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Records of the Earls Cowper of Cole Green House and Panshanger, in Hertingfordbury and Hertford, their families, households and estates in Hertfordshire and elsewhere, 1251 - 1966


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Reference DE/P
Covering dates 1251 - 1966
Held by Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
Extent 9 series
Source of acquisition [Accessions 417, 430, 458, 1287]
Deposited 1952, 1953 and 1970;
Purchased 1994
Creators Cowper family, Earls Cowper



FAMILY PAPERS  [no ref. or date]

Early Cowper Family  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[This section contains various documents relating to John Cowper, notary public (died 1609), his son William, knight and 1st baronet (died 1664), and three of William's sons: John (father of the 2nd bart), who predeceased his father; Sir William, knight (died 1697); and Spencer (died 1676). Also included are a few unrelated items dating from the period 1622-1671]

Inventory of goods of John Cowper, notary public, of the City of London  DE/P/F1  1609-10

1 item

Contents:
Taken in July and September, 1609, and exhibited by his son William in April 1610. In addition to his house in the City, a house in Highgate is also mentioned

Grants of baronetcy to William Cowper  DE/P/F2  1638, 1641/2

2 items

Contents:
Grant of Scottish baronetcy, 24 March, 1637/8: and of English baronetcy, 4 March, 1641/2. Attached to the grant of the English title is a declaration of service qualifying him for the honour [he had been Collector of the Impost on Strangers Inward in the Port of London], and also a receipt for £1,095, paid out by him for the maintenance of 30 soldiers in Ireland for 3 years

Pedigree [diagrammatic]  DE/P/F3  3 April 1638

1 item

Contents:
Establishing the descent of Sir William Cowper, 1st bart, from John Cowper of Strood, Sussex, temp Henry VIII. This pedigree, illustrated with coloured coats of arms, was signed by Garter King of Arms as accepted proof of his descent from an armigerous family, on his being created a baronet

Pedigree [diagrammatic]  DE/P/F4  C 1638

1 item


Related information: [See DE/P/F14 and DE/P/F15 for further genealogical details of the family]

Contents:
Establishing the descent of William Cowper, who married Margaret Spencer in 1543, from John Cowper of Strood in Sussex. This item is similar in date and appearance to the previous item, but the lower part of the document appears to be missing. There also appears on this document a portrait of William, father of the above William, in armour

Declaration of trust [cancelled] by William Cowper of London, esq [?later 1st bart]  DE/P/F5  7 Feb 1629/30

1 item

Contents:
Relating to a mortgage by Daniel Apleford and Sir Hector Powlett of the farm of Fisherton Dalliamar, Wilts

MS sermon  DE/P/F6  Undated

1 Volume


Related information: [For original codicil, and copy of will and codicil of Sir William, 1st bart, 14 August, 1663, see DE/P/T1138-9]

Contents:
Endorsed "For the Honble Sr William Cowper Knight and Baronett T B Humbly presents this ensuing discourse on the first Sunday in Advent"

MS volume  DE/P/F7  1633-4, 1659-60

1 Volume


Related information: [For certified copy of probate of Sir William Cowper, knight and Gentleman Pensioner, third son of Sir William, 1st bart, (will dated 26 April 1697) see DE/P/T1140]

Contents:
Containing notes on land law and the nature of law, and extracts from works on these subjects. Volume started in 1633 by John Cowper, father of the 2nd bart, and continued by the latter from 1659. [The starting dates coincide with the entries of father and son to Lincoln's Inn and Gray's Inn respectively]

Letter  DE/P/F8  15 March 1671/2

1 item

Contents:
From John Richmond of Hedenham, Norfolk [husband of Anne Cowper, a sister of Spencer] to Spencer Cowper, fourth son of Sir William, 1st bart, originally enclosing a bill of exchange, and extending an invitation to come to Hedenham during the summer

MS volume  DE/P/F9  1622

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing commentary on and extracts from, religious works. On title page is written "Subsequentia ceacervare [ie coacervare], incoepit Anno Xpi xxiii die Mensis Julii 1622. Abrahamus Molinaeus." There is no indication as to any subsequent ownership of this volume

Original or near contemporary MS copy of "A relacon of the proceedings against Embassadors whoe have miscaried themselves and exceed their Comission in Actinge things against the State wherein they are emploied out of the powre of their Negotiacon written by Sir Robert Cotton knt and Barronett"  DE/P/F10  C 1623-5

1 Volume

Contents:
It is addressed to the Duke of Buckingham, and relates to the Spanish Ambassador having informed the King of a supposed plot by the Duke to supplant him by his son

Commonplace, book  DE/P/F11  C1639-41

1 Volume

Contents:
Compiler unknown: contains quotations, etc, relating to the church and its functions, and also extracts from, and comments on, various works, including Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy

Volume  DE/P/F12  C1648-71

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing some Latin grammar and tags, in a youthful hand, but mainly notes on sermons and other items in a so far unidentified adult hand, beginning in 1648, and carried on until at least 1671

Manuscript copy of a rate assessment and an Act of Parliament  DE/P/F12A  1660/1

1 Volume

Contents:
In connection with the payment of tithes at Royston, with queries raised about the provisions of the Act, bearing the signature of Harbottle Grimston

