quote GC2754 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/10  [28 March 1333]

Contents:
Simon de Drayton, knight; and Richard le Sopere and Margaret his wife. Palm Sunday, 7 Edw. III
Simon has demised at farm to Richard and Margaret 7½ a. of land in Botilbrigge in the furlong called le Brodedole; for their lives; rent 7s. 6d. a year.
Witnesses: Alexander de Evemethe in Yaxley, Richard Albert of the same, William de Empyngham, Richard de Paxstone of the same, William le White of Overton, John le Whyte of the same.
At: Botolph Bridge.
[Please quote GC2770 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/11  [28 May 1333]

Contents:
Robert Geymilis of Stagsden; and Sir Simon de Draytone, knight, and Margaret his wife. Fri. after St. Augustine, 7 Edw. III
Robert has quitclaimed to Stephen and Margaret a rent of a sore sparrowhawk or 2s. a year for the manor of Botelbrigge.
Witnesses: Sir Ralph Basset of Weldon, Sir Geoffrey Rydel, knights, Henry Trayly, Simon Graylond, Robert Aleyn, Oliver de Nowers, Robert de Tolthorpe, Richard de Molesworth.
At: Corby.
[Please quote GC2773 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/12  [17 July 1346]

Contents:
Reginald de Neutone, abbot of Thorney, and Sir Simon de Drayton, knight. Mon. before St. Margaret the virgin, 20 Edw. III
The abbot has quitclaimed to Simon a wood called Wymestros by Simon's hall on one side and le Lappe on the other, and also 1 a. and half a rood of wood at Plumwell between Simon's hall and le Trench.
Witnesses: Sir Robert de Thorp, Sir John Daundelyn, knights, William Seintmor, Richard de Islep, Henry Trayly.
At: Thorney.
[Please quote GC3144 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/13  [29 Sept. 1358]

Contents:
John son of Sir Simon de Drayton, knight; and Baldwin de Drayton, his son, and Alice his wife. Sat. in Michaelmas, 32 Edw. III
John has quitclaimed to Baldwin and Alice the manor of Botulvesbrugge and all the lands which they have in Botulvesbrugge and also Ovirton Longevyle.
At: Botolph Bridge.
[Please quote GC3476 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/14  [13 June 1400]

Contents:
Alice widow of Baldwin de Drayton and John, Baldwin's son. Trinity Sunday, 1 Hen. IV
Alice has granted to John her manor of Botylbrugge (Hunts.); to John and his assigns for his life, with remainder to Alice if she survives him.
[Please quote GC3974 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/15  [13 June 1400]

Contents:
(1) Alice widow of Baldwin de Drayton; (2) Robert Pynfold chaplain or Thomas Gardyner or William Daundelyn; (3) John son of Baldwin de Drayton. Trinity Sunday, 1 Hen. IV
Alice has appointed Robert or Thomas or William to deliver seisin to John of the manor of Botylbrygge (Hunts.).
[Please quote GC3975 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/16  [30 Nov. 1429]

Contents:
John Drayton and Anne widow of his son John Drayton. St. Andrew, 8 Hen. VI
John has granted to Anne his manor of Botilbrygge for her life, with remainder to the issue of Anne and John the son, and John the son and his heirs.
Witnesses: John de Catesby, William Tresham, Thomas Drayton.
[Please quote GC4166 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/17  [30 Nov. 1429]

Contents:
(1) Anne widow of John Drayton, son of John Drayton of Dorsington; (2) Edmund Pugeon and William Cossenet; (3) John Drayton of Dorsington. St. Andrew, 8 Hen. VI
Anne has appointed Edmund and William to receive seisin, from the said John Drayton of Dorsington, of the manor of Botilbrugge (Hunts.) and the other lands and holdings of John in Botilbrugge and Overtone Longville.
[Please quote GC4167 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/18  [1 Nov. 1321]

Contents:
Robert de Lay, chaplain of Orton Longueville, and Nicholas de Lay, his brother. All Saints, 15 Edw. II
Robert has granted to Nicholas, his heirs and assigns a cottage with a croft, and a croft in Botilbrygge, and a half-acre of land in Botilbrygge.
Witnesses: Ralph de Lay, John de Overtone, John Wyth, William Wyth, John Braunche.
At: Orton Longueville.
[Please quote GC2368 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/1/19  [5 Nov. 1386]

Contents:
John Carletone, parson of Yaxley, and John atte Prestys, vicar of Fotheringhay; and Thomas Carletone of Farcet and Joan his wife. Mon. after All Saints, 10 Ric. II
John and John have granted to Thomas and Joan, and their heirs and assigns, a messuage with a croft in the vill of Botilbregge, and 1 rood of land.
Witnesses: Richard Abber' of Yaxley, the king's bailiff, William Clement of the same, Richard Wynewike of Overton Longville, Alexander Fletton of the same, Thomas Wrytte, John Colbourne of Botolph Bridge, Robert Saliour of the same.
At: Botolph Bridge.
[Please quote GC3812 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CRANFORD ST. JOHN (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/2/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter below is the earliest evidence of the Draytons' posssession of the manor; how the manor came to Simon de Drayton is unknown, and until 1330 it had been held by a family called de Cranford. [VCH Northants. iii. 190.] In 1394 Baldwin and Alice de Drayton granted Dorsington and Cranford to their son John, who almost immediately granted it back to them, and again granted both manors to his widowed mother Alice in 1400. In 1439 Cranford was settled, with Dorsington and Strixton, on John de Drayton, his wife Margaret and their issue: below, BCM/G/3/1/8-13.

[no title]  BCM/G/2/2/1  [1 July 1354]

Contents:
Simon de Draytone, knight; and Sir John de Sulgrave, parson of Langport, William de Islep, parson of Conington, and Sir John de Ryngstede, parson of Harpole. Tues. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 28 Edw. III
Simon has granted to John, William and John, and their heirs and assigns, his manor of Cranforde with the appurtenances and all the lands and holdings which were of William Raulyn and Thomas Cursoun, except an annual rent of 5 marks.
Witnesses: Thomas de Bifeld, John de Brerele, John Daundelyn, John Louwich, William Nouweres.
At: Drayton.
[Please quote GC3416 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SLIPTON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/2/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was held by the Drayton family in the 13th and 14th centuries but, with the manor of Drayton in Lowick, passed out of their hands in 1362. [VCH Northants. iii, 237, 243-4.]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/3/1  [16 March 1329]

Contents:
Geoffrey Balle of Slipton; and William le Wolmongger of Twywell and Joan his wife. Thurs. after St. Gregory, 3 Edw. III
Geoffrey has granted to William and Joan and their issue a selion of land in the west field above Pynerode, with remainder to William's heirs.
Witnesses: Simon de Suttone in Slipton, Philip de Tyffeld in the same, Henry Somyner of the same, William Basset of the same, Nicholas the clerk of the same.
At: Slipton.
[Please quote GC2675 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/3/2  [24 April 1329]

Contents:
Isabel Waytestache of Slipton, and William le Wolmongger of Twywell and Joan his wife. Morrow of Easter, 3 Edw. III
Isabel has granted to William and Joan and their issue two selions of land in Slipton, one at Swetescros ancfone at le Galles, with remainder to William's heirs.
Witnesses: Geoffrey Balle, Philip de Tyffeld, Henry Somynour, William Basset, Nicholas the clerk.
At: Slipton.
[Please quote GC2677 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/3/3  [1 Nov. 1330]

Contents:
Margery de Irlond of Slipton, widow; and William le Wolmonggere of Twywell and Joan his wife. Margery has granted to William and Joan and their issue two selions of land in Overemedwe, with remainder to William's heirs. Thurs. the feast of All Saints, 4 Edw. III
Witnesses: Geoffrey Balle of Slipton, William Basset of the same, Philip de Tyffeld of the same, Ralph Roche of the same, Nicholas the clerk of the same.
At: Slipton.
[Please quote GC2714 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/3/4  [10 April 1331]

Contents:
Henry son of Geoffrey le Somenour of Slipton; and William le Wollemongere of Twywell and Joan his wife. Wed. after St. Ambrose, 5 Edw. III
Henry has granted to William and Joan and their issue three selions of land in the east field of Scliptone, with remainder to William's heirs.
Witnesses: William Basseth of Slipton, Ralph de Lattebiri, Nicholas le Hayward, Thomas Leuwis, Geoffrey Balle.
At: Slipton.
[Please quote GC2722 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PERSONAL  BCM/G/2/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/4/1  [1340]

Contents:
John son of John Paynel, knight, and Sir Simon de Draytone, knight. 12 April 14 Edw. III
John is bound to Simon in an annual rent of 40 marks from his manor of Bothebi (Lincs.).
Witnesses: John de Waldegrave, John de Traneslee, Henry Trailli, William Seymor of Boughton, Richard de Islep, John Hirdman, Robert de Lufwyk.
At: Drayton (Northants.).
[Please quote GC2969 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/4/2  [3 July 1391]

Contents:
John Newman, rector of Sezincote; and Baldwin Draitone, John Draitone, John Stalhom, William Salman, Nicholas Wache and Laurence Everard. Mon. before the translation of St. Thomas the martyr, 15 Ric. II
John Newman has quitclaimed to Baldwin, John, John, William, Nicholas and Laurence all actions, real or personal.
[Please quote GC3853 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/2/4/3  [1433]

Contents:
William [de Newington] abbot of Pershore and John Drayton of Dorsington, esquire. 21 April 11 Hen. VI
William has quitclaimed to John all personal actions against him.
At: Aldermaston.
[Please quote GC4172 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE PRAYERS INHERITANCE  BCM/G/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Strixton (Northants.) was the ancient patrimony of the Prayers (or de Pratellis) family, held by them since the 12th century. [Bridges, Northants. ii. 197; VCH Northants. iv. 55.] It passed from William de Prayers (temp. Ric. I) to his son and heir Henry, who acquired the lands held in dower by Felicia widow of William Fauconberg, and then to Henry's successor Henry (II) de Prayers, who held a quarter of a fee there of the earl of Warwick in 1296. The younger Henry is said to have married Sarah, a daughter of Norman de Beaumont, and acquired Dorsington in her right [Bridges, Northants. ii. 197.] but while there are several charters concerned with the Beaumont family in Dorsington there is no evidence for the suggestion and, indeed, Henry (II)'s wife is not named and appears in none of the charters. Moreover, in 1316 it was Henry's uncle Thomas de Verdon who was named as lord of Dorsington [Feud. Aids, iv. 267.] Henry died in 1322 and was succeeded by his son Thomas (d. 1328 x 1339), [Some sort of settlement of Dorsington and Strixton was made in 1328 when feoffees granted the manors to Thomas.] who left a widow Alice (fl. 1339), and Thomas by his son Sir Henry (III) (d. 1346 x 1348). That Henry's wife was called Sarah, and when their son Thomas (II) de Prayers died without issue between 1388 and 1391 the family lands passed to his sister Alice, wife of Baldwin de Drayton. [Bridges, Northants. ii. 197. It has been suggested that Baldwin's wife Alice was the daughter of Richard son of Thomas (II) de Prayers: VCH Northants. iv. 55. It is unlikely, however, that Alice, who was married by 1357, was the granddaughter of Thomas (II), who was still active in 1388. Richard son of Thomas de Prayers was one of four brothers of Henry (III), the others being John (cf. below, BCM/G/3/1/42 [GC 3805]), Thomas and William: Bridges, Northants. ii 197. There is on evidence that Richard was concerned with the manor of Dorsington.]
Most of the charters are concerned with Dorsington; Strixton is represented by relatively few, possibly because George Shirley sold it in 1588.

DORSINGTON (GLOS.)  BCM/G/3/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Dorsington lay in the far north-east corner of Gloucestershire and is now in Warwickshire. Following the settlements of Dorsington and Cranford St. John in 1394 and 1439 (the second involving John and Margaret de Drayton's younger son William), Dorsington passed to William de Drayton (d. 1465). George Shirley was lord in 1608. [Rudder, Glos. 413. William Watson is recorded there as having had livery of the manor in 1572-3, but his connection with Shirley, if there was any, is unknown.]

THE MANOR  [no ref. or date]

Grants to Roger Northburgh, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/1  [1329 x 1330]

Contents:
(1) Thomas de Rodbergh, sheriff of Gloucestershire and bailiff of Kiftsgate (Kyft'); (2) Thomas de Prayers; (3) Roger bishop of Coventry and Lichfield. n.d.
Whereas an agreement. [A final concord dated 20 Jan. 1329: PRO, CP 25/1/77/56, no. 18.] was made in the king's court at York between Thomas de Prayers and the bishop concerning the manor of Dersynton, that Thomas acknowledged the right of the bishop and the bishop granted it to Thomas for his life, Thomas de Rodbergh now declares that Thomas (de Prayers) has received seisin.
[Please quote GC2550 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/2  [23 May 1339]

Contents:
Henry de Preers and Sir Roger bishop of Coventry and Lichfield. Holy Trinity, 13 Edw. III
Henry has granted to Roger, for a certain sum of money, his manor of Dersintone with the advowson, for Roger's life.
Witnesses: Sir John Trussel of Acton, Sir James de Stafford, Sir Malcolm le Wasteneys, knights, John de Astone, Thomas de Grenham lord of Ketton.
At: Haywood.
[Please quote GC2950 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/3  [30 Sept. 1339]

Contents:
Richard de Hampton and Sir Roger bishop of Coventry and Lichfield. Thurs. after Michaelmas, 13 Edw. III
Richard has granted to Roger all his lands and holdings in Dersingtone (Glos.), viz. those which Alice widow of Thomas de Prayeres had by assignment of Henry de Prayeres, son and heir of Thomas, to hold for the life of John son of Thomas le Irreys of Ansty.
Witnesses: Thomas de Grenham, John Dayrell, Roger de Arderne, Roger le Mareshale, Ralph le Heymongere.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC2961 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Settlement of Dorsington and Cranford St. John, 1394  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/4  [23 Sept. 1394]

Contents:
Baldwin de Draytone of Cranford and Alice his wife; and John de Draytone their son. Wed. before Michaelmas, 18 Ric. II
Baldwin and Alice have granted to John, his heirs and assigns, their manor of Craneford (Northants.) with all the appurtenances, and also their manor of Dersyngtone (Glos.) with all the appurtenances except a messuage and 2 carucates of land.
Witnesses: John Mulsho, John Tyndale, John de Weltone, John Fossebrook of Northamptonshire, Richard Welneford the elder, Richard Welneford the younger, Richard Busshell.
At: Cranford.
[Please quote GC3889; duplicate GC3890 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/5  [23 Sept. 1394]

Contents:
Baldwin de Draytone of Cranford and Alice his wife; and John de Draytone their son. Wed. before Michaelmas, 18 Ric. II
Whereas Baldwin and Alice granted to John in fee simple the manor of Craneford (Northants.) and the manor of Dersyngton (Glos.), except a messuage and 2 carucates of land, John has granted that he will re-enfeoff Baldwin and Alice by Easter next.
Witnesses: John Mulsho, John Tyndale, John de Welton, John Fossebrook.
At: Cranford.
[Please quote GC3891 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/6  [31 Oct. 1394]

Contents:
John de Draytone, son of Baldwin de Draytone of Cranford; and the said Baldwin and Alice his wife. Sat. before All Saints, 18 Ric. II
John has quitclaimed to Baldwin and Alice, and Alice's heirs and assigns, a messuage and 2 carucates of land in Dersyngtone (Glos.).
Witnesses: John Mulsho, John Tyndale, John de Welton, John Fossebrok, Richard Welneford.
[Please quote GC3892 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/7  [7 July 1400]

Contents:
John son of Baldwin de Drayton, and Alice, Baldwin's widow. Translation of St. Thomas, archbishop and martyr, 1 Hen. IV
John has granted to Alice the manor of Craneford called FitzRanes manere (Northants.) and his manor of Dersynton (Glos.); for her life, with remainder to John and his heirs.
[Please quote GC4082 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Settlement of Dorsington, Strixton and Cranford St. John, 1439  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/8  [1439]

Contents:
John Bokeland, official of the jurisdiction of Stratford, Thomas Lecke, master, John Webbe, John Hanneys, Thomas Mayell, Thomas Balsale, aldermen, of the Guild of Holy Cross, Stratford, have inspected the following deeds: [John de Drayton's daughter-in-law Anne married secondly Thomas Hall, who may have been of Stratford-upon-Avon (cf. below, BCM/G/4/12/2 [GC 4140]), accounting for the guild's interest.] n.d.
(i) Grant by John de Drayton, lord of Dorsington Magna, to John Salysbury, rector of Dorsington, and William Wryght, rector of Stryxston (Northants.), of the manors and advowsons of Dorsington, Strixton and Cranford; dated at Dorsington the morrow of Ascension, 17 Hen. VI [15 May 1439];
(ii) Power of attorney for livery of the same, same date;
(iii) Re-grant by John and William to John Drayton and Margaret his wife and the heirs of their bodies, same date;
(iv) Power of attorney for livery.
At: Stratford-upon-Avon.
[Please quote SC590 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/9  [15 May 1439]

Contents:
(1) John Draytone, lord of Dorsington Magna (Glos.); (2) William Draytone; (3) John Salysbury, rector of Dorsington, and William Wryght, rector of Strixton (Northants.). Fri. the morrow of Ascension, 17 Hen. VI
John has appointed William to deliver seisin to John and William of all his lands, holdings, meadow [etc.] in the manor of Dorsyngton with the advowson of the church, of all his lands [etc.] in Strysxton (Northants.) and the advowson of the church, and of the manor of Cranford.
[Please quote GC4210 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/10  [29 June 1439]

Contents:
John Salysbury rector of Dorsington (Glos.) and William Wryght rector of Strixton (Northants.); and John Draytone, lord of Dorsington, and Margaret his wife. Mon. after the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 17 Hen. VI
John and William have granted to John and Margaret their manors of Dorsyngton with the advowson (Glos.), of Strysxton with the advowson and of Cranford (Northants.), which they had by John's grant; to them and their issue, with remainder to John's right heirs.
Witnesses: Robert Busschell, William Bemond, William Rose, Thomas Compere, Thomas Drayton, John Chamburleyn, William Chamburleyn.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC4211 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/11  [29 June 1439]

Contents:
(1) John Salysbury, rector of Dorsington (Glos.), and William Wryght, rector of Strixton (Northants.); (2) William Drayton; (3) John, William's father, and Margaret his wife. Mon. after the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 17 Hen. VI
John and William have appointed William Drayton to deliver seisin to John and Margaret of the manors of Dorsyngton with the advowson (Glos.), of Stryxston with the advowson and of Cranford (Northants.).
[Please quote GC4212 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/12  [1443]

Contents:
Margaret Drayton, lady of Dorsington, and William Drayton her son; and John Salesbury, rector of Dorsington. 12 Nov. 22 Hen. VI
Margaret and William have quitclaimed to John all actions, real or personal [etc.].
[Please quote GC4235 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/13  [17 June 1445]

Contents:
John Salysbury, rector of Dorsington (Glos.), and William Wryght, rector of Strixton (Northants.); and Margaret Drayton, widow of John Drayton, lord of Dorsington. St. Botulph, 23 Hen. VI
John and William have quitclaimed to Margaret, and the issue of Margaret and John Drayton, the manor of Dorsyngton (Glos.) and the manor of Cranford (Northants.), which they had by grant of John Drayton.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC4248 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other charters concerning the manor  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/14  [12 Aug. 1328]

Contents:
(1) John in the willows (en la zaus) [John in the willows (in salicibus, en la zaus) was evidently a close associate of Thomas de Prayers: in 1324 they jointly owed £120 to the executors of Thomas's great-uncle, Thomas de Verdun, and John acted, apparently, as a feoffee in 1328: VCH Northants. iv. 55.] of Finedon; (2) William de Wormynton, parson of the church of Dorsington, and William Broun; (3) Thomas de Praieres. Fri. before the Assumption, 2 Edw. III
John has appointed William and William, or either of them, to give seisin to Thomas of the manors of Dersyntone (Glos.) and Strixtone (Northants.), as in his charter.
At: Finedon.
[Please quote GC2659 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/15  [9 Sept. 1424]

Contents:
Richard Eton, feodary of Richard de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, and John Drayton. Sat. after the nativity of Our Lady, 3 Hen. VI
Richard has received from John 10s. for half a knight's fee in Dorsington, in aid owed to the said earl for the marriage of his eldest daughter.
At: Warwick.
[Please quote GC4141 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/16  [25 Nov. 1429]
Language:  French

Contents:
Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, and John Drayton of Dorsington. 25 Nov. 8 Hen. VI
To all his steward, bailiffs [etc.], Richard has received John's homage for certain lands that John holds of him in Dersyngton.
[Please quote SC587 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ACQUISITIONS  [no ref. or date]

The Beaumont holdings  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Beaumontsland, leased to Thomas de Prayers, 1377 and other Beaumont holdings

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/17  [19 Feb. 1356]

Contents:
Margery daughter of the late Thomas Beaumount of Dorsington and Sir Richard rector of Rous Lench. Fri. after the translation of St. Edward the king, 30 Edw. III
Margery has granted to Richard, his heirs and assigns all her messuages and lands in Magna Dersintone with the meadows, rents [etc.], which she inherited after the death of her father.
Witnesses: Richard Wartelot of Welford, Richard Mason of Dorsington, Richard Juggevit, Richard Taillour of Barton.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3444 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/18  [1 Nov. 1359]

Contents:
Richard Payn of Dorsington and John Smyth. All Saints, 33 Edw. III
Richard has quitclaimed to John all actions, real and personal.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3496 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/19  [18 Sept. 1361]

Contents:
Richard parson of Rous Lench and Richard Payn of Dorsington. Sat. after the Exaltation of Holy Cross, 35 Edw. III
Richard the parson has quitclaimed to Richard Payn a messuage and lands in Magna Dersyntone which he had by grant of Margery daughter of the late Thomas Beaumount.
Witnesses: Richard de Lench the elder, Richard Bartilot the younger, Richard Mason of Dorsington.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3526 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/20  [5 Oct. 1376]

Contents:
Richard Payn of Marlcliff and Richard Coke of Henley. Sun. before St. Faith, 50 Edw. III
Richard Payn has granted to Richard Coke, for Richard Payn's life, all the lands and holdings which he has in Dersynton (Glos.) by the law of England, called Beaumondeslond, in the right of Margery Beaumond, his late wife; rent 40. a year and 7 qr. of corn.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3699 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/21  [14 May 1377]
Language:  French

Contents:
Richard Coke of Henley and Thomas Preiers of Dorsington. Thurs. before Whit Sunday, 51 Edw. III
Richard has leased to Thomas, for Richard's life, all the lands [etc.], which Richard has in Dersynton (Glos.) called Beaumondeslond and the reversion of the holding in Budyford which Sibyl wife of William Draper and John son of Richard Coke hold for their lives, with the marriage of Thomas son of the said Richard when he is 14 years old, and if he dies the marriage of William son of Richard, until the full age of the heir; rent to Richard Payn of Marleclyve 40d. and 7 qr. of corn a year.
At: Henley.
[Please quote GC3711 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/22  [14 May 1377]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Richard Coke of Henley; (2) William de Wormyndone and William Clerk; (3) Thomas Preiers. Thurs. before Whit Sunday, 51 Edw. III
Richard has appointed William and William to deliver seisin to Thomas, for Richard's life, of all the lands [etc.], in Dersyntone (Glos.) called Beaumondeslond.
[Please quote GC3710 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/23  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
William lord of Eston and Henry de Bello monte. n.d.
William, with the assent of Sibyl his wife, has granted to Henry 8 a. of land in the territory of Magna Dorsinton, which John Gobithegrund held; rent 1d. a year, and Henry has given William 5 marks.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Ullinton, Henry of the moor (de moro), Reginald de Barcliva, Richard de Bussera, Richard de Bussera his son, Walter de Bello monte, Robert son of the knight (miles) of Dorsington.
[Please quote GC749 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/24  [19 July 1310]

Contents:
Alice, daughter and heir of Rondus the clerk of Budiford and of Milicent his wife, widow, and John son of Henry Beaumunt. Sun. after St. Kenelm, 4 Edw. II
Alice has quitclaimed to John a messuage and croft in Dorsinton, which John inherited from his father, and he has given her a certain sum of money.
Witnesses: John de Ullinton, Peter de Gatewyk, John Nichol, Thomas Beaumont, Adam le Frank.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1756 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/25  [1 March 1311]

Contents:
Thomas de Verdoun, clerk, and William de Kyngesclere, clerk. Mon. after St. Matthew, 4 Edw. II
Thomas has appointed William his attorney to receive seisin of a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Dersintone which Thomas and Henry de Pratell his nephew had by grant of Ismania widow of Henry de Beumond.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1797 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/26  [7 Dec. 1311]

Contents:
Thomas de Verdun, lord of Dorsington, and Henry de Preyers, knight; and Ismania widow of Henry de Beumund of Dorsington. Tues. after St. Nicholas, 5 Edw. II
Thomas and Henry have granted to Ismania a messuage with a curtilage and a croft in the vill of Dorsington and 4 a. of land in the fields of the same place; for her life, rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas de Beumund of Dorsington, Adam Fraunkeleyn of the same, John de Beumund of the same, John Nichol of Pebworth, John Burne of Dorsington.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1850 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/27  [20 Jan. 1317]

Contents:
Sir Thomas de Verdun and Sir Henry de Preiers, knight, lords of Dorsington; and Ralph son of Henry de Beaumund of Dorsington. Thurs. in St. Fabian and St. Sebastian, 10 Edw. II
Thomas and Henry have granted to Ralph and the wife whom he first takes in marriage and a son or daughter of Ralph, a messuage, croft and 1 virgate of land in Dersinton; rent 20s. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas Beaumund of Dorsington, John de la Chaumbre of Broad Marston, Robert Hereward of Pebworth, John Nichol of the same, Richard Berthot of ...
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC2143 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/28  [1348]

Contents:
King Edward III; and Roger Hillary, Richard de la Pole and William de Chiltenham. 6 May 22 Edw. III
The king's writ to Roger, Richard and William to hear the plea by Thomas Beaumond and Margery his wife that they were unjustly disseised of their free holding in Dorsynton by Sarah widow of Henry Preyers of Dorsington, knight, Thomas her son, William le Mareschal, parson of Dorsington, and others.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3180 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Cauntelo holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/29  1272-1307

Contents:
John de Cauntelow, knight; and Sir Thomas de Verdun, rector of church of Farnham, and Henry de Preyeris, knight. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Thomas and Henry, and Henry's heirs, 1 virgate of land in Magna Dorsington, viz. that which Christina le Newmon, widow of Walter le Newmon, holds in villeinage, with the body of Christina and her issue and her chattels, with all the appurtenances of the virgate, which Sir John de Kauntelow, his father, had by grant from Ralph le Fraunkeleyn; and Thomas and Henry have given John a certain sum of money.
Witnesses: Henry de Charingworth, William de Aston, John de Aston, Walter Bewmund, Thomas Bewmund.
[Please quote GC1280 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/30  [7 Jan. 1305]

Contents:
Adam Fraunkeleyn of Dorsington and Sir Henry de Preieres, knight. Morrow of Epiphany, 33 Edw. I
Adam has granted to Henry an annual rent of 1d. from 1 virgate of land which Sir John Cauntelo, knight, holds of him in the vill of Dorsington, with all other services.
Witnesses: William de Aston, Nicholas de Stanel', John Burne, Thomas Beumund, Walter Beumund.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1082 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Franklin holdings  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/31  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Adam le Frankeleyn of Dorsington and John the chantry chaplain. n.d.
Adam has granted to John a messuage with a croft and 1 a. of land in the territory of Dersynton.
Witnesses: Henry de Pryers of Dorsington, Thomas Beumont of the same, John Berwe of Abriton.
[Please quote GC910 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/32  [16 May 1306]

Contents:
Adam Fraunkeleyn of Dorsington; and Sir Thomas de Verdun and Henry de Preyeres. Mon. before St. Dunstan, 34 Edw. I
Adam has quitclaimed to Thomas and Henry, and Henry's heirs, 1 virgate of land in Dorsington which Robert Fraunkeleyn his father once leased at farm to Thomas and Henry.
Witnesses: William de Aston, Nicholas de Stanel', John de Aston, Walter Beaumund, Thomas Bowmund of Dorsington.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1132 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/33  [16 May 1306]

Contents:
Adam Fraunkeleyn of Dorsington; and Sir Thomas de Verdun and Henry de Preyeres. Mon. before St. Dunstan, 34 Edw. I
Adam has quitclaimed to Thomas and Henry, and Henry's heirs, 1 virgate of land in Dorsington which Robert Fraunkeleyn his father once leased to Henry for 30 years.
Witnesses: William de Aston, Nicholas de Stanel', John de Aston, Walter de Beaumund, Thomas de Bowmund of Dorsington.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1133 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/34  [25 Nov. 1338]

Contents:
Adam Frankeleyn of Dorsington and Thomas his son. Wed. the feast of St. Katherine, 12 Edw. III
Adam has leased to Thomas a messuage and 2 a. of land in Dersintone; for life, rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Thomas Beaumont, John Harries, John Burne, John Nicol, Robert Mille.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC2925 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/35  [30 Sept. 1426]

Contents:
Henry Aldebury and Elizabeth de Buyrton his wife; and William Erlyche of Dorsington. Mon. after Michaelmas, 5 Hen. VI
Henry and Elizabeth have leased to William a holding with 5 a. of meadow called Fraunkelynplace, in Dorsyngton; for a term of 7 years, if Elizabeth lives that long, rent 9s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: John Dicheford of Dorsington, Thomas Bemound of Little Dorsington, John Fylle of Dorsington.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC4152 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Sir John de Gras's holding in Long Marston and Dorsington  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/36  [29 April 1313]

Contents:
John de Gras, knight; and Sir Thomas de Verdun and Sir Henry de Preyers, knight. Sun. after St. Mark, 6 Edw. II
John has granted to Thomas and Henry a rent of 4s. a year in Merston Sicca, from the lands and holdings held by Agnes de Shyrebourne.
Witnesses: Sir John de Langele, knight, Walter his son, John Bussel of Marston, Peter de Gatewyk of the same, Robert Hereward of Pebworth, John Nicol of the same, John Burne, Thomas Beaumond of Dorsington, Adam Frankeleyn of the same.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1911 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/37  [30 April 1313]

Contents:
John de Graas, knight; and Sir Thomas, de Verdun and Sir Henry de Preyers, knight. Mon. after St. Mark, 6 Edw. II
John has granted to Thomas and Henry 2 messuages and 2 virgates of land in Magna Dorsington, which Roger le Grey and Henry Robyn held of John in villeinage, and all his villeins in the said vill, with their issue and chattels; Thomas and Henry have given him 70 marks.
Witnesses: Sir John de Langele, knight, Walter his son, John de Wynecote, John de Heyford, John atte Grene, Robert Hereward, Thomas Beaumond.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC1914 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

John Harry's place in Dorsington, Pebworth and Long Marston  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/38  [28 July 1348]

Contents:
Amicia widow of John Henrys of Dorsington; and John son and heir of the said John Henrys and Isabel his wife. Mon. after St. Mary Magdalene, 22 Edw. III
Amicia has quitclaimed to John and Isabel her dower in a messuage in the vill of Dersyntone.
Witnesses: Thomas Beumond of Dorsington, Robert Francleyn of the same, Richard Gatewyk of Marston, John Lessy of Quenton, Hugh Hereward of Pebworth.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3181 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/39  [12 May 1354]

Contents:
Mariota daughter and heir of John Henrys of Dorsington; and Richard le Persones of Dorsington and Joan his wife. Mon. after St. John before the Latin Gate, 28 Edw. III
Mariota has granted to Richard and Joan, and their heirs and assigns, a messuage and 10½ a. of land, viz. 8 a. in Dersyntone, 1 a. in Pebbeworth and 1½ a. in Merstone.
Witnesses: William rector of Dorsington, Thomas Jurdan of Pebworth, John Gatewyke of the same, John Nichol of the same, Richard Franckeleyn.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3413 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/40  [16 Oct. 1366]

Contents:
Walter de Lench of Cleeve and Joan his wife, widow of Richard Persones of Dorsington; and William atte Were of Dorsington and Edith his wife. St. Michael in Monte Tumba, 40 Edw. III
Walter and Joan have granted to William and Edith, and their heirs and assigns, a messuage and 10½ a. of land, viz. 8 a. in Dersyntone, 1 a. in Pebbeworth and 1½a. in Merstone.
Witnesses: Robert Jurdan of Marston, John Chaumbre, Robert Bartlot of Welford, Richard Busshell of Marston.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3587 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/41  [10 July 1370]

Contents:
Joan Buyrne of Ebrington, widow; and William atte Were and Edith his wife. Wed. after the translation of St. Thomas the martyr, 44 Edw. III
Joan has quitclaimed to William and Edith a messuage and 9 a. of land and pasture called Johnharrisplays in Chirchdersynton which they had by grant of Richard le Mason late her husband.
Witnesses: John Rous, John Morhalle, Richard de Bertone, Richard Payn, John Chambre, Robert Jurdan.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3619 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/42  [20 June 1387]

Contents:
Edith ate Were of Dorsington and John son of Thomas Preyers of the same. Thurs. before St. John the Baptist, 10 Ric. II
Edith has leased to John a holding called Jakkeharryesplace and 9 a. of land in Dersyntone, Pebbeworthe and Merstone; for his life.
Witnesses: John Mylle of the same, William Parvel of the same, Thomas Broun of the same, William Street chaplain of the same parish, John le Lord of the same.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3805 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Mill holding  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Acquired by Thomas Lovet, probably after 1479 when his wife Anne inherited the manor from her brother Richard Drayton.

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/43  [14 Sept. 1456]

Contents:
Adam Mille, son and heir of Walter Mille, and William Rose of Aldermaston. Tues. the feast of the Exaltation of Holy Cross, 35 Hen. VI
Adam has granted to William, his heirs and assigns a messuage, 6 a. of land and a half-acre of meadow in Dorsynton.
Witnesses: Ralph Neville, knight, Thomas Burdet, esquire, John Rous, esquire.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC4292 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/44  [23 Sept. 1456]

Contents:
Adam Mille, son and heir of Walter Mille, and William Rose of Aldermaston. Thurs. before Michaelmas, 35 Hen. VI
Adam has quitclaimed to William, his heirs and assigns a messuage, 6 a. of land and a half-acre of meadow in Dorsynton.
Witnesses: Ralph Neville, knight, Thomas Burdet, esquire, John Rous, esquire.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC4293 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/45  [after 1479?]

