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Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Francis John Worsley Roughton FRS (1899-1972), physiologist


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Reference NCUACS 88.1.00
Covering dates 1905-1973
Held by Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
Extent ca 250 items
Conditions of access NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THIS COLLECTION MAY YET BE AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO:
THE KEEPER OF MANUSCRIPTS AND UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES
THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
WEST ROAD
CAMBRIDGE
Source of acquisition The papers were received in April 1999 from Dr Rosemary Summers, daughter.
Creators Roughton, Francis John Worsley, 1899-1972, physiologist and colloid scientist
Related information The principal deposit of Roughton papers is housed at the American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Note Compiled by Peter Harper and Timothy E. Powell
The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, and the production of this catalogue, are made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations:
The Biochemical Society
The British Crystallographic Association
The Geological Society
The Higher Education Funding Council for England
The Institute of Physics
The Royal Society
Trinity College Cambridge
The Wellcome Trust
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We are grateful to Dr Summers for making the papers available for cataloguing.

Administrative history:
OUTLINE OF THE CAREER OF F.J.W. ROUGHTON
Francis John Worsley Roughton was born on 6 January 1899 at Kettering where his father was the fifth successive Roughton to practice medicine. He was educated at Winchester College (Scholar) and Trinity College Cambridge (Scholar). As a young man he suffered from attacks of paroxysmal tachycardia. In consequence he was unable to serve in the First World War coming up to Trinity in 1917 on leaving Winchester. He was also advised that his cardiac condition precluded his planned career in medicine. His academic distinction was such (1st Class Natural Sciences Tripos Part I) that although he was unable to take his Part II examinations because of repeated cardiac attacks he was treated as if he had done so, and became a graduate student. On completion of his thesis he was elected to a Fellowship at Trinity (1923). He was successively Lecturer in Biochemistry, 1923-1927 and Lecturer in Physiology, 1927-1947, at Cambridge. In 1925 he married Alice Hopkinson whose father had been Professor of Engineering at Cambridge. They had two children Geoffrey and Rosemary.
The foundations of Roughton's research career were laid working with H. Hartridge to make the first rapid kinetic measurement on a solution by the mixing method. His interest in these early years was mainly physiology and Roughton, with three other young Cambridge scientists M. Dixon, J. Needham and H. Tunnicliffe, belonged to an informal association called the Canula Club which met to discuss topics in physiology. In 1929 he was Rockefeller travelling fellow in the USA and was back again in America in 1940 at the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory, conducting war-related research, chiefly on the effects of carbon monoxide on respiration.
Roughton returned to Cambridge at the end of the Second World War and in 1947 accepted an invitation to become the second John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Colloid Science (in succession to E.K. Rideal) and Head of the Department of Colloid Science. He presided over a rather disparate group in the Department whose interests ranged from physical chemistry of proteins to ore flotation. During the latter part of his tenure he attempted to re-direct the work of the Department towards the study of membranes and biological surface effects. However, such were the doubts about the existence of a definable subject called Colloid Science that on his retirement in 1966 the title of the department was extinguished in favour of Biophysics. During the last 15 years of his life he spent an increasing amount of time in California and Milan working on the basic problems of respiratory physiology and of the carbon dioxide - haemoglobin interaction.
Roughton was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1936. He died at Cambridge on 29 April 1972.
For a fuller account of the life and career of Roughton see Q.H. Gibson's memoir for the Royal Society on which this outline has freely drawn (Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, vol 19 (1973), 563-582).

