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Berkeley Castle Muniments


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Reference BCM
Covering dates 1153-17th cent
Held by Berkeley Castle Muniments
Extent 10 Subfonds
Copies information LIST OF COPIES OF THE MUNIMENTS IN THIS CATALOGUE ON MICROFILM (MF) AND MICROFICHE (BCF)
IN THE GLOUCESTERSHIRE RECORD OFFICE
The programme of filming is continuing, and further documents may have become available since the catalogue went to press. Enquiry should be made at the Gloucestershire Record Office.
General Account Rolls
GAR 1-99 MF 1400
GAR 100-157 MF 1403
GAR 158-243 MF 1406
GAR 244-326 MF 1416
GAR 327-434 MF 1418
GAR 428 BCF 245-246
General Charters
GC 201-640 MF 1337
GC 641-1000 MF 1346
GC 1001-1362 MF 1353
GC 1363-1750 MF 1354
GC 1743-2165 MF 1356
GC 2166-2533 MF 1366
GC 2534-2920 MF 1367
GC 2921-3335 MF 1368
GC 3336-3750 MF 1373
GC 3751-4200 MF 1374
GC 4201-4560 MF 1375
GC 4561-4908 MF 1380
GC 4909-5220 MF 1384
General Court Rolls
GCR 1-200 MF 1420
GCR 201-218 MF 1421
General Miscellaneous Rolls
GMR 1-47 MF 1421
General Rental Rolls
GRR 1-41 MF 1421
General Unbound Books
GSUB 82 BCF 488-489
Select Books
SB 1 MF 1166
SB10 MF 1159
SB18 MF 1158
SB22 MF 1160
SB24 MF 1158
SB33 BCF 4-8
SB 75/1-3 BCF 15
Select Charters
SC 1-100 MF 1290
SC 101-400 MF 1293
SC 401-700 MF 1297
SC 701-892 MF 1315
Select Rolls
SR 1-7 MF 1276
SR 8-38 MF 1277
SR 39-63 MF 1278
SR 64-85 MF 1279
SR 86-175 MF 1280
SR 176-182 MF 1281
SR 184 MF 1281
Wills
Wills 1-26 MF 1158
Language English and Latin
Creators Berkeley family, Earls of Berkeley
Arrangement The importance of the collection was recognised early in modern times and at the end of the 19th century extensive work on the archive was begun by Edward Peacock and completed by Isaac Herbert Jeayes. Unfortunately, their methods cannot be approved by those aware of modern archival practice. Instead of attempting to preserve or reconstitute the bundles of deeds relating to the various estates they rearranged the whole archive in strictly chronological order, grouping the undated charters under (for instance) 'temp. Hen. III' or 'late Edw. I'. Jeayes then extracted those items which he considered to be particularly important, chiefly those concerning royal or papal grants, and denominated them as Select Charters, relegating the vast bulk remaining to a General series, each series being separately numbered in sequence. [Where he later found that he had to insert a document or documents into the series he added an asterisk or asterisks to the General series number. For further information please contact Berkeley Castle Muniments.] He later added the pre-1250 documents from the General series to the Select series, on the grounds that their early date qualified them, and so the General series starts with charter number GC 278 Jeayes and Peacock paid less attention to the other documents, but Jeayes did select some of the account rolls, wills and other documents for his catalogue of the documents in the Select series. [Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muniments in the possession of the Rt. Hon. Lord FitzHardinge at Berkeley Castle, compiled by I. H. Jeayes (Bristol, 1892).] Jeayes's references remain in use as shelf-marks, with SC for the Select series charters and GC for the General series charters. The present editor has extended the system to include account rolls (prefixed GAR), court rolls (GCR), rental rolls (GRR), and others (GMR).
EDITORIAL METHOD
Over the many centuries during which the muniments have been in the Castle the effects of damp, insects, rodents, pillage and deliberate mutilation and destruction, besides the re-arrangement already mentioned, have so disorganised the documents that it is now impossible to reconstruct the original order in which they were created and stored. The present catalogue attempts a notional re-assembly by grouping the items according to the estates to which they relate. Rather more than half of the catalogue relates to the Berkeley estate, A, beginning with the manors in Berkeley hundred, for which there are relatively very large numbers of deeds. In that part, and in other parts of the catalogue where appropriate, deeds have been grouped where they appear to refer to the same piece of land, those for which there is evidence that they came into Berkeley hands being placed before the rest. In B to K of the catalogue each estate is divided, where relevant, into the different inheritances of which it was composed, and the entries arising from each inheritance are arranged in alphabetical order of the counties, and within each county in alphabetical order of the manors or parishes, in which the property lay.
The present editor has assigned to each item a distinctive reference that indicates its position in the catalogue. The numbers assigned by Jeayes and the similar references now used as shelf-marks are also given in each file description and should be used when requesting a file at Berkeley Castle Muniments.
Note LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
Besides those in common use, the following abbreviations may require elucidation.
BCM Berkeley Castle Muniments.
BIHR Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research (later called Historical Research)
BL British Library
BL Harl. MS 4748 British Library, Cartulary of the honour of Segrave
Barkley Sir Henry Barkley, 'The Earlier House of Berkeley', TBGAS viii (1883-4)
Blomefield, Norfolk Francis Blomefield, Essay Towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk (2nd edn., 11 vols., 1805-10)
Bridges, Northants. John Bridges, History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (3 vols., 1759-91)
CChR Calendar of Charter Rolls (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1903-27)
CCR Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry III (14 vols.) and Calendar of Close Rolls (47 vols., Edward I to Henry VII, Public Record Office, 1911-63)
CFR Calendar of Fine Rolls (22 vols., Public Record Office, 1911-62)
CIM Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous (7 vols., Public Record Office, 1916-68)
CIPM Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (21 vols., Public Record Office, 1904-2002)
CIPM Hen. VII Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry VII (3 vols., Public Record Office, 1898-1955)
CLibR Calendar of Liberate Rolls (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1916-64)
CMR Calendar of Memoranda Rolls, 1326-7 (Public Record Office, 1968)
CPL Calendar of Papal Registers: Letters (15 vols., Public Record Office, 1893-1978)
CPR Calendar of Patent Rolls (54 vols. to the end of Henry VII, Public Record Office, 1893-1916)
Cal.Doc.Irel. Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland (5 vols., Public Record Office, 1875-86)
Cat.Anct.D. Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1890-1915)
Copinger, Suffolk Manors W. A. Copinger, The Manors of Suffolk (7 vols. 1905-11)
Cornwall Fines, 1195-1377; 1377-1461 Cornwall Feet of Fines, vol. i, 1195-1377; vol. ii, 1377-1461 (Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1914, 1950)
xviii CATALOGUE OF BERKELEY CASTLE MUNIMENTS
Curia Regis Rolls Curia Regis Rolls (19 vols., Public Record Office, 1922-2002)
d.s.p. died sine prole (i.e. without issue)
Devon CRO Devon County Record Office
Dorset Fines, 1327-1485 Full Abstracts of Feet of Fines relating to the County of Dorset [1327-1485] (Dorset Records vol. 10, 1910)
Ekwall, Dict. of Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (4th edn., 1960)
Ellis C. A. Ellis, note and pedigree in Smyth, Lives of the Berkeleys, i. 19-20
Farrer William Farrer, Honors and Knights' Fees (3 vols., 1923-5)
Feud. Aids Inquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1899-1920)
Fryde, Fall of Edward II Natalie Fryde, The Tyranny and Fall of Edward II, 1321-1326 (1979)
GAR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Account Rolls
GC Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Charters
GCR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Court Rolls
GEC The Complete Peerage, ed. G. E. C[ockayne] (14 vols., 1910-98)
GIPM Abstracts of Inquisitiones post mortem for Gloucestershire, 1236-1413 (3 vols., issued jointly by the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society and the British Record Society Index Library, vols. xxx, xl, xlviii, 1903-14)
GMR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Miscellaneous Rolls
GRR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Rental Rolls
GSUB Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Series Unbound Books
Genealogist The Genealogist: a quarterly magazine (1877-1922)
Great Cartulary Berkeley Castle Muniments, The Great Cartulary (BCM SB 10)
Hist. of Parl. 1386-1421 J. S. Roskell, Linda Clark and Carole Rawcliffe, The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1386-1421 (4 vols., 1992)
Historical Research See BIHR
Hutchins, Dorset John Hutchins The History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset (4 vols., 1861-70)
Jeayes Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muniments in the possession of the Rt. Hon. Lord Fitzhardinge, at Berkeley Castle, compiled by Isaac Herbert Jeayes (1892)
Lysons, Magna Britannia Daniel and Samuel Lysons, Magna Britannia (1874)
McFarlane, Collected Essays K. B. McFarlane, England in the Fifteenth Century: Collected Essays (1981)
Morant, Essex Philip Morant, History and Antiquities of the County of Essex (1816)
n.d. no date
Nichols, Leics. John Nichols, History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester (4 vols. in 8 parts, 1795-1811)
PNGlos A. H. Smith, The Place-Names of Gloucestershire (English Place-Name Society, 4 vols., 1964-5)
PRO Public Record Office, Kew, London
Pole, Devon Sir William Pole, Collections towards a Description of the County of Devon (1791)
Proc. Som. Arch. & Nat. Hist. Soc. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society
Radford, 'Tretower' C. A. Raleigh Radford, 'Tretower: The Castle and the Court', Brycheiniog (The Brecknock Society), vi (1960)
Reg. Bransford Calendar of the Register of Wolstan de Bransford, Bishop of Worcester, 1339-49 (Worcestershire Historical Society, 1966)
Reg. Cobham Register of Thomas de Cobham, Bishop of Worcester, 1317-27 (Worcestershire Historical Society, 1930)
Reg. Drokensford Calendar of the Register of John de Drokensford, Bishop of Bath and Wells (A.D. 1309-1329) (Somerset Record Society vol. 1, 1887)
Reg. Giffard Register of Bishop Godfrey Giffard, 1268-1301 (2 vols., Worcestershire Historical Society, 1898, 1902)
Reg. Hallum The Register of Robert Hallum, Bishop of Salisbury, 1407-17 (Canterbury and York Society, part cxlv, 1982)
Reg. Shrewsbury The Register of Ralph of Shrewsbury, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 1329-1363 (Somerset Record Society, vols. 9 and 10, 1896)
Rot. Litt. Claus. Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in turri Londinensi asservati (Record Commission, 2 vols., 1833-4)
Rot. Parl. Rotuli Parliamentorum (6 vols., 1783, and index vol., 1832)
Rudder, Glos. Samuel Rudder, A New History of Gloucestershire (1779)
SB Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Books
SC Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Charters
SR Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Rolls
SRS Somerset Record Society
St Augustine's Cartulary The Cartulary of St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol (Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, Gloucestershire Record Series, vol. 10, 1998)
Sanders, English Baronies I. J. Sanders, English Baronies: a Study of their Origin and Descent, 1086-1327 (1960)
Saul, Knights and Esquires Nigel Saul, Knights and Esquires: the Gloucestershire Gentry in the Fourteenth Century (1981)
Smyth John Smyth of Nibley, The Lives of the Berkeleys, with a Description of the Hundred of Berkeley (The Berkeley Manuscripts, 3 vols., Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society; vols. i-ii, 1883, are the Lives of the Berkeleys; vol. iii, 1885, is The Hundred of Berkeley)
Somerset Fines, 1196-1307; 1307-46; 1347-99; 1399-1461 Pedes Finium, commonly called Feet of Fines, for the County of Somerset, 1196-1307; [second series] 1307-46; [third series], 1347-99; [fourth series], 1399-1461 (Somerset Record Society, vols. vi, xii, xvii, xxii, 1892-1906)
Staffs. Hist. Collections Collections for a History of Staffordshire (published by the William Salt Archaeological Society, later the Staffordshire Record Society)
TBGAS Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
temp. tempore (i.e. in the time of)
VCH Victoria History of the Counties of England (for all counties; in progress)
Wilts. Fines, 1272-1327; 1327-77 Abstracts of Feet of Fines relating to Wiltshire for the reigns of Edward I and Edward II (Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Records Branch vol. i, 1939); for the reign of Edward III (Wiltshire Record Society vol. xxix, 1974)
Wilts. IPM Abstracts of Wiltshire Inquisitions post mortem, 1242-1326; 1327-77 (British Record Society Index Library and Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 2 vols., 1908, 1914)
In the abstracts of deeds, place-names are usually given in the spelling of the manuscripts. Exceptions include the names of counties used to locate places, the names of places of residence (other than surnames) that occur in the statements of the parties to deeds or in witness-lists, and the names of the rivers Severn and Wye. The identifiable place-names occurring in notes of accounts and court rolls are similarly modernised. Persons' surnames are given in the abstracts in the spelling of the manuscripts except that descriptive surnames in Latin using common nouns (usually occupational terms) or adjectives are, where possible, translated; for relatively unusual surnames the Latin word may be given in brackets, in italic and in the nominative case or with a preposition. Latin and French forenames are translated into English where there is no problem: thus Matilda appears as Maud, Dionisia as Denise, but Amicia retains her Latin form rather than appearing as Amice, Amy, Amity or Aimée. Where French or English words and phrases that occur in documents that are mainly in Latin need to be distinguished they are either enclosed in quotation marks or are given in translation or modernised form with the original word or words in italic within brackets.
Illegible parts of documents are represented by an ellipsis (...). Editorial interpolations are in square brackets, with editorial comments in italic. The omission from an abstract of detail, typically listing titles of honour, offices or varieties of holding, is represented by '[etc.]'.
Work on the arrangement of the muniments is continuing and from time to time reveals documents that had hitherto been overlooked. For that reason, if for none other, the present catalogue should be seen as susceptible to amendment.
Additional research, chiefly in secondary sources, has been done only where necessary to establish the means by which certain documents reached the archive. The introductions to the several sections, and the references to secondary sources cited, are consequently uneven in their range.
The following pedigrees can be consulted at Berkeley Castle Muniments:
1. Descendants of Harding son of Eadnoth
2. Berkeley: descendants of Maurice (I) de Berkeley
3. Berkeley: descendants of Thomas (II) de Berkeley
4. Berkeley: descendants of Elizabeth de Berkeley
5. Berkeley: descendants of James (I) de Berkeley
6. Mowbray
7. Segrave
8. Drayton
9. Lovet of Rushton
10. Prayers
11. Cranford
12. Paris and Ivaus
13. Blount

Administrative history:
THE BERKELEY LORDS TO 1492 AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ESTATE
For three and a half centuries the Berkeleys of Berkeley maintained their position in the upper ranks of the English aristocracy. Only the Plantagenets rivalled their ability to continue to produce male heirs and the Berkeleys' achievements were imperilled only by the apparently selfish actions of the last lord of the medieval period, William (d. 1492), who bartered the ancient patrimony of the family for the meretricious, and merely temporary, attractions of a marquessate. The development of the estate falls naturally into three periods. In the first, from c. 1140 to c. 1280, the Berkeleys acquired the lordship of Berkeley and consolidated their local position. In the second, from c. 1280 to 1417, overlapping the era of 'high farming' in the earlier part, they greatly extended their estate by purchase and by acquiring the Lisle estate through marriage. The third, rather dismal period, from 1417 to 1492, was dominated by the efforts of the heirs male to retain their estate in the face of determined opposition by the heirs general but culminated in the fortuitous inheritance of half of the Mowbray estate and the promotion to exalted rank. At all times the marriages of the lords and the families which they produced had the most significant impact, although in differing ways.
First Period: c.1140-1280
Robert FitzHarding (d. 1170)
Robert, founder of the baronial family of Berkeley, was a younger son of Harding son of Eadnoth, otherwise Harding de Meriet. Harding witnessed a royal charter in 1086 and was still alive c. 1125, [For a useful summary of references to Eadnoth and Harding see Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (1995).] and from his eldest son, Nicholas (d. c. 1170), the Meriets of Merriott in Somerset descended. [B. W. Greenfield, 'Meriet of Meriet and Hestercombe', Proc. Som. Arch. & Nat. Hist. Soc. xxviii (1882), 99-215. Smyth, i. 15, says that Robert was the eldest son, and Nicholas a younger. Eadnoth was called 'the staller' from the position which he held under Edward the Confessor.] Robert established himself as a merchant at Bristol, becoming provost of the town and acquiring a number of manors to add to that of Fifehead in Dorset which he had from his father. [Ellis] From Robert earl of Gloucester he purchased the manors of Bilswick and Bedminster (now in Bristol) and the three Somerset hundreds of Portbury, Bedminster and Hartcliff, just south of Bristol; from others the manors of Leigh (a member of Bedminster), Portbury, Weare, Tickenham and Pawlett in northern Somerset, Bray (Devon) and South Cerney and Acton (Glos.). [Below, BCM/A/2/3, A/2/8, A/2/67, A/2/74, A/2/77 and A/2/84 Smyth, i. 34-5. Bedminster was later held of the Clare earls of Gloucester and then of the Despensers: CIPM v, no. 538, p. 338; ix, no. 428, p. 338.] As an associate of the earl of Gloucester, the Empress Maud's half-brother and greatest supporter, he took Maud's side against Stephen, and Maud and her son 'made use of the purse of this Robertt in that wantfull tyme of theirs'. [Smyth, i. 22.] The tradition that Henry II rewarded his services immediately on his succession with the grant of 'Berkeley and Berkeley Herness' has recently been challenged by the finding that the early charters purporting to record the grants are forgeries. [N. Vincent, 'New Charters of Henry II as Duke of Normandy', Historical Research (forthcoming); R. B. Patterson, 'Ducal and Royal Acta of Henry Fitz Empress in Berkeley Castle', TBGAS cix (1991), 117-26, upheld the authenticity of the charters; cf. below, BCM/A/1/1/1-5.] Berkeley Herness was royal demesne but had been held at an annual fee farm rent of £500 17s. 2d. by a family earlier called of Berkeley. [Smyth, i. 22-5, 30. 'Herness' means 'obedience, a jurisdiction, a district obedient to a single jurisdiction': PNGlos ii. 207. The chronicler Walter Map says that it was worth £500 a year: Smyth, iii. 3.] Those Berkeleys, who had been staunch in support of Stephen from their castle at Dursley, were dispossessed of Berkeley in 1147. Robert FitzHarding is not named as possessing Berkeley until 1166, and may have acquired Berkeley shortly before, some years after the beginning of Henry II's reign.
FitzHarding died in 1170 as a canon of St. Augustine's Abbey, which he had founded some thirty years earlier on his manor of Bilswick just outside the borough of Bristol. He had endowed the abbey with the manors of Bilswick, Almondsbury, Ashleworth, South Cerney, Cromhall, Fifehead Magdalen, Horfield and Leigh, [Smyth, i. 35-6; St Augustine's Cartulary, pp. xiv-xxii. Almondsbury, Ashleworth, Horfield and Cromhall were, later, detached portions of the lordship of Berkeley.] later adding the advowsons of all the churches in Berkeley Herness (Berkeley, Wotton, Beverston, Ashleworth and Cromhall). [Below, (BCM/A/1/1/110-114), Smyth, i. 35-6, 39, 60, 66.] His wife Eve, whom he married before 1130, [One of their younger sons, Henry, was evidently born by the early 1130s: See below,] founded a priory of nuns, St. Mary Magdalen's in Bristol, and, following her husband's example, retired there, dying as prioress in March 1173, and being buried with her husband at St. Augustine's. [Smyth, i. 42-4.]
If there was ill-feeling between the former holders of Berkeley Herness and the new ones it was ameliorated, to some extent at least, by an agreement for a double marriage thought to have taken place in 1153-4 but perhaps some ten years later. [Below BCM/A/1/43/62, Smyth, i. 3-5, 33, 55, 72-3. Maurice de Berkeley's eldest son Robert was not born until c. 1165.] FitzHarding's eldest son Maurice married Alice, daughter of Roger de Berkeley of Dursley, and his daughter Helen married Roger's eldest son, another Roger. Alice brought with her the manor of Slimbridge, and Helen took the manor of Dursley to Roger de Berkeley. Dursley was to be held directly of the king and, in addition, Roger held Ozleworth, half of Newington and the lands of Bernard Capelli, for which he did no service to FitzHarding. [As recorded in the Red Book of the Exchequer, 1166: Smyth, i. 28.] Although the arrangement solved the immediate strife, as late as 1278 FitzHarding's great-grandson Maurice (II) paid £200 to Henry de Berkeley, great-great-grandson of Robert and Helen, for a quitclaim of the lordship of Berkeley, [Smyth, i. 143; below, BCM/A/1/1/8-9.] and the transfer caused other complications. For instance, the Berkeleys of Dursley had granted advowsons and lands in the Herness to Kingswood, Gloucester and Reading abbeys, resulting in disputes as late as 1224. [Smyth, i. 33, 69; iii. 124; Curia Regis Rolls xi, nos. 698, 1006, 1392, 2870.]
Having acquired the large and valuable lordship, by whatever means, FitzHarding gave away a large proportion of it, either out of generosity or in the hope of securing supporters of his title to the estate. Besides his grants to St. Augustine's, he had a large family for which to provide. To his brother Elias he gave 2 hides of land in Combe and Huntingford, both within the later manor of Wotton under Edge. [Below, BCM/A/1/55; Smyth, i. 16; iii. 147, 234-5. That in Combe, which had been purchased by FitzHarding, passed through a younger son of Elias whose descendants adopted the name of de Combe, and that in Huntingford passed to the Veel family by marriage to Maud, daughter and heir of Harding, Elias's eldest son. Maud's second cousin Robert (II), lord 1190-1220, granted to her and Geoffrey le Veel more lands in free marriage, including two assarts in Michaelwood Chase, which in 1205-6 the king confirmed: Smyth, iii. 37, 238.] To his second daughter Aldena or Alditha he granted the small sub-manor of Kingscote (also in Wotton) on her marriage to Nigel FitzArthur of Clapton (Som.) [Smyth, i. 58, 65; iii. 251-2; Ellis; CIM i, no. 1291. In the 13th century the manor probably passed to a younger son, since it was held by a family who used the surname of Kingscote, while the manors of Clapton and Ashcombe (Som.) descended with another line surnamed Arthur: CIM i, no. 1291; CIPM iii, no. 371, pp. 248-9; v. no. 538, pp. 338-9] FitzHarding's third daughter Margaret married Odo FitzWilliam and was granted lands in Dursley parish to add to Odo's manor of Woodmancote in the same parish. [Odo's descendant, Thomas FitzOdo (d. 1274), left a son and heir aged nine (d.s.p.) whose heir was his sister Maud who married John Lord Botetourt (d. 1324). In 1288 Botetourt was holding a land of Cam manor at a rent of 13s. 4d. which was reduced to 6s. 8d. a year. Woodmancote passed from Botetourt to Robert de Swynburne (d. 1326). It was held by his widow at her death in 1341 and was then purchased from his grandson and heir Thomas by Thomas (III) Lord Berkeley: Ellis; CIPM ii, no. 56; vi, no. 693; Sanders, English Baronies, 11; GEC ii. 233-5; BCM SB 22; CFR 1369-77, 365.]
FitzHarding had four younger sons, Robert, Nicholas, Henry and Thomas Henry and Thomas were clerks. Thomas became archdeacon of Worcester, and Henry (d. 1188) dean of Mortain in Normandy and archdeacon of Exeter, having been treasurer to Henry II as duke of Normandy. [Ellis; Smyth, i. 54-5.] He was also presented to all the churches of Berkeley Herness by the first abbot of St. Augustine's. [Smyth, i. 55; St Augustine's Cartulary, no. 68.] On Nicholas (d. 1189) his father settled the manors of Hill and Nympsfield from the Herness, and from outside it the manor of Tickenham and other manors and lands in Somerset. [Smyth, i. 45; below, BCM/A/1/34] Nicholas married Ala, said to be a daughter and coheir of Guy FitzTecius, who brought him another manor in Tickenham and other lands in Somerset, in Elmore (Glos.) and in Cambridgeshire. [Smyth, i. 46, below, BCM/A/2/17/19 [SC 61], mentioning his son and heir Henry, who evidently died before his father.] His son and heir Roger died in 1230. Roger's son and heir Nicholas ('FitzRoger') married one Sibyl who was heir to the Gloucestershire manor of Elmore. [Smyth, i. 47. The Roger de Berkeley who in 1196-7 paid 60 marks to marry Hawise, widow of John de Somery and sister and heir of Gervase Paynel, was Roger de Berkeley of Dursley, not Roger FitzNicholas as Smyth assumes: GEC xii (1), 110; Smyth, i. 46. See also below, BCM/A/1/45/16] This family did not adopt a fixed surname until the 14th century when the long life of John FitzNichol (who succeeded his father in 1312 and died in 1375) prompted his grandson and heir Thomas to continue the use of FitzNichol.
Nicholas's brother Robert, usually called Robert de Weare, received more generous treatment from his father. FitzHarding granted to him the manors of Beverston, King's Weston and Elberton in Berkeley Herness, those of Over, Redwick and Northwick elsewhere in Gloucestershire, and in Somerset the manors of Weare and Pawlett, with the three hundreds. [BCM/A/2/84; Smyth, i. 50-1.] Robert married, first, Hawise, the twice-widowed but still childless daughter and heir of Robert de Gurney, who brought him the Somerset manors of Barrow and Englishcombe. She had a daughter Eve but was dead by 1168. [Smyth, i. 52; Ellis.] By 1182 Robert had bought the wardship of his second wife, Avice, daughter of Robert de Gaunt and heir of her mother Alice Paynel. [Smyth, i. 52; Sanders, English Baronies, 55.] Avice died in 1192 in the lifetime of her father, and in 1193-4 and 1194-5 Robert was paying 33 marks to have the lands of Alice Paynel. [Ellis; Smyth, i. 52.] Robert died in 1195 leaving as his heir his son by Avice, Maurice, usually called de Gaunt although he occurs once as Paynel. [Ellis.] Maurice was born c. 1186 and came of age in 1207, succeeding to half of the Paynel barony of Hooton Pagnell in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire as well as his father's lands. [Ellis.; GEC x. 320; Sanders, English Baronies, 55, says that Maurice came of age in 1205.] He married, first, Maud, daughter and heir of Henry Doyly (d. 1232) of Hook Norton (Oxon.) and, secondly, Margaret, sister of William Earl Marshal and widow of Ralph de Somery (d. 1210), but he died without issue in 1230. [Ellis; Smyth, i. 52; GEC x. 319-20, xii (1), 110; Sanders, English Baronies, 54, 113. Maud died without issue in the lifetime of her father in 1219. Maurice founded the hospital of St. Mark in Bristol, endowing it with the manor of Pawlett (Som.) and other land: Cartulary of St. Mark's Hospital, Bristol, ed. C. D. Ross (Bristol Record Society, xxi, 1959), pp. xii-xiii, xxvii.] His half-sister Eve, usually called de Gurney as the heir of her mother Hawise de Gurney, seems to have been married three times, to Thomas de Tilly, Roger de Peauton and Thomas son of William FitzJohn of Harptree (Som.). [Ellis; Smyth, i. 52. Smyth assumed that she had a husband surnamed Gurney.] In 1213-14 she recovered the manor of Farrington (Som.) in dower against William FitzJohn but she died before her half-brother, leaving a son Robert, evidently by Thomas son of William FitzJohn, since he inherited the manors of Harptree and Farrington. [Smyth, i. 52.] Robert de Gurney succeeded his uncle Maurice de Gaunt in 1230. [Smyth, i. 52. The Paynel lands were inherited by Andrew Lutterel, a distant cousin of Maurice's mother Avice Paynel de Gaunt: Sanders, English Baronies, 55. Sanders calls this Gurney barony that of 'Beverston' (including the lordship's other manors of Elberton and King's Weston), possibly because there was a castle at Beverston which Maurice de Gaunt built or substantially repaired without royal licence, for which he was pardoned shortly before his death: Sanders, English Baronies, 14; Smyth, iii. 101. Robert inherited the two Gurney manors of Barrow and Englishcombe and the FitzJohn manors of Farrington and Harptree, as well as the eight manors granted by FitzHarding to his son Robert.] Robert married Hawise de Longchamp and is recorded as holding 21 fees in Somerset and Gloucester in 1262-3. [Smyth, i. 53.] He was succeeded in 1270 by his son and heir Anselm de Gurney, who had two sons. [Smyth, i, 53.] Anselm granted the manors of Englishcombe, Harptree and Farrington to the younger, Thomas, who took service with his cousin Thomas (II) Lord Berkeley, as did his son and grandson, the latter gaining notoriety as the regicide Thomas de Gurney. [CPR 1338-40, 368. The regicide left four sons, Thomas, John, George and the well-known Matthew de Gurney (d. 1406), who all died without issue.] Anselm's elder son John (d. 1290) left an only daughter Elizabeth, who married John Lord Ap Adam. [Smyth, i. 53-4; GEC i. 179-81. It was from their son, Thomas ap Adam, that Thomas (III) Lord Berkeley and his brother bought back the manors of Beverston, King's Weston, Elberton and Over in 1330.]
Maurice (I) de Berkeley (1170-90)
FitzHarding's heir, his eldest son Maurice, inherited the manors of Portbury and Bedminster (Som.), Bray (Devon) and Acton (Glos.), and a much depleted Berkeley Herness. Shortly after his father's death, he obtained a confirmation from Henry II of the grant of Berkeley and in Oct. 1189, after the succession of Richard I, he obtained another confirmation for 1,000 marks. [Smyth, i. 64-5, 76.] He bought the manors of Foxcote, Purton, Hanham and 'Hampton' (Glos.), the two latter of which he then enfeoffed to tenants, and founded two hospitals within Berkeley Herness. [Smyth, i. 69, 77; below, BCM/A/2/8,A/2/74. 'Hampton' may be Rockhampton.] He died in June 1190 leaving Alice as his widow. [Smyth, i. 65.] She bought several holdings, some of which she granted to her younger sons, and 'lyved till extreame old age'. [Smyth. 73-4] They had six sons and a daughter but, mercifully, except for the necessary continuance of the line, they were not as prolific as Maurice's siblings. The daughter Maud was married to Elias (III) Giffard (d. 1190) and had two sons, the elder, Elias (IV) (d. 1248), being the father of John Lord Giffard of Brimpsfield (d. 1299). The younger, Osbert (d. 1237), was granted the reversion of the manor of Foxcote (Glos.) by his uncle Thomas (I) Lord Berkeley in 1227 and was the father of another Osbert, who was prominent in the troubles of Henry III's reign. [Smyth, i. 76; GEC v 639, 649-53. Osbert had originally been granted the Devon manor of Bray but agreed to exchange it for Foxcote after the death of Robert's widow Lucy de Berkeley, who was holding it in dower.]
The six sons were Robert and Thomas, successively lords of Berkeley, and Richard, Henry, Maurice and William. [Their respective ages are indicated in a charter concerning St. Augustine's Abbey and Longbridge Priory (both family foundations) witnessed by all of them except Thomas, in the order Robert, Richard, Henry, Maurice and William. Since Thomas succeeded Robert he was older than Richard, who was the only one of the six, other than Thomas, to have issue.] Henry appears only as witnessing several family charters and presumably died without issue. [Smyth, i. 75, says that Henry and Richard went to Scotland with William the Lion when the Scottish king was released but that is highly unlikely.] More is known of the remaining three, principally through grants of lands to them, many of them made under certain conditions and being early examples of entails. William, the youngest, was granted by his father half the manor of Gossington, in the Herness, and the manor of Portbury, but in 1195-6 he exchanged Portbury with his brother Robert (II) Lord Berkeley for the other half of Gossington. [Smyth, i. 74; iii. 200-1.] The terms of the exchange were that if William died before his brother, without issue by his wife, the Gossington moiety would revert to Robert, and vice versa regarding Portbury. William was married but seems to have died without issue. [Smyth, i. 75, says nothing of any descendants, although elsewhere, iii. 201, he offers a descent which he describes as suspect. The reversion of Portbury to Robert (II), and Thomas (I)'s grant to his nephew of the land in Gossington which William had held, seem to be conclusive evidence that William died without issue.] Maurice, the fifth son, was granted two holdings in Berkeley and Gossington by his uncle Roger Berkeley of Dursley and two more, in Hinton and Cam, by his father. [Smyth, i. 74.] On his marriage, his brother Robert (II) granted the manor of Foxcote to him and his issue, the manor to revert to Robert and his heirs if there was no issue, and he died, without issue, before Robert. [Smyth, i. 100. Smyth, i. 74, says that Maurice had a son Thomas to whom he made over his lands in Hinton and Cam, and that Thomas died without issue at the end of Henry III's reign when the lands reverted to 'Thomas Lord Berkeley', but Maurice certainly died without issue (cf. Smyth, i. 100) before his brother Robert, for Foxcote was held in dower by Robert's widow Lucy and by his will he devised to St. Augustine's Abbey lands which he had bought in Cam and Foxcote, and which the abbey later granted to his brother Robert; GEC v. 650 n.] The third son, Richard, appears only as witness to a couple of charters, but in 1220-1 a son of his was granted by Thomas (I) the land in Gossington which had reverted after the death of William, the grant being made to 'Robert son of Richard, my nephew,' on the condition that it would revert if Robert died without issue. [This Robert fitz Richard was not the knight of the same name who granted lands to the church of St. Michael on Steep Holme before 1209 and left a daughter and heir Agacia who married John de Keu.] Robert witnessed several charters for his uncle Thomas and had three children: Sir Robert de Kingston (d.s.p. 1275), Alice and Letuaria. [Sir Robert de Kingston also held land in Kingston, a hamlet within the manor of Slimbridge, and his lands were later acquired from Letuaria's son Robert de Dounton by John de Acton for his younger son Odo. Part, at least, of Alice's portion was bought by Maurice (II) Lord Berkeley.]
Robert (II) de Berkeley (1190-1220)
Robert, Maurice (I)'s eldest son, was brought up at the court of Henry II, testimony to his father's close relations with that monarch. [Smyth, i. 82.] He paid a relief of £1,000, at £200 down and the rest at £80 a year, although in 1195-6 he was pardoned 500 marks for his good service in war, and he obtained confirmations of the grant of the lordship from Richard I in Sept. 1190 (two months after his father's death), again in Nov. 1198 after the 'loss' of the Great Seal, and a third in April 1199 from the new monarch John for 60 marks. [Smyth, i. 82-3. These fresh confirmations from successive monarchs are testimony to the relatively precarious tenure of the lordship in the early days.] He founded the hospital of St. Katherine in Bristol and, having recovered Portbury from his brother in 1195-6, he acquired another large holding there by exchange for lands of equal quantity in the lordship at Woodford. He also bought more land in Somerset at Chatley and Tellisford. [Smyth, i. 74, 89, 100. This holding in Woodford was repurchased by Thomas (III) in 1329: Smyth, i. 326.] In July 1204 he was granted Herbert de Moreville's half of Portbury manor (which was in the king's hands because Moreville was a Norman) to hold during the king's pleasure rendering the profits to the Exchequer. [The Berkeley portion of Portbury, and the new holding there, were held of the Morevilles.] He was constable of Bristol Castle between 1202 and 1204, a justice itinerant in 1208 and a witness in 1207-8 to royal charters, but soon afterwards he lost the royal favour and in 1211 his castle and lands were seized, to be restored only after a fine of 2,000 marks and a further 100 marks to have a fair trial by his peers for his life, a total debt of £1,400. [The Pipe Roll for 1212-13 records the settlement with Robert and that he had repaid £250 already, now paid another £200 and was pardoned £50 by the king, leaving a debt remaining of £900. This £900 stayed on the books until 1218-19 when he agreed to repay it at £100 a year and was finally cleared in 1230-1: Smyth, i. 90-2; GEC ii. 126.] Although partially restored to royal favour, he joined the baronial revolt and during John's vigorous counter-attack Berkeley Castle was siezed and placed under a royal castellan by June 1216. [Smyth, i. 91-2, 94-5.]
In this dire crisis it seems that Robert's brother Thomas took steps to secure the inheritance to himself. Thomas was Robert's heir presumptive as after some years Robert's marriage to Juliana, daughter of Robert de Ponte de l'Arche and niece of William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, was still childless. [Smyth: 97-8. William de Ponte de l'Arche, probably Juliana's brother, witnessed charters of Robert and his brother Thomas (I).] Thomas obtained the support of Pembroke by agreeing to marry another of his orphaned nieces, Joan, daughter of Ralph de Somery (d. 1210), and in return Pembroke was to arrange for the king to take Thomas's homage and restore to him his brother's barony and lands, to discharge him of a debt of 210 marks which Robert owed to the earl of Salisbury, to have Berkeley Castle delivered to him, and to arrange for him to 'be freed of the king's justiciar (presumably Peter des Roches) and of William Briwerre. [Curia Regis Rolls, xi, no. 50; GEC xii (1). 111. Thomas's marriage to Joan de Somery, usually regarded as having occurred in 1220, is said by Smyth, i. 117, to have been in 1217. Their son and heir was of sufficient age by 1221 to be the subject of a marriage agreement.] In the event these arrangements were nullified as Robert was eventually pardoned and finally came to terms in Feb. 1217 and for a fine of 1,450 marks was restored to his lands but not to the Castle. Juliana died in Nov. 1217 and he immediately hurried into marriage with Lucy, said to be a niece of William Longespée, earl of Salisbury (illegitimate son of Henry II), but he died in May 1220, still childless. His haste may suggest nothing more than a natural desire for an heir of his own body, but it might also suggest that he had been offended by Thomas's actions in 1216-17. Certainly, he left Thomas with a heavy burden of debt and several other troublesome legacies of the civil war. Shortly after Robert's death Lucy married Hugh son of Hugh de Gurney, and she died in 1234, having held Bedminster, Wotton, Slimbridge and other manors in dower. [Smyth, i. 96-8, 106, 108 n.; GEC ii. 126.]
Thomas (I) de Berkeley (1220-43)
Robert's brother Thomas had some difficulty in succeeding to the lordship. When the sheriff of Gloucestershire went to Berkeley Castle to take it into the king's hands on Robert's death, the earl of Salisbury, who had been granted custody of it, refused to hand it over without an express order by the king and council on the grounds that his niece Lucy was with child. [Smyth, i. 106, 108 n.] Thomas enlisted the aid of his wife's cousin, the earl of Pembroke, who wrote to the justiciar Hubert de Burgh asking for justice for Thomas, and on 9 Aug. 1220 Thomas did homage. [Smyth 107, 108n.; GEC ii. 126; xii (1), 111.] He did not have seisin of the Castle until 1224 and in the interim he was paying the wages of the royal keepers from his debts to the king. [Smyth, i. 107.] The spectre of debt hung over Thomas for the rest of his life. In 1224 he came to an arrangement with the Exchequer to repay the debts of himself and his late brother at £80 a year. [Smyth, 107, 116, 126.] and as well as the enormous sums remaining on the royal books from Robert's troubles, Lucy survived Robert for 14 years, holding her dower lands; the inflation, of 1180-1220 can only have added to Thomas's problems. Nevertheless, before 1230 he recovered the three Somerset hundreds from his cousin Maurice de Gaunt.
Thomas's entanglement with William Briwerre (d. 1226), which arose from his agreement to marry one of Briwerre's daughters, was resolved, probably in 1221, when Thomas granted to Briwerre the marriage of his son and heir Maurice, on condition that he would be married to the daughter of Richard FitzRoy and Rose of Dover. Richard was an illegitimate son of King John and Rose was the daughter and heir of Robert de Dover (d. 1205) and a granddaughter of Briwerre; she brought the barony of Chilham to FitzRoy.[Sanders, English Baronies, 111-12.] It was also agreed that Briwerre would acquit Thomas of 200 marks which he owed to the king, and that Thomas would make over to Briwerre his manors of Portbury and Arlingham for a term of 15 years. On Briwerre's death, if not before, Rose of Dover took possession of the two manors and she was ejected from Arlingham in Dec. 1236, a proceeding which she disputed on technical grounds. [Curia Regis Rolls, xvi, no. 148B.]
Joan de Somery does not seem to have brought any lands to Thomas but she gave him six sons and two daughters, Margaret and Isabel. Isabel held land in the manor of Ham, and died probably shortly before 1307, apparently unmarried. Thomas gave to Margaret half the manor of Uley on her marriage with Sir John FitzMatthew (d. 1261), by whom she was the mother of Matthew FitzJohn (d.s.p. 1309) and Joan (d. 1295). That Joan married Walter (d.s.p. 1301), son and heir apparent of John Lord Beke (d. 1303). [GEC iii. 182-4; Smyth, iii. 182-4, 186-8. Joan had her mother's manor of Uley which Walter Beke is recorded as holding of Thomas (II) Lord Berkeley in 1284-5. On her death without issue it reverted to her brother Matthew. Uley should have passed on Matthew's death in 1309 to Margaret's issue by Anselm Basset or to Thomas (II) de Berkeley, but in 1287 Matthew had granted the reversion of all his lands (including that of Uley) to the king and queen. Uley was granted to Walter de Gloucestre (d. 1311) and was bought from his son and heir by Maurice de Berkeley of Stoke Giffard.] Margaret married secondly Sir Anselm Basset (d. 1280) in 1265 and was still living in 1287. [GEC iii. 182-4; Smyth, i. 121, does not record her first marriage.] Basset held land in Somerset and Gloucestershire, and bought lands in Cam and Uley from Margaret's brothers Richard and William. [Smyth, iii. 132, 184.]
The younger sons of Thomas (I) were Thomas, Robert, Henry, William and Richard, of whom three died young and all died without legitimate issue. Thomas was granted the Devon manor of Bray, to him and his heirs, and lands at Symond's Hall in the lordship by his father, bought more lands in Symond's Hall from his cousin Elias de Combe, but died without issue between 1243 and 1247 when such lands as he had not granted to Kingswood Abbey reverted to his brother Maurice. [Smyth, i. 117, 119, 123, iii. 316. In 1250-1 Maurice was impleaded by William de Fourd for ½ hide in East Bray, a suit which was decided in Maurice's favour after a trial by battle: Smyth, i. 133. East Bray does not appear later in Berkeley hands.] After Thomas's death, his brother Robert sued the abbey with seven suits in 1247-8 for lands in Berkeley and Symond's Hall as heir of his brother but was fined for making a false claim since he was not the eldest brother. [Smyth, i. 119. Given his mother Joan's predilection for granting lands to her younger sons, not only in tail but also with specific remainders, it is possible that these lands were under an entail which was violated by the grant to the abbey.] Nothing else is known of Robert and he presumably died without issue soon after. The fourth son, Henry, was granted lands within the lordship at Billow, Wotton and Cam by his father, and by his mother a messuage and virgate in Bradley, to him and his issue with reversion to his brother Richard and his issue. [Smyth, i. 119; iii. 81.] He also died without issue. The remaining two sons, Richard and William, lived longer. Richard presumably inherited the Bradley holding on Henry's death and he acquired other lands within the lordship, in Nibley from his mother, and in Uley, Huntingford and Wick by purchase. [Smyth i, i.120.] In 1268-9 he initiated a suit against a substantial free tenant of the lordship, Robert de Stone, for a half-virgate in Cam, and some time between 1265 and 1280 he granted a holding in Cam to his sister Margaret and Anselm Basset. [Smyth, i. 121. His seal shows a shield of arms, the arms being a chevron with a label of five points.] In 1271-2 he stood as surety for his brother William, and in March 1271 he witnessed a Berkshire charter of his uncle Sir Roger de Somery (d. 1273). [Smyth, i. 120; Cat. Anct. D. iii, D306.] The date of his death and possible issue are unknown.
The last son, William, was granted a holding in Bradley and two holdings amounting to 2½ virgates in Cam by his father, and the manor house at Bradley and two other holdings there, in tail, by his mother, and in 1262 he acquired a large holding in Uley which he later sold to Anselm Basset and Margaret. [Smyth, i. 120; iii. 109, 140, 181, 184.] He followed his eldest brother into the king's service: he was with Henry III in Gascony in 1254-5 as a king's yeoman and by 1261 was a knight, in the interim receiving several marks of royal favour. In 1271-2, having caused a serious breach of the peace, he promised before the king to join the Hospitallers or Templars and leave the kingdom, a promise for which his brother Richard was one of the pledges. [CCR 1253-4, 247; 1254-6, 396; 1256-9, 227; 1259-61, 308, 381, 401-2, 499; 1264-8, 515-16; CPR 1247-58, 330, 343, 395, 481, 503; 1258-66, 619; 1266-72, 298, 499; CLibR 1251-60, 349. Smyth, i. 120; iii. 173-7, incorrectly assigns this William's activities to William de Berkeley of Dursley, who was born in 1269 and died in 1300.] By Oct. 1256 William had married Avice de Blackford, heir of four Devon manors and the widow of Robert de Blackford (d. 1253), by whom she had had a son John. In 1261 William alienated three of her manors to Ralph de Gorges, intending to deprive young John de Blackford of his inheritance. Avice and William were both dead by June 1272 when her son was acknowledged as her heir, and William seems to have had no legitimate issue. [Smyth, i. 120; CIPM i, nos. 262, 799. In 1290, during a law-suit initiated by Thomas (II) for the recovery of lands in Bradley granted by Joan to her son William under an entail, Sir William was said to have died without issue, and there is no mention of his heirs in the inquisition post mortem of 1272. He had a son Maurice de Camme who was presumably illegitimate but was granted some lands by his father and lived until 1301 or later.] His nephew, Thomas (II), was able to recover some of the lands which William had sold, on the grounds of the entails created by William's mother Joan. [Smyth, iii. 109-10.]
On the death of Thomas (I) in 1243 Berkeley and the Somerset lands (Portbury, Bedminster and the three hundreds) passed to his eldest son and heir, Maurice (II). [Smyth. i. 122-3] Thomas's widow Joan lived almost as long as Maurice; her dower was settled around 1246 and she had the manors of Wotton, Cam, Coaley, Hurst, Alkington and Hinton. [Smyth, i. 117, 127.] In 1247-8 her lands were valued at £200 a year which, if this was an underestimate as may be assumed, shows that the Berkeley estate was then worth over £600 a year. [Smyth, i. 117, 122-3. A value of £212 12s. 11d. was given to the lordship in her late husband's inquisition post mortem.] She lived until 1276, surviving her husband by 33 years, but was active on her family's behalf, buying lands which she granted in tail to her younger sons Henry, Richard and William, obtaining grants of free warren in her dower manors of Cam and Wotton, and obtaining a grant of a market and fair at Wotton, in which manor she created a borough in 1253. [Smyth, i. 119; CChR 1226-57, 401.]
Maurice (II) de Berkeley (1243-81)
Thomas (I) had conducted a relatively successful holding operation for the family, and his heir started the family's recovery through his close connection with Henry III, receiving several marks of royal favour. [Smyth, i. 116, 126.] Maurice was with the king for Christmas at Windsor and did his homage there on 24 Dec. 1243. [Smythi. 126.] This favour may perhaps be attributed at least partly to Maurice's marriage to the king's niece Isabel. [GEC ii. 127; Smyth, i. 145-6.] According to Smyth, Maurice and Isabel were married and had issue by 1240. Isabel's marriage portion was the Essex manor of Great Wenden, which was worth around £45 a year, and in 1262 Maurice was granted free warren and a market and fair there. [CChR 1257-1300, 43.]
Maurice's association with the court culminated in March 1261 when he was retained to be of the king's household with a fee of 40 marks a year and the usual robes. [CCR 1259-61, 392-3; CPR 1258-66, 147; CLibR 1260-7, 31,60, 94.] After the battle of Lewes in May 1264 Maurice suffered from his loyalty to the king by the loss of his lands, but Henry, although under the control of the victorious Montfortian council, continued to look after his niece. [Two months after the battle the king restored Wenden to Isabel and in August granted her two Kent manors, for the sustenance of herself and her children: CCR 1261-4, 353, 390.] After the battle of Evesham restored the status quo in Aug. 1265, payment of Maurice's annual fee was resumed in October and the livery of robes in May of the following year. [Smyth, i. 139; CCR 1264-8, 193; CLibR 1260-7, 182.] The royal favour seems to have continued when Edward I succeeded his father. Maurice's heir Thomas (II) took a crusading vow (adopting the ten crosses in his arms as a result), most probably at the parliament at Northampton in June 1268 along with the Lord Edward and numerous others. [Smyth, i. 219. Thomas does not seem to have actually joined the crusade: B. Beebe, 'The English Baronage and the Crusade of 1270', BIHR xlviii (1975), 143-8.] In 1280 Maurice was granted free warren in his demesne lands of Berkeley Herness and Portbury, and he and his son Thomas were granted respectively four bucks and two bucks. [CChR 1257-1300, 233; CCR 1279-88, 25.]
Maurice's financial position was weakened by his mother's longevity and, although his wife's manor of Wenden extended the estate outside the counties of Gloucestershire and Somerset for the first time, he bought no new manors. [In 1246 he arranged with the Exchequer to pay his debts at £40 a year, being pardoned £24 because of his recent service in Wales; in 1253 he again had to borrow money, 60 marks from the king, to equip himself for the campaign in Gascony, and was pardoned another 50 marks of his debts: CChR 1257-1300, 127, 133.] His efforts were concentrated instead on the small-scale development of his inherited manors, making small acquisitions and exchanges. [For his similar activities in Wenden, see BCM/A/2/6] He was the first of the Berkeley lords to evince that manifestation of the 'high farming' of the period.
Maurice (II) had four sons, Thomas, Maurice, Robert and Simon, and a daughter Maud who 'lived long', bought land in Nibley and died without issue. Maurice the son was active with his father in the troubles of 1264-5 but is reported to have been killed in a tournament in 1279, two years before his father's death. [Smyth, i. 147-8. Smyth says that Maurice was the eldest son, but circumstantial evidence points strongly to Thomas being the eldest: he was married in 1267 to the sister of Robert de Ferrers, earl of Derby, was holding the important manor of Bedminster by 1276, and was named after his grandfather, as was customary, while Maurice was named after his father (customary for the second son), was apparently unmarried and did not hold any of the family lands.] Simon was destined for the church and was presented to Slimbridge church by his father in 1270 when he was still under-age. [Reg. Giffard, 44] In 1275 their father granted half the manor of Arlingham, a detached portion of Berkeley hundred, to Robert and Simon jointly. Simon was dead by 1281, when one William was parson of Slimbridge, [PRO CP25/1/75/30 no. 20; Smyth, i.150.] and Robert, and the cadet branch which he founded, retained the moiety of Arlingham. Robert married Elizabeth, probably a daughter of Sir John de Acton and Margaret, daughter and coheir of John de Aller, and seems to have had with her part of her mother's inheritance in Somerset. [In Feb. 1289 Margaret de Acton settled a rent of 10s. and appurtenances in Blackford (Som.) on Robert and Elizabeth and their issue, with remainder to herself and her heirs. John, son and heir of Robert and Elizabeth, held quarter parts of the manors of Wanstrow and Stathe (Som.) which were part of the same inheritance: PRO CP25/1/197/12; Somerset Fines, 1196-1307, 265, 273-4.] He had two sons, John and Robert, and died c. 1300. [Smyth, iii. 59.] John was in the wardship of his uncle Thomas (II) Lord Berkeley and died in 1320 leaving four daughters, Elizabeth, Felicia (or Leticia), Thomasia and Margaret. Thomasia had died without issue by 1332. [GIPM v. 30; CPR 1330-4, 240.] Elizabeth married James de Wilton and then Walter de Thornhill, in 1355 settling her lands on herself and Walter and their issue with reversion to James and Joan, her children by her former husband. [PRO CP25/1/199/24 no. 42, 77/66 no. 252; Feud Aids iv. 354, 359; Somerset Fines, 1307-99, 183; CIPM xiv, no. 10, p. 9] Leticia married John Westmancote, and Margaret married Richard de Aston, who died without issue, and then John atte Yate; the inheritance was divided between the Thornhills, Westmancotes and Yates. [CPR 1330-4, 240; CIPM xii, no. 116; xiv, no. 10, p. 9; Smyth, iii. 59] Robert de Berkeley's younger son Robert had from his father holdings at Billow and Clingre in Cam, and he acquired other lands within the Herness and in Wiltshire. [PRO SC6/1148/12; Smyth, i. 149; iii. 350; CCR 1323-7, 98; CIM ii, nos. 277, 764.] He died in 1315-16, leaving a daughter Isabel, who married Hugh de Bisley, and a son and heir Thomas. [Smyth, i. 149.] Thomas died between 1340 and 1343; his five year old son John was in the wardship of Thomas (III) Lord Berkeley and died in 1348, his heir being his sister Margaret, who married Ralph Trye. [BCM GAR 125-7 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24/136); Smyth, i. 149.]
The first period of the estate's history was a quiet one. Mainly, it seems, because of the political background the lords' marriages before that of Maurice (II) brought no lands to the estate. Similarly, few lands were purchased and such new manors as were bought were often sub-enfeoffed. After the cadet branches descended from FitzHarding's sons Robert and Nicholas, no more were established until that descended from Maurice (II)'s son Robert of Arlingham. Younger sons, who were numerous but not prolific, were endowed with holdings from within the lordship, most of which reverted to the lordship on the childless deaths of the cadets, and some which had been granted to religious houses were repurchased by the lords. The lordship of Maurice (II) pointed to the future with the acquisition of lands outside Gloucestershire and Somerset through his wife, the beginning of an intense concentration on developing the potential of existing manors, and the dispersal of lands to cadet branches.
Second Period: c. 1280-1417
Until c. 1280 the shape of the Berkeley estate had changed little but thereafter it was composed of two elements, the original patrimony or core, around which the acquisition and dispersal of the other lands, the second element, ebbed and flowed. The patrimony, which remained with the family (with one major exception) throughout the period, lay in two blocks of land. The smaller consisted of the large manors of Portbury and Bedminster with the small hundreds of Portbury, Bedminster and Hartcliff, in the north-eastern corner of Somerset, immediately west and south of Bristol, and a quantity of rents from the city itself, which had been acquired by Robert FitzHarding before 1140. [CIPM ii, no. 407; PRO SC6/1148/2, 8. The rents from Bristol amounted to £6 14s., during the forfeiture, £5 16s. 4d. between 1350 and 1356, and £6 12s. 6d. between 1361 and 1364: BCM GAR 417-18.] The Bristol suburb of Redcliffe Street, on the southern bank of the Avon, had grown up on the land of Bedminster manor. [CIPM ii, no. 407; GIPM iv. 118. Redcliffe Street provided £16 in rents in 1281.] That block provided an income of c. £200 a year in the 14th century. The larger block was the lordship of Berkeley, which was far more important in terms both of income and of the status and influence it provided. Although FitzHarding had granted some manors, principally detached portions, to St. Augustine's Abbey and to members of his family, and although some lands continued to be held of the Berkeleys of Dursley, who held Dursley in chief, it was a source of extraordinary strength. It included two boroughs, Wotton-under-Edge and Berkeley, and by 1281 was divided, somewhat arbitrarily, into nine manors, Ham (the largest and closest to the castle, which included the previously distinct manor of Appleridge), Wotton under Edge, Symond's Hall, Cam, Coaley, Hinton, Hurst, Slimbridge and Alkington; each manor incorporated several vills and hamlets. The manors formed the hundred of Berkeley, which was held by the family, and the hundred was entirely contained within a five-mile radius of Berkeley Castle at its centre. In the 14th century the lordship, including the hundred, was worth c. £800 a year. During the Mortimer régime Thomas (III) de Berkeley obtained the privilege of return of writs, which enlarged the family's control within this compact and rich territorial unit. [PRO SC8/157/7832.] Although, between them, the two portions of the patrimony may have provided as little as £800 a year in 1281, by 1321 the income from them had risen to around £975, and by 1389 it had risen still more to £1,050. The value which Thomas (III) placed on the core lands, as the patrimony, was marked when, c. 1349, he settled the lordship of Berkeley and the manor and hundred of Portbury on himself for life with remainder to his son and heir Maurice in tail male, so that the lands should not be alienated or partitioned between coheirs. [Somerset Fines, 1307-99, 21; Smyth, i. 364; PRO C136/58 no.1; C135/199 no. 9.] Bedminster had already been settled in jointure and tail general on the marriage of Maurice (III) in 1289 and was therefore detached from the rest of the patrimony in 1417 when, on the death of Thomas (IV), it passed to his daughter Elizabeth, countess of Warwick.
Thomas (II) (1281-1321) and Maurice (III) de Berkeley (1321-6)
Thomas (II) inherited from his father a good position in court circles, which he fostered and improved by years of faithful service to Edward I as a councillor, military commander and ambassador. On the king's death in 1307 Thomas was probably well over sixty and, although he continued to serve the new king for a few more years and lived on until 1321, it was his son and heir, Maurice, who increasingly took up the more active role. Maurice was given around half the inheritance by his father in 1301 when he was about thirty and started his career as a military commander in the Scottish campaigns of the end of Edward I's reign. From 1308 he was summoned to parliament along with his father, and he was appointed to a series of important positions, warden of Berwick-upon-Tweed 1315-16, justiciar of Wales 1316-17 and seneschal of Gascony in Feb. 1320 (an office which he appears not to have taken up). He was a leader of the rebels in the Despenser war of 1321 and, having succeeded his father in Nov. 1321, surrendered to the king in Feb. 1322 and spent the rest of his life imprisoned in Wallingford Castle. He died in May 1326, a few months before the coup led by Isabella and Mortimer. The period 1281-1321 was one of intense activity in the estate, the 'high farming' era which generated an astonishing number of charters that now survive in the archive. The wives of Thomas (II), Maurice (III) and Thomas (III) brought lands to their husbands which expanded their interests outside Gloucestershire and northern Somerset, but the lords themselves were actively engaged in developing and increasing the estate by purchase, both of small holdings within the patrimony manors and of new manors.
This very deliberate and positive policy of land acquisition began with the making of small additions whenever possible to the manors of the patrimony, sometimes as small as a fraction of a single acre. Major purchases with the same end in view were the acquisitions of the small manor of Bradley within the lordship manor of Wotton in 1292, the manor of Henry de Middleton at Portbury in 1299 and the manor of Frampton on Severn in 1303, which was immediately leased at a rent of £14 13s. 4d. to be paid to the lordship manor of Hurst. [PRO CP25/1/75/36 no. 156; Smyth, i. 189; PRO CP25/1/75/39 no. 250, 40 no. 265] Thomas also acquired holdings in Bradley and Arlingham through successful litigation in 1290. [Smyth, i. 193, iii. 110; Cal. Doc. Irel. 1293-1301, 686 (where Wick is not Wick in Ireland, as implied).] His efforts were directed particularly at the acquisition of rents, however, and it is clear that he had a preference for that form of revenue. The process gradually grew in scale. After c. 1300 Thomas and Maurice began to expand their territorial ambitions and to acquire whole manors. During the 1310s Thomas bought substantial holdings at Leckhampton and Hartpury north of Berkeley hundred besides one called Planches within the lordship manor of Cam, and Maurice the manors of Upton St. Leonards and King's Weston (Glos.), and Kingston Seymour and Portishead, along with a number of smaller holdings at Winterhead, Barton, Winscombe, Ashton, Cheddar and Tickenham, in northern Somerset. [BCM SB 10 f. 31; PRO CP25/1/198/18 no. 46; CPR 1327-30, 269; Rot. Parl. ii. 399; Smyth, i. 274; CIPM viii, no. 678. The holdings at Winterhead, Barton and Winscombe were settled on Maurice, his wife Eve and their younger son Maurice.] Each was concentrating principally on areas local to their separate households: Thomas, from Berkeley, on central and northern Gloucestershire and Maurice, from Portbury, on northern Somerset. Maurice's wife's lands in northern Somerset gave him an added interest in that area, and her other lands in Wiltshire gave him a secondary focus, resulting in the acquisition of another holding at her manor of Brigmerston. [Rot. Parl. i. 396; PRO C137/23 no. 39.] The last major addition to the estate was the manor of Awre, opposite Berkeley on the other side of the Severn, with its appurtenant advowson and hundred of Bledisloe, which was acquired in two halves. The first was granted to Maurice by his lord Aymer de Valence in 1308, and the second was settled on Thomas (III) by Roger Mortimer in marriage with his daughter in 1319. [BCM GAR 255 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/51/50); CPR 1327-30, 269; Feud. Aids, ii. 264, 273; Genealogist, NS xxxv (1919), 96.] Thomas (II) also bought lands in the area to add to the manor in 1308 and 1317, and their acquisition seems to have prompted Maurice to buy another holding on the west bank of the Severn, at Beachley, in 1317-18. [Smyth, i. 327.]
Other lands were acquired but held only temporarily. The manor of Sopworth (Wilts.), worth around £12 a year, was granted to Maurice (III), for life, by Aymer de Valence in 1308 [BCM GAR 255, GAR 319 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/51/50, BCM/A/2/97/1).] and the manors of King's Stanley (Glos.) and Great Rollright (Oxon.) were granted to Thomas and Maurice respectively in 1314 and 1316 by Edward II. [Feud. Aids, ii. 266; Smyth, i. 274; CIPM viii, no. 678.] Kings Stanley was the subject of a dispute with John Lord Giffard of Brimpsfield, to whom it had passed by 1316, and Great Rollright was also held only briefly. Maurice also leased for a term of years thirds of the manors of Olveston and Berwick in Henbury from Roger, son and heir of the Berkeley retainer Sir Peter Crok (d. 1308 x 1316), which may have been worth c. £7 a year. [PRO SC6/1145/15, 1147/12.]
Between 1270 and 1319 the estate benefited from the marriage portions of the wives of successive lords, the only time at which this was a factor since earlier marriages had been dictated by politics, and the landed portion was replaced by the cash portion during the 14th century. The manors of the marriage portions expanded the estate beyond the confines of Gloucestershire and northern Somerset for the first time, although these too were only temporary additions as they were used to endow younger sons. The first major addition of the kind had been Isabel Fitzroy's, which had not, as might have been expected, been used to provide for the younger son, Robert (of Arlingham). In 1267 Thomas had married Joan de Ferrers, sister of the Robert who was dispossessed of his earldom of Derby by the Lord Edward. By her he had four sons, Maurice (III), Thomas, John and James (who joined the church), and two daughters, Margaret and Isabel. [Margaret married first Thomas FitzMaurice of Ireland, whose marriage her father had bought in 1284 and by whom she was the mother of the first earl of Desmond, and then Reginald Russell; Isabel became a nun: CCR 1279-88, 252; 264, 265, 300, 301, 365; CFR 1272-1307, 199, 208, 425-6; CPR 1307-13, 383; VCH Som. ii. 150; GEC iv. 234-7. James became bishop of Exeter after the murder of Bishop Stapledon during Queen Isabella's coup in 1326; James was elected on 5 Dec. 1326 but died on 21 or 24 June 1327.] Joan died in 1309 and Thomas did not remarry. [Smyth, i. 207.] She brought him the manors of Coston (Leics.) and Eynesbury (Hunts.). [Smyth; 205-6; CIPM i,nos. 732, 776; ii, no. 423, pp. 297, 310.] In 1289 the heir Maurice (III) married Eve, daughter of Eudo de la Zouche and Milicent de Montalt, and she brought the manors of Brigmerston and Milston (Wilts.) and holdings at, Edingworth and Milverton and a rent of £10 from Bridgwater (Som.) [PRO SC6/1148/15; Smyth, i. 244.] The two Ferrers manors cannot be evaluated but the Zouche lands and rent were worth almost £50 a year. [CCR 1288-96, 46. The two Wilts. manors were worth £30 a year, and Milverton £7-8.] Maurice and Eve had five sons, Thomas (III), Maurice and John, and Eudo and Peter who joined the church, and two daughters, Milicent and Isabel [Milicent married John Lord Mautravers (d. 1364) c. 1314 and Isabel married Robert Lord Clifford (d. 1344) in 1328. Eudo died in his brother's household at Bradley in Aug. 1328 and Peter in 1341.] Eve died in 1314 and about three years later Maurice married Isabel, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester. She brought him a rent of £8 from Speenhamland (Berks.), the manors of Burford and Shipton-under-Wychwood (Oxon.), and the manor of Stanley Pontlarge and holdings at Falfield and Ampney Crucis (Glos.) but most of them were held by Isabel for life only and benefited Maurice only between the marriage and the forfeiture in 1322. [CIM ii, no. 681, 950; CFR 1319-27, 96, 124, 175, 181; CCR 1323-7, 219; 1327-30, 46; CIPM v, no. 316; PRO CP40/269/41 dorse; Feud. Aids, ii. 270. The arrangements which Isabel's father made for his second marriage cut her out of the Clare inheritance.] She survived him and lived until 1338.
Maurice was probably aged around nineteen when he married Eva la Zouche in 1289 and his father Thomas granted the manor of Bedminster to the couple [Smyth, i. 244.] In 1301 Thomas handed over another portion of the inheritance to his heir, granting him the other Somerset manor of Portbury, and around half the lordship in return for a rent of £120 and Maurice's obligation to pay annuities totalling £54 to his brothers and sister, to keep up payment of the annuities and maintenance agreements already promised to those who had sold land to Thomas, and other burdens on the estate such as rents to chantries. From this time on, therefore, a large part of the estate was administered from the household which Maurice set up at Portbury. The division of the Berkeley patrimony into two blocks made a natural choice of lands for the adult heir: Bedminster manor was granted to Thomas (II) before he succeeded his father and to Maurice (III) and Maurice (IV) on their marriages. [In a similar fashion, Wotton, the secondary centre of the Berkeley block, was set aside for the use of widows, being held by Thomas (I)'s widow Joan in the mid 13th century, by Maurice (III)'s widow Isabel and by Thomas (III)'s widow Katherine in the 14th century. Maurice (IV)'s widow did not hold it because Katherine was still alive at Maurice (IV)'s death.] When Maurice's eldest son and heir, Thomas (III), reached adulthood and married Margaret daughter of Roger Mortimer of Wigmore in 1319, his grandfather was still alive and the couple were established with the manor of Awre, both the Mortimer and Berkeley moieties being settled on them. [Genealogist, NS xxxv (1919), 96; PRO SC6/1148/12.]
Thomas (II) had two other lay sons to establish, Thomas and John, and Maurice (III) also two, Maurice and John. Both generations were dealt with in much the same way, the elder of each pair having his mother's marriage portion, with some additional lands within Gloucestershire which had been acquired, and the younger more haphazardly with lands which had been acquired. Thomas (II)'s sons also married heiresses. Thomas was granted Coston (Leics.) and Eynesbury (Hunts.) some time before 1300 and later, in the 1310s, the manor of Wick in Arlingham, a holding at Hartpury and a rent of 10 marks from the Arlingham fisheries (Glos.) [Smyth, i. 209; BCM SB 10 f. 351. The charter recording the grant of Coston and Eynesbury (SB 10 f. 351) is undated but was witnessed by Thomas (II)'s brother Sir Robert (d.1300-1).] He married first Margery, daughter and heir of Sir Robert de Bray of Wollaston (Northants.), by whom he had a daughter Katherine, and secondly Isabel, daughter and heir of Sir John Hamelyn of Wymondham (Leics.) [VCH Northants. iv. 58] He died in 1346 leaving Katherine to inherit Wollaston and a son John by his second wife who inherited Coston, Eynesbury, Wymondham and the lands in Gloucestershire. [CIPM viii, no. 630] This cadet branch in Leicestershire was still going strong in the 16th century. Thomas's brother John had an annuity of £20 before 1301 and was also granted a small manor at Bradley (in Wotton) and sundry other new small holdings around the hundred. [BCM GAR 256 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/51/51); Smyth, i. 214.] He married Hawise, daughter and heir of Thomas de Timworth (d. c. 1290) of Bratton Clovelly (Devon). In Nov. 1311 Bratton Clovelly was settled on Hawise's mother Lucy for life, with reversion to Hawise and her issue, along with the manor of Bradford-on-Tone and substantial holdings at Hoccombe near Milverton, which Lucy had acquired. [BCM SB 10 ff. 26-7; Proc. Som. Arch. & Nat. Hist. Soc. xxviii (1882), 174, 177, 178, 192-5, assumes incorrectly that the husband of Hawise de Timworth was John de Berkeley of Dursley. Lucy married secondly Simon de Meriet.] Two years later they were settled again on Lucy for life, with reversion to John de Berkeley and his wife Hawise and the issue of Hawise. Lucy had died by March 1316 when John was holding Bratton Clovelly, but both John and Hawise were dead without issue by Sept. 1317 when Kingswood Abbey drew up a charter promising religious benefits for their souls in recognition of their substantial grants of land to the abbey. [Smyth, i. 215; iii. 317]
In the next generation, Maurice (III)'s second son, Maurice of Stoke Gifffard, was granted the manor of Bradley (bought by his grandfather), before 1321, and the reversions of his mother's lands in Somerset and Wiltshire and of Kingston Seymour (bought by his father), lands worth around £60 a year. [PRO SC6/1148/12, 15; CIM ii, no. 919; Smyth, iii. 148.] He bought three more manors in Gloucestershire, King's Weston and Elberton in 1330 and Uley by 1340. [CPR 1327-30, 507; PRO CP25/1/77/57 no. 40, 65 no. 230; Reg. Bransford, 274; Smyth, iii. 186-8. The three manors were valued at almost £90 a year in 1400: CIPM xviii, no. 409.] He was retained by the king as a banneret in 1330 and received generous grants in fee of forfeited land, worth probably around £300 a year, but his son and heir was deprived of them when their earlier holders were restored to favour. [CMR nos. 2270 (iii), 2271 (i); CPR 1327-30, 530, 1330-4, 145.] He married by 1330 Margery de Vere who was probably a daughter of Alphonse de Vere (d. 1328) and sister of John, who succeeded his uncle Robert as earl of Oxford in 1331. [CPL ii. 368.] They had three sons, Thomas, Maurice and Edward, and two daughters, Emma and Isabel. Isabel was still alive and apparently unmarried in 1400, and Emma married Thomas, son and heir apparent of Sir John de la Ryvere of Tormarton. [GIPM vi. 224; PRO CP25/1/77/66 no. 267. Sir John was succeeded by his son Henry: Saul Knights and Esquires, 228.] Maurice married Joan, daughter and heir of William Hereward of Devon, and had died by 1371 when Sir John de Wylington quitclaimed his interest in the wardship of Maurice's son and heir, another Maurice, to the executors of Maurice (IV). The young heir had evidently died without issue by 1400. [GIPM vi. 224.] The third son Edward married Joan, daughter and heir of Cecilia de Hickling of Suffolk but died without issue in 1380. [CFR 1337-47, 417; CCR 1349-54, 421; 1369-74, 340; CPR 1374-7, 437; CIPM xv, no. 310.] Maurice of Stoke Giffard's eldest son Thomas was thirteen at his father's death in 1347. He married Katherine, daughter of John de Botetourt, in 1355 and died in 1361 leaving a son Maurice, born in late 1358, as his heir. [CPR 1354-8, 257; CCR 1360-4, 226, 235, 237; CFR 1356-68, 198; CIPM xi, no. 10; Smyth, i. 257.] This Maurice proved his age in 1380 and died in 1400, his heir being a posthumous son, another Maurice, who was coheir to the Botetourt inheritance in 1420. [CCR 1377-81, 288-9; 1419-22, 87; 1422-9, 39; CFR 1399-1405, 81; 1405-13, 79; CPR 1399-1401, 431-2; Smyth, i. 259.] Maurice (III)'s third son, John, had by 1322 been granted the manor of King's Weston and holdings at Leckhampton, Cam (Planches) and Awre and Blakeney (Glos.), which had been bought by his father and grandfather and were worth c. £30 a year. [BCM GAR 122 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24/131); PRO SC12/36/11 m. 8; SC6/1147/12, 1148/12.] He died, apparently without issue, in 1336.
Thomas (II) died in July 1321 and the estate was taken into the king's hands following his son's surrender in Feb. 1322. During the previous forty years the estate had been enlarged by the landed portions of their wives and the acquisition of several new manors and other holdings. Their territorial horizons had been expanded by marriage into Huntingdonshire, Leicestershire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire, and by royal grant into Oxfordshire, although the purchasing policy was directed primarily at strengthening the patrimony and the immediately adjacent areas of Gloucestershire and north Somerset. All the lands brought as marriage portions, and most of those which had been purchased, had been granted to younger sons, but the manors of Awre, Portishead and Upton St. Leonards, worth c. £34 a year, and holdings at Ashton, Cheddar, Tickenham and Beachley, had been added to the inheritance of Thomas (III), [PRO SC6/1148/12; BCM GMR 17 (cf.below, BCM/A/4/2/28).] while the lands worth £30 a year granted to his younger brother reverted to him on John's death in 1336, having been granted in tail male. Most of the two lords' efforts, however, had been directed at making the numerous small additions to the manors of the patrimony, and the greatly increased value of those manors was Thomas (III)'s main benefit from the careers of his father and grandfather.
[Thomas (III) (1326-61) and Maurice (IV) de Berkeley (1361-8)]
The estate was officially restored to Maurice's heir, Thomas (III), in Jan. 1327. His relationship with Mortimer thrust the family to the forefront of national politics, especially with the imprisonment and death of Edward II at Berkeley Castle in 1327, and ensured that the family received a number of benefits during Mortimer's régime. When, in 1330, the political tide turned Thomas faced a parliamentary trial for the death of Edward III's father. He was finally cleared in 1337 but spent the 1330s under a cloud. He was restored to royal favour in the 1340s and briefly took up a prominent position again, before relapsing into obscurity in old age, devoting himself to domestic pursuits and the acquisition of land. His marriage with Margaret Mortimer brought him three sons, Maurice (IV), Thomas and Roger, and a daughter Joan. [Joan was married in 1337 to Thomas, son and heir of John de Haudlo (d. 1347) and Maud Burnell, and secondly, following the death of her young husband, to Reginald (later Lord) Cobham in 1342.] Margaret died in 1337 and ten years later Thomas married again, to Katherine, daughter of Sir John de Clevedon and widow of Sir Peter le Veel, who gave him another four sons, another Thomas, another Maurice, Edmund and John. Despite this plethora of younger sons, only one, the youngest, survived Thomas.
Like his grandfather, Maurice (IV) enjoyed most of his active career before becoming lord. Born probably around 1320, in 1338 he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of the younger Despenser, and by her had three sons, Thomas (IV), Maurice and James, and three daughters. Elizabeth survived him and remarried, to the Somerset knight Sir Maurice Wyth, dying in 1389. In the early 1340s Maurice had been crusading in Spain, and was then retained before 1347 by the Black Prince, whom he accompanied on the Poitiers campaign of 1355-7. He was wounded and captured at Poitiers and, after three years in captivity in France, was eventually released in 1360, having paid around half his ransom of £2,000 and made arrangements to pay the remainder. His wound appears to have made him an invalid for the rest of his life and he cut no figure in either national or local politics while lord. His early death in 1368 can probably be attributed to the same cause, and his heir was the sixteen-year-old Thomas.
The forty years between 1280 and 1320 had been notable for the unusual quantity of land purchased (by no means all of which had been earmarked for younger sons, provision for whom was most often the reason for magnates to buy land), but Thomas (III) far exceeded his father and grandfather in this respect. Purchase was, however, the only means by which the estate was changed permanently, since marriage portions by then were paid in cash rather than in land (although Thomas's second wife did bring with her a large quantity of land which she held for life). Thomas's stepmother was still alive when he was restored to the estate in 1327, so he did not immediately hold the entire inheritance. She held the manor and hundred of Portbury (and the manor of Kingston Seymour settled on Thomas's brother) in jointure and was granted as dower the manor and borough of Wotton, the manor of Symond's Hall and rents of £63 from Cam and Coaley and £23 6s. 8d. from Bedminster. [Cim ii, no. 919; Smyth, i. 245; BCM GAR 424 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/8). In 1329 she released Portbury manor and hundred to Thomas (presumably in return for an annuity) and died in 1338. [Smyth, i. 245. She was still alive in June 1337 despite the assertion in VCH Berks. iv. 100 that she died on 7 July 1333. BCM/A/2/22/2.]
To a certain extent Thomas followed his grandfather's practice of acquiring small holdings to add to his existing manors. Some additions were more substantial, such as the sub-manor of Sages, worth £17 a year, within Slimbridge manor, [BCM GAR 247 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/43/125).] but to a far greater extent he concentrated on acquiring whole manors. He bought 14 new manors, in possession or reversion, and had a temporary interest (mostly through leases for life or for a term of years) in seven other manors. In 1330 he made his first major purchase, the manors of Beverston and Over (Glos.) and Barrow Gurney and a large holding at Tickenham (Som.), from Thomas ap Adam, and in 1332 the reversion of the manor of Syde (which fell in in 1339), also in Gloucestershire. [PRO CP25/1/77/62, no. 16, /69 no.347; Glos Record Office D1866/T18, T19; Somerset Fines, 1307-99, 238.] In 1339 he bought a moiety of Elston (Wilts.), and between 1342 and 1346 the manors of Woodmancote (Glos.), Clevelode (Worcs.) and a moiety of Cheddar (Som.) with the reversion of the other moiety. [Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 199, BCM GAR 30 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/3/132); PRO CP25/1/199/24 no. 61; C135/156 no.12. For Woodmancote, CPR 1340-3, 443; BCM GAR 125 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24134); Smyth, i. 349; iii. 387-8, giving two conflicting accounts.] In 1355 he acquired another six manors, buying those of Tockington (Glos.) and a moiety of Sock Dennis (Som.) with the reversion of the other moiety [Smyth, i. 330; J. Maclean, 'The Manor of Tockington', TBGAS xii (1887-8), 135-6; GIPM v. 309] and arranging a complicated marriage agreement with Sir Ralph de Middleney whereby the reversion of Middleney's inheritance of four manors and other associated holdings in Somerset was settled on Thomas's younger sons after his death. [Somerset Fines, 1347-99, 28-9; CIPM xi, no. 517; PRO C136/38 no. 10; C139/35 no. 50.] All these 14 manors, with other holdings purchased by Thomas at Cricklade (Wilts.), 1350, Tickenham (Som.), 1330 and 1352, and Falfield, by 1337, Compton Greenfield, by 1340, Westonbirt, by 1344, Bentham, by 1346, Down Hatherley, by 1346, and Alveston (Glos.), were eventually inherited by Thomas's only surviving younger son, John. [PRO C136/38 no. 10; C139/35 no. 50; CP25/1/77/56 no. 12,/67 no. 295; Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 380; Smyth, i. 328, 330, 350, CCR 1360-4, 236. Apart from the reference by Smyth there is no evidence that Alveston was held by Thomas (III), but it was held by John at his death.] John also had some lands which had been held by his uncle John and which had reverted to his father in 1336. Those which were most closely associated with the patrimony (in Cam and in Awre) were kept for Thomas's heir, but King's Weston and Leckhampton were included in the numerous entails made by Thomas for his younger sons. [PRO C136/38 no. 10; C139/35 no. 50; CP25/1/77/66 no. 268, /69 no. 330.] The lands which passed to John were worth an absolute minimum of £300 a year.
Those fourteen manors and other smaller holdings were permanent acquisitions inherited by Thomas's sons Maurice or John, but Thomas also obtained a temporary interest in the Herefordshire manor of Burghill between 1327 and 1336, and the Wiltshire manor of Sheldon between 1351 and 1363. Furthermore, in 1347 his second wife brought him another nine manors which she held in jointure and dower from her first husband: Charfield, Tortworth, Hamfallow and Huntingford (Glos.), Ablington and Alton (Wilts.), Norton Fitzwarren (Soms.), Plympton (Devon) and 'Lariharn'. These were worth at least £70 a year, [Smyth, i. 346; iii. 210-12, 234-40, Wilts. IPM, 151; CIPM viii, no. 466; xvi, nos. 214-15; BCM GAR 126-34, GAR 422 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/24/135-43, BCM/A/3/16/1), GMR 3. Charfield, Tortworth, Ablington, alton, Plympton and Hamfallow were together valued at about £70: GIPM v. 300-1; PRO C136/38 no. 10; BCM GAR 126-34. There are no available valuations for Huntingford, Norton Fitzwarren or 'Lariharn']. and they benefited Thomas until his death in 1361 but were eventually inherited by the heirs of Katherine's first husband. [PRO C136/38 no. 10.] The Veel connection also led Thomas to have an interest in the manor of Penleigh (Wilts.), which in 1350 was acquired by Thomas and Katherine jointly, with the reversion belonging to Katherine's children by Peter le Veel [VCH Wilts. viii. 159; Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 376.]
Thomas's land dealings also involved some sales. The block purchase from ap Adam in 1330 had included the reversion of the manor of Monewden (Suff.), held for life by Isabel Hastings, and two years later Thomas sold it to Isabel.[CPR 1327-30, 507; CCR 1330-3, 424, 529.] In 1320 Thomas had bought a small holding at Childrey (Berks.) and acquired another reversionary holding there, which he sold to Nicholas de la Beche in 1338,[BCM SR 39 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/7); CMR no. 872; CCR 1337-9, 522.] and in 1354 he sold the reversionary interest which he had acquired in the manor of Yewdon (Bucks.) to Thomas Doyly.[VCH Bucks. iii. 49] Finally there were the manors of Eastham and Eckington (Worcs.).[VCH Worcs. iv. 70, 187, 267; PRO CP25/1/260/23 no. 51; BCM GAR 398-400 (cf. below, BCM/A/2/98/6, BCM/A/2/99/1-2).] Eckington had been acquired from the Mortimers by 1333 but was sold in 1358, the timing suggesting strongly that it was parted with in order to help with the payment of Maurice (IV)'s ransom. In Eastham Thomas seems to have acquired an interest from one of his servants, Richard le Porter, in 1341 and supplemented it with rents in the area acquired from another servant, Roger de Eastham. The manor did not continue in Berkeley hands: it may have been sold like Eckington, the various interests may have been for life only, or the manor may have been given up to resolve a disputed title which also concerned Clevelode (which did stay in Berkeley hands).
As well as ensuring by settlements and entails that the vast bulk of his acquisitions benefited his numerous younger sons, Thomas also had the patrimony to protect and his eldest son Maurice to establish. When in 1338 Maurice and Elizabeth were married, Thomas settled on them in jointure the lordship manor of Hurst (with its appurtenant rent from Frampton and a rent from the lordship manor of Cam), entailing it on their heirs male.[PRO C135/199 no. 9; C136/58 no. 1.] In 1349 Thomas settled the remaining portion of the lordship (8 manors, 2 boroughs, 2 advowsons, the castle and the hundred) and the manor of Upton St. Leonards, and in 1352 the manor and hundred of Portbury, on himself for life with reversion to Maurice and his male issue. Before his death the entire estate had been entailed in tail male except for a few small holdings, and Bedminster and Awre (settled in tail general in 1289 and 1319 respectively). The year before his marriage Maurice was granted the Bristol block of the patrimony (Portbury, Bedminster and their hundreds), initially at an annual rent of 400 marks, which was gradually reduced and then given up altogether.[Smyth, i. 364, 365; Thomas (III) was holding Bedminster again 1356-60: BCM GAR 361 (cf. below, BCM/A/2/67/24).] In 1342 he was granted the manor of Wenden and the £10 rent from Bridgwater and 10 years later the small holding at Christon and Uphill close to his manor of Portbury.[Smyth, i. 364, 365, 371; PRO C136/58 no. 1; C138/28 no. 50] After succeeding his father, he bought the reversion of the manors of Little Marshfield and Purton (Glos.) in 1366, and Little Marshfield was settled on his younger son James in tail male, Purton probably being intended for another son, who died young. Maurice needed to buy lands for his younger sons since nearly all the lands inherited from his father were entailed.[The manor of Wenden (Essex), the manor of Yorkley (then known as Tutnalls and Purton), a holding in Iron Acton and Sages in Slimbridge (Glos.), and the rent from Bridgwater and the holding at Christon and Uphill (Som.) were the only unentailed lands available to Thomas (IV) when he wanted to raise cash through a mortgage in 1375 BCM/A/2/36/12-13]. In addition to the lands granted to him before he succeeded, he inherited holdings at Chicklade (Wilts.) and a manor at Yorkley (Glos.).[BCM GAR 320, GMR 17 (cf. below, BCM/A/2/37/19, BCM/A/4/2/28); PRO C135/199 no. 9; 136/58 no. 1; Wilts. Fines, 1327-77, no. 379]. Thomas had created that manor by a number of small acquisitions along the west bank of the Severn, south of Awre, between 1330 and 1350.[BCM GAR 326 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/2/13); PRO C135/199 no. 9.] Maurice also benefited from the additions to the patrimony manors made by his father and from the holdings in Cam and Awre which had reverted to Thomas on the death of his younger brother John in 1336. He never enjoyed the full benefit of his inheritance because his stepmother outlived him by several years and held in dower the manors of Cam, Wotton and Symond's Hall, the borough of Wotton and a third of the hundreds of Bedminster and Berkeley, in addition to jointure in the most valuable of her husband's acquisitions, the reversion belonging to her son John.[PRO C136/38 no. 10. By April 1363 she had recovered against her son John (aged eleven) her dower of Syde manor and in holdings in Westonbirt, Down Hatherley, Leckhampton and Bentham. BCM/A/1/1/74 and A/2/41/3]
The period from the restoration in 1327 to the death of Maurice (IV) in 1368 is notable not only for the huge additions made to the estate (manors and lands worth well over £300 a year, around a third of the value of the patrimony inherited by Thomas in 1327) but that they had all been achieved by purchase. Marriage had brought Thomas substantial lands but they were temporary interests only. His heir benefited little, but the manor at Yorkley and the small holdings at St. Chloe, Uphill and Chicklade passed to him and he added the manor at Purton, having also acquired Little Marshfield for his younger son.
Thomas (IV) de Berkeley (1368-1417)
Until the death of Maurice (IV) the family had benefited from a succession of adult heirs, most of the lords being over thirty when they inherited, but the estate was now in wardship for six years. Thomas's father-in-law, Warin Lord Lisle (d. 1382), obtained the wardship, which ended in Jan. 1374, but for some time after reaching his majority Thomas was further handicapped by the longevity of two dowagers, his mother and step-grandmother, who held over half his inheritance until their respective deaths in 1389 and 1385. Aged fourteen, he had married the seven-year-old Margaret, Lisle's only daughter, in 1367, and in 1381 she became her father's heir. In 1385 she produced her only child, a daughter Elizabeth, who was betrothed to Richard Beauchamp, son and heir of the earl of Warwick (d. 1401), six months after her mother's death in 1392. Being outside the court circle, Thomas suffered from Richard II's policy of bolstering the local positions of his favourites, and was an enthusiastic supporter of Bolingbroke's invasion in 1399. He was actively involved in the deposition of Richard II and for the next seven or eight years he played a prominent role on the national stage as councillor and admiral for Henry IV. After 1406, however, he retired into relative obscurity. He did not remarry after Margaret's death and on his own death in 1417 the estate was divided between his daughter, who had the Lisle lands and some of the Berkeley lands, and his nephew James, who inherited the bulk of the Berkeley patrimony under the entail of the mid 14th century.
During the fifty-year lordship of Thomas (IV) purchase again played an important part in the development of the estate but the most significant change was the accession of the Lisle estate in 1382. During Maurice (IV)'s lordship the Berkeley estate had been divided by the assignment of dower to his father's widow and further division followed his death in 1368 since he too left a widow, Elizabeth. Elizabeth was granted Wenden (Essex), two-thirds of Portbury and Portishead and Uphill (Som.), the small holding at Chicklade (Wilts.), and the manors of Coaley, Upton and Awre, and the small holding at St. Chloe (Glos.) in dower, and already held Hurst (with a rent from Cam) in jointure.[PRO C136/58 no. 1.] Katherine's dower was worth £285 a year and Elizabeth's jointure and dower a further £335 a year, leaving lands worth £540 a year for the 16-year-old heir Thomas (IV).[BCM GMR 17 (cf. below,BCM/A/4/2/28).] The wardship of his lands was granted to his father-in-law for £400 a year.[CFR 1356-69, 388.]
That Thomas felt purse-pinched in early adulthood is seen in his mortgage of the unentailed lands in 1375 to raise 400 marks and in an agreement with his step-grandmother Katherine in Jan. 1375 to cut and sell timber from the manor of Wotton. His situation improved with the fortuitous death of his brother-in-law Gerard, Lisle's only son and heir, without issue between Jan. 1380 and Nov. 1381, when Lisle and Thomas came to an agreement by which Lisle allowed his daughter to inherit his estate.[GEC viii. 39.] Lisle died the following year and his estate, worth c. £600 a year, was duly joined to the Berkeleys'.[PRO SC12/18/42 dorse.] The Lisle estate consisted of numerous manors and other holdings scattered all over the south of England, but lying principally in two groups, the smaller one of seven manors in Devon and Cornwall, the larger based on seven Berkshire manors with four in Wiltshire, three in Oxfordshire, three in Northamptonshire and one each in Buckinghamshire and Middlesex. His wife's inheritance widened Thomas's territorial horizons. Like his own, it did not all come to him immediately, since about half was held in dower and jointure by Lisle's widow Joan (d. 1392), and a further two manors in jointure by Gerard's widow Amy, but during the next 10 years his position gradually improved following the deaths of the various widows.
Not surprisingly, Thomas had bought no new lands before the various groups of dower lands came into his hands, although he did acquire temporarily two Gloucestershire manors and a borough from the widow of one of his late retainers in 1383.[BCM SR 67, GMR 17 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/14,28); CPR 1381-5, 228.] Land-buying was largely a matter for consideration when lords had surplus cash in hand and Thomas had none to spare, certainly until 1382 and more probably until 1389 or 1392. Thereafter he held two inheritances and it would not have been surprising if he had then merely sat back to enjoy the profits: his wife died in 1392 leaving an only daughter, and there were no younger sons, provision for whom was the prime motive for land acquisition. It is all the more interesting, therefore, that Thomas did purchase a number of manors and lands after 1392. Some of them were connected with the Lisle inheritance, such as a large holding in Kingston Lisle, Fawler, Baulking and Uffington (Berks.), which he bought in 1397 and two years later leased at £5 a year, the manor of East Peek (Devon) and a moiety of Nethercott (Wilts.) bought in 1413, and a holding in Charlton, in Hungerford (Berks.) in 1414, [Thomas also acquired a weekly market and three annual fairs at Penzance (where the Lisle manor of Alverton lay) in 1406: CChR 1341-1417, 430.] Other acquisitions were clearly connected with the Berkeley inheritance and included lands in Bancombe, in Charlton (Som.) in 1383, the Edingworth and Milverton holdings of his second cousin Maurice of Stoke Giffard before 1395, and a couple of advowsons, Chicklade in 1380 and St. Andrews, London (the parish in which most of his London holdings lay), in 1394.[BCM SB 10 f.239 and v.] In 1398 he acquired the reversion of the St. Amand manor of South Cerney and Cerney Wick (Glos.), and in 1399 holdings at Wraxall and Weston-in-Gordano in Portbury hundred (Som.); and then in 1412 a holding at Horton and Yate (Glos.), another holding within Portbury hundred at Portishead and the manor of Cerney Wick (Glos.), in 1414 the manor of Shorncote (Wilts.) and in 1415 the manor of Tickenham, in Portbury hundred (Som.) [PRO CP25/1/79/85 no. 57; Somerset Fines, 1399-1461, 47, CCR 1409-13,334.] There were also acquisitions within Berkeley hundred, a number in Wotton manor in the vills of Bradley, Nibley and Wortley, two holdings in Arlingham, one in Ham, several in the boroughs of Wotton and Berkeley, as well as others elsewhere. [PRO CP25/1/79/85 no. 46; Smyth, iii. 59, 61, 112, 213, 287. For Thomas (IV)'s purchases in general. Smyth, ii. 13-16.] Most of those lands lay in three clear territorial areas, Portbury hundred, Berkeley hundred, and on the Gloucestershire-Wiltshire border. The focus on Portbury hundred is emphasised in his further acquiring the advowsons of Portishead and Walton-in-Gordano in 1412, and free warren in Walton- and Weston-in-Gordano, Portishead and Charlton in 1401, which can be compared with his obtaining a confirmation of the grant of free warren in Berkeley Herness and Portbury in 1413. [CChR1341-1417, 416; CCR 1409-13, 334.] It therefore appears that the purchases of lands and rights were carefully chosen to suit the portion of the inheritance settled in tail male (Berkeley lordship and Portbury) and thus for the benefit of his nephew James. Thomas enfeoffed all these latter acquisitions (Shorncote, Chicklade and those in Gloucestershire, Somerset and London) to a group of trustees three weeks before his death and, although no instructions for their disposal are included in the grant, it was probably for the purpose of leaving them to James, through either an entail or a use. [No instructions for their employment are mentioned in his will, which had been made in Feb. 1415.] Despite the enfeoffment, the jury at Thomas's inquisition post mortem returned that the lands were all held in fee simple and they were the subject of a long dispute with Thomas's daughter Elizabeth and her husband the earl of Warwick. [PRO C138/28 no. 50.]
The sale of Wenden in 1404 partly balanced Thomas's acquisitions. It was the only principal manor which had not been entailed, either in fee tail or tail male, and so the only one available when he needed to raise cash in a rush in order to loan £1,000 to the king. Although it had been part of the estate for 150 years it had long been the one anomaly in an otherwise concentrated estate, and its distance from the administrative centre had already led to its being farmed by 1389.
At Thomas (IV)'s death in 1417 the Berkeley estate, after following a pattern of recurrent growth and diminution over the previous 140 years, had reached a pinnacle. As well as the Berkeley patrimony itself, hugely increased in value since 1281, and a few other manors in Gloucestershire added to it, Thomas had held the Lisle estate and had bought a further four manors with numerous other small holdings. On his death, however, it broke apart. To his daughter went lands worth c. £725 a year, comprising the Lisle lands (£600 a year) and the manors of Awre and Bedminster with their hundreds (£125 a year). To his nephew went an estate worth c. £1,000 a year consisting of the lordship of Berkeley (with the manor of Upton) worth £825 a year, and Portbury manor and hundred worth £130 a year. In addition to the lands which he had from his uncle, James had his father's manor of Little Marshfield and the prospect of his mother's inheritance in Wales and the Marches. If the Berkeley inheritance had passed to him peacefully after his uncle's death, and if he had inherited all his mother's lands, James would have held land of greater value than any of his predecessors had done on succeeding their fathers.
Third Period: 1417-92
James (I) de Berkeley (1417-63)
James was the son of Thomas (IV)'s younger brother James who had married a Marcher heiress and died in 1405 fighting the Welsh under Glendower. He was eleven in 1405 and heir apparent to the substantial inheritance of his mother, Elizabeth Bluet: the two minor Marcher lordships of Raglan and Stradewy, and the manors of Thruxton (Herefs.) and Daglingworth (Glos.). Elizabeth was also the prospective heir on the death of Adam de Peasenhall to the ap Rees lands of the lordship of Talgarth and the manor of Shifnal (Salop.). [For what follows, see BCM/C Administrative history.] Her inheritance was worth at least 400 marks a year but in the event James inherited very little of it. [Below, BCM/A/1/1/46 [GC 4129]. In 1408 Elizabeth and her third husband, Thomas ap Harry, sold Thruxton to Thomas's elder brother John, and in the following year, Peasenhall having granted them Talgarth, they settled the manor and 50 marks of rent on themselves and their issue with remainder to the right heirs of Elizabeth. They evidently had no issue, however, as, after her fourth marriage to William ap Thomas, Talgarth was resettled in 1420. In Aug. 1429 the lordship was granted to James de Berkeley and his heirs but that may have been part of a deal with ap Thomas, for in July 1425 James and his wife Isabel granted Raglan to ap Thomas for life and in 1430 ap Thomas bought Raglan outright for 1,000 marks, which seems to have included Stradewy. James also failed to get Shifnal, which was regarded as an escheat, the reversion being sold by Henry IV. James therefore inherited from his mother only Talgarth and Daglingworth.
James may have sold Raglan and Stradewy in order to fund his fight to retain his Berkeley inheritance against his cousin Elizabeth and her husband Richard earl of Warwick. There can be little doubt that Elizabeth's father Thomas fully recognized and approved his nephew as his heir male, despite allegations to the contrary. James and his brother Maurice were in their uncle's care at Berkeley from 1410 and Thomas twice sold James's marriage, specifically as his heir male, in 1410 to John St. John and in 1414 to Humphrey Stafford, and in 1412 St. John requested an exemplification of the entail of 1349 of the Berkeley estate. [According to Smyth, citing a manuscript of c. 17 Hen. VI (1438-9), Thomas twice sold the marriage of James, once for 1,000 marks and once for 1,200 marks: Smyth, ii. 79-80.] Furthermore, Thomas's very specific policy of acquiring land centred on Berkeley and Portbury hundreds and his granting of all the lands which he had acquired to feoffees three weeks before his death strongly suggest that he was not only happy for the patrimony to pass to James but also intended to enhance it. James's troubles arose from the attempts of the Warwicks to claim as much of it as they could. An early attempt to claim the whole lordship of Berkeley on the grounds of a fee tail settlement in the time of Robert FitzHarding seems to have been dropped quickly. They were rather more persistent and successful with two other ploys, first a claim to the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall, Hinton, Cam and Coaley, on the grounds that they had been settled in tail general on the marriage of Maurice (II), Lord Berkeley to Isabel Fitzroy in the mid 13th century, and, secondly, claims to portions of some manors which they maintained had not been included in the 1349 entail, such as the rents from Iron Acton, which had been paid to Ham manor for over a century, and Sages, in Slimbridge, which had been bought by Thomas III in the mid 14th century. [The rent of 22 marks from Frampton on Severn which was paid to Hurst manor had specifically been mentioned in the 1338 settlement on Maurice (IV) and his wife.]
The Warwicks' determination was apparent immediately after Thomas (IV)'s death, which occurred when they were in Gloucestershire, staying either at the Castle or at Wotton, while James was in Dorset with his father-in-law Humphrey Stafford. [For what follows see, unless otherwise stated, Smyth, ii. 41-8, 57-76.] Thomas died on 13 July and James sued out a writ of diem clausit extremum two days later, but on 21 July the custody of the lands was granted to three of Warwick's retainers. [The render was remitted on 12 June 1418: Smyth, ii. 41. A court was held at Alkington in the name of the Warwicks on 21 Sept. 1418: BCM GCR 1 (cf. below, BCM/A/1/3/163). For the grant of the custody of Thomas's lands to John Harewell, John Barton and John Baysham on 21 July 1417: below, BCM/A/2/29.] The inquisition post mortem at Gloucester at the end of September was adjourned because the evidence was disputed. On 22 Oct. Warwick sued out a supersedeas countermanding James's writ, and after some legal manoeuvring Warwick's writ was countermanded on 5 Nov., another inquisition was held and the jury found that James was heir, as Thomas's male heir, to the entailed lands and the countess was heir to the rest. James did fealty and had his homage respected on 1 Dec. but, handicapped by the desertion of some of his uncle's closest servants to the Warwicks, he was unable to sue livery, pay his relief and have proper possession until, on 1 Nov. 1420, he obtained the support of the duke of Gloucester by promising him the reversion of lands of his mother's inheritance to the value of 400 marks a year. Recognition courts at all the lordship manors were held on 6 May 1421, [BCM GRR 7 (cf. below, BCM/A/4/2/30)] and James had licence to sue livery at Michaelmas 1421 and paid his relief of 100 marks. His belated succession was recognised by his first appearance on the Gloucestershire commissions of the peace on 2 Sept. and his first summons to parliament on 20 Oct.
On 1 Sept. 1422 James took the precaution of granting the Castle and the manors of Berkeley, Ham, Appleridge, Hinton, Hurst, Slimbridge, Cam, Coaley, Alkington, Upton St. Leonards, Wotton and Symond's Hall to a powerful group of feoffees consisting of Humphrey duke of Gloucester, John Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, John Holand, earl of Huntingdon, Thomas Stanley, Robert Wingfield and John Morgan. [The dukedom of Norfolk was in fact not revived until 1425.] The countess of Warwick died on 28 Dec. 1422, but the dispute continued. On 10 Sept. 1421 James and Warwick agreed, under bonds of 10,000 marks each, to submit the dispute to the arbitration (which was not to include the manors of Wotton, Portbury, Cerney and Shorncote) of the bishop of Worcester and the justice John Juyn, provided that the award was made before Christmas. The date was not met, and on 20 May 1423 they again entered into bonds for arbitration before midsummer, yet again for an award by 1 Nov., and once more for a partial award which was made on 24 Nov. 1424, with the promise of a final award before the following Michaelmas. That award, made on 6 Oct. 1425, declared that Warwick would hold for his life the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley and holdings in Frampton on Severn, Cromhall, Iron Acton, Kingscote and Minchinhampton (Glos.) and the hundreds of Hartcliff and Portbury and the manor of Portishead, Limeridge Wood, Weston-in-Gordano and lands in Christon and Uphill (Som.), while James would retain, to him and his male issue, the manors of Cam, Hinton and Slimbridge (Glos.). [Smyth, ii. 48]
There the matter rested until the death of Warwick on 30 April 1439. His inquisition post mortem, held on 6 Sept., reopened the dispute by finding that he died holding, by the courtesy of England, the manors of Hinton, Cam, Coaley, Wotton and Symond's Hall, as Elizabeth's inheritance by entail from Maurice (II) (d. 1281) and his wife Isabel, and the manor of Slimbridge, as her inheritance from Maurice (I) (d. 1190) and his wife Alice, the manor having been granted to them in free marriage by her father. The findings were clearly faulty: James had retained possession of Cam, Hinton and Slimbridge and, under the award of 1425, Warwick had had only a life interest in Wotton, Symond's Hall, Coaley and the other lands. The countess Elizabeth's heirs were her three daughters, Margaret (d. 1467) wife of John Talbot, later earl of Shrewsbury (d. 1453), Eleanor (d. 1467) wife successively of Thomas, Lord Roos (d. 1430), Edmund Beaufort, duke of Somerset (d. 1455), and Walter Rokesley, and Elizabeth (d. 1480), wife of George Nevill, Lord Latimer (d. 1469). The dispute continued between James and the three sisters, the Talbots taking the lead. Margaret was Talbot's second wife and her heir was her son John, Talbot's fourth son, created Lord Lisle in 1444 and Viscount Lisle in 1451, who died with his father in 1453. After that, Margaret was fighting on behalf of her grandson Thomas Talbot (k. 1470).
James took possession of Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley after Warwick's death and held them peaceably for three years, but was dispossessed by the countess of Shrewsbury (John Talbot having been created earl of Shrewsbury on 20 May 1442), the three coheirs bringing an assize of novel disseisin against James for Cam, Hinton and Slimbridge, and James one against them for Wotton and Coaley. An unusual document illustrating the local effect of these disputes records that on 24 Feb. certain tenants of Coaley manor acknowledged that, having returned to James and paid their rents to him the previous Christmas, they would thereafter be true tenants to him and his heirs. An arbitration of 5 April 1448 awarded Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley and all the other disputed lands mentioned in the arbitration of 1425 (except the 22 marks in Frampton on Severn and £10 rent from Sages in Slimbridge) to the three coheirs, and to James and his male issue Cam, Hinton, Slimbridge, Hurst and Portbury. The award was reaffirmed in July 1449, but James refused to give his assent. The dispute grew increasingly violent during the 1440s and culminated in 1451 when, having suborned some Berkeley servants, Lisle was let into Berkeley Castle, captured James and his sons and forced them to enter into bonds to abide by the latest award, i.e. that the coheirs would have Wotton, Symond's Hall and Coaley, and Berkeley hundred, and James would have Berkeley, Ham, Appleridge, Alkington, Hinton, Hurst, Slimbridge, Cam, Upton St. Leonards, the 22 marks rent in Frampton on Severn and Portbury. Meanwhile, the countess of Shrewsbury had captured James's wife Isabel and imprisoned her in Gloucester Castle, where she died in Sept. 1452. James's sons James and Thomas accompanied Talbot to France in 1453 where at Chatillon in July Thomas was captured, and James killed, along with Talbot himself and his son John Lord Lisle.
James's marriage to Stafford's daughter was short-lived and childless. In 1423-4 James married Isabel, daughter of Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk (d. 1399). She was the widow of Henry de Ferrers (d. by 1423), son and heir apparent of William Lord Ferrers of Groby (d. 1445), by whom she had an only daughter Elizabeth. Elizabeth married Sir Edward Grey (d. 1457), a younger son of Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthin: Edward became Lord Ferrers of Groby in her right and was a feoffee for James and William de Berkeley in 1447. Their elder son John, Isabel's grandson, was killed at St. Albans in 1455 (his widow infamously marrying Edward IV), and their younger son Edward married Elizabeth, sister and heir of Thomas Talbot, Viscount Lisle (k. 1470), and was himself created Lord Lisle in 1475 and Viscount in 1483.
Isabel Mowbray brought to James the manors of Aspley, Alspath and Flecknoe (Warws.), which her brother had granted to her and Ferrers on their marriage in July 1416, and Marks and Buttsbury (Essex), which she had held in jointure with Ferrers. [GEC v. 357-8.] She gave James four sons, William, James, Maurice and Thomas. Her elder brother Thomas was executed in 1405 but their brother John succeeded to the vast inheritance in 1413 and was restored to the dukedom in 1425, died in 1432 and was succeeded by his son John (VI) (d. 1461). Isabel's puissant brother John does not seem to have become involved in the dispute between the Berkeleys and the Warwicks and may have been handicapped by the fact that his wife Katherine was George Nevill's sister. After Isabel's death James married Joan Talbot, daughter of the first earl of Shrewsbury, reaching agreement with her brother the second earl in July 1457 that the earl would give 100 marks with his sister and redeem one bond of £1,000 from James to the king, and that James would make a jointure for Joan in £120 of land. Joan survived James and married secondly Edmund Hungerford.
Talgarth and Daglingworth, along with a moiety of the manor of Brokenborough (Glos.), which James and Isabel had purchased, were settled on their younger sons in 1434-5, one moiety of Talgarth on James, the other moiety on Maurice, and Daglingworth and Brokenborough on Thomas, being available for the purpose because not held in tail male like the Berkeley patrimony. After James was killed at Chatillon in 1453 the manors were transferred between different sets of feoffees in a way that is confusing, but it is clear that the settlement of 1434-5 was not strictly adhered to: Daglingworth was included in settlements on the eldest son William and his wife in the 1470s, and Brokenborough was granted to Maurice and his wife Isabel. Little Marshfield was at some time granted to the youngest son Thomas but was also held by his brother Maurice by 1461. Maurice had married Isabel, daughter of Philip Mead, and after the death of her brother Richard and his children c. 1488 she inherited various lands in Gloucestershire and in Bedminster, Wraxall, Ashton and Tickenham (Som.). On William's death in 1492 Maurice was his heir, although he inherited very little in the first instance. Thomas, who was under nineteen when captured at Chatillon, was granted by his father the lands held in fee simple (presumably purchased) in Gloucestershire, some of which lay in Berkeley, Dursley and Hinton, and on 13 Dec. 1482 his brother William granted him an annuity of £19 for life. [Smyth, ii. 83-4.] On 18 March 1454 Humphrey duke of Buckingham appointed him receiver general of his lands in Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Hampshire, at £5 a year with 2s. for each day spent travelling on his business. Thomas married Margaret, daughter and heir of Richard Guy of Minsterworth, by whom he had four sons and three daughters, and died in 1484.
James and Isabel also had three daughters. [Smyth ii. 90-3.] Elizabeth, who had a portion of £200, married Thomas Burdet of Warwickshire, shortly before Nov. 1448. Isabel married William Trye of Hardwicke (Glos.) and in Aug. 1476 her brother William granted to the Tryes the rent of 40s. which they owed for the holding called Inwood in Cam until her portion of £200 be paid. [Trye was descended from Ralph Trye who married Margaret, granddaughter and eventually heir of Robert de Berkeley of Billow.] The third daughter, Alice, married Richard Arthur of Clapton (Som.).
William Lord Berkeley (1463-92)
William was born c. 1426 and when aged thirteen joined the household of Henry Beaufort, bishop of Winchester, with whom he went to Calais in 1438-9. On 15 May 1440 his father granted the manor of Portbury to him and Nicholas Poyntz for a term of 40 years, and in 1447 William granted his estate in the manor to John Mowbray, duke of Norfolk (his cousin), Edward Grey (his brother-in-law), James Ormond and others. Relations between William and his cousin Norfolk were evidently close: in 1448 Norfolk granted to William all his lands in Ireland to hold for life at a rent of a rose a year, and in Jan. 1453 appointed him supervisor of Gower and steward of Chepstow for life, with the customary fees and an additional annual rent of £20.[Smyth, ii. 138.] In sharp contrast, William seems not to have been on good terms with his father: on 20 Aug. 1460 they reached an agreement under ten headings, beginning 'First that the said Sir William should not henceforth greeve, vex nor trouble the said lord James his father, nor any of his servants, counsellors or tenants of any of his Lordship's manors in Gloucestershire, by lawe nor otherwise.'[Smyth, ii. 75-6.]
One of William's first acts on succeeding his father was to agree with James's widow Joan that she would receive an annuity of £100 in lieu of her dower and jointure but he soon renewed the dispute with Margaret countess of Shrewsbury, petitioning for the restoration of Wotton, Symond's Hall, Coaley, and the New Leaze and Sages in Slimbridge, and recounting the Talbots' assault on the castle in 1451 and its consequences. A flurry of bills and replies ensued, in one of which William accused the countess of having hired a man to kill him when he came to London to sue out his livery. Before the case came to issue, the countess died in June 1468 leaving her grandson Thomas Talbot, Viscount Lisle, as her heir to the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall, a moiety of Arlingham, and various lands and rents in Arlingham, Cromhall, Alkington, Hurst, Dursley, Nibley, Sharncliffe, Kingscote, a sixth part of Iron Acton, lands in Horwood, Murcott and Gloucester, the manor of Wick in Arlingham, Sages Place and Sages Land in Slimbridge, and the 'hundred' of Wotton (formerly the hundred of Berkeley). Those lands had been allotted to Margaret in a division of the lands between the coheirs in Nov. 1466, her sister the duchess Eleanor having the manors of Coaley and Portishead, and her sister Elizabeth Nevill having Limeridge Wood in Portbury. Thomas Talbot's mother Joan, daughter and coheir of Thomas Cheddar, [GEC viii. 57] died in the same year as his grandmother and, as he was then only nineteen, the two inheritances were granted to William Herbert, earl of Pembroke, the father of Thomas's wife Margaret. Thomas sued his livery on 14 July 1469 and had possession of his lands, which were valued at 1,873 marks 12s. 3d. (or £1,249 5s. 7d.), but on 20 March 1470 he and his followers met William, his brothers Maurice and Thomas, and their supporters in the skirmish at Nibley Green, where Thomas Talbot was killed. His widow Margaret brought an action against William for the death of her husband, and, on petitions by both parties, an agreement was reached in parliament on 6 Oct. 1472 that William and his heirs should have the manors of Wotton, Symond's Hall and the other Berkeley lands which Talbot had inherited from his grandmother, paying to the viscountess £100 a year for her life. Shortly afterwards she married Henry Bodrugan and she quietly received the annuity for many years. Talbot's heirs were his sisters Margaret and Elizabeth, and when Margaret died without issue in 1475 Elizabeth became sole heir: days after her sister's death, her husband Edward Grey was created Lord Lisle on 14 March 1475. Grey was William's nephew, being the son of William's half-sister, but he immediately renewed the dispute. An agreement was made on 25 Feb. 1482 that Wotton and Symond's Hall, a rent of 34s. 4d. in Nibley and Sharncliffe, a sixth of Iron Acton, New Leaze, the Warth and Sages in Slimbridge, Westmancotes in Arlingham, etc., should be settled on William and his male issue, William to give Edward and Elizabeth an annuity of £20 during the life of the Viscountess Margaret and after her death £100, but the agreement does not seem to have been enforced.
William's first known wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Reginald West, Lord de la Warr (d. 1450) by Margaret (d. 1433), daughter and heir of Robert Thorley. [Smyth, ii. 138-9.] Smyth says that they were married in 1466, but since William was then forty or more and Elizabeth at least 33, and since their childless marriage ended in divorce in 1467, they were probably married much earlier. William then married Joan Strangeways, daughter of Katherine duchess of Norfolk by her second husband Thomas Strangeways. Joan was the widow of Sir William Willoughby to whom she was married by July 1461 when her half-brother, John duke of Norfolk, granted them the reversion of six Yorkshire manors held for life by Katherine, for their lives. Willoughby had died by Aug. 1468 and in the November following she married William Lord Berkeley. [In Aug. 1468, as Willoughby's widow, Joan was granted an annuity of 100 marks from the tunnage and poundage of London: CPR 1467-77, 107.] In June 1475 her nephew, John duke of Norfolk, granted to William and Joan the six Yorkshire manors, for the life of Joan, and his estate officials were instructed to accept them as occupiers. By Willoughby she had had two sons, Edward and Richard, and two daughters, Cecilia and Anne, and William was very generous to these stepchildren. In May 1480 he arranged with Richard Beauchamp, Lord St. Amand, for Anne Willoughby to marry Beauchamp's son and heir Sir John, and granted the couple his manor of Arlingham (Glos.) for their lives. He also seems to have been involved in the mariage of Cecilia Willoughby to Edward Dudley, who succeeded his grandfather John Sutton, Lord Dudley, in 1487, for in Dec. 1480 William and Joan entered into an indenture to pay Edward 500 marks. Edward Willoughby frequently acted as a feoffee for William, and William settled several manors from the Mowbray inheritance on Edward and Richard. [The reversion of Cherry Hinton (Cambs.) after the death of the duchess Elizabeth, Caludon (Warws.) in July 1488, and Kennett and Kentford (Cambs.) in Feb. 1488. Kennett and Kentford reverted to Henry Lord Berkeley in 1559-60 on the failure of the male issue of Edward and Richard Willoughby.] Joan gave William a son Thomas in 1470 and a daughter Katherine in 1474. Thomas was made a Knight of the Bath on 18 April 1475 (on the same occasion as the king's eldest son was made prince of Wales and his younger son duke of Norfolk), and in June contracts were made for his marriage to Mary, daughter of William Herbert, earl of Pembroke. In the same year the manor of Cam was settled on Katherine, but both Thomas and Katherine died shortly afterwards. Joan died in Feb. 1484 and in the summer of 1486 William married Anne, daughter of John Fiennes, Lord Dacre, but they had no issue. She outlived him, later married Sir Thomas Brandon and died in Sept. 1497.
William remained on close terms with his cousin John duke of Norfolk, and in 1467 John made a grant of timber at Haynes (Beds.) to William's creditors to void William's bond to them of 1,000 marks. William was named as John's coheir apparent in the grant, although John, while childless, was then only 23. John died in Jan. 1476, leaving an only daughter Anne, aged three. Edward IV moved immediately to secure the inheritance for his younger son Richard (born Aug. 1473) and on 28 May William Berkeley made over his title to the lands that he might inherit if Anne Mowbray died to Richard and his issue and the king, in exchange for a release from his bonds to the Talbots. Anne Mowbray died in Nov. 1481 but in Jan. 1483 an Act of Parliament vested the Norfolk inheritance in Richard for life, his heirs and the king's heirs, and Berkeley, who had been created Viscount Berkeley in April 1481, confirmed his renunciation of the inheritance. The king's death in April 1483 nullified the agreement. Soon after Richard III's accession Berkeley was created earl of Nottingham and the Mowbray inheritance was at last divided between the coheirs, Howard and Berkeley, [For the division of the inheritance, below, BCM/D Administrative history.] but in March 1484 Berkeley made an agreement with Richard and settled on the king a large proportion of the inheritance. Again, the agreement was nullified by Richard's death at Bosworth on 22 Aug. 1485 and with Henry VII's accession William Berkeley again started with a clean sheet, being created Earl Marshal on 19 Feb. 1486. [Howard had been created duke of Norfolk and Earl Marshal in 1483 but had been killed at Bosworth and attainted.] According to Smyth, he had disapproved of the marriage contracted by his brother and heir presumptive, Maurice, and therefore determined to disinherit him. From Feb. 1486 he began to alienate his inheritance in good earnest, and this time included the lordship of Berkeley itself. In Feb. 1486 he granted to Sir William Stanley his portion of Bromfield and Yale, in the following August he settled the reversion of six Berkeley manors on Thomas Grey, marquess of Dorset, and in Feb. 1488 he settled those and another on the king, adding another three in June 1488. Also settled on the king were Gower and numerous other Mowbray manors (all those in Bedfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire, the Brotherton manors in Susssex, and another ten in Surrey, Essex and Warwickshire). The Yorkshire and Lincolnshire lands, the manors in Buckinghamshire, and five other manors in Essex, Warwickshire, Sussex and Surrey were settled on Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby, two manors in Shropshire and Worcestershire on Humphrey Coningsby, three in Middlesex and Bedfordshire on Reginald Bray (including two also settled on the king), and four in Cambridgeshire and Warwickshire on his Willoughby stepsons (including two also settled on the king). That comprised his whole inheritance from the Mowbrays except for his eighth portion of Lewes which passed to his brother Maurice, despite an attempt to settle it on the king in 1490 [VCH Suss. vii. 5.] On 28 Jan. 1489 he was created marquess of Berkeley, a title which he enjoyed for three years before his death Feb. 1492. His brother Maurice, although 56 when William died, tackled the situation with vigour, and within seven years had recovered around fifty of the seventy Mowbray manors in England by challenging the legality of the alienations. Berkeley remained lost to the family, however, until the failure of the male issue of Henry VII with the death of Edward VI in 1553 restored it to Maurice's great-grandson Henry, born posthumously in 1534.