Contents:
John Rose, son and heir of the late William Rose; and Thomas Lovete the elder, esquire, William Frecubton, husbandman, and John Nicole, husbandman. n.d.
John has granted to Thomas, William and John, their heirs and assigns, a messuage and 6 a. of land and a half-acre of meadow in the vill and fields of Dorsyngtone.
Witnesses: [Unfinished but sealed.]
[Please quote GC3332 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/46  [after 1479?]

Contents:
John Rose of Astwick (Northants.), yeoman, and Thomas Lovett, esquire. n.d.
John is bound to Thomas in 20 marks payable at Christmas next; with a memorandum that John has reserved 46s. 8d. in payment; [signed] John Rose; [on the dorse] the condition of the bond is that Thomas has bought from John and his wife Jane certain lands and holdings in Dorsynton, and that if John and Jane make 'suche suffycient astate' to Thomas, his heirs and assigns by final concord the bond shall be void.
[Please quote GC4316 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/47  [20 Sept. 1388]

Contents:
Roger Sulgrave, parson of Tixall (Tyxhale), and Elizabeth, daughter of Christine Byssthorp of Great Dorsington. Sun. before St. Matthew, 12 Ric. II
Roger has granted to Elizabeth all the lands and holdings in Magna Dersynton which he had by grant of Philip de Bideforde; for her life, with remainders to Elizabeth's son John for life, John's brother Thomas for life, Thomas's brother William for life, William's brother Richard for life, and the right heirs of Thomas Preyers, son and heir of Henry Preyers, knight.
Witnesses: Richard Bartlot of Welford the elder, Robert Jurdan of Marston, Edmund Jurdan of Pebworth, Thomas Bewmont of Dorsington, Richard Busschel of Marston.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC3826 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LEASE TO WALTER HARDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/48  [13 May 1323]

Contents:
Thomas de Preers and Walter Harding of Campden. Fri. before Whit Sunday, 16 Edw. II
Thomas has granted to Walter, his heirs and assigns, a messuage with appurtenances in Dersintone, which Christine Anys formerly held, and all the land which he has in the vill outside his furlongs between his villeins and his other tenants; rent 10s. a year.
Witnesses: John de Hamptone, John de Herford, Thomas Beumond of Dorsington, John Burne, John de la Chambre of Weston, Richard de Snoweshulle, John de Clyve.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC2405 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/49  [2 Aug. 1323]

Contents:
Walter Hardyng of Campden and Thomas, son and heir of Henry de Preyeres. Morrow of St. Peter in chains, 17 Edw. II
Walter and his heirs are bound to Thomas in an annual rent of 10s. from all his lands and holdings in the vill of Magna Dorsintone, which holding he had by enfeoffment of the said Thomas.
Witnesses: John de Hamptone, John de Heyvord, Thomas Beaumont, John Burne, Richard Perdoume.
At: Dorsington.
[Please quote GC2410 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DORSINGTON CHURCH  [no ref. or date]

Presentation of William Grund as rector, 1311  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/50  [3 March 1311]

Contents:
William called Grund of Dorsington, clerk of Worcester diocese, and Master Adam de Fakenham, clerk. 5 Nones of March 1310
William, having been presented to the church of Dorsington, has appointed Adam his proctor in all matters concerning the church.
At: London.
[Please quote GC1800 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/51  8 Ides of May [8 May] 1311

Contents:
Simon le Gras and William Grund.
Warrant for the appearance of Simon le Gras in the suit before the Court of Arches between him and William, concerning William's presentation to the church of Dersington.
At: London.
[Please quote GC1823 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/52  14 Kal. of July [18 June], 1311

Contents:
William Grund, clerk, and Simon le Gras.
Judgement of consistory court of London, sitting in the church of St. Mary of Arches, in a suit between William, presented to the church of Dersington, and Simon, who already held it. The judgement was in William's favour.
At: London.
[Please quote GC1830 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/53  [9 June 1308]

Contents:
Henry de Preyers and Deerhurst Priory. Trinity, 1 Edw. II
Plea concerning the advowson of Dersyngton by Pebworthe, in which Henry claims it against the priory.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC1661 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/54  [Wed.] the eve of All Saints [31 Oct.], 1313

Contents:
(1) John de Halton; (2) Master Lewis de Bello Monte, treasurer of Salisbury [cathedral] and rector of the church of Dorsington; (3) John de Londonia, clerk.
John de Halton informs Lewis that he has appointed John de Londonia his proctor to hear suits concerning Dursington church.
[Please quote GC1950 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/1/55  17 June 1359

Contents:
William de Wormynton, rector of Dorsington, and the pope [Innocent VI].
William appeals to the pope concerning his right to the rectory of Dersyngton in the diocese of Worcester.
[Please quote SC535 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LONG MARSTON (GLOS.)  BCM/G/3/2  [n.d.]


Related information: See also above, BCM/G/3/1/36-42.

[no title]  BCM/G/3/2/1  [3 Nov. 1233]

Contents:
William de Weston, son of Ralph de Welleford, and Osbert de Luncecumbe. Morrow of All Souls, 18 Hen. III
William has quitclaimed to Ralph 1 hide of land in Merston and a rent of 9s. 4d. in Campeden, which Agnes his mother held for life by gift of Ralph de Welleford. Osbert has given William 15 marks.
Witnesses: Walter de Eboraco, justice of the Bench, Henry de Waltham, Maurice le Botiler, Henry de Praeres, Roger de Budiford, Richard de Clopton, John de Bellomonte, William de Quenton, Elias de Wunescot, John the cook (cocus), Richard de la Bussare.
[Please quote SC232 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/2/2  [11 Nov. 1290]

Contents:
John de Draycote, knight; and John son of Alan de Scyreburne and Agnes his wife. St. Martin, 18 Edw.
John has granted to John and Agnes a messuage with 5 butts in Merstona Sicca, the manor belonging to Winchcombe Abbey; rent 4s. a year, and John and Agnes have given him 30s.
Witnesses: Henry de Haseleye of Honeybourne (Honibrane), Nicholas de Staneleye of Saintbury, Walter Heimond of Broad Marston (Merstona Ampla), William of the chamber (de camera) of the same, John Burne, Richard Jordan.
[Please quote GC579 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HORTON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/3/3  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/3/1  [12 Nov. 1306]

Contents:
Henry de Sewell and Joan his wife; and Sir Thomas de Verdun, rector of the church of Farnham, and Henry de Preyeres, knight. Sat. after St. Martin, 34 Edw. I
Henry and Joan have granted to Thomas and Henry, for a certain sum of money, all their lands and holdings in the vill of Horton (Northants.), whether of the Srinpyng fee or of the Gobin' fee, of which twelve tenants [named] each hold a half-virgate in villeinage, with their bodies, issue and chattels, and all their free tenants [eight, named], for the lives of Henry and Joan.
Witnesses: John de Aston, Henry de la Leye, William Moweyn, John de Scryngton, Thomas de Lisurs.
At: Horton.
[Please quote GC1137 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STRIXTON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/3/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Strixton was the ancient patrimony of the Prayers family, held in the time of Richard I by William de Prayers. Alice de Prayers and Baldwin de Drayton were in possession by 1391, when they granted lands in Strixton and Grendon to Elizabeth Beauchamp, and in the following year they granted the manor to John Billyng and others, probably for a marriage settlement on their son John and his wife Margaret. [VCH Northants. iv. 55; Bridges, Northants. ii. 197.] The manor was included in the settlement of 1439: above, BCM/G/3/1/8-13.

[no title]  BCM/G/3/4/1  [before 1284]

Contents:
Ralph de Faucumbere and Isabel his wife; and Thomas de Verdun and Henry de Praers. n.d.
Ralph and Isabel are bound in £100 that if Thomas and Henry are impleaded for the holding which they had by grant of Ralph and Isabel in the vill of Strixton, they will enter and take possession of the holding that Ralph and Isabel had of their gift in the vill of Dorsinton.
Witnesses: Sir William de Bray, Saer de Wolhaston, Robert son of Reginald, Robert le Iow, John le Plomer, John de Howers, John Morel.
[Please quote GC752 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/3/4/2  1272-1306

Contents:
Bartholomew son and heir of Ralph de Faucumberg; and Thomas de Verdun and Henry de Preeres. n.d. [temp. Edw I]
Bartholomew has quitclaimed to Thomas and Henry the holding which Ralph his father and Isabel his mother granted to them in the vill of Strixtone; they have granted to him a rent of 20s. in Dorsinton, for his life, and to Isabel a rent of ½ mark for her life.
Witnesses: Sir William de Bray, knight, Saer de Wolastun, Geoffrey de la House, Robert son of Reginald, John le Plomer, John Burne of Ebrington, Henry de Brochamton, Walter de Bello Monte, John de Aston, clerk.
[Please quote GC1363 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE CRANFORD INHERITANCE  BCM/G/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
South Newington was the principal manor of the Cranford family in the 14th century. By 1206 the manor was held by William (I) de Paris, who c. 1212 granted an estate in South Newington to Ralph Ivaus (or Loas, Juas, Jueus, Ives, Sowas) in marriage with his daughter Helewise. Helewise's brother William (II) de Paris died without issue, and in 1255 his lands were divided between his surviving sister Maud de Wyke, and his nephew Ralph (II) Ivaus. Nicholas de Cranford, a canon of Wells, and his nephew Robert acquired a substantial proportion of the inheritance, in particular South Newington. In 1259 Ralph Ivaus and his wife Agnes granted the reversion of property in South Newington to Nicholas de Cranford, but Ralph also granted all his holdings there direct to Robert, in order to have Nicholas's good will: below, BCM/G/4/6/4 [GC 2523]. Ralph died without issue in 1272 when the heir to his portion of the Paris lands (of which he had sold part) was his aunt Maud de Wyke. Maud also sold some of her brother's lands to Nicholas de Cranford, specifically his lands in Dorset and a rent of 4s. in Blackford (Som.), but she retained the lands at 'Stokes' (Som.), Cassington (Oxon.) and in Buckinghamshire.
Robert de Cranford died in 1302 and was succeeded by his son and heir, Robert (II), who died in 1339 holding the manor of South Newington and leaving a widow Joan and a son Robert. [CIPM viii, no. 222; xi, no. 57.] Robert (III) was alive in 1341 but had probably died by Sept. 1349 when his wife Lucy was acting on her own: below, BCM/G/4/6/46 [GC 3234]. Lucy was certainly a widow before her death in 1361, when she was holding two thirds of the manor in jointure, her mother-in-law Joan being still alive and holding one third in dower. [CIPM xi, no. 57.] The heir was Richard, son of Robert and Lucy, who was then aged 22, and it was his son, Robert (IV) Cranford, who married Alice, daughter and apparently heir of Walter Dauntsey, who held the manor of Wyke Farm (Berks.) and lands in Oxfordshire. [Wyke Farm lay by the south gate of Oxford, but evidently west of the River Thames, as it was in Berkshire.] Robert died in or shortly before 1454 leaving two daughters. One, Alice, was married to John Barry in 1454 and her portion appears to have passed to Richard Hall and his wife Elizabeth, who may have been the Barrys' daughter. The other, Anne, married first John Drayton (d.v.p. 1429), son and heir apparent of John Drayton of Botolph Bridge, Cranford and Dorsington, and secondly Thomas Hall (d. by 1454). Her heir was her son William by John Drayton, and thus a moiety of the Cranford and Dauntsey lands passed to the Draytons.

WEEDON (BUCKS.)  BCM/G/4/1  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/1/1  [20 March 1251]

Contents:
Robert Waleraund; and William de Paris and Cecilia his wife. Mon. before the Annunciation, 35 Hen. III
Robert and his heirs will pay a rent of £10 a year to William and Cecilia for the life of Cecilia from the manor of Wedden, and this agreement has replaced other agreements made between them concerning the manor of Weceden.
Witnesses: Alexander de Monte Forti, Sir William Wolf (Lupus), Ralph de Godmoneston, Thomas de Lekford, Thomas de Seint Vigor, John de Monte Forti, Henry de Penestan, John de Woburn.
[Please quote GC280 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BUCKNELL (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/2  [n.d.]


Related information: See also below, BCM/G/4/6/4 [GC 2523].

[no title]  BCM/G/4/2/1  1272-1307

Contents:
Nicholas de Crawford, canon of Wells, and Robert de Crawford, his nephew. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Nicholas has confirmed to Robert a rent of 40s. in the vill of Buckehulle, to him and his issue.
Witnesses: Robert le Hey..., bailiff of Woodstock, John de la Hyde, Roger de Oseney, John de Prewes, William le Fraunkeleyn, Richard Willes.
[Please quote GC1318 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/2/2  [1378]

Contents:
Richard Craunford of South Newington; and John de Beverlee and Amicia his wife. 13 Feb. 1 Ric. II
Whereas Richard is bound by a recognisance in Chancery to John in 40 marks to be paid at Easter next, John has granted that if Richard does not implead John and Amicia for a rent of 40s. which Richard claims in Buckenhall and Saxintone the recognisance will be void.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3722 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CASSINGTON (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was held by the Clinton family until it passed to Nicia, daughter and heir of William de Clinton (d. by 1238) and wife of William de Paris. Nicia gave it to her son William de Paris, who held it in 1242-3. Before he died in 1255 he granted it to William Montague, with whose descendants it remained, but some lands there passed to his sister Maud de Wyke. [VCH Oxon. xii. 41.] See also below, BCM/G/4/10/2 [GC 1591].

[no title]  BCM/G/4/3/1  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
William de Paris and Amisius de Wodestok. n.d. [late Hen. III]
William, with the assent of Nicia his mother, has granted to Amisius a place in William's garden of Karsinton, 86 feet by 19 feet, to build a house, in exchange for a headland under the garden 92 feet by 14 feet.
Witnesses: Sir John de Harseburg', Roger de Witham, Sir Ralph rector of Bladon, Thomas vicar of Karsinton.
[Please quote GC409 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ILBURY, IN DEDDINGTON (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In 1279 Adam Bennet held a burgage and holdings in Woodstock and was one of five tenants who owed over a third of the total rental. [VCH Oxon. xii. 344, 350, 360.] The charter seems to be connected with those for Milcombe: below BCM/G/4/5, and BCM/G/4/6/77 [GC 1852].

[no title]  BCM/G/4/4/1  [21 May 1308]

Contents:
Agnes Benet, widow of Adam Benet of Woodstock, and Galiena widow of Geoffrey de Mildecoumbe. Tues. before Ascension, 1 Edw. II
Agnes has granted to Galiena a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Yelnbury, [The initial letter of Yelnbury is written as a yogh.] which Henry Ilger formerly her villein held, with the said villein, his chattels and issue.
Witnesses: John de Bloxham, Robert de Crauford, Henry de Ortone, Robert of the hall, Ralph de Suttone, Thomas de Limis, John le Sweyn.
At: Ilbury.
[Please quote GC1654 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MILCOMBE (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
For the holding of Robert Page in Milcombe and South Newington, which passed to Robert de Cranford in 1321, see below, BCM/G/4/6/26-33.

[no title]  BCM/G/4/5/1  [6 Feb. 1317]

Contents:
Geoffrey le Cartere of Milcombe and Helen his wife; and Henry son of William Myst of Milcombe and Emma daughter of Geoffrey and Helen. Sun. after the Purification, 10 Edw. II
Geoffrey and Helen have granted to Henry and Emma 10¼ a. of land in Mildecombe; to them and their issue.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford, William de la Lee, Thomas de Sibbeford, John de Mildecoumbe, John son of John Thimes of the same, William Myst of the same, Roger in la Hale of the same, Roger Hendelayn of the same, Richard the smith of the same.
At: Milcombe.
[Please quote GC2149 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/5/2  [1372]

Contents:
Walter and Laurence de Miltecoumbe; and John Denecourt, Edmund de Broghtone, Richard de Craunford, John de Bentham and John Moppe. 4 Aug. 46 Edw. III
Walter and Laurence have appointed John, Edmund, Richard, John and John to hold their courts at Miltecoumbe and Mollinton and carry out the office of steward, receiving the customs and services.
At: Kenilworth.
[Please quote GC3643 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SOUTH NEWINGTON (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/6  [n.d.]

CRANFORD MANOR  [no ref. or date]

The Manor  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/1  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
Roger Choc and William de Paris, his lord. n.d.
Roger has granted to William half of the virgate which he holds of William in Newinton, with half of his croft and half of his curtilage, and William has given him 4 marks.
Witnesses: William de Hyda, William de Edbureb', Osbert de Grava, Henry le Stakel, Thomas de Dorna, Ralph the baker, Robert Fermovar'.
[Please quote GC733 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/2  [c. 1211-12]

Contents:
William de Paris and Ralph Loas. n.d.
William, with the assent of Nicia his wife, has granted to Ralph, in free marriage with Helewise his daughter, 24 a. of land in Neuinton, namely 12 a. on the west of the vill towards Wiginton and 12 a. in Hamhille towards the east, and the messuage which Richard the new man (novus homo) held, with common of pasture [etc.]; rent ¼ lb. of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Reginald priest of Barford, Henry chaplain of Newinton, Robert de Auvery, Ralph son of Robert, Ralph de Auvery, Roger de Bereford, Ralph de Glint, Roger de Glint.
[Please quote SC67 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/3  [before 1255]

Contents:
Ralph Sowas and Sarah de Blokessam. n.d.
Ralph has granted to Sarah a half-virgate of land in Niuneton which William Seli held [with detailed location]; rent 2s. a year; Sarah has paid Ralph a fine of 5 marks.
Witnesses: William de Paris, Robert de Bereford, Roger de Verdun, Peter Butelier, Adam son of Elias, William of the hide (de hida), Henry Frankelan, Thomas de Dorne, Roger Chok.
[Please quote SC381 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/4  1272-1307

Contents:
Ralph Jueus and Robert de Craunford. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Ralph, for the good will of Sir Nicholas de Craunford, canon of Wells, has granted to Robert all the land which he had in the vill of Newentone and an annual rent of 40s. in the vill of Buckenhull; rent 1d. a year to Nicholas.
Witnesses: John son of Guy, Robert le Boteler, Robert le Heir, bailiff of Woodstock, Henry de Maidenwell, William de Barton.
[Please quote GC2523 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/5  [1319]

Contents:
Robert de Craunford and Maud his sister. 25 Aug. 13 Edw. II
Robert has granted to Maud widow of Robert de Swafeld, for her life, a rent of 20s. a year from his manor of Newenton Juwel, and is bound to her in £10, paid at her house in Banneburi, not to disturb her tenure.
Witnesses: Ralph de Preawes, Sir Walter de Burencestre, William de Orton, Thomas de Pakynton of Brailes, John the miller of Newington.
At: Banbury.
[Please quote GC2286 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/6  [13 Sept. 1341]
Language:  French

Contents:
Robert son and heir of Robert de Craunford and Joan widow of Robert de Craunford. Thurs. after the nativity of Our Lady, 15 Edw. III
Robert has quitclaimed to Joan all actions, real and personal, which he has against her, saving to him and his heirs the reversion of all the lands and holdings in Newentone, Wygynton and Berford that Joan holds for life in dower, and Joan has quitclaimed to Robert all actions against him.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3003 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/7  [30 May 1395]

Contents:
Richard Craunford and Robert his son. Whit Sunday, 18 Ric. II
Richard has demised at farm to Robert all his part of the manor of Southnewentone, with all the appurtenances except the fines and heriots of the free tenants, wardships, marriages, reliefs and homages, and also all that part commonly called le Dowarye; for a term of 20 years, rent 16 marks a year.
Witnesses: Sir Richard Abburbury, knight, Sir Roger rector of Broughton, John Abburbury, Robert Dorne, Walter Daundesey.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3787 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/8  [31 July 1402]

Contents:
Robert Craunford; and John Palmer, Robert Bostall, Robert Large, Henry Homet, John Taillour and William Crydworth of Bloxham. Mon. after St. James, 3 Hen. IV
Robert, for himself and his villein tenants of South Newington, has quitclaimed to John, Robert, Robert, Henry, John and William and all the men of the vill of Bloxham all personal actions because of the depasturing of various cornfields of Robert and his tenants.
[Please quote GC3998 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/9  [1454]

Contents:
Anne widow of Thomas Halle, one of the daughters and heirs of Robert Craunford and Alice his wife; and John Barry, husband of Alice, the other daughter and heir. 16 April 32 Hen. VI
Agreement for the partition of the lands of the late Robert in Oxfordshire and Berkshire, viz. that Alice has granted that Anne shall have, to her and her heirs, the manor of Newenton Jowell, paying to John and Alice and Alice's heirs 8 marks a year, and John and Alice shall have the manor of Wyke by Oxonford with all the lands and holdings within Oxonford and Wetenham, to them and Alice's heirs.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC4282 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/10  [1459]

Contents:
John Barry, esquire, and Alice his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Robert Cranford and Alice his wife; and Anne Halle, widow of Thomas Halle, the other daughter and heir. 20 Oct. 38 Hen. VI
John and Alice have received from Anne 4 marks for the Michaelmas term, in part payment of 8 marks a year for the manor of Newenton Jowell (Oxon.).
[Please quote GC4298 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/11  [1465]

Contents:
John Barry, esquire, and Alice his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Robert Cranford and Alice his wife; and William Drayton, esquire, son and heir of Anne Halle, the other daughter and heir. 20 April 5 Edw. IV
John and Alice have received from William 4 marks in part payment of 8 marks a year for the manor of Newenton Jowell (Oxon.).
[Please quote GC4329 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/12  [25 June 1480]

Contents:
Thomas Lovet and Anne his wife; and Richard Halle and Elizabeth his wife. Morrow of the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 20 Edw. IV
Final concord concerning a rent of 8 marks in Southnewenton. Richard and Elizabeth have acknowledged the right of Anne by their gift to Thomas and Anne, and they have quitclaimed to them and Anne's heirs and warranted; Thomas and Anne have given them £200.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC4421; duplicate GC4421 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Acquisition: The Busby holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/13  [c. July 1309]

Contents:
Edith daughter of John de Busseby of South Newington and Robert de Craunford. n.d.
Edith has granted to Robert 1 a. of land in SuthNewentone, lying above Riggeweyforlong, which she inherited after the death of John her brother; Robert has given her 2 marks.
Witnesses: Hugh de Barton, Robert de Swafeld, Sir Henry the chaplain, Gilbert son of Richard Willes, John Dorne.
[Please quote GC1269 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/14  [c. July 1309]

Contents:
Margery daughter of John de Busseby of South Newington and Robert de Craunford. n.d.
Margery has granted to Robert 1 a. of land in SuthNewentone, viz. a half-acre in Langedon and a half-acre above West Doune, which she inherited after the death of John her brother; Robert has given her 2 marks.
Witnesses: Hugh de Barton, Robert de Swafeld, Sir Henry the chaplain, Gilbert son of Richard Willes, John Dorne.
[Please quote GC1270 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/15  [c. July 1309]

Contents:
Alice widow of John de Busseby of South Newington and Robert de Crauford. n.d.
Alice has quitclaimed to Robert her dower rights in 2 a. of land in Suthnewenton which he had by grant of Edith and Margery her daughters.
Witnesses: Hugh de Bartone, Robert de Swafeld, Sir Henry the chaplain, Gilbert son of Richard Willes, John Dorne.
[Please quote GC1631 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/16  [6 July 1309]

Contents:
Margery daughter of John de Busseby of South Newington and Robert de Craunford. Sun. before St. Margaret, 3 Edw. II
Margery has quitclaimed to Robert 1 a. of land in the fields of South Newynton which she inherited after the death of John de Busseby her brother.
Witnesses: Hugh de Barton, Robert de Swafeld, Sir Walter rector of Swerford, Gilbert son of Richard Willes, John Dorne.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC1705 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/17  [6 July 1309]

Contents:
Edith daughter of John de Busseby of South Newington and Robert de Craunford. Sun. before St. Margaret, 3 Edw. II
Edith has quitclaimed to Robert 1 a. of land in the fields of South Newynton which she inherited after the death of John de Busseby her brother.
Witnesses: Hugh de Barton, Robert de Swafeld, Sir Walter rector of Swerford, Gilbert son of Richard Willes, John Dorne.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC1706 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Acquisition: The Elme holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/18  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard son of William of Newington and Osbert ad Humel of the same. n.d.
Richard has granted to Osbert, in free marriage with Joan his daughter, to them and their issue, 2 a. of land in Newenton; if Joan dies without issue and Osbert survives her, he may hold the land for the rest of his life; rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Cranford, John de la Hyde, William Buscebi, William at well, Adam de Dorne of Newington.
[Please quote GC939 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/19  [19 March 1311]

Contents:
Joan daughter of Richard Willes of Newington and Margery her daughter. Fri. after St. Edward king and martyr, 4 Edw. II
Joan has granted to Margery 1 a. of land in Newenton, viz. a half-acre above Hoddesclyve in the west field and a half-acre at Stakwell; and Margery has given her 40s.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford of Newington, John the miller of the same, John son of Thomas de Mildecoumbe, John Busseby, John le Dorne, Henry atte Welle.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC1804 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/20  [21 Dec. 1314]

Contents:
Agnes daughter of Osbert atte Helme and Margery her sister. Sat. the feast of St. Thomas the apostle, 8 Edw. II
Agnes has granted to Margery, her heirs and assigns, 1 a. of land in Suthnewenton, of which a half-acre lies at Longcumbeswell and a half-acre above Haukhull.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford, John the miller, John le Dorne, John Busseby, Henry atte Welle.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC2003 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/21  [4 July 1316]

Contents:
Margery daughter of Osbert atten Elme of Newington and Robert Craunford of Newington. Sun. before the translation St. Thomas the martyr, 9 Edw. II
Margery has granted to Robert, for his life, 2 a. of land in Newenton, viz. a half-acre against Stakwelle, a half-acre above Lancumbeswelle, a half-acre above Kyrledene and a half-acre above Hawkhulle; rent, after a term of 12 years, 4s. a year.
Witnesses: John Busseby, Gilbert son of Richard Willes, John le Dorne, John le Moliner, John son of Richard de Newenton.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC2113 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/22  [16 Dec. 1316]

Contents:
Margery daughter of Osbert aten Elme of Newington and Robert de Craunford. Thurs. before St. Thomas the apostle, 10 Edw. II
Margery has quitclaimed to Robert, his heirs and assigns, 2 a. of land in Newyntone [as above, BCM/G/4/6/21 (GC 2113)].
Witnesses: John de Busseby, John Muleward, John le fiz Richard, John Dorne, Henry ate Brugge.
[Please quote GC2140 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Acquisition: The Millward holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/23  [25 March 1325]

Contents:
John son and heir of John le Meleward of South Newington; and Robert de Craunford of the same and Joan his wife. The Annunciation, 18 Edw. II
John has granted to Robert and Joan, and Robert's heirs and assigns, a messuage with a curtilage and enclosure in Newynton Juel.
Witnesses: John Dorne, Richard Aylewyne, Henry ate Brugge, John Busceby of Newington, William de Estwell, Gilbert Hikkes, John Wyberd.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC2436 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/24  [25 March 1325]

Contents:
John son and heir of John le Meleward of South Newington; and Robert de Craunford of the same and Joan his wife. The Annunciation, 18 Edw. II
John has granted to Robert and Joan, and Robert's heirs and assigns, a messuage with a curtilage and enclosure, and 6 a. and half a rood of land and ¼ virgate of meadow in Newynton Juel.
Witnesses: John Dorne, Richard Aylewyne, Henry ate Brugge, John Busceby of Newington, William de Estwell, Gilbert Hikkes, John Wyberd.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC2437 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/25  [25 March 1325]

Contents:
John son and heir of John le Meleward of South Newington; and Robert de Craunford of the same and Joan his wife. The Annunciation, 18 Edw. II
John has granted to Robert and Joan, and Robert's heirs and assigns, 6 a. and half a rood of land, and ¼ virgate of meadow in Newynton Juel.
Witnesses: John Dorne, Richard Aylewyne, Henry ate Brugge, John Busceby of Newington, William de Estwell, Gilbert Hikkes, John Wyberd.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC2435 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Acquisition: Page alias Newington holding in Milcombe and South Newington  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Henry and William Newington were the sons of Maud and Robert Page: below, BCM/G/4/6/55 [GC 540].

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/26  [24 May 1274]

Contents:
Henry Francleyn and Robert Page. 9 Kal. of June, 2 Edw. I
Henry has granted to Robert 11½ a. of his land in Newenton and half of his meadow; rent 20d. a year, and a fine of 10 marks.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford, John de la Hide, Henry de la Hide, Richard son of William, Richard Busceby, John the miller, Adam de Dorne.
[Please quote GC461 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/27  [25 March 1306]

Contents:
John son of John the miller of South Newington and Sir Henry Page, chaplain. The Annunciation, 34 Edw. I
John has granted to Henry a dovecot in SuthNewynton and the road to the dovecot.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford, Gilbert son of Richard Willes of South Newington, John Dorne of the same, John de Bussceby of the same, William at well of the same.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote [GC1110 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/28  [30 Jan. 1317]

Contents:
Henry de Newenton, vicar of Sandford; and William de Newenton, his brother, and William's wife Emma and Robert their son. Sun. before the Purification, 10 Edw. II
Henry has granted to William, Emma and Robert all his land in Newenton and Mildecombe, with a dovecot; for their lives, rent 3s. a year.
Witnesses: Hugh de Bartene, William le Symple, Richard de Bray, John of the mill of Newington, William de Orton.
At: Sandford [St. Martin].
[Please quote GC2145 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/29  [31 July 1317]

Contents:
Henry de Newenton, vicar of Sandford, and William his brother. Sun. before St. Peter in chains, 11 Edw. II
Henry has quitclaimed to William, his heirs and assigns, all the land which William had by Henry's grant in Newentone and Mildecombe and also in the lands which William had by Maud's grant, Henry's mother, in Newentone.
Witnesses: Hugh de Bartone, Robert de Craunford, William le Symple, John de Bray, William de Orton.
At: Sandford [St. Martin].
[Please quote GC2186 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/30  [10 May 1321]

Contents:
William Page, son of Robert Page of South Newington, and Robert de Craunford of South Newington. Sun. after St. John before the Latin Gate, 14 Edw. II
Whereas William is bound to Robert in £40, he has granted to Robert all his lands and holdings in the vills of Newenton Juel and Mildecumbe as security for the bond.
At: Woodstock.
[Please quote GC2349 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/31  [10 May 1321]

Contents:
William Page, son of Robert Page of South Newington, and Robert de Craunford of South Newington. Sun. after St. John before the Latin Gate, 14 Edw. II
William has granted to Robert all his lands and holdings in the vills of Newenton Juel and Mildecombe.
Witnesses: Robert de Bartone, John de Lodewelle, John de Wythull, John Busseby, Gilbert Hikkes, John Dorne, Robert de Astwell.
At: Woodstock.
[Please quote GC2348 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/32  [23 May 1321]

Contents:
Robert de Craunford of South Newington; and John the miller the younger and Isolda his wife.[See above, BCM/D/7/5/1 [GC 2178], for a grant of a rent in Deddington (Oxon.) to John and Isolda by her parents.] Sat. after St. Dunstan, 14 Edw. II
Robert has granted to John and Isolda and their issue 2 a. of land in Mildecumbe which he had by grant of William Page of Neth'orton.
Witnesses: Robert de Bereford, John de Mildecumbe, John Thomas of Milcombe, John of the hall (de aula) of Barton, Gilbert Willes of Newington, John Dorne of the same.
At: Milcombe.
[Please quote GC2327 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/33  [29 June 1321]

Contents:
John de Mildecombe; and John called the miller the younger of South Newington and Isolda his wife. Mon. the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul, 14 Edw. II
John has granted to John and Isolda 2 a. of land in Mildecombe, to them and their issue; rent 10d. a year; and John the miller has granted to John de Mildecombe 2 a. of land in Mildecombe which he had by grant of Robert de Craunford.
Witnesses: Robert de Bereford, Robert de Craunford, John Thomas of Milcombe, Gilbert Willes of Newington, John Dorne of the same.
At: Milcombe.
[Please quote GC2360; duplicate GC2361 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Acquisition: Pages Ham  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/34  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
John the miller, son of Richard the miller, and Robert Page. n.d. [late Hen. III]
John has granted to Robert a meadow between le Mulneham and the field of Mildecumbe; rent a rose a year, fine 10s. and a pair of shoes to John's son John.
Witnesses: Henry de Maydenwell, William de la Hyde, Thomas de Dorn, Henry le Fraunkelein, Richard Will.
[Please quote GC560 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/35  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
John son of Richard the miller of Newington and Robert de Cranford, his lord. n.d. [late Hen. III]
John, with the assent of Maud his wife, has granted to Robert his mill and the messuage and meadow and fishpond which he bought from Sir Ralph Ives, as in Ralph's charter, except for a certain small meadow which he has sold to Robert Paye.
Witnesses: Sir John son of Guy, John de Preus, Robert le Butlier, Robert le Air, Richard Talven, Henry called of Maydenwell of Newington, John de la Hyde.
[Please quote GC398 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/36  1272-1307

Contents:
Robert Page of Newington and John the miller of Newington. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Robert has granted to John a ham lying beyond the water, between the field of Mildecoumbe and the ham called le Mulham of Newinton, in exchange for 1 a. of arable land in Newinton, as in the charter of John and Maud his wife; rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Crauford of Newington, John de Hyda of the same, Henry de Hyda of the same, Richard Willi of the same, Adam le Doren' of the same.
[Please quote GC1502 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/37  1272-1307

Contents:
John the miller of Newington; and Roger in la Hale of Milcombe and Isabel, John's daughter. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Roger and Isabel, in free marriage, 1 a. of land in Newyntone with a plot of meadow called Pagesham; to hold of the chief lord by the customary services.
Witnesses: Geoffrey at the hall, John son of Thomas de Mildecumbe, John Busseby, John de la Hyde, Richard Willys.
[Please quote GC1635 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/38  [19 April 1329]

Contents:
Isabel widow of Roger in the Hale of Milcombe; and Robert de Craunford and Joan his wife. Wed. before the feast of St. George, 3 Edw. III
Isabel has granted to Robert and Joan, and Robert's heirs, 1 a. of land in Newyntone lying above le Hyde, beside the land of Sir John Giffard.
Witnesses: John le Mulleward of Newington, John Dorne of the same, Henry ate Brugge, William de Astwelle, Richard Aylewyne.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC2676 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/39  [5 Jan. 1371]