Contents:
SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL A.1-A.184
SECTION B DEPARTMENT OF COLLOID SCIENCE B.1-B.55
SECTION C PUBLICATIONS C.1-C.7
SECTION D SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE D.1-D.6
The material covers the period 1905-1973.
Section A, Biographical, is the largest in the collection. There is some documentation of school, undergraduate and early scientific career but the principal component is a sequence of letters and postcards from Roughton to his mother, 1905-1929. There are also small groups of letters from 'friends' including scientific and Trinity College Cambridge colleagues from the period ca 1920-1925.
Section B, Department of Colloid Science, principally relates to the future of colloid science and the department on Roughton's retirement. The material includes Roughton's correspondence with the university authorities and scientific colleagues and papers by him and others on future of colloid science at Cambridge.
Section C, Publications, consists of a list of publications and a set of off-prints 1921-1973, the last item in the set being an off-print of Q.H. Gibson's memoir for the Royal Society.
Section D, Scientific correspondence, is not extensive but of some importance as relating to Roughton's Second World War research at Harvard. His correspondents are E.D. Adrian, W.L. Bragg, R.H. Fowler and A.V. Hill.



SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.1-A.184  [n.d.]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.1

Contents:
'Design of the catalogue and description of the contents of the papers and documents left by Professor F.J.W. Roughton, F.R.S. (1899-1972)'.
This document relates to the principal deposit of Roughton papers housed by the Library of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.2-A.12

Contents:
School Education

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.2-A.4

Contents:
Holmwood School, Freshfield.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.2  1909-1912

Contents:
School reports

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.3  1910

Contents:
Miscellaneous papers from Holmwood School

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.4  n.d

Contents:
Essay on Julius Caesar, possibly from Roughton's time at Holmwood School

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.5-A.12

Contents:
Winchester College

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.5  1912

Contents:
Scholarship
Letters and telegrams addressed to Roughton's parents. Unindexed.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.6  1912

Contents:
School reports.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.7  1913

Contents:
School reports.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.8  1915-1917

Contents:
School reports.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.9  n.d

Contents:
Timetables

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.10  1914-1916

Contents:
Draft letter from Roughton's father to the headmaster, M.J. Rendall, re his son's decision that he would like to be a medical man and the consequences of this decision for his education, 1 February 1914.
Letter from L.L. Garbutt at Winchester College to Roughton's father re his wishes 'in the matter of practical chemistry', 3 April 1916.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.11  29 May 1917

Contents:
Miscellaneous papers from Winchester College including printed letter from headmaster, M.J. Rendall re harvest plans proposed by the National Service Department (Agricultural Section)

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.12  N.d

Contents:
Exercise book used for extensive notes on Greek grammar.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.13-A.28

Contents:
Notes, principally on mathematics and physics. Probably relate to Roughton's undergraduate studies at Trinity College, Cambridge.
Contents of envelope divided into sixteen for ease of reference.
1 sheet only dated '6/5/18' (A.16).

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.29, A.30

Contents:
'A Sherlock Holmes Examination'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.29  February 1921

Contents:
Copy of The Trinity Magazine
'A Sherlock Holmes Examination' appears on pp 53-55 of the magazine.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.30

Contents:
Letter and manuscript notes and drafts relating to the Sherlock Holmes examination paper found loose at the front of the magazine.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.31  1921

Contents:
Michael Foster Research Studentship
Draft application, notice of election from Cambridge University Reporter, letter of congratulations from M.J. Rendall, headmaster of Winchester College.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.32  n.d

Contents:
George Henry Lewes Studentship
In consequence of his appointment to the George Henry Lewes studentship Roughton resigned from the Michael Foster studentship.
Press announcement with manuscript draft of the same; copy of trust deed of the studentship.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.33-A.36  1923

4 folders

Contents:
Fellowship, Trinity College
Letters and telegrams of congratulation; press-cutting.
A.33 includes letter from University Registry to the effect that Roughton had been posted as passed in Physics and Chemistry, 21 March 1918. Found with Fellowship letters.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.37  1924

Contents:
University Lectureship in Biochemistry
Notices of vacancy and appointment, letters of congratulation.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.38  1924

Contents:
Rolleston Prize
Letters and telegram of congratulation; press-cutting.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.39-A.184  1905-1929, n.d

