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Catalogue of the papers and correspondence of Joseph Needham CH FRS (1900-1995), biochemist and historian of science


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Reference NCUACS 54.3.95
Covering dates 1871-1995
Held by Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
Extent ca 3400 items
Conditions of access NOT ALL THE MATERIAL IN THIS COLLECTION MAY YET BE AVAILABLE FOR CONSULTATION. ENQUIRIES SHOULD BE ADDRESSED IN THE FIRST INSTANCE TO:
THE KEEPER OF MANUSCRIPTS
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
WEST ROAD
CAMBRIDGE
Source of acquisition The papers were received in September 1992 from Cambridge University Library.
Creators Needham, Joseph, 1900-1995, scientist and biochemist
Related information Papers relating to Needham's work on Science and Civilisation in China are held at the Needham Research Institute, Sylvester Road, Cambridge.
Needham's papers and correspondence relating to chemical and biological warfare are deposited in the Department of Documents, Imperial War Museum, London. They are catalogued as NCUACS 55/4/95.
The papers and correspondence of Dorothy Needham are deposited in the Library, Girton College, Cambridge. They are catalogued as NCUACS 22/7/90 and NCUACS 37/5/92.
Note Compiled by Timothy E. Powell and Peter Harper
The work of the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists has been made possible by the support of the following societies and organisations:
The Biochemical Society
The British Library
British Petroleum plc
The Geological Society of London
Gonville and Caius College Cambridge
The Institute of Physics
The Royal Society
The Royal Society of Chemistry
The Society of Chemical Industry
The Wellcome Trust

Administrative history:
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery (known as Joseph) was born in London on 9 December 1900, the son of Joseph Needham (1852-1920) and Alicia Adelaide Needham, née Montgomery (1863-ca.1940). His father was a London doctor specialising in anaesthetics and his mother achieved some fame as a pianist and composer of songs. Joseph Needham was educated at Oundle School 1914-1918 and Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge 1918-1922 where he studied for the Natural Sciences Tripos, specialising in physiology with biochemistry as a subsidiary subject. Needham then went on to postgraduate research in the Cambridge Biochemistry Department under Frederick Gowland Hopkins. He held a Benn Levy Studentship 1922-1924, studying the biochemistry of inositol. He was elected a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College in 1924 and in the same year married Dorothy Mary Moyle (1896-1987), a fellow researcher in the Department. Dorothy Needham was to become an eminent biochemist in her own right (FRS 1948). Needham was appointed University Demonstrator in Biochemistry in 1928 and in 1933 succeeded J.B.S. Haldane as Sir William Dunn Reader in Biochemistry. He held this post until 1966 when he became Master of Gonville and Caius College. He retired from the Mastership in 1976.
Needham's early biochemical research focused on embryology. He studied the development of a complex and sophisticated organism with specialised organs from a single fertilised egg-cell. In his three volume book Chemical Embryology published in 1931, Needham explained embryological development as a chemical process, 'rejecting the view that such development was caused by an undefined vital spark. He then extended this work with research into various aspects of morphology, culminating in his 1942 book Biochemistry and Morphogenesis. As well as these two books, Needham produced three other major books on biochemistry and numerous scientific papers.
He combined this high rate of productivity in biochemistry with a prolific output of articles on religious, political and philosophical subjects. Many of these were subsequently republished in Needham's four collections of articles and essays The sceptical biologist (1929), The Great Amphibium (1931), Time the refreshing river (1943) and History is on our side (1946). Needham also gave many lectures, likewise on philosophical, religious and political subjects in addition to those of purely biochemical interest. Of particular note are the 1935 Terry Lectures on 'Order and Life' delivered at Yale University, and his Herbert Spencer lecture 'Integrative levels; a revaluation of the idea of Progress' at Oxford, May 1937.
As well as his contributions to the development of biochemistry in Cambridge Needham was an important figure in the establishment of the history of science as an academic discipline at Cambridge. He was a founder member of the History of Science Lectures Committee in 1936 which set up a programme of lectures in the history of science, featuring some of the greatest scientists of the time - including Barcroft, W.H. Bragg, Haldane, Eddington, Hopkins and Rutherford - lecturing on the history of their disciplines. After the Second World War he served on the History of Science Committee and the History and Philosophy of Science Committee until 1971. Needham was also a leading figure in the International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science. He served on the Council of the Division of the History of Science 1969-1977 (President 1972-1974) and was President of the Union 1972-1975.
Needham's interest in China was awakened by Chinese students at Cambridge from the mid 1930s. He began to learn Mandarin Chinese and study Chinese history, particularly the Chinese contribution to science which he believed had been overlooked by western historians. Needham also became an enthusiastic supporter of British academic assistance to Chinese universities. Joseph and Dorothy Needham volunteered to go to China to help in reconstruction of academic science there. The outbreak of war in Europe set back their plans but in 1942 Needham went to China as Head of the British Scientific Mission and later Scientific Counsellor to H.B.M. Embassy at Chungking (then the 'acting-capital' of China). He also acted as advisor to various arms of the Chinese government and military. Under the auspices of the British Council Needham established the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office (SBSCO). The SBSCO was responsible for assessing the needs of Chinese scientific, technological and medical institutions and researchers, and facilitating the supply of equipment and medicines, books and journals to China. Needham was Director of the SBSCO and Dorothy Needham was Associate Director.
The success of the SBSCO was the immediate inspiration for Needham's vision of postwar international science co-operation. With the form of the future United Nations organisation under intense discussion Needham sent three memoranda to a wide range of political and scientific leaders pressing for the inclusion of scientific co-operation under its auspices. He argued that the proposed United Nations Educational and Cultural Organisation should include science within its remit and he may have been the first to use the abbreviation 'UNESCO'. It was appropriate that in 1946 when Needham left the SBSCO he was appointed the first Director of the Section of Natural Sciences of UNESCO. He served for two years.
On his return to Cambridge in 1948 Needham began work on his new project - a history of the contribution of China to science and civilisation. This monumental work was to occupy Needham for most of the rest of his life; the first volume of Science and Civilisation in China appeared in 1954 and by his death it had run to sixteen volumes. Among those Chinese students who had first encouraged Needham's interest in China was Lu Gwei-Djen, a research student studying under Dorothy Needham in the late 1930s. The Needhams became close friends with Lu and their careers came together again when she returned to Cambridge in 1957 to assist Needham in this work. This immense work of scholarship found a permanent home with the later establishment in Cambridge of the Needham Research Institute as a centre for research on Chinese science. Needham's interest in Chinese civilisation led to his appointment in 1949 to the University Faculty Board of Oriental Languages (later Oriental Studies).
Needham's political sympathies lay very much with the Left. He was a member of the Labour Party and in the 1930s served on the executive committee of the university branch. Needham was on the left of the party and from 1933 was Chairman of the Cambridge branch of the Socialist League. This was dissolved in 1937 following its expulsion from Labour Party for launching a 'Unity Manifesto' with the independent Labour and Communist parties. In the 1930s Needham was also an active member of the Cambridge Scientists Anti-War Group, which campaigned against militarism and played an important part in securing better air raid precautions by illustrating the inadequacies of government preparations. From 1937 to 1939 Needham served as Treasurer of the Cornford-Maclaurin Memorial Committee. This was established in memory of two Cambridge men killed fighting with the International Brigade to raise funds for the republican cause in Spain. On the outbreak of the Second World War, Needham participated in discussions among Communist Party members and others on the Left as to whether they should support the British war effort. After the German attack on the USSR in 1941 Needham was active in promoting Anglo-Soviet friendship until his departure for China.
After the war Needham supported peace and disarmament campaigns. His strong sympathies for China led to his being a founder of the Britain-China Friendship Association, of which he was President, and its successor the Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding, of which he was Chairman. In 1952 Needham served on an international scientific commission investigating alleged American use of bacteriological weapons in North Korea and China. The commission's report concluded that the US had indeed been using such weapons and this led to intense criticism of Needham in the UK. Needham opposed the Vietnam war and this led him to refuse invitations to conferences or to lecture in the USA during the 1960s and early 1970s. Needham was also much concerned for human rights and civil liberties, both at home and abroad, and believed strongly in the social responsibility of the scientist.
Needham was a religious man. From his student days he was a high church Anglican but combined this with a commitment to social justice. In the 1930s Needham was active in propagating a highly political Christianity emphasising its closeness to Marxism. He was a member of the ad hoc editorial board behind the controversial book Christianity and the social revolution (1935), to which he also contributed a chapter 'Laud, the Levellers and the Virtuosi'. This and writings such as The Levellers and the English revolution (1939), published under the name 'Henry Holorenshaw', linked radical Christianity of the seventeenth century with the politics of the twentieth century. In later years Needham was drawn to Daoism, which he believed offered hope of reconciliation between science and religion. This concern also led to his Presidency of the Teilhard de Chardin Centre for the Future of Mankind. His religious outlook notwithstanding, Needham was also an Honorary Associate of the Rationalist Press Association.
Needham was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1941 and in 1971 elected a Fellow of the British Academy, thus becoming one of very few to attain this double distinction. In 1992 he was appointed a Companion of Honour. He also held many honorary Chairs, fellowships and doctorates worldwide. Needham died in 1995, outliving both Dorothy Needham, who died in 1987, and his second wife Lu Gwei-Djen, whom he had married in 1989 but who died in 1991.

Contents:
SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL NCUACS 54.3.95/A.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.695
SECTION B CAMBRIDGE NCUACS 54.3.95/B.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.388
SECTION C SINO-BRITISH SCIENCE COOPERATION OFFICE (SBSCO) NCUACS 54.3.95/C.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/C.166
SECTION D UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO) NCUACS 54.3.95/D.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.365
SECTION E RESEARCH NCUACS 54.3.95/E.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/E.193
SECTION F PUBLICATIONS NCUACS 54.3.95/F.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/F.450
SECTION G LECTURES AND BROADCASTS NCUACS 54.3.95/G.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/G.123
SECTION H VISITS AND CONFERENCES NCUACS 54.3.95/H.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/H.130
SECTION J SOCIETIES AND ORGANISATIONS NCUACS 54.3.95/J.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/J.260
SECTION K POLITICS NCUACS 54.3.95/K.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/K.354
SECTION L RELIGION AND SOCIETY NCUACS 54.3.95/L.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/L.40
SECTION M CORRESPONDENCE NCUACS 54.3.95/M.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/M.244
CONSPECTUS
The material is presented in the order given in the List of Contents. The collection is very extensive and includes important records of Needham's family background, his career as a biochemist, his work with the Sino-British Science Cooperation office and UNESCO, and his political and religious interests.
Section A, Biographical, is the largest in the collection. Needham's childhood and school-days are represented chiefly by correspondence with his parents. His period as an undergraduate and postgraduate at Cambridge is documented by correspondence with his mother and material concerning his religious activities, including his membership of the Oratory of the Good Shepherd and the Guild of St Luke and some of his religious writings. Needham's later career is less well documented, although there is material relating to his election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1941.
The largest component of the section is the papers of his mother, Alicia Adelaide Needham, which were inherited by Joseph Needham on her death. These include her autobiography 'A Daughter of Music', her diaries covering the period 1879-1924, a long sequence of her musical compositions (many of which were published) together with other material relating to her career as pianist and composer, and an extensive correspondence 1877-1921. In addition there is a little material relating to Needham's father and maternal grandfather. Family material also includes papers relating to Needham's cousin Elizabeth Montgomery Wilson, a nurse who served in the 1899-1902 South African War. The papers include photographs, letters and memorabilia from her time in South Africa.
The section also documents some of the trades union and charitable bodies with which Needham was associated, social engagements and functions (many at Cambridge 1919-1937), and family and personal finance 1933-1959.
Section B, Cambridge, includes documentation of the Department of Biochemistry, general University matters, the development of history of science at Cambridge, the Faculty of Oriental Studies and Gonville and Caius College. The bulk of the material relates to the Department of Biochemistry. This is chiefly syllabuses, bibliographical references, notes on the literature, annotated offprints etc used for Needham's lectures on biochemistry to postgraduates in the 1950s and 1960s. There is also significant material regarding the funding of research in the Department, 1925-1943, and visitors to the Department. Also of interest is correspondence and papers relating to Needham's contribution to the co-ordination of wartime biological and biochemical research in Cambridge. This includes papers of the Biochemistry Subcommittee of the Advisory Research Council of the Chemical Society and the Biology War Committee, set up to continue the co-ordination of research.
The documentation of Needham's role in the establishment of the history and philosophy of science as an academic discipline in Cambridge University includes papers from the History of Science Lectures Committee 1936-1937 and, postwar, the History of Science Committee and the History and Philosophy of Science Committee.
Section C, Sino-British Science Cooperation Office (SBSCO), includes correspondence on the origins of the China mission, chiefly relating to the Needhams' support for Chinese academics and students 1939-1942 and arrangements for Needham's journey to China in 1942, and correspondence from Needham's time in China and later correspondence arising from the contacts he made while in China. There are also Needham's manuscript notes on his visits to scientific, medical, industrial and educational institutions throughout China, manuscript and typescript drafts for lectures - frequently delivered in association with his visits to various institutions, detailed reports of travels within China for the British Council, and publications arising from his work, including accounts for Nature and material relating to his book Science Outpost in which he described the work of the SBSCO.
Section D, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), documents Needham's role in the establishment of UNESCO and his Directorship of the Section of Natural Sciences. From an early date Needham kept material he believed would be of historical significance, particularly those papers relating to his three memoranda on the establishment of international science co-operation and the creation of UNESCO. The largest component is material relating to the Section of Natural Sciences 1946-1948. There are also papers from meetings of the UNESCO Executive, and papers relating to the project for a Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind. The section also includes papers of the British Committee for Co-operation with UNESCO in the Natural Sciences.
Section E, Undergraduate and research work, presents a record of Needham's work in biochemistry and embryology from undergraduate notes and essays, postgraduate studies and research in embryology and morphology in the 1920s and 1930s, to research completed just before his departure for China in 1942. There are notebooks used for undergraduate notes on lectures by many leading Cambridge scientists including Hopkins, H. Hartridge, R.A. Peters and Barcroft, notebooks used during long vacation courses, and notebooks covering research from 1921 to 1943. The research notebooks are particularly striking for the high quality of information they present. The entries usually identify the nature of the experiment and its date and are often annotated with remarks on why the results of particular experiments were not as expected, what might have gone wrong and how this might be remedied. The section also includes undergraduate and postgraduate lecture notes, notes on the literature, and research material 1924-1942. The research material was mostly found in Needham's folders with a note of the subject inscribed thereon. The notes, bibliographical references, offprints and correspondence found in these folders may cover a period of many years, reflecting Needham's continuing interest in all aspects of research into embryology and morphology.
Section F, Publications, is extensive but chiefly relates to Needham's pre-war and wartime publications. Included in the section are not only drafts of many of his scientific papers and books but also writings on philosophical, religious and political themes. A number of his more scientific works are particularly well-documented. These include his philosophical monograph Man a Machine (1927) and his two most significant biochemistry books Chemical Embryology (1931) and Biochemistry and Morphogenesis (1942). Among Needham's political writings represented are his article 'Laud, the Levellers and the Virtuosi', published in Christianity and the social revolution (1935), and The Levellers and the English revolution (1939), which was published under the name 'Henry Holorenshaw'. There is also good documentation of the books The sceptical biologist, (1929), The Nazi Attack on International Science (1941), Science in Soviet Russia (1942), and his two final collections of articles Time the refreshing river and History is on our side, published in 1943 and 1946 respectively. Needham's later publications represented include his paper 'History and Human Values: a Chinese perspective for world science and technology', published in the Centennial Review and subsequently in The radicalisation of science. Ideology of/in the natural sciences (1976) edited by S.P.R. and H. Rose.
The section also includes a number of Needham's translations of Polish and Chinese texts, including Green Thraldom by Tang Pei-Sung (1949), extensive editorial correspondence, including requests to write articles or books, and an incomplete set of Needham's offprints.
Section G, Lectures and broadcasts, presents some of Needham's public and invitation lectures delivered on scientific, philosophical, political and religious subjects 1921-1977. There is also a little material relating to broadcasts. Among Needham's lectures documented here are the Terry Lectures on 'Order and Life' at Yale University, 1935, the Herbert Spencer lecture on 'Integrative levels', Oxford, 1937, the Schiff Foundation Lecture on 'The position of science in Europe today', delivered at Cornell University, October 1940, and his 1961 commemorative lecture on 'The Life and Work of Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins' delivered at Cambridge. The section also includes invitations either declined or for which there is no evidence or acceptance, 1927-1974. Broadcasts material includes a BBC radio talk by Needham on 'Recent advances in medical science', broadcast from Glasgow, 19 August 1923.
Section H, Visits and conferences, presents a chronological sequence of material relating to some of Needham's visits and conferences 1920-1984. It is similar to sections F and G in representing not only Needham's biochemical interests but also his political and religious concerns. Thus the section includes conferences of the Student Christian Movement held at Swanwick in Derbyshire in the 1920s and 1930s and the 1936 World Congress of Faiths. There is correspondence and papers relating to his visit to the USA in 1940, during which scientific engagements were combined with lectures on the position of science in Europe, with particular emphasis on the damage to scholarship caused by the Nazis. Also particularly well-documented are the 220th Anniversary of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, June 1945, the First International Congress of Biochemistry, Cambridge, August 1949, Needham's visit to the USA March - May 1950 as the Hitchcock Visiting Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and the First Congress of Polish Science held in Warsaw, 1951. The sequence includes many invitations declined. From the late 1950s Needham declined many invitations, being occupied with his work on Science and Civilisation in China, and he also refused to visit the USA during the period of American involvement in Vietnam as an expression of his disapproval of US government policy.
Section J, Societies and organisations, is substantial. It brings together documentation of Needham's involvement with 44 British and international societies and organisations. However, the material relating to scientific societies is disappointing. Perhaps of most interest are papers of the Theoretical Biology Club, an informal gathering of biologists and others established by J.H. Woodger in 1932 to discuss philosophical implications of developments in the biological sciences, and papers from meetings of the Society of Experimental Biology and the Physiological Society. Needham's interest in the history of science is better documented in the papers of a number of organisations including the Académie Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences and the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science. Needham's international outlook is illustrated by his chairmanship of the Commission on the University of Ceylon in 1958, for which there is extensive documentation, and his support of the World Academy of Art and Science from its foundation in 1959. Other societies and organisations for which there is substantial material include the Louis Rapkine Memorial Fund Appeal and the British Society for Social Responsibility in Science.
Section K, Politics, documents Needham's wide-ranging and active involvement in politics of the Left. Pre-war material includes documentation of the Labour Party in Cambridge in the mid-1930s, including Dorothy Needham's campaigns as a Labour candidate for Cambridge City Council in 1935 and 1936, and the Cambridge Scientists Anti-War Group. There are also comprehensive records of fund-raising for the Cornford-Maclaurin Memorial Committee, and notes of the discussions which took place among Cambridge Communists and sympathisers on the outbreak of the Second World War as to whether they should support the British war effort. Post-war documentation suggests Needham played a less active role in British political life. Most of this material relates to his support of peace and disarmament campaigns.
Needham's international outlook, naturally focused on China, is well-represented in the papers. After the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949 Needham was keen to strengthen links between the Peking government and the UK. Both the Britain-China Friendship Association and its successor organisation the Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding are documented, especially the response of these organisations to the border dispute between India and China, the ideological conflict between China and the USSR and the Cultural Revolution. There is also material relating to the 1952 International Scientific Commission investigating the alleged US use of bacteriological weapons in North Korea and China, opposition to the Vietnam war, and to Needham's concern about human rights abuses worldwide, reflected in papers of organisations such as Amnesty International.
The section also includes material relating to Needham's interest in civil liberties, academic freedom and the role of the scientist as political activist. Represented are organisations such as the Association of Scientific Workers, the National Council for Civil Liberties, the Society for Freedom in Science and the World Federation of Scientific Workers. There is also a little material on environmental causes, most notably the Anti Concorde Project 1967-1975.
Section L, Religion and society, represents Needham's more religious and philosphical concerns. It includes documentation of his association with various religious (and humanist) organisations including the Oldham Group and the Teilhard Centre for the Future of Man, and religious and philosophical literature including tracts, sermons and offprints. Much of this is concerned with the relationship between science and religion.
Section M, Correspondence, consists of a sequence of longer exchanges arranged alphabetically by correspondent, a sequence of shorter exchanges and single letters arranged chronologically and, for convenience, sequences of correspondence relating to China, Poland and the Soviet Union, and with British and international orientalists, kept together by Needham. Correspondents of particular note include Jean Brachet, the refugee German scientist J.K.F. Holtfreter, the Roumanian scientist Basile Marza, C.H. Waddington and J.H. Woodger, founder of the Theoretical Biology Club. The pre-war correspondence is chiefly incoming letters, there are few carbon copies or drafts of outgoing letters. Most of the letters relate to some aspect of Needham's scientific research. The postwar correspondence has a higher proportion of letters relating to Needham's philosophical, political and religious concerns.
It should be noted that there is extensive correspondence throughout the catalogue. Much of Needham's correspondence is to be found in other sections where it is retained with the material with which it was found.
There is also a conspectus to the partial listing of Needham papers and correspondence compiled by G. Werskey in 1968



SECTION A BIOGRAPHICAL  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.1-A.695  [n.d.]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.18 BIOGRAPHICAL AND AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.19- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.43 CHILDHOOD
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.44- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.83 UNDERGRADUATE AND POSTGRADUATE
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.84- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.96 CAREER, HONOURS AND AWARDS
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.97- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.641 FAMILY
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.642- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.655 CLUBS, ASSOCIATIONS AND OTHER INTERESTS
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.656- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.677 SOCIAL ENGAGEMENTS AND INVITATIONS
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.678- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.693 FINANCIAL
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.694, NCUACS 54.3.95/A.695 MISCELLANEOUS

BIOGRAPHICAL AND AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL  [no ref. or date]

Biographical and Autobiographical  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.1  1995

Contents:
Obituaries of Needham, 27 March 1995:
The Times.
Daily Telegraph.
Guardian.
Independent. With reminiscences, 29 and 30 March and 24 April 1995.

Biographical and Autobiographical  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.2  1936 - 1995

Contents:
Biographical notes ca.1936, ca.1947 (compiled for UNESCO Section of Natural Sciences) and 1948 (compiled for unidentified Chinese institution).
Entry from Who's Who, 1995.

Bibliographies.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.3, A.4  [n.d.]

Bibliographies.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.3  1927, 1932

Bibliographies.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.4  1934, ca.1937

Biographical and Autobiographical  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.5, A.6  [n.d.]

2 folders

Contents:
'Joseph Needham, a great amphibian'.
Typescript draft of chapter four of The Rebirth of Organic Form: an Organismic Paradigm in Twentieth Century Developmental Biology by D.J. Haraway (Yale, 1975) sent to Needham by the author. Paginated 155-225.
The chapter describes the part Needham played in linking biochemistry with morphogenesis in the 1930s.

Biographical and Autobiographical  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.7-A.9  1980-1986

3 folders

Administrative history:
Witkowski researched into the history of biochemistry and embryology. He drafted papers on biochemical work on the evocator in the 1930s (at NCUACS 54.3.95/A.8) and on the Cambridge school of chemical embryology 1920-1942 (at NCUACS 54.3.95/A.9), both of which centred on the work of Needham.

Contents:
Correspondence with J.A. Witkowski

Biographical and Autobiographical  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.10  1986

Contents:
Correspondence with H.F. Bradford, Honorary Archivist of the Biochemical Society, re videotaped interviews of Needham's recollections, 1986.

Other requests for autobiographical information and historical or philosophical reflections.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.11-A.13  [n.d.]

Other requests for autobiographical information and historical or philosophical reflections.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.11  1972-1978

Contents:
Correspondence 1972-1978.

Other requests for autobiographical information and historical or philosophical reflections.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.12  1977

Contents:
13pp typescript of interview with Theresa Brennan about the historian Gordon Childe, 17 March 1977.

Other requests for autobiographical information and historical or philosophical reflections.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.13  1985-1987

Contents:
Correspondence re J.H. Quastel, 1985, 1987.

Other requests for autobiographical information and historical or philosophical reflections.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.14-A.17  1968

4 folders

Contents:
'The personal papers of Dr. Joseph Needham, F.R.S.: A Preliminary Catalogue by Gary Werskey...August 1968'. 89pp photocopied typescript and manuscript.

Other requests for autobiographical information and historical or philosophical reflections.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.18  1935-1945

Contents:
Passport, 1935-1945. Includes travel permits enclosed at front.

CHILDHOOD  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.19- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.29 Infancy
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.30- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.43 Oundle School

Infancy  [no ref. or date]

[no title or date]  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.19-A.21

Contents:
Birth and Christening.

Birth and Christening.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.19  n.d

Contents:
Letters and telegrams of congratulations on birth, enquiries after health of mother and son etc.

Birth and Christening.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.20  1901

Contents:
Memorabilia from Christening, 28 February 1901, including telegrams of good wishes.

Birth and Christening.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.21  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous memorabilia.

'Letters about Darling Little Baby'. Contents of envelope so inscribed divided into two for ease of reference.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.22, A.23  [n.d.]

'Letters about Darling Little Baby'. Contents of envelope so inscribed divided into two for ease of reference.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.22  1901

Contents:
Correspondence from nurse to mother, reporting on the baby's welfare, July 1901.

'Letters about Darling Little Baby'. Contents of envelope so inscribed divided into two for ease of reference.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.23  1902-1903

Contents:
Miscellaneous memorabilia, including material 1902, 1903.

Infancy  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.24, A.25  1902

2 folders

Contents:
Letters from nurse and maid to his mother (visiting Ireland), reporting on the baby's welfare, ca. April-May 1902.

Infancy  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.26  n.d

Contents:
Early letters from Needham to his mother.

Infancy  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.27  1902-1906

Contents:
Letters from parents to Needham 1902-1906.

Infancy  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.28  1907-1913

Contents:
Letters from parents to Needham 1907-1908.
Letter from Needham, on holiday in France, to father, 19 April 1913.

Infancy  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.29  n.d

Contents:
Childhood drawings and other memorabilia.

Oundle School  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See NCUACS 54.3.95/E.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/E.4 for notebooks which include science notes from Oundle School.

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.30-A.38  [n.d.]

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.30  1914

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.31  1915 January, February

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.32  1915 May

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.33  1915 June, July

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.34  1915 November

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.35  1916 January - June

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.36  1916 September - December

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.37  1917, 1918

Correspondence between Needham at Oundle School, and parents, 1914-1918.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.38  Nd

Oundle School  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.39  1914-1917

Contents:
Letters from staff at Oundle to Needham's parents, chiefly re Needham's health, 1914-1917.

Oundale School  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.40  1916

Contents:
Hardback notebook inscribed on first pages alternately 'History notes volume ii' and 'Vol. 3 (notes) History notes. From "The Black Death" to'. Used Easter and Summer terms 1916. Paginated 1-82, with index at back. Not all pages used. Intercalated loose is duplicated manuscript French and Greek teaching material.

Oundale School  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.41  n.d

Contents:
Essay on 'Roman Medicine', 15pp manuscript.

Oundale School  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.42  1917

Contents:
Manuscript essays on 'My first operation', 4pp. 20 January 1917; 'A true war memorial', 4pp; 'The king who fights his subjects fights himself', 4pp; 2pp English essay; 4pp essay on D.W. Griffiths.

Oundale School  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.43  1917

Contents:
Miscellaneous material from school years, including manuscript poems 'The younger generation', 15 May 1917; 'Questions', August 1917; and untitled.

UNDERGRADUATE AND POSTGRADUATE  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For undergraduate and postgraduate notebooks and notes see section E.

First World War  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.44  1918

Contents:
Papers re service in Cambridge University Officer Training Corps, 1918; ration book.

King's College London  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.45  1917-1920

Contents:
Timetable for Faculty of Science, 1917-1918; annotated Zoology examination papers, June 1918; timetable for occasional student in Faculty of Medical Science, 1919-1920; calendar of advanced lectures in physiology, 1919-1920; manuscript notes on morbid anatomy.

Gonville and Caius College Cambridge  [no ref. or date]

Academic  [no ref. or date]

Academic  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.46  1918

Contents:
Correspondence re admission to Gonville and Caius, 1918.

Academic  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.47  1917-1918

Contents:
Booklet of Previous Examination papers, October 1917, probably used in preparation for taking the examination in March 1918; annotated Previous Examination papers, March 1918.

Academic  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.48  1918-1922

Contents:
Examination papers for Preliminary Examination in science, 1918; Natural Sciences Tripos examination papers 1920, 1922; first page of essay on 'Blood as a Tissue', inscribed 'Caius Nat. Sci. Essay Prize 21.vi.'21'.

Academic  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.49  1919

Contents:
List of College residents 1919; manuscript timetables; manuscript notes on work to be done; etc.

Religious societies  [no ref. or date]

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.50  1936

Administrative history:
Needham was admitted to the Guild in 1919. His name was removed from the membership list in 1936.

Contents:
Guild of St Luke.
Pocket manual; calendars; letter informing Needham of the removal of his name from the membership list, 11 November 1936.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.51-A.53  1920-1923

3 folders.

Administrative history:
Needham served at the Church during vacations.

