Access to Archives

Part of the UK archives network

Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Lancelot Thomas Hogben FRS


The entire contents of this catalogue are shown below. Browse the hierarchical structure instead

Reference CSAC 78.2.81
Covering dates 1926-1985
Held by Birmingham University Information Services, Special Collections Department
Extent 82 items
Source of acquisition The material was received from Mrs. K.A. Lloyd and from Professor G.P. Wells, author of the Memoir of Hogben prepared for the Royal Society (Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 24, 1978) and editor of Look Back with Laughter, the autobiography left uncompleted at Hogben's death (see A.3 - A.20).
Creators Hogben, Lancelot Thomas, 1895-1975, scientist and biologist
Note Compiled by Jeannine Alton and Julia Latham-Jackson

Administrative history:
Partly through temperament, and partly through external factors and the vicissitudes of war, Hogben led a peripatetic life and left few records other than his prolific and diverse publications. His scientific research was in various aspects of biology, vertebrate and invertebrate zoology, genetics, and related disciplines of social biology, medical and applied statistics; he also contributed to the founding of two scientific journals, the Journal of Experimental Biology and the British Journal of Social Medicine. To the general public he was internationally known as a brilliant expositor of science in his two most famous books, Mathematics for the Million and Science for the Citizen; these and other works reflect his 'scientific humanism' and the wish to improve, through education and clear thinking, the general condition of mankind. This urge to 'provide a sufficient equipment for the constructive tasks of the Society in which we live' underlay the second main strand in his popular writings: the historical and comparative study of languages. In his later years, his linguistic interest focussed on the culture and speech of Wales where he had had several holiday retreats since 1947 and where he retired.
The diversity of Hogben's interests is reflected in the changing locations in which he pursued his career. Starting in 1917 at two of the Colleges of London University (Birkbeck and then the Imperial College of Science and Technology), he moved to the Universities of Edinburgh (1922), Montreal (1925) and Cape Town (1927) before returning to Britain and the London School of Economics (1930). In 1937 he moved to Aberdeen, and finally to Birmingham (1942) where he remained, with second-ment to the War Office 1944 - 46, until he retired to Wales in 1961. These movements testify and also contributed to a restlessness, not to say an impatience of temperament, and certainly do much to explain the unfortunate paucity of the remaining records. Hogben kept no diary; for several periods in his life he had no home and lived with friends or relations, or in hostels; and his research or writing took precedence over administrative paperwork.
Thus, although several of his interests (mathematics, statistics, popular education, language) are represented in the collection, there is little substantial scientific material, and virtually no correspondence despite Hogben's known long acquaintance with many leading figures in scientific and political life. Of interest are the 'Interglossa Dictionary' (C.7), the autobiographical writings in Section A, and several items which show his gifts as a teacher for simple, striking, easily memorable methods and examples. There are also the manuscripts of various unpublished projects (C.8, C.9).
A collection of Hogben's scientific papers, in five bound volumes arranged by subject, is included at A.30 - A.34.

Contents:
SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL A.1 - A.34
SECTION B NOTES AND WORKING PAPERS B.1 - B.25
SECTION C DRAFTS AND PUBLICATIONS C.1 - C.13
SECTION D CORRESPONDENCE D.1 - D.10



SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL  CSAC 78.2.81/A.1 - A.34  [n.d.]

Obituaries and tributes.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.1, A.2  [n.d.]

Obituaries and tributes.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.1  1978

Contents:
'Lancelot Thomas Hogben', by G.P. Wells (Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 24, 1978, 183-221).

Obituaries and tributes.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.2  1962

Contents:
'A Professor Retires', article by 'R.H.C.' on the occasion of Hogben's retirement (The Queen's Medical Magazine, Journal of the Birmingham Medical School, 54, March 1962).

'Look Back with Laughter'  CSAC 78.2.81/A.3 - A.20  [n.d.]