Contents:
Family and personal correspondence

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.39-A.164  1905-1929, n.d

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
The sequence includes letters and postcards from Holmwood School, Freshfield, Winchester College and Trinity College Cambridge and from a scientific visit to the USA in 1928-1929. Almost all Roughton's letters are undated and have been ordered from the postmarks on envelopes which have therefore been retained. Some of the ordering by year and month is tentative from the difficulty in deciphering postmarks.
This sequence includes a small number of letters from Roughton to his father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.39  1905, n.d

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
1905 letter is addressed to 'My dear daddy'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.40  1911 June, July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.41  1912 January, February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.42  1913 April - June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.43  1913 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.44  1913 October, November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter from Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.45  1913 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.46  1914 January, February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.47  1914 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.48  1914 May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.49  1914 June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.50  1914 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.51  1914 September

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.52  1914 October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.53  1914 November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.54  1914 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.55  1915 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.56  1915 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.57  1915 April

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.58  1915 May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.59  1915 June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.60  1915 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.61  1915 September

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.62  1915 October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.63  1915 November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.64  1915 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.65  1916 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.66  1916 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.67  1916 March, April

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mothe

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.68  1916 May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.69  1916 June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.70  1916 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.71  1916 September

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.72  1916 October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.73  1916 November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.74  1916 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.75  1916 (month unidentified)

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.76  1917 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.77  1917 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes printed letters from the headmaster of Winchester College, M.J. Rendall re the food situation and an epidemic form of pneumonia at the school.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.78  1917 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.79  1917 April

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes medical opinions re Roughton's heart condition, paroxysmal tachycardia, and his exemption from military service.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.80  1917 May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.81  1917 June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.82  1917 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.83  1917 September

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.84, A.85  1917 October

2 folders

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.86  1917 November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.87  1917 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father from the headmaster of Winchester College, M.J. Rendall.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.88  1917 (month unidentified)

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.89  1918 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.90  1918 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.91  1918 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.92  1918 April - June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.93  1918 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.94  1918 August

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.95  1918 October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.96  1918 November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.97  1918 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.98  1919 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.99  1919 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.100  1919 March, April

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.101  1919 May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.102  1919 June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.103  1919 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.104  1919 August

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.105  1919 October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 2 letters to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.106  1919 November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.107  1919 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.108  1920 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.109  1920 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.110  1920 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 'Provisional Time Table for Easter Term 1920'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.111  1920 May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.112  1920 June-August

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.113  1920 October, November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.114  1920 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.115  1921 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.116  1921 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.117  1921 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.118  1921 April

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.119  1921 May, June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.120  1921 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.121  1921 August-October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.122  1921 December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.123  1921 (month unidentified)

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.124  1922 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.125  1922 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.126  1922 March-May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.127  1922 June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.128  1922 July, August

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.129  1922 October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.130  1922 November, December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.131  1923-1924

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.132  1925-1926

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.133  1927 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.134  1927 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.135  1927 April

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.136  1927 May

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.137  1927 June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.138  1927 July, August

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.139  1927 September, October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.140  1927 November, December

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.141  1928 January, February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.142  1928 March, April

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.143  1928 May, June

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.144  1928 July

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.145  1928 October

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 1 letter from Roughton's wife Alice.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.146  1928 November

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
Includes 2 letters from Roughton's wife Alice and 1 letter from Roughton to his father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.147, A.148  1928 December

2 folders

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother
A.148 includes 1 letter from Roughton's wife Alice and a Christmas greetings cable.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.149  1929 January

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.150  1929 February

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.151  1929 March

Contents:
Roughton's letters and postcards to his mother

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.152-A.161  N.d

10 folders

Contents:
Letters written from Winchester College.
A.154 includes 2 letters to Roughton's father and A.155 and A.158 include 1 letter each to Roughton's father.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.162, A.163  N.d

2 folders

Contents:
Letters and postcards mostly written from Trinity College Cambridge and Union Society Cambridge.
A.162 includes a letter which may have been written on a return visit to Winchester.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.164  N.d

Contents:
Letter written from 27 Millington Road, Cambridge.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.165-A.172  n.d

Contents:
'Friends Letters'. Contents of folder so inscribed divided into nine for ease of reference: 1919, 1922-1924