Brief notes on Royal Charters granted to Hertford Borough, 14th-16th cents  DE/P/F12B  Undated [17th cent]

1 item

William Cowper of Nettleton, Lincs, and Lincoln's Inn Fields, Knight Harbinger to George II  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
This William was the son of Sir John Cowper, kt, and grandson of James Cowper, sixth son of Sir William, 1st bart. He was born in 1696 and died about 1751

Contents:
There are notes about him and his family at the end of vol 6 of Lady Sarah Cowper's "family books" [DE/P/F233]. It is not clear how these papers came into the hands of the Earls Cowper

Deeds and papers relating to the inheritance of Sir John Cowper, knight  DE/P/F13  1647-1709

8 items

Contents:
Counterpart lease, 31 March 1647, and counterpart deed of declaration, 20 December, 1664, relating to part of Cupfield [in Lincoln's Inn Fields], St Giles in the Fields; conditional surrender, mainly illegible, John Cowper to George Barker, 25 June, 1676; lease for a year [release missing], between John Wroth senior and Lord Maynard, James Cowper, and John Wroth junior, relating to unsettled lands in Loughton, Essex, 24 February, 1678/9 [John Wroth senior was Sir John Cowper's grandfather]; probate of will of Dame Elizabeth Skipwith [grandmother of Anne Sturmy, Sir John's wife], 8 March 1697/8; lease for a year [release missing], Daniel Wickham to Thomas Sturmy, part of the yard of a cottage in Caistor, Lincs, 20 February 1699/1700; assignment, Sir Thomas Skipwith to Thomas Sturmy, of £200 annuity in the 3% charges on the Excise, 20 March, 1705; and counterpart grant of annuities charged on the Caistor estates, which were settled on Sir John on his marriage, Sir John to John Tregenna as repayment of debts, 8 October, 1709

Pedigree of descendants of William Cowper and Margaret Spencer, married 1543  DE/P/F14  C 1650-1700

1 Volume

Contents:
This volume contains detailed notes about various members of the family, and also memoranda about the main events of the Commonwealth period, and also notes relating to dignities conferred on, and offices held by, members of the family [several were Gentleman Pensioners], and other details. The book was apparently started by, or for, Sir William Cowper, 1st bart, and continued by his sixth son, James, and the son of this James, Sir John, knight

Pedigree  DE/P/F15  C 1650-1713

1 Volume

Contents:
Of descendants of William Cowper and Margaret Spencer, married 1543. Similar to DE/P/F14, with additional notes to 1713. Part of volume missing

Miscellaneous papers  DE/P/F16  1677-1736

4 items

Contents:
Bond to pay £103, Robert Ward and John Townley of London, and William Stephenson of Rugby, gent, [to be paid at Ward and Townley's shop in Lombard St], 10 August, 1677; assignment, William Knott, mariner, to John Dyson, merchant, 1/8th share in a new vessel built at Rederith [Rotherhithe], called the Arthur and James, of 70 tons, 10 July 1680; decree and accounts in Chancery relating to will of Sir John Frederick, 25 August, 1721; and record of trespass and ejectment, Richard Jones against Hon John Verney and others, relating to a moiety of houses, etc, in St Giles in the Fields, originally leased by William Cowper, Michaelmas 1736

Miscellaneous papers  DE/P/F17  C 1720-50

8 items

Contents:
Detailed schedule of deeds [some dating from Henry III] of William Cowper's inheritance, including the Dolphin in Southwark, Nettleton and other estates in Lincolnshire, Lincoln's Inn Fields, and London [schedule dated 1720]; letters of attorney, Thomas Cowper of St. Pauls, Covent Garden, to William Cowper, to enable him to receive naval prize money and pay, 28 April 1722 [? Thomas, younger brother of William]; rental of William Cowper's estates in London and Middlesex, 1735-6; amended bill in Chancery for an account concerning Cartwright and Hill against William Cowper and others, executors of Henry Cartwright, 8 November 1739; bill and answer in Exchequer, George Dance and others against William Cowper, Easter, 1747 [the plaintiffs were all creditors. Cowper was forced to sell the Lincoln's Inn property, which was repaired and rebuilt under Dance's supervision]; and two letters from 2nd Earl Cowper to William Cowper, May 1748 and May 1750, explaining inability to give financial assistance

Documents relating to William Cowper's post as Knight Harbinger  DE/P/F18  1723-C 1750

13 items

Contents:
A letter containing an apology for ? an attempted bribe, undated; certificate and copy of grant of office, 1723; warrants directed to William to find lodgings for the court on the King's removal to Newmarket in April, 1728, to Windsor in September, 1728, and to Hampton Court in June, 1731; list of lodgings at Hampton Court, and names of those for whom they were taken, relating either to the previous item or that immediately following; warrant as above on the King's removal to Hampton Court, June 1737; summons to attend at Hicks Hall for the election of a Housekeeper and Cryer to the Court, January, 1738/9; list of lodgings to be provided on the Kent side on the King's return from abroad, October, 1741; two similar lists, August, 1745; and a petition addresssed to the Duke of Devonshire by Elizabeth, sister of William, now dead, asking for his help in approaching the King, she and her aged mother, having been left destitute on her brother's death, as he had persuaded her to forego her share of their father's estate so that he could purchase the office of Knight Harbinger, and indemnify her at a later date