Contents:
Church of the Holy Spirit, Clapham.
Church newsletters, calendars etc.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.54-A.61  1921

Administrative history:
This was an Anglican fellowship established in 1913. The headquarters in Cambridge provided a semi-communal Anglo-Catholic environment.
Needham applied to join the Oratory as a probationer in 1920 and 1921, and was admitted as a novice from 1921. He was resident at Oratory House.

Contents:
The Oratory of the Good Shepherd.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.54  1915-1920

Contents:
Printed material 1915, 1916, 1919; application to reside in Oratory House and begin noviciate from October 1920; list of the confraternity and calendar; application to become a probationer and reside at Oratory House.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.55  1921-1923

Contents:
Pocket notebook inscribed on first page 'O. G. S. Register of Rcts and payments' September 1921 - 1923. Most pages not used.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.56  c.1921

Contents:
Hardback pocket notebook inscribed inside front cover '...Admitted to Noviciate, 10.ix.'21. Professed...' and on first page 'Faults in the Rule of O.G.S.'. Used to record his own failings in performing the duties of the Oratory September 1921 - ?January 1922. Most pages not used.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.57  1920-1922

Contents:
Hardback notepad inscribed on first page '..Retreat addresses'. Used for texts of Needham's sermons given while on OGS annual retreat 1921. In pocket at back are loose notes from OGS retreats 1920 and 1922. Most pages not used.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.58  n.d

Contents:
Needham's manuscript notes on the Rule of the OGS and personal religious observances; 12pp manuscript draft 'Apology for the Scientific Work of the Oratory' by Needham.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.59  1921

Contents:
Miscellaneous OGS papers, including duplicated manuscript notes of meeetings, calendars etc, 1921.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.60  c.1922

Contents:
Correspondence from OGS members in Cambridge and overseas, March - May 1922 and nd; miscellaneous OGS papers, including duplicated manuscript notes of meeetings, etc, 1922, 1923, 1925.

Religious societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.61  1920-1941

Contents:
Annual reports 1920-21 - 1940-41. Not a complete sequence.

Gonville and Casius College Cambridge  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.62  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham was admitted as a member in October 1920.

Contents:
Confraternity of the Holy Trinity.
Pocket manual.

Religious and literary writings  [no ref. or date]

Religious verse, notes on the religious life etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.63-A.67  [n.d.]

Religious verse, notes on the religious life etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.63  n.d

Contents:
Exercise book inscribed on front cover 'Sound' but used for 'Abstracts of books bearing on the religious life'.

Religious verse, notes on the religious life etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.64  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript draft ?of sermon on Epiphany.

Religious verse, notes on the religious life etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.65  n.d

Contents:
'Introit to be sung by the Medical procession of the Guild of St Luke in St Paul's Cathedral'; 'Litany of Natural Science'; poem in honour of St Luke.

Religious verse, notes on the religious life etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.66  n.d

Contents:
Poems: 'To the priests of ancient Egypt'; 'The Way'; 'Lord of the World'.
Responsive prayer.

Religious verse, notes on the religious life etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.67  n.d

Contents:
Poems: 'Agnosticism'; 'To D.A.'; 'To the Anglican branch of the Catholic Church'; 'The Song of Praise'; 'The Immortality of Matter'; 'Psalm'.
Miscellaneous untitled verse and manuscript notes.

Other verse etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.68-A.71  [n.d.]

Other verse etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.68  1918-1919

Contents:
Poems: 'To the Order of Knights Templars', one dated October 1918; 'On the Chemical Laboratories Cambridge Univ', 28 December 1918'; 'Labor Omnia Vincit', January 1919; untitled, December 1918 and January 1919; 'Coal tar', March 1919.

Other verse etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.69  1919

Contents:
Poems: 'The District railway The Power Station, Red Lion Square Kingsbury', May 1919; 'The message [or call] of science', May 1919; 'From the Observatory', June 1919; 'The call of Pan', June 1919; 'Peace 1919', 1 July 1919; 'The Labour Party in Palestine', July 1919; 'A dream', July 1919.

Other verse etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.70  n.d

Contents:
Undated poems: 'The burden of medical science'; 'The hospital'; 'The bacteriologist's song'; 'In the dissecting-room'; 'In the anatomical department'; 'Traffic'; 'Cui Bono?'; two untitled.

Other verse etc.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.71  n.d

Contents:
'Shakespearian Fragment', 4pp manuscript play; 'The Drama. Ancient and Modern', 2pp typescript.

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Needham's father died on 2 August 1920. Nearly all the correspondence is between Needham and his mother. Needham gives accounts of his daily routines, including his private studies, religious observances, and public and university lectures attended. Visits from his mother and financial concerns of the family also figure in the papers.

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.72  1919

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.73  1920 January - August

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.74  1920 October

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.75  1920 November

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.76  1920 December

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.77  1921 January - March

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.78  1921 April - November

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.79  1922 January - April

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.80  1922 May, July

Contents:
Includes correspondence re visit to Germany. See also NCUACS 54.3.95/H.1A.

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.81  1922 October - December

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.82  1923

Correspondence with parents 1919-1923  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.83  Nd

CAREER, HONOURS AND AWARDS  [no ref. or date]

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.84  c.1925

Contents:
Grant from Worts Fund for visit to Marine Biological Station, Roscoff, October 1925.
Application for Harrison Memorial Prize, November 1926.
Payment for Demonstrating, 12 May 192[?].

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.85  1930

Contents:
Application for Royal Society Smithson Research Fellowship, 1930.

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.86  1932

Contents:
Degree of Sc.D., Cambridge University, 1932.
Includes accounts of scientific researches and bibliography.

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.87  1932

Contents:
Letter from A.R. Moore re possible offer of post at Philadelphia, 1932.

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.88  1939

Contents:
Readership in Biochemistry, 1936.
Draft of letter to ?F.G. Hopkins re post of laboratory manager, 2 November 1939.

Election to Fellowship of the Royal Society, 1941.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.89-A.93  [n.d.]

Election to Fellowship of the Royal Society, 1941.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.89  n.d

Contents:
Proposal for Election. Includes Needham's 'Memorandum on scientific work from 1923 to 1941' and list of publications.

Letters of congratulation.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.90-A.93  [n.d.]

4 folders

Letters of congratulation.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.90  n.d

Contents:
A-E.

Letters of congratulation.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.91  n.d

Contents:
F-L.

Letters of congratulation.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.92  n.d

Contents:
M-S.

Letters of congratulation.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.93  n.d

Contents:
T-Z, unidentified.

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.94  1946-1949


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/C.42, NCUACS 54.3.95/C.47.

Administrative history:
This was awarded to Needham by the Republic of China 'in recognition of his constant efforts in promoting good relations between China and Great Britain'.

Contents:
Offer of CBE, 1946.
Election to Membership, Royal Central Asian Society, 1947.
Award of Order of the Brilliant Star with Cravat, 1949.

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.95  1951

Contents:
Invitation to lead Agricultural Research Council research group on comparative biochemistry, 1951.

Career, Honours and Awards  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.96  1970-1984

Contents:
Invitation to become Patron of Cambridge University Graduate Society, 1970.
Invitation to serve as President of British Society for the History of Science, 1972.
Invitation to become Patron of the Needham Society, Royal Holloway and Bedford College, 1984.

FAMILY  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The material presented here was kept by Mrs Alicia Adelaide Needham and passed to Joseph Needham on her death.
Alicia Adelaide Needham (née Montgomery) was born in Ireland in 1863 into a Church of Ireland family in Downpatrick. Alicia Adelaide was an accomplished pianist and had a career as a music teacher. She graduated from the Royal Academy of Music in 1887 and became a Licentiate of the Academy in 1889. In 1892 she married Joseph Needham, a London doctor specialising in anaesthesia. They had one child, Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham, born in 1900.
Alicia Adelaide Needham continued to give piano recitals after her marriage and in 1893 she passed the examinations to the Associateship of the Royal College of Music. Although she had composed music before her marriage, some of which was performed, she made her reputation as a composer of songs after her marriage. Her first major success was with 'An Irish Lullaby' and other songs at public performances in 1896. Thereafter she was a prolific song-writer and very many of her compositions were published.
Alicia Adelaide Needham was a frequent prize-winner at 'Feis Ceoil' competitions for music with a Celtic theme. In 1902 she won the Earl of Mar's £100 prize for the best March composed in honour of the Coronation of Edward VII. She was the first woman President of the Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales and during the First World War she became the first woman to conduct at the Royal Albert Hall (the band of the Irish Guards).
The material includes her autobiography 'A Daughter of Music', her diaries covering the period 1879-1924, musical compositions and material relating to her career as pianist and a song-writer, and extensive correspondence 1877-1921, chiefly that of Alicia Adelaide Needham but also including letters of her husband (Joseph Needham). The marriage was not always happy and the marital difficulties are frequently reflected in the diaries and later correspondence.

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.97- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.601 Alicia Adelaide Needham (mother)
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.602- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.611 Joseph Needham (father)
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.612- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.616 John W. Montgomery (maternal grandfather)
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.617- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.621 Dorothy Mary Moyle Needham (first wife)
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.622 Lu Gwei-Djen (second wife)
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.623- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.636 Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.637- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.641 Photographs
Alicia Adelaide Needham (mother)
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.97, NCUACS 54.3.95/A.98 Autobiographical
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.99- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.135 Diaries
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.136- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.417 Musical career
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.418- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.464 Notes and reflections
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.465- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.596 Correspondence
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.597- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.601 Miscellaneous

Autobiographical  [no ref. or date]

Autobiographical  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.97  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The autobiography records her life up to 1926 and concludes with an account of her visit to Italy in that year.

Contents:
Alicia Adelaide Needham's autobiography, 'A Daughter of Music'.
122pp typescript, with extensive manuscript corrections and additions.

Autobiographical  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.98  1906-1916

Contents:
Autobiographical account by Alicia Adelaide Needham in 'M.A.P.' magazine, March 1906, pp.276-277.
Biographical account of Alicia Adelaide Needham by Eitne Ni Peadair in The Leader 23 no. 14 (April-May 1916), pp.277-278.

Diaries  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A sequence of Alicia Adelaide Needham's private diaries in varying formats. The diaries document family relationships, domestic arrangements, finances, health, emotional states, music, social activities and visits. There are also a number of notebooks used for diary style entries for short periods and particular purposes, such as foreign holidays and family illnesses. NCUACS 54.3.95/A.99 is a condensed chronicle from the diaries she kept in Downpatrick in Ireland before her marriage in 1892.

Contents:
Many of the diaries are in poor condition and, particularly those from 1917, are bulky with loose papers intercalated or with diary entries pasted or, more usually, pinned into the volumes. Intercalated material may include manuscript notes, entries torn from other (mostly pocket) diaries or written on loose scraps of paper, newspaper cuttings, letters and drafts of letters, and memorabilia.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.99  1879-1892

Contents:
Notebook inscribed on first page 'Ada Montgomery Condensed Diary Private Downpatrick' covering the period 1879-1891 and 'The honeymoon with my own Doctor Darling August 1892'.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.100  1893

Contents:
1893. Loose papers enclosed inside front cover.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.101  1895

Contents:
1895. Last entry 26 July. Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.102  1895

Contents:
Used from 27 July.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.103  1896

Contents:
Pasted at front of diary are newspaper reports of death of mother, Mrs J.W. Montgomery, in Downpatrick. Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.104  1897

Contents:
Notebook used for diary of visit to France, August 1897. Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.105  1898

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.106  1899

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.107  1900-1901

Contents:
Notebook used for diary style entries for December [1900] and January 1901. Last entry is for 24 January. Loose papers enclosed including notes dated 2 August 1897 and pages torn from 1901 pocket diary.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.108  1901

Contents:
Used from 25 January. Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.109  1903

Contents:
Loose paper enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.110  1904

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.111  1904

Contents:
Used March to July only. Brief entries relating to her son, Joseph. Later entries in other hands, probably his nurses'.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.112  1905

Contents:
Foolscap notebook used as 1905 diary.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.113  1905

Contents:
Notebook used for diary entries May to August 1905. Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.114  1906

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.115  1910

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed including 'My diary of Cromer' kept by her son, Joseph, for a few days during visit to Cromer in August, and letter from Lord Castletown, 16 July 1909.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.116  1910

Contents:
Notebook used for diary and notes on visit to Italy, November - December 1910.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.117  1910-1911

Contents:
Notebook used for visit to Italy and France, December 1910 (continuation of preceding). Loose papers enclosed including five letters from friend in Italy, December 1910 - January 1911 (in French).

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.118  1911

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.119  1912

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.120  1913

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.121  1915

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed including at front text of agreement between the Needhams about financial arrangements, 31 October 1897.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.122  1915

Contents:
Used occasionally June - September.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.123  1916

Contents:
Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.124  1917

Contents:
Many loose papers enclosed including resolution by her son, Joseph, to maintain strict neutrality in parental disputes, 1 August.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.125  1918

Contents:
Many loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.126  1918


Related information: See NCUACS 54.3.95/A.127.

Contents:
Very few diary entries before October. Loose papers enclosed, including at front letter from Joseph Needham to his wife, 3 November 1918, written on receipt of telegram from her at Cambridge relating to the health of their son.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.127  1918

Contents:
Notebook used for record of progress of son's illness at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, [October] - November [1918].

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.128  1919

Contents:
At front of diary is brief account of her wartime work for the army. Many loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.129  1919

Contents:
Use largely confined to April - July and October. Loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.130  1920

Contents:
Many loose papers enclosed, including at front unfinished draft letter to Lloyd George, Prime Minister, re reward for Dr Needham 'before it be too late'. The first three pages of the memoranda section of the diary are used for a draft letter on behalf of her husband and herself to Winston Churchill MP, giving account of their services to the army and navy and seeking recognition, dated 16 June 1920.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.131  1920

Contents:
Notebook used for record of final days of Joseph Needham, husband, 20 July - 2 August 1920. Most pages not used. Loose papers enclosed at rear.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.132  1921

Contents:
Many loose papers enclosed including at back two letters from Mrs Needham's bank, 26 and 27 May, re overdraft.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.133  1922

Contents:
Includes entries for holiday on the continent, accompanied for some of the period by her son (see NCUACS 54.3.95/A.80, NCUACS 54.3.95/H.1A). Many loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.134  1924

Contents:
Many loose papers enclosed.

Diaries  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.135  1932

Contents:
Exercise book used for brief diary entries, November - December 1932.

Musical career  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Most of the correspondence relating to Alicia Adelaide Needham's musical career as a pianist, composer and examiner is retained with other personal and domestic correspondence at NCUACS 54.3.95/A.465-NCUACS 54.3.95/A.596.

Musical career  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.136  1884-1889

Contents:
Testimonials and references 1884-1889, on Alicia Adelaide Needham's musical and other accomplishments and personal character.

Musical career  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.137  1887

Contents:
'First letter' from A.D. O'Leary, tutor; receipts for fees for study at Royal Academy of Music, London, 1887.

Musical career  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.138  1888 - 1894


Related information: For letters of congratulation see NCUACS 54.3.95/A.544.

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re examinations for Licentiateship of Royal Academy of Music, 1888-1889.
Notification of date of examination for sight-singing examination, Royal Academy of Music, 7 June 1894.

Papers re Associateship of Royal College of Music, 1893.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.139, A.140  [n.d.]

Papers re Associateship of Royal College of Music, 1893.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.139  n.d

Contents:
Examination papers, annotated by Alicia Adelaide Needham.

Papers re Associateship of Royal College of Music, 1893.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.140  n.d

Contents:
Application to enter for examination; notice of those passing examination; etc.

Performances by Alicia Adelaide Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.141, A.142  [n.d.]

Performances by Alicia Adelaide Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.141  1890-1891

Contents:
Ulster Minor Hall, Belfast, 4 September 1890.
Programme: press review.
Town Hall, Castletown, 13 January 1891.
Programme: press review.
Cutler's Hall, [?Sheffield], April 1891.
Programme.
Lecture Hall, Stamford Street, London, 31 October 1891.
Programme.

Performances by Alicia Adelaide Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.142  1894 - 1896

Contents:
Royal Academy of Music Fortnightly Concert, 16 June 1894.
Annotated programme.
Clapham Philharmonic Society, 26 March 1896.
Programme.

Performances by others of music by Alicia Adelaide Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.143-A.145  [n.d.]

Performances by others of music by Alicia Adelaide Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.143  1888 - 1896

Contents:
'Olympia' March, Royal Irish Rifles, Downpatrick Amateur Athletic Sports Day, 28 June 1888.
Programme.
'An Irish Lullaby' and 'The Exile's Return', Albert Hall, London, 17 March 1896.
Press review.
Press notice of performances of 'An Irish Lullaby', 'Maureen' and 'Pastheen Fion', March 1896.

Performances by others of music by Alicia Adelaide Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.144  1904

Contents:
'Salutation to the Celts' and 'The Irish Lullaby', Pan-Celtic Congress, Caernarvon, 30 August - 3 September 1904.
Programme of Congress, including concerts.

Performances by others of music by Alicia Adelaide Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.145  1913 - 1921

Contents:
'Patriotic Song Cycle', Palladium, London, June 1913.
Press review.
Two songs, Rochdale Philharmonic Society, 15 March 1921.
Press review.

Songs.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.146-A.409  [n.d.]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.146- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.350 Individual songs
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.351- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.400 Song cycles
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.401- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.409 Instrumental music

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.146-A.350  [n.d.]

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.146  n.d

Contents:
'Ambitions'
Words by Frederic Manley.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.147  n.d

Contents:
'Among the stubble barley'
Words by Katherine Tynan Hinkson

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.148  n.d

Contents:
'An ancient lullaby'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.149  n.d

Contents:
'And Ihesus is hys name'
Words from a fifteenth-century manuscript.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.150  n.d

Contents:
'And then no more'
Words by James Clarence Mangan.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.151  n.d

Contents:
'The apostles' creed'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.152  n.d

Contents:
'The army and navy of Britain for ever!'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.153  n.d

Contents:
'As Joseph was a-walking'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.154  n.d

Contents:
'At last'
Sacred Song. Words by Whittier. Dated Summer 1899.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.155  n.d

Contents:
'Awake! Awake!'
Words by Elizabeth Birch. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1907.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.156  n.d

Contents:
'Bad luck to their marching'
Words by Charles Lever. Dated ?1903.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.157  n.d

Contents:
'The barley sheaves'
Words by Gunby Hadath. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1902.
Composed for and sung by Madame Clara Butt.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.158  n.d

Contents:
'Basket-makers'
Words by E.V. Lucas.
'Behave yoursel' afore folk'
Words by Alex Rodger.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.159  n.d

Contents:
'Bespattered'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.160  n.d

Contents:
'Bethlehem'
Words by Phillips Brooks.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.161  n.d

Contents:
'The bird in the woods'
'The birds in the winter'
'A bright idea'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.162  n.d

Contents:
'The brown thrush'
Words by Lucy Larkom.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.163  n.d

Contents:
'Bumble Bees'
Words by Frederic Manley.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.164  1910

Contents:
'A bunch of heather'
Copyright Boosey & Co. 1910.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.165  n.d

Contents:
'The chase'
Words by H. Suso.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.166  n.d

Contents:
'Christmas Bells'
Words by Longfellow.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.167  n.d

Contents:
'Christmas carol'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.168  n.d

Contents:
'Christmas cradle hymn'
Words attributed to Martin Luther.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.169  n.d

Contents:
'Christmas cradle song'
Words by Isaac Watts.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.170  n.d

Contents:
'The Christmas log'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.171  n.d

Contents:
'Christmas merrymaking'
Words by George Wither.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.172  n.d

Contents:
'Chums'
Words by W.M. Hackleton.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.173  1908

Contents:
'Clip, Clap goes the mill'
'Clipped wings'
Words by G.M. George. Copyright Houghton & Co. 1908.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.174  n.d

Contents:
'Come let us adore him'
'Hymn no.1'
Words by 'Nunc aut nunquam'.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.175  1902

Contents:
'Content (Ike Walton's Prayer)'
Words by James Whitcomb Riley. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1902.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.176  1909

Contents:
'The coolin'
Arrangement of ancient Irish air. Words (translated from the ancient Irish) by Francis A. Fahy. Copyright Ascherberg. Hopwood & Crew Ltd 1909.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.177  n.d

Contents:
'The conjurer'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.178  n.d

Contents:
'Cradle song'
'The crows'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.179  n.d

Contents:
'The cuddle place'
Words by M.L.A.
'Curly locks'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.180  n.d

Contents:
'Daffodil'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.181  n.d

Contents:
'The dashing white sergeant'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.182  1908

Contents:
'Daughters of England'
Words by Margaret A. Martin. Copyright Houghton & Co. 1908.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.183  n.d

Contents:
'Dear Erin, how sweetly thy green bosom rises'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.184  n.d

Contents:
'Dolly'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.185  n.d

Contents:
'Dolly's funeral'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.186  1905

Contents:
'Dream, darling, dream'
Dated 3 December 1905.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.187  n.d

Contents:
'Drinking song'
'Eileen Aroon'
Arrangement of ancient Irish air and words.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.188  n.d

Contents:
'Ere the daylight be gone'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.189  n.d

Contents:
'Facts for little folks'
'The fairies'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.190  n.d

Contents:
'The fairy's lullaby'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.191  n.d

Contents:
'Far from my heavenly home'
Sacred song. Words by Henry Francis Lyte.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.192  1908

Contents:
'Fighting on'
Words by Constance Clyde. Copyright Houghton & Co. 1908.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.193  n.d

Contents:
'The fireman'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.194  1905

Contents:
'The fountain'
Words by James Russell Lowell. Dated 20 February 1905.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.195  n.d

Contents:
'Frowns and smiles'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.196  n.d

Contents:
'The geese are getting fat'
Christmas carol.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.197  1900

Contents:
'The girl I left behind me'
Arrangement of ancient Irish air. Words by Alfred Percival Graves. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1900.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.198  1893

Contents:
'Girl of the red mouth'
Words by Martin MacDermott.
'A gladsome hymn of praise will sing'
Hymn. Dated Christmas 1893.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.199  1900

Contents:
'Glenara'
Words by Robert Dwyer Joyce. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1900.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.200  n.d

Contents:
'God rest ye merry gentlemen'
Christmas carol.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.201  n.d

Contents:
'Golden bridges'
Words from the German.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.202  n.d

Contents:
'Golden feather.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.203  n.d

Contents:
'Good luck and bad'
'The good shepherd'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.204  1905

Contents:
'Goodnight little maid'
'Great golden sun'
Words by Rona White. Dated 26 July 1905.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.205  n.d

Contents:
'Great, wide, beautiful wonderful world'
Words by W.B. Rands.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.206  n.d

Contents:
'Green sprigs'
Words by Augusta Hancock.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.207  n.d

Contents:
'He, she and they'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.208  n.d

Contents:
'Help yourself'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.209  n.d

Contents:
Here's a health unto his majesty'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.210  n.d

Contents:
'The holly'
Cornish Christmas carol. Words by R.S. Hawker.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.211  n.d

Contents:
'Hope or a winter's view'
Words by J. Logie Robertson.
'Hot potatoes'
Words by E.V. Lucas.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.212  n.d

Contents:
'How many days has my baby to play?'
'I need thee, precious Jesus'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.213  1904

Contents:
'I once loved a boy'
An old street ballad (1800). Dated October 1904.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.214  n.d

Contents:
'I think when I read that sweet story of old'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.215  n.d

Contents:
'I walk with God, he walks with me'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.216  n.d

Contents:
'I wouldna gie a copper plack'
Words by Mary A Barr.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.217  n.d

Contents:
'If'
Words by Morley Roberts.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.218  n.d

Contents:
'If and perhaps'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.219  n.d

Contents:
'If I were a fish'
Words by S.A.G.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.220  1909

Contents:
'If thoughts were birds'
Dated July 1909.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.221  n.d

Contents:
'Ilka blade of grass'
Words by James Ballantine.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.222  n.d

Contents:
I'm a merry, merry squirrel'
Words by Norman MacLeod.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.223  n.d

Contents:
'In a wooden cradle'
Christmas carol
'In defence of his country'
Words by E. Searchfield.
'Dedicated to my little soldier Terence.'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.224  1902

Contents:
'In my dreams'
Words by Pakenham Thomas Beatty. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1902.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.225  n.d

Contents:
'In the fields with their flocks abiding'
Christmas carol.
'In the swing'
Words by Eudora S. Bumstead.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.226  1910

Contents:
'Irish cradle song'
Words by Francis A. Fahy, Copyright Pigott & Co. 1910.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.227  n.d

Contents:
'Irish education'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.228  n.d

Contents:
'An Irish Iullaby'
Full score. Words by Francis A. Fahy, orchestrated by John Storer.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.229  1905

Contents:
'The iron horse'
Dated 8 July 1905.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.230  1910

Contents:
It's no very lang sin syne'
Stamped Boosey & Co. 11 January 1910.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.231  n.d

Contents:
'A jack o'tar'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.232  n.d

Contents:
'The jolly ploughboy'
Arrangement.
'Keep a watch on your words my darlings'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.233  n.d

Contents:
'Keep pegging away'
Words by Rev. Canon Langridge.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.234  n.d

Contents:
'The key to the box'
'Kind, beautiful wonderful God'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.235  n.d

Contents:
'The kiss ahint the door'
Words by T.C. Latto.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.236  n.d

Contents:
'Kittens'
Words by Betty Sage.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.237  1915

Contents:
'Knitting war song "Soldier, soldier dear unknown"'
Words by Adrienne Cambry, Dated 12 February 1915.
Dedicated to the British Expeditionary Force and Britain's alties.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.238  n.d

Contents:
'Knowest thou God for thy father?'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.239  n.d

Contents:
'Ladybird, ladybird'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.240  n.d

Contents:
'Lady Moon'
Words by Lord Houghton.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.241  n.d

Contents:
'Land of our fathers'
Arrangement. Words by Alfred Percival Graves.
Dedicated 'to all our pan-celts'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.242  n.d


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/A.284.

Contents:
'Land of the Counterpane'
Words by Robert Louis Stevenson.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.243  1912

Contents:
'The lapful of nuts'
Words by Sir Samuel Ferguson. Copyright Boosey & Co 1912.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.244  n.d

Contents:
'Laugh it off'
Words by Henry Rutherford Elliot.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.245  1902

Contents:
'The limitations of youth'
Words by Eugene Field. Dated 3 February 1902.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.246  n.d

Contents:
'Listen, lordlings unto me'
Carol for Christmas Eve.
'A little bird'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.247  n.d

Contents:
'The little boy and the stars'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.248  n.d

Contents:
'A little cradle song'
Christmas carol. Words from the Spanish.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.249  1906

Contents:
'The little drummer'
Words by Gouvemeur Morris. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1906.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.250  n.d

Contents:
'Little Poll parrot'
'Little shoes'
Words by Theodore Botrel.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.251  n.d

Contents:
'Little soldiers'.
'The lobster and the can'
Words by Felix Leigh.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.252  n.d

Contents:
'Look up the street'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.253  n.d

Contents:
'Lord of our far-flung battle-line'
Words by Rudyard Kipling.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.254  n.d

Contents:
'The Lord's Prayer'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.255  n.d

Contents:
'The lost boy'
Words by Ellen Manly.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.256  1905

Contents:
'The lost doll'
(From the Water Babies) Charles Kingsley.
'Love song of Elizabethan days'
Words by Michael Scanlon. Dated 23 January 1905.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.257  n.d

Contents:
'A lovely lady sat and sang'
Christmas carol.
'Making cakes'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.258  n.d

Contents:
'Mamma's kisses'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.259  n.d

Contents:
'Marching on'
Words by John Russell.
'A merry. merry Christmas'
Words by Robert Herrick.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.260  1906

Contents:
'La meuniêre'
Words by Theodore Botrel. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1906.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.261  1912

Contents:
'The milestone'
Words by Patrick Byrne. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1912.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.262  n.d

Contents:
'The mill'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.263  n.d

Contents:
'Miss Maria (The sewing-woman)'
Words by Betty Sage.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.264  n.d

Contents:
'The moon shone bright'
Christmas carol.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.265  1911

Contents:
'Mr Nobody'
Words by E. Snowden.
'Mustard and cress'
Words by Norman Gale. Dated 2 September 1911.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.266  n.d

Contents:
'My ain hoose'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.267  1902

Contents:
'My heart's delight'
Words by E. Nesbitt. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1902.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.268  1910

Contents:
'My little secret'
Words by A.M.R.D.
'My mither tongue'
Words by David Grant. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1910.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.269  n.d

Contents:
'My wings were so bedraggled with the wet'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.270  n.d

Contents:
'Nail your colours to the mast'
Words by J. Lea.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.271  n.d

Contents:
'The nest'
'A nestful of wrens'
Words by Queenie Scott-Harper.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.272  n.d

Contents:
'The new moon'
Words by A. Follen.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.273  n.d

Contents:
'Now! Now! Now!'
Words by Adelaide A. Proctor.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.274  n.d

Contents:
'Now the day is over'
'On yesternight I saw a sight'
Christmas carol.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.275  n.d

Contents:
'One and two'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.276  n.d

Contents:
'One at a time'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.277  n.d

Contents:
'One nest together'
Words by Christina Rosetti.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.278  n.d

Contents:
'Our bank'
Words by E.V. Lucas.
'Our student days'
Words by H. MacNaughton-Jones.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.279  n.d

Contents:
'Out over the Forth'
Words by Robert Burns.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.280  1893

Contents:
'Pansies, lilies, roses'
Hymn for children. Dated December 1893.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.281  n.d

Contents:
'Peace and goodwill'
'Peace be around thee'
Words by Thomas Moore.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.282  n.d

Contents:
'Perpetual Christmas in thy soul'
Words by Lucy A. Bennett.
'Piggie-wig, and Piggie-wee'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.283  1901

Contents:
'Pitty-pat and tippy-toe'
Words by Eugene Field. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1901.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.284  n.d


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/A.242.

