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Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of DAVID MEREDITH SEARES WATSON FRS (1886 - 1973)


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Reference NCUACS 42.4.93
Covering dates 1568 - 1622, 1846 - 1974
Held by London University, University College London (UCL) Manuscripts Room
Source of acquisition The papers were received in March 1993 from Mrs Betty Sutton, the widow and second wife of Professor John Sutton FRS. Professor Sutton's first wife was Professor Janet Watson FRS, the younger daughter of D.M.S. Watson.
Creators Watson, David Meredith Seares, 1886-1973, palaeontologist
Related information During his lifetime D.M.S. Watson made the following dispositions:
1. His father's lecture notes taken at the Royal College of Mines 1865-1867 (Archives, Imperial College London).
2. Archival material, including photographs, relating to the Zoology Department, University College London (Archives, UCL).
3. Palaeontological books and reprint collection (Library, UCL).
4. Scientific Food Policy Committee papers, 1940-1941 (Library, Royal Society, London).
5. Fossil collection (University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge).
Watson retained in his possession an early sound recording made on an Edison tinfoil phonograph which has now (1993) been offered to the Science Museum London. The recording is accompanied by a note by Watson dated 14 November 1950: 'This is a very early record made by Edison's phonograph, as I remember it was given to my father, by Edison, being the first reproduction of speech produced in Manchester.'
Note Compiled by Peter Harper and Timothy E. Powell
The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, and the production of this catalogue, are made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations:
British Petroleum plc
The Institute of Physics
The Royal Society
The Wellcome Trust
We are very grateful to Mrs Sutton for making the papers available.

Administrative history:
David Meredith Seares Watson was born in 1886 in Higher Broughton near Salford, Lancashire. His parents were David Watson, a chemist and metallurgist who became Managing Director of the Broughton Copper Company, and Maria Louisa Watson nee Seares. He had one sister, Constance Mary Watson, who read classics at Manchester University graduating with first class honours at the age of nineteen. She died tragically young in 1909 during her second year at Somerville College Oxford. D.M.S. Watson was educated at a small private school to 1900 and then Manchester Grammar School, 1900-1904. He entered Manchester University in 1904 intending to read chemistry but switched to geology as his main subject on the advice of Professor Boyd Dawkins. He graduated with first class honours in 1907, becoming Beyer Fellow in 1908 and taking his M.Sc. and becoming a demonstrator in 1909. His early research interests were in palaeobotany in Manchester, 1906-1910, and fossil reptiles in Manchester and London, 1907-1911. In 1911 J.P. Hill, the Jodrell Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy at University College London, invited Watson to become an honorary lecturer in palaeontology at UCL. With £100 from the Percy Sladen Trust he went to South Africa in 1911 where he met the palaeontologist Robert Broom and spent ten months collecting fossils in the Karoo. From 1912 to 1914 he was based at the British Museum (Natural History), visiting many German museums and continuing to teach at UCL. In June 1914 he went to Australia to look at Permian and Triassic rocks there and early in 1915 went on to North America where he collected fossils in Texas and made the acquaintance of such leading American vertebrate palaeontologists as S.W. Williston, H.F. Osborn, W.K. Gregory and W.D. Matthew. On his return to England he took a technical commission as lieutenant in the RNVR (transferring to the RAF in 1918 as captain) working on balloon and airship fabrics.
After the war Watson researched for some time at Newcastle upon Tyne on coal measure amphibia and fishes. In 1920 he returned to UCL and in 1921 succeeded J.P. Hill as Professor of Zoology there, a post he held for thirty years until retirement. He arranged for the continuation of the work on embryology which Hill had instituted, gave G.P. Wells responsibility for comparative physiology and welcomed J.B.S. Haldane to develop his work on genetics. His international reputation attracted many research students to UCL and he secured improved accommodation for the department. In 1928 Joyce Townshend joined the department as part-time secretary and illustrator of his scientific papers, beginning a working relationship which was to last for nearly forty years. During the Second World War, when the department was evacuated to North Wales, Watson served as secretary of the Scientific Subcommittee of the Food Policy Committee of the War Cabinet. He was a Trustee of the British Museum, 1946-1963. On his retirement in 1951 he accepted appointment as Alexander Agassiz Professor at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard. Returning to UCL he was given a room by his successor P.B. Medawar and he continued to work on fossil vertebrates with the assistance of Joyce Townshend who was supported by annual grants from the Royal Society. Watson finally retired from scientific research in 1965 and died in 1973 at the age of 87. Watson researched widely in vertebrate palaeontology including important work on fishes, amphibia, reptiles and mammals. He received many honours and awards including the Lyell Medal (1935) and Wollaston Medal (1965) of the Geological Society of London and the Linnean Medal of the Linnean Society of London (1949). Watson was elected FRS in 1922 (Croonian Lecture 1924, Darwin Medal 1942).
In 1917 Watson married Katharine Margarite Parker who was an embryologist and had worked with J.P. Hill. They had two daughters, the elder, Katharine Mary (later Mrs Powell) who became a farmer and the younger, Janet Vida who became a distinguished geologist (married to Professor John Sutton FRS) and was herself elected FRS in 1979.
For a full account of Watson's career see F.R. Parrington and T.S. Westoll, Biographical memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 20, 1974, on which the above outline has freely drawn.