Contents:
The catalogue relates to the medieval portion of the muniments in Berkeley Castle and includes all estate and administrative documents of a date up to the death of William marquess of Berkeley in 1492. Inevitably, the cut-off results in some artificiality in that the catalogue includes the medieval documents pertaining to estates which came to the Berkeleys after that date while excluding the post-1492 documents belonging to estates which came to them earlier. [Although the post-1492 documents have not been studied and consequently have not been used in any formal way in the construction of the catalogue, occasional references have been made in order to clarify certain points.]
The principal events after 1492 by which documents in the catalogue are presumed to have arrived in the Castle are the inheritance c. 1500 of lands from the Breouse family of Tetbury by Maurice Berkeley, the marriage in 1587 of Frances, daughter of Henry Lord Berkeley (d. 1613), to George Shirley, the marriage in 1596 of Sir Thomas Berkeley (d. 1611), Henry's son and heir apparent, to Elizabeth, only child of George Carey Lord Hunsdon (d. 1603), and the marriage in 1614 of Thomas and Elizabeth's son George Lord Berkeley (d. 1658) to Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir Michael Stanhope of Sudbourne (d. 1621). The most significant purchase after 1492 which affects the archive is that of the bulk of the Blount inheritance in Gloucestershire in 1519-20.
The Berkeley family, through various vicissitudes, have remained in possession of the Castle from 1553 until the present day and as a consequence the Castle now contains one of the largest collections of medieval documents in private hands in the country. The catalogue describes some 5,500 documents, chiefly deeds, although there are several manorial account rolls (mostly for the manors of Berkeley hundred), and several court rolls, besides other administrative documents. For the historian, the most disappointing lack is that there are few documents concerned with household administration. In the history of scholarship the collection has the honourable distinction of having inspired John Smyth of Nibley in the early 17th century to write his history of the Berkeley family by using the original documents, an important break from the tradition of merely re-writing and updating earlier chronicles.



THE MOWBRAY ESTATE  BCM/D  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Mowbray family benefited from a number of inheritances which fell to it over a period of little more than a century (1311-1415), but then itself failed in 1481, when its lands were divided between the Howards and the Berkeleys. [GEC ix. 367-85.]
Nigel d'Aubigny (d. 1129) was, like his elder brother William (d. 1139) [Henry I's butler; his son William (d. 1176) married in 1138 Adeliza, the king's widow, who had the castle and honour of Arundel in dower, and he was created earl of Arundel: GEC i. 233-5.] in the service of Henry I, who granted him some of the lands of the rebel Robert de Mowbray, earl of Northumberland, and the English lands of Robert de Stuteville. Nigel married Mowbray's widow Maud and, secondly, Gundred de Gournay, mother of his son and heir Roger. Roger, who after a turbulent career died in Palestine in 1188, adopted the surname of Mowbray from the Norman lordship of Montbrai. His son heir Nigel (II) died at Acre in 1191 and was succeeded by his son William (d. 1224), who left sons Nigel (III) (d.s.p. 1230) and Roger (II) (d. 1266). The Norman lands were lost in 1204 and some lands were restored to the Stutevilles by a compromise with the heirs, but the Mowbrays were left with a substantial inheritance in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. Their patrimony lay mainly in three well defined groups: the barony of Thirsk included Thirsk with the borough and three other manors in north Yorkshire, Burton-in-Lonsdale in the far west, Kirkby Malzeard near Thirsk and Hovingham in the east; the Isle of Axholme had its caput at Epworth and included the neighbouring manors of Belton, Haxey and Owston Ferry (then two manors, Owston and Ferry), just south of the Humber in Lincolnshire, and the manor of Crick in Northamptonshire; in the 14th century other manors lay in Lincolnshire and the Midlands, notably Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire. There was also the manor of Ryarsh in far-off Kent.
To their patrimony the Mowbrays added considerably by several fortunate marriages, although none of the acquisitions was entirely free from trouble or delay. In 1265 Maud, wife of Roger (II), became a coheir with her two sisters to the barony of Beauchamp of Bedford following the death of her brother John de Beauchamp, killed at Evesham in Aug. 1265 [There was another brother Simon; his daughter Joan was in Feb. 1263 in the custody of Roger de Mowbray, who was then ordered to deliver her to Isabel, Simon's widow, but Joan died without issue: GEC ix. 376.] Roger died the following year leaving a son and heir, Roger (III), a minor whose wardship was granted to Richard of Cornwall. Richard regranted it to the widowed Maud at 400 marks a year. She quickly married again, to Roger Lestrange of Ellesmere, a younger brother of John Lestrange of Knockin (d. 1276), and arranged the young heir's marriage to Rose, a daughter of Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester, in 1270. Maud had died by April 1273, but unfortunately for the Mowbrays she had issue by Lestrange, who held her lands by the courtesy of England for another 38 years until his death in 1311 [Roger Lestrange, though summoned to parliament in 1295 and 1297, held no lands in fee, and for that reason his later wife, another Maud, was granted an annuity: GEC xii (1), 346-7. He held Ellesmere for life only.] As the eldest sister, Maud had Bedford and the manors of Haynes, Willington, Stotfold, Wootton and Bromham, all in Bedfordshire, and holdings in Barford (Beds.) and Linslade (Bucks.). Those lands, held as a third of the barony of Bedford, eventually came to Maud's grandson John (I) de Mowbray, who had succeeded his father Roger in 1297 aged eleven.
John was evidently ambitious to increase his estate and two events gave him the opportunity. The first was the childless death of William de Vescy at Bannockburn in 1314. [For the Vescys: GEC xii (2), 279-85.] William was an illegitimate son on whom his father William de Vescy (d. 1297) had settled the family's lands in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, with reversion to the father's right heirs. In 1314 there was difficulty in tracing the right heirs, but one was eventually found in Gilbert de Aton, a distant cousin. To add to the confusion, much of the inheritance was in the hands of widows, and various claims were made to portions of the estate. Roger Mortimer of Wigmore claimed the manor of Wintringham, which was held of him, as an escheat for lack of heirs, and Mowbray may have done the same with Malton, held of him, since in 1318 Aton granted it to Mowbray for life. [CIPM v, nos. 534-5. Thomas Wake, whose ancestor had married the Stuteville heiress, claimed the manor of Langton as having been granted by Robert de Stuteville to Eustace de Vescy (d. 1216) in free marriage with Robert's daughter Burge, and a similar claim was made for the manor of Saxlingham (Norf.). Mowbray had been granted custody of the castle and manor of Malton in Sept. 1317: GEC ix. 378.] Not content with that, Mowbray also seems to have struck a deal regarding a valuable group of Vescy manors based on Newsholme, near Howden (Yorks.), including the manors of Thornton, Gribthorpe and Brind with appurtenances in Loftsome, Wressle, Bubwith and Holme upon Spalding Moor. They were held in dower by Clemence, widow of the bastard William's legitimate brother John (d.s.p. 1295). [In Aug. 1290 William de Vescy had confirmed his son John's grant of dower to Clemence at the church door of £200 of land in Newsholme and Sproxton (Roxburghshire): CCR 1288-96, 144. In 1297 William granted the reversion of Sproxton to the king. Clemence was of foreign birth and one of the many kinswomen of Queen Eleanor for whom Edward I provided; after Edward's death she lived mostly abroad.] They lay in south Yorkshire, just over the Humber from the Isle of Axholme, and were thus strategically located between the two parts of the Mowbrays' barony of Thirsk. In 1335 John de Mowbray's son and heir, John (II), agreed to lease those manors from Clemence at £92 a year for her life, and at her death in 1343 it was said that she had a yearly farm of £92 for her life from the manors and that Mowbray held them in fee. [CIPM vii, no. 528.] They remained in Mowbray hands thereafter, a valuable addition to the inheritance acquired in dubious circumstances.
The second event came with the death of John (I)'s brother-in-law, William de Breouse the younger, between April 1315 and May 1316. [GEC ii. 302-3. John had been married to Aline in 1298, the year after his father's death, when he was 12; in March 1299 William de Breouse acknowledged that he owed Roger Mowbray's executors 500 marks for the marriage, which had therefore been arranged before Roger's death.] It left John's wife Aline and her sister Joan as coheirs presumptive of their father, William Lord Breouse of Gower (d. 1326), and John moved fast to secure the bulk of the inheritance. Joan had a son by her first husband, James de Bohun of Midhurst (d. 1306), and by her second, Sir Richard Foliot (d. 1317), a son and two daughters, but John seems to have persuaded his father-in-law to ignore her claims. [Richard Foliot was in a weak position to assert his wife's claims: his mother Margery held six of the ten manors of his inheritance in jointure and dower until her death in 1330: GEC v. 538-41.] On 20 May 1316 John had licence to grant the six Beauchamp manors, along with Ryarsh (Kent), to Breouse for life, and ten days later Breouse had licence to grant the manors which made up the lordship of Bramber, with the reversion of those still held by his father's widow, to feoffees for regrant to himself for life with remainder to Mowbray and Aline and their issue. [CPR 1313-17, 467, 562.] A similar arrangement was made with regard to the Marcher lordship of Gower. Mowbray's manoeuvres to gain Bramber and Gower were not to be as trouble-free as his acquisition of the Vescy lands. Breouse also entertained offers for Gower from the earl of Hereford and from Mortimer of Wigmore, and the younger Despenser entered the negotiations in 1319. [Fryde, Fall of Edward II, 109.] Mowbray's precipitate entering into possession of Gower in 1320 sparked the Despenser war of 1321 and he was hanged in March 1322 after Boroughbridge. Despite the younger Despenser's 'dishonest and cynical' schemes during the next four years, [For Despenser's activities, see Fryde, Fall of Edward II, 109-110] Bramber and Gower eventually passed to John's son and heir, John (II), born in 1310. Aline married again, to Sir Richard de Peasenhall, a former Contrariant, but died before July 1331. Peasenhall complained in Aug. 1331 that the escheator had taken into the king's hands half of the manor of Weston Corbett (Hants.), of Aline's inheritance, which, since Aline had borne him a daughter, he ought to hold by the courtesy. [CIPM vii, no. 398.] In July 1327 John (II) had livery of an inheritance which since 1311 had expanded beyond Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and the Midlands to include valuable lordships in Bedfordshire, Sussex and the March. The relative value of the new lands can be gauged from Thomas de Mowbray's inquisition post mortem of 1399. [CIPM. xviii, nos. 264-305.] Three of the four Yorkshire manors were together then valued at £92, and three others at £67. By comparison, the Beauchamp lands in Bedfordshire were valued at £56, Bramber at £175 and Gower at £467 (700 marks). The Vescy lands were not mentioned but were presumably worth at least £92 a year. Although one of the Yorkshire manors was not valued and there is no return for the Isle of Axholme manors, it is clear that the value of the family's lands had greatly increased in the period 1311-27. [The usual degree of undervaluation is apparent. Melton Mowbray, valued at £33 in 1399, had in 1343 been said to be worth £90. Thirsk and Hovingham, valued at £65, had in 1341 provided £100 year for Joan de Mowbray's chamber.]
John (II) de Mowbray had an adventurous marital career. Around 1319 he was married to Maud, daughter of the earl of Lancaster's satellite, Robert de Holland, in what was clearly a political alliance. His father's charter granting to John and Maud the Yorkshire manors of Kirkby Malzeard, Burton-in-Lonsdale and Hovingham was witnessed by Thomas of Lancaster: below, BCM/D/1/1/1 [GC 9412]. The marriage was later dissolved and in Oct. 1332 Maud surrendered her rights in the Yorkshire manors in exchange for a life interest in Ryarsh (Kent) and Crick (Northants.) [Below, BCM/D/1/1/2 [GC 2758]. Maud later married Sir Thomas de Swynnerton, younger son and eventual successor of Sir Roger (d. 1338) who was present when Maud made the agreement with Mowbray. Maud was still alive in 1343; Sir Thomas, who succeeded his brother c. 1349, is said to have died in 1361: GEC xii (1), 585-8.] John, whose marriage was granted in Feb. 1327 to Henry of Lancaster, then married Joan, Lancaster's youngest daughter, probably by 1338 when Lancaster released him from a bond of 8,000 marks. Joan (d. 1349) was the mother of his daughters Eleanor and Blanche and his son John (III), born in 1340. By April 1353 he was married to Elizabeth, daughter of John de Vere, earl of Oxford, and widow of Hugh de Courtenay (d. 1349), but the third marriage does not seem to have been happy: in April 1353 Mowbray's brother-in-law, the duke of Lancaster, oversaw the settlement of disputes between Oxford and Mowbray. They agreed that Mowbray would surrender to Oxford all the lands which he and Elizabeth were holding that had been Oxford's, and Mowbray would settle £200 of lands and rents on Elizabeth for her expenses in clothes and other necessities for herself, her children, and the ladies and servants of her chamber, so that he would not be obliged to find food and drink for them. He died in 1361. Elizabeth survived him for 14 years and married Sir William de Cossington.
The arrangements which Mowbray made for the marriages of his children were also complicated, and he seems to have had an eye on the Brotherton inheritance. Thomas of Brotherton, earl of Norfolk, died in 1338 leaving two daughters; Margaret was married to John de Segrave and Alice to Edward Montague (d. 1361). In March 1343 Edward's elder brother, William earl of Salisbury, was involved in the arrangements for a double marriage between Edward and Alice's children, Edward and Audrey, and Mowbray's children, John and Blanche. [Below, BCM/D/1/1/9, 11 [GC 3049, SC 511]. Mowbray's other daughter, Eleanor, was also involved: below, BCM/D/1/1/10 [GC 3050].] The ceremonies, due to be performed on 25 July that year, did not take place. Edward and Audrey Montague were both still alive and apparently unmarried in June 1349, and by March 1349 Mowbray was negotiating for another double marriage of his children, to John and Elizabeth, the children of John de Segrave by Margaret of Brotherton. The charter by which Segrave was bound to settle £200 of land on Elizabeth for her life (presumably instead of a lump sum portion) was witnessed by Henry of Lancaster, overseeing the affairs of his nephew and niece. [Below, BCM/D/1/1/13-14 [GC 3231-2]. Lancaster had requested the papal dispensations for the marriages to take place.] Young John de Segrave died without issue before his father's death on 1 April 1353. [Blanche de Mowbray (d. 1409) went on to marry Sir Robert Bertram of Bothal (Northumb.) (d. 1363), Thomas de Poynings (d.s.p. 1375), Sir John de Worth (d. 1391) and finally Sir John Wiltshire (fl. 1405): GEC x. 662. Her sister Eleanor (d. 1387) married, as his third wife, Roger Lord de la Warr (d. 1370) and secondly Sir Lewis Clifford: GEC iv. 146-7.] Elizabeth, wife of the thirteen-year-old John de Mowbray, was consequently her father's heir, but her mother held most of the Segrave inheritance in jointure and only six manors, in Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire and Wiltshire, passed directly to the young couple. [CIPM xii, no. 397.] In 1359 John (II) de Mowbray bound himself in £10,00 to Henry of Lancaster to settle all the lands which he held in fee north of the Trent on himself for life, with remainder to the young John and his male issue, and at the father's death in 1361 the lands in Bedfordshire (the Beauchamp inheritance), Lincolnshire (Isle of Axholme) and Yorkshire (Thirsk and its members), but not the barony of Bramber, were in the hands of feoffees. [Below, BCM/D/1/1/4 [GC 3481; CIPM xi, no. 144.] The lordship of Gower, which had caused his father so much trouble, had been granted to the earl of Warwick in 1356.
John (III) was killed by the Saracens in 1368 and his wife Elizabeth predeceased him. They had two sons, John and Thomas, said to have been born in Aug. 1365 and March 1366, and a daughter Eleanor born shortly before 25 March 1364. [Eleanor married John Lord Welles (d. 1421).] On 16 July 1377, at the coronation of Richard II, John (IV) was created earl of Nottingham, an entirely new title recognising the twelve-year-old's prospects, recently much enhanced by the failure of other lines of descent from Thomas of Brotherton. Of the five children of Thomas's daughter Alice and Edward de Montague, three, Edward, Audrey and Elizabeth, died childless before their parents, Maud became a nun and Joan was married to William de Ufford, a younger son of the earl of Suffolk, who succeeded as earl in 1369. William and Joan had four sons, but Joan and all her sons died in 1375, presumably of plague; Ufford continued to hold her moiety of the Brotherton inheritance until his death in 1382. Brotherton's other daughter and coheir, Thomas de Mowbray's grandmother Margaret, had married again, to Walter de Mauny (d. 1372), and by him had another son, Thomas, and a daughter, Anne. Thomas died young, leaving John (IV) de Mowbray as coheir to the Brotherton inheritance with Anne de Mauny, who in 1368 had married John de Hastings, earl of Pembroke (d. 1375), and borne a son John. When John de Hastings was killed in a tournament in Dec. 1389 John de Mowbray's brother and heir Thomas was sole heir to the whole Brotherton inheritance.
John (IV) de Mowbray had died unmarried on 10 Feb. 1383, and two days later Thomas had been created earl of Nottingham in his place, receiving the further title of Earl Marshal in Jan. 1386 in recognition of his position as senior coheir of his aged grandmother. Margaret lived on until 1399, and meanwhile John held only the original Mowbray lands, less Gower, and the small portion of the Segrave lands which Margaret did not hold in jointure or dower. His position is reflected in indentures of retainer which he made in 1389, promising an increase in the fee after his grandmother's death. [Below, BCM/D/1/14/1 [GC 3829]; BCM/D/1/19/3 [GC 3819]] Before his brother's death he had been contracted to marry Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Lestrange of Blakemere, but she died in Aug. 1383 before her 10th birthday. In July 1384 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, and widow of William Montague (d.s.p. Aug. 1382), son and heir apparent of the earl of Salisbury. Salisbury had settled on William and Elizabeth the manor of Kenninghall (Norf.) and in 1392 Arundel granted to Thomas and Elizabeth the manors of Wing (Bucks.) and Prittlewell (Essex), the three manors together being worth 250 marks a year. Also in 1392 Thomas made a settlement of some of his own inheritance, Burton-in-Lonsdale (Yorks.), Cherry Hinton (Cambs.) and some of the Segrave property which his mother had inherited. [Alconbury (Hunts.), rents in Northampton and Rutland, and Kineton (Warws.): CIPM xviii, nos. 264-305.] In 1388 he acted with Arundel as an Appellant but was later wooed by Richard II and became a courtier. One of the results was his decision to sue the earl of Warwick for the recovery of Gower, with sucess in 1397. Shortly after, he was created duke of Norfolk and was granted a few of Arundel's lands when the earl was impeached but, as an Appellant of 1388, he was not wholehearted in his support of the proceedings against Arundel, Warwick and Gloucester, and then fell out with Henry of Lancaster, newly created duke of Hereford. He was exiled for life and left England in Oct. 1398. Five months later his grandmother died at last, but he was never to enjoy the benefits of her lands which he had awaited so long, dying in Sept. 1399 in Venice while returning from Palestine, still only 33.
The inheritance was then in limbo for some time. His widow Elizabeth was granted an annuity of £100 in Nov. 1399 and by Aug. 1401 had married again, to Sir Robert Goushill (d. by July 1414), by whom she had two daughters. By Mowbray she had had two sons, Thomas (born 1385) and John (V) (born 1392 in Calais where his father was Captain), and two daughters, Isabel and Margaret; [Isabel married in 1416 Henry de Ferrers (d.s.p. and v.p.), son and heir apparent of William Lord Ferrers of Groby (d. 1445), and secondly James Lord Berkeley. In July 1416 her brother John granted the manors of Aspley, Alspsath and Flecknoe (Warws.), from the Segrave inheritance, to her and Ferrers, for her life, and she took them to Berkeley, along with the Ferrers manors of Marks and Buttsbury, which she held in jointure: GEC v. 357 n., 358. Her son William de Berkeley was coheir to the Mowbray inheritance in 1481. The other coheir was John Howard, Lord Howard, son of Isabel's sister Margaret and Sir Robert Howard (d. 1436): GEC ix. 610-12.] Thomas and John were granted annuities of 350 marks and £100 respectively in Dec. 1399. By June 1402 Thomas was married to Constance, daughter of John de Holand, duke of Exeter (the couple having been espoused in 1391), but he became involved in the Scrope conspiracy and was executed in June 1405 before reaching full age, leaving his brother John as heir. In Jan. 1412 John was married to Katherine, daughter of Ralph Neville, earl of Westmorland, and in Nov. 1413 he had a writ for the livery of his lands. They included the Mowbray patrimony, the Beauchamp of Bedford lands, Bramber and Gower from the Breouse marriage of his great-great-grandfather John (I), and the Segrave and Brotherton inheritances from his grandmother Elizabeth Segrave and great-grandmother Margaret of Brotherton. A hundred years after its first great expansion with the Beauchamp and Breouse lands, the estate was now much more than doubled by the addition of the Segrave lands in the Midlands and the Brotherton lands in East Anglia, Sussex and the March. [The Segrave estate consisted of 8 manors in Leics., 6 in Warws., 6 in Derb., 2 in each of Hunts., Bucks., Yorks. and Northants. and 1 each in Norf., Suff., Worcs. and Salop. The Brotherton estate consisted of 10 manors in Norf. and 13 in Suff., with 3 in Essex, 1 in Herts., 5 in Sussex, and the lordships of Chepstow in the March and Carlow in Ireland.] The inquisition post mortem of 1399 can again be used as a guide to the relative value of the new lands. The Breouse lands, the Beauchamp lands and the original Mowbray lands were valued at over £850, not including Burton-in-Lonsdale, the Vescy lands and the Isle of Axholme manors. The lands brought by Elizabeth FitzAlan were valued at £167, the Segrave lands at around £575, and the Brotherton lands at £1,476. [There was no return in Thomas's inquisition for the lands in Suff., but those lands were listed his grandmother's inquisition of five months earlier; for all other counties Thomas's inquisition repeated the returns in Margaret's.]
A further inheritance came to the Mowbrays when in 1415 John (V)'s mother Elizabeth became coheir with her two sisters to part of the Arundel inheritance on the death without issue of her brother Thomas FitzAlan, earl of Arundel. In 1345 Richard FitzAlan had settled most of the Arundel patrimony in tail male, but two years later he had become heir to his uncle, the last Warenne earl of Surrey. After negotiation with the king, he had been allowed to inherit the barony of Lewes (Sussex), with other lands in Surrey and Middlesex, and the Welsh marcher lordship of Bromfield and Yale with its caput at Holt (Castel Leonis), its castle of Dinas Bran and associated manors in Shropshire. [CIPM ix, no. 54; cf. below, BCM/D/4. FitzAlan's settlement in 1366 of the Warenne lands (except for Tyburn and Medmenham) on himself and his wife with successive remainders to his son Richard and his wife and to his brothers seems not to have been effective in 1415: CPR 1364-7, 198.] When his grandson Thomas died in 1415 the Arundel patrimony passed to his cousin John d'Arundel while the Warenne lands were divided between his three sisters. Lewes was held by Arundel's widow Beatrice until her death in 1439, when it was partitioned between the three coheirs. Soon afterwards one of the three sisters died without issue and her portion was divided eventually between the other two. [The third portion was not divided between the other two until 1476 or later: below, BCM/D/4.] Thomas's sister Elizabeth, wife of Thomas de Mowbray, had died in 1425, shortly after her son John (V) had been restored as duke of Norfolk, releasing to him the Mowbray lands which she held in jointure and dower, the lands of her own inheritance, and the manors granted by her father to her and Thomas in 1392. John died in 1432. His widow Katherine, who married again three times, survived him by at least 50 years. His son John (VI) married Eleanor, daughter of Sir William Bourchier, in 1424, and their son John (VII), born in 1444, was in 1451 created earl of Surrey and Warenne. During the 1440s John (VI) granted many of his manors to feoffees, among whom Eleanor's half-brother, Humphrey Stafford, was prominent. John (VI) died in 1461 and Eleanor lived as his widow until Nov. 1474 so that, with both his mother and grandmother holding dower portions as well as jointures, John (VII) held less than half the inheritance.
With the estate so burdened with dowagers it was as well that there were no younger sons for whom to provide, but nevertheless John (VI) did support others of his family. He seems to have been particularly close to his cousin William de Berkeley, son of his aunt Isabel. In March 1448 he granted to the 22-year-old William all his lands in Ireland to hold for life at a rent of a rose a year, and in Jan. 1453 appointed him supervisor of Gower and steward of Chepstow for life, with the customary fees and an annual rent of £20. In 1467 John's son John (VII) granted timber at Haynes (Beds.) to William's creditors to void William's bond to them of 1,000 marks. The transaction named William as John's coheir apparent; John was then only 23 and his daughter was born five years later. John (VI) was also involved in providing for his half-sister, Joan Strangeways. His mother Katherine had married Sir Thomas Strangeways by Jan. 1442, and by him had daughters Katherine and Joan; she then married thirdly John Viscount Beaumont (killed 1460) [She and Strangeways were pardoned on 27 Jan. 1442 for marrying without licence, and by 1 Oct. 1443 she had married Beaumont; in 1464 she married fourthly, and infamously, Sir John Wydville (beheaded 1469): GEC ix. 607; below, BCM/D/1/23/3 [GMR 47].]. Katherine had no compunction in drawing on the resources of her first and third husbands to provide for the offspring of her penniless second. In Feb. 1452 Beaumont bought the wardship of the 17-year-old Henry Lord Grey of Codnor and in Aug. 1454 Henry was married to Katherine Strangeways [GEC vi. 130-2. Katherine had died without issue by 1474 when Henry was married to his second wife.]. Joan Strangeways was married to Sir William Willoughby by July 1461 when her half-brother, John (VI) de Mowbray, granted to them, for their lives, the reversion of six Yorkshire manors held for life by Katherine. John (VII) confirmed the grant in 1465 but Willoughby had died by Aug. 1468 [When, as his widow, Joan was granted an annuity of 100 marks from the tunnage and poundage of London: CPR 1467-77, 107.] and in the November following she married John's cousin William Lord Berkeley. In June 1475 John (VII) granted to Joan and William the six Yorkshire manors, for Joan's life, and his estate officials were instructed to accept them as occupiers. Joan died in Feb. 1485.
John (VII) died in Jan. 1476, only 14 months after his mother, leaving a three-year-old daughter Anne as his sole heir and yet another widow, Elizabeth, daughter of John Talbot, earl of Shrewsbury, to whom he had been married in 1448. The whole inheritance was at that point in several different hands. Katherine, widow of John (V), had since 1432 held the Bedfordshire manors, the four Mowbray manors in Yorkshire with the Vescy lands, the Isle of Axholme manors, the three Buckinghamshire manors and three Essex manors, Melton Mowbray, Sileby, Mountsorrel and Diseworth (Leics.), Forncett, Suffield, Framingham Parva, Lopham, Hanworth (Norf.) and possibly others. Elizabeth, widow of John (VII), had been provided for in 1467 when the Warenne lands and other manors in the Midlands, with the reversion of the Yorkshire and Lincolnshire lands held by Katherine, had been settled on her in jointure [Below, BCM/D/1/1/20-1 [GC 4343, GC 4408].]. As soon as John (VII) died, Edward IV moved to secure the inheritance for his own younger son Richard (born Aug. 1473). On 28 May he prevailed on William de Berkeley to make over his title to all the lands which he might inherit if John's young daughter and heir, Anne, died to Richard and his issue, with remainder to Edward himself and his male issue, and then to William and his right heirs. In return, Edward was to obtain Berkeley's release from bonds totalling £34,000 which he and his brothers had been forced to make to the Talbots [Below, BCM/D/1/1/27 [GC 4433].]. In June, Richard was created earl of Nottingham, one of the Mowbray titles, and in Feb. 1477 duke of Norfolk and earl of Surrey and Warenne [Charles Ross, Edward IV (1974), 248.]. Meanwhile, Anne's mother Elizabeth had agreed to accept a reduced dower in order to enhance the dukedom granted to the duke of Norfolk [GEC ix. 609 n.] and on 5 Dec. 1476 she had granted to the queen and a group of feoffees her life interest in the reversion of manors which the duchess Katherine and others held for life [Below, BCM/D/1/1/21 [GC 4408].]. In return, her life-interest in other manors was confirmed to her on 31 Dec [Below, BCM/D/1/1/22-3 [GC 4409-10].]. Richard and Anne de Mowbray were married in Jan. 1478, aged four and five respectively, but Anne died in Nov. 1481. Edward was determined to hold on to the inheritance for Richard, as his agreement with Berkeley in 1476 had signalled, and in Jan. 1483 an Act of Parliament vested the inheritance in Richard for life, his heirs and the heirs of Edward. Berkeley, who in April 1481 had received the douceur of the title Viscount Berkeley [Above, BCM/A/5/5/1 [SC 637].], confirmed his renunciation in exchange for release in the same parliament from the bonds to the Talbots [Below, BCM/D/1/1/27 [GC4433].]. On 5 March 1483 Berkeley was also granted an annuity of 100 marks for life as a councillor [Above, BCM/A/5/5/9 [SC 639].], and on 9 April Edward died. The previous agreement was held to have been nullified and on 28 June, two days after officially beginning his reign, Richard III created Berkeley earl of Nottingham. [Above, BCM/A/5/5/2 [SC 640].]
On the same day John Howard was created duke of Norfolk and Earl Marshal, and his son Thomas earl of Surrey. The Mowbray inheritance was at last divided between the coheirs descended from John (V)'s two sisters Margaret and Isabel, although the Warenne lands were shared also with the descendants of their two half-sisters, the daughters of Elizabeth FitzAlan by her second husband Sir Robert Goushill. They were Thomas (created earl of Derby in 1485), son and heir of Sir Thomas Stanley (d. 1459) and Joan Goushill, and Sir John Wingfield, grandson of Elizabeth Goushill [VCH Sussex, vii. 5. An agreement that the Lewes moiety would be divided between Howard and Stanley and th at Berkeley and Wingfield would have the Welsh lands (Bromfield and Yale) seems to have been abandoned. Berkeley held a quarter of the Lewes manors and other manors in Surrey and Middlesex at his death in 1492.]. In the division of the English lands, Howard had most of the Brotherton lands appropriate to his new title. A document survives which lays out the lands assigned to Howard from part of the inheritance (possibly the English lands only) shortly after the death of the duchess Katherine [Katherine was alive in July 1483 but was evidently dead by March 1484: below, BCM/D/1/1/28 [SC 641].]. Howard's portion included manors in Suffolk, Norfolk and Sussex, with the reversion of others in Suffolk and Norfolk after the death of the duchess Elizabeth [BCM GMR 41 (cf. below, BCM/D/1/1/57). He was assigned lands in Norf. worth a few shillings over £300, in Suff. worth £243 and the barony of Bramber worth £213, with the reversion of lands held by the duchess Elizabeth in Suff. worth £429, in Norf. worth £337 and in Sussex, Essex, London and Calais worth another £66, a total of £730 in possession and £841 in reversion. He was further granted lands in Beds. and Northants. worth £44 and the reversion of a manor in Northants. worth £48, giving a total value of £1,663. The partition includes none of the Warenne lands which, since they seem to have been divided into quarters, is surprising; possibly they were partitioned at a different time.]. Perhaps the most interesting feature of the document is the statement that Howard had been granted five manors and a hundred in Suffolk 'by feoffment of John late duke of Norfolk'. It suggests that John (VII) was not only aware that he might die without issue and that Howard would be coheir, as his acknowledgement of Berkeley as coheir apparent in 1467 reinforces, but that he was actively involved in making plans for the future division of the inheritance. [The inclusion of Framlingham, the caput of the earldom, in Howard's portion also shows that John (VII) believed Howard to be senior coheir as descended from the elder of his two great-aunts.]. No such document survives for Berkeley's purparty, but its components can be deduced from his grant of the reversion to Richard III in March 1484. He had lands in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Buckinghamshire, Warwickshire, Huntingdonshire, Shropshire, Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Worcestershire of the Mowbray and Segrave inheritances, the Sussex and Essex manors of the Brotherton inheritance and part of the Beauchamp lands in Bedfordshire. He also had a quarter of the Mowbray moiety of Lewes and the other Warenne manors in Surrey and Middlesex, a quarter of Bromfield and Yale, half of Gower, and half of Carlow and the other Irish lands inherited by the Bigods from the Marshals. [Below, BCM/D/1/1/28 [SC 641]; Smyth, ii. 124.]. The death of Richard at Bosworth cancelled the grant, but in 1488 Berkeley carried out a similar settlement on Henry VII, and also granted his portion of Bromfield and Yale to William Stanley, the Yorkshire and Lincolnshire lands and others to Thomas Stanley, and other manors elsewhere. [Below, BCM/D/1/6/4 [SR27]; BCM/D/4/3/1 [GC 4451]; Smyth, ii. 121-3.]. After his childless death in 1492 his brother and heir Maurice was able to recover about 50 of the 70 Mowbray manors.

THE MOWBRAY INHERITANCE  BCM/D/1  [n.d.]

THE ESTATE AND SETTLEMENTS  BCM/D/1/1  [n.d.]

MARRIAGE OF JOHN (II) WITH MAUD DE HOLLAND  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The charters below relating to a jointure for John de Mowbray and Maud de Holland c. 1319, in Kirkby Malzeard, Burton-in-Lonsdale and Hovingham, [Hovingham was said in the inquisition post mortem of John (I) taken in 1327 to have been granted to John (II) and his issue by his father 'eight years ago': CIPM vii, no. 81.], confirm that their marriage actually took place. It was later dissolved and both remarried: see also below, BCM/D/1/1/9 [GC 3049].