Contents:
'The pleasant land of counterpane'
Words by Robert Louis Stevenson.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.285  n.d

Contents:
'Please'
'Politeness'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.286  n.d

Contents:
'The post office or a stamp'
'A prayer'
Words by James Whitcomb Riley.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.287  n.d

Contents:
'Queer relations'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.288  n.d

Contents:
'The red deer'
Words by Katherine Tynan Hinkson.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.289  n.d

Contents:
'Riflemen, form'
Words by Lord Tennyson.
'The robin'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.290  n.d

Contents:
'The rock-a-bye lady'
Words by Eugene Field.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.291  n.d

Contents:
'Saw ye him whom my soul loveth saw ye him?'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.292  n.d

Contents:
'Scarlet and gold'
Words by May Byron.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.293  n.d

Contents:
'Scotch lines to A.S.B. (from an unintelligent foreigner)'
Words by Bret Harte.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.294  n.d

Contents:
'Scotland yet'
Words by Henry Scott Riddell.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.295  n.d

Contents:
'A sea-song'
Words by James Whitcomb Riley.
Dedicated 'to my little boy-blue'.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.296  n.d

Contents:
'Serenade "Eager night enfolds thee"'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.297  n.d

Contents:
'Seven times one'
'Singing merrily'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.298  n.d

Contents:
'Snow (in town)'
Words by Rickman Marks.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.299  n.d

Contents:
'Soft is the music'
Waltz song. Words by C. H. St. L. Russell.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.300  n.d

Contents:
'The sparrows'
Words translated from the German by Francis A. Fahy.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.301  n.d

Contents:
'The spider and his wife'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.302  1902

Contents:
'Spinning song Nance O'Neill'
Words by Katherine Tynan Hinkson. Dated Sunday 7 December 1902.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.303  n.d

Contents:
'Spring song'
'Spring song'
Words by Marcia Tyndale.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.304  n.d

Contents:
'A stirrup cup song'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.305  n.d

Contents:
'Sweet and low'
Words by Tennyson.
'The sweet May weather'
Words by Katherine Tynan Hinkson.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.306  n.d

Contents:
'The sweet o' the year'
Words by Katherine Tynan Hinkson.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.307  1905

Contents:
'Sweetest love, I do not go for weariness of thee'
Words by John Donne. Copyright in the US Black and White Publishing Co. 1905.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.308  1907

Contents:
'The swing'
Words by Robert Louis Stevenson.
'Swinging and swaying'
Cradle song. Copyright by Alicia Adelaide Needham 1907.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.309  n.d

Contents:
'Sympathy'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.310  n.d

Contents:
'There is joy in heaven'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.311  n.d

Contents:
'There was a knight of Bethlehem'
Christmas carol.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.312  n.d

Contents:
'There was a little girl'
Words by Longfellow.
'There were two birds'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.313  1902

Contents:
'Thine in storm and shine'
Words by Katherine Tynan Hinkson. Dated 14-15 February 1902.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.314  1921

Contents:
'Tit for tat'
'To let - a little lonely heart'
Copyright G.Ricardi & Co. 1921.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.315  n.d

Contents:
'To my fair colleen'
Words by 'Cruck-a-Leaghan'
Dedicated to Mrs Benecke (née Mendelssohn-Bartholdy).

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.316  n.d

Contents:
'To set the world rejoicing'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.317  n.d

Contents:
'To the unknown many'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.318  n.d

Contents:
'Tortoise shell'
'The trees or Spring song'
Words by E.Nesbit.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.319  n.d

Contents:
'Trumpets and drum'
Cradle song. Words by Sir Walter Scott.
'Twitter and cheep'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.320  n.d

Contents:
'The two dollies'
Words by L.E. Tiddiman.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.321  1910

Contents:
'The two Johnnies or two different little boys'
Dated 11 October 1910.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.322  n.d

Contents:
'Under-the-table manners'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.323  n.d

Contents:
'Up at Piccadilly, oh!'
'Very tired'
Words by H.P. Hawkins.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.324  n.d

Contents:
'The virgin & child'
Christmas carol.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.325  n.d

Contents:
'The virgin's cradle hymn'
Christmas carol.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.326  n.d

Contents:
'Visitors'
Words by Helen H. Whitney.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.327  n.d

Contents:
'Waiting for the May'
Words by Florence McCarthy.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.328  n.d

Contents:
'Waking up'
Words by Alexander Anderson.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.329  n.d

Contents:
'Wander-thirst'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.330  1902

Contents:
'The wandering knight's song'
Words from the Spanish. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1902.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.331  n.d

Contents:
'Washing the dishes'
Words by Hannah G. Fernald.
'The watchmaker'
Words by E.V. Lucas.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.332  n.d

Contents:
'The waves on the seashore'
Words by Mrs Hawkshawe.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.333  1903

Contents:
'The way of the world'
Words by Ella Wheeler Wilcox. Dated July 1903.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.334  1910

Contents:
'Wee Willie Winkie'
Copyright Boosey & Co. 1910.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.335  n.d

Contents:
'What are little boys made of?'
'What I learn'
Words by Constance M. Lowe.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.336  n.d

Contents:
'What my lover said'
Words by Horace Greeley.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.337  n.d

Contents:
'What the clock says'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.338  n.d

Contents:
'What the flowers said'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.339  1933

Contents:
'When I'm a grown-up lady'
'When in death I shall calm recline'
Arrangement of ancient Irish air. Words by Thomas Moore. Dated 13 September 1933.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.340  n.d

Contents:
'Which'
'Which way does the wind blow?'
Word by Lucy Aikin.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.341  n.d

Contents:
'White bread and brown bread'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.342  n.d

Contents:
'Wishing'
Words by William Allingham.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.343  n.d

Contents:
'With all your might'

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.344  1920

Contents:
'Wynken, blynken and nod'
Words by Eugene Field. Dated May 1920.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.345  1921

Contents:
'Ye bargayne'
Copyright G. Ricardi & Co. 1921.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.346  n.d

Contents:
'Young birds'
Words by E. Snowden.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.347  1897

Contents:
'Your father's boreen'
Copyright Dr Joseph Needham 1897.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.348  n.d

Contents:
Untitled and incomplete.

Individual songs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.349, A.350  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
Miscellaneous shorter pieces. Principally children's and nursery songs.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.351-A.400  [n.d.]

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.351-A.359  1912

9 folders

Contents:
Army and Navy song cycle for four voices.
Orchestrated by Cellan Kottaun. Copyright Boosey & Co. 1912.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.360-A.363  n.d

4 folders

Contents:
Scottish song cycle

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.364-A.369  n.d

6 folders

Contents:
Song cycle for four voices.
List of twelve songs (one crossed out) and music and words for ten of the remaining eleven listed songs.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.370  n.d

Contents:
Song cycle for four voices.
List only of twelve songs. Not identical to the preceding.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.371, A.372  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
Four trios for ladies voices.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.373  1903

Two copies

Contents:
Three sacred songs.
Copyright Boosey & Co. 1903.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.374, A.375  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
Ten sacred songs.
List of ten songs with music and words for three of them.
Dedicated 'to my son Doctor Joseph Needham Sc.D. M.A.. Ph.D. Fellow of Caius Coll. Cambridge.'

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.376-A.378  n.d

3 folders

Contents:
Six old English songs.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.379  1898

Contents:
'Feis'. Contents of folder so inscribed: manuscripts of songs composed for ?Irish song festival.
Dated December 1898.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.380  n.d

Contents:
Four Irish songs.
List only.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.381  1893

Contents:
Hymns for children.
Dated 1893.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.382-A.385  n.d

4 folders

Contents:
Songs for children.
List of twelve songs and words and music of ten of them.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.386-A.390  n.d

5 folders

Contents:
French songs for children.
List and words and music for ten songs.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.391-A.399  n.d

9 folders

Contents:
Twenty songs.
List and words and music of the first nineteen songs.

Song collections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.400  n.d

Contents:
Lists of contents of published volumes of songs: 'Three volumes very easy for children'; '5 volumes, songs for children'; '3 duets for ladies voices'; 'Good night songs'; 'Songs for grownups'.

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.401-A.409  [n.d.]

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.401  n.d

Contents:
'Duet in canon'
'Copied' 1891.

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.402  1898

Contents:
'Work in free Bach style'
Dated in November 1897. February 1898.

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.403  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript music book containing Irish airs, reels. Letter pasted inside front cover dated 1 June 1899.

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.404  1902

Contents:
'Arrangement of Irish airs... for the Harp'
Dated 27 February 1902.

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.405  n.d

Contents:
'Lament for violin and pianoforte'

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.406  n.d

Contents:
'Berceuse'
'Gigue'

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.407  n.d

Contents:
'Nocturne'
'Invitation to the dance'

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.408  n.d

Contents:
'In C'

Instrumental music  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.409  n.d

Contents:
Untitled and incomplete.

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.410-A.417  [n.d.]

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.410  1892

Contents:
Aufgabenbuch zu E. Friedr. Richter's Harmonielehre by A. Richter (Leipzig 1892), annotated by Alicia Adelaide Needham.

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.411  1893-1895

Contents:
Calendars for Royal Academy of Music, 1893-1894, 1894-1895.

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.412  1887-1895

Contents:
Student's Concert Tickets for Royal Academy of Music, 1887, 1893-1895.

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.413  1890-1893

Contents:
Examination papers for Licentiateship of Royal Academy of Music 1890-1893.

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.414  1893-1896, nd

Contents:
Manuscript timetables for music practice or tuition 1893, 1894, 1896 and nd.

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.415, A.416  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
Programmes of concerts attended etc.

Miscellaneous material  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.417  1916

Contents:
Royalty account from Boosey & Co., January - June 1916.

Notes and reflections  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Alicia Adelaide Needham's manuscript notes on books read, including biographies and religious and philosophical literature, and notes on similar themes. She may have planned to write a reflective book on religious themes, possibly drawing on her own experiences and thoughts. The material appears to date from after the First World War, perhaps after the death of her husband in 1920.

Contents:
Unless otherwise indicated the notes are in Alicia Adelaide Needham's exercise books. However, some have had pages removed, and many were used only for a few pages and not always from the front. A number lack their covers. There are also loose manuscript notes, some on pages torn from similar exercise books.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.418-A.421  n.d

Contents:
Four exercise books used for notes on 'Books read'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.422  n.d

Contents:
Used for 'Notes from books'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.423  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'The 7 strings of the lyre George Sand by Elizth [?]Schennerhorn. Heinemann'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.424  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on biography of 'Byron by Brecknock (Cecil Palmer) [...]'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.425  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on biographies of 'Leo Tolstoy Lord Kitchener'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.426  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'The Tragedy of Ruskin by Amabel Williams Ellis [...]'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.427  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Eleanor Duse by Rheinhardt (Martin Secker)'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.428  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on biography of Mozart.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.429  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on biographies of Prince ?Lichnosky and Lady Byron.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.430  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on biographies of Tolstoy, Blavatsky and W.S. Gilbert.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.431  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on Woodrow Wilson, wartime reminiscences of Colonel House and biography of Schubert.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.432  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on Ernest Renan, biographies of General Gordon and Abraham Lincoln, and work of R.H. Benson.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.433  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on life of Christ and biography of 'The Two Carlyles'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.434  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'The Hand [palmistry] The Story of Christ Plato'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.435  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Lectures'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.436  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on works of T.E. Lawrence (of Arabia).

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.437  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Blavatsky + Gounod'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.438  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes 'From Climax of Ages' and on books by Sir Oliver Lodge and Maude Royden.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.439  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on poetry of Robert Browning, work of G.K. Chesterton.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.440  n.d

Contents:
Pocket notebook used for notes on the religious life, especially the hereafter.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.441  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Adventure (Rosita Forbes) Cassell & Co.'

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.442  n.d

Contents:
Used chiefly for notes on astrology.

Two exercise books used for 'Notes for Book'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.443, A.444  [n.d.]

Two exercise books used for 'Notes for Book'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.443  n.d

Contents:
Includes notes on indigestion, King Edward VII's illness, and notes on books 'The Aquarian Gospel' by Levi and 'Esoteric Christianity' by A. Besant.

Two exercise books used for 'Notes for Book'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.444  n.d

Contents:
Notes on 'My Life & Times' by Jerome K. Jerome and 'Goodbye to all that' by Robert Graves'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.445  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Diary A.B. Benson My dreams'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.446  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Dreams + Parry R.L. Stevenson'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.447  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Dreams'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.448  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'Agonies, Remember Dreams'.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.449  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on psychical experiences.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.450  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on 'psychic photography' etc.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.451  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on meanings of Biblical passages and records of dreams.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.452  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes on body and spirit and on 'Lecture on Egypt'.

Used for notes on the supernatural power etc of the hands, and lists of photographs taken.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.453  n.d

Contents:
Also includes draft letter to Eamon de Valera, August 1927, expressing willingness to join his Flanna Fail party and if required serve the party in the Irish parliament.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.454  n.d

Contents:
Used for 'Prayer to God' (in Latin).

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.455  n.d

Contents:
Used for notes at front including list of books on Palestine and the Bible.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.456  n.d

Contents:
Used for brief notes at back on the First World War, an Everest expedition, and life of Christ.

Notes and reflections  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.457  n.d

Contents:
Inscribed on front cover 'Italian Words Composition'. Used for list of Italian words and expressions for use in music, and notes on religious themes.

Loose manuscript notes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.458-A.464  [n.d.]

Loose manuscript notes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.458  n.d

Contents:
'Notes for book' on innoculation, Pompeli and India.

Loose manuscript notes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.459  n.d

Contents:
Biographical notes on Marconi, Clemenceau and Goethe.

Loose manuscript notes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.460  n.d

Contents:
Notes on Plato and Platonism.

Loose manuscript notes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.461  n.d

Contents:
Notes on 'Dreams'. 'The Shining Ones from the Great Beyond'. 'The Devil' and 'Religious experience'.

Loose manuscript notes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.462  n.d

Contents:
Notes found clipped together relating chiefly to art and religion including 14pp account beginning 'Mr Heaphy spent a night in the catacombs', and to financial matters.

Miscellaneous notes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.463, A.464  n.d

2 folders

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
The material presented here is family, personal and professional correspondence received by Alicia Adelaide Needham, together with family correspondence sent by her and subsequently recovered on the deaths of the relatives to whom they were sent.
The principal sequence of correspondence is that between Alicia Adelaide and her husband Joseph Needham. The bulk dates from their courtship and engagement, November 1891 - August 1892. There are also some later letters.
There are personal letters received before and after her marriage, letters to other family members (chiefly her parents), and correspondence relating to her songs and performances.
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.465- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.537 Correspondence with Joseph Needham
NCUACS 54.3.95/A.538- NCUACS 54.3.95/A.596 Other correspondents

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.465-A.537  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Alicia Adelaide Montgomery and Joseph Needham met in London in autumn 1891. Joseph proposed in December 1891 and they were married in August 1892. During their engagement they conducted a voluminous correspondence, very often she wrote him more than one letter a day.
Alicia Adelaide's letters are often illustrated by her with decorative or humorous pictures, often self-portraits, or have bars of music or verse. A number contained enclosures such as newspaper cuttings, posies of flowers and pieces of fabric. Some of her earlier letters are represented by rough drafts.
Also included in this sequence is memorabilia from their engagement and their honeymoon in Scotland.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.465  1891 November 5-20

Contents:
Includes rough drafts.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.466  1891 November 24-29

Contents:
Includes rough drafts.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.467  1891 December 7-12

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.468  1891 December 13-16

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.469  1891 December 19-22

Contents:
Includes rough draft.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.470  1891-1893 and nd

Contents:
Notebook used at the back for rough drafts of letters 6 December 1891 - 22 January 1892 and at the front for record of their meetings 16 November - 4 December 1891. Loose at back are family and personal letters to Alicia Adelaide Needham, 1892, 1893 and nd.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.471  Nd [1891]

Contents:
Includes rough drafts.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.471A  1891

Contents:
Memorabilia from 1891: list of teachers at Clapham Ladies College (includes Alicia Adelaide Montgomery), programmes for Crystal Palace, 12 and 19 December.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.472  1892 January 5-10

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.473  1892 January 11-14

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.474  1892 January 15-20

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.475  1892 January 21-25

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.476  1892 January 26-31

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.477  1892

Contents:
Notebook used for rough drafts of letters January - February 1892.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.478  1892 February 1-3

Contents:
Includes rough drafts.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.479  1892 February 3-6

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.480  1892 February 8-10

Contents:
Includes rough draft.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.481  1892 February 11-13

Contents:
Includes rough draft.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.482  1892 February 14-18

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.483  1892 February 19-21

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.484  1892 February 22-25

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.485  1892 February 26-29

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.486  1892 March 1-4

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.487  1892 March 5-10

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.488  1892 March 11-20

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.489  1892 March 21-22, 27-29

Administrative history:
Alicia Adelaide Montgomery visited Joseph Needham 23-26 March.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.490  1892 March 30-31

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.491  1892 April 1-6

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.492  1892 April 7-11

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.493  1892 April 12-16

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.494  1892 April 17-20

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.495  1892 April 21-26

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.496  1892 April 27-30

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.497  1892 May 1-6

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.498  1892 May 7-10

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.499  1892 May 11-15

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.500  1892 May 16-20

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.501  1892 May 21-25

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.502  1892 May 26-28

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.503  1892 May 29-31

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.504  1892 June 2-7

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.505  1892 June 8-11

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.506  1892 June 12-16

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.507  1892 June 17-20

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.508  1892 June 22-23

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.509  1892 June 25-30

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.510  1892 July 1-5

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.511  1892 July 6-9

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.512  1892 July 11-14

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.513  1892 July 15-17

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.514  1892 July 19-21

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.515  1892 July 22-23

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.516  1892 July 24-27

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.517  1892 July 28-31

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.518  1892 August 1-3

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.519  1892 August 4-6

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.520  1892 September - December

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.521  1892

Contents:
Incomplete letters.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.522, A.523  Nd [1892]

2 folders

Memorabilia from 1892.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.524-A.526A  [n.d.]

Memorabilia from 1892.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.524, A.525  1892

Contents:
'Scotch Tour 1892 Honeymoon'. Contents of envelope so inscribed divided into two for ease of reference.

Memorabilia from 1892.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.524  1892

Contents:
Letters of congratulation on marriage, September - October.

Memorabilia from 1892.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.525  1892

Contents:
Receipts and other memorabilia from honeymoon in Scotland.

Memorabilia from 1892.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.526  1892

Contents:
Miscellaneous memorabilia, including receipt for wedding ring.

Memorabilia from 1892.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.526A  1892

Contents:
Flower display sent to Joseph Needham by Alicia Adelaide.
Large sheet of blotting paper to which thirteen flowers have been attached by white thread. The flowers are numbered 0-12 and beneath each are lines identifying (or failing to identify) them.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.527  1893-1894

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.528  1895 July

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.529  1895 August

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.530  1895 September, October

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.531  1896-1898

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.532  1902

Contents:
Chiefly correspondence to Alicia Adelaide Needham on holiday in Switzerland.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.533  1904

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.534  1907-1909

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.535  1912, 1914

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.536  n.d

Contents:
Incomplete and undated letters.

Correspondence with Joseph Needham, 1891-1914.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.537  n.d

Contents:
Notebook used for drafts of letters to Joseph Needham, nd.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.538-A.596  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Frequent correspondents include J. Frizelle, chiefly on religious matters 1885-1890, who proposed to her in October 1890; Blanche and Bec Stevenson, friends in Ireland; J.P. Addey and A.D. O'Leary, tutors at the School of Art, Londonderry and the Royal Academy of Music, London respectively; her parents John W. and Mary Jane Montgomery and her sisters Annie Elizabeth Montgomery and Maude Pilcher; F.A. Fahy of the Irish Literary Society, London; and Emily Ward ca.1900-1903.
There are many undated or partially dated letters.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.538  1877, 1881, 1884

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.539  1885

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.540  1886

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.541  1887

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.542  1888 February - July

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.543  1888 August - December

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.544  1889 January - June

Contents:
Includes letters of congratulation on passing examination for Licentiateship of Royal Academy of Music.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.545  1889 July - December

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.546  1890 January - March

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.547  1890 April - August

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.548  1890 September - December

Contents:
Includes proposal of marriage from J. Frizelle, 31 October.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.549  1891

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.550  1892 January - September

Contents:
Includes letters of congratulation on engagement and re marriage.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.551  1892 October - November

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.552  1892 December. Nd [1892]

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.553  1893 January - May

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.554  1893 June - August

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.555  1893 September - December

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.556  1894 January - February

Contents:
Includes correspondence re concert given on 1 February 1894.
Alicia Adelaide Needham gave a piano recital. The concert was organised by Joseph Needham.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.557  1894 March - April

Contents:
Includes correspondence from F.A. Fahy re her admission to the Irish Literary Society, London.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.558  1894 May - June

Administrative history:
The concert was organised by the Needhams. Some of Alicia Adelaide Needham's Irish songs were performed.

Contents:
Includes correspondence re arrangements for concert under the auspices of the Irish Literary Society, 5 and 6 July 1894.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.559  1894 July - August

Contents:
Includes correspondence re Alicia Adelaide Needham's songs.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.560  1894 September - October

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.561  1894 November

Contents:
Includes correspondence re songs.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.562  1894 December

Contents:
Includes correspondence re songs.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.563  1895 January - June

Contents:
Includes correspondence re arrangements for concert, 21 February 1895.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.564  1895 July - August

Contents:
Chiefly re songs.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.565  1895 September - December, 1896 January

Contents:
Includes letters of congratulation on success in music examination [?at Oxford], October.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.566  1896 March 18-24

Administrative history:
Chiefly letters home from M.J. Montgomery (mother of Alicia Adelaide Needham) who was unwell and visiting her daughter in Clapham Park.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.567  1896 March 25-31

Contents:
Chiefly letters home from her mother.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.568  1896 April 1-6

Contents:
Chiefly letters home reporting on condition of her mother.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.569  1896 April 7-30

Contents:
Chiefly re illness of her mother.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.570  1896 May

Contents:
Chiefly re death of her mother.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.571  1896 June - December

Contents:
Includes telegrams of congratulation on passing music examination.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.572  1897-1899

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.573  1900

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.574  1901

Contents:
Includes letter re prize-giving at Stratford Music Festival, London. February, and notification of prize for song 'Innisfail' at Feis Ceoil.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.575  1901-1903, 1906

Contents:
'Letters from K.T.H.'. Letters from Katharine Tynan Hinkson, who wrote the words for a number of her songs 1901-1903, 1906.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.576  1902 January - March

Contents:
Includes invitations to lecture to National Literary Society, Dublin and to Celtic Association 'conversazione'; correspondence re prize-giving at Stratford Music Festival, March, and correspondence re possible concert before the King and Queen in Dublin.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.577  1902 April - August

Contents:
Includes telegrams of congratulation on her prize-winning song on coronation of Edward VII, and notification of her election as Associate of the Philharmonic Society.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.578  1902 September - December

Contents:
Includes letters re dedication of songs by Alicia Adelaide Needham.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.579  1903 January - February

Contents:
Includes notifications of election to Royal Academy Musical Union and of Feis Ceoil prize for song 'Servato Fidem'.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.580  1903 March - May

Contents:
Includes correspondence re adjudication of song competitions by The Girl's Realm, Sunday School Union and The Gentlewoman.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.581  1903 June - December

Contents:
Includes letters of thanks for copies of Alicia Adelaide Needham's collection of 'Soldiers' Songs'.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.582  1904, 1906

Contents:
Includes correspondence from Katharine Tynan Hinkson, 1906.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.583  1907

Contents:
Includes letters re dinner at the Irish Club, and letters to her father J.W. Montgomery re her financial situation.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.584  1908

Contents:
Chiefly letters to her father re financial situation.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.585  1909

Contents:
Letters to her father.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.586  1910

Contents:
Letters to her father.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.587  1911-1915

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.588  1917

Contents:
Chiefly drafts of letters to Lloyd George, Prime Minister, re possibility of civil list pension, and acknowledgements.

Other correspondents.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.589  1920

Contents:
?1931. Letter of congratulation to her son, possibly on publication of his book Chemical Embryology in 1931. The letter also includes Alicia Adelaide Needham's personal reflections.

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.590-A.596  [n.d.]

7 folders

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.590  n.d

Contents:
Addressed to 'Miss Montgomery'.

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.591  n.d

Contents:
Addressed to 'Mrs Needham'.

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.592  n.d

Contents:
Addressed to 'Del'. Chiefly from 'Bec'.

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.593  n.d

Contents:
Other letters to Alicia Adelaide Needham. Chiefly from family.

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.594  n.d

Contents:
Letters from Alicia Adelaide Needham to father and sisters.

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.595  n.d

Contents:
Letters to 'Eileen' from 'Bec'.

Undated or partially dated  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.596  n.d

Contents:
Other correspondents.

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.597  n.d

Contents:
Her mother's Bible, inscribed inside front cover by Alicia Adelaide Needham. With a little loose material intercalated.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.598  n.d

Contents:
Press-cuttings, greetings cards.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.599  n.d

Contents:
Accounts, receipts, bills and other financial papers.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.600  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes on financial prospects, personal difficulties etc.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.601  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous memorabilia.

Joseph Needham (father)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Joseph Needham was born in 1852. He became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1875 and graduated M.B., M.Chir from the University of Aberdeen in 1879. He died in 1920.

Joseph Needham (father)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.602, A.603  1871-1880

2 rolls

Contents:
Medical certificates, 1871-1880.

Joseph Needham (father)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.604  1877-1878

Contents:
Letters of congratulation to Needham on reducing the consumption of 'stimulants' and wine and spirits among in-patients at the London Hospital, 1877 and 1878. Needham was House Surgeon at the Hospital.

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.605-A.611  [n.d.]

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.605  1890-1891

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.606  1892

Contents:
Includes letters re patients and congratulations on marriage.

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.607  1893, 1894

Contents:
Includes letters re patients.

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.608  1895, 1900

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.609  1912-1914

Contents:
Includes notification of award of Coronation Medal for his work for the Police Ambulance Service of the Metropolitan Police, 1912, and correspondence re estate of Sir Wyke Bayliss, 1913-1914.

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.610  1919, 1920

Contents:
Re Needham's illness and death.

Correspondence and papers, 1890-1920.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.611  Nd

Contents:
Chiefly letters re patients.

John W. Montgomery (maternal grandfather)  [no ref. or date]

John W. Montgomery (maternal grandfather)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.612  n.d

Contents:
'My dearest Father Our pedigree etc'. Montgomery's letters so labelled by his daughter Alicia Adelaide Needham. Includes photographic negative of gravestone of his wife.

John W. Montgomery (maternal grandfather)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.613  1909

Contents:
Will, dated 1909.

John W. Montgomery (maternal grandfather)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.614-A.616  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
J.W. Montgomery contributed occasional articles under this title to the [?Belfast] Evening Telegraph giving geographical and topographical descriptions of parts of Ireland. It was suggested these be collected and published in book form.

Contents:
'A delightful holiday'.

John W. Montgomery (maternal grandfather)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.614  n.d

Contents:
Letter re possible publication; list of chapters.

Drafts of chapters.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.615  n.d

Contents:
'The Irish Poor Laws' and 'Round Mourne', paginated 1-9, 30-32.

Drafts of chapters.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.616  n.d

Contents:
'Lough Sheelin, co. Cavan' and 'Lough Fea, co. Monaghan', paginated 44-51.

Dorothy Mary Moyle Needham (first wife)  [no ref. or date]


Related information: The principal archive of the papers of Dorothy Needham is deposited in the Library of Girton College Cambridge. The papers are catalogued as NCUACS 22/7/90 and NCUACS 37/5/92.

Administrative history:
Dorothy Mary Moyle (1896-1987) was a fellow researcher in the Cambridge Biochemistry Department. She married Joseph Needham in 1924.

Dorothy Mary Moyle Needham (first wife)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.617  1928-1987

Contents:
Typescript draft of tribute to Dorothy Needham by Joseph Needham, written after her death in December 1987.
Lists of publications to ca.1932.
Notification of payment from Beit Memorial Fellowship, 1928.

Duplicated typescript and printed material from societies and organisations supported by Dorothy Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.618-A.621  [n.d.]

Duplicated typescript and printed material from societies and organisations supported by Dorothy Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.618  1957

Contents:
Permanent International Committee of Mothers, 1957.

Duplicated typescript and printed material from societies and organisations supported by Dorothy Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.619  1964

Contents:
National Assembly of Women, 1964.

Duplicated typescript and printed material from societies and organisations supported by Dorothy Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.620  1965-1973

Contents:
British Federation of University Women, 1965, 1972, 1973.

Duplicated typescript and printed material from societies and organisations supported by Dorothy Needham.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.621  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous.