Contents:
LIST OF CONTENTS
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL A.1-A.92
SECTION B SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE B.1-B.77
SECTION C PHOTOGRAPHS C.1-C.36
The material is presented in the order given in the List of Contents.
Section A, Biographical, brings together biographical accounts, records of Watson's numerous honours and awards and family papers. The material includes the Royal Society memoir, an account of Watson's early days and family background by his daughter Janet, recollections by his research assistant Joyce Townshend and Watson's curriculum vitae and bibliography. The documentation of Watson's honours and awards spans over forty years and includes election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society (1922), the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society (1942) and the Wollaston Medal of the Geological Society (1965). Also of interest are the correspondence about the Directorship of the British Museum (Natural History) in 1937, correspondence about the presentation volume on the occasion of his retirement from the Jodrell Chair in 1951 and correspondence and papers relating to his final retirement from research in 1965. The family papers include letters from his sister Constance Mary Watson, 1905-1909, and material relating to his mother's family especially the letters of his grandfather Samuel M. Seares, 1871, 1879-1882. An exceptional survival are papers of Charles J.B. Hutchinson, who emigrated to Australia after his engagement to Watson's mother was broken off.
Section B, Scientific correspondence, presents Watson's correspondence with leading palaeontologists in Africa, America, Australia, China, England and Europe, especially Germany, Russia and Scandinavia. Most of Watson's palaeontological correspondence was arranged by country and regional grouping and this arrangement has been respected. However, he kept his correspondence with the South African palaeontologist Robert Broom and his research assistant Joyce Townshend as separate sequences. There are few copies of outgoing letters before the end of the Second World War.
Section C, Photographs, provides photographic records of Watson's career, his scientific colleagues, and his family. There are photographs documenting his career from the South African expedition onwards, photographs of his predecessor at UCL J.P. Hill and of Robert Broom and a photograph of Watson as a boy with his Seares relatives amongst the family photographs.
There is also an index of correspondents.



SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.1-A.92  [n.d.]

Contents:
NCUACS 42.4.93/A.1-A.6 BIOGRAPHICAL AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL
NCUACS 42.4.93/A.7-A.50 CAREER, HONOURS AND AWARDS
NCUACS 42.4.93/A.51, A.52 BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL
NCUACS 42.4.93/A.53-A.57 NON-SCIENTIFIC INTERESTS
NCUACS 42.4.93/A.58-A.87 FAMILY AND PERSONAL
NCUACS 42.4.93/A.88-A.92 CERTIFICATES

BIOGRAPHICAL AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.1  25 July 1973

Contents:
The Times obituary
Obituary for unidentified publication.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.2

Contents:
Memoir of Watson by F.R. Parrington and T.S. Westoll, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 20, 1974.
'Memorial to David M.S. Watson 1886-1973' by E.C. Olson for the Geological Society of America.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.3

Contents:
Additions to Watson's 'Personal Records' for the Royal Society.
6pp typescript with manuscript note at foot of first page 'Manuscript copy of Personal Records (with these additions) to be taken [to the] Royal Society by J.[oyce] T.[ownshend] October (20th or so) 1966.'