Letters  DE/P/F19  1742-3

22 items

Contents:
Addressed to William by his elder daughter Anne, and Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, and her husband, mainly relating to the death of the younger daughter, Fanny, at Donington Park in 1742, and subsequent letters from the Earl and Countess and John Wainwright about the death of Anne in 1743. Also in this bundle are several covers with contents missing, and the title page of a printed book of sermons by Henry Topping, dedicated to William

Sir William Cowper, 2nd bart, and Dame Sarah, his wife  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[Sir William Cowper, 2nd bart (1639-1706), was grandson of Sir William, 1st bart, his father John having died young. His mother, Joyce Hukeley, married secondly Robert Clinton alias Fines, of Totteridge, and had issue. His mother's sister Dorothy married Ferdinando Clinton of Milham Castle, Cumberland
Sir William himself married in 1664 Sarah Holled, 1644-1720, daughter of a London merchant, who survived him. They had four children: Samuel, who died in infancy; William, later Lord Chancellor and 1st Earl Cowper, born in 1665 [see DE/P/F25]; John, who married in January 1685/6 and died in April 1686; and Spencer, lawyer and judge.
Sir William, a lawyer and Whig, was Clerk of the Parliaments, and MP for Hertford Borough, 1679-81 and 1688-1700.]

Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]

Copy marriage settlement, 1638  DE/P/F20  1653

1 item

Contents:
Of John Cowper and Joyce Hukeley, creating an entail on the Wingham, Kent, estate, Ratling Court, and houses in St Michael, Cornhill

Deed to lead uses of fine and recovery  DE/P/F21  28 Sept 1661

1 item

Contents:
Between William Cowper, Robert Clinton (his stepfather) and others, relating to the Kent properties (Wingham and Ratling Court) to bar the entail made on his mother's first marriage

Bond in £200, Robert Clinton and Ferdinando Huddleston to William Hide, 10 July 1669; assignment of above, executor of William Hide to Ferdinando Clinton, 4 February 1692/3; further assignment, Ferdinando Clinton to Robert Clinton junior, 6 February 1692/3  DE/P/F22  1669, 1692/3

3 items


Related information: [For Sir William Cowper's will, see DE/P/T1141, a copy of his will (original dated 1 November 1700) endorsed by Lord Chancellor to the effect that it was his father's will.]
[See also DE/P/T1142-3, decree and appointment of new trustee under marriage settlement, relating to the Norfolk estates of James Calthorpe, 1st husband of Sir William's cousin Elizabeth, 9 July, 1701. See also DE/P/T1218, a settlement in trust by Sir William for his wife should she survive him (Hertford Castle), 13 July 1686]

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Family correspondence of Sir William and Dame Sarah  DE/P/F23  1662-1719

15 items

Contents:
3 letters, (1700 and 1702) and a valentine (1662) from Sir William to his wife; 12 letters from William (later Lord Chancellor) to his parents, consisting of one to his father dated 2 Jan 1705/6, about his refusal to accept the traditional New Years gifts to the Lord Keeper, and eleven letters to his mother, including some written while still at school, 1672-1687 and 1712-1719

General correspondence addressed to Sir William and his wife  DE/P/F24  1660-1705

21 items

Contents:
Letters to Sir William: six letters from Abraham Cowley, 1660-1666 [although these letters were originally labelled as being addressed to Sir William, it has been shown by Allan Pritchard in his article on these letters in The Review of English Studies NS, vol XVIII no 71 (August 1967), that at least one of these letters is addressed to the Duke of Buckingham, and the others possibly to other intimates of the Duke and the writer. An offprint of this article is available in the search room]; two letters from the Earl of Shaftsbury, 1676 and 1678; one letter from William Penn, 1705; an anonymous letter, 1677, and a letter from Rome, in Italian, dated 13 July 1687, [writer and recipient unknown]. Letters to Dame Sarah: seven letters consisting of correspondence between George Savile, Marquis of Halifax, Rachel, Lady Russell, and Dame Sarah about patronage for her son William, 1689, including copies of Dame Sarah's answers (4; March, 1689) and Lady Russell to Dame Sarah with draft reply (2; 1699); letter from Lady Frances Atkyns, Sept 1700; and draft reply; and undated letter from L Lee under frank of John, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry

Sir William, commonplace book, political and miscellaneous papers  [no ref. or date]

Commonplace book  DE/P/F25  C 1658-C 1690

1 Volume


Related information: [For volume of notes on legal studies, started by Sir William's father and continued by him in 1659-60, see DE/P/F7.]