Contents:
William le Hale; and Robert ate Grove and Christine his wife. Sun. before Epiphany, 44 Edw. III
William has quitclaimed to Robert and Christine 1 a. at Naysse above le Hyde, and a ham called Pages ham.
Witnesses: John Cercedene, Walter ate balle of Adderbury, John Andrew of Bodicote, Simon Fiffyde, Richard Witsont, Thomas Caton of Sibford.
At: Sibford Gower.
[Please quote GC3588 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/40  [23 April 1371]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir Thomas de Broughton and Richard de Craunford. Wed. the feast of St. George, 45 Edw. III
Whereas there have been various debates between Thomas and Richard, the following agreement has been made in the presence of Sir John de Nowers, Sir Roger de Elmerugge, Sir Roger de Cotesford, John de Herdewyke, and others, viz. that Sir Thomas has quitclaimed to Richard a certain place called Pacheshame and a certain place between the road to Daunebury at the bridge of Newentone and the watercourse running to the mill of Myldecombe, and 1 a. of land below la Hyde called Nicholasacre in Newentone, and all actions against Richard; and Richard has quitclaimed to Thomas all actions against Thomas.
At: Chipping Norton.
[Please quote GC3630 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Acquisition: The chaplain's holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/41  [1409]

Contents:
Richard Craunford, lord of South Newington, and Margaret his wife; and William Godper, chaplain of the parish of South Newington. 12 April 10 Hen. IV
Richard and Margaret have quitclaimed to William three cottages and a half-virgate of land in Southnewyntone; to him and his assigns, for the service of a red rose a year.
Witnesses: Robert Leukenore, John Abburbury, Simon Fifide, John Bryce, John atte Clyde.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC4033 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/42  [1410]

Contents:
Margaret widow of Richard Craunford of South Newington and William Goodyer, chaplain of the parish of South Newington. 30 May 11 Hen. IV
Margaret has quitclaimed to William three cottages and a half-virgate of land in Sowth Newnton.
Witnesses: Robert Lecenore, John Abburbury, Simon Fyfhuyde.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC4049 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/43  [20 June 1411]

Contents:
William Godeyer, chaplain; and Hugh Mortymere, Nicholas Bradshawe, John Willycotes, esquires, and Thomas Mason of Banbury. Sat. before the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 12 Hen. IV
William has granted to Hugh, Nicholas, John and Thomas, their heirs and assigns, his right and status in three cottages and a half-virgate of land in Southnewynton which he had by grant of Richard Craunford and Margaret his wife.
Witnesses: Robert Leukenore, John Eburton of Swerford, John Hide.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC4062 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/44  [1424]

Contents:
Alexander Chayne of Kent, Thomas Mason of Heythrop and John Stowe of Romford; and Robert Cranforde, lord of South Newington. 6 July 2 Hen. VI
Alexander, Thomas and John have quitclaimed to Robert three cottages in Southnewinton and a half-virgate of land which they had by grant of the late John Willicotes.
Witnesses: John Danvers, John Waget, John Waver, Richard Etone, Richard Harpour.
[Please quote GC4141 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Leases  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/45  [c. March 1291]

Contents:
Robert de Craunford of Newington and Roger de Astwell. n.d.
Robert has leased at farm to Roger 1 a. above Gofforlong, 4 selions above Banlonde and 2 a. above Hochulle, for 20 years beginning at the Annunciation 19 Edw. I; for the above term and when 10 crops have been had; rent 12d. a year, fine 10s.
Witnesses: John of the hide (de hyda) of Newington, Richard Willes of same, John son of John the miller of same, Gilbert de Astwell of same, John de Dorne.
[Please quote GC580 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/46  [29 Sept. 1349]

Contents:
Lucy de Craunford and William Hounte. Tues. in Michaelmas, 23 Edw. III
Lucy has leased to William a messuage and 1 virgate of land which Robert Lovete sometime held in Southnewynton (Oxon.); for his life, rent 12s. 4d. a year, holding by the service of serving meat and drink at Lucy's table if she holds her household there.
Witnesses: Hugh Kynebell, Richard the bondsman (helotes), John Kynebell, Roger Bosseby, Elias Ayngho.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3234 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/47  [31 March 1352]

Contents:
Lucy Craunford of South Newington; and John Halford, Agnes his wife and Christine his daughter. Sat. the eve of Palm Sunday, 26 Edw. III
Lucy has leased to John, Agnes and Christine a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Newyntone Juel; for their lives, rent 12s. a year and 3 capons at Christmas.
Witnesses: Thomas Beaufo, John Mildecombe, John Croxford, Robert Dorne, Roger Bosseby.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC3384 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/48  [29 Oct. 1368]

Contents:
Richard Craunford, lord of South Newington; and John Hasshulford of Bloxham, Alice his wife and Elias their son. Sun. after St. Simon and St. Jude, 42 Edw. III
Richard has granted to John, Alice and Elias a water-mill with the suit of his tenants of Neuton Joel and 1 a. of meadow called Poundacre and the land beside le Flodyatus; to them and Elias's issue, with remainder to John's right heirs, rent 2 marks a year.
Witnesses: Nicholas Somerton, John le Say of Ilbury (Yellebery), Robert atte Grove, John the clerk of Bloxham, William le Hwyte of the same.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3601 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/49  [10 Feb. 1369]

Contents:
Richard Craunford of South Newington and Margaret his wife; and John atte well of Great Tew, Joan his wife and Richard their son. St. Scholastica, 43 Edw. III
Richard and Margaret have leased to John, Joan and Richard a messuage with a curtilage and a croft and 1 virgate of land in Newynton; for their lives, rent a capon a year, and they have given Richard and Margaret a certain sum of money.
Witnesses: Robert Wythulle, Robert Benet, William Hunte, Robert Danus, Robert Dorn, William atte Well.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC3607 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/50  [2 July 1375]

Contents:
Richard Craunford, lord of South Newington; and Philip Veysy, Joan his wife and William their son. Mon. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 49 Edw. III
Richard has granted to Philip, Joan and William the messuage and 1 virgate of land which Philip now holds of Joan Kynuele in South Newentone and which she holds for life in dower, so that after her death they will pay nothing for new entry or any other fine; also Richard has granted to them 2 a. of land in the west field which were of William Gibbes; to them for their lives, rent after Joan's death 12s. 4d. a year and 6 bu. of mixed corn and 2 hens.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3683 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/51  [29 Sept. 1428]

Contents:
Robert Craunford, esquire, of South Newington, and Alice his wife; and William, Robert's brother. Michaelmas, 7 Hen. VI
Robert and Alice have leased to William a part of their manor of South Newynton, viz. a barn, a house near the gate of the manor and 7½ virgates of land; for a term of 8 years, rent 8 marks a year.
Witnesses: William Nycoll, chaplain, William Dandy, William Parsones, William Tayler, John Knyght.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC4018 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/52  [1478]

Contents:
Richard Drayton, esquire, and Robert Hodilston, his servant. 5 May 18 Edw. IV
Richard has granted to Robert his holding, in which Henry Joyes lived, in the vill of South Newenton (Oxon.), with the lands appurtenant; for his life.
[Please quote GC4418 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Marriage settlement, 1391-2  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/53  [8 Nov. 1391]

Contents:
Richard Craunford, lord of South Newington; and Sir Roger parson of Broughton and Walter Daundeseye, lord of la Wyke by Oxford (Berks.). Wed. after St. Leonard, 15 Ric. II
Richard has granted to Roger and Walter all the rents and services of Robert atte Hyde of Southnewentone and of Laurence Dawes, William Wilkyn, John Chedworth, William Wybard and William Knyght for villein land.
Witnesses: Edmund Walderyne, Gerard his brother, Richard Dorne, John Yerman, John Hayle.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3858; duplicate GC3859 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/54  [29 Sept. 1392]

Contents:
Roger parson of Broghton and Walter Daundeseye, lord of la Wyke by Oxford (Berks.); and Robert Craunford and Alice his wife, Walter's daughter. Sun. the feast of Michaelmas, 16 Ric. II
Roger and Walter have conveyed to Robert and Alice all the rents and services which they had in Southnewenton by grant of Richard Craunford, lord of Southnewenton; to them and their issue, with remainder to Richard Craunford.
Witnesses: Edmund Waldyeme, Gerard his brother, Robert Dorne, John Yerman, William Hayle.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3870; duplicates GC3871 and 3872 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/55  [29 Sept. 1288]

Contents:
Robert de Craneford, lord of Newington, and Maud widow of Robert Page. Michaelmas, 16 Edw. I
Robert has leased and quitclaimed to Maud his rights in the wardship and marriage of Henry her eldest son, which came to him after the death of Robert Page, for 12 years beginning at Michaelmas, 16 Edw. I, and if Henry dies during the term and her younger son William survives him, then Maud will have the wardship and marriage of William; Maud is to render the customary services and has given Robert 2 marks.
Witnesses: John of the hide (de hyda) of Newington, Richard Willes of the same, Adam at the gate, John called the miller, Adam le Dorne, Richard Ivues, Walter called the carter (karectarius) of Wigginton.
[Please quote GC540 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/56  [1324]

Contents:
Robert de Craunford and John de la Hyde, son of John de la Hyde, his tenant. 10 March 17 Edw. II
Whereas there has been a dispute between Robert and John concerning a fore-earth... along with the headland, in le Inlond in the Westfeld of Neuwenton Juel, an agreement has been reached, viz. that John has granted to Robert, his heirs and assigns the said fore-earth, reasonably measured as 2 a., to hold in exchange for 1 a. of land in le Inlond which Robert has granted to John [etc.].
Witnesses: Richard de Alburburie, Robert de Barton, Robert Basset, Delias de Alberburie, Roger son of Guy, John de Bodicote, Thomas de Brayles.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC2417 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Charter roll  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/57  nd

Contents:
Abstracts of charters Edw. I to Edw. III concerning the manor of South Newington.
[Please quote SR184 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Court rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/58  1369-1375

Contents:
Four courts of Richard de Craunford Tues. the feast of St. Leodegarius, 43 Edw. III [2 Oct. 1369]
Tues. after the translation of St. Thomas, 44 Edw. III [4 or 11 July 1370]
Tues. after Epiphany, 48 Edw. III [9 Jan. 1375]
Wed. after St. Luke, 49 Edw. III [24 Oct. 1375]
[Please quote GCR195 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file] 59

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/59  1384-1396?

Contents:
Four courts Tues. the morrow of the Exaltation of Holy Cross, 8 Ric. II [15 Sept. 1384]
Mon. 15 Jan. 14 [recte 15] Ric. II [1392]
Fri. after Michaelmas, 19 Ric. II [1 Oct. 1395]
Tues. before St. Barnabas [19 Ric. II, 5 June 1396?]
[Please quote GCR196 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/60  1428-1453

Contents:
Eighteen courts. St. Luke, 7 Hen. VI [18 Oct. 1428]
Wed. after Michaelmas, 8 Hen. VI [5 Oct. 1429]
7 Feb. 8 Hen. VI [1430]
St. Bartholomew, 11 Hen. VI [24 Aug. 1433]
18 Oct. 14 Hen. VI [1435]
4 June 15 Hen. VI [1437]
17 Oct. 16 Hen. VI [1437]
20 April 18 Hen. VI [1440]
20 Jan. 20 Hen. VI [1442]
14 Oct. 21 Hen. VI [1442]
18 Sept. 22 Hen. VI [1443]
18 Oct. 23 Hen. VI [1444]
4 July 24 Hen. VI [1446]
Wed. before Michaelmas, 27 Hen. VI [25 Sept. 1448]
20 Jan. 28 Hen. VI [1450]
21 Oct. 29 Hen. VI [1450]
22 Dec. 30 Hen. VI [1451]
20 Jan. 31 Hen. VI [1453]
[Please quote GCR197 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

The Astwell holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/61  [14 Feb. 1309]

Contents:
Gilbert de Estewell of South Newington and Laurence de Gippiswyk. Fri. the feast of St. Valentine, 2 Edw. II]
Gilbert has granted to Laurence all the holding which he had in the vill and fields of SuthNewentone, with the houses pertaining, and 1 virgate of land, meadow, pasture, [etc.]; and Laurence has given him 10 marks.
Witnesses: Robert de Craumford, lord of Newington, Hugh de Barton, John de Bloxham, clerk, John of the mill, John son of Thomas de Mildecumbe.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC1683 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/62  [1 Aug. 1324]

Contents:
Robert Estwell of South Newington and Denise his wife; and William ate Brugge and Christine his wife, Denis's daughter. St. Peter in chains, 18 Edw. II
Robert and Denise have quitclaimed to William and Christine a messuage and 1 virgate of land in the said vill with all cottages pertaining to the said messuage, which Denise and Christine had by grant of the late Laurence de Gypwyco; to them and their issue, with remainder to Christine's sister Joan and her heirs and assigns.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford, Henry ate Brugge, John Busceby, John son of Henry ate Hide, John son of John the miller.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC2427 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Miller holding  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
The Baker holding and others

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/63  [before 1272]

Contents:
Agnes de Cheyney, widow, and Ralph the baker of Newington. n.d.
Agnes has granted to Ralph a half-virgate of land in the vill of Newntone; rent 3s. a year, and he has given her 1 mark.
Witnesses: Sir Ralph Dive, knight, Sir Peter Butler (Pincerna), knight, Sir Ralph Ivaus, knight, Sir Hugh parson of Burford, Roger de Burford, Henry de Maydewelle, William de Hyda.
[Please quote GC1282 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/64  Late 13th cent

Contents:
Michael son of Ralph the baker of Newington and Robert Page. n.d. [early Edw. I]
Michael has granted to Robert 3 roods of land above le Netherfurlonge of Mannesdene, 3 roods above Burnard and 3 roods in Mannesdone in the territory of Neuenton; rent a rose a year, and Robert has given him 10s.
Witnesses: William de la Hyda, Thomas de Dorn, Henry Fraunkelain, John the miller, Richard de Buscebi, Richard son of Richard, clerk, Richard Willes.
[Please quote GC675 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/65  Late 13th cent

Contents:
Denise sister of Michael the baker, formerly of South Newington, and John the miller. n.d. [early Edw. I]
Denise has granted and quitclaimed to John her rights in the lands and holdings of her late brother in the vill and fields of Newinton, and for this John has granted to her a cottage with a curtilage, and half of 1 qr. of wheat and rye a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Cranford, lord of South Newington, John de Hyda of the same, Richard Willi of the same, Adam le Doren' of the same, Adam at the gate of the same.
[Please quote GC1182 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/66  Late 13th cent

Contents:
John the miller of South Newington and Maud his wife; and Robert son of Thomas de Gippton. n.d. [early Edw. I]
John and Maud have granted to Robert the half of that land and messuage in Newenton which Michael the baker, Maud's brother, sometime held, in free marriage with their daughter Maud; rent 18d. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Cranforde, Simon de Preaus, John de la Hyde, Richard son of William, Richard Buscebi.
[Please quote SC388 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/67  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Robert son of Thomas de Gipton and John son of John the miller of Newington. n.d.
Robert has granted to John all his land in Newenton; rent a pair of gloves price 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Cranforde, Simon de Preaus, John de la Hyde, Richard son of William, Richard Buscebi.
[Please quote GC1380 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/68  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
John son of John the miller of Newington and Robert son of Thomas de Gippton. n.d.
John has granted to Robert all the land which he had by grant of Robert in the field of Newenton, with meadow, in free marriage with Maud, his (John's) sister; rent a pair of gloves price 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Crunforde, Simon de Preaus, John de la Hyde, Richard son of William, Richard Buscebi.
[Please quote GC771 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/69  [29 Sept. 1267]

Contents:
William son of Robert le Sarmun' and John the miller of Newington. Michaelmas, 51 Hen. III
William has granted to John all his land inside and outside the vill of Newent' from Michaelmas 51 Hen. III; rent 1d. at Easter, and 5s. 4d. to chief lord of the fee; John has given William 6½ marks.
Witnesses: Robert de Cranford, Henry de Maydenwell, John de la Hyde, Richard Welles, Richard de Buscebi.
[Please quote GC314 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/70  [3 July 1317]

Contents:
Robert de Crauford and John le Meleward of Newington. Sun. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 10 Edw. II
Robert has quitclaimed to John a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Newyntone Juel which John le Meleward his father had by grant of Robert de Crauford, Robert's father.
Witnesses: John son of Geoffrey de la Sale of Milcombe, John son of Thomas, William Mist, John Dorne of Newington, Gilbert son of Richard.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC2182 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/71  [6 March 1323]

Contents:
John son of John the miller of South Newington and Gilbert le Sclattere of Great Tew. Sun. before St. Gregory, 16 Edw. II
John has sold to Gilbert half of the crop of 21 a. of land, viz. of this year in wheat, rye, barley, dredge, oats and peas, and John will cart it to Gilbert's house at Magna Tew, for which Gilbert will give him 1/2 mark, and Gilbert has given him 5 marks.
Witnesses: John de Wychan, Richard le Smyth, John the miller the elder, Thomas Eleyne of Barford.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC2396 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/72  [15 March 1323]

Contents:
(1) John son of Richard Juas of South Newington; (2) Thomas Eleyne of Barford; (3) John le Muleward of South Newington, John his son and Isolda his [the son's] wife. Tues. after St. Gregory, 16 Edw. II
John Juas has appointed Thomas his attorney to give seisin to John, John and Isolda, and the heirs and assigns of John the younger, of a messuage with a curtilage and croft, and one third of 1 virgate of land.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC2398 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/73  1216-1272

Contents:
Robert son of Osbert de Molesgrava and Alexander son of William. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Robert has confirmed to Alexander the virgate of land in Newintonia which William his father held of Osbert, Robert's father; rent 8s. a year.
Witnesses: Richard de Romeseia, clerk, Race de Mildecumbe, William of the hide (de hyda), Henry Frankel', William de Edburemb', Alexander Bussebi of Milcombe, Thomas de Dorna, Ralph the baker of Newington.
[Please quote SC337 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/74  [10 April 1270]

Contents:
Geoffrey le Cras of Gameh'gg and John de Clipston. 4 Ides of April, 54 Hen. III
Geoffrey has granted to John 1 a. of land in Newenton for 1 mark; rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Henry de Pott', Walter de Well, Paschas de Leicestre, Richard de Modebroc, Richard le Franceis of Weresk [Wroxton?], Richard Balehoren of the same, Ralph son of John, Robert son of John, of the same.
[Please quote GC322 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/75  [before 1272]

Contents:
Henry de Maydewelle and Helen his wife; and Gilbert son of Hugh de Heyford. n.d.
Henry and Helen have granted to Gilbert 1 virgate of land in Neuenton, for 46s., viz. that which they had by grant of William Golafre and his wife Amabel; rent 1d. a year to the chief lord of the fee and 20s. a year to Henry and Helen.
Witnesses: Sir Ralph Ivas, knight, John son of Guy, Robert le Butiler, Roger de Bereford, William de la Hyde.
[Please quote GC781 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/76  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Richard son of Richard the clerk and brother of Ralph Juweus of South Newington; and Hugh de Barton and Sibyl his wife. n.d.
Richard has granted to Hugh and Sibyl a messuage and 1 virgate of land in the vill of Newenton Juweus; they have given him £10.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford, Theobald de Bray, Ralph de Sutton, John de la Hyde, Richard Willes.
[Please quote GC1285 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/77  [4 Jan. 1312]

Contents:
Thomas le Raas and Richard the smith of Milcombe. Tues. after the Circumcision, 5 Edw. II
Thomas has quitclaimed to Richard a messuage and 10 a. of land and a half-acre of meadow which were of Roger de Hyde, and a croft which Richard had from William Myst.
Witnesses: Sir Ralph de Bereford, knight, John son of Thomas of Milcombe, William Myst of the same, Roger in the Hale of the same, Geoffrey le Carect' of the same.
At: Milcombe.
[Please quote GC1852 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/78  [16 Nov. 1317]

Contents:
Richard son of Richard Bureward of Abberbury; and Henry son of William atte welle of South Newington and Agnes, Richard's sister. Wed. after St. Martin, 11 Edw. II
Richard has granted to Henry and Agnes, in free marriage, a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Suthnewentone which he recently had by grant of Henry; to them and their issue, with remainder to Henry's right heirs.
Witnesses: Robert de Craunford, Hugh de Bartone, John the miller of Newington, John le Dorne of the same, Thomas Eleyne of Barford.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC2203 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/6/79  [1356]

Contents:
John Craunford...; and Richard Foller, Agnes his wife and John their son. Sat.... the apostle, 30 Edw. III
John has demised to Richard, Agnes and John the lands and holdings in the vill and fields of Suthnewyntone which... Lambert sometime held; for their lives, rent 12s. a year.
Witnesses:... Dorne, John Skynebelle, William Gibbus.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC3458 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OXFORD (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Alice, daughter and apparently heir of Walter Dauntsey, was married to Robert de Cranford in Nov. 1391, as the bonds and the settlement on the couple of certain rents from South Newington make apparent.[See above, BCM/G/4/6/53-4 [GC 3858, GC 3870], and below, BCM/G/4/13/1-2[GC 3860-1]]. Walter was described as lord of la Wyke outside the southern gate of Oxford in Berkshire. In the 1454 division of the Cranford lands between Anne and Alice, the daughters and heirs of the last Robert de Cranford, Anne, who had been married to John Drayton, was allotted South Newington while Alice had what were clearly the Dauntsey lands of the manor of Wyke and all the lands in Oxford and Wittenham, with a rent of 8 marks from South Newington: above, BCM/G/4/6/9 [GC 4282]. As a result, presumably, there are few charters connected with the Dauntsey estates.

[no title]  BCM/G/4/7/1  [3 May 1388]

Contents:
Alice Daundesey, daughter of Walter Daundesey, lord of la Wyke outside the south gate of Oxford (Berks.); and William Palmer of Oxford, Sarah his wife and Thomas his son. The Invention of Holy Cross, 11 Ric. II
Whereas Walter Daundesey leased to William, Sarah and Thomas, for their lives, a vacant plot whereon to build a shop, at a rent of 20s. a year, Alice has confirmed the lease.
Witnesses: Richard Garston, mayor of Oxford, John Berford and Walter Bon, bailiffs.
At: Oxford.
[Please quote SC565 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WIGGINTON (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Cranfords held lands there, and in 1341 Joan, widow of Robert (II), was holding lands there in dower: above, BCM/G/4/6/6 [GC 3003]. Elizabeth widow of Robert FitzWyth held the manor following the deaths of Robert and his son Guy in 1316. Her heir was Elizabeth, Guy's daughter, but Wigginton passed to a collateral branch of the family, the FitzWyths of Shotteswell (Warws.).[VCH Oxon. ix. 161.]

CRANFORD  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/8/1  [30 Sept. 1316]

Contents:
Robert de Craunford of Newington and Robert FitzGuy, rector of Wigginton. Thurs. the morrow of Michaelmas, 10 Edw. II
Robert de Craunford has leased to Robert FitzGuy, for his life, 1 virgate of land with appurtenances in Wygintone, which he had by grant of John de Stonore, saving to Robert de Craunford the messuage and two plots of meadow called Rosham and Morwelle; rent 13s. 10d. a year.
Witnesses: William Hikeman of Abberbury, Richard de Verdoun of Bodicote, John son of Thomas of Milcombe, William Mist of the same, John Stanforde of Wigginton.
At: Wigginton.
[Please quote GC2123 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/8/2  [1324]

Contents:
Elizabeth widow of Sir Robert le fyz Wydz and John de Mildecombe. July 17 Edw. II
Elizabeth is bound to John in £40 to be paid at 100s. a year, and offers as security six of her villein tenants [named] and their lands in Wygynton, to be distrained on if she defaults.
At: Wigginton.
[Please quote GC2424 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WITNEY (OXON.)  BCM/G/4/9  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The presence of the charter below in the muniments may be explained by the possibility that John atte Hall of Witney was the ancestor of Thomas Hall, the second husband of Anne, coheir to the Cranford inheritance and widow of John Drayton (d. 1429): cf. above, BCM/G/2 Administrative history.

[no title]  BCM/G/4/9/1  [22 Oct. 1405]

Contents:
Richard Fithelere and Alice his wife of Witney (Oxon.); and John atte Halle the elder of Witney and Margaret his wife. Sun. before St. Simon and St. Jude, 7 Hen. IV
Richard and Alice have granted to John and Margaret a messuage with a curtilage and meadow in the vill of Wytteney; to them and their issue, with remainder to John's next heirs.
Witnesses: Thomas Buntyng, John Hode the younger also called Hawe, John Marchall, Richard Deule, William Gille, Thomas Pygot, William Rake, William Ravynser, William Bayly.
At: Witney.
[Please quote GC4015 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BLACKFORD (SOM.)  BCM/G/4/10  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Maud de Wyke was one of the sisters and coheirs of William de Paris, and Ralph Ivaus (d.s.p. 1272) was the son of another sister and coheir: above, BCM/G/4.

[no title]  BCM/G/4/10/1  [1254-5]

Contents:
Ralph Juas and Maud de Wyk, coheirs of William de Paris. 39 Hen. III
Ralph consents and wills that Maud will do the services and customs owed to the chief lord of the fee, and will have half of the whole inheritance, saving dower to Lady Cecilia de Paris.
Witnesses: Sir Andrew Wack, Nicholas the parson of Gillingham (Gilbingeham), Walter of the minster (de monasterio), Robert de Seles, Jordan de Estone, Reginald de Hamebergh, Reginald de Paris, Mansell de Poterna, Roger de Winterborn, clerk.
[Please quote GC286 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/10/2  1272-1307

Contents:
Maud de Wyke, widow, and Sir Nicholas de Cranford. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Maud has granted to Nicholas the land of Kingtone, la Chora and a half-virgate in Westovere, and 3s. rent in Westone (Dorset),[Two of the places may be Little Kington, in Gillingham, and West Stour (or Westover). 'La Chora' may be the same as 'la Lanschore', also in Gillingham, and Buckhorn Weston was not far from Gillingham. Wyke or Weeke was another hamlet in Gillingham; in 1328 Richard de Wyke (possibly Maud's descendant) and his wife Alice held two messuages and 35 a. of land in Gillingham in chief: Hutchins, Dorset, iii. 626.] and 4s. rent in the vill of Blakeford (Som.), which were held by William Paris, her late brother, and all his lands which descended to her, except for the lands of Stokes (Som.) and of Kersintone (Oxon.) and of Eston' and Chyurehaye (Bucks.); Nicholas has given her 30 marks.
Witnesses: Sir Andrew Wake, Sir Ivo de Sturton, Sir Richard de Seles, knights, John de Stanes, Robert de Wike, Clement Haym, Walter of the minster (de monaster'), Robert de Burinton, Richard Cressebin, Godfrey de Wyke, John de Dudes, Martin Haym, Benedict the smith, Robert the clerk, Thomas son of Maud.
[Please quote GC1591 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/10/3  1272-1307

Contents:
William de Wyke called le Justur and Robert le Justur, his brother. n.d. [temp. Edw.I]
William has quitclaimed to Robert all the lands, rents [etc.], which were of Ralph Ivaus in Somerset.
Witnesses: Sir John de Sancto Johanne, Sir John de Bohon, knights, Peter de Houtot, Nigel de Broke, William de Totynton, Daniel de Totynton, Roger de Pallinges, Adam le Justur, John le Graunt.
[Please quote GC1595 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SHOTTERY (WARWS.)  BCM/G/4/11  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Shottery adjoins Stratford upon Avon. The charter may have been connected with the Halls: BCM/G/4/9, Witney, and below, Stratford upon Avon, BCM/G/4/12

[no title]  BCM/G/4/11/1  [7 May 1383]

Contents:
John James of Shottery (Warws.); and William Sweyfte of Grafton, John Sawyer, chaplain, and John Noryse, chaplain. Thurs. after the Invention Holy Cross, 6 Ric. II
John James has granted to William, John and John, their heirs and assigns, a messuage and 26 a. of land in Schotryth.
Witnesses: Nicholas Sawser the elder, Ralph Sawser of Stratford upon Avon, George Bores, Thomas Grene, John Aleyn of Shottery.
At: Shottery.
[Please quote GC3761 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STRATFORD UPON AVON (WARWS.)  BCM/G/4/12  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Thomas Hall, in the second charter below, may have been the man who was the second husband of Anne Drayton, coheir to the Cranford inheritance: cf. BCM/G/4/9, Witney

[no title]  BCM/G/4/12/1  [15 Dec. 1348]

Contents:
Henry le Frettere of Stratford upon Avon and John his son; and John [le Car]pentar' and Felicia his wife. Mon. after St. Lucy, 22 Edw. III
Henry and John have granted to John and Felicia an annual rent of 3s. from a half-burgage in Stretforde in le Schepestret.
Witnesses: Alan de Shottryth, reeve, Alan atte Barr, Richard de Rowleye, catchpoll, John Lacy, John Edemay.
At: Stratford upon Avon.
[Please quote GC3199 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/12/2  [28 Feb. 1424]

Contents:
Nicholas Yerdeley of Stratford upon Avon, and... [Thomas] Halle of the same. Tues. in St. Oswald, [2] Hen. VI
Nicholas is bound to Thomas in 20 marks payable at Michaelmas.
[Please quote GC4140 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/12/3  [1462-3]

Contents:
Manorial account 2-3 Edw. IV
The borough of Stratford is mentioned among the rents.
[Please quote GAR395 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/12/4  [1464-5]

Contents:
Steward's account for Old Stratford manor 4-5 Edw. IV
[Please quote SR53 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PERSONAL  BCM/G/4/13  [n.d.]

MARRIAGE OF ROBERT CRANFORD TO ALICE DAUNTSEY  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/13/1  [16 Nov. 1391]

Contents:
Walter Daundeseye, lord of la Wyke by Oxford (Berks.), and Robert Craunford of South Newington. Thurs. after St. Martin, 15 Ric. II
Walter is bound to Robert in £40, to be paid at Christmas next.
At: Oxford.
[Please quote GC3860 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/13/2  [19 Nov. 1391]

Contents:
Walter Daundeseye, lord of la Wyke by Oxford (Berks.), and Robert Craunford of South Newington. Sun. after the week after of St. Martin, 15 Ric. II
Whereas Walter is bound to Robert in £40, Robert has granted that the bond shall be void if Walter maintains Alice his daughter in food and drink, clothing, shoes [etc.] during their lives, or 40s. a year.
At: Oxford.
[Please quote GC3861 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/13/3  Tues. after the translation of St. Swithin [22 July], 1320

Contents:
Sibyl daughter of Thomas sometime lord of Barcheston, unmarried woman; and Robert de Craunford of South Newington and Joan her mother.
Sibyl has received from Robert and Joan, executors of Thomas her father, 100 marks for her legacy in his will, and for her one third of all his goods, and for the fruits of the church of Bercheston for one year from her uncle Sir John de Bercheston, rector of the church, for her marriage, from the translation of St. Thomas [the martyr; 7 July] 1320 to the same feast 1321.
At: Newington.
[Please quote GC2323 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/4/13/4  [1430]

Contents:
Thomas Halle and Robert Craunford.[Thomas was, or was very soon to be, married to Cranford's daughter and heir Anne, widowed by the death of John de Drayton the previous year.] 1 Oct. 9 Hen. VI
Thomas is bound to Robert in 100 marks payable at Christmas; on the condition that if Thomas pays for 7 years following £18 5s. 3d. a year as by an indenture made the morrow of Michaelmas 9 Hen. VI [30 Sept. 1430], and after the 7 years £18 17s. 7d. a year for his life, the bond will be void.
At: South Newington.
[Please quote GC4169 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE LOVET INHERITANCE  BCM/G/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charters associated with the Lovet inheritance concern several families or branches called Lovet, which are not easy to distinguish. They also concern members of the Brooke, Wauncy and Waver families connected with the Lovets in the 14th and 15th centuries.
The Lovets of Rushton (Northants.) had held land in Rushton since Vitalis Lovet held two thirds of a hide there in the reign of Henry II. John Lovet held a portion in 1296, and an eighth of a fee was held by Robert Lovet in 1322-3 and by Thomas Lovet in 1346.[Bridges, Northants. ii. 67-8.] John Lovet was active in Rushton c. 1242-3, William and John (in that order) in 1286, and John ('of Rushton') in 1294 and 1311.[In 1319 John Lovet of Dosthorp, in Peterborough (Northants.), requested a licence for a chantry chapel in his dwelling there: Bridges, Northants. ii. 570.] The later John was evidently succeeded by Robert 'of Rushton', who witnessed charters between 1327 and 1335 and held the fee in 1322-3. He was succeeded by his son Thomas (I), who witnessed charters between 1342 and 1345, held the fee in 1346, and was acting with his brother Edmund in 1346 and 1348; William Lovet, who witnessed charters in 1342 and 1345, was possibly another brother. Thomas died in 1361 leaving a widow Joan, and shortly after his death the inheritance in Rushton, Henwick and Weekley was settled on Joan and their son Nicholas and his issue, with remainders in tail to Nicholas's brother William and his sisters Katherine, Agnes and Joan.[Thomas's inquisition post mortem was taken only in 1363 and mentions only five cottages in Rushton, as the rest of the inheritance was held by feoffees; Thomas's heir was said to be his son Claude, clearly in error for Nicholas: CIP xi, no. 509.]
Nicholas Lovet was 14 in 1361, and in 1407 he settled a portion of the manor on his son Thomas (II) and his wife Mary, daughter of William Rasyn of Kimbolton, and their issue. It was settled again by Thomas (III) in 1460 and again in 1463. By then the family had acquired a manor in neighbouring Great Oakley (Northants.), and in 1471 Thomas (IV) Lovet granted the two manors to William Brooke, in exchange for the manor of Astwell (Northants.). William Brooke's father Arthur had bought the Wauncy family's manor of Astwell by 1428 and died in 1453-4.[Bridges, Northants. i. 214; Feud. Aids, iv. 41.]
What appears to be a different branch of the Lovets held Liscombe (Bucks.) and Helmdon (Northants.)[Another branch was represented by John son of William Lovet, who in 1352 held a manor in Welford: Bridges, Northants. i. 593.] Robert Lovet of Liscombe married Sarah daughter and heir of Nicholas de Turville of Helmdon. Liscombe was settled in 1314 on Robert and Sarah with remainder to their son John, whose son William held it in 1364, but Helmdon was held in 1346 by Thomas Lovet, possible William's brother, who granted it to his sister Maud Darches. In 1417-18 Sir Edward de la Pole granted Helmdon to Roger Lovet of Liscombe (either of them may have been acting as a feoffee), and in 1434 John Lovet and his wife Margaret let the manor at farm to Arthur Brooke and William Harrison.[Bridges, Northants. i. 172]
Arthur Brooke's son William also had interests in Cesters Over (Warws.), which in 1460 he granted to Henry Waver, lord of the principal manor; in 1385 William Lovet of Liscombe had granted the reversion of 12 messuages and 13 virgates there and in Cosford to William Purefoy, whose grandson William was joint lord of Cesters Over with John Waver in 1432.[VCH Warws. vi. 177.] In 1307 William son and heir of Robert de Waver of Warwickshire and Lincolnshire married Alice daughter of Robert Lovet of Newton, and in 1359 John Lovet of Newton, chaplain, was a feoffee of the entire Waver inheritance for Robert de Waver, with ultimate remainder to Philip Lovet of Newton.[VCH Warws. vi. 177; below, p. 919. Cesters Over, BCM/G/5/8.] In short, there were multiple connections between the Lovets of Rushton, of Helmdon and of Liscombe, the Brookes, the Wauncys and the Wavers, and they seem to be reflected in the muniments.
Thomas (IV) Lovet died in 1492 and his son Thomas (V) in 1523, leaving a son, Thomas (VI). That Thomas's daughter and heir Jane married John Shirley (d. 1570), and their son George succeeded to the Lovet inheritance on Thomas's death in 1587.[VCH Oxon. xi. 148; VCH Northants. iv. 55.]
Surprisingly, most of the Lovet charters in the muniments are for Rushton, although Thomas Lovet had granted that manor to William Brooke in 1471.