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.4

Contents:
'D.M.S.W.'
6pp manuscript by Janet V. Watson on her father's early days and family background.
'Reminiscences of D.M.S.W. by J.T.'
11pp typescript by Watson's research assistant Joyce Townshend, nd.
'D.M.S. - Fifty Years Ago.'
3pp typescript recollections by a former secretary, nd.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.5, A.6

Contents:
Curriculum vitae, list of membership of societies and bibliographies.
2 folders.

CAREER, HONOURS AND AWARDS  [no ref. or date]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.7

Contents:
Birth certificate, 1886.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.8

Contents:
Lecture course by Watson on 'The Morphogenesis of the Mammalia from a Palaeontological Standpoint', UCL, 1913.
Manuscript note of course outline and printed notice.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.9

Contents:
First World War navy travel warrant and emergency ration card.
National History Museum welcome home reunion, 10 July 1919.
Printed key to photograph of those attending reunion. The photograph itself was not found.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.10  1921

Contents:
Jodrell Chair of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, UCL
Letters of congratulation.

Election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society, 1922.  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.11-A.13  [n.d.]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.11

Contents:
Certificate of election.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.12, A.13

Contents:
Letters of congratulation.
2 folders.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.14

Contents:
'A.S. Woodwards comments on Helga Pearson's thesis.'
3pp manuscript dated 26 November 1927.
Watson supervised Pearson's thesis.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.15  1928

Contents:
Romanes Lecturer, Oxford University

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.16

Contents:
Honorary Degree, University of Cape Town, 1929.
British Association for the Advancement of Science, South Africa, 1929.
Watson's address on adaptation as President of Section D. Zoology. Printed booklet.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.17  1931

Contents:
Erzherzog Rainer Medal of the Zoological and Botanical Society of Vienna

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.18

Contents:
Membership of Agricultural Research Council, 1931.
Membership of Corporation of Bermuda Biological Station for Research, 1931.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.19

Contents:
Fellowship of USSR Academy of Sciences, 1932.
James Arthur Lecturer, American Museum of Natural History, 1934.
Honorary membership of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1935.
Honorary membership of the State Russian Palaeontological Society, 1936.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.20

Contents:
Corresponding Membership of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, 1937.
Silliman Memorial Lecturer, Yale University, 1937.
Honorary Foreign Membership, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 1937.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.21

Contents:
Directorship of the British Museum (Natural History), 1937.
Offer of Directorship to Watson. No reply from Watson was found.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.22

Contents:
Membership of Poultry Technical Committee, 1938.
Letter of thanks at end of period of service.
Honorary Membership, US National Academy of Sciences, 1938.
Honorary Membership, Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher, Halle, 1938.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.23

Contents:
Honorary Membership of Indian Academy of Sciences, 1939.
Makdougall-Brisbane Prize, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1939.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.24, A.25

Contents:
Darwin Medal, Royal Society, 1942.
Notification from Royal Society, letters of congratulation.
2 folders.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.26

Contents:
Corresponding Membership, American Museum of Natural History, 1943.
Honorary Degree, University of Aberdeen, 1943.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.27

Contents:
220th Anniversary of USSR Academy of Sciences, 1945.
Watson was one of the British representatives who visited Russia on this occasion.
Includes memorandum on the organisation of science in the USSR made available to Watson by the Society for Cultural Relations between the Peoples of the British Commonwealth and the USSR.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.28

Contents:
Associe Etranger, Societe Geologique de France, 1945.
Honorary Membership, California Academy of Sciences, 1946.
Foreign Membership, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 1946.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.29

Contents:
Associe, Academie Royale de Bezique, 1946.
60th birthday greetings from Russian colleagues at the Palaeontological Institute, Moscow, 1946.
Ordinary membership, Royal Society of Sciences of Uppsala, 1946.
Foreign membership, Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 1946. (Honorary life membership 1952).