Contents:
Inside cover "Will. Cowper August ye 12th 1658". In addition to material in his own hand, this volume also contains other miscellaneous material, including verses and sermon notes in other [? earlier] hands. Various entries made by Sir William record the births of his children and grandchildren and there is also a short obituary of his mother, Joyce Clinton. According to a note made by Sir William in this volume, his eldest son William was born on 24th June 1665, a date which has hitherto not been established with any certainty. There is also a note of his birthday in his mother's diary, vol 1 p 104 (DE/P/F29)

Miscellaneous political and legal papers  DE/P/F26  1677-1692/3

9 items

Contents:
Lord Cavendish's account of a duel in which Lord Mohun (Charles, 4th Baron), was wounded in 1676, his death 10 months later being returned by the Coroner's jury as murder by the other duellist, 1677; two copies of Sir W Williams' pleading for bailment of the Earl of Shaftesbury after his impeachment in 1677; copy in Sir William's hand, of an address to the King (and reply) by the representatives of the General Assembly [of the Church of England] on the subject of toleration, 24 March [1685-8]; argument in an unknown hand, against one of James II's proclamations for religious liberty, c 1685-8; copy, with translation, of Pope Innocent XI's letter to Louis XIV, November, 1686; draft or copy of part of petition of citizens of London and Westminster to Prince of Orange asking him to ascend the throne, 1688; document in unknown hand entitled "A sudden recollection of what was Spoken to ye King in his Closet Febr 23 1692" [relating to provisions of Royal Mines Bill pending before House of Lords, the speaker being a KC Bill became 5 and 6 William and Mary c 6]

Miscellaneous topical verses and other material, MS and printed  DE/P/F27  C 1680-C 1702

20 items

Contents:
MS verse "This is the time..." on Charles II and his court; printed broadsheet "Reasons for the Inditement of the D of York, presented to the Grand Jury of Middlesex, Saturday, June 26.80 ..."; "An Elegy on the Usurper OC by the Author of Absalom and Architophel", printed, 1681 (Dryden); a MS lampoon on [named] lawyers, 1683/4; 2 MS copies of verses, "T'were folly if ever the Whiggs should indeavour", and MS verses in form of a litany, temp James II; 2 printed copies of "A Poem upon His Highness the Prince of Orange's Expedition into England" by JD, printed, 1689; MS verse on [Judge] Jeffreys reception in Hell, "when soul of Jeffreys did to Hell come", c 1689; 10 miscellaneous pieces of MS verse, temp. William III, including "An account of a short conference held ye other night at Sir Tho Oglethorp's"; "The Titles of serverall Publick Acts agreed to in the Caball"; "Upon Mr Edward Howard's Utopia"; and "The Clubmen of the house of Commons"

Miscellaneous items  DE/P/F28  C 1660-C 1700

4 items

Contents:
MS verse based on a quotation from Thomas à Kempis' Imitation of Christ; MS verses written by Mr Charles Codrington to Mrs EC in 1693; MS verses of a childish nature; and a MS shorthand grammar

Dame Sarah, diaries, commonplace books, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See DE/P/F24 for letters from Abraham Cowley

Contents:
DE/P/F29-35 consist of 7 volumes of a diary kept by Dame Sarah from 1700 to 1716. It gives details of day to day events, and there is also some comment on public affairs, especially where these touch on her family. The diaries contain a considerable amount of religious reflection. The pages of all the volumes are numbered, and volumes 1 to 6 are self-indexed.
DE/P/F36-44 consist of commonplace books and other volumes kept by Dame Sarah, which contain copies of contemporary speeches, poems, etc., in addition to material of a religious nature Dame Sarah had contact with some of the familiars of Abraham Cowley and other literary figures of the later Stuart period, and this is reflected in these volumes

Diary vol 1  DE/P/F29  July 1700 - Dec 1702

1 Volume

Diary vol 2  DE/P/F30  Jan 1702/3 - Dec 1704

1 Volume

Contents:
At the end of this volume are copies of some satirical verses and songs relating to a proposal to tack the Money Bill on to the Bill against Occasional Conformity, and on Admiral Sir George Rooke's victory off Malaga against the French

Diary vol 3  DE/P/F31  Jan 1704/5 - Nov 1706

1 Volume

Diary vol 4  DE/P/F32  Dec 1706 - June 1709

1 Volume

Contents:
At the end of this volume are some recipes of medicine and various verses on talk of a French invasion [entry dated 15 March, 1707/8], and other verses and material of a topical nature, including a copy of Queen Anne's answer to an address from Parliament asking her to consider remarriage

Diary vol 5  DE/P/F33  July 1709 - June 1711

1 Volume

Contents:
There are a number of lampoons, etc, at the end of this volume

Diary vol 6  DE/P/F34  July 1711 - Sept 1713

1 Volume

Contents:
At the end of this volume is an indexed collection of lampoons, verses, etc

Diary vol 7  DE/P/F35  Oct 1713 - Sept 1716

1 Volume

Contents:
At the end of this volume are some lampoons, verses, copies of speeches etc, including parts of some exchanges in the House of Lords on the approval of the Spanish Treaty, April 1714

Commonplace book  DE/P/F36  C 1670 - C 1705

1 Volume

Contents:
Contains, amongst other items, a copy of an epic poem "The Civill Warre", which Dame Sarah attributes to Abraham Cowley [see DE/P/F48]; verses by Andrew Marvell, Sir Charles Sedley, and Robert West; a satire by Dryden on Sedley; a copy of a speech made by her son William in the Commons on Captain Kidd's affair [1701]; verses on appointment of William as Lord Keeper; and copies of letters exchanged between William III and Lord Somers in 1698 in respect of the Spanish succession. This volume also contains a catalogue of Dame Sarah's books in London, and accounts of various foreign countries taken from various printed sources; also copies of various papers purported to have been written by Charles II in connection with his religious views, which were published by James II