Contents:
This is the title of Hogben's autobiography, left incomplete at his death. It was collated and edited by G.P. Wells, but remains unpublished.
Several drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations, were received from G.P. Wells. They include 'Draft H' (A.3 - A.5) and 'Draft S' (A.6 - A.8), and the final version as prepared for publication and with an introduction (A.9, A.10). An explanatory note by Wells (quoted below with permission), and information on copyright from Hogben's literary agent, appear at A.11. Other early, partial or incomplete drafts found among Hogben's papers, are at A.12 - A.20.
In his 'Notes on my edited version of Look Back with Laughter' (see A.11), Wells writes:
'Hogben's family was not eager to see his autobiography published because there was too much in it of the cynicism which he often assumed as a mask, and not enough about his real faith and his positive achievements. This is why I wrote the Introduction.
Unhappily, this work was finished when publishers everywhere were finding it increasingly difficult to sell books, and they did not want to take on the autobiography. Norton, his U.S. publisher, wrote to the effect that Hogben was no longer a world-famous figure, and even Mathematics for the Million had ceased to move. So after one or two tries, we stopped trying to find a publisher.'
An important addition to the autobiography are the 'Professional Reminiscences' at A.21. G.P. Wells, in an explanatory note included in the folder, writes:
'At one time, Hogben meant to include a chapter about his scientific achievements in his Autobiography. He did not do so. However he sent to the Royal Society (received there on 20 April 1961) a document called 'Professional Reminiscences', written in conjunction with a five-volume collection of his scientific papers.
The attached copy was sent to me by his eldest daughter, Mrs. Sylvia McCrory. It has a number of corrections in his own hand.'
The five-volume collection of scientific papers referred to above, and in Hogben's account, is included at A.30 - A.34.

Draft H  CSAC 78.2.81/A.3-A.5  [n.d.]

Three folders as follows:

Contents:
With a note by G.P. Wells, 'This is the typescript I worked on. It was made available to me by Helga Greene'.

Draft H  CSAC 78.2.81/A.3  n.d

Contents:
Original chapters I - IX (publisher's chapters 1 - 3).
Quarto typescript with ms. corrections.

Draft H  CSAC 78.2.81/A.4  n.d

Contents:
Original chapters X - XVII (publisher's chapters 4 - 7).
Quarto typescript with ms. corrections.

Draft H  CSAC 78.2.81/A.5  n.d

Contents:
Chapters 8, 9, Epilogue and postcript. Photocopy foolscap, very heavily corrected.

Draft S  CSAC 78.2.81/A.6-A.8  [n.d.]

Three folders as follows:

Contents:
With a note by G.P. Wells 'This is a Xerox-copy of a typescript in the possession of the family in U.S.A. It was handed to me by Mrs. Sylvia McCrory [Hogben's daughter] shortly before the end of my 1979 visit'.

Draft S  CSAC 78.2.81/A.6  n.d

Contents:
Original chapters I - IX.

Draft S  CSAC 78.2.81/A.7  n.d

Contents:
Original chapters X - XVII.

Draft S  CSAC 78.2.81/A.8  n.d

Contents:
Original chapters XVIII - XXIV, Epilogue.

Final typescript as prepared by G.P. Wells, who has contributed an introduction, 'The faith of a scientific humanist'.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.9, A.10  [n.d.]

Two folders

Final typescript as prepared by G.P. Wells, who has contributed an introduction, 'The faith of a scientific humanist'.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.9  [n.d.]

Contents:
Introduction, Chapters 1 - 4 (pp.1-132).

Final typescript as prepared by G.P. Wells, who has contributed an introduction, 'The faith of a scientific humanist'.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.10  n.d

Contents:
Chapters 5 - 10, Epilogue (pp.133-307).

Final typescript as prepared by G.P. Wells, who has contributed an introduction, 'The faith of a scientific humanist'.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.11  n.d

Contents:
'Notes on my edited version of Look Back with Laughter', by G.P. Wells.
Note on copyright by Helga Greene (Hogben's literary agent).

First draft.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.12, A.13  [n.d.]

Contents:
Foolscap typescript, with a few ms. corrections. This is the first draft from which later mss. were compiled; it ends at 1937.

First draft.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.12  n.d

Contents:
Chapters 1 - 3 (Chapter 4 missing).

First draft.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.13  n.d

Contents:
Chapters 5-7.

Typescript drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.14-A. 19  [n.d.]

Typescript drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.14  n.d

Contents:
Chapters I - IV.

Typescript drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.15  n.d

Contents:
Chapters V - VII (2 copies of each).

Typescript drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.16  n.d

Contents:
Chapters VIII - X (2 copies of each).

Typescript drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.17  n.d

Contents:
Chapters XI - XIV (1 copy of each, no corrections).

Typescript drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.18  n.d

Contents:
Chapters XV - XVII (1 copy of each, no corrections).

Typescript drafts, all with ms. corrections and variations.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.19  [n.d.]

Contents:
Chapter XXIV (1 copy, no corrections).
Epilogue (3 copies, all with ms. corrections, expanded versions of above).

Miscellaneous shorter drafts or fragments.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.20  n.d

Contents:
pp. 19-24 of Chapter 5.
'Chapter fourteen' (later twenty-three, finally 10, describing events in British Guiana 1963-64).
Copies of 'Publisher's note' for insertion in book.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.21  n.d


Related information: See introduction to CSAC 78/2/81/A.3 - CSAC 78/2/81/A.20 above, and also CSAC 78/2/81/A.30 - CSAC 78/2/81/A.34.

Contents:
'Professional Reminiscences.'
Hogben's account of his scientific achievements.
37 pp. typescript with ms. corrections, plus 7 pp. bibliography.
With an explanatory note by G.P. Wells.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.22  n.d

Contents:
'Journey Through Ghana.'
286 pp. negative photostat copy of typescript original, bound.
With a ms. note, 1979, by G.P. Wells inside front cover, identifying item as the 'descriptive book commissioned by the Colonial Office to celebrate the country's independence' (in 1956).

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.23  n.d

Contents:
Shorter autobiographical writings (on verso of proofs):
Poem 'At seventy ...'
Draft 'At the end of the day ...'
2 pp. ms. reflections on his life; Hogben concludes: 'I am with Belloc all the way that to look back with laughter is well worth the winning. I could wish that I learned to do so earlier'.
Draft, 'Brighter British'.
3 pp. ms., on developments in the English language.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.24  n.d

Contents:
Hogben's address book.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.25  1970-1972

Contents:
'Lloches y Fwyalchen.'
(Hogben's bungalow at Glyn Ceiriog.)
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1970-72, with planning authorities, solicitors and builders re above.
Includes some of Hogben's plans and specifications, accounts and receipts.
Not indexed.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.26  1950-1973

Contents:
Miscellaneous receipts, etc. 1950-73.
Includes material re other properties owned by Hogben in Wales.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.27  1974-1975

Contents:
Miscellaneous receipts, etc. 1974-75.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.28  n.d

Contents:
Ms. verses by Hogben.
Drafts for two humorous alphabets.

Biographical and personal  CSAC 78.2.81/A.29  c.1942

Contents:
Small notebook, c.1942, analysing songs and pieces of music in a numerical notation.

A collection of Hogben's published scientific papers, arranged by subject; references given in his own 'Professional Reminiscences' (A.21) are to this set, which does not follow chronological order.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.30-A.34  [n.d.]

5 volumes

Contents:
There is a typed list of contents inside each volume.

A collection of Hogben's published scientific papers, arranged by subject; references given in his own 'Professional Reminiscences' (A.21) are to this set, which does not follow chronological order.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.30  n.d

Contents:
Vol. 1. The chromatic function.

A collection of Hogben's published scientific papers, arranged by subject; references given in his own 'Professional Reminiscences' (A.21) are to this set, which does not follow chronological order.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.31  n.d

Contents:
Vol. 2. Internal secretion.

A collection of Hogben's published scientific papers, arranged by subject; references given in his own 'Professional Reminiscences' (A.21) are to this set, which does not follow chronological order.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.32  n.d

Contents:
Vol. 3. Biophysical and biochemical.

A collection of Hogben's published scientific papers, arranged by subject; references given in his own 'Professional Reminiscences' (A.21) are to this set, which does not follow chronological order.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.33  n.d

Contents:
Vol. 4. Genetics and cytology.

A collection of Hogben's published scientific papers, arranged by subject; references given in his own 'Professional Reminiscences' (A.21) are to this set, which does not follow chronological order.  CSAC 78.2.81/A.34  n.d

Contents:
Vol. 5. Statistics medical and theoretical.

SECTION B NOTES AND WORKING PAPERS  CSAC 78.2.81/B.1 - B.25  [n.d.]

Work on Mathematics and Physics  CSAC 78.2.81/B.1-B.14  [n.d.]

Three examination answer-books, McGill University. n.d. but c. 1926-27. Labelled by Hogben  CSAC 78.2.81/B.1-B.3  [n.d.]

Three examination answer-books, McGill University. n.d. but c. 1926-27. Labelled by Hogben  CSAC 78.2.81/B.1  c.1929-1927

Contents:
'Fourier Series and Integrals.'
(Includes another sequence of notes in another hand.)

Three examination answer-books, McGill University. n.d. but c. 1926-27. Labelled by Hogben  CSAC 78.2.81/B.2  c.1929-1927

Contents:
'Cylindrical and Spherical Harmonics.'

Three examination answer-books, McGill University. n.d. but c. 1926-27. Labelled by Hogben  CSAC 78.2.81/B.3  c.1929-1927

Contents:
'Differential Equations II. Partial Differential equations involving Fourier series, Bessel's and Legendre functions.'

Examination answer-book  CSAC 78.2.81/B.4  1928

Contents:
University of Cape Town, dated 'Dec. 1928' and labelled 'Generalised Coordinates'.

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.5-B.11  n.d

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.5  n.d

Contents:
'Linear Difference Equations.'

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.6  n.d

Contents:
'Non-Linear Difference Equations.'

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.7  n.d

Contents:
'Factorial Notation.'

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.8  n.d

Contents:
'General Expansion based on the operators [DELTA] and E.'

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.9  n.d

Contents:
'Finite differences and Interpolation Formulae.'

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.10  n.d

Contents:
'Stirling's Theorem.'

Sequences of ms. notes.  CSAC 78.2.81/B.11  n.d

Contents:
Shorter notes.

Work on Mathematics and Physics  CSAC 78.2.81/B.12  n.d

Contents:
Folder labelled 'The Ordered Tetrad'.
Ms. draft on sets and subsets, and some loose pages of notes.

Work on Mathematics and Physics  CSAC 78.2.81/B.13  n.d

Contents:
Folder labelled 'Relativity'.
2 typescript sets of notes, 'Relativity 1', 'Relativity 2'.

Work on Mathematics and Physics  CSAC 78.2.81/B.14  n.d

Contents:
Ms. notes on 'The Lorenz Transformation'.
Copy of printed booklet on Relativity.

Work on language  CSAC 78.2.81/B.15-B.24  [n.d.]

Work on language  CSAC 78.2.81/B.15  n.d

Contents:
Work on English.
Includes notes on English patronymics, syntax, rhymes.
Errata lists for The Mother Tongue (London 1964)

Work on Welsh  CSAC 78.2.81/B.16-B.23  [n.d.]

Work on Welsh  CSAC 78.2.81/B.16  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous ms. notes on Welsh syntax and accidence, some on writing-paper of Lloches y Fwalchen and therefore after 1971.

Work on Welsh  CSAC 78.2.81/B.17-B.19  n.d

Contents:
Three stapled folders labelled 'Welsh Syntax', 'Essential Welsh Verbs', 'Welsh Semantics'.

Work on Welsh  CSAC 78.2.81/B.20  n.d

Contents:
Typescript drafts on various aspects of Welsh, 'Interrogation', 'Infixed pronouns', 'Additional notes on Welsh', etc.

Work on Welsh  CSAC 78.2.81/B.21  n.d

3 copies

Contents:
'Gwlad heb Genhadwr' (Country without a Missionary).
33 pp. typescript narrative by Hogben.

Work on Welsh  CSAC 78.2.81/B.22  n.d

Contents:
'Guinness yn Gymraeg
A
Guinness i Gymru.'
Stapled folder of advertising slogans for Guinness, in Welsh, with English translations.

Work on Welsh  CSAC 78.2.81/B.23  n.d

Contents:
Printed matter in Welsh, mainly hymns in tonic sol fa notation.

Work on language  CSAC 78.2.81/B.24  n.d

Contents:
'A reformed Oggam.'
Ms. and typed versions of diagram of rationalised orthography.

Mathematical diagram  CSAC 78.2.81/B.25  n.d

SECTION C DRAFTS AND PUBLICATIONS  CSAC 78.2.81/C.1 - C.13  [n.d.]

DRAFTS AND PUBLICATIONS  CSAC 78.2.81/C.1  n.d

Contents:
'Science for the Citizen' (first published 1938).
Hand-drawn and coloured diagrams.
Letter and related material from D. L. Simms, 1960, correcting error in 4th edition.

DRAFTS AND PUBLICATIONS  CSAC 78.2.81/C.2  n.d

3 copies

Contents:
'Analytical Thermodynamics (based on Planck).'

DRAFTS AND PUBLICATIONS  CSAC 78.2.81/C.3  n.d

3 copies

Contents:
'Bedside Reflections on Thermodynamics.'
11 pp. typescript.

Papers on statistics  CSAC 78.2.81/C.4-C.6  n.d

Papers on statistics  CSAC 78.2.81/C.4  n.d

Contents:
'A type of series of special interest to biologists.'
12 pp. typescript and ms.

Papers on statistics  CSAC 78.2.81/C.5  n.d

Contents:
'The extraction of square roots by use of continued fractions as an exercise in machine tabulation.'
14 pp. typescript and ms., 2 copies, one marked 'corrected'.

Papers on statistics  CSAC 78.2.81/C.6  n.d

Contents:
'Two exercises in use of recurrent series.'
3 pp. + 2 pp. addendum, typescript.

Drafts and Publications  CSAC 78.2.81/C.7  c.1943


Related information: See Wells, Memoir, p. 204.
N.B. The folder, which had been sent direct by post (addressee unidentifiable), is postmarked Llangollen, April 1971.

Contents:
'Interglossa Dictionary.'
381 pp. typescript in folder.
This was probably intended as the companion volume to Interglossa (Penguin Books, 1943) in which Hogben attempted to construct an auxiliary language, based on Latin and Greek roots, as a tool for international communication. In the 'Foreword with instructions for use' to the 'Dictionary', he refers to an 'introductory volume' which had previously appeared, and says 'The introductory volume provided the tools and raw materials. The dictionary gives Interglossa a gestalt'.

Drafts and publications  CSAC 78.2.81/C.8  n.d

Contents:
'Figurate series and related functions.'
23 pp. ms. draft + 2 tables.
Includes letter from Russell Parker re suitable placements for publication of a proposed monograph by Hogben on 'Figurate Numbers', October 1971

Drafts and publications  CSAC 78.2.81/C.9  n.d

Contents:
'Mathematics with the machine.'
Photocopy of ms. draft for projected work with this title, 68 pp.
Foreword.
1. Powers and roots.
2. Common logarithms.
3. Trigonometrical ratios.
4. The binomial theorem.
5. Natural logarithms.
6. Trigonometrical and allied series.
7. Some statistical series.
Appendix I Stirling's formula.
Appendix II Square roots by continuous fractions.
Included here is correspondence, 1971-72, with Addo Limited re possible publication of the work.

Drafts and publications  CSAC 78.2.81/C.10  1972

Contents:
Miscellaneous pages of 'Astronomer, priest and ancient mariner' (London 1972), some with ms. corrections and notes.

Drafts and publications  CSAC 78.2.81/C.11  1973 and 1974

Contents:
Miscellaneous drafts for 'Columbus, the cannon ball and the common pump' (London 1974), Chapters 6 and 7, heavily-corrected typescript.
Draft, probably for 'Maps, mirrors and mechanics' (London, 1973), Chapter 5.

Drafts and publications  CSAC 78.2.81/C.12  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous copies of publications by Hogben.

Drafts and publications  CSAC 78.2.81/C.13  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous printed matter.

SECTION D CORRESPONDENCE  CSAC 78.2.81/D.1 - D.10  [n.d.]

CORRESPONDENCE  CSAC 78.2.81/D.1  1964-66

Contents:
Letters from readers of The Mother Tongue.

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.2-D.9  1964-71

Contents:
Mainly with Hogben's literary agent, Helga Greene, but also with others.

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.2  1964-66

Contents:
Includes correspondence with Jonathan Cape Limited

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.3  1964

Contents:
Includes correspondence with Jonathan Cape Limited

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.4  1965

Contents:
Includes correspondence with Allen & Unwin Limited, with W.W. Norton and Company (Hogben's publishers in America), and arrangements for assignment of royalties.

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.5  1966

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.6  1967

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.7  1968

Contents:
Includes correspondence with William Heinemann Limited.

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.8  1969

Correspondence with literary agents and publishing houses re contracts, publications, reprints, royalties, work in hand or projected.  CSAC 78.2.81/D.9  1970-71

Contents:
Includes royalty statements.

Miscellaneous royalty statements  CSAC 78.2.81/D.10  1964-69

The contents of this catalogue are the copyright of NCUACS (the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists)
Rights in the Access to Archives database are the property of the Crown, © 2001-2014