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.30

Contents:
Vice Presidency, Société Géologique de France, 1948.
Honorary Fellowship, UCL, 1948.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.31

Contents:
Hooker Lecturer, Linnean Society of London, 1948.
Foreign membership, Royal Physiographical Society of Lund, 1948.
Honorary degree, University of Wales, 1948.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.32

Contents:
Honorary degree, University of the Witswatersrand, Johannesburg, 1949.
Linnean Medal, Linnean Society of London, 1949.
Honorary Fellowship, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1949.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.33

Contents:
Correspondent, Geological Society of America, 1950.
Honorary Research Associate, Department of Zoology, UCL, 1951.
Emeritus Professorship, UCL, 1951.
Letters of appreciation for Watson's service as chairman of Library Committee, UCL, 1951.

65th birthday, 1951.  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.34-A.36  [n.d.]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.34, A.35

Contents:
Correspondence re presentation volume.
2 folders.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.36

Contents:
Birthday greetings.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.37

Contents:
Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Harvard, 1952.
Foreign Honorary Membership, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1953.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.38  1958

Contents:
Presentation of Festschrift volume Studies on fossil vertebrates presented to David Meredith Seares Watson

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.39

Contents:
Darwin-Wallace commemorative medal, Linnean Society of London, 1958.
Certificate of election to the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1959.
The presentation was made by the Soviet Ambassador at an ordinary meeting of the Royal Society.
For Watson's election see A.19.
Trusteeship of British Museum, 1963.
Letter of thanks at end of period of service.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.40

Contents:
Wollaston Medal, Geological Society, 1965.
Includes presentation address by F.W. Shotton and Watson's reply.

Retirement  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.41-A.46  1965

Contents:
Watson finally retired from research in 1965 when he gave up his office at UCL. He made various disposals of palaeontological material, apparatus, books, journals, reprints and some archival material at this time.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.41, A.42  April-July 1965

Contents:
Correspondence and papers
The papers form a numbered sequence 1-40.
2 folders.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.43  July 1965 - 1971

Contents:
Correspondence and papers

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.44  1946, 1956, 1957, 1964

Contents:
Correspondence re earlier archival deposits

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.45, A.46

Contents:
Manuscript notes, lists of specimens, drawings. Found with retirement material.
2 folders.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.47  1966

Contents:
Eightieth birthday

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.48

Contents:
Fiftieth anniversary of election to Fellowship of the Royal Society, 1972.
Invitation to visit Soviet Union to take part in Jubilee Session of the General Assembly of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1972.
Declined on Watson's behalf by his daughter Janet V. Watson.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.49  1973

Contents:
Letters of condolence on Watson's death

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.50

Contents:
Press-cuttings.

BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.51  1951, 1955, 1965

Contents:
Jenefer Wornum Benefaction

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.52  1959-1973

Contents:
Miscellaneous, various dates

NON-SCIENTIFIC INTERESTS  [no ref. or date]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.53

Contents:
'Catalogue of silver coins of ancient Greece'. Notebook.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.54-A.56

Contents:
Catalogue of Chinese collection. 3 binders.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.57  22 February 1947

Contents:
Letter from Sir Perceval David re proposed Institute of Chinese Art to house his Chinese collection

FAMILY AND PERSONAL  [no ref. or date]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.58

Contents:
Family trees.

David Watson (father).  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.59-A.61  [n.d.]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.59  1846

Contents:
Birth certificate

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.60  1876, 1877

Contents:
Carbons

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.61

Contents:
Correspondence with his wife, 1888.
Letter from W. Gowland, 1896.
Letter of condolence from the Brough Copper Company Limited, Manchester to Mrs Watson, 1899.