Commonplace book  DE/P/F37  1673-C1710

1 Volume


Related information: There is an index to this volume in DE/P/F42

Contents:
Contains copies of various letters, verses, etc, including copies of letters addressed to Dr Usher, Archbishop of Armagh; a copy of a letter to Dryden on his defence of the King's papers [see DE/P/F36]; copies of letters exchanged between Lady Arran, Lord Chancellor Cowper, and Countess Cowper [for originals see DE/P/F202]; copies of letters written by Lord Russell to Charles II and the Duke of York from Newgate Prison, 1683; verses by the Duke of Buckingham and the Earl of Rochester; copies of letters from Lord Clarendon to the Duke and Duchess of York; and other anonymous material

Commonplace book  DE/P/F38  1675 - 1684

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing precepts from Seneca, and at end volume, reversed, a collection of scriptural texts

Commonplace book  DE/P/F39  1680

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing paraphrases and commentary on the Bible. At the end of the volume are some notes on the various heresies

MS prayer book  DE/P/F40  1680

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing a selection of prayers for various occasions

MS extracts from Plutarch's Morals and religious tracts by various authors  DE/P/F40A  1683

1 Volume

MS history of the world  DE/P/F41  1686

1 Volume

Contents:
Written by Dame Sarah in 1686 and covering the period from biblical times up to that date. An appendix contains a Life of Mohamet the Imposter. Inside the front cover of the volume is a note that she leaves the book to her daughter Judith [1st wife of her son William, who died in 1705], desiring her to leave it to someone in the family to be kept in her memory - this type of note occurs in several of her books

MS index volume  DE/P/F42  C1686-C1700

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing indexes to DE/P/F37 and F40, and also indexes to volumes of sermons by Dr Tillotson, Dr Whichcott, Dr Barrow, Dr Wilkins, and to the sermons preached at the lecture founded by the Hon Robert Boyle in 1692

Commonplace book  DE/P/F43  1690 - C1698

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing religious and philosophical reflections. At the end of the volume is a copy of Mr Parson's address at the funeral of the Earl of Rochester [1680], and a copy of a letter from James Ley, Earl of Marlborough, to Sir Hugh Pollard, Comptroller of H M Household, from his ship shortly before his death at sea, 1665

Commonplace book  DE/P/F44  C1700

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing religious reflections and commentary on biblical texts. At the end of the volume are "precepts out of Herbert's poem", and notes on the Greek church

Scrapbook  DE/P/F45  1700

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing engravings of various people, including the Stuart kings, several ecclesiastics, and Thomas Flatman, the poet; also there is an engraving of the great seal of Anne, associated with the arms of Cowper, and two illustrated lampoons, one illustrating the "Jacobite Coat of Arms", the other relating to the Sachaverell case; and also a MS copy of the Character of Sir Henry Vane by Algernon Sidney

Prayer book  DE/P/F46  printed 1686

1 Volume

Contents:
Belonging to Dame Sarah

Bundle of small volumes presumed to belong to Dame Sarah  DE/P/F47  Undated

5 Volumes

Contents:
Consisting of 4 MS volumes of material on Deism, as follows: The Deists' Reflections on Religion; The Deists' litany, The Character of Deism; and Deists' Reflections upon Biggottism - all signed by James Boevey; and a MS volume in another hand containing a life of Mohamet

MS volume: Innocence the best securitye: A Paraphrase upon Job  DE/P/F47A  Undated [C1700]

1 Volume

Contents:
Note on flyleaf in the hand of Dame Sarah Cowper

Copy of "The Civill Warre"  DE/P/F48  Undated

3 Volumes


Related information: See DE/P/F36 which contains an attributed copy of this poem

Contents:
A poem by Abraham Cowley

Miscellaneous MS and printed material collected or copied by Dame Sarah  DE/P/F49  C1660 - 1720

23 items

Contents:
Copies of various defences of himself by the Duke of Buckingham on the Commons' petition to the Crown for his removal, 1674; printed copy of the speech of the late Lord Russel to the sheriffs at his execution, 1683; ? original last letter from Richard Nethorpe prior to his execution [for plotting to assassinate the King], 1685; printed copy of a poem on the Prince of Orange's expedition into England, by J D [beside these initials is added in Dame Sarah's hand "By W C" There are two further copies of this item in DE/P/F27, one of which has been "improved" in what could be her son William's hand]; two copies of a "comical letter from the Tutor to Mr Crawford's sons" [endorsed as such]; copy of Lord Somers' letter to William III from Tunbridge Wells, 28 August 1698 [see DE/P/F36]; a character of William III; extract from a newsheet describing her son's appointment as Lord Keeper, and his procession on the first day of term, October 1705; copy of a letter from a sister-in-law of Vanbrugh from ? Hanover, 27 July 1706, describing the betrothal of the Electoral Princess and the Prince Royal of Prussia [endorsed by Dame Sarah "A Letter out of Holland to Mrs Perrars"]; a copy of a letter from Mr George Plaxton, rector of Barwick in Elmett to a Quaker watchmaker in York, about a watch of his that needs attention, 1706; copy of her son William's address to the Queen on presenting the Act of Union, 1707; and also literary and other material, including a translation of the 9th Ecloque of Vergil, undated.; original letter from Amabel, 2nd wife of Henry Grey, 10th Earl of Kent, to her son-in-law Banastre Maynard, c 1609-98; copy letter from a Quaker to another Quaker at Winchester, undated.; an original letter from a servant to Lady Nevill [endorsed by Dame Sarah "Lady Nevill affirmed to me that she taught M Pooley but now Ten years old, to write this Hand in Three Daies. Her method is not to begin with coppys of the Alphabet, but with joining att first dash. Jan 31 1705. This must be thought wonderful"]; and also religious material, including a MS pamphlet against the Jesuits; a MS sermon dedicated to Dame Sarah; another given at the funeral of Thomas Doidge, 1716; MS containing precepts, entitled "a Christian Armour", undated.; MS endorsed "Mr Harts Prayer", undated.; and directions for the use of the scriptures, endorsed by Dame Sarah "from the Archbishop Sancroft"