SYSTON (LEICS.)  BCM/G/5/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Augustinian canons of Wroxton (Oxon.) held land in Syston,[VCH Oxon. ii. 101-2.] and in 1260 William de Waver and Hugh, prior of Wroxton, by Master Robert de Myley, came to an agreement on the advowson of Syston by which they had alternate presentations.[Final Concords of the County of Lincoln (Lincoln Record Society, vol. 17, 1919), p. 176.]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/1/1  [9 Feb. 1267]

Contents:
William de Waure, knight, and Master Robert de Mylay, clerk. One week after the Purification, 1266
William has granted to Robert the rent of 6 marks which Robert renders at Sythestan.
Witnesses: Brother Hugh, prior of Wroxton, Masters John and William de Attelberg, Brother William de Weston, canon of Wroxton, Master Walter Blaber of Warwick, Hugh de Belegrave, Peter de Salfledebi.
[Please quote GC1575 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ASTWELL, IN WAPPENHAM (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/5/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Robert de Wauncy held one knight's fee in Astwell in 1296. His son Robert had livery of the manor in 1317-18 and paid aid for one fee there in 1346. Afterwards the manor passed to William Silsby, from whom Arthur Brooke bought it. After Thomas (IV) Lovet acquired it by exchange,[See BCM/G/5 Administrative history] his son Thomas (V) was born there in 1473.[CIPM Hen. VII, i, no. 1208.] When he died in 1492 Thomas (IV) was holding two manors there, called Brookes and Billings, as well as other holdings in Astwell, Falcutt and Wappenham including 2,000 a. of land.[CIPM Hen. VII, i, no. 753.] It is said that he acquired the second manor by marriage to Joan, daughter and coheir of Thomas Billing, who had acquired it from the Giffard family, but since Thomas (V), whose mother was certainly Anne de Drayton, inherited both manors Billings manor had presumably been acquired either by purchase or by the marriage of an earlier Thomas Lovet.[Bridges, Northants. i. 214; Joan Wake, 'The Story of Astwell Manor House', Northamptonshire Past and Present, ii. 324-9.]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/2/1  [21 Dec. 1265]

Contents:
Henry de Begeworth and Robert de Avelli. St. Thomas the apostle, 50 Hen. III
Henry, with the assent of Alice his wife, has leased to Robert a messuage with a toft and croft, which William Albas previously held of Henry, at the spring (fons) of Hastwell, for a term of 20 years; rent 12d. a year; for which Robert gave him 8s.
Witnesses: Sir Robert the vicar, William Balraw, William Haret, William the smith, Lernard, Robert the clerk, Richard son of John, Walter his brother.
[Please quote GC312 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HELMDON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/5/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Helmdon, which was held by Nicholas de Turville in 1316, passed through the Lovets,[BCM/G/5 Administrative history] and the stray charter below remains in the Castle.

[no title]  BCM/G/5/3/1  [19 July 1397]

Contents:
John Cobbere of Helmdon, Emma his wife and William Sowtere of the same; and John Tornor of Greatworth (Crutteworth) and Joan his wife. Thurs. before St. Margaret the virgin, 21 Ric. II
John, Emma and William are bound to John and Joan in £20.
At: Plumpton.
[Please quote GC3932 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NEWTON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/5/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was constantly associated with Great Oakley, to which it is adjacent, lying with Rushton just north of Kettering. Sarah de Tolethorpe was the daughter and coheir of Richard de Oakley and inherited a moiety of Great Oakley: below, BCM/G/5/5

[no title]  BCM/G/5/4/1  [21 Oct. 1266]

Contents:
Sir Thomas son of Robert de Suttorp and Robert de Tindale. Thurs. after St. Luke, 50 Hen. III
Thomas has sold to Robert the wardship of the holding which John de Howt held in Neuton and Morcote, except for reasonable dower to John's widow, with the marriage of John's son John for Robert's daughter; and if John the younger dies before he reaches full age, then Robert is to have the wardship of John's brother Thomas; and Robert has made a bond to Thomas in 40 marks.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Sancto Medardo, Geoffrey Lufel, Robert de Stokes, Hugh Fawel, Geoffrey de Milton, knights, Alexander de la Rivere de Foddringeye, Robert the clerk of the same.
At: Southorpe.
[Please quote SC410 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/4/2  [13 Nov. 1328]

Contents:
Nicholas de Tolthorp and Sarah his wife; and John son of John le Freman of Little Newton and Joan his wife. Sun. after St. Martin, 2 Edw. III
Nicholas and Sarah have leased to John and Joan all their holding in the vill of Parva Neutone of the inheritance of Sarah, viz. half of a messuage and half of a garden, for their lives, rent 5s. a year.
Witnesses: Roger de Magna Ocle, Simon son of Reginald of the same, Nicholas Mustel of Magna Newton, John de Navysby, Robert Penifader.
At: Great Oakley.
[Please quote GC2663 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

GREAT OAKLEY (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/5/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
There were two manors in Great Oakley. One was held by the Seytons from the 13th century, William de Seyton holding it in 1296 and Simon and his wife Sarah in 1314-15. The other, held by the Oakley (also de Ocle or de Akle) family, was divided between the two daughters and coheirs of Richard de Oakley, Margery and Sarah, at the beginning of the 14th century. Sarah was married to Nicholas de Tolethorpe and in 1329 Nicholas held a moiety of a manor in the right of his wife. Margery sold her portion to Richard de Lyons, and the Tolethorpes seem to have sold their portion to Sir Gilbert de Imworth: by 1346 the manor was held by Richard de Lyons and Gilbert de Imworth. Richard's daughter and coheir Alice is said to have married Nicholas Lovet (d. by 1413).[Bridges, Northants. ii. 325.]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/5/1  [11 May 1347]

Contents:
Thomas de Seyton of Great Oakley, and Gilbert de Imworth, knight. Fri. the morrow of Ascension, 21 Edw. III
Whereas Thomas granted to Gilbert, his heirs and assigns all his lands, rents, mill, profits of court [etc.] in Magna Ockle, Gilbert wills that if Thomas holds the holding peacefully for 6 years without impediment the charter of the grant will be void.
At: Great Oakley.
[Please quote GC3159 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

RUSHTON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/G/5/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Lovets, who also held land in Henwick and Weekley, had Rushton as their principal holding during the 14th and 15th centuries until they gave it with Great Oakley in exchange for Astwell in 1471. The other principal landholders in Rushton were the families of Basset, Goldingham and St. Lys.[Bridges, Northants. ii. 67-8.] In the reign of Henry II Robert Basset held 1½ hides, and another Robert held a third of a fee in the reign of Henry III. That land was held by Robert Basset in 1296, Isabel widow of Robert in 1329, another Robert in 1343 and John in 1346. Hugh de Goldingham held one fee in Rushton in the reign of Henry III. In 1285 Robert Basset and William de Goldingham disputed the custody of the daughters and heirs of Andrew de St. Lys, and in 1296 the lords of Rushton were named as William de Goldingham, Joseph (perhaps recte John) Lovet, Robert Basset and the heirs of St. Lys; people called St. Lys were still living in the manor in the 14th century.

LOVET  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/1  1216-1272

Contents:
Hugh de Goldingham and Amicia his wife; and John Luvet of Rushton. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Agreement about lands in Riston. [15th-century copy.]
Witnesses: Sir Robert Basset, William de Insula, Hugh de Canest', Warin de Clendone, Thomas de Insula, Hugh le Eyre, Richard de Clendon, Henry de Sancto Licio.
[Please quote GC3968 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/2  [6 Oct. 1346]

Contents:
Edmund Lovet of Rushton and Thomas his brother. One week after Michaelmas, 20 Edw. III
Edmund has quitclaimed to Thomas all the lands and holdings which were of Robert Lovet his father in Riston, except for a messuage which John de Langeton held and a plot of land called Gibbisgors and three roods, which Robert during his life granted to Thomas.
At: London.
[Please quote GC3149 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/3  [27 Aug. 1361]

Contents:
John Balle, chaplain of Rushton, and John de Catteworth of the same; and Joan widow of Thomas Lovet of Rushton and Nicholas, Thomas's son. Fri. after St. Bartholomew, 35 Edw. III
John and John have granted to Joan and Nicholas all the messuages, lands, holdings [etc.] which they had by grant of the late Thomas in Ristone, Henewyk and Wykelei; to them and Nicholas's issue, with remainders to Nicholas's brother William and his issue, William's sister Katherine and her issue, Katherine's sister Agnes and her issue, Agnes's sister Joan and her issue, and the right heirs of Thomas Lovet.
Witnesses: Mauger Wavasour, lord of Weekley, John de Klandon, lord of the same, William Grauser, chaplain of Rushton, John de Langetone of the same, John Henry of the same, John de Sancto Licio of the same, John Basset of the same, John son of Thomas of the same, Master Richard de Ristone.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC3507; duplicate GC3522 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/4  [21 Jan. 1407]

Contents:
Nicholas Lovet of Rushton; and Thomas Lovet his son and Mary his wife, daughter of William Rasyn of Kimbolton. Fri. the feast of St. Agnes, 8 Hen. IV
Nicholas has granted to Thomas and Mary his capital messuage, all the appurtenant lands [etc.], a water-mill and a house called le Park by the said mill, in the vill of Ryscheton; to them and Thomas's issue; rent 6s. 8d. a year, with remainder to Nicholas's right heirs.
Witnesses: Robert Comberton of Rushton, John Catworth, John Graunger, John Henchoun, William Herry.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC4019 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/5  [1460]

Contents:
(1) Thomas Lovet of Rushton, esquire; (2) Thomas Elyngham of the same and Elizabeth his wife; (3) John Merbury, Christopher Waver, Thomas Merbury, esquires, Simon Burton, and John Palady. 15 May 38 Hen. VI
Thomas Lovet has quitclaimed to Thomas and Elizabeth, and to John, Christopher, Thomas, Simon and John, feoffees of Thomas and Elizabeth, his manor of Russheton.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC4303 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/6  [14 Dec. 1463]

Contents:
Thomas Lovet of Rushton, esquire; and John Byllyng, Thomas Stuttesbery of Sulgrave, Edward Dorne and Henry Burdon Wed. after St. Lucy, 3 Edw. IV
Thomas has granted to John, Thomas, Edward and Henry, and their heirs and assigns, his manor of Rysshton (Northants.) and all his lands and holdings in Rysshton and Wylteley in the said county.
Witnesses: Nicholas Gryffyn, John Gage, Thomas Dounhale, Thomas Pulton, Thomas Elyngham, esquire.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC4324 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BASSET HOLDINGS  [no ref. or date]

Bassetshawe  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/7  [c. 1242-3]

Contents:
John Luvet of Rushton and Robert Basset. n.d.
John has quitclaimed to Robert a wood called Basseteshawe and the second inland enclosure.
Witnesses: Sir Baldwin de Ver, Sir Peter de Weston, Sir William de la Mulche, Sir Walter de Deneford, Hugh de Goldingham, Henry de Sancto Lico, Thomas de Insula, Reginald le Soknemay, Roger son of Fulk, William Beaufiz.
[Please quote GC395 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/8  [c. 1242-3]

Contents:
Thomas son of Ralph de Holkham and Sir Robert Bassett. n.d.
Thomas has quitclaimed to Robert a wood called Bassetteshawe with land in Riston.
Witnesses: Sir Hugh de Goldingham, Warin de Clendon, John Luvet, Henry de Sancto Licio, Thomas de Sancto Licio, Roger son of Fulk, William son of Nigel, William at the cross, William Beufiz.
[Please quote SC76 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/9  [1242-3]

Contents:
Robert Basset, son of John Basset of Rushton, and Roger son of Fulk de Riston. 27 Hen. III
Robert has granted to Roger pasture and common for six beasts in his pasture beyond the water in the south part in the field of Riston, from the Invention of Holy Cross [3 May] to the Purification [2 Feb.], and also pasture for the six beasts on either side of the water of Hyse after the hay is raised, and on all the land where his other men have common of pasture, excepting his close of Bassetshae [etc.].
Witnesses: Sir Robert de Ver, Hugh de Goldingham, John Luvet, Henry de Sancto Licio, Thomas de Insula, William the clerk, Richard the marshal.
At: Northampton.
[Please quote SC274 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Basset manor  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/10  [3 Aug. 1294]

Contents:
Hugh de Akle, son of Simon, formerly lord of Great Oakley; and Robert Basset of Rushton, brother and heir of Sir William Basset, and Isabel his wife. Tues. after St. Peter in chains, 22 Edw. I
Hugh has granted to Robert and Isabel all his manor of Ryhston, which he had by grant from Robert, with the advowson of the church of St. Peter, to them and Robert's issue, with remainder to Hugh and his heirs.
Witnesses: Sir John de Seyton, Sir John de Bray, Sir Stephen Rabaz, knights, John Basset, Richard de Desburgh, William de Clandon, Roger Albwold of Rowell, John Lovet, William de Graunger, John de Hotot of Brampton, Thomas de Boyvill of Leicestershire.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC605 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

Smith holdings  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/11  [29 Aug. 1327]

Contents:
John le Diker' of Rushton; and John the smith of Rushton and Juliana his wife. Decollation of St. John the Baptist, 1 Edw. III
John has granted to John and Juliana, and John's heirs and assigns, 1 rood of land above le Akir.
Witnesses: Robert Lovet of Rushton, Henry the carpenter of the same, Geoffrey de Goldingham, Ralph the carpenter, William Russel.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC2635 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/12  [13 Dec. 1331]

Contents:
William son of John the smith of Rushton; and John the smith of Rushton and Juliana his wife. St. Lucy, 5 Edw. III
William has granted to John and Juliana 1½ a. and half a rood of arable land, for a certain sum of money, in the east field of Ryston; rent ½d. to the hospital of St. John the Baptist, Kyngele.
Witnesses: Robert Loveth of Rushton, Geoffrey de Goldyngham, William Russel, Ralph the carpenter, Thomas Surdent.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC904 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/13  [mid 13th cent.]

Contents:
William son of Richard, parson of Rushton; and William son of Gerald the carpenter of Rushton and Alice his wife. n.d.
William son of Richard has confirmed the grant by Thomas de Insula, his brother, to Alice wife of William son of Gerald, of a furlong in the fields of Riston at Haroldisti; rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Richard Luvet, Andrew de Sancto Licio, Robert son of Reginald, Peter de Bradewell, Philip at the cross, Henry de Bradewell, William the clerk.
[Please quote SC144 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/14  [mid 13th cent.]

Contents:
Andrew de Sancto Lyceo; and Robert de Sancto Lyceo, his brother, and Maud his wife. n.d.
Andrew has granted to Robert and Maud and their issue a messuage with one selion in the vill and fields of Riston, the selion lying in le Sakelond; rent a pair of gloves price 1d. a year, and the holding will revert to Andrew if they die without issue.
Witnesses: Richard Luvet, William Graunger, William Byestutun, Adam Carpenter, Henry de Bradewell.
[Please quote GC813 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/15  [1 Nov. 1286]

Contents:
Hugh son of Simon de Acle and Richard de Rowell, clerk. n.d.
Hugh has granted to Richard, for 14 marks, a messuage in the vill of Riston containing 4 cottages, and 1 virgate of land in the west field of Riston; rent a pair of white gloves a year. In the margin: Charter made All Saints 14 Edward, and seisin taken by W. de Duneb' for Richard.
Witnesses: Sir William de Goldingham, knight, Robert Basset, William Graunger, William Lovet, John Lovet, William Gerold, William Byestun, Philip at the cross, Richard de Desburg', Roger Aleweld, William de Clendon, William of the castle (de castro), William Ernald, Roger le Heyr, Henry le Newman, Laurence Adegrim, Richard de Clenden in Rowell, Philip Suel, Robert de Navesby, Richard of the same, John Hauberge of Desborough, Alexander Burdun, William de Neubotle, William Boucknave, Adam de Maidewell.
[Please quote GC1601 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/16  [1 Nov. 1311]

Contents:
John son of Henry Maheu of Boughton and Robert son of Moke de Riston. Mon. the feast of All Saints, 5 Edw. II
John has quitclaimed to Robert his term in a toft and curtilage in Ryston, to hold for the rest of the term as in the charter of Robert le Bakere of Riston, chaplain.
Witnesses: John Lovet of Rushton, Edmund de Sancto Licio of the same, Henry Carpentar' of the same, William le Yunge of the same, Ralph le Carpent' of the same.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC1848 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/17  [6 Nov. 1316]

Contents:
William son of William Ayeston of Rushton; and John Hocke of Rushton and Beatrice his wife. St. Leonard, 10 Edw. II
William has granted to John and Beatrice, and their heirs and assigns, 3 a., 1 rood and 2 selions of land in Riston.
Witnesses: Robert Lovet of Rushton, Edmund de Sancto Licio of the same, William Russel of the same, Henry Carpentar' of the same, Geoffrey de Goldingham of the same.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC2129 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/18  [28 Oct. 1325]

Contents:
Michael Sarrator of Rushton; and John son of John the shepherd (bercarius) of Rushton and Isabel his wife. Mon. the feast of St. Simon and St. Jude, 19 Edw. II
Michael has granted to John and Isabel, and their heirs and assigns, 1½ roods of land in the south field of Ristone.
Witnesses: Robert Lovet, Henry Carpentar', Ralph Carpentar', William Russel, Edmund Seynlyz.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC2450 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/19  [10 June 1330]

Contents:
Elias de la Howe of Cranford; and John Benet of Aldwincle and William Borard of Lyveden. Sun. before St. Barnabas, 4 Edw. III
Elias has confirmed to John and William, and their heirs and assigns, a messuage and 2 virgates of land in Rysshtone, and the services of tenants [named], and pasture for one cow in the pasture beyond the water towards Rothewell in Bassetishawe.
Witnesses: Sir Henry de Tichemerssh, Sir John Daundelyn, knights, Robert Lovet of Rushton, Thomas Curzoun of Cranford, Richard Power of the same, Thomas son of Simon Henefrei, Richard le Spenser.
[Please quote GC2705 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/20  [12 May 1333]

Contents:
John de Ocle, son of Richard le Masoun of Oakley, and Peter de Housele of Rushton. Wed. the eve of Ascension, 7 Edw. III
John has granted to Peter, his heirs and assigns 1 a. and 1 rood of land in Rystone which he inherited after the death of his sister Cecilia.
Witnesses: Robert Lovet of Rushton, Henry Carpent' of the same, Richard son of Henry of the same, Geoffrey de Goldingham of the same, Ralph Carpent' of the same, Hugh le Taylour, Richard de Clendone, clerk.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC2771 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/21  [26 March 1335]

Contents:
John de Dyker of Rushton and William son of Henry Carpent' of Rushton. Sun. after the Annunciation, 9 Edw. III
John has granted to William 3 selions of land in the west field of Ryschton.
Witnesses: Robert Lovet of Rushton, Geoffrey de Goldingham, Henry son of Henry Carpent', Ralph Carpent', John Basset, Robert Rogges.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC2813 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/22  [24 Dec. 1342]

Contents:
Reginald del Peke of Rushton and Richard de Thurkestone, servant of the late Sir Edmund Trusel of Rushton. Tues. after St. Thomas the apostle, 16 Edw. III
Reginald has granted to Richard his holding in Rhystone, which he had by grant of Reginald Joylin.
Witnesses: Thomas Lovet of Rushton, William Lovet of the same, Richard Hury of the same, John Gasseth of the same, John Mustel of the same, Robert Ayllinton.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC3034 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/23  [2 May 1344]

Contents:
John son of Thomas Bar... of Rushton; and Thomas son of Robert de Ayllineton, Agnes his wife and John their son. Sun. after St. Philip and St. James, 18 Edw. III
John has leased to Thomas, Agnes and John the two cottages to the east of the lane to Rothewelle; for their lives, rent 2s. a year and hay-making services.
Witnesses: Thomas Loveth, Maurice Henry, Richard Henri, Reginald Pek, John Basseth, John Mustel.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC2792 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/24  [23 Feb. 1345]

Contents:
Joan Gray of Rushton; and Walter her brother and Sarah his wife. Wed. after St. Peter in cathedra, 19 Edw. III
Joan has quitclaimed to Walter and Sarah a messuage in Rystone which they had by her grant.
Witnesses: Thomas Lovet of Rushton, William Lovet of the same, John de Weldone, Richard Henri, John de Langelone, William Graunger, Hugh le Taylour.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC3115 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/25  [26 Feb. 1375]

Contents:
John Langeton of Rushton; and John Catworth and William Dette, chaplain of Rushton. Mon. after St. Peter in cathedra, 49 Edw. III
John Langeton has granted to John Catworth and William a messuage with 4 cottages adjacent, and 1¾ virgates of land and meadow in Risshton and an annual rent of 2s. 9d. from the holdings of Walter Bray, John Seuster and John Dykes.
Witnesses: John Knyghton, John Darle, Nicholas Lovet, Robert Dray, John Hevy, William Smyth, Thomas Prentys.
At: Rushton.
[Please quote GC3678 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/26  [1381]

Contents:
John de Knyghton of Rushton and Thomas Nok. 10 May 4 Ric. II
John has leased at farm to Thomas, for his life, two thirds of 1 virgate of land in Russghton, in Storthfeld and Wodfeld, and three quarters of the land which William Smyth held of John; rent 7s. 4d. a year.
Witnesses: Nicholas Lovet of Rushton, John Graunger of the same, John Croft, William Smyth, John Harri.
At: London.
[Please quote GC3744 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/6/27  [4 Jan. 1413]

Contents:
Andrew Neubotill of Clendon; and William Thurstyngton, John Palmere, clerk, John de Beauver, William Juwet of Bereford the elder, and William Foxe of Rushton. Wed. before Epiphany, 14 Hen. IV
Andrew has granted to William, John, John, William and William, and their heirs and assigns, 3 furlongs of waste land in Rishton called le Milnefeld, common of pasture for a bull and 6 cows in the pasture called Dropynhill and an annual rent of 6d. from William Brokace of Wykele.
Witnesses: Hugh Holt, Thomas Mulso, Simon Kynnesman, Thomas Lovet, Richard Andrew, William Walkere of Weekley.
At: Clendon.
[Please quote GC4076 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WEEKLEY (NORTHANTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The inheritance settled on Nicholas Lovet and his siblings in 1361 included lands in Henwick and Weekley: above, BCM/G/5/6/3 [GC 3507]. Weekley was a manor of the Vavasour family, and Mauger Vavasour died in 1369 holding part of Weekley wood of Nicholas Lovet.[Bridges, Northants. ii. 345.] Lands in Weekley still formed part of the inheritance in 1463 (above, BCM/G/5/6/6 [GC 4324]) and presumably passed with Rushton to William Brooke in 1471.

LITTLE LAWFORD, IN NEWBOLD ON AVON (WARWS.)  BCM/G/5/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
After acquiring the vill from Roger de Craft, John de Chavigny granted it to Combe Abbey. (Warws.), Roger's father having already granted the mill to Pipewell Abbey (Northants.). It seems to have been connected with the half of the Pantolf fee which descended with Cesters Over.[VCH Warws. vi. 177, 188-90; below, BCM/G/5/8.]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/7/1  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
Roger de Craft and John de Chaveyni. n.d.
Roger has granted to John his vill of Parva Lalleford containing 2 hides of land, that is 8 virgates, with tofts, crofts [etc.], except for the mill held by the monks of Pipewell; to hold at a rent of 1d. a year at Easter for all services as for a fifth of a knight's fee.
Witnesses: Robert de Campania, Hugh de Campania, Roger Pantolf, William parson of Rugby (Rokebi), Henry de Rokebi, Robert de Rokebi, William Hanselin, Lawrence the clerk.
[Please quote SC114 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CESTERS OVER, IN MONKS KIRBY (WARWS.)  BCM/G/5/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
When William Pantolf died without issue c. 1245 his lands, the Pantolf fee, in Newbold on Avon, Lawford and Cosford were divided between his two sisters and coheirs, one of whom, Emma, was married to Robert de Waver, lord of Cesters Over (or Cesters Waver) in Monks Kirby. In 1349 it was held by Thomas de Waver, and his portion of the fee descended with Cesters Over in the Waver family until 1545.[VCH Warws. vi. 188-90.] In 1307 the reversion of Cesters Over on the death of Robert de Waver was settled on Robert's son William de Waver on his marriage with Alice daughter of Robert Lovet of Newton. In 1385 William Lovet of Liscombe granted the reversion of a substantial holding of 12 messuages and 13 virgates in Cesters Over and Cosford to William Purefoy, and Purefoy's grandson, another William, was in 1432 joint lord of Cesters Over with John Waver. In 1460 William Brooke of Astwell granted his rights in the manor to Henry Waver.[VCH Warws. vi. 177.]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/8/1  [9 May 1359]

Contents:
John Lovet of Newton and Robert Wrythe of the same, chaplains; and Robert de Chestrewaure. Thurs. after St. John before the Latin Gate, 33 Edw. III
John and Robert have granted to Robert the manor of Waure (Warws.), and all the lands and holdings [etc.], in Neubolt Pantolf, Cosforthd and Longlalforthd in the same county, and in Scotwiloughby, Esbueby and Ounesby (Lincs.) with the advowsons of Scotwyloughby and Ounesby, which they had by grant of the said Robert, to him and his issue, remainder to Thomas de Waure, his brother, and his issue, Thomas's brother John de Waure and his issue, John's sister Joan de Waure and her issue, and Philip Lovet of Neuton and his heirs.
Witnesses: John de Payto the younger, John Rynel, Guy Bretone, Philip Lovet of Newton, Richard Broun of Osbournby, Philip Purefoy, William de Buttone, Robert de Waure of Kenilworth, William de Lincolne of Stroxton (Strotestone).
At: Cesters Over.
[Please quote GC3487 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

UNIDENTIFIED  BCM/G/5/9  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Robert de Wauncy of Astwell acquired a third of the manor of Lilbourne (Northants.) and his son Robert (II) held that third in 1329 and 1346.[Bridges, Northants. i. 573] The charter may therefore be for Lilbourne, where the grantor lived and where it is dated, but its reference to a burgage suggests a market town.

[no title]  BCM/G/5/9/1  [9 July 1390]

Contents:
William Mallory, smith of Lilbourne, and Thomas Langport, lord of Thenford. Sat. after the translation of St. Thomas the martyr, 14 Ric. II
William has surrendered to Thomas his right and status in a messuage and half-virgate of land, and in a burgage and 1 a. of land which he had for life by grant of Robert Wauncy.
Witnesses: John Coke, John Whytelede, John Andreu, John Chapmon, Robert Lyndesdale, Simon Nichol, Thomas Fremond.
At: Lilbourne.
[Please quote GC3839 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PERSONAL  BCM/G/5/10  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/G/5/10/1  [10 Feb. 1348]