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/1  [c. 1319]

Contents:
John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of Gower; and John his eldest son and Maud, the son's wife. n.d.
John has granted to John and Maud the manors of Kyrkeby Malasart, Burtone in Lounesdale and Hovyngham, to them and their issue, saving to John [the father] the right to hunt when he wishes.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas earl of Lancaster, Sir William de Roos of Helmsley, William le Latymer, Edmund Dayncourt, Henry son of Hugh, William son of William, John Beek.
[Please quote GC3253 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/2  [1332]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir John Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme, and Maud daughter of Sir Robert de Holand. 26 Oct. 6 Edw. III
In the presence of Sir Ralph de Neville, Sir Robert de Ufford, Sir Roger Swynnertone, and Sir John Darcy, the dispute between John and Maud has been settled, viz. that Maud has quitclaimed to John the manors of Hovyngham, Kyrkebymalasart, Burtone en Lounesdale and all other lands and holdings which he has in England and Wales, and for this John has granted to her for her life the manors of Ryesse (Kent), and Crek (Northants.).
At: York.
[Please quote GC2758 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MARRIAGE OF JOHN (II) WITH JOAN OF LANCASTER, 1338  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/3  [5 Oct. 1338]
Language:  French

Contents:
Henry of Lancaster, earl of Derby, and John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme. Mon. after Michaelmas, 12 Edw. III
Defeasance of bond from John to Henry of an annual rent of 8,000 marks due from his castle and manor of Gower, his castle and manor of Bramber (Sussex) and his manors of Thirsk (Yorks.), Epworth (Lincs.), Melton Mowbray (Leics.) and Haunes (Beds.).
At: Newsholme, Yorks.
[Please quote SC502 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/4  [6 Feb. 1359]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and the honour of Bramber, and Henry duke of Lancaster. Wed. after the Purification, 33 Edw. III
Whereas John is bound to the duke in £10,000 to be paid at Easter next, the duke has granted that the bond shall be void if John settles all the lands [etc.] which he holds in fee in all the counties north of the Trent on himself for life, with remainder to Sir John Moubray, his eldest son, and his male issue, the male issue of John the elder and the right heirs of John the elder.
At: London.
[Please quote GC3481 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MARRIAGE OF JOHN (II) WITH ELIZABETH DE VERE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/5  [26 April 1353]
Language:  French

Contents:
[John] earl of Oxford and [John] the Lord de Mowbray. Fri. after St. George, 27 Edw. III
Settlement of dispute between the earl and Moubrai, in the presence of the duke of Lancaster, viz. that the earl shall have all the lands and holdings held by Moubrai and his wife Elizabeth which were of the earl, and that 300 marks of land and rent shall be extended, in the presence of deputies of the duke, the earl and Moubrai, in the manors of Thresk, Wodehall, Kirkeby Malasart and Burtone en Lonesdale (Yorks.), and Moubrai shall enfeoff the 300 marks of land and rent to certain persons for re-enfeoffment to himself and his wife, for which the earl shall endeavour to obtain the licence from the king (but if he fails, the earl shall pay half the fine and Moubrai the other half), and that all the profits of the lands to be extended shall remain to Elizabeth for clothes and other necessities for herself, her children, her ladies (damoiseles) and all the servants of her chamber, so that Moubrai is not bound to find food and drink for them, and the earl shall surrender all relevant charters to Moubrai and quitclaim to him all actions [etc.].
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3402 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/6  [17 June 1353]

Contents:
John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and the honours of Bramber and Gower; and Sir William de Clyve, parson of Epworth, Sir William de Burton, parson of Galby, and Sir Richard de Stokes, parson of Lavenham. Mon. after St. Barnabas, 27 Edw. III
John has granted to William, William and Richard, and their heirs and assigns, the manors of Thresk, Wodehall, Kirkeby Malasart and Burtone in Lonesdale, with their appurtenances (Yorks.), and the manor of Whetal and a rent of £19 2s. 6d. a year in Oustone and Haxay (Lincs.), except for the fees, advowsons, wardships, marriages [etc.].
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3403 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/7  1 Aug. 1354

Contents:
.. . William de Clyve, parson of Epworth, William de Burtone, parson of Galby, and Richard de. ..; and Sir John de Moubray lord.. . and Elizabeth his wife.
[The date appears as 1344 but should clearly be 1354.]
.. . William, William and Richard [have granted] to John and Elizabeth the manors of Thresk, Wodhalle, [Kirkeby] Malasard and Burtone in Lonesdale (Yorks.)... to the same John and Elizabeth, the manor of Wethale and £19 2s.. .. rent in Haxay and Ouston (Lincs.); for their lives, with remainder to John's right heirs.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC3096 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/8  [1354]

Contents:
John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme, and William de Holthorpe his steward. 14 Sept. 28 Edw. III
Whereas John recently granted to Sir William de Clive, parson of Epworth, Sir William de Burtone and Sir Richard de Stokes his manors of Fresk, Wodehalle, Kyrkeby Malassard and Burtone in Lonesdale, with all the appurtenances, except the fees, advowsons, wardships, marriages, parks [etc.], he has granted to William de Holthorpe the custody of all the fees, advowsons, wardships, marriages, parks [etc.], and has appointed him to hold the courts of Hovyngham and Nusum; for life, rent 100 marks a year.
At: Byland Abbey.
[Please quote GC3417 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MARRIAGE OF JOHN (III) WITH AUDREY MONTAGUE, 1343  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The marriage does not seem to have taken place.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/9  [1343]
Language:  French

Contents:
William de Mountagu, earl of Salisbury, Sir Edward de Mountagu his brother, and Lady Alice, Edward's wife; and Sir John lord of Moubray and Lady Joan his wife. 13 March 1342
An agreement has been made for a double marriage between John, son and heir of John de Moubray, and Audrey, eldest daughter of Edward, and between Edward son and heir of Edward, and Blanche, daughter of John de Moubray, in this manner, viz. that the solemnities will be performed at the nativity of John the Baptist next [24 June 1343] at Moubray's expense, and Moubray will grant to John and Audrey and their issue 300 marks of land, viz. the manor of Melton Mowbray to the value of £90 and the remainder from the reversion of the manors of Creke (Northants.) and Ryasshe (Kent) which Maud wife of Sir Thomas de Swynarton holds for life, and Schidestoke (Warws.) which Sir Richard de Pessale holds for life; and Edward will grant to Edward and Blanche and their issue 100 marks of land and 200 marks of cash a year; and William and Edward will pay to Moubray £1,000 at terms, and both fathers promise that none of their lands will be eloined from the right heirs.
At: Knepp.
[Please quote GC3049 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/10  [1343]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and the honours of Bramber and Gower; (2) Eleanor his daughter; (3) William Mountagu, earl of Salisbury. 17 March 17 Edw. III
Whereas William is bound to John in 1,000 marks to be paid within two weeks of Michaelmas next [29 Sept. 1343], John has granted that if Eleanor is married or advanced during his lifetime, the bond will be void, and if she is not, then he has granted that if the earl pays to Eleanor 500 marks for her marriage or advancement within two years of his (John's) death, the bond will be void.
At: Knepp.
[Please quote GC3050 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/11  [1343]
Language:  French

Contents:
John Lord Mowbray and the earl of Salisbury (by his general attorneys Sir Nicholas de la Beche, Sir John de Wynkefeld, Sir Robert de Burton, Sir James de Beauford). 10 May 17 Edw. III
An agreement has been made between John and the earl for the marriage of John, John's eldest son, and Audrey, daughter of Edward de Mountagu, and the marriage of Edward, Edward's eldest son, and Blanche, John's daughter, and Edward will pay John 500 marks, 200 marks at the Michaelmas following and 300 marks at the Easter next after.
At: London.
[Please quote SC511 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MARRIAGE OF JOHN (III) WITH ELIZABETH SEGRAVE, 1349  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/12  [1349]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) John Lord de Segrave; (2) Sir William de Overtone, parson of Sileby, Robert de Keggeworth, Robert de Gaddesby and Richard le Deye; (3) [John] Lord de Moubray. 26 March 23 Edw. III
John de Segrave has appointed William, Robert, Robert and Richard to make an extent of his entailed land to £100 of land, and also to make an extent of the entailed lands of Lord de Moubray to £100 of land, for the children of the said Lord de Moubray and John de Segrave.
At: Fenstanton.
[Please quote GC3220 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/13  [1349]
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of the honours of Bramber and Gower, and John lord of Segrave. 10 Aug. 23 Edw. III
Whereas John de Segrave has granted to John de Moubray an annual rent of £300 from his lands in Leicestershire, and another of £200 from his lands in Huntingdonshire, and one of £100 from his lands in Warwickshire, by three charters, John de Moubray has granted that if John de Segrave enfeoffs John son of John de Moubray and Elizabeth his wife of £100 of land and rent for Elizabeth's life, and the same to them for their joint lives, the charters granting the rents of £600 a year will be void.
Witnesses: Henry earl of Lancaster, Derby and Leicester, steward of England, Thomas Spigurnel, Edmund de Ufford, knights.
At: Haynes.
[Please quote GC3231 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/14  [1349]

Contents:
John lord of Segrave; and John son of John lord of Moubray and Elizabeth his wife. 16 Aug. 23 Edw. III
John de Segrave has granted to John and Elizabeth, for Elizabeth's life, a rent of 66s. 8d. from his manor of Diseworth (Leics.).
Witnesses: Henry earl of Lancaster, Derby and Leicester, steward of England, Thomas Spigurnel, Edmund de Ufford, Thomas Conquest, knights, Robert de Ellerton, Roger de Goldyngton.
At: Fenstanton.
[Please quote GC3232 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MARRIAGES OF JOAN STRANGEWAYS  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Joan was the half-sister of John (VI) duke of Norfolk, the daughter of Katherine duchess of Norfolk by her second husband Sir Thomas Strangeways.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/15  [16 July 1461]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk [etc.]; and Sir William Willoughby and Joan his wife, John's sister. 16 July 1 Edw. IV
Whereas Katherine duchess of Norfolk, John's mother, holds for life the manors of Kyrkeby Malsard, Burton in Lonsdale, Thornton, Newsom, Brynde and Gribthorpe in Spalding Moor (Yorks.), John has granted the reversion of those manors to William and Joan, for their lives.
[Please quote SC609 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/16  [20 July 1461]

Contents:
Katherine duchess of Norfolk; and William Willoughby and Joan his wife. 20 July 1 Edw. IV
Whereas John, Katherine's son, has granted the reversion of the manors of Kyrkeby Malsard, Burton in Lonsdale, Thornton, Newsom, Brynde and Gribthorpe in Spalding Moor to William Willoughby and Joan, Katherine's daughter and John's sister, Katherine has now attorned to them for the manors.
[Please quote SC610 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/17  [1465]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk, Earl Warenne [etc.], son and heir of the late John duke of Norfolk; and William Willughby, knight, and Joan his wife. 20 Oct. 5 Edw. IV
John has confirmed to William and Joan the grant by his late father dated 16 July 1 Edw. IV [1461], of the reversion of the manors of Kyrkeby Malsard, Burton in Lonesdale, Thornton, Newsom, Brynde, Gybthorp in Spaldyngmore (Yorks.), which are held for life by Katherine mother of the late duke, for their lives.
[Please quote GC4332 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/18  [1475]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk, son and heir of John late duke; and his beloved cousin William Berkeley, lord of Berkeley, knight, and Joan his wife. 4 June 15 Edw. IV
John has granted to William and Joan the manors of Kyrkeby Malsard, Burton in Lonesdale, Thornton, Newsom, Brynde and Grybthorp in Spaldyngmore (Yorks.), for Joan's life; and has appointed John Wilmot, Thomas Dorney and Christopher Covenaunt to deliver seisin.
[Please quote GC4382 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/19  [1475]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk [etc.], to his stewards, under-stewards, receivers, bailiffs and other ministers and tenants of and within the manors of Kirkby Malzeard, Burton-in-Lonsdale, Thornton, Newsholme, Brind and Gribthorpe. 6 June 15 Edw. IV
John orders the stewards [etc.] of the manors and lordships to accept his 'right enterly beloved' cousin William lord Berkeley and his wife Joan, as occupiers of the said manors for Joan's life.
[Please quote GC4402 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

JOHN (VII) AND ELIZABETH TALBOT  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/20  [1467]

Contents:
Henry Bradfeld, clerk; and John duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth his wife. 10 Sept. 7 Edw. IV [The Warenne lands were conveyed to feoffees for Elizabeth on the same day: below, BCM/D/4/2/1 [GC 4342].]
Henry has demised to John and Elizabeth the manors of Newsom, Thresk, Kyrkeby Malesart, Hovyngham and Burton in Londesdale (Yorks.), Eppeworth (Lincs.), Melton Moubray (Leics.), Caloughdon and Kyngton (Warws.), Chacombe (Northants.), Weston and Alcombury (Hunts.) and Hinton, one twentieth part of the manor of Fennystanton (Cambs.), one twentieth part of Stodesdon and Kyngeswode (Salop.) and all other lands, holdings [etc.]; to them for their lives, with remainder to Thomas [Bourgchier] archbishop of Canterbury, George Nevile archbishop of York, Richard [Nevill] earl of Warwick, Henry [Bourchier] earl of Essex, John [Tiptoft] earl of Worcester, William lord of Hastynges, John lord of Wenlock, Humphrey Talbot, knight, John Scotte, knight, William Calthorp, knight, Thomas Vaghan, esquire, Thomas Hoo, esquire, William Brandon, esquire, Ralph Assheton, esquire, Richard Suthwell, George Hoton and John Stodeley, and their heirs and assigns.
[Please quote GC4343 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/21  [1476]

Contents:
Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk; and Elizabeth queen of England, Thomas [Bourgchier] archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas [Rotherham] bishop of Lincoln and chancellor, William [Waynflete] bishop of Winchester, William [Dudley] bishop of Durham, Edward [Story] bishop of Carlisle (Carnolen'), Thomas [Grey] marquess of Dorset, Henry [Bourchier] earl of Essex, Anthony [Woodville] Earl Rivers, William Hastyngs, knight, Lord Hastings, Richard Fenns, knight, Lord Dacre, Thomas Burgh, knight, and Thomas Mongomery, knight. 5 Dec. 16 Edw. IV
Elizabeth has granted to the queen and the others, for her (Elizabeth's) life, the reversion of the manors of Bedford (and the castle), Wyllyngton, Haunce, Stotefold and Bromeham (Beds.), Wynge and Penne and part of the manor of Midmenham (Bucks.), Silleby, Mountsorrell Major and Minor, the hundred of Goscot and park of Coldeoverton (Leics.), Rumford alias Mawney (Essex), Newsom, Thirsk, Hovyngham, Kyrkeby Malesert and Burton in Londesdale (Yorks.), Eppworth (Lincs.) and all the lands, holdings [etc.] in the Yorkshire manors which Katherine duchess of Norfolk holds for life and which ought to revert to Elizabeth on Katherine's death, for Elizabeth's life, and the manor of Creke. .. (Northants.) which John Tymperley, esquire, and Margaret his wife and John their son hold for life, and half of the manors of Hundeden, Kymere and Aldeley and half of a third part of the barony of Lewes (Sussex), and the manor of Tyborne (Middlesex) which Margaret widow of Edmund Lentalle, esquire, holds in dower for life and which ought to revert to Elizabeth for her life.
[Please quote GC4408 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/22  [31 Dec. 1476]

Contents:
Thomas Danyell, knight, John Tymperley, esquire, Edward FitzWilliam, esquire, and John Yorke; and Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk. 31 Dec. 16 Edw. IV
Thomas, John, Edward and John have ratified and confirmed to Elizabeth her status and possession in and of the castles, manors and lordships of Bungey, Holsley with Sutton, Staverton with Bromeswell, Donyngworth, Hoo, Erlestonham, Crattefeld and Soham Comitis (Suff.), the manors of South Walsham and Syslond, the half-hundred of Ersham with the market of Harlyston, and manors of Ersham, Kenynghale, Loddon, Dycyngham, Halveryate and Dykylburgh and the hundred of Gylcros (Norf.), the manors of Dalby Chacombe, Wetherdley and Coldeoverton (Leics.), Flekenhoo and Thurlaston (Warws.), Kenet (Cambs. and Suff.), the castles and manors of Bretby, Cotton, Lynton, Rippingdon and Rostlaston (Derb.), and the manors of Boseham, Funtyngton and Thorney (Sussex); to the duchess for her life.
[Please quote GC4409 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/23  [31 Dec. 1476]

Contents:
John Yorke and Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk. 31 Dec. 16 Edw. IV
John has ratified and confirmed to Elizabeth her status and possession in and of the castles, manors and lordships of Bungey, Holsley with Sutton, Staverton with Bromeswell, Donyngworth, Hoo, Erlestonham, Crattefeld and Soham Comitis (Suff.), the manors of South Walsham and Syslond, the half-hundred of Ersham with the market of Harlyston, and manors of Ersham, Kenynghale, Loddon, Dycyngham, Halveryate and Dykylburgh and the hundred of Gylcros (Norf.), the manors of Dalby Chacombe, Wetherdley and Coldeoverton (Leics.), Flekenhoo and Thurlaston (Warws.), Kenet (Cambs. and Suff.), the castles and manors of Bretby, Cotton, Lynton, Rippingdon and Rostlaston (Derb.), and the manors of Boseham, Funtyngton and Thorney (Sussex); to the duchess for her life.
[Please quote GC4410 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/24  [1480]

Contents:
Thomas Hoo, esquire, and Thomas Stydolf, gentleman. 19 Dec. 20 Edw. IV
By the king's command, Thomas Hoo has delivered to Thomas Stydolf the deeds, evidences and muniments concerning the inheritance of Anne duchess of York and Norfolk, daughter and heir of John late duke of Norfolk, viz. ten documents, itemised, e.g. a deed by which Henry Bradfeld demised to John late duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth his wife the manor of Melton Moubray, dated 10 Sept. year 7 [See above, BCM/D/1/1/20 [GC 4343].] Signed Stydolf.
[Please quote GC4425 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/25  [1486]

Contents:
Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk, widow of John duke of Norfolk, and William Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, John's cousin and coheir. 20 Feb. 1 Hen. VII
Whereas there have been disputes over the title to various castles, manors [etc.] in Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Essex, Leicestershire, Worcestershire, Cambridgeshire, Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and Warwickshire allotted in the partition to William, King Henry has caused the disputes to be submitted to the arbitration of John [Alcock] bishop of Worcester, Chancellor, Robert Moreton, clerk, Master of the Rolls, and Humphrey Starkey, knight, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and an agreement has been made, viz. that Elizabeth shall have the lands allotted to her by Act of Parliament of 17 Edw. IV, except Coldeoverton Park (Leics.), and shall pay to William £4 a year from the manor of Melton Moubray and 40s. from the manor of Fennestanton, and Elizabeth shall have the manor of Eppworth (Lincs.), and all the lands and holdings which Katherine late duchess of Norfolk held for life in the Isle of Oxholme in the same county, with remainder to William [etc.].
[Please quote GC4445 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WILLIAM BERKELEY, EDWARD IV AND RICHARD III  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/26  [1476]

Contents:
King Edward IV and William Berkley, knight, Lord Berkeley. 28 May 16 Edw. IV
William has granted that he shall make over his title to all the manors, castles [etc.] which should descend to him through the lack of issue of John late duke of Norfolk, to Richard duke of York, Edward's second son, and his issue, with remainder to Edward and his male issue, and to William and his heirs; and Edward has granted that he will be a good and gracious lord to William, and shall deliver to him all such obligations and bonds in which William was bound to John late earl of Shrewsbury, Margaret his wife and John Talbot, late Viscount Lisle, or discharge him of them.
[Please quote GC4405 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/27  20 Feb. 22 [Edw. IV] 1482]

Contents:
King Edward IV and William Viscount Berkeley.
Exemplification of an Act of Parliament at Westminster of 20 Jan. last past, concerning the king's promise to discharge William and his brothers James Berkeley, Maurice Berkeley and Thomas Berkeley of the sums due from them to John late earl of Shrewsbury and Margaret his wife and John late Viscount Lisle, amounting in all to the sum of £34,000.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC4433; a version in English GC4434 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/28  [Ric. III, 1484]

Contents:
King Richard III and William earl of Nottingham. 2 March 1
Indenture between the king and William that William is bound to the king in £5,000 to settle on the king the manors and lordships of Melton Moubray, Segrave, Coldoverton, Dalby Chacombe, Twyford, Wytherley, Sileby, Mountsorell and the hundred of Goscote (Leics.), Donyngton, Thwayt, Thrysk and Hovyngham (Yorks.), the manors of Harwyche, Dovercourt, Mawny and Chesterford (Essex), Wynge and Segrave in Penne (Bucks.), Cathorp, Westborowe, Eppeworth, Belton, Haxsey and Ouston (Lincs.), the castle and manors of Bedford and Bromeham (Beds.), the castle of Holt, in the lordship of Bromefeld and Yale in north Wales, and the reversion of the lordships and manors of Kirkeby Malset, Newsome, Thorneton, Gripthorp, Brynde and Burton in Londesdale (Yorks.), after the decease of Jane countess of Nottingham, to the king and his issue; also the lordships and manors of Stotfold and Haunce (Beds.), Aspath, Mungden, Aspley and Kyngton (Warws.), and the reversion, after the death of Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk of all lands [etc.] in Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire, Shropshire, Derbyshire, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Sussex, Worcestershire and Warwickshire; and the king shall grant to William 400 marks yearly, for his life, from the customs of England.
[Please quote SC641; a version in English GC4439 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS  [no ref. or date]

Receivers' Accounts  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/29  [1366-7]

Contents:
Account of William de Malby, receiver of the Lord de Mowbray. 40-1 Edw. III
[Please quote GAR427 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/30  [1414-15]

Contents:
Account of John Suthwell, receiver-general of Lord John Mowbray. [For a brief summary of the information in the roll about the Earl Marshal's preparations for Henry V's campaign of July-October 1415 see A. Curry, The Battle of Agincourt: Sources and Interpretations (Boydell Press, 2000), 436.] Michaelmas 2-Michaelmas 3 Hen. V
[Please quote GAR428 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/31  [1471-2]

Contents:
Account of Robert Staunton, receiver of Katherine duchess of Norfolk, in Leicestershire, including the manors of Whitwick with its members, Beaumanor, Arnesby, Markfield, Sileby, Mountsorrel, Whetstone, Melton Mowbray and the hundred of Goscote, sum £125 14s. 11d. Michaelmas 11-Michaelmas 12 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR430 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Records of Dowager Duchess Katherine (d. 1483-4)  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Miscellaneous quittances (1434-5) and other documents

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/32  [1434]

Contents:
Lady Katherine duchess of Norfolk and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 24 Oct. 13 Hen. VI
Katherine has received from Richard £41 0s. 15d.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC4179 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/33  [1434]

Contents:
John Lounde, late servant of Sir John Moubray, late duke of Norfolk, and Richard Waleys, receiver-general of Katherine duchess of Norfolk. 24 Oct. 13 Hen. VI
John has received from Richard 20s., by assignment of the said duchess.
[Please quote GC4180 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/34  [1434]

Contents:
Katherine duchess of Norfolk and her servant... 7 Nov. 13 Hen. VI
Mandate from Katherine to her servant... charging him to pay to John Home 60s. in part payment for his ...
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC4164 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/35  [1434]

Contents:
John Home and Richard Waleys, receiver-general of Katherine duchess of Norfolk. 25 Nov. 13 Hen. VI
John has received from Richard 60s. in full payment of a debt owed by Katherine.
[Please quote GC4182 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/36  [1434]

Contents:
Katherine duchess of Norfolk and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 10 Dec. 13 Hen. VI
Katherine has received from Richard £100, by the hand of William Segrave.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC4183 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/37  [1435]

Contents:
Katherine duchess of Norfolk and Richard Waleys her servant (serviens). 1 April 13 Hen. VI
Katherine has received from Richard £26 14s. 6d.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC4186 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/38  [1435]

Contents:
Katherine duchess of Norfolk and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 27 Jan. 13 Hen. VI
Katherine has received from Richard £6 10s. 2d., by the hand of William Segrave, of which 68s. 2d. is the arrears of the bailiff of Dyseworth and 62s. the arrears of the reeve of Syleby.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC4184 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/39  [1435]

Contents:
Katherine duchess of Norfolk and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 30 Jan. 13 Hen. VI
Katherine has received from Richard £205 10s.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC4185 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/40  [1435]

Contents:
Richard Waleys, receiver-general of Lady Katherine, duchess of Norfolk; and Thomas William and Davy Whitchirche. 22 April 13 Hen. VI
Richard has delivered to Thomas and Davy... in five bags... £... 18s...
At: Bed[ford].
[Please quote GC4187 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/41  [1435]

Contents:
Thomas Stokdale, steward of the lands of Lady Katherine, duchess of Norfolk, in Essex, and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 27 June 13 Hen. VI
Thomas has received by the hand of Richard, 33s. 4d. for the Easter term of his fee, being for half a year.
At: London.
[Please quote GC4189 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/42  [1435]

Contents:
(1) John Asshe of Holywell; (2) Katherine duchess of Norfolk; (3) Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 27 June 13 Hen. VI
John has received from Katherine, by the hand of Richard, 40s. for the Easter term of his fee, being for half a year.
[Please quote GC4190 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/43  [1435]

Contents:
(1) John Hody; (2) Katherine duchess of Norfolk; (3) Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 28 June 13 Hen. VI
John has received from Katherine, by the hand of Richard, 20s. for the Easter term of his fee.
[Please quote GC4191 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/44  [30 Sept. 1435]

Contents:
(1) John Asshe; (2) Katherine duchess of Norfolk; (3) Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. Fri. after Michaelmas, 14 Hen. VI
John has received from Katherine, by the hand of Richard, 20s. for the Michaelmas term of his annual fee of 40s. granted by the duchess.
[Please quote GC4192 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/45  [1435]

Contents:
John Kyng, servant of Katherine duchess of Norfolk, and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 1 Oct. 14 Hen. VI
John has received from Richard [60s. 8d. crossed out] 30s. 4d. of his annual fee of 60s. 8d.
[Please quote GC4200 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/46  [1435]

Contents:
John Dory, keeper of the warren of Katherine duchess of Norfolk in Hanworth (Norf.), and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 4 Oct. 14 Hen. VI
John has received from Richard 60s. 8d. for his wages at 2d. per day.
[Please quote GC4194 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/47  [1435]

Contents:
Thomas William, servant of Katherine duchess of Norfolk in Essex, and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 5 Oct. 14 Hen. VI
Thomas has received from Richard 30s. 4d. of his fee granted by the duchess, for the terms of Easter 13 [Hen. VI, 1435] and Michaelmas 14 [Hen. VI].
[Please quote GC4193 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/48  [1435]

Contents:
John Brown, auditor of Katherine duchess of Norfolk, and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 10 Oct. 14 Hen. VI
John has received from Richard 66s. 8d. in part payment of £6 13s. 4d. which she owes him for executing the office of auditor.
[Please quote GC4195 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/49  [1435]

Contents:
Thomas Stokdale, steward of the lands of lady Katherine duchess of Norfolk in Essex, and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 14 Oct. 14 Hen. VI
Thomas has received by the hand of Richard 33s. 4d. for the Michaelmas term of his fee.
[Please quote GC4196 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/50  [1435]

Contents:
John Hody and Richard Waleys, receiver-general of Katherine duchess of Norfolk. 18 Oct. 14 Hen. VI
John has received from Richard 20s. for the Michaelmas term of his fee.
[Please quote GC4197 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/51  [1435]

Contents:
John Brown, auditor of Katherine duchess of Norfolk, and Richard Waleys, her receiver-general. 20 Nov. 14 Hen. VI
John has received from Richard 66s. 8d. in full payment of £6 13s. 4d. for executing the office of auditor.
[Please quote GC4199 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/52  [29 Sept. 1440]

Contents:
Valor of the lands of Katherine duchess of Norfolk in Yorkshire, including the manors of Kirkby Malzeard, Thirsk, Hovingham, Newsholme, Brind, Thornton and Gribthorpe; sum £206 0s. 5d. Michaelmas, 19 Hen. VI
[Please quote GMR40 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/53  [1458-63]

Contents:
Twenty documents, accounts of repairs, letters, allowances, indentures of liveries [etc.] concerning manors of Hovingham, Newsholme, Thurkilby, Brind and Thornton of Katherine duchess of Norfolk, mentioning also Robert Haxby her receiver and John Viscount Beaumont, her husband.
[Please quote GMR34 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/54  [29 Sept. 1462]

Contents:
Account of arrears of ministers of Katherine duchess of Norfolk, in the receivership of John Kumusbury (in Norf., Essex, Bucks. and Beds.), including the manors of Framingham Parva, Suffield, Forncett, Lopham and the hundred of Laundish (Norf.), Romford and Chesterford (Essex), Penn and Wing (Bucks.), Haynes and Willington (Beds.), and Somercourte. Sum £40 3s. 8½d., of which £11 14s. 5d. is of the preceding year and £28 9s. 3½d. of this year. Michaelmas, 2 Edw. IV
[Please quote GMR35 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/55  [29 Sept. 1475]

Contents:
Arrears of officers and ministers of Katherine duchess of Norfolk of various manors in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, including Thirsk, Hovingham, Epworth and Belton, Haxay and Ouston, Barton-upon-Humber, Stodston, Lynwood Beaumont, Lincoln and Heckington. Michaelmas, 15 Edw. IV
Sum £151 14s. 5¾d.
[Please quote GMR36 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Miscellaneous Documents  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/56  ... [c. 1 Hen. IV, 1399-1400]

Contents:
Portion of lists of knights' fees pertaining to the lands of the dukedom of Norfolk, arranged county by county, with value of each.
[Please quote SR147 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/1/57  [1483-4]

Contents:
Howard portion of Mowbray lands, with the values of each manor, borough [etc.] in possession and reversion. n.d.
[Please quote GMR41; duplicate GMR42 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CHERRY HINTON (CAMBS.)  BCM/D/1/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was acquired in 1343 by exchange for the manor of Shustoke (Warws.): (See Shustoke below). In 1392 it was settled on Thomas de Mowbray, first duke of Norfolk, and his wife in jointure, and in 1467 on John (VII) and the duchess Elizabeth.

SETTLEMENT ON RICHARD AND EDWARD WILLOUGHBY 1488-9  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The sons of Joan Strangeways, daughter of the duchess Katherine, by her first marriage to Sir William Willoughby. Joan married secondly William Lord Berkeley.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/2/1  [Hen. VII, 1488]

Contents:
King Henry VII and William Earl Marshal and earl of Nottingham. 8 Feb. 3
The king has granted licence to William to grant to Robert Logge, clerk, the reversion of the manor of Hinton after the death of Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk, who holds it for her life, for grant to Richard Willoughby, esquire, for life, with remainders to the earl and his issue, the said Richard [sic] and his male issue, Edward Willoughby, esquire, and his male issue, and the earl's right heirs.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC647 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/2/2  [1489]

Contents:
(1) Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk; (2) Robert Logge, clerk; (3) William Marquess Berkeley; (4) Richard Willoughby, esquire. 20 April 4 Hen. VII
Whereas Elizabeth holds for life, by Act of Parliament of 17 Edw. IV [1478], the manor of Hynton (Cambs.), the reversion of which belongs to Robert to the use of William, and whereas Robert, by an indenture dated 20 Feb. 4 Hen. VII, at the special request of William, has granted the reversion to William for life, with remainders to Richard and his male issue, and Edward Willoughby, esquire, and his male issue, and William's right heirs, Elizabeth has granted her status in the manor to William for her life.
[Please quote GC4465 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/2/3  [1421-5]

Contents:
Manorial account 9 Hen. V to 4 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR421 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/2/4  [1428-9]

Contents:
Manorial account 7-8 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR420 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/2/5  [1459]

Contents:
Rental Jan. 37 Hen. VI
[Please quote GRR40 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

RYARSH (KENT)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor was granted to William de Breouse for life in 1316, and again to Maud de Holland for life in 1332, with Crick (Northants.), in exchange for the jointure in three Yorkshire manors settled on her at the time of the marriage c. 1319. She later married Sir Thomas de Swynnerton. In 1343, when she and Swynnerton were still alive, Ryarsh and Crick were mentioned as future jointure manors in the failed marriage negotiations with the Montagues, but Ryarsh is not mentioned later.

GADDESBY AND QUENIBOROUGH (LEICS.)  BCM/D/1/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Derby family were landholders in Gaddesby from the late 14th century, and William Derby died in 1498. [G. R. Farnham, 'Notes on the Manor of Gaddesby', Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological Society, xiii (1923-4), 263.] The Mowbrays were mesne lords in Gaddesby and Queniborough in the 15th century but may have inherited their interest from the Segraves. [John Nichols, The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester (London, 1804), iii (1), 375; iii (2), 969.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/3/1  [1474]

Contents:
Margaret Pysse of London, widow, and William Derby of Gaddesby (Leics.), gentleman. 27 Aug. 14 Edw. IV
Margaret has leased to William all her lands, holdings [etc.] in Gaddesby and Quenibrugh in the said county; for a term of 35 years, at the customary rent.
Witnesses: William Monke, William Bryght, Ralph Blake, Henry Blake, John Brokesby of Gaddesby.
[Please quote GC4386 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HOUGHTON-ON-THE-HILL (LEICS.)  BCM/D/1/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Mowbrays were mesne lords in Houghton-on-the-Hill in the 15th century and, like Gaddesby and Queniborough, the holding may have been inherited from the Segraves. [John Nichols, The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester (London, 1804), ii (2), 612]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/4/1  1199-1216

Contents:
William son of Jordan de Hocton and Thomas the tanner (tanator) of Grantham. n.d. [temp. John]
William has granted to Thomas a selion of land above Brachenhil in the field of Hocton; rent ½d. a year at Michaelmas; Thomas has paid William 3s. for the grant.
Witnesses: John son of Simon, Adam le Grant, William son of Adam, Gilbert de Hocton, Roger Bigot, Roger Rutel, William Bru', Hugh the clerk, Simon Pacoc.
[Please quote SC103 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MELTON MOWBRAY (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor is not to be confused with the Segrave holdings there. It was involved in the marriage negotiations of 1338 and 1343, it was settled on the duchess Elizabeth in jointure in 1467, and the reversion was granted by William Berkeley to Richard III in 1484.

BELTOFT (LINCS.)  BCM/D/1/5  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/5/1  [21 Jan. 1307]

Contents:
William Berner the younger, of Beltoft, and Sir John de Moubray, his lord. Sat. before the conversion of St. Paul, 35 Edw. I
William has granted to John a rent of 6s. 8d. in the vill of Beltoft.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas de Burncham, sheriff of Lincolnshire, Sir Roger de Beltoft, Thomas de Brunham, Walter his son, Geoffrey de Roff, William Crak, John de Wescheye, Adam de Iminggelaye.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC1145 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BELTON (LINCS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Isle of Axholme manors, for which see below, Epworth. It appears also in the settlement of 1484 by William de Berkeley on Richard III.

CAYTHORPE (LINCS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the many manors settled by William Berkeley on Richard III in 1484 but it is not mentioned earlier.

EPWORTH (LINCS.)  BCM/D/1/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was the caput of the Isle of Axholme lordship, which also comprised the manors of Belton, Haxey, Owston and Ferry (now Owston Ferry). It was involved in the marriage negotiations of 1338, and all five manors were held by the duchess Katherine. The reversion was settled on the duchess Elizabeth in jointure in 1467, was granted by her to the queen in 1476 and was settled by William de Berkeley on Richard III in 1484 and on Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby, in March 1486 and again in Nov. 1487.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/6/1  [1334]

Contents:
Sir John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and the honours of Bramber and Gower, and Alice daughter of William Crake. 4 Jan. 7 Edw. III
John has granted to Alice an annual rent of 20s. from Ralph of the church (de ecclesia) of Eppeworth and Ingthamus Millescu of the same.
Witnesses: Sir John de Layburne, Sir Roger and Sir Adam de Newport (de Novo Mercato), Sir Nicholas de Hewick, Sir Thomas de Latone, knights, Thomas de Beltoft, Richard Berner.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC2784 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/6/2  [1349]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of the honours of Bramber and Gower, and Master William Bray. 10 Nov. 23 Edw. III
John has granted and leased to William 1 bovate of land which Ralph Tankard recently held of him, in Eppeworth, for a term of 22 years from this date; rent a rose a year.
At: Knepp.
[Please quote GC3237 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/6/3  1358

Contents:
John de Moubray lord of the Isle of Axholme and the honour of Bramber; and his beloved son John and John de Clyve. Thurs. before Michaelmas [27 Sept.], A.D. 1358
Whereas John de Clyve holds of John de Moubray 6 messuages and 7 bovates of land and 10 a. of waste in the territory of Eppworth and Oustone for the term of 60 years, Moubray has granted the reversion of the holding to his son John and the said John de Clyve, and their heirs and assigns.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC3475 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/6/4  nd

Contents:
Copies of four charters concerning the grant by William Berkeley, earl of Nottingham to Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby, of the reversion of the manors of Epworth, Belton, Haxey and Ouston after the death of Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk; dated 4 March 1 Hen. VII [1486], 4 Nov. 3 Hen. VII [1487] and 7 Nov. 3 Hen. VII [1487].
[Please quote SR27; duplicate SR28 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HAXEY (LINCS.)  BCM/D/1/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
One of the Isle of Axholme manors (above, BCM/D/1/6, Epworth), it was named in the 1353 settlement on Elizabeth de Vere: above, BCM/D/1/1/6 [GC 3403].

[no title]  BCM/D/1/7/1  Mon. after Michaelmas [2 Oct.], A.D. 1363

Contents:
William de Galby, chaplain, John de Rechemond and... [? John de Moubray, lord of]... Axholme.
William, John and... have granted... Haxay and also all other tenants of other holdings within the said ...
[Please quote GC3544 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OWSTON FERRY (LINCS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
One of the Isle of Axholme manors, earlier two separate manors (See above, Epworth), it was named in the 1353 settlement on Elizabeth de Vere: above, BCM/D/1/1/6 [GC 3403].

WESTBOROUGH (LINCS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was named in the 1484 settlement by William Berkeley on Richard III (above, BCM/D/1/1/28 [SC 641]) but is not mentioned earlier.

WETHAL (LINCS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was named in the 1353 settlement on Elizabeth de Vere: above, BCM/D/1/1/6 [GC 3403].

WROOT (LINCS.)  BCM/D/1/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor lay close to the Isle of Axholme manors. Apart from the court roll below, it is mentioned only in a list given by Smyth of the manors inherited by William de Berkeley from the Mowbrays and later granted by him to Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby. [Smyth, ii. 121, 128.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/8/1  [1411-17]

Contents:
Court roll Twelve courts, 12 Hen. IV to 5 Hen. V
[Please quote GCR194 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SISLAND (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor was bought by John (VI) de Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, c. 1441-2 and was included among those of the agreed jointure for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476. [Blomefield, Norfolk, x. 155.]

CRICK (NORTHANTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor was joined with Ryarsh (Kent) in a number of settlements: above, p. 689. In 1476, when held for life by John Tymperley, his wife Margaret and son John, the reversion was granted by the duchess Elizabeth to the queen: above, BCM/D/1/1/21 [GC4408].

FLAWFORD (NOTTS.)  BCM/D/1/9  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/9/1  [1329]

Contents:
John de Mowbray, lord of the Isle of Axholme, and Sir Thomas de Sibthorpe, parson of the church of Beckingham. 19 May 3 Edw. III
Whereas the prior and brothers of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England have leased to Sir Thomas the manor of Flauflor (Notts. and Lincs.), with the mills of Bekyngham which were of the Templars, to hold for life by an annual rent to the said hospitallers, the which manor and mills John claimed as being of his right and inheritance as escheats by the defeasance of the said order of Templars, and for which reason Thomas was put out of the said manor and mills by John, John has granted that Thomas may hold the said manor and mills for his life; rent 7 marks a year.
At: London.
[Please quote GC2679 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/9/2  [20 March 1332]
Language:  French

Contents:
John, son and heir of John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholm, and Thomas de Sibethorp, parson of the church of Beckingham. 20 March 6 Edw. III
John has quitclaimed to Thomas the manor of Flauflor granted to Thomas for life by the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.
Witnesses: Nicholas de Hewyk, chivaler, Sire William Moigne, Sire Thomas de Baumburgh, Sire William de Clyve, clerks, Robert de Saxton, Hugh de Bardelby, Ralph de Wolyngham.
[Please quote SC496 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ASTLEY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/1/10  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor is not mentioned elsewhere in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/10/1  [28 Oct. 1451]

Contents:
View of frankpledge with small court of John duke of Norfolk. St. Simon and St. Jude, 30 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR204 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NEWBOLD ON AVON (WARWS.)  BCM/D/1/11  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding is not mentioned later in the muniments. Lands in Newbold on Avon formed part of the Pantolf fee, with others in Lawford and Cosford, until the death of William Pantolf c. 1245 when his lands were divided between his two sisters and coheirs, one of whom was married to Robert de Waver; the third charter below may therefore be connected with the Lovet inheritance. Geoffrey de Craft of Little Lawford (which lay within Newbold), a witness to that charter, may have been descended from Roger de Craft of Little Lawford: below, G5/7/1 [SC 114].

MOWBRAY  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/11/1  [4 Sept. 1359]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir Roger de Burtone, clerk; and Sir John de Moubray the son and Elizabeth his wife. Wed. before the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 33 Edw. III
Roger has granted to John and Elizabeth a plot of land called Basseteshey in Neubold by Bredone; to them and their issue; rent £8 a year to Roger while he lives, viz. 52s. 8d. for the ancient rent and the remainder for other causes, with remainder to the right heirs of Elizabeth.
At: Langdon Abbey.
[Please quote GC3492 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/11/2  [1359]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) John de Moubray the younger, knight; (2) Sir William de Overtone; (3) Sir Roger de Burtone, clerk. 4 Sept. 33 Edw. III
John has appointed William to take seisin of the lands and holdings which he has in Neubold by lease of Roger.
At: Langdon.
[Please quote GC3493 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/11/3  1272-1307

Contents:
Robert de Hester Vauer, knight; and Ralph Abovetoun and Azeline his wife. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Robert has granted to Ralph and Azeline 15 a. of land in the territory of Neubolt, for their lives; rent 10s. 6d. a year, and they have given him 1 mark.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Craft of Little Lawford, Roger de Seinnefort of Long Lawford, John Colin of Newbold, Roger Hovern of the same, Richard le Vayte.
[Please quote GC1413 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SHUSTOKE (WARWS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor escheated to the Mowbrays as overlords in 1268; a third was held in dower by Aline, widow of John (I), and her son granted the manor to her second husband, Sir Richard de Peasenhall, for life. Peasenhall was holding it at the time of the marriage negotiations of 1343. After the failure of the negotiations, it was granted to William de Clinton, earl of Huntingdon, in exchange for the manor of Cherry Hinton [VCH Warws. iv. 207.] (BCM/D/1/2)

BRANDSBY AND OTHER PLACES (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/12  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/12/1  [1488]

Contents:
William Earl Marshal and of Nottingham [etc.]; and Halnoth Mauleverer and Robert Byrnand, esquires. 12 March 3 Hen. VII
William has sold to Halnoth and Robert the custody of all the manors [etc.] of the heir of Marmaduke de Laryver, viz. the manors of Brandesby and Brafferton, and lands and holdings in Sterysby, Scowerby and Wshenby (Yorks.) and the body and marriage of Thomas Delaryver, son and heir of Marmaduke, which pertained to the earl.
[Please quote GC4461 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BRIND (YORKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Vescy group of manors, for which see BCM/D/1/18, Newsholme. It was included in the 1461 settlement on Joan Strangeways: BCM/D/1/1/15-19.

BUBWITH (YORKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Vescy group of manors, for which see BCM/D/1/18, Newsholme.

BURTON-IN-LONSDALE (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/13  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Yorkshire manors of the Mowbray patrimony. It was included with the others in the jointure settlements of 1319 and 1353-4, and was also settled in 1392. It was held by the duchess Katherine, and the reversion was granted to Joan Strangeways in 1461, to the duchess Elizabeth in 1467, by Elizabeth to the queen in 1476, and by William de Berkeley to Richard III in 1484: above, BCM/D/1/1.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/13/1  [24 Feb. 1204]

Contents:
Adam de Staveleia and William de Mowbray. Tues. after St. Peter in cathedra, 5 John
Final concord concerning the forest of Burton in Lonesdale and the forest of Mewid; Adam has released his right in the forests to William, with certain conditions.
Witnesses: Sir Simon de Pateshill, Master Roger Arundel, Master Ralph de Sok, Master Jocelin de Welles, Ralph de Noun..., Roger de Muntbegin..., Henry son of Hervey, John de Danvill, William the grammarian (gramaticus), Henry de Reddeman, Hugh de Magneby, Akuna de Oustwic, Philip son of John, Gilbert de Notton, William son of Adam, William de Bula, Robert the chamberlain (camerarius).
At: York.
[Please quote SC82 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

GRIBTHORPE (YORKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Vescy group of manors, for which see BCM/D/1/18, Newsholme, and was included in the 1461 settlement on Joan Strangeways: BCM/D/1/1/15-19.

HOLME UPON SPALDING MOOR (YORKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Vescy group of lands, for which see BCM/D/1/18, Newsholme.

HOVINGHAM (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/14  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Yorkshire manors of the Mowbray patrimony. It was included in the jointure settlement of 1319 and was held by the duchess Katherine: above, BCM/D/1/1/1- and D/1/13, Burton-in-Lonsdale. After its alienation by William Berkeley to Stanley it was one of the many manors quickly recovered by his brother and heir Maurice (V) Lord Berkeley. Maurice's grandson, Thomas (VI) Lord Berkeley, was born at Hovingham in 1505. [GEC ii. 137.]

MOWBRAY  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/1  [1389]
Language:  French

Contents:
Thomas Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord de Mowbray and of Segrave, and Thomas Farefax, esquire. 27 March 12 Ric. II
Thomas Farefax is retained for his life to stay with the earl, in peace and in war [etc.]; fee 10 marks a year from the manor of Hovyngham (Yorks.), and if the earl later inherits lands to the value of those which he holds now, he will grant to Thomas another 10 marks a year for his life.
At: York.
[Please quote GC3829 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/2  [1487]

Contents:
William Earl Marshal and of Nottingham and Robert Blande of Newburgh (Yorks.), yeoman. 10 April 2 Hen. VII
William has demised to Robert the site of the manor of Hovyngham (Yorks.), with all the land and demesne pertaining, as John Lokwod held it; for a term of 10 years, rent £16 16s. 8d. a year.
[Please quote GC4453 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/3  [30 Aug. 1349]

Contents:
Sir John Rabot, parson of Kirkeby Raveneswath, and John Rabot called Cokes, his nephew. Sun. after St. Bartholomew, 23 Edw. III
John Rabot has granted to John Cokes all his lands, holdings, rents [etc.] in the vills of Hovyngham and Holme, of the inheritance of Roger Rabot his father, and also his common rights in the wood of the Lord de Moubray of Hovyngham, and the reversion of lands and holdings in Hovyngham, Calvetone and Frytone; to him and his issue, rent to the parson while he lives 40s. a year, with remainders to Walter Cokes, John's brother, and his issue, William son of John son of Walter and his issue, William's brother Thomas and his issue, John son of William de Sadbyry and his issue, and John Rabot the parson.
Witnesses: Thomas de Etton, John de Holme, John de Kirkeby, William de Holthorpe, Richard de Holme.
At: Hovingham.
[Please quote GC3233 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/4  [1478]

Contents:
George Laton of Hovingham, esquire; and Isabel Eston of Appleton-on-the-Moor, widow, and Thomas Atkynson and Elizabeth his wife. 16 July 18 Edw. IV
Agreement between George on the one hand, and Isabel, Thomas and Elizabeth on the other (Isabel and Elizabeth being coheirs of John Hovyngham of Byland), that George shall have, of the lands of John of Hovyngham, a cottage in Hovyngham on the north side of the water, 4 arable lands lying in the Est Feld of Hovyngham and 2 lands in the Northe Feld.
Witnesses: William Smythe, William Thorpe, Thomas Ranald of the town of Hovingham.
[Please quote GC4419 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS  [no ref. or date]

Court Rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/5  [1413-22]

Contents:
Court book 1, 2, 4, 10 Hen. V
[Please quote GCR205 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/6  [1417-18]

Contents:
Court roll 5-6 Hen. V
[Please quote GCR206 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/7  [1421-2]

Contents:
Four courts 9 Hen. V
Court of Henry [Beaufort] bishop of Winchester and Thomas [Langley] bishop of Durham
[Please quote GCR207 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/8  [1475-82]

Contents:
Seven courts 15-21 Edw. IV
Including (undated) copy grant and inquest on bounds and customs
[Please quote GCR208 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Account Roll  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/14/9  [1446-7]

Contents:
Account roll 25-6 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR401 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KELFIELD AND THORNHOLME (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/15  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/15/1  [1241 x 1266]

Contents:
Roger son of William de Mubray and Sulby Abbey. n.d.
Roger has confirmed to the abbey 30 a. of marsh near Kelkefeld and 30 a. of marsh near their house of Thurnholm for the purpose of an enclosure; rent 15s., unless the making of an enclosure is forbidden by a plea in the king's court, when no rent shall be paid.
Witnesses: Sir Roger de Bograve, Sir Ranulph de Middilton, Sir Thomas de Colevile, Sir William de Busci, knights, William de Plumton, Robert de Bentoft, Ralph Takel, William Takel, Richard Deusbire.
[Please quote SC317 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KIRKBY MALZEARD (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/16  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Yorkshire manors of the Mowbray patrimony. It was included in nearly all of the jointure settlements. Court rolls for the manor are included among those for Thirsk: below, BCM/D/1/20.

CHARTERS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/16/1  [1391]
Language:  French

Contents:
Thomas Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord de Mowbray and of Segrave, and Simon Shipton of Thirsk. 18 March 14 Ric. II
It has been agreed between Thomas and Simon that Simon shall have for his life half of all the lands and holdings in the vill of Gruelthorp and elsewhere within Thomas's lordship of Kyrkeby Malesert, and elsewhere, which recently were Simon's.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC3847 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/16/2  [1489]

Contents:
William Marquess Berkeley [etc.] and Thomas Myddelton of the lordship of Kirkeby Malzeard (Yorks.), yeoman. 22 July 4 Hen. VII
William has leased to Thomas a close of pasture with appurtenances called the Northcloos in the parish of Kirkeby Malsert; from Michaelmas for 20 years, rent [1?] mark.
[Please quote GC4466 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/16/3  15th cent

Contents:
Extent of Kirkby Malzeard, Thirsk and Hovingham (1 Edw. III [1327]; 15th-cent. copy of original made in 1 Edw. III [perhaps for the inquisition post mortem, 1327, on John (I) de Mowbray; cf. CIPM vii, no. 81].
[Please quote GMR37 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/16/4  1326-1376

Contents:
Inquisition into knights' fees and advowsons appurtenant to the manors [perhaps for the inquisition post mortem, as above, BCM/D/1/16/3]. n.d. [temp. Edw. III]
[Please quote GMR39 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LOFTSOME (YORKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Vescy group of lands, for which see BCM/D/1/18, Newsholme.

MALTON (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/17  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Vescy manors settled on the bastard William, who was killed at Bannockburn, but it was held in dower by his father's widow until her death in 1315. [CIPM v, no. 535; cf. BCM/D Administrative History] Mowbray was granted custody of the castle and manor on 30 Sept. 1317, but when the escheator came there to give livery to Gilbert de Aton in Nov. 1318 Robert Cursy repulsed him by force, professing to be keeper of the manor for Lady Joan de Comyn. [CIPM v, no. 534. She was the widow of Alexander Comyn, brother of John earl of Buchan. Her daughter Alice, Buchan's coheir, was the wife of Henry Beaumont, whose sister Isabel was the widow of John de Vescy (d.s.p. 1289) and was closely linked with Henry, holding a number of his manors at her death in 1334: CIPM vii, no. 622. Alice and Joan lived at Malton for some years: GEC ii. 60.] Aton's grant to Mowbray in June may have been an attempt to establish his claim by buying Mowbray's aid. The negotiations seem also to have included the Newsholme group of manors, which stayed in Mowbray hands: BCM/D/1/18.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/17/1  [8 June 1318]

Contents:
Sir Gilbert de Aton and Sir John de Moubray,... Isle of Axholme Thurs. after Ascension, 11 Edw. II
Gilbert has confirmed to John the castle, manor and vill of Malton in Ridale, with all appurtenances, including the advowson of... Priory, with reversion to Gilbert after the death of John.
Witnesses: Sir W[illiam de Ros] of Helmsley, Sir Henry Scrope, Sir John Marmyoun, Sir Richard Byrun, Sir John de Sutton, knights, William..., John de Demun.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC2177 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NEWSHOLME (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/18  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
A group of manors was settled on Clemence, a kinswoman of Queen Eleanor, in 1290 on her marriage to John (d.s.p. 1295), son and heir apparent of William Vescy (d. 1297). The acquisition of the manors by John (I) de Mowbray in the confusion which followed the death of the bastard William de Vescy in 1314 may have been part of a deal concerning Malton: BCM/D/1/17 and BCM/D Administrative History. The manors are not mentioned in any of the 14th-century inquisitions post mortem, but they were later held by the duchess Katherine. The reversion was settled on Joan Strangeways in 1461, on the duchess Elizabeth in 1467, by Elizabeth on the queen in 1476, and by William Berkeley on Richard III in 1484: BCM/D/1/1/15-28.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/18/1  [1335]
Language:  French

Contents:
Lady Clemence widow of John [le Veysy] and Sir John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme, and of Bramber and Gower. Thurs. 8 June 9 Edw. III
Clemence has leased to John the manor of Neusom by Hoveden, with Thornton in Spaldyngmore, Gripthorpe, Brende and all other hamlets, lands, rents, knights' fees, advowsons [etc.] appurtenant to the manor, for the life of Clemence; rent £92 a year.
At: Newsholme.
[Please quote GC2824 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/18/2  [1335]

Contents:
Lady Clemence widow of John le Veysy and Sir John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of Bramber and Gower. 18 June 9 Edw. III
Clemence has leased to John the manor of Neusom by Hoveden, with Thornton in Spaldyngmore, Gripthorpe, Brende and all other hamlets, and appurtenances in Loschouson, Wresel', Bobbewyth, and Holm in Spaldingmore, lands, rents, knights' fees, advowsons [etc.] appurtenant to the manor, for the life of Clemence; rent £92 a year.
At: Newsholme.
[Please quote GC2826 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/18/3  [1341]
Language:  French

Contents:
Clemence de Veci and Sir John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of Bramber and Gower, her cousin. 12 July 15 Edw. III
Clemence has received £46 from John for her manor of Norson and its appurtenances, for the term of Whitsun last past, by the hand of John Busson her valet.
[Please quote GC3000 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/18/4  [1343]
Language:  French

Contents:
Clemence de Veci and Sir John de Moubrai, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of the honours of Bramber and Gower, her cousin. 12 July 17 Edw. III
Clemence has received £46 from John for her manor of Neuson with appurtenances, for the term of Whitsun, by the hand of John Busson her valet.
[Please quote GC3049 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/18/5  [1466]

Contents:
William Willughby, knight, and Joan his wife; and Christopher Marchall and John Barker. 8 Jan. 5 Edw. IV
William and Joan have sold to Christopher and John the oaks growing between les Gotez and Sprynges to the east and le Carum Syke to the west, and between the path from le Cartbrig to le Brynd Stile to the south and the park palings to the north, in the park of Neusom (Yorks.), except each tenth oak, with free access to fell and cart them, from Michaelmas next for a five-year term.
At: Newsholme.
[Please quote GC4334 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/18/6  [1455-6]

Contents:
Account roll 34-5 Hen. VI
Three membranes attached at head, for Newsholme, Thornton, Brind and Kirkby Malzeard.
[Please quote GAR403 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THIRSK (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/19  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was the caput of the 'barony' of Thirsk and associated with it was a capital messuage near Thirsk called le Wodhall or Woodhill which appears as a separate manor in the inquisition of 1368. Thirsk and Woodhill were included in the 1354 settlement, and Thirsk in that of 1467 on Elizabeth Talbot, that of 1476 on Queen Elizabeth, and that of 1484 on Richard III. It was also involved in the marriage negotiations of 1338: BCM/D/1/1/1-4 and D/1/1/20-25

MOWBRAY  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/1  [3 May 1330]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme; (2) the guardians and farmers of his mills and burgage of Thirsk; (3) Lady Alice widow of Sir John de Crepping. The Invention of Holy Cross, 4 Edw. III
John instructs his guardians and farmers to pay to Alice a rent of 44s. 4d. a year, to her and her heirs, with a rent of 22s. 2d. which Joan widow of Sir Gilbert Haunsard holds for life in dower, by grant of William de Herteford.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC2701 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/2  30 Dec. 1341
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme and of the honours of Bramber and Gower, and Joan his beloved wife [treschere compaigne].
John has granted to Joan, for her chamber, the manors of Thresk and of Hovyngham with the appurtenances, except the manor of Wodehalle, in payment of £100 which he granted to her for her chamber.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC3009 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/3  [1389]
Language:  French

Contents:
[Thomas Mowbray], Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord de Mowbray and of Segrave, and Thomas de Etton. 19 March 12 Ric. II
Whereas his lord the Earl Marshal granted to Thomas an annual rent of £20 from his manor of Thresk (Yorks.) for certain services and dues, Thomas has discharged his lord of 10 marks a year of the £20 until the time when his lord's estate is increased by inheritance from the countess of Norfolk, to whom he is the heir apparent.
At: York.
[Please quote GC3819 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/4  [16 Dec. 1392]

Contents:
John de Dalton, chaplain, and William de Burghbrigg, clerk; and Simon de Elvyngton and Helen his wife. Mon. after St. Lucy, 16 Ric. II
John and William have granted to Simon and Helen and Simon's issue all the lands, holdings [etc.] in the vill of Bagby by Thresk which they had by grant of Simon and Helen, and which recently were of Richard de Esshewra, late parson of the church of St. Helen in Stayngate in York; with remainder to Thomas Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord de Mowbray and of Segrave, his heirs and assigns.
Witnesses: Thomas Colville, knight, John Colville, knight, William de Ryse, Thomas de Ettone, William Lascelo, John de Baxby, William de Sproxtone, Robert Bussuy, William Aldegate.
At: Bagby.
[Please quote GC3873 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/5  [1393]
Language:  French

Contents:
Thomas Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord de Mowbray and of Segrave, and William Sutton, piper. 26 July 17 Ric. II
William is retained to serve in the household for life, in peace and war, with an annuity in peacetime of 4 marks from the manor of Thresk (Yorks.), and bouche of court for himself and his horse in the same manner as his companions, Thomas's other minstrels, and in wartime the wages as the other minstrels.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC3876 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENTS  [no ref. or date]

Court rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/6  [1452-3]

Contents:
Borough, manor and Kirkby Malzeard 31 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR209 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/7  [1453-4]

Contents:
Borough and manor 32 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR210 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/8  [1455]

Contents:
Manor 33-4 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR211 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/9  [1455-6]

Contents:
Manor, borough and Kirkby Malzeard 34 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR212 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/10  [1457-8]

Contents:
Manor, borough and Kirkby Malzeard 36-7 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR213 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/11  [1475-6]

Contents:
Borough and manor 15-16 Edw. IV
[Please quote GCR214 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/12  [1478-9]

Contents:
Manor and borough 18-19 Edw. IV
[Please quote GCR215 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/13  [1480-1]

Contents:
Manor and borough 20-1 Edw. IV
[Please quote GCR216 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14  1458-62

Contents:
Various administrative documents
[Please quote GMR33 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14/i  [1460]

Contents:
Indenture to bailiff from Katherine duchess of Norfolk 18 Aug. 38 Hen. VI

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14/ii  [1462]

Contents:
Indenture for livery of cash to receiver Robert Haxby 28 Jan. 1 Edw. IV

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14/iii  [1462]

Contents:
Indenture for livery of cash to receiver Robert Haxby 3 July 2 Edw. IV

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14/iv  [1461]

Contents:
Indenture for livery of cash to receiver Robert Haxby 17 June 1 Edw. IV

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14/v  n.d

Contents:
Letter from Haxby to John Viscount Beaumont about allowances on bailiff's account

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14/vi  [1458]

Contents:
Petition of bailiff for expenses Sept. 37 Hen. VI

[no title]  BCM/D/1/19/14/vii  [1460-1]

Contents:
Petition of bailiff for expenses Christmas 38 to Christmas 39 Hen. VI [1459-60] and Michaelmas 39 Hen. VI to Michaelmas 1 Edw. IV

THIRSK BOROUGH (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/20  [n.d.]


Related information: Court rolls for the borough are included also among those for the manor: BCM/D/1/19/6-13

[no title]  BCM/D/1/20/1  [1430-1]

Contents:
Estreats of court roll 8-9 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR217 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/20/2  [1454-5]

Contents:
Court roll 33-4 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR218 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THORNTON (YORKS.)  BCM/D/1/21  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
One of the Vescy group of lands, for which see BCM/D/1/18, Newsholme.

[no title]  BCM/D/1/21/1  [VI, 1435-6]

Contents:
Manorial account 14-15 Henry
[Please quote GAR402 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/21/2  [1459-60]

Contents:
Manorial account 38-9 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR404 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

UNIDENTIFIED  BCM/D/1/22  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/22/1  [18 Aug. 1343]

Contents:
[John de] Moubray [lord of the Isle of Axholme and of the honours of Bramber and Gower] and Adam de. .., vicar of... Mon. after the Assumption, 17 Edw. III
John has granted licence to Adam ...
At: Knepp.
[Please quote GC3062 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PERSONAL  BCM/D/1/23  [n.d.]

HOSPITAL OF BURTON LAZARS  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The hospital was founded by Roger de Mowbray, probably between 1147 and 1162, and it was the principal house of the order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem in England. The head of the house was sometimes known as the prior or preceptor but usually as the master and, after the mid 13th century, he was also master and proctor-general in England of the order. [VCH Leics. ii. 36-7; David Knowles and R. N. Hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses of England and Wales (1971), 312, 316, 348.]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/1  [13 June 1308]

Contents:
Brother Adam Veau, knight, master of all England and Scotland, and the brethren of the order at Burton Lazars; and Brother Roger de Rokeby. Thurs. after Trinity, 1 Edw. II
Adam and the brethren have appointed Roger their attorney in the houses of their brothers in Northumbrie and in the kingdom of Scotland, for life, so that Roger acquits all the debts in the said houses within 5 years, beginning Wed. after Trinity, 1 Edw. II.
At: Burton Lazars.
[Please quote GC1660 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/2  [31 Aug. 1323]

Contents:
John bishop of Jerusalem and the hospital of St. Lazar of Jerusalem. 2 Kal. of Sept. 1323
Copy of inspeximus and confirmation by the bishop of several papal bulls granting privileges to the hospital and pardon and indulgences to those making benefactions to the hospital.
At: Marseilles.
[Please quote SC487 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DUCHESS KATHERINE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/3  [1443]

Contents:
Account of daily expenses of the household at Epworth (Lincs.) of John Viscount Beaumont and Katherine his wife from Tues. 1 Oct. to Thurs. the last day of Oct. Oct. 22 Hen. VI
[Please quote GMR47 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/4  [1473]

Contents:
Katherine duchess of Norfolk; and Anne countess of Pembroke, John Audeley, Lord Audley, knight, Roger Kynardeston, knight, John Morgan, knight, Henry Bodrugan, esquire, John Herbert, esquire, John Tomlyn, gentleman, and Walter Enderby, gentleman. 9 March A.D. 1472, 13 Edw. IV
Whereas Anne, John, Roger, John, Henry, John, John and Walter are bound by a bond made before Ralph Verney, knight, mayor and constable of the Westminster staple, to Katherine, in £60 for merchandise bought from her in the same staple, payable on 26 March 1476, Katherine wills that if Anne and the others pay £40, in the cathedral church of St. Paul in the city of London, viz. at the altar next to the image of the Crucifixion called le Rode of the Northdore on the said 26 March, between the hours of eight and eleven before midday, or on 6 May between eight and eleven, the bond shall be void.
[Please quote GC4367; duplicates GC4368 and GC4375 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/5  [Edw. IV, 1473]

Contents:
King Edward IV and Katherine duchess of Norfolk. 20 Sept. 13
The king has granted to Katherine a pardon for all transgressions, offences [etc.].
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC630 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/6  [1478]

Contents:
George Nevile, knight, Lord Bergavenny, Thomas Ormond, esquire, William Scot of Theydon Mount (Essex), esquire, and Robert Fenne of London, gentleman; and Katherine duchess of Norfolk. 15 July 18 Edw. IV
George, Thomas, William and Robert are bound to Katherine in £166 13s. 4d. for merchandise bought from her at the Westminster staple.
[Please quote GC4351 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MISCELLANEOUS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/7  [Edw. III, 1338]

Contents:
Commission of the peace, according to the statute of Winchester, to John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, Richard earl of Arundel, William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, John de Moubray and John de Hampton, for the counties of Hampshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Surrey, Sussex and Kent, during the king's absence from England. 1 Aug. 12
Witnesses: Edward duke of Cornwall and earl of Chester, guardian of England.
At: Northampton.
[Please quote SC501 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/8  [1386]

Contents:
John de Ravenser, clerk, Philip Tilney, knight, John de Pepilton, clerk, and William de Holme; and Sir Thomas Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Lord de Mowbray and of Segrave. 18 Nov. 10 Ric. II
John, Philip, John and William, executors of Sir Richard de Ravenser, late archdeacon of Lincoln, have quitclaimed to Thomas all actions.
At: London.
[Please quote GC3813 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/1/23/9  [c. 1383 x 1397]

Contents:
Chronicle-pedigree of the family of Mowbray, showing their descent from Roger [sic, recte Robert] earl of Northumberland and Nigel de Albeney temp. William I, to Thomas Mowbray, earl of Nottingham, born 1366, shown as being married to Elizabeth, daughter of the earl of Arundel.
[Please quote SR130 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE BEAUCHAMP INHERITANCE  BCM/D/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Roger (II) de Mowbray's wife Maud, daughter of William Beauchamp of Bedford, as the eldest of the three coheirs, was assigned the site of the castle of Bedford [VCH Beds. iii. 12-13.]. Her grandson John Lord Mowbray (d. 1322) in 1316 granted the lands to his father-in-law, William de Breouse of Gower, for his life, very probably in return for Breouse's grant to him of Gower and the reversion of the lordship of Bramber. [CPR 1313-17, 467; VCH Beds, iii. 44, 262, 300-1, 329, 339. Ten days later Breouse had licence to settle Bramber on himself for life with reversion to Mowbray and Aline and their issue: CPR 1313-17, 467.]. The reversion of Wootton after Breouse's death was granted away in 1320 (below, BCM/D/2/2/1 [GC 2300]), but the rest passed to Mowbray's son and heir in 1327. Roger Lestrange's inquisition post mortem mentions holdings at Barford, as well as the manors below, and Thomas de Mowbray's inquisition of 1399 also mentions a rent of 37s. from Cople, Cardington, Great Barford, Southill, Maulden, Wootton, Ickwell and Salph End.

BEDFORD (BEDS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manors of Bedford, Willington, Haynes, Stotfold and Bromham were held by John (V)'s widow Katherine, and John (VII)'s widow Elizabeth granted the reversion to the queen in 1476. In the division between Howard and Berkeley, Bedford, Bromham and Stotfold went to Berkeley, Willington to Howard, and Haynes was divided into moieties. In 1484 Berkeley granted the reversion of his portion to Richard III.

HAYNES (BEDS.)  BCM/D/2/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was involved in the marriage negotiations of 1338: above, BCM/D/1/1/3 [SC 502]. See also Bedford, above.

[no title]  BCM/D/2/1/1  [1467]

Contents:
William Berkeley, knight, lord of Berkeley; and John Colvyle, citizen and grocer of London, William Gent of Hitchin (Herts.), and Thomas Chauncellex of Dunstable (Beds.). 26 Feb. 6 Edw. IV
Whereas William, one of the cousins and heirs apparent of John duke of Norfolk, is bound to John, William, and Thomas, by a bond dated this day, in 1,000 marks, it is agreed that if John, William and Thomas peaceably have possession of all such wood and timber... to be taken in the manor, lordship and park of Hawnes, and in the wood called Shyre hacche (Beds.), as in a pair of indentures dated... Feb. 6 Edw. IV between the duke and John, William and Thomas, the bond will be void.
[Please quote GC4339 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/2/1/2  29 [Henry VI?, [1450]

Contents:
Manorial account
[Please quote GAR327 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/2/1/3  [1471-2]

Contents:
Manorial account 11-12 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR328 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SHEERHATCH WOOD, IN NORTHHILL (BEDS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The inquisition post mortem of 1368 mentions a wood called Shirhacche. See also above, BCM/D/2/1/1 [GC 4339].

WOOTTON (BEDS.)  BCM/D/2/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Along with the rest of the Beauchamp lands, it was granted to Breouse in 1316, but after the grant of the reversion to Roger Marshall of Milton (alias Roger de Middeltone, presumably) and his wife Sarah it descended in that family. [VCH Beds. iii. 329.]

[no title]  BCM/D/2/2/1  [3 Feb. 1320]

Contents:
John de Moubray, lord of the Isle of Axholme; and Roger de Middeltone and Sara his wife. Sun. the morrow of the Purification, 13 Edw. II
John has granted to Roger and Sara the reversion of all the lands, holdings, rents [etc.] in the vill of Wotton which William de Brewes holds of John, for the life of William.
Witnesses: Roger de Beauchamp, Roger de Bray, Alexander Bosowun, John de Sancto Edwardo, Thomas de Stodley, John Ernys, John Godefray.
[Please quote GC2300 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE BREOUSE INHERITANCE  BCM/D/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The lordship of Bramber which William de Breouse was licensed in 1316 to grant to his son-in-law John de Mowbray (See BCM/D Administrative history) consisted of Bramber castle, the four hundreds of West Grinstead, Steyning, Burbeach and Brightford and three half-hundreds of Fishersgate, Wyndham and Easwrith, the towns of Bramber, Shoreham and Horsham, and the manors of Beeding, King's Barns, Findon, Washington, Knepp and West Grinstead, with Bewbush Park and the chase of St. Leonard's. [Of the six rapes into which Sussex was divided from east to west, Bramber and Lewes were the two central ones. The other halves of Fishersgate and Wyndham hundreds were in Lewes rape, half of which came to the Mowbrays in the 15th century.] All of those, except Findon, were assigned to Howard in the division of 1483 and occur only in the valuation of his portion.
Other Breouse lands came to the Berkeley family when the cadet branch of Breouse of Tetbury died out c. 1500. The third wife of William de Breouse of Gower (d. 1290) was Mary, daughter of William de Roos of Helmsley, who brought the Yorkshire manor of Weaverthorpe in free marriage. [For this and what follows, see GEC ii. 308-10 (Breouse of Tetbury).] She bore him three sons, and at her death in 1326 the heir to lands in Little Bookham, Bramley with Clandon, and Effingham (Surrey) and Chesworth and Sedgewick (Sussex) was her grandson Thomas de Breouse (d. 1361), the son of her son Peter, who had died in 1312 when Thomas was 10. [CIPM vi, no. 702. The reversion of Little Bookham belonged to Ralph Camoys and his wife Margaret, who was Mary's daughter by Breouse, but the manor was settled on Thomas and his wife Beatrice before 1361.] Thomas's inheritance consisted of Tetbury (Glos.), Manningford Bruce (Wilts.), Chesworth, Sedgewick and Bidlington (Sussex), Bookham and Bramley (Surrey) and Weaverthorpe. He was closely connected with Thomas of Brotherton and his family: his sister Mary was Brotherton's second wife, he himself married Beatrice Mortimer, widow of Brotherton's son and heir apparent Edward, and their son John was briefly married to Elizabeth, daughter (and then coheir) of Brotherton's daughter Alice and Edward de Montague. [All eight manors of his inheritance were settled on Thomas and Beatrice, except that in Jan. 1361 they settled Tetbury and Weaverthorpe, along with Ember (Surrey), on their son when he married. For the children of Alice and Edward, see BCM/D Administrative history.] John (d. 1367) was succeeded by his brother Thomas (d. 1395), and Thomas by his niece Elizabeth Say. She died without issue and the Breouse lands then reverted, on the death of Elizabeth's husband William Lord Heron (see below BCM/D/3/4/1) in 1404, to George Breouse, son of John, younger brother of Thomas (d. 1361). George died without issue in 1418, and the lands passed to his nephew Hugh Cokesey (d. 1445), to Hugh's sister Joyce Beauchamp (d. 1473) [She also married Leonard Stapleton: below, BCM/D/3/4/2 [GC 4254].] and to her son John Greville (d. 1480) and grandson Thomas Greville alias Cokesey. On Thomas's death the heirs were found to be Howard and Berkeley as descendants of Aline, daughter of William Lord Breouse (d. 1326) and wife of John (I) de Mowbray. [VCH Wilts. x. 114. The descendants of Aline's younger sister Joan, the Bohuns of Midhurst, had failed in the male line with the death of John Bohun 1488 x 1494, but John left two daughters, one of whom had issue and should have shared in this inheritance: GEC ii. 200-1.] Exactly which lands were concerned is not clear. According to Smyth, the lands which Maurice (V) Lord Berkeley inherited were the manors of Tetbury, Manningford Bruce and moieties of the manors of Gate Burton, Scotton and Lea (Lincs.) and of Weaverthorpe. [Smyth, ii. 158, 260, 357. Tetbury and Manningford Bruce certainly passed to the Berkeleys: VCH Wilts. x. 114.] Charters in the castle suggest that in Feb. 1500 Maurice de Berkeley and his son Maurice (VI) quitclaimed to Thomas FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, the manors of Lea and Gate C Burton, perhaps for some sort of settlement. [BCM GC 4498 (after 1492 and so outside the scope of this catalogue).] In Jan. 1501 Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey, and Maurice (V) reached an agreement with Sir Edward Stanley, who had married Elizabeth, widow of Sir Thomas Cokesey, regarding her dower, and in Feb. 1515 Howard, then duke of Norfolk, granted to Maurice (VI) an annuity of £14 from Lea and Gate Burton, presumably to replace his moieties [BCM GC 4502, GC 4595 (both after 1492 and so outside the scope of this catalogue).] Again according to Smyth, Thomas (VI) de Berkeley (d. 1534) held the annuity of £14 although it was then said to be from Bramley (Surrey) and Scotton as well as from Lea and Gate Burton, but it was sold in 1565-6. [Smyth, ii. 260, 357.]
The lands for which evidence earlier than 1492 survives in the muniments are Bookham, Corton and Manningford Bruce from the Breouses of Tetbury, and Findon and Gower from the Gower branch. Findon was separated from the rest of the barony of Bramber, which passed to Howard, and the two Gower charters below seem to be present only because of John (VI) de Mowbray's grant of the office of supervisor of Gower to William de Berkeley in 1453.

BOOKHAM (SURREY)  BCM/D/3/1  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/1/1  [1342-3]

Contents:
Manorial account 16-17 Edw. III
The steward held courts at Bookham and Effingham.
[Please quote GAR392 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BRAMBER (SUSSEX)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Bramber was involved in the marriage negotiations of 1338: above, BCM/D/1/1/3 [SC 502].

FINDON (SUSSEX)  BCM/D/3/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Findon, unlike the rest of the barony of Bramber, was assigned to Berkeley's portion of the Mowbray lands in 1483. Maurice (V) de Berkeley sold it in July 1502 to Edmund Dudley. [BCM GC 4511 (after 1492 and so outside the scope of this catalogue); cf. VCH Sussex, vi (1), 24.]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/2/1  [1477-8]

Contents:
Manorial account 17-18 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR354 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/2/2  [1478-9]

Contents:
Manorial account 18-19 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR355 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CORTON, IN BOYTON (WILTS.)  BCM/D/3/3  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/3/1  [1349]

Contents:
Robert le Mule[ward] and [Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John Orneis] knight; and Sir Thomas [de Breouse]..... 23 Edw. III
Robert and Elizabeth have granted to Thomas, his heirs and assigns... of Cortintone in the parish of Boitone... (Wilts.)... for the term of his life by grant of Master W...
Witnesses:... de Seymor, Sir Walter Escudemor, knights, Nicholas..., Roger Godefrey.
At: Corton.
[Please quote GC3238 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/3/2  [22 April 1349]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir Thomas de Breouse, knight; and Robert le Mulleward and Elizabeth Orneys his wife. Wed. before St. Mark, 23 Edw. III
Whereas Thomas is bound to Robert and Elizabeth in an annual rent of 10 marks from his manor of Cortintone, for their lives, Robert and Elizabeth grant that if he is disturbed in the manor, the costs, within reason, required to recover the manor will be allowed out of the said rent.
[Please quote GC3235 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MANNINGFORD BRUCE (WILTS.)  BCM/D/3/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/4/1  [1398]

Contents:
(1) Robert Pobelowe, clerk, Simon vicar of Bourne, John Waller of Little Horsted and William Nolothe, clerk; (2) Peter de la Ruwe; (3) William Heron, knight, and Elizabeth his wife. 2 June 21 Ric. II
Robert, Simon, John and William have appointed Peter to receive seisin of the manor of Manyngford Brewose, which they had by grant of William and Elizabeth.
[Please quote GC3942 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/4/2  [1446]

Contents:
Leonard Stapulton, esquire, and his wife Joyce Stapulton, sister and heir of the late Hugh Cokesay, knight; and John atte Wode, esquire. 1 Nov. 25 Hen. VI
Leonard and Joyce have inspected and confirmed a charter of the late Hugh to John of two thirds of the manor of Manyngford Brewys (Wilts.) for the life of John, paying a rent as in the charter, and one of John earl of Shrewsbury, John Vampage the elder, William Wollashull and William Pullesdon, feoffees of the said Hugh, to the said John of one third of the said manor for a term of 40 years, if John lives that long; rent £4 a year.
[Please quote GC4254 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

GOWER (WELSH MARCH)  BCM/D/3/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Gower was involved in the marriage negotiations of 1338: above, BCM/D/1/1/3 [SC 502].

[no title]  BCM/D/3/5/1  [1444]

Contents:
King Henry VI; and John Wither and William Corbyn. 3 April 22 Hen. VI
Henry has granted to John the office of archer of the watch and to William the office of chief forester of Gowereslond in Wales.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC596 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/3/5/2  [1453]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, marshal of England, Lord de Mowbray, of Segrave and of Gower, and his beloved cousin, William Berkeley, knight. 17 Jan. 31 Hen. VI
John has appointed William his supervisor of all his castles, manors, lands and holdings in his lordships of Gower and Kylvey in Suthwall, and the office of steward of his lordship of Chypstowe in Suthwall; for life, with the customary fees, wages and profts, and an additional annual rent of £20 for his life.
[Please quote GC4279 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE ARUNDEL INHERITANCE  BCM/D/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In 1415 the Mowbrays became coheirs, as mentioned [see BCM/D Administrative history], to the estate which had descended from the last Warenne earl of Surrey to the last FitzAlan earl of Arundel. Warenne had held the manors of Tyburn (Middx.), the castle and town of Reigate, the manor of Dorking, portions of the tolls of Southwark and Guildford (Surrey) and Medmenham manor (Bucks.), which were later held by the Mowbrays, along with the barony of Lewes (Sussex) and Bromfield and Yale. [CIPM ix, no. 54.] The eldest of Arundel's sisters and coheirs, Elizabeth, was the widow of the first Mowbray duke of Norfolk, the second, Joan, was the widow of William Beauchamp of Abergavenny and the youngest, Margaret, was the wife of Roland Lenthall. Margaret died without issue, [Evidently not long after 1439, since her husband's daughter by his second wife gave birth in 1459: GEC vi. 133; xii (2), 946] so the Mowbrays eventually held half the Warenne lands. The initial division of the barony of Lewes (on the death of Arundel's widow Beatrice in 1439) was made on the basis of whole manors, the Mowbrays being assigned the manors of Meeching with Piddinghoe, Clayton, Pyecome, Brighton, Allington and Middleton with Seaford (with a rent from Northease with Iford, which was partitioned), and the Lenthalls the manors of Houndean, Keymer and Cuckfield, but after Margaret Lenthall's death her manors were divided in moieties between the Mowbrays and the Beauchamps. [Each of the three, later two, heirs had a portion of the castle, Cleeres chase and Worth forest, of the rents, of the profits from the court, fair, market and fishery of Lewes, and of the eight hundreds (Barcombe, Buttinghill, Holmestrow, Poynings, Streat, Swanborough, Whalebone and Younsmere) and two half-hundreds (Fishersgate and Wyndham): VCH Sussex, vii. 3-5.] Of the other lands, the Lenthalls had Tyburn and the rest seem to have been divided. The Lenthall portion did not revert immediately on the death of Margaret, as in 1476 it was being held for life by Margaret, widow of Edmund Lenthall, esquire, and the duchess Elizabeth could grant only the reversion of a moiety of the Lenthall portion to the queen (viz. moieties of the manors of Tyburn, Houndean, Keymer and Halleighs in Cuckfield, and of a third part of the barony). In 1467 John duke of Norfolk (also earl of Warenne since 1451) made a settlement of the Warenne lands which he then held, i.e. his portion of Lewes, half the manor of Dorking, rents, tolls and customs in Guildford and Southwark and lands in Groveheath, in Send with Ripley, and Bradley, in Dorking (Surrey), with Dinas Bran, Wrexham and Bromfield and Yale, on his wife Elizabeth Talbot. On the failure of the male line of the Mowbrays their moiety of the Warenne lands was further divided between the descendants of Elizabeth FitzAlan's four daughters, two by Mowbray (Howard and Berkeley) and two by her second husband, Robert Goushill (Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby, and Sir John Wingfield). Berkeley had a quarter of the manors of Reigate and Dorking [In 1467 Mowbray appears to have held only half of each manor, so Berkeley should have had only a quarter of the moieties.] and a quarter of half the tolls of Guildford and Southwark, a quarter of the Lewes manors originally assigned to Elizabeth FitzAlan and a quarter of half those assigned to Margaret FitzAlan, a quarter of half the manor of Tyburn, and half of Bromfield and Yale. [CIPM Hen. VII,i, nos.878-9.] He granted his portion of Bromfield and Yale to William Stanley in Feb. 1486: below, BCM/D/4/3/1 [GC 4451]. In 1490 he granted to Henry VII the reversion of his portion of Lewes, which was recovered by his brother and heir Maurice, and later passed to the Howards. [VCH Sussex, vii.5.]

MEDMENHAM (BUCKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor was held by the duchess Katherine. The reversion of part of the manor, presumably a moiety, was granted by the duchess Elizabeth to the queen in 1476.

WING (BUCKS.)  BCM/D/4/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Although not mentioned in Warenne's inquisition post mortem the manor passed to the Arundel family in 1347. [VCH Buchs.iii.451.] In 1392 it was settled by Richard FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, on his daughter Elizabeth and her husband Thomas de Mowbray, first duke of Norfolk, and was later held by the duchess Katherine. The reversion was granted by the duchess Elizabeth to the queen in 1476 and by William de Berkeley to Richard III in 1484, but in 1488 Berkeley had licence to grant the reversion to Thomas Stanley, earl of Derby. It was recovered by Berkeley's brother Maurice in 1505 and sold by his son and heir Maurice to Robert Dormer in 1515. [VCH Bucks; BCM GC 4599.]

[no title]  BCM/D/4/1/1  [1456-7]

Contents:
Manorial account 35-6 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR335 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/4/1/2  [1458-9]

Contents:
Manorial account 37-8 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR336 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

TYBURN (MIDDX.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor occurs in Warenne's inquisition post mortem of 1347. A quarter of a moiety passed to William Berkeley, who settled the reversion on Henry VII in Nov. 1489. [Acording to his inquisition post mortem; but Smyth, ii. 130, says that Berkeley granted the reversion to Reginald Bray.]

GILTCROSS HUNDRED (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The hundred passed with the manor of Kenninghall: below, this page. [Blomefield, Norfolk, i. 213.]

KENNINGHALL (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor had a complicated history. [Blomefield, Norfolk, i, 218-219] Part of the Montalt inheritance, it passed to the queen in 1329 and was granted to William Montague, earl of Salisbury, in 1336. It was then settled on William, son and heir apparent of the next earl, and his wife Elizabeth on their marriage in 1377; Elizabeth later married Thomas duke of Norfolk, and her father Richard FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, bought the reversion but forfeited it in 1397. The reversion was then granted to the earl of Salisbury, and on Elizabeth's death in 1425 the manor passed to Thomas Montague, earl of Salisbury, and on his death in 1428 to his daughter and heir Alice, who married Richard Neville. The Nevilles granted it to their daughter Joan on her marriage with William FitzAlan, earl of Arundel (d. 1487), who sold it, and after passing through several hands it was eventually acquired by John (VII) de Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, and was settled on his wife Elizabeth. It formed part of her jointure agreed in 1476, and in 1483 was assigned to Howard with the rest of the lands in Norfolk.

BRADLEY, IN DORKING (SURREY)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lands there were included in the Mowbray settlement made in 1467.

DORKING (SURREY)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the Warenne manors which passed to Arundel in 1347, and a moiety was included in the Mowbray settlement of 1467. A quarter of the manor (possibly an error for a quarter of a moiety) was held by William Berkeley.

GROVEHEATH, IN SEND WITH RIPLEY (SURREY)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lands at Groveheath (Groushed) were included in the Mowbray settlement of 1467.

GUILDFORD (SURREY)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Rents, farms, tolls and customs from the town passed from Warenne to Arundel in 1347 and were included in the Mowbray settlement of 1467. A quarter of a moiety was later held by William Berkeley.

SOUTHWARK (SURREY)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Rents, farms, tolls and customs from the town passed from Warenne to Arundel in 1347 and were included in the Mowbray settlement of 1467. A quarter of a moiety was later held by William de Berkeley.

LEWES: THE RAPE, HONOUR AND BARONY (SUSSEX)  BCM/D/4/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The rape, with the honour and barony, of Lewes was divided in 1439 between three coheirs and ultimately between two: (see BCM/D/4 Administrative history) The reversion of a moiety of the Lenthall portion was granted to the queen by the duchess Elizabeth in 1476.

[no title]  BCM/D/4/2/1  [1467]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk, Earl Warenne [etc.]; and John Wenlok, knight, lord of Wenlock, William Calthorp, knight, Thomas Hoo, William Brandon, Richard Southwell, Robert Bernard, esquires, George Hoton and John Alford. 10 Sept. 7 Edw. IV
John has granted to John Wenlock and the others his part of the castle, barony, lordship, vill and borough of Lewes and the manors of Clayton, Alyngton, Highlegh, Worth, Middelton, Brightelmeston and Pycombe and the vills of Seford and Pydynghoo, and his part of the chase of Clerys and the great park of Worthe, and a rent of 36s. 2d. from the manors of Iford and Northese, and his part of the hundreds of Buttynghill, Strete, Bercompe, Swambergh, Holmestrowe, Yonesmere, Whalesbon, Ponynges and half-hundreds of Fisheresgate and Wyndham (Sussex), half the manor of Dorkyng and rents of assize, farms, tolls and customs in the vills of Guldeford and Suthwerk, and lands and holdings in Gronshed and Bradle (Surrey), and his part of the castle and lordship of Dynasbran and the castles, vills, manors and lands of Bromfeld, Yale and Wrightesham, ...
[Please quote GC4342 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BROMFIELD AND YALE  BCM/D/4/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The castle of Holt, or Castel Leonis, was the caput of the Marcher lordship, granted to Earl Warenne, along with Dinas Bran, by Edward I in 1282. Of the places named as comprising the lordship in the charter below, Holt (Castel Leonis) lies just north-east of Wrexham and Dinas Bran to the south-west, near Llangollen. Esclusham and Eglwyseg are west of Wrexham and north of Dinas Bran, and Ruabon is just south of Wrexham. Yale was the name of an area west of Wrexham. The other places named are all in Denbighshire, near Wrexham, or in Shropshire, near Oswestry. Dinas Bran, Wrexham and Bromfield and Yale were included in the jointure settled on the duchess Elizabeth in 1467. In 1484 William Berkeley granted the reversion of his moiety to Richard III but in Feb. 1486 to William Stanley.