Testamentary papers  [no ref. or date]

Account of Sir William's personal estate ? in Spencer Cowper's hand (executor of his father's will), endorsed by Dame Sarah; original will of Dame Sarah, in her own hand, dated 3rd April 1716 (not witnessed)  DE/P/F50  1706-7; 1716


Related information: [Sir William's will is recited in one of the documents in the papers relating to Cowper v Cowper, see DE/P/F213]

Sir William Cowper, 3rd bart, 1st Earl Cowper, and Lord Chancellor of Great Britain  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[Sir William was the eldest son of Sir William Cowper, 2nd bart, being born in June 1665, and dying in October 1723. An outline of his life and career, giving relevant dates and other details, is available in various reference books, and in the Victoria County History of Hertfordshire, County Families volume)

Contents:
This section of the catalogue is divided roughly into two parts. The first part [DE/P/F51 to DE/P/F93] consists of family papers, personal and general correspondence, including papers relating to his first wife Judith [DE/P/F81-83] and the Culling connection [DE/P/F84-86]. This section also contains material relating to his activities in local affairs [eg as a JP for Hertfordshire]. The papers of his second wife, Mary, Countess Cowper, are dealt with separately [see DE/P/F192 to DE/P/F211]
The second part of this section [DE/P/F94 to DE/P/F191] consists of material relating to Sir William's legal career, parliamentary career, and years in office as Lord Chancellor. This section runs in roughly chronological order

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See DE/P/T4338 for bond of Robert Booth, merchant, father of Judith (Sir William's first wife), to Sir William Cowper (2nd bart), to pay £500 for Judith's separate use, as intended wife of William Cowper, junior
See also DE/P/T1217, settlement by Sir William Cowper, 2nd bart, and his wife, on marriage of William and Judith, 7 July 1686.]

Abstract of marriage settlement of William Cowper and Judith Booth, 1686/7 in William's hand; draft will, in own hand, of William, c 1690 [refers to provisions of Robert Booth's will]; bond for payment of £102/10/-, William Cowper to John Cooper, citizen of London, 28 September 1699, and receipt, 1714; bond for payment £15, John Petts of Hertford, tailor, to William Cowper, 5 July, 1694; draft release, William Cowper to Samuel Powell [one of Robert Booth's executors], to settle certain lands in Standon, Hertingfordbury and Hatfield for the maintenance of Judith Cowper and any younger children of the marriage, 1698-9; draft marriage articles, in William's hand, between himself and Mary Clavering, 1706  DE/P/F51  C 1686 - 1706

6 items


Related information: For original marriage articles of William Cowper and Mary Clavering, 1706 see DE/P/F213. This document was produced as evidence in the long lawsuit following the deaths of William and his wife, caused by Spencer Cowper's claim on his brother's estate, and is therefore filed with other documents relating to the case.]
[For original will of William, dated 16 May, 1720, in own hand, see DE/P/T1144]
[For two copies of William's will of November 1722 as proved (PCC, 8 May 1724), see DE/P/T1145-6]

Creation of Barony and Earldom  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[Sir William was created Baron Cowper of Wingham, Kent, December 1706, and Viscount Fordwich and Earl Cowper, in March 1718]

Account of charges for passing the patent for Sir William's barony, December 1706; list of charges due to Queen's servants on the creation of a baron, c 1706; copy of preamble to patent creating Sir William Earl Cowper, c1718  DE/P/F52  1706, C 1718

3 items


Related information: [See also bundle of laudatory poems, addressed to Sir William on his elevation and appointment as Lord Chancellor, etc, DE/P/F105]

Correspondence addressed to William, 1st Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[DE/P/F53-57 below consist of files of general correspondence addressed to the 1st Earl, arranged in alphabetical order of writer. A brief indication of the subject of the letter, and the date and place of writing are given where known
All letters are addressed to the 1st Earl unless otherwise stated. Where date is given in brackets this indicates date supplied from endorsement by Lord Cowper