Mary Louisa Watson nee Seares (mother).  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.62, A.63  [n.d.]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.62  1881

Contents:
Diary

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.63  1885

Contents:
Diary

Constance Mary Watson (sister). See also NCUACS 42.4.93.A.88.  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.64-A.70  [n.d.]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.64  1888

Contents:
Birth certificate

Letters to her brother, 1905-1909 and nd.  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.65-A.69  [n.d.]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.65  1905

Contents:
Letters to her brother

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.66  1906, 1907

Contents:
Letters to her brother

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.67  1908

Contents:
Letters to her brother

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.68  1909

Contents:
Letters to her brother

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.69  Nd

Contents:
Letters to her brother

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.70  1901, 1909

Contents:
Letters to her Aunt Fanny

Katharine Margarite Watson nee Parker (wife).  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.71-A.72A  [n.d.]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.71

Contents:
Birth certificate, 1891.
Marriage certificate, 1917.
Death certificate, 1969.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.72

Contents:
Letter from her mother, nd.
Letters to her husband. Only one dated in 1918.
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1968, 1969.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.72A

Contents:
Letter to Mrs Watson enclosing four exchequer receipts dated 1568, 1580, 1616 and 1622.

Katharine Mary Watson later Mrs P.A.J. Powell (elder daughter).  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.73, A.74  [n.d.]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.73  1918

Contents:
Letters of congratulation to Watson on birth of daughter

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.74  1950, 1955

Contents:
Letters to her parents

Samuel M. Seares (maternal grandfather).  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.76-A.80  [n.d.]

Contents:
Letters to his daughter (and Watson's aunt) Fanny.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.76  1871, 1879

Contents:
Letters to his daughter

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.77  1880 February-June

Contents:
Letters to his daughter

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.78  1880 July-December

Contents:
Letters to his daughter

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.79  1881

Contents:
Letters to his daughter

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.80  1882 January-June, nd

Contents:
Letters to his daughter
Includes photograph.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.81

Contents:
Fanny Rossiter (Mrs C. Rossiter) (maternal aunt).
Letters from Charles J.B. Hutchinson in Queensland September 1879, August 1880.
Letter from Fanny Rossiter to Hutchinson, December 1880. Returned 'unclaimed'.
Folder also includes letter appointing Hutchinson government agent in the schooner Superior, February 1880.
Hutchinson was engaged to Watson's mother, and emigrated to Australia after the engagement was broken off. However, he remained in correspondence with Watson's mother's married sister (Fanny Rossiter) and his papers were sent to her after his death. See A.86.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.82

Contents:
William Rossiter.
Letters from Rossiter and printed material re South London Fine Art Gallery, Reading Room and Lecture Hall, Camberwell, 1893, 1894 and nd.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.83

Contents:
Isaiah Parker (father-in-law).
Letters from Watson to his father-in-law, 1929, 1930.
'Echoes of a Hundred Years Ago. Notes on the Life of Isaiah Parker, Wesleyan Methodist Minister by his daughter Lucy G. Parker.'
Printed booklet, nd.

M. Beatrice Parker (sister-in-law).  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.84, A.85  [n.d.]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.84

Contents:
Letter of application for post of singing teacher [1920] with copies of two testimonials.
D.M.S. Watson is named as a referee in the application.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.85

Contents:
'My Commonplace Book by Beatrice Parker.'
The dedication is dated Christmas 1972.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.86

Contents:
Cecilia White (cousin, daughter of Fanny Rossiter).
One letter only, 1955.
Watson received the papers relating to his mother's family from her.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.87  1896-1965

Contents:
Miscellaneous personal correspondence, various dates

CERTIFICATES  [no ref. or date]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.88

1 roll.

Contents:
C.M. Watson.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/A.89-A.92

4 rolls.

Contents:
D.M.S. Watson.

SECTION B SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.1-B.77  [n.d.]

Arrangement: Most of Watson's correspondence was arranged by country or regional grouping, and this arrangement has been respected although bulky folders have been subdivided for ease of reference. Where applicable the titles of the original folders have been reproduced in the catalogue entries.
Watson kept his correspondence with the South African palaeontologist Robert Broom and his research assistant Joyce Townshend as separate sequences.


Contents:
There are very few copies of Watson's own letters before the end of the Second World War.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.1  1947-1953

Contents:
'Palaeontology African'
With the exception of one letter from A.S. Brink all the correspondence is with L.S.B. Leakey.
Watson visited Leakey in Kenya in 1949.