Contents:
Thomas Lovet of Rushton, Edmund Lovet of the same and John Barry; and Richard de Keselyngbury, citizen and draper of London. Sun. before St. Valentine, 22 Edw. III
Whereas Thomas and Edmund are bound to Richard in £80 by a bond dated 10 June 20 Edw. III [1346] to be paid at Christmas following, and Thomas and John in a bond of £100 of 9 Feb. 22 Edw. III [1348] to be paid at the nativity of St. John the Baptist following [24 June 1348], and Edmund in one of £20 of the same date, Richard wills that if Thomas, Edmund and John pay to him 110 marks, viz. 10 marks at the nativity of St. John the Baptist next, and at Michaelmas [29 Sept.] 20 marks, and at Christmas 20 marks, and at Easter 20 marks, and at the nativity of St. John the Baptist 20 marks and at Michaelmas 20 marks, the bonds of £100 and £20 will be void.
Witnesses: John de Horwod...,... Morys, Henry atte Grene, John Granesle.
At: London.
[Please quote GC3172 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE CAREY ESTATE  BCM/H  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Sir Thomas Berkeley (d.v.p. 1611), eldest son and heir apparent of Henry Lord Berkeley (d. 1613), married Elizabeth, only child of George Carey, Lord Hunsdon (d. 1603). Although the Hunsdon title and most of the lands passed to George's brother John, Elizabeth was heir to some of the lands of her ancestors, the Butlers, earls of Ormond, and the Boleyns, and some deeds relating to the Carey inheritance are at Berkeley Castle.
The Butlers were descended from Theobald Walter or Fitzwalter, who accompanied Prince John to Ireland in 1185 and was granted the office of Butler. Theobald's great-grandson, a fourth Theobald (d. 1285), succeeded to the office and married Joan, one of the four daughters of John FitzGeoffrey (d. 1258), Justiciar of Ireland 1245-56.[John FitzGeoffrey was the son of Geoffrey FitzPeter, earl of Essex (d. 1213), by his second wife. The earldom descended through the children of Geoffrey's first wife, but John, for a fine of 300 marks, had livery of a portion of his father's lands: Sanders, English Baronies, 71-2; GEC v. 433-41.] Joan (d. 1303), as coheir of her brother Richard FitzJohn (d.s.p. 1297), was assigned the manors of Fambridge (Essex) and Shere with the Vachery in Cranley (Surrey), the reversion of Aylesbury (Bucks.), and a share of the Irish lands. Her heir was her second but eldest surviving son, Edmund (d. 1321), who acquired the reversion of most of the English lands of his brother-in-law John Pipard (d. 1331): below.
Edmund Butler's son and heir, James (I), created earl of Ormond in 1328, married Eleanor, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford (d. 1322), by Elizabeth, daughter of Edward I. She brought him the manor of Kilpeck (Herefs.).[Kilpeck passed from Hugh de Kilpeck (d. 1244) to his daughter and coheir Isabel, wife of William Waleraund. William's brother Robert granted it to his nephew Alan de Plokenet (d. 1298); it passed to Plokenet's son Alan (d.s.p. 1325) and to the son's sister Joan, childless widow of Henry de Bohun of Haresfield, and in 1327 she granted Kilpeck to Eleanor de Bohun at Queen Isabella's request and 'in consideration of her affection': GEC x. 552-6; CPR 1327-30, 181.] On his early death in 1338 he held Kilpeck, the Pipard lands, the FitzJohn manors of his grandmother and two manors in Hampshire and Lancashire.[CIPM viii, no. 184. Eleanor married secondly, in 1344, Sir Thomas Dagworth (d. 1350) and died in 1363: GEC iv. 27-9. Kilpeck, Shere, the Vachery and Aylesbury were forfeited in 1461: CPR 1461-7, 75, 118, 425.] His son James (II) died in 1382, no longer holding the Lancashire manor but possessed instead of four manors in Somerset.[CIPM xv, nos. 696-708.] He was succeeded by his son James (III) (d. 1405). That James's son and heir James (IV) was married by 1413 to Joan, daughter of William Beauchamp of Abergavenny and his wife Joan, sister (and in 1415 coheir) of Thomas earl of Arundel.[CIPM. xix, nos. 26-33.]
Joan Butler died in 1430 leaving three sons under ten, James (V), John and Thomas. Their acquisitive grandmother, Joan Beauchamp, busied herself on behalf of her eldest grandson,[Her only son Richard, earl of Worcester, died in 1422 leaving an only daughter.] James (born c. 1420), gaining for him the inheritances of Hugh Burnell (d. 1420) and his second wife Joyce Botetourt (d. 1407): below. James was created earl of Wiltshire in 1449, before his father's death in 1452. By 1438 he had married Avice de Stafford, who in that year inherited the estate of her mother, Maud, the Brien heiress, which passed into James's possession: below. His youngest brother Thomas had married another substantial heiress, Anne, daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Hankeford (d. 1431): below. All three brothers were brought up at court and were staunch Lancastrians.[For what follows see GEC x. 126-32.] James's second wife, married possibly in April 1458, was Eleanor, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, duke of Somerset, who had been killed at St. Albans in 1455. James too had fought at St. Albans, was said to have fought with Queen Margaret at Wakefield in Dec. 1460, and in Feb. 1461 was marching to her assistance with the earl of Pembroke when they were defeated at Mortimer's Cross by Edward earl of March. He fled from the battle of Towton in March, but was captured at Cockermouth and beheaded at Newcastle on 1 May 1461. All three brothers were attainted. John and Thomas remained with Queen Margaret during the 1460s. They returned with her during the Readeption of 1470-1 but thereafter made their peace with Edward IV. John was pardoned and recognised (as James's heir) as earl of Ormond, and the attainder was formally annulled in 1475 when he was authorised to enter into all his brother's lands. Thomas was granted a general pardon in 1471[He said that the Act of Attainder had misnamed him as Sir Thomas Ormond, though he had not been knighted; he was still an esquire in 1478: above, D1/23/6 [GC 4351].] and was restored to some of his lands in 1472. John went abroad after his restoration and died, unmarried, before 15 June 1477, when Thomas succeeded him. Thomas's wife Anne Hankeford died in Nov. 1485, leaving two daughters, Anne and Margaret. He married again but had no more children before his death in 1515. His father, James (IV), had settled his Irish lands in tail male, and they consequently passed in 1515 to the great-grandson of his younger brother Richard, Sir Piers Butler, who also succeeded to the earldom of Ormond. The English lands passed to Thomas's daughters, Anne and Margaret.
Margaret was married in 1469, when she was a mere child,[She can hardly have been as young as four in 1469, as suggested in her mother's inquisition post mortem, as her eldest son was born in 1477.] to Sir William Boleyn, the younger son and heir of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn (d. 1463). At the time William could not expect to succeed to his father's lands, and Margaret, daughter of an attainted father, faced the possibility that the birth of a brother would prevent her from inheriting a share of her parents' lands. Her mother, however, had forfeited none of her lands when her husband was attainted; she may have been protected by her Yorkist brother-in-law, William Bourgchier, Lord FitzWarin, husband of her half-sister Thomasine: by 1469 part, at least, of her inheritance was held, to her use for the life of her husband, by an impressive set of ultra-Yorkist feoffees including Thomas Bourgchier, archbishop of Canterbury, George Neville, archbishop of York, Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, and William Bourgchier. In that year the feoffees conveyed the manor of Virworthy (Devon) to another group to secure a jointure for Margaret.[Below, BCM/H/1/3/1-2 [SC 622; GC 4357].] Margaret's eldest son Thomas was born in 1477. William Boleyn died in 1505, ten years before his father-in-law, but by then it was apparent that he had made an extremely good marriage. Since her mother had died in 1485 Margaret was certainly her coheir, and probably also coheir to the English lands of her father, only the Irish lands having been settled on the heirs male.
William and Margaret's son and heir, Thomas, is well known as the father of George, Mary and Anne Boleyn, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Howard duke of Norfolk, whom he married c. 1500 when he had only £50 a year on which to live.[GEC x. 139 n.] His mother Margaret survived her father by 25 years, dying between September 1539 and March 1540, but for the last 20 years of her life was incapable of managing her own affairs.[GEC x. 137 n.] Thomas was in 1525 created Viscount Rochford, the manor of Rochford (Essex) being part of his mother's inheritance from the Butlers, and in 1529 he was created earl of Wiltshire and earl of Ormond, Piers Butler being induced to surrender the earldom of Ormond in exchange for that of Ossory.[GEC x. 139; xi. 51. Rochford had been forfeited in 1461: CPR 1461-7, 104-5.] After the disgrace and execution of his son George and daughter Anne in 1536 he was deprived of the earldom of Ormond, which was restored to Piers in 1538, and he died in March 1539, a few months before his mother. His heirs were his granddaughter Queen Elizabeth, daughter of his daughter Anne by Henry VIII, and his daughter Mary, widow of William Carey (d. 1529). Mary died in 1543 leaving as heir her son Henry Carey, born March 1526 and reputed to be the son of Henry VIII. In Jan. 1559, two months after the accession to the throne of his cousin (or half-sister) Elizabeth, Henry Carey was created Lord Hunsdon. He died in 1596, leaving his son George to inherit the other moiety of Thomas Boleyn's land from Elizabeth on her death in March 1603, six months before his own.[Queen Elizabeth confirmed the Norfolk manors of Blickling, Carbrooke, West Lexham, Stiffkey, Filby, Postwick and others to her great-uncle Sir James Boleyn (d.s.p. 1561), younger son of William. Much of the Boleyn lands were scattered among numerous coheirs; another younger son of William, Sir Edward, left four daughters, and William himself had four daughters. Blickling passed to Sir John Clere, son and heir of Sir Robert and Alice, one of William's daughters: Blomefield, Norfolk, vi. 389.] George's only child, Elizabeth, born in 1576, married Sir Thomas Berkeley in 1595 or 1596.[GEC vi. 630 and n.] George's brother and heir male, John, died in 1617 leaving a son and heir Henry, created Viscount Rochford in 1621 and earl of Dover in 1628. Henry left a son and heir John, who died without male issue in 1677, when the titles passed to the descendants of Edmund, younger brother of George and John.[GEC vi. 630-2.]
The Pipard Inheritance
Ralph FitzNicholas, steward of the royal household, was granted the wardship and marriage of the Anglo-Irish heir Alice Pipard, whom he married to his son Ralph. The couple's son and heir, Ralph Pipard, had a son John who died in 1331 presumably without issue, having granted the reversion of most of his English lands to Edmund Butler, brother of his wife Maud.[GEC. ii. 447-50 (Butler); x. 530-3 (Pipard).] Eight of the manors named in Ralph Pipard's inquisition post mortem of 1309 passed to the Butlers: Great Finborough (Suff.), Long Compton (Warws.), Smeetham in Bulmer (Essex), Aston Blank (Glos.), Twyford and Great Linford (Bucks.) and Rotherfield Pipard and Fritwell (Oxon.).[CIPM v, no. 191. Rotherfield Pipard is not mentioned after 1392 and Twyford was sold in 1452. The others, apart from Great Finborough, were forfeited in 1461: CPR 1461-7, 200, 434, 440, 486.]
The Burnell and Botetourt Inheritances
Maud Burnell, heir to her brother Edward Lord Burnell (d.s.p. 1315), married first John Lord Lovel (d. 1314), bearing him a posthumous son and heir, and secondly John de Haudlo. She settled her inheritance in tail male on the issue of her second marriage with reversion to her descendants by Lovel. Her son by Haudlo was known as Nicholas Burnell and died in 1383 leaving a son Hugh. Hugh's son Edward (by his first wife) died without male issue in 1415, and under the settlement made by Maud the Burnell lands should have reverted on Hugh's death in 1420 to the Lovels. Hugh, however, had granted most of the inheritance to feoffees in 1414 (below, BCM/H/1/9/1 [GC 4095]), and in 1416 settled the reversion of most of his lands on John Talbot, Lord Furnivall (later earl of Shrewsbury) and Talbot's son John and his wife Katherine, Burnell's granddaughter, and their issue. Though Katherine was described as John Talbot's wife in 1421 the marriage seems not to have been completed[CPR 1419-22, 154-5; Cat. Anct. Deeds, ii, C2398.] and by 1430 she was married to Sir John Radcliffe (d. 1441), by whom she had a son John. On her death in 1452 most of the lands reverted to William Lovel. Three manors in Norfolk passed to Katherine's son, and her sister Margaret and her husband, Edmund Hungerford (a younger son of Walter Lord Hungerford), had inherited four Essex manors in 1420. In the confused situation, Joan Beauchamp seems to have acquired some of the lands. Among the few manors excepted from the settlement of 1416 were Pitchford and Norton, by Condover (Salop.). Pitchford passed to Joan Beauchamp and from her to James Butler, who forfeited it in 1461; it was then granted to John Lovel and sold by him in 1463[VCH Salop. viii. 118.] In 1453 James and William Lovel reached an agreement about the manors of Norton, with a rent in Wolverley (Salop.), Bidford and Broom (Warws.), and Upton Snodsbury and Russell's Hall in Dudley (Worcs.), by which James was to allow William to recover the manors which would then be divided and one part granted to James and his issue: below, BCM/H/1/11/1 [GC 4280]. James later forfeited Upton Snodsbury, along with Boreham and Great Holland (Essex), which in 1421 were to be delivered to Elizabeth, widow of Edward Burnell.
Hugh Burnell married secondly Joyce Botetourt, heir to the lands of her grandfather, John Lord Botetourt (d. 1386)[John, the first Lord Botetourt (d. 1324), had married a considerable heiress but she settled most of her lands on her daughter; their son, Thomas (d.v.p.) had married the sister and coheir of John Lord Somery, whose inheritance passed to Thomas's descendants. It consisted of the manors of Northfield (with its castle of Weoley), Cradley in Halesowen and Old Swinford (Worcs.), Bordesley and Haybarn, both in Aston (Warws.), Mere, Handsworth and Clent (Staffs.) and Newport Pagnell and Little Linford (Bucks.). The Butlers already held Great Linford (Bucks.) as part of the Pipard inheritance. There were two other Botetourt daughters, who were nuns. For what follows, see VCH Worcs. iii. 51, 143, 194-5, 216; Staffs. Hist. Collections, xi (1890), 226.] and eventually to those of her mother Joyce's nephew Hugh la Zouche (d. 1399). From her grandfather Joyce Burnell inherited ten manors and a castle in Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Staffordshire and Buckinghamshire, but she had no surviving issue and her heirs were her aunt Joyce, wife of Sir Adam Peasenhall, and her cousins Maurice de Berkeley (a minor born in 1400) and Joyce wife of Hugh Stranley. In 1417 the Stranleys granted their purparty of the Worcestershire, Warwickshire and Staffordshire lands to Nicholas Rugeley and his wife Edith, who immediately granted it to Joan Beauchamp, and in 1419 the Peasenhalls granted their third of the same lands to Joan. Joan then settled these lands on her grandson James Butler through feoffees. The remaining coheir, Maurice de Berkeley, came of age in 1423 and a dispute between him and Joan was resolved by arbitration which gave the castle of Weoley and the manors of Northfield and Cradley (with 40s. from Old Swinford) to Berkeley and the other lands to Joan, but James Butler was later able to recover part of Cradley on the grounds that Joan had previously settled it on him. The Botetourt manor of Newport Pagnell also passed to James Butler.[In 1386 Newport Pagnell and Little Linford had been settled on Burnell, in fee simple if he was disturbed in his possession of Weoley by Joyce's heirs after her death, but otherwise for life only: VCH Bucks. iv. 415.]
Joyce Burnell's inheritance from her cousin Hugh la Zouche consisted of the manors of Ashby-de-la-Zouch (Leics.), Swavesey and Fulbourn (Cambs.) and Nutbourne, in Pulborough, and River, in Tillington (Sussex). Joyce died on 1 Jan. 1407; on 27 Jan. Hugh la Zouche's feoffees quitclaimed to Hugh Burnell all the Zouche lands, including the two Sussex manors held for life by Hugh la Zouche's widow Joan (d. 1439), and in 1412 a potential Zouche heir, Robert de la Zouche, quitclaimed the five manors to Burnell.[In 1391 the manors of River (Treve) and Nutbourne, or a rent of 100 marks from the other three manors, had been settled on Joan. She married secondly Sir John Pelham (d. 1429) and died in 1439.] Of the five, Ashby at least passed to James Butler, being forfeited in the 1460s, when he was said to have held it by grant of Joyce, daughter of Joan and Hugh Burnell;[CPR 1461-7, 549. The names of the grantor and her parents appear to be confused.] in 1458 he had granted it to feoffees who held it until expelled by John Lovel. At Berkeley Castle are a charter relating to Swavesey and an account for Fulbourn,[Below, BCM/H/1/2/1 [SC 91]; the Fulbourn account is for 2-3 Hen. VIII and therefore outside the limit of this calendar. In 1442 the second Butler brother, John, acquired another manor in Fulbourn from John Shardelowe, and it was settled on John, Thomas and James in tail: CCR 1441-7, 45] suggesting that those two manors also passed to the Butlers and thence to the Berkeleys.
The Brien Inheritance
Guy Lord Brien (d. 1390) left as heir Elizabeth, daughter and eventual sole heir of his son Guy and his wife Alice, daughter and heir of Sir Robert de Bures. Elizabeth married Robert Lovel, a younger son of John Lord Lovel and uncle of William Lord Lovel, heir to the Burnell lands in 1420. Her daughter and heir Maud married first Sir Richard Stafford (d. c. 1427) by whom she had an only daughter, Avice, and secondly John earl of Arundel (d. 1435). By Arundel she had a son Humphrey, on whose death as a minor in 1438 Maud's lands passed to Avice, then aged 14.[GEC x. 128. The Arundel heir was Humphrey's uncle William]. Her inheritance consisted of two manors in Essex, six in Suffolk, four in Kent, six in Devon, six in Somerset, two in Gloucestershire and nine in Dorset, an island in Devon, other holdings in Suffolk and Somerset, and Walwyns Castle (Pembs.). In 1445 all except for Walwyns Castle were settled on James (V) Butler and Avice and their issue, with remainder to Avice's issue and James's right heirs:[Dorset Fines, 1327-1485, 322] when Avice died without issue in 1457 the whole inheritance, including Walwyns Castle, stayed in the Butler family and was forfeited in 1461.[CPR 1461-7, 72, 116, 200, 331, 431, 454, 485, 486].
The Hankeford Inheritance
Sir Richard Hankeford was the grandson and heir of Sir William Hankeford (d. 1424), Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and the son of Sir Richard (d.v.p. 1419).[Sir William was of Eastbury (Berks.), Yarnscombe (Devon), Kelynach (Cornw.) and elsewhere: GEC v. 504-5; x. 132]. He married first Elizabeth (d. 1426 x 1428), sister and heir of Fulk Lord FitzWarin (d. 1420), and secondly Anne, daughter of John Montague, earl of Salisbury; by the first he had two daughters, one of whom died aged eight in 1433, and by the second only Anne. Anne therefore shared the Hankeford inheritance with her half-sister Thomasine;[Sole heir after 1433 to the FitzWarin inheritance, wife of William Bourgchier (d. 1469), who was summoned to parliament as Lord FitzWarin: GEC v. 506] at her death in 1485 her lands consisted of two Somerset manors, East Cranmore and Quarm, in Exton, lands in Cornwall possibly including Kelynach, held by William Hankeford, and no fewer than 27 manors in Devon.[CIPM Hen. VII, i, nos. 153-5; the names of the lands in Cornwall are illegible in the inquisition]. She had married Thomas Butler by 11 July 1445 when she proved her age and she and Thomas had livery of her purparty.

THE BUTLER INHERITANCE  BCM/H/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The lands passed to the Butlers from several different families, but principally from the Pipards in 1331 and from the Burnells after 1420.

TWYFORD (BUCKS.)  BCM/H/1/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was granted in 1246 to Ralph FitzNicholas (d. c. 1257), steward of the household, whose son and heir Robert FitzNicholas subinfeudated the greater part of it to John Giffard in 1269: below, BCM/H/1/1/2 [SC 425]. The remnant passed from Robert (d.s.p. 1273) to his nephew and heir Ralph Lord Pipard (d. 1303), son of his younger brother Ralph (d. 1263-5), who had married the Irish heir Alice Pipard. Ralph Pipard's son and eventual heir John, who succeeded to the inheritance in 1309 and married Maud, daughter of Theobald Butler, sold the manor, along with the reversion of the rest of his English inheritance, to his brother-in-law Edmund Butler. In 1452 James Butler, earl of Ormond, sold the manor to Thomas Giffard, who held the other portion. Charndon (Charend) is a hamlet in Twyford.[VCH Bucks. iv. 255-6].

[no title]  BCM/H/1/1/1  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Richard son of Gilbert de Charend and Sir Robert son of Nicholas. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Richard has granted to Robert the homage and service of Thomas son of Hugh le Port of Charend, with the rent of 1d; Robert has given him 4s. Endorsed Twyford.
Witnesses: John son of William, David the nephew (nepos), Elias Wolf (Lupus), Elias le Frankeleyn, William Mile.
[Please quote GC369 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/1/2  [20 July 1269]

Contents:
Robert FitzNicholas and Sir John Giffard, son of Osbert Giffard. St. Margaret the virgin, 53 Hen. III
Whereas the king gave to John all Robert's lands in Twyford, Smetheton and Fineberg by reason of the unrest occuring in the kingdom of England, it has been agreed that Robert will grant to John £40 worth of land in Twyford for the redemption of his lands from John; John will owe rent of 8d. a year and has paid 40 marks to Robert.
Witnesses: Sir Robert Waleraund, Sir John Giffard of Brimpsfield, Sir Ralph Pipard, Sir Alan de Plokenet, Sir Osbert Giffard, Sir Simon de Sancto Licio, Sir Thomas de Valoynes, Sir Roger de Aumauri, Sir Robert Malet, Sir Samson Folyot, knights, John son of Nigel, Robert de Craunford, John Mauger, Henry the clerk (le clericus [sic]).
[Please quote SC425 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/1/3  [1310]

Contents:
John son and heir of Ralph Pippard and Edmund Water, butler of Ireland (pincerna Hiberniae). 3 Jan. 3 Edw. II
John has granted to Edmund all his lands and holdings in Twyford (Bucks.).
Witnesses: Sir John le Grey, Sir Robert son..., Sir Richard de Noweres, knights, Ralph Samson, Laurence son of Peter, Nicholas de...
At: Rotherfield Pipard.
[Please quote GC1719 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SWAVESEY (CAMBS.)  BCM/H/1/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Roger la Zouche (d. 1238) acquired the two Cambridgeshire manors of Swavesey and Fulbourn in 1230 by exchange with his kinsman Alan de Rohan.[VCH Cambs. ii. 315]. In 1304 his great-grandson Alan Lord Zouche of Ashby (d. 1314), who had no son, granted the reversion of the two manors, with Ashby-de-la-Zouch (Leics.) and Nutbourne and River (Sussex), to his cousin William Mortimer. Mortimer was the younger son of Robert de Mortimer of Richards Castle (Herefs.) and Joyce, daughter of William, a younger son of Roger la Zouche (d. 1238); after succeeding to the manors on Alan la Zouche's death in 1314, he changed his name to Zouche. He died in 1336 and his male line died out in 1399, his lands being inherited by Joyce wife of Hugh Burnell.

[no title]  BCM/H/1/2/1  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
Roger la Zuche and John prior of Swavesey. n.d.
After arbitration by Laurence prior of Barnwell, Henry de Colevile, knight, Master Walter de Thirintona and Matthew Christian, Roger has granted to the priory a part of his meadow at Eye in the place of the tithe of the meadow which the priory used to receive.
[Please quote SC91 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

VIRWORTHY, IN PANCRASWEEK (DEVON)  BCM/H/1/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Virworthy was part of the inheritance of Anne (d. 1486), daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Hankeford, who married Thomas earl of Ormond; her daughter Margaret married Sir William Boleyn.[CIPM Hen VII, i. no. 155.].

[no title]  BCM/H/1/3/1  [1469]

Contents:
(1) Thomas [Bourgchier] cardinal archbishop of Canterbury, George [Nevill] archbishop of York, Richard [Nevill] earl of Warwick and Salisbury, William Bourchier, knight, Lord FitzWaryn, Thomas Barnes and Richard Vyell; (2) Thomas Boleyn, clerk, John Heydon, Henry Heydon, Thomas Boleyn, esquire, Roger Copley, merchant, and Valentine Lexham; (3) William Boleyn and Margaret his wife. 16 Nov. 9 Edw. IV
Whereas Thomas and the others in (1) hold the manor of Vera Worthy (Devon), to the use of Anne wife of Thomas Ormond alias Thomas Botiller for the life of Thomas, they have granted the manor to Thomas Boleyn and the others in (2), to the use of William Boleyn and Margaret his wife, daughter of Thomas Ormonde and Anne, for the life of Thomas, to the value of 20 marks a year, any surplus to be rendered to the original feoffees in (1).
Witnesses: John Pollard, esquire, John Gyfford, esquire, John Dogham, John William, John Dygge.
[Please quote SC622 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/3/2  [1469]

Contents:
Thomas archbishop of Canterbury and others [as above in BCM/H/1/3/1 (1)]; and Thomas Boleyn, clerk, and others [as above in BCM/H/1/3/1 (2)].18 Nov. 9 Edw. IV
Whereas Thomas archbishop of Canterbury and the others [named], by a deed dated 16 Nov. 9 Edw. IV, have demised the manor of Vera Worthy and other lands and holdings there to Thomas Boleyn, clerk, and the others [named], to the use of William Boleyn and Margaret his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Ormond, knight, and of Anne his wife, for the life of Thomas Ormond, nevertheless, by the assent of William and Margaret Boleyn, it has been agreed that if William, within two months after his twenty-second birthday, makes to Margaret for her life a sufficient jointure in lands in Kent to the value of £20 a year, Thomas Boleyn and the others shall retain the manor of Vera Worthy, and that if the jointure is not made, then the archbishops and the others shall enter the manor.
[Please quote GC4357 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

AVELEY (ESSEX)  BCM/H/1/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The advowson of the free chapel of St. Margaret in East Tilbury was held with the Pipard manor of Smeetham, in Bulmer;[CIPM viii, no. 184.] see also below, BCM/H/1/8/1 [GC4262].

[no title]  BCM/H/1/4/1  Early mid 13th cent

Contents:
Geoffrey de Helyun and the poor's hospital of St. Mary, Tilbury. n.d [early Hen.III]
Geoffrey has granted to the hospital the rent of 8s. from the land which Robert Brainwood holds of him in Alvidelea, the hospital paying 1 1b. of wax a year at Easter for the light at the altar of St. Margaret in the church of Tilleburry.
Witnesses: John de Mathun, Henry de Kemesoc, Nicholas de Walesham, Aulf de Malegrave, William de Thorend, William Torell, John son of Payn, Richard de Berdestapel, John de Langedun, Godselm de Tillebury, Clement de Walesham, Clement son of Turold, Walter de London.
[Please quote SC213 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NEWHALL, IN BOREHAM (ESSEX)  BCM/H/1/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor had been held by Edward Burnell's widow Elizabeth[CCR 1419-22, 155.]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/5/1  26 Jan. 14 [Edw. IV, 1475]

Contents:
King Edward IV; and Thomas Urswyk, Thomas Lovell, John Aps and John Byconnell.
Exemplification of an Exchequer record containing the particulars of an inquiry held at Harlow into the claim of Thomas, Thomas, John and John to the reversion, on the death of Agnes Alrede, of the manor of Newhall, with appurtenances in Boreham, which used to belong to Thomas Ormond, recently attainted of high treason.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC633 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HIGH RODING (ESSEX)  BCM/H/1/6  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/6/1  [10 April to 29 Sept. 1463]

Contents:
Account of William Tansfield, receiver of John Clay, knight, for lands in Essex which were of Thomas Ormond, esquire. Lands mentioned are High Roding (Rothynge Alta), Little Canfield (Canfeld Parva), Woolston (Wulffhamston) and Housham Hall (Overhamhall), and farms from Margaretting (Margarete Guyng).[Those lands were settled on Thomas, with remainder to his brothers John and James, in tail, in 1457, as thirds of the manors of Woolston (Wolfhampton) by Chigwell, High Roding, Housham Hall (Ovesham Halle), in Matching, Margaretting and Little Canfield: CPR 1452-61, 355.] Easter to Michaelmas 3 Edw. IV

SMEETHAM, IN BULMER (ESSEX)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Smeetham was one of the Pipards' manors; it was forfeited in 1461[1461-7, 200.]

TILBURY (ESSEX)  BCM/H/1/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The advowson of the chapel of St. Margaret in East Tilbury was appurtenant to the Pipards' manor of Smeetham, and it was held by feoffees in 1447.[CIPM vii, no. 184] See also above, BCM/H/1/4/1/[SC 213], and below, BCM/H/1/8/1 [GC 4262].

[no title]  BCM/H/1/7/1  1272-1306

Contents:
Simon de Dunton and John son of John Geffrey (Galfr'). n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Simon has quitclaimed to John 80 a. of marsh in West Tillebir'.
Witnesses: Richard de Haning', Thomas de Welond, John de Pageham, Roger de Rokella, John de Rokella, Adam de Mepeham, Adam de Uppingeham, Richard de Spechel, John de Churhull, Henry le Lench, Nicholas de Bedef, Henry de Berevile.
[Please quote GC1337 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ASTON BLANK OR COLD ASTON (GLOS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Cold Aston was one of the Pipards' manors. It was held by feoffees in 1447 and was forfeited in 1461[CPR 1461-7, 486. For the identity, see Rudder, Glos. 238.] See also below, BCM/H/1/8/1 [GC 4262].

FRITWELL (OXON.)  BCM/H/1/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Fritwell was one of the Pipards' manors. It was forfeited in 1461.[CPR 1461-7, 434.]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/8/1  [1447]

Contents:
John Neel, master of the house of St. Thomas of Acon', London;[John Neel was also a feoffee for Long Compton and Huntspill: below, BCM/H/1/12/1 [GC 4262]. Thomas, younger son but eventual successor of James, had a chamber in St. Thomas Acon and was buried in the chapel there: GEC x. 133.] and James le Botiller, earl of Ormond, and Richard Byngham, justice. 12 Nov. 26 Hen. VI
John has leased to James and Richard (and has enfeoffed them with) his manors of Shire and Vacherie with the advowson of Alfold (Surrey), the manors of Fritwell (Oxon.), Coldeaston (Glos.), and Brean (Som.), with the advowson of the free chapel of St. Margaret in Est Tilbury (Essex), which he and William Cheyne, chief justice, John Martyn, justice, and Robert FitzRobert, now dead, and John Battescombe and William Kirkeby had by grant of the earl; to the earl and Richard and the earl's issue, with remainder to the earl's right heirs.
Witnesses: Henry Norbery, Robert Harecout, Maurice Berkeley of Beverston, John Stourton, William Paulet, knights.
[Please quote GC4262 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ACTON BURNELL (SALOP.)  BCM/H/1/9  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Shropshire manors mentioned in the charter below, along with Wolverhampton (Staffs.), were delivered to Burnell's granddaughter Katherine and John Talbot, described as her husband, in 1421.[CCR 1419-22, 154-5.] Most reverted to William Lord Lovel on Katherine's death in 1452.[VCH Salop. viii. 7, 9, 19, 38, 82, 151, 172, 201.] The Essex manors of Latchingdon, Stansted Mountfichet, Walkefare and Waltham alias Pouwers, passed to Katherine's sister Margery and her husband Edmund Hungerford (and his father Walter) in 1421[CCR 1419-22, 156.] Two other Essex manors, Boreham and Great Holland, along with East Ham and West Ham, were settled on Elizabeth, widow of Burnell's son Edward, and both were forfeited by James Butler in 1461.[CCR 1419-22 155; CPR 1461-7, 139; above, BCM/H/1/5/1 [SC 633]. In 1453 William Lovel and Butler reached an agreement to divide the manors of Bidford and Broom (Warws.), Upton Snodsbury and Russell's Hall, in Dudley (Worcs.) and Norton by Condover and a rent in Wolverley (Salop.). Snodsbury was forfeited by Butler in 1461.[CPR 1461-7, 297-8.] Norton was sold by John Lord Lovel in 1461.[VCH Salop. viii. 41.] Bidford and Broom, along with Wolverhampton, Wellington (Salop.), Wickhambreaux (Kent), Rotherhithe (Surrey) and Crawley (Bucks.) were settled in tail male on Lovel's second son, William, who married Eleanor daughter and heir of Robert Lord Morley (d. 1442) and died in 1476; their son and heir Henry died without issue in 1489 when the lands reverted to the Crown, William's heir being his cousin Francis Lord Lovel, attainted in 1485, and Francis's heir being a sister.[GEC ix. 219-20; CIPM Hen. VII, i. 499-504.] Pitchford (Salop.) was not included in Burnell's settlement and passed to Joan Beauchamp and then to James Butler, who forfeited it in 1461; it was granted to John Lord Lovel who sold it in 1463.[VCH Salop. viii. 119.]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/9/1  [1414]

Contents:
Hugh Burnell, knight, lord of Holdgate and of Weoley:[Weoley Castle was in Northfield (Worcs.) and was part of the inheritance of Joyce Botetourt; it was the subject of a special settlement on Burnell in 1386. It passed eventually to the Berkeley coheir: VCH Worcs. iii. 194-5.] and Robert Rikedon of Witham, Robert Darcy of Maldon, William Burley, David Holbeche, Richard Fox of Haselbech, Robert Molyngton, esquires, John Whitside, clerk, John Babelake, William Loudham, esquires, William Blunt, clerk, William Poynous and Nicholas Wilkes. 20 Sept. 2 Hen. V
Hugh has granted to Robert and the others [named] the manors of Wottone, Suttone, Corftone, Abbotone, Clea St. Margaret, Eudone Burnell, Holgote, Thongelond, Millynghope, Russhebury, Hopeboudelers, Chatewall, Wolstantone, Smethecote, Longedone, Presteswestone, Nortone, Condovere, Actone Reyner, Uppyntone, Tasseley, Routone, Ambastone, Astwall, Belleswardyn, Benethale, Actone Pigot, Ramesherst, Pulliley and Longefelde Cheyne, and half of the manors of Cantelhope, Streford and Actone Burnell with all their members [etc.] (Salop.) except for the lands which were of William Spark in Sutton, and also all of Hugh's lands and holdings in the vills of Salop and Bruggenorth in the said county, and the advowsons of Chetyngton, Thongelond, Russhebury, Wolstanton, Smethecote, Acton Pigot and Acton Burnell; the manors of Suckley, Wykeburnell, Brightlehampton, Snoddesbury, Broghtonehaket and Russelhalle with their members [etc.] (Worcs.), with the advowson of Broghtonhaket; the manors of Bidford and Brome Burnell (Warws.); the manors of Wolvernehamptone, Willenhale and Billestone (Staffs.); the manor and advowson of Magna Cheverell, the advowson of Fenysutton and a rent of 20 marks from the manor of Budestone (Wilts.); the manor of Compton Dauno (Som.); all of his lands [etc.] in Bristolum; the manor of Rysyndone Basset and the advowson of Wike (Glos.); the manor and advowson of Roulandryght (Oxon.); the manor of Crawele (Bucks.); the manors of Walkefare, Waltham Pouwers, Lachindon and Stanstede Montfechet (Essex), and all of the lands and holdings called Toppyngho le hath and la plume in Hatfeld Peverell and Borham in the said county, and the advowson of Magna Holand; the advowson of Haselbeche (Northants.); the manor of Wikham (Kent); an annual farm of 10 marks paid by Bermondsey Abbey for the manor of Rotherhethe (Surrey); and an annual rent of 10 marks paid by John atte Wode for lands and holdings in Hachesham; to them, their heirs and assigns.
Witnesses: William Bourghchere, Gerard Braybrook, William Coggeshale, knights, of Essex, William Neuport, knight, John Swynarton, esquire, of Staffordshire, Thomas Cru, John Trocmarton of Worcestershire, Robert Corbet, Thomas Neuport, John Wynesby, of Shropshire, John Wilcotes of Oxfordshire, Walter Beauchamp, knight, of Wiltshire.
At: Acton Burnell.
[Please quote GC4095 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BLAGDON (SOM.)  BCM/H/1/10  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Blagdon was part of the Martin inheritance which passed to James Lord Audley (d. 1386), half in 1326 on the death without issue of his uncle William Lord Martin and half in 1342 on the death of his aunt Eleanor, William's sister and the other coheir, who had married Philip Lord Columbers.[GEC viii. 538.] Blagdon does not seem to have been held by James's son Nicholas at his death in 1391 and may have passed to the Ormonds[CIPM xvi, no. 1062.] It was forfeited in 1461.[CPR 1461-7, 104-5.]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/10/1  [1170 x 1183]

Contents:
William son of Robert son of Martin and St. Augustine's Abbey, Bristol. n.d.
William has granted to the abbey a messuage in the manor of Blakedune, which lies between the land of the monks of Bath and the pool of Blakemere, with two crofts and 10 a. of land adjoining, and common of pasture beyond the road which lies between Pridia and Buringtune, in perpetual alms, for his soul and that of his lord King Henry the younger.[Transcript: St Augustine's Cartulary, no. 338.]
Witnesses: Robert son of Robert FitzHarding, John de Novavilla, Hugh de Gant, David the Welshman (Walensis), John de Cogan, Henry de Gant, Philip de Burci, Robert de Burci, William Bodin, Robert de Lega, William de Boclande.
[Please quote SC48 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/10/2  [c. 1200]

Contents:
William son of Robert son of Martin and [...] n.d.
Witnesses: [...] Robert de Sancta Cruce, Thomas de Wintrid, [...].
[Please quote SC70 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/10/3  1199-1216

Contents:
William son of Robert son of Martin and the canons of St. Augustine's, Bristol. n.d. [temp. John]
William has granted to the canons common of pasture by the way called Raganachereswei for 50 sheep and 30 mares and their issue of 2 years.[Transcript: St Augustine's Cartulary, no. 339.]
Witnesses: Richard chaplain of Blakedun, Robert de Sancta Cruce, steward, Roger de Aldewic, Richard de Munecheston, Robert de Lesseinga, Roger the baker, Hugh of the palette (de paeleto), Adam of the hostel (de hospicio), William the shield-maker (scutarius).
[Please quote SC111 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BREAN (SOM.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A manor there, held at his death in 1382 by James (II) Butler,[CIPM xv, nos. 705, 708.] was held by feoffees in 1447: above, BCM/H/1/8/1 [GC 4262]. It was forfeited in 1461.[CPR 1461-7, 212, 454]

HUNTSPILL (SOM.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was held by feoffees in 1447: below, BCM/H/1/12/1 [GC 4262]. It was forfeited in 1461.[CPR 1461-7, 86]

GREAT FINBOROUGH (SUFF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Pipards' manors: above, BCM/H/1/1/2 [SC 425]. No evidence has been found that it was forfeited in 1461.

SHERE (SURREY)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor, of the FitzJohn inheritance, was held by feoffees in 1447: above, BCM/H/1/8/1 [GC 4242]. It was forfeited in 1461.[CPR 4161-7, 75]

BIDFORD (WARWS.)  BCM/H/1/11  [n.d.]


Related information: See also above, BCM/H/1/9/1 [GC 4095].