General correspondence, A and B  DE/P/F53  1697 - 1722
Language:  French

Contents:
ADAMSON, Ch: to 'Sir'. Originally enclosed a letter to 'his Lordship. Subject not known. 15 July 1722 Cant[erbury]
ALLIN, Lady Frances: possibility of place for her son at Charterhouse. 9 April 1722 Covent Garden
ANNE, Queen: Note to 1st Earl, unsigned. Endorsed by Dame Sarah, his mother, that it is Queen's hand]. Undated
ASHLEY A: thanks for assisting his 'concern'. 27 Sept [no year]
ASHLEY, Philip: pleading case for those who stand to lose after South Sea bubble crash. 11 Jan 1720/1
BAKER, Henry: has several urgent matters for Ld C to deal with, on instructions of Lords Justices. 3 Sept 1697 Whitehall
BAKER, William [Warden of Wadham College]: originally sending some papers, including The Answer to the Geneva Letter, with comments. 11 April 1707 Oxford
Relating to an election to a fellowship. Refers to Sir Richard Steele. 14 June 1720 Denmark St
As above. Woollaston has been elected. 4 July 1720 Wadham College
BATHURST, Allen, Baron: Hopes Ld C will benefit from waters at Bristol. 8 June 1721
Parliamentary matters. 20 June 1721
Wishes Ld C would return from Bristol. 13 July 1721
Requests appointment to see Ld C after he has been to Gloucestershire. 10 June 1722 St James Square
Postponing an appointment. 20 June 1722
Relating to a conveyance or lease. Undated
BEAUCLERK, Charles, Duke of St Albans: note originally enclosing his proxy for use in House of Lords. 12 March 1713/4, Windsor
BERTIE, Charles, on behalf of brother, Lord Abingdon: cannot accept Ld recommendation for a Parliamentary candidate at Westbury, as is already committed to Mr Annesley. 12 March 1721/2 Ricot
BLOUNT, Katherine, Lady [Pope]: requesting favour and help for Lady Ferrers, who is involved in a law suit of great consequence. 22 Nov 1720 Twickenham
Katherine, Lady [Pope]: requesting favour and help for Lady Ferrers, who is involved in a law suit of great consequence. 22 Nov 1720 Twickenham
Katherine, Lady [Pope]: requesting favour and help for Lady Ferrers, who is involved in a law suit of great consequence. 19 Jan 1720/1 Twickenham
BOTELER, John MP [of Watton, Herts]: difficulties of finding suitable candidates for the county elections in Hertfordshire. Discusses various local gentlemen. 10 October 1714 Woodhall Park
Addressed to 'Gentlemen'. Reply to letter signed by Geo Wilson on behalf of them which threatens an Exchequer process against him, which would be a breach of Parliamentary privilege. 24 Feb 1717/18 Soho
Account of proceedings in Commons. 10 June 1721 London
Account of proceedings in Commons. 15 June 1721 London
Concerning peace with Sweden, and Kings requirement of cash instead of men [Commons proceedings]. 17 June 1721 London
Commons proceedings, and election of sheriffs in City of London. 27 June 1721
Financial troubles have led to him submitting to a 'voluntary Banishmt.' 18 July 1722 London
News of preparations for coronation of Louis XV. 26 Sept [NS] 1722 Rheims
Description of coronation of Louis XV. 7 Nov 1722 Rheims
BOTHMER, Baron [Hanoverian envoy in London]: in French: originally enclosing letters of accredit, for Ld C's perusal, queries whether they are sufficiently formal to be registered. 23 Jan 1710/11
In French. Making appointment to see Ld C 6 Sept 1714
In French. Appointment to discuss various affairs, including that of Duke of Kent. 29 Sept 1714
In French. About a patent for Mrs. Letchmer. 20 June 1717
BOYLE, Charles, Earl of Orrery: hopes Ld C benefiting from visit to Bristol. 27 June 1721 London
BOYLE, David, 1st Earl of Glasgow: loyal support for George I. 9 Aug 1714 Edinburgh
Against Peerage Bill. 15 March 1718/19 Edinburgh
BOYLE, Henry, later Baron Carleton: appointment to see Ld C endorsed "for a meeting on ye subj of Ordr of Council to give an Acct of all horses, etc." [Lord Carlton was Lord President of Council at this time.] 22 May 1722
BRIDGEMAN, Orlando: to request continuance on office of his deputy Craddock. (Court of Bankrupts]. 1 Dec 1705 Combs
BRIDGES, W: About subletting to Ld C of a house he owns in Russell St. 22 Dec 1711
About subletting to Ld C of a house he owns in Russell St. 31 Oct 1712 The Tower
BRIERCLIFFE, Rev Samuel: [this and following letters written by Rev S B on journey to, and arrival in, India. Very long and detailed accounts of journey, local people, customs and politics.] 17 May 1713 Cape of Good Hope
Rev Samuel: [this and following letters written by Rev S B on journey to, and arrival in, India. Very long and detailed accounts of journey, local people, customs and politics.] 17 Jan 1717/15 Calcutta
Rev Samuel: [this and following letters written by Rev S B on journey to, and arrival in, India. Very long and detailed accounts of journey, local people, customs and politics.] 25 Feb 1714/15 Calcutta
Rev Samuel: [this and following letters written by Rev S B on journey to, and arrival in, India. Very long and detailed accounts of journey, local people, customs and politics.] 15 Jan 1715/16 Calcutta
Rev Samuel: [this and following letters written by Rev S B on journey to, and arrival in, India. Very long and detailed accounts of journey, local people, customs and politics.] 17 Jan 1716/17 Bengal
BROWNE, Jos: relates to discovery of author of pamphlet The Country Parson's Honest Advice, etc. Complains of Mr Secretary Harley's severity with him. 20 Feb 1705/6, Bow St, Covent Garden
BRYDGES, James, [as Earl of Carnarvon, later Duke of Chandos]: assures Ld C that does not want Mr Laguerre (a painter) to leave his service and come to him before he has finished his work. 20 July 1716
Appointment to meet. 12 June 1718
BUTLER, Mary, Duchess of Ormonde: asks Ld C to prevent her nephews, Lord Beaufort and his brother, from being removed from Westminster [School], on an application that is to come before him. 7 Aug 1717
BYDE, Thomas: request for passing of patent [? as Judge Advocate General]. 30 May 1715 Ware Park
As above, complains that delay for amendments not necessary. 8 June 1715
Some documents in French