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.165  1919

Contents:
'Friends Letters'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.166  1922

Contents:
'Friends Letters'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.167-A.168A  1923

3 folders

Contents:
'Friends Letters'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.169, A.170  1924

2 folders

Contents:
'Friends Letters'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.171, A.172  N.d

2 folders

Contents:
'Friends Letters'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.173-A.179  n.d

Contents:
'Friends'. Contents of folder so inscribed divided into seven for ease of reference: 1923-1925

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.173  1923

Contents:
'Friends'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.174-A.177  1924

4 folders

Contents:
'Friends'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.178  1925

Contents:
'Friends'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.179  N.d

Contents:
'Friends'

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.180-A.184  n.d

Contents:
Contents of folder divided into five for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence 1917-1925

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.180  1917-1918

Contents:
Miscellaneous correspondence
Letter of 13 December 1917 informed Roughton that he had been elected to a Scholarship of £80 a year at Trinity.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.181  1919

Contents:
Miscellaneous correspondence

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.182  1920-1922

Contents:
Miscellaneous correspondence
Includes notification of Roughton's election as a member of the Physiological Society.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.183  1924-1925

Contents:
Miscellaneous correspondence

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/A.184  N.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous correspondence

SECTION B DEPARTMENT OF COLLOID SCIENCE  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.1-B.55  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In 1947 Roughton succeeded E.K. Rideal as the second John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Colloid Science and Head of the Department of Colloid Science, University of Cambridge. On his retirement in 1966 'the doubts about the existence of a definable subject called Colloid Science were so strongly and widely shared that the title of the department was extinguished in favour of Biophysics' (Q.H. Gibson, 'Francis John Worsley Roughton', Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, vol 19 (1973), p 566).

Contents:
The papers principally relate to the future of colloid science and the department on Roughton's retirement.
An historical account of the development of the department is given in its first Annual Report 1955-1956. See NCUACS 88/1/00/B.1.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.1-B.3  1955-1961

Contents:
Annual Reports

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.1  1956-1957

Contents:
Annual Reports 1955-1956. With manuscript annotation.
This was the first Annual Report from the Department of Colloid Science.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.2  1958-1959

Contents:
Annual Reports 1957-1958

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.3  1960-1961

Contents:
Annual Reports 1959-1960

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.4-B.46  1951-1968

Contents:
General correspondence and papers

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.4

Contents:
Establishment at 1 January 1951.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.5  1955-1962

Contents:
'Preliminary statement of needs of the Department of Colloid Science for the Quinquennium 1957-1962', April 1955.
'Needs of Department of Colloid Science as from October 1955'.
Papers re Rockefeller Foundation grant, October 1955.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.6  1956-1957

Contents:
Faculty of Physics and Chemistry 'Needs of the Departments, 1956-57'.
Page 2 only of minutes of meeting, dated at the top of the page in manuscript '27 Jan 1956'.
Page 3 only of statement of needs, dated at the top of the page in manuscript '1956/57'.
4pp typescript statement by Roughton on the formation of an Advisory Committee for Colloid Science, dated at the top of the first page in manuscript '1956'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.7, B.8  June-August 1957

2 folders.

Contents:
Correspondence between Roughton and H.M. Taylor, Secretary General of the Faculties, arising from resignation of J.H. Shulman from his position as Reader in Surface Chemistry in the Department of Colloid Science.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.9  1957

Contents:
Report on meeting of the Committee of the General Board on the Department of Metallurgy, 24 June 1957, to consider the future of J.H. Shulman's group working on surface chemistry, dated 1 July 1957, with 2pp typescript 'additions... accepted by General Board Committee'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.10  September - November 1957

Contents:
Correspondence between Roughton and H.M. Taylor, Secretary General of the Faculties, re future arrangements for Colloid Science.
Includes ground floor plan of the Department of Physical Chemistry.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.11  1957-1958

Contents:
Papers re 'Needs' of the Department of Colloid Science

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.12  31 May 1957 - 23 January 1958

Contents:
'Current changes in the Department of Colloid Science'. Paper summarising the changes

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.13  January - March 1958

Contents:
Correspondence between Roughton and H.M. Taylor, Secretary General of the Faculties, re future arrangements for Colloid Science

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.14  April - June 1958

Contents:
Correspondence between Roughton and H.M. Taylor, Secretary General of the Faculties, re future arrangements for Colloid Science

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.15-B.20  1958-1959

6 folders.