[no title]  BCM/H/1/11/1  [1453]

Contents:
James earl of Wiltshire and of Ormond and William Lord Lovell, Burnell and of Holland. 11 July 31 Hen. VI
James has granted that he will allow William to recover the manors of Bidford, Brome, Snodesbury, Russellhall, Norton beside Condove, and £7 6s. 8d. rent in Wolverley from the earl or from any other enfeoffed to his use, and when recovered the earl and his council shall divide the manors and rent into two parts and William shall grant one of the parts to the earl and his issue; and the earl is bound to William in 1,000 marks to carry out the terms, and William to the earl in 1,000 marks.
[Please quote GC4280 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LONG COMPTON (WARWS.)  BCM/H/1/12  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Pipards' manors and was forfeited in 1461.[CPR 1461-7, 486]

BUTLER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/12/1  [1447]

Contents:
(1) James le Botiller earl of Ormond and John Neell, master of the house of St. Thomas de Acon', London; (2) William Dudsam, Henry Leycestre and John Rok; (3) John [Kempe] archbishop of York, Bartholomew Brokesby and Robert Darcy. 12 Nov. 26 Hen. VI
James and John have appointed William, Henry and John to receive seisin from John, Bartholomew and Robert of the manors of Magna Compton (Warws.) and Honuspill (Som.).
[Please quote GC4262 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/12/2  [1 Aug. 1360]

Contents:
John Chapman of Long Compton and Agnes his wife; and Adam Holewey and John Heyrowe. Sat. the feast of St. Peter in chains, 34 Edw. III
John and Agnes have granted to Adam and John, and their heirs and assigns, all the lands, holdings [etc.] which Agnes inherited of her purparty in Compton after the death of John de Melbourne, her brother.
Witnesses: William de Peyto, Thomas de Compton, William Jones of Willington (Wolayntone), Geoffrey Frankeleyn, William Poul of Compton.
At: Compton.
[Please quote GC3506 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/1/12/3  [9 Sept. 1361]

Contents:
John Heyrowe of Long Compton and Adam Holewey. Thurs. after the nativity of Our Lady, 35 Edw. III
John has quitclaimed to Adam all the lands and holdings which were of John Melbourne, chaplain, in Camptone.
Witnesses: Alfred Elatone, Geoffrey Frankelyn, William Poul.
At: Compton.
[Please quote GC3525 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE BOLEYN INHERITANCE  BCM/H/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
William Boleyn's father Sir Geoffrey, citizen and mercer of London, was mayor 1457-8. He purchased a great deal of property in Kent and in his native Norfolk. Blickling (Norf.) was bought from Sir John Fastolf.[Blomefield, Norfolk, vi. 386.] Hever (Kent) from William Fiennes, Lord Saye and Sele, in 1461.[As the manors of Hever Cobham and Hever Brokays: Cat. Anct. D.C137, C862.] The manors of Holkham, Stiffkey, Filby, Postwick, West Lexham and Carbrooke (Norf.) and Pashley (Sussex) were bought from John Lewknor and his wife Joan, all except Holkham and Stiffkey through Thomas Hoo, uncle of Geoffrey's wife.[The sales were confirmed in Feb. 1464, shortly after Geoffrey's death: below, BCM/H/2/2/1 [GC 4325]. Postwick, West Lexham, Stiffkey and Holkham had descended to Joan from her grandmother Philippa, daughter and coheir of David Strathbogie (d. 1369): below, BCM/H/2/2.] Geoffrey had married, by Feb. 1455, Anne, daughter of Thomas Lord Hoo and Hastings (d. 1455) by his first wife; with her three half-sisters she was coheir of her father, and her inheritance was the manors of Luton Hoo, Cockernhoe and Offley Hoo, grouped on the Bedfordshire-Hertfordshire border.[Most of Lord Hoo's lands passed in the first instance to his half-brother, Thomas Hoo esquire, but the three manors were settled on Thomas in tail male with remainder to Anne wife of Geoffrey Boleyn and passed to their son William Boleyn on Thomas's death in 1486: GEC vi. 564; CIPM Hen. VII, i, nos. 160, 205; Blomefield, Norfolk, vi. 388.] Geoffrey's heir was his elder son Thomas, who died without issue in 1471 or 1472 leaving his brother William as his heir.

HEVER (KENT)  BCM/H/2/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Hever is the best known of the possessions of the Boleyn family, which, however, is named in the two charters below only in the dating.

[no title]  BCM/H/2/1/1  [4 Feb. 1387]

Contents:
John Lynkhelle the younger and John his brother. Mon. after the Purification, 10 Ric. II
John the younger has granted to John his brother, his heirs and assigns, all his lands and holdings in Kent except for a half-daywork in the garden by the lane between the gate of the holding of John Lynkhelle, his father, towards Walbrounisland.
Witnesses: William Smyth, Henry Clerk, John Yvor, Peter Oliver, Thomas Lambard, John Crodde the younger.
At: Hever.
[Please quote GC3815 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/2/1/2  [5 Feb. 1387]

Contents:
John Lynkhelle the younger and John the elder, his brother. Tues. after the Purification, 10 Ric. II
Whereas John the younger enfeoffed John the elder in all his lands and holdings in Kent except for a half-daywork of land in the garden next to the lane to Welbrounisland, if John the younger pays to John the elder at Wythiham £10 on the eve of St. John before the Latin Gate next coming [5 May 1387] the charter shall be void.
At: Hever.
[Please quote GC3816 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

FILBY (NORF.)  BCM/H/2/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter, made shortly after the death of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn in 1463, concerns some of his purchases in his home county of Norfolk. Thomas Hoo, esquire, was the half-brother and heir male of Geoffrey's father-in-law Thomas Lord Hoo (d. 1455) but all the manors involved were part of Joan Lewknor's inheritance[It is not clear how Joan's husband, John Lewknor, was related to Sir Thomas Lewknor, second husband of Elizabeth, mother of Thomas Hoo, esquire, or to Richard Lewknor, husband of Elizabeth, one of Thomas Hoo's cousins and heirs.] Postwick, West Lexham, Stiffkey and Holkham had been held by David Lord Strathbogie at his death in 1335 and passed to his son and heir David (d.s.p.m.1369) and then to that David's younger daughter and coheir Philippa, who married John Halsham (d. 1415). Their son Hugh Halsham died without issue in 1442 and his heir was his niece Joan, daughter of his brother Richard and wife of John Lewknor.[GEC i. 308-9. John Lewknor was killed at Tewkesbury in 1471. Joan died without issue in 1495.]

[no title]  BCM/H/2/2/1  [1464]

Contents:
John Leukenore, esquire, and Joan his wife and Thomas Hoo, esquire; and Geoffrey Boleyn, late citizen and mercer of London 9 Feb. 3 Edw. IV
Confirmation, by John, Joan and Thomas, of the sale by Thomas to Geoffrey, with the assent of John and Joan, of the manors of Fylby, Possewyk, Westlexam and Kerbrook (Norf.) and the manor of Passhelee (Sussex), and of the sale by John and Joan to Geoffrey of the manors of Holkham and Stukey (Norf.).
[Please quote GC4325 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SALL (NORF.)  BCM/H/2/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Sall was the ancestral home of the Boleyns, who had been there since the late 13th century. Geoffrey (d. 1440), father of the lord mayor Sir Geoffrey, was buried there, as were his five sons and four daughters.[Blomefield, Norfolk, viii. 272-5.]

[no title]  BCM/H/2/3/1  [1485]

Contents:
John Walterkyn of Attlebridge, Thomas Sande, clerk, John Carawey of Ringland and Thomas Speorle of Morton; and Thomas Bartilmews of Sall, William Laverok, John Trome, Walter Carter, William Thevyer and John Laverok of Sall. 4 July 3 Ric. III
John, Thomas, John and Thomas have enfeoffed Thomas, William, John, Walter, William and John, and their heirs and assigns, with a plot of land containing 7 roods in Salle at Spekysbuske, between the land of Adam Seye to the east and the villein land of the manor of Mautebyes to the west, which they had by grant of William Jekkes, chaplain, and the said Thomas Bartylmews, William Laverok, William Thevyr and Thomas Archer by charter dated 17 June 2 Ric. III [1485].
Witnesses: Thomas Archer, Geoffrey Tady, Adam Spye, Richard Bowyr, Thomas Funteyn, William Funteyn.
At: Sall.
[Please quote GC4443 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE CAREY INHERITANCE[Among the lands which came to the Berkeleys with Elizabeth Carey were the Suffolk manors of Cookley and Huntingfield which Queen Elizabeth had granted to Henry Carey, Lord Hunsdon; they passed from Thomas and Elizabeth Berkeley to their daughter Theophila, who married Sir Robert Coke, son and heir of Sir Edward: Copinger, Suffolk Manors, ii. 39, 105.]  BCM/H/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Apart from the charter for Ashendon (BCM/H/3/1/1 [SC 380], the charters and rolls below concern the Cornish lands of the Tregians. They were forfeited by Francis Tregian, who was accused of recusancy in 1577 and spent a number of years in the Tower, his estate being granted to Sir George Carey. Carey's widow sold the estate back to Francis Tregian the younger in 1607. The Tregian estate included several manors (Tolgus, Trewithgy, Golden and Corva, in St. Ives) which had been brought to the family in 1512 through an heiress of the Wolvedon family of Golden, anciently Wolvedon, in Probus,[Lysons, Magna Britannia, iii (Cornwall), 156, 248, 271-2, 276.]

ASHENDON (BUCKS.)  BCM/H/3/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
A charter at the Castle, dated 1 Dec. 1552 (GC 4769), records the conveyance of the manor of 'Essendon' from Henry Carey, esquire, to John Croke. Thomas de St. Andrew had a free holding in Ashendon in 1213 and was succeeded by Henry de St. Andrew, lord in 1236. In 1255 the manor belonged to another Thomas, possibly the same as the Thomas who in 1276 was accused of having obstructed the king's highway and as the Thomas son of Henry who is one of the parties in the charter below. He was succeeded by his son Walter who was lord 1284-1316. A John de St. Andrew was active in 1267.[VCH Bucks. iv. 4.]

[no title or date]  BCM/H/3/1/1

Contents:
John son of Hugh de Sancto Andrea and Thomas son and heir of Henry de Sancto Andrea. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has granted to Thomas 10 a. of land with the headland and all appurtenances in Essendon; rent 1d.; Thomas has given John 8 marks.
Witnesses: Sir Robert Malet, Sir John Carbonel, John son of Nigel de Borestalle, Walter de Burgo, Walter le Chevaler, John son of John de Hamslape, Walter de Horton, William Golye, William de Buketot, Osbert de Coluredon, William le Venur, William Travers of Winchendon, Richard de Sancto Andrea, Martin the clerk of Ashendon.
[Please quote SC380 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CORVA, IN ST. IVES (CORNW.)  BCM/H/3/2  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/2/1  [late 15th cent.]

Contents:
Rental n.d.
Places mentioned include Trevyly, Trevyskan, Lanysley and Keleynok, Talvargh, Tregemynyon, Escals and Dodnewall, Penbarth, Corvagh, Morbeth, Carn, Dosporthenys and Meneth.
[Please quote GRR35 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DEGEMBRIS, IN NEWLYN EAST (CORNW.)  BCM/H/3/3  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/3/1  1460-1483

Contents:
Rental (top portion only) n.d. [temp. Edw. IV]
[Please quote GRR38 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/3/2  1460-1483

Contents:
Rental n.d. [temp. Edw. IV]
Copy of original, last five of eight membranes.
[Please quote GRR39 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

GOLDEN, IN PROBUS (CORNW.)  BCM/H/3/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/4/1  [1442]

Contents:
Rental and extent of Robert Wolvedon, made at Golden (Wolvedon). Places mentioned include Tregargoys (where Henry Bodrugan was a tenant), Frexargoys and Kyllyan. The rental is headed 'Popia', which, it has been suggested, might be Poria, i.e. Porthia or St. Ives, but Golden is in Probus. 20 May 20 Hen. VI
[Please quote GRR37 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KEA (CORNW.)  BCM/H/3/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The documents are all labelled 'Landege' (or 'Lansege'), the ancient name for Kea, near Truro, although the manor clearly comprised lands in various places. That the courts of 1460-1 were held in the name of the feoffees of Joan widow of Robert Veer and Sir Nicholas Carew may suggest that the manor was a possession of the early Careys.

[no title]  BCM/H/3/5/1  [1448-9]

Contents:
Rental 27 Hen. VI
Places mentioned include Trebyghan, Trelas, Lannargh, Treloges, Carleyhan, Trethewell, Trelegoseh, Kelunyek, Landege.[Lanner, Calenick, Carlyon Farm and Trethowell all lie within 2 miles of Kea, to the east and south-east. Calenick is distinct from Kelynach, in St. Just, which is discussed below, BCM/H/3/7 Trenowth.]
[Please quote GRR36 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/5/2  [1458-60]

Contents:
Court roll 37-8 Hen. VI
Courts held at Launargh vill 3 Oct. 37 Hen. VI; 31 Oct; at Kelunyek 8 Feb.; at Mobynlaunargh 5 April; at Mobynlaunargh, 11 May; 20 Sept. 38 Hen. VI; at Launargh 9 Oct. 38 Hen. VI; at Launargh 20 Nov. 38 Hen. VI; 20 Jan.; 27 March; 6 May; 12 July; 9 Oct. 39 Hen. VI; 27 Oct.
[Please quote GCR188 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/5/3  [1461]

Contents:
Court roll 39 Hen. VI to 1 Edw. IV
Courts held in the names of Master Nicholas Gosse, William Godde, clerk, Henry Trew and John More, feoffees of Joan widow of Robert Veer and Nicholas Carrew, knight 1 Feb. 39 Hen. VI; 14 March 39 Hen. VI; 12 May 39 Hen. VI; 20 June, 1 Edw. IV; 1 Oct. 1 Edw. IV; St. Katherine, 1 Edw. IV; 24 June, 1 Edw. IV.
[Please quote GCR188 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/5/4  [1462-7]

Contents:
Court roll Twenty-four courts, 2-6 Edw. IV
[Please quote GCR189 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

TOLGUS, IN REDRUTH (CORNW.)  BCM/H/3/6  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/6/1  [1452-5]

Contents:
Court roll Twenty-two courts, 31-4 Hen. VI
Court held at Redruth.
[Please quote GCR190 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

TRENOWTH, IN PROBUS (CORNW.)  BCM/H/3/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Trenowth (also Trenewith or Trenowyth) manor was held by the Beaupré family in the 13th century.[Inf. from the Revd. W. M. M. Picken, by personal correspondence.] Isabel daughter and heir of John de Beaupré married John Longland (d. 1379-80), and one of their three daughters and coheirs[VCH Wilts. viii. 101.] was apparently Joan, wife of Sir Robert Yelverton. The Yelvertons sold their portion of Kelynach, and possibly Trenowth with it, to Sir William Hankeford,[Cornwall Fines, 1377-1461, 799.] whose great-granddaughter and eventual coheir Anne (d. 1485) married Thomas Butler (d. 1515). Trewithgy was a manor which passed from the Wolvedons to the Tregians but since, in the second charter below, Robert Wolvedon is acting only as steward of the two manors, they were probably members of another estate.

[no title]  BCM/H/3/7/1  1399-s1412

Contents:
n.d. [temp. Hen. IV] Robert Yevelton, knight, lord of the manor of Trenewith and Trewishawnes,[The name is clearly a corruption. Mr. Picken has suggested that it combines the names of two holdings of Trenowth manor, Trewince (formerly Trewis) and Hewas (formerly Hawnes), both in Ladock parish.] complains to the king and privy council that Ralph Trenewyth, who has common of pasture in the manor, has trespassed on Robert's lands with a number of followers, and has caused damage; he asks for redress.
[Please quote SC571 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/H/3/7/2  [1452-3]

Contents:
Manorial account of Trewythgy and Trenowyth Robert Woluddon steward. 31-2 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR338 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE STANHOPE ESTATE  BCM/J  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In 1614 George Lord Berkeley (d. 1658), son of Thomas de Berkeley and Elizabeth Carey and grandson and heir of Henry Lord Berkeley (d. 1613), married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir Michael Stanhope of Sudbourne (Suff.) who died in 1621. Although he seems to have sold most of the lands of her inheritance, a few charters remain in Berkeley Castle. Most are concerned with the manor of Culpho, with its appurtenances in Tuddenham, Grundisburgh and Playford, which was the inheritance of the Wachesham family in the 13th and 14th centuries but which Stanhope had acquired by 1609; the rest are concerned with other lands which he acquired in Suffolk and with lands in Middlesex. Sir Michael was a younger son of Sir Michael Stanhope of Shelford (beheaded in 1552), and the younger brother of John, first Lord Stanhope of Harrington (d. 1621). Jane Stanhope, sister of John and Michael, had married Henry Lord Berkeley as his second wife; it was in the year following Henry's death that his grandson and heir married Elizabeth Stanhope[GEC ii. 138-9.] George's mother, Elizabeth Carey, had brought manors in Suffolk to the Berkeleys in 1603 but they passed to her daughter Theophila Berkeley and her husband Sir Robert Coke, and Elizabeth Stanhope's son George, the first earl, sold the Stanhope lands in Suffolk in 1669.[Copinger, Suffolk, ii. 39, 105.]

THE WACHESHAM INHERITANCE  BCM/J/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Wachesham manor in Culpho, with its appurtenances in Tuddenham, Grundisburgh and Playford, was in 1316 granted by the feoffee of Sir John de Wachesham to his widow Denise and his son and heir Thomas, with remainders to Thomas's brothers John and Edmund. From Thomas the manor passed to his son and heir John who sold it to Roger de Wolferston in 1363. It remained in the Wolferston family at least until 1495 but by 1529 had passed to Sir Richard Brooke, and by 1609 to Sir Michael Stanhope.[Copinger, Suffolk, iii, 35-7]

GREAT BEALINGS (SUFF.)  BCM/J/1/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter probably relates to the Stanhope estate: Great Bealings adjoined Culpho and, indeed, is mentioned below in BCM/J/1/3/3 [GC 3456]. The manor of Great Bealings was held by the Peche family until the death of Hugh de Peche c. 1310 when it passed to his sister Eve (d. 1311), the widow of Sir Robert de Tuddenham (d. 1308). Sir John de Tuddenham succeeded his father, another Sir Robert, as a minor in 1362 and died in 1392, when he was lord of Kedington, Eriswell, Bealings, Newton, Grundisburgh, Corton and Lound, of which Eriswell and Grundisburgh had been inherited from the Peches. His grandson and heir Sir Thomas was executed in 1461; his heir was his sister Margaret, widow of Sir Edmund Bedingfield. The manor then passed in the Bedingfield family.[Copinger, Suffolk, iii, 3-4]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/1/1  [28 March 1372]

Contents:
(1) John de Tudenham, knight; (2) Walter parson of Great Bealings and William Goolde; (3) Gilbert de Boulge, William de Petristre, parson of Boulge, and Richard de Rendlesham. Sun. after the Annunciation, 46 Edw. III
John has appointed Walter and William to give seisin to Gilbert, William and Richard of a plot of land which Adam Joury previously held in villeinage and a plot of meadow which William Andreu recently held in villeinage, in Bellynges Magna.
At: Eriswell.
[Please quote GC3637 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BURGH (SUFF.)  BCM/J/1/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The village of Burgh is less than 1 mile from Grundisburgh and the charters probably relate to the Stanhope estate based on Culpho.

[no title]  BCM/J/1/2/1  [17 March 1317]

Contents:
Augustine Race of Burgh and Isabel his wife; and William Chille of Hasketon, chaplain. Thurs. after St. Gregory, 10 Edw. II
Augustine and Isabel have granted to William, his heirs and assigns a plot of land in the vill of Bourh.
Witnesses: Walter Thorn of Clopton, John Chalonner of the same, Hamon Cukkoke of Burgh, John Saut of the same, John of the wood (de bosco) of the same, William Gosselyn of Grundisburgh, John Arthur of the same.
At: Burgh.
[Please quote GC2607 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/2/2  [23 May 1332]

Contents:
William Schille of Hasketon, chaplain, and John de Dale of Stoke, chaplain. Sat. after St. Dunstan, 6 Edw. III
William has granted to John, his heirs and assigns two plots of land with a messuage in the vill of Burgh.
Witnesses: William Bast of Hasketon, Hugh de Thistildene of Burgh, Richard de Thistildene of the same, Gilbert de Thistildene of the same, William Goscelin of Grundisburgh, John le Saut, John Archer.
At: Burgh.
[Please quote GC2757 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CULPHO (SUFF.)  BCM/J/1/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Culpho was held in moieties by the Verdon and Wachesham families,[The manor of Stanstead (Suff.) was also held in moieties by the Wacheshams and Verdons, but the descent of the Wachesham half was different from that of Culpho: Copinger, Suffolk, i. 206.] Sir Osbert de Wachesham and William de Verdon holding it in 1210. From Sir Osbert the Wachesham portion passed to Sir Giles (d. 1267) and then to Giles's son and heir Sir Giles (II) (d. 1272). That Giles's son and heir Sir Gerard, alias Giles (III), was still a minor in 1278 but by 1289 the manor had passed to his cousin Sir John de Wachesham, a grandson of John brother of Sir Giles (II). Sir John was dead by 1316 when his feoffee granted the manor of Culpho, with holdings in Tuddenham, Grundisburgh and Playford, to his widow Denise and his son and heir Thomas, with remainders to Thomas's brothers John and Edmund.

WACHESHAM  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/3/1  [5 April 1289]

Contents:
John de Wachesham and Richard de Roltesdale. Tues. after Palm Sunday, 17 Edw. I
John has leased at farm to Richard, for his life, eight plots of land in the parish of Tudeham which were of Nicholas de le Hel and a plot of land called Marledaker, except the portion of John Gangeleye, a plot of land abutting on Bregemedue with the messuage of Gundus le Rede in the same vill of the fee of Sir John de Tudenam, knight, and a plot of land in the vill of Culfo lying between land of William Lange and land of Walter Gordwyne with a headland abutting on the land of the said John de Wachesham towards the west; rent 13s. 6d. a year.[This is the only charter for Culpho in the muniments to which one of the Wacheshams was a party.]
Witnesses: Sir William de Frenes, Richard son of Robert of Playford, John son of John Bertelmeu, Richard son of Hervei of Playford, John de Stamppes, John le Menetere, John Geldenee.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC544 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

The Bobat holding  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The Bobats also held in Tuddenham: below, BCM/J/1/6/12-13.

[no title]  BCM/J/1/3/2  [27 March 1355]

Contents:
Agatha widow of John Bobat of Culpho; and John Routisdale of Tuddenham and John Prentys of Culpho. Thurs. after St. Cuthbert, 29 Edw. III
Agatha has granted to John and John, and their heirs and assigns, a plot of land with a messuage and a house.
Witnesses: Sir William le Reve, chaplain of Culpho, Adam Bobat of the same, Robert le Reve of the same, Gilbert Bobat of the same, John Wlmer' of the same, Guy le Slerk [sic] of the same, John le Clerk.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC3424 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/3/3  [18 Dec. 1356]

Contents:
Gilbert Bobat of Culpho; and Edmund Hywous of Playford and Margaret his wife. Sun. after St. Lucy, 30 Edw. III
Gilbert has granted to Edmund and Margaret, and their heirs and assigns, a plot of land in the vill of Culfo beside the road from Belynges Magna to Culfo mill.
Witnesses: Richard de Martlesham, Michael de Bulcomb, Edmund Moriel, John del Hame, John de Grenegate.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC3456 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/3/4  [9 April 1358]

Contents:
Gilbert Bobat of Culpho and Edmund Hywes of Playford. Mon. after St. Ambrose, 32 Edw. III
Gilbert has granted to Edmund, his heirs and assigns a plot of land in the vill of Culfo.
Witnesses: Robert le Reve of Culpho, Adam Bobat, John the clerk of the same, Edmund Moriel of Playford, Robert Doram, Geoffrey atte Berad, Edmund his son.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC3471 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Jordan holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/3/5  [23 July 1417]

Contents:
John Noreys of Woodbridge; and John Jurdon of Culpho and Joan his wife. Fri. after St. Mary Magdalene, 5 Hen. V
John Noreys has quitclaimed to John and Joan three plots of land in Culpho and Pleyford.
Witnesses: John Clerk of Culpho, John Tylleye of the same, Henry Pycard of Playford.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC4111 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/3/6  [1466]

Contents:
John Jurdan, son and heir of John Jurdan late of Culpho; and Thomas Wylkynson, chaplain of Playford, George Underwod of the same and Robert Rokeland of Culpho. 10 Oct. 6 Edw. IV
John has granted to Thomas, George and Robert, and their heirs and assigns, all his lands and holdings in Culpho and Tudenham, which he inherited after the death of his father.
Witnesses: John Waryn, Robert Waryn, Edmund Coleson, Richard Sylvester, Clement Prentys.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC4338 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/3/7  [8 Feb. 1370]

Contents:
John Prentys, and John Clerk and Margaret his wife. Fri. after the Purification, 44 Edw. III
Extract from court roll: John Prentys surrendered into the lord's hands 1 a. and 1 rood of villein land to the use of John Clerk and Margaret; to them and their heirs, doing the customary services.

GRUNDISBURGH (SUFF.)  BCM/J/1/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
An appurtenance of the Wachesham' manor of Culpho.

WACHESHAM  [no ref. or date]

The Hundelone holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/1  [27 May 1300]

Contents:
Gilbert son of Wiliam de Hundelone and John son of John de Wachesham. Morrow of St. Augustine, 28 Edw. I
Gilbert has granted to John, for 2s., a rent of 2½d. from Henry de Syrsant for the holding abutting on the road from Grundesburg to Culfo.
Witnesses: Richard son of Robert of Playford, Richard son of Hervey, Andrew de Thunderle, John Fucher, Richard Arnold, Richard Gunter, Ralph Styvuard, William Yve.
At: Grundisburgh.
[Please quote GC994 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/2  [9 April 1342]

Contents:
Thomas de Wachesham and Joan de Wachesham, his sister. Tues. after St. Ambrose, 16 Edw. III
Whereas Thomas granted to Joan a plot of land with pasture in the vill of Groundesburgh, with the reversion of dower held by Catherine de Hundelone and Alice de Hundelone for their lives, Joan has granted that if she marries, the charter shall be void.
Witnesses: John de Sekford, Nicholas de Playford, John Chaumberlayn, Gilbert de Thistelden, Richard Ive, John Gunter.
At: Grundisburgh.
[Please quote GC3010 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/3  [23 July 1353]

Contents:
William son of Richard de Hundelane of Grundisburgh and Thomas de Wachesham of Culpho. Tues. after St. Margaret the virgin, 27 Edw. III
William is bound to Thomas in an annual rent of 3s. 11d. and suit to Thomas's court every three weeks.
Witnesses: Adam Bobat, Gilbert Bobat, William Golde, William Gerard, John Archer, Thomas Gasceline, John Prentys.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC3404 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/4  [15 June 1304]

Contents:
John de Staumpes; and John de Wachesham of Culpho and Denise his wife. Mon. after St. Barnabas, 32 Edw. I
John de Staumpes has granted to John and Denise a plot of land in the vill of Grundesburgh.
Witnesses: John Playford, Bartholomew de Elmham, Richard son of Hugh de Playford, Jordan le Chaumberleyn, Richard Arnold, Stephen de la Forth, Roger Archer, William Gosseby, Walter de Gosept.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC1067 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/5  [24 Sept. 1347]

Contents:
Thomas de Wachisham; and William Gerard, Agnes his wife and John their son. Mon. before Michaelmas, 21 Edw. III
Thomas has leased at fee farm to William, Agnes and John five plots of land in the vill of Groundisburgh containing 11 a.; to them and William's heirs, rent 10s. 10d. a year.
Witnesses: John Chaumburlayn, John le Clerk, Robert Gosselyne, William Arch, William Golde, John Arche.
At: Grundisburgh.
[Please quote GC3163 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

Passage from Staumpes to Roltesdale  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See also below, BCM/J/1/6/4-10

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/6  [c. Michaelmas 1292]

Contents:
John de Staumpes of Tuddenham and Richard de Roltisde of Tuddenham. n.d.
John has demised to Richard a plot of his meadow in the vill of Grundesburg and two plots of land which were of Alexander de Hundelane; to hold from Michaelmas 20 Edw. I for a term of 5 years, for 15s.
Witnesses: John de Wachesham, John Bertelmeu of Tuddenham, Stephen of the ford, John Jordan, John le Minet, Hervey de la Heye, Lambert the clerk.
[Please quote GC2557 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/7  [15 Feb. 1296]

Contents:
John de Staumpes of Tuddenham and Richard de Roltes of the same. Wed. after St. Valentine, 24 Edw. I
John has granted to Richard, for a fine of 28s., a piece of his meadow in the parish of Grundesburgh, rendering to the chief lord ½d. a year.
Witnesses: Richard son of Robert de Pleyford, John de Wachesham, Richard Hervi of Playford, Andrew de Thunderle, Richard Arnald, John Fucher, John Bertelmeu, Thomas le Heyward of Witnesham, John le Minet, John Jordan, Stephen of the ford, Guy Saleman of Bealings.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC613 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/8  [31 Oct. 1296]

Contents:
John de Staumpes and Richard de Roltesdele of Tuddenham. Eve of All Saints, 24 Edw. I
John has quitclaimed to Richard the rent which Richard ought to pay for 9 years after this letter for a piece of meadow in the vill of Grundesburg as in his charter of enfeoffment, and Richard has given him 30s.
Witnesses: John de Wachesham, John Bertelmeu, John Fucher, Stephen of the ford, Henry de Blunvile, John Jordan, John le Minet, Henry Piggel.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC619 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/9  [18 Feb. 1298]

Contents:
John de Staumpes of Tuddenham and Richard de Roltesdale of Tuddenham. Tues. after St. Valentine, 26 Edw. I
John has granted to Richard, for 30s., the piece of meadow in the parish of Grundisburgh which he previously granted to Richard, to be held at ½d. a year to the chief lord of the fee.
Witnesses: Richard son of Robert de Pleyford, John de Wachesham, Andrew de Thunderle, John Bertelmeu, John Fucher, John de Staunton of Clopton, Stephen of the ford, Richard Arnald, Roger Archer of Grundisburgh, Richard le Minet', Henry Piggel, John Jordan.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC641 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/10  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
William son of Walter de Hundelane and Ralph son of Simon of Grundisburgh. n.d.
William has confirmed to Ralph, for a fine of 15s., 5 plots of land in the parish of Grundesburgh, rent 19½d. a year.
Witnesses: William de Thisteldene, Alan de Thorp, Ralph Yvon, Richard de Belinges, Robert Syben, Henry le Wabeys, William of the burnt hall (de aula combusta), William de Cretin, Gilbert Yvon, Roger de Borieshugh, Robert Smalprud.
[Please quote GC768 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/4/11  [1 July 1372]

Contents:
Thomas de Wynchestre and John Gerard of Grundisburgh. Thurs. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 46 Edw. III
Thomas has quitclaimed to John all his lands [etc.] in Groundisbourgh which were of Ivo de Kentone.
Witnesses: Roger de Wolferstone, Henry le Serjaunt, Richard de Hoxone, John Dil Medwe, Richard Saltere, John Holdelond, Richard de Stonham.
At: Debenham.
[Please quote GC3642 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PLAYFORD (SUFF.)  BCM/J/1/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
An appurtenance of the Wacheshams' manor of Culpho. See also above, BCM/J/1/3/5 [GC4111].

[no title]  BCM/J/1/5/1  [14 Jan. 1403]

Contents:
Nicholas Langsqweyn of Little Bealings and Alice widow of John Ras of Playford, tanner. Sun. before St. Maurus, 4 Hen. IV
Nicholas has granted to Alice the messuage in Playford late of Thomas Pycard; for her life.
Witnesses: Thomas Caumpyoun, John Bullot, John Smyth, Henry Pykard, John Bulhungre.
At: Playford.
[Please quote GC4000 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

TUDDENHAM (SUFF.)  BCM/J/1/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
An appurtenance of the Wacheshams' manor of Culpho. See also above, BCM/J/1/3/6 [GC4338].