[no title]  BCM/D/4/3/1  [1486]

Contents:
William [Berkeley] Earl Marshal and of Nottingham [etc.] and his beloved cousin William Stanley, knight, the king's chamberlain. 19 Feb. 1 Hen. VII
William Berkeley has granted to William Stanley his part of the manors and lordships of Pikhill, Sessewik, Bedenwall, the manors of Iscoid, Hewelyngton, Cobham, Hem, Wrexham, Burton, Alyngton, Esclusham, Eglosecle, Ruyabom, Avynbury, Dylvill, Morton Fabror, Minere, Osbaston, Sonford and Oseleston, and the castle, manor and lordship of Dynesbran, the castle, lordship and vill of Leonis, and the lordships, manors and lands of Hewelyngton, Bramfeld, Yale, Wrexham, Almore, Wolstan and Sonford in Wales, the March of Wales and the adjacent county of Salop.; to William Stanley and his issue, with remainder to William Berkeley and his heirs; and William Berkeley has appointed William Tatton, Thomas Ferour and John Lawton to deliver seisin.
[Please quote GC4451 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PERSONAL  BCM/D/4/4  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/4/4/1  [3 Dec. 1329]
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, lord of Bromfield and Yale, and his niece Eleanor de Seynt John, daughter of Edmund late earl of Arundel. [Eleanor was apparently the widow of William de St. John, eldest son and heir apparent of John Lord St. John (d. 1329), who died in his father's lifetime without issue. She later married Gerard Lord Lisle: above BCM/B/6/7] Sun. after St. Andrew, 3 Edw. III
Whereas Eleanor has acknowledged in writing that she received from John 500 marks to lay out for profit, for which she has to account to him, John has granted that if Eleanor does not marry without his advice and agreement during his life, the acknowledgement will be void.
At: Reigate.
[Please quote GC2690 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/4/4/2  [1378]
Language:  French

Contents:
Richard earl of Arundel and Surrey and William Montagu, earl of Salisbury. 7 April 1 Ric. II
Whereas Richard is bound to William in 1,000 marks to be paid at London at Easter next, for a marriage between William's son and heir William and Richard's daughter, William has granted that if Richard pays 500 marks, the bond of 1,000 marks will be void.
At: 'Hamelhoke'.
[Please quote GC3723 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE SEGRAVE INHERITANCE  BCM/D/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen de Segrave was the younger son, and the heir, of an obscure but rising Leicestershire subtenant, Gilbert (d. 1200-1). Gilbert was a curialist who acted as under-sheriff of Leicestershire and justice in eyre, and he left his son a substantial holding in Seagrave (Leics.) with smaller holdings in six other vills in Leicestershire and three in Warwickshire. His eldest son Thomas had been outlawed shortly before his father's death. [Thomas had a son Hugh who granted lands in Cossington and Seagrave to Stephen, in exchange for Stephen's lands in Cadeby (Leics.).] Stephen achieved the highest prominence through the law and royal service. By 1207 he had married Rose, daughter of Thomas Despenser, and she brought him a few more small holdings in Leicestershire. [Her marriage portion seems to have been no more than a rent of 2s. in 'Burton', a rent of 13s. 4d. from a mill in Mountsorrel and 1 virgate in Barrow-upon-Soar. Her brother Hugh Despenser (d. 1238) was the father of Hugh the Justiciar (killed 1265).] By the time of his second marriage, to Ida, sister of Henry de Hastings (d. 1250), he was a much more important man, as was reflected by her marriage portion, the manor of Brownsover (Warws.) and 7½ virgates in Normanton le Heath (Leics.). [Stephen and Ida had no issue and her lands reverted to the Hastings family.] He accumulated an impressive estate, mostly through grants from the king and other magnates, but its nature was dictated by its origins. Unusually for the early 13th century, it was not based on a barony or an honour, with a caput and the accompanying formal structure; it was merely a scattering of individual manors over several shires in the Midlands, with a few to the north and south. Some of the holdings were tiny; some of the larger ones were made up of a number of smaller acquisitions. In Seagrave, one third was held in chief and two thirds of Leicester Abbey; in Mountsorrel the northern part was held of the earl of Chester and the southern of the earl of Winchester. [CIPM i, no. 334; iii, no. 297.] As a consequence, surviving charters at Berkeley are concerned with lands and services in a staggering number of places. [Another reason for the large number of Segrave charters in the muniments is that when the Mowbray inheritance was divided in 1483 Berkeley received most of the Segrave manors, while most of the former Bigod manors went to Howard.]. On Stephen's death in 1241 his son and heir Gilbert inherited five manors in Leicestershire (Seagrave, Sileby, Mountsorrel, Cold Overton and Diseworth) with numerous other holdings in the northern part of the county, four manors in Derbyshire (Bretby, Coton-in-the-Elms, Linton and Rosliston) and two in Warwickshire (Caludon and Kineton), with other holdings in Lincolnshire. That formed the core of the estate, but to the east and south were the manors of Stretton (Rutland), Barton Seagrave (Northants.), Fenstanton with Hilton and Alconbury with Weston (Hunts.), Wisbech (Cambs.) and Penn with 'Smethmeres' in Little Marlow (Bucks.); to the south-west was the manor of North Piddle (Worcs.) and to the north a collection of numerous holdings in the southernmost tip of Yorkshire, which eventually coalesced as the manors of Dinnington and Thwaite.
Stephen's eldest son John was married, by March 1227, to Emma de Cauz, an exceptionally well endowed heiress [Emma was the daughter of the royal falconer Roger de Cauz and his wife Nichola, daughter and heir of Bartholomew de Leigh. She inherited manors in Beds., Bucks., Hunts., Northants., Sussex and Wilts.] but he died without issue between Easter 1229 and Nov. 1230, when Stephen paid £100 to have Emma's marriage and the custody of her lands; he gave Emma in marriage to John de Grey, a younger brother of Richard de Grey of Codnor. [Stephen dowered Emma with a small holding in Henlow (Beds.) which he had been granted by Hubert de Burgh, a rent of 20s. in Gamlingay (Cambs.) which he had acquired, and rents in Cambridge which the young John de Segrave had acquired: below, BCM/D/5/4/1 [GC 561]. Stephen had evidently granted to his son John some lands which suited his wife's inheritance. None of the holdings which made up Emma's dower occur later in Segrave hands, and Henlow certainly stayed with the Greys.] By Nov. 1233 John had granted to Stephen de Segrave his manor of Cold Overton (Leics.) and lands in Raunds (Northants.), which may have been in return for the grant of the marriage to John. Stephen's second son and heir Gilbert was by Sept. 1231 married to another heiress, a rather less wealthy one, Amabel, daughter and coheir of Robert de Chaucombe. A fine of Sept. 1231 recorded the agreement between Robert and Gilbert about Amabel's marriage portion and the division of the estate on Robert's death between Amabel and her sister Milicent, wife of Ralph Basset. Robert died in 1236 and Milicent died without issue in 1246 leaving Amabel to inherit all of her father's lands, comprising the manors of Chacombe (Northants.), Aspley in Ullenhall (Warws.) and Great Dalby (Leics.), land in Oxfordshire and various small holdings in Leicestershire, Warwickshire and Lincolnshire. Those went well with Gilbert's paternal lands, to which he added the manors of Ashbourne (Derb.) and Alspath in Meriden (Warws.) and other small holdings within his inherited manors. In Nov. 1243 he agreed a dower portion [Penn (Bucks.), Alconbury (Hunts.), North Piddle (Worcs.) and the Yorks. lands. Ida also held Wisbech and rents of 39s. 3d. from 'Conches Mill' (Northants.), 4 marks in Henton (Oxon.) and 3s. 4d. in Beaconsfield (Bucks.).] for his stepmother Ida de Hastings, who in 1247 was abducted and married by Hugh Pecche. [Hugh was a younger brother of Gilbert Pecche of Bourn (d. 1291).]
When Gilbert died on campaign in France in 1254 his son and heir Nicholas was only 16 or 17 and his wardship was granted to the Lord Edward; in April 1258 he paid 300 marks to have seisin of his lands before he was of full age. He was probably married as a minor, since his wife, Maud de Lucy, does not seem to have brought him any lands. Nicholas held less than half the Segrave estate for most of his life, as Ida de Hastings lived on until 1289 and his mother Amabel until 1282 or later. Amabel held Seagrave, Mountsorrel, Whetstone and a third of Sileby (Leics.), Bretby, Coton and Rosliston (Derb.) and Smethmeres (Bucks.) in dower. She took those and her own inheritance to a second husband, Roger de Somery (d. 1273). By Roger she had two sons, Roger and John. During her second widowhood she granted her inherited manor of Aspley to her younger son John de Somery and his issue, with remainder to her eldest son Nicholas de Segrave. John was also granted the newly acquired manor of Witherley (Leics.), and Smethmeres and Morton (Bucks., connected with Penn) by his half-brother Nicholas with the same remainder, and John evidently died without issue since all the lands reverted to the Segraves. [John was holding the Buckinghamshire lands by the mid 1280s, presumably having been granted them shortly after his mother's death, since she had held Smethmeres in dower.] Peter de Segrave was probably a younger son of Gilbert and Amabel; in 1260 he was holding Dunsthorpe (Lincs.), c. 1265 he had £6 10s. of land in Stretton (Rutland) and in Jan. 1292, when described as of Peckleton (Leics.), he had lands in Leicestershire, but he died soon after leaving a widow Eleanor, and Dunsthorpe and Stretton reverted to his brother Nicholas. Gilbert's daughter Alice married William Mauduit, who succeeded to the earldom of Warwick in 1263 and died without issue in 1268.
As a young man Nicholas de Segrave was a prominent rebel during the Barons' War and, having forfeited his lands, was obliged to redeem them in 1267, under the terms of the Dictum of Kenilworth, from Edmund of Lancaster for 2,000 marks at four times their annual value. That suggests that the lands which he held at the time were worth £333 a year, but both his step-grandmother and his mother were then alive, respectively holding perhaps one third and one third of two thirds of the whole estate, which may therefore have been worth up to £750 a year. Nicholas had a large family, six sons and two daughters who all reached adulthood long before his death. On the death of Ida Hastings in 1289 his three elder sons, John, Nicholas and Henry, paid a further 200 marks to Edmund of Lancaster under the Dictum for her dower in Penn, North Piddle, Dinnington and Thwaite, of which Penn went to John, the Yorkshire lands to Nicholas and North Piddle to Henry; in June 1290 the elder Nicholas and John acknowledged a debt of a further 400 marks to Edmund, which may have been for Ida's other lands. [If the total fine for Ida's dower holding was 600 marks, indicating an annual value of £100, either she received less than the traditional third (and thus the whole estate was worth less than £750 a year) or Edmund was more lenient in 1289-90 than 20 years earlier.] The younger Nicholas also had Barton Seagrave and Stretton in fee tail, and Henry had Ashbourne (Derb.). [Barton Seagrave and associated holdings and rents in Northampton had earlier been settled on Nicholas's sister Amabel when she married John de Plescy in 1270 but they reverted to the family when John (and Amabel, presumably) died without issue.] The elder Nicholas apparently did not provide for his son Geoffrey, who was granted Wisbech by his eldest brother John soon after their father's death in 1295, and by 1303 another brother, Simon, held Dunstall (Lincs.), but it is not clear whether by grant of his father or brother. The youngest brother Gilbert, a cleric, was bishop of London for three years before his death in 1316.
The eldest son, John (I), was in 1270 married (aged 14) to Christine, daughter of Hugh de Plescy, at the same time as his sister Amabel was married to Plescy's son and heir John. [Amabel's sister Eleanor is said to have married Alan Lord Zouche of Ashby (d. 1314), of whose three daughters one was a nun, Ellen married Nicholas St. Maur and Maud married Robert de Holland: GEC xii (2), 936.] Christine's portion was the manor of Stottesdon (Salop.). John de Segrave inherited on his father's death, and while the estate was not subject to dower, his mother being already dead, his superfluity of brothers had greatly diminished the inheritance. Of the 26 principal manors, a third were held by others. In 1292 Nicholas had been granted free warren in 12 manors; [Seagrave, Sileby, Cold Overton and Diseworth (Leics.), Bretby, Rosliston and Coton-in-the-Elms, probably including Linton (Derb.), Kineton and Caludon (Warws.), Fenstanton (Hunts.) and Chacombe (Northants.).] Mountsorrel, Wisbech and Alspath, where he did not have demesne, and Great Dalby were not included. Of the other ten manors, John already held Penn; Aspley and Witherley were held by Nicholas's half-brother John de Somery; North Piddle and Ashbourne by Henry; Dinnington, Thwaite and Barton Seagrave by the younger Nicholas; Stretton by either Peter de Segrave or the younger Nicholas; [Peter was alive in Jan. 1292; by 1295 the manor had been granted to the younger Nicholas by his father.] and Alconbury possibly by the elder Nicholas's aunt Eleanor de Howell [Eleanor quitclaimed her rights in Alconbury to Nicholas; that might suggest that the reversion of the manor on her stepmother Ida's death was her marriage portion, which she later surrendered, possibly because she had no issue.] Before his death in 1295 Nicholas recovered Alconbury, and John de Somery died without issue and his lands reverted, but John granted Wisbech to his brother Geoffrey in tail and by 1303 the younger Nicholas was holding Kineton, apparently for life (as it did not pass to his daughter Maud). All those manors eventually reverted to the main line. Geoffrey had died without issue by Jan. 1314 and Henry by Jan. 1318; Nicholas's daughter Maud died without issue in 1335, when his lands, including others which he had acquired, passed to her cousin John (II) Lord Segrave. The Lincolnshire lands were not recovered by John (I)'s descendants, and Simon may have founded a cadet line. [He may have been the father of Stephen, kinsman of John Lord Segrave, who in Dec. 1343 was holding lands in Leicestershire and Derbyshire for life, the reversion of which belonged to John.]
In 1305 John bought the manor of West Hatch (Wilts.), surprisingly distant from the rest of the estate, and in Jan. 1314 he married his eldest son Stephen to Alice, who may have been a sister of Edmund earl of Arundel. Arundel granted lands in Repton and Ticknall (Derb.), Alspath (Warws.) and Barrow and Quorndon (Leics.) and the manor of Flecknoe (Warws.) to John and Christine for regrant to Stephen and Alice, and John granted to the couple Great Dalby, Melton Mowbray and Welby (Leics.), West Hatch, and Wisbech (which had reverted after Geoffrey's death). Four years later, in Jan. 1318, he settled more lands on them, Flecknoe (from Arundel) and the lands which he had recently inherited on his brother Henry's death, Ashbourne, North Piddle and a rent in Thurlaston (Leics.). As usual, the jointure was used to secure title to newly acquired lands. [i.e. West Hatch and the lands recently reverted from his brothers Geoffrey and Henry. Melton and Welby had been granted by the elder Nicholas to Hugh de Herdeberwe and his wife Isabel and then exchanged for a holding at Brailes (Warws.): BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.; Hugh and Isabel also quitclaimed to Nicholas all the money which he had given them in free marriage: BL Egerton MS 3789, f. 103. That implies a relationship between Nicholas and Isabel which is unstated.] John's younger son John (d. 1343), [His son John died in 1349 leaving only a daughter Mary, who died a few weeks after, when her cousin John (II) Lord Segrave was her heir: CIPM viii, no. 463; ix. 598; GEC xi. 609 n. The elder John's daughter Elizabeth, who married Richard Foliot (d.s.p. 1325) and Roger Lord Northwood (d. 1361), had died without issue by 1335: GEC v. 541.] had by 1312 married Juliana, daughter and heir of John de Sandwich of Folkestone (Kent), and of his three daughters Ellen or Margaret [John's daughter was Margaret; Ferrers's wife in Feb. 1317 was named as Ellen (GEC v. 344), who may, however, have been a later wife.] was married to William de Ferrers of Groby, [Ferrers had been in wardship successively to the elder and the younger Nicholas de Segrave until he proved his age in 1293.] Eleanor to Nicholas de Kerrial of Croxton Kerrial (Leics.) and Stockbury (Kent) in 1304, and Christine to John de Mohun of Dunster in 1305.
John died in Oct. 1325 and Stephen only two months later, leaving two sons, John (II) (born 1315) and Stephen. Both Christine and Alice survived their husbands, Christine still living in 1331 and Alice in 1338 with both jointures and dowers, so it was a much reduced inheritance which was granted in wardship to Thomas of Brotherton, earl of Norfolk, in Jan. 1327. John (II) married Brotherton's elder daughter Margaret, having been gradually allowed possession of some of his inheritance before he reached full age. Brotherton had granted portions of the estate to others; in Oct. 1331, when John was 16, he and John de Grey of Rotherfield were granted the manor of Seagrave by John de Grey of Codnor, and in Jan. 1333 he and Sir William Giffard were granted lands in Leicestershire, Derbyshire, Surrey (a holding in Lambeth) and Oxfordshire (a small rent) by Sir John Germy. His brother-in-law, Edward of Brotherton, was dead by 13 Sept. 1337, which left John's wife and her sister Alice as coheirs apparent of their father. John was campaigning abroad when he heard c. 21 Sept. 1338 of his father-in-law's death, and he returned almost immediately to claim his wife's inheritance; a month later his daughter Elizabeth, the ultimate heir of Thomas of Brotherton, was born at Croxton Abbey. [CIPM x, no. 12.] Brotherton's widow Mary held a large proportion of the inheritance in jointure and dower, and Edward's widow Beatrice held the Sussex lands in jointure, but the remainder of the Brotherton lands in Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were divided between Margaret and Alice. On 15 Dec. 1338 John appointed an attorney to take seisin of the manors of Lopham, Forncett, Framingham Parva and Suffield (Norf.), Great Chesterford, Romford and Dovercourt with Harwich (Essex) and the hundred of Earsham (Norf.). The countess Mary died in 1362, Alice's purparty reverted to Margaret in 1382 and the widow Beatrice died in 1383, when Margaret inherited the whole Brotherton estate.
Meanwhile, in 1343, John had carried out a large-scale settlement. It may have been prompted by the death of his mother Alice, for in June a feoffee quitclaimed to John lands in North Piddle, Thurlaston, Whetstone and Ashbourne which he had had by John's grant and which had all been held (among others) by Alice in jointure. On Christmas Eve John granted to three feoffees all the Leicestershire manors and a bundle of other holdings, [Excluding Diseworth, which in Nov. 1343 had been granted to three feoffees for their lives.] all the Derbyshire manors, Alspath (Warws.), Stottesdon with Kingswood (Salop.), North Piddle (Worcs.), Dinnington (Yorks.), Penn with Smethmeres and Morton (Bucks.), Peasenhall (Suff.), Heydon (Essex), Barton Seagrave (Northants.) and Fenstanton with Hilton (Hunts.), and also the reversion of Whetstone and Ashbourne, held for life by his kinsman Stephen de Segrave, of Cold Overton (Leics.), Thurlaston and Flecknoe (Warws.) and 18s. rent in Chatteris (Cambs.), held for life by his brother Stephen, of the manor of Aspley (Warws.), held for life by Henry de Birmingham, and of the £17 rent in Wisbech (Cambs.) held for life by Joan 1a English. Dinnington, Peasenhall, Heydon and Barton Seagrave had been inherited by John in 1335 on the death of Maud, daughter of his great-uncle Nicholas, but the gains had been balanced by his grants to his brother, kinsman and Joan 1a English since his mother's death, or perhaps by grants by his mother. In March 1344, in the presence of his uncle the earl of Arundel and other nobles in London, he agreed that his grant of Christmas Eve would be executed and the lands regranted to himself and Margaret. They were then to be extended by six men, three of his part and three of Margaret's, and divided into moieties of which one would be delivered to Margaret for the maintenance of herself and her children and household and the payment of her debts. [Below, BCM/D/5/1/17 [GC 3051]. The witnesses included Sir John de Hales, presumably a relation of Margaret's mother Alice de Hales, and John's brother Stephen and his cousins John of Folkestone and Stephen de Segrave.] At Michaelmas a final concord duly settled Barton Seagrave, Peasenhall, Penn, North Piddle, Aspley, Alspath, Flecknoe and Thurlaston, Dinnington and Kingswood on John and Margaret, and other lands were later settled by final concords: by the time of John's death in 1353 the Leicestershire and Derbyshire lands and Wisbech, Chatteris, Fenstanton and Stottesdon were also held in jointure. [Margaret held Fenstanton and Stottesdon as 1/20 'of her own inheritance' and 19/20 in jointure. John's brother Stephen, Henry de Birmingham and Joan la English had presumably all died by Sept. 1344.] There remained only the manors of Alconbury, Chacombe, West Hatch, Kineton and Caludon, with a few holdings in Rutland and Leicestershire. In 1349 the cadet branch of Folkestone died out with the death of Mary de Segrave and the manor of Loddon (Norf.) reverted to John. [At his death in 1343 John 'le Uncle' had held Folkestone and a moiety of Moreton (Essex) by the courtesy, as well as Loddon: CIPM viii, no. 463. Although Moreton was of the Sandwich inheritance it seems to have passed to John with Loddon, as Thomas de Mowbray was holding a manor there in 1399: CIPM xviii, no. 274.]
John and Margaret had one son, John, and one daughter, Elizabeth. In May 1347 young John was betrothed to Blanche, daughter of Henry of Lancaster; it would have been an exceptional match, as Blanche was her father's coheir in 1361, and sole heir the following year, but it did not come off and Blanche was later married to the king's son, John of Gaunt. [Below, BCM/D/5/101/8 [SC 519]. Blanche was a mere baby in 1347: she was said to be only 14 in 1361. She married Gaunt in 1359. Her sister Maud, born in 1339, was married to Ralph, son and heir apparent of Ralph de Stafford, in 1344 (when he was less than eight); he had died by 1347, and in 1352 she married William duke of Bavaria, dying without issue in 1362: GEC vii. 410. It is possible that Blanche and Maud had a brother who died young, which would explain their early betrothals to boys less distinguished than the husbands to whom they were later married: GEC xii (1), 177.] By May 1349 Segrave was negotiating the double marriage with Mowbray, for John and Elizabeth to marry Mowbray's children Blanche and John. Young John de Segrave had died before his father's death in May 1353 and 14-year-old Elizabeth was her father's heir. [For the descent of the Brotherton inheritance, below, BCM/D/7. Elizabeth proved her age in Sept. 1353; CIPMx. no 121.] It was for some time a somewhat empty windfall, as only six manors in Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire and Wiltshire passed directly to the young couple, Elizabeth's mother Margaret holding much of the inheritance in jointure and having dower in Loddon and the rest of the Yorkshire lands. [CIPM xii, no. 397.]

Note: The enthusiastic assistance of Samantha letters in the preparation of this section is recorded with particular gratitude. She was editing the Seagrave Cartulary (BL Harl. MS 4748) as part of her thesis 'The Seagrave family c. 1160-1295' (University of London PhD 1997). Any unreferenced statements in what follows are drawn from her work.


THE ESTATE AND SETTLEMENTS  BCM/D/5/1  [n.d.]


Related information: For other large-scale settlements which involved Segrave lands, see BCM/D/1/1/1-28.

MINORITY OF JOHN DE SEGRAVE, 1325-36  [no ref. or date]

Lands granted to Richard Grey of Codnor  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Richard Lord Grey of Codnor was a lieutenant of Brotherton: GEC vi. 125.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/1  [1331]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir Richard de Grey, lord of Codnor; and Sir John de Grey, lord of Rotherfield, and John son of Stephen de Segrave. 13 Oct. 5 Edw. III
Richard has leased to John and John the manor of Segrave, which he had by grant of Sir Thomas earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, marshal of England, to hold until the full age of the said John de Segrave.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC2733 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/2  [1331]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir John de Grey of Rotherfield and Sir Richard de Grey of Codnor. 15 Oct. 5 Edw. III
Whereas John is bound to Richard in £100 by a recognisance of 13 Oct. 5 Edw. III, to be paid at £60 at the Michaelmas next following and £40 at the Michaelmas following that, John grants that he is bound to pay the £100 at Richard's manor of Evyngton (Leics.).
At: London.
[Please quote GC2734 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/3  [26 Nov. 1331]
Language:  French

Contents:
Richard de Grey, lord of Codnor, and Sir John de Grey of Rotherfield. Tues. after St. Katherine, 5 Edw. III
Richard has received from John 25 marks in part payment of £60 which John is bound to pay at the Michaelmas following.
At: London.
[Please quote GC2737 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Lands granted to John Germy  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/4  [9 Jan. 1333]
Language:  French

Contents:
John Germy; and Sir William Giffard and John de Segrave, son and heir of Sir Stephen de Segrave. Sat. after Epiphany, 6 Edw. III
John has granted to William and John all the manors, vills, lands, holdings, hundreds, rents, services, knights' fees and advowsons which he had by grant and lease of his dear lord Sir Thomas earl of Norfolk, marshal of England, in the counties of Leicester, Derby, Surrey and Oxford, to hold of John Germy until the full age of the said John de Segrave.
At: Ipswich.
[Please quote GC2761 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/5  [9 Jan. 1333]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir William Giffard and John de Segrave. Sat. after Epiphany, 6 Edw. III
Whereas Sir John Germy has leased and granted to William and John all the manors [etc.] which he held in wardship by lease of the Earl Marshal of the inheritance of John, to them jointly, by a writing which is in the custody of John de Overtone, if John pays to the said Sir William 200 marks, half at Easter following and the other half at Michaelmas, at Haddelegh, then the said writing shall be delivered to John, and William has granted that all the manors [etc.] with their issues and profits shall remain with John without challenge by William.
At: Ipswich.
[Please quote GC2762 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/6  [1334]
Language:  French

Contents:
William Giffard and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave. 4 April 8 Edw. III
William has granted to John the wardship of the manors of Bretteby and Overtone, and the holdings and rents in the vills of Somerdby, Picwell, Repyngdon, Donantesthorp, Brassyngton and Baggerhowe, which he had by grant of the Earl Marshal; to hold until his full age.
At: Clapton.
[Please quote GC2790 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/7  [28 July 1334]
Language:  French

Contents:
Thomas earl of Norfolk and John de Segrave his son-in-law. 28 July 8 Edw. III
Thomas has granted to John freedom to present to any of his advowsons that may become vacant, even though the king, his nephew, has granted to Thomas the wardship and marriage of John.
At: Newport (Essex).
[Please quote SC497 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MARRIAGES AND JOINTURES  [no ref. or date]

Stephen de Segrave and Alice de Arundel, 1314  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Despite the grant of Flecknoe to Stephen and Alice (below, BCM/D/5/1/13 [GC 2217]), that manor was said to be held in jointure by Stephen's parents John and Christine in John's inquisition post mortem of 1325. That grant and BCM/D/5/1/12 [GC1976] show that the lands were granted to John and Christine for regrant to Stephen and Alice.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/8  [27 Jan. 1314]

Contents:
John lord of Segrave; and Sir Stephen his son and heir and Alice, Stephen's wife. Sun. before the Purification, 7 Edw. II
John has granted to Stephen and Alice his manor of Daleby (Leics.) and holdings in Melton and Oleby, his manor of Hache (Wilts.), and his holding in Wysebeche (Cambs.), to them and Stephen's heirs.
Witnesses: Sir John de Holte, Sir Walter de Pavele, Sir John le Rous, Sir Thomas Tresgotz, John Pecche, Sir John de Blaugmoster, knights.
At: 'Kyveleye'.
[Please quote GC483 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/9  [c. May 1314]

Contents:
Edmund earl of Arundel; and Sir John lord of Segrave and Christine his wife. n.d.
Edmund has granted to John and Christine, and John's heirs, all his lands and holdings, and all his possessions of his inheritance in the manors and vills of Rependon and Tikenhale with their members (Derb.), and all his part of the hundred of Rependon.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas earl of Lancaster, Sir Guy earl of Warwick, Sir Ralph Basset, Sir John de Somery, Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Sir Robert de Holand, Sir John de Mohun, Sir Henry Tregoz. [Of the witnesses to this and the following two charters, the Segraves were closely linked with Lancaster; Warwick was Lancaster's ally in the spring of 1314; Holland was Lancaster's satellite; Basset was related to Arundel and Somery; Somery was John de Segrave's first cousin; Nicholas de Segrave was John's brother; Mohun was John's son-in-law.]
[Please quote GC1028 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/10  [c. May 1314]

Contents:
Edmund earl of Arundel; and Sir John lord of Segrave and Christine his wife. n.d.
Edmund has granted to John and Christine, and John's heirs, all his lands and holdings, and all his possessions of his inheritance in the manors and vills of Rependon and Tikenhale with their members (Derb.), and all his part of the hundred of Rependon, also in Allesphath with its members (Warws.), also in Barwe and Querndon super Sor' with their members (Leics.), with the view of frankpledge in all the said manors and vills; rent 1d. a year for the hundred and views of frankpledge.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas earl of Lancaster, Sir Guy earl of Warwick, Sir Ralph Basset, Sir John de Somery, Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Sir Robert de Holand, Sir John de Mohun, Sir Henry Tregoz.
[Please quote GC1027 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/11  [c. May 1314]

Contents:
Edmund, earl of Arundel; and Sir John lord of Segrave and Christine his wife. n.d.
Edmund has granted to John and Christine all his lands and holdings, and all his possessions, in the manor and vill of Barwe and Querndon super Soram (Leics.), with the view of frankpledge and all other liberties; to them and John's heirs, rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas earl of Lancaster, Sir Guy [Beauchamp] earl of Warwick, Sir Ralph Basset, Sir John de Somery, Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Sir Robert de Holand, Sir John de Mohun, Sir Henry Tregoz.
[Please quote GC854 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/12  [1314]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Edmund earl of Arundel; (2) his tenants of Barrow-upon-Soar; (3) Sir John lord of Segrave and Sir Stephen his son. 28 May 7 Edw. II
Edmund commands his tenants of Barwe sur Sore to attorn for their fealties to John and Stephen, and for the services which they previously owed to him and his ancestors, which fealties and services he has granted to John and Stephen as in his charter.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC1976 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/13  [1318]

Contents:
(1) John lord of Segrave; (2) Walter Darderne his valet; (3) Stephen de Segrave his son and Alice, Stephen's wife. 26 Jan. 11 Edw. II
John has appointed Walter his attorney to give seisin to Stephen and Alice and their issue, of his lands and holdings in Fleckenowe, as in his charter, along with the lands and holdings which escheated to John on the death of his brother Henry de Segrave.
At: Nottingham Castle.
[Please quote GC2217 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

John (II) de Segrave and Margaret Marshal  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/14  [28 June 1343]

Contents:
William de Warkenhedby, chaplain, and Sir John lord of Segrave. Sat. after the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 17 Edw. III
William has quitclaimed to John the lands and holdings which he had by John's grant in the manors and vills of Northpydel (Worcs.), Thurlaxton (Warws.), Whestone (Leics.), Asshburne, Offedecote, Underwod, Medeleye, Hogenoston and Beggerhowe (Derb.). [All these lands had been held in jointure by John's mother Alice.]
Witnesses: Sir John de Folevylle, knight, William de Barnesby, Robert de Stoktone of Burgh, Robert de Gaddesby of the same, Thomas de Overton.
At: Cold Overton.
[Please quote GC3057 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/15  [24 Dec. 1343]

Contents:
John lord of Segrave; and William de Neutone, parson of Seagrave, William de Loughtone, parson of Witherley, and John de Repyngdon, parson of Overton. Wed. Christmas Eve, 17 Edw. III
John has granted to William, William and John the manors and advowsons of Segrave and Sylby, Mountsorell with appurtenances in Cotes, Thirneby, Smythesby, Wymundeswold, Dalby, Houby, Thorp Secchevill, Twyford, Thurmaston, Thorp Bussard, Melton and Wytherdele, the manor of Chaucombe Dalby, the hundred of Gosecote, the advowson of Kegworth, the castle of Bretteby and Rostlaston and appurtenances in Repyngdon, Cotone, Lyntone, Meltone, Wylyngton, and Allespath (Warws.), and Stodesdone, Kyngeswode and Hakercote, except one twentieth (Salop.), the manor and advowson of Pidele, and the manor of Dynyntone, with rents and services in Tykhull (Notts.), the manors of Penne, Smythemere and Morton (Bucks.), Pesenhall (Suffolk), Heydene (Cambs.), the castle of Barton and wood of Boughton (Northants.), the manor and advowson of Stanton, except one twentieth (Hunts.), Hiltone, Draytone, and Bokesworth; and the reversion of Wheston and lands in Assheburne and Howes after the death of kinsman Stephen de Segrave; the reversion of Overtone, Somerdby, Pykwell, Thurlaston, Flekenho and 18s. rent in Chaterys after the death of John's brother Stephen de Segrave; the reversion of Aspeleye after the death of Henry de Burmyngham; and the reversion of the rent of £17 in Wisbech after the death of Joan la Englys.
Witnesses: Sir John Rynel, knight, Sir Henry de Burmyncham, Sir Nicholas Pecche, Sir Ralph de Bracebrugge, Sir John de Halys, Sir Richard de Herthull, knights, John de Peyto the younger, Richard de Whitacre, John de Stoke, Thomas de Shultone, William Erneys.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC3086 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/16  [24 Dec. 1343]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) John lord of Segrave; (2) Robert de Kegworth and William de Penyngton; (3) Esmond de Gonevill, parson of Terrington, William de Neutone, person of Seagrave, William de Loughtone, parson of Witherley, and John de Repyngdon, parson of Overton. Wed. Christmas Eve, 17 Edw. III
John has appointed Robert and William his attorneys to deliver seisin to Esmond, William, William and John of all his manors viz. as in his charter [above, BCM/D/5/1/15, GC 3086].
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC3085; duplicate GC3087 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/17  [25 March 1344]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave, and Margaret his wife. Thurs. the feast of the Annunciation, 18 Edw. III
In the presence of the earl of Arundel and other nobles, John has granted that his charter to Esmond de Gunvill, parson of Tyryntone, William de Neuton, parson of Segrave, William de Loughton, parson of Weth'del, and John de Repyngdon, parson of Overtone, of the castles, manors, hundreds and advowsons should be executed and the lands re-enfeoffed to himself and Margaret and their issue, and they shall be extended by good men, three of the lord's part and three of the lady's, and divided into two parts, and one half delivered to the lady for the maintenance of herself and her children, so that her debts will be paid from her purparty saving reasonable expenses for her household, and that the lord's son shall not be married without the assent of the lord and lady, and that she will have the children and household, and the lord will not be charged for her debts.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Sheltone, Sir Thomas Buset, Sir Thomas Dovedale, Sir John de Hales, knights, Stephen de Segrave, John de Segrave, Stephen de Segrave the cousin, Robert de Ellerton, Richard Trewelove.
At: London.
[Please quote GC3051 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/18  [6 Oct. 1344]

Contents:
John de Segrave, knight, and Margaret his wife; and William de Neutone, parson of Seagrave, William de Loughton, parson of Witherley, and John de Repyngdon, parson of Overton. One week after Michaelmas, 18 Edw. III
Copy of final concord concerning the castle and manor of Bartone and 40 a. of wood in Boughton (Northants.), the manor of Pesenhale (Suff), the manor of Penne and 6 messuages, 1 carucate and 5 virgates of land in Mortone and Smethmere (Bucks.), the manor and advowson of Pydele (Worcs.), the manors of Aspale, Alspathe, Flekenho and Thurleston (Warws.), the manor of Dynyngton (Yorks.) and the manor of Kyngeswode (Salop.); John has acknowledged the right of William, William and John by his gift, and they have granted the lands to John and Margaret and their issue, with remainder to John's right heirs.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC3101 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/1/19  [Hen. III, 1233]

Contents:
King Henry III and Stephen de Sedgrave. 2 Nov. 18
The king has confirmed to Stephen the grants made to him by William Warenne, earl of Surrey (in Duninton, Anestan and Kiveton), Alice countess d'Eu (in Duninton and the mill of Forda), William de Ferrers, earl of Derby (in Mathlak, Ferrmlegh and Bentescar), Ranulf earl of Chester (at Montsorell, the advowson of Kegworth, and in Bretteby), John de Scotia, earl of Chester (Almundeber' in Weston, and the mill. . .), earl William de Mandeville (100s. rent in Aumodesham), Maud countess of Essex (.. . Lincs., viz. £10 a year), John FitzGeoffrey (in Pydel in Worcs. and in Koldoverton), John de Grey (in Koldoverton and Raund), Geoffrey de Bakepuz (in Koldoverton), Jocelin de [Hautrive] (in the same vill), Henry Pypard (in Thorenton), Geoffrey prior of Thornholm and the convent (all their land... 300 a. of land in the marsh of Wysebeche).
Witnesses: P[eter des Roches] bishop of Winchester, J[ohn the Scot], earl of Chester and Huntingdon, J[ohn de Lacy], earl of Lincoln and constable of Chester, H[umphrey de Bohun], earl of Hereford, Walter de Lascy, Henry de Aldithel, Walter de Bello Campo, Ralph son of Nicholas, John son of Philip, Geoffrey Dispenser, William de Picheford.
At: Hereford.
[Please quote SC231 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

AMERSHAM (BUCKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
William de Mandeville, earl of Essex, granted to Stephen rents of 46s. 6d. in Amersham between 1216 and 1227, but when Henry III confirmed the grant in 1233 the rent was said to be 100s. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 29d.; and see above, BCM/D/5/1/19 [SC 231].] Stephen later granted the rents to John de la Ripe and, after a legal dispute with Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford (and William de Mandeville's heir), Stephen quitclaimed his right to the rents to Humphrey in exchange for the service of John de la Ripe in Heddington and Manningford Bohun (Wilts.). [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 30.]

BEACONSFIELD (BUCKS.)  BCM/D/5/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Segrave Cartulary shows the charter below as relating to Beaconsfield. Stephen acquired other rents of 2s. 1d. from Hugh Pik and of 8d. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 29d.] Rents of 3s. 4d. from Beaconsfield formed part of the dower of Ida de Hastings, widow of Stephen de Segrave, but later may have been paid to Penn.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/2/1  1199-1216


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 29d.]

Contents:
Hugh Pik and Stephen de Seggrave. n.d. [temp. John]
Hugh has sold and quitclaimed to Stephen the services of Geoffrey de Crannesmore, viz. 6d. rent a year, for which Stephen has given him 6s.
Witnesses: Richard de Latur, Geoffrey de Borestrode, Roger. .., Alard de Dena, William de Leicestria, Geoffrey the clerk.
[Please quote SC107 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MORTON (BUCKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Morton was associated with 'Smethmeres', in Little Marlow, in being granted to John de Somery by Nicholas de Segrave and again in the settlement of 1343. Although mentioned then as a separate manor, in the regrant it was combined with Smethmeres as six messuages, 1 carucate of land and 5 virgates. It does not appear later in the muniments by name.

PENN (BUCKS.)  BCM/D/5/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Penn was the family's principal holding in Buckinghamshire and appears in most of the inquisitions and settlements until the end of the 15th century, sometimes as Segrave in Penn. Stephen de Segrave made a sustained effort to acquire all the portions of the Turville holding, as well as other holdings, and there are several other references to the manor in the Segrave Cartulary. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 28 and d.]

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

The Turville (formerly Penn) holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/1  [24 May 1224]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 28]

Contents:
Roger de Craft and Cecilia [Cecilia was a daughter of Isabel de Turville.] his wife; and Stephen de Segrave. Morrow of Ascension, 8 Hen. III
Final concord concerning one third of the land which belonged to Colin de la Penne; Stephen has acknowledged the right of Roger and Cecilia to the land and they have granted it to Stephen to hold of them and of Cecilia's heirs as one twelfth of a knight's fee. Stephen has given them 20 marks.
[Please quote SC173 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/2  Early-Mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 28d.]

Contents:
Petronilla de Turvill and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Petronilla has granted to Stephen one third of the land which was of Colin de la Penne in la Penne; for the service of one twelfth of a knight's fee, and Stephen has given her 20 marks.
Witnesses: Henry de Brahibroc, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Walter de Bescbroc.
[Please quote GC569 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/3  Early-Mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 28d.]

Contents:
Isabel de Turvill and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Isabel has confirmed to Stephen all the escheats and other appurtenances which might come to her from the land which was of Colin de la Penne in la Penne.
Witnesses: Henry de Braibroc, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Walter de Besebroc, Robert de Lamore, William de Wasteneis, Robert de Waletone, Gilbert Mallore, Robert le Glorius, Robert de Atteneston, clerk, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote GC1564 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/4  Early-Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Isabel daughter of the late Petronilla de Turvill and William de Turvill her brother. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Isabel has granted to William all the land in the vill of Penna which she had by grant of Petronilla her mother; to hold in chief of Sir William de Turvill, rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Sir John de Penna, Richard le Eyr of the same, John de Hybernia, William de Ditheswrht, William de la Stokke.
[Please quote GC1565 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/5  Early-Mid 13th cent

Contents:
William de Turevill and Margery his daughter. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has granted to Margery all the land which he had in the vill of Penna by the grant of Isabel his sister; rent 2d. a year.
Witnesses: Sir Hugh de Herdebar', knight, Sir John de Penna, knight, Richard le Eyr, William de Diethesworth, William de la Stokke.
[Please quote GC831 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/6  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 28]

Contents:
William de Turvilla and S[tephen de Segrave]. n.d. [temp. Hen III]
William has granted to Stephen 30 a. of land with wood upon it in his wood called Neu[wood]; rent two white gloves at Easter.
Witnesses: Henry de Segrave, Richard de Turvill,. .., Richard de Cusinton, Geoffrey Poutrell, Robert de Scepe, Gilbert de Manecestre, Henry de E. . .
[Please quote SC264 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Chelveley holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/7  1216-1272

Contents:
John Davi de Penn and Henry son of John de Chalveleie. n.d. [temp. Hen III]
John has granted to Henry various plots of land in la Penne; rent of 27d. a year, and Henry has given John 4 marks.
Witnesses: Peter Harewy, William de la Stocke, Samson de la Stocke, Thomas de Chalvele, Richard de Haemere.
[Please quote SC364 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/8  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Juliana Davi of la Penn, widow, and Sir John de Segrave. n.d.
Juliana has granted to John, his heirs and assigns all her lands and holdings in the vill of la Penne which she had by grant of her brother Henry de Chelveleye.
Witnesses: John de la Penne, John atte Lude, Robert Bakerking, William Vernis, William Pik, Robert de Bovedone, William Belinges.
[Please quote GC2508 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/9  1272-1307

Contents:
Henry Davi of Penne and Sir John de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Henry has quitclaimed to John all the lands which he had by grant of Juliana his mother in la Penne.
Witnesses: John de la Penne, John atte Lude, Robert Baterking, William Vernis, William Pik, Robert de Bovedon, William Belinges.
[Please quote GC1331 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Crendon holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/10  [18 Jan. 1299]

Contents:
Robert de Crendon, knight, and Margery his wife; and Sir John de Segrave, son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Segrave. Sun. after St. Hilary, 27 Edw. I
Robert and Margery have granted to John all their land in the vill of Penna and all appurtenances.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de la Vache, Sir Laurence de Blontisdone, knights, John de la Penne, John atte Lude, John de Assewelle, John atte Stokk of Amersham, Robert Cantelo.
At: Penn.
[Please quote GC646 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/11  [18 Jan. 1299]

Contents:
Robert de Crendon, knight, and Margery his wife; and Sir John de Segrave, son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Segrave. Sun. after St. Hilary, 27 Edw. I
Robert and Margery have granted to John his villeins Robert le Rede and Hugh atte Stompe and all his other villeins in the vill of la Penne, with their suit and their issue, messuages, lands and holdings; further, 22s. 3d. annual rent, viz. from the priory of Merlawe 5s., John de la Penne 7d., Robert de Bovendon 8s. 6d., Reginald de Halton 6d., Roger le Wodeward 6s. 8d., Samson atte Brok 12d., from the lands and holdings which they held of him in the vill of la Penne.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de la Vache, Sir Laurence de Blontisdone, knights, John de la Penne, John atte Luide, John de Hassewell, John atte Stokk of Amersham, Robert Cantelo.
At: Penn.
[Please quote GC645 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Testard holding  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
John de Segrave's grandfather seems to have already had an interest in the Testard holding: Ralph Testard and his wife Joan quitclaimed to Gilbert all the land called Appelterrescowe: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 28d.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/12  [29 Sept. 1301]

Contents:
Robert de Batelkyng and Felicia Tastard, daughter of Ralph the porter of Westminster. Michaelmas, 29 Edw. I
Robert has granted to Felicia the annual rent of 12s. for her life, due from her for her life, in la Penne.
Witnesses: Robert de Cantelo, John de Alderugge, Roger le Markant, William Aldwyne, John son of Syred, Simon de. .., Simon de Ferrur [sic], William de Bolynge of Penn, Roger le Wodeward of the same, William le Juvens of the same.
At: Penn.
[Please quote GC1021 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/13  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Felicia Tastard of Penn, daughter of the late Ralph, porter of the abbot of Westminster, and Robert de Batelk[ing]. n.d.
Felicia has quitclaimed to Robert lands in the parish of la Penna, and he has given her 10s.
Witnesses: William de Heddesore, John de Aldderugge, William le Flechur, Simon le Ferrur, William de Belingge, Roger Aldyt, Roger de Lude.
[Please quote GC1557 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/14  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Felicia Tastard, daughter of the late Ralph Tastard, formerly porter of the abbot of Westminster, and Sir John de Segrave. n.d.
Felicia has granted to John, her chief lord, all her land in the parish of le Penne which she had by grant of Ralph her father; rent a rose a year, and John has given her £20.
Witnesses: John du Brok, William de Covis, Walter Goiny, Richard de la Vache, John de Ligrave, Robert de Cantelupo, William clerk of Begesfeud, William le Pik of Penn, Peter de..., Roger the forester (forestarius), Peter de Sydeham.
[Please quote GC973 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/15  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 28d.]

Contents:
Reginald son of Basilia and Stephen de Seggrave. n.d.
Reginald has sold to Stephen for 6s. a rent of 6d. a year in Penn due from John son of James de Penna.
Witnesses: Richard de Turvill, parson of Penn, Ralph de Puteham, Richard de Latur, Geoffrey de Borestrode, William de Leicestre, Roger Heres, Geoffrey the clerk.
[Please quote SC137 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/16  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Amabel de Segrave and Thomas Taillard. n.d.
Amabel has granted to Thomas her wood called Trasselis grove, and a plot of land called Ymbecroft, three half-acres called le Buttis, 2 a. in the same field, 3 a., and 8 plots of land in Lineworthe containing 3½ a. called Sarpecroft; rent a fletched arrow a year.
Witnesses: William de Madineham, John de Assewell, Thomas de la Lude, Roger de la Lude, Nicholas Hochede, John son of William de Woubourn, William de Clivedeyne.
[Please quote GC1541 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/17  [1258 x 1295]

Contents:
Robert del Ylle, prior of Portsmouth, and Nicholas de Segrave. n.d.
The prior has quitclaimed to Nicholas an annual render of 4 quarters of wheat from the manor of Penne, which Stephen de Segrave, Nicholas's grandfather, gave for the support of the poor; Nicholas has given the prior and convent 100s.
Witnesses: Sir John de Diggeby, Sir Theobald de Nevile, Peter Belhost of Leicester, Ranulph de Belegrave, Roger Brabazun, William de Normanton, Robert le Brune.
[Please quote SC421 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/18  [12 June 1299]

Contents:
John de la Penne, son and heir of Sir William de la Penne knight, and Sir John de Segrave, knight. Fri. in Whitsun week, 27 Edw. I
John de la Penne has granted to John de Segrave all his land in the vill of la Penne, above which is built a certain ditch and hedge, and 8 feet of land around the hedge and ditch, and land within the enclosure which John de Cleystrete, his villein, once held of him.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de la Vache, knight, Sir Laurence de Blontesdone, knight, John atte Lude, William le Pik of Penn, Roger le Wodeward of the same.
At: Penn.
[Please quote GC654 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/19  [1335-6]

Contents:
John Le... and... John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave, knight.... 9 Edw. III
John has granted to John de Segrave his claim in all the lands, holdings [etc.] ...
Witnesses: John atte Penne, Adam atte Glorie, John atte L....,... Belyng, Roger atte Gore.
At: Penn.
[Please quote GC2838 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/3/20  1272-1307

Contents:
Ralph le Fulur of Medmenham and Walter de Toukevil. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Ralph has quitclaimed to Walter a plot with a chamber built on it within his enclosure, viz. between his capital messuage to the south and the river, with free access, and Walter has given him 16s. Endorsed Penn co. Buk. [If it were not for this endorsement, it might be assumed that the charter refers to the manor Medmenham (Bucks.), which was part of the Arundel inheritance.]
Witnesses: Thomas de Luda, John de [Eswel], Nicholas Hocchede, John de Croynden, John Aldych, Nicholas de Wycumb, clerk, John le Godeman, clerk.
[Please quote GC1375 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SMETHMERES, IN LITTLE MARLOW (BUCKS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was acquired by Stephen de Segrave before 1230-2 and formed part of the dower of Gilbert's widow Amabel. It was then granted (as all his lands in Smethmere and Morton) by her son Nicholas to his half-brother John de Somery and his issue with remainder to Nicholas and his issue. [BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 28d., 29.] Although mentioned as a separate manor in Dec. 1343, in the regrant it was described, with Morton, as six messuages, 1 carucate of land and 5 virgates. In the 1353 inquisition post mortem it appears as 1 carucate of land, and the 'manor' of Marlow is mentioned in 1483.

CAMBRIDGE (CAMBS.)  BCM/D/5/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The small holdings acquired by John, son and heir apparent of Stephen de Segrave (d. 1241), were granted by Stephen to his widow Emma and her second husband John de Grey. [BL Harl. MS 4748 f. 23d., a grant by Stephen to John for the life of Emma in dower.]. They do not occur later in Segrave hands and probably, like Henlow, remained with the Greys.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/4/1  [before 1229]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 23d.]

Contents:
Isabel de Naddingewrth and John de Segrave, son of Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Isabel has granted to John the homage and service of Adam son of Eustace of Cantebrig' for the holding which he has in Cambridge, and that of Baldwin Blangermun; [Adam was bound to John in a rent of 12s. for 21 a. of land: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 23d.] rent a pair of white gloves or 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Henry de Nafford, Walter de Buscebosc, Robert de Nafford, William de Sancto Eadmundo, Hervey son of Eustace, Robert Seman, Maurice Ruffus.
[Please quote GC561 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/4/2  [21 April 1320]

Contents:
Hugh Gernoun, rector of the church of Elkesley, York diocese, and Sir Thomas de Segrave, rector of the church of Fenstanton. [Possibly a younger son of John de Segrave (d. 1325). A Thomas de Segrave held land in Sutton Bonington (Notts.) in the 1320s: below, BCM/D/5/69/2-3 [GC 2420, GC 2663].] Mon. before St. Mark, 13 Edw. II
Hugh has granted to Thomas a rent of 6s. 8d. from the holding held by John Kympe, tailor of Cantebr', in the parish of St. John the Baptist, in Milnestret in the vill of Cantebr'.
Witnesses: Miles de Trumpyton, Robert de Brunne, Robert de Segeford, Roger de Costeseye, Simon de Bradelee of Cambridge.
At: Cambridge.
[Please quote GC2312 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/4/3  [1 Aug. 1232]

Contents:
Alice de Staunton and John Ruffus, on behalf of (1) Leticia daughter of Robert de Rockingham and Richard de Wytewelle, (2) Mabel Pagles and Ernisius her son, and (3) Ellota daughter of Bernard. St. Peter in chains, 16 Hen. III
Final concord concerning three messuages in Cambridge; John has granted the three messuages to Alice.
At: Cambridge.
[Please quote SC225 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/4/4  [1 Aug. 1232]

Contents:
Alice de Staunton and John Ruffus. St. Peter in chains, 16 Hen. III
Final concord concerning three messuages in Cambridge; John, on behalf of the three parties [as above], has released his right to three messuages in Cambridge.
At: Cambridge.
[Please quote SC226 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CHATTERIS (CAMBS.)  BCM/D/5/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
A messuage there, by 1343 leased at 18s. a year, was often associated with the £17 rent from Wisbech (Cambs.) and with the manor of Fenstanton (Hunts.). The Segrave Cartulary has the grant of the 'manor' of Chatteris by Gilbert Pecche to Nicholas de Segrave and his wife Maud, [The cartulary records grants of the manor by Gilbert Pecche and his wife Joan to John le Fleming and his wife Agnes for their lives, and by Gilbert son of Hamon Pecche to Nicholas de Segrave and his wife Maud, along with quitclaims by Fleming to the Segraves and by Fleming's widow Agnes and Gilbert's widow Joan to John de Segrave. Nicholas and Maud were also granted a plot of land by William le Moyne: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 24.], but while the presence of a court roll (below, BCM/D/5/5/3 [GCR 187]) in the muniments suggests a manor the family's interest seems never to have amounted to more than the messuage and rent. See below, p. 723, Wisbech.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/5/1  [24 Aug. 1277]

Contents:
Berengar le Moyne, knight; and Sir Gilbert Pecche [Gilbert Pecche (d. 1291) was the elder brother of Hugh Pecche, who married Ida de Hastings, widow of Stephen de Segrave and Nicholas de Segrave's step-grandmother; Gilbert's first wife was Ida's niece, another Ida, daughter of Henry de Hastings (d. 1250), and his second wife was Joan de Creye: GEC x. 336.] and Joan his wife. St. Bartholomew, 5 Edw. I
Berengar has granted to Gilbert and Joan, and Joan's heirs, for £40, the messuage with appurtenances which he recently acquired from Gilbert in the vill of Chateris (Cambs.).
Witnesses: Sir Hamon Hautein, Hugh Pecche, Geoffrey le Moyne, Robert Pecche, Richard de Karleby, John de Solegrave, Gervase de Luton, Pain de Winterword, John de Colne, John Fytheon, Alexander de Horseheye.
At: London.
[Please quote GC474 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/5/2  [1277 x 1295]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 24]

Contents:
Reginald de Henton; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave and Lady Maud his wife. n.d.
Reginald has granted to Nicholas and Maud a messuage in the vill of Chateris, for 35s., beside the king's highway to the manor formerly of Sir Gilbert Pecche; to hold of him, rent a clove and 4d. a year.
Witnesses: William le Moigne of Berenewell, Ralph de Karesere of Chatteris, John Fithian of the same, Gilbert de Luton, Peter de Borewelle, Alexander de Horseth, Nicholas the smith.
[Please quote GC1492 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/5/3  [1375-1428]

Contents:
Court roll Nine courts, 49 Edw. III to 16 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR187 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/5/4  1272-1307


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 24]

Contents:
Richard son of William Kyng of Walpole and Christine his wife; and Reginald de Diseworhe. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Richard and Christine have quitclaimed a messuage and 2 roods of land, which Margaret daughter of Ace Freman formerly held, to Reginald de Diseworhe. [Christine and Alice, daughters of Ace Freeman, granted a messuage and ½ a. of land, which Margaret their sister formerly held, to Reginald de Diseworth and his heirs: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 24.] Endorsed Chatreis co. Cauntebrug'.
Witnesses: Ralph de Kerseye, John Phimen, Gilbert [The name is written Sylb' in the MS.] de Luton, John Brun, Peter de Buswell.
[Please quote GC1459 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

GAMLINGAY (CAMBS.)  BCM/D/5/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen de Segrave granted the rent to John de Grey to hold for the life of his wife Emma, widow of Stephen's son John, in dower but it seems not to have reverted to the Segraves and, like Henlow, may have remained with the Greys. [In the 15th century the manor of Woodbury in Gamlingay was held of the Mowbrays as of their manor of Weston (Herts.), but Weston was a Bigod manor which came to the Mowbrays only in 1413: VCH Cambs. v. 72.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/6/1  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25]

Contents:
Thomas de Kamvill and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Thomas has granted to Stephen a rent of 20s. in the vill of Gamelingheye, viz. from Baldewin de Sancto Georgio 11s., from Philip Ridel 3s. and from Ralph de Neuton 6s.
Witnesses: Henry de Brahibroc, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Stephen de Bloy, Walter de Besebroc, William Falconar, Matthew de Dunton, Robert de Ateneston, Philip de Heyrun.
[Please quote GC773 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WISBECH (CAMBS.)  BCM/D/5/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Wisbech was the family's principal holding in Cambridgeshire. Stephen de Segrave acquired 300 a. of land in the marsh of Wisbech from Thornholm Priory, confirmed by Henry III in 1233, and he was granted more land there by Hugh de Northwold, bishop of Ely 1229-41, and the cathedral priory. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 23d., grants by Hugh bishop of Ely and the priory, and a bond of Reginald de Sherwind to Stephen for a rent of £17 13s. 4d.] The rent of £17 13s. 4d. was established before Stephen's death and 2 carucates of land there were held by his widow Ida in dower. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 23d..] Geoffrey de Segrave had died without issue by Jan. 1314 when John settled his holding in Wisbech on his son Stephen and his wife Alice (above, BCM/D/5/1/8 [GC 483]), but £17 rent from Wisbech and the messuage in Chatteris were recorded as members of Fenstanton (Hunts.) and held by John at his death in 1325. The Wisbech rent was held for life by Joan la English and the Chatteris rent by John's brother Stephen by Dec. 1343, when the reversion of both was included in the great settlement: above, BCM/D/5/1/15 [GC 3086]. At John's death in 1353 they were combined as a rent of £18 in Wisbech and Chatteris, held in jointure with Margaret. The court rolls of Chatteris from 1412 to 1428 show the rent in the Mowbrays' hands; it may have passed as belonging to Fenstanton.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/7/1  [before 1301]

Contents:
John de Segrave and Sir Geoffrey his brother. n.d.
John has granted to Geoffrey all the lands and rents which he has in Wisebeche; to him and his issue, rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Henry de Segrave, and Simon de Segrave, Sir Alan la Souche, William le Ferers, Hugh le Plesi, Thomas son of Robert le Nevile. [Of the witnesses, Alan la Zouche is said to have married Eleanor sister of John, Nicholas, Henry, Geoffrey and Simon: GEC xii (2), 936. Hugh de Plescy (d. 1301) was the brother of John's wife, and William de Ferrers had married John's daughter.]
[Please quote GC1542 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ASHBOURNE (DERB.)  BCM/D/5/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Lands in Ashbourne, Offcote, Underwood and Hognaston were granted to Gilbert de Segrave (d. 1254) by William de Ferrers, earl of Derby. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19d.] Ferrers had also granted land in nearby Matlock (below) to Stephen de Segrave and, as the Matlock lands are not heard of later in Segrave hands, the two may have been exchanged. Ashbourne was granted by Nicholas (d. 1295) to his younger son Henry, who had died without issue by Jan. 1318 when they reverted to the main line and were settled by John (I) on Stephen and Alice. [At his death in 1325 Stephen was holding jointly with Alice lands in Ashbourne, Underwood and Hognaston, with 100 a. of land and a sheepcote called Beggerhowe in Brassington, and holdings in Parwich (Peverwyk), Walton and Coton, which had been held by Henry.] Alice was alive in 1338 but had evidently died by June 1343 when the lands were granted to feoffees, and by December they were held by Stephen, a cousin of the then lord John (II). They appear in both inquisitions post mortem of 1399 but not later. Ullastone and Methley are lost settlements in the parish of Offcote and Underwood, Ullastone lying near the field of Mire Leach (le Murelache).

THE POLESWORTH HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/1  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
John de Polleswurthe of Ashbourne; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Maud his wife and Henry their son. n.d. [late Hen. III]
John has granted to Nicholas, Maud and Henry 7 a. and 1 rood of land in the territory of Offecote in le Newerydinge.
Witnesses: Ralph Sparwater of Ashbourne, John Morkote, Andrew de Basinges, John the baker (pistor), Richard Witheved.
[Please quote GC1517 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/2  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
John de Polleswurthe of Ashbourne; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Maud his wife and Henry their son. n.d. [late Hen. III]
John has granted to Nicholas, Maud and Henry the toft with buildings and other appurtenances lying above Ullastonegrene, beside the road to Knyveton, and 1 a. of land in the fee of Underwode, beside the land of the rector of Esseburne, and a half-acre in the field of Meileye below Assele, viz. those which Robert super le grene granted to John; to Nicholas, Maud and Henry, and Henry's issue, with remainder to Nicholas and Maud; Nicholas has given John 4 marks.
Witnesses: Ralph Sparwater, John Morkote, Andrew de Basinges, John the baker (pistor), Richard Witheved.
[Please quote GC1516 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE BASING HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/3  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Andrew de Basyng, merchant of Ashbourne; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Maud his wife and Henry their son. n.d.
Andrew has granted to Nicholas, Maud and Henry, and Henry's issue, a toft with buildings, garden and curtilage, with the land that was of Henry Gyphun in the vill of Esseburne, also a messuage and 22 a. of land in Underwod which were formerly of John Stote, 5¾ a. of meadow, a plot of land and meadow called Murelache, a half-acre in the fee of Ullaston towards le Murelache and 1 a. of meadow in the meadow of Underwode; for £20; and if Henry dies without issue the land will revert to Nicholas and Maud and their heirs or assigns.
Witnesses: Henry de Braylisford, Henry Herberd, knights, Ralph Sparwater of Ashbourne, Roger Cokeyn of the same, John de Polleswor of the same, John Morchoot of the same, John the baker (pistor) of the same.
[Please quote GC2476 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/4  [24 June 1293]

Contents:
Nicholas lord of Segrave and his wife Maud; and Andrew de Basingges. Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 21 Edw. I
Nicholas and Maud have leased to Andrew a messuage with a garden in the vill of Asseburne (Derb.) which they had by grant of Andrew, except a barn in the messuage; for his life, rent a clove a year.
Witnesses: Sir William de Meynvil, Sir William Wycher, knights, Richard de Gorson, Roger Bokeon, John de Pollesworthe.
[Please quote GC595 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/5  [3 Jan. 1314]
Language:  French

Contents:
Ralph de Wyssenden and Henry de Segrave. Thurs. before St. Edward, 7 Edw. II
Whereas Ralph has bought a holding from Sir Roger de Bradebourne for the term of his (Ralph's) life, which holding Andrew de Basynges held for life of the said Roger, in Asshebourne, Ollaston, Underwode, Hogenaston and Metheleye, he now grants the said lands to Henry.
Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Sir John de Lylle, Thomas son of Adam of Ashbourne, Robert son of Hugh of Ashbourne, James son of Ralf of Shirley.
At: London.
[Please quote GC1959 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/6  [26 Feb. 1338]

Contents:
Alice lady of Segrave and William son of Henry de Mapiltone of Ashbourne. Thurs. after St. Matthew, 12 Edw. III
Alice has leased to William, for her life, a plot of land called le Neweruddynges in Offidecote, a plot called le Kyngesforlong in the same fee, a plot called le Fyneys and le Fordoles in Underwode, a half-acre in le Colyerrescrofte in the same vill, a plot called le Newestedeflat in the same vill, a plot called le Schapehouseflatte in the same vill, a plot called le Murilacheflatte in the same vill, a plot above le Meddeweforlong in the same vill, 9½ a. of meadow in the vill of Underwode, 1 a. of meadow in the same, a plot of meadow called le Murilache in the same and a half-acre of meadow in le Longedoles in the fee of Underwode; rent £3 10s. a year.
Witnesses: John Cokayn of Ashbourne, Thomas Adam of the same, John de Reddesleye of the same, William de Roffinton of the same, William de Clifton, clerk.
At: Offcote and Underwood.
[Please quote GC2895 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/7  [8 March 1338]

Contents:
Alice lady of Segrave and Robert le Plomer of Ashbourne. Sun. after St. Chad, 12 Edw. III
Alice has demised to Robert 1½ a. of land in Underwode and 1 rood of meadow; for her life, rent 18d. a year.
Witnesses: John Cokan of Ashbourne, William le Baxtere of the same, Thomas Thachere of the same, Richard le Glovere of the same, William Clerk.
At: Underwood.
[Please quote GC2896 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/8/8  [8 March 1338]

Contents:
Alice lady of Segrave and John de Rodesleye of.. . Sun. after St. Chad, 12 Edw. III
Alice has demised to John 1½ a. of land in Underwode, a half-acre and another half-acre, and 3 a. and 1 rood; for the life of Alice, rent 6s. 6d. a year.
Witnesses:... of Ashbourne, Hugh Morcok of the same, John Swan of the same, John Pilche of the same.
At: Underwood.
[Please quote GC2934 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BRASSINGTON (DERB.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The holding was described in Stephen de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1325 as a sheepcote called Beggerhowe and 100 a. of land, but Brassington and Baggerhowe occur as separate holdings in a charter of 1334 when they were restored to the young John de Segrave. Brassington seems to have been associated with Ashbourne. Beggerhowe occurs on its own among a group of lands including Ashbourne (otherwise all held in jointure by John's mother Alice), which a feoffee quitclaimed to John in June 1343, and a holding at 'Howes' which in Dec. 1343 was held by Stephen the kinsman with Ashbourne for life may have been Beggerhowe. Howes was not mentioned in the 1353 inquisition post mortem but occurs in those of 1399 in Derbyshire, again with Ashbourne.

BRETBY (DERB.)  BCM/D/5/9  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was granted to Stephen de Segrave by Ranulph earl of Chester (below, BCM/D/5/9/2 [SC 154]) and the king confirmed the grant in 1233. Bretby was associated with Coton-in-the-Elms, Linton, Repton and Rosliston, which seem to have been regarded as appurtenant to Bretby; all lay in the south of the county, near the border with Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire. They are mentioned together in the settlements of 1343-4, in the agreed jointure for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476 and in the grant by William Berkeley to Richard III in 1484.

KYME HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/9/1  [1208 x 1226]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19d.]

Contents:
Philip de Kima and Sir Ranulf earl of Chester. n.d.
Philip has granted to Ranulph the vill of Brettebi for £100.
Witnesses: Sir H[ugh] abbot of Chester, P[hilip] de Orrebi, justice of Chester, Henry de Aldidel, John Lestrange (Extraneus), Guarin de Vernon, T. Despenser (Dispensarius), John de Arden, A. de Sulign', Master Hugh de Cestria.
[Please quote SC151 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/9/2  [1209 x 1228]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19d.]

Contents:
Ranulf earl of Chester and Lincoln and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Ranulph has granted to Stephen the vill of Brettebi, which Simon de Kymba once held of him, for the service of a quarter of a knight's fee, in return for which Stephen relinquishes all the land which the earl had granted him at Tywa (Oxon.).
Witnesses: Philip de Orreby, justice of Chester, Baldwin de Ver, Ralph de Bray, William de Vernun, Nicholas de Litteris, John Guboud, Simon and John, clerks.
[Please quote SC154 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/9/3  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19d.]

Contents:
Repton Priory and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
The priory has granted to Stephen 8 selions of their land in Bretteby, to enclose in his park of Bretteby, and he has granted to them 8 selions of land in Bretteby, lying at Haylmundeswell.
Witnesses: Robert de Shep', John de Stapenhull, Henry de Hertesh, Ralph de Tykenhal, Robert de Bursicote, Richard de Berteshorn, Walter de Bereford.
[Please quote GC1520 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/9/4  [1351]

Contents:
John lord of Segrave and John Scot, chamberlain of his daughter Elizabeth. 6 Nov. 25 Edw. III
John de Segrave has granted to John Scot a cottage and 5 a. of land in Bretteby, which Agnes in the lone formerly held, to hold while he continues to give faithful service to Elizabeth.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC3378 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/9/5  [1448]

Contents:
(1) John [Stafford] archbishop of Canterbury, Humphrey [Stafford] duke of Buckingham, Thomas [Bourgchier] bishop of Ely, William [Waynflete] bishop of Winchester, John [Talbot] earl of Shrewsbury, Robert Lord Willoughby, Henry Inglose, knight, Thomas Danyell, Edmund Stapilton, Henry Bradfeld, clerk, Edmund Mille, Edmund FitzWilliam, John Tympley and Thomas Batvylle; (2) John Wylne, prior of Repton, John Monmouth, John Holford and Walter Brokhamton; (3) Humphrey [Stafford] duke of Buckingham, Thomas Lord Roos, John Lord Lisle, Ralph Lord Sudeley, Henry Inglose, knight, and Richard Wallet, esquire. 26 Nov. 27 Hen. VI
The archbishop and the others (1) give power of attorney to the prior and the others (2) to deliver seisin of the manors of Bretby and North Pidill to the duke of Buckingham and the others (3). [This was possibly part of a settlement on John (VI) de Mowbray's wife Eleanor Bourchier; Humphrey Stafford was Eleanor's half-brother.]
[Please quote SC598 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ACCOUNT ROLLS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/9/6  [1427-8]

Contents:
Account roll 6-7 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR339 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/9/7  [1479-80]

Contents:
Account roll 19-20 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR340 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

COTON-IN-THE-ELMS (DERB.)  BCM/D/5/10  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was one of the holdings constantly associated with Bretby: BCM/D/5/9. It was granted to Stephen de Segrave by Henry III after some devious dealing with the heiresses of Stephen de Beauchamp, and in the later Stephen's inquisition post mortem of 1325 it is described as £22 9s. 10½d. of rent, with another 37s. 8d. of rent at Linton: below.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/10/1  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19d.]

Contents:
Stephen son of Burge de Lymesy, [Burge de Lymesy had granted to Stephen de Segrave all his lands in Coton, and Burge's son Stephen had granted another virgate there to Stephen de Segrave. Robert de Sheppey quitclaimed 2 virgates and a croft of the fee of Burge de Lymsey to Gilbert: BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 19d.-20.] and Gilbert de Segrave his lord. n.d.
Stephen has granted to Gilbert 1 bovate of land in the vill of Kotes, which Robert de Shepeia formerly held at term, and one croft which Ivo le Chen held.
Witnesses: William de Wasteneys, Robert de Shep', Richard de Torp, Richard de Wellincton, John de Stapenhull, William de Basagts, Ralph son of Godfrey, Ralph Aawers, Richard de Pickwrth.
[Please quote GC817 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LINTON (DERB.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lands there were granted to Stephen by Gresley Priory. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f 21.] See also BCM/D/5/9 and 10, Bretby and Coton-in-the-Elms.

MATLOCK (DERB.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Land in Matlock was granted to Stephen de Segrave by William de Ferrers, earl of Derby, and confirmed to Stephen by Henry III in 1233, but does not occur later in Segrave hands and may have been exchanged for the lands in Ashbourne granted to Gilbert de Segrave by Ferrers: above, BCM/D/5/8

MILTON (DERB.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The holding was apparently an appurtenance of Bretby (BCM/D/5/9) but was mentioned only in the grant of Dec. 1343 and in both inquisitions post mortem of 1399.

REPTON (DERB.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Repton and Ticknall were among the manors granted to John de Segrave and his wife Christine by Edmund FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, in 1314, probably in connection with the marriage of John's son and heir Stephen to Alice, possibly Arundel's sister. Repton was one of the manors restored to the young John de Segrave in 1334: above, BCM/D/5/1/6 [GC 2790]. Thereafter it was constantly associated with Bretby (BCM/D/5/9) to which it seems to have been appurtenant.

REPTON HUNDRED (DERB.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Arundel's portion of the hundred was granted to the Segraves with the manor of Repton (above) by Edmund FitzAlan, earl of Arundel.

ROSLISTON (DERB.)  BCM/D/5/11  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Lands there were acquired by Stephen and Gilbert de Segrave and it was one of the holdings constantly associated with Bretby: BCM/D/5/9. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 20 and d]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/11/1  [1465]

Contents:
John [de Mowray] duke of Norfolk, Thomas [Borugchier] archbishop of Canterbury, William [Waynflete] bishop of Winchester, Henry Bradfeld, clerk, Edmund FitzWilliam and John Tymperley; and Robert Bernard, esquire. 11 Dec. 5 Edw. IV
John and the others have granted to Robert, for his good service to the duke, an annual rent of £10 from the manor of Rostlaston.
[Please quote SC613 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SMISBY (DERB.)  BCM/D/5/12  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen de Segrave was granted lands in Smisby, among other holdings, by Hugh Daubeney, earl of Arundel, as a quarter of a fee in exchange for all the holdings in Mountsorrel, Barrow and Quorndon (Leics.) which Arundel had previously given to Stephen. [BL Harl. MS 4748 f. 20.] Smisby lay very close to the Leicestershire border and in the 1343-4 settlement and later it was associated with a group of neighbouring Leicestershire holdings rather than with Bretby.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/12/1  [early Hen. III]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 20]

Contents:
Simon le Brun of Bulnee and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Simon has granted to Stephen the homage and service of Roger son of Peter de Smithesby, viz. 3s. a year for 1 virgate of land, which Jordan de Wythacree gave to Simon le Brun his father in free marriage with Denise his mother.
Witnesses: Sir Robert de Shepeya, John de Stapenhull, Henry de Herteshorn, William de Basagts, Simon de Berford, Simon de Esseby, Ralph son of Godfrey.
[Please quote GC707 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WILLINGTON (DERB.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The holding was apparently an appurtenance of Bretby (BCM/D/5/9 but is mentioned only in the grant of Dec. 1343 and in both inquisitions post mortem of 1399.

WULVERCOTE, IN BRETBY (DERB.)  BCM/D/5/13  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Wulvercote, now lost, was a settlement in the parish of Bretby. According to John de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1325, the holding there was held in jointure with his wife Christine but it is not mentioned separately later.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/13/1  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Robert de Picstok; and William de Wlvardecote and Agnes his wife. n.d.
Robert has granted to William and Agnes and their issue his hereditary claim to lands in Wlvardecote; rent 1d. a year at Wlvardecote.
Witnesses: Ralph de Tykenhall, William son of Bertram de Herteshorn, Ralph de Caldewalle, John de Bursicote, Richard de Tamenham, William son of Robert, Ambrose Walter of Bursicote.
[Please quote GC2542 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/13/2  [11 July 1286]

Contents:
Alice widow of William de Wolwardcote and William de Stanton. Thurs. after the translation of St. Thomas the archbishop, 14 Edw. I
Alice has granted to William a moiety of all the holdings, lands and meadow of her inheritance in Wolwardcote; to William, his heirs and assigns for the life of Alice, rent 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Leycestre of Burton, William le Nottere of the same, John de Stretton, clerk.
At: Burton-on-Trent.
[Please quote GC2321 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/13/3  [3 June 1301]
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Segrave and Alice daughter of William de Wolwarcote. Sat. after Trinity, 29 Edw. I
John has granted to Alice all the lands [etc.] in Wolwarcote, as in his charter, for her life. [A final concord was drawn up on the same date between John de Segrave the elder and Alice de Wilwardecote, by which Alice granted a messuage, 1 carucate of land and 5 a. of wood to John and his heirs: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 6d.]
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC1011 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/13/4  [21 Feb. 1321]

Contents:
Alice de Wolvercote and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Thurs. before St. Peter in cathedra, 1320
Alice has quitclaimed to Stephen, his heirs and assigns all the lands and holdings in the territory of Wolvercote which she had by Stephen's grant for her life.
At: Wulvercote.
[Please quote GC2302 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/13/5  [29 Sept. 1351]

Contents:
John de Segrave, lord of Bretby; and William de Napels, Margaret his wife and Robert his son. Michaelmas, 25 Edw. III
John has leased to William, Margaret and Robert his manor of Wolwerdecote; for their lives, rent 26s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: Sir Averey Sulmy, Sir John de Gresley, knights, Sire Richard Waleys, Sire William Doverton, Sire John de Repyndene, parsons, Robert de Kegworth, Henry ...
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC3373 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HEYDON (ESSEX)  BCM/D/5/14  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Heydon was held at his death in 1321 by Nicholas Segrave, who had acquired both moieties from the coheirs of Peter Picot (d. 1313). One coheir was Isabel Touke, to whom Nicholas owed £10 in Aug. 1315, and in Aug. 1319 he had a licence to acquire a messuage and 2 carucates of land from Simon de Seneville, the other coheir. [Morant, Essex, ii. 601; CPR 1313-17, 391.] On the death of Nicholas's daughter and heir Maud without issue in 1335 her lands reverted to her cousin John Lord Segrave. Heydon was included in the grant of Dec. 1343 (there said to be in Cambs.) [Heydon was transferred from Essex to Cambs. in 1895.] but does not occur in John's inquisition post mortem (which includes returns from Essex and Cambs.) or later.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/14/1  [14 Aug. 1315]
Language:  French

Contents:
Isabel Touk and Sir Nicholas de Segrave. Thurs. the eve of the Assumption, 9 Edw. II
Isabel has received from Nicholas 100s. in part payment of £10 in which he is bound to her.
At: Stowe (Northants.).
[Please quote GC2051 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ALCONBURY (HUNTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Stephen de Segrave received grants in Alconbury from Henry III in 1220 and from John le Scot, earl of Chester, between 1230 and 1233 (confirmed by the king in 1233). Alconbury was constantly associated with Weston (Hunts.). It formed part of the dower of Stephen's widow Ida de Hastings, and the reversion on her death may have been the marriage portion of Stephen's daughter Eleanor, who quitclaimed it to her nephew Nicholas. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25.] The two manors were part of the very small portion of the Segrave inheritance not held in jointure by Margaret Marshal, but in 1467 they were settled in jointure on Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk, and in 1488 the reversion on her death was granted to William de Berkeley, who then granted the reversion to Henry VII. William's brother and heir Maurice recovered the manor in 1507 and it was sold by Henry Lord Berkeley in 1600. [VCH Hunts. iii. 5-6.]

BOXWORTH (HUNTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A Quo Warranto inquiry of 1300 found that John de Segrave had a view of frankpledge and the assize of bread and ale there, and a holding was included in the settlement of Dec. 1343 (above, BCM/D/5/1/15 [GC3086]) but was not recorded later.

DRY DRAYTON (HUNTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A holding there was included in the settlement of Dec. 1343: above, BCM/D/5/1/15 [GC3086].

FENSTANTON (HUNTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
One of the manors granted to Stephen de Segrave by Henry III, Fenstanton remained one of the principal holdings of the family. In 1252 Gilbert de Segrave granted a rent of £16 from Fenstanton to his stepmother Ida and her husband Hugh Pecche, for Ida's life, in exchange for the manor of Penn, which she held in dower, but Ida and Hugh surrendered the rent soon after Gilbert's death. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 23.] Fenstanton was constantly associated with neighbouring Hilton and was very valuable, said to be worth 200 marks in 1399, when it may have included rents of £18 from Wisbech and Chatteris (Cambs.). In a similar manner to Stottesdon (Salop.), nineteen-twentieths of the manor was held in jointure by Margaret Marshal from 1353 until 1399, but thereafter the manor followed a descent similar to Alconbury. One twentieth was settled on the duchess Elizabeth in jointure in 1467; the reversion on her death was granted to William de Berkeley in 1488, and the portion reverted to Maurice (V) Lord Berkeley in 1504. The manor was sold in 1600. [VCH Hunts. ii. 282; BCM GC3086 and GC4343.]

HILTON (HUNTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Hilton was constantly associated with neighbouring Fenstanton (above). Being close to the boundary with Cambridgeshire it was sometimes recorded as in that county.

STOCKBURY (KENT)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Held by the Kerrial family, the manor was used in the negotiations for the marriage of Nicholas Kerrial to Eleanor, daughter of John Lord Segrave.

BARROW-UPON-SOAR (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A virgate of land there came with Rose, sister of Hugh Despenser, when she married the first Stephen de Segrave, and more lands were granted to Stephen by Hugh earl of Arundel, with others in Quorndon and Mountsorrel; they were later exchanged for other holdings. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.] The lands in Barrow and Quorndon were in 1314 granted by Edmund FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, to John and Christine de Segrave, his great-grandfather having inherited them in 1243 as a coheir of Earl Hugh. By 1325 Barrow was a member of Seagrave manor and the rents from it were paid to Seagrave.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

The Cat holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/1  1216-1272

Contents:
Roger de Meinilwar and Geoffrey Blot. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Roger orders Geoffrey to do the service for the land of Barwi to Stephen de Segrave until Gilbert le Cat is old enough to hold his father's lands, according to the custom of Segrave.
[Please quote SC267 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/2  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.]