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re Committee of the General Board on matters of concern to the Department of Colloid Science, 1958-1959.
The Committee met on 14 and 31 July 1958 and 10 February 1959.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.21

Contents:
1p typescript draft re the problem of smaller departments such as Colloid Science in the University, dated in manuscript at the top of the page '1958'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.22  November 1959

Contents:
Correspondence re Plummer Chair of Colloid Science and the Oppenheimer benefaction

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.23  June 1960

Contents:
Papers prepared by Roughton for the Committee on the John Humphrey Plummer Professorship of Colloid Science

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.24  July-September 1960

Contents:
'Revised draft' of report of the Committee on the John Humphrey Plummer Professorship of Colloid Science, July 1960, with related correspondence

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.25  1960

Contents:
Papers re 'Needs for 1961/2', 'Quinquennial Estimates, 1962-67', 'Needs for the Redevelopment of the Museum Site' and 'The Bles Bequest'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.26  1961

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re research in the department funded by Government Research Councils, departmental needs for 1962-1963 and accomodation.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.27  1962

Contents:
Correspondence and papers principally re committee appointed by the General Board to consider the future of work in the Department of Colloid Science, and matters arising. 1962.
Includes off-print of article on the Department of Colloid Science from Chemistry and Industry, 1962.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.28  December 1962

Contents:
Paper by Roughton with covering letter about the idea of creating for him 'a personal professorship plus research unit... together with other problems to do with the Department of Colloid Science'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.29  1963

Contents:
Correspondence principally re personnel questions arising from decisions to discontinue the Professorship of Colloid Science on Roughton's retirement and wind up the Department

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.30  1964-1966

Contents:
Papers re Departmental 'Needs for 1965-66', the shortage of colloid chemists and the Bles Bequest, 1964 and n.d.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.31-B.40  1965

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re the future of the Department of Colloid Science

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.31  January 1965

Contents:
Includes paper by Roughton on 'The History of Biophysics in Cambridge and Great Britain and its Relationships with Colloid Science (with some criticism of the proposal to attach the Professorship of Biophysics to the Plummer Foundation)', 19 January 1965.
The paper is sub-titled 'Extract from the speech of Professor F.J.W. Roughton at the meeting of the Board of Biology A on 30 November 1964'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.32  February 1965

Contents:
Includes papers by Roughton and minutes of meetings of the Faculty Board of Biology 'A', 15 February and of the Faculty Board of Physics and Chemistry, 19 February.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.33  April, May 1965

Contents:
Papers re Department of Physics and Department of Physical Chemistry Quinquennial Estimates, 1967-1972.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.34  May 1965

Contents:
Papers re the Professorship of Colloid Science, the Bles Bequest and links between the Universities and Government Research Establishments and Industry.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.35  June 1965

Contents:
Correspondence re the future of Colloid Science.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.36  July-September 1965

Contents:
Correspondence, principally re personnel questions, arising from the winding up of the Department of Colloid Science.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.37  October-December 1965

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re Professorship of Colloid Science.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.38  November 1965

Contents:
Department of Physics and Department of Physical Chemistry 'Needs for 1966-67'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.39  1965-1966

Contents:
List of 'Invitations, mostly accepted' on back of two Cambridge University Engineering Department invitation cards for the opening 'of the final stage of the building authorised by the University in 1948' on 3 December 1965.
The invitations include conferences and consultancy work and continue for a period after Roughton's retirement in 1966.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.40  n.d. [?1965]

Contents:
Faculty Board of Physics and Chemistry paper on the future of the Department of Colloid Science