WACHESHAM HOLDINGS  [no ref. or date]

Passage from Tuddenham to Wachesham  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/1  1272-1307

Contents:
John son of Bartholomew de Tudeham and John de Wachesham, son of Osbert de Wachesham, of Culpho. n.d. [temp.Edw.I]
John son of Bartholomew has granted to John de Wachesham a rent of 11d. from Richard Tastard and William Bacheller for holdings in the vill of Tudeham, of the fee of Sir John de Werdun; rent a clove a year, and John de Wachesham has given him 10s.
Witnesses: Sir William de Fraxineto, Richard de Pleyford, Richard son of Henry de Pleyford, Peter le Huntere, Gilbert Ive, Richard Arnold of Bealings, John Jurdan, John le Munsur of Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC1563 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/2  Mid 1312 cent

Contents:
John son of Bartholomew de Tudeham and John de Wachesham. n.d. [late Hen.III]
John son of Bartholomew has granted to John de Wachesham, for 2 marks, a piece of meadow called Smithefenn in the parish of Tudeham; rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: John de Verdun, Giles de Wachesham the younger, Guy Cokerel of Buckeshale, William de Hennleyhe, Richard son of Ernald of Bealings, Richard de Staumpes, John son of Goschalm of Tuddenham, Richard de Tudeham, John de Culfo, Nicholas the minter (monetar'), Alexander de Blackeham, Ralph son of Ralph.
[Please quote GC429 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/3  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
John son of Bartholomew de Tudeham, and John de Wachesham. n.d. [late Hen. III]
John son of Bartholomew has granted to John de Wachesham two pieces of land and pasture in the vill of Thudeham, lying next to the land of the abbey of Leyston; John de Wachesham has given him 1 mark.
Witnesses: Sir William son of Reynes, Sir William de Henleye, Sir Robert de Brompton, Richard de Benehall, Richard de Stampes, Richard of the wood (de bosco) of Kesemere, Richard de Thudeham, John son of the steward of Culpho.
[Please quote GC430 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Passage from Staumpes to Wachesham  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/4  [20 March 1297]

Contents:
John de Staumpes of Tuddenham and John son of John de Wachesham. Wed. the feast of St. Cuthbert, 25 Edw. I
John de Staumpes has granted to John de Wachesham, for a fine of 20s., half of his wood, rendering to the chief lord of the fee 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Richard son of Robert de Pleyford, Richard Hervi, Andrew de Thunderle, John Bertelmeu, John Fucher of Witnesham, Richard de Roltesdale, John Nirdon, John le Menetere.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC627 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/5  [20 Nov. 1297]

Contents:
John son of Richard de Staumpes of Tuddenham and John son of John de Wachesham. Wed. the feast of St. Edmund the king, 26 Edw. I
John son of Richard has granted to John son of John, for a fine of 30s., half his wood in the vill of Thudeham between the wood formerly of John de Verdun on the east and the land of the said John son of John on the west; rent ¼d. a year to the chief lord of the fee.
Witnesses: Richard de Pleyford, Richard Hervi, John Bertelmeu, Henry le Blunvile, Richard de Roltesdale, John Jurdon, Richard Arnold, John Fucher, William Thue.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC635 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/6  [3 July 1300]

Contents:
John son of Richard Staumpes of Tuddenham; and John son of John de Wachesham, and Denise his wife. Sun. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 28 Edw. I
John son of Richard has granted to John and Denise, for ½ mark, a piece of land and a piece of pasture in the vill of Thudeham, the pasture lying next to the wood called Schortwode; rent ½d. a year.
Witnesses: Richard son of Robert of Playford, Richard Hervi, John Fucher, Richard Arnold, Thomas of the burnt hall (de aula combusta), William Yve, Thomas le Heyuuard, Richard Gunter.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC996 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/7  [28 Sept. 1302]

Contents:
John de Staumpes; and John de Wachesham and Denise his wife. Fri. before Michaelmas, 30 Edw. I
John de Staumpes has granted to John and Denise, for 10s., a piece of his land in the parish of Tudeham, with all the pasture next to the wood of Thomas de Verdun.
Witnesses: John de Pleyford, John Bertelmau, John Fucher, Richard Arneld, William Yve, Richard Gun't, Robert Yve, Richard Kybur'.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC1036 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/8  [18 Oct. 1303]

Contents:
John son of Richard Staumpes of Tuddenham and John son of John de Wachesham. Fri. the feast of St. Luke, 31 Edw. I
John son of Richard has granted to John son of John, for 20s., a plot of land with pasture.
Witnesses: John de Pleyford, Richard Hervi of the same, John Fucher of Witnesham, Richard Arnold, Richard Gunter, William Yve, Roger Archer, William Saleman, William Gosselin.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC1053 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/9  [21 Feb. 1305]

Contents:
John de Staupes of Tuddenham; and John de Wachesham and Denise his wife. Eve of St. Peter in cathedra, 33 Edward
John de Staupes has granted to John and Denise, for 12s., a plot of land in the vill of Thudenham.
Witnesses: John de Pleyford, Richard son of Hervy of the same, William de Hoo, Bartholomew de Elmham, Richard de Roudisdale, Elias le Breton, William Gasselyn, Walter le Gosepet.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC1087; duplicate GC1088 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/10  [12 March 1304]

Contents:
John le Staumpes of Tuddenham and John de Wachesham of Culpho. St. Gregory, 32 Edw. I
John le Staumpes has quitclaimed to John de Wachesham an annual rent of 10d. which John de Wachesham owes for the holding which he holds of John [le Staumpes] in the vills of Grundesburgh and Tudeham, and John de Wachesham has given him 8s.
Witnesses: John de Pleyforde, Andrew de Thunderle, Richard Arnold, Stephen de Ford, Alexander le Breton, Richard de Rowtesdale, William Yve, William Goscelyne.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC1058 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/11  [2 Nov. 1354]

Contents:
Thomas de Wachesham of Culpho; and John de Loudham and Joan his wife. Sun. after All Saints, 28 Edw. III
Whereas John and Joan hold of Thomas lands and holdings in the vills of Todenham, Culpho and Westirfeld by the service of an annual rent of 7s. 8d., Thomas has quitclaimed to them all rents and services.
Witnesses: John Tastard, John de Routesdale, William Tailliour, Robert le Reve, Roger de Wolfertone.
At: Kirton.
[Please quote GC3419 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

The Bobat holding  [no ref. or date]


Related information: The Bobats also held in Culpho: above BCM/J/1/3/2-4

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/12  [29 May 1349]

Contents:
Robert Bobat of Culpho; and Gilbert Bobat his son and Christine his [Robert's] daughter. Fri. after St. Augustine, 23 Edw. III
Robert has granted to Gilbert and Christine, and their heirs and assigns, for a certain sum of money, a plot of land with a road in the vill of Todenham.
Witnesses: John Chaumberlayn, William Golde, William Gerard, Thomas Gosceclyne, Robert Gosceclyne.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC3226 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/13  [29 May 1349]

Contents:
(1) Robert Bobat; (2) Simon son of William Sigor of Grundisburgh; (3) Gilbert Bobat and Christine, Robert's son and daughter. Fri. after St. Augustine, 23 Edw. III
Robert has appointed Simon to give seisin to Gilbert and Christine of a plot of land with a road in Todenham.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC3227 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/14  [7 Oct. 1302]

Contents:
Henry de la Haye and Joan his wife; and John son of Augustine de Thorp. Sun. after St. Faith, 30 Edw. I
Henry and Joan have granted to John, in free marriage with their daughter Christine, five plots of land in the vill of Tudenham, to John and Christine and their issue, to revert if they die without issue.
Witnesses: John de Wachesham, John Bartelmau, John Fucher, Richard le Minet, Richard de Roltesdele, John de Staumpes, Henry Piggel.
At: Tuddenham.
[Please quote GC1037 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/6/15  [18 Oct. 1464]

Contents:
Extract from court roll (of Culpho). St. Luke, 4 Edw. IV
The lord has granted to Thomas Grubbe, Agnes his wife and Richard their son 10 a. of villein land called Bachelerswod or Heywod at Tudenham; to them and their heirs, rent 10s. 6d. a year.
[Please quote GC4328 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

UNIDENTIFIED (SUFF.)  BCM/J/1/7  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/7/1  1216-1272

Contents:
John son of Roger de Stampes and Richard his brother. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has granted to Richard 6 a. of land, of which 3½ a. are fenced (de terra berd); rent 18d. a year, and Richard has given John a fine of 20s.
Witnesses: Roger de Braham, Edmund de Thudeham, Robert Fucher, Osbert de Glanvile, Bartholomew de Thudeham, Jocelin de Thudeham, Robert Jordan.
[Please quote SC407 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/1/7/2  [13 Aug. 1355]

Contents:
Thomas de Wachesham of Culpho and Guy Brotoun of Witnesham. Thurs. after St. Laurence, 29 Edw. III
Thomas has granted to Guy a enclosure called Corlesclos with a wood, on the condition that if he pays to Guy in Witnesham church 10 marks on the Thursday after St. Laurence next following [11 Aug. 1356], the charter shall be void.
At: Culpho.
[Please quote GC3432 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER STANHOPE LANDS  BCM/J/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Sir Michael Stanhope acquired much other land in the south-east corner of Suffolk, between Culpho and the coast. A survey of his lands in the area was made by John Norden in 1609: it included lands in the parishes of Staverton, Eyke, Bromeswell, Wantisden, Chillesford, Sudbourne, Orford and Dunningworth; he also had the manor of Blythford[Suffolk Record Office HD88/4/1; V5/22/1; EE5/11/1; Copinger, Suffolk, ii. 19; v. 147-50.] Orford was bought after 1601 from Robert Bertie.[Copinger, Suffolk, v. 147-50. The Berties had inherited it from the Willoughbys in 1525 and they from the Ufford earls of Suffolk in 1382.] He had bought the manors of Dunningworth and Staverton (in Eyke) by 1597 from the Howards, who had inherited them from the Mowbrays as part of the patrimony of the earls and dukes of Norfolk.[Copinger, Suffolk, iv. 260-1; v. 124; cf. BCM/D/7/7] and he had acquired Eyke by 1609 and Chillesford in 1593.[Copinger, Suffolk, iv. 259; v. 119.] He was granted Sudbourne by Queen Elizabeth.[Copinger, Suffolk, v. 178.] Sudbourne, Orford and Chillesford passed to his daughter Jane, and Blythford, Dunningworth, Staverton and Eyke to his daughter Elizabeth; Elizabeth's husband George Lord Berkeley sold Blythford, and her son George sold Dunningworth, Staverton and Eyke to Sir Henry Wood in 1669. In Middlesex, the manor of Heston had come to Sir Michael with his wife Anne, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Read, and was divided between their three daughters, while the manor of East Bedfont was granted to Sir Michael by Queen Elizabeth and passed to Elizabeth Berkeley.[VCH Middx. iii. 109. All three portions of Heston were sold to Sir William Waller in 1655. Sir Michael's wife is also described as Anne daughter and heir of Sir William Reade of Osterley, Middx.: GEC ii. 139.] The family's new interest in Middlesex may have prompted Elizabeth Berkeley's purchase of the nearby manor of Cranford, with lands in Heston and East Bedfont, in 1618, but the Berkeley portion of Heston was sold in 1655 and Elizabeth's son George sold East Bedfont in 1656.[VCH Middx. ii. 311. Cranford had been divided, but both parts passed to the Berkeleys.]

EAST BEDFONT (MIDDX.)  BCM/J/2/1  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/J/2/1/1  [1464-5]

Contents:
Manorial account of Feltham and East Bedfont. 4 Edw. IV
[Please quote GMR44 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BUTLEY (SUFF.)  BCM/J/2/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Butley lay between Eyke, Chillesford and Orford and it is likely that the charter below is connected with the Stanhope lands in those parishes.

[no title]  BCM/J/2/2/1  [4 Nov. 1447]

Contents:
John Styward of Marlesford; and Geoffrey Flete of Blaxhall, John Blaunchflour of Tunstall, John Rypperer and John Stryk of Butley. Saturday after All Saints, 26 Hen. VI
John Styward has demised to Geoffrey, John, John and John, and their heirs and assigns, a messuage with the adjacent paddock (cavaliare) containing half an acre, beside the land of John Moubray duke of Norfolk, in the vill of Buttele.
Witnesses: Alexander Clerk, Thomas Petyt the elder of Tunstall, and Thomas Petyt the younger of Wantisden, Thomas Heylok, Thomas Blauncheflour, Henry Blauncheflour, Robert Norman.
At: Butley.
[Please quote GC4261 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CHILLESFORD (SUFF.)  BCM/J/2/3  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/J/2/3/1  [18 Oct. 1338]

Contents:
Thomas Wysman of Tunstall and John son of John Reynald of Wantisden the elder. Sun. in St. Luke, 12 Edw. III
Thomas has granted to John five plots of land in the vill of Chiseleford.
Witnesses: William Russel, Thomas de la Thoren, John Reynald the elder, Robert Symond, John Genalyman.
At: Chillesford.
[Please quote GC2922 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

EYKE (SUFF.)  BCM/J/2/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/J/2/4/1  [9 Jan. 1278]

Contents:
Richard son of William the miller (molend') of Rendlesham and Aleyn Unfroy of Eyke. Sun. after Epiphany, 6 Edw. I
Richard has quitclaimed to Aleyn a piece of land in the vill of Eyk which Aleyn acquired from Richard's father.
Witnesses: Thomas de Caketon, Thomas Clerbaud, John de Sciston, Roger Bryn, Robert Snilling, Reginald de Charra, John Snelling.
At: Rendlesham.
[Please quote GC480 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/2/4/2  [11 Jan. 1302]

Contents:
William called the miller (molendinarius) of Rendlesham; and Richard Casta of Eyke and Aubrey his wife. Thurs. after Epiphany, 30 Edw. I
William has granted to Richard and Aubrey a piece of his land in the vill of Eyk, next to the road to the turbary of Stavertun, rendering the customary services to the chief lord of the fee, viz. 4d. a year; Richard and Aubrey have given him 40s.
Witnesses: Roger Clerbaud, John de Calarton, John de Sterston, Thomas de Nordewyd, Reginald Wyulkpeu, Geoffrey Snelling, Robert Snelling, Reginald de Thorp.
At: Rendlesham.
[Please quote GC1029 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/J/2/4/3  1272-1307

Contents:
William called Huat of Rendlesham and Juliana his daughter. (n.d. [temp. Edw. I])
William has granted to Juliana, for 2s., a plot of land in the vill of Eyk, rent ½d. a year.
Witnesses: Arnold de Colevil, William Hechebaud, Roger de Stretun, William Snelling, Hugh de Torp, Warin Joye, Warin Stere, William Teyt.
[Please quote GC1422 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LOUDHAM, IN PETTISTREE (SUFF.)  BCM/J/2/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Loudham was adjacent to Eyke and it passed with Dunningworth and Eyke.[Copinger, Suffolk, vii. 256.]

[no title]  BCM/J/2/5/1  [2 April 1305]

Contents:
Richard le Swon of Eyke; and Richard Castel and Aubrey his wife. Fri. after one week after the Annunciation, 33 Edw. I
Richard has granted to Richard and Aubrey, for 20s., a plot of his meadow in the parish of Ludham, lying between Holywalle and le Oldehe.
Witnesses: John de Kaketone, John de Sterstone, Richard Bullock, John Chercheman, Reginald Warde.
At: Loudham.
[Please quote GC1090 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MISCELLANEOUS  BCM/K  [n.d.]

Contents:
A relatively small number of documents are apparently not part of any of the preceding inheritances. For some there are possible connections, as indicated below. Four concern the Stafford family, two William Willoughby of Boston, and six a group of Wiltshire manors just over the border from Tetbury (Glos.), and they are presented separately.

STAFFORD LANDS  BCM/K/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The four charters are all linked to the Stafford family. No direct connection with the Berkeleys of Berkeley has been discovered, although there are numerous connections with holders of other estates recorded in the muniments.
The Berkeleys of Dursley held the manor of Dodington (Glos.) of the Clare earls of Gloucester. Margaret daughter and coheir of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, married Hugh de Audley (d. 1347), who was created earl of Gloucester. Hugh's father Hugh (d. 1325-6) had acquired the manor of Eastington (Glos., in Whitstone hundred) by marriage to Isolda, daughter of Edmund Mortimer and widow of Walter de Ballon. Eastington descended from Isolda's grandson Sir James Audley (d. 1369) to Hugh Stafford, earl of Stafford (d. 1386).[VCH Glos. x. 127-8; GEC i. 347-8.] That Hugh was the son of Ralph de Stafford, earl of Stafford (d. 1372), and his wife Margaret, daughter and heir of Hugh de Audley, earl of Gloucester, and Margaret de Clare. The Staffords inherited the Welsh marcher lordship of Caus from the Corbets in the 14th century. Archbishop Thomas Bourgchier and John Bourgchier, Lord Berners, were half-brothers of Humphrey Stafford, duke of Buckingham (d. 1460); their sister Eleanor married John Mowbray, duke of Norfolk (d. 1461), and their brother William, Lord FitzWarin, married Thomasin Hankeford, half-sister of Anne wife of Thomas Butler, earl of Ormond (d. 1515)[Cf. above, BCM/H Administrative history] Humphrey Stafford's widow, Anne Nevill, married secondly Walter Blount, Lord Mountjoy (d. 1474).[For him, cf. above, D5/51/7 [GC 4364.] Anne appointed William de Berkeley to offices in Gloucestershire.[Above, BCM/A/5/5/6-7 [SC 605, SC 607.] Walter's younger son and eventual successor John (d. 1485) married Lora daughter of Sir Edward Berkeley of Beverston, who married thirdly Thomas Butler, earl of Ormond (d. 1515).[GEC ix. 336-41.]

DODINGTON (GLOS.)  BCM/K/1/1  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/1/1/1  [2 May 1326]

Contents:
Thomas Payn of Marshfield, bailiff of fees in Gloucestershire, and John de Berkeley of Dursley. Fri. after St. Mark, 19 Edw. II
Thomas has received from John for the fine of Hawise de Berk', John's wife, for the manor of Dodynton, 40s. for the acknowledgement made in the king's court at Michaelmas 10 Edw. II. [1316].[Cf. PRO CP 25/1/76/48, no. 152.]
At: Dodington.
[Please quote GC581 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

EASTINGTON (GLOS.)  BCM/K/1/2  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/1/2/1  [14 Oct. 1432]

Contents:
Elizabeth Carswelle, formerly servant of John Baker of Putloe, and Thomas Baccelot of Thornbury (Glos.). Tues. before St. Luke, 11 Hen. VI
Elizabeth has quitclaimed to Thomas a holding with a garden, 1 virgate of land and a grove [etc.], which John Wrench of Bradestone and Margaret his wife lately held, in Estyngton in the said county.
Witnesses: John Osewolt, Richard Bridlere, John Freman, John Wilkynes, Thomas Horewode.
At: Eastington.
[Please quote GC4170 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CAUS (SALOP.)  BCM/K/1/3  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/1/3/1  [1460]

Contents:
(1) John Harpour; (2) Thomas [Bourgchier], archbishop of Canterbury, John Burghchier, knight, Lord Berners, Richard Byngham, justice, William Vernon, knight, Thomas Littilton, serjeant-at-law, William Wore, clerk, dean of the collegiate church of Stafford, and Thomas Burgh, esquire, William Cumberford and John Heton, esquires, William Weldon, William Forster and Thomas Hexstall; (3) John Burgh, knight, and John Woderton, clerk. 17 July 38 Hen. VI
John has leased to Thomas and the others in (2), and their heirs and assigns, the manor and lordship of Caurs with its members, in Shropshire and the march of Wales, which he, John Harpour, with others now dead, had by grant of Humphrey duke of Buckingham, then earl of Stafford; and has appointed John Burgh and John Woderton to deliver seisin of the same.
Witnesses: William Mitton, Thomas Corbet of Leigh, William Lyngeyn, esquires.
[Please quote GC4304 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

VARIOUS  BCM/K/1/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/1/4/1  [1472]

Contents:
Twenty-one membranes attached at the head, being the ministers' accounts for manors, boroughs and liberties in Kent and Surrey, and the last four membranes being the receiver's account, for Anne duchess of Buckingham and Lord Mountjoy. Michaelmas, 12 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR431 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WILLOUGHBY CHARTERS  BCM/K/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The two Lincolnshire charters below are linked by the name of William Willoughby, whose identity is not certain. Richard Welles was Lord Willoughby in right of his wife Joan, daughter and heir of Robert Lord Willoughby (d. 1452); in 1467 he also regained the title of Lord Welles held by his father Lionel (exec. 1461). In the charter of 1456 Richard refers to William as his brother: if William was a bastard son of Robert Lord Willoughby he was Richard's brother-in-law. Richard was additionally connected with the Willoughbys by the marriage of his sister Cecilia to Sir Robert Willoughby (d. 1465), the son of Joan's uncle Sir Thomas. William Willoughby, usually referred to as of Boston, seems to have been somewhat violent and lawless. In Nov. 1456 Richard Welles and his father bound themselves in £500 as surety that William would appear in Chancery to answer charges and 'meantime shall do or procure no harm to any of the people'[CCR 1454-61, 173. On the same date William bound himself in £1,000, to be levied in Lincolnshire.] and William was excepted from a bond of good behaviour towards the friends and tenants of Ralph Lord Cromwell[CCR 1454-61, 197-8.] (d. 1455), from whom he had an annuity of 10 marks.[CCR. 1461-8, 299.] The likelihood that William Willoughby of the charter of 1456 was the same as William Willoughby of the charter of 1451 is further supported by the fact that Ralph Lord Cromwell's niece and coheir Maud Stanhope was Joan Welles's stepmother, as Robert Lord Willoughby's second wife.[GEC iii. 553.]
William Willoughby of Boston[CPR 1461-7, 295.] was probably the William Willoughby who was the first husband of Joan Strangeways, daughter of Katherine duchess of Norfolk.[Above, BCM/D Administrative history.] Joan Strangeways and her husband were closely connected with Sir John Willoughby,[CCR 1461-8, 207-8, 227-8.] who was probably the father of Robert, created Lord Willoughby de Broke, and grandson of Thomas Willoughby (d. 1417), the uncle of Robert Lord Willoughby (d. 1452), Richard Welles's father-in-law.[Cf. GEC xii (2), 672.]
The lands in Kirton-in-Holland, Boston, Algarkirk and Sutterton (Lincs.) which Ralph Lord Cromwell and his feoffees acquired in 1451 were probably intended for Ralph's foundation of Tattershall College (Lincs.); in Nov. 1465 William Willoughby quitclaimed to the college the rent of 10 marks from lands in Kirton-in-Holland which he had been granted by Cromwell.[CCR 1461-8, 299.]

KIRTON-IN-HOLLAND (LINCS.)  BCM/K/2/1  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/2/1/1  [25 Sept. 1451]

Contents:
John Aleyn of Kirton-in-Holland and Margaret his wife, daughter and heir of Thomas Longland of Kirton-in-Holland; and Ralph Crowmwell, knight, Richard Welles, esquire, Robert Willughby, esquire, William Willughby, esquire, John Willughby of Kirton, esquire, Thomas Meres of the same, the younger, esquire, William Orme of the same, esquire, Thomas Prykfelde of Algarkirk, Thomas Cropwell of Kirton, Robert Bate of the same and John Browne of the same. Sat. after St. Mark, 30 Hen. VI
John and Margaret have granted to Ralph and the others, and their heirs and assigns, all their lands and holdings [etc.] in the vills of Kyrketone, Soterton, Algarkyrk and Boston.
Witnesses: Robert Lyttylbery of Kirton, esquire, John Fowle of the same, Richard Smyth of the same, John Hayland of the same, Robert Hardpeny of the same, Thomas Haylond of the same, John Rote of the same.
At: Kirkton.
[Please quote GC4272 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PINCHBECK (LINCS.)  BCM/K/2/2  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/2/2/1  [1456]

Contents:
Richard Welles, knight, Lord Willoughby, and his beloved William Wylyghby, esquire, his brother. 2 Sept. 35 Hen. VI
Richard has granted to William, for his life, for his good and laudable service, an annual rent of £6 13s. 4d. from his manor of Pynchebek, by the hand of his receiver.
[Please quote GC4291 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE 'TETBURY' LANDS  BCM/K/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
There seems to be a connection between the six charters concerning Crudwell, Hankerton, and Long Newnton (Wilts.), particularly between those for Crudwell and Hankerton. The two parishes were adjacent, were both connected with Richard de Urdley (although the Richard of 1386 was not necessarily the same as the Richard of 1423), and were both manors of nearby Malmesbury Abbey. The estate in Hankerton held by Richard Urdley and his wife Margaret in 1388 and 1394 was possibly that called Moredon. It was later divided and in the 16th century one portion was called Urdley's. The other had been sold in 1440 by Richard Urdley's descendant Alice Parfet and her husband Thomas Hasard to John Hibberd[VCH Wilts, xiv. 98. Richard Prefet and John Hubert witnessed Richard Urdley's charter of 1386.] There are also links between Richard Urdley's Hankerton charter of 1423 and the Long Newnton charter of 1461, principally the occurrence of John West in the first and his son and heir Robert in the second, and of Thomas Everard in the first and William Everard in the second. All three parishes lie on or near the Gloucestershire-Wiltshire border and close to Tetbury (Glos.), which Long Newnton adjoins.[Long Newnton was transferred from Wilts. to Glos. in 1930.] The Berkeleys inherited Tetbury in 1500 as coheirs of the Breouses of Tetbury;[Cf. above, p. 702 BCM/D/3 Administrative history.] Kingswood Abbey also held land in the immediate vicinity at Culkerton.[Cf. above, pp. 860, 871 BCM/F/1/3, BCM/F/1/6.]

CRUDWELL (WILTS.)  BCM/K/3/1  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/3/1/1  [25 March 1386]

Contents:
Alice War of Crudwell, widow of Roger War, and Richard Urdele. Sun. the feast of the Annunciation, 9 Ric. II
Alice has granted to Richard, his heirs and assigns, all her lands and holdings in Cruddewelle.
Witnesses: Robert Charlton, Robert Hyweye, Richard Prefet, John Hubert, Thomas Tetwynden.
At: Crudwell.
[Please quote GC3801 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HANKERTON (WILTS.)  BCM/K/3/2  [n.d.]

THE URDLEY HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/3/2/1  [6 June 1423]

Contents:
(1) Richard Urdeley; (2) Richard Dyxton esquire, Thomas Hubard of Charlton and William Knolle of Eastcourt; (3) Edmund Dauntesey, John West, Thomas Everard, Nicholas Sylvestre and John Bryther. Sun. after Corpus Christi, 1 Hen. VI
Whereas Richard Urdeley granted to Richard, Thomas and William all his lands and holdings at Urdeley within the vill of Hankyntone at a rent of 5 marks a year for a term of 24 years and thereafter £20 a year, by a charter dated the Saturday after the Annunciation 1 Hen. VI [27 March 1423], Edmund, John, Thomas, Nicholas and John, Richard Urdeley's feoffees, have confirmed Richard, Thomas and William in the said lands.
Witnesses: John Frye, John Nycoll, John Boye.
At: Charlton.
[Please quote GC4138 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE GAG HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/3/2/2  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Alice widow of John le Gag of Brinkworth and Walter le Gag her son. n.d.
Alice has granted to Walter a messuage and a half-virgate of land in the territory of Herdeleye called Lane, to hold of the heirs of Richard de Hurdeley, and Walter will sustain Robert and William his brothers in food and clothing and other necessaries.
Witnesses: John lord of Hankynton, John lord of Hunlancye, Walter de Batonia, William de Thehendone, John the clerk of Hankerton, Thomas de Longewourd, Thomas Hubard.
[Please quote GC972 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/3/2/3  [26 June 1323]

Contents:
Walter le Gag, son of John le Gag of Brinkworth, and William called le Mareschal of Shornecote. [Sun. ?] before St. Peter and St. Paul, 16 Edw. II
Walter has granted to William a messuage and a half-virgate of land in the territory of Urdlegh called la Lane, in Hanekynton.
Witnesses: John de Combe, John de Hanekynton, John Huberd of the same, Richard Bailand, John Trapper.
At: Hankerton.
[Please quote GC2407 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/3/2/4  [10 July 1323]

Contents:
Walter le Gag of Brinkworth and William called le Mareschal of Shornecote. Sun. after the translation of St. Thomas the martyr, 17 Edw. II
Walter has quitclaimed to William a messuage and a half-virgate of land called la Lane in the territory of Urdlegh in Hanekynton, which he [Walter] had by grant of John le Gag of Brenkeworth, his brother, for his life, and which will revert to John after his death.
Witnesses: John de Combe, John de Hanekynton, John Huberd of the same, Richard Bailand, John Trapper.
At: Hankerton.
[Please quote GC2408 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LONG NEWNTON (WILTS.)  BCM/K/3/3  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/3/3/1  [1461]

Contents:
Robert West of Malmesbury, gentleman, son and heir of John West late of Brokenborough, and William Everard of Tetbury. 1 Jan. 39 Hen. VI
Robert has quitclaimed to William all the lands [etc.] in Lang Newynton (Wilts.) which were of William Coke.
Witnesses: John Russell, esquire, John Brugge, Hugh Thomas, clerk, William Ledcombe, John Ward.
At: Long Newnton.
[Please quote GC4307 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

VARIOUS  BCM/K/4  [n.d.]

BOURTON-ON-THE-WATER (GLOS.)  BCM/K/4/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The names Slaughter (Slowtre), Nethercote and Rissington confirm the identity of Bourton-on-the-Water.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/1/1  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard Smethe of Bourton and John son of Walter le Turnur of Bourton. n.d.
Richard has granted to John the piece of ground (solin') above his mill in the land which was of Michael de Slowtre, 14 perches and 6 feet long, reserving entrance for himself to roof and repair the mill.
Witnesses: Robert de Nethercote, Robert son of John de Boruton, Robert of the mill (de molendino) of the same, John le Vilein of Rissington (Risindone), Philip de Tenakere of the same.
[Please quote GC821 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ELMORE (GLOS.)  BCM/K/4/2  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/2/1  [18 June 1312]

Contents:
Robert Chynon of Elmore and William son of Reginald atte Hulle of the same. Sun. before the nativity St. John the Baptist, 5 Edw. II
Robert has granted to William, for a certain sum of money, a fore-earth and a gore in Elmore, in the field called Godwynieshale.
Witnesses: William le Welsshe, Robert in le Felde, William Dake, William le Fremon, William Coam, Richard le Archer, William de la Berwe.
At: Elmore.
[Please quote GC1884 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LITTLETON-ON-SEVERN (GLOS.)  BCM/K/4/3  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/3/1  [18 Nov. 1345]

Contents:
Richard Treysyn and Edith his wife; and John Rolves of Littleton. Fri. before St. Edmund the king, 19 Edw. III
Richard and Edith have quitclaimed to John a quarter part of a messuage, 8 a. of land and meadow, and a fish weir in the Severn which was of Thomas Frankelyn in Luttletone.
Witnesses: John de Westone, John Morlewode, John de Alklegh, John Champeneys, John Rossel.
At: Littleton-on-Severn.
[Please quote GC3125 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LONGNEY (GLOS.)  BCM/K/4/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/4/1  [5 Nov. 1420]

Contents:
Thomas Robertes of the parish of Minsterworth and William Pekeler of Stinchcombe. Tues. after All Saints, 8 Hen. V
Thomas has quitclaimed to William the lands and holdings in Longney by Hardewyke which were of Richard Robertes and lately of Joan Maundevyle.
Witnesses: William Smalcombe, Robert Gentilmon, John Noreys, Simon Cowley, Richard Broker, William Phelpes, Thomas Colthrop.
At: Longney.
[Please quote GC4130 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PEGGLESWORTH, IN DOWDESWELL (GLOS.)  BCM/K/4/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Foxcote, in Withington (Glos.), is 1½ miles east of Pegglesworth. Thomas de Berkeley mentioned in the charter was probably of the Coberley branch, as Coberley is 2½ miles south-west of Pegglesworth.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/5/1  1216-1272

Contents:
John of the well (de fonte) of Foxcote and Robert Dryuws of Pegglesworth n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has granted to Robert 2 a. and two quarter-virgates of land in Peclesworth, of which one acre lies in the field called Southfeld, the other in the field called Northfield between the land of Isabel Gaumber and the land of Thomas de Bercleye, and one quarter-virgate in the field called Southfield and the other beside Coleputteslad; for a certain sum of money.
Witnesses: Ralph Hamund, John Wegges, Hugh Dryuwes, John Persones, John Soleres.
[Please quote GC1366 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ALDENHAM (HERTS.)  BCM/K/4/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor of Sherlands in Aldenham was conveyed by Sir Robert Redeswell to John de Somersham, presumably a son of the John mentioned in the charter, in 1358[VCH Herts. ii. 155.] From Somersham it passed to his son-in-law William Asshe, and then to William's daughter Elizabeth who married Thomas Frowick. It stayed in the Frowick family until the death in 1527 of Thomas's great-grandson Henry, whose daughter and heir Elizabeth was the wife of John Coningsby, son of Sir Humphrey. Sir Humphrey had been granted the reversion of the manors of Stottesdon (Salop.) and North Piddle (Worcs.) by William Marquess Berkeley.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/6/1  [15 Dec. 1343]

Contents:
Simon de Okhurste of Hertfordshire, and Isabel de Somersham, widow of John de Somersham, late citizen and draper of London. Mon. after St. Lucy, 17 Edw. III
Simon has granted to Isabel an annual rent of 3d. from Richard le Couper of Aldenham and his wife Marcia for a plot of land in Blakeshyde in the parish of Aldenham, in the field called la Hydefeld by Watelyngstrate.
Witnesses: William de Okhurste, John le Spenser, Roger le Porter, Peter Kytewild, Thomas de Merwode, clerk.
At: London.
[Please quote GC3082 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HATFIELD (HERTS.)  BCM/K/4/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The advowson of Hatfield belonged to the abbots and bishops of Ely[VCH Herts. iii, 111] Henry Burghersh, bishop of Lincoln, was granted, for life, the reversion of Tortworth and Oldbury by Nicholas de Kingston and his wife Joan in 1324, with remainder to Peter le Veel and his wife Cecilia.[See above, BCM/A/3/10] That connection may explain why this stray charter remains in the Castle.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/7/1  13 Kal. of Nov. [20 Oct.] 1320

Contents:
(1) The dean of Hertford; (2) Henry [Burghersh] bishop of Lincoln; (3) William Fraunceis.
The dean has received the orders of the bishop to himself or the archdeacon of Hunt' concerning the admission of William to the church of Hattefeld, dated at Bermondeseye 15 Kal. of Nov. [18 Oct.], and has given possession to Master Henry de Trippelawe, proctor of the said Sir William.
At: Hatfield.
[Please quote GC2326 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STOCKING PELHAM (HERTS.)  BCM/K/4/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
This manor was held by the Bideford family throughout the 13th and 14th centuries. In 1278 Richard de Bideford and his wife Agnes, niece of Thomas de Wauncy, occur as tenants[VCH Herts. iv. 108-9.] In the 13th and 14th centuries the Wauncy family held the manor of Astwell (Northants.), which later passed to Thomas Lovet.[See above, BCM/G/5.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/8/1  1272-1307

Contents:
Henry Fromond and Lady Agnes de Wancy. n.d. [temp. Edw.I]
For 28 marks, Henry has granted to Agnes the holding which he inherited in the vill of Stokkenepelham after the death of Roger Fromond his father.
Witnesses: Sir Walter the chamberlain, Sir John de Patemere, William son of Peter, Peter Souke, William de Gravenel, shield-maker (scutarius), William Mercbet, Henry de Wancy, Stephen de Wyke, Roger son of Samson, Ralph the bastard, Robert Pagan (Paganus).
[Please quote GC1373 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WATFORD (HERTS.)  BCM/K/4/9  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor of Oxhey in Watford was held in the early 13th century by Roger de Croxley and passed to his three daughters, one of whom later died without issue. Petronilla married Robert Damneville and had two daughters, while Joan married Thomas de Wauncy and had a son, Thomas, who died young, and three daughters.[VCH Herts. ii. 455. For the descent of the Samneville portion, see above, BCM/E] That may connect this charter with that for Stocking Pelham (Herts.) and with the Wauncys of Astwell (Northants.): cf. above BCM/K/4/8.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/9/1  [3 Dec. 1384]

Contents:
Thomas Estone the elder, of Watford (Herts.), and Katherine his wife; and Thomas their son and heir. Sat. after St. Andrew, 8 Ric. II
Thomas and Katherine have surrendered and conveyed to Thomas the younger their messuage with appurtenances in Watford, and a toft called le Tynturwyke, on condition that Thomas the younger maintains Thomas the elder and Katherine in all necessaries for their lives.
Witnesses: William Hereberd, William Meleman, John Schereman, Richard Stout, William Cawode, John Hankewelle, John Toky, John Hetheman, William le Clerk.
At: Watford.
[Please quote GC3779 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KIBWORTH (LEICS.)  BCM/K/4/10  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
There is no indication whether the roll is for Kibworth Harcourt or for Kibworth Beauchamp. Kibworth Harcourt was held by Merton College, Oxford, throughout the 14th and 15th centuries, while Kibworth Beauchamp was a manor of the earls of Warwick.[VCH Leics. v. 169, 180.] Roger Barbastre dated a charter concerning Wickwar (Glos.) at Kibworth in 1309:[Above, BCM/A/2/50/4 [GC 1698]. Wickwar was purchased by William Lord Berkeley or his father some time between 1440 and 1477, and if the Barbastres also held in Kibworth the account may have come to Berkeley Castle with the Wickwar charters.[Above, BCM/A/2/50.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/10/1  [1435-6]

Contents:
Manorial account 14-15 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR353 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STAINES (MIDDX.)  BCM/K/4/11  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It is tempting to assume that the holding in Staines formed part of Elizabeth Lady Berkeley's purchase of Cranford in 1618 but there is no evidence to confirm the supposition.