Contents:
Gilbert Cat of Barrow and Stephen de Sedgrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Gilbert acknowledges that he owes to Stephen 2s. a year, for 2 virgates of land in the vill of Barrow, which he and his ancestors held of Roger de Meinilwarin and his ancestors.
Witnesses: Nicholas chaplain of Segrave, Edmund de Sedgrave, Henry his son, Roger de Cusinton, William son of Thomas, Engelrand Wysmon, Geoffrey Puterel.
[Please quote GC1287 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The London holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/3  [8 Sept. 1314]

Contents:
Robert de London of Barrow and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Sun. the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 8 Edw. II
Robert has granted to Stephen, his heirs and assigns a messuage and all his lands and holdings in Barwe super Soram.
Witnesses: Alexander Pygot of Barrow, Gilbert Pedeman of the same, Thomas le Eyr of the same, Henry de Notyngham of Thrussington, Roger de Somervill of Cossington.
At: Seagrave.
[Please quote GC1993 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/4  [15 Sept. 1314]

Contents:
Walter Cat of Barrow and Edith his wife; and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Sun. after the Exaltation of Holy Cross, 8 Edw. II
Walter and Edith have quitclaimed to Stephen the messuage and lands in Barwe super Soram which were formerly of Robert de London of Barwe, and which he had by Robert's grant.
Witnesses: Alexander Pygot of Barrow, Gilbert Pedeman of the same, Thomas le Eyr of the same, Henry de Notyngham of Thrussington, Roger de Somervill of Cossington.
At: Seagrave.
[Please quote GC1995 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/5  [15 Sept. 1314]

Contents:
Isabel daughter of Robert de Londone and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Sun. after the Exaltation of Holy Cross, 8 Edw. II
Isabel has quitclaimed to Stephen a messuage and all the lands and holdings in Barwe super Soram which were of Robert de Londone her father and which Stephen had by Robert's grant.
Witnesses: Alexander Pygot of Barrow, Gilbert Pedemon of the same, Thomas le Eyr of the same, Henry de Notyngham of Thrussington, Roger de Somervill of Cossington.
At: Seagrave.
[Please quote GC2037 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Crisp holding (also in Rushall and Quorndon)  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/6  [23 Nov. 1281]

Contents:
Robert de Fornham of Quorndon, knight, and William son of Walkelin le Crispe of Mountsorrel. Sun. before St. Andrew, 10 Edw. I
Robert has granted to William 20 a. of land in Russale; rent 20. a year and two suits a year to his court of Russale.
Witnesses: John Hervy of la Woodhouse, John de Kenwardeston, John Herbert of Quorndon, Adam Martel of the same, Robert le Cras of the same, William Eliis [sic] of the same, Robert Strongbowe, clerk.
At: Woodhouse.
[Please quote GC505 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/7  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
William son of Walkelin Crisp of Mountsorrel and Walkelin Crisp his father. n.d.
William has granted to Walkelin, for his life, 20 a. of land in the field of Ryshale, which he had by enfeoffment of Sir Robert de Fornham; rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: John Hervy of Woodhouse, Thomas son of Sigge of the same, Robert le Spenser of Swithland, Henry son of Gilbert of Woodhouse, Henry Grot of the same, John de London, clerk.
[Please quote GC985 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/8  [c. 1314]

Contents:
William son of Walkelin Crispe of Mountsorrell and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. n.d.
William has granted to Stephen, his heirs and assigns all his lands, holdings, rents [etc.] in the vills and fields of Russale, Querndone and Barue super Soram (Leics.).
Witnesses: Oliver Waleys, Roger de Somerville, John de Kenewardeston of Woodhouse, Henry Onderwod of Mountsorrell, Adam Martel of Quorndon, John son of Hugh of the same, Robert Herberd of the same, William son of Elias of the same.
[Please quote GC2505 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/9  [1314]

Contents:
Walkelin Crispe of Mountsorrel and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. 1 May 7 Edw. II
Walkelin has quitclaimed to Stephen all his lands and holdings, rents and services in Russale, Querndon and Barue super Soram (Leics.).
Witnesses: Oliver Waleys of Swithland, Roger de Somerville of Cossington, John de Kenewardeston of Woodhouse, Henry Onderwod of Mountsorrel, Adam Martel of Quorndon, John son of Hugh of the same, Robert Herberd of the same.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC1973 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/10  [1314]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Walkelin Crispe of Mountsorrel and William his son; (2) William de Sileby of Mountsorrel; (3) Sir Stephen de Segrave. 1 May 7 Edw. II
Walkelin and William have appointed William de Sileby their attorney to give seisin to Stephen in all their lands [etc.] in Russale, Querndon and Barue super Soram.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC1974 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/11  [1316]

Contents:
John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave; and John son of Edith Pedman of Barrow and Gilbert his son. 7 March 9 Edw. II
John has granted to John and Gilbert, for their lives, the cottage in the vill of Barewe which William Bille formerly held of John; rent 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Alexander Pygot, Thomas le Hirays, Gilbert Pedman, Thomas le Eyr, Walter Cat, John Daddi, John son of Gilbert.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC2086 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/12  [2 May 1316]

Contents:
John le Grage, clerk, and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Sun. before the Invention of Holy Cross, 9 Edw. II
John has granted to Stephen 7½ a. acres of land and 2 roods of meadow in the fields of Barwe, which Thomas son of Thomas le Faukener of Barwe granted to him.
Witnesses: Roger de Somervill, Robert de Overton, Gilbert Honeyn, Thomas le Messager, Roger Bourt, Alexander Pygot of Barrow, Gilbert Pedman of the same.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2095 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/13  [13 June 1316]

Contents:
Richard Hervy son of Richard Hervy of Barrow and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Sun. after St. Barnabas, 9 Edw. II
Richard has granted to Stephen a half-acre of land in Barewe, viz. in Banecroft.
Witnesses: Alexander Pigot, Gilbert Pedman, Thomas le Gyr, John Daddy, John Jainys, John de Warde.
At: Barrow.
[Please quote GC501 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/15/14  [2 July 1316]

Contents:
Stephen de Segrave, knight, and John son of Thomas le Faukoner of Barrow. Fri. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 9 Edw. II
Stephen has leased to John 3 a. of land in Barewe; to hold of the chief lord of the fee, rent to Stephen and his heirs 12d. a year and two suits a year to the view of frankpledge at the manor of Segrave.
Witnesses: Alexander Pigot of Barrow, Gilbert Pedman, Thomas le Gyr, John Jainys, John le Warde, John Daddy, Walter le Cat.
At: Seagrave.
[Please quote GC502 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BARSBY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/16  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
This holding is not mentioned separately in the muniments after 1321.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/16/1  [25 Nov. 1321]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Roger de Somerville of Cossington; (2) Robert Doverton, bailiff of Goscote [hundred]; (3) Sir Stephen de Segrave. Wed. after St. Edward the king, 15 Edw. II
Roger has appointed Robert his attorney to give seisin to Stephen of 8s. annual rent from the mill of Baruesby, and from certain holdings, in which he is bound partly by an indenture between Edmund de Ascheby and himself and partly by his enfeoffment to Stephen.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC2370 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BURTON-ON-THE-WOLDS (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/17  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The following charters may refer to Burton Lazars but Burton-on-the-Wolds is more likely because of Stephen's holding in Cotes and Prestwold (below, BCM/D/5/19/1 [GC 416]), the fields of which extended into Burton-on-the-Wolds. A rent of 2s. in Burton paid by the Cistercian abbey of Garendon was granted to Stephen by Thomas Despenser in free marriage with his daughter Rose. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11; VCH Leics. ii. 5.] Rents from Burton 'Grange' were paid to Seagrave manor in 1325.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/17/1  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11]

Contents:
William de Colevill and Stephen de Sedgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has granted to Stephen a rent of 2 marks a year in Burtone from the holding which the abbey of Gereweden held of him; rent from Stephen to William a pair of white gloves or 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Henry de Nafford, Gilbert Malore, William de Sancto Eadmundo, John de Planez, Roger de Preston, Richard de Torp, Gilbert Kenteys, Peter de Campania, Stephen the clerk.
[Please quote GC723 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/17/2  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11]

Contents:
Richard de Curezun and Stephen de Segravia. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Richard has granted to Stephen the rent of 2s. which the abbot and monks of Geroudune pay him for a holding in Burton; rent three roses a year, within a week of the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul [29 June].
Witnesses: Henry de Segrave, William de Wasteneis, Gilbert Mallore, Robert Putrel, Hugh de Berges, Simon de Monteforti, Stephen de Role, William de Sancto Eadmundo, Robert de Wilton.
[Please quote SC256 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/17/3  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.]

Contents:
Reginald abbot of Garendon and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
The abbot has acquitted Stephen of 4s. of the annual rent of 6s. which Stephen owes for the mill at Aleby. [Below, BCM/D/5/50/3 [SC 212], for the abbey's grant of the mill to Stephen at a rent of 4s. a year.] so that he and his heirs pay 2s. a year, and in return Stephen has granted to them the rent of 2s. in Burton which he had from Thomas le Despenser and another rent of 2s. there which he had from Richard de Kurzun.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Kurzon, Walter de Besebrock, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, William le Wasteneis, Gilbert Maulore, Hugh de Berwos, Robert Puterel, Geoffrey Puterel, Robert de Thorpe, John de Kimpton, Mauger de Sowsterne.
[Please quote SC444 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

COSSINGTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/18  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Lands there were acquired by Stephen's father Gilbert and may have passed in the first instance to Stephen's elder brother Thomas, since Thomas's son Hugh granted to Stephen 2 virgates with the services of the tenants. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12d.] Stephen's acquisition of other land in Cossington is recorded below, BCM/D/5/41/9 [GC 962]. The lands are not mentioned in inquisitions post mortem, and a note in the Segrave Cartulary records that it was alienated for a rent, which continued. The charter of 1477, BCM/D/5/18/4 [GC 4415], shows that the family retained an interest in Cossington, and the rents were probably paid to nearby Sileby (BCM/D/5/42), with which it was associated in the late 13th century.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/18/1  1189 - 1199


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12d.]

Contents:
Herbert son of Roger de Sedgrave and Gilbert de Sedgrave. n.d. [temp. Ric. I]
With the consent of Edith his wife and Gilbert his heir, Herbert has sold to Gilbert 1 virgate of land in Cusintona which Robert son of Dunningh holds, together with the said Robert, his wife and children; to hold in chief from William son of Ralph de Meisam, on payment of 24s. to Herbert, 2s. to Edith his wife and 12d. to Gilbert his heir.
Witnesses: William the clerk of Baruha, William chaplain of Segrave, Ralph de Cusinton, Ranulph his brother, Robert de Twiford, Henry Putrel, Roger son of Ralph de Baruha, Turstan de Pedmain, Stephen de Role, Matthew son of William, William Flaminae, William de Cusinton, Thomas son of Anketil, Hugh his son, Roger the reeve (praepositus), Herebert his son, Edmund son of Edric, Richard his son, Alfred son of William, Geoffrey his son, Wlfi son of Godfrey, Robert son of Roger, Stephen Pirin, Nicholas son of Answic.
[Please quote SC109 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/18/2  1189 - 1199


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12d.]

Contents:
William son of Ralph de Meisham and Gilbert de Sadgrave. n.d. [temp. Ric. I]
William has acknowledged the homage of Gilbert for 1 virgate of land in Cusinton which Gilbert held of William's father and which Herbert son of Roger de Sadgrave sold to Gilbert; rent 6d. a year at the feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.].
Witnesses: Thomas Despenser (Dispensarius). [Thomas was the father of Rose, first wife of Stephen de Segrave (d. 1241).] Elias de Digemeswurth, Lucian de Sedle, William de Crokeshale, Gilbert son of Picot, Richard son of Nicholas, Robert de Twyford, Henry Putrell, Stephen de Roele, Matthew son of William, Ralph de Tursteineston.
[Please quote SC41 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/18/3  [late 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 12d., 15]

Contents:
Nicholas de Segrave, knight, and Thomas son of Richard de Cusinton. n.d.
Nicholas has granted to Thomas 1 virgate of land in the territory of Cusinton, and half of his mills of Sileby, the water-mill as well as the windmill, for his life.
Witnesses: Sir Stephen de Nevile, Sir John de Diggeby, Sir John Mallore, Sir William le Waleys, Roger de Somervile, Simon Pryle of Sileby, Robert de Wauton.
[Please quote GC819 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/18/4  [1477]

Contents:
Margaret German of Cossington and Thomas Wyllot. 9 Oct. 17 Edw. IV
Margaret has leased to Thomas her half of the water-mill of Cosyngton, with half of the fulling mill, a fishery in the water, half of the willows growing above the pond called le Milnedamme, and half of the said pond; for a term of 10 years, rent 43s. 4d. a year.
At: Cossington.
[Please quote GC4415 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

COTES (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/19  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holdings there were included in the settlement of Dec. 1343 and thereafter mentioned in the inquisitions post mortem of 1353 and 1399 as part of the same settlement.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/19/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13]

Contents:
Elias son of Anketil de Prestewald and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Elias has granted to Stephen two tofts and crofts in the vill of Cotes super Sore, and 2 a. of land in the territory of Prestewald, extending to the field of Burtune called Gares, between the road to Prestewald and the road to Waletun; Stephen has given him 40s.
Witnesses: Henry de Segrave, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, William de Wasteneis, Gilbert Mallori, Anketill his brother, Hugh de Berges, Richard Puterel, G. Puterel, Henry Puterel, Edmund de Segrave.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/19/2  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13]

Contents:
Elias son of Anketil de Prestwald and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Elias has sold to Stephen for 18s. a toft and croft in Cotis super Sore, to hold by the service of a pair of white gloves.
Witnesses: Henry de Sedgrave, Richard Puterel of Cotes, Hugh de Berwes, Gilbert Maillore, Nicholas chaplain of Sedgrave, Laurence Mauduit, Geoffrey Puterel, William de Dereford.
[Please quote SC269 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/19/3  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13]

Contents:
William de Whichetona and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has granted to Stephen 10 virgates of land in Cotes super Soram; rent 2s. a year and the foreign service for one sixth of a fee. [William also granted to Stephen all his lands in Cotes at a rent of 2 marks a year: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13.]
Witnesses: Hugh the Despenser (Dispensator), David de Esseby, Henry de Segrave, Ralph Ridel, Thomas Despenser, Robert Wolf (Lupus), Ralph de Normanvill, Robert Putrel, Hugh de Merston.
[Please quote SC417 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CROXTON KERRIAL (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/20  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was used in the settlement on the marriage of Nicholas de Kerrial with Eleanor, daughter of John Lord Segrave, in 1304; if the marriage took place, Eleanor died soon after, since Nicholas was given leave to marry whom he wished in June 1307: below, BCM/D/5/20/5 [GC 1151]. Nicholas leased the manor to Stephen de Segrave in 1318 for a term of 16 years, and in 1335, shortly after the end of the term, Sir John de Kerrial sold it to John Lord Segrave, who granted it to the Premonstratensian abbey of Croxton Kerrial. [Cf. VCH Leics ii. 28-9.] John Kerrial, who proved his age in Kent in Aug. 1329, was Nicholas's son. [John's mother was Nicholas's wife Rose: CIPM vii, no. 249.]

KERRIAL MANOR  [no ref. or date]

Settlement on marriage, 1304  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/1  [24 May 1304]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Cryel, knight, and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Segrave. Trinity, 32 Edw. I
Nicholas has received from John, at Trinity 32 Edw. I, in the vill of Twedenne, by the hand of Hugh de Coninggesby, his chamberlain, £400, and has bound his manors of Croxston (Leics.) and Stokebury (Kent).
[Please quote GC1064 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/2  [25 May 1304]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Criel and Eleanor daughter of Sir John de Segrave, lord of Segrave. Monday after Trinity, 32 Edw. I
Nicholas will take to wife Eleanor and will enfeoff her in all his lands and holdings in Leicestershire, viz. in the manor of Croxston jointly, with the manor of Stokebyri (Kent) for her life, and Nicholas is acquitted of the £400 in which he was bound to John.
[Please quote GC1063 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/3  [24 July 1304]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Nicholas de Cryel, son and heir of Nicholas de Cryel; (2) Alan de Hever; (3) Stephen de Segrave, son and heir of John de Segrave. Fri. the eve of St. James, 32 Edw. I
Nicholas has appointed Alan his attorney to give seisin to Stephen in all the lands in his charter of enfeoffment to Stephen. Endorsed Leyc. - Croxt' Kyriel.
At: Berwick-upon-Tweed.
[Please quote GC1071 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/4  [c. 12 June 1307]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas de Cryel and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Nicholas has undertaken to remain (demorre) with Stephen for life as his 'bachiller', Stephen to find him robes as a 'bachillor' and wages for grooms and horses, the number varying with different situations.
[Please quote SC490 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/5  [12 June 1307]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir Stephen de Segrave and Sir Nicholas de Cryel. Morrow of St. Barnabas, 35 Edw. I
Stephen has entered the lands and holdings of the inheritance of Nicholas by his grant, and has granted them back to Nicholas, as he held them before, except that Stephen has a rent of one 'corn de bugle' from the manor of Croxston, and the reversion of the said manor if Nicholas dies without issue; also Nicholas is bound to Stephen to serve him for his life in feat of arms, as appears more fully in a writing made between them; and Stephen has released to Nicholas £100 in which he was bound, and has granted that Nicholas may marry whom he wishes and may alienate his lands to other hands so that he may be re-enfeoffed, to him and his wife jointly, when he takes a wife.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC1151 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Lease, 1318  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/6  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Nicholas has granted to Stephen two thirds of the manor of Croxtone Kiriel (Leics.), with the advowson of Croxton Abbey, except a rent of £6 from the said two thirds, and the services of Lady Margery Kiriel for the one third which she holds in dower, with the reversion of the said third, and the services of Roger de Hurst for the rent of £6 which he holds for life, with the reversion of the rent after his death; to hold of Nicholas and his issue at a rent of a rose a year for Stephen's life and for one year after his death, and thereafter 100 marks a year.
Witnesses: Sir Robert de Holande, Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Sir Ralph de Secchevill, Sir Ralph de Folevill, Sir William Marmioun, Sir John de Neville, knights, Roger Beler, Robert Doverton, Oliver le Waleys, Roger de Somervill, Henry de Notingham, Nicholas Doverton, Ralph Beler, Ralph de Gaddesby.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2223; duplicate GC2225 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/7  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Nicholas has granted to Stephen all his chattels in the manor of Croxtone Kiriel (Leics.).
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2224 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/8  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Whereas Nicholas has granted to Stephen the services of Lady Margery Kiriel for one third of the manor of Croxtone Kiriel which she holds in dower, and the reversion of the third, and the services of Roger del Hurst for a rent of £6, with the reversion of the rent, he is bound to give to Stephen all the good aid that he previously received from Margery and Roger.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2231 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/9  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Whereas Nicholas has granted to Stephen two thirds of his manor of Croxtone Kiriel with the reversion of one third and of a rent of £6, at a rent of a rose a year during Stephen's life and for one year after his death, and thereafter 100 marks a year, Nicholas has granted that if Stephen dies within 16 years of the making of this charter then the heirs and assigns of Stephen will hold the manor for the service of a rose until 16 years is completed.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2232 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/10  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Nicholas has received from Stephen 200 marks for the manor of Croxtone Kiriel.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2228 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/11  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Whereas Nicholas has granted to Stephen two thirds of his manor of Croxtone Kiriel with the reversion of one third and of a rent of £6, at a rent of a rose a year during Stephen's life and for one year after his death, and thereafter 100 marks a year, Stephen has granted, for him and his heirs, that if the said rent is not paid, Nicholas and his heirs may re-enter the manor without hindrance.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2229; duplicate GC2230 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/12  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Nicholas Kiriel, knight; (2) John de Schirford and Thomas de Horsham; (3) Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Nicholas has appointed John or Thomas his attorneys to give deliver seisin to Stephen of the manor of Croxtone Kiriel.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2233 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/13  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, lord of Croxton Kerrial, to his free tenants and others of Croxton Kerrial. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Whereas Nicholas has granted to Sir Stephen de Segrave his manor of Croxtone Kiriel, they (his tenants) must attorn to Stephen for their services.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2226 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/14  [14 April 1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas Kiriel, knight, to his very dear lady, his lady Margery Kiriel. Fri. after St. Guthlac, 11 Edw. II
Whereas Nicholas has granted to Sir Stephen de Segrave his manor of Croxtone Kiriel, Margery must attorn to Stephen for her services for one third of the manor.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2227 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Estate in fee, 1335  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/15  [26 March 1335]

Contents:
John Criel, knight, and Sir John de Segrave, knight, lord of Seagrave. Sun. after the Annunciation, 9 Edw. III
John Criel has quitclaimed to John de Segrave the manor of Croxton Criel (Leics.), and the advowson of Croxton Abbey.
Witnesses: Sir John Curzoun, Sir Thomas de Berkele, Sir John de Folevill, Sir Philip de Folevill, knights, John Dengayne of Teversham, Thomas de Seynt Omer, Robert de Welyngton, Adam Chasteyn, William de Kirkeby, John de Overton.
At: Sawtry.
[Please quote GC2812 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/16  [26 March 1335]

Contents:
John Criel, knight, and Sir John de Segrave, knight, lord of Seagrave. Sun. after the Annunciation, 9 Edw. III
Whereas John Criel has quitclaimed to John de Segrave the manor of Croxtone Criel and the advowson of Croxton Abbey, the writing has been given to the lord abbot of Sautre on the following conditions, viz. that if the said John de Segrave pays to John Criel on Sunday [2 April] two weeks after Easter next following, in Sautre Abbey, 200 marks and at St. Peter in chains [1 Aug.] 500 marks John de Segrave shall have the writing, and if he does not, then John Criel shall have it.
At: Sawtry.
[Please quote GC2814 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/17  [6 June 1335]

Contents:
(1) John Kyriel, knight; (2) Roger atte Bowre; (3) Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave, knight. Tues. in Whitsun, 9 Edw. III
John Kyriel has appointed Roger his attorney to receive 500 marks from John de Segrave at Sawtre Abbey (Hunts.), on Tues. in St. Peter in chains [1 Aug.].
At: Huntingdon.
[Please quote GC2823 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/18  [1 Aug. 1335]

Contents:
John de Kyriel, knight, and Sir John de Segrave, knight, lord of Seagrave. Tues. in St. Peter in chains, 9 Edw. III
John de Kyriel has received from John de Segrave 1,000 marks for his manor of Croxston (Leics.), which he has sold to John.
At: Sawtry.
[Please quote GC2827 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grant to Croxton Abbey, 1335  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
On 16 June 1335 John de Segrave was granted a licence to alienate in mortmain to Croxton Abbey the manor of Croxton Kerrial. [CPR 1334-8, 125.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/19  [31 March 1335]

Contents:
John de Segrave, knight, and Croxton Abbey. Fri. after the Annunciation, 9 Edw. III
John has demised to the abbey his manor of Northcroxton by Belveru', for 60 years, except the advowson of Croxton Abbey.
At: Croxton.
[Please quote GC2811 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/20  [16 Dec. 1335]

Contents:
John de Segrave, knight, lord of Seagrave, and Croxton Abbey. Mon. before St. Thomas the apostle, 9 Edw. III
John has confirmed to the abbey the manor of Northcroxton by Belveru', except 1 a. of land and the advowson of the abbey, as John Criel and his ancestors held it; to hold to the abbey, in free alms, in perpetuity.
Witnesses: Robert de Sadyngton, John de Overtone, parson of Sileby, Robert de Cateby, William de Kyrkeby, William Hauberk, John de Asseby of Grantham.
At: Croxton.
[Please quote GC2861 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/21  [23 Dec. 1335]

Contents:
John de Segrave, knight, lord of Seagrave, and Croxton Abbey. Sat. after St. Thomas the apostle, 9 Edw. III
John has quitclaimed to the abbey, in free alms, the manor of Northcroxton by Belveru', except 1 a. of land and the advowson of the abbey, as John Criel and his ancestors held it.
Witnesses: Robert de Sadyngton, John de Overtone, parson of Sileby, Robert de Cateby, William de Kyrkeby, William Hauberk, John de Asseby of Grantham.
At: Croxton.
[Please quote GC2836 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/22  [20 Aug. 1340]

Contents:
John de Segrave, knight, lord of Seagrave, and Croxton Abbey. Sun. after the Assumption, 14 Edw. III
John has quitclaimed to the abbey the manor of Northcroxtone by Belveru' with all the appurtenances except for 1 a. of land and the advowson of the abbey, as John Criel and his ancestors had it.
Witnesses: Robert de Sadington, William Dovertone, parson of Sileby, Robert de Kateby, William de Kyrkeby, William Hauberk, John Asseby of Grantham.
At: Croxton.
[Please quote GC2976 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

Grants to Hugh son of Martin  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/23  1216 - 1272

Contents:
John Moysand of Croxton and Hugh son of Martin. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has granted to Hugh his land at Abrahamwelle in the fields of Croxton, which he had by grant from Croxton Abbey; rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt, Hugh le Vacher, John on le Grene, Thomas the cook (cocus), Richard the monk (monachus), all of Croxton.
[Please quote SC389 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/24  Whit Sunday [1 June], A.D. 1270

Contents:
John son of Thomas the cook (cocus) of Croxton and Hugh son' of Martin of Croxton.
John has granted to Hugh his meadow in le Neumor of Croxston from Whitsun 1270 until he shall have gathered six crops.
Witnesses: Richard le Moyne of Croxton, Hugh son of William son of Alan, Robert son of Hugh the clerk, Roger son of Walter, John Moysand.
[Please quote SC411 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/25  1272 - 1307

Contents:
John son of Thomas the cook (cocus) of Croxton and Hugh son of Martin of Croxton n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Hugh all his meadow in le Newmor of Croxston; rent ¼. a year.
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt of Croxton, Henry Asty of the same, Richard le Moyne of the same, Roger son of Walter of the same, Roger le Cyg' of the same, Hugh Alayn of the same, John Moysand of the same.
[Please quote GC1325 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grants to Richard Moysand  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
By John the cook (cocus) and others

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/26  1272 - 1307

Contents:
John the cook of Croxton and Richard Moysand of the same. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Richard, his heirs and assigns a half-acre of land in the east field of Croxton at le Middeldeyle, one head abutting above Yarnwelle and extending towards the road beyond Grantham Gate; to hold in fee, rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: John Moysand of Croxton, William the monk (monachus) of the same, Roger son of Walter of the same, Thomas son of Simon of the same, Hugh Asty of the same.
[Please quote GC2502 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/27  1272 - 1307

Contents:
John son of Thomas the cook of Croxton and Richard Moysand of the same. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Richard his selion above Sutherhyl in the west field of Croxston; rent a root of ginger a year.
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt of Croxton, Thomas son of Simon, Hugh son of Henry Asty, Roger son of Walter, Thomas son of Hugh the clerk, John Moysand.
[Please quote GC789 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/28  1272 - 1307

Contents:
John the cook of Croxton and Richard Moysand of the same. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Richard one selion at Salt Gate, extending from Salt Gate to Wode Gate; rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Roger son of Walter of Croxton, John Moysand of the same, William the monk (monachus) of the same, Thomas son of Simon of the same, Hugh Asty.
[Please quote GC936 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/29  1272 - 1307

Contents:
John son of Thomas the cook of Croxton and Richard Moysand of the same. n.d.[temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Richard 4 selions at Gautham gate greyndes, at Tharkwelle dale, above Harneb from the meadow at Blacwellesty to Thornewellesyke, and at Stonibrynke, and two swathes (andene) of meadow in Lodeford at Stonibrynke and in Thorpedale at Turpittes; rent ¼d. a year.
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt of Croxton, Roger son of Walter, Thomas son of Simon, John Moysand, clerk, Robert son of Hugh the clerk, of the same.
[Please quote GC1294 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/30  1272-1307

Contents:
John son of Thomas the cook of Croxton and Richard Moysand of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Richard 2 selions of land in the west field of Croxston, one above Stok extending to Balsyke and one in le Byhcte; rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Thomas son of Simon of Croxton, Hugh son of William, Alan de Croxston, Roger son of Walter of the same, John Moysand of the same, Roger the smith of the same.
[Please quote GC1293 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/31  1272-1307

Contents:
John on le Grene of Croxton and Richard Moysand of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Richard 2 selions of land in the west field of Croxtone; rent a steel needle a year.
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt of Croxton, William Black (Niger), Roger the smith, Roger le Cyg', Roger son of Walter, Thomas the cook (cocus), Richard the monk (monachus) of the same vill.
[Please quote GC1391 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/32  1216-1272

Contents:
John Moysand of Croxton and Richard Moysand of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has granted to Roger a selion of land in the west field of Croxton, which he bought from Robert Parys, on Elfringes; rent a clove a year at the nativity of St. John the Baptist [24 June].
Witnesses: Richard le Moyne, Thomas the cook (cocus), Roger son of Walter, John super la Grene, William son of Reginald black (Niger), Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitorio), all of Croxton.
[Please quote SC390 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grants to Thomas de Croxton and his son Thomas  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/33  1216-1272

Contents:
Thomas son of Sewin de Croxton and Thomas son of Nicholas de Croxton, alias Thomas Reeve. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Thomas son of Sewin has sold to Thomas son of Nicholas 2 selions with meadow at the head of the selions at Grimesbrig for 7s., to hold at a rent of 1d. or a pair of gloves a year.
Witnesses: Hugh the child (infans), Robert of the infirmary (de fermaria), William the cook (cocus), Hugh the clerk of the vill [of Croxton?], Acard de Berscoldebi, Robert son of Hugh.
[Please quote SC195 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/34  1216-1272

Contents:
William le Faunt of Croxton and Thomas son of Nicholas de Croxton. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
William has granted to Thomas 2 selions of land in Croxston and all his meadow in Laverhermore touching above Castelgate; rent ½d., and Thomas has given him 8s.
Witnesses: Walter vicar of Croxton, John de Gnypthona, Elias Kneye, Elias son of Isaac, Gilbert son of Roger de Harestan, Hugh the clerk of Croxton, Thomas son of Walter, Reginald Paris, William son of Alan, John son of William ad Grene, Roger of the infirmary (de firmario).
[Please quote GC906 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/35  1216-1272

Contents:
Henry son of Robert de Croxtun and Thomas son of Nicholas. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Henry has confirmed to Thomas the meadow which Robert his father sold to Thomas in the great meadow of Croxtun next to Swelh, viz. 1½ a., and the meadow in Laverchemore; rent 1d. a year.
Witnesses: William the serjeant (serviens), Hugh the clerk, Reginald Black (Niger), Reginald de Paris, Elias Kneye, Richard the monk (monachus), William Faunt, Simon son of Thomas, Walter the smith.
[Please quote GC739 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/36  1216-1272

Contents:
Simon son of Thomas de Croxton and Thomas son of Nicholas of the same. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Simon has granted to Thomas all his land at Thredikes; rent ½d. a year, and Thomas has given him 10s.
Witnesses: Reginald Black (Niger), Hugh the clerk, William Leinfant, Reginald de Parissis, William son of Alan, Thomas son of Walter of Croxton, Robert son of Hugh, Archard son of the parson (filius persone) of Berscaldeby.
[Please quote GC1326 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/37  1216-1272

Contents:
Reginald Black (Niger) of Croxton and Thomas son of Nicholas. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Reginald has granted to Thomas 1 a. of arable land in the fields of Croxstun, namely at Thredikes; rent ½d. a year; and Thomas has given to Reginald 4s. 6d.
Witnesses: John de Gnypthona, Hugh the clerk, William Leinfant, Reginald de Parisse, William son of Alan, Thomas son of Walter of Croxton, Robert son of Hugh, Achard son of the parson (filius persone) of Berscaldeby.
[Please quote SC391 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/38  1216-1272

Contents:
Reginald Black (Niger) of Croxton and Thomas son of Nicholas de Croxton n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Reginald has granted to Thomas 1 a. of land in Croxston; rent ½d. a year and Thomas has given him 8s.
Witnesses: Walter vicar of Croxton, John de Gnyptona, Elias Kneye, Elias son of Isaac, Roger de Hareston, Gilbert his son, Hugh the clerk of Croxton, William le Enfant, Thomas son of Walter, Reginald Paris, William son of Alan, John son of William ad grene.
[Please quote GC791 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/39  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
William the child (infans) of Croxton and Thomas son of Thomas the reeve of Croxton. n.d.
William has confirmed to Thomas the grant which he made to Thomas his father, son of Nicholas de Croxston, viz. 2 selions of land in Croxston, and all his meadow in Laverkemore.
Witnesses: Master Henry, vicar of Croxton, Thomas the cook (cocus), Roger son of Walter, Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitorio), Roger the smith, Thomas the clerk.
[Please quote GC747 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/40  1216-1272

Contents:
Thomas son of Hugh the clerk, of Croxton, and Thomas son of Thomas the reeve, of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Thomas son of Hugh has confirmed to Thomas son of Thomas the selion of land in Croxton which Hugh the clerk granted to the said Thomas son of Thomas; rent ½d. a year at Easter of old custom and ½d. a year at the feast of St. Botulph [17 June] for this confirmation.
Witnesses: William Lenfaunt of Croxton, Thomas the clerk, Thomas the cook (cocus), Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitorio), Hugh Payn of Croxton.
[Please quote SC355 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/41  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
William le Enfaunt of Croxton and Thomas son of Thomas of the same. n.d.
William has granted to Thomas all his land above Stanbowis in the east field; rent three grains of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Thomas son of Simon of Croxton, Roger son of Walter of the same, John the cook (cocus), John Moysant, Hugh Hasty.
[Please quote GC746 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grants to Hugh Moysand and his son Robert  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Grants to Hugh by John the cook (cocus) and others and grants to Robert

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/42  1272-1307

Contents:
John son of Thomas the cook and Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Hugh his selion above le Gore with the appurtenances in the east field of Croxston; rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Roger son of Walter of Croxton, Hugh son of William Alayn of the same. Thomas son of Simon of the same, Robert Codinu, John Moysand of the same.
[Please quote GC1296 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/43  1272-1307

Contents:
John son of Thomas the cook and Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Hugh his selion at Spingwelledale with the appurtenances in the west field of Croxston; rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Roger son of Walter of Croxton, Roger le Cyg' of the same, Hugh son of William Alayn of the same, Thomas son of Simon of the same, John Moysand of the same.
[Please quote GC1295 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/44  1272-1307

Contents:
John the cook and Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Hugh 7 selions in Croxston, one above le Nortdayle, one above le Gore, one at Thornwelledyk, one at Spigwelledale, one at Westcumbeston, one above Overmykelberwe, and one above Northerhyl; rent ¼d. a year.
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt of Croxton, Roger le Cyg' of the same, Roger son of Walter of the same, Thomas son of Simon of the same, John Moysand of the same, Hugh son of William Alayn of the same.
[Please quote GC1297 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/45  1272-1307

Contents:
John the cook of Croxton and Hugh Moysand of the same. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Hugh a selion of arable land lying in the east field of Croxton with the herbage lying at Thornewelledyke; rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: John Moysand of Croxton, Hugh Asty, Thomas son of Simon, William le Moyne, Roger son of Walter, all of the same vill.
[Please quote SC363 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/46  1272-1307

Contents:
John the cook of Croxton and Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Hugh a selion lying above Norherhil with meadow and a fardel; rent three grains of pepper a year.
Witnesses: William the child (infans) of Croxton, Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitoria) of the same, Thomas Sewin, W. Black (Niger), Roger the smith of the same.
[Please quote GC1316 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/47  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitorio) of Croxton and Hugh Moysant of Croxton. n.d.
Roger has granted to Hugh a selion of land in the territory of Croxston; rent a needle a year at Easter.
Witnesses: William the child (infans) de Croxston, Thomas Sewin de Croxston, William Black (Niger), Roger the smith, John the cook (cocus).
[Please quote SC138 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/48  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Roger de la Fermerye of Croxton and Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d.
Roger has granted to Hugh 3 selions of arable land in the territory of Croxston, one above le Northedeyle in the east field abutting on 'la strete' between the counties of Lincolnshire and Leicestershire, one at Westpirne and one at Hucthornes; rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt of Croxton, Simon son of Thomas of the same, Elias Kneye of Compton, Roger son of Walter of Croxton, Thomas the cook (cocus) of the same, John Moysand, clerk, of the same.
[Please quote GC754 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/49  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
William Leinfaunt of Croxton and Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d.
William has granted to Hugh his selion at Cereydele in Croxston with the meadow pertaining; rent a grain of pepper a year.
Witnesses: Thomas son of Simon of Croxton, Hugh son of Henry of the same, Roger son of Walter of the same, Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitor') of the same, John the cook (cocus) of the same.
[Please quote GC775 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/50  1272-1307

Contents:
Roger le Gigur of Croxton and Hugh Moysant of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Roger has granted to Hugh a selion in the territory of Croxton; rent ½d. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas the cook (cocus) of Croxton, William Leinfant of the same, Simon son of Thomas of the same, Ralph son of William the smith (fab') of the same, William Black (Niger) of the same.
[Please quote GC1379 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/51  1272-1307

Contents:
Roger de la Piner of Croxton and Hugh Moysant of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Roger has granted to Hugh a selion with the adjacent meadow in Croxton, between Huckethornes and Croftesik; rent ¼d. a year.
Witnesses: John de Harston', clerk, William le Enfaunt of Croxton, William Black (Niger) of the same, Richard le Moyne, Roger son of the smith, of the same.
[Please quote GC1364 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/52  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Maud and Edith, daughters of Roger Gigur of Croxton; and Robert son of Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d.
Maud and Edith have granted to Robert, his heirs and assigns 7 selions of land in Croxton; rent ¼d. a year.
Witnesses: John Moysand of Croxton, Bogo son of Walter of the same, William Moynie, Hugh Hasty of the same, Thomas son of Simon of the same.
[Please quote GC2517 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/53  1272-1307

Contents:
John the cook (cocus) and Robert son of Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Robert a selion above le Middeldeile, in the east field of Croxton, of 2 a.; rent ¼d. a year.
Witnesses: William le Moyne of Croxton, Thomas son of Simon of the same, Hugh Asty of the same, Roger son of Walter of the same, Hugh Vacc' of the same.
[Please quote GC1298 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/54  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitorio) of Croxton and Robert son of Hugh Moysand of Croxton. n.d.
Roger has granted to Robert 8 selions in Croxton [each located].
Witnesses: William Leinfaunt of Croxton, Roger son of Walter of the same, Thomas son of Simon of the same, Elias Kneye of Compton, John Moysand of Croxton.
[Please quote SC307 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other grants  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/55  1272-1307

Contents:
William super le Grene, son of John super le Grene, of Croxton, and Robert Bisutheton, son of William Bisutheton of Croxton. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
William has granted to Robert a half-acre of land in the territory of Croxton with appurtenances in Andelongdale, and 1 rood of land in the same between Grimisbrigge and the meadow of Lauirkismore; rent a grain of pepper a year, and Robert has given him a certain sum of money.
Witnesses: Sir Henry vicar of Croxton, William the child (infans), Henry Asty, Thomas son of Simon, John son of Thomas.
[Please quote GC1390 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/56  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Robert son of Roger the smith of Croxton and John son of Hugh Martyn of the same. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Robert has granted to John his selion above le hay with a fardel of land in Croxston; rent a root of ginger a year.
Witnesses: Thomas son of Simon of Croxton, Hugh son of Henry, Richard de Colsteword, William le Moyne, John Moysand, all of the same.
[Please quote GC381 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/57  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Robert son of Roger the smith of Croxton and Adam son of Botulph of the same. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Robert has granted to Adam 2 selions of land in Croxston, one above Suthdeyle, between Saltegate and Milesty, and the other above Thornewelledyce; rent ½d. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas son of Simon of Croxton, Hugh son of Henry, William le Moyne, Richard de Colsteword, John Moysand, all of the same.
[Please quote GC380 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/58  [25 Dec. 1265]

Contents:
John. .. of Croxton and Robert [Bysuthover]. Christmas, 50 Hen. III
John has leased at term to Robert. .. in the west field of Croxton. .. from Christmas 50 Hen. III.
Witnesses: William the child (infans) of Croxton, Hugh Vaccar. .., Roger son of Walter,...
[Please quote GC313 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/59  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Geoffrey abbot of Croxton and Robert son of William Byswthone of Croxton. n.d.
The abbot has granted to Robert the land in Croxton which the abbey had by gift of Robert son of Thomas the clerk, viz. a selion containing 2½a., and a half-acre in the west field at the new mill; rent 2d. a year at the feast of St. Botulph [17 June].
Witnesses: William Lenfaunt of Croxton, Thomas the cook (cocus), Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitorio), Richard le Moyne, William Black (Niger), John de la Grene, Robert Paris.
[Please quote SC306 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/20/60  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Roger of the infirmary (de infirmitorio) of Croxton and William son of Hugh Moysant of Croxton. n.d.
Roger has granted to William a selion above Hordehild, one called Harewod, one at the road to Bancteswell, one at Yatewelldale, one at le Morsake, one at Huctlesrorins, one above Thorp, one above Hilstingis, one above Nortarne, one at Dedeinansike, half a dole (schara) of meadow in Unube and pasture in Dithaledalsike.
Witnesses: William the child (infans) of Croxton, Thomas son of Simon of the same, John Moysant of the same, Roger son of Walter, Hugh son of Henry Hasti.
[Please quote GC925 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SOUTH CROXTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/21  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The rent is not mentioned later in the medieval portion of the muniments but it may, like Kirby Bellars, have been a member of nearby Great Dalby, as in 1586-7 Henry Lord Berkeley sold a holding there with Great Dalby.[Smyth, ii. 359.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/21/1  [1313]
Language:  French

Contents:
John Beaufilus of South Croxton and Sir Stephen de Segrave. 18 April 6 Edw. II
John has granted to Stephen a rent of 2s. a year from land in Suth Croxton.
Witnesses: Henry de Notingham, Roger de Somervill, Oliver le Waleys, Robert Doverton, William de Twyford.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC1909 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OLD DALBY (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
It was one of the minor holdings included in the settlement of Dec. 1343 and is clearly distinct from the Chaucombe manor of Great Dalby, but it was not mentioned in the later inquisitions post mortem.

DESFORD (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/22  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Segrave Cartulary records that the holding was granted by Stephen (I) de Segrave to Robert de Shepey for a rent of 1 lb. of cumin a year but that it was alienated because the rent was not paid. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.: 'Alienatur pro Reddictu qui non sol ...'.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/22/1  [c. 1232]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.]

Contents:
Peter de Sancto Edwardo and Sir Stephen de Segrave, justiciar of England. n.d.
Peter has granted to Stephen 6½ virgates of land in Dersford.
Witnesses: Hugh de Schardelaghe, Andrew Bukerel, mayor of London, Richard Renger, Semaine the crossbowman (balistarius), William Russel, Simon Wirek, Richard the cook (cocus), Richard de Depeden, Geoffrey the lame (claudus), John de Hoddeng.
[Please quote SC228 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/22/2  [1219 x 1235]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.]

Contents:
Margaret [de Quincy] countess of Winchester and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Margaret has confirmed to Stephen all the land which Peter de Sancto Edwardo held of her in Dersford which Peter has given to Stephen; and further grants to Stephen all her land in Mountsorrel called Hunthinc, within or without the village; rent a pair of white gloves a year at Easter.
Witnesses: Sir Ralph de Bray, John de Ripariis, Roger de Sifrewast, Hugh de Manecestr', Roger de Turketlaby, Ralph de Queneby, Walter Muschet, Walter de Bristol, clerk.
[Please quote SC236 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DISEWORTH (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/23  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
One of the Segraves' five principal manors in Leicestershire, Diseworth is mentioned in the inquisitions post mortem of 1295 and 1325 but not in later inquisitions, and the grant by John de Segrave to feoffees in Nov. 1343 (shortly before the great jointure settlement) suggests that it was set aside for some other purpose. Possibly it was for the marriage settlement for his children, as a rent of 66s. 8d. from the manor was settled on John the younger and his wife Elizabeth Mowbray in 1349 and John de Mowbray was holding part at least of the manor in 1359: above, BCM/D/1/1/14 [GC 3232]; below, BCM/D/5/23/3 [GC 3491]. By 1435 it was in the hands of the duchess Katherine (above, BCM/D/1/1/39 [GC 4184]), and before 1461 it was subject, along with Melton Mowbray (Leics.) and Kineton (Warws.), to some other settlement by John (VI). [Below, BCM/D/5/23/4 [SC 621]. pardon to Henry Bradfield. The settlement may have been part of the jointure for John (VI)'s duchess Eleanor. Bradfield was used as a feoffee by John (VI) and John (VII): above, BCM/D/1/1/20 [GC 4343]; BCM/D/5/11/1[SC 613].] By 1325 rents from Hathern, Kegworth, Walton and Whatton were paid at Diseworth.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

The manor  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/1  [15 Nov. 1343]

Contents:
John lord of Segrave; and Sir William de Neutone, rector of Seagrave, Sir John de Repyngdon, rector of Overton, and Sir William de Warkamby, chaplain. Sat. after St. Martin, 17 Edw. III
John has leased to William, John and William, for their lives, the manor of Dythisworth, with all the appurtenances; rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Kegworth, William Martyn of the same, Reginald de Gormondleye, John de Dythisworth, William Wildere.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC3077; duplicate GC 3078 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/2  [1346]

Contents:
William de Neutone, parson of Seagrave, and John de Repyngdon, parson of Cold Overton; and Sir John lord of Segrave. 11 July 20 Edw. III
William and John have quitclaimed to John the manor of Dysworth which they had by grant of John for their lives.
At: Diseworth.
[Please quote GC3143 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/3  [30 July 1359]
Language:  French

Contents:
Thomas de Wolneye of Diseworth and Sir John de Moubray the son. Tues. after St. James, 33 Edw. III
Thomas has granted to John all his goods and chattels in Disseworth and Wavertoft.
At: Kegworth.
[Please quote GC3491 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/4  [Edw. IV, 1469]

Contents:
King Edward IV and Henry de Bradfeld. 3 July year 9
The king has pardoned Henry for alienating without licence the manors of Melton Moubray and Dyseworth (Leics.), and Kyngton (Warws.) to Richard Walleram. .. and Henry Bradfeld and their heirs to the use of John late duke of Norfolk.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC621 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Basset holding  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Includes Reginald Basset, the holding of Peter de Dene, nephew of Reginald Basset, Robert Basset alias Leicestria and others

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/5  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.8]

Contents:
Reginald Basset and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Reginald has granted to Stephen 2 virgates in Ditheswrthe in exchange for 2 virgates which Stephen held of John de Dyen in the vill of Wlveya; rent 1 lb. of pepper or 6d. a year.
Witnesses: Sir Henry de Braybroc, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Walter Leydet, Ralph son of Reginald, Master William de Leycestre, Ralph de Sullegh, Gilbert and Anketil Malore, Robert de Wilton, clerk.
[Please quote GC1185 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/6  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.8]]

Contents:
Reginald Bassad and Stephen de Setgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Reginald has granted to Stephen 4 virgates in Detheswr', viz. two which Richard Bassad held of the fee of the earl of Leicester for which Reginald has given him in exchange other land in the vill of Wulstere, one which Walter Frethegest held with a croft, and one which William the reeve held with a toft and a croft; rent 1 lb. of pepper or 6d. at the feast of All Saints [1 Nov.].
Witnesses: Peter de Sancto Ewardo [sic], Henry de Burchevill, Hamon de Turvill, Eustace de Putot, Henry de Setgrave, Robert de Waletun, William Falcon, Simon de Monteforti, Robert Sphepe.
[Please quote SC250 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/7  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.8]]

Contents:
Reginald Bassat and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Reginald has granted to Stephen 4 carucates of land with the appurtenances in Ditheswrth which were of the fee of Margaret countess of Winchester, and a half-carucate in the same vill of the fee of the earl of Chester which Richard Bassat formerly held, and whatever he has in the vill whether in demesnes or services; to hold of Reginald and his heirs doing the appropriate foreign service for the 4 carucates where 7 carucates make one knight's fee, and for the half-carucate 1 lb. of pepper or 6d. a year.
Witnesses: Sir O[sbert de Dunton] abbot of Leicester, William de Martivaus, Henry de Lilleburn, Gilbert Maulore, Robert de Atteneston, clerk, Geoffrey Putrel, Robert Maulore, clerk, Thomas Mallore of Kirkby, Laurence Maudut.
[Please quote GC1184 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/8  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.8]

Contents:
(1) Richard son of Richard Basset; (2) Reginald Basset (3) Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Richard has quitclaimed to Reginald 2 virgates of land in Ditheswrth, and warrants them to Stephen, who has them by gift of Reginald.
Witnesses: Henry de Segrave, Stephen de Roele, Simon de Monteforti, Robert de Thorp, Herbert de Kaythorp, A. .. de Medbury, William Faulkner.
[Please quote SC117 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/9  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.7d.]

Contents:
Reginald Basset of Wolvey and Peter de Dena his nephew. n.d.
Reginald has granted to Peter the virgate of land in Disthwrthe which Robert Basset of Dene held.
Witnesses: William abbot of Combe, Henry de Ridelton, John de Dena, Thomas de Dena, Bartholomew de Lockinton, William de Andre, Henry de Hereburby, Robert Kide, Thomas son of Simon de Den.
[Please quote SC116 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/10  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
Ivo son of Simon de Dena and Peter his brother. n.d.
Ivo has granted to Peter all the land which Robert Basset held in the vill of Ditheswythe, and Peter has given him 1 mark.
Witnesses: Simon parson of Den', Reginald parson of Bulewic, Robert Burnebusc, John de Burnebusc, Ingald de Kirk', John de Den', Master Alan of Den', Gilbert Malherbe, Thomas son of Simon de Den', Richard son of Hugh de Den', Herbert de Den', Robert Kide
[Please quote GC741 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/11  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.7d.]

Contents:
Peter de Dene, son of Simon de Dene, and Stephen de Setgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Peter has granted to Stephen 3 virgates of land with his other holdings in the vill of Ditheswr', viz. those which Robert Bassad his brother held; rent 1 lb. of pepper and 12d. a year.
Witnesses: Reginald Bassad, Henry de Setgrave, John de Dene, Robert de Waleton, Roger de Swineford, Geoffrey Poterel, Geoffrey the forester (forestarius), Robert de Shepe.
[Please quote GC375 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/12  [c. 1200]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.7d.]

Contents:
Reginald Basset of Wolvey and Robert Basset. n.d.
Reginald has granted to Robert his nephew 1 virgate of land in Dhiteswrhe which belonged to William son of Bertram de Dhitheswrhe; rent 1 lb. of cumin at the feast of All Saints [1 Nov.].
Witnesses: Robert de Harwecurt, Geoffrey de Turevilla, Reginald de Bordens, Thomas Sorel, Peter de Vesci, William de Wilmescote, Amaric de Bullers, William son of Robert, Godfrey de Lokintona, Reginald de Hoilande, Thomas de Curcun, William de Haysford, Richard de Prestwde, Richard Basset, Fulk the clerk of Lisiuer.
[Please quote SC72 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/13  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.7d.]

Contents:
Reginald Basset son of Robert Basset and Robert Basset son of Simon de Dene. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Reginald has granted to Robert 1 virgate of land and a toft in Dicthesswrthia, which Robert de Curezun used to hold for a rent of 3s., and to whom he has given 2 marks for a quitclaim; rent 1 lb. of cumin a year at Christmas.
Witnesses: Elias de Dictheswrth, Peter de Martiwast, Ralph chaplain of Coventry, Alan de Prestewold, Richard son of Alfred de Kagwrth, Thomas de Curezon, William Bertram of Diseworth, Godfrey de Lokintona, Benedict son of Elias de Dictheswrth, Peter de Lisures, Michael de Lisures, Reginald de Hoilanda, Robert son of Robert the clerk of Kingstan.
[Please quote SC177 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/14  Early mid 13th cent

Contents:
Robert de Leicestria and Stephen de Sedgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III])
Robert has granted to Stephen all the land in Ditheswrth which Reginald Basset his uncle gave him.
Witnesses: Henry de Segrave, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, William de Wasteneis, Gilbert Mallore, Thomas Mallore, Walter of the churchyard (de cimiterio) of Leicester, Laurence Mauduit, William de Deresford.
[Please quote SC202 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/15  [1224 x 1229]

Contents:
Ivo de Dene and Stephen de Sedgrave. n.d.
Ivo has granted to Stephen all the lands in Ditheswrth which he had by gift of Reginald Basset his uncle, to hold on the same terms as in Reginald's charter.
Witnesses: Sir Osbert de Dunton abbot of Leicester, Henry de Sedgrave, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, William de Wasteneis, Gilbert Mallore, Thomas Mallore, Walter of the churchyard (de cimiterio) of Leicester, Laurence Mauduit, William de Deresford.
[Please quote SC188 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/16  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8]

Contents:
William abbot of Combe and Sir Gilbert de Sedgrave. n.d.
The abbey has confirmed to Gilbert all the lands in the vill and territory of Ditheswrthe which he had by grant of Reginald Basset and of Ivo de Dene, and the mill of Wyca, which he had by grant of Michael, formerly... [abbot of] Combe.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Mundevill, Ralph the chamberlain (camerar'), Robert de Hondesacre, Hugh de Loges,... Pontefracto, Simon Joylin.
[Please quote GC1303 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/17  Mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8]

Contents:
William abbot of Combe and Nicholas de Setgrave. n.d. [late Hen. III]
William has confirmed to Nicholas 14 virgates of land in the territory of Ditheswrth which he had by grant of Reginald Basseth and Ivo de Dene.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas de Estleya, Sir Robert de Handesacre, Sir Thomas Leyreis, knights, Roger de Lovetoth, John de Lovethoth his brother, Simon de Stanton, Hugh de Log', Peter de Sethgrave, Richard de Bukervill, Richard Cruys.
[Please quote GC1304 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Curzon holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/18  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7]

Contents:
Robert de Curzon and Stephen de Sedgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Robert has granted to Stephen all his land of Digetheswrth, to hold of Stephen de Curzun his brother, rent to Stephen de Curzun 6d. a year, for this land and for other land of Sedgrave which Stephen de Sedgrave held of Robert previously; and for this Stephen has granted to Robert his land in Kilculy in Ireland which Stephen had by grant of Sir William Marescalle, earl of Pembroke, and further 100s.
Witnesses: Sir Richard Marescall, Geoffrey de Costentin, Geoffrey de Cauz, Walter de Prestone, Gilbert Malore, Anketil Malore, William de Sancto Eadmundo, Roger de Preston, Roger de Preston [sic], Roger de Sifrewast, Stephen the clerk.
[Please quote GC1317 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/19  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d.]

Contents:
Stephen de Curzun and Stephen de Sedgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Stephen de Curzun has confirmed to Stephen de Sedgrave all the land of Diggetheswrth which Robert de Curzun, his brother, held of him and which Robert granted to Stephen; rent to Stephen de Curzun 2s. a year, as much for the land of Digetheswrth as for the land of Sedgrave which he held before.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Costentin, Walter de Preston, Walter de Bisebrac, Henry de Nafford, Geoffrey de Cauz, Gilbert Malore, Anketil Malore, William de Sancto Eadmundo, Roger de Preston, Roger de Syfrewast, Stephen the clerk.
[Please quote GC374 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/20  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d.]

Contents:
Isolda de Werdun and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Isolda has quitclaimed to Stephen 1 virgate of land in Dideswrth which Stephen sometime held from Robert de Curzun her brother.
Witnesses: Sir William de Wasteneys, Hugh de Schardelowoe, Roger de Hausted, Brian the forester (forestarius), Hugh de Dideswrth, Simon de Colleshull, William de Senevill, Richard Puterel of Cotes (Kotes), Robert Puterel of Wymeswold (Wymondewold).
[Please quote SC214 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Grants by Hugh de Diseworth  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/21  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d.]

Contents:
Hugh son of Benedict de Dideswrth and Sir Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Hugh has quitclaimed to Stephen 1 virgate in Dideswrth, which he held of him of the fee of Stephen de Curzun, viz. that which John son of Robert holds of Hugh, with John and his issue; Stephen has given him 15 marks.
Witnesses: Robert de [Thorp], Roger de Haustid, William de Senevill, Robert de Hoyvil, Roger son of Brian, William son of Alan, John de Walleton, Richard son of Serlo, Thomas at the hall (ad aulam), Stephen the clerk.
[Please quote GC1333 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/22  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7]

Contents:
Hugh de Dideswrth and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Hugh has granted to Stephen the meadow between the ditch of Geoffrey the miller (molendarius) in the vill of Dideswrth and the meadow called le Estmedwee.
Witnesses: William de Senevill, Roger de Haustid, William son of Alan de Watton, Robert du Meynil, Simon de Kolleshull, Robert le Hostricer of Kegworth, Richard son of Serlo, Robert de Gurmundel.
[Please quote GC743 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/23  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7]

Contents:
Hugh de Dideswrthe and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Hugh has granted to Gilbert 1 virgate of land in the vill of Dideswrth and a fishpond and 2 selions of land, and for this Gilbert has remitted to him the homage and service of Robert le Graunger for 1 virgate, viz. 5s. rent.
Witnesses: Robert le Shep', Richard de Torp, Richard de Wellincton, Philip de Kinton, parson of Segrave, Roger de Haustid, lord of Coleshill, Robert de Heivil, John de Langeton, William son of Elias, Robert de Dumundele, Richard de Pickwrth.
[Please quote GC742 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/24  [1241 x 1255]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7]

Contents:
Hugh son of Benedict de Dideswrth, and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Hugh has granted to Gilbert 1 virgate of land in the vill of Dideswrth, viz. that which Walter son of Agnes held; also 5 selions of a croft which lies in Hamberlondes; rent a pair of white gloves.
Witnesses: Robert de Shep', Richard de Torp, Roger de Haustid, Roger Brian, Simon de Colleshull, Alan Noel, Richard son of Serlo, Robert de Germundel, Richard de Pickwrth.
[Please quote GC376 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/25  [1241 x 1255]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7]

Contents:
Hugh de Dithisworth and Gilbert de Segrave.
Hugh has granted to Gilbert 3 virgates of land in Dithisworth, viz. those which Reginald de Dauby, Walter son of William Gris and Walter son of Agnes held, with the said Reginald, Walter and Walter and their chattels and issue, and a furlong of land on Littilhilbreche; rent 1 lb. of cumin a year; Gilbert has given Hugh £37 12s. to acquit himself to Dendone the Jew of Nottingham.
Witnesses: Sir Hugh Despenser (Dispensarius), Sir Samson Foliot, William de Senevil, Richard de Thorp, Roger de Haustede, Henry de Wodecote, Robert de Godthemundele of Diseworth, Roger son of Brian, Richard son of Roger of Cossington.
[Please quote SC365 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/26  Mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 7, 9d.]

Contents:
Hugh de Dytheswrthe, son of Benedict de Dytheswurhte, and Nicholas de Segrave. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Hugh has granted to Nicholas his capital messuage and all his lordship and holding [etc.] in the vills of Dytheswrthe, Lutheburw [Hugh Despenser reduced the rent paid by Hugh de Diseworth for 1 carucate in Loughborough from 5s. to 2d.: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.] and Dalby Chaucumbe, and for this Nicholas will maintain him and his wife for their lives.
Witnesses: Sir Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Sir Robert Patrik, Sir Richard de Thorp, knights, Nicholas de Marnham, Richard son of Serlo de Thorp, Robert Barst of Dishley (Dycele), Roger Bryan of Whatton, William de Haustode, Robert Methuny, Richard son of Serlo de Diseworth, Robert de Gothemundele, Warin the clerk of Chacombe.
[Please quote GC900 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Hall (Aula) holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/27  [1241 x 1255]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d.]

Contents:
Thomas son of Thomas of the hall of Diseworth and Sir Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Thomas has granted to Gilbert 4 selions of land on le Haseles in Ditheswrd, which he holds of Gilbert of the fee of Curzon.
Witnesses: Sir Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius) of Rearsby, Sir Henry Haranc, Hugh de Dytheswrd, Roger Brian of Wadton, William son of Elias de Dytheswrd, Robert de Gurmundeley, Simon de Dycheswrd.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/28  [1241 x 1255]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d.]

Contents:
Thomas son of Thomas of the hall of Diseworth and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Thomas has granted to Gilbert 4 selions of land in Depedale, for which Gilbert gave him ½ mark.
Witnesses: Henry Harang, Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius), Robert de Meynil of Hemington, Hugh de Dytheswrth, Roger Bryen of Watton, Robert de Gurmundel, William son of Elias de Dytheswurth, Richard son of Serlo of the same vill, William son of Stephen of the same vill.
[Please quote SC315 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/29  [1241 x 1255]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d]

Contents:
Thomas son of Thomas of the hall of Diseworth and Sir Gilbert de Segrave his lord. n.d.
Thomas has quitclaimed to Gilbert half an acre of meadow in Dideswrth lying in Suthmedwee.
Witnesses: Robert de Shepeya, Hugh de Dideswrth, Roger de Hausted, Simon de Colleshull, William Daddi, Richard son of Serlo, Robert de Gurmundel, Richard de Pickeswrth.
[Please quote SC313 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Diseworth holding (also in Kegworth)  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/30  [14 Oct. 1322]

Contents:
William de Potlok and Margery his wife; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. Thurs. before St. Luke, 16 Edw. II
William and Margery have granted to John and Christine all their lands, rents and possessions in Keggeworth which were formerly of William de Dyseworth; further they have quitclaimed to John and Christine a wood called Haddeleye with the enclosed land, meadow and pasture adjacent in Dyseworth.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas de Tolthorpe, knight, Robert de Farnam, William Pakemon, Reginald de Walton, Henry de Hedone, John de Dyseworth, Reginald de Gormondeleye.
At: Diseworth.
[Please quote GC2388 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/31  [14 Oct. 1322]

Contents:
Isabel widow of Richard Blundel; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. Thurs. before St. Luke, 16 Edw. II
Isabel has granted to John and Christine all her lands, rents and possessions in Keggeworth which were formerly of William de Dyseworth; further she has quitclaimed to John and Christine a wood called Haddeleye with the enclosed land, meadow and pasture adjacent in Dyseworth.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas de Tolthorpe, knight, Robert de Farnam, William Pakemon, Reginald de Walton, Henry de Hedone, John de Dyseworth, Reginald de Gormondeleye.
At: Diseworth.
[Please quote GC2389; duplicate GC2390 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/32  1216-1272

Contents:
Andrew prior of Cold Norton and Lord Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Andrew has granted to Stephen 4 virgates and 2 tofts in Digtheworth; rent [16s.] 8d. a year at Easter and 16s. 8d. a year at Michaelmas, to be paid at Wavertoft manor;... [The prior's quitclaim is in BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8, the rent being 2½ marks a year, i.e. 33s. 4d. or 16s. 8d. at each term.]
Witnesses: Sir John de Lasci, constable of Chester, Sir Hugh Dispenser,..., Sir Richard de Ponthardon, William de Senevilla, Robert de Menhille, ...
[Please quote SC465 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/33  1216-1272

Contents:
Thomas de Overton, son of Richer de Overton, and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Thomas has granted to Stephen 2 carucates of land in Ditheswrth which Ralph Grun held; rent 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Reginald de Cardvill', Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Ralph de Martiwast, Robert de Appelby, William Picot, Benedict de Ditheswrth, Henry and Robert and Geoffrey Dispenser, Nicholas de Thorp, Robert de Thorp, Henry the clerk.
[Please quote SC258; BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d. at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

Priory of Grace Dieu, at Belton  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A priory of Augustinian nuns: VCH Leics. ii. 27.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/34  1272-1307

Contents:
The priory of Grace Dieu; and Simon de Dythesworth, Agnes his wife and Reginald their son. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
The priory has granted to Simon, Agnes and Reginald 1 bovate of land which Thomas son of Thomas the reeve formerly had in free marriage with Isolda daughter of Maud Broketh, and which came to the priory through the lack of heirs of Isolda; for their lives, rent 4s. a year.
Witnesses: William Pakemon of Worthington, Ivo de Gormundel in Diseworth, Reginald son of Richard of the same, Elias de la Grena of Belton, William le Despenser of the same.
[Please quote GC1193 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/35  1272-1307

Contents:
Sister Agnes Gourdon, prioress of Grace Dieu, and the convent; and Reginald son of Simon de Dithisworthe and Denise his wife. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
The priory has granted to Reginald and Denise, for their lives, their vegetable-plot (holum) with the appurtenant croft in the territory of Dithisworthe; rent 1 mark a year.
Witnesses: Ivo de Gurmundele, William Wildero, John Geran, Ralph de Walton, Simon de Belegrave, John le Chatour, chaplain, John de Gurmundel.
[Please quote GC1192 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/36  [late 12th cent.]

Contents:
William son of Bertram de Ditheswarth and Elias de Beletona. n.d.
William has leased to Elias, for his homage and an ox, a green tunic, 4 bushels of corn and other services, 1 virgate of land in Ditheswrthia with a toft and croft [etc.]; rent 12d. a year. [It was later granted by Elias to Robert Basset and by Robert to Robert his nephew: BL Harl. MS 4748. f. 7d.]
Witnesses: Ralph priest of Belton, Arnald de Bartona, steward of Lord Bertram, Robert son of Walter, Suein Morel and Norman and Roger his two sons, Adam son of Adam son of Gunel de Suanintona, Robert son of Ralph Talebot of Swannington, Hugh son of Hugh Legle of Belton.
[Please quote SC62 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/37  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 7d.]

Contents:
William son of Bertram de Dhiteswrhe and Robert Basset, son of Simon de Dena. n.d.
William has granted to Robert 2 a. of land of his demesne in Ditheswrhe in Evenweislondes, for 1 mark given by Robert; rent a pair of white gloves or 1d. a year. [MS unas cirotecas albas, the first letter of unas having been altered to make the word duas.]
Witnesses: Robert de Haruct', Reginald Basset, Thomas Sorel, Geoffrey de Turvill of Bordens, Thomas de Curcun, Godfrey de Lokintona, R. de Hoilonde, Peter de Vesci, Adam de Sancto Andrea, Fulk the clerk of Lisur'.
[Please quote SC149 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/38  1216-1272

[Fragment].

Contents:
[Stephen de Segrave?] and...... [temp. Hen III]
... land and 2 a. with appurtenances in Ditheswrd, which Robert... which the same Stephen had by gift of Peter, the confirmer's brother ...
[Please quote GC278 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/39  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8]

Contents:
Ralph de Bredona and Walter son of Geoffrey de Herteshorn. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Ralph has granted to Walter a toft and croft in Digetheswrd of the free alms of the church of Bredona, except a small space for the church to build a granary, at a rent of 3s. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Maynys, Hugh de Digethelswrd, Alan Nowel, Reginald de Wyveleston, Walter the forester (forestarius), Walter Despenser (Dispensarius).
[Please quote SC348 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/23/40  Michaelmas [29 Sept.] 1287

Contents:
William son of Richard of Diseworth and Richard son of John of the same.
William has leased at farm to Richard 1 rood of land in the territory of Dyseworthe above the furlong called Geluschodich, for 13 crops.
Witnesses: Simon Serviant of Diseworth, Ivo de Gurmundele of the same, Thomas son of Thomas, Reginald son of Richard son of Serlo, John de Wartoft.
[Please quote GC531 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DONISTHORPE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/24  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Donisthorpe was one of the Segraves' minor holdings in the county. Having acquired the rent of 5s. for the virgate, Stephen evidently later raised the rent to 8s., which was in 1315 granted to another in exchange for lands in Thrussington: below, BCM/D/5/47/1 [GC2055].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/24/1  1272-1307

Contents:
Ralph son of Robert de Schepor, knight, and Robert le Hunte of Donisthorpe. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Ralph has leased to Robert a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Dorandesthorp, viz. that which he had by grant of Thomas Gibelot of Lullintone; to him and his wife for their lives, rent 5s. a year.
Witnesses: William de Meissham, Robert de Crumbwell of the same, Walter de Stretton, John de Snypston, Roger son of Andrew de Dorandesthorp, William de la Sale of Gresley.
[Please quote GC1544 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/24/2  [1307]

Contents:
Ralph de Schepeye and Sir Stephen de Segrave. 26 June 35 Edw. I
Ralph has granted to Stephen, his heirs and assigns the homage and service of Robert le Hunte for a messuage and 1 virgate of land which Robert held of Ralph in the vill of Duranthorp; Stephen has given him 100s.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC3519 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

GOSCOTE HUNDRED (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The hundred was granted to Stephen de Segrave by Henry III in 1229. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12d.] It occurs as a rent of 40 marks in both inquisitions post mortem of 1325. It was included in the settlement of 1343-4, and appears in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399 as part of the same settlement. It was held by the duchess Katherine and the reversion was granted by the duchess Elizabeth to the queen in 1476 and by William Berkeley to Richard III in 1484: above, BCM/D/1/1/21, 28, D/5/1/15

GRIMSTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/25  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
It was a minor holding appurtenant to Seagrave manor, where the rents were paid by 1325. In the Segrave Cartulary there is a note that it was alienated for a rent of 6s. a year, which continued, with suit of court. Launde Priory was a priory of Augustinian canons.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/25/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Osbert the prior and the convent of Launde; and Sir Stephen de Segrave n.d. [early Hen. III]
The convent has remitted to Stephen 2s. of the 3s. rent which he pays for 1½ bovates of land in Grimeston, which he had by grant of Alan de Siwaldebi, to hold of the convent, and henceforth he is to pay 6d. at Michaelmas and 6d. at Easter.
Witnesses: Hasculf son of Peter, Henry de Segrave, Walter de Besebroc, William de Martinwast, Ralph de Neovill, William de la Haie, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote SC263 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/25/2  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Stephen de Segrave and Robert de Grimeston. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Stephen has granted to Robert 1½ bovates of land which Stephen holds from the prior of Laund, and 1 a. of meadow; rent 4s. a year.
Witnesses: Ralph de Folevill, Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius), John de Siwoldebi, Henry his brother, Henry de Segrave, Ralph de Tursteinton, Robert his son, Geoffrey Bane, Hugh the abbot (abbas), Roger son of Gerard, Nicholas son of Roger, Ralph son of Frefiefet, Edmund de Segrave.
[Please quote SC265 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/25/3  1272-1307

Contents:
Ralph de Sywoldeby and Sir John de Segrave, knight, lord of Seagrave. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Ralph has granted to John all the lands and holdings in the vill and fields of Grymmeston which he inherited after the death of John his father.
Witnesses: Ralph de Folevyle, John de Vylers, Hugh de Sallowe, Walter Bluet, Ralph de Prestwold, John de Stonnesby, Henry Wysman of Grimston, Laurence Wysman, William de Hokenale.
[Please quote GC1556 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HATHERN (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/26  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding was appurtenant to the manor of Diseworth, where the rents were paid by 1325.

THE NAFFORD HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/26/1  [c. June 1219]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Henry de Nafford and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Henry, with the assent of Maud his wife, has granted to Stephen all their land in Haghethirne, viz. 10½ virgates of land; rent a sore sparrowhawk or 2s. a year and the foreign service of one third of a fee.
Witnesses: Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Walter le Pohar, Henry de Segrave, Geoffrey Despenser, William de Quatremares, Richard de Sancto Edwardo, Ralph de Perrone, Henry de Merston, clerk.
[Please quote GC399 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/26/2  [c. June 1219]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Maud de Montemor and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Maud, with the assent of Henry de Nafford her husband, has granted to Stephen all their land in Haghethirne, viz. 10½ virgates of land; rent a sore sparrowhawk or 2s. a year and the foreign service due from one third of a knight's fee; Stephen paid a fine of 20 marks.
Witnesses: Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Walter le Poho, Henry de Segrave, Geoffrey Despenser, William de Quatremares, Richard de Sancto Edwardo, Ralph de Perrone.
[Please quote GC397 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/26/3  [15 July 1219]

Contents:
Stephen de Segrave; and Henry de Nafford and Maud his wife. Three weeks after St. John the Baptist, 3 Hen. III
Final concord concerning 10½ virgates of land in Havethurn; Henry and Maud have granted the land to Stephen to hold by the service of a sore sparrowhawk or 2s. a year, for which Stephen gave them 3 marks.
[Please quote SC159 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE HAY HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/26/4  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Robert de Haya, son of Alan de Humberstan, and Stephen de Satgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Robert has granted to Stephen 1 virgate of land in Hawethirna which Geoffrey son of Eda holds of him, with Geoffrey himself, his chattels and issue; rent a pair of white gloves at Easter.
Witnesses: Ralph de Martigwast, William Picot, William de Seinevill, Robert de Twiford, Master Alexander de Witebia, Alan de Emerton, John Castelein, Laurence the clerk, Ralph de Bucebia, Edmund de Satgrave, Gilbert son of Herebert.
[Please quote SC197 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/26/5  Mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Robert de Heia, son of Robert de Heia of Humberstone, and Nicholas de Sagrave, son of Gilbert de Sagrave. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Robert has quitclaimed to Nicholas 1 virgate of land in the territory of Hauthirne which Geoffrey son of Edith sometime held and which Robert de Humbrestam, his father, granted to Nicholas, and 2 virgates of land, containing 17 selions, from the demesne of Robert his father, as in his father's charter to Eadmund de Segrave.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Thorp, Walter de Tatereshall, Stephen de Jort of Wymeswold, Robert de Dixeleye, Hugh de Neville of Rearsby, Geoffrey de Craunford of Lockington, Richard de Dorantesthorp, Roger the baker (pistor) of Shepshed, Ivo de Prestewold, Hugh de la Grene, Richard the marshal (marescallus), William son of Ralph, William the clerk of Ravenestone, John Chernel.
[Please quote SC412 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/26/6  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Robert son of Roger and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Robert has granted to Stephen the virgate of land in Haghethirne which William son of Thurkil held from him, with the said William and all his issue; rent a pair of white gloves at Whitsun.
Witnesses: John de Humeto, Ralph de Martiwastre, William Picot, Ralph de Tursteinton, Ralph de Perone, Nicholas the chaplain, Henry de Merston.
[Please quote SC184 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/26/7  Eve of the Assumption [14 Aug.] A.D. 1251

Contents:
Garendon Abbey and Sir Gilbert de Segrave.
The abbey has agreed that Gilbert should have free entry and egress for his beasts and the beasts of his men in Hawthorne into the fields of Dixele between the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary [8 Sept.] and the feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], provided that the hay and corn be carried by the former date.
Witnesses: Sir Hugh Dispenser, Serlo de Torp, Richard his son, Robert Bars of Dishley, Hugh de la Grene of Prestwold.
[Please quote SC423 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HOBY (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
By 1325 the holding was appurtenant to the manor of Seagrave, where the rents were paid. It was one of the holdings named in the settlement of 1343-4, and it occurs as part of the same settlement in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399. The advowson was granted to Stephen (1) de Segrave by William de Ros. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.]

HOSE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/27  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding is not mentioned elsewhere in the muniments. 'Howes', mentioned in the settlement of Dec. 1343 when it was held for life by John de Segrave's kinsman Stephen (above, BCM/D/5/1/15 [GC3086]), was probably a Derbyshire holding, 'Beggerhowe' in Brassington (above, associated with Ashbourne.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/27/1  1154-1199


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.]

Contents:
Nicholas de Trowella and Henry Putrel his brother. n.d. [Hen. II x Ric. I]
Nicholas has acquitted Henry of the service of 20d. a year from the tenure (custodia) of Schipton, which he owed for 2 carucates of land in Hohws. [In the original grant of the 2 carucates by Nicholas to Henry, there described as son of Richard Putrel, the land was to be held for one sixth of a fee and a sore sparrowhawk or 12d. a year: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.]
Witnesses: William the chaplain, Gilbert de Sedgrava, Godfrey de Stanford, Richard son of Osbert, Stephen de Role, Matthew son of William.
[Please quote SC33 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/27/2  [The Invention of] Holy Cross in May [3 May] 1236


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.]

Contents:
Geoffrey Puterel; [Stephen de Segrave refers to Geoffrey Putrell as his nephew (nepos) in a charter concerned with Thurnby: BL Egerton MS 3789, f. 101; BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 15.] and Ralph the abbot and Croxton Abbey.
Geoffrey has granted pasture for sheep in Houwes to the monks for 10 years, for which they gave him 2 marks.
Witnesses: William son of Walter, Odinel de Herdebi, Henry Rufus of Hose, Hugh his son, Robert son of Gilbert, Robert son of Ralph, Robert son of Gilbert son of Robert, William Maleherbe, John son of Gilbert, clerk, Henry de Broctun.
[Please quote SC239 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/27/3  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.]

Contents:
Geoffrey Puttrel and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.[temp. Hen. III]
Geoffrey has granted to Stephen whatever he has in the vill of Howes in demesne, villeinages and the services of free men; rent 12d. a year.
Witnesses: William de Sancto Eadmundo, John de Ripariis, Robert de Shep', Robert Mallor, Wakelin rector of church of Hanlop', Hugh de Perers, Thomas Mallor, William de Sixteneby, William de Olleby, William Russel of Overton.

HUMBERSTONE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/28  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (I) de Segrave granted 1 virgate here, with other lands, to Leicester Abbey in exchange for land in Seagrave, and the holding is not mentioned in the muniments later.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/28/1  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 14]

Contents:
John de Humet and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
John has granted to Stephen 1½ bovates of land in Humberstan, which Henry son of Robert holds, with Henry and all his issue, 1 a. of land which Henry also holds under Litlemede, 3 selions which William son of Richard holds, a toft which Giliana holds and a croft of 4 selions which William son of Walter holds; rent 1 lb. of cumin or 2d. a year.
Witnesses: Ralph de Martiwast, William Picot, Walter de Manecestre, Robert de Humberstan, Alan de Quinton, Ralph de Thursteinton, Henry de Merston.
[Please quote SC262 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KEGWORTH (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/29  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Kegworth was a member of Diseworth, where the rents were paid by 1325. Early acquisitions by Stephen de Segrave from Ranulph earl of Chester were confirmed by Henry III in 1233. John and Christine de Segrave were acquiring land in Kegworth and Diseworth in 1322 (BCM/D/5/23/31), and the advowson was included in the settlement of 1343-4: above, BCM/D/5/1/15 [GC 3086].

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

The fee of Robert FitzNigel, including the advowson  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The fee was evidently divided in moieties between coheirs, of whom William Patrick was in the wardship of the earl of Chester and the other was represented by Robert de Neville and his wife Maud, and later by William de Hausted. William Patrick, as coheir of the FitzNigel fee, granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave the homage and service of Peter the hawker (hostriciarius) for 1 virgate of land, with half the advowson, and Robert Patrick granted to Stephen 1 bovate of land with half a toft and croft adjacent. [BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 8d.-9.] See also BCM/D/5/31, Langley.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/1  [1208 x 1226]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Ranulf earl of Chester and Ralph de Vernon his clerk. n.d.
Ranulph has granted to Ralph the church of Kagwrthia, one half by reason of the wardship of William Patricius, a boy in the earl's keeping, and the other half to which Thomas Patricius was admitted on the presentation of Robert de Novilla and Maud de Spuz his wife, who have released to the earl the right of patronage and the knight's fee pertaining, in the earl's court at Chester.
Witnesses: Sir H[ugh] abbot of Chester, Sir R. abbot of Dieulacres, Philip de Orrebi, justice to the earl, Henry de Aldithlea, William de Venables, Hugh and Thomas Dispenser, John de Arderne, Walter de Daivill', Alfred de Silingin, Hamon de Masci, Roger and Ranulf de Meisnilwar', Peter the earl's clerk, Joscelin his chaplain, William his clerk, master Hugh his clerk, Richard de Randestorn, clerk, Master Simon de Cestria, Patrick and Simon, clerks.
[Please quote SC150 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/2  [1209 x 1228]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Ranulf earl of Chester and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Ranulph has granted to Stephen all the land which he held at Cagwurth of the free of Robert son of Nigel, viz. 8 virgates with the services of the free tenants of the same fee, except the advowson of the church, which Ranulph retains; for the service of paying 20s. for each knight's fee in scutage. [This was supplemented by an additional grant of all the field of Langley, and the advowson: BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 8d.-9.]
Witnesses: Philip de Orreby, justice of Chester, Hugh Dispenser, Walter de Dayvill, Robert Patric, Alfred de Soleigneio, Thomas de Tuschet, Robert de Hardredeshull, Henry de Cagwurth, Robert Samson.
[Please quote SC152 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/3  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 8d.]