'Palaeontology American'  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.2-B.17  1915-1964

Administrative history:
Watson made his first visit to North America in 1915, collecting in Texas and making the acquaintance of leading American palaeontologists. He returned to the USA on a number of occasions including 1937 when he delivered the Silliman Lectures at Yale and 1952 when he accepted appointment as Alexander Agassiz Professor at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard.

Contents:
Watson's correspondents include E.C. Case, E.H. Colbert, W.K. Gregory, W.D. Matthew, H.F. Osborn, A.S. Romer, G.G. Simpson and S.W. Williston.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.2  1915-1917

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'
Includes photographic negatives.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.3  1919

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.4  1920

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.5  1924-1926

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.6  1927-1929

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.7  1930-1933

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.8  1937-1939

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.9  1940-1945

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.10  1946

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.11  1947

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'
Includes photographs of specimens.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.12  1948, 1949

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.13  1950, 1951

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.14  1953

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.15  1954-1956

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.16  1957-1959

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.17  1960-1964

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

'Palaeontology Australian'  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.18-B.21  1931-1962

Contents:
Watson's principal Australian correspondent is R.T. Wade.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.18  1931-1939

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.19  1942-1949

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.20  1950-1958

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.21  1962

Contents:
'Palaeontology American'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.22  1926, 1927, 1935-1964

Contents:
'Palaeontology Chinese'
Watson's correspondents are Davidson Black (1926, 1927) and C.C. Young (1935-1964).

'Palaeontology English'  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.23-B.38  1913, 1914, 1920, 1926-1960

Contents:
Watson's correspondents include C. Forster Cooper, F.R. Parrington and T.S. Westoll.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.23  1913, 1914, 1920

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.24  1926-1929

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.25  1930

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.26  1931

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'
Includes draft letter by Watson on the need for a Journal of Palaeontology.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.27  1932

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'
Includes draft letters by Watson to Nature relating to L.S.B. Leakey's discoveries in East Africa.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.28  1934

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'
Includes undated memorandum on the University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge by C. Forster Cooper.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.29  1936-1939

Contents:
'Paleontology English'
Includes photographs of specimens.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.30  1941, 1942

Contents:
'Paleontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.31  1943, 1944

Contents:
'Paleontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.32  1945, 1946

Contents:
'Paleontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.33  1947-1949

Contents:
'Paleontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.34  1950, 1951

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.35  1953

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.36  1954, 1955

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.37  1956-1960

Contents:
'Palaeontology English'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.38  1954, 1959

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re Kowalevsky Collection of fossils
Includes drafts of note by Watson on the collection entitled 'Fossil bones in a lost property office'.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.39  1930-1936, 1945, 1956

Contents:
'Palaeontology French'
Watson's correspondents include J. Piveteau.

'Palaeontology German Austrian'  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.40-B.47  1920-1962

Administrative history:
Watson first visited German museums while he was based at the British Museum (Natural History) in the years before the First World War.

Contents:
His correspondents include F. Broili and F. von Huene.
The sequence includes a small number of letters from palaeontologists in Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.40  1920, 1921, 1925

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.41  1926-1929

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.42  1930-1935

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.43  1936-1939

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'
Includes photograph of specimens.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.44  1945-1949

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.45  1950-1954

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.46  1955-1958

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'
Includes corrected proof of article by F. v. Huene on 'The mode of branching in the early history of the tetrapods'.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.47  1962

Contents:
'Palaeontology German Austrian'
Includes photograph of specimen.