THE WALLINGFORD HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/11/1  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Robert de Walingeford and William the tailor (scissor) of the Lady Eleanor, countess of the Lord Edward. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Robert has granted to William, for 10 marks, the ground with a cellar between the messuage formerly of Geoffrey the friar (frator) and Robert's hall in the vill of Stanes; rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: William son of Nicholas, Simon Ysaac, Richard Godsalm, Thomas of the hall, clerk, Ralph of the hall, his brother, Ralph Savary (Savaricus), Walter de la Poille, Thomas the goldsmith, Adam Page, John Gregor, Gilbert the tanner, William the clerk.
[Please quote GC1570 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/11/2  1272-1307

Contents:
Philip the tailor (scissor) of Staines and William de Coumbe. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Philip has granted to William, for 10s., a rent of 12d. which Philip bought from Warin Pykas in the vill of Stanes; rent a clove a year.
Witnesses: William son of Nicholas, Simon Ysaac, John Large, William de Pappewrth, Thomas the goldsmith, Thomas of the hall, clerk, Ralph his brother, Eustace Malebraunch, Ralph Savari, Walter de la Poylle, William the clerk.
[Please quote GC1540 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/11/3  [24 Oct. 1292]

Contents:
Richard called Parson of Stanes; and William de Cumbe and Clarice his wife. Fri. before St. Simon and St. Jude, 20 Edw. I
Richard has quitclaimed to William and Clarice a rent of 10s. a year from John le Large of Stanes and Isabel his wife for the holding which Robert de Walingeford formerly held in the vill of Stanes of the inheritance of the said Isabel, his grandmother.
Witnesses, Simon Isaac, Eustace Malebranch, Thomas the goldsmith, Thomas son of Eustace, Ralph..., Robert of the hill (de monte), William Kutel, John de Peta, William Crigori, John de Basingestoke, Thomas le Punder, Robert the clerk.
At: Staines.
[Please quote GC967 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/11/4  1272-1307

Contents:
John son of Ralph Sagar and Thomas de Blakegrave. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Thomas, for 10s., a half-acre of land in the field of Stanes called le Dugges; rent (eleven ...).
Witnesses: Simon Isaac, John Large (Largus), William de Papewurth, Thomas of the hall, Ralph of the hall, Thomas the goldsmith, Richard May, John the clerk.
[Please quote GC1531 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

FINEDON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/K/4/12  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
John in the willows (in salicibus and en la zaus) was connected with Thomas de Prayers of Dorsington (Glos.) and Strixton (Northants.). In 1324 they jointly owed £120 to the executors of Thomas's great-uncle, Thomas de Verdun (who had been active with Thomas's father Henry in acquiring land in Dorsington), and in 1328 John was Thomas's feoffee in a settlement of Dorsington and Strixton.[VCH Northants. iv. 55; above, BCM/G/3/1/14 [GC 2659]. There is an obvious connection with the Orlingbury charter below, by which Sir Theobald in the willows of Finedon acquired land in nearby Orlingbury in 1304, a charter which was witnessed by John.[The manor of Finedon was forfeited by Hubert de Burgh and in 1232-4 granted to Stephen de Segrave by Hen. III, but was restored to Hubert in 1234: VCH Northants. iii. 197.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/12/1  [5 June 1327]

Contents:
William son of Ralph, reeve of Finedon; and John in the willows (in salicibus) of Finedon and Joan his wife.
William has granted to John and Joan, and John's heirs and assigns, a half-acre of land in the north field of Thyngd' at Hundholm beside Flegbroke.
Witnesses: John in the willows (in salicibus), Adam de Wilby, Henry de Harwedone, John Gilis, Richard Frerma, Simon Chapman, Richard Gilis.
At: Finedon.
[Please quote GC2629 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HALE (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/K/4/13  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Alan de Hale held 1 virgate there by serjeanty during the reign of Henry III. William de Hale died in 1292 holding the virgate and was succeeded by his son and heir William, whose own son and heir, Robert, sold it to John de Holt, parson of Althorp. Holt's brother and heir, Peter de Holt, sold it to Sir John Knyvet and it stayed with the Knyvet family until the 17th century.[Bridges, Northants. ii. 460-1.] 'Appecorin' may be more correctly Appetorin, or Apethorpe which, with Hale, Southwick, Duddington and Fotheringhay (all places whose names occur in the charter), lay in Willibrook hundred.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/13/1  1216-1272

Contents:
Richard son of William reeve of Appecorin, and William son of Alan de Hale n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Richard has quitclaimed to William 5 a. of land in Hale which William had in marriage with Margaret, Richard's niece.
Witnesses: Roger de Foderingeye, clerk, John Knyvest of Southwick, William de Horton, William Foliot of Duddington, Henry Redberd of Easton on the Hill, John Daneys of Luddington, Roger de Aylinton, clerk, Stephen de Hauvill in Witlesheya.
[Please quote SC397 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ORLINGBURY (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/K/4/14  [n.d.]


Related information: See the "in the willows" family of Finedon, BCM/K/4/12.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/14/1  [11 June 1304]

Contents:
Robert son of Peter the clerk of Pytchley and Isabel his wife; and Sir Theobald in the willows (in salicibus) of Finedon. St. Barnabas, 32 Edw.
Robert and Isabel have quitclaimed to Theobald, for 100s., 1 virgate of land which they granted to Theobald, in the vill of Ordlingberin, which Thomas Leygod held of them in villeinage, with Thomas and all his issue and chattels.
Witnesses: Nicholas de Wyremale, knight, William de Seingeremen of Broughton, Adam de Harudon, Henry lord of Isham, John in the willows (in salicibus) of Finedon, John son of Guy of the same, Henry de Harudon.
At: Finedon.
[Please quote GC1066 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MIDDLETON STONEY (OXON.)  BCM/K/4/15  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was held by the Camville family, of whom Gerard died in 1215 and his son and heir Richard between 1218 and 1225. Richard's daughter and heir Idonia married William (II) Longespée. Margaret daughter and heir of William (III) Longespée married Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln (d. 1311).[VCH Oxon. vi. 244-5.] Her daughter Alice was married three times, to Thomas of Lancaster, Ebles Lestrange and Hugh Frene; in Sept. 1336 she settled several manors of her mother's inheritance, including Middleton Stoney, on herself and Frene with reversion to her second husband's nephew and heir, Roger Lestrange of Knockin.[GEC v. 573.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/15/1  [c. 1215 x 1225]

Contents:
Richard son of Gerard de Canvilla and Hubert son of Richard. n.d.
Richard has confirmed to Hubert, his steward, all Hubert's lands in Richard's vill of Midelitona, and further has granted to Hubert his mill and fishpond in the same vill.
Endorsed: in co. Oxon.
Witnesses: Robert Curtenay, William his son, Thomas de... villa, Roger de Stigwand, Henry de Rokebi,... de [Can]villa, Adam Boscher, Simon the carter (carectarius), Richard de Hortun, Thomas Deu, Alan de Stigwant.
[Please quote GC368 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SHARPHAM, IN SUTTON BINGHAM (SOM.)  BCM/K/4/16  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter presumably refers not to Sharpham, immediately west of Glastonbury but to Sharpham, south of Yeovil. Mary, daughter of Walter de Romsey, married first Thomas Bingham and secondly John Peny,[John Batten, Historical and Topographical Collections relating to the Early History of Parts of South Somerset (1894), 41, 44.] whose family was long involved in nearby East Coker.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/16/1  [1452]

Contents:
William Drewe and Joan his wife; and Walter Sherpham and Lucy his wife. 2 Jan. 30 Hen. VI
William and Joan have leased to Walter and Lucy all their land in Sherpham called ler outlondys; for a term of 12 years, rent 26s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: John Sherpham, Walter Brounyng, William Tolke, Richard Peny, Roger Cole.
[Please quote GC4277 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

TUTBURY (STAFFS.)  BCM/K/4/17  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Tutbury, on the border between Staffordshire and Derbyshire, lay 6 miles from the Segrave manors of Repton and Bretby (Derb.).

[no title]  BCM/K/4/17/1  Tues. the eve of the Assumption [14 Aug.] 1291

Contents:
William de Hulton, burgess of Tutbury, and John de Bretteby, draper.
William has granted to John a plot and buildings in the vill of Tuttebur'; rent 12d. a year to the chief lord of the fee, and John has given him 2 marks.
Witnesses: Davit [sic] the merchant (mercator) of Tutbury, Henry Sterre of the same, Robert Schingll of the same, Geoffrey the cook (cocus) of the same, Robert son of Richer of the same, Nicholas son of Richer, William the clerk.

CARLTON COLVILLE (SUFF.)  BCM/K/4/18  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Lands in Carlton Colville, Barnby and Oulton, on the Norfolk-Suffolk border near Lowestoft, were part of the Roscelyn inheritance.[The inheritance consisted principally of five manors in Norfolk: GEC xii (2), 659; CCR 1346-9, 60-1; CIPM ix, no. 201; Blomefield, Norfolk, vi. 302; x. 123.] John Lord Willoughby (d. 1349) married one of the six sisters and coheirs of Thomas Roscelyn and bought out the interests of the others, but no evidence has been found to connect the charter more firmly with the Willoughby estate mentioned above, BCM/K/2.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/18/1  [2 Feb. 1413]

Contents:
Alexander Perovel, Adam Ryping and Simon Geddyng of Carlton Colville; and William Perovel, son of Edmund Perovel, of the same. The Purification, 14 [Hen.] IV
Alexander, Adam and Simon have enfeoffed William, his heirs and assigns in all the lands [etc.] which they had by grant of the said Edmund Perovel in the said vills of Carleton Colvil, Pakefeld and Gisilham and elsewhere within the half-hundred of Mutford.
Witnesses: John Aldring, Edmund Ryping, Richard...,... Geddyng.
At: Carlton Colville.
[Please quote GC4077 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NETTLESTEAD (SUFF.)  BCM/K/4/19  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Margery Wentworth (d. 1478) was a great heiress, the only child of Philip Despenser of Goxhill (d. 1424) and of Philip's wife Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Robert Lord Tibetot. She was married first, aged four or six, to John Lord Roos who died without issue in 1421. She then 'married herself dishonourably', and secretly, to Roger Wentworth (d. after 1452), a younger son of John Wentworth of North Elmsall (Yorks.), an entirely undistinguished esquire. Their eldest son Philip was beheaded in 1464 but his son Henry succeeded Margery on her death[GEC iv. 291-2; xi. 104.] Nettlestead was the chief Tibetot manor in the area and in 1372 lands in Little Blakenham, Bramford, Somersham, Baylham and Creeting All Saints were appurtenant to it.[CIPM xiii, no. 212.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/19/1  [30 June 1446]

Contents:
Margery Hovell of Nettlestead, widow; and Roger Wentworth, esquire, Margery Lady Roos his wife, Philip Wentworth, esquire, their son, George Hawys, chaplain, and James Banyard. Commemoration of St. Paul, 24 Hen. VI
Margery has granted to Roger, Margery, Philip, George and James, and their heirs and assigns, all her lands and holdings in Cretyng Omnium Sanctorum, Cretyng Sancte Marie, Stonham, Codynham, Beylham, Blakynham Magna, Blakynham Parva, Netlystede, Somerysham and Bramford (Suff.).
Witnesses: Christopher Wentworth, Henry Chawmbyc, Thomas Bugge, Robert Havell, William Baldewene, John Chepman, Nicholas Rose, John Bakon the elder, John Bakon the younger.
At: Nettlestead.
[Please quote GC4253 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

YAPTON (SUSSEX)  BCM/K/4/20  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Yapton is 6 miles east of Chichester, where two of those concerned with the charter lived. Two miles west of Chichester is Bosham, which passed to the earls and dukes of Norfolk. See above, Bosham. No other link with the rest of the muniments has suggested itself.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/20/1  [3 May 1405]

Contents:
Martin Dytton of Chichester; and Roger Raketon and John Mulle of Chichester. The Invention of Holy Cross, 6 Hen. IV
Whereas Martin enfeoffed Roger and John in all his lands, holdings [etc.] in the vill of Yabeton (Sussex), Roger and John grant that if Martin pays to them £20 at the Annunciation next coming [25 March 1406], and also 40s. a year, the enfeoffment will be void.
At: Yapton.
[Please quote GC4012 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

AUSTREY (WARWS.)  BCM/K/4/21  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Austrey is in the northern tip of Warwickshire, while Orton-on-the-Hill (Overton) is just over the border in Leicestershire. That Robert the clerk of Seagrave was a witness may imply that Stephen de Segrave had or acquired an interest in Austrey. Alternatively, that Austrey adjoins Newton Regis may suggest a connection with the Shirleys: above, BCM/G/1/6.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/21/1  [1248]

Contents:
Robert son of Geoffrey de Overton and Richard son of Richard, miller, of Austrey. n.d.
Robert, with the consent of his mother Mary, grants to Richard six selions in the fields of Aldulsistre until eight crops have been raised, starting at Michaelmas 32 Hen. III [29 Sept. 1248], for 1 mark.
Witnesses: Simon the clerk of Austrey (Aldulsistre), Thomas the serjeant (serviens), Robert the clerk of Seagrave, Henry Wyring, John son of Roger, William de Rolee, Roger de Cheyne.
[Please quote SC299 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/21/2  [c. Michaelmas 1248]

Contents:
Mary de Overton and Robert son of Geoffrey of the same vill; and Richard son of Richard, miller, of Austrey. 32 Hen. III
Mary and Robert have granted to Richard three selions of land in the field of Alduluestre, which extend from the road to Overton, two selions lying above Wowelondes next to the land of the church and the land of William Thurkil of Alduluestre, and one selion lying next to the land of Thurkil son of Linegave, to hold from Michaelmas until 4 crops have been raised, at a rent of 26d. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas the serjeant (serviens) of Austrey (Alduluestre), Simon the clerk, Robert the clerk, Henry Wyng, John son of Roger de Aldulestre.
[Please quote SC296 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WEST KINGTON (WILTS.)  BCM/K/4/22  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/22/1  [28 Oct. 1356]
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Birtone and Alice his wife; and Sir James Husee of Hampton, knight. St. Simon and St. Jude, 30 Edw. III
John and Alice have surrendered to James their estate in 20 a. of land in a croft in Westkyngton, the reversion of which belonged to James after their deaths, and James has paid them 2 marks.
At: Wraxall.
[Please quote GC3452 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BRADLEY (WORCS.)  BCM/K/4/23  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/K/4/23/1  [21 March 1362]

Contents:
William de Shareshulle, knight; and Elizabeth widow of Andrew Folyoth and John de Raggeleye. Mon. in the third week in Lent, 36 Edw. III
William has quitclaimed to Elizabeth and John, and John's heirs and assigns, the lands which they had by grant of Reginald de Hambury and William Purcel in the vill and territory of Bradeleye.
Witnesses: John le Rous, Richard de Lench, John Knyght of Bradley, Thomas Marreys of the same, Nicholas Wawe of the same.
[Please quote GC3533 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KEMEYS (SOUTH WALES)  BCM/K/4/24  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The lordship was held by the Martin family until 1326. Nicholas son of Martin died in 1282 but contention with the Pembrokes over Kemeys evidently continued: in Nov. 1290 his grandson and heir William Lord Martin came to an agreement with William de Valence, earl of Pembroke, acknowledging that he and his heirs were bound to do suit for the lordship at the county court of Pembroke, with other matters.[GEC viii. 536. William de Valence was lord of Pembroke in the right of his wife Joan, daughter and heir of the youngest of the five Marshal heiresses.] William was succeeded on his death in 1324 by his second son, another William, who died without issue within two years, when the lands were divided between his sister Eleanor, wife of Philip, Lord Columbers, and his nephew James, Lord Audley, son of his other sister Joan. When Eleanor died without issue in 1342, James succeeded to the entire inheritance.[GEC viii. 538.] He died in 1386 leaving a son Nicholas who died without issue in 1391; the lands held in fee simple were divided between his sister Margery (who died without issue in 1410-11) and John Tuchet, grandson of his sister Joan, although some of the inheritance (including Kemeys) was held in tail and Fulk FitzWarren, grandson of his half-sister Margery, shared in those lands.[CIPM xviii, no. 1064.] Fulk died in 1407 leaving a year-old son Fulk, who died without issue in 1420, and a daughter Elizabeth who was the first wife of Richard Hankeford. Richard's daughter by his second wife married Thomas Butler, earl of Ormond (d. 1515); the Butlers had acquired the manor of Blagdon (Som.) from the Martin inheritance during the 14th century.[See above, BCM/H Administrative history and BCM/H/1/10.] One of the connections probably explains the presence of the charter in the Castle, although the Butlers did not hold Kemeys.

[no title]  BCM/K/4/24/1  [4 Oct. 1277]

Contents:
William de Valence, earl of Pembroke, and Joan his wife; and Sir Nicholas son of Martin. Mon. after Michaelmas, 5 Edw. I
William and Joan have granted and remitted to Nicholas certain pleas, rights and liberties in Kemeys.[Transcript: Jeayes, pp. 142-6.]
Witnesses: Sir Imbert Gy, Brother R. de Waldesef, Master Slebeth, Robert de Valle, John de Castro Martin, knights, Guy de Brion, Th. de Rupe, Robert Martin of Kemeys.
At: Pembroke.
[Please quote SC452 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ALICE HOTHAM'S LANDS  BCM/K/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
None of the principals of the charter occur later in the muniments. Littleport (Cambs.) was one of the bishop of Ely's manors,[VCH Cambs. iv. 97-9.] so Alice Hotham of Littleport may have been related to John Hotham, bishop of Ely (d. 1337). The bishop acquired manors and lands in Sheldon and Solihull (Warws.), which passed to his great-nephew Sir John Hotham (d. 1351).[VCH Warws. iv. 201-2, 218-19. He was also of Collyweston (Northants.), Bonby (Lincs.) and Hotham (Yorks.): Hist. of Parl. 1386-1421, iv. 666.] Sir John's daughter and heir Alice (d. 1379) married first Hugh Despenser, a younger brother of Edward Lord Despenser, and secondly, by Nov. 1374, Sir John Trussell (d. 1424). Hugh, her son by Despenser, died without issue in 1401 holding Sheldon and Solihull in jointure with his wife Sibyl (d. 1415),[He also held Bonby (Lincs.), Collyweston (Northants.), Hotham (Yorks.), and holdings in Rothley (Leics.) and Cooksland and Seighford (Staffs.): CIPM xviii, nos. 601-6.] Hugh's sister and heir Anne married Edward Butler (d. 1412) but died in 1408 without issue, when the heir was her Despenser cousin Richard, then a minor and still suffering under the attainder of his father Thomas in 1400.[Edward Lord Despenser (d. 1375) was succeeded by his son Thomas, who was attainted in 1400, leaving his son Richard, who died in 1414 aged eighteen, and a daughter Isabel who was the heir.] The Hotham manors in Sheldon and Solihull were settled in 1542 by George Throckmorton on his son Robert and his second wife, and they passed to Thomas, Robert's son by his first wife, Muriel, daughter of Thomas Lord Berkeley.[VCH Warws. iv. 203, 219.] It is possible that the connection explains why the charter remains in the Castle, although it is not clear that Alice Hotham of Littleport was the daughter and heir of Sir John (d. 1351).[There are other possible connections with inheritances recorded above. The surname Dorsington (Dersingtone) and the mention of Stratford upon Avon and Tachbrook suggest a link with Anne Cranford, who inherited the manor of Dorsington, and her second husband Thomas Hall: above, BCM/G/2, BCM/G/4/8 and 10. (Dorsington is 6 miles south-west and Tachbrook Mallory and Bishop's Tachbrook are 8 miles north-east of Stratford.) Ralph Basset held two manors in Sheldon, which he tried to settle on his nephew Hugh Shirley but which eventually passed to the Staffords: above, BCM/G/1.]

[no title]  BCM/K/5/1/1  [18 Oct. 1364]

Contents:
Thomas Dersingtone, rector of Aynho, and Alice Hotham of Littleport. St. Luke, 38 Edw. III
Thomas has granted to Alice all his lands and holdings in Warwickshire and Gloucestershire; for her life, with remainder to Alice Raven of Tackebrok and her issue, and Richard Dersingtone of Stretford super Avene.
Witnesses: John Prest of Doddington, John Saltere of Brackley (Bralkeleye), John Raven, Henry Raven.
At: Aynho.
[Please quote GC3562 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

JOAN BROOKE'S LANDS  BCM/K/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The document was drawn up on the day that Joan Brooke died. She was the daughter and coheir of Simon Hanham of Gloucestershire and married first Robert Cheddar of Bristol and secondly Sir Thomas Brooke (d. 1418).[Hist. of Parl. 1386-1421, ii. 377-8, 537-8.] Cheddar settled on her seventeen manors and other lands in Devon, Dorset, Somerset and Gloucestershire, and by him she was mother of four sons, Richard, Robert, William and Thomas.[Richard was born in Sept. 1379, Robert in Oct. 1380, and William in Dec. 1381: J. Collinson, History and Antiquities of the County of Somerset (Bath, 1791), iii. 576. By Brooke she was the mother of Sir Thomas (d. 1439), who married Joan, daughter and heir of Joan, granddaughter and heir of John Lord Cobham (d. 1408) by Reginald Braybrooke (d. 1405); Thomas became Lord Cobham in his wife's right: GEC iii. 346.] Richard married Elizabeth Cauntelo,[Elizabeth was the daughter and heir of Robert Cauntelo of Heddington (Wilts.) and granddaughter and heir of Maud (d. 1402), sister and heir of Nicholas Berkeley of Dursley (d. 1382): Hist. of Parl. 1386-1421, ii. 537-8.] who bore him only a daughter Jane. Richard died in 1437 (the same year as his mother), and while Elizabeth's lands passed to Jane and her husband Thomas Wyke, the Cheddar lands passed to Richard's only surviving brother Thomas, who settled them on Richard's illegitimate son John and a kinsman William Seward. Thomas Cheddar (d. 1443) had married Isabel, daughter and coheir of Robert Scobhull, and left two daughters of whom Joan, who had the bulk of his estate, married first Richard Stafford (d. by 1443, when she was 18) and secondly John Talbot, Viscount Lisle (d. 1453).[GEC viii. 57.] It is possible, then, that the document was among the charters which William Lord Berkeley recovered from Wotton after his victory at Nibley Green over Thomas Talbot, son of John and Joan Cheddar.

[no title]  BCM/K/6/1/1  [1437]

Contents:
List of lands, with values, of Lady Joan Brooke, widow of Sir Thomas Brooke and of Robert Cheddre the elder, in Somerset, Gloucestershire, Dorset and Bristol. 10 April 15 Hen. VI
[Please quote GMR43 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HARFLEUR (FRANCE)  BCM/K/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter is dated shortly after the conquest of Normandy by Henry V and during the English occupation. Sir William Phelip (d. 1441), captain of Harfleur 1421-2, had married Joan, one of the two daughters and coheirs of Thomas Lord Bardolf, and was sometimes known as Lord Bardolf. Joan died in 1447 and her sister, without issue, in 1453. Joan's only child was Elizabeth, who married John Viscount Beaumont and died before her father, leaving a son William Beaumont (also occasionally called Lord Bardolf) as the Bardolf heir.[GEC i 420-1] John Beaumont's second wife was Katherine Nevill, duchess of Norfolk, who may be the link between the charter and the Berkeleys. Phelip was only a witness to the charter, and there is nothing to suggest that property in Harfleur passed to the Beaumonts.

[no title]  BCM/K/7/1/1  1421

Contents:
William Robyn, merchant, and John Lymbury. Sun. the feast of St. Laurence the martyr [10 Aug.], A.D. 1421,9 Hen. V
William has quitclaimed to John a holding lately of John Bruman in the vill of Hareflieu in the street leading from Crux Goran to the street of Bulettus, which William had by John's grant.
Witnesses: Sir William Philyp, knight, captain of Harfleur, Thomas Fekenham, under-sheriff (subvicecomes), William Barrers, bailiff of the vill, Robert Spellowe, William Colwell, John Otterbourne, John Drax, John Pemberton, clerk.
At: Harfleur.
[Please quote GC4133 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

UNIDENTIFIED MANORS  BCM/K/8  [n.d.]

CHARTERS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/8/1/1  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
... and Richard son of Alfred de Wica. n.d.
Grant to Richard of the vill of West... at a rent of... [80s. a year?]... 20s. at Christmas term... 20s. at Michaelmas term.
Witnesses:... de Wica, steward ...
[Please quote SC143 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/8/1/2  [1213 x 1231]

Contents:
Peter de Oxeneford, son of Robert de Oxeneford; and Sir G. Escudemor and Sir William le Bastard. n.d.
Peter has quitclaimed to G. and William the homage of Jordan le Warre and his heirs.
Witnesses: Sir Henry de Waddon, Sir John de Verno, Geoffrey de Langelige, William..., Thomas de Babint', Ralph de Aung', Hugh the cook (cocus), Roger de Momford, Walter Wake.
[Please quote GC408 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/8/1/3  [c. 1400]

Contents:
Rental of an unidentified manor n.d.
[Please quote GRR34 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WILLS  BCM/K/9  [n.d.]

Note: The wills are catalogued, with additional detail and some errors, in Jeayes, pp. 253-7.


[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/1  7 Jan. 1317

Contents:
Probate of the will of John de Coueley of Berkeley, dated the eve [28 June] of St. Peter and St. Paul, 1316.
[Please quote Wills1 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/2  Epiphany [6 Jan.] 1323

Contents:
Probate of the will, dated All Saints [1 Nov.] 1322, of Henry Praiers, knight, late lord of Dorsington, who died on St. Katherine's day [25 Nov.] 1322. His will includes directions for his burial in the choir of the monastery of Lavendon.
[Please quote Wills2 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/3  Dec. 1329

Contents:
Probate of the will, dated St. Mark [25 April] 1329, of William Golde.
[Please quote Wills3 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/4  Translation of St. Swithin [2 July] 1342

Contents:
Will of Maurice Chapstowe of Wotton.
[Please quote Wills4 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/5  3 Ides of Nov. [11 Nov.] 1348

Contents:
Probate of the will, dated Mon. before St. Margaret [20 July] 1348, of Nicholas le Skot, naming as executors Margaret his wife and William le Muleward.
[Please quote Wills5 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/6  4 April 1349

Contents:
Probate of the will, dated the eve [20 Sept.] of St. Matthew 1348, of Richard Beveregge.
[Please quote Wills6 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/7  [25 May 1349]

Contents:
Probate of the will of John Wale of Bristol, dated Thurs. [16 Oct.] before St. Luke, 1348, and naming as executors Margaret his wife, Stephen Stowe and Sir Thomas de Pendelesford, chaplain. Mon. after Ascension, 23 Edw. III
[Please quote Wills7 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/8  4 April 1349

Contents:
Probate of the will of Walter Baldwyn of Wotton, dated St. Edmund the king [22 Nov.] 1348.
[Please quote Wills8 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/9  14 Aug. 1342

Contents:
Probate of the will of John Averay of Wotton, made in 1342.
[Please quote Wills9 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/10  29 Sept. 1375

Contents:
Probate of the will, dated at Wotton Fri. [31 Aug.] after the decollation of St. John the Baptist, 1375, of Robert Thomas of Wotton.
[Please quote Wills10 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/11  7 Aug. 1382

Contents:
Probate of the will of Adam Legat of Wotton, dated St. Lawrence [3 Feb.] 1381 [/2].
[Please quote Wills11 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/12  8 Jan. 1385

Contents:
Probate of the will of Margery Legat of Wotton, made in 1384.
[Please quote Wills16 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/13  [22 ?] March 1386

Contents:
Probate of the will of Thomas Daunt of Wotton, made in 1385.
[Please quote Wills12 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/14  23 May 1389

Contents:
Will, dated at his manor of Epworth, of Thomas, Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord Mowbray and Segrave, naming as executors Thomas [Arundel], archbishop of York, his kinsman, William Bagot, John Peyto, John Leek and John Seint Johan, knights, Thomas Yokflete, clerk, William Rees, Thomas de Brunham, John Kyrkestede, John Hopcrone and William Hexhill.
[Please quote Wills13 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/15  13 Jan. 1393

Contents:
Probate of the will of John Roubergh of Bristol, made in 1392.
[Please quote Wills14 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/16  Sat. [5 Oct.] after St. Michael, 1420

Contents:
Will of John Fotour of Butley.

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/17  26 Oct. 1460

Contents:
Probate of the will of John Ridde of Orford, dated 15 April 1460.
[Please quote Wills17 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/18  [1478]

Contents:
Will of Thomas Ormonde. 8 July 18 Edw. IV
[Please quote Wills18 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/9/1/19  [1492]

Contents:
Will of William Marquess of Berkeley. 5 Feb. 1491
[Please quote Wills19 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL  BCM/K/10  [n.d.]

BRISTOL  [no ref. or date]

John Frampton and William Arlingham  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/1  [1375]

Contents:
John Frompton, son of Thomas Frompton, late burgess of Bristol, and William Erlyngham, burgess of the vill. 6 April 49 Edw. III
John has quitclaimed to William all personal actions which he has against him.
At: Bristol.
[Please quote GC3680 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/2  [1375]

Contents:
William Erlyngham, burgess of Bristol, and John Frompton, son of Thomas Frompton, late burgess of the vill, recently his servant and apprentice. 6 April 49 Edw. III
William has quitclaimed to John all personal actions which he has against him.
At: Bristol.
[Please quote GC3679 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/3  [c. Michaelmas 1381]

Contents:
John Criklade, burgess of Bristol, and Nicholas Hulle. n.d.
Agreement between John and Nicholas on the terms and conditions of the apprenticeship of Nicholas to John for 11 years from Michaelmas, 5 Ric. II [29 Sept. 1381].
Witnesses: Walter Derbi, mayor of Bristol, Robert Gardiner and John Kaninges, bailiffs, John Fryg, Thomas at Hay, John Haye.
[Please quote SC556 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/4  [1448]

Contents:
John Stevyns of Bath (Som.), sawyer, and William Kenne of Bristol, sawyer. 28 Dec. 27 Hen. VI
John is bound to William in 20s. payable at Michaelmas next.
[Please quote GC4266 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/5  15 Kal. of Nov. [18 Oct.] 1314

Contents:
The archdeacon of Suffolk and Benedict called Payok of Mendham.
The archdeacon testifies that Benedict took to wife Joan, and had a male heir baptised John.
At: Mendham.
[Please quote GC2000 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/6  [30 Aug. 1337]

Contents:
Thomas de la Hope of Portbury and Thomas le Noble of Easton-in-Gordano. Sat. the morrow of the decollation of St. John the Baptist, 11 Edw. III
Thomas de la Hope is bound to Thomas le Noble in £10 for corn bought from him, to be paid at Easter next.
At: Portbury.
[Please quote GC2885 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/7  [1356]

Contents:
Nicholas Poynce, knight.
Extract from the [muster] roll of 29 Edw. III [1355-6], for Somerset and Dorset: whereas Nicholas owes £40 assessed on him in 20 Edw. III [1346-7] for six men-at-arms, he is acquitted in a memorandum of 30 Edw. III [1356-7] which declares that Nicholas was with the king in parts overseas in the retinue of Richard earl of Arundel in the said 20 Edw. III.
[Please quote GC3439 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/8  4 Aug. 1389

Contents:
James earl of Douglas; and Nicholas de Dagworth[Nicholas was the nephew of Sir Thomas Dagworth (d. 1350), second husband of Eleanor countess of Ormond, being the younger son of Thomas's elder brother Nicholas: GEC iv. 29-31; v. 479. He was a knight of Richard II's chamber and was frequently employed as an ambassador. He held the manor of Blickling (Norf.) and, dying without issue in 1402, was buried there, so it is possible that this document passed with the Blickling deeds to the Boleyns: above, BCM/H/2.] and Gerard Heron, knights, commissaries of the king of England.
Agreement concerning a truce between the marches of Scotland and England until 15 Aug. at sunrise, beginning with the earl of Nottingham, warden of the eastern march of England, on 7 Aug. and beginning with the Lords Roos and Neville, wardens of the western march, on 8 Aug.
At: Edinburgh.
[Please quote SC566 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/9  [1437-8]

Contents:
Accounts of servants of Humphrey earl of Stafford. Michaelmas, 16-17 Hen. VI
[Please quote SR52 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/10  [1444]

Contents:
King Henry VI and John [Talbot] earl of Shrewsbury.[John Talbot married, as his second wife, one of the three daughters of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, by Elizabeth Berkeley, and he and his son carried on the long-running feud with the Berkeleys. It is possible that, following the capture of Wotton by the Berkeleys after their victory at the battle of Nibley Green in 1470, this document, with many other important ones, fell into the Berkeleys' hands. In 1457 James Lord Berkeley married as his fourth wife Joan, Talbot's daughter by his first wife.] 2 March 22 Hen. VI
In view of his good service, Henry has granted to John an annuity of £60 for life.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC595 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/11  [1463]

Contents:
William Person and John Williamson. 24 Oct. 3 Edw. IV
William is bound to John in 40s. payable at Christmas next; [on the dorse] the condition of the bond is that it will be void if William pays 8s. 4d.
[Please quote GC4323 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/12  [1474-5]

Contents:
Royal household accounts, 1474-5, comprising (ff. 1-37) journal of expenditure, Saturday 1 Oct. to 22 March (excluding Sundays) [cf. PRO E 101/412/5, a similar journal for the immediately preceding 11 months, written in the same hand]; (ff. 38-82), expenditure by departments, pantry, buttery, wardrobe, kitchen, poultry, scullery, saucery, hall and stable; and (ff. 83-128) wages paid to each member of the household, arranged by rate of pay, beginning with Robert Wynkefelde and John Elryngton, and ending with those at 4d. a day, in all naming 355 men; title-page and last few leaves lacking.
[Please quote SB33 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/K/10/1/13  [1444-59]

Contents:
Book containing: rental of manors and lands in Cornwall, 24 Hen. VI [1445-6], Trewarnayle and Lananta, Lodeford Starley, Botreaux Castle, Crackhampton, the fee of Worthevale, Penhele, Trevrys, Wolvestun; memorandum of an indenture between Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon, and William Lord Botreaux, dated at Tiverton 14 April 31 Hen. VI [1453]; rental of manors and lands in Somerset, 30 Hen. VI [1451-2], Pupblew, North Cadbury, Bynmerldon and Walton; rental of Rokeford Mulyon 8 Nov. 23 Hen. VI [1444]; rental of holdings of William Lord Botreaux in Bristol; rental of Penyton, Hants., 1 Sept. 38 Hen. VI [1459].
[Please quote SB24 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

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