Contents:
Ranulf earl of Chester and Lincoln and Richard de Kegwrth, clerk. n.d.
Ranulph informs Richard that he has granted to Stephen de Segrave the advowson of Kegworth church which pertains to the land which Robert son of Nigel held in the same vill, and that he is now to consider Stephen as his patron.
[Please quote SC153 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/4  [c. 1232]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 8d., 14]

Contents:
William de Hausted [A final concord between William de Hausted and Gilbert de Segrave settled half of the advowson on Gilbert and his heirs: BL Harl. MS 4748', f. 9. A Roger de Hausted as lord of Coleshill witnessed a grant to Gilbert de Segrave 1241 x 1254: above, BCM/D/5/23/23 [GC 742].] And Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
William has quitclaimed to Stephen 2 carucates of land in Kegword with the rent of 4 burgages in Leicester, which Robert de Nevill and Maud his wife held, and which were given to Stephen by Ranulf earl of Chester.
Witnesses: Henry de Segrave, William de Quatremare, Benedict de Dithezword, William Picot, William de Kuneston, Robert le Astricer, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Stephen de Pontefrigido, Richard son of Alfred, Gilbert Maulore, Thomas Ordmer, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote SC224 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Kingston rents  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/5  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Robert de Keneston of Kegworth and Sir Nicholas de Segrave his lord. n.d.
Robert has granted to Nicholas the rents of ½d. from Walter le Laci of Lokynton, ½d. from Peter en le Wro of Lokynton, ½d. from Richard Gamil of Kegworth, ¼d. from William son of Richard Gamil, of Kegworth, ¼d. from Thomas Gamil of Kegworth, ½d. from Richard Royste of Kegworth, 1d. from Mabel, widow, of Kegworth, 1d. from Robert de Hartre of Kegworth, ½d. from William Witling of Kegworth, ½d. from Roger le Haut of Kegworth, 1d. from Emma Banastre of Kegworth, and ½d. from Roger son of the smith of Kegworth, ¼d. from William Nemoy of Kegworth, ½d. from Richard Lewis of Kegworth, and ½d. from John son of Cecilia of Kegworth, with all their services.
Witnesses: Robert son of Ivo of Kegworth, Roger de Haustede of the same, Robert de Gurmundele of Diseworth, Simon the serjeant (serviens) of the same, William son of Stephen of the same, William son of Richard of the same, John son of Jeremy of the same.
[Please quote GC1443 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/6  [late 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9]

Contents:
Robert de Keneston of Kegworth and Sir Nicholas de Segrave his lord. n.d.
Robert has quitclaimed to Nicholas the rents of ½d. from Walter le Laci of Lokynton, ½d. from Peter en le Wro of Lokynton, ½d. from Richard Gamil of Kegworth, ¼d. from William son of Richard Gamil, of Kegworth, ¼d. from Thomas Gamil of Kegworth, ½d. from Richard Royste of Kegworth, 1d. from Mabel, widow, of Kegworth, 1d. from Robert de Hartre of Kegworth, ½d. from William Witling of Kegworth, ½d. from Roger le Haut of Kegworth, 1d. from Emma Banastre of Kegworth, and ½d. from Roger son of the smith of Kegworth, ¼d. from William Nemoy of Kegworth, ½d. from Richard Lewis of Kegworth, and ½d. from John son of Cecilia of Kegworth, with all their services.
Witnesses: Robert son of Ivo of Kegworth, Robert de Haustede of the same, Roger de Haustede of the same, John de Pontefracto of the same, Robert de Gurmundele of Diseworth, Simon the serjeant (serviens) of the same, William son of Stephen of the same.
[Please quote GC1444 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Hawker holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/7  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9]

Contents:
Peter le Ostrictr' of Kegworth and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Peter has quitclaimed to his lord Gilbert 1 bovate of land in the vill of Kegwrth which was once held of Sir William Patric.
Witnesses: Richard de Torp, Robert de Shep', Roger de Haustid, Hugh de Anderwrth, Simon de Rolleshull, Robert de Kinston, Roger del Punfreith, Thomas Lageth, Richard son of Serlo.
[Please quote GC407 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/8  [late 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9]

Contents:
Maud widow of Peter le Hauker of Kegworth and Sir Nicholas de Segrave. n.d.
Maud has quitclaimed to Nicholas her dower rights in 1 virgate of land in Kagword which Peter formerly held of the ancestors of Nicholas.
Witnesses: Sir Stephen de Nevile, John Putrel, John Mallore, Robert son of Ivo of Kegworth, Robert de Haustede of the same, Robert de Gurmundele, William Wildero of Diseworth.
[Please quote GC766 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/9  [late 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9]

Contents:
Roger son of Peter le Haukere of Kegworth and Sir Nicholas son of Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Roger has quitclaimed to Nicholas 1 virgate of land in Kagword, which his father once held of the ancestors of the said Nicholas, and pasture for three animals.
Witnesses: Sir Stephen de Nevile, John Putrel, John Mallore, Robert son of Ivo de Kagword, Robert de Haustede, Robert de Gurmundele, William Wildero of Diseworth.
[Please quote SC413 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Gurmundel holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/10  1272-1307

Contents:
Robert son of Stephen son of Ivo de Kegworthe and Robert son of Robert de Gurmundele. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Robert de Kegworthe has granted to Robert de Gurmundel 4¾ a. of land in Kegworthe, also the common pasture rights pertaining to the bovate of land which Robert de Kegworthe inherited from his father and the rents and services of William Wynel, William son of Robert the carter (carectar') and others; to hold of the chief lord of the fee, and Robert de Gurmundel has given him a certain sum of money.
Witnesses: Robert Person, Reginald le Ostricer, Roger Rampayn, John de Gurmundel, Robert Poutrel, William son of John, Henry Saumon.
[Please quote GC1442 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/11  [1306]

Contents:
Robert son of Robert de Gurmondel and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. 9 April 34 Edw. I.
Robert has granted to Stephen 4¾ a. of land in the fields of Kegworth, 1 dole of meadow in Horscroft, all common of pasture with easements of 1 bovate of land, and rents of ½d. from William Wynel, of ¼d. from William son of Richard the carter (carectar') and of a root of ginger a year from Robert Andre.
Witnesses: Sir William de Ocovere, Robert son of Ivo, Robert de Alertre, John de Gurmondel, Roger Raumpayn, Robert Poutrel, Ralph de Mounchency.
At: Kegworth.
[Please quote GC1112 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/12  [10 Dec. 1306]

Contents:
John le Gren of Kegworth and Felicia his wife; and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Sat. after St. Nicholas, 35 Edw. I
John and Felicia have quitclaimed to Stephen all the lands, meadows, rents [etc.] which Stephen has by enfeoffment of Robert de Gormondel.. . of Kegworth.
Witnesses: Robert [son of] Ivo of Kegworth, Robert de Atlastre, of the same, Ivo de Gormundel of Diseworth, Robert le Warin of Burton, Robert de Overton, clerk.
At: Kegworth.
[Please quote GC1140 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/13  [10 Dec. 1306]

Contents:
Alan de Goldeboro' and Alice his wife; and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Sat. after St. Nicholas, 35 Edw. I
Alan and Alice have quitclaimed to Stephen all the lands [etc.] which Stephen had by enfeoffment of Robert de Gormondeleye in the vill and fields of Kegworth.
Witnesses: Robert son of Ivo of Kegworth, Robert de Atlastre of the same, Ivo de Gormondel' of Diseworth, Robert le Brun of Burton, Robert de Overton, clerk.
At: Kegworth.
[Please quote GC1639 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/14  [late 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9]

Contents:
Juliana de Wynton, prioress of Langley Priory, and Sir Nicholas de Segrave. n.d.
Juliana and the convent are bound to Nicholas in a rent of 28s. a year for 32 a. of land in the assart of Kegwordewode.
Witnesses: Sir... de Nevile, Robert son of Ivo, Robert de Gurmundele, William son of Stephen of Diseworth,..., John son of Jeremy of the same, Simon de Waurcroft.
[Please quote GC846 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/15  [1305]

Contents:
Roger de Pounfreit of Kegworth and Sir Stephen de Segrave. 4 May 33 Edw. I
Roger has granted to Stephen an annual rent of 2s. 1½d., viz. from John Andrew 12d. for 1 virgate of land in Kegworth, from Robert Gile 4d. for 1 bovate of land, from John de Gourmoundele 2½d. for 7 roods of land, from William de Lokynton 4d. for 4 a. of land and from Ralph son of Ivo 3d. for 2 a. of land.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Sutton, Sir Elias de Stantton, Sir Thomas de Meyne, knights, Robert de Allartre, Robert son of Ivo of Kegworth, Robert Poutrel of the same, Roger Raunpane of the same.
At: Kegworth.
[Please quote GC1096 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/29/16  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Reginald Ruffus of Kegworth and Robert his son by his last wife. n.d.
Reginald has granted to Robert a half-acre of land in Kegurht, 1 rood above Wetelondis and 1 rood above Faldaforlong; rent 1d. a year for the sustenance of a lamp to the Virgin Mary in Kegworth church.
Witnesses: Sir Robert Patet, William de Haustede, John the hawker (ostriciar'), Roger de Pontefracto, Robert son of Ivo, William Andreu.
[Please quote GC808 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KIRBY BELLARS (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/30  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Robert Deiville granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave the service of William de Wasteneis, for the land which William held of Robert, and the advowson. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17.] A rent of 7s. was granted by Stephen to Leicester Abbey in exchange for lands in Seagrave, and it is not mentioned elsewhere in the medieval portion of the muniments but, according to Smyth, Henry Lord Berkeley (d. 1613) sold lands in Burrough-on-the-Hill (Ardeburrowe), South Croxton and Kirby Bellars with the manor of Great Dalby in 1586-7, so the rent may have passed as a member of Great Dalby, to which Kirby Bellars was adjacent. [Smyth, ii. 359; BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17]

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/30/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17]

Contents:
Ralph Beler and Stephen son of Gilbert de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Ralph has granted to Stephen 1 bovate of land in Kirkebi, which Roger de Fosse held, and the toft which lies between the messuage of Bernard and the Leicester road westwards; rent 1 lb. of cumin and 2d. at the feast of St. Botulph [17 June] each year.
Witnesses: Robert de Chaucume, William de Piro, William son of Thomas de Sixtenebi, William Burdet, Gilbert Wisman, Norman de Kirkebi and Robert his son, Hugh Timpan, Simon son of Warin.
[Please quote SC40 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/30/2  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17]

Contents:
Bernard son of Nigel de Botesford and Stephen de Sedgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Bernard has granted to Stephen 1 bovate of land in Kyrkebi, being one of the 4 bovates which Bernard holds from Ralph Beler, with the croft which Roger of the foss (de fossato) held near the highway; rent 1 lb. of pepper a year at the feast of St. Botulph [17 June].
Witnesses: Richard de Kynton, Peter son of Geoffrey, Ralph de Tursteinton, Nicholas the chaplain, Norman son of Popeline, Robert son of Norman, Henry de Merston.
[Please quote SC123 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/30/3  1272-1307

Contents:
William son of John Bevile of Kirby and John son of John Bevile, his brother. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
William has quitclaimed to John a messuage and 15 selions in Kirkebi, rights of common pasture and a pig-sty in Threnlawe.
Witnesses: Sir Laurence de Preston, Sir Henry de Deen, knights, William son of John de Deen, William son of Peter of Kirby, John de Arderne.
[Please quote GC697 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LANGLEY, IN BREEDON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/31  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Langley Priory was a nunnery between Castle Donington and Breedon, in Breedon parish. [VCH Leics. ii. 3.] Ranulph earl of Chester granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave all his land in the field of Langley with land in Kegworth, and it was evidently connected with Kegworth, as William de Hausted and Robert Patrick, the coheirs to the FitzNigel fee in Kegworth (above, BCM/D/5/29) quitclaimed lands there to Stephen. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9.] The holding there is not mentioned after the time of Nicholas de Segrave (d. 1295).

THE BLACK (NIGER) HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/1  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
Stephen de Segrave and William Black (Niger). n.d.
Stephen has granted to William 4 a. of land in Shorte Langele; rent of 2s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Thomas Despenser, Benedict de Ditheswrth, Ralph de Tursteintona, Henry de Merstona.
[Please quote SC133 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/2  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
William the black (Niger) and Richard de Kagwurde, clerk. n.d.
William has sold to Richard, for ½ mark, 4 a. of land in Syortelangele which he holds of Stephen de Satgrave at a rent of 2s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: Richard de Ponte Cardonis, William de Haustede, Stephen de Pontefracto, Ivo de Kagwurde, Henry son of Thomas, William de Verniz, Peter de Cisi, Robert de Wivelesle, Osbert de Waletun, William Cocaine, Roger de Hemintun, Richard son of Richard, Richard de Rodestorn, Master Hugh de Cestre.
[Please quote SC134 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE KEGWURTH HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/3  [early 13th cent.]

Contents:
Stephen de Sadgrave and Richard de Kagwrth, clerk, son of Thomas. n.d.
Stephen has granted to Richard 16 a. of land in Shortelangele near Walton Field; rent 10s. a year.
Witnesses: Hugh Dispensar, Thomas Dispensar, Henry Dispensar, Richard de Ponte Cardon', Ralph de Tursteinton, Henry de Kagwrth, Roger de Honinton, William de Verney, Peter de Cisy, Robert de Torp, clerk, Thomas Ormer.
[Please quote SC132 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/4  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9]

Contents:
Richard de Kagwrth, clerk, son of Thomas, and Stephen de Sadgrave, his lord. n.d.
Richard has acknowledged that he owes a rent of 10s. a year to Stephen for the 16 a. of land which Stephen granted to him in Shortelangele.
Witnesses: Hugh Dispensar, Thomas Dispensar, Henry Dispensar, Ralph de Tursteinton, Hamon the clerk, Henry the clerk of Segrave, Hugh the monks' chaplain, Robert de Thorp, clerk, Robert de Bolton, Thomas Ormore.
At: Langley.
[Please quote SC131 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/5  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
Robert prior of the hospital of Jerusalem in England and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
The prior has quitclaimed to Stephen common of pasture at Sortelongleeta in the territory of Wavertoft.
Witnesses: Brothers Roger de Pevetun, Laurence de Norwegia, Adam de Sandwic, chaplain, Walter de Stanford, William de Renham, Roger de Whathamstede, John de Cruket, Master Walter de Winton.
[Please quote GC1523 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/6  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
Peter de Cysi and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Peter has acknowledged that he owes to Stephen 3s. a year in rent for 6 a. of land in Shortelangele which Stephen granted to him.
Witnesses: Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Thomas Despenser, Benedict de Ditheswrthe, William de Seinewill, Ralph de Tursteinton, Robert Putrell, Henry the clerk of Merston, Thomas Ormere.
[Please quote SC130 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/7  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
William de Hastede and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has quitclaimed to Stephen his land called Sortelangelee for the service of 1 lb. of pepper on mid-Lent Sunday. [Robert Patrick also quitclaimed this land to Stephen. William and Robert were the coheirs to the FitzNigel fee in Kegworth: BCM/D/5/29.]
Witnesses: Reginald Basset, Hamon the clerk, Richard de Verdun, William son of Richard, William son of Wulfric, Stephen de Puntefreint, Ralph de Tursteinton, Stephen de Roele, Henry de Merston.
[Please quote SC135 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/8  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
William Cogein and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William acknowledges that he owes to Stephen 2s. a year in rent for 4 a. of land in Sortelangeleie which Stephen granted to him.
Witnesses: Hugh Dispensar, Thomas Dispensar, Benedict de Ditheswrthe, Ralph de Tursteiston, Robert Puterell, Robert de Torp, Henry the clerk, Thomas the miner.
[Please quote GC372 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/9  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
Langley Priory and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
The prioress and convent have acknowledged that they owe to Stephen and his heirs a rent of 15s. 9d. a year for 27 a. of land which he gave them in Scorhtelangeleia.
Witnesses: Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Thomas Despenser, Henry Despenser, William Picot, Nicholas de Torp, Hugh Picot.
[Please quote GC392 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/31/10  [late 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
John Punchardon and Nicholas de Segrave. n.d.
John has quitclaimed to Nicholas a holding in Schortelangele which he held of Gilbert de Segrave, father of Nicholas, and of Nicholas; and Nicholas has given him 20s.
Witnesses: Sir Stephen de Novile, Gilbert de Stanton, John Poutrel, Robert de Menyl, Simon de Syleby, Robert de Gudmundele, Richard son of Serlo, William Wyldero, Ralph de Bredon.
[Please quote GC805 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LEICESTER (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The rents of four burgages in Leicester formed part of the fee of Robert FitzNigel: above, BCM/D/5/29/4 [SC 224].

LEIRE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/32  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding was granted by Stephen (I) de Segrave to Leicester Abbey in exchange for lands in Seagrave, and it does not occur elsewhere in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/32/1  [late 12th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 14]

Contents:
Thomas de Leiria, son of Gervase, and Gilbert de Sedgravia. n.d.
Thomas has granted to Gilbert to hold in fee a toft and croft in Leire which Thurkil son of Hoviet held by service of 2d.; also from his demesne several small holdings of less than 1 a. each.
Witnesses: Hugh de Anvers, Robert de Twyford, Stephen de Roele, William the clerk of Leire, Thomas de Aisebi, Richard de Leire, Hugh the clerk of Leire.
[Please quote SC32 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LOUGHBOROUGH (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lands there were acquired by Nicholas de Segrave (d. 1295) with others in Diseworth and Great Dalby: above, BCM/D/5/23/26 [GC 900]. They are not mentioned separately elsewhere in the muniments.

MELTON MOWBRAY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/33  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Segraves' holding was distinct from the manor held by the Mowbrays, although Robert de Mowbray, brother of William (d. 1224), had granted 1 virgate in Melton to Gilbert (I) de Segrave and another to Stephen (I). [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16. Those 2 virgates were later granted by Stephen to William de Hoby in return for a quitclaim of 2 virgates in Seagrave: below, BCM/D/5/41/2 [GC 388].] Stephen was also granted land there by Robert Deiville (6 virgates), Roger de Mowbray, son of William (2 messuages), and others (1 virgate and the quittance of a rent of 6s. 8d.), and granted a rent of 6s. there to Leicester Abbey in exchange for land in Seagrave. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16.] By 1295 the holding comprised rents of 70s., and by 1325 rents of 77s. 10d. which were held in jointure by Stephen de Segrave and Alice, having been granted to them by Stephen's father in Jan. 1314. It was one of the minor holdings mentioned in the settlement of 1343-4, and thereafter as part of the same settlement was included in the inquisitions post mortem of John de Segrave in 1353, of Margaret Marshal in 1399 and of her grandson Thomas de Mowbray in the same year, along with his manor of Melton. By 1461 it had been settled by John (VI) de Mowbray with Diseworth and Kineton (above, p. 746) and again in 1467 in jointure on John (VII) and Elizabeth with Kineton. The reversion was granted by William Berkeley to Richard III in 1484.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/33/1  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16]

Contents:
Robert de Brinkelaue and Stephen de Satgrave. n.d.
Robert has granted to Stephen the land which Stephen holds from Robert the clerk of Strucardestune in the vill of Meutune, viz. 1 virgate; rent 2d. a year at the feast of St. Laurence [?the martyr, 10 Aug.].
Witnesses: Ralph Beler, Guy de Meutune, Henry Puterel, Thomas de Sixtenebi, Reginald de Torp, Ralph de Tursteinetun, Richard the marshal (marescallus), William Careles.
[Please quote SC124 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/33/2  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16]

Contents:
Gilbert le Paumer and Sir Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Gilbert has entered into a bond with Stephen to cover the rent of 16s. a year which he owes to Stephen for 2 messuages in Meauton.
Witnesses: Robert de Shep', Hugh de Perers, William de Sixteneby, William de Alleby, Richard de Houby, John Banastre.
[Please quote SC414 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/33/3  [17 Jan. 1336]

Contents:
(1) Alice de Segrave; (2) William de Newten' and Roger called le Hayward of Dalby; (3) William de Northborn and Alice his wife. Wed. after St. Hilary, 9 Edw. III
Alice has attorned William and Roger to receive seisin in her name of a messuage with appurtenances in Melton which she had by grant of William and Alice.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2808 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MOUNTSORREL (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Mountsorrel was one of the Segraves' five principal Leicestershire manors and derived from two major grants to Stephen de Segrave, by Ranulph earl of Chester (the northern part) and Margaret de Quincy, countess of Winchester (the southern part): above, BCM/D/5/22/2 [SC 236]. [Ranulph's grant was of all his land in Mountsorrel with common pasture in the wood of Quorndon (called 'inferior' in the Segrave Cartulary while the portion granted by Margaret Quincy was called 'superior'). Margaret was the sister and coheir of Robert earl of Leicester, and Ranulph held the other moiety, which was later granted to Simon de Montfort, son of the other coheir. Margaret's son Roger confirmed his mother's grant to Stephen: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 15d.] Stephen had with his wife Rose Despenser a rent of 1 mark from the mill and made other acquisitions in Mountsorrel, including a grant of 9¼ a. of meadow and 16 a. of land, with others elsewhere, from Hugh Daubeny, earl of Arundel, in exchange for lands which Hugh had previously granted to Stephen in Mountsorrel, Barrow and Quorndon. [Below, BCM/D/5/41/11 [GC 421]; BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 15d] The manor is represented by rents of £10 in Nicholas de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1295, and by 1325 it was valued at 20 marks with market, tolls and courts. It was included in the settlement of Dec. 1343 for Margaret Marshal. It was held by the duchess Katherine and the reversion (as Mountsorrel major and minor) was granted by the duchess Elizabeth to the queen in 1476 and by William Berkeley to Richard III in 1484.

NARBOROUGH (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/34  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor is not recorded in the muniments later and evidently reverted at the end of the stated term.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/34/1  [c. 8 Sept. 1250]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 31]

Contents:
Ralph le Botyler, son of Maurice le Botyler, and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
With the consent of Maud his wife, Ralph has granted to Gilbert his manor of Northburg for 10 years beginning at the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 34 Hen. III [8 Sept. 1250], on payment of 260 marks; after which term Gilbert may hold the manor for his life at a rent of £50 a year.
Witnesses: Sir William Burdet, Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius) of Rearsby, Peter Peverell, Ralph de Nevill, Adam de Bramteston, Master John de Aunechyrth, Hugh de Bevinton, Roger Heler, Ralph the marshal (marescallus) of Aylestone (Ayliston), Robert de Leycestr'.
[Please quote SC304 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/34/2  [11 Nov. 1250]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 31]

Contents:
Ralph le Butiler and Maud his wife; and Gilbert de Sedgrave. Martinmas 35 Hen. III
Final concord concerning the manor of Northburgh; Ralph and Maud have granted the manor to Gilbert for his life, from Michaelmas 35 Hen. III [29 Sept. 1251], paying £50 a year after 10 years; and if Gilbert dies within the 10 years then the manor stays with his heirs or assigns until the end of the term.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC305 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OADBY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/35  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The minor holding is not later mentioned separately in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/35/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.]

Contents:
William Basset and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has granted to Stephen 1 virgate of land in Outheby, which Richard son of William holds, with the same Richard and his issue; rent a pair of white gloves or 1d. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas de Estlega, Philip de Kinton, Henry de Segrave, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, William Martiwast, William le Faukoner, Walter Puterel, Hugh de Manecestre, Gilbert Maulor, Richard de Thorp, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote SC178 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

COLD OVERTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/36  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In 1233 Henry III confirmed grants to Stephen (I) de Segrave by John FitzGeoffrey, John de Grey, Geoffrey de Bagpuize, and Jocelin de [Hautrive]: John de Grey had granted 31 virgates and 13s. rent and, separately, a capital messuage, with a garden, meadow and 5 virgates of land, which he held for his life of Stephen de Meisnell, who later granted the reversion to Stephen and quitclaimed the holding along with the advowson; Geoffrey de Bakepuiz had granted 4 virgates with the services of the tenants, and Jocelin and Isabel his wife had granted another 4 virgates; both were held of Stephen de Meisnell, who confirmed the grants. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17.] In 1295 the Segrave holding was described as 2 carucates of land; by 1325 it was called a manor, and by then it was closely associated with the holding at Somerby and later with that at Pickwell. All three were granted to the young John de Segrave in 1334. By Dec. 1343 they had been granted to his brother Stephen for life, when the reversion was settled on Margaret Marshal in jointure, and on her death in 1399 Cold Overton was valued at £34. It was one of the five principal Leicestershire manors. It was part of the agreed jointure of the duchess Elizabeth in 1476, when the park was held by the duchess Katherine, and the reversion was granted by William Berkeley to his feoffees Edward Willoughby and Robert Logge, who in 1489 granted the reversion, along with that of Great Dalby to someone whose name is illegible: below, BCM/D/6/1/4-5 [GC 4462-3].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/36/1  [1434-5]

Contents:
Manorial account 13-14 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR349 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PICKWELL WITH LEESTHORPE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/37  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding was one of those granted to the young John de Segrave in 1334 before the official end of his minority, and by Dec. 1343 it was held for life by his younger brother Stephen, the reversion being included in the grant of that date. On both those occasions it was associated with Cold Overton, but it was not included in the regrant to John and Margaret of Sept. 1344. It presumably passed in 1353 straight to John de Mowbray, who in 1364 allowed it to be granted to the chantry at Manton (Rutland): BCM/D/5/37/4 [GC 3556].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/37/1  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17d.]

Contents:
Thomas de Birkyn, son of John de Birkyn, and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Thomas has granted to Stephen one third of 13 bovates of land and one eighth of a bovate in Pichvell and Levesthorp which used to belong to Roger Arundel; Stephen is to perform the services to the chief lord which pertain to that land.
Witnesses: John de Birkyn, William de Flemesburg, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Robert Puterel, William le Faukenor, Hugh de Manecestre, Robert de Waleton, Geoffrey Puterel, Robert de Scepey, Gilbert Maulore, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote SC119 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/37/2  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17d.]

Contents:
William de Flemesburg and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
William has granted to Stephen one third of 13 bovates of land and one eighth of a bovate of land in Pichvell and Levesthorp which used to belong to Roger Arundel.
Witnesses: John de Birkin, Thomas his son, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Robert Puterel, William le Faukoner, Geoffrey Puterel, Robert de Waleton, Hugh de Manecestre, Robert de Scepey, Gilbert Maulore, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote SC259 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/37/3  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17d.]

Contents:
Nicholas de Anesti and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Nicholas has granted to Stephen one third of 13 bovates of land and one eighth of a bovate in Pichwell, viz. Nicholas's portion of the inheritance of Roger Harundel.
Witnesses: William de Aumblie, Reginald Basset, Henry de Segrave, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Humphrey de Modburn, Robert de Waleton, Geoffrey Puterel, Robert de Scepey, Gilbert Maulore, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote GC344 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/37/4  [1364]

Contents:
John de Moubray, lord of Axholme; and Sir John Wade, canon of St. Paul's, London, and Robert de Luffenham. 16 May 38 Edw. III
John has granted licence to John and Robert to grant 6 messuages, 4 cottages, 13 virgates and 4 a. of land in Pikwell (Leics.), which are held of Thomas de Astleye immediately and of John mediately, to the keeper and chaplains of the chantry in the church of Mantone by Okham founded by William Wade, brother of John.
At: Epworth.
[Please quote GC3556 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

QUORNDON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/38  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted lands there by Ranulph earl of Chester and by Hugh Daubeny, earl of Arundel; Hugh later took back his lands in exchange for others. Further lands there were settled on John and Christine de Segrave by Edmund earl of Arundel in 1314, probably for regrant to Stephen and Alice de Arundel. John acquired another holding, extending into Rushall and Barrow-upon-Soar, c. May 1314, and in his inquisition post mortem he held rents of 14s. 8d. in Garendon, Rushall and Quorndon in addition to the lands held by his father. The holding is not later mentioned separately in the muniments, and the Segrave Cartulary notes that it remained with Mountsorrel. See Barrow-upon-Soar, BCM/D/5/15.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/38/1  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 14]

Contents:
Yvo de Roel and Stephen de Setgrave. n.d.
Yvo has quitclaimed to Stephen the homage and service of Richard Martel from 1 bovate of land in Quorndon, viz. 2s. 6d. rent a year.
Witnesses: Peter de Sancto Eadwardo, Gilbert Mallore, Robert Puterel, Stephen de Roel, Geoffrey Puterel, Robert de Shepeye, William son of Ivo de Prestwalt, Elias de Prestwalt, William Pinkenee, Peter de Reresby.
[Please quote SC136 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/38/2  [9 Sept. 1314]

Contents:
John Bonn of Quorndon and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. Mon. after the nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 8 Edw. II
John has granted to Stephen, his heirs and assigns a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Querendon super Soram.
Witnesses: Robert de Fernham of Quorndon, William Martel of the same, Adam Martel of the same, Richard Bloundel of the same, William de Silby of Mountsorrel, Geoffrey le Lorymer of the same, William de Cortelyngstoke of the same.
At: Mountsorrell.
[Please quote GC1994 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

RATBY (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A holding here was granted by Peter de St. Edward to Holy Trinity Priory, Lenton; the priory granted it in an exchange to Stephen de Segrave, and Stephen granted it to Margaret de Quincy, countess of Winchester, in exchange for land in Whetstone: below, BCM/D/5/52/1 [SC 171].

RATCLIFFE-ON-THE-WREAKE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/39  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Segrave Cartulary notes that the holding was alienated for rent and service, which continued, and it does not occur later by name in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/39/1  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13]

Contents:
William Burdet and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
William has granted to Stephen 4 bovates of land in Radeclive super Wrec', viz. those held by Gervase son of Arnold, William Bonde, Robert son of Utthred and Hugh son of Martin, with Gervase, William, Robert and Hugh and their chattels and issue; rent 1 lb. of cumin a year.
Witnesses: Richard son of William, G. Dispensar, Henry de Segrave, Edmund de Segrave, Nicholas Mallore, Laurence Mauduit, Richard de Kint'.
[Please quote GC1265 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

REARSBY (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Besides the land which he inherited from his father Gilbert, Stephen (I) de Segrave acquired a virgate from Roger de Rearsby. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12.] By 1325 the land was appurtenant to Seagrave and the rents were paid there.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/40/1  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius) and Stephen de Sagrave. n.d.
Ralph has acknowledged that he has received Stephen's homage for all his land in Reresby which Stephen's father held of him, viz. 1 virgate which William Buteiller held from Gilbert de Sagrave; rent 25d. a year.
Witnesses: Geoffrey Bassett, William de Belegrave, Hugh de Ses, Ivo the chamberlain (camerarius), Ralph de Tursteneston, Roger Stalipres, Roger Mareschall, Ralph de Snipestre, William Hurel.
[Please quote SC115 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/40/2  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius) of Rearsby and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Ralph has acknowledged that he has received the homage of Stephen for the land which Gilbert, Stephen's father, held of him in Reresbi, viz. 1 virgate of land which Fegge held and a toft which Seled held, at rents of 2s. a year for the virgate and 1d. a year for the toft; and Ralph remits to Stephen 13d. of the rent, so that he pays 12d. a year for both, for which Stephen gave him 1 mark.
Witnesses: Geoffrey Basset, dean, Ralph de Folevile, Robert de Tuiford, Ralph de Thursteinistun, William son of Henry de Houbi, Hugh son of Thomas, Edmund de Segrave, Roger the marshal (marescallus), Robert son of Ralph de Thursteinistun.
[Please quote SC261 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SEAGRAVE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/41  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Seagrave was one of the family's five principal Leicestershire manors. Stephen de Segrave inherited holdings there from his father Gilbert, much having been acquired by Gilbert and his father Hereward from members of an apparently unrelated family also called de Segrave, Roger, his son Herbert and grandson Gilbert. The 1325 inquisitions post mortem record that the manor included rents from Markfield, Rearsby, Barrow-upon-Soar, Thrussington, Hoby and Grimston, and Burton Grange. It was among the manors settled on Richard III by William de Berkeley in 1484. See also below, BCM/D/5/46/5 [GCR 192].

THE HOBY HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/1  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 10d.]

Contents:
William son of Henry de Houbia and Stephen de Satgrave, his lord. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has sold to Stephen 1 bovate of land in Satgrave next to his furlong, which was of the fee of Richard Basset, so that, of a carucate of land which was of Walerand, William's grandfather, Stephen holds 2 virgates in his demesne, and William holds the other 2 virgates of the carucate of Stephen by the service of one 24th of a knight's fee; Stephen has given him 4 silver coins.
Witnesses: Robert de Twiford, Ralph de Turstaneston, Henry de Setgrave, Ralph de Buceb', Laurice Mauduit, Edmund de Satgrave, Hugh son of Thomas, Geoffrey son of Alfred, Geoffrey Puterel, Gilbert Mallore.
[Please quote GC1421 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/2  [1200 x 1241]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 10d., 16]

Contents:
William son of Henry de Houby and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
William has quitclaimed to Stephen 2 virgates of land in Segrave for Stephen to have in his demesne, and for this Stephen has given him 2 virgates in Meauton, viz. one which Robert de Mubray gave to Gilbert de Segrave his father and one which Robert de Mubray, brother of William de Mubray, gave to Stephen; rent a pair of spurs or 4d. a year for one virgate and 1 lb. of cumin a year for the other.
Witnesses: Sir Philip de Wasteneys, Henry de Segrave, Ralph parson of Houby, Ralph Peruns, Robert de Waleton, Gilbert Malore, Ralph son of Nicholas.
[Please quote GC388 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/3  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 10d.]

Contents:
William de Houbi, son of Henry de Houbi, and Stephen de Segrave his lord n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has quitclaimed to Stephen 1 virgate and a half-virgate in the vill of Segrave, viz. the virgate called the Thomelin virgate. [The Thomelin virgate had been held by Stephen's elder brother Thomas.] and the half-virgate lying between that virgate and the 5 bovates of land which Waleran his grandfather held, which remain to him; for this Stephen has rendered to him the bovate of land beside the half-virgate.
Witnesses: Walter le Poher, Philip de Kinton', Ralph de Martig', Walter Robert of Twyford, Ralph de Thusteineston, Nicholas de Sauvigni, Henry de Houbi, Hugh son of Thomas de Segrave, Geoffrey son of Alfred.
[Please quote GC1420 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/4  [1183-4]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 10d.]

Contents:
Thomas de Curcun and Gilbert de Sadgrave. 30 Hen. II
Thomas has quitclaimed to Gilbert 6s. 2d. from the rent of 1 mark a year which Gilbert and his ancestors had paid to Thomas and his ancestors for 5 bovates of land in Sadgrave, which is of the fee of Digitheswurth; in return Gilbert has given to Thomas 4 marks and to Avice his wife 1 talent of gold.
Witnesses: Elias de Digetheswurth, Robert de Twiford, Henry Putrel, Thomas Despenser (Dispensator), Nicholas son of Richard, Elias son of Geoffrey, Thomas son of Anketill de Sadgrave, Adam brother of William the abbot of Leicester, Richerus the clerk of Roele, Stephen his brother, John son of Elias de Digetheswurth, Geoffrey de Thorp, Richard, Roger and Ivo, sons of Walkelin de Roele.
[Please quote SC22 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/5  [late 12th cent]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
Herbert son of Roger de Sadgrave and Gilbert de Sadgrave. n.d.
Herbert, with the assent of Edith his wife and Gilbert his heir and his other heirs, has granted and quitclaimed to Gilbert 1 virgate of land in Sadgrave called Turgar virgate, also 6 butts under the spring Pudewell; Gilbert has given 22s. to Herbert, 2s. to Edith and 12d. to Gilbert his heir.
Witnesses: William the priest (presbiter), Adam brother of the abbot, Henry Putrel, Thomas son of Anketil, Alfred son of William, Walter the clerk, William the Fleming (Flamans), William de Bretingeby, Roger the reeve (praepositus), Herbert his son,. .. Edmund and Richard his son, Nicholas son of Wulfi, Norman his brother.
[Please quote GC423 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/6  1154-1189


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 9d.]

Contents:
Herbert son of Roger de Sadgrave and Gilbert son of Hereward de Sadgrave. (n.d. [temp. Hen. II])
Herbert, with the assent of his wife Edith, Gilbert his eldest son and his other heirs, has granted to Gilbert 1 virgate of land in Sadgrave, viz. that which Turstan and Swein held, with Turstan and Swein and their issue; Gilbert has given 3 marks to Herbert, a green tunic to Edith and 12d. to Gilbert their son; and he has confirmed to Gilbert the sales and grants which Roger his father made to Hereward, Gilbert's father.
Witnesses: William chaplain of Sadgrave, Stephen son of Ernwl de Roele, Ivo de Prestewald, William le Flaminang, Hugh son of Ailwin de Mountsorell, Richard son of Walkelin de Roele, Roger his brother, Ivo their brother, Edmund son of Edric, Richard his son, Alfred son of William, William his son, Roger son of Edric, Herbert his son, Gilbert son of Roger, Edmund son of Anketil, Henry his son.
[Please quote GC424 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/7  1154-1189

Contents:
Gilbert de Sethgravia and Robert son of Robert de Wlfeia. (n.d. [temp. Hen. II])
Gilbert has granted to Robert the church of Sethgravia in [free] alms, for the health of his soul and those of his ancestors.
Witnesses: Robert de Wlfeia, Richard the chaplain, Richard de Gnoweshalia.
[Please quote SC24 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/8  [1201 x 1202]

Contents:
Richard son of Roger and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Richard has quitclaimed to Stephen his lord 2 virgates of land and 4 tofts in Segrave.
Witnesses: William de Hardred[eshulla], sheriff, Thomas de Estleia, Ralph de Martiwast, William de Freteai, Robert de Tuiford, Ralph de Turitenitoze, William de Houbi, William de Anesti.
[Please quote SC77 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/9  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Gilbert son of Herbert de Segrave and Stephen de Segrave. (n.d. [early Hen. III])
Gilbert has confirmed and quitclaimed to Stephen the sale by himself and Herbert his father of 1 virgate in Cosintona, 1 virgate in Segrave, the furlong called Muclecroft, 6 butts under Pudewelle spring, 1 virgate in Segrave called Thurger virgate, a croft of Haliwelle in Segrave [etc.], and Stephen has given to him a white rouncy fully harnessed, and to Maud his wife 2s.
Witnesses: Robert de Harecort, Hugh Silvanus, Elias de Dithew', Henry Mallore, Robert de Twiford, William son of Robert, Ralph de Thurst', Reginald de Halestede, Roger de Role, Edmund the merchant (mercator) of Seagrave, Ralph the clerk.
[Please quote GC962 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/10  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 10]

Contents:
Gilbert son of Herbert and Stephen de Segrave. (n.d. [early Hen. III])
Gilbert has quitclaimed to Stephen, his lord, a toft and a croft in the vill of Segrave, viz. that which pertains to the virgate which he holds of Stephen of the fee of the abbey of Leircest'; rent 3s. a year.
Witnesses: Nicholas the chaplain, Henry de Segrave, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Hugh son of Thomas, Edmund de Segrave, Geoffrey Puterel, Robert de Scepey, Gilbert Mallore, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote GC384 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/11  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 10d., 15d.]

Contents:
Ivo son of Walkelin de Roel and Stephen de Sedgrave. (n.d. [early Hen. III])
Ivo has rendered and quitclaimed to Stephen all the land which he held of Stephen, his lord, in the territory of Sedgrave and the services of Juliana who was wife of Ranulf Odo and her heirs in the vill of Mountsorell, viz. 2s. a year rent.
Witnesses: Walter de Bescbosc, Henry de Sedgrave, Geoffrey Puterel, Anketil Malore, Stephen de Roel, Hugh de Sedgrave, Robert de Wilton.
[Please quote GC421 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/41/12  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 10]

Contents:
Gilbert Picot and Stephen de Segrave. (n.d. [early Hen. III])
Gilbert has quitclaimed to Stephen the ½ mark rent from 2 virgates of land which he held of Gilbert in Segrave; rent to be, instead, 1d. a year, and Stephen has given him 5 marks.
Witnesses: Sir Wychard Ledet, Sir Bertram Large (Grossus), Sir John de Riparia, Sir William son of Elias, and Sir Richard de Thorp, Walter de Bissopedon, Walter de Kynton, William de Well.
[Please quote GC1510 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SILEBY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/42  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Sileby was one of the Segraves' five principal Leicestershire manors. Between 1236 and 1239 Stephen de Segrave exchanged the manor of Thornton (BCM/D/5/45) with Simon de Montfort for Sileby and Thurnby. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 14d. Simon had acquired Sileby in Oct. 1236 and the exchange with Stephen was confirmed by Henry III in March 1239.] The grant included the advowson of Sileby, for which Nicholas de Segrave was later sued by Edmund of Lancaster, but Edmund quitclaimed it to Nicholas by a fine of 1277-8. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 15.] Nicholas Lord Segrave granted half his water-mill and windmill there to a tenant for life (above, BCM/D/5/18/3 [GC 819]), and the manor was included in the settlement of 1343-4. It was held by the duchess Katherine and the reversion was granted by the duchess Elizabeth to the queen in 1476 and by William Berkeley to Richard III in 1484. The rents of Thurnby and possibly those of Cossington were paid at Sileby. The manor was sold with Thurnby in Oct. 1587 by Henry Lord Berkeley to George Shirley, who in the same year married Henry's daughter Frances. [Smyth, ii. 359 (BCM GC 5458).]

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/42/1  Mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 15]

Contents:
Gregory de Waletone and Maud his wife, daughter of Robert de Northeng in Sileby, and Sir Nicholas de Segrave. [Ivo Teyng and Milicent his wife, another daughter of Robert de Northeng, granted to Stephen their part of a capital messuage and one quarter of 1 virgate of land, as also did Milicent's sister Felicia and her husband Ralph de Rays and a fourth sister Emma; the agreement was completed by a final concord involving all four sisters: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 14d.] n.d. [late Hen. III]
Gregory and Maud have granted to Nicholas their part of the capital messuage formerly of William de Northeng, her brother, in Syleby, which they inherited on William's death; Nicholas has given them 20s.
Witnesses: Sir Richard de Quitsand, Nicholas de Marnham, Richard son of [Henry] de Segrave, Simon Peyl of Sileby, Simon de Borestal of the same, Thomas son of Richard of [Cossington], William Simon of Sileby, Gilbert de Barwe.
[Please quote GC1569 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/42/2  [mid 14th cent.]

Contents:
John de Segrave, knight; and John de Denton in Sileby, Emma his wife and William his son. n.d.
John has granted to John, Emma and William a messuage in the vill of Sileby with 5 a. of land and 3 roods of meadow, which Reginald Robinet formerly held; for their lives, rent 10s. a year.
Witnesses: William Robinet of Sileby, John Peyl, Richard le Ray, Ralph de Westone, Robert de Brantingham.
[Please quote GC3335 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/42/3  [1489]

Contents:
James Blount, knight, and the marquess of Berkeley, his lord. 16 Nov. 5 Hen. VII
James has received from William £6 13s. 4d. in part payment of an annuity of 20 marks granted to him by his lord from his manor of Sileby (Leics.).
[Please quote GC4472 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/42/4  1272-1307

Contents:
Sir William Peyle of Sileby, chaplain, and William Mariot of Sileby. (n.d. [temp. Edw. I])
William Peyle has granted to William Mariot a half-acre of land in the territory of Sileby in the field called Suzerenemers, for 22s.; rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: Simon Peyle of Sileby, John de Brantinglis, Ralph Sernd, John Peyle, Richard le Kay.
[Please quote GC1509 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SIX HILLS, IN RAGDALE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/43  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding is not mentioned later in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/43/1  [late 12th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18]

Contents:
William de Meinil and Gilbert de Sedgravia. n.d.
William has granted to Gilbert his meadows at Seghishou, namely Braddale and Garam near Seghishou; rent 12d. a year, to be paid to the bailiff at Daubra on the feast of St. Peter in chains [1 Aug.].
Witnesses: William son of Geoffrey, Denis and Roger, sons of Walerand, Robert Vivien, Warin son of Geoffrey, Gerard de Grimistun, Thomas son of Goche, Matthew his brother, Gilbert de Warenothebi, John son of Fulk, Gervase de Hicling, William de Segrava.
[Please quote SC30 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/43/2  [late 12th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18]

Contents:
William son of Geoffrey de Dalbi and Gilbert de Sagrave. n.d.
William has granted to Gilbert his meadow at Segehishou, namely Braddadale and Garam which abuts on Seghishou; rent 12d. a year.
Witnesses: William de Meinel, lord of Dalby, and William his son, Warin son of Geoffrey, Stephen de Roelai, Thomas de Sagrave, Herbert son of Roger, Denis and Roger, sons of Walerand, Robert Vivien, Gerard de Grimestun, Thomas son of Gore, Matthew his brother, Gilbert Warenoshebi, John son of Fulk, Gervase de Hicling, William son of Roger de Sagrave.
[Please quote SC29 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/43/3  [early 13th cent]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18]

Contents:
William son of Geoffrey de Daubi and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
William has granted to Stephen his meadow at Seggeshou, which Gilbert de Segrave his father held of William, viz. Bradedale and Garam which abuts on Seggeshou; rent 1d. a year at Whitsun.
Witnesses: Geoffrey Boes of Grimston, Roger the clerk of Grimeston, Ralph de Thursteineston, William son of Henry de Houbi, Edmund the merchant of Segrave, Hugh son of Thomas de Segrave, Geoffrey son of Alfred, Robert Cave de Grimeston, Roger de Role.
[Please quote SC97 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SOMERBY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/44  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Rents of 60s. from Somerby are mentioned in the 1295 inquisition post mortem, and by 1325 rents of 61s. 0½d. and the advowson of Somerby were appurtenant to Cold Overton. With Cold Overton they were granted to the young John de Segrave in 1334 and were held for life by John's brother Stephen by Dec. 1343. [William Earl Warenne granted to Stephen de Segrave lands in Dunsthorpe and Harrowby and rents in Harrowby, Somerby and Gonerby (Lincs.), and Stephen later granted those lands and rents to Henry de Lincoln at a farm of £10 a year; the Somerby of the grant was probably Old Somerby (Lincs.) near Grantham; Dunsthorpe and Gonerby (BCM/D/5/58) were in the same vicinity.] Somerby is not mentioned separately in the muniments after 1343.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/44/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17d.]

Contents:
William de Quatremaris and Geoffrey Puterel. [Geoffrey was a nephew of Stephen de Segrave, and he granted to Stephen all his lands in Hose: above, BCM/D/5/27/3 [SC 270]. The Segrave Cartulary has the grant by Geoffrey to Stephen and his heirs and a quitclaim by Geoffrey's widow Eleanor to Gilbert de Segrave of her dower rights.] (n.d. [early Hen. III])
William has granted to Geoffrey 1 carucate [sic] of land in Sumeredeb', viz. 1 virgate which Walter le Norle held, 1 virgate which Robert the smith held, 1 bovate which Beatrice widow of Simon le Norle held, 1 bovate which William de Picwell held, 1 bovate which Henry son of Roger held and 1 bovate which Henry son of Ailwin held; rent two iron arrows a year.
Witnesses: Stephen de Sedgrave, Reginald Basset, Henry de Sedgrave, William de Charnel, John Friday, Ralph Arravy, Stephen de Rothel', Alan de Gunton, Robert Mutun, William de Dereford.
[Please quote GC417 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THORNTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/45  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The acquisition of the land was confirmed by Henry III in 1233, but by 1239 Stephen de Segrave had granted it to Simon de Montfort in exchange for Sileby and Thurnby. [BL Harl 4748, f. 14d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/45/1  [c. 1230]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 14d.]

Contents:
Henry Pipard and Stephen de Segrave n.d.
Henry, with the assent of Nichola his wife, has granted to Stephen all his land in Torinton with the services of the free men; rent 2 marks a year; warranty by Henry and Nichola's heirs; Stephen has given Henry 70 marks. Endorsed in com. Leicestr.
Witnesses: Ralph de Bray, Walter de Bisebosco, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, John de Riparia, Henry de Nafford, Simon de Cestria, clerk of the earl of Chester, William de Curli.
[Please quote GC413 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/45/2  [13 April 1231]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 14d.]

Contents:
Henry Pipard and Nichola his wife; and Stephen de Segrave. Three weeks after Easter, 15 Hen. III
Final concord concerning the manor of Torinton; Henry and Nichola have acknowledged the right of Stephen in the manor, which he had by their gift, to hold of them at a rent of 2 marks a year, and Stephen has given them 68 marks.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC222 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THORPE SATCHVILLE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/46  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Rents of £9 16s. 2d. from Thorpe Satchville and neighbouring Twyford are first recorded in Stephen de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1325, and seem to have been acquired by Stephen and his father John. Both vills were mentioned in the 1343-4 settlement and thereafter as part of that settlement in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399. Thorpe Satchville is not later mentioned separately in the muniments but by 1484 Twyford occurs as one of the manors representing all the Leicestershire holdings in the grant by William Berkeley to Richard III.

THE WALTHAM HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/46/1  [1314]

Contents:
Stephen de Segrave and Roger de Everton. 29 Feb. [sic] 7 Edw. II
Stephen has attorned Roger to take seisin of lands and holdings in Thorp Sechevill and Twyford which Stephen acquired from Roger de Waltham of Melton Mowbrai.
At: Nottingham.
[Please quote GC484 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/46/2  [1314]

Contents:
Ralph de Sechevill, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. 3 March 7 Edw. II
Ralph has quitclaimed to Stephen all the lands and holdings with which Roger de Waltham of Melton Mowbray enfeoffed Stephen in Thorp Sechevill and Twiford.
Witnesses: Oliver Waleys, Roger de Somervill, Ralph de Folevill, John de Vilers, Robert de Stotton, Richard de Keythorp, John de Houby, Roger Foucher of Kirkby, John de Folevill, Robert de Overton, John de Stotton, Walter de Houby.
At: Nottingham.
[Please quote GC485 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/46/3  [19 March 1319]

Contents:
(1) Roger de Waltham of Melton; (2) Robert Doverton; (3) Sir Stephen de Segrave. Mon. before the feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 12 Edw. II
Roger has appointed Robert his attorney to give seisin to Stephen of a messuage and 2 virgates of land and of Robert de la Trene and his chattels and issue, which Stephen had by grant of Roger in Thorp Secchevile.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2271 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/46/4  [24 Dec. 1340]

Contents:
Isabel widow of Edmund de Asshybi and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave. Sat. after St. Thomas the apostle, 14 Edw. III
Isabel has quitclaimed to John a mill in Thorp Secchevill which John had by grant of Edmund.
Witnesses: William de Keythorp the elder, William de Keythorp the younger, Robert de Gaddesby, William de Tiltone, Richard Engelond.
At: Twyford.
[Please quote GC2981 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/46/5  1440

Contents:
Two courts: View of frankpledge and court of John duke of Norfolk
Thorpe Satchville Thurs. before St. George, 18 Hen. VI [21 April 1440]
Seagrave Mon. after Corpus Christi [18 Hen. VI, 30 May 1440?]
[Please quote GCR192 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THRUSSINGTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/47  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (I) de Segrave inherited lands there from his father Gilbert (I). By 1325 the holding was appurtenant to Seagrave and the rents were paid there.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

The chaplain's holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/1  [1315]

Contents:
William son of Ralph de Thurstanton, chaplain, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. 6 Sept. 9 Edw. II
William has granted to Stephen, his heirs and assigns, all the lands and holdings in Thurstanton which he acquired from John son of Alan of Thurstanton; and for this, Stephen has granted to William, for his life, rents of 41s. 4d., being 8s. a year from 1 virgate of land in Durantthorp, 13s. 4d. from 3¼a. of meadow in Kynston, and 20s. from 1 virgate in Thorp in Clotts.
Witnesses: John de Bursecot, John Drym, Ralph de Irland, William Ingwardeby, Roger de Somervill, John de Visers, Robert de Althertre, Robert de Derlay.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC2055 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/2  [1315]

Contents:
John de Notingham and Stephen de Segrave. 2 Dec. 9 Edw. II
John has quitclaimed to Stephen the lands and holdings in the vill of Thurstanton which were of William le Chapelein.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC494 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/3  [26 Dec. 1315]
Language:  French

Contents:
Sir Stephen de Segrave and Sir William de Thurstanton, chaplain. Morrow of Christmas Day, 9 Edw. II
Stephen has granted to William his right and claim in all the lands and holdings which William had by his purchase in the vill of Thurstanton, rent ½ mark a year.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC2068 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Thrussington holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/4  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Thomas son of Remey de Thurstanton and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. n.d.
Thomas has granted to Stephen all the lands and holdings which his father held in the vill of Thurstanton.
Witnesses: Henry de Notingham, John de Vileis, Ralph de Folevill, William son of Thomas de Thurstanton, Sir William de Thurstanton, chaplain.
[Please quote GC976 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/5  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Thomas son of Remey de Thurstanton and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. n.d.
Thomas has quitclaimed to Stephen all his lands and holdings in the vill of Thustanton.
Witnesses: Henry de Notingham, John de Vileres, Ralph de Foliville, Roger de Somervylle, William son of Thomas de Thurstanton, Sir William de Thurstanton, chaplain.
[Please quote GC829 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/6  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Thomas son of Remey de Thurstanton and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. n.d.
Thomas has quitclaimed to Stephen all the lands and holdings which his father held in the vill of Thurstanton.
Witnesses: Henry de Notingham, John de Vileis, Ralph de Folevill, William son of Thomas de Thurstanton, Sir William de Thurstanton, chaplain, Roger de Somerville.
[Please quote GC977 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/7  Mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11.]

Contents:
Richard son of Thomas de Wappenbiri and Gilbert de Sadgrave. n.d. [late Hen. II]
Richard has granted to Gilbert 1 virgate of land in Tursteineston which Alice de Milton held, with two furlongs (culture) from his demesne, one of which abuts on Thre Howes and the other is called Lambetotehou, with a toft which belonged to Geremund at the bridgehead, with the fallow which Nicholas son of Godwin held near the said toft; rent 1 lb. of cumin at Easter. For this grant, Gilbert has given to Richard a white horse of Powis.
Witnesses: Adam the priest (sacerdos) of Widibroch, Thomas Noel, Henry de Lodbroc, Gilbert de Houbi, John de Wappenbiri and Peter his brother, Thomas son of Geremund, Ralph de Tursteineston, Henry son of Walerand, Henry son of Anketil, Thomas de Sagrave, William son of Warin, Gilbert son of Gerard.
[Please quote SC31 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/8  Early mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17d.]

Contents:
Geoffrey de Insula and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Geoffrey has granted to Stephen 4½a. of land above Lambetotehil; rent an arrow a year at Easter.
Witnesses: Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), Ralph de Tursteinton, Robert Putrell, Robert de Torp, Ralph Perron.
[Please quote SC200 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/47/9  [13 Nov. 1356]

Contents:
Robert son of John de Overton and Robert son of Robert de Kegworthe. Sun. after St. Martin, 30 Edw. III
Robert de Overton has granted to Robert de Kegworthe a cottage, 2½a. of land and half a rood of meadow, which John Gonnor held by his grant, and 10 a. of land and 1½ roods of meadow in Thursingtone, which the same John and Robert Colyer formerly held by his grant; for life.
Witnesses: Thomas Poutrel of Ratcliffe, Alan Horbelyng of Thrussington, William Daukyn and Roger Ko of the same.
At: Thrussington.
[Please quote GC3453 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THURMASTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/48  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Thurmaston was one of the Segraves' minor holdings mentioned in the grant of Dec. 1343 (and thereafter in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399 as part of the same settlement), but there is no evidence of its acquisition.

THE HOLDING OF ROBERT SON OF HUGH  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/48/1  [28 Oct. 1294]

Contents:
John le Mason of Thurmaston; and Robert son of Hugh de Scyleby and Eleanor his wife. Thursday after St. Dunstan, 22 Edw. I
John has granted to Robert and Eleanor, for 32s. 6d., 4 roods of land which he bought from John Lewyn in Thurmeston.
Witnesses: Sir Robert, chaplain of Thurmaston, Alan Cristopher of the same, Robert Roger of Belgrave, William Casteleyn of Humberstone, William de Rothele of Syston (Thyston), William Broun of Burstale, Thomas de Thurmeston, clerk.
At: Thurmaston.
[Please quote GC607 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/48/2  19 July 1296

Contents:
Godfrey son of Alan Cristofre of Thurmaston; and Robert son of Hugh son of Astinus de Sileby in Thurmaston and Eleanor his wife.
Godfrey has quitclaimed to Robert and Eleanor 1 a. and half a rood of land in Thurmodeston, which they had by grant of Alan his father.
Witnesses: Robert de Burstal, Roger Haurente of Belgrave, Robert Roger of the same, William Maggot of Thurmaston, William Haurente of the same, John the clerk.
[Please quote GC617 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/48/3  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard son of Osbert Elemyr of Humberstone and John son of Robert de Sileby in Thurmaston. n.d.
Richard has granted to John 1 a. of arable land in Thurmeston beyond le Broc.
Witnesses: Henry in Oik of Thurmaston, Thomas son of Thomas of the same, William Magot of the same, William Laur' of the same, Henry de Stutton of the same, Guy the clerk.
[Please quote GC790 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THURNBY (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The holding was appurtenant to the manor of Sileby and was acquired by Stephen de Segrave, with Sileby, by exchange with Simon de Montfort. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 15.] Stephen also acquired 1 virgate there, and granted all his lands in Thurnby to Geoffrey Putrell, his nephew, for life. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 15.]. In 1295 the holding was described as 7 bovates of land but by 1325 as rents paid to Sileby. It was one of the minor holdings mentioned in the settlement of 1343-4 and thereafter in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399 as part of the same settlement, and was sold with Sileby in Oct. 1587: BCM/D/5/42

TWYFORD (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/49  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Twyford was closely associated with neighbouring Thorpe Satchville: BCM/D/5/46. It was one of the minor holdings mentioned in the settlement of 1343-4 and thereafter in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399, and was in 1484 granted by William de Berkeley to Richard III, when it was described as a manor.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/49/1  [1303]

Contents:
John de Nevile, son of Stephen de Nevile, of Wymeswold, and Sir John de Segrave. 22 April 31 Edw. I
John de Nevile has quitclaimed to John de Segrave all the lands and holdings which were of Sir The[obald] de Nevile, knight, in Twiford.
Witnesses: Roger de Somervile, Henry de Notyngham, Ralph le Chambirleyn, Hugh de Prestwold, Nicholas de Overton, Robert le Parker, John de Vilers, Roger the clerk.
At: Overton.
[Please quote GC1047 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/49/2  [1318]
Language:  French

Contents:
William de Neubold and Sir Stephen de Segrave. 2 April 11 Edw. II
William has granted to Stephen, his heirs and assigns 1 a. of land in Twiford on Norhtdalehull, as fully as he had it from William Clee of Twiford.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2869 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/49/3  [c. 8 March 1296]

Contents:
Thomas de Bokelond and Thomas son of Robert de Nevile. n.d.
Thomas de Bokelond has granted to Thomas de Nevile, his heirs and assigns a messuage and toft and all his lands, holdings, rents [etc.] in the vill and territory of Twyford (Leics.).
Witnesses: Sir John de Folevile, Sir John Maulore, Sir William le Waleys, knights, William Burdet, Ralph de Sechevile, Richard de Keythorp, John de Stottone.
[Please quote GC2493 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/49/4  [8 March 1296]

Contents:
Thomas de Bokelond and Thomas son of Robert de Nevile. Thurs. before St. Gregory, 24 Edw. I
Thomas de Bokelond has appointed Peter the hunter (venator) his attorney to give seisin to Thomas de Nevile of a messuage and a toft in the vill of Twyford.
At: Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
[Please quote GC614 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WARTOFT, IN CASTLE DONINGTON (LEICS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Stephen de Segrave was to pay a rent at Cold Norton Priory's manor of Wartoft for a holding in Diseworth: above, BCM/D/5/23/32 [SC 465]. The Hospitallers quitclaimed to him common of pasture in the territory of Wartoft in Langley: above, BCM/D/5/31/5 [GC 1523]. In 1359 John de Mowbray acquired goods and chattels in Diseworth and Wartoft: above, BCM/D/5/23/3 [GC 3491]. Wartoft is not mentioned later in the muniments.

WELBY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/50  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Lands in Welby, now a deserted village 2 miles north-west of Melton Mowbray, were granted to Stephen (1) de Segrave by the abbeys of Garendon and Leicester and by Lenton Priory, and Stephen granted 1 carucate of land and a mill to Leicester Abbey in exchange for lands in Seagrave. [Stephen was granted 1 carcucate of land held of Lenton Priory, and a knight's fee in Wymeswold and Welby by Maurice le Botyle: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.] Rents of £4 5s. 10d. are mentioned in the inquisition of 1295. Welby was one of the holdings granted to Stephen (II) de Segrave and Alice by his father John in Jan. 1314, and rents of £4 11s. 1½d. held in jointure were mentioned in Stephen's inquisition of 1325. It is one of the few holdings not held in jointure by Margaret Marshal in John's inquisition of 1353, but is not later mentioned separately in the muniments.

LONGCROFT  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/50/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL. Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.]

Contents:
William son of Nigel de Aleby and Geoffrey le Futur. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has granted to Geoffrey a toft called Longecroft in Aleby; rent 5s. a year.
Witnesses: Ralph de Herevile, Robert le Palmer, Ralph de Rempistun, Geoffrey de Sallowe, William de Bovile, William Sansum.
[Please quote SC122 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/50/2  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Stephen de Satgrave and Geoffrey son of Ralph de Alebin. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Stephen has granted to Geoffrey the virgate of land in Alebia which Ralph de Cruce held, and half of the toft called Langecroft, the other half of which he retains in his own hand; rent 6s. 6d. a year.
Witnesses: Nigel son of the dean of Kettleby, Richard his brother, William son of Thomas, William son of Nigel, William de Bovill, Gilbert son of Henry, William Kareles, John de Siwaldebi, Ralph the younger de Warknotheb'.
[Please quote SC142 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/50/3  [1219 x 1226]


Related information: [BL. Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.]

Contents:
Garendon Abbey and Stephen de Sadgrave. n.d.
The abbey has granted to Stephen its mill of Alebi which it was given by Nigel de Alebi, at perpetual farm at a rent of 4s. a year, reserving the right of grinding corn to William son of Nigel and his heirs. [Cf. above, BCM/D/5/17/3 [SC 444].]
Witnesses: Hugh Despenser (Dispensator), William Picot, Philip de Kynton, Nicholas de Torp, Brian the forester (forestarius), William son of Hugh de Boville, William son of Robert de Boville.
[Please quote SC212 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/50/4  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.]

Contents:
Robert de Ayvill and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Robert has granted to Stephen all his land with appurtenances in Aleby, and the services of his free men except William son of Nigel.
Witnesses: William de Stutevill, Robert Passelewe, William le Latimer, Ralph Bardulf, John de Ripariis, Walter de Bissopeston, Roger de Preston.
[Please quote GC1176 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/50/5  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.]

Contents:
Peter the prior and the convent of the Holy Trinity of Lenton; and Stephen son of Gilbert de Sedgrava. n.d. [early Hen. III]
The convent has granted to Stephen 1 carucate of land in Alebi which Odo son of Keteline formerly held of the convent under the charter of Prior Philip, to hold at a rent of 10s. a year.
Witnesses: Robert son of Fulk, Durannus his brother, William parson of Fostona, John de Londoniis, Robert Putrel, Ralph de Tursteinton, Nicholas the chaplain.
[Please quote SC175 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/50/6  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Arnold de Twiford and Stephen son of Gilbert de Sadgrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Arnold has granted and sold to Stephen 1 carucate of land in Alebi to hold of the priory of Lentona at a rent of 10s. a year; and Stephen has given him 12 marks. [Stephen may have later granted this carucate to Lenton Priory, as the priory granted the land to Arnold's widow Katherine: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.]
Witnesses: John de Humant', Walter le Poher, William Basset, Ralph de Martiwast, Walter de Estleya, Philip de Kynton, Ralph de Turstent'.
[Please quote GC832 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/50/7  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.]

Contents:
Agnes de Oleby, widow of Hugh de Saxelby, and Sir Gilbert de Sedgrave. n.d.
Agnes has quitclaimed to Gilbert one third of 1 virgate and one third of a toft in Oleby, for which Gilbert gave her 16s.
Witnesses: Sir Hugh de Perers, William Beler, William de Sixteneby, William de Oleby, Roger Beler, John son of Gilbert, Gilbert le Paumer.
[Please quote SC316 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LONG WHATTON (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/51  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Long Whatton was a member of Diseworth, the inquisitions post mortem of 1325 recording that rents from it were paid to Diseworth manor. The Chaucombes also held land there: Hugh de Chaucombe was granted all his land in Molklee in the parish of Whatton by Nicholas de Burgston. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12d.]

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/51/1  [1168 x 1190]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Robert [ès Blanchemains] earl of Leicester and William de Belegrave. n.d.
Robert has granted to William £4 worth of land in Whattona with his mill, which William held in the time of Robert's father, namely from the 100s. worth of land which were Roger de Craunfort's, to hold by service of a fifth of a knight's fee; Robert has also granted pannage and herbage in his forest for 25 pigs.
Witnesses: Petronilla countess of Leicester, Paul abbot of Leicester, Arnold of the wood (de bosco), Ralph de Martiwast, Master Hugh, Ralph Friendai, Robert de Langetona, Roger de Homa, Gilbert de Charneles, Hamon de Hotoft, Richard son of Warin, Master Gilbert de Belegrave, William de Autevilla, Reginald de Hua.
[Please quote SC19 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/51/2  [1168 x 1190]

Contents:
Robert earl of Leicester and William de Belegrave. n.d.
Robert has granted to William £4 worth of land in Whatton, from that 100s. worth which was held by Roger de Craunfort, for the service of a fifth of a knight's fee, with a grant of pannage for 25 pigs.
Witnesses: P[etronilla] countess of Leicester, Arnold of the wood (de bosco), Ralph de Martiwast, Master Hugh, Ralph Friendai, Robert de Langston, Roger de Hum', Gilbert de Charnel, Hamo de Hotoft, Richard son of Warin.
[Please quote SC20 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/51/3  [1229 x 1233]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Simon de Belegrave, son of Yvo, and Peter de Belegrave his kinsman. n.d.
Simon has confirmed to Peter the land in Wattun [The grant by William to Peter was of 6 virgates: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12.] which William de Belegrave his uncle gave him.
Witnesses: Stephen de Segrave, sheriff, Ralph de Martingwast, William de Martingwast, Robert de Wivill, Ralph the chamberlain (kamerarius), William de Bracebruge, Henry de Segrave, Theobald the clerk, Robert Arrab, Ralph Arrab.
[Please quote SC220 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/51/4  [c. 1230]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Peter de Belegrave and Ranulf the doorkeeper (janitor). n.d.
Peter has granted to Ranulf 6 virgates of land in Whattona with the appurtenances, in fee: rent 1 lb. of cumin a year and the foreign service for 6 virgates where 8 virgates makes one fifth of a knight's fee; also pannage and herbage for 25 pigs in the forest of his lord the earl of Leicester, as in the charter of the earl and of William [de Belegrave], Peter's uncle.
Witnesses: William de Hareston, Laurence Mauduit, Geoffrey de Cranford, Robert son of William, Richard the burgess (burgens'), Peter Stake, Laurence son of the dean.
[Please quote GC1191 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/51/5  [c. 1230]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Ranulf the doorkeeper (janitor) and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Ranulf has granted to Stephen 6 virgates of land in Whatton which Peter de Belegrave gave to Ranulf; rent 1 lb. of cumin to Peter and the royal service which pertains to 6 virgates where 8 virgates make one fifth of a knight's fee; also pannage and herbage for 25 pigs in the forest of the earl of Leicester as the charter of the earl, and that of William, uncle of the said Peter, declare.
Witnesses: Henry de Brahibroc, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, William the falconer (falconarius), Peter the Poitevin (Pictavensis), Matthew de Dunton, Philip de Hayrun, Robert de Attoneston.
[Please quote SC379 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/51/6  [c. 1230]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 12]

Contents:
Amicia widow of William de Bellgrave and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Amicia has confirmed to Stephen 2 virgates of land in Wattun to which she has a right in the name of dower.
Witnesses: Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius) of Rearsby, Robert de Folevill, Nicholas de Marham, Brian the forester (forestar') of Whatton, Hugh de Dideswrth, Robert de Shep', Peter de Reresby.
[Please quote SC260 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/51/7  [1471]

Contents:
Walter Blount, knight, Lord Mountjoy, and Edward Langford, esquire; and Nicholas Penyston. 12 Nov. 11 Edw. IV
Walter and Edward have granted to Nicholas a messuage in Long Whatton in the tenure of Thomas Chetyl, a messuage in the tenure of John Milner and 1 virgate of land in the tenure of William Royst and John Poutrell in the same vill; for Nicholas's life.
[Please quote GC4364 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file] [In view of the participation of Walter Blount, this charter belongs also among those of the Shirley estate, BCM/G: the Shirleys held a manor in Long Whatton, and Sir Ralph Shirley (d. 1466) married as his second wife Elizabeth Blount, Walter's sister: Nichols, Leics. Iii (2), 709.]

WHETSTONE (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/52  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Rents of £12 2s. 6d. there were recorded as held in jointure by Stephen de Segrave and Alice in Stephen's inquisition of 1325, and by Dec. 1343 they were was held for life by Stephen, a kinsman of John Lord Segrave. The reversion on Stephen's death was mentioned in the grant of Dec. 1343, but the holding was not recorded in John's inquisition as part of Margaret Marshal's jointure. Thomas de Mowbray's inquisition of 1399 describes the holding as 16 messuages and 10 virgates worth £8, and it was later held by the duchess Katherine.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/52/1  [1220 x 1235]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16]

Contents:
Margaret de Quency, countess of Winchester, and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Margaret has granted to Stephen 6 virgates of land in Wethstan, which Henry Byset held of her, at a rent of 1d. a year, and in return Stephen releases to her all his land of Roteby which he acquired by exchange from the prior and convent of Holy Trinity, Lenton, and they by gift from Peter de Sancto Edwardo.
Witnesses: Sir John de Ripariis, William de Sancto Edmundo, William de Martiwast, William de Sancto Georgio, Bartholomew de Cnapwell, Roger de Turkelby, Walter Muschet, Walter de Bristoll, Henry Biset, Henry de Faffington, Philip Quentin.
[Please quote SC1711 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/52/2  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16]

Contents:
Henry de Braybroc and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Henry has granted to Stephen 10 virgates of land in Wethstoen, which he held of Margaret de Quyncy, countess of Winchester, to hold of him and his heirs by service of a quarter of a knight's fee.
Witnesses: Sir Martin de Pateshull, Hugh Despenser (Dispensarius), William son of Warin, William de Insula, William de Ralee, clerk, Ralph son of Reginald, Robert de la Mar', William de Sancto Edmundo, Stephen de Oxonia.
[Please quote SC251 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/52/3  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
St. Mary's Abbey, Leicester, and Sir Nicholas de Sedgrave. n.d.
William de Shepehevi', the abbot, and the convent have granted to Nicholas a messuage in the vill of Wethstan.
[Please quote GC927 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/52/4  5 Ides of July [11 July] 1270

Contents:
Henry de Candelo, knight, and Henry his son and heir.
Henry the father has granted to Henry the son all his holding of Wetteston, for the son's life, except the portion of Constance his wife and the portion which he has given to the hospital of St. Laurence in Hadinton with Simon his son. Endorsed Wheston in co. Leyc.
At: Whetstone.
[Please quote GC323 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WITHERLEY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/53  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The circumstances in which the Segrave holding was acquired are unknown, but it had been acquired by 1265. After Evesham, Nicholas de Segrave forfeited 7 virgates and a mill worth 100s. and 19½ virgates worth £7 12s. [CIM i. 235] The holding was later held by his half-brother John de Somery [Nicholas's mother, Amabel de Chaucombe, married secondly Roger de Somery (d. 1273) and had two sons by him, Roger and John. John held Witherley by 1281.] and was one of the minor holdings mentioned in the grant of Dec. 1343, but although not said to be held in jointure by Margaret Marshal in 1353 it was held by her at her death in 1399, when the manor was said to be worth £10. It was part of the agreed jointure of the duchess Elizabeth in 1476 and was one of those granted by William Berkeley to Richard III in 1484.

THE SEGRAVE HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/53/1  [1267 x 1280]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 17d.]

Contents:
Nicholas de Segrave and John de Somery his brother. n.d.
Nicholas has granted to John all his lands and rents in the vill of Wytherdelege; to him and his issue, remainder to Nicholas and his heirs, rent a pair of gilt spurs or 6d; but if John inherits the lands of his brother Roger de Somery, John is to hold Wytherdele for life only, remainder to Nicholas and his heirs.
Witnesses: Sir James de Hampton, Sir Alfred de Solny, knights, John de Digeby, William de Charneles, John de Kyngton, John de Torp, Adam de Merlane, clerk.
[Please quote GC1543; duplicate GC2554 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/53/2  [30 Sept. 1449]

Contents:
Court of William [sic, recte John (Stafford)] archbishop of Canterbury, Humphrey [Stafford] duke of Buckingham and others, feoffees of John [de Mowbray] duke of Norfolk. Tues. after Michaelmas, 28 Hen. VI
[Please quote GCR193 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE WAKE HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/53/3  [6 Oct. 1329]

Contents:
William Curteys of Brixworth; and Thomas Wake of Blisworth and Elizabeth his wife. One week after Michaelmas, 3 Edw. III
Final concord concerning 8 messuages, a mill and 7½ virgates of land in Wytherdele; Thomas and Elizabeth have acknowledged the right of William by their gift, and William has given them £10.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC2686 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/53/4  [1339]

Contents:
William Curteys of Brixworth and Henry del Grene of Isham the younger. [Sir Henry Green, chief justice of the King's Bench 1361-5, of Boughton, Drayton and Green's Norton (Northants.), married Katherine, daughter of Sir Simon de Drayton and had Drayton and Slipton (Northants.) with her: GEC xii (2), 943 and n.; below, BCM/G/2] 2 June 13 Edw. III
William has granted to Henry, his heirs and assigns all his lands and holdings in Wytherdelegh (Leics.) which he had by grant of Thomas le Wake of Blysworth and Elizabeth his wife, by a fine levied in the king's courts, with the villeins and the mill.
Witnesses: Robert de Saddyngton, knight, Thomas de Blastone, William de Overtone, parson of Sileby, John de Pulteneye, son of William Oweyn, Richard de Smetone, Richard de Gaddesby, John de Cutone.
At: London.
[Please quote GC2953 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/53/5  [1339]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) William Curteys of Brixworth; (2) William de Loughton, parson of Witherley, and Richard de Gaddesby; (3) Henry de Grene of Isham. 2 June 13 Edw. III
William has appointed William and Richard his attorneys to give seisin to Henry of all his lands and holdings, villeins and the mill, as in his charter to Henry.
At: London.
[Please quote GC2952 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/53/6  [1339]

Contents:
Henry del Grene of Isham and Sir John son of Stephen de Segrave, knight, his lord. 10 June 13 Edw. III
Henry has granted to John, his heirs and assigns all his lands and holdings in Wytherdelegh, viz. his villeins, rents and services, and mill, which he had by grant of William Curteys of Bryklesworth, in exchange for the manor of Cotes (Northants.).
Witnesses: Sir Robert de Saddyntone, knight, Thomas de Blastone, William de Overtone, parson of Sileby, John de Cutone, John de Pulteneye, son of William Oweyn, Richard de Smetone, Richard de Gaddesby.
At: London.
[Please quote GC2954 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/53/7  [25 June 1339]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) John de Segrave; (2) Richard de Gadesby; (3) Henry del Green. Sun. after Corpus Christi, 13 Edw. III
John has appointed Richard to receive seisin in his name of all the lands, holdings, villeins [etc.] and a mill, with all appurtenances, in Whitherdele which he had by grant of Henry, and to give seisin to Henry of the manor of Cotes (Northants.), which John has granted to Henry.
At: Leicester.
[Please quote GC2682 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WYMESWOLD (LEICS.)  BCM/D/5/54  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
A knight's fee in Wymeswold and Welby was granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave by Maurice le Butler. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 16d.] Nicholas, younger son of Nicholas Lord Segrave (d. 1295), married Alice de Armenters, widow of Gerard de Lisle (d. 1287); their daughter and heir Maud died without issue in 1335, when their acquisitions would have reverted to John Lord Segrave. This was one of the minor holdings mentioned in the 1343-4 settlement and it occurs again as part of the same settlement in 1353 and 1399.

THE TROMEWYNE HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/54/1  [15 Feb. 1299]

Contents:
Alice Tromewyne, widow of John Jors of Wymeswold; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, knight, and Alice his wife. Sun. the morrow of St. Valentine, 27 Edw. I
Alice has granted to Nicholas and Alice a messuage with all her holding in the vill of Wymundewold, which she had by grant of Thomas Tromewyne her uncle, with a windmill in the same vill, and all her chattels.
Witnesses: Sir John Maloree of Walton, Sir Robert Pouterel of Prestwold, knights, John de Nevyle of Wymeswold, Thomas de Bowes of Costock, Peter de Northbourne, Robert de Warewyk of Wymeswold, Robert de Atheloxtone of the same.
At: Wymeswold.
[Please quote GC647 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/54/2  [22 March 1299]

Contents:
John le Straunge, knight, son of Sir Roger le Straunge, knight, and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, knight. Sun. before the Annunciation, 27 Edw. I
John has quitclaimed to Nicholas all the lands and holdings which he has in Wymondwold (Leics.) by grant of Alice Tromwyne, widow of John Jorce.
Witnesses: Sir John Malorre, Sir Warin de Insula, Sir Robert Poutrel, knights, John de Nevyle, Robert de Bradefeld, William de Weld, tailor of London, Alexander Luvel.
At: London.
[Please quote GC650 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/54/3  [25 April 1313]

Contents:
Simon le Jorz of Wymeswold; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave and Alice his wife, widow of Sir Gerard de Insula, and Maud daughter of Nicholas and Alice. Wed. the feast of St. Mark, 6 Edw. II
Simon has quitclaimed to Nicholas, Alice and Maud, for their lives, all the lands [etc.] of the honour of Tykehil, which Stephen le Jorz, his father, formerly held of the honour in Wymundwold.
Witnesses: Sir John de Nevile, knight, Sir Robert Poutrel, knight, Sir Thomas de Meynil, knight, Hugh de Prestewold, William le Broun of Burton, Reginald le Berges of the same, John the clerk of Wymeswold, Robert de Alokeston, Robert de Burton, clerk.
At: Holywell.
[Please quote GC1913 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/54/4  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.]

Contents:
Avice sister of Roger de Sidenhale and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Avice has granted to Stephen 4 bovates of land in Wimundewald, [Roger de Sidenhale had granted to his sister Avice 4 bovates of land with their tenants at a rent of 2d. a year: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.] viz. those which were held by Hugh Thodric and Geoffrey his son, Hugh son of Geoffrey Cruse, Adam Brun and Peter Dod; rent 2d. a year at Whitsun.
Witnesses: Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Ranulf de Jorz, Robert Puterel, John son of Hugh, Robert de Torp, William son of Ivo, Hugh de Berghes, Gilbert Malore, Hugh son of Geoffrey, Thomas del Pec, Geoffrey Blundel, John the clerk, Laurence the clerk.
[Please quote SC253 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/54/5  1272-1307

Contents:
Adam son of William Wareyn of Seagrave and Sir Nicholas de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Adam has granted to Nicholas 7½ roods of land in Wymundewold.
Witnesses: Sir Robert Puterel of Prestwold, knight, John de Nevile of Wymeswold, Simon de Jore, John the clerk, Robert le de Aloxstone [sic], John le Blunt, Robert Blancainy, clerk of the same.
[Please quote GC1572 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BARTON-UPON-HUMBER (LINCS.)  BCM/D/5/55  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
See below, p. 784, Dunsthorpe, for a general discussion of the family's Lincolnshire lands. Gilbert de Segrave acquired 100s. worth of land, 'viz. 13 bovates', in Barton from Henry de Longchamp, which he then granted to Richard de Welington at a rent of a pair of gold spurs or 6d. a year. [BL Harl. MS 4748 f. 21d.] The Segrave Cartulary notes that it was alienated for part of a knight's service, which continued, and that it was held by Thornton Abbey as a quarter of a fee. [BL Harl. MS 4748 ff. 2,21d.] The rent in the charter below is not mentioned later. [Barton-upon-Humber is mentioned among the lands of the duchess Katherine in Yorks. and Lincs. in 1475 (above, BCM/D/1/1/55 [GMR 36]), but she held it as the widow of Viscount Beaumont.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/55/1  [3 May 1290]

Contents:
Sir Nicholas de Segrave; and Alan Russel of Barton-upon-Humber and Alice his wife. The Invention of Holy Cross, 18 Edw. I
Following the cause between Nicholas and Alan and Alice concerning a half-bovate of land in the vill of Barton-upon-Humber, Alan and Alice acknowledge that they hold the land of Nicholas, rent 12d. a year.
Witnesses: Richard le Rous of Barton, Henry de Gastril of the same, Gilbert Crespyn of the same, Nicholas de Heyton, Robert Andreu, Laurence de Doneham.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC574 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CORRINGHAM (LINCS.)  BCM/D/5/56  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
See BCM/D/5/58, Dunsthorpe, for a general discussion of the family's Lincolnshire lands. The holding is not mentioned later in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/56/1  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 6d.]

Contents:
Henry de Munedene and Sir Gilbert de Setegrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Henry has granted to Gilbert the meadow called la Grene in the parish of Corinham which Gilbert had held at farm from Henry; [The meadow had initially been granted to Gilbert for a term of years: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 6d.] rent a pair of gloves or 1d. a year at Whitsun, and Gilbert has given Henry 10 marks.
Witnesses: Elias de Houton, William de Bulley, Geoffrey of the park (de parco), William Hanketin, Gilbert de Chauce, Martin de Thorpe, Ralph de Ba, Henry de Greneby.
[Please quote SC377 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DUNSTALL (LINCS.)  BCM/D/5/57  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted land here by Thornholm Priory. His son Gilbert was granted land in Dunstall and Blyborough by Ranulph earl of Chester, and he acquired a mill, for a third of which his son Nicholas obtained a quitclaim from the grantor's widow. [BL Harl. MS 4748 f.22] By 1303 Dunstall was held by Simon, [Feud Aids, iii. 157] younger son of Nicholas, and the holding is not mentioned later in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/57/1  [11 April 1272]

Contents:
Robert de Creppinges and John de Digeby, attorney for Sir Nicholas de Segrave. Mon. after St. Ambrose, 56 Hen. III
Agreement for Robert and his men and Nicholas and his men concerning the road of Tunstal which runs between the chamber and the cattleshed of Nicholas's manor.
Witnesses: Nicholas de Hale, knight, Robert le Blake of Southorpe, Walter Burdon of the same, Godfrey de Ba in Dunstall, Nicholas son of Richard de Tunstall, Hugh Hart of the same.
[Please quote GC334 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DUNSTHORPE (LINCS.)  BCM/D/5/58  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Dunsthorpe is now a deserted village on the south-eastern outskirts of Grantham. William Earl Warenne granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave land in Dunsthorpe and Harrowby (Herierdeby) and in Long Bennington (Benaton) and rents of 24s. 2d. in Harrowby, Old Somerby and Gonerby, which Stephen later leased at farm for a rent of £10: below, BCM/D/5/58/1 [SC 266]. By 1260, when he was granted a tallage here, Peter de Segrave, probably a younger son of Gilbert (d. 1254), held the manor. None of the Lincolnshire holdings are mentioned in the muniments after the 13th century, although Simon, younger son of Nicholas Lord Segrave (d. 1295), held Dunstall by 1303. [Feud Aids, iii. 157] Dunsthorpe was later held by Henry de Coleville for a pair of gold spurs or 6d. a year. [The same rent as that for which Gilbert de Segrave granted Barton-on-Humber to another tenant: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 2.] The other major holding in the county was a £10 rent from South Thoresby, near the coast: BCM/D/5/59

[no title]  BCM/D/5/58/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 2d]

Contents:
Henry de Lincoln, son of Peter de Lincoln, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Henry has declared that he has taken at fee farm from Stephen all that he had in Dunnestorp by grant of Sir William earl of Warenne, and rents in Sumerdebi and Gunnewareby, to hold at a rent of £10 a year.
Witnesses: Gilbert de Segrave, son of the same Stephen, John de la Rivere, Ralph de Sechevile, Thomas de Lincoln, William de Sancto Edmundo, William de Folevile, Anketil Mallore, Richard de Torp, knights, Robert de Sepeva, Robert de Folevile, Ralph le Chaumbr', Simon the clerk.
[Please quote SC266 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/58/2  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 22d.]