'Palaeontology Russian'  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.48-B.53  1920-1962

Contents:
Watson's correspondents include J.A. Efremov and J.A. Orlov.
See A.27 for papers re Watson's visit to Russia in 1945 as one of the British representatives on the occasion of the 220th Anniversary of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Watson declined subsequent invitations to visit Russia in 1957 and, after initially accepting the invitation, 1960.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.48  1920-1928

Contents:
'Palaeontology Russian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.49  1930-1939

Contents:
'Palaeontology Russian'
Includes notification of Watson's election as a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1932. See also A.19.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.50  1945-1949

Contents:
'Palaeontology Russian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.51  1950-1955

Contents:
'Palaeontology Russian'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.52  1956-1959

Contents:
'Palaeontology Russian'
Includes 'Notes on Russia' (2pp typescript) by Watson. Undated but evidently written to advise colleague visiting Russia.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.53  1960, 1962

Contents:
'Palaeontology Russian'

'Palaeontology Scandinavia'  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.54, B.55  1922-1964

Contents:
Watson's correspondents are E. Jarvik, E. Nielsen, G. Säve-Söderbergh, and E. Stensiö.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.54  1922-1925, 1930-1934

Contents:
'Palaeontology Scandinavia'

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.55  1945-1950, 1964

Contents:
'Palaeontology Scandinavia'

Broom, R.  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.56-B.60  1911-1950

Contents:
Robert Broom was a South African palaeontologist distinguished for his research on the Karoo reptiles, and especially the link between reptiles and mammals. Watson met Broom on his first visit to South Africa in 1911 and remained in contact with him for the rest of his life. Watson returned to South Africa in 1929 and 1949.
There is only letter from Watson in the sequence (1950).

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.56  1911-1914

Contents:
R. Broom

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.57  1916, 1919

Contents:
R. Broom

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.58  1920, 1921, 1927, 1929

Contents:
R. Broom

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.59  1930, 1931, 1935-1939

Contents:
R. Broom

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.60  1940, 1943, 1945-1948, 1950

Contents:
R. Broom
Includes memorandum by Broom to Trustees of the Transvaal Museum re his work at Sterkfontein and Kromdraai (4pp duplicated typescript), 1946; newspaper cuttings; copy of General Smuts's introduction to commemorative volume for Broom on the occasion of his 80th birthday, 1947.

Townshend, J.  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.61-B.67  1929-1974

Administrative history:
Joyce Townshend became Watson's research assistant and secretary to the Zoology Department at UCL in 1928. When Watson retired from his Chair in 1951 she continued as his research assistant supported by the Royal Society until his final retirement from research in 1965. She subsequently worked as a research assistant in the Department of Egyptology working on the Flinders Petrie collection. She died in 1974.

Contents:
The correspondence 1929-1944 is principally letters from Watson to Joyce Townshend. The correspondence 1965-1969 is principally letters from Joyce Townshend to Watson reporting on her personal activities. There are a small number of letters from Watson's wife and scientific colleagues.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.61  1929-1931, 1934, 1937

Contents:
J Townshend

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.62  1940-1944

Contents:
J Townshend

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.63  1964, 1965

Contents:
J Townshend

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.64  1966

Contents:
J Townshend

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.65  1967

Contents:
J Townshend

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.66  1968

Contents:
J Townshend
Includes press-cuttings.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.67  1969, 1974

Contents:
J Townshend
1974 item is obituary from UCL publication.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.68  1951-1965

Contents:
Royal Society
Correspondence and papers re Royal Society support for Joyce Townshend's work as Watson's research assistant.
Includes research reports.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.69  1930-1957, 1972

Contents:
Qau Bones
Correspondence and papers re animal and human bones found at Qau, Egypt.
1972 item is Joyce Townshend's summary of the contents of the file.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.70-B.77  1912-1967

Contents:
Miscellaneous palaeontological correspondence arranged in a chronological sequence.
The correspondence is similar in character to that arranged by country, and many of the correspondents are the same.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.70  1912, 1918

Contents:
Miscellaneous

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.71  1920

Contents:
Miscellaneous
Includes photograph of specimen.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.72  1921

Contents:
Miscellaneous

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.73  1923-1927

Contents:
Miscellaneous

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.74  1932-1938

Contents:
Miscellaneous
Includes press-cuttings re L.S.B. Leakey, photographic negative, and 8pp autograph manuscript letter by Watson with inscription by Joyce Townshend 'For some reason this letter was never sent'.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.75  1945-1949

Contents:
Miscellaneous

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.76  1951-1959

Contents:
Miscellaneous
Includes photographs of specimens.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/B.77  1964-1967

Contents:
Miscellaneous
Includes photographs.