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.41-B.43  1966

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re the future of the Department of Colloid Science

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.41  January, February 1966

Contents:
Includes '1st draft' of statement by J.W. Linnett of his own position and ideas on the future of the Department of Colloid Science, sent to Roughton, with covering letter, 7 January.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.42  April, May 1966

Contents:
Includes agenda, memorandum on future accommodation for colloid science and minutes of meeting of the Council of the School of Physical Sciences, 17 May.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.43  September, October 1966

Contents:
Includes paper re a General Discussion of the Faraday Society on Colloid Stability, Nottingham, September.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.44-B.46  January, February 1968

3 folders

Contents:
Includes correspondence and papers re Senate Discussion on Colloid Science, 20 February.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.47-B.54

Contents:
Undated papers.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.47  1936

Contents:
Typescript copies of 2 letters from N.K. Adam, 1 of them dated in error in 1936; 'Summary of Professor N.K. Adam's views'.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.48

Contents:
Carbon copy of letter to Vice-Chancellor from ? a senior member of the Department of Colloid Science.
'Memorandum to the General Board on the future of the Department of Colloid Science'. This memorandum was prepared by the senior staff of the Department other than Roughton.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.49

Contents:
1p duplicated typescript by J.W. Linnett.

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.50-B.54

5 folders

Contents:
Manuscript and typescript notes and drafts by Roughton.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/B.55  1941-1961

Contents:
Miscellaneous printed material

SECTION C PUBLICATIONS  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.1-C.7  [n.d.]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.1

Contents:
List of publications.
This list was produced by Roughton's daughter, Dr Rosemary Summers and includes as its final item Q.H. Gibson's biographical memoir of Roughton for the Royal Society, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, vol. 19 (1973), 563-582. See NCUACS 88/1/00/C.7.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.2-C.7  1921-1973

Contents:
Off-prints

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.2  1921-1928

1 bundle

Contents:
Off-prints

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.3  1930-1938

1 bundle

Contents:
Off-prints

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.4  1941-1949

1 bundle

Contents:
Off-prints

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.5  1951-1959

1 bundle

Contents:
Off-prints

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.6  1960-1968

1 bundle

Contents:
Off-prints

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/C.7  1970-1973

1 bundle

Contents:
Off-prints

SECTION D SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 88.1.00/D.1-D.6  [n.d.]

Contents:
The small amount of correspondence presented here dates from Roughton's time in the USA during the Second World War. In 1940 he went to the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory, Cambridge, Massachusetts where he conducted war-related research, chiefly on the effects of carbon dioxide on respiration.
The correspondence comprises both incoming correspondence and manuscript copies of Roughton's own letters.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/D.1  1941-1942

Contents:
Adrian, E.D.
Includes a manuscript copy of a 1942 letter from Roughton to Sir Henry [?] re his research.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/D.2  1941

Contents:
Bragg, W.L.
Bragg's letters to Roughton were written from Canada. Roughton visited aviation medicine centres in Canada in the summer of 1941.
Includes Roughton's 'Notes on a Visit to Aviation Medicine Centres in Canada June 23 - July 2/41'.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/D.3  1941, n.d

Contents:
Fowler, R.H.
Fowler's 1941 letters are written from the British Technical Mission (from February 1941 Central Scientific Office), British Purchasing Office, Washington D.C. An undated letter is written from the University of Toronto.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/D.4  1940

Contents:
Hill, A.V.
Hill's letters are written as the Secretary of the Royal Society. His letters of July-August 1940 relate to the arrangements for Roughton to visit the USA.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/D.5  1941-1943

Contents:
Hill, A.V.
Hill's letters are written as the Secretary of the Royal Society. His letters of July-August 1940 relate to the arrangements for Roughton to visit the USA.

[no title]  NCUACS 88.1.00/D.6  1945, n.d

Contents:
Hill, A.V.
Hill's letters are written as the Secretary of the Royal Society. His letters of July-August 1940 relate to the arrangements for Roughton to visit the USA.

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