Contents:
Thomas son of William de Donestorp and Gilbert de Sedgrave. n.d.
Thomas has quitclaimed to Gilbert a toft in the vill of Donestorp, and has granted to him the toft which he held of Nicholas de Londerthorp; rent 27d. to Nicholas; Gilbert has given Thomas 10 marks.
Witnesses: Robert de Leycestria, Nicholas de Londerthorp, Thomas Scot, Abraham his brother, William Gamel, Thomas Gamel, Simon the clerk.
[Please quote GC377 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SOUTH THORESBY (LINCS.)  BCM/D/5/59  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The grant by Maud de Mandeville, countess of Essex, was confirmed to Stephen de Segrave by Henry III in 1233, and by the early 14th century the manor was held of the Segraves by a man surnamed de Caltoft, one half for half a knight's fee and the other for a farm of £10 a year and half a knight's fee; the lord of Segrave held the whole of the earl of Hereford, the countess Maud's descendant. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 2.] There is no indication of where the rent was paid.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/59/1  [1227 x 1232]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 22d.]

Contents:
Maud countess of Essex and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Maud has granted to Stephen the homage and service of Eudo de Caletot, viz. a rent of £10 a year from the holding which Eudo holds in Doresby, paying to Maud the rent of a sore sparrowhawk or 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Walter de Besebosc, William de Wastineis, John de Ripariis, Henry son of Geoffrey, Walter Muskot, William de Sancto Edmundo, Richard de Thorp, Roger de Preston, Walter de Bishopeston.
[Please quote SC227 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LODDON (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor was held at his death in 1349 by John de Segrave of Folkestone, a cousin of the then lord John (II), who was his heir; after John (II)'s death in 1353 one third was held in dower by his widow Margaret Marshal and two thirds passed to his son-in-law John de Mowbray. [CIPM viii, no. 463; ix, no. 598.] It was one of the manors settled on the duchess Elizabeth in 1476, and in the 1483 division it was assigned to Howard with the other Norfolk lands. [Blomefield, Norfolk, x. 152-60, has no reference to the Segrave manor in Loddon.]

KINGS LYNN (NORF.)  BCM/D/5/60  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding is not mentioned later in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/60/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 24d.]

Contents:
Stephen son of Henry and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Stephen son of Henry has granted to Stephen de Segrave all his lands in Leen, viz. that next to the church of St. Nicholas which his father gave him by his charter, rent 4s. a year; and he attorns the rent to the bishop of Norwich, chief lord of the fee; further, he has granted to Stephen de Segrave a rent of 60s. in the vill of Leen.
Witnesses: Walter de Bescbroc, William de Wasteneis, William le Faucun', Simon de Scerring, William de Gernemutr', Michael de Beuveiz, William de Pleisieto, Robert de Atteneston, clerk.
[Please quote GC428 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/60/2  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
Stephen son of Henry and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Stephen son of Henry has granted to Stephen de Segrave all his land in Leen, viz. that which William once the archdeacon held in the same vill in demesne or in service; rent 4s. a year; and he has attorned the rent to the bishop of Norwich, chief lord of the fee; further he has granted to Stephen de Segrave a rent of 60s. a year in the vill of Leen. [Unfinished; witness list not filled.]

BARTON SEAGRAVE (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/D/5/61  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor, alias Barton-by-Kettering and Barton Hanred, was acquired by Stephen (I) de Segrave from Simon de Hale who, with Harold de Bucton, had been granted half a fee in Barton by Richard le Hanred [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 26.] The Segrave Cartulary records that Nicholas de Segrave made an agreement with Hugh de Plescy concerning the manor, with rents in Northampton and 'Conches Mill', which had all been held by Stephen de Segrave and were all later granted to Nicholas's younger son Nicholas, but does not give the details of the agreement. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 26.] Something may be deduced from the fact that in 1274-5 John de Plescy was holding 'Congesmylnes' from Nicholas de Segrave; John was the elder son and heir apparent of Hugh de Plescy and was married in 1270 to Nicholas de Segrave's daughter Amabel at the same time as Nicholas's son and heir John married Hugh's daughter Christine. It is possible, therefore, that this group of Northamptonshire lands were part, if not all, of Amabel's marriage portion; John de Plescy, who in 1275 had livery of lands inherited from his mother, coheir of the Bisets, died without issue in 1279 and the lands would have reverted to Amabel's father either in 1279 or on Amabel's death if she survived John. The (undated) grant of Barton Hanred was to the younger Nicholas and his issue, with remainder to the elder Nicholas's right heirs. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 26.] The younger Nicholas's daughter Maud, married to Edmund de Bohun at Nicholas's death in 1321, died without issue in 1335 and the heir to Barton Seagrave was her cousin John Lord Segrave (d. 1353). [At his death the younger Nicholas held, besides the manor and the site of the castle, lands of Roger de Insula and his wife Amicia, for Amicia's life, at a rent of £4 9s. a year; he also held the manor of Weston (Northants.), which seems not to have passed to later Segraves: CIPM vi, no. 322.] Barton was included in the settlement of 1343-4 with the wood of Boughton and in 1353 was held in jointure by Margaret Marshal. She evidently surrendered it to her grandson, as it does not appear in her inquisition post mortem, and Thomas de Mowbray granted it to feoffees in 1397. It does not occur in the muniments in the 15th century.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/61/1  [c. July 1349]

Contents:
John Raulyn of Cranford, Thomas Boudyn, Ralph de Knoweston, Henry [de Knoweston] his son and John Seyf; and John Garyn of Barton Hanred. n.d.
John, Thomas, Ralph, Henry and John were attached to answer John Garyn that on the Monday after St. James the apostle 23 [Edw. III, 27 July 1349], they made away with goods and chattels of John, viz. wheat, barley, rye, oats and hay, to the value of £6 13s. 4d. at Bartone by an unjust distraint.
[Please quote GC3299 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BOUGHTON (NORTHANTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Forty acres of wood at Boughton were associated with the manor of Barton Seagrave: above, BCM/D/5/61

COTTON, IN RAUNDS (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/D/5/62  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Although the manor seems to have been acquired by the younger Nicholas de Segrave from William Tuchet, the other holdings associated with it (at Raunds, Ringstead, Middle Cotton and Denford) had then been in the family's hands for some time. William Tuchet (below, BCM/D/5/62/1 [GC1923]) was the son-in-law of Nicholas's wife Alice, having married one of her daughters by Gerard de Lisle. Evidently Cotton passed to Nicholas's daughter and heir, Maud, and her husband Edmund de Bohun (below, BCM/D/5/62/2 [GC 2455]), but it reverted to the main line on Maud's childless death in 1335 and was in 1339 granted to Henry del Green in exchange for his manor of Witherley: above, BCM/D/5/53/4-6 [GC2952-4].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/62/1  [c. 24 May 1313]

Contents:
William Tuchet, knight; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave and Alice his wife.... before Ascension, 6 Edw. II
William has confirmed to Nicholas and Alice, and Nicholas's heirs and assigns, the... which he had in Cotes... (Northants.).
Witnesses: Simon de Draytone, Hugh Daundelyne, John de Thorpe, knights, John de Danesby, John Oliver.
At: London.
[Please quote GC1923 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/62/2  [1326]
Language:  French

Contents:
Edmund de [Bo]hun, and Roger de Rivers. 16 April 19 Edw. II
Edmund has granted to Roger his manor of Cotes, with all appurtenances in the parishes of Raundes and Deneford; to hold for life, rent 100s. a year.
Witnesses: Sir Richard Chaumberleyn, Sir William de Raundes, Peter le fiz Waryn, Richard le Bidoun, William de Soutzmer'.
At: Barton.
[Please quote GC2455 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/62/3  [12 Feb. 1338]

Contents:
William de Helpiston and Thomas his brother; and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave. Thurs. before St. Valentine, 12 Edw. III
William and Thomas have quitclaimed to John lands and holdings in Cotes, Raundes and Ryngstede which were in the hands of John de Helpistone their brother.
Witnesses: Roger [de Beregrove], [Robert de Gaddesby], Richard de Gaddesby, John Walkere, Ralph de Burstall.
At: Sileby.
[Please quote GC2666 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

MIDDLE COTTON (NORTHANTS.)  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See above, BCM/D/5/62, Cotton, in Raunds.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/63/1  [13 July 1303]

Contents:
Simon de Nevile of Middle Cotton; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave and Alice his wife. Sat. in St. Margaret the virgin, 31 Edw. I
Simon has granted to Nicholas and Alice all the holdings which he had in Middelcotes, Raundes and Ringstede; for Simon's life, rent 9 marks a year.
Witnesses: Sir John de Esston, sheriff of Northamptonshire, Sir Nicholas de Wyth[en]ehale, Sir Hugh Daundely, Sir Roger de Insula, knights, William.... of Woodford, William son of Ralph de Craneford, Thomas Cursum of ...
At: Barton...
[Please quote GC1050 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/63/2  [9 Jan. 1305]

Contents:
John Spigurnel in Wodeford, knight; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave and Alice his wife. Sat. after Epiphany, 33 Edw. I
John has quitclaimed to Nicholas and Alice and Nicholas's heirs all the holdings and lands in the hamlet of Middelcotes and in the vills of Raundes and Ringstede which were of William son of Simon de Middelcotes (Northants.).
Witnesses: Sir John de Asscheton, sheriff of Northamptonshire, Sir Richard Chaumberleyn, Sir Hugh Daundely, knights, John de Tolthorp of Deneford, Nicholas de Boys of Woodford, William Walranam of Thrapston, William Jordan of Barnwell, John in le Saus of Finedon, and William de Trailli of Woodford.
At: Northampton.
[Please quote GC1081 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NORTHAMPTON (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/D/5/64  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted 'Congesmylne' in Hardingstone parish just south of Northampton by John the Scot, earl of Huntingdon, betweem 1227 and 1232. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25d.] His son Gilbert granted it to Benedict Dod of Northampton at a rent of 13 marks, of which 39s. 4d. was paid to his stepmother in dower. [BL Harl. M4748 f.22d. In 1265 Benedict held the mill of Nicholas de Segrave, apparently for life, but in 1274-5 his son John held two mills called Congesmylnes from John de Plescy, who held from Nicholas.] The rent, perhaps part of the marriage portion of Nicholas de Segrave's daughter Amabel, was later granted to Nicholas's younger son Nicholas: BCM/D/5/61, Barton Seagrave. Stephen also acquired a large number of holdings in Northampton from William Briwerre, Henry III and others, the rents of which also formed part of Amabel's marriage portion and Nicholas the younger's endowment. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25 and d.] That Nicholas and his wife Alice de Armenters made other, acquisitions within Northampton, and a large number of charters are calendared above BCM/B/2/5, as part of the Lisle estate, since they were copied into the Great Cartulary of Berkeley, suggesting that they passed to Alice's Lisle descendants rather than to Nicholas's Segrave heirs. The rents from Northampton appear in Nicholas the younger's inquisition of 1321 but do not appear to have reverted to the Segraves, as they are not mentioned later in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/64/1  [1228 x 1233]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25]

Contents:
Robert son of Richard de Leycestre and Stephen de Seggrave. n.d.
Robert has sold to Stephen the rent of 15s. a year from 3 messuages in Habentonestrete, which he had from Robert son of Robert de Leycestre in marriage with his wife, for which Stephen gave him 10 marks.
Witnesses: William de Martiwall, sheriff of Northampton, Robert the spicer (spiciarius), Michael son of Philip, Ralph Passel, reeve, Fulk de Martiwall, constable, Roger son of Theodbert, Sampson son of Sampson, Robert Despenser (Dispensator), Henry of the market (de mercato), Simon the cooper (vitor), Henry de Leycestria, Philip son of Robert, Thomas de Leycestria, Robert Blund, clerk, Baron the clerk.
[Please quote SC219 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/64/2  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25d.]

Contents:
Hugh son of Andrew Neirun and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Hugh has granted to Stephen a messuage in Northampton, Stephen to pay the rent of 2s. a year to the chief lord of the fee, for which Stephen gave him 7 marks.
Witnesses: Robert le Espicer, mayor of Northampton, Robert son of Richard, Robert Ralph Passelewe, William de Gaugy, Michael son of Philip, Sampson son of Sampson, John Sampson.
[Please quote SC268 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/64/3  [1228 x 1233]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25]

Contents:
Thomas prior of St. Andrew's, Northampton, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
The prior has granted to Stephen the holding which was the capital messuage of Ralph de Lichelbarwe in Northampton; rent 13s. a year.
Witnesses: William Martiwall, sheriff of Northampton, Walter de Boseboch, Robert the spicer (speciarius), Robert son of Richard, Robert de Leycestre, Michael son of Philip,..., Roger son of Theobald, Robert Despenser (Dispensator), Richard de Scandeisell, Ingram Malebranche, Thomas de Leycestre, Simon the porter (portarius), Henry de Plumpton.
[Please quote SC446 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/64/4  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25d.]

Contents:
Adam son of Peter and Sir Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Adam is bound to Stephen and his heirs in a rent of 3½ marks a year for the holding which he holds of Stephen in Norhamton, which Stephen had by grant of William Brigwer', with the buildings and two shops.
Witnesses: William Tylly, John Samson, Roger son of Theobald, Samson son of Samson, Roger son of John, Robert Young (Juvenis), Robert son of Richard.
[Please quote GC663 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/64/5  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 25d.]

Contents:
Henry the donee (dotarius) of Northampton and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Henry is bound to Gilbert in a rent of 13s. for a house in the street of Abinton' in Norhampton, and for a great house with an oven.
Witnesses: Robert the spicer (speciar'), mayor of Northampton, Adam de Gang' and Edmund son of Richard, reeves, Robert son of Richard, Robert the younger (junior), Benedict Dod, Thomas Kyme, Henry de Leyc', Thomas de Leycestre, Ralph son of Ralph, Simon Little (Parvus).
[Please quote GC1530 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

RAUNDS (NORTHANTS.)  BCM/D/5/65  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
See also BCM/D/5/62 Cotton. Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted a holding there by John de Grey, which was confirmed by Henry III in 1233. [Cf. above, BCM/D/5 Grey had been granted the holding by William de Ferrers, earl of Derby, and it included a rent of 40s. from the mill: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 26.] It is not mentioned later in the muniments and seems to have been included in the grant to Henry del Green in 1339: above, BCM/D/5/53/4-6 [GC 2952-4].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/65/1  1199-1216


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 26]

Contents:
Bertram le Gros and Sir Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. John]
Bertram has quitclaimed to Stephen 100s. worth of land in Rande (Northants.), for which Stephen gave Bertram 60 marks.
Witnesses: J. de Ripariis, Roger de Syfrewast, Anketil Maulore, Richard de Welentone, John de Hodeng, Nicholas Pepyn.
[Please quote SC102 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/65/2  [c. 1246-7]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 26d.]

Contents:
William son of Jocelin de Schelvistone and Sir Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
William has quitclaimed to Gilbert the holding which Jocelin his father acquired from Bertram le Gros in the vill of Raundis and 40s. rent from a water-mill in the same place; for the quitclaim Gilbert has given William the 20 marks in which William was bound to Gilbert in a covenant made before the justices in eyre at Northampton in 31 Hen. III [1246-7].
Witnesses: Sir Robert de Veer, Sir William de Hay, Sir Richard Irencestre,..., Roger son of William de Baitone, Eustace de Heithlingburg, Simon the clerk of the same vill, Thomas de Furneys of Raunds, Sir Ralph the chamberlain (camerarius), steward of G. de Segrave, Sir Henry de Harang, Hugh de Segrave, chaplain.
[Please quote SC294 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BERWICK-UPON-TWEED (NORTHUMB.)  BCM/D/5/66  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (II)'s father John Lord Segrave spent much time on active service in Scotland and was appointed lieutenant of Berwick, Edinburgh and elsewhere: below, BCM/D/5/101/1 [SC 469]. The family does not seem to have retained the holdings.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/66/1  [1309]

Contents:
Roger de Gosewic, burgess of the vill of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and Sir Stephen de Segrave. 23 June 2 Edw. II
Roger has quitclaimed to Stephen a vacant plot which was of William de Cranxton, 33 feet by 27 feet, in the street of Waldingath, in the said vill of Berewicus.
Witnesses: John de Pontefracto, mayor, Ranulf del Holm, John atte Halle, William Turwith, Walter de Cnapton, bailiffs, William Jetour, alderman, Walter de Gosewic, John Spark, John Baudewyn, William de Crauthorn, John de Chilton, Henry de Dene, William Kilpin, John de Evefeld, Thomas del Bedd, Hugh de Couewey, Thomas de la Grene, John Madefray, John de London, Alexander the goldsmith (aurifaber).
At: Berwick-upon-Tweed.
[Please quote GC1703 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/66/2  [c. June 1309]

Contents:
William de Caythorpe and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. n.d.
William has granted to Stephen the burgage which he had from Richard le Sadelere in Waldesgate within the borough of Berewycus super Twedam, and Richard had by grant of the king of England; rent, to the king, ...
Witnesses: John de Pounfreit, mayor, John atte Halle, Ranulph de Holmn, William Thyrwyt, Walter de Knapton, bailiffs, Walter de Gosewyc, John Sparke, Roger de Gosewyc, William le Gettour, William de Kelpin, Roger de Boteston, Robert de Holonde.
[Please quote GC1704 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KINGSTON-ON-SOAR (NOTTS.)  BCM/D/5/67  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
In 1315 Stephen de Segrave granted a rent of 13s. 4d. from 3¼ a. of meadow there to another for life in exchange for lands in Thrussington (Leics.), and Stephen's inqusition of 1325 mentions the 3¼ a. of meadow. Kingston does not occur later in the muniments by name but may have passed as part of Thorpe-in-the-Glebe (Notts.). See above, BCM/D/5/47/1 [GC 2055], and below, Thorpe-in-the-Glebe, BCM/D/5/70.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/67/1  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Richard de Derle, clerk, and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. [In May 1305 Robert de Derleye and John his brother were bound to John de Segrave in £100: below, BCM/D/5/101/10 [SC 472].] n.d.
Richard has granted to Stephen the meadow in the territory of Kynston which Cecilia his mother gave him.
Witnesses: Sir Roger de Sancto Andrea, Sir Peter Pygot, Sir Richard de Sutton, knights, Robert de Alartre of Kegworth, Robert son of Ivo of the same, Richard le Boteler of Leake, John de Howis of Costock, Robert de Berle, Thomas de Radeclif.
[Please quote SC257 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WEST LEAKE (NOTTS.)  BCM/D/5/68  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding is not mentioned later in the muniments by name. See BCM/D/5/70, Thorpe-in-the-Glebe.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/68/1  [early 14th cent.]

Contents:
Geoffrey de Bingham and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. n.d.
Geoffrey is bound to Stephen in an annual rent of 20s. for his land in Leke, for Geoffrey's life.
[Please quote GC2489 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

SUTTON BONINGTON (NOTTS.)  BCM/D/5/69  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Sutton and Bonington were adjacent but separate villages which were combined into one parish. The advowson of Bonington was associated with the holding at Thorpe-in-the-Glebe (Notts.) in both inquisitions of 1325, and was held by Thomas de Mowbray in 1399. The identity of Thomas de Segrave, who seems to have held the lands in Sutton in the 1320s (below, BCM/D/5/69/2-3 [GC 2420, GC 2730]) is otherwise unknown, but he may have been a younger son of John Lord Segrave (d. 1325). [He is possibly the same man as Thomas de Segrave, rector of Fenstanton, who acquired a rent of 6s. 8d. in Cambridge in 1320: above, BCM/D/5/4/2 [GC 2312].] The damaged charter below, BCM/D/5/69/1 [GC 1003], may record John de Segrave's acquisition of the holding, which is not mentioned separately in the muniments after 1334 but may have passed with Thorpe-in-the-Glebe: below, this page.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/69/1  [24 Oct.] 1300

Contents:
Simon de [Sutton] and Sir... Mon. after St. Luke
Simon has granted to Sir.... in Sutton-super-Soar ...
Witnesses:... Laurence de Merdeleye, John Bernard, ...
At: Sutton.
[Please quote GC1003 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/69/2  [17 April] 1324

Contents:
Thomas de Segrave; and Simon Knotte of Sutton and Alice his wife. Tues. after Easter
Thomas has demised to Simon and Alice, for their lives, a messuage with appurtenances in Sutton super Soram; rent 6s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: William Vygorns of Sutton, Laurence de Merdel', John Bernard, Robert le Whyte, Simon Wyther of the same.
At: Sutton Bonington.
[Please quote GC2420 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/69/3  [18 Dec. 1328]

Contents:
Thomas de Segrave and John Saunson of Bonnington. Sun. before St. Thomas the apostle, 2 Edw. III
Thomas has granted to John a rent of 6s. 8d. a year from a messuage in Suttone held for life by Simon Knott and Alice his wife, with the reversion of the messuage.
Witnesses: William Vygour of Sutton, Laurence de Merdeleye, Simon Knott, Robert le Whyte, John Bernard.
At: Sutton.
[Please quote GC2663 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/69/4  [30 Sept. 1331]

Contents:
John Sampson of Bonnington; and Simon Knott, Alice his wife, and Peter de Gotham. Mon. the morrow of Michaelmas, 5 Edw. III
John has confirmed to Simon, Alice and Peter, and their assigns, a messuage in Suttone lying beside le Reulys; for the lives of Simon and Alice, rent a rose a year for 3 years and afterwards 6s. 8d. a year.
Witnesses: Robert le White, John de Merdeleie, Robert le Taylour, John Bernard, Thomas Ive.
At: Sutton.
[Please quote GC2730 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/69/5  [1334]

Contents:
John Passejaumbe of Bonington and Sir John de Segrave, his lord. 11 July 8 Edw. III
John Passejaumbe has granted to John de Segrave that a messuage with appurtenances in Sutton by Bonyngtone which Simon Knot and Alice his wife hold for their lives, of John Passejaumbe's inheritance, and which ought to revert to him, shall revert to John de Segrave after their deaths.
Witnesses: Guy Bretone, Robert de Claware, Robert de Overtone, Robert de Keggeworth, John de Overtone of the same, William Martyn of the same.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2797 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THORPE-IN-THE-GLEBE (NOTTS.)  BCM/D/5/70  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Thorpe-in-the-Glebe was also known as Thorpe Bochart (or Bossard), Thorpe-in-the-Clotts and Thorpe by Wysall. The rent of 20s. from a virgate in Thorpe-in-the-Clotts was one of the rents granted to another for life in 1315 by Stephen de Segrave in exchange for a holding in Thrussington (Leics.), and the rent, along with the advowsons of Thorpe and of Bonington was mentioned, as Thorpe Bossard, in his inquisition in 1325. It was one of a group of small holdings in the extreme south-west corner of the county, all acquired by John or Stephen in the early years of the century, adjacent to other Segrave holdings just over the Soar in Leicestershire, at Kegworth, Diseworth and elsewhere. The group comprised the rent of 13s. 4d. from the meadow in Kingston-on-Soar, the messuage in Sutton leased at 6s. 8d., the advowson of Bonington, and rent of 20s. in West Leake, as well as the rent in Thorpe. Of these, only Thorpe and the advowson of Bonington are mentioned by name in the muniments after 1343, when they were included among the minor Leicestershire holdings in the jointure settlement, and thereafter in the 1353 and 1399 inquisitions as part of the same settlement. Kingston-on-Soar had already been associated with Thorpe in 1315, and it may be that Sutton (after its reversion) and West Leake also passed with Thorpe.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/70/1  [1490]

Contents:
William Marquess Berkeley; and Thomas Kebeell and John Lokton. 7 Nov. 6 Hen. VII
William has granted to Thomas and John a messuage, dovecot, toft and 1½ virgates of land in Thorpe by Wysowe (Notts.); to them and Thomas's heirs and assigns, rent to William, after the death of Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk, 14s. a year.
[Please quote GC4469 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HENTON (OXON.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
One hide of land with a mill was granted to Stephen de Segrave by Roger de Quincy (later earl of Winchester); Stephen granted the holding to Aymer de Sulham for a rent of 4 marks which was later held in dower by Stephen's widow Ida. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 27d.] The rent is mentioned in John de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1325 but does not occur later in the muniments by name, although it may be referred to in Jan. 1333 when John Germy granted lands in Oxfordshire to the young John de Segrave and Sir William Giffard: above, BCM/D/5/1/4 [GC 2761].

ALSTHORPE (RUTLAND)  BCM/D/5/71  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
John (II) de Segrave inherited the holding at Alsthorpe, now a lost hamlet, from Maud (d.s.p. 1335), daughter and heir of Nicholas de Segrave (d. 1321) and wife of Edmund de Bohun; cf. below, BCM/D/5/71/5 [GC 2809]. Nicholas's wife, Alice de Armenters, inherited the manor at Burley: BCM/B/2/8. Although it seems that Nicholas's own acquisitions were in Alsthorpe alone (below, BCM/D/5/71/3 [GC 2803]), John de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1353 mentions a plot and 2 virgates in Alsthorpe and Burley. Burley is not mentioned later in the muniments, however, and it was a holding in Alsthorpe alone which Thomas de Mowbray, according to his inquisition post mortem, settled, with the rents from Stretton (BCM/D/5/73), in 1392.

CHANTRY, IN ALSTHORPE AND BURLEY  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
A licence for Nicholas to alienate in mortmain a messuage, 1 carucate of land and 40s. rent in Alsthorpe, Burley and Cottesmore for a chantry in Burley church was granted on 15 Sept. 1315: CPR 1313-17, 174.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/71/1  [8 Feb. 1315]

Contents:
The prioress and convent of Nuneaton, patrons of the church of Burley in the diocese of Lincoln; and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, knight. Fri. after the Purification, 8 Edw. II
The convent has inspected the charter of Nicholas granting to Sir Richard de Pulham, chaplain, in free alms two messuages, 1 carucate of land and 40s. of rent in Alvesthorp and Burgle, to celebrate for the souls of himself and Alice his wife, in the chapel of Alvesthorp; witnessed by Bernard de Bruis, knight, Gilbert de Cotesmor, John Lovet, Robert Holdward, Anketin Mortivaux, at Lincoln on the above date; and the convent has consented to the grant.
[Please quote GC2015 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/71/2  [8 Feb. 1315]

Contents:
Walter vicar of Burley and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, knight. Fri. after the Purification, 8 Edw. II
Walter has inspected the charter of Nicholas granting to Sir Richard de Pulham, chaplain, in free alms two messuages, 1 carucate of land and 40s. of rent in Alvesthorp and Burgle, to celebrate for the souls of himself and Alice his wife, in the chapel of Alvesthorp; witnessed by Bernard de Bruis, knight, Gilbert de Cotesmor, John Lovet, Robert Holdward, Anketin Mortivaux, at Lincoln on the above date; and Walter has consented to the grant.
[Please quote GC2016 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DANCY HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/71/3  [29 Feb. 1316]

Contents:
William Danesy and Sir Nicholas de Segrave. Sun. after St. Matthew, 9 Edw. II
William has granted to Nicholas, his heirs and assigns 3 a. of land in the vill of Athelesthorp, viz. one in Estfeld, one in Northfeld and one in Southfeld.
Witnesses: Sir Bernard de Brus, knight, Alan de Horn, Robert de Gretham, John de Wyttlebury of Wissendene, William de Berew, John Knolle of Gretham, Anketin de Mortivaus, John Lovet of Bernardsmill, Robert Holdware, John Fraunkeleyn.
At: Burley.
[Please quote GC2083 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/71/4  [4 April 1319]

Contents:
Walter de Gernemuta and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, knight. St. Ambrose, 12 Edw. II
Walter has quitclaimed to Nicholas and his heirs 52 a. of land in the vill of Athelesthorp which Nicholas acquired from William Dansey.
At: Cottesmore.
[Please quote GC2272 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/71/5  [19 Feb. 1335]
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Whisston, chaplain, and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave. Sun. after St. Valentine, 9 Edw. III
John de Whisston has granted to John de Segrave all his right, claim and estate in all the lands, holdings, rents [etc.] which he had by grant of Sir Edmund de Bohun for the term of his life, in the vill of Alestorp, the reversion of which belongs to John de Segrave.
At: Cold Overton.
[Please quote GC2809 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/71/6  [1337]

Contents:
Agnes widow of Anketin de Mortivall of Alsthorpe and Sir John de Segrave. 24 April 11 Edw. III
Agnes has quitclaimed to John her dower rights in the lands formerly of Anketin in Alesthorp.
Witnesses: Nicholas de Overton the younger, Nicholas Gregory, John Plainz, Hugh de Swafeld, Hugh de Bokelond.
At: Overton.
[Please quote GC2870 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OAKHAM (RUTLAND)  BCM/D/5/72  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
There is no direct evidence that Oakham was a Segrave holding, but there are suggestive indications: John Viscount Beaumont (d. 1460), was the third husband of Katherine dowager duchess of Norfolk; Ardebugh is possibly Burrough-on-the-Hill (Leics.), associated with Great Dalby (Leics.) in 1586-7; [Cf. BCM/D/5/30, Kirby Bellars.] in 1364 Thomas de Astley held land in Pickwell of John de Mowbray, who permitted it to be granted to a chantry in the church of Manton near Oakham: above, BCM/D/5/37/4 [GC 3556]. Furthermore, much of John (VI) de Mowbray's inheritance was in the hands of feoffees from the 1440s: above, BCM/D/5/9/5 [SC 598], BCM/D/5/53/2 [GCR 193], and below, BCM/D/5/78/3-4 [GC 4234, GC 4241].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/72/1  [1447]

Contents:
John Viscount Beaumont, James Ormond, knight, son and heir of James earl of Ormond, John Seynelowe, esquire, Henry Fylongley, esquire, Henry Brokesby, esquire, and John Dansey, esquire; and Thomas Asteley, esquire. 13 May 25 Hen. VI
John Viscount Beaumont and the others have quitclaimed to Thomas a rent of 16 oz. of pepper in Ardeburgh (Leics.) and a rent of 5s. in Okeham (Rutland), which were of John Burgeys alias Meltone.
[Please quote GC4258 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STRETTON (RUTLAND)  BCM/D/5/73  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was granted to Stephen de Segrave by William de Forz, count of Aumale. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 27d.] Peter de Segrave, possibly a younger son of Gilbert (II), held £6 10s. of land here c. 1265; he was alive in Jan. 1292 [CIM i. 856; CCR 1288-96, 252.] but had evidently died by Nov. 1295, by which date his brother Nicholas had granted the manor to his younger son Nicholas: below, BCM/D/5/73/1 [GC 963]. Nicholas the younger was granted additional lands here, with the manor of Holywell (Lincs.), by the king for life in 1308. [CPR 1307-13, 76.] Stretton passed to his daughter Maud and on her death in 1335 to John Lord Segrave. [VCH Rutland, ii. 148.] Thomas de Mowbray, duke of Norfolk (d. 1399), granted the lands to Henry earl of Derby who, as Henry IV, granted them as dower to Mowbray's widow. They reverted to the Crown in 1481. [VCH Rutland, ii, 148]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/73/1  [1292 x 1295]

Contents:
Nicholas de Segrave, knight, and Nicholas de Segrave, his son, knight. n.d.
Nicholas has granted to Nicholas his son the manor of Stretton (Rutland), to him and his issue.
Witnesses: Sir Theobald de Nevile, Sir John de Dygeby, Sir Robert de Nouwers, Sir Peter de Wakerle, knights, Robert de Nevile, Thomas de Nevile, Thomas de Bokelaund, Peter de Weston, constable of Oakham.
[Please quote GC963 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STOTTESDON (SALOP.)  BCM/D/5/74  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor came to the Segrave family with Christine, daughter of Hugh de Plescy, who married John Lord Segrave (d. 1325). It had been granted to John de Plescy by Henry III in 1241 and was granted in free marriage with Christine to John, son and heir of Nicholas de Segrave, in Jan. 1270. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19. John de Plescy (d. 1263) married secondly Margaret de Newburgh, sister and heir of the earl of Warwick, and held the earldom until his death even though she died without issue in 1253; Hugh was John's son by his first marriage. Nicholas de Segrave's sister Alice married William Mauduit, Margaret's cousin and heir, who was earl of Warwick from Plescy's death in 1263 until his own in 1268.] Associated with the manor were holdings in neighbouring Chorley, Farlow, Harcourt and Kingswood: [Chorley, Farlow and Harcourt lie within 3 miles of Stottesdon, as presumably did Kingswood.] those at Chorley and Farlow are not recorded as separate manors; Harcourt was described as a separate manor only in 1343; Kingswood was named separately then and at several other times. Stottesdon, Kingswood and Harcourt were granted to feoffees in Dec. 1343, and Kingswood alone was regranted to John and Margaret Marshal in Sept. 1344. By 1399 Margaret Marshal held both Stottesdon and Kingswood, and the distinction may have been made between them on account of John de Segrave's lease of the arable at Kingswood in 1337: below, BCM/D/5/74/20 [GC 2887]. As with, above, Fenstanton (Hunts.), one twentieth was reserved from the 1343 grant, and one twentieth of Stottesdon and Kingswood was settled on John (VII) de Mowbray and his wife Elizabeth in 1467. William de Berkeley granted the reversion of the manor to Humphrey Coningsby, his wife Isabel and their male issue by a final concord of June 1488, along with North Piddle (Worcs.). [CIPM Hen. VII, i, nos. 826, 828.]

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

The Kingswood holding, in Kingswood and Chorley  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/1  [24 July 1281]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19]

Contents:
Roger de Kingeswode; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. Thurs. the eve of St. James, 9 Edw. I
Roger has granted to John and Christine all his lands and holdings at Kyngeswode, in equal exchange for 105 a. of land and wood at Cherle and the water-mill of Cherle and 9 marks.
Witnesses: Sir Alan de Glasel', Sir Thomas Boterel, knights, Robert de Dodinton, William de Witeinton, Adam de la Bolde, Richard de Bagesouere, William de..., William de Hardele.
At: Kingswood.
[Please quote GC503 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/2  [8 Aug. 1281]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19]

Contents:
Brian son and heir of Roger de Kyngeswode and Sir John de Segrave. Fri. after St. Peter in chains, 9 Edw. I
Brian has inspected the charter of his father [as above] and confirms it.
Witnesses: Sir Alan de Glasele, Sir Thomas Boterel, knights, Robert de Dodinton, William de Witinton, Adam de la Bolde, Richard de Bagasouere, William de [Sexcote], William de Bardesle.
At: Stottesdon.
[Please quote GC504 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/3  1272-1307

Contents:
Brian son of Roger de Kyngeswode; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Brian has granted to John and Christine a rent of 12d. from William son of William de Suthbir', for a messuage and 8½ a. of land in Cherley; they have given him 11s.
Witnesses: Sir John F..., John lord of Cleton, Adam lord of Balda, Robert lord of Dodynton, John de la Forde.
[Please quote GC1258 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/4  [24 June 1307]

Contents:
Sir John de Segrave, lord of Stottesdon, and Christine his wife; and Sibyl, widow of Brian de Kingeswode. Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 35 Edw. I
John and Christine have granted to Sibyl, for her life, a building plot with a garden in Stottesdone, which Richard Persun once held, and an annual rent of 10s. and 5 quarters of wheat a year, 2 waggonloads of wood a year carted to her house and sufficient straw to roof her house; and for this Sibyl has quitclaimed to them her dower third of the lands and holdings of Brian.
Witnesses: John de Tresel, William de Wrotteslie, John de Porton, Robert de Donington, Robert de la Rowe, Roger de la Lie.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC1153 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Beysin holding, in Chorley  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/5  [6 Jan. 1289]

Contents:
Walter le Beysin; and John de Segrave and Christine his wife. Thurs. the feast of Epiphany 17 Edw. I
Walter has quitclaimed to John and Christine all his lands and holdings and a mill, which he had by grant of Brian de Kyngeswode in Cherleg'; and John has given him 40 marks. Endorsed Stottesdon, Salop.
Witnesses: Sir John son of Aer, Sir Alan de Glaseleg', Sir Adam de Sancto Georgeo, Ralph de Arraz, John de Eleton, Adam de Bolda, Geoffrey de Overton.
[Please quote GC543 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/6  [1 May 1313]

Contents:
Alice widow of Sir Walter de Beysin and Sir John, lord of Segrave. St. Philip and St. James, 6 Edw. II
Alice has quitclaimed to John a messuage and 1 carucate of land, a mill, and appurtenances at Cherley within the manor of Stottesdon, which Brian de Kyngeswode formerly sold to Sir Walter, her lord.
[Please quote GC1916 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Calurecroft  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/7  [before 1290]

Contents:
Roger de Bosco Regis; and Agnes and Mary his daughters n.d.
Roger has granted to Agnes and Mary all the land called Calurecroft, to them and their issue; rent 1d. a year, and 6d. a year to the church of Stottesdon to celebrate a mass.
Witnesses: Roger de Foxcote, William his son, Sir Richard chaplain of Kinlet, Hugh Darnel, William de Arderne, Richard son of Henry the clerk of Norton, Roger Hammundus, Thomas de Barndelg', Hamon de Stottesdone.
[Please quote GC1255 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/8  [1 Oct. 1290]

Contents:
Agnes and Mary, daughters of Roger de Kyngeswode; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. Sun. after Michaelmas, 18 Edw. I
Agnes and Mary have granted to John and Christine a messuage with a curtilage and toft and croft called Calurecroft, which they had by gift of Roger their father, and by confirmation of Brian their brother; rent 6d. to the chantry of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Stottesdon church; John has given them 46s. 8d.
Witnesses: William de Foxcote, Hugh de Wyningwode, William le Cohare, Hugh Burnel, Richard Prikeproud.
At: 'Wyningwode'.
[Please quote GC578 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Etchells holding, in Farlow  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/9  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Robert son of Osbert de la Cleton and Robert son of Hugh Wrench of Farlow. n.d.
Robert has granted to Robert Wrench all the land which he held at le Heclese, with the messuage and appurtenances which he bought from Adam de Wlureton, for 6 marks; rent a rose a year and 6s. a year to the lord of the fee.
Witnesses: Richard de Yngwardin, Richard of the same, William Dovile of Farlow, Richard in the moor (mora) of la Cleton, William de Herdegreve, Matthew de la Lauwe, Roger de Bromdon'.
[Please quote GC734 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/10  1272-1307

Contents:
John Fresel of Sibdon Carwood and Richard son of Thomas de Beggesouere. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
John has granted to Richard all his land at Echeles, which he bought from Richard son of Henry de Possethorne by the confirmation of Philip formerly lord of Fernlauwe, viz. a half-virgate and 15 selions in the vill of Farnlauwe, for 17 marks; rent 6s. a year to the lord of Fernlauwe. Endorsed Stottesdon, Salop.
Witnesses: Philip de Baggesouere, Thomas Man, Veysin de Berwyke, Henry his brother, Warin de Beysin, Richard de Ingwardin, Robert of the same, Hugh Wrenig of Farlow, Thomas of the corner (de angulo) of the same, Roger Everard of the same.
[Please quote GC1372 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/11  [14 Aug. 1313]

Contents:
William de Morton, rector of the church of Hopton Wafers; and John Poer of Middleton and Alice his wife. Tues. the eve of the Assumption, 7 Edw. II
William has granted to John and Alice his holding in Ehcles in the fee of Farnlowe, for a certain sum of money. Endorsed Salops Stottesdon.
Witnesses: John de la Cleton, Ralph de la Lowe, John de Dodynton, Walter de Storton, John de Baskervile.
At: Etchells.
[Please quote GC1940 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/12  [1321]

Contents:
Thomas de Lodelowe, sometime vicar of Stottesdon, and Sir Stephen de Segrave, son and heir of Sir John de Segrave. 10 March 14 Edw. II
Thomas has granted to Stephen, his heirs and assigns a messuage and all his lands in Echeles in the manor of Farlowe, which he had by grant of John Power.
Witnesses: Sir Henry de [Ribford], Sir Walter Haket, Sir Adam de Araz, knights, John de la Cloeton, John de Dodyngton, Walter de Stepple, Thomas de Fulwarby.
At: Kingswood.
[Please quote GC2344 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/13  [1321]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Stephen de Segrave; (2) Sir Robert de Broghton 'chanoyn' [i.e. canon] of Chacombe; (3) Sir Thomas de Lodelowe, vicar of Stottesdon. 10 March 14 Edw. II
Stephen has appointed Robert his attorney to take seisin of all the lands and holdings which he had by grant of Thomas in Echeles within the manor of Farlowe.
At: Kingswood.
[Please quote GC2351 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/14  [31 March 1321]

Contents:
Thomas de Lodelowe, formerly vicar of Stottesdon, and Sir Stephen de Segrave, son and heir of Sir John [de Segrave]. 1 Kal. of April 14 Edw. II
Thomas has granted and quitclaimed to Stephen all the lands and holdings which he had in Echeles in the manor of Farlowe.
At: Kingswood.
[Please quote GC2374 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/15  [1245-6]

Contents:
Sir John de Plesset' and Adam de Dodinton. 30 Hen. III
John has granted to Adam, for 12 years beginning in 30 Hen. III, a furlong called Croumor; rent of 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Overton, William de Sancto Georgio, Reginald de Plesset', William de Plesset', Robert de Bolda, Hugh de Baskerwill, Richard chaplain of Stotisden, Ralph de la Loue.
[Please quote SC290 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/16  [1278]

Contents:
Roger de Mortuo Mari, lord of Wigmore, and Sir John de Segrave. 5 July 6 Edw. I
Roger has granted to John and his issue the abutment and fishpond of his mill of Stottesdone above Roger's land in his chase of Wyre, which mill is situated above the water of Doules which divides Roger's land from John's.
Witnesses: Sir Ralph de Araz, Sir Walter de [Haclut], Sir Roger de Baskervill, Sir Thomas de Bersin, Sir Walter Haket, Sir Richard de Harle, knights,..., Geoffrey de Suerton, John de Dodington, Thomas de Overton, John ate More.
[Please quote GC482 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/17  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
William son of Thomas de Bardele and Sir John de Segrave. n.d.
William has granted to John all his land in the old wood at le Wodewell in the territory of Bardele and his meadow in le Morbache in the territory of Stottesdon, which Philip Coter of Stottesdon held of William, also the lordship and service in which Withard Brid is bound to William for 8 a. of land in the territory of Bardele, of the fee of the king of England, 2 a. at Waringespol next to the common road to Clebury, 2 a. at Dereshul and 2 a. at Walfurlong next to Briddesbache; rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Dodinton, Thomas de Northgrave, Adam Salvage, Philip de Bagesouere, Thomas at the bank (ad ripam), Roger de Kyngeswod, Brian his son, Hamon de Stottesdon.
[Please quote GC866 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/18  [25 Jan. 1294]

Contents:
William de Fouleswardyn; and Sir John de Segrave and Christine his wife. Conversion of St. Paul, 22 Edw. I
William has quitclaimed to John and Christine, for 4 marks, 9 a. in Stotesdone, viz. 3 a. in the field towards Overton, 3 a. in the field towards the mill of Herdewyk and 3 a. in the field towards Walton by the cross (juxta cruce).
Witnesses: Sir Ralph de Arraz, knight, John lord of Upton, John lord of Cleton, Adam lord of Bold, Robert lord of Dodinton.
At: Stottesdon.
[Please quote GC600 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/19  [24 June 1317]
Language:  French

Contents:
John lord of Segrave and John son of Henry de Glaseley. St. John the Baptist, 10 Edw. II
John de Segrave has granted to John de Glaseley and his heirs the watercourse called le Ee running from the [fee] of John de Segrave to the mill of John de Glaseley in Prestecote, and John de Glaseley has granted to John de Segrave a rent of 2s. a year from the mill.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas de Beysin, Sir Walter Haket, knights, Guy de Glaseley, John de Cleton, John de Baskerville.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2181 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/20  [4 Nov. 1337]

Contents:
Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave, and Margery de Wynewode. Tues. before St. Martin, 11 Edw. III
John has demised at farm to Margery all his arable land of Kyngeswod, with his meadow and pasture, for a term of 7 years beginning at the Annunciation next [25 March]; rent 33s. 4d. a year.
At: Chacombe.
[Please quote GC2887 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Account rolls  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/21  [1479-80]

Contents:
Account roll 19-20 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR356 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/22  [1480-1]

Contents:
Account roll 20-1 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR357 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/23  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 19]

Contents:
Matthew Gamach and Roger son of Ailaf. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Matthew has confirmed to Roger the land which Ailaf his father and Gamel the forester (forestarius) held from him in the forest of Wire, Roger paying 3s. a year or doing the services, and other grants.
Witnesses: Richard, William, Henry and Giles, Matthew's brothers, Walter Buhere, Peter son of Matthew Gamach, Philip de Fernlaue, Walter of the thorn (de spineto), Adam Savage (Salvagius), Hugh de Sutheburi, William de Berdelee, Warengar de Dikes, Hugh de Fernlaue, Matthew de Pleid, Ysaac the dean (decanus), William de Steple, Reginald the chaplain.
[Please quote SC182 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/74/24  [31 Oct. 1277]

Contents:
John de Glaseleye and Hugh his son, clerk. Sun. the eve of All Saints, 5 Edw. I
John has granted to Hugh, for a certain sum of money, all his land in the vill of Eggarton, to hold of the chief lord of the fee at 12d. a year and suit to the court at Wethulle. Endorsed Salops Stottesdon.
Witnesses: Richard lord of Aston Boterel, Walter de Norton, Richard son of Richard de Ingwardyn, Richard son of Roger of the same, John son of Odo de Wethulle.
At: Eggarton.
[Please quote GC479 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PEASENHALL (SUFF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor was part of the Bigod inheritance, and in 1302 Roger Bigod, the last Bigod earl of Norfolk, granted to Nicholas de Segrave (d. 1321) and his wife Alice land and rent to the value of £20 a year in the manor. [CPR 1301-7, 64.] The grant may have been of the whole manor, as Peasenhall is not mentioned in Roger's inquisition post mortem of 1306. Nicholas held Peasenhall at his death, and it then passed to his daughter and heir Maud and her husband Edmund de Bohun. Edmund granted it to Godfrey de Loudham, vicar of Peasenhall, and William Testard for their lives, and they granted it to John de Loudham and his wife Joan, who were pardoned in Feb. 1333 for entering it without the king's licence. [CPR 1330-4, 408.] On Maud's death without issue in 1335 the reversion of the manor passed to her cousin John Lord Segrave, and it formed part of the great settlement in 1343-4, being held in jointure by Margaret Marshal. In the division of the Mowbray lands in 1483 it was assigned to Howard with the rest of the Bigod lands in the county.

LAMBETH (SURREY)  BCM/D/5/75  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter below is located by the Segrave Cartulary, which records Philip Vitdeners as granting to Stephen all his land called Lefhurst in the parish of Lambeth, paying rents of 7s. 2d. to the archbishop of Canterbury and 2s. 10d. to William Norens. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 30.] Lambeth is not mentioned later in the muniments by name but may be referred to in Jan. 1333 when John Germy granted lands in Surrey to John de Segrave and Sir William Giffard: above, BCM/D/5/1/4 [GC 2761].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/75/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 30]

Contents:
William Norons and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has quitclaimed to Stephen an annual rent of 34d. from Philip Vitdens for the land of Lefherst, to hold of William and his heirs in final sale and quitclaim; Stephen has given William 2 marks.
Witnesses: Henry de Nafford, William de Wasteneys, Richard Reng'y, mayor of London, Andrew Buker, sheriff of London, Peter the Poitevin (Pictaviens), Geoffrey Lespicer, Robert the clerk of Wilton.
[Please quote GC404 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ALSPATH, IN MERIDEN (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/76  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Lands there were granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave, whose son Gilbert held the 'town' at his death in 1254. Additional lands were among those granted by Edmund earl of Arundel (as all his lands [etc.] in Alspath, with its members) to John and Christine de Segrave c. 1314, probably in connection with the marriage of Arundel's sister Alice to John's son Stephen. Alspath is mentioned in both inquisitions of 1325 and was included in the jointure settlement of 1343-4, appearing thereafter in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399. It was among the manors settled by John de Mowbray on his sister Isabel on her marriage to Henry de Ferrers in 1416, and was then held by her second husband James de Berkeley until her death in 1452: below, p. 810, Flecknoe. It occurs as two manors, Alspath and Meriden, in William de Berkeley's grant to Richard III in 1484.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/76/1  [1447]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, marshal of England, Lord de Mowbray, of Segrave and of Gower, and John Lucas. 12 Dec. 26 Hen. VI
The duke has received from John Lucas, in his castle of Framlingham on 10 Dec. 26 Hen. VI, his homage for various lands and holdings in Aldespath (Warws.), which he holds of the duke by knight service.
[Please quote GC4156 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BINLEY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/77  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Binley was a member of Caludon: below, BCM/D/5/82

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/1  [before 1241]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 4d.]

Contents:
Thomas son of Saer de Stokes and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Thomas has confirmed to Stephen the sale made by Andrew, Thomas's brother, of 2 virgates and 3 a. of land in Bilneya; rent 12d. a year to Thomas and his heirs; and he has granted, further, 1¼ a. of meadow, the acre being held by the sacristan of Covintre for a term of 16 years and the quarter-acre held by Petronilla de Stoke for life.
Witnesses: Henry de Segrave, Hasculf son of Peter, Geoffrey de Cauz, Ivo de Dien, Henry de Rokeby, Henry de Sowe, Thomas de Hurl', William Forestar' of Walsgrave-on-Sowe, Simon de Sowe.
[Please quote GC1553 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE PAGE HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/2  [1 March 1331]

Contents:
Richard le Charere of Cold Overton and Robert Page of Binley. Sun. the morrow of St. Chad, 5 Edw. III
Richard has quitclaimed to Robert a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Bylneye, which he had by grant of Sir John de Segrave, to hold of the lord of Caloudone, the chief lord of the fee.
Witnesses: Robert de Stoke, John de Stoke his son, William Erneys, Robert de Wyllenhale, Henry atte Hethe, Geoffrey de Whytelee, William atte Okes, Robert de Shirford, Richard le Cockes of Binley, Thomas de Hyham of the same, Thomas Burnet of the same, William de Hulle of the same, Ralph le Cartewryghte of the same.
At: Binley.
[Please quote GC2740 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/3  [30 Nov. 1347]

Contents:
Robert Page of Binley and William Page his son. Fri. in St. Andrew, 21 Edw. III
Robert has granted to William and his issue all his lands, holdings, rents [etc.] in Byneleye, with remainder to Robert's right heirs.
Witnesses: Richard de Wyncestre of Coventry, Thomas de le Newegraunge of Binley, Robert Phelippes of the same, Thomas Burne of the same, John le Cartewrighte of the same.
At: Binley.
[Please quote GC3169 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/4  [1368]

Contents:
John son and heir of William Page of Binley and Geoffrey le Latcher of Binley. 24 Dec. 42 Edw. III
John has granted to Geoffrey, his heirs and assigns all his lands, holdings [etc.] in Bilneye.
Witnesses: Richard Coke, Richard [May], [Robert] Burneld, William Everet, John de Fosse.
At: Binley.
[Please quote GC3606 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/5  [17 Nov. 1415]

Contents:
Margery widow of John Wroson of Coventry and John Egeston the younger of Coventry, 'deyster'. St. Clement, 3 Hen. V
Margery has granted to John, his heirs and assigns all her lands and holdings [etc.] which she and her late husband had by grant of Geoffrey Latcher of Bylneye and which were of John son and heir of William Page, in Bylney.
Witnesses: John Saundresson, William Gardener, William Rydby, 'wirdrawer', John Janynson, Henry Gardener of Binley.
At: Binley.
[Please quote GC4104 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/6  [1415]

Contents:
Margery widow of John Wroson of Coventry and John Egeston the younger of Coventry, 'deyster'. 28 Nov. 3 Hen. V
Margery has quitclaimed to John the lands and holdings [etc.] which she and her late husband had by grant of Geoffrey Latcher of Bylneye and which were of John son and heir of William Page, in Bylney.
At: Binley.
[Please quote GC4105 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/7  [1420]

Contents:
Isabel widow of Roger Fosse and John Egestone of Coventry, 'deyster'. 30 April 8 Hen. V
Isabel has granted to John, his heirs and assigns 1 a. of land and 1 a. of meadow in Bylney.
Witnesses: John Saundressone the elder, John Saundresson the younger, Robert Saundressone, John Cook the elder, Thomas Bylney.
At: Binley.
[Please quote GC4124 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/8  [1436]

Contents:
Thomas Warmyngton, 'hosier', John Lee, 'hosier', and William Piere of Coventry, 'deyster'; and John Whalley of Coventry and Alice his wife. 12 April 14 Hen. VI
Thomas, John and William have granted to John and Alice, and their heirs and assigns, a messuage and 12 a. of land in the vill and territory of Bylney which John Egestone of Coventry the younger, 'deyster', had by grant of Margery widow of John Wroson of Coventry, and also 1 a. of land and 1 a. of meadow in Bylney.
Witnesses: John Routon, mayor of Coventry, Henry [Snook] and John Dayster, bailiffs, John Prentes, Richard Dene, William Frisby.
At: Coventry.
[Please quote GC4201 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/9  [1436]

Contents:
(1) Thomas Warmyngton, 'hosier', John Lee, 'hosier', and William Piere of Coventry, 'deyster'; (2) Giles Corbronde of Coventry; (3) John Whalley of Coventry and Alice his wife. 12 April 14 Hen. VI
Thomas, John and William have appointed Giles to give seisin to John and Alice of a messuage and 12 a. of land, and of 1 a. of land and 1 a. of meadow, in the vill and territory of Bylney.
At: Coventry.
[Please quote GC4202 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/77/10  [1440]

Contents:
(1) John Whalley of Coventry and Alice his wife; (2) Thomas Wolff; (3) William Betley, John Warrant, John Creswold, Thomas Warener and John Abell. 28 March 18 Hen. VI
John and Alice have appointed Thomas to deliver seisin to William, John, John, Thomas and John of a messuage and 12 a. of land, and of 1 a. of land and 1 a. of meadow, in the vill and territory of Bylney.
At: Binley.
[Please quote GC4215 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CALUDON, IN COVENTRY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/78  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Caludon was one of the Segraves' five principal Warwickshire manors, and holdings in Binley, Walsgrave-on-Sowe, Henley and Wyken (all now in Coventry), as well as holdings in Coventry town, were appurtenant to it. It was granted by Ranulph de Blundeville, earl of Chester, to Stephen de Segrave at the end of the 12th century and Stephen created the manor there from uncultivated land. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 3d.] It is mentioned in both inquisitions of 1325, was held by the widow Alice in 1338, but was not included in the the jointure settlement of 1343-4 and therefore passed directly to John de Mowbray in 1353, appearing in his inquisition of 1368 and that of his son Thomas in 1399. The grant and regrant of 1443-4, below, BCM/D/5/78/3-4 [GC 4234, GC 4241], were probably a jointure settlement for John (VI) and Eleanor Bourchier. [Humphrey Stafford was Eleanor's half-brother; he was also involved with the settlement of Bretby and North Piddle in 1448, and in 1449 was among the feoffees who held Witherley: above, BCM/D/5/9/5 [SC 598]; BCM/D/5/53/2 [GCR 193].] Caludon was settled in jointure on John (VII) de Mowbray and his wife Elizabeth in 1476. William Berkeley is said to have settled the reversion on his stepsons, Richard and Edward Willoughby, in July 1488, [Smyth, ii. 131, saying that the reversion of Caludon was settled on the same terms as the reversion of Kennett and Kentford (Cambs. and Suff.; below), which had been settled in Feb. 1488 on Richard and his male issue with remainder to Edward and his male issue and to William Berkeley's right heirs. The reversion of Cherry Hinton (Cambs.) was certainly granted to the stepsons on those terms in Feb. 1488: above, BCM/D/1/2/1 [SC 647].] but the manor was in Berkeley hands in 1539-40. [John de Berkeley, grandson of William's younger brother Thomas, died at Caludon in 1539-40; the Willoughby male line failed only in 1559-60: Smyth, ii. 84.] It became a favoured residence: the heir Thomas was born there in 1575 and died there in 1611, as did his step-grandmother Anne Lady Berkeley in 1564, his mother Katherine in 1596 and his father Henry in 1613. [GEC ii. 137-9.] Nevertheless, it was sold by George Lord Berkeley in 1631. [VCH Warws. viii. 121.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/78/1  [1321]

Contents:
John lord of Segrave; and Master Roger his cook and Christine, Roger's wife. 28 Sept. 15 Edw. II
John has demised to Roger and Christine all the lands and holdings which Robert de Birchemor and Maud his wife held of John in Koxale; for their lives, for the service they have done for him; rent 26s. a year at the terms usual in the manor of Kaloudone. Endorsed Warr. Coxhale.
Witnesses: Thomas de Tolthorpe, John de Langelie, knights, Robert de Stoke, Nicholas Crompe of Coventry, Richard de Daleby of the same, Robert the clerk of Walsgrave-on-Sowe, Hugh de Stiveschale of the same, William Erneys of the same, Roger Dovertone, clerk.
At: Nottingham.
[Please quote GC2365 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/78/2  [Edw. III, 25 April 1338]

Contents:
Alice de Segrave; and William Erneys and Sarah his wife. [St. Mark] 12
Alice has granted to William and Sarah all her lands and holdings at...; for the life of Alice, rent 31s.... Endorsed Coxhale.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2931 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/78/3  [1443]

Contents:
(1) John [Stafford] archbishop of Canterbury, Eleanor [de Mowbray] duchess of Norfolk and Humphrey [Stafford] earl of Stafford; (2) Robert Broom, esquire, or Hugh Lyghtfoot; (3) John [de Mowbray] duke of Norfolk. 9 Sept. 22 Hen. VI
John, Eleanor and Humphrey have appointed Robert or Hugh to receive seisin of the manor of Caloghdon (Warws.) as by the charter of John duke of Norfolk.
[Please quote GC4234 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/78/4  [1444]

Contents:
(1) John [de Mowbray] duke of Norfolk [etc.]; (2) Thomas Boughton; (3) John [Stafford] archbishop of Canterbury, Eleanor duchess of Norfolk, the duke's wife, and Humphrey [Stafford] earl of Stafford. 6 July 22 Hen. VI
John has appointed Thomas to deliver seisin to John, Eleanor and Humphrey of his manor and lordship of Caloghdon (Warws.).
[Please quote GC4241 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CHESTERTON (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/79  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
For a discussion of the holding, and the connection with Eustace de Hatch, see below, BCM/D/5/92 West Hatch. Chesterton is not mentioned in the muniments after 1322.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

The Hatch holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/1  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Hugh de Loges, son of Margarite Croc, and John de Broc, son of Adam de Broc. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Hugh has granted to John 2 virgates of land in Casterton which Richard son of Everard held; rent 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Walter le Poher, Robert de Casterton, Eustace de Putot, Robert de Nasey, Simon de Sancto Mauro, Robert son of Odo, Henry de Lillebury, Roger Balanc, Alan the clerk, Richard son of Thedric, Robert le Fraunceis, Richard Pama, John Ruffus, Master Eustace parson of Chesterton.
[Please quote GC393 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/2  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Robert son of Ranulph de Brock of Pachesham and Sir Eustace de Hacsche. n.d.
Robert has quitclaimed to Eustace 2 messuages and 6 virgates of land in the vill of Cestreton, which he gained by the king's writ against Sir Richard de Loges.
Witnesses: Sir William de Hethe, Sir John de..., Philip le Louu, Richard Walleward, Gilbert le Harpur, William de Semor, Richard Thedrics, Robert de Colevill.
[Please quote GC885 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/3  [31 July 1305]

Contents:
Eustace de Hatche, knight, and Master Thomas de Eadburbur. Eve of St. Peter in chains, 33 Edw. I
Eustace informs his tenants in Cestreton and in Herburbur' that he has granted all his lands and holdings there to Master Thomas and that they should do homage and service to him.
At: London.
[Please quote GC1098 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

The Brock holding  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/4  [3 July 1318]

Contents:
John son of Robert de Broke of Chesterton and Sir John de Segrave the elder. Mon. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 11 Edw. II
John de Broke has granted to John de Segrave, his heirs and assigns a messuage with a croft in the vill of Chasterton.
Witnesses: Richard Mile of Brookhampton, Richard le Harpour of Chesterton, Richard son of Hugh de Loges, William de Fermesham, William Warde of Kingston, Philip de Kyneton, John Triminnel of the same.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2244 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/5  [3 July 1318]

Contents:
(1) John son of Robert de Broke of Chesterton; (2) John son of Richard le Harpour; (3) Sir John de Segrave. Mon. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 11 Edw. II
John de Broke has appointed John le Harpour his attorney to give seisin to John de Segrave of his messuage and croft in Chesterton.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2245 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/6  [10 July 1318]

Contents:
John son of Robert de Broke of Chesterton and Sir John de Segrave the elder. Mon. after the translation of St. Thomas [of Canterbury], 12 Edw. II
John de Broke has quitclaimed to John de Segrave, his heirs and assigns all his lands, holdings [etc.] in Chasterton.
Witnesses: Sir Thomas de Pipe, William de Fernesham, Thomas Harys, Hugh de Stiveshal of Walsgrave-on-Sowe, Richard Larpour of the same, Robert de Schirford of the same, Gilbert Wolf of Chesterton.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2246 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

Other  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/7  Early 14th cent

Contents:
Gilbert le Harpur of Chesterton and Sir John de Segrave. n.d. [late Edw. II]
Gilbert has granted to John a messuage with a curtilage in the vill of Cesterton, which William Cady formerly held of him; rent a rose a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Stokes, William de Lega, John Passelewe, Simon Ernys, Robert Jabet.
[Please quote GC765 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/8  [10 March 1317]

Contents:
John the Broke of Chesterton; and Richard his son and Joan daughter of Richard Tornel of Woolscott. Thurs. before St. Gregory, 10 Edw. II
John has granted to Richard and Joan, in free marriage, a half-virgate of land with a house in the vill and fields of Chestretone; to them and their issue, rent 12d. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas de Pipe, Richard the smith, William de Fermesham, John de Caldecote, Thomas Henr', Gilbert Wolf, Roger Baldewin.
At: Chesterton.
[Please quote GC2156 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/79/9  [1 May 1322]
Language:  French

Contents:
Nicholas de Warrewyk and Robert de Warrewyk. Sat. the feast of St. Philip and St. James, 15 Edw. II
Nicholas has granted to Robert an annual rent of 15s. from holdings which Simon de Botyndone (4s.) and Robert Marmion (11s.) hold of Nicholas in Cestertone.
Witnesses: William Blaunfrout, John Fraunceis, Richard de Sowe the son.
At: Warwick.
[Please quote GC2377 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CHILVERS COTON (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/80  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Ralph de Sudley had previously granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave that all the land which Stephen's father Gilbert and his ancestors had held of Ralph and his ancestors, at a rent of 5s. a year, should henceforth be held as a tenth of a fee and quit of rent. Richard de Brinklow granted to Stephen a rent of 11s. a year. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 6d.] The holding is not mentioned later.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/80/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 6d.]

Contents:
Ralph de Sudleia and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Ralph has granted to Stephen the services of Goda son of Aceman for 9 a. in the field of Greva and 2 a. in Silingefen and a messuage, for which he is accustomed to pay 2d. annual rent, to increase Stephen's holding in Chelviredescote.
Witnesses: Philip de Tudintona, William de Sees, Robert de Tudinton, Saer de Stokes, Peter Russel, Robert Marshal, Robert son of Elias, Richard chaplain of Sudeley (Sudleia), Hervey.
[Please quote SC42 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CLAVERDON (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/81  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
All the charters below relate to acquisitions by Robert le Seynter of Warwick or Robert de Warwick, presumably the same man, who in 1322 acquired a rent of 15s. in Chesterton: above, BCM/D/5/79/9 [GC 2377]. There are no other references in the muniments to Claverdon, but it is to be assumed that the Segraves acquired Robert's holdings.

THE ARDERN HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/1  [19 Feb. 1311]

Contents:
Robert de Arderne; and Robert le Seynter of Warwick and Maud his wife. Fri. after St. Valentine, 4 Edw. II
Robert has granted to Robert and Maud his messuage in Claverdone with the lands, holdings, rents [etc.] there, which he had by grant of Lady Rose de Arderne his mother, and they have given him a certain sum of money.
Witnesses: John de Broghton, John de Heyforde, Robert Moryn, Roger de Cruddeshale, William de Suttone, William de Wulfretone, John Sotemay, clerk.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1794 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/2  [c. 19 Feb. 1311]

Contents:
Robert de Arderne; and Robert le Seynter of Warwick and Maud his wife.... after St. Valentine... Edward
Robert has granted to Robert and Maud all his goods and chattels, movable and immovable, with all his lands and holdings in the vill of Claverdon.
Witnesses: John de Broghton,... John Sothemay, ...
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1161 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/3  [19 Feb. 1311]

Contents:
(1) Robert de Arderne; (2) Robert de Ippewell, John Sotemay of Warwick and Robin de Ippewell, valets of John de Broughton; (3) Robert le Seynter of Warwick and Maud his wife. Fri. after St. Valentine, 4 Edw. II
Robert has appointed Robert, John and Robin his attorneys to give seisin to Robert and Maud of all the lands and holdings in the vill of Claverdone, with his goods and chattels there.
Witnesses: John de Broghton, Jordan de Mumeworth.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1792 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE CULVERT HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/4  [14 March 1311]

Contents:
Richard son of William Culvert of Claverdon; and Robert son of William le Seynter of Warwick and Maud his wife. Sun. after St. Gregory, 4 Edw. II
Richard has granted to Robert and Maud a croft in Claverdone called le Leye Croft, beside the land which they had by grant of Robert de Arderne.
Witnesses: John de Heyford, Robert Moryn, Roger de Cruddeshale, William de Suttone of Warwick, Thomas de Colehulle.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1801 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/5  [18 March 1311]

Contents:
Nicholas de Hekeneye and Richard Cullevert of Claverdon. Thurs. after St. Gregory, 4 Edw. II
Nicholas has quitclaimed to Richard the land which William Cullevert and Alice his wife formerly held in the vill of Claverdone, and the land which Simon Cullevert formerly held there.
Witnesses: Robert le Bellezetere of Warwick, Roger de Curtesale, Thomas de Colehull, Thomas le Vilur, William de Suttone, John Cotyn, John Cotevile.
At: 'Ronhale'.
[Please quote GC1803 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/6  [30 May 1311]

Contents:
Nicholas de Ekeyene; and Robert le Ceynter of Warwick and Maud his wife. Sun. after St. Augustine, 4 Edw. II
Nicholas has quitclaimed to Robert and Maud the holding called Lyelonde which was formerly his in the vill of Claverdone, viz. that which they had by grant of Richard, son of William Culvard.
Witnesses: Roger de Cruddeshale, Thomas de Colehulle, Thomas le Veylur, Richard son of William Culvard, Robert Cotyn, John Cotyn.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1824 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE SUTTON HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/7  1216-1272

Contents:
Richard the clerk, son of John the weaver (textor) of Claverdon, and Richard de Sutton. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Richard the clerk has granted to Richard de Sutton the rent and services of Thomas de Cumpton in Claverdon.
Witnesses: William le Velur, John Otin, Walter de Markel, Richard the baker (pistor), Richard de Bredon, William the clerk who wrote this charter.
[Please quote SC354 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/8  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard the clerk, son of John the weaver (textor) of Claverdon, and Richard de Sutton. n.d.
Richard the clerk has granted to Richard de Sutton the rent of 6d. in Claverdon from Thomas de Cumptone for a selion in the croft which John the weaver his father held, next to the road from Claverdon church to Warewich; rent from Richard de Sutton to Richard the clerk, 6d. a year.
Witnesses: William le Vilur, John Cotin, John Hentebuc, Walter de Markel, Richard the baker (pistor), Richard de Bredon, William the clerk.
[Please quote GC724 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/9  [27 July 1312]

Contents:
Richard le baylif de Suttone of Claverdon; and Robert le Ceynter of Warwick and Maud his wife. Thurs. after St. James, 6 Edw. II
Richard has granted to Robert and Maud a rent of 7d. a year and a rose, being 6d. from a messuage, a selion and the hedge and ditch, ½d. from a half-acre of land in Wetemersh, and ½d. from a half-acre in Sidhomme.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1887 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE DOLPHIN HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/10  [2 June 1297]

Contents:
Richard son of Henry Dolphin of Claverdon and John son of Richard Cristene of Sherborne. Whit Sunday, 25 Edw. I
Richard has granted to John 1 a. of land in the territory of Claverdon.
Witnesses: Richard de Bredon, John de Pinnel, John Cotyn, Thomas le Sipeler, Henry the smith.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC630 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/11  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard son of Henry of Claverdon and John son of Richard Cristyn of Sherborne. n.d.
Richard has granted to John, his nephew, 3 a. of land in the territory of Claverdon, one acre above le Stockinge, one above Querforlong next to the land of the earl of Warwick, and one within his enclosure, to hold of the chief lord for the customary services.
Witnesses: Richard de Bredon, John de Pinnele, John Cotyn, Richard Balle, Simon le Kyng, Robert de Longel, Henry the smith.
[Please quote GC804 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/12  [late 13th cent.]

Contents:
Richard son of Henry Dolfyn of Claverdon and John son of Richard Cristyn of Sherborne. n.d.
Richard has granted to John his nephew all his chief holding in the vill of Claverdon and all his land in the territory of Claverdon, except 3 a., with the reversion of the one third held in dower by Alice his mother after her death; rent 40d. a year to the chief lord of the fee.
Witnesses: Richard de Bridon, John de Pinnek, John Catyn, Richard Balbe, Simon le Kyng, Robert de Langel, Henry the smith.
[Please quote GC745 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/13  [14 Aug. 1314]

Contents:
John son of Richard Cristene of Sherborne and Robert le Seynter of Warwick. Wed. the eve of the Assumption, 8 Edw. II
John has granted to Robert, his heirs and assigns a messuage and a half-virgate of land, which Robert had by grant of Richard Dolphyn, in the territory of Claverdon.
Witnesses: Thomas de Collehulle, John Cotyn, William de Sutton, Thomas le Fetheler, John Sotemay of Warwick.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1989 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/14  [16 Aug. 1314]

Contents:
John son of Richard Cristene of Sherborne and Robert le Seynter of Warwick. Fri. after the Assumption, 8 Edw. II
John has quitclaimed to Robert, his heirs and assigns a messuage and a half-virgate of land in the territory of Claverdon.
Witnesses: Thomas de Collehulle, John Cotyn, William de Sutton, Thomas le Fetheler, John Sotemay.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1990 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE SMITH (FABER) HOLDING, IN CLAVERDON, LANGLEY AND KINGTON  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/15  [25 July 1311]

Contents:
John the smith of Claverdon; and Isabel Cotin and Margaret her sister. Sun. the feast of St. James, 5 Edw. II
John has leased to Isabel and Margaret, for a certain sum of money, 18 selions and a headland, with ditches and hedges, in Claverdon above Armeleye, from Michaelmas 1 Edw. II [29 Sept. 1307] for 16 years, and after the end of the term in fee; rent 1 mark a year.
Witnesses: Roger de Cindesh, Thomas de Colehull, John de Cotevill, Peter Collemon, John Bud.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC473 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/16  [29 Sept. 1312]

Contents:
John son of Henry the smith of Claverdon and Thomas de Collehulle of Claverdon. Fri. Michaelmas, 6 Edw. II
John has granted to Thomas the croft next to John's capital messuage, and all other lands, holdings and crofts that he has in the vills of Claverdone, Longeleye, and Kyngton near Claverdone, viz. the assart called Olderudingge, one called Arneleye and one called le Hoo in Kyngton; rent ½d. a year for a term of 6 years, and thereafter 20s. a year.
Witnesses: Robert de Warr', Roger de Crudeshal, Peter de Suttone, Robert Starel, John de Cotevile.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC1888 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/17  [5 March 1316]

Contents:
John son of Henry the smith of Claverdon and Robert le Seinter of Warwick. Fri. after St. Chad, 9 Edw. II
John has granted to Robert a messuage with all the lands, holdings, rents [etc.] which he had in the vills of Claverdone, Longeley and Kyngton by Claverdone, and which he inherited on the death of Henry his father, with the reversion of all the lands held in dower by Maud his father's widow.
Witnesses: William de Sutton, John de Pesham, John atte Wodeyate, William Morin, John Russel, Thomas le Futheler.
At: Warwick.
[Please quote GC2072 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/18  [19 March 1316]
Language:  French

Contents:
John atte Wodeyate and Thomas de Colehull. Fri. before St. Cuthbert, 9 Edw. II
John has granted to Thomas a messuage and all the lands and holdings [etc.] which he had in the vills of Claverdone and Longel' by Claverdone, by grant of Thomas, for Thomas's life, with remainder to Robert le Seinter of Warwick, his heirs and assigns.
Witnesses: William de Sutton, William Musard, Robert Moryn, William Morin, Robert Starel, John de Pesham, Thomas le Fithelere, John Russel.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC2089 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/19  [22 March 1316]

Contents:
John de la Wodegate; and Thomas de Colehull and Robert le Seinter of Warwick. Mon. after St. Cuthbert, 9 Edw. II
John has quitclaimed to Thomas and Robert and Robert's heirs all the lands, holdings [etc.] which Thomas has for life and which after his death will pass to Robert and his heirs.
Witnesses: Robert Morin, Robert Starel, Walter le Botiler.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC2090 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/20  [1 July 1324]

Contents:
Joan widow of Roger de Curdeshale and Robert de Warr'. Sun. after St. Peter and St. Paul, 17 Edw. II
Joan has quitclaimed to Robert, for his life, a rent of 4s. a year in Claverdone and Longeleye which Robert customarily pays to her for [the fields?] of Armeleye and Smythecroft.
Witnesses: John de Pipe, Henry de Hokkeleye, Alan de Wodelowe.
At: Warwick.
[Please quote GC2423 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE MERCER HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/21  [20 Jan. 1327]

Contents:
Thomas Larcher, prior of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England; and Roger le Mercier of Warwick and Susan his wife. Tues. the feast of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian 1326, 20 Edw. II
Thomas has pardoned Roger and Susan the arrears which Roger owes to the hospital's house of Grafton for the lands and holdings which Roger and Susan hold of it in Claverdon.
At: Warwick.
[Please quote GC2452 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/22  [24 June 1327]

Contents:
Roger le Mercer of Warwick and Susan his wife; and Robert le Seynter of Warwick. Wed. the feast of the nativity of St. John the Baptist, 1 Edw. III
Roger and Susan have granted to Robert, his heirs and assigns a half-virgate of land which they had by grant of Richard de Asteleye in Claverdone.
Witnesses: William Musard, John Hemery, John atte Wodeyate, John Cotyn, Nicholas Cateroun.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC2632 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/23  [5 April 1313]

Contents:
Robert le Ceynter of Warwick and Maud his wife; and Thomas de Pipe of Chesterton. Thurs. the morrow of St. Ambrose, 6 Edw. I
Robert and Maud have granted to Thomas all their land in the vill of Claverdon, to hold of the chief lord of the fee for the customary services.
Witnesses: Roger de Cruddeshale, Robert de Stoke, Thomas de Colehull, Peter de Scatton, Simon Lutony.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC481 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/24  [9 Jan. 1318]

Contents:
Robert de Warr' and John Pikerel. Mon. after St. Chad, 11 Edw. II
Robert has granted to John, his heirs and assigns a plot of land in the territory of Claverdone beside the road from Claverdone to Wotton; rent 4d. a year.
Witnesses: Thomas le Vilur, John the cook (cocus), William de Sutton, John Brid, Richard le Norreys.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC2215 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/25  [Edw. III, 1328]

Contents:
King Edward III and Robert de Warrweyk. 13 April 2
The king exemplifies his pardon to Robert for felonies [etc.] of 9 March 1 [Edw. III, 1327].
At: Stamford.
[Please quote GC2649 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/26  [18 July 1328]

Contents:
Robert de Warr'; and Robert le Cartere of Claverdon and Isabel his wife. Mon. after St. Kenelm, 2 Edw. III
Robert has granted to Robert and Isabel, and Robert's heirs, the croft called Thomasrudingge of Collehull beside the land of the earl of Warwick; rent 2s. a year.
Witnesses: John Cotin, Thomas le Vilour, John Brid, Thomas the baker (pistor), Richard de Bredone.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC2657 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/81/27  [2 Oct. 1328]

Contents:
Richard Oulvard and Robert de Warrewyke. Sun. after Michaelmas, 2 Edw. III
Richard has granted to Robert, his heirs and assigns a croft in Claverdone called Pottereswell.
Witnesses: Thomas le Fithelere, John Cotyn, Walter Russel, Nicholas de Cruddeshale, Simon de Clatercote.
At: Claverdon.
[Please quote GC2661 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

COVENTRY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/82  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Caludon (BCM/D/5/78), Henley (BCM/D/5/84), Walsgrave-on-Sowe (BCM/D/5/89) and Wyken (BCM/D/5/91), all now in Coventry, were previously distinct vills. The holdings in Coventry were appurtenant to the manor of Caludon and are mentioned in Gilbert de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1254.