Lu Gwei-Djen (second wife)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lu (1904-1991) was a biochemist. Educated at Ginling College, Nanking, she went to Cambridge as a postgraduate to study under Dorothy Needham in 1937. She became a very close friend of the Needhams and was one of those who inspired Joseph Needham to begin his study of Chinese language and civilisation. After the war Lu served with the UNESCO Section of Natural Sciences in Paris and then in 1957 returned to Cambridge where she was to collaborate with Needham on his multi-volume history Science and Civilisation in China. Lu married Needham in 1989.

Lu Gwei-Djen (second wife)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.622  1991

Contents:
Obituaries, 1991.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Wilson (d.1939) was Matron at Cardiff Infirmary when war broke out in South Africa in 1899. She volunteered for service in March 1900 and was accepted for service in June. She took four other nurses from the Cardiff Infirmary and served as Matron of the South African Field Force 'Langman Hospital'. She was released from service in December following the capture of Pretoria by Field Marshal Lord Roberts. She was awarded the South African War Medal in 1901. Wilson volunteered again in 1901 and 1902 to serve in South Africa but her services were not required.

Contents:
Contents of box-file labelled 'South African War Papers of Eliz. Montgomery Wilson R.R.C. Army Nursing Service'.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.623  1878-1924

Contents:
Lists of posts held, ca.1878-1924, and service up to South African War.
Testimonial from Derby Royal Infirmary, April 1897.
Member of General Council of Royal British Nurses' Association, May 1899.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.624  1900

Contents:
Correspondence, April - August 1900. Includes telegrams from Army Nursing Service Reserve re service in South Africa.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.625  1900

Contents:
Correspondence, October - December 1900. Includes letter from Lord Roberts thanking her for her service, 7 October.

Memorabilia from South Africa.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.626-A.631  [n.d.]

Memorabilia from South Africa.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.626  n.d

Contents:
Mounted photographs of South African campaign: military units, field hospitals etc.

Memorabilia from South Africa.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.627  1900

Contents:
Tin box, 6" x 3½", sent to troops in 'South Africa 1900'. Contains three miniature photographs ?of Wilson (two in nurse's uniform) and coins of the South African Republic.

Memorabilia from South Africa.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.628  1900

Contents:
Orders, July, August 1900.

Memorabilia from South Africa.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.629  1900

Contents:
Copies of typescript reports on the war sent by Lord Roberts to his wife, September 1900, and sent on by Lady Roberts to Wilson.

Memorabilia from South Africa.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.630  n.d

Contents:
Letters and copies of letters of appreciation.

Memorabilia from South Africa.  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.631  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous. Includes social invitations.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.632  1901

Contents:
Correspondence, 1901. Includes letters from South Africa.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.633  1902-1903

Contents:
Correspondence, 1902-1903. Includes letter re possible service in South Africa.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.634  1905-1939

Contents:
Correspondence, 1905-1923 and nd. Includes letter extending Wilson's service with the Army Nursing Service Reserve, 1907.
Manuscript codicil to Will, 1 May 1939.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.635  1900-1916

Contents:
Signed photographs and related correspondence:
Lord Roberts, 13 October 1900, with correspondence 1912 and photograph of ?Roberts visiting Cardiff Infirmary 1916.
Lord Kitchener, with letter November 1900.
Baden-Powell, 5 February 1901, with letter 1903, and reproduction of annotated sketch he sent to Wilson.

Elizabeth A. Montgomery Wilson (cousin)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.636  n.d

Contents:
Three photographs of Wilson.
Envelope of miscellaneous photographs.

Photographs  [no ref. or date]

Photographs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.637  n.d

Contents:
Alicia Adelaide Needham. 3 photographs.
Alicia Adelaide Needham with son. 2 photographs.

Photographs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.638  n.d

Contents:
Joseph Needham (father). 2 photographs.
Joseph Needham (father) with son. 1 photograph.

Photographs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.639  n.d

1 negative, 2 photographs

Contents:
Joseph Needham as child.

Photographs  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.640, A.641  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
Unidentified

CLUBS, ASSOCIATIONS AND OTHER INTERESTS  [no ref. or date]

Association of Scientific, Technical and Managerial Staffs (ASTMS)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.642, A.643  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
This Trade Union was formed in 1968 by an amalgamation of the Association of Supervisory Staffs, Executives and Technicians and the Association of Scientific Workers (ASW). Needham had been a member of the ASW.

Association of Scientific, Technical and Managerial Staffs (ASTMS)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.642  1970-1975

Contents:
Correspondence and papers 1970-1971, 1975. Includes correspondence re Cambridge University branch of ASTMS and formation of Cambridge University Trade Union Committee 1970.

Association of Scientific, Technical and Managerial Staffs (ASTMS)  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.643  n.d

Contents:
Printed material.

Clubs, Associations and other Interests  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.644  c1960

Contents:
Association of University Teachers
Printed and duplicated typescript material, 1960s.

Cambridge Cyrene Community  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.645-A.647  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Cambridge Cyrene Community (formerly the Simon Community) was an organisation formed in 1965 to provide shelter and support for homeless people in Cambridge.

Cambridge Cyrene Community  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.645  1967-1968

Contents:
Issues of 'Simon Star', national newsletter of Simon Communities, 1967-1968 (not a complete sequence).

Cambridge Cyrene Community  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.646  1969-1974

Contents:
Newsletters of Cambridge Simon and Cambridge Cyrene Communities, 1969-1974 (not a complete sequence).

Cambridge Cyrene Community  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.647  1969-1975

Contents:
Miscellaneous circulars, appeals etc. 1969-1975.

Clubs, Associations and other Interests  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.648, A.649  1969-1972

2 folders

Administrative history:
The Community Settlement was founded to do voluntary community work in the Westminster and Kensington areas of London.

Contents:
Community Settlement
Annual reports, appeals 1969-1972.

Clubs, Associations and other Interests  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.650  1970

Contents:
National and Local Government Officers Association (NALGO)
Printed material 1970.

Clubs, Associations and other Interests  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.651  1923-1972

Administrative history:
Needham had been a pupil at Oundle School 1914-1918.

Contents:
Old Oundelian Club
Order of service for consecration of Oundle School Memorial Chapel, 1923; appeal, 1972; list of members, 1972.

Clubs, Associations and other Interests  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.652  1966-1972

Contents:
Oxford and Cambridge University Club
Papers re future of Club, 1966-1972.

Clubs, Associations and other Interests  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.653, A.654  1963-1972 and nd

2 folders

Contents:
Miscellaneous national and international charitable appeals.

Clubs, Associations and other Interests  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.655  1968-1971

Contents:
Miscellaneous Cambridge charitable appeals

SOCIAL ENGAGEMENTS AND INVITATIONS  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Most of the pre-1950 material relates to events at Cambridge, including menus and programmes from college functions and programmes from theatre visits. The later material includes programmes for theatre visits, brochures for exhibitions, etc.

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.656  1919, 1922

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.657  1923

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.658  1924

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.659  1925

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.660  1926, 1927

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.661  1928

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.662  1929

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.663  1930

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.664  1931

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.665  1932

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.666  1933

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.667  1934

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.668  1935

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.669  1936

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.670  1937, 1941, 1950

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.671  1956-1969

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.672  1956-1972

Contents:
Re paintings by Nancy Kuo.

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.673  1970-1972

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.674  1973

Social Engagements and Invitations  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.675-A.677  Nd

3 folders

FINANCIAL  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folders. Include some financial information relating to Dorothy Needham.

Financial  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.678-A.684  1933-1954

7 folders

Contents:
'Old income tax file'.
Includes material re income from stocks 1933-1937, maintenance of Needham's mother, 1939-1940, estate of Needham's parents and cousin Elizabeth A.M. Wilson, correspondence with Inland Revenue re income tax and surtax 1947-1954, etc.

Financial  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.685-A.688  1942-1950

4 folders

Contents:
'J.N. Accounts'.
Correspondence and papers, 1942-1950, re British Council funding for Needham's work in China. Includes lists of expenses, receipts etc.

Financial  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.689-A.692  1946-1959

4 folders

Contents:
'Unesco Westminster Foreign Bank'.
Correspondence and papers, 1946-1948, re salary and expenses while working for UNESCO, and money retained in French bank account 1949-1959.

Financial  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.693  1946-1959

Contents:
Chequebook stubs, 1946-1959.

MISCELLANEOUS  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.694  c1957

Contents:
Sketch of Needham, made at 'Congress of Exp. Biol.'
Newspaper cutting from Moscow News, 1 January 1957, with greetings to Joseph and Dorothy Needham from V.A. Engelhardt.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/A.695  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes; memorabilia.

SECTION B CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.1-B.388  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham spent his whole academic career at Cambridge. He was an undergraduate at Gonville and Caius College 1918-1922 and from 1922 to 1924 held a Benn Levy Studentship for postgraduate research under F.G. Hopkins. He was University Demonstrator in Biochemistry 1928-1933 and Sir William Dunn Reader in Biochemistry 1933-1966. Needham became a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College in 1924, and served as Master 1966-1976.
In addition to his membership of the Department of Biochemistry Needham was influential from the mid-1930s in the establishment of the history and philosophy of science as an accepted academic discipline in Cambridge University. He served on the History of Science Lectures Committee and its successors the History of Science Committee and the History and Philosophy of Science Committee. In recognition of his pioneering work on the history and civilisation of China Needham was appointed a member of the Faculty Board of Oriental Languages (later Oriental Studies) in 1949.

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.260 DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.261- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.297 UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.298- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.368 HISTORY OF SCIENCE COMMITTEE
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.369- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.376 FACULTY BOARD OF ORIENTAL STUDIES
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.377- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.388 GONVILLE AND CAIUS COLLEGE

DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.41 Funding and administration of research
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.42- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.230 Lectures
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.231- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.234 Requests to visit
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.235- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.260 General and miscellaneous

Funding and administration of research  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.1- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.20 Royal Society
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.21- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.30 Rockefeller Foundation
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.31- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.33 Other grants
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.34- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.41 Drugs, equipment etc

Royal Society  [no ref. or date]

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.1-B.19  [n.d.]

Contents:
Between 1925 and 1943, with a break in 1929 when Needham was in the USA, the Royal Society provided Needham with annual grants for equipment and supplies for research on this subject. The material comprises notifications of the sums awarded, Needham's accounts, invoices and receipts for goods bought with money from the grants, and lists of papers and research carried out for the year of the grant.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.1  1925-1943

Contents:
Needham's manuscript list of Royal Society grants 1925-1943.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.2  1925-1927

Contents:
1925-1926; 1926-1927.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.3  1927-1928

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.4  1929-1930

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.5  1930-1931

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.6  1931-1932

Contents:
Includes 'List of papers published since the last report'.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.7  1932-1933

Contents:
Includes 'References to transactions, journals, etc in which results have been printed since the date of the last report' and application for an emergency grant.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.8  1933-1934

Contents:
Includes 'Investigations in progress or projected'.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.9, B.10  1934-1935

2 folders

Contents:
Includes (at NCUACS 54.3.95/B.9) 'List of [published] papers' and list of main research activities.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.11  1935-1936

Contents:
Includes 'List of papers'.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.12, B.13  1936-1937

2 folders.

Contents:
Includes (at NCUACS 54.3.95/B.12) 'List of papers'.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.14  1937-1938

Contents:
Includes 'List of papers'.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.15  1938-1939

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.16  1939

Administrative history:
Needham imported newts from Poland, rather than Germany, on political grounds. However, on receipt of Bayger's claim for over 540 zlotys in expenses (to be set against the Royal Society grant) W.W. Nowinski, a Pole doing research under Needham in Cambridge, suggested the figure was far too high. Bayger wrote to Needham explaining his expenses and defending his integrity.

Contents:
'The remarkable Bayger correspondence Laying-season of 1939'. Contents of Needham's envelope so inscribed: correspondence re supply of specimens of newts from Poland by J.A. Bayger, May 1939.

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.17  1939-1940

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.18  1940-1941

Metabolism of the developing egg.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.19  1941-1942; 1942-1943

Administrative history:
Needham received awards for both these periods but in neither case was able to spend all the grant money and returned the unspent balance to the Royal Society.

Royal Society  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.20  n.d

Contents:
Notice of award of Royal Society grant to F.G. Hopkins from the Messel Fund, 17 November 1938; 'Report to the Royal Society on the grant made to Sir F.G. Hopkins for the work of Dr J. Needham and Mr C.H. Waddington on chemical aspects of organiser phenomena in amphibia (1938-1939)' by Needham.

Rockefeller Foundation  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
In 1934 the Rockefeller Foundation expressed its intention to fund work in the areas of embryology and genetics. Needham sought support from the Foundation for a research institute to bring together the various aspects of embryology then being studied in Cambridge. However, concern in Cambridge over the number of medical students entering the university (which included some studying in the biochemistry department) led to the plans for the institute being suspended in October 1936. The correspondence and papers document proposals put forward and negotiations arising.

Contents:
There is also a little material relating to Needham's attempts to find funding at a more modest scale for his own and his colleagues' embryological research, and correspondence and papers from 1940 relating to the Foundation's concern for the future of science in the event of Nazi victory in Europe.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.21-B.30  [n.d.]

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.21  1934


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/E.112.

Contents:
Includes 14pp draft letter to W.E. Tisdale, Assistant Director of the Foundation, setting out Needham's thoughts on the possible development of embryology in Cambridge with Rockefeller support.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.22  1935 January, February

Contents:
Includes draft memorandum by D.M. Wrinch, re requirements for an institute of embryology in the area of x-ray analysis, and 6pp draft of letter from Needham to Tisdale incorporating points made by Wrinch.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.23  1935 March - June

Contents:
Includes letter to the Secretary General of the Faculties suggesting the vacant Jacksonian Chair of Experimental Philosophy should be filled by a 'crystal physicist', and 4pp typescript 'Concrete memorandum forwarded to Rockefeller Foundation, June 16th 1935'.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.24  1935 July - November

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.25  1936 January - August

Contents:
Chiefly re support for C.H. Waddington. Also includes 7pp typescript draft of Needham's 'Memorandum to the Vice-Chancellor and the Council of the Senate on the question of the extension of the Biochemical Laboratory'.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.26  1936 September - December

Contents:
Includes final version of Needham's 'Memorandum...' as sent to the Vice-Chancellor, and correspondence and papers re possible Rockefeller funding for an extension to the Strangeways Research Laboratory. This was linked to a proposal that Needham and C.H. Waddington's work on embryology might be done at Strangeways.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.27  ca.1936

Contents:
11pp typescript 'Memorandum on Cambridge work on Organiser Phenomena'.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.28  1937, 1938

Contents:
Includes correspondence with F.G. Hopkins re attempts to secure funding for research.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.29  1940

Administrative history:
Early in 1940 W. Weaver of the Rockefeller Foundation wrote to American colleagues asking them to suggest areas of science where Europeans were making the sole or significant progress, and to name individuals of key importance. He passed the results on to J.S. Huxley for information who circulated them to Needham and others.

Contents:
Correspondence re funding of science in Europe.

Correspondence, chiefly with officials of the Rockefeller Foundation, and papers re the plans for the institute and grants to Needham and his researchers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.30  1941-1942

Contents:
Chiefly re grants to Needham for work on the shape of protein molecules.

Other grants  [no ref. or date]

Other grants  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.31  1934-1935

Contents:
Accounts etc for 'Special grant 1934-5' to C.H. Waddington.

Other grants  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.32  1938

Contents:
Correspondence re unsuccessful applications for funding 1938.
Includes correspondence with the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Sir Halley Stewart Trust, Leverhulme Research Fellowships Committee and the Josiah Macy Jr Foundation.

Other grants  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.33  ca.1939

Contents:
Draft application for research work on organiser phenomena.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  [no ref. or date]

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.34  1922

Contents:
Chemicals; universal Condenser; micro-dissection apparatus; inositol.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.35  1923 June, July, October

Contents:
Rubber; laboratory rats.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.36  1923 November, December

Contents:
Rubber; mistletoe.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.37  1924

Contents:
Chemicals; pyrex glassware.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.38  1925

Contents:
Micro-camera; colour reproduction.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.39  1926-1930, nd

Contents:
Fish etc from Scottish Marine Biological Association, Millport; chemicals; micro-dissection apparatus; other scientific instruments.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.40  1920

Contents:
Printed sales material for optical equipment, 1920s.

Drugs, equipment etc; Correspondence and papers, 1922-1942.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.41  1937, 1942

Contents:
Importation of insects; scientific instruments.

Lectures  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
The papers in this section were found in Needham's folders. The material was principally used by Needham for updating his lectures on biochemistry to postgraduates.
The folders bore Needham's inscriptions listing the subjects covered by the material in the folders and usually an abbreviation referring to the course for which the material was pertinent. The abbreviations 'CB', 'CP' and 'CPB' refer to courses in comparative biochemistry, 'CE' or similar refers to a course in Chemical Embryology, 'IRA' to biochemical aspects of Integration, Regulation and Adaptation, and 'CE/IRA' to a combined course in the two given in the mid-1960s. These folders were in some cases also numbered. Some of the material was used in more than one course. A number of folders are very heavily inscribed and therefore have themselves also been preserved. Some of the material was also used by Needham in the preparation of his 1955 review article in the Annual Review of Physiology 17 (see NCUACS 54.3.95/F.353, NCUACS 54.3.95/F.354) - many folders bear the inscription 'ARP 54/55' or similar.
The material is chiefly bibliographical references, notes on the literature and offprints. Many of the offprints have been annotated by Needham, some extensively, and some offprints have manuscript notes intercalated. The bulk of the material dates from the 1950s and 1960s although there is older material in some of the folders. There are also syllabuses and instructions for practical work.
The catalogue entries give the abbreviation (where possible) and the main titles found on the folders.
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.42- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.116 Comparative Biochemistry
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.117- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.145 Chemical Embryology
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.146- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.174 (Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.175- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.193 Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.194- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.229 Other folders
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.230 Crystallography

Comparative Biochemistry  [no ref. or date]

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.42  1934-1942

Contents:
'CP/Practical etc (old)'. Includes material re teaching comparative biochemistry 1934; correspondence from E.J. Allen, Director of Marine Biological Association Plymouth Laboratory, re supply of specimens, February 1935; timetables for Part II lectures Michaelmas term 1941 and Lent term 1942; list of 'Part II course criticisms'; manuscript notes.

'General & introductory CP/1 biochemistry and evolution'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.43-B.47  [n.d.]

'General & introductory CP/1 biochemistry and evolution'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.43  1954-1960

Contents:
'Biochemistry Post-Graduate course' on comparative biochemistry, 6pp typescript, 1 March 1954; manuscript notes on course and students 1957-1960.

'General & introductory CP/1 biochemistry and evolution'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.44  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript and typescript notes.

'General & introductory CP/1 biochemistry and evolution'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.45  n.d

Contents:
'Fifties new discoveries "sensations" ': chiefly press-cuttings, offprints re discovery of living coelacanth.

'General & introductory CP/1 biochemistry and evolution'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.46  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by M. Florkin.

'General & introductory CP/1 biochemistry and evolution'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.47  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.48, B.49  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
'Comp. Biochem. of Vision CP/1'. Offprints of G. Wald.

'Comp. Biochem of Vision Retinene etc CP/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.50-B.52  [n.d.]

'Comp. Biochem of Vision Retinene etc CP/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.50  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes.

'Comp. Biochem of Vision Retinene etc CP/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.51  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by Wald.

'Comp. Biochem of Vision Retinene etc CP/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.52  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.53  n.d

Contents:
'Phosphagens CP/1'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.54  n.d

Contents:
'CP/1 phylogenetic phenomena'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.55, B.56  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
'CP/1 Offprints'.

'Chem. ecol. CP/1 or 2'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.57, B.58  [n.d.]

'Chem. ecol. CP/1 or 2'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.57  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Chem. ecol. CP/1 or 2'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.58  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by G.E. Hutchinson.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.59  n.d

Contents:
'Accumulators Mg, Al, As, Sr esp V, Ni CP/2'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.60-B.63  n.d

4 folders

Contents:
'Oceanography & Limnology CP/2'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Kidney excrn papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.64, B.65  [n.d.]

'Kidney excrn papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.64  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes; offprints by H.W. Smith.

'Kidney excrn papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.65  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

'Osmoreguln papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.66-B.69  [n.d.]

'Osmoreguln papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.66  1944

Contents:
Manuscript and typescript draft ?for lecture on 'int. & ext. medium habita[?t] water-relns', includes one page dated 1944; manuscript graphs, notes.

'Osmoreguln papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.67  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by J.A. Ramsay.

'Osmoreguln papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.68  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by V.B. Wigglesworth.

'Osmoreguln papers CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.69  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.70  n.d

Contents:
'Osmoregn 1 CP/'. Manuscript notes.

'Osmoregn 2 CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.71-B.73  [n.d.]

'Osmoregn 2 CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.71  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes and tables.

'Osmoregn 2 CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.72  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by J.D. Robertson.

'Osmoregn 2 CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.73  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

'Osmoregn 3 & resp[iratio]n'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.74-B.76  [n.d.]

'Osmoregn 3 & resp[iratio]n'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.74  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes.

'Osmoregn 3 & resp[iratio]n'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.75  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by J.R. Robinson.

'Osmoregn 3 & resp[iratio]n'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.76  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

'Transition water-land CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.77-B.79  [n.d.]

'Transition water-land CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.77  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes.

'Transition water-land CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.78  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by P.F. Scholander.

'Transition water-land CP/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.79  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.80-B.82  n.d

3 folders

Contents:
'Transition water-land metabolic rate adaptation'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.83  n.d

Contents:
'Animal luminescence CP/'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.84  n.d

Contents:
'Inorg. metab. CP/'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect waxes & water-loss CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.85, B.86  [n.d.]

'Insect waxes & water-loss CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.85  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect waxes & water-loss CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.86  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by V.B.Wigglesworth.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.87  n.d

Contents:
'Lipins, sterols & waxes Fats CP/'. Letter from N.W. Pirie re evolution and fat composition; manuscript notes; offprints.

'Lectures on sterols and related substances'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.88, B.89  [n.d.]

'Lectures on sterols and related substances'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.88  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript lecture notes for 'Advanced class'.

'Lectures on sterols and related substances'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.89  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes on 'Metabolic rate of hydrocarbons'; duplicated typescript formulae and manuscript list of hydrocarbons.

'Nitrogen bases CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.90-B.93  [n.d.]

'Nitrogen bases CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.90-B.92  n.d

3 folders

Contents:
Typescript lecture notes and tables on trimethylamine oxide, choline, betaines and other compounds, paginated 1-102.

'Nitrogen bases CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.93  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Nitrogen excretion CP/ mem Some notes in CE prot excr. file'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.94-B.97  [n.d.]

'Nitrogen excretion CP/ mem Some notes in CE prot excr. file'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.94  n.d

Contents:
27pp typescript notes + figures and tables (?for slides).

'Nitrogen excretion CP/ mem Some notes in CE prot excr. file'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.95  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes on nitrogen excretion in various classes of animals.

'Nitrogen excretion CP/ mem Some notes in CE prot excr. file'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.96, B.97  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
Offprints.

'Nitrogen metabolism enzymes etc CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.98, B.99  [n.d.]

'Nitrogen metabolism enzymes etc CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.98  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes.

'Nitrogen metabolism enzymes etc CP/'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.99  n.d

Contents:
Offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.100  n.d

Contents:
'pH reguln & anaerobiosis CP/'. Manuscript notes.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.101  n.d

Contents:
'Pigments (other than anthraquinone) (may follow on from sterols etc) CP/'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.102  n.d

Contents:
'Pigments, anthraquinone (for following up quinons and tanning)'. Manuscript notes, offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.103  n.d

Contents:
'Pigments, lipochromes carotenoids'. Typescript notes on carotenoids, paginated 12-21, + figures; manuscript notes; offprints.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.104  n.d

Contents:
'Respn & Resp. pigments' CP/'.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.105  n.d

Contents:
'Carbohydrate metabolism CB/'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.106, B.107  n.d

2 folders.

Contents:
'CPB/8 nutrition general digestion'. Manuscript notes and offprints (chiefly by D.A. Waterhouse and R.F. Powing).

Comparative Biochemistry  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.108, B.109  n.d

2 folders.

Contents:
'CPB/8 Symbionts in reln to digestive enzymes'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'CPB/8 Symbionts in relation to synthesis of essential food substances'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.110-B.112  [n.d.]

'CPB/8 Symbionts in relation to synthesis of essential food substances'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.110  n.d

Contents:
Issue of Research Today 3 (1946) on 'The chemistry of B vitamins' with manuscript notes and offprints intercalated.

'CPB/8 Symbionts in relation to synthesis of essential food substances'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.111  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by G. Fraenkel.

'CPB/8 Symbionts in relation to synthesis of essential food substances'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.112  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by others.

'Comp. Bioch Practical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.113-B.116  [n.d.]

'Comp. Bioch Practical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.113  1928-1934

Contents:
Schedule of work for advanced class, 1933 and 1934; correspondence 1928-1934, chiefly re specimens and supply of fish etc; printed information re aquaria; list of demonstrations for comparative biochemistry; course description for experimental biology; duplicated typescript instruction sheets for biochemistry practical work.

'Comp. Bioch Practical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.114-B.116  n.d

3 folders.

Contents:
Manuscript notes; duplicated typescript instruction sheets.

Chemical Embryology  [no ref. or date]

'Chemical embryology O.S. CE/'  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.117, B.118  [n.d.]

'Chemical embryology O.S. CE/'  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.117  1928 - 1963, nd

Contents:
Syllabuses and schedules of Needham's lectures 1928 (for course titled 'Chemical aspects of growth and differentiation. (Metazoa)'), 1933-1938, 1953, 1956, 1961, 1963 and nd.

'Chemical embryology O.S. CE/'  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.118  1934

Contents:
Manuscript notes; Needham's envelope containing 'Pictures I want lantern slides of'; booklet of biological and anatomical natural history models sent to Needham 1934.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.119  n.d

Contents:
'Absorption (role of membranes yolk structure etc) CE/1'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.120  n.d

Contents:
'Egg Chem. Constit. Normal developmt CE/1'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.121  n.d

Contents:
'Constit & Cleidocity CE/1'. Letter from M. Lafon, 1948, re work on chemical embryology; manuscript notes.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.122  n.d

Contents:
'Water & pH relations CE/1'. Manuscript notes; offprints; figures.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.123  n.d

Contents:
'Egg Carb Metab CE/2'. Duplicated typescript lists of dehydrogenases, the glycolysis system, flavoproteins; manuscript notes.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.124  n.d

Contents:
'Egg Fats, Lipins, Steroids Metab. CE/2'. Manuscript notes; offprints; figures.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.125  n.d

Contents:
'Egg P, Ca Metab CE/2'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.126  n.d

Contents:
'Carbo. glycogen Claude Bernard onward CE/2'. Manuscript notes; figures

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.127  n.d

Contents:
'Horm - blood-sugar - especially relating to carbo-metab. CE/2'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.128  n.d

Contents:
'Vit CE/2'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.129  n.d

Contents:
'Energetics CE/3'. Manuscript notes.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.130  n.d

Contents:
'Egg catabolism Respn Metab. rate CE/3, 4'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.131  1951

Contents:
'Chem diffn of special tissues CE/4'. Material re Ph.D. examination (on the biochemistry of muscle development) 1951; manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.132  1955-1965

Contents:
'Egg Growth differentiation determination heteranxesis CE/4'. Manuscript notes; figures; offprints, with letters re offprints 1955 and 1965.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.133  n.d

Contents:
'Egg Prot[ein] Metab Anabolic CE/4'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.134  n.d

Contents:
'Prot. Metab. Anabolic [...] CE/4'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.135  n.d

Contents:
'Prot. Metab. catabolic N-excm etc CE/4'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.136  n.d

Contents:
'Spiegelman [...] CE/4'. Manuscript and typescript notes on work by S. Spiegelman; offprint by Spiegelman.

Chemical Embryology  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.137  c.1940

Contents:
'Feather formation CE/5'. Manuscript notes 1940s.

'Placenta CE/6'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.138, B.139  [n.d.]

'Placenta CE/6'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.138  1931 and 1961

Contents:
Letter from A. St G. Huggett, 21 February 1931, with his comments on the proofs of Needham's section on 'Biochemistry of the placental barrier' in Chemical Embryology, with copy of the section; correspondence with A.H. Gordon re amino-acid levels in the amniotic and allantoic fluids, 1961.

'Placenta CE/6'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.139  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Nuclear - cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.140-B.145  [n.d.]

Contents:
Needham's folders so inscribed. These folders were also all inscribed 'transferred to CE', and with titles and other notes reproduced in the catalogue entries.

'Nuclear - cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.140  n.d

Contents:
'Classical work DNA & RNA invertebrate (holoblastic equal) ech[inoderms]. moll[uscs].' Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Nuclear - cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.141  n.d

Contents:
'DNA & RNA amphib unequal holoblastic'. Manuscript notes; offprints

'Nuclear - cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.142  n.d

Contents:
'DNA RNA syn+G dg. emb. devel. Chick (classical chem. NPR) (meroblastic)'. Manuscript notes; figures.

'Nuclear - cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.143  n.d

Contents:
'NPR mamm. tissues & tiss-cults (relns of other entities to DNA; Davidson et suis)'. Manuscript notes; offprints by J.N. Davidson.

'Nuclear - cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.144  n.d

Contents:
'Developmental block [...]'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Nuclear - cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.145  n.d

Contents:
'Metab. of nucleate and non-nucleate fragments of cells'. Manuscript notes; offprints by J. Brachet.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  [no ref. or date]

'[...] Metabolic Integration, Regulation & Adaptation in Multicellular organisms standing orders IRA/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.146-B.149  [n.d.]

'[...] Metabolic Integration, Regulation & Adaptation in Multicellular organisms standing orders IRA/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.146  1921

Contents:
Needham's manuscript notes of lectures on 'Physico-Chemical Cytology' given by R.A. Peters, dated 1921.

'[...] Metabolic Integration, Regulation & Adaptation in Multicellular organisms standing orders IRA/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.147  1950-1952

Contents:
Manuscript and typescript summaries, schedules etc for courses 1950-1952. Includes exchange with F.G. Young re length of Needham's course.

'[...] Metabolic Integration, Regulation & Adaptation in Multicellular organisms standing orders IRA/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.148  1953-1957, nd

Contents:
Manuscript and typescript summaries, schedules etc for courses 1953-1957 and nd.

'[...] Metabolic Integration, Regulation & Adaptation in Multicellular organisms standing orders IRA/1'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.149  1957

Lists of topics (in English and Czech) and slides.

Contents:
'Recent advances in the biochemistry of organiser phenomena in vertebrate embryology', Prague, 1957.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.150  n.d

Contents:
'General & +Georetical IRA/1'. Manuscript and typescript notes, some relating to history of study in the area.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.151  n.d

Contents:
'Analysis of cell structure and function [...] IRA/1'. Manuscript notes.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.152  n.d

Contents:
'Subcellular morphology and biochemistry IRA/1'. Manuscript notes; offprint; duplicated sheets for Part 1B biochemistry course.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.153  n.d

Contents:
'Histochem (sensu stricto) IRA/1 or 2'. Manuscript notes.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.154  n.d

Contents:
'Claude etc [...] IRA/2'. Manuscript notes on pioneering work of A. Claude.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.155  n.d

Contents:
'Micro-manipulation microdissection & microinjection IRA/2'. Manuscript notes; duplicated typescript papers on work of J. Comandon and P. De Fonbrune.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.156  n.d

Contents:
'Mitochondria Golgi bodies Cleavage asters IRA/2'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.157  n.d

Contents:
'Nuclear-cytoplasmic relations [...] IRA/2'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.158  n.d

Contents:
'Ultramicrochemical techniques in general Cylinder technique IRA/2'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.159  n.d

Contents:
'Ultramicrorespirometry (mainly protozoa) IRA/2 [and CE/5]'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.160  n.d

Contents:
'Acetabularia biochemical work Brachet et suis Hämmerling epigoni IRA/3'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.161  n.d

Contents:
'Amp prim. org[anise]r biochem. mech. of induction contd IRA/3'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Biochem & morphogenesis lects Prim & Sec Organisers IRA/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.162-B.164  [n.d.]

'Biochem & morphogenesis lects Prim & Sec Organisers IRA/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.162  1961

Contents:
Duplicated typescript list of lectures and Needham's manuscript notes on lectures by C.P. Raven and J. Pasteels at 'Edinburgh Entwicklungsmechanik Symposium March 1951' (see also NCUACS 54.3.95.H.83); manuscript notes (in French) for '3 lectures at Lyon April 1951' (see also NCUACS 54.3.95.H.84); 'Suggested breakdown of 4 lectures on morphogenesis and differentiation...', 21 December 1961.

'Biochem & morphogenesis lects Prim & Sec Organisers IRA/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.163  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes; offprints; etc.

'Biochem & morphogenesis lects Prim & Sec Organisers IRA/3'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.164  n.d

Contents:
Offprints by Needham.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.165  n.d

Contents:
'Enzyme-profiles nucleus & cytoplasm IRA/3'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.166  1954

Contents:
'Subcellular morphol. & biochem. [...] IRA/3'. Manuscript notes, including notes on lecture by de Duve 5 March 1954.

'Nuclear-cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.167-B.169  [n.d.]

Contents:
Needham's folders so inscribed. These folders were also inscribed 'IRA/4' and with titles reproduced in the catalogue entries and other notes.

'Nuclear-cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.167  n.d

Contents:
'General picture DNA RNA functions [...]'.
Manuscript notes; duplicated typescript reference lists for lectures on biosynthesis in micro-organisms.

'Nuclear-cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.168  n.d

Contents:
'General picture DNA RNA functions [...]'.
Offprints.

'Nuclear-cytoplasmic relations'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.169  n.d

Contents:
'Isolation and transplantation [...]'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.170  n.d

Contents:
'Parthenogenesis Einsele-Shaver ribonuclease as anti-mitotic'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.171  n.d

Contents:
'Secondary conductors IRA/5-7'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.172  n.d

Contents:
'Toivonen [...] IRA/5-7'. Manuscript notes.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.173  n.d

Contents:
'Anisometric molecules Flow birefringence and anomalous viscosity [...] IRA 5'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

(Biochemical aspects of) Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.174  1952

Contents:
'Plant inductors hormones IRA/8'. Manuscript notes; offprints; request from American Society of Plant Physiologists to comment on recommendations for terminology of chemical regulators in plants, 1952.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
These folders were found between two markers indicating the 'Beginning' and the 'End of combined CE/IRA 63 65'.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.175  1965

Contents:
'CE/IRA'. Manuscript outline of course October 1965.
'Concluding ideas'. Manuscript 'table for conclusion of whole IRA course'.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.176  n.d

Contents:
'Before Amo prim org[anise]r [...] IRA/2'. Manuscript notes.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.177  1957

Contents:
'Amphib primary organiser RNA proteins fractionation CE/IRA 65'. Manuscript notes, some from 'JEEM conference' April 1957.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.178  n.d

Contents:
'Amphib primary organiser RNA proteins and transmission CE/IRA 65'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.179  n.d

Contents:
'Anisometric molecules fibrillar protoplasmic structure [...] IRA/7'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.180  n.d

Contents:
'Anisometric molecules other fibrillar structures [...] IRA/5'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.181  n.d

Contents:
'Dissociability of fundamental processes IRA CE/5'. Manuscript notes; proofs of article by Needham 'Dissociability of fundamental processes', Biological Reviews 8 (1933); offprints; figures.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.182  n.d

Contents:
'Ech. development double-gradient system [...]'. Manuscript notes.

Chemical Embryology/Integration, Regulation and Adaptation  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.183  n.d

Contents:
'Hormones Inverts in gen. Crust IRA/10'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.184-B.186  [n.d.]

Contents:
Needham's folders so inscribed. These folders were also inscribed with titles, which are reproduced in the catalogue entries, and other notes.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.184  n.d

Contents:
'Biochem & metab. during CE/6'. Manuscript notes; duplicated typescript sheets; offprints.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.185  n.d

Contents:
'Hormones reviews and ideas IRA/10 & CE/8'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.186  n.d

Contents:
'Hormones papers IRA/10 & CE/8'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.187  n.d

Contents:
'[...] Lithium story [...]'. Manuscript notes.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.188  n.d

Contents:
'Mitosis (birefringence [...]) IRA/7'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.189  n.d

Contents:
'Mitosis mitotic inhibitors [...] IRA/ temporarily omitted'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.190  n.d

Contents:
'Mosaic egg biochem. Intracellular polar lobe inductions'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.191  n.d

Contents:
Mosaic egg morphogen [...] IRA/2'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.192  n.d

Contents:
'Niu papers CE/IRA 65'. Manuscript notes on work by M. C. Niu.

'Insect metamorphosis' and 'Biochem. of scaffolding structures (larval and pupal life)'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.193  n.d

Contents:
'Structure-proteins [...] IRA/5 & CE 4'. manuscript notes; offprint.

Other folders  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
These folders were found with those listed above but are not marked with a course abbreviation. In many cases, however, the contents relate directly to topics covered in Needham's biochemistry courses.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.194  1956

Contents:
'Acquired tolerance Ontogenetics of antibody forms [...]'. Correspondence and papers re Ph.D. examination (on the effects of embryonic environment on post-hatching development of chicks) 1956; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.195  n.d

Contents:
'Alk. phosphatase story from utilisation of Ca of shell in bone-formation'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.196  1956

Contents:
'Amphib. metamorph. omitted 1956'. Manuscript notes.

'Analogue - molecule specific inhibitns and radiomimetic cpds etc'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.197, B.198  [n.d.]

'Analogue - molecule specific inhibitns and radiomimetic cpds etc'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.197  1955

Contents:
Manuscript notes, including notes ?on lectures by R.A. Peters, 16 February 1955 and D.W. Woolley, 2 November 1955.

'Analogue - molecule specific inhibitns and radiomimetic cpds etc'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.198  n.d

Contents:
Offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.199  n.d

Contents:
'Cancer fundamentals'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.200  n.d

Contents:
'Chondrogenetic iriduction [...]'. Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.201  n.d

Contents:
'CPF succession of energy-sources and reln Aq. Terr.' Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.202  n.d

Contents:
'Fertilisation phenomena and cell cohesion in general [...]'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.203  n.d

Contents:
'Fructose story [...]'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.204  n.d

Contents:
'Gastrular metab'. Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.205  n.d

Contents:
'h & t [head and tail organisers] leading to mesodermal inductor'. Manuscript notes; offprints, chiefly by Y.K. Okada and T. Hama.

'Invert[ebrate]s'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.206-B.212  [n.d.]

Contents:
Needham's folders so inscribed. These folders were also inscribed with titles, which are reproduced in the catalogue entries, and other notes.

'Invert[ebrate]s'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.206, B.207  n.d

2 folders.

Contents:
'Blood Chem. Ammonaemia Aminoacidaemia Ureaemia etc'. Offprints by M. Florkin et al.

'Invert[ebrate]s'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.208-B.212  n.d

5 folders.

Contents:
'Blood circn & coagn [...]'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.213  n.d

Contents:
'Nephic excretion etc and its evolution'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.214, B.215  n.d

2 folders.

Contents:
'Muscle and electric organs insect mitochrondria etc'. Offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.216  n.d

Contents:
'[...] Non-phosph[orylating] glycolysis story'. Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.217  n.d

Contents:
'Organ disaggregations to component g/layers [...]'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.218  n.d

Contents:
'Plant tissue culture & the Crown-Gall problem'. Manuscript notes; photographs of 'Nétien & collabs Lyon tissue cultures of cambium of carrot', April 1951; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.219  n.d

Contents:
'Porphyrin Hb syn+Gesis in emb'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.220  n.d

Contents:
'Regen [...]'. Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.221  n.d

Contents:
'Serol [...]'. Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.222  n.d

Contents:
'Slime moulds combination and disaggregation in each life-history'. Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.223  n.d

Contents:
'Tartar Weisz etc on Stentor'. Offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.224  1940

Contents:
'Tissue affinities & repulsions (germ layers) Tissue movements Biochem & Metab'. Manuscript notes, including notes on ?lecture by J.K.F. Holtfreter, Oxford 16 April 1940.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.225  n.d

Contents:
'Tissue disaggregations [...]'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.226  n.d

Contents:
'Tissue disaggregations [...] & recombinations [...]'. Manuscript notes.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.227  n.d

Contents:
'Tissue & cell movements Teratomata'. Manuscript notes; offprint.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.228  n.d

Contents:
'Tracheal respiration'. Manuscript notes; offprints.

Other folders  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.229  n.d

Contents:
'Vectorial determination and detmn of spatial axes [...]'. Letter from C. Robinow enclosing photographs of micro-organisms in myelin structure, 20 June 1941; manuscript notes; offprint.

Crystallography  [no ref. or date]

Crystallography  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.230  Nd

Contents:
Typescript 'Note on the proposed content of the new 1st-year course...Elementary Physical and Chemical Crystallography'.

Requests to visit  [no ref. or date]

Requests to visit  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.231  1934-1936

Requests to visit  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.232  1938-1949

Requests to visit  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.233  1954-1963

Requests to visit  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.234  1964-1973

General and miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

General and miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.235  1932

Administrative history:
The Report proposed changes to the medical courses offered at Cambridge, one of which involved transferring biochemistry from the Natural Sciences Tripos to a new Medical Sciences Tripos. Needham spoke for the biochemistry department in objecting to this proposal on the grounds that it would split the department and harm biochemistry's status as a pure science.

Contents:
Papers re Report of the Syndicate on the Medical Courses and Examination of the University, June 1932.

General and miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.236  1934

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, 1934, re career destinations of graduates of the Cambridge biochemistry department and employment options for biochemists.

Research in wartime, 1938-1942  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.237-B.251  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In 1938 the Association of Scientific Workers (ASW) stressed the need for an organisation to utilise effectively science in the country's defence in wartime. On the outbreak of war it again urged the need for the efficient use of scientists. The Cambridge branch of the ASW urged the authorities of university laboratories to draw up schemes for possible wartime research for scientists working in those laboratories and submit them to the government. Needham was involved in drawing up the scheme for workers in the biochemistry laboratory.
Found with this material and kept with it are correspondence and papers relating to the Biochemistry Subcommittee of the Advisory Research Council of the Chemical Society and the Biology War Committee.

Research in wartime, 1938-1942  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.237  n.d

Contents:
Papers of the Association of Scientific Workers. Includes rough manuscript draft by Needham of resolutions of the Cambridge branch.

Research in wartime, 1938-1942  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.238  1938

Contents:
'Biochemical Laboratory, Cambridge - Work which could be undertaken in time of war'. 4pp typescript with manuscript annotation, November 1938.

Research in wartime, 1938-1942  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.239  1939

Contents:
Notice of meeting in Strangeways Laboratory, 19 September 1939. 'To discuss the various [research] problems suggested to decide which shall be immediately attacked [...]'. with annotated list of 'Investigations suggested'; correspondence from colleagues re war work; manuscript notes ?from meeting.

'Memorandum on present work and suggested problems. Cambridge Biochemical Department.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.240-B.243  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham had asked all workers in the laboratory to suggest ways in which their current work could be utilised in the war effort or how otherwise their knowledge and skills might be used. He assembled their replies in the memorandum.

'Memorandum on present work and suggested problems. Cambridge Biochemical Department.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.240-B.242  n.d

3 folders.

Contents:
Typescript and manuscript draft.
This comprises the original or retyped replies of members of the department and other workers in the laboratory.

'Memorandum on present work and suggested problems. Cambridge Biochemical Department.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.243  n.d

Contents:
Typescript draft, 8pp with extensive manuscript correction and annotation; 6pp duplicated typescript.

Biochemistry Subcommittee of the Advisory Research Council of the Chemical Society  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.244-B.247  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In October 1939 Needham met with R.A. Peters and J.H. Quastel to discuss coordination of wartime work in biochemistry on a national scale. It was felt this should be done through a specially constituted subcommittee. The subcommittee was suspended in 1941 as its role had largely been subsumed within that of the Biology War Committee (B.248-B.251).

Biochemistry Subcommittee of the Advisory Research Council of the Chemical Society  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.244  1939

Contents:
Correspondence with colleagues re proposed subcommittee, October - November 1939; manuscript notes; miscellaneous material found therewith.

Biochemistry Subcommittee of the Advisory Research Council of the Chemical Society  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.245  1939

Contents:
Papers for first meeting of the subcommittee, 24 November 1939. Some papers are annotated by Needham.

Biochemistry Subcommittee of the Advisory Research Council of the Chemical Society  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.246  1940

Contents:
Correspondence arising from first meeting; agenda and papers for second meeting, 17 January 1940.

Biochemistry Subcommittee of the Advisory Research Council of the Chemical Society  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.247  1940-1941

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, January 1940 - November 1941.
Includes letter, 17 February 1940, re flavouring properties of monosodium glutamate, summarised report of research workers 31 May 1940 and minutes of final meeting, 29 October 1940.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.248-B.251  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
This was formed in 1941 as the Biological War Committee by representatives from the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Medical Research Council and Agricultural Research Council being joined by representatives of learned societies and academics. The committee met to channel information and ideas for research between government and biological scientists and to prepare reports on 'any aspect of the War which is essentially biological or which has biological implications'.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.248  1941

Contents:
Papers of first meeting of committee, 30 October 1941. Includes introductory statement on origin of the committee.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.249  1941-1942

Contents:
Papers of meetings, 4 December 1941 and 5 February 1942.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.250  1942

Contents:
Papers of meetings, 2 April and 18 June 1942.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.251  1942

Contents:
Papers of meeting, 17 September 1942.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.252  1943-1946


Related information: Chibnall succeeded F.G. Hopkins in the Sir William Dunn Chair of Biochemistry, Cambridge in 1943 (see NCUACS 54.3.95.C.21).

Contents:
Correspondence with A.C. Chibnall re future of department of biochemistry, 1943-1946.
Includes note on 'Post-war needs of the Department of Biochemistry' by Chibnall, 10 January 1944 and first draft of Needham's March 1944 letter to Chibnall re the post-war organisation of the biochemistry department, Needham's own position within it and his plans for future work (see also NCUACS 54.3.95.C.24).

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.253  1942-1947

Contents:
Animal experimentation licence 1942-1947.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.254  1949

Contents:
Exchange with F.G. Young re future direction of Needham's work and his existing and coming commitments, September 1949.
Young succeeded A.C. Chibnall in the Sir William Dunn Chair of Biochemistry, Cambridge following Chibnall's resignation in September 1949.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.255  1950

Contents:
'Hopkins reprint collection'. Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed: correspondence and papers re housing F.G. Hopkins's offprint collection in the biochemistry department, 1950.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.256  1953-1954

Contents:
Correspondence, October 1953 - June 1954 re visit to Marine Biological Association Plymouth Laboratory.
Needham visited the Laboratory in June 1954 with two graduate students to initiate a scheme to give young biochemical researchers with a physicochemical training experience of marine biological work.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.257, B.258  1961-1962

2 folders.

Contents:
Papers re First Report to the General Board of the Committee appointed to review the Natural Sciences Tripos, 1961-1962.
The report of the Committee recommended changes in courses, particularly those offered in Part I. The papers reflect the reactions of the Department of Biochemistry and Faculty of Biology to the report.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.259  1963

Contents:
Duplicated typescript papers 'Notes on the means of entry to the University of Cambridge with the intention to study biochemistry' and 'Notes on the subjects which may be studied at school as preparation for entry to University course in biochemistry', 1963.

Biology War Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.260  1914-1963

Contents:
6pp duplicated typescript draft account of the Department 1914-1963 by F.G. Young, sent to Needham for comment 17 September 1963. With Needham's manuscript corrections.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence and papers re car parking, 1932-1934.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.261-B.263  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham and other members of scientific laboratories requested that more car parking spaces should be provided in the area to the south of Downing Street. In 1934 after representations had been made, a Syndicate on Accommodation for Motor Vehicles was established and it presented its recommendations in May. Needham served on the syndicate.

Correspondence and papers re car parking, 1932-1934.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.261  1932, 1933

Correspondence and papers re car parking, 1932-1934.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.262  1934

Contents:
Papers for meetings of the Syndicate on Accommodation for Motor Vehicles; letter from D. Keilin arising from its recommendations, May.

Correspondence and papers re car parking, 1932-1934.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.263  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes etc.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.264  c1938

Contents:
Note on 'Student's Inter-Faculty Co-ordinating Committee', 3pp typescript, ca. 1938; papers re memorandum on teamwork by Ph.D. candidates, 1941.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.265, B.266  1950

2 folders.

Administrative history:
On the death of Field Marshal Smuts, two candidates were put forward for the Chancellorship: Lord Tedder and Pandit Nehru, Prime Minister of India. Needham supported Nehru. However, Nehru was not consulted before his nomination and subsequently indicated that he would decline to accept it. The prospect of a contest caused considerable media interest and much of the material is newspaper cuttings.

Contents:
Papers re election of Chancellor of Cambridge University 1950.

Papers re Report of General Board on the Development of the University 1956-1962.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.267-B.271  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Report initiated debate about the proportion of science and technology courses and students to those of the humanities courses and students within the university. Needham argued for the introduction of a humanities component into science courses and proposed a 'Principles of Science' Tripos.

Papers re Report of General Board on the Development of the University 1956-1962.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.267  1956

Contents:
Senate House discussions on the Report 31 January and 1 May 1956.
Needham's notes on proceedings and 5pp typescript 'remarks' delivered at the second discussion.

Papers re Report of General Board on the Development of the University 1956-1962.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.268  1957

Contents:
Needham's manuscript notes on Senate House discussion 5 November 1957; manuscript and typescript drafts of 'The proposed "Principles of Science Tripos" ' by Needham, published in Cambridge Review, 16 November 1957, with copy of article.

Papers re Report of General Board on the Development of the University 1956-1962.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.269  1959-1960

Contents:
Letter to Needham re General Board committee to consider combined arts and science courses, 23 January 1959; 'Report of the General Board on course combining arts and science', 8 June 1960.
The report recommended the establishment of Principles of Science Tripos.

Papers re Report of General Board on the Development of the University 1956-1962.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.270  1962

Contents:
Papers of Department of Biochemistry staff meeting 7 March 1962 to discuss courses in principles of science.

Papers re Report of General Board on the Development of the University 1956-1962.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.271  n.d

Contents:
Printed background material.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.272  1956

Contents:
Papers for Department of Biochemistry staff meeting to discuss changes to Natural Sciences Tripos, 15 February 1956, annotated by Needham; papers re possible extension to the Department funded by the Wellcome Trust, May 1956.

Papers re abolition of Latin as an entry requirement for Cambridge University, 1959-1960.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.273, B.274  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham was opposed to ending knowledge of a classical language as a compulsory entry requirement.

Paper re abolition of Latin as an entry requirement for Cambridge University, 1959-1960.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.273  n.d

Contents:
Drafts of memoranda by Needham to the Vice-Chancellor setting out his views; manuscript notes.

Paper re abolition of Latin as an entry requirement for Cambridge University, 1959-1960.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.274  n.d

Contents:
Printed material etc.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.275  1960

Contents:
Manuscript notes on 'Senate House Sociology Discussion 26/1/60'.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.276  1961

Contents:
Papers, March - May 1961, re discussion meetings on possible widening of the history course to include more non-European history.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.277  1962-1963

Contents:
Correspondence with H. Lazard re Lazard Foundation, 1962-1963.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.278  1962-1964

Contents:
Miscellaneous papers 1962-1964.

'University teaching, readerships etc'. Contents of Needham's folders so inscribed: correspondence and papers re reaction to Report to the General Board of the Committee on Teaching, 1964.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.279-B.284  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Report, issued on 1 May, recommended the establishment of minimum teaching requirements for Professors and Readers. Needham opposed this and drafted a memorandum for presentation at the discussion of the Report at Senate House on 9 June.

'University teaching, readerships etc'. Contents of Needham's folders so inscribed: correspondence and papers re reaction to Report to the General Board of the Committee on Teaching, 1964.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.279  1964

Contents:
Report to the General Board of the Committee on Teaching 1 May 1964, with Needham's manuscript notes intercalated.

'University teaching, readerships etc'. Contents of Needham's folders so inscribed: correspondence and papers re reaction to Report to the General Board of the Committee on Teaching, 1964.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.280  n.d

Contents:
Drafts of Needham's memorandum setting out his views on the Report, with manuscript notes on the comments of colleagues to whom Needham had sent drafts.

'University teaching, readerships etc'. Contents of Needham's folders so inscribed: correspondence and papers re reaction to Report to the General Board of the Committee on Teaching, 1964.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.281  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes on discussion of Report by Association of University Teachers, 2 June, and manuscript notes and printed reports of discussion at Senate House, 9 June.

University teaching, readerships etc'. Contents of Needham's folders so inscribed: correspondence and papers re reaction to Report to the General Board of the Committee on Teaching, 1964.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.282  n.d

Contents:
14pp duplicated typescript 'Summary of views of Colleges on main recommendations affecting them in the report [...]'.

'University teaching, readerships etc'. Contents of Needham's folders so inscribed: correspondence and papers re reaction to Report to the General Board of the Committee on Teaching, 1964.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.283, B.284  n.d

2 folders

Contents:
Miscellaneous background material: manuscript notes, lists of Professors etc.

Correspondence and papers re reaction to reports to the Council of Senate on the administrative organisation of the University, 1967-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.285-B.288  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham had strong reservations about certain aspects of the reports, which he recorded in a memorandum.

Correspondence and papers re reaction to reports to the Council of Senate on the administrative organization of the University, 1967-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.285  1967

Contents:
Needham's annotated copies of Report to the Council of Senate on the administrative organization of the University, 13 October 1967 and of comments of the Faculty Board of Oriental Studies on the Report, 13 November 1967.

Correspondence and papers re reaction to reports to the Council of Senate on the administrative organisation of the University, 1967-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.286  n.d

Administrative history:
Needham was unable to present the memorandum in person and intended it to be given by a colleague. In the event the memorandum was not read and therefore could not be incorporated in the published discussions. However, it was widely circulated and received support.

Contents:
Manuscript and typescript drafts of Needham's memorandum for the Senate House discussion of the Report, 28 November.

Correspondence and papers re reaction to reports to the Council of Senate on the administrative organisation of the University, 1967-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.287  n.d

Contents:
Correspondence from colleagues who had received copies of Needham's memorandum; marked copy of published discussion; fly-sheets for placet and non-placet.

Correspondence and papers re reaction to reports to the Council of Senate on the administrative organisation of the University, 1967-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.288  1968

Contents:
First report of the Council of Senate on the administrative organisation of the University, 7 June 1968.
This revised the report of 13 October.
Annotated copy; typescript of Needham's remarks during the discussion; correspondence re fly-sheet.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.289  1968

Contents:
Manuscript notes on 'UCR discussion', 7 May 1968, re proposal to close the University Combination Room in the Old Schools building.

Development of west Cambridge.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.290-B.295  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
From the mid-1960s it became clear that the University would have to expand in order to accommodate the needs of the University's science departments. The 1965 Report to the General Board of the Committee of the Board on the long-term needs of scientific departments concluded redevelopment of city centre sites would be insufficient and recommended the relocation of scientific departments to west Cambridge. The University accepted the recommendation.
In November 1969, however, land nearer the centre of Cambridge became available when Jesus College decided to sell its rifle range and offered the University the opportunity to buy it. The site was mooted for the new Cavendish laboratory.
The material relates to the developments in west Cambridge and to associated moves to sell off certain city sites for redevelopment.

Development of west Cambridge.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.290  1965

Contents:
Report to the General Board of the Committee of the Board on the long-term needs of scientific departments, 8 December 1965.

Development of west Cambridge.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.291  1969

Contents:
Opposition to building Turbomachinery Laboratory on Madingley Road, August 1969.

Development of west Cambridge.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.292  1969

Contents:
Discussion of west Cambridge development in Senate House, 25 November 1969. Includes typescript drafts of Needham's and B.M. Shaffer's memoranda opposing the development.

Development of west Cambridge.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.293  1970

Contents:
Papers for meeting of Cambridge Colleges' Committee, 23 May 1970.
The meeting was principally concerned with the possible development of the rifle range site.

Development of west Cambridge.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.294  1970

Contents:
Further correspondence and papers re rifle range site, May 1970.

Development of west Cambridge.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.295  1970

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re Lion's Yard development, June-November 1970.
The University planned to sell Lion's Yard to the City Council for the construction of a multi-storey carpark. Needham opposed this.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.296  1969-1971

Contents:
Correspondence re honorary degrees 1969-1971.

UNIVERSITY GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.297  1972, 1976

Contents:
Correspondence re borrowing periodicals from the university library, January 1972; letter re nursery and creche facilities in the university, 1976.

HISTORY OF SCIENCE COMMITTEE  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
In 1936, at Needham's suggestion, a committee was established, supported by the Faculty Boards of Biology, Physics and Chemistry, to arrange courses of lectures in the history of science. Needham was the first Chairman and Secretary of this History of Science Lectures Committee. The first history of science lectures were delivered in Michaelmas Term 1936. Lecturers included some of the leading scientists of the day - including Barcroft, W.H. Bragg, Eddington, Hopkins and Rutherford - and the collected lectures were published by Cambridge University Press. In early 1939 the Committee was suspended but it was re-formed in May 1942, with Needham again as Chairman (succeeded by H. Butterfield on Needham's departure for China). In 1944, following the presentation of R.S. Whipple's collection of historical scientific instruments and books to the University, it was proposed to create a university museum for the history of science to be followed in due course by a department of the history of science.
The establishment of a History of Science Committee was approved by the University in November 1945 and the reorganised committee began work in March 1947. The Committee continued to arrange lectures as before but also planned for the establishment of teaching posts in the history of science and the creation of the history of science museum. In October 1950 an Assistant Lecturer was appointed, attached to the Faculty of History. In 1951 the half-subject 'History and Philosophy of Science' was introduced into the Natural Sciences Tripos (Part I), a Committee of Management for the History and Philosophy of Science having been established to oversee this. In 1956 the History of Science Committee and the Committee of Management were merged to become the History and Philosophy of Science Committee. Needham served until 1971 (Chairman 1962-1964).
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.298- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.306 Lectures
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.307- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.354 Committee papers and correspondence
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.355, NCUACS 54.3.95/B.356 Writings of Gerrard Winstanley and the Diggers
NCUACS 54.3.95/B.357- NCUACS 54.3.95/B.368 Comenius Tercentenary

Lectures  [no ref. or date]

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.298-B.306  [n.d.]

9 folders.

Contents:
Manuscript and typescript draft of 'Background to Modern Science. Ten lectures at Cambridge arranged by the History of Science Committee 1936'.
This was the first series of history of science lectures organised by the Committee. The collected lectures were edited by Needham and W. Pagel and published by Cambridge University Press in 1938.

Committee papers and correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Principally committee papers of the History of Science Committee 1947-1955, the Committee of Management for the History and Philosophy of Science 1950-1955, and the History and Philosophy of Science Committee 1956-1971. The material was found in Needham's own folders, arranged chronologically. Also includes a little correspondence relating to the establishment of the History of Science Lectures Committee and the first series of lectures.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.307  1935-1936, 1938

Contents:
Correspondence re establishment of History of Science Lectures Committee and programme of lectures for 1936-1937 and ?1939. Sent to Needham by W. Pagel, 20 September 1969 and 12 April 1970.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.308  1944-1947

Contents:
Includes 'Second Memorandum on the revision of the Natural Sciences Tripos' by J.A. Ratcliffe, 3pp duplicated typescript, 4 November 1946; 'Mr Robinson's syllabus of economics for science students', 2pp duplicated typescript, 2 December 1946.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.309  1948

Contents:
Includes correspondence in which Needham expresses disquiet at the direction being taken by History of Science Committee.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.310  1949-1950 March

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.311  1950 May

Administrative history:
At this stage the Committee was divided into two, to consider the introduction of the subject into Parts I and II of the Natural Sciences Tripos separately.

Contents:
Meetings of Committee of Management for the History and Philosophy of Science.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.312  1950 June

Contents:
Preparation of report to the University by Committee of Management for the History and Philosophy of Science.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.313  1950 July - December

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.314  1951

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.315  1952 January - May

Contents:
Includes draft scripts for first examinations in History and Philosophy of Science.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.316  1952 June

Contents:
'The teaching in Cambridge of the philosophy of science' by M.M. Braithwaite, 52pp typescript.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.317  1952 October - December

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.318  1953

Contents:
Includes correspondence re possible use of St Michael's Church, Cambridge for Whipple Museum.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.319  1954 January - June

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.320  1954 July - November

Contents:
Includes material re establishment of Diploma course in History and Philosophy of Science.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.321  1955 May

Contents:
Includes material re establishment of Diploma course.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.322  1955 June, July

Contents:
Includes material re establishment of Diploma course.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.323  1955 November

Contents:
Includes material re establishment of Diploma course.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.324  1956 January - June

Contents:
Includes correspondence with A. Koslow re visit to Cambridge.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.325  1956 October, December

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.326  1957 March - September

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.327  1957 November

Contents:
Includes correspondence with D.J. Price re developments in history of science.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.328  1958

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.329  1959 January - March

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.330  1959 April - July

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.331  1959 October, November

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.332  1960

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.333  1961 February - June

Contents:
Includes letter and manuscript note re talk by Needham to the British Society for the History of Science on the history of science at Cambridge, 13 May.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.334  1961 October

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.335  1962

Administrative history:
At the meeting of 29 May Needham was elected Committee Chairman from October 1962, and it was agreed to begin moves towards a Department of the History and Philosophy of Science.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.336  1963

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.337  1964 February, March

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.338  1964 May - October

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.339  1956 January - April

Contents:
Includes 'Request for the formation of a Department of History and Philosophy of Science', 2pp duplicated typescript.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.340  1965 May - November

Contents:
Includes correspondence with M.M. Davies re development of history of science at Cambridge.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.341  1966 February, May

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.342  1966 October, November

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.343  1966 November

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.344  1967

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.345  1968

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.346  1968-1969

Contents:
Curatorship of Whipple Science Museum.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.347  1969

Contents:
Includes letter from Needham to Lord Annan re possible closure of History and Philosophy of Science Department at University College London.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.348  1969

Contents:
Lecturership.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.349  1970 February - April

Contents:
Includes material re possible establishment of Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine at Cambridge.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.350  1970 May

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.351  1970 July - October

Contents:
Includes exchange re Wellcome Unit.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.352  1970

Contents:
Curatorship and Assistant Lecturership.

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.353  1971-1972

Committee papers and correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.354  1973-1977

Contents:
Colloquia and seminars.

Writings of Gerrard Winstanley and the Diggers  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
In January 1941 L.D. Hamilton of the Oxford University History Society proposed a book of selected writings of the seventeenth century radical Gerrard Winstanley and others in the Digger movement. The proposal was put to Cambridge University Press through the History of Science Lectures Committee.

Writings of Gerrard Winstanley and the Diggers  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.355  1941-1942

Contents:
Correspondence 1941-1942, principally from Hamilton and C. Hill.

Writings of Gerrard Winstanley and the Diggers  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.356  n.d

Contents:
Typescript summary of the project and lists of Digger writings.

Comenius Tercentenary  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Papers relating to the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the visit of the Czech theologian and writer Comenius (Jan Amos Komensky) to England in 1641. The official commemoration was held in the Senate House of Cambridge University, 24 October 1941. A Comenius Tercentenary Committee was established, on which sat Needham (Convenor), Butterfield and Sir William Dampier, all members of the History of Science Lectures Committee. The papers delivered during the commemoration were edited by Needham and subsequently published by Cambridge University Press as The Teacher of Nations (working title Science and Free Peoples).

Correspondence re the organisation of the official commemoration and subsequent publication. The chief correspondent is R.F. Young, the leading British scholar on Comenius.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.357-B.361  [n.d.]

Correspondence re the organisation of the official commemoration and subsequent publication. The chief correspondent is R.F. Young, the leading British scholar on Comenius.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.357  1941

Contents:
February - May 1941. Includes letter from J. Masaryk asking Young to form a committee to organise a commemoration of Comenius. Young passed a copy of the letter on to Needham.
Folder also includes poster for talk on 'Comenius as seen by a British scientist' by Needham to Czechoslovak-British Friendship Club, London, 27 May.

Correspondence re the organisation of the official commemoration and subsequent publication. The chief correspondent is R.F. Young, the leading British scholar on Comenius.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.358  1941

Contents:
June - August 1941

Correspondence re the organisation of the official commemoration and subsequent publication. The chief correspondent is R.F. Young, the leading British scholar on Comenius.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.359  1941

Contents:
September, October 1941.

Correspondence re the organisation of the official commemoration and subsequent publication. The chief correspondent is R.F. Young, the leading British scholar on Comenius.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.360  1941

Contents:
November, December 1941. Includes 'The problem of Central European youth', 8pp typescript sent to Needham and 3pp typescript on post-war reconstruction referring to problems of youth by the painter O. Kokoschka.

Correspondence re the organisation of the official commemoration and subsequent publication. The chief correspondent is R.F. Young, the leading British scholar on Comenius.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.361  1942

Cambridge Commemoration.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.362, B.363  [n.d.]

Cambridge Commemoration.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.362  n.d

Contents:
Publicity booklet; poster; programme in Czech; Needham's manuscript notes on proceedings; manuscript notes of invitees etc.

Cambridge Commemoration.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.363  1941

Contents:
Press-releases; press-cuttings. Also includes issue of The Spirit of Czechoslovakia, 30 September 1941, on Comenius.

Comenius Tercentenary  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.364-B.367  n.d

4 folders.

Contents:
Typescript drafts of chapters of book.
The chapters were sent to Needham for editing by their authors and bear his sometimes extensive manuscript corrections.

Comenius Tercentenary  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.368  n.d

Contents:
Annotated and corrected first proofs.

FACULTY BOARD OF ORIENTAL STUDIES  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Needham was made a member of the Faculty of Oriental Languages (later Oriental Studies) in October 1949.

General correspondence, 1947-1969.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.369-B.373  [n.d.]

General correspondence, 1947-1969.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.369  1947-1949

Contents:
Includes correspondence with researchers wishing to work on the history of science and technology in the Far East.

General correspondence, 1947-1969.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.370  1951, 1952

Contents:
Includes letter from Needham re vacant Professorship in Chinese Language and History.

General correspondence, 1947-1969.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.371  1953, 1954

Contents:
Supervision of student.

General correspondence, 1947-1969.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.372  1955-1962

General correspondence, 1947-1969.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.373  1967-1969

Contents:
Prospective students.

Papers for Faculty Board of Oriental Studies meetings, 1963-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.374-B.376  [n.d.]


Related information: There is a complete set of papers of the Faculty Board meetings in Cambridge University Archives.

Contents:
Only those papers for meetings which bear Needham's manuscript annotations have been retained.

Papers for Faculty Board of Oriental Studies meetings, 1963-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.374  1963, 1964

Papers for Faculty Board of Oriental Studies meetings, 1963-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.375  1965

Contents:
Includes papers re proposed East Asian Centre in Cambridge.

Papers for Faculty Board of Oriental Studies meetings, 1963-1968.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.376  1966-1968

GONVILLE AND CAIUS COLLEGE  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Needham was a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College from 1924. He served as Librarian of the College 1959-1960 and President 1959-1966. In 1966 he was appointed Master, a post he held to 1976.

GONVILLE AND CAIUS COLLEGE  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.377  1976-1980

Contents:
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1976-1980.

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.378-B.388  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The material covers the period 1976-1980, and is chiefly papers for meetings, some annotated by Needham. There is also a little related correspondence. Subjects raised in this period include the admission of women undergraduates to the college, and the state of the college library.

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.378  1976

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.379  1977 January

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.380  1977 April, October

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.381  1978 January

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.382  1978 April

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.383  1978 October

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.384  1979 January

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.385  1979 April, May, October

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.386  1980 January

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.387  1980 February - April

Governing Body, Ordinary College and General meetings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/B.388  1980 April, October

SECTION C SINO-BRITISH SCIENCE COOPERATION OFFICE (SBSCO)  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.1-C.166  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham's interest in China dated from contact with Chinese colleagues at Cambridge from the mid 1930s. He taught himself Mandarin Chinese and began to study Chinese science and history. In 1939, responding to appeals for assistance, he and his wife offered to go to China to help in the reconstruction of Chinese science. Meanwhile Needham was active in seeking support for Chinese academics in the UK.
Early in 1942 Needham and E.R. Doods, Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford, were invited to visit China under the auspices of the British Council. They arrived in the autumn of 1942, Needham travelling via the USA. In China Needham was made Head of the British Scientific Mission and later Scientific Counsellor to H.B.M. Embassy at Chungking (then the 'acting-capital' of China). Under the auspices of the British Council Needham established the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office (SBSCO) and became its first Director. The SBSCO was responsible for assessing the needs of Chinese scientific, technological and medical institutions and researchers, and facilitating the supply of equipment, medicines, books and journals to China. Needham made several journeys through China, visiting many institutions to assess for himself the needs of Chinese research and teaching centres. He also gave many lectures on a variety of subjects from biochemistry to world politics. He was later joined by his wife Dorothy who was appointed Associate Director of the SBSCO.
In a letter of 22 January 1946 (C.32) to A.C. Chibnall Needham set out the logistical achievements of the SBSCO:
'...with 17 scientists (5 British, 12 Chinese), not all present at one time... we visited 300 laboratories, covering over 25,000 km journeys; we flew in by RAF over the hump [£]60,000 worth some tons of scientific equipment for Chinese scientists; we flew in some 7,000 scientific and technical books worth many millions of Chinese $, and microfilm and actual copies of 200 leading British scientific journals. We sent 150 original MSS by Chinese authors to the west for publication, and 200 Chinese scientific journals. Exchanges of information were innumerable'.
In addition to his role as Director of the SBSCO, the Chinese Government appointed Needham adviser to the National Resources Commission, the Chinese Airforce Research Bureau and the Chinese Army Medical Administration. He was also warmly received by the Chinese scientific community and elected to a number of academies including the Academia Sinica and Peiping National Academy. Needham left China in February 1946. In October 1947 Chiang Kai-Shek awarded Needham the Order of the Brilliant Star with Cravat in recognition of his work in promoting good relations between Britain and China. It was presented to Needham by the Chinese Ambassador to Britain in July 1949.
Needham wrote regular reports on the organisation and state of science in China for Nature and in 1948 edited the book Science Outpost which described the work of the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office. Needham's experiences in heading the SBSCO, an experience in scientific cooperation between nations, was crucial to his formulation of plans for wider international science cooperation within the new UNESCO.

Contents:
The papers include correspondence, manuscript notes and typescript drafts and printed and duplicated papers. Some material is on rice paper and in consequence fragile.
NCUACS 54.3.95/C.1-C.15 ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION
NCUACS 54.3.95/C.16-C.55 GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE
NCUACS 54.3.95/C.56-C.70 VISITS TO INSTITUTIONS
NCUACS 54.3.95/C.71-C.78 LECTURES
NCUACS 54.3.95/C.79-C.138 REPORTS, PUBLICATIONS AND BROADCASTS
NCUACS 54.3.95/C.139-C.146 ADMINISTRATIVE
NCUACS 54.3.95/C.147-C.166 MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, 1939-1942 re British support for Chinese universities and academics, Chinese students in Britain and correspondence re Needham's departure for China.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.1  1939

Contents:
1939 January - November. Chiefly re the Needhams' offer to go to China to assist in the reconstruction of Chinese science.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.2  1939

Contents:
Lectures by Chung-Shu Lo, appealing to British universities for assistance for Chinese universities:
'The past and the present of Chinese university education', 4pp duplicated typescript, London, 4 August 1939.
'Some ideas on cultural co-operation', 8pp typescript, Oxford, 15 November 1939.
'A suggestion of cultural co-operation between Cambridge University and Chinese universities', 4pp typescript, Cambridge, 8 December 1939.
'Chinese university education and British universities: a plea for co-operation', 4pp duplicated typescript, Oxford, nd.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.3  1939

Contents:
1939 December. The correspondence is chiefly with Lo re his lectures and the ideas put forward therein. Includes draft of 'A statement by some teachers in Oxford to those teachers and other men of learning in China...' supporting the call for cooperation.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.4  1940

Contents:
1940 January.
Following the Oxford statement an informal Anglo-Chinese Intellectual Co-operation Committee was established in Cambridge. Needham was secretary. In this capacity he drafted a statement on co-operation between British and Chinese universities for Cambridge academics to sign. The material is chiefly correspondence re the statement from those asked to sign.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.5  1940

Contents:
1940 February. Includes correspondence re Universities China Committee and Chinese students in Cambridge.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.6  1940

Contents:
1940 March - December. Includes correspondence re possible sabbatical visit to China, and issues of 'Cambridge China Bulletin', 12 and 19 November.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.7  1941

Contents:
1941 March - May. Includes request from Chinese Central News Agency for Needham to issue a statement calling for national unity, with draft of Needham's statement.
This statement was requested of Needham, in view of the high esteem in which he was held in China, in order to ease tensions between the Communists and the Kuomintang government.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.8  1941

Contents:
1941 June - October.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.9  1942

Contents:
1942 January - February. Includes typescript notes of discussion meeting on the post-war settlement and problems in the Far East, New York, 19 January (Needham was not present); notice of election as Honorary Life member of the Cambridge Chinese Students Society; correspondence re China Campaign Committee day school on China, Colchester, Essex, 29 March (Needham was asked to speak on Anglo-Chinese relations).

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.10  1942

Contents:
1942 March - June. Includes correspondence with British Council re invitation to visit China as Visiting Professor at the Academia Sinica.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.11  1942

Contents:
1942 July. Arrangements for visit to China.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.12  1942

Contents:
1942 August. Arrangements for visit.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.13  1942

Contents:
1942 September. Arrangements for visit.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.14  1942

Contents:
1942 October, and nd. Arrangements for visit.

ORIGINS OF THE CHINA MISSION  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.15  n.d

Contents:
Press-cuttings re Needham's visit to China; miscellaneous manuscript notes.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Correspondence from period of Needham's stay in China, and later correspondence arising from contacts made while in China. The later letters most frequently concern attempts to find research and employment opportunities for Chinese students and academics. There is also 1987 correspondence re historical research relating to Needham's time in China.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.16  1942


Related information: See also NCUACS 54/3/95/H.50.

Contents:
1942 November, December. Chiefly re visits to colleagues in USA en route to China.
Includes papers re meeting on problems of the War organised by the journal Science and Society, 28 November 1942. Needham was a member of the panel discussing the utilisation of scientists in wartime.

'Excerpts JN's Letters from China'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.17-C.20  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into four for ease of reference: typescript extracts from Needham's letters home February - November 1943.
The first extract is headed 'Impressions of the first thirty-six hours in China asked for by Margaret Mead' but the letters appear to have been originally written to his wife Dorothy. They contain personal news (food, descriptions of hosts etc), information on scientific institutions visited and geographical, anthropological etc impressions of China.

'Excerpts JN's Letters from China'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.17  1943

Contents:
February, March.

'Excerpts JN's Letters from China'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.18  1943

Contents:
April - June.

'Excerpts JN's Letters from China'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.19  1943

Contents:
July - September.

'Excerpts JN's Letters from China'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.20  1943

Contents:
October, November.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.21  1943


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/B.252.

Administrative history:
The Dunn Professorship of Biochemistry became vacant on the retirement of F.G. Hopkins. Needham was invited to apply in February 1943 but felt his work in China took priority. The Chair went to A.C. Chibnall and the folder includes draft of Needham's telegram of congratulation.

Contents:
1943. Telegrams re Sir William Dunn Chair of Biochemistry, Cambridge.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.22  1943

Contents:
1943 April - July. Includes correspondence re invitation to Needham to visit South America on a goodwill mission. In his reply declining the invitation, 25 June, Needham sets out his plans for the work in China.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.23  1943

Contents:
1943 September - December.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.24  1944


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/B.252.

Contents:
1944 January - March. Includes drafts of letter to Chibnall re the post-war organisation of the biochemistry department, his own position within it and his plans for work on the history of Chinese science and technology.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.25  1944

Contents:
1944 April, May.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.26  1944

Contents:
1944 June - August.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.27  1944

Contents:
1944 September - December. Includes press cutting recording the establishment of an office under 'Sir Joseph Needham...to promote scientific and technical contacts' between the UK and China, October, and press release and press cutting re Needham's brief return to the UK, December.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.28  1945

Contents:
1945 January - March.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.29  1945

Contents:
1945 April, May. Chiefly correspondence from Lu Gwei-Djen reporting on visit to USA.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.30  1945

Contents:
1945 June - August. Includes Needham's 6pp typescript letter to the British Council, 2 July, setting out his views on the Council's work in Iran and Iraq.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.31  1945

Contents:
1945 September - December. Includes correspondence re conservation of Tun Hwang caves.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.32  1946

Contents:
1946 January - March. Includes draft letter announcing the end of Needham's work in China, and letter to Chibnall, 22 January, setting out the achievements of the SBSCO and some of his plans and expected future activities.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.33  1946

Contents:
1946 April. Includes copy of letters from Chinese scientists thanking Needham for his services to Chinese science and material re proposed Chinese Institute in London.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.34  1946

Contents:
1946 May. Includes correspondence re filling vacancies in SBSCO created by the departures of Needham, his wife and G. Sanders.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.35  1946

Contents:
1946 June, July. Includes requests to Needham to lecture on his experiences in China.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.36  1946

Contents:
1946 August. Chiefly re research and employment opportunities in the West.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.37  1946

Contents:
1946 September. Chiefly re research and employment opportunities.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.38  1946

Contents:
1946 October. Includes correspondence re posts in China.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.39  1946

Contents:
1946 November, December.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.40  1947

Contents:
1947 January, February. Includes correspondence with R. Hartog re expedition to Amne Machin mountain range on China-Tibet border, and correspondence with R.A. Silow, Director of the Science Office of the British Council in China.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.41  1947

Contents:
1947 March - September.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.42  1947


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/A.94, NCUACS 54.3.95/C.43, NCUACS 54.3.95/C.47.

Administrative history:
Needham wished to receive the award, presented by the Nationalist government, before the Communists took power in China. He received royal permission to receive the Order on 2 June 1949 and was presented with it on 14 July.

Contents:
1947 October - December. Includes correspondence re award to Needham of the Order of the Brilliant Star with Cravat of the Republic of China.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.43  1948

Contents:
1948 January - March. Chiefly re scholarship applications of T.C. Tsao. Also includes newspaper cutting re work of R.A. Silow, and correspondence re Order of the Brilliant Star.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.44  1948

Contents:
1948 April - August.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.45  1948

Contents:
1948 September - December. Includes invitation to meeting of Chinese science societies, Nanking, 9-11 October (Needham did not attend but sent a message of goodwill to the meeting) and correspondence re Message for the Anniversary of Nanking University by Needham, broadcast on BBC Chinese Service, 11 November.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.46  1949

Contents:
1949 February, March. Includes draft programme and manifesto of Campaign for a World Truce.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.47  1949

Contents:
1949 April - June. Includes typescript account of fall of Nanking to the Communist forces and first impressions of Communist rule, sent to Needham in June, and correspondence re Order of Brilliant Star (see NCUACS 54.3.95.C.42 above).

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.48  1949

Contents:
1949 July - September.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.49  1949

Contents:
1949 October - December. Includes correspondence re lectures at Birmingham University on science in China.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.50  1950

Contents:
1950 January - July. Includes material re Needham's remarks at China Welfare Appeal 'Friendship Dinner', New York, 5 May.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.51  1950

Contents:
1950 September - December. Includes report on 'Scientific research and university education' by C.C. Chu, Vice-President of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 29 October.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.52  1951

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.53  1952-1953

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.54  1987

Contents:
Includes correspondence re research on Sir Horace Seymour, UK ambassador to China 1942-1946.

GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.55  Nd

VISITS TO INSTITUTIONS  [no ref. or date]


Related information: The great majority of Needham's notes are numbered. The sequence runs from 1 to 297 and the index to most of the sequence (nos. 1-220) is in Needham's notebook at NCUACS 54/3/95/C.56.

Administrative history:
In China Needham made a great number of visits to scientific, medical, industrial and educational institutions throughout China. He kept manuscript notes of his visits, in Chinese and in English, recording the history of the institution, the research being done, colleagues he met and the needs of the institution for scientific support from UK. He also reported on his visits to the British Council and published accounts of his travels in a series of articles in Nature (see NCUACS 54.3.95.C.79-C.94).

VISITS TO INSTITUTIONS  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.56  n.d

Contents:
Hardback pocket notebook labelled 'Visits' on spine. Most pages not used. Loose at back is sketch map of West China Union University campus.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.57-C.69  n.d

Contents:
Notes kept in a series of envelopes inscribed 'Visits to institutions'.
The sequence is not complete: not all numbers were used for the sequence (such as 28-36) and some notes were missing from the envelopes, including those listed in NCUACS 54.3.95/C.56 as being 'secret'.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.57  n.d

Contents:
1-20.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.58  n.d

Contents:
21-50.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.59  n.d

Contents:
51-80.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.60  n.d

Contents:
81-102.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.61  n.d

Contents:
110-130.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.62  n.d

Contents:
131-151.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.63  n.d

Contents:
153-168. Also Dorothy Needham's notes on visits 153-159.
Needham's original manuscript notes on visit 153, to 'E.M.S.T.S. [Emergency Medical Service Training School]', Kweiyang, are to be found in the collection of papers of Needham held by the Imperial War Museum, London, NCUACS 55/4/95, folder no. 71.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.64  n.d

Contents:
169-185.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.65  n.d

Contents:
187-210.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.66  n.d

Contents:
211-221, 257-260.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.67  n.d

Contents:
262-273.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.68  n.d

Contents:
274-284.

Manuscript notes on visits, 1-297.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.69  n.d

Contents:
285-297.

VISITS TO INSTITUTIONS  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.70  n.d

Contents:
Unnumbered manuscript notes on visits to Chinese institutions.

LECTURES  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Needham delivered many lectures in connection with his service in China, frequently in association with his visits to various institutions.
The material is manuscript and typescript notes and drafts for lectures, usually with title or subject area given but less often with date, location or audience. The notes are usually in English with occasional Chinese additions but a few are written out in Chinese transcribed into Latin characters.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.71  n.d


Related information: See also NCUACS 54.3.95/G.57-G.62.

Contents:
List of 'Some of the titles of lectures and addresses which Dr Joseph Needham, FRS, is prepared to give'.
The list includes general lectures on the organisation of science and the sociology and philosophy of science, and more specialised lectures on biochemical and biological subjects and on the history of science.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.72  1942-1944

Contents:
'GD Washington 15th Nov. 1942 intended for New York branch Tzu-rjan Ko-shioh Hui fênghui (branch)'
'Sunday talk to Xtn [Christian] students' on science and religion, Kunming 13 March 1943; Lanchow 6 September 1943 and Shaown 28 May 1944.
'Hoppy & Cambridge Biochemistry at [?T'anqo] Sci Club'. March 1943.
Typescript report on lecture on Science and Society, West China Union University, Hwa Ta, 4 May 1943.
'International science co-operation in war and peace'. Annual Conference of Chinese Scientific Societies, Beipei, Szechuan, July 1943. 13pp typescript.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.73  1943 - 1944

Contents:
'Talk to Government officials @ Lanchow - Kansu Prov. Gov.', 17 November 1943.
Lecture to 'Lanchow Rotary Club' on the work of the SBSCO, 18 November 1943.
'Science and agriculture in China and the West', Agricultural Association of China, Chungking, 22 February 1944.
9pp typescript and manuscript draft; printed copy (in Chinese).
'Science and democracy', Hsienrjêngmiao, May 1944 and Kioayang Science Institute, August 1944.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.74  1944-1945

Contents:
'Science and Industry', Yunnan Industrial Federation Club, 7 October 1944.
'Abstract of a lecture on Science and civilisation in China given before the Science Society of China, Chekiang University, Meitan, October 1944'.
Report to Executive Committee of British Council, UK, 12 December 1944.
Work of SBSCO, Universities China Committee, UK, 13 December 1944.
Science and Britain's war effort, May 1945.
'Talk to Baochi Federation CIC' on industrialisation of China, 6 October 1945.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.75  n.d

Contents:
Notes for lectures on work of SBSCO and position of science in China.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.76  n.d

Contents:
Notes for lectures on biochemical and biological subjects.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.77  n.d

Contents:
Notes for lectures on international science and politics.

Lectures  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.78  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous lecture notes.

REPORTS, PUBLICATIONS AND BROADCASTS  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Includes Needham's reports to the British Council on his three years in China, detailed accounts of travels within China for the British Council and for Nature, and other publications arising from his work, including material relating to his book Science Outpost in which he described the work of the SBSCO.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.79  1943

Contents:
'Report on a journey in the North-West, occupying Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov. 1943', 19pp typescript with extensive manuscript additions and corrections + 1p addendum.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.80  1944

Contents:
'Science and technology in the North-West of China', 17pp typescript.
Nature 153 (1944), 238-241.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.81  1944

Contents:
'Report of a journey in the South East of China, occupying April, May & June 1944', 25pp typescript with manuscript additions and corrections.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.82  1945

Contents:
'Science in Kweichow and Kuangsi', 10pp typescript.
Nature 156 (1945), 496-499.
'Journeys in South-East China', account taken from Needham's report to the British Council, published in Geographical Journal 106 (1945), 83-84.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.83  1946

Contents:
'Science and technology in China's far South-East', 8pp typescript.
Nature 157 (1946), 175-177.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.84  1944

Contents:
'Report on a journey in the Southwest of China, occupying August, September and October, 1944', 24pp typescript with manuscript additions and corrections + addendum.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.85  1943

Contents:
'Science in South-West China', 31pp typescript
Nature 152 (1943), 9-10, 36-37.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.86  1943

Contents:
'Science in western Szechuan', 22pp typescript.
Nature 152 (1943), 343-345, 372-374.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.87  1944

Contents:
'Chungking mining and industrial exhibition', 11pp typescript.
Nature 153 (1944), 672-675.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.88  1945-1946

Contents:
'Report of a journey in the north of China occupying September and October 1945', 29pp typescript with extensive manuscript additions and corrections; letter re report, 13 March 1946.

'Report of the first year's working of the Sino-British Science Cooperation Bureau'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.89, C.90  [n.d.]

'Report of the first year's working of the Sino-British Science Cooperation Bureau'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.89  n.d

Contents:
30pp typescript.

'Report of the first year's working of the Sino-British Science Cooperation Bureau'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.90  n.d

Contents:
Proof copy with manuscript corrections.

'Report of second and third years' working of the Sino-British Science Co-operation Bureau'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.91, C.92  [n.d.]

'Report of second and third years' working of the Sino-British Science Co-operation Bureau'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.91  n.d

Contents:
47pp duplicated typescript.

'Report of second and third years' working of the Sino-British Science Co-operation Bureau'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.92  n.d

Contents:
Proof copy with manuscript corrections.

REPORTS, PUBLICATIONS AND BROADCASTS  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.93, C.94  n.d

2 folders.

Contents:
'Lists referred to in the reports of the Sino-British Science Co-operation Bureau'.

REPORTS, PUBLICATIONS AND BROADCASTS  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.95  1945

Contents:
Memoranda on future British Council policy in China.
A memorandum was sent by P.M. Roxby, head of the British Council mission in China, to the British Council in November 1945. Needham added a set of complementary recommendations in a second memorandum.
'Final version' of Needham's memorandum, 11pp typescript with extensive manuscript additions; Roxby's comments on Needham's memorandum, annotated by Needham; correspondence re the memoranda.

REPORTS, PUBLICATIONS AND BROADCASTS  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.96  1945

Contents:
'Observations on the London-appointed staff members of the Scientific Office in Chungking' by Needham, 17 November 1945.
5pp typescript and manuscript draft; 6pp typescript + addenda; related correspondence.

'Final memorandum to the British Council' by Needham, 14 April 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.97-C.101  [n.d.]

Contents:
The memorandum enclosed documents relating to the SBSCO. These included the second and third years' report which may be found at NCUACS 54.3.95/C.91, NCUACS 54.3.95/C.92 above.

'Final memorandum to the British Council' by Needham, 14 April 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.97  n.d

Contents:
Memorandum, 2pp typescript.

'Final memorandum to the British Council' by Needham, 14 April 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.98  n.d

Contents:
Correspondence exchanged between Roxby and Needham on the conduct of British Council affairs in China, January - February 1946.

'Final memorandum to the British Council' by Needham, 14 April 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.99  n.d

Contents:
Early drafts of Needham's letters to Roxby in this exchange.

'Final memorandum to the British Council' by Needham, 14 April 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.100  n.d

Administrative history:
This report arose from a conversation between the Generalissimo and Needham on the state of science in China.

Contents:
'Report to his Excellency President and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek on the position and prospects of science and technology in China' by Needham, 56pp typescript final draft with manuscript corrections and additions, Chungking, Winter 1945.

'Final memorandum to the British Council' by Needham, 14 April 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.101  n.d

Contents:
Circulation list of copies of report to Chiang Kai-Shek; correspondence re report.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.102  1944

Contents:
Chinese Science, Pilot Press, London, 1944.
This short book gave an account of the state of Chinese science, profusely illustrated by photographs taken by Needham.
Correspondence; publicity material.

Reports, Publications and Broadcasts  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.103  1945

Contents:
'Sino-British Scientific and Technical Cooperation', Washington Scientist 1 (1945), 30.
Reprint only.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.104-C.136  [n.d.]

Contents:
Science Outpost gave an account of the history and work of the SBSCO. It brought together articles and reports, extracts from letters and from Dorothy Needham's diary and poems by Rewi Alley and others.
Many of the pieces which Needham included in the book are to be found elsewhere in this section.

'Science Outpost papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.104-C.111  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into eight for ease of reference.

'Science Outpost papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.104, C.105  1946-1949

2 folders.

Contents:
Correspondence with publishers, British Council and others 1946-1949.

'Science Outpost papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.106  n.d

Contents:
Contract with publishers; publicity material.

'Science Outpost papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.107  n.d

Contents:
Statements by Needham on his work for the SBSCO:
'Scientific & Technical Co-operation in China', two slightly different 3pp typescripts; 'Sino-British Scientific & Technical Co-operation', 3pp typescript

'Science Outpost papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.108  1945

Contents:
Talks by Needham: 'Scientific cooperation and Atomic energy', 3pp typescript for radio broadcast, 25 December 1945; 'Postscript (on impressions of China in wartime)'. 10pp typescript.

'Science Outpost papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.109-C.111  n.d

3 folders.

Contents:
Miscellaneous typescript and duplicated typescript papers on Chinese science, principally biochemistry and chemistry, and related subjects.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.112-C.114  1943 - 1945

Contents:
'Acta Brevia Sinensia file copy'. Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into three for ease of reference; duplicated typescript 'Scientific and technological notes from China', 1943-1945.
These notes were prepared by the Natural Science Society of China and distributed by the British Council through the SBSCO. They give accounts of work in progress in Chinese research institutions.

'Material + [not] used in Sci Outpost'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.115-C.118  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into four for ease of reference.

'Material + [not] used in Sci Outpost'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.115  n.d

Contents:
Typescript narratives by Rewi Alley.

'Material + [not] used in Sci Outpost'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.116  n.d

Contents:
Extracts from Needham's diary; accounts of activities of the National Academy of Peiping and the Academia Sinica.

'Material + [not] used in Sci Outpost'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.117  n.d

Contents:
'Definitive illustrations for Science Outpost numbered captioned and listed'.

'Material + [not] used in Sci Outpost'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.118  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous material.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.119-C.126  n.d

8 folders.

Contents:
Typescript and manuscript draft of Science Outpost with extensive manuscript additions and corrections.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.127  n.d

Contents:
Typescript and manuscript lists of illustrations.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.128  n.d

Contents:
Typescript and manuscript indexes.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.129-C.135  n.d

7 folders.

Contents:
Corrected proof copy of Science Outpost.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.136  1949

Contents:
Miscellaneous manuscript notes etc re Science Outpost; letter of appreciation, February 1949.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.137  1947 - 1949

Contents:
BBC radio broadcasts:
'Observation Post', broadcast various times 10-14 October 1947. This included a short interview with Needham on Chinese science.
Duplicated typescript transcript.
'Sunday Discussion' on 'How far can an Eastern University usefully draw upon Western Culture?, broadcast by Far Eastern Service 16 October 1949. Needham and Sir John Sargent were the speakers.
Correspondence with the BBC; Needham's manuscript notes; duplicated typescript transcript.

Science Outpost, ed. with D.M.M. Needham, Pilot Press, London, 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.138  n.d


Related information: See above NCUACS.54.3.95/C.79, NCUACS.54.3.95/C.80.

Administrative history:
This was an extract from Needham's unpublished journal of his tour to this area of China in the autumn of 1943.

Contents:
'Journal of the North-West Tour'. The Times Literary Supplement, 10 September 1993.

ADMINISTRATIVE  [no ref. or date]

ADMINISTRATIVE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.139, C.140  n.d

2 folders.

Contents:
'Master copy [of the] filing hand list'.
Typescript and manuscript list for SBSCO filing system. The classes of document provided for by the listing are: Reports, Office [papers], Correspondence (General), Visits, Information and exchanges, Printed matter: books, Printed matter: periodicals and microfilms, Scientific supplies [and] transport of all supplies, Vehicles, Enterprises, Films & radio, Music, Medicine, and International contacts.

ADMINISTRATIVE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.141  1946

Contents:
'Tentative classification of Chinese universities as to standards' by Needham, 2pp typescript, 12 January 1946; list of 'Nominations for Professorships', 2pp typescript, February 1946; 'Scheme of organisation of science in China', 3pp typescript, nd; 'List of Diplomatic officials of the British Embassy, 2pp typescript, nd.

ADMINISTRATIVE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.142  1946

Contents:
Lists of orders of scientific supplies for Chinese universities and of 'missing orders', sent to Dorothy Needham 15 March 1946.

ADMINISTRATIVE  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.143  n.d

Contents:
'List of drugs for China', 2pp typescript and 'List of medical supplies taken to China by Dr Sanders'. 2pp typescript.

Miscellaneous administrative correspondence and papers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.144-C.146  [n.d.]

Miscellaneous administrative correspondence and papers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.144  1944-1946

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re travel

Miscellaneous administrative correspondence and papers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.145  March 1946

Contents:
Correspondence re theft of clothes from Peking hotel

Miscellaneous administrative correspondence and papers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.146  April - June 1946

Contents:
Correspondence re supply of scientific and medical equipment

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL  [no ref. or date]

Membership of Chinese learned societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.147-C.149  [n.d.]

Membership of Chinese learned societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.147  1943

Contents:
Correspondent Member, National Academy of Peiping, 19 January 1943.
Correspondent Member, Chemical Institute and Zoological and Botanical Institute, Academia Sinica, 1 March 1943.
Honourable Member, Chinese Chemical Society, Pehpie Chapter, 15 June 1943.

Membership of Chinese learned societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.148  1943 - 1946

Contents:
Honorary Member, Science Society of China, July 1943.
Honorary Member, Chinese National Farmers' Association, 29 October 1944.
Corresponding Research Fellow, Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, 24 May 1945.
Honorary Member, Natural Science Society of China, 28 February 1946.

Membership of Chinese learned societies  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.149  n.d

Contents:
Other Chinese societies.

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.150  n.d

Contents:
Appointment as Advisor to Chinese Air Force Research Bureau.

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.151  n.d

Contents:
Manuscript notes by Needham on itineraries, travel arrangements etc.

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.152  n.d

Contents:
Brochure of UNESCO exhibition 'L'effort de Guerre fourni par la Chine dans le domaine de la science et le travail de I'Office de Cooperation Scientifique de Sino-Britannique', with photographs of the exhibition display.

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.153  n.d

Contents:
Papers by R.A. Silow: 'The scientific activities of the British Council in China', Science and Technology in China 1 (1948); 'Mission to China', Empire Cotton Growing Review 27 (1950).

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.154-C.156  n.d

3 folders.

Contents:
Printed material: pamphlets, articles, journals etc.

Press cuttings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.157-C.159  [n.d.]

Press cuttings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.157  1943

Contents:
Chinese language. Folder also includes printed notices of surrender of Italy 1943 and the Japanese surrender.

Press cuttings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.158  n.d

Contents:
English language.

Press cuttings.  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.159  n.d

Contents:
Russian language. The cuttings are of the Red Army victory parade in Moscow.

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.160  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous typescripts. Includes papers on Chinese cooperatives by Rewi Alley.

Memorabilia  [no ref. or date]

Memorabilia  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.161  n.d

Contents:
Social functions and contacts.

Memorabilia  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.162  n.d

Contents:
Prints, drawings and paintings.

Memorabilia  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.163  n.d

Contents:
Unidentified Chinese language material.

Memorabilia  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.164  n.d

Contents:
Photographs.
Group photograph of Chengtu Committee for aiding Sino-British Science Cooperation, with key. Needham is featured.
'Miaotaidze photos for +G [Dorothy Needham]'. Photographs of Taoist temple at Miaotaidze, identified on verso.
Group photograph ?of members of Chinese learned society. Needham is featured (twelfth from the right, second row from bottom).

Memorabilia  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.165  n.d

Contents:
SBSCO stationery.

Memorabilia  NCUACS 54.3.95/C.166  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous memorabilia. Includes 8pp typescript 'Tibetan Folk Songs, tr [into French and German] Yü Tao-Chuen'.

SECTION D UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.1-D.365  [n.d.]


Related information: See NCUACS 54.3.95/G.70, NCUACS 54.3.95/G.71.

Administrative history:
In October 1942 the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education (CAME) was formed to discuss the post-war educational needs of Allied countries, focusing in particular on those under Axis occupation. Various committees were created under the auspices of CAME and by 1944 the Conference had developed into a far-reaching organisation whose remit covered almost all aspects of the cultural reconstruction of occupied Europe. It was felt that after the war the example of this body, which was showing the possibilities of international cooperation in cultural and educational matters, should not be forgotten but brought under the auspices of the United Nations. Accordingly in March 1944 plans were advanced for the establishment of a United Nations Organisation for Educational and Cultural Reconstruction. In April 1944 the US State Department accepted the desirability of a 'United Nations Educational and Cultural Organisation' and later that year the UK government also gave its support to the creation of such a body. CAME began drafting plans for its transformation into UNECO and published its draft proposals.
Needham was in China during this period with the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office (see section C). He believed that scientific cooperation should come within the remit of the post-war United Nations and in July 1944 he prepared a 'Memorandum on an international science co-operation service' (D.2). This was circulated by the British Council. In December 1944 Needham sent out a second memorandum to the UK parliamentary and scientific committee on 'Measures for the organisation of international co-operation in science in the post-war period' (D.6). Needham may have been the first to use the abbreviation 'UNESCO', in a manuscript note of February 1945, and his third memorandum (D.12-D.14) on 'The place of science and international scientific co-operation in post-war world organisation', April 1945, publicly advocated the inclusion of the word 'Scientific' in the title of the organisation being planned. In the same month the drafting organisation for the United Nations Organisation for Educational and Cultural Cooperation rejected the inclusion of the word 'Scientific' but renewed pressure, in part through the wide distribution of Needham's third memorandum, and support, particularly from J.G. Crowther and US colleagues, succeeded in keeping the issue open.
In November 1945 the United Nations Educational and Cultural Conference held in London to draft the constitution of the new body agreed to include the word 'Scientific' in its title and to give it responsibilities in international scientific cooperation. A Preparatory Committee was formed and the first session of the UNESCO General Conference met in Paris in November 1946 to establish the Organisation formally. J.S. Huxley was elected its first Director General and Needham was appointed Director of the Natural Sciences Section. He served until April 1948.
Needham gave an account of the work of UNESCO in his Robert Boyle lecture on Science and International Relations, 1 June 1948

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.1-D.39 EARLY HISTORY OF UNESCO
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.40-D.200 UNESCO GENERAL
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.201-D.316 NATURAL SCIENCES SECTION
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.317-D.339 UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.340-D.358 BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.359-D.365 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

EARLY HISTORY OF UNESCO  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Most of this material (D.1-D.32) was found in three of Needham's folders inscribed 'CAME UNECO and the origins of UNESCO', with further descriptions of the contents thereon. These descriptions are reproduced in the catalogue entries.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.1-D.11  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of folder so inscribed divided into eleven for ease of reference.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.1  1943

Contents:
Background material. Includes 'First statement of the conception of an international science cooperation service, in a letter from Dr Joseph Needham, FRS (Director of the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office) to H.E. Sung Tze-Wen (T.V. Soong), Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chungking', 29 December 1943; and 'Suggestions for the development of the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education into the United Nations Organization for Educational and Cultural Reconstruction', annotated 'J.G.C[rowther] 12.4.44', with comments and amendments arising.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.2  1944

Contents:
'Memorandum on an international science co-operation service' by Needham, Chungking, July 1944. This was the first of Needham's three memoranda.
Manuscript notes; 19pp typescript and 9pp duplicated typescript drafts; 15pp duplicated typescript.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.3  1944

Contents:
Correspondence re distribution of the memorandum. Includes list of recipients sent to J.G. Crowther, 25 July 1944.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.4  1944

Contents:
Correspondence from those receiving copies of the memorandum, including comments thereon, August - December 1944.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.5  1944

Administrative history:
Needham had not intended the memorandum for publication; it was sent to Nature for their information only.

Contents:
'A Memorandum on the activities and future plans of international scientific organizations. 1919-1944', 48pp typescript, annotated by Needham 'WB Cannon & RM Field Undated but I think Oct 1944'.
Pages from Nature, 25 November 1944, featuring Needham's memorandum published as 'An international science cooperation service', and editorial comment 'Dissemination of scientific information' focusing on Needham's article; brief correspondence re re-publication of the article.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.6  1944

Contents:
'Memorandum addressed to the parliamentary and scientific committee (December 1944). Measures for the organisation of international co-operation in science in the post-war period', London, December 1944. This was the second of Needham's memoranda.
4pp and 5pp typescript drafts; 5pp duplicated typescript.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.7  1944-1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, December 1944 - January 1945.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.8  1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, February 1945. Includes list of 'Activities suggested for UNECO' by G.N. Kefauver, the US delegate to CAME, and manuscript notes and typescript comments thereon by Needham.
One of Needham's notes records the three requirements he felt were needed 'To make UNECO work'. These were the addition of the word 'Scientific' in the title, a reference to applied (as well as pure) science in the preamble and a good scientific director. Needham uses the abbreviation UNESCO, perhaps the first occasion on which it was used.
In February - March 1945 Needham visited the United States, during which visit he discussed his plans for future international cooperation in science with American colleagues.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.9  1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, March 1945.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.10  1945

Contents:
'The place of science in a United Nations Educational and Cultural Organisation', March 1945. This was a preliminary version of Needham's third memorandum and was not widely circulated.
Manuscript and typescript draft with extensive correction; letter re distribution of memorandum, 16 March.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 1 From the T.V. Sung conversations of Dec 1943 to my return to Chungking in April 1945 after the Washington negotiations. Memo I Chungking July 1944 Memo II London Dec. 1944'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.11  1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, April - May 1945. Includes papers of CAME relating to establishment of United Nations Organisation for Educational and Cultural Reconstruction. At the 10 April meeting of the Drafting Committee drawing up the constitution of the body J.G. Crowther attempted, unsuccessfully, to insert 'Scientific' into the title.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.12-D.24  1945

Contents:
Contents of folder so inscribed divided into thirteen for ease of reference.

'The place of science and international scientific co-operation in post-war world organisation', Chungking, 28 April 1945. This was the third of Needham's three memoranda.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.12-D.14  1945

'The place of science and international scientific co-operation in post-war world organisation', Chungking, 28 April 1945. This was the third of Needham's three memoranda.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.12  1945

Contents:
Typescript draft with extensive manuscript corrections and additions.

'The place of science and international scientific co-operation in post-war world organisation', Chungking, 28 April 1945. This was the third of Needham's three memoranda.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.13  1945

Contents:
46pp typescript 'Master-copy 9 for mimeographing in CK' retained in original folder.

'The place of science and international scientific co-operation in post-war world organisation', Chungking, 28 April 1945. This was the third of Needham's three memoranda.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.14  1945

Contents:
31pp duplicated typescript + appendices and index.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.15  1945

Contents:
Miscellaneous manuscript and typescript notes, including lists of those to receive a copy of third memorandum.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.16  1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, May 1945, chiefly re attempt to persuade CAME to widen the scope and include the word 'Scientific' in the title of UNECO, at their meeting of 16 May.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.17  1945

Contents:
Correspondence re distribution of third memorandum, May - July 1945. Includes letters from recipients.
Distribution of the memorandum in the UK was chiefly through J.G. Crowther

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.18  1945

Contents:
Papers, chiefly re meetings of CAME, June - August 1945. Includes '1st proof' of CAME's 'Draft proposals for an Educational and Cultural Organisation of the United Nations', 9 July.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.19  1945

Contents:
Correspondence from recipients of third memorandum, including comments thereon, August 1945.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.20  1945

Contents:
Correspondence from recipients of third memorandum, including comments thereon, September 1945.
The memorandum was considered at a meeting of the Science Commission of CAME on 11 September. They recommended that it be put before CAME.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.21  1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, October 1945, chiefly comments on third memorandum.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.22  1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, November 1945, chiefly re United Nations Educational and Cultural Conference.
The Conference, meeting in London, signed the constitution establishing UNESCO on 16 November.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.23  n.d

Contents:
'CAME photos'. Contents of Needham's envelope so inscribed: photographs of members of CAME, identified on verso. Probably taken during the Educational and Cultural Conference.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From April 1945 to end December 1945. Memo III Chungking April 1945'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.24  1945

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, December 1945.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.25-D.32  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of folder so inscribed divided into eight for ease of reference.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.25  1946

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, January - April 1946. Includes telegram sent to Needham in Chungking re his appointment as Director of Natural Sciences of UNESCO.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.26  1946

Contents:
Correspondence, May - November 1946.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.27  1947

Contents:
Correspondence and manuscript notes, February - April 1947. Chiefly re Needham's intended resignation at the end of the year, and UNESCO appointments policy.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.28  1947

Contents:
Correspondence, May - June 1947. Includes Needham's letters to Dorothy Needham explaining the situation and current developments at UNESCO.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.29  1947

Contents:
Correspondence, August - September 1947. Chiefly re extension of Needham's appointment into 1948.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.30  1947-1948

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, October 1947 - January 1948. Chiefly re administrative problems within UNESCO.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.31  1947-1948

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, February - March 1948. Chiefly re administrative problems. Includes 'Personal statement of Joseph Needham. FRS to the members of the Advisory Committee on the organisation and administration of UNESCO', 9pp typescript + annexes, 7 February.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives From Jan. 1946 - Vol. III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.32  1948

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, April - May 1948. Re Needham's departure from UNESCO.

'Unesco Historical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.33-D.37  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into five for ease of reference.

'Unesco Historical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.33  1945

Contents:
Third memorandum. 'The place of science and international scientific co-operation in post-war world organisation', Chungking, 28 April 1945.
42pp duplicated typescript. The document has been reproduced on poor quality Chinese paper and probably was intended for distribution by Needham himself within China.

'Unesco Historical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.34  n.d

Contents:
Master-copies of letters sent covering the final version of third memorandum; miscellaneous manuscript notes including lists of recipients; typescript drafts of list of contents of third memorandum with extensive manuscript correction.

'Unesco Historical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.35  1945

Contents:
Copy of the constitution of UNESCO as agreed in London, 16 November 1945, 16pp duplicated typescript.

'Unesco Historical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.36  1947-1949

Contents:
'Archives of UNESCO. Deposition of Papers relative to the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education and the inclusion of Pure and Applied Science in the projected United Nations Organisation for Education and Culture' by Needham, 3pp duplicated typescript, 27 January 1947; correspondence re research on the origins of UNESCO, 1947-1949.

'Unesco Historical'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.37  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous printed material.

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From Jan. 1946 - Vol.III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.38  1966-1977

Contents:
Correspondence re research on origins of UNESCO, 1966-1977. Includes correspondence arising from New Statesman article 'The "S" in Unesco' by Nigel Calder, and correspondence with D. Mylonas see NCUACS 54.3.95.D.39).

'Dr Joseph Needham's Archives pt. 2 From Jan. 1946 - Vol.III'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.39  1972

Contents:
'La Conference des Ministres Allies de l'Education (Londres 1942-1945) de la cooperation educative dans l'Europe en guerre a la creation d'une organisation internationale', by D. Mylonas, Ph.D. thesis for University of Geneva. Sent to Needham 16 October 1972 (see NCUACS 54.3.95.D.38).
Retained in original binding.

UNESCO GENERAL  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.40-D.111 General Conference
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.112-D.137 Executive
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.138-D.160 Correspondence
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.161-D.176 Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.177-D.186 Publicity and information literature
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.187-D.200 Miscellaneous

General Conference  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The General Conference was the chief forum and governing body of UNESCO. At its annual meetings the Executive of UNESCO was elected by the delegates.

First General Conference, Paris, 19 November - 10 December 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.40-D.42  [n.d.]

First General Conference, Paris, 19 November - 10 December 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.40  1946

Contents:
'Guide de la première Conférence générale et du mois de I'U.N.E.S.C.O.' (programme and information booklet).

First General Conference, Paris, 19 November - 10 December 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.41  1946

Contents:
'Rules of Procedure for the General Conference'; 'Liste des documents'.

First General Conference, Paris, 19 November - 10 December 1946.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.42  1946

Contents:
Miscellaneous papers for the General Conference.

Second Session of the General Conference, Mexico City, November 1947.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.43-D.54  [n.d.]

Second Session of the General Conference, Mexico City, November 1947.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.43, D.44  1947

2 folders

Contents:
'Memorandum on the Grants-in-aid allocated by UNESCO to international scientific organisations in 1947'. Contents of Needham's folder so labelled.

Second Session of the General Conference, Mexico City, November 1947.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.45, D.46  1947

2 folders.

Contents:
Other general conference papers, principally concerning matters of scientific interest.

Second Session of the General Conference, Mexico City, November 1947.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.47, D.48  1947

2 folders.

Contents:
Papers for Working Party L: Natural Sciences.

Second Session of the General Conference, Mexico City, November 1947.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.49  1947

Contents:
Press releases.

Second Session of the General Conference, Mexico City, November 1947.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.50-D.54  1947

Contents:
'Unesco 2nd General Conf. Mexico City misc papers'. Contents of Needham's envelope so inscribed divided into five for ease of reference: miscellaneous memorabilia from the conference and Mexico City, including press-cuttings from Mexican newspapers. At NCUACS 54.3.95/D.50 is cutting from Mexico City Herald, 19 November, profiling Needham.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.55-D.97  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Needham attended the conference in a dual official capacity - as Honorary Scientific Adviser to UNESCO and as a member of the UK delegation. Needham also acted as observer for the World Federation of Scientific Workers (see NCUACS 54.3.95.K.330). At the conference he delivered a lecture on 'The unity of science; Asia's indispensable contribution'.
Needham travelled home via Turkey where he visited colleagues in universities in Ankara and Istanbul.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.55  1948

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re travel arrangements.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.56  1948

Contents:
Conference pass; 'Guide et Calendrier du mois de I'UNESCO', extensively annotated by Needham.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.57-D.64  1948

8 folders.

Contents:
General conference papers. Duplicated typescript, with some manuscript notes by Needham.
Material includes budget estimates (at NCUACS 54.3.95/D.59) and report of the Director General for 1948 (at NCUACS 54.3.95/D.64).

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.65-D.67  1948

Contents:
'The unity of science: Asia's indispensable contribution'.
Versions of this lecture were published in Asian Horizon, (in French) in Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences, April 1949, and (in Arabic) in the Arabic edition of the Listener, 19 July 1950. It also formed the basis of two broadcasts for the BBC radio Third Programme and a lecture to the Royal Central Asian Society (see NCUACS 54.3.95.D.38).

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.65  1948

Contents:
Typescript draft, with manuscript corrections and typescript additions.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.66  1948

Contents:
29pp typescript (in French).

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.67  1948

Contents:
Copy of Arabic version; correspondence re publication.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.68-D.84  [n.d.]

Contents:
The material is principally duplicated typescript papers. They have been arranged following the reference system adopted for the conference.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.68, D.69  1948

2 folders.

Contents:
Information.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.70  1948

Contents:
General Committee of the Conference.
Committee on Constitution and Procedure.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.71  1948

Contents:
Programme and Budget Commission. The bulk of this material is papers for subcommissions of the Programme and Budget Commission.
General commission papers.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.72  1948

Contents:
Programme and Budget Commission. The bulk of this material is papers for subcommissions of the Programme and Budget Commission.
Reconstruction subcommission.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.73  1948

Contents:
Programme and Budget Commission. The bulk of this material is papers for subcommissions of the Programme and Budget Commission.
Communication and Education subcommissions.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.74  1948

Contents:
Programme and Budget Commission. The bulk of this material is papers for subcommissions of the Programme and Budget Commission.
Cultural Questions subcommission.
Needham was rapporteur for a Joint Meeting with the Natural Sciences subcommission on the Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind Project. The folder includes Needham's manuscript notes taken at the meeting.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.75-D.77  1948

3 folders.

Contents:
Programme and Budget Commission. The bulk of this material is papers for subcommissions of the Programme and Budget Commission.
Natural Sciences subcommission.
The subcommission held two meetings on 23 November and a third joint meeting with the Cultural Questions subcommission on 26 November (see NCUACS 54.3.95.D.74 above). Needham was rapporteur at the meetings. Includes Needham's manuscript notes and typescript reports on meetings.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.78  1948

Contents:
Social Sciences and Exchange of Persons subcommissions.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.79-D.82  1948

4 folders.

Contents:
Official and External Relations Commission.

Papers of Conference General Committee and Commissions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.83, D.84  1948

2 folders.

Contents:
Administrative Commission.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.85-D.88  1948

4 folders.

Contents:
UK delegation papers.
Duplicated typescript memoranda and papers for meetings of the delegation during and following the conference.
Some of the papers relate to matters concerning a particular Commission, others to general subjects. At NCUACS 54.3.95/D.88 is the draft UK delegation report to the Minister of Education, with Needham's comments thereon.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.89  1948

Contents:
Press-releases.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.90-D.92  1948

3 folders.

Contents:
Issues of the conference 'Journal' for 17 November - 11 December. A complete sequence.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.93  1948

Contents:
Exchange of letters between Joseph and Dorothy Needham, November 1948. Joseph Needham's letter gives a full account of proceedings up to 27 November.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.94  1948

Contents:
Post conference correspondence re account of proceedings.
After the conference Needham wrote accounts of its proceedings for a number of journals. He felt that it received insufficient coverage. Includes 9pp typescript draft of article for the New Statesman 'UNESCO in Phoenicia' (not published).

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.95  1948

Contents:
Correspondence re post conference visits to Ankara and Istanbul; manuscript notes from visits; 7pp typescript 'Notes on a scientific visit to Turkey', 28 December.

Third Session of the General Conference, Beirut, 17 November - 11 December 1948.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.96, D.97  1948

2 folders.

Contents:
Miscellaneous memorabila.

Fourth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 19 September - 1 October 1949.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.98-D.105  [n.d.]

Fourth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 19 September - 1 October 1949.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.98, D.99  1949

2 folders.

Contents:
General conference papers.

Fourth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 19 September - 1 October 1949.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.100, D.101  1949

2 folders.

Contents:
Programme and Budget Commission.

Fourth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 19 September - 1 October 1949.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.102, D.103  1949

2 folders.

Contents:
Official and External Relations Commission.

Fourth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 19 September - 1 October 1949.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.104  1949

Contents:
Administrative Commission.

Fourth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 19 September - 1 October 1949.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.105  1949

Contents:
Conference 'Journal' for 28 September; report of the UK delegation to the Minister for Education, Cmnd. 7863, January 1950.

General Conference  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.106  1950

Contents:
Fifth Session of the General Conference, Florence, 22 May - 17 June 1950
Report of the UK delegation to the Minister for Education, Cmnd. 8066, October 1950.

Sixth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 18 June - 11 July 1951.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.107-D.111  [n.d.]

Sixth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 18 June - 11 July 1951.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.107, D.108  1951

2 folders.

Contents:
General conference papers.

Sixth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 18 June - 11 July 1951.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.109, D.110  1951

2 folders.

Contents:
Programme and Budget Commission.

Sixth Session of the General Conference, Paris, 18 June - 11 July 1951.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.111  1952

Contents:
Official and External Relations Commission; report of the UK delegation to the Minister for Education, Cmnd. 8439, January 1952.

Executive Board  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Duplicated typescript papers for information and meetings of the Executive Board of UNESCO and its committees, 1947-1950.

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.112  April 1947

Contents:
Executive Board second session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.113-D.115  January - February 1948

3 folders.

Contents:
Executive Board sixth session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.116  April 1948

Contents:
Executive Board seventh session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.117  April 1948

Contents:
Programme Committee fourth session; Finance Committee Sixth Session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.118-D.121  June - July 1948

4 folders.

Contents:
Executive Board eighth session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.122, D.123  June - July 1948

2 folders.

Contents:
Finance Committee eighth session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.124  July 1948

Contents:
Nominations Committee third session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.125  July 1948

Contents:
Committee on Relationships with International Non-governmental Organisations third session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.126, D.127  January - February 1949

2 folders.

Contents:
Executive Board fourteenth session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.128  February 1949

Contents:
Committee for External Relations first session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.129  April 1949

Contents:
Executive Board fifteenth session

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.130  1949

Contents:
Committee for External Relations second session, May 1949; Executive Board sixteenth session, June 1949.

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.131, D.132  1949

2 folders.

Contents:
Executive Board seventeenth session, September - October 1949.

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.133-D.136  1950

4 folders.

Contents:
Executive Board nineteenth session, January - February 1950.
At NCUACS 54.3.95/D.136 is exchange between Needham and J.S. Huxley on the Board paper dealing with relations with international non-governmental organisations.

Executive Board  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.137  1950

Contents:
Executive Board twentieth and twenty-third sessions, March, August 1950.

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Miscellaneous correspondence re general UNESCO business found in Needham's folders.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.138-D.149  1948-1949


Related information: At NCUACS.54.3.95.D.148 and NCUACS 54.3.95/D.149 are contents of folders found within the bulky folder.

Contents:
Contents of Needham's bulky folder so inscribed divided into twelve for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence March 1948 - March 1949.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.138  1948

Contents:
1948 March.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.139  1948

Contents:
1948 April. Includes invitations to speak at International Congress on Population and World Resources in Relation to the Family, Cheltenham, 23-27 August and to attend Society for Visiting Scientists Symposium on Science at the UNESCO General Conference in Mexico; reports on Natural Sciences section meetings, 15, 24 and 30 April; personal letters from Lu Gwei-Djen reporting on situation within UNESCO.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.140  1948

Contents:
1948 May. Includes invitation to speak at Progressive League meeting on UNESCO, Frensham Heights School, Farnham, Surrey, 15 August and to the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 3 June; reports on Natural Sciences section meetings 21 and 28 May; personal letters from Lu.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.141  1948 June


Related information: See NCUACS 54.3.95.J.209-J.218

Contents:
Includes correspondence re Working Parties for Royal Society Scientific Information Conference, 21 June - 2 July; personal letters from Lu.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.142  1948 July

Contents:
Includes letter to The Times (marked 'Not for publication') re 'Records of research', arising from a proposal of J.D. Bernal for the rationalisation of scientific publications; letter to Sir John Maud re UK policy towards and problems within UNESCO.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.143  1948 August

Contents:
Includes correspondence and papers re Progressive League meeting and International Congress on Population and World Resources; invitation to participate in BBC Overseas Service radio discussion on 'Science across the Frontiers' during British Association meeting in September.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.144  1948 September

Contents:
Includes 'Activity Report' of UNESCO East Asia Field Scientific Cooperation Office, 1947-1948 which pays tribute to Needham's work; request for list of Chinese scientists who could be invited to Seventh Pacific Science congress, New Zealand, February 1949, with Needham's reply; incomplete typescript notes of 'Science across the Frontiers' BBC radio broadcast, with Needham's jottings; letter to Sir Stafford Cripps, Chancellor of the Exchequer, re the Director-Generalship of UNESCO.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.145  1948 October, November

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.146  1948 December

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.147  1949 January, March

Contents:
Includes correspondence re informal meeting to discuss the East African Groundnut and Sorghum schemes, 20 January; letters to Sir John Maud re personnel situation in UNESCO.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.148  1948

Contents:
'Lebanon Exhibn'. Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed: correspondence and papers re transport to the UNESCO General Conference in Beirut of the Atomic Scientists' Association travelling Atomic Energy Exhibition, April - November 1948.

'Unesco current corresp.'  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.149  [n.d.]

Contents:
'After 2 years in UNESCO'. Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed: manuscript notes re problems and tensions within UNESCO.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.150-D.158  [n.d.]

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.150  1948

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.151  1949 January, February

Contents:
Includes invitation to speak at discussion meeting of Society for Visiting Scientists, 15 February (accepted); and Needham's typescript account of House of Lords debate on UNESCO.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.152  1949 March

Contents:
Includes exchange with Sir Stafford Cripps re Truman Program aid to undeveloped regions.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.153  1949 April - July

Contents:
Includes invitation to speak on UNESCO at British Association meeting in September.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.154  1949 September - December

Contents:
Includes information re project for an international museum of civilisation, which Needham supported.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.155  1950 January - June

Contents:
Includes correspondence re UNESCO 'Statement on Race'; Activity Report of UNESCO East Asia Science Cooperation Office, March - December 1949.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.156  1950 July - October

Contents:
Includes papers re UNESCO 'Statement on Race', July; paper by A. Leveille on 'An international museum of civilisation'.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.157  1951

Contents:
Includes correspondence re revision of 'Statement on Race'.

Contents of Needham's folder divided into nine for ease of reference: miscellaneous correspondence and papers re UNESCO business, 1948-1955.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.158  1952-55, nd

Correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.159  1949-1950

Contents:
'China Mission'. Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed: correspondence re possible establishment of Field Science Cooperation Office in mainland China, September 1949 - October 1950.
The inspiration for the Field Science Cooperation Office was Needham's work with the Sino-British Science Cooperation Office during the Second World War. The political situation in China in the period covered by this material presented considerable difficulties in establishing a field office there.

Correspondence  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.160  1950

Contents:
'ACTH'. Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed: correspondence and papers re patenting of drug ACTH, 1950.
There was discussion as to whether an international body might be established to hold patents in new drugs to prevent one company or country acquiring a monopoly.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
From the outset UNESCO had among its tasks the study of worldwide cultural and scientific history. A committee was established, with Needham as a member, to formulate proposals. These were submitted to the UNESCO General Conference at Beirut in 1948. The project was approved and a drafting 'Committee of Experts' established to prepare the plan for the project. Needham was a member. It met to draw up a report, 12-17 December 1949.
At the fifth session of the General Conference in Florence 1950, an International Commission was set up to prepare and oversee the project. Needham was a Corresponding Member of this Commission.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.161  1948

Contents:
Includes 'Notes on the scientific and cultural history of mankind' by J.S. Huxley, May; papers re approval of project at the General Conference.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.162  1949 August

Contents:
'Rapport sur I'histoire scientifique et culturelle de l'humanite' by M.O. de Almeida, 35pp duplicated typescript.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.163  1949 December (1)

Contents:
Papers from meeting of drafting committee. Includes Needham's manuscript notes on proceedings and typescript plan of the project taken from Needham's notes, with manuscript annotation by Huxley.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.164  1949 December (2)

Contents:
Correspondence arising.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.165  1950 January

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re report of the Committee of Experts. Includes draft, Needham's and Huxley's comments and copy of final report.

1950 January - March. Papers re UK response to report of the Committee of Experts.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.166, D.167  [n.d.]

2 folders.

Administrative history:
The report was considered at the meeting on 12 January 1950 of the National Co-operating Body for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies of the UK National Commission for UNESCO. It established, jointly with the British Committee on Cooperation with UNESCO in the Natural Sciences, a Special Committee on the Unesco Project for a Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind to prepare the UK response to the report of the Committee of Experts. It met on 13 March (see NCUACS 54.3.95.D.349).

1950 January - March. Papers re UK response to report of the Committee of Experts.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.166  1950

Contents:
Meeting of the Co-operating Body, 12 January.

1950 January - March. Papers re UK response to report of the Committee of Experts.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.167  1950

Contents:
Meeting of the Special Committee, 13 March.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.168  1950 February - May

Contents:
Includes 'the final form of the "Report on the project for a scientific and cultural history of mankind" as it is presented to the 5th session of the Unesco General Conference', sent to Needham 24 May.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.169  1950 July - September

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re membership of the International Commission.
A small committee was established, with Needham as a member, to consider nominations for the Commission. It met on 14 October.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.170  1950 October - December

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re meeting of the committee to consider the membership of the International Commission, and first meeting of Commission.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.171  1951 January - April

Contents:
Includes report from first meeting of the Commission, and invitation to Needham to become a Corresponding Member of the Commission (accepted).

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.172  1951 May - November

Contents:
Includes first annual report of the Chairman of the Commission.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.173  1952 January, February

Contents:
Principally Commission papers.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.174  1952 March - October

Contents:
Commission papers. Includes News Bulletins I and II on the progress of the project.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.175  1953-1955

Contents:
Chiefly re visit to Cambridge by Professor L. Petech to discuss Needham's work on the history of science in China for use in the project.

Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.176  1962, 1963

Contents:
Chiefly re publication of the first volume of the Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind; Prehistory and the Beginnings of Civilisation by J. Hawkes and L. Woolley.

Information and publicity literature  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.177-D.180 Press-releases and news-sheets
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.181-D.186 Printed material

Press-releases and news-sheets  [no ref. or date]

Press-releases and news-sheets  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.177  1949-1952 (not a complete sequence) and nd

Contents:
UNESCO Newsletter no. 47, December 1947; press-releases

Press-releases and news-sheets  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.178  1949

Contents:
'UNESCO World Review', nos. 1, 4 and 6

Press-releases and news-sheets  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.179  May 1949

Contents:
'News from UNESCO' bulletins

Press-releases and news-sheets  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.180  1949

Contents:
'National Commissions Newsletter', nos. 6-8

Printed material  [no ref. or date]

Printed material  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.181  1946

Contents:
Act of establishment of UNESCO, 1945; Constitution, 1945; 'UNESCO Its purpose and its philosophy' by J.S. Huxley

Printed material  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.182  1946

Contents:
'La France et I'U.N.E.S.C.O.', 1946; brochure of 'Exposition scientifique internationale'

Printed material  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.183  1947

Contents:
' "The defenses of peace" Documents relating to UNESCO', 1946; 'Introduction to Unesco'

Printed material  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.184  1948

Contents:
Report of Director General for 1947; programme of activities for

Printed material  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.185  1951

Contents:
Articles re UNESCO. Includes 'Science in UNESCO' by B.J. Bok, Scientific Monthly 63 (1946); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization', Science and Culture 12 (1946-47); and typescript extracts from articles about UNESCO sent to the editor of Nature by Needham

Printed material  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.186  n.d

Contents:
Miscellaneous printed material and press-cuttings.

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.187, D.188  February 1947 - February 1948

2 folders.

Contents:
Lists of UNESCO documents

Miscellaneous UNESCO papers, 1947-1954.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.189-D.197  [n.d.]

Miscellaneous UNESCO papers, 1947-1954.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.189, D.190  1947

2 folders.

Contents:
Includes at NCUACS 54.3.95/D.190 September 1947 issue of 'Mercury', UNESCO staff newsletter, annotated 'Lu Gwei-Djen' and recording her arrival at UNESCO in Paris to advise on establishment of Far East Field Science Cooperation Office.

Miscellaneous UNESCO papers, 1947-1954.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.191-D.193  1948

3 folders.

Miscellaneous UNESCO papers, 1947-1954.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.194, D.195  1949

2 folders.

Miscellaneous UNESCO papers, 1947-1954.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.196  1950, 1951

Miscellaneous UNESCO papers, 1947-1954.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.197  1953, 1954

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.198  n.d

Contents:
Lists of names and addresses of experts. Includes 78pp typescript list of contacts in subjects from 'Agricultural chemistry' to 'Zoology'.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.199  n.d

Contents:
Duplicated typescript sheets on aspects of evolution. Nd. In French.

Miscellaneous  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.200  1947-1948

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re expenses, 1947-1948.

NATURAL SCIENCES SECTION  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.201- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.237 General papers
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.238- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.257 Committees
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.258- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.267 International Institute for the Hylean Amazon
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.268, NCUACS 54.3.95/D.269 International Institute for Arid Zones
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.270- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.300 Support for international science
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.301- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.316 National Research Council Committee on UNESCO

General papers  [no ref. or date]

Preparatory Commission Natural Science Committee  [no ref. or date]

Preparatory Commission Natural Science Committee  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.201-D.204  1946

4 folders.

Contents:
Duplicated typescript memoranda and papers for the Preparatory Commission Natural Science Committee
The Preparatory Commission Natural Sciences Committee drew up the functions and role of the Natural Sciences Section.

'Sci & Unesco'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.205-D.209  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into five for ease of reference: material re Preparatory Commission booklet 'Science and UNESCO' defining the 'Tasks and Functions of the Secretariat's Division of Natural Sciences'.
The booklet was drafted by Needham.

'Sci & Unesco'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.205-D.207  n.d

3 folders.

Contents:
Typescript rough draft.

'Sci & Unesco'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.208  n.d

Contents:
Proof copy with typescript additions.

'Sci & Unesco'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.209  n.d

Contents:
Copy of booklet.

Natural Sciences Section  [no ref. or date]

Natural Sciences Section  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.210  1946 - 1948

Contents:
Bibliography of Official Documents of Natural Sciences Section' covering May 1946 - April 1948.

Natural Sciences Section  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.211  1947

Contents:
'Natural Sciences Section Filing Handlist, 17 November 1947. Annotated by Needham.

Natural Sciences Section  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.212  1948

Contents:
'Natural Sciences Section Filing Handlist, 19 February 1948. Annotated by Needham.

Natural Sciences Section  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.213-D.228  1946-1951

16 folders.

Contents:
Duplicated typescript memoranda and papers, November 1946 - September 1951.
The great bulk of these papers form a consecutively numbered sequence of general Natural Science Section papers. This arrangement is followed in the organisation of the material, which is not necessarily in a strict chronological sequence.

Natural Sciences 'Occasional Papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.229-D.231  [n.d.]

Natural Sciences 'Occasional Papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.229  n.d

Contents:
No. 1 'Scientific research and scientific institutes in India'; no. 3 'Contemporary development of the mathematical and physical sciences in Mexico'; no. 4 'The development of science in Brazil in recent years'.

Natural Sciences 'Occasional Papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.230  n.d

Contents:
No. 5 'Government science in South Africa'; no. 6 'L'activitie scientifique dans les Pays-Bas'; no. 7 'La mission du Conseil National des Recherches de Tchécoslovaquie' and 'Chemical science in Czechoslovakia'.

Natural Sciences 'Occasional Papers'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.231  1946-1947

Contents:
No. 8 'The conditions of science in Egypt'; no. 10 'Les recherches biologiques en Hongrie 1946-47'; no. 11 'Institute for the Science of Science [Poland]'; no. 16 'Organization of scientific research in France'.

'FSCO booklet'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.232-D.237  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into six for ease of reference: correspondence and papers re editing by Needham of 'Science Liaison', a booklet drafted by Lu Gwei-Djen describing the work of the Field Science Cooperation Offices of UNESCO.

'FSCO booklet'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.232  n.d

Contents:
Contract with UNESCO to edit the booklet; correspondence with Lu and C.H. Dobinson; etc.

'FSCO booklet'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.233  n.d

Contents:
Draft preface by Needham, 2pp typescript; list of captions; text for cover of booklet; manuscript notes.

'FSCO booklet'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.234  n.d

Contents:
Typescript draft by Lu, 24pp + list of FSCOs.

'FSCO booklet'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.235  n.d

Contents:
Typescript drafts of appendices.

'FSCO booklet'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.236  n.d

Contents:
Proof copy.

'FSCO booklet'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.237  n.d

Contents:
Published copy of booklet.

Committees and conferences  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Duplicated typescript papers for committees and other bodies of the Section of Natural Sciences, and re conferences supported by the Section, not circulated as general Section papers.
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.238- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.242 Permanent Council for the Coordination of International Congresses of Medical Sciences
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.243, NCUACS 54.3.95/D.244 Committee for Conservation and Utilisation of Resources
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.245- NCUACS 54.3.95/D.248 Committee on the Popularisation of Science and its Social Implications
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.249, NCUACS 54.3.95/D.250 Committee on Scientific Abstracting
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.251 Interim Coordinating Committee on Medical and Biological Abstracting
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.252, NCUACS 54.3.95/D.253 International Conference on High Altitude Research Stations
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.254 Latin American Conference of Scientific Experts
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.255 Group Discussions on the Social Implications of Science
NCUACS 54.3.95/D.256, NCUACS 54.3.95/D.257 Committee for Engineering Sciences

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.238-D.242  1947-1950

5 folders.

Contents:
Permanent Council for the Coordination of International Congresses of Medical Sciences. 1947-1950
The Council was formed by the Medical Sciences Subsection in collaboration with the World Health Organisation. An organising committee was formed and first met in April 1948. The Council held its inaugural assembly in April 1949.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.243, D.244  1948

2 folders.

Contents:
Committee for Conservation and Utilisation of Resources.
At NCUACS 54.3.95/D.244 is the final report by J.G. Crowther. March 1948.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.245-D.248  1948-1949

4 folders.

Contents:
Committee on the Popularisation of Science and its Social Implications.
Needham chaired this Committee in 1948.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.249, D.250  1948-1950

2 folders.

Contents:
Committee on Scientific Abstracting.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.251  1948, 1950

Contents:
Interim Coordinating Committee on Medical and Biological Abstracting.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.252, D.253  1948

2 folders.

Contents:
International Conference on High Altitude Research Stations.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.254  1948

Contents:
Latin American Conference of Scientific Experts.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.255  1949

Contents:
Group Discussions on the Social Implications of Science.

Committees and conferences  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.256, D.257  1949-1950

2 folders.

Contents:
Committee for Engineering Sciences.

International Institute for the Hylean Amazon (IIHA)  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
At the first session of the UNESCO General Conference in 1946 plans were laid for the establishment of a research institute to study the zoological, botanical, geological, anthropological, social and other aspects of the Amazon basin region. The Institute was formally established in May 1948 with the setting up of an interim commission. E.J.H. Corner was the Executive Secretary.

International Institute for the Hylean Amazon (IIHA)  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.258  1946-1948

Contents:
'Note on the Proposed International Institute of Hylea', 10 December 1946; 'Report on the Conference for the Establishment of the International Institute of the Hylean Amazon, held at Iquitos, Peru, on the 30th April - 10th May, 1948'.

International Institute for the Hylean Amazon (IIHA)  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.259-D.261  1948

3 folders.

Contents:
Duplicated typescript papers of Natural Sciences Section dealing with the Institute, 1948. Chiefly papers from the establishing conference and interim commission.

International Institute for the Hylean Amazon (IIHA)  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.262-D.267  n.d

Contents:
'IIHA'. Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into six for ease of reference: duplicated typescript papers of interim commission; brief correspondence. At NCUACS 54.3.95/D.266 is draft programme of the Institute as prepared by the interim commission.

International Institute of the Arid Zone (IIAZ)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The establishment of the IIAZ was proposed at the third session of the General Conference in 1948. After consideration of the proposals during 1949, an interim commission was established in 1950 and the IIAZ began work in 1951.

International Institute of the Arid Zone (IIAZ)  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.268  1949

Contents:
Papers on the proposed IIAZ, 1949.

International Institute of the Arid Zone (IIAZ)  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.269  1951-1952

Contents:
Report of first meeting of IIAZ advisory committee, April 1951; offprint from Nature, 5 January 1952, describing the work of the Institute.

Support for international science  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
One of the reasons that Needham tried to introduce the 'S' into UNESCO was to support existing structures of international scientific cooperation, such as the international scientific unions and their umbrella body, the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU).

Contents:
The material relates to Natural Sciences Section relations with individual international science bodies, including proposals to form new international unions affiliated to ICSU. At NCUACS 54.3.95/D.300 is a little general material on UNESCO relations with non-governmental international scientific organisations.

International Council of Scientific Unions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.270-D.279  [n.d.]

Contents:
Chiefly duplicated typescript papers.

International Council of Scientific Unions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.270-D.272  1947

3 folders.

Contents:
ICSU executive committee papers

International Council of Scientific Unions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.273-D.277  1947-1951

5 folders.

Contents:
ICSU Monthly Bulletins 1-32, September 1947 - May 1951. Not a complete sequence.

International Council of Scientific Unions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.278  1948

Contents:
Correspondence re questionnaire on international science cooperation for peace, circulated by ICSU's Committee on Science and its Social Relations

International Council of Scientific Unions.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.279  1949

Contents:
'Reports from the International Council of Scientific Unions and its constituent organizations on their activities for which UNESCO allocated grants-in-aid in 1949'.

Support for International science  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.280  1949-1951

Contents:
International Association of Microbiologists.
Papers 1949, 1951.
International Committee for Bird Protection.
Memorandum from J.S. Huxley, 1949.
International committee on anatomical nomenclature.
Letter re possible formation of international committee, 1950.

Support for International science  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.281  1946-1949

Contents:
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
Papers, 1946, 1949.

Support for International science  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.282  1947-1948

Contents:
International Federation of Culture Collections.
Annual reports for 1947 and 1948.

Support for International science  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.283  1947

Contents:
International Hydrographic Bureau.
Statutes; report of activities 1947.

Support for International science  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.284  1947-1949

Contents:
International Mathematical Union.
Correspondence and papers re proposed International Union, 1947-1948.
International Meteorological Organisation.
Letter only, 1949.
International Organisation for Standardisation.
Information, 1949.

International Union of Biochemistry.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.285, D.286  [n.d.]

Contents:
Correspondence and papers re discussions on formation of proposed International Union at the first International Congress of Biochemistry, Cambridge, 19-25 August 1949.

International Union of Biochemistry.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.285  1949

Contents:
Papers for meeting on 21 August of International committee of the Congress. Needham was a UNESCO observer at the meeting, at which the proposals for the Union were discussed.

International Union of Biochemistry.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.286  1949

Contents:
Correspondence arising with F. Dickens, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Congress, September - November 1949.

Support for International science  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.287  1948

Contents:
International Union of Biological Sciences.
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1948.

Support for International science  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.288  1948

Contents:
International Union of Geology and Palaeontology.
Papers re discussions on formation of proposed International Union at the 18th International Geological Congress, London, August 1948. Needham was a UNESCO observer at meetings at which this proposal was discussed.
Material includes Needham's 7pp typescript report.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.289-D.295  [n.d.]

Contents:
Principally duplicated typescript papers of the Provisional Committee for forming an International Union of Nutritional Sciences, 1948-1949, and of the IUNS itself, 1949-1960. It is likely that many of the later papers are those of Lu Gwei-Djen who served as UNESCO representative on the IUNS Committee.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.289  1948

Contents:
Chiefly re meeting of Provisional Committee, London, 10-12 June. Needham was an unofficial UNESCO observer.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.290  1949

Contents:
Chiefly re application for membership of ICSU.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.291  1950

Contents:
Chiefly re application for affiliation with ICSU.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.292  1951

Contents:
Affiliation.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.293  1952

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.294  1954

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.295  1957, 1960

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.296-D.298  1948

3 folders.

Contents:
International Union for the Protection of Nature.
Papers for Conference for the Establishment of the International Union for the Protection of Nature, Fontainebleau, France, 30 September - 7 October 1948.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.299  1948-1950

Contents:
International Union of the Philosophy of Science.
Letter only 1948.
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
Papers 1949, 1950.

International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS).  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.300  1950-1952

Contents:
General papers re UNESCO relations with non-governmental international scientific bodies, 1950-1952.

National Research Council Committee on UNESCO  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
The US National Research Council established the Committee on UNESCO, under the auspices of its Division of International Relations, in April 1947. It liaised with the Natural Sciences Section of UNESCO. Needham received memoranda and papers from its Chairman, B.J. Bok.

National Research Council Committee on UNESCO  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.301, D.302  1948-1949

2 folders.

Contents:
Papers of Committee meetings, January 1948 - June 1949.

National Research Council Committee on UNESCO  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.303-D.313  1948-1950

11 folders.

Contents:
Memoranda and other papers circulated to Committee members by the Chairman, April 1948 - July 1950. Not a complete sequence.
These memoranda report on developments within the Natural Sciences Section.

National Research Council Committee on UNESCO  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.314-D.316  1948-1950

Contents:
'Science in UNESCO' bulletin nos. 7 - 13, 1948 - 1950.
The bulletins were issued by the Committee to inform the American public of the work of the Natural Sciences Section.

UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The question of the establishment and administration of international research laboratories came under the auspices of the United Nations Economic and Social Council rather than UNESCO, as it was felt to have implications beyond the scientific or cultural spheres. The material includes papers of the Economic and Social Council and of the Committee of Scientific Experts on International Research Laboratories. This Committee, on which Needham served, met in August 1949 to consider the feasibility of setting up UN-run research institutes, independent of national governments.

'International scientific research institutes (UN cttee) notes and correspondence'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.317-D.322  [n.d.]

Contents:
Contents of Needham's folder so inscribed divided into six for ease of reference. 1945-1952.

'International scientific research institutes (UN cttee) notes and correspondence'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.317  1945-1948

Contents:
Offprints of articles re international research institutes, 1945, 1948; correspondence 1948, chiefly re UNESCO interest.

'International scientific research institutes (UN cttee) notes and correspondence'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.318  1949

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, March - July 1949, chiefly re meeting of Committee of Experts, Paris, August.
Needham accepted an invitation to join the Committee.

'International scientific research institutes (UN cttee) notes and correspondence'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.319  nd

Contents:
Papers, August, re Committee of Experts meeting. Includes Needham's manuscript notes and draft report of the meeting.

'International scientific research institutes (UN cttee) notes and correspondence'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.320  1949

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, September - December 1949.

'International scientific research institutes (UN cttee) notes and correspondence'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.321  1950

Contents:
Correspondence and papers, 1950. Includes material re possible international meteorological centre.

'International scientific research institutes (UN cttee) notes and correspondence'.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.322  1952

Contents:
Papers re establishment of international computation centre, 1952.

UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.323, D.324  1946

2 folders.

Contents:
Background papers of Economic and Social Council re international research laboratories, 1946. Includes at NCUACS 54.3.95/D.323 draft resolution submitted by French delegation calling for the establishment of such laboratories.

UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.325-D.329  1948

5 folders.

Contents:
'Report of the Secretary General on Establishing United Nations Research Laboratories'. 23 January 1948. Annotated by Needham.

UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.330, D.331  1948

2 folders.

Contents:
Papers for meetings of Economic and Social Council 1948 at which the Report was discussed.

UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.332  1948

Contents:
Un report on The Question of Establishing United Nations Research Laboratories (New York, December 1948), annotated by Needham.

UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.333-D.336  1949

4 folders.

Contents:
Papers for meetings of Committee of Scientific Experts on International Research Laboratories, Paris, August 1949.

UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH LABORATORIES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.337, D.338  1950

2 folders.

Contents:
Report of the Committee of Experts, May 1950.
The report supported the establishment of international research institutes.

The report supported the establishment of international research institutes.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.339  1950

Contents:
'Second report by the Secretary-General on the question of establishing United Nations Research Laboratories', June 1950.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Needham was appointed a Royal Society representative on the British Committee for Co-operation with UNESCO in the Natural Sciences in May 1947. He served to 1952.
The committee was one of a number of co-operating bodies which formed the UK National Commission for UNESCO. The material includes papers for meetings of the Committee, general papers of the UK National Commission for UNESCO and papers circulated to all the national co-operating bodies. There is also correspondence re issues raised at meetings.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.340  1947

Contents:
Correspondence re invitation to join the Committee; UK representation at the UNESCO General Conference.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.341  1948 (1)

Contents:
Committee meeting, 19 May.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.342  1948 (2)

Contents:
Chiefly correspondence re reform of UNESCO.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.343  1948 (3)

Contents:
Committee meeting, 19 October.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.344  1948 (4)

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.345  1949 (1)

Contents:
Letter re meeting of Co-operating Bodies, 22 February; Committee meeting, 24 May.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.346  1949 (2)

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.347  1949 (3)

Contents:
Includes correspondence re UNESCO programme and budget for 1950.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.348  1950 (1)

Contents:
Committee meeting, 8 March.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.349  1950 (2)


Related information: See NCUACS 54.3.95.D.166, 167 above.

Contents:
Meeting and report of special committee on the UNESCO Project for a Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind, 13 March.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.350  1950 (3)

Contents:
Report of the United Kingdom to UNESCO for 1949.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.351  1950 (4)

Contents:
Committee meeting, 23 October.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.352  1951 (1)

Contents:
Meeting of National Commission, 4 April.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.353  1951 (2)

Contents:
Committee meeting, 25 April.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.354  1951 (3)

Contents:
Report of the United Kingdom to UNESCO for 1950.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.355  1951 (4)

Contents:
Committee meeting. 16 November.

BRITISH COMMITTEE FOR CO-OPERATION WITH UNESCO IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.356  1952

Miscellaneous material found with preceding British Committee papers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.357, D.358  [n.d.]

Miscellaneous material found with preceding British Committee papers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.357  1949

Contents:
Duplicated typescript information sheets on geology, pharmacy and chemistry in USA, 1949.

Miscellaneous material found with preceding British Committee papers.  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.358  1953-1954

Contents:
British Commonwealth Scientific Office (North America) report on 'The European branches of the Battelle Memorial Institute', December 1953.
Annual Report of the United Kingdom Scientific Research Organization in Germany, 8 April 1954.

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS  [no ref. or date]

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS  NCUACS 54.3.95/D.359-D.365  1949

7 folders.

Contents:
Press-releases and other literature re work of the FAO, June - November 1949, sent to Needham for information.

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