General correspondence, C to G  DE/P/F54  1701 - 1723

Contents:
CALVERLEY, Lady M: originally enclosed a MS prophecy. 5 June [no year]
CAMPBELL, Archibald, Earl of Islay: [later 3rd Duke of Argyll]: politics among the Scottish peers. 25 Aug 1713
Archibald, Earl of Islay: [later 3rd Duke of Argyll]: politics among the Scottish peers. 31 Aug 1713
Scottish politics. 1 Oct 1713 Edinburgh
Refers to dismissal of his brother, John, Duke of Argyll, and himself from the Kings service, begs for Ld C's protection. 29 June 1716
News of a move to take away part of Baron Scroop's pension [especially augmented to make his stay in Scotland as a Baron of the Scottish Exchequer attractive] in order to supplement the salary of the Scottish Privy Seal, Lord Annandale. 17 May 1717
Letter of thanks and good wishes. 14 July 1720 London
CAPEL, Mary, Countess of Essex: payment of her salary. She intends to have the Earl return to England, after the first campaign in Flanders, to settle his affairs. 13 March [1706/7]
Requests Lieutenancy of Herts for her son. 21 Feb [1709/10]
CARTERET, Hon Edward [Postmaster General]: apology for a misdirected letter. 30 June 1722 G P Office
CAVENDISH, William, 2nd Duke of Devonshire: breaking of ministry "what they intend, is to begin with me". [June 1710]
CHETWODE, Knightley, Dean of Gloucester: begs Ld C to accept gift of lamprey. 16 Feb 1715/16 Gloucester
Congratulates Ld C on resigning. 7 July 1718 Temsford
CHOLMONDELEY, Hugh, 1st Earl of: thanks for peace medal and accepting his proxy. 22 July 1713 Cholmondeley
Repayment of a loan of £10,000 to Ld C. 23 Feb 1718/19
COLYEAR, David, 1st Earl of Portmore: relating to a proposal to purchase Mme Gouvernet's house. 4 Aug 1722 London
CRAGGS, James junior: discusses intended resignation of Ld C from some [small] offices, doubts whether King will approve of Earl of Essex being given them. 9 Nov 1719
DAWES, Sir William, Archbishop of York: agreement as to Lord North's motion being renewed, promise of attendance in House. [Dec 1721]
DEFFONSECA, John: application for patronage as reward for activity in advising the British of the invasion attempt in Scotland in 1708. The changes in the Ministry have rendered ineffectual his letter of recommendation from Lord Sunderland. [1715/16]
DENNIS, John: complaint about Mr Woolaston, formerly secretary to the Commission of the Peace under Ld C, who has been obtaining money by tricks. 16 March 1720/1 Charing Cross
DIXON, J: Thanks for Ld C's letting him know that he is back from taking the waters. 29 July 1721
DIXON, Robert: Gossip from Bristol. 13 Aug 1721 Hotwell [Bristol]
En route for Ireland. News of a rough attempted crossing, and a wreck. Irish gossip. 21 Nov 1721 Holyhead
Political and legal gossip from Dublin. 13 Jan 1721/2 Dublin
Political and legal gossip from Dublin. 29 May 1722 Dublin
DOUCE or DOWCE, Francis [surgeon]: thanks for Ld C's efforts on his behalf and consideration of appointments as Serjeant Surgeon and Surgeon to the Household, etc. 23 Oct 1714
Francis [surgeon]: thanks for Ld C's efforts on his behalf and consideration of appointments as Serjeant Surgeon and Surgeon to the Household, etc. 23 Oct 1714 at 8 pm
DOUGLAS, Elizabeth, Duchess of Hamilton: pleased Ld C is to sit on a case involving some leases left her by her uncle Macclesfield. 13 Jan [1705/6] Preston
DRAKE Sir Francis: promising his interest at Beeralston, and notifying him of date of election. March [1701/2 or 1705/6]
Local [Devon] politics, patronage. 13 Sept 1706
Local [Devon] politics, patronage. 28 Sept 1706
Local [Devon] politics, alterations to Commission of Peace. 21 Oct 1706
Offer to find incumbent for Rectory of Ashcombe [in gift of Ld C as Lord Keeper]; local politics. 29 Oct 1706
Local politics, patronage. 22 Nov 1706
Local politics, patronage. 13 Dec 1706
Local politics, patronage. 30 Dec 1706
Recommendation for a local living [Stockley English]. 