EARL STREET  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/82/1  1216-1272

Contents:
John le Furner of Coventry and Geoffrey Lonton. n.d. [temp. Hen. III])
John has granted to Geoffrey half a messuage in Earl Street (in vico comitis) in Coventry, at a rent of 3s. a year, for which Geoffrey gave him 1 mark.
Witnesses: Walter le Blund, bailiff, Roger the clerk, Peter Barun, Robert de Henle, Anketin son of Roys, Robert Dale, John the goldsmith (aurifaber), John Abbot, Robert Baret, Richard de Walton, Thomas de Henle, Hugh the clerk.
[Please quote SC324 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/82/2  1216-1272

Contents:
Alice widow of Hugh son of Martin and Hugh de Allispath. n.d. [temp. Hen. III]
Alice has sold to Hugh all that land in Covintre in Earl Street at the broad gate, a rent of a pair of gloves a year, the land lying between the land which John the butcher (carnifex) held and the land which Nicholas Meau held, and rents of 1 1b. of cumin and 12d.; to hold of the earl of Chester by 40d. a year; and further ½ mark rent from the mill of Henley, to hold of Roger son of Richard de Henley by 3d. a year; and Hugh has given Alice 13½ marks.
Witnesses: Richard of the hall (de Aula), Richard son of Gerard the vintner (vinitarius), William de Wilnhal, Geoffrey his brother, Richard Leinwinn, John Ferthwin, Richard the goldsmith (aurifaber), Adam the vintner, William de Repindon, Walter de Allispath, Richard the burgess (burgensis), Nicholas Meau.
[Please quote GC341 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HARNALL LANE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/82/3  [29 Sept. 1258]

Contents:
Adam son of Robert le Bonde and William le Bonde. Michaelmas, 42 Hen. III
Adam has leased to William a certain messuage with a croft and curtilage in Harnale, from Michaelmas 42 Hen. III for 10 years, rendering to the chief lord of the fee, viz. Richard de Blokevill, 28d. a year in the vill of Coventry; William has given Adam 8s. Witnesses: Richard Ernys, Hugh de Stoke, Richard de Stivechal, Adam the carpenter (carpentarius) of Harnall, Payn Pake, Nicholas de Toyntun, Reginald le Rug.
[Please quote GC292 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/82/4  Michaelmas [29 Sept.] 1264

Contents:
William the weaver (textor) and Sarah his wife, daughter of Adam le Redecnave; and William le Bonde of Harnall.
William and Sarah have leased to William le Bonde half the croft called Kumescroft in Harnhal, not the part which John Haleward and William de Aless previously took at term of Felicia daughter of Adam, viz. the part next to Stomwey, from Michaelmas 1264 for 10 years, for half the crop.
Witnesses: John Simond, Nicholas de Teinton, Adam de Harnhal, carpenter, John de Harnhal, smith, Robert son of Jordan.
[Please quote GC309 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/82/5  1272-1307

Contents:
Sir Roger de Deyvile, knight, and William son of Roger Underwode of Harnhall Lane. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Roger has granted to William the capital messuage which Robert le Bonde of Harnhale held, with half the appurtenant garden and land; rent 12d. a year, and William has given Roger 10s.
Witnesses: Thomas de Deyvile, Hugh de Stoke, Richard Ernis, Nicholas de Teinton, Jordan son of Hugh le Bonde, Geoffrey de Fyreford, Henry de Brinkelowe, Richard le Bonde, Robert de la Halle.
[Please quote GC1332 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

FLECKNOE (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/83  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
One of the Segraves' five principal Warwickshire manors, Flecknoe was evidently part of the settlement by Edmund FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, on Stephen de Segrave and Alice, possibly the earl's sister. [Cf. above, pp. 710-11.] It is mentioned in John de Segrave's inquisition post mortem of 1325 as held in jointure with his wife Christine by the earl's grant (as were Repton, Ticknall, Barrow-upon-Soar, Quorndon and Alspath), despite John's grant to Stephen and Alice in Jan. 1318 (above, BCM/D/5/1/13 [GC 2217]), while Stephen's inquisition mentions only a rent of 2s. In 1343 Flecknoe was held for life by John Lord Segrave's brother Stephen; in Oct. 1344 there was no mention of Stephen, who may have died by then: above, BCM/D/5/1/15, 18 [GC 3086, GC3101]. In July 1416 John de Mowbray granted the manors of Flecknoe, Aspley and Alspath to his sister Isabel for life, on her marriage with Henry de Ferrers; she married secondly James de Berkeley and in May 1428 they granted Flecknoe to Nicholas Stanshawe for Isabel's life. [GEC v. 357 n., 358.] Isabel died in 1452, when the manors reverted to the Mowbrays. The manor was later held in jointure by the duchess Elizabeth from 1476.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/83/1  [1460]

Contents:
(1) Margery widow of the late William Baxster of Northampton, skinner; (2) Richard Carter of Flecknoe (Warws.); (3) Thomas Kerkeby of Brampton Magna. 20 Aug. 38 Hen. VI
Margery has appointed Richard to deliver seisin to Thomas of all her lands, holdings [etc.] in Flekenhow in the parish of Wolverynkote (Warws.).
[Please quote GC4305 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/83/2  [6 Feb. 1481]

Contents:
John Carter and the lord [Humphrey Talbot, knight]. [Humphrey was one of the feoffees in the jointure settlement of 1467. Flecknoe was not mentioned in that grant and was presumably settled at another time.] Tues. after the Purification, 20 Edw. IV
Extract from the roll of Humphrey's court: John came and took of the lord a messuage and 1 virgate of land in Flekenhowe, rent 20s. a year.
[Please quote GC4427 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HENLEY, IN COVENTRY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/84  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The two furlongs Fetinfurlong and Middilfurlong in the parish of Foleshill (in Coventry) and the mill of Henley were granted by Ralph de Stivechale to his daughter and heir Margery, and by Simon Derby and his wife Margery to Nicholas de Segrave, the latter transaction being formalised in a final concord of 1270 [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 5d.] Stephen acquired the rent of ½ mark from the mill of Henley, lately rendered by Ralph de Stivichale; the rent is mentioned above, BCM/D/5/82/2 [GC 341].

[no title]  BCM/D/5/84/1  Mid 13th cent

Contents:
Richard son of Roger le Heyr of Henley and Ralph de Stivichale. n.d. [late Hen. III]
Richard has confirmed to Ralph a furlong called Ferniforlong in Henley, lying between Havekeresford and Bacsteresmor and between Havekeresmor and Midilforlong; and for this confirmation Ralph will pay him the rent of 6d. a year.
Witnesses: Simon Joylin of Sowe, Viellus son of Viella, Thomas de Flanvilla of Bedworth, Richard son of Richard Erneysi, Roger de Bylneya, William de Tatenhale, William son of Elias, Geoffrey de Wilinhale, William de Baruwe, Gilbert the forester (forestarius), John White (Albus).
[Please quote GC387 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KINETON (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/85  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
One of the Segraves' five principal Warwickshire manors, it was granted to Stephen de Segrave in 1216 by King John at a farm of £12 a year, and Henry III added grants of a market in 1227 and a fair in 1228. Stephen was also granted, by William Earl Warenne, the rents and services of tenants for 8 bovates and, by Ralph de Turberville, lands in Brookhampton and Combrook with 7 virgates in Kineton, which Henry III had granted to Ralph. [BL Harl. MS 4748. f. 3.] By 1303 Nicholas de Segrave the younger was paying the rent of £12 to the Crown; [CPR 1301-7, 119, 241.] His was presumably only a life tenure, as by 1325 the manor was in the hands of his brother John and appears in both inquisitions of that year, along with holdings in Great and Little Kineton, Combrook and Brookhampton. It was not part of the jointure of Margaret Marshal and in 1353 it passed directly, like Caludon, to John de Mowbray, appearing in his inquisition of 1368 and that of his son in 1399, when it was valued at £26. Before 1461 it was the subject of a settlement by John (VI) de Mowbray with Melton Mowbray and Diseworth: BCM/D/5/23. In 1467 it was settled on John (VII) and his wife Elizabeth in jointure, and it was one of the manors granted to Richard III by William de Berkeley in 1484.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/85/1  [8 June 1316]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Hugh Mile of Kineton; (2) Sir Robert de Brandeston, vicar of Kineton; (3) Sir Stephen de Segrave. Tues. after Holy Trinity, 9 Edw. II
Hugh has appointed Robert his attorney to give seisin to Stephen or his assigns of the land and holdings which he had in Kynton by purchase or inheritance on the day of the making of this letter.
At: Kineton.
[Please quote GC2103 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

LONG LAWFORD (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/86  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The rent is not mentioned separately in the muniments later and probably passed as part of Thurlaston: below

[no title]  BCM/D/5/86/1  [14 Sept. 1317]

Contents:
William Norman, chaplain of Long Lawford, Simon Keymund, Henry de Noreys and Ralph le Coik of the same; and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Wed. the feast of the Exaltation of Holy Cross, 11 Edw. II
William, Simon, Henry and Ralph acknowledge that they are bound in 2s. rent to Stephen for all the lands and holdings which they have in their hands, the rent to be paid at Thurlestone.
Witnesses: Robert le Verdun, knight, Thomas de Garsal, knight, William Leinidrea, William de Rusichal, William Requund, John le Palmer, John de Bersec.
At: Coventry.
[Please quote GC509 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STRETTON-ON-DUNSMORE (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/87  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding is not mentioned separately in the muniments later, and the rent may have been paid to neighbouring Thurlaston: below

[no title]  BCM/D/5/87/1  [18 March 1282]

Contents:
John de Groby and Adam son of William de Grendon of Stretton-on-Dunsmore. Wed. before the Annunciation, 10 Edw. I
John acknowledges that he is bound to maintain Adam for his life in victuals or in food, and a robe yearly price 10s. at Christmas from the vill of Stretton in the holding which was of William de Grendon, and 2 pairs of boots and 3 pairs of shoes a year when Adam wills in the said holding, and if John fails then Adam is to have entry into the lands and holdings which he has granted to John.
Witnesses: Sir Simon de Mancestre, Henry de Bereford, John de Rokeby, Thomas de Stretton, John Folk.
At: Stretton.
[Please quote GC506 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/87/2  [26 Jan. 1323]

Contents:
John de Groby; and Sir John lord of Segrave and Lady Christine his wife. Wed. the morrow of the conversion of St. Paul, 16 Edw. II
John has quitclaimed to John and Christine the lands and holdings which he had in the vill of Stretton above Donnesmor by grant of Adam de Grendon and Sir William de Grendon, chaplain, brother of Adam.
Witnesses: William Erneys, Robert de Shireford, William de Nalinton, John Folke, John de Dustone, Walter Moriz.
At: Caludon.
[Please quote GC2395 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THURLASTON (WARWS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Thurlaston was one of the Segraves' five principal Warwickshire manors. Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted 10 virgates (said to be worth £10 in 1251-2) by William son of William de Cantelupe, a grant confirmed by Henry III in Dec. 1228 [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 3d.] In Stephen (II)'s inquisition post mortem of 1325 he and Alice held rents of 17s. 4½., previously held for life by Henry de Segrave, by grant of his father John. The manor was presumably included in John's grant to Stephen and Alice in 1318 of Flecknoe and all the lands which had reverted to him on the death of his brother Henry (above, BCM/D/5/1/13 [GC 2217]), although Stephen already had an interest in Thurlaston by Sept. 1317 when a rent from Long Lawford was to be paid there. In June 1343, possibly shortly after his mother Alice's death, a feoffee quitclaimed this with others to John (II) de Segrave and by Dec. 1343 it was held for life by John's younger brother Stephen. It was part of Margaret Marshal's jointure and appears in the inquisition of 1353 and 1399, and it was part of the duchess Elizabeth's jointure agreed in 1476.

ULLENHALL (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/88  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor of Aspley in Ullenhall (BCM/D/6/6) was part of the Chaucombe inheritance of the wife of Gilbert de Segrave (d. 1254). Ullenhall is not separately mentioned later in the muniments.

SEGRAVE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/88/1  [14 Oct. 1337]

Contents:
Simon de Bentley Streche, chaplain, and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave. Tues. before St. Luke, 11 Edw. III
Simon has granted to John, his heirs and assigns, his plot of land called le Oldefeldes in Oluhale.
Witnesses: Sir Roger de Eylesbur', knight, John de Lodbroc, Richard de Stonleye, Robert de Crowenhal, Robert de Folewod.
At: Aspley.
[Please quote GC2886 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/88/2  [23 Oct. 1194]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 30d.]

Contents:
Robert Meverel and Nicholas de Burheston. Sun after St. Luke, 6 Ric. I
Final concord [The foot of fine is apparently not among those preserved at the PRO. The justices named were Geoffrey son of Peter, Tedbald de Valain, Michael Belet, Henry Wichinton, and Master Aristotil.] concerning 60 a. of assarted land in Ulehale; Robert has quitclaimed to Nicholas.
At: Warwick.
[Please quote SC38 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WALSGRAVE-ON-SOWE, IN COVENTRY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/89  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Henry de Lillebourn granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave all the holding late of Hugh de Loges in 'Cokyshale' in the territory of Sowe, and in 1279 Nicholas de Segrave was holding a half-virgate in Walsgrave. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 4d.; VCH Warws. viii. 106.] It was a member of Caludon: above, BCM/D/5/78

[no title]  BCM/D/5/89/1  [1293-4]

Contents:
Simon son of Richard Ernis of Attoxhall and Sir Nicholas de Segrave, lord of Caludon. n.d.
Simon has quitclaimed to Nicholas a messuage with a croft and meadow, which Nicholas held by enfeoffment of Reginald de Koxhale in the parish of Sowe, and for which Simon impleaded Nicholas in the king's court at Westminster 22 Edw. I [1293-4].
Witnesses: Sir William de Castello, sheriff of Warws., Sir John de Somervile, Sir Robert de Verdun, knights, Robert de Hasel, John de Suckeburh, Robert de Nowers, Geoffrey Goold, Robert Bagot, Geoffrey de Grast, Hugh de Stiveschale, Geoffrey de Witel.
[Please quote GC599 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/89/2  [8 Jan. 1324]

Contents:
John de Saundrestode and Sir John de Segrave. Sun. after Epiphany, 17 Edw. II
John de Saundrestode has received from John de Segrave 20s. of his annual rent of Sowe for the Christmas term of 17 Edw. II [1323].
At: Rodbaston.
[Please quote GC2415 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WILLOUGHBY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/90  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted a messuage with a croft and appurtenances and 2 a. of land with the tenants by Ivo son of William FitzWigeyn. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.] The holding lay near Ullenhall and Aspley: BCM/D/5/88, and BCM/D/6/6. It is not separately mentioned later in the muniments.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/90/1  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 13d.]

Contents:
Henry de Leukenor, chaplain and warden of the hospital of St. John outside the east gate of Oxford, and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
The hospital has granted to Gilbert a chaplain to celebrate divine service in the church of Wileby and an exhibition of five poor men in their house at Wileby. [Transcript: Jeayes, pp. 132-3.]
Witnesses: William de Cantilupo, John son of Geoffrey, Geoffrey Despenser (Dispensarius), Paulinus Peivre, Silvester de Everdun, Geoffrey de Wolward, Robert de Shotindon, Richard de Clifford, Geoffrey de Childewic, Walter de Luttun, Ralf de Sancto Sampson.
[Please quote SC426 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/90/2  [18 Dec. 1320]

Contents:
Ranulph the smith of Willoughby and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Thurs. before St. Thomas the apostle, 14 Edw. II
Ranulph has granted to Stephen an annual rent of 6d. from 1 a. of land in Wyleby, of which half lies above Rugewey and half above Oulehul.
Witnesses: Richard Hammond, William Hammond, William le Flamnull, William de Fauketon, Godrey Halewey.
At: Thurlaston.
[Please quote GC2335 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WOLVEY (WARWS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Wolvey lay close to the border with Leicestershire and seems to have been associated with Diseworth (BCM/D/5/23) through the Basset family. Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted two messuage and 2 virgates by Ivo de Dene, and 4 a. of meadow late of Ivo by Robert de Leicester, along with a toft with 2 acres; [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 11d.] he later exchanged the 2 virgates for two in Diseworth with Reginald Basset.

WYKEN, IN COVENTRY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/5/91  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Stephen (I) de Segrave was granted land in Wyken and Stoke by Hugh Daubeny, earl of Arundel, and the services of Ralph de Stivichale for a holding between Wyken and Stoke. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 5d.] his son Gilbert was granted the mill of Wyken by Combe Abbey (above, BCM/D/5/23/16 [GC 1303]), and in 1279 Nicholas de Segrave was holding 1 carucate of land and a mill there. [CH Warws. viii. 120.] Wyken was a member of Caludon.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/91/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 5d.]

Contents:
William Burdun and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has granted to Stephen a meadow in the field of la Wike called Hodenhulle, which he holds of James Brito, Stephen to hold it of James and perform the accustomed services.
Witnesses: Philip de Kinton, Walter de Beseboc, Philip de Hasting, Thomas de Hasting, Simon de Monteforti, Hugh de Manecestre, Anketil Malore, Robert the clerk.
[Please quote SC128 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/91/2  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 5d.]

Contents:
William Burdun and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
William has granted to Stephen a meadow in the field of la Wike called Hodenhull; rent 1d. a year, and Stephen has given him 3 marks.
Witnesses: Philip de Kington, Walter de Beseboc, Philip de Hasting', Thomas de Hasting', Hugh de Manecestre, Henry de Sowe, Anketil Mallore, Robert the clerk.
[Please quote GC1266 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/91/3  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 5d.]

Contents:
James le Breet and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
James has granted to Stephen all his land, which Thomas the miller (molendarius) and Salomon Kyte held, in Crowesscahe in the territory of la Wike; rent 1 lb. of cumin at Easter.
Witnesses: William de Hardredishull, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Richard de Kinton, Hugh de Manecestre, William de la Wike, Geoffrey Puterel, Gilbert Maulore, William Burdun, Simon the clerk, Hervey de Salbe, Richard de Thorp, William de Sancto Edmundo.
[Please quote SC252 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WEST HATCH (WILTS.)  BCM/D/5/92  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Both West Hatch and Chesterton (Warws.) (BCM/D/5/79) were connected with Eustace de Hatch. John and Christine de Segrave acquired a manor in West Hatch from John de Broughton by an undated charter, and received a quitclaim from John Trymnel and his wife Eleanor in Sept. 1308; there are two further charters of a grant to Eustace de Hatch and his wife Amicia by Eleanor de Westhache of lands which she had inherited from her brother, Robert de Westhache, and a quitclaim of 1289 by Luke de Hatch to Eustace for a small holding in West Hatch which he had granted to Robert and his wife Juliana for their lives. The grant by Eleanor de Westhache was probably c. 1281, as in that year she acknowledged the manor to be the right of Eustace and he granted her one third of two thirds of a capital messuage to hold for life and a rent of 8 marks a year. [Wilts. Fines, 1272-1327, p. 16; GEC vi. 387-90. See also VCH Wilts, xiii. 209-10, which was written without access to the documents calendared below.] in 1249 Robert de Hatch and Juliana had been granted 1 carucate of land and the reversion of another carucate by Hamon de Hatch, who held of Shaftesbury Abbey; the manor later held by the Segraves was also held of the abbey. The arms used by Eustace's wife Amicia were three lions impaled with Trymnel and she may have been the widow of Thomas de Trymnel. Eustace held half of Moreton Morrell, near Chesterton, in the right of Amicia, and also acquired other lands in Chesterton and Harbury. [Robert de Brock of Pachesham granted to Eustace 2 messuages and 6 virgates in Chesterton and Harbury, which Robert had gained by the king's writ against Sir Richard de Loges: above, BCM/D/5/79/2 [GC 885]. Pachesham, in Leatherhead (Surrey), was a manor held by Eustace (VCH Surrey, iii. 295), which may suggest an element of collusion. In 1306 Eustace was holding lands in Chesterton of the heir of Richard de Loges.] In 1305 Eustace sold West Hatch to Thomas de Adderbury for £200 and also granted him all his lands in Chesterton and Harbury; in Jan. 1306 John de Segrave received an acquittance from Adderbury for £20, possibly part payment of a larger sum.
All those disparate facts can perhaps be explained in the following manner. Robert de Westhache and his wife Juliana (who in 1249 acquired 2 carucates in West Hatch) had a son Robert and two daughters, Eleanor and Amicia. Robert died without issue and his two sisters were his coheirs. Amicia married first Thomas Trymnel and had a son John, and secondly Eustace de Hatch, by whom she had a daughter Juliana (named after her grandmother) and who held half of West Hatch and Moreton Morrell in her right. Eleanor sold to Eustace and Amicia her portion of West Hatch in 1281, and Eustace later acquired in 1289 a holding which had been held by Robert and Juliana for their lives. In Jan. 1282 he was granted free warren in Hatch, Moreton and Chesterton. In 1305, shortly before his death, he granted West Hatch and all his lands in Chesterton and Harbury to Thomas de Adderbury, and the grant of Hatch, if not of the other lands, was almost certainly a sale. Adderbury had conveyed Hatch to Segrave, for whom he was perhaps acting as a trustee, by Jan. 1306; Segrave granted it to John de Broughton for regrant to himself and his wife Christine, and in 1308 received a quitclaim from the right heir, John Trymnel, Amicia's half-brother.
Eustace's lands in Chesterton may not have passed to Segrave, since Eustace's daughter if Juliana inherited some lands there on his death in Sept. 1306, and John de Segrave acquired other lands there in 1318. [John Trymnel witnessed a charter in 1318 by which Segrave acquired a holding there.] Meanwhile, West Hatch was in Jan. 1314 granted by John de W Segrave to Stephen and Alice and was held by them in jointure at Stephen's death in 1325. [As tenant of lands late of Eustace in West Hatch, Stephen de Segrave was liable for his debts but was exonerated in Wilts.: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 30.] in 1330 Alice leased the manor for her life at a farm of £20 to be paid at her manor of North Piddle (Worcs). It presumably reverted to her son John on her death but was not involved in the settlement of 1343-4. At Michaelmas 1353 John leased the manor at £5 a year for nine years, 10 marks a year for a further ten years and £20 a year thereafter, which was to be paid at Caludon (Warws.). West Hatch was not settled in jointure on Margaret Marshal; it passed, like Caludon, straight to John de Mowbray in 1353 and was held by him at his death in 1368 (paying a farm rent), but it does not occur later in the muniments, in inquisitions or in settlements. It was very distant from the rest of the estate and may have been sold, or the rent may have been considered as appurtenant to Caludon.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/92/1  [c. 1281]

Contents:
Eleanor de Westhache; and Sir Eustace de Hache, knight, and Amicia his wife. n.d.
Eleanor has granted to Eustace and Amicia a messuage and 2 carucates of land in Westhache, which she inherited on the death of her brother Robert de Westhache, with all appurtenances except the land of Rodewellemore, which was given to her in free marriage; Eustace and Amicia have given her £ ...
Witnesses: Sir William de Sancto Martino, Sir Richard de Maneston, Robert Maudut, Philip Strag, knight, Sir James de Strog, knight, Hamon de Hacche, William de Brydesicherd, Luke de Hacche, John Gentyle, Thomas Godewyne, William Malin.
[Please quote GC1582 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/92/2  [13 Dec. 1289]

Contents:
Luke de Hatche and Sir Eustace de Hatche, knight. St. Lucy, 18 Edw. I
Luke has quitclaimed to Eustace all that he had in the vill of West Hatch, viz. two messuages with two villeins, crofts, wood, meadow and 12 a. of land, viz. all that he sold to Robert de Hatch and Juliana his wife for their lives; and Eustace has given him [20] marks.
Witnesses: Sir Peter de Esqui...,..., Sir Stephen de Roys, knights, Hamon de Hatch, William de Bridescherd,..., Nicholas de Hatch.
At: Winchester.
[Please quote GC546 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/92/3  [c. 1306?]

Contents:
John de Broghton, lord of Broughton (Oxon.) [Broughton is 12 miles south-south-east of Chesterton and 4 miles west of Adderbury. In 1311 John de Broughton was involved in the acquisition of a holding in Claverdon by Robert le Seynter from Robert de Arderne: above, BCM/D/5/81/1-3 [GC 1794, GC 1161, GC 1792].] and Sir John de Segrave, son and heir of Sir Nicholas de Segrave, and Christine his wife.
John has granted to John and Christine, and John's heirs, his manor of Westhatch (Wilts.).
Witnesses: Sir Nicholas de Segrave, Sir Henry and Sir Geoffrey brothers of Nicholas, Sir John de Neville, knights, John de Bloxham of Oxfordshire, Richard de Seyton of Rutland, John son of William de Ayggeby, clerk.
[Please quote GC1260 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/92/4  [4 Jan. 1306]

Contents:
Thomas de Eadburbur and John de Segrave, lord of Segrave. Tues. before Epiphany, 34 Edw. I
Thomas has received from John £20.
At:... aston.
[Please quote GC1105 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/92/5  [27 Oct. 1308]

Contents:
John de Segrave;and John Trymanel and Eleanor his wife. One month after Michaelmas, 2 Edw. II
Final concord concerning the manor of Westhatch; John and Helen have acknowledged the right of John, and have quitclaimed to him; he has given them £100.
At: Westminster.
[Please quote GC1668 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/92/6  [30 Sept. 1330]

Contents:
Lady Alice de Segrave; and John Bilknap of West Hatch and Robert Writhelok of the same. Sun. after Michaelmas, 4 Edw. III
Alice has demised at farm to John and Robert, for her life, her manor of Westhach (Wilts.); rent £20 a year to be paid at her manor of Northpidele.
At: North Piddle.
[Please quote GC2711 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/92/7  [6 Nov. 1334]

Contents:
John Bilknap of West Hatch and John de Swaleweclyve. Sun. the feast of St. Leonard, 8 Edw. III
John Bilknap has granted to John de Swaleweclyve, his heirs and assigns the manor of Westhache with the appurtenances, for the term of the life of Lady Alice de Segrave; rent to Alice £20 a year at her manor of Northpudele.
Witnesses: Walter de Shireveton, William de Colyngebume, John de Reyny, John atte Forde, Richard de Hatche.
At: West Hatch.
[Please quote GC2803 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DRAKELOW, IN WOLVERLEY (WORCS.)  BCM/D/5/93  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The rent is not mentioned in the muniments later. Although in Worcestershire, it lay closer to Stottesdon in Shropshire than to North Piddle.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/93/1  [1314]

Contents:
Joan widow of Sir Peter de Grisebe, knight, and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight, son and heir of Sir John de Segrave. 20 May 7 Edw. II
Joan has quitclaimed to Stephen a rent of 4 marks from a meadow in Drakelowe called le Neumede.
Witnesses: Sir Henry de Appilby, John Trym, William Curson, Robert Fyrbray, John de Bursecot, Ralph Durband, Robert Abel, William de Sapirton, Thomas de Makley, Walter de Wynterton, William of the marsh (de marisco), William Child.
At: Drakelow.
[Please quote GC1978 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

NORTH PIDDLE (WORCS.)  BCM/D/5/94  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was granted to Stephen (I) de Segrave by John FitzGeoffrey, a grant which was confirmed by Henry III in 1233, and the manor was held in dower by Stephen's widow Ida. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18d.]
By May 1299, and probably by 1292, it was held by Henry, younger son of Nicholas de Segrave [On Ida's death in 1289 Henry and his brothers paid a fine under the Dictum of Kenilworth for lands including North Piddle, which probably passed to Henry then: cf. BCM/D/5 Administrative History] and in Jan. 1318 it was included in the grant by John de Segrave to his son Stephen and his wife Alice of all the lands which he had inherited after the death of his brother Henry, as by 1325 Stephen and Alice held it in jointure by John's grant. Alice was holding it in 1330 and 1334, when the rent for West Hatch was to be paid there. A feoffee quitclaimed it to John (II) de Segrave in June 1343, probably soon after Alice's death, and it was included in Margaret Marshal's jointure settlement of 1343-4. As such it occurs in the inquisitions of 1353 and 1399. It was settled again, with Bretby (Derb.), in 1448: above, BCM/D/5/9/5 [SC 598]. It passed to William de Berkeley in 1483, who in 1488 granted it to Humphrey Coningsby and his wife and Humphrey's male issue: below, BCM/D/5/94/8 [GC 4457]. [CIPM Hen. VII, i, nos. 826, 828; Stottesdon (Salop.) was also granted to Coningsby.]

GRANT BY JOHN FITZGEOFFREY  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/1  [c. 1240]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18d.]

Contents:
John son of Geoffrey and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
John has granted to Stephen all his land of Pidele with the appurtenances, including the advowson of the church; rent a sore sparrowhawk a year.
Witnesses: Geoffrey de Calceto, William de Sancto Edmundo, William de Curly, Roger de Preston, Robert de Scepey, Gilbert le Kenteis, Bartholomew the chamberlain (camerarius), Stephen de Alfelmeston, clerk.
[Please quote GC770 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/2  Early-mid 13th cent

Contents:
(1) John. .. [FitzGeoffrey?]; (2) John. .. , Richard de Amberleigh; (3) Sir Stephen de Segrava. n.d. [early Hen. III]
John informs John, Richard and all his other free tenants of Pidele that he has granted to Stephen the services of all his tenants in Pidele.
[Please quote GC1377 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PETER DE PIDDLE'S HOLDING  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/3  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18d.]

Contents:
Peter son of Osbert de Pidele and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.[early Hen. III]
Peter has granted to Stephen 46 a. of land in Pidele, 30 a. in the upper field and 16 a. in the lower field; and Stephen has given him 20 marks.
Witnesses: John de Ripariis, William de Sancto Eadmundo, Peter de Sancto Edwardo, Gilbert Malore, Richard de Amberlegh', Peter de Wyke, William of the park (de parca), Walter de Kinton, Stephen the clerk.
[Please quote GC797 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/4  1216-1272


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18d.]

Contents:
Alice widow of Peter de Pidel and Stephen de Setgrave. n.d. [temp. Hen III]
Alice has quitclaimed to Stephen all her rights by way of dower in one third of the land which the said Peter her lord granted to Stephen
Witnesses: Richard de Omberleia, Henry his brother, Robert Pipart, John Herbert of Wich, William de Kington, Ranulf de Pidel, Henry de Hamton.
[Please quote SC254 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/5  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18d.]

Contents:
Ranulf de Pidel and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Ranulf has granted to Stephen 4½ a. of land lying below Stephen's court, the meadow pertaining to it and a croft, for which Stephen has paid to Ranulf 11½ marks.
Witnesses: Richard de Ambrel, John de Ripariis, Henry Luvet, William of the park (de parco), Adam son of Philip, William de Kington, Walter de Kington, Peter de Pidel, Roger de Acoll'.
[Please quote SC208 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/6  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18d.]

Contents:
Ranulf de Pidele and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [early Hen. III]
Ranulf has granted to Stephen 5 a. of land in Pidele; rent a pair of gloves, and Stephen has given Ranulf 8 marks.
Witnesses: Richard de Amberleg', Robert de Hull, Robert Pippard, Guy de Newenton, Henry de Pidele, Peter de Wyk, Richard de Okleg'.
[Please quote GC796 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/7  [1241]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18d.]

Contents:
Henry Lovet and Stephen de Sedgrave. 2 April 25 Hen. III
Henry has quitclaimed to Stephen the land which William de Upton held from him in North Pidele.
Witnesses: R[obert] de Lexinton, William de Colewurth, Robert de la Haye, Ralph de Suthleic, Jollan de Nevile, justices in eyre at Worcester, William de Bello Campo, Robert de Notingham, clerk to R[obert] de Lexinton, Roger de Poher, Peter de. .. , Richard de Boyvill, clerk, William de Wasseburn,...
At: Worcester.
[Please quote SC271 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/94/8  [1488]

Contents:
Edward Willoughby, esquire, and Robert Logge, clerk; and Humphrey Conyngesby and Isabel his wife. [1] Feb. 3 Hen. VII
Edward and Robert, at the special request of William Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, have granted to Humphrey and Isabel.. . Pydell alias North Pydell (Worcs.); to them and Humphrey's male issue, with remainder to William and his heirs.
[Please quote GC4457 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ANSTON (YORKS.)  BCM/D/5/95  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
For a general discussion of the Yorkshire lands see below, Dinnington, BCM/D/5/96

[no title]  BCM/D/5/95/1  1272-1307


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 21d.]

Contents:
Nicholas de Sancto Paulo and Stephen de Segrave. n.d. [temp. Edw. I]
Nicholas has granted to Stephen the homage and service of Robert son of Edmund de Aneston for 3 bovates of land in Aneston (viz. 7s. a year), of Cecilia de Sancto Paulo for 1 bovate (28d. a year) and of Alan Catheliors for 1 bovate (28d. a year).
Witnesses: William le Latimer, Ralph Bardolf, John de Riparia, William son of William son of Elias.
[Please quote GC1535 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DINNINGTON (YORKS.)  BCM/D/5/96  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
A collection of holdings in the very southern tip of Yorkshire near Sheffield eventually coalesced as the 'manors' of Dinnington and Thwaite. Stephen de Segrave was granted lands in Dinnington, Anston and Kiveton by William Earl Warenne, and in Dinnington and 'Forda' by Alice countess of Eu, both grants being confirmed by Henry III in 1233. Alice had earlier granted to Stephen the mill at Turnerwood (below, BCM/D/5/97/1 [SC 87]), but later exchanged it for the mill at Forda [Stephen had the homage and service of the tenants of 8 bovates in Kiveton and 18 bovates in Dinnington, and of 1 bovate in Dinnington and Anston from Warenne, and all the homage and service granted by Alice of Eu in Dinnington and her mill of Forda: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 21d.] Stephen's widow Ida had in dower lands worth £18 0s. 9d. in Dinnington, 'la Ford' and Anston, which at her death in 1289 passed to Nicholas de Segrave the younger. [On Ida's death in 1289 Nicholas and his brothers paid a fine under the Dictum of Kenilworth for lands including Dinnington, which probably passed to Nicholas then: BCM/D/5 Administrative History] At his death in 1321 Nicholas was holding 24½ bovates in Dinnington, 2 bovates in Firbeck and 'Odesthorp', [Possibly Hodthorpe, just over the border in Derbyshire.] 12 bovates in Kiveton, Dinnington and Bramley, a rent of 6s. 4d. in Stone, 7 bovates in Thwaite by Dinnington, and 27¼ bovates and other holdings in Tickhill, 'Wallendwell', Woodsetts, Gildingwells, Letwell, Bagley and Woolthwaite. In 1297 he had had licence to enter £10 worth of land at Tickhill granted to him by Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, until Humphrey paid him £100. [CCR 1296-1302, 69.] By 1343 those lands had returned to the main line, and Dinnington was included in the jointure settlement for Margaret Marshal in 1343-4. John de Segrave in 1352 leased Dinnington (including holdings in Anston, Kiveton and Bramley), as implied in the charter below (BCM/D/5/96/1 [GC 3387]), and at his death the following year it was that holding that was held in jointure, but he also had rents of £14 10s. ('and no more on account of the late mortality') in Tickhill, Wapley, Firbeck, Odesthorp, Letwell, Langold, [Langold was just over the border in Nottinghamshire.] Thwaite, Gildingwells, Wallandwell, Woodsetts, Dinnington and Stone. The rents presumably represented the later manor of Thwaite, which was also held by Margaret Marshal on her death in 1399, presumably in dower. It was not held by the duchess Katherine with the Mowbray manors in Yorkshire but was included by William de Berkeley in his grant to Richard III in 1484.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/96/1  [25 April 1352]
Language:  French

Contents:
John lord of Segrave and John Gayle of Dinnington. Wed. after St. George, 26 Edw. III
John de Segrave has granted to John Gayle all the lands and villein holdings, with the suit and services of the free tenants to the court of Dynyngtone, with all the appurtenances and lordship which he had in Dynyngtone and all the hamlets appurtenant to the said lordship; for life, rent £18 a year for the first six years, £20 a year for the following four years and £24 a year thereafter.
Witnesses: The prior of Chaucombe, Sire John de Repyngdon, Robert de Kegworth, Nicholas de Segrave, John de Kegworth, clerk.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC3387 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

FORDA (YORKS.)  BCM/D/5/97  [n.d.]


Related information: See also BCM/D/5/96, Dinnington.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/97/1  [early 13th cent.]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 21d]

Contents:
Alice countess of Eu and Stephen de Segrave. n.d.
Alice has granted to Stephen her mill of Turnewod and her holding of Forda with all the rents and services pertaining to it, the homage and service of Richard de Ottelaio for the holding which he holds of Alice at Friebec (4s. 8d. a year), the homage and service of Alsic son of Roger in the same vill (14d. a year) and the homage and service of Thomas de Odestorp in the same vill (5s. 6d. a year); to hold by the service of a sparrowhawk or 2s. a year.
Witnesses: Sir William earl of Warenne, Simon de Echingeham, William de Moncellis, Malvesin de Hersin, now Alice's seneschal, William de Clarevall, Hellebold de Fanencort, Hugh de Aut, Alice's clerk.
[Please quote SC87 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/97/2  [1241 x 1254]


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 30d.]

Contents:
Alice widow of Simon de Bila and Gilbert de Segrave. n.d.
Alice has granted to Gilbert 1½ bovates of land in the vill of la Forthe, which she had from Elias de Treton', clerk.
Witnesses: Peter de Lettewell, John de Wluathuayt, John de Walys, Elias de Heuse, Richard de Throp.
[Please quote GC881 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THWAITE (YORKS.)  BCM/D/5/98  [n.d.]


Related information: See also BCM/D/5/96, Dinnington.

[no title]  BCM/D/5/98/1  [1337]

Contents:
John de Segrave and Nicholas de Hotowe of Ripon (Thropon). 24 April 11 Edw. III
John has granted to Nicholas 2 tofts and 2 bovates of land in Thweyt, to him and his issue; rent 12s. a year and a relief of 12s. at each succession.
Witnesses: Sir John de Wautone, Sir Richard Waleys, John de Overtone, Hugh de Kyvetone, John de Kyvetone, Richard de Kyvetone.
At: Overton, Leics.
[Please quote GC2871 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

FRASER'S LANDS (SCOTLAND)  BCM/D/5/99  [n.d.]


Related information: For the Scottish connection see, Berwick-upon-Tweed, BCM/D/5/66

[no title]  BCM/D/5/99/1  25 Jan. 23 [Alexander III, 1272]

Contents:
(1) Alexander III of Scotland; (2) Christiana de Mubray, widow of Roger de Mubray, knight, daughter and heir of Bernard Fraser, knight; (3) the brothers of the order of the Holy Trinity and the captives of the house called Gracia Dei, which Christiana founded in the territory of her manor of Huwystune.
Alexander has confirmed the grant by Christiana to the brothers and captives of her land of Lyveryngham in Huwystune and the land which formerly belonged to the hospital of Fortune (Fortuner) and the land of Crauchote.
Witnesses: John Cumyn, Reginald le Chene, Simon Fraser, Richard Fraser, David Brune.
At: Haddington.
[Please quote SC437 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/99/2  6 July 34 [Edw. I, 1306]

Contents:
King Edward I and John de Segrave.
Edward has granted to John all the lands, holdings [etc.] which belonged to Simon Fraser on the day he seceded from fealty to the king and joined Robert de Brus.
At: Berwick-upon-Tweed.
[Please quote SC473 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

KILKENNY (IRELAND)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Stephen de Segrave was granted lands here by William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, which he later exchanged for lands in Diseworth: above, BCM/D/5/23/18 [GC 1317].

UNIDENTIFIED  BCM/D/5/100  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/100/1  Early-mid 13th cent


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 30d.]

Contents:
Robert de Wetelei and Adam de Holanda. (n.d. [early Hen. III])
Robert has granted to Adam 2 bovates of land in Cleitun, [Possibly Clayton West (Yorks.), between Huddersfield and Barnsley. The spelling in BL Harl. MS is 'Clerton'.] viz. one that Hugh son of Aky held of him and one that Ailsi son of Robert held. Adam has paid an acknowledgment of 20s.; rent 1 lb. of cumin at Christmas and the services which pertain to so much land, 7½ carucates of the 2 bovates making one knight's fee.
Witnesses: John de Byrkine, Roger his brother, Gilbert de Nott, William his son, Peter de Byrkethwait, Jordan de Hecun, John de Brett, Robert de Denebi, Alan de Crigtest, Ralph Tyrel, Robert Franceis, Robert de Cleitun, John de Bythethw'.
[Please quote SC187 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/100/2  1272-1307

Contents:
Robert of the wood (de bosco) and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. (n.d. [temp. Edw. I])
Robert has granted to Stephen 1 a. of land which Adam Bule son of Hugdred formerly held, beside the assart extending to the rhine of Bykebathe.
Witnesses: Hugh Mustel, John de Hethaye, John de Kent, Reginald de Nortwode, Henry Thomas.
[Please quote GC1254 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/100/3  [early 14th cent]

Contents:
William Gille of Cold Overton (Coleorton) and Sir Stephen de Segrave, knight. n.d.
William has granted to Stephen a rent of 2s. 8d. from Gerndone Abbey.
Witnesses: Henry de Notingham, Oliver le Waleis, Roger de Somervill, Robert son of Ivo of Kegworth, Robert de Althertre of the same, Ivo de Gormondele, Robert de Overton.
[Please quote GC912 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

PERSONAL  BCM/D/5/101  [n.d.]

PUBLIC OFFICE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/1  [1302]

Contents:
(1) King Edward I; (2) Henry de Lascy, earl of Lincoln; (3) John de Segrave. 17 Sept. 30 Edw. I
The king writes to Henry informing him of the appointment of John as lieutenant of Berwick-upon-Tweed, Edinburgh, Linlithgow, Lanark, Selkirk and Roxburgh. [John was appointed keeper of Berwick on 5 Aug. 1302, and was the king's lieutenant in Scotland from Nov. 1302 until 1305: GEC xi. 606-7.]
At: Berwick-upon-Tweed.
[Please quote SC469 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/2  [1 Edw. II, 1308]

Contents:
King Edward II and John de Segrave. 6 Feb.
The king has appointed John keeper of the king's forests beyond the Trent, for his life. [John surrendered the keeping to Piers Gaveston in Oct. 1310, when he was pardoned all actions and claims against him during his period of office: below, BCM/D/5/101/4 [GC 470]. He was restored to the office for life in Sept. 1312: GEC xi. 606-7.]
At: Westminster.
[Please quote SC476 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/3  [1309]

Contents:
Walter [Reynolds] bishop of Worcester, Lord Treasurer (in the presence of Hugh le Despencer and John de Sandale); and Nicholas de Segrave and Stephen de Segrave. 7 March 2 Edw. II
Agreement between the bishop and Nicholas and Stephen concerning the terms of John de Segrave's appointment as warden of Scotland.
At: London.
[Please quote SC478 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/4  [1310]

Contents:
King Edward II and John de Segrave. 1 Oct. 4 Edw. II
Pardon to John for all actions and demands against him for the 2½ years for which he was justice of the Forest this side (north) of the Trent and constable of Nottingham Castle.
At: Biggar in Scotland.
[Please quote GC470 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/5  [1310]
Language:  French

Contents:
Memorandum that it was ordained by the king and his council at Lynliscu on 26 Oct. 4 [Edw. II, 1310], that Sir John de Segrave will remain at Dumfres and in the valleys of Anaund' and of Nith' and in the land of Gawey, to guard the same, and will retain in his company 60 men-at-arms, from 26 Oct. for one year, and will take 1,000 marks for wages, horses and all other expenses for himself and his 60 men. Sealed by Sir John on one part and by Robert de Wodehous, cofferer of the royal wardrobe, and Ingelard de Warle, keeper of the wardrobe, on the other. 26 Oct. 4 Edw. II
[Please quote GC1772 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/6  [1315]

Contents:
King Edward II and John de Segrave. 29 Aug. 9 Edw. II
The king has granted to John £1,000 to assist him in paying his ransom to the Scots. [Segrave was captured at Bannockburn, which was why the king assisted with the payment of his ransom.] and for other losses sustained in the king's service, less any sum in which he may be bound to the king from the time of his appointment as keeper of the royal forest beyond the Trent and constable of Nottingham Castle.
At: Lincoln.
[Please quote SC499 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WARDSHIPS AND MARRIAGES  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/7  [1304]

Contents:
King Edward I and John de Segrave. 14 June
Whereas John owed £800 to the executors of the late Edmund earl of Cornwall for the wardship of the lands which were of Hugh de Plessetis. [Hugh was John's nephew, being son and heir of John's brother-in-law Hugh de Plescy (d. 1301). He was born in 1295 and his wardship was granted to the executors of Edmund of Cornwall, who sold it to Segrave for £800; by Dec. 1317, when Hugh proved his age, his lands were in the custody of John de Harecourt: GEC x. 550.] with the marriage of the heir, the king has pardoned him £400 of the £800.
At: Stirling.
[Please quote GC1068 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/8  [4 May 1347]

Contents:
John de Segrave and Henry earl of Lancaster. Fri. after the Invention of Holy Cross, 21 Edw. III
Whereas John's son John and Henry's daughter Blanche have been espoused, John has entered into a bond of £5,000 a year to Henry.
At: London.
[Please quote SC519 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BONDS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/9  [24 Jan. 1304]

Contents:
Master John de Clive and Sir Stephen de Segrave. Fri. after St. Vincent, 32 Edw. I
John is bound to Stephen in £40.
At: Stanford.
[Please quote GC1057 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/10  [1305]

Contents:
Robert de Derleye and John his brother; and Sir John de Segrave. 8 May 33 Edw. I
Robert and John are bound in £100 to be paid to John de Segrave or his attorney at Segrave by a week after Trinity next following [28 May].
At: Nottingham.
[Please quote SC472 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/11  [1315]
Language:  French

Contents:
(1) Sir John de Hotoft; (2) Thomas earl of Lancaster and of Leicester, steward of England; (3) Sir John de Segrave. 13 May 8 Edw. II
Whereas John de Hotoft is bound to Thomas in £3,000 to be paid to the earl at Douncton at Michaelmas following [29 Sept. 1315], the said bond, by the assent of John and the earl, is delivered to the keeping of Sir John de Segrave to hold as follows, that if John de Hotoft, between now and the Purification of Our Lady next following [2 Feb. 1316], retracts his assize of novel disseisin against Sir William Tuchet and others for the manors of Thorp Waterville, Aldewincle and Achirche the bond will be delivered to him.
At: Castle Donington.
[This and the following bond are connected with the well known dispute over the three Northamptonshire manors between the earl of Lancaster, the earl of Pembroke and the bishop of Coventry. The manors later passed to James Ormond, earl of Wiltshire, who forfeited them in 1461: CPR 1461-7, 104-5.]
[Please quote GC2040 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/12  [1315]
Language:  French


Related information: (See BCM/D/5/101/11)

Contents:
(1) Walter [Langton] bishop of Coventry and Lichfield; (2) Thomas earl of Lancaster and of Leicester, steward of England; (3) Sir John de Segrave. 13 May 8 Edw. II
Whereas Walter is bound to Thomas in £3,000 to be paid to the earl at Douncton at Michaelmas following [29 Sept. 1315], the said bond, by the assent of Walter and the earl, is delivered to the keeping of Sir John de Segrave to hold as follows, that if Walter, between now and the Purification of Our Lady next following [2 Feb. 1316], retracts his assize of novel disseisin against Sir William Tuchet and others for the manors of Thorp Waterville, Aldewincle and Achirche the bond will be delivered to him.
At: Castle Donington.
[Please quote GC2041 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/13  [25 Nov. 1340]
Language:  French

Contents:
Katherine widow of Thomas de Meelton and Sir John de Segrave, lord of Seagrave. Sat. the feast of St. Katherine, 14 Edw. III
Whereas John is bound to Katherine in £200 to be paid at Michaelmas next coming [29 Sept. 1341], she grants that if John pays to her at Meelton 10 marks at the feast of St. Thomas the apostle next coming [21 Dec. 1340], 10 marks at the Purification of the Virgin Mary following [2 Feb. 1341], 10 marks at Easter following [8 April 1341], 10 marks at the nativity of St. John the Baptist following [24 June 1341] and 10 marks at Michaelmas following [29 Sept. 1341], the bond of £200 will be void.
Witnesses: Sir Edmund de Appilby, Sir Giles le Meynill, knights, Robert Foucher, William de Keyethorp, Richard de Gadesby.
At: Bretby.
[Please quote GC2980 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HOUSEHOLD AND RETINUE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/14  [19 Dec. 1334]
Language:  French

Contents:
Katherine de Hales [Alice, first wife of Thomas of Botherton, was a daughter of Sir Roger de Hales of Norfolk; Sir John de Hales witnessed the grant of Sept. 1344 of jointure lands to John de Segrave and Margaret, Alice's daughter.] and John de Overton, valet of John de Segrave. Mon. before St. Thomas [the apostle], 8 Edw. III
Katherine has delivered to John various household articles, viz. a horn of ivory, an ivory comb, various articles of dress, of linen, silk, velvet [etc.], manuscripts, and other things.
At: Micklefield.
[Please quote SC498 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/15  1307-1326

Contents:
Account of William, reeve of Sir John de Segrave, of weekly receipts and expenditure at his hall of Bretby (Yorks. [sic]) for one year (n.d. [temp. Edw. II]) On the dorse are hymns with musical notation.
[Please quote SR55 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/5/101/16  [29 March 1352]

Contents:
Gilbert de Crosseby of Alspath and Sir John lord of Segrave, his lord. Thurs. after the Annunciation, 26 Edw. III
Gilbert has quitclaimed to John all manner of actions, real and personal, rents, charges, offices, bailiwicks and fees.
[Please quote GC3382 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE CHAUCOMBE INHERITANCE  BCM/D/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Gilbert de Segrave (d. 1254) married Amabel, daughter and coheir of Robert de Chaucombe, probably in 1231 when a settlement was made of the Chaucombe lands between the Segraves and Amabel's sister Milicent, who was married to Ralph Basset. Under the terms of the settlement the Segraves were to have the manor of Great Dalby (Leics.) for the rest of Robert de Chaucombe's life, and after his death they were to have the manor of Chacombe (Northants.) and half of the manor of Aspley, in Ullenhall (Warws.), while the Bassets were to have Great Dalby, the holding in Strubby (Lincs.) and half of Aspley: below, BCM/D/6/1/3 [SC 223]. Milicent, however, died without issue in 1246, so the whole inheritance went to the Segraves. Strubby was alienated, and only the principal manors of Chacombe, Aspley and Great Dalby remained. The Chaucombes had also held lands in Stathern (Leics.), Little Bourton and Pyrton (Oxon.), Cubbington (Warws.) and Beoley (Worcs.).

GREAT DALBY (LEICS.)  BCM/D/6/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Formerly known as Dalby Chaucombe, the manor was part of the jointure settled on Margaret Marshal in 1343-4 and on the duchess Elizabeth in 1476, and in 1484 it was granted by William de Berkeley to Richard III. It was sold, with lands in nearby Kirby Bellars, South Croxton and Burrough-on-the-Hill, which may have been its members, by Henry Lord Berkeley in 1586-7; [Smyth, ii. 359.] cf., Kirby Bellars, BCM/D/5/30.

CHARTERS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/1/1  1199-1216


Related information: [BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18]

Contents:
Hugh de Anvers and Hugh de Chaucomb. n.d. [temp. John]
Hugh de Anvers has granted to Hugh de Chaucomb 5 virgates of land in Magna Dalby of the fee of Ralph Basset; Hugh de Chaucomb to perform the service due for 5 virgates, where 48 virgates make up one knight's fee.
Witnesses: William de Seinevill, Rag' Basset, Stephen de Sedgrave, Wigan de Mara, Thomas de Beseby, Simon Colewache, Ralph de Turtanesthan, Alan de Hoby, Laurence the clerk.
[Please quote SC255 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/1/2  [early 13th cent]


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 18

Contents:
Robert de Chaucumb and the church of St. Peter and St. Paul at Chacombe. [i.e. Chacombe Priory, founded by the Chaucombes.] n.d.
Robert has granted to the church a messuage [etc.], which was of Leticia his wife in the vill of Daubi, next to the canons' court, in exchange for a messuage in the same place, which Turkil held, next to his garden, and for 2s. rent due from the canons to Michael de Retheresby and from Swinesfeir.
Witnesses: Roger de Lyuns, Ralph Beler, Robert le Brut, Elias de Insula, Ralph de Torp, Robert le Duc, William son of Michael.
[Please quote SC129 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/1/3  [30 Sept. 1231]


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 18, 22

Contents:
Robert de Chaucumba; and Gilbert de Segrave and Amabel his wife. Morrow of Michaelmas, 15 Hen. III
Final concord concerning the manors of Dauby, Chaucumba and Aspel and 2 carucates of land in Stroby; Robert has granted to Gilbert and Amabel, in free marriage, the manor of Dauby, for the rest of Robert's life, and after his death Gilbert and Amabel and their heirs will have the manor of Chaucumba and half the manor of Aspel, while Ralph Basset and his wife Milicent, Robert's other daughter, will have the manor of Dauby, 2 carucates in Stroby and half the manor of Aspel.
At: Nottingham.
[Please quote SC223 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/1/4  [1489]

Contents:
William Marquess Berkeley [etc.]; and Edward Willoughby, esquire, and Robert Logge, clerk. 10 Feb. 4 Hen. VII
William has granted and quitclaimed to Edward and Robert his status and title in the manors of Dalby Chacombe and Cold Overton (Leics.).
[Please quote GC4462; duplicate GC4464 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/1/5  [1489]

Contents:
Edward Willoughby, esquire, and Robert Logge, clerk, and. . .decimo.. . [Feb.] 4 Hen. VII
Whereas Elizabeth duchess of Norfolk holds. .. of Dalby Chacombe and Cold Overton (Leics.), the reversion of which belongs to Edward and Robert. .. Marquess Berkeley, Earl Marshal and of Nottingham, Edward and Robert, at the special request of.. . have granted to.. .
[Please quote GC4463 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ACCOUNT ROLLS  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/1/6  [1476-7]

Contents:
Account rolls 16-17 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR350 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/1/7  [1478-9]

Contents:
Account rolls 18-19 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR351 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STATHERN (LEICS.)  BCM/D/6/2  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/2/1  1199-1216


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748, f.27

Contents:
Walkelin son of Richard de Emdon and Hugh de Chaucombe. n.d. [temp. John]
Walkelin has granted to Hugh 8 bovates of land in Stakethurne, to hold at a rent of 10s. a year payable to Walkelin or to Simon Tolebu, lord of the fee, for which Hugh has given Walkelin 3½ marks.
Witnesses: Richard de Hinton, Thomas Basset, Anselm de Traford, William son of Ralph, Thomas son of Richard, Henry son of Ulger, William de Bifeld, William de Parles, Richard Peche, Geoffrey his brother, Ralph Beler, Richard Marescal, Godfrey the clerk.
[Please quote SC108 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STRUBBY (LINCS.)  BCM/D/6/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The holding was granted by William de Cornhill to Robert de Chaucombe in free marriage with William's daughter Juliana. It was then settled on her daughter Milicent Basset, but passed to the Segraves, and Juliana de Chaucombe quitclaimed her rights to Nicholas de Segrave. By 1325 it had been alienated, as a note in the Segrave Cartulary confirms. [BL Harl. MS4748,f.22, See BCM/D/6 Administrative history]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/3/1  [10 April 1239]


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 22, 27

Contents:
Juliana late wife of Robert de Chaucumbe; and Ralph Basset and Milicent his wife. Two weeks from Easter, 23 Hen. III
Final concord concerning land in Stroby and Chaucumbe; Juliana has claimed 1½ carucates of land in Stroby as being her right and marriage portion and Ralph and Milicent have acknowledged her right, in return for which Gilbert de Segrave and Amabel his wife have granted to Ralph and Milicent 100s. worth of land and rents in Chaucumbe, viz. 4 virgates and 10s. worth of rent from the mill. After Juliana's death the land in Stroby will revert to Ralph and Milicent and the 100s. worth in Chaucumbe will revert to Gilbert and Amabel.
At: St. Bride's, London.
[Please quote SC249 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CHACOMBE (NORTHANTS.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor is mentioned in the 1231 settlement by Robert de Chaucombe on his daughters and land and rents in the 1239 settlement between Juliana and Milicent Chaucombe: above, BCM/D/6/1/3 [SC 223]; BCM/D/6/3/1 [SC 249]. Chacombe was much the most valuable of the family's three manors, being valued at £17 13s. 4d. in 1399, compared with 40s. for Great Dalby and £5 for Aspley. Hugh de Chaucombe granted to Ralph de Chaucombe (possibly a younger son) 1 virgate of land there held by Ralph's mother Alice; Ralph then granted it to his son Richard, Richard granted it to Seman the crossbowman (balestarius) and Gilbert de Segrave recovered it from Seman. [BL Harl. MS4748,f.26d.] Cossington granted to Nicholas de Segrave, for life, the water-mill of Chacombe and 1 virgate of land, which Amabel de Segrave gave to her chambermaid Juliana de Burton and her issue, the reversion after Nicholas's death belonging to Amabel, Juliana's daughter. [BL Harl. MS4748,f.27.]

LITTLE BOURTON (OXON.)  BCM/D/6/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Little Bourton lay in the northern tip of Oxfordshire, 1 mile west of Chacombe (Northants.), and the Chaucombes also held property in Wardington (Oxon.), 1 mile north of Chacombe. The Segraves seem never to have held any land in demesne in either Little Bourton or Wardington and in each lands were held of them by military service. [BL Harl. MS4748.f.2.]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/4/1  1199-1216


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 11

Contents:
Robert de Cheurecurt and Hugh de Chaucumba. n.d. [temp. John]
Robert has granted to Hugh 1 virgate of land in Burtona, to hold at a rent of 1 Ib. of cumin a year at Christmas.
Witnesses: Simon the dean (dec'), Joseph the priest (sacerdos),. .. , Ralph son of Hugh, William de Haumerie, Geoffrey de Trop,. .. son of Simon, Ivo son of Alexander, Godfrey the clerk.
[Please quote SC98 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

GOLDER AND CLARE, IN PYRTON (OXON.)  BCM/D/6/5  [n.d.]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/5/1  [9 Feb. 1224]


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748, f. 27

Contents:
Robert de Chaucumbe and Philip de Bello Monte, on behalf of William de Sutton and Mabel his wife. One week after the Purification, 8 Hen. III
Final concord concerning 9 hides of land in Goldor and Claior; Robert has quitclaimed to Philip, on behalf of William and Mabel, the land which Robert claimed against William and Mabel; Philip has paid to Robert 34 marks.
[Please quote SC172 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ASPLEY, IN ULLENHALL (WARWS.)  BCM/D/6/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was included in the settlement made by Robert de Chaucombe in 1231: above, BCM/D/6/1/3 [SC 223]. It was granted by Amabel de Chaucombe to her son John de Somery and his issue, with remainder to Nicholas de Segrave and his issue, and John was holding it in 1284. [BL Harl. MS 4748, f.6; VCH Warws. iii. 213.] It was included in the grant of Dec. 1343 (when it was held for life by Henry de Birmingham), and in 1353 it was part of the jointure of Margaret Marshal but was then in the hands of Gilbert Chastellyn, although the jury did not know why. [Chastellyn married Margaret, one of the two sisters and coheirs of Edmund de Haudlo (d.s.p. 1355), son and heir of Richard de Haudlo (d. 1343), who was the son and their apparent of John de Haudlo (d. 1346) by his first wife: CIPM viii, no. 667; x, no. 277.] In 1416 it was granted by John de Mowbray to his sister Isabel for her life; she married Henry de Ferrers in that year, and later James de Berkeley: BCM/D/5/83, Flecknoe. In the division of the Mowbray lands of 1483 Aspley was assigned to Berkeley, and in the following year he granted the reversion to Richard III. [VCH Warws. iii.213.]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/6/1  [1467]

Contents:
John duke of Norfolk [etc.] and James Hobart. 4 July 7 Edw. IV
John has granted to James, for his good and laudable services, the manor of Aspley (Warws.), for life and for 30 years after his death.
[Please quote SC617 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CUBBINGTON (WARWS.)  BCM/D/6/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The charter below is entered in the Segrave Cartulary under Cossington, the name being copied as 'Cusinton', but a Warwickshire location is suggested by the names of witnesses, including William de Ardena (Arden) and William de Brinchelaue (Brinklow), and by the participation of Coventry Priory.

[no title]  BCM/D/6/7/1  1199-1216


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748, ff. 12d., 320

Contents:
Josbert prior of Coventry and Hugh de Chaucumbe. n.d. [temp. John]
Josbert has granted to Hugh the whole holding which Mary held from the priory in Cubintun.
Witnesses: Roger Basset, William de Ardena, Simon de Barchetun, William Turvill, Roger Barat, Thomas the doorkeeper (janitor), William de Offechirche, William de Brinchelaue.
[Please quote SC78 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

STUDLEY (WARWS.)  BCM/D/6/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Although there is nothing in the charter below to suggest the interest of the Chaucombes or the Segraves, it appears to be closely connected with the third of the Beoley charters below, BCM/D/6/9/3 [GC 3827]. John de Chester (possibly two men of the same name) witnessed both charters, while Richard Wyberd witnessed the Studley charter and John Wybert of Studley was party to the Beoley charter. Studley lies 4 miles south-west of Ullenhall and the same distance south of Beoley.

[no title]  BCM/D/6/8/1  [24 April 1334]

Contents:
Philip Potager, son of Robert Potager of Studley, and John son of William de Leuknore of Studley. Sun. before St. Mark, 8 Edw. III
Philip has quitclaimed to John the holding which Robert his father formerly held in the vill of Stodleye in le Tableresende.
Witnesses: Peter Corbisone, John de Chester, Thomas de Chebeseye, Richard Wyberd, Richard Bulky, John de Wynnereforde, Thomas de Stoke, clerk.
At: Studley.
[Please quote GC3360 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BEOLEY (WORCS.)  BCM/D/6/9  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
As indicated in the first charter below, Beoley lay on the border between Warwickshire and Worcestershire, 4 miles from Ullenhall.

CHAUCOMBE  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/9/1  1199-1216


Related information: BL Harl. MS 4748,f. 4d.

Contents:
Amabel de Lymesee and Hugh de Chaucumbe. n.d. [temp. John]
Amabel has granted to Hugh the land which belonged to William de Alrehangel in Buelee, on the borders between Warwickshire and Worcestershire; rent a pair of gloves a year. [This charter is entered in the Segrave Cartulary under Binley.]
Witnesses: Walter prior of Kenilleord, Richard the clerk of Lymesee,. .. , Henry Foliot, Henry de Ulehale,.. ., Alan de Hobi,.. ., Geoffrey Pechie, Richard Tanquart,.. ., Hugh de Aniseio, Osbert son of Matthew, William the clerk who wrote this.
[Please quote SC386 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

OTHER  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/9/2  [25 March 1298]

Contents:
Constance widow of John de Billesleie and William de Boregate. The Annunciation, 26 Edw. I
Constance has quitclaimed to William her rights in the mill with a fishpond, as William leased it to her for 20 years, except the fishery and mill-dam and the easements, for her life, and in return William has quitclaimed to her 16s. of the annual rent of 24s. which William ought to receive for the mill and other holdings which he leased to her in Beoleie.
Witnesses: Hugh le Wyte, Elias de la Wode, William de la Lewod, John de Norton, Thomas of the castle (de castello), clerk.
[Please quote GC698 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/6/9/3  [27 Oct. 1388]

Contents:
John Wybert of Studley; and Thomas Symkyn of the same and Felicia his wife. Eve of St. Simon and St. Jude, 12 Ric. II
John has granted to Thomas and Felicia, and their heirs and assigns, all his lands, holdings [etc.] in the territory of Buleye.
Witnesses: Laurence de Benteley, John de Chestur, John Hout, John Benet, William de Benteley.
At: Studley.
[Please quote GC3827 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

THE BROTHERTON INHERITANCE  BCM/D/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The inheritance consisted of the lands of the Bigod earldom of Norfolk in Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk, [Although the Bigods were usually known as earls of Norfolk, their earldom was the old earldom of East Anglia, including Suffolk. After the demise of the Bigods, Thomas of Brotherton was created earl of Norfolk only and an earldom of Suffolk was created in 1337.] to which had been added in 1246 a fifth of the Marshal inheritance of the earls of Pembroke. The Marshal lands included manors in Berkshire (Hampstead Marshall), Essex (Great Chesterford), Hertfordshire (Weston) and Sussex (Bosham and associated manors), the lordship of Chepstow in South Wales, and the lordship of Carlow in Ireland, and the Bigods, as representatives of the senior Marshal coheir, also held the office of marshal of England, from which the later title of Earl Marshal derived. Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk (d. 1306), came to an agreement with Edward I in 1302 by which he granted to the king the reversion of all his lands and titles in return for which the king granted to him additional lands worth £1,000 a year for the rest of his life. By this act Roger disinherited his younger brother John, who was a clerk, and a cousin John, who would presumably have inherited on the death of the clerk John.
The Bigod lands and title were immediately earmarked for Thomas of Brotherton, a younger son of Edward I born in 1300. In 1310 Thomas's father granted to him the lands and in 1312 the title as well, but Thomas died in 1338 leaving only two daughters as his heirs, his son Edward having died without issue shortly before. The estate was then divided between his widow Mary (d. 1362), Edward's widow Beatrice (d. 1383), and the two daughters. [Edward had died and Beatrice was married to Thomas de Breouse by Sept. 1337: GEC ix. 599.] The younger, Alice, married Edward Montague (d. 1361) and had a son and four daughters of whom only two daughters survived their father: Maud entered Barking Abbey and Joan married William de Ufford, who succeeded his father as earl of Suffolk in 1369. Joan and all four of her sons died without surviving issue in 1375, and on William's death in 1382 her portion of the Brotherton inheritance passed to her aunt, Thomas of Brotherton's elder daughter Margaret. [Cf. above, p. 674. BCM/D Administrative history.]
Margaret was married first to John Lord Segrave, who as a minor had been in the wardship of Brotherton from 1325 until 1336. By Segrave she had a son, who predeceased him without issue, and a daughter who was married to John Lord Mowbray (d. 1368). After Segrave's death in 1353 she married again, to Walter Lord Mauny, by whom she had another son who also predeceased his father, without issue, and a daughter who was married to John Hastings, earl of Pembroke (d. 1375). On Mauny's death in 1372, therefore, Margaret had two surviving daughters who were both to produce sons, and a niece, Joan Ufford, with four sons. It seemed as though the Brotherton inheritance was doomed to division and extinction but, after the death of the last of the Uffords in 1382, Margaret was in possession of the entire inheritance and seven years later her grandson John de Hastings, aged only 18, was fatally wounded in a jousting accident. That left only her remaining grandson, Thomas Mowbray, created duke of Norfolk in 1397, as her heir. The whole inheritance, after Margaret's death in March 1399, Thomas's death (as an exile) in Sept. 1399 and his elder son's execution in 1405, eventually devolved upon Thomas's younger son John on his coming of age in 1413.
In the division of the Mowbray lands in 1483 Howard received most of the Bigod lands, appropriate to his new title of duke of Norfolk, so few charters concerning that inheritance remain in the castle. Berkeley received Kennett and Kentford (Cambs. and Suff.), the three Essex manors, the Sussex lands and half of Carlow. Some of the Suffolk and Norfolk lands are mentioned in the agreed jointure for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476. Additional information about the inheritance is derived from inquisitions post mortem of 1270 and 1306 (the last two Bigod earls), 1353 (John Lord Segrave), 1361 (Edward Montague), 1362 (Countess Mary) and 1399 (Margaret Marshal). [CIPM i, no. 744; iv, no. 434; x, no. 116; xi, nos. 140, 397; xviii, nos. 235-260.]

KENNETT (CAMBS. AND SUFF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor lay in two counties. It was held by the countess Mary in dower until 1362 and had passed to Margaret Marshal, with Kentford, by 1399. It formed part of the great settlement of 1476 on the duchess Elizabeth, and in Feb. 1488 the reversion was settled by William de Berkeley on his stepsons Richard and Edward Willoughby, with Kentford, to them and their male issue; it reverted to Henry Lord Berkeley in 1559-60. [Smyth, ii. 131.]

GREAT CHESTERFORD (ESSEX)  BCM/D/7/1  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
One of the Marshal manors, it was one of those which passed directly to John (II) de Segrave on Brotherton's death in 1338: below, BCM/D/7/1/1 [GC 2929]. It was settled on Richard III by William de Berkeley in 1484 and was recovered from Henry VII by Maurice Lord Berkeley by Act of Parliament in 1503. Maurice sold it in the following year to Westminster Abbey as part of the endowment for Henry VII's chantry, and it was then valued at 100 marks a year. [B. Harvey, Westminster Abbey and its Estates in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 1977), 201-2, 426.]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/1/1  [1338]
Language:  French

Contents:
John de Segrave and Simon Schireve his valet. 15 Dec. 12 Edw. III
John has appointed Simon to take seisin in the names of John and his wife of the manors which she inherited after the death of Sir Thomas of Brothertone, late earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, and which were allotted to her portion, viz. the manors of Loppham, Fornesete with the members, Petit Framingham, Chastreford, Dovercourt with le Herwiz, the hundred of Horsham, Roumford, Suthfeld and £20 in fee from Norwich Castle.
At: London.
[Please quote GC2929 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/1/2  [2 Nov. 1435]

Contents:
Edmund FitzWilliam and Richard Waleys, receiver-general of Katherine duchess of Norfolk. [Other documents relating to the duchess Katherine are above, BCM/D/1/1/15 [SC 609] and BCM/D/1/1/32-55] All Souls, 14 Hen. VI
Edmund has received from Richard £6 13s. 4d. for his fee as keeper of the park of Chesterford.
[Please quote 4198 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/1/3  [1491]

Contents:
William marquess of Berkeley and John Bury of Cambridge, mason. 22 June 6 Hen. VII
Indenture of covenant regarding the building of eight great chambers in William's manor of Grete Chesterford, with details of foundations, chimneys, fires [etc.]; the price to be 20 marks, half to be paid in advance and half on completion.
[Please quote SC656 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/1/4  [1491]

Contents:
William marquess of Berkeley and Alewyn Newman of Cambridge, carpenter. 7 July 6 Hen. VII
Indenture of covenant concerning work in the eight chambers in the manor of Grete Chesterford, for the making of shutters, furnishings [etc.], Newman to finish the work by 1 March next following and be paid £43 6s. 8d., 20 marks in hand, 10 marks at Michaelmas, 10 marks at Christmas and £26 13s. 4d. when he has finished.
[Please quote SC657 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/1/5  [1491]

Contents:
William marquess of Berkeley and John a Bury of Cambridge, mason. 11 Dec. 7 Hen. VII
Indenture of covenant concerning tiling the roofs of all the new 'howses' in the manor of Grete Chesterford, to be completed by the feast of St. John the Baptist following [24 June 1492], John to have 11 marks 6s. 8d. in hand and the same when he has finished.
[Please quote SC679 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/1/6  [15th cent.]

Contents:
Rental n.d.
[Please quote GRR41 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DOVERCOURT WITH HARWICH (ESSEX)  BCM/D/7/2  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor passed directly to Segrave on Brotherton's death in 1338 (above, BCM/D/7/1/1 [GC 2929]) and in 1484, as two manors, was granted by William de Berkeley to Richard III.

[no title]  BCM/D/7/2/1  [1441-2]

Contents:
Manorial account 20-1 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR342 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

HAVERING-ATTE-BOWER (ESSEX)  BCM/D/7/3  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Simon Sheriff and William de Overton were both servants of John (II) de Segrave. For Simon as John's valet in 1338, above, BCM/D/7/1/1 [GC 2929].

[no title]  BCM/D/7/3/1  [18 Feb. 1339]

Contents:
[Simon] Shirreve of Romford and Sir William de Overtone, rector of Sileby. Thurs. after St. Valentine, 13 Edw. III
Simon has granted to William, his heirs and assigns 16 a. of land in Havering atte Boure, which he acquired from John Carter.
Witnesses: Robert le Hagham, knight, Reginald atte More, John atte Doun', John atte Elmes, William del Hirst.
At: Havering-atte-Bower.
[Please quote GC2936 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

ROMFORD, ALIAS MAWNEY (ESSEX)  BCM/D/7/4  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The manor was granted in 1200 by the king to Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk (d. 1221), and it acquired its alias Mawney (also used as a suffix) from its temporary possession by Walter Lord Mauny, second husband of Margaret Marshal. [VCH Essex, vii. 64-5.] It was allotted to John (II) de Segrave and Margaret in the division of 1338 (above, BCM/D/7/1/1 [GC 2929]), but it was not mentioned in Segrave's inquisition post mortem. It was part of the jointure of the duchess Elizabeth in 1476, and in 1484 was granted by William de Berkeley to Richard III.

[no title]  BCM/D/7/4/1  [1437-8]

Contents:
Manorial account 16-17 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR344 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

DICKLEBURGH, DITCHINGHAM AND EARSHAM (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manors passed to the Montagues in 1338 and were part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476.

EARSHAM HALF-HUNDRED AND A MARKET IN HARLESTON (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The half-hundred and the market passed directly to John (II) de Segrave in 1338 (cf. BCM/D/5) and were part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476 (BCM/D/1/1/22-3 [GC 4409-10]).

FORNCETT, FRAMINGHAM EARL AND LOPHAM (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manors passed directly to John (II) de Segrave in 1338: above, BCM/D/7/1/1 [GC 2929].

HALVERGATE AND SOUTH WALSHAM (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manors were part of the countess Mary's dower until 1362 and were also part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476.

SUFFIELD (NORF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor passed directly to John (II) de Segrave in 1338: above, BCM/D/7/1/1 [GC 2929].

DEDDINGTON (OXON.)  BCM/D/7/5  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
A manor here was granted in 1327 to Thomas of Brotherton for life by Edward III, [VCH Oxon. xi. 93.] but in view of the participation of John the miller of South Newington, who is named in several charters relating to the Cranford inheritance (BCM/9/4), it is possible that the following charter belongs with the Cranford documents.

[no title]  BCM/D/7/5/1  [11 June 1317]

Contents:
John of the hall (de aula) of Barton and Christine his wife; and John son of John the miller (molendinarius) of South Newington and Isolda daughter of John of the hall and Christine. Sat. the feast of St. Barnabas, 10 Edw. II
John and Christine have granted to John and Isolda, in place of a marriage portion, a rent of 8s. a year from 2 messuages in Dadyngton, for their lives.
Witnesses: Hugh de Bartone, Walter de Somertone, Richard de Abendone, John de Elesefeld, John de Tankerville, Richard de Brackel', Adam Aungevyn.
At: Deddington.
[Please quote GC2178 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BROMESWELL WITH STAVERTON (SUFF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Staverton passed to the Montagues in 1338, and it and Bromeswell were later part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476.

BUNGAY (SUFF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor, borough and castle came into the Bigod family through Gundred, daughter of Roger earl of Warwick, the second wife of Hugh Bigod, earl of Norfolk (d. 1177). [GEC ix. 585-6] It passed directly to the Montagues in 1338 and was later part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476.

CRATFIELD, DUNNINGWORTH IN TUNSTALL, EARL SOHAM, EARL STONHAM AND HOO (SUFF.)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manors were held in dower by the countess Mary after 1338 and were part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476.

HOLLESLEY WITH SUTTON (SUFF.)  BCM/D/7/6  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
Hollesley was held in dower by the countess Mary until 1362 and was part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth in 1476.

[no title]  BCM/D/7/6/1  [1451]

Contents:
Manorial account May 29 Hen. VI
[Please quote GAR390 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

IPSWICH (SUFF.)  BCM/D/7/7  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The Bigods were closely connected with Ipswich, and Earl Roger (d. 1221) was instrumental in acquiring for the town its first charter of liberties in 1200. [GEC ix. 588] Later earls, Roger (d. 1270) and Roger (d. 1306), held a house and a quay in the town.

[no title]  BCM/D/7/7/1  [1299]

Contents:
Seman and William, sons and heirs of Roger le Keu of Ipswich; and Philip Harneys of Ipswich and Alice his wife. 4 March 27 Edw. I
Seman and William have granted to Philip and Alice, for 10 marks, the messuage which they inherited after the death of Roger their father in Cutler Street (in vico cotor') of Gypewicus, lying between the messuage of Philip and Alice at the stone inn (taberna lapidea) and the road called le Kokestrowe, and their rights in it after the death of Maud their mother.
Witnesses: John de Watefeld and Laurence Colbe, bailiffs of Ipswich, William del Wente, John de Boresete, Henry le Stabler, Roger of the wood (de bosco), Wikeman the fisher (piscator), John le Man, John le Mustarder, Thomas Thorp, Richard del Wente, John de Stok, clerk.
At: Ipswich.
[Please quote GC648 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/7/2  [1299]

Contents:
Maud widow of Roger le Keu of Ipswich; and Philip Harneys of Ipswich and Alice his wife. 7 March 27 Edw. I
Maud has quitclaimed to Philip and Alice the messuage which they had by grant of Maud's sons in the street called le Kokestrowe in the vill of Gypewicus.
Witnesses: John de Watefeld and Laurence Colbe, bailiffs of Ipswich, Thomas Scate, Richard Lyn, Thomas le Maystre, William del Wente, John de Boresete, Henry le Stabler, Roger del Wode, John le Mustarder, William de Comston, clerk, William Bendel.
At: Ipswich.
[Please quote GC649 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/7/3  [1299]

Contents:
Seman and William, sons and heirs of Roger le Keu of Ipswich; and Philip Harneys and Alice his wife. 5 April 27 Edw. I
Seman and William have quitclaimed to Philip and Alice the messuage in the street called le Kokrowe in the vill of Gyp'.
Witnesses. John de Watefeld and Laurence Colbe, bailiffs of Ipswich, Thomas Scate, Richard Lyn, John le Man, Thomas le Maystre, John de Boresete, Henry le Stabler, William del Wente, Dikeman le Fisshere, Roger del Wode, William de Banston, clerk, John le Mustarder, Richard del Wente, John de Stok, clerk.
At: Ipswich.
[Please quote GC651 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/7/4  [29 June 1299]

Contents:
John son of James Norman of Ipswich; and Philip Harneys of Ipswich and Alice his wife. Mon. the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul, 27 Edw. I
John has quitclaimed to Philip and Alice an annual rent of 3s. from a holding which Roger le Keu formerly held of him in the street called Kokesrowe in the parish of St. Laurence in Gypewicus; Philip and Alice have given him 40s.
Witnesses: John de Watefeld and Laurence Colbe, bailiffs of Ipswich, William del Wente, John de Boresete, Robert Randulf, John le Man, Ralph Randulf, Geoffrey Stonilinere, Ralph son of Odo, Elias the cook (cocus), John le Mustarder, John de Standone, John de Stok, clerk.
[Please quote GC656 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

[no title]  BCM/D/7/7/5  [23 Feb. 1300]

Contents:
John Sewate, baker; and Philip Harneys of Ipswich and Alice his wife. Morrow of St. Peter in cathedra, 28 Edw. I
John has quitclaimed to Philip and Alice the rent of 18d. which they paid for a messuage in le Cokerowe in the parish of St. Laurence, Gypp'.
Witnesses: Thomas Stak and John le Mayster, bailiffs of Ipswich, Richard Lew, John de Causton, John de Bresete, Walter Cobbe, Laurence Cobbe, Thomas le Rente, John Margarete, Alexander Margarete, Richard de Halteby, William de Caustun, clerk.
At: Ipswich.
[Please quote GC993 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

WALTON WITH TRIMLEY (SUFF.)  BCM/D/7/8  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The castle of Walton, now swallowed by the sea off Felixstowe and often confused with Walton-on-the-Naze (Essex), played a vital role in the coup by Isabel and Mortimer in 1326 when, in the hands of Thomas of Brotherton, it offered a safe landing place for the invasion. It was held by the countess Mary in dower until 1362.

[no title]  BCM/D/7/8/1  [1475-6]

Contents:
Manorial account 15-16 Edw. IV
[Please quote GAR391 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

BOSHAM (SUSSEX)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor, with its member the hamlet of Funtington, was inherited by the Bigods as coheirs of the Marshal earls of Pembroke, although it seems to have been held, in the first instance, by Hugh Bigod (d. 1266), the younger son of the Marshal heir and brother of Roger, earl of Norfolk (d. 1270) [VCH Sussex, iv. 183-4, 191.] Stoughton, West Stoke and West Thorney, the other Sussex manors which soon came to be associated with Bosham, were also acquired by Hugh. [VCH Sussex, iv. 193, 195] Those manors (which all lay in the southern part of the rape of Chichester, the westernmost rape) were held by Beatrice, widow of Thomas of Brotherton's son Edward, until her death in 1383; she had married secondly Thomas de Breouse (d. 1361). In the partition of 1484 the Sussex lands (except West Stoke and Stoughton) were assigned to Berkeley, although in 1476 Bosham, with Funtington and West Thorney, had formed part of the jointure agreed for the duchess Elizabeth.

WEST STOKE (SUSSEX)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
The manor is included in the valuation of the lands assigned to Howard in 1484.

STOUGHTON (SUSSEX)  BCM/D/7/9  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
See above, BCM/D/7/9 Bosham. The manor was assigned to Howard in the partition of 1484.

[no title]  BCM/D/7/9/1  [1378-9]

Contents:
Manorial account 2-3 Ric. II
Expenses include those of Sir Thomas de Breouse and Sir John de Breouse and others of the lady's household coming for games. [The manor was then held by Edward of Brotherton's widow Beatrice. Sir Thomas was her son by her second marriage, and Sir John her brother-in-law.]
[Please quote GAR423 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

CHEPSTOW (WELSH MARCH)  BCM/D/7/10  [n.d.]

Administrative history:
The castle and lordship of Chepstow, alias Strigoil, with the adjacent manor of Tidenham (Glos.), was inherited by the Bigods as coheirs of the Marshal earls of Pembroke. In 1453 John (VI) de Mowbray granted the office of steward of the lordship to his cousin William de Berkeley: above, BCM/D/3/5/2 [GC 4279].

[no title]  BCM/D/7/10/1  [1234]

Contents:
King Henry III and Gilbert Marshal, earl of Pembroke. 22 Aug. 18 Hen. III
The king has pardoned Gilbert for his actions in the war between the king and Richard, late earl of Pembroke, Gilbert's brother, and has restored to him, as security for his faithful service to the king, the castles of Striguil in Wales, which he pledged to E[dmund of Abingdon] archbishop of Canterbury, and of Dumas in Ireland, which he pledged to L[uke] archbishop of Dublin.
At: Reading
[Please quote SC235 at Berkeley Castle Muniments when requesting this file]

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