SECTION C PHOTOGRAPHS  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.1-C.36  [n.d.]

Contents:
NCUACS 42/4/93/C.1-C.19A D.M.S. WATSON
NCUACS 42/4/93/C.20-C.26 SCIENTIFIC COLLEAGUES
NCUACS 42/4/93/C.27-C.35 FAMILY
NCUACS 42/4/93/C.36 FOSSILS

D.M.S. WATSON  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Includes group photographs with colleagues.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.1  ?1912

Contents:
Blakeney [South Africa]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.2  Autumn 1916

Contents:
Department of Zoology, UCL
Watson with C.H. O'Donoghue, J.P. Hill, G.S. Sansom.
Watson, O'Donoghue and Sansom are in uniform.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.3

Contents:
In uniform, First World War.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.4

Contents:
In his room, [UCL], 1933.
With colleagues at Yale, 1937.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.5

Contents:
With colleagues at Bangor, Second World War.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.6

Contents:
Leatherhead, 3 March 1945.
'Taken by Pittock'.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.7

Contents:
Visit to Russia, 1945.
Includes photograph with Russian colleagues in Common Room of Palaeontology Museum, Moscow, 19 June 1945.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.8

Contents:
Stockholm, Summer 1949.
With E. Stensio and Mrs Watson.
Ceylon 1949.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.9  1949

Contents:
D. M. S Watson

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.10  13 October 1950

Contents:
Addressing the Zoological Society, UCL

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.11  c.1950

Contents:
'Taken "without warning" in the Common Room [UCL] by C.R. Bailey'

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.12

Contents:
Large format print of preceding.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.13

Contents:
With colleagues, August 1951.
Inscribed on verso 'Westoll'.
Visit to USA, 1952.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.14

Contents:
Les Eyzies, April 1955.
With R. Piveteau and A.S. Romer.
Taken by J.A. Orlov, London, July 1958.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.15

Contents:
With Joyce Townshend, UCL, July 1958.
Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeography, Royal Holloway College, London, September 1959.
Taken by R.J.G. Savage.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.16

Contents:
Taken by J.A. Orlov, London, July 1960.
Oxford, 1960.
Includes photograph with colleagues (manuscript identification on verso).

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.17

Contents:
1965
Includes photographs with Joyce Townshend.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.18

Contents:
Miscellaneous undated photographs of Watson.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.19, C.19A

Contents:
Framed photographs of Watson.

SCIENTIFIC COLLEAGUES  [no ref. or date]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.20, C.21

Contents:
R. Broom.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.20

Contents:
In uniform, c.1915.
'May or June 1949 Hancock Mus[eum] Newcastle on Tyne by Westoll'.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.21  Nd

Contents:
R. Broom

J. P. Hill  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.22-C.24  [n.d.]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.22  October 1911

Contents:
J. P. Hill

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.23  c. 1914

Contents:
With UCL Zoology Department staff, including K.M. Parker (later Watson)

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.24  1935

Contents:
J. P. Hill

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.25

Contents:
C.H. O'Donoghue. In uniform, First World War.
G.S. Sansom. In uniform, First World War.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.26

Contents:
?Joyce Townshend.
Found in envelope inscribed 'Joyce Townshend DMSW' with July 1958 photograph now at C.15.

FAMILY  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.27  nd

Contents:
Five photographs pasted on card
Probably members of Seares (Watson's mother's) family.
Includes photograph of Watson as a boy.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.28  nd

Contents:
Rev. Isaiah Parker (father-in-law), nd.
?Mary Parker nee Gibson (mother-in-law), nd.

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.29-C.32  nd

4 folders

Contents:
Katharine Margarite Watson nee Parker (wife)

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.33  nd

Contents:
Katharine Mary Powell nee Watson (daughter)

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.34  nd

Contents:
Unidentified family members or friends

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.35  nd

Contents:
Watson's home, 14 Frognal Lane, London, N.W.3

FOSSILS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  NCUACS 42.4.93/C.36  nd

Contents:
Unidentified fossil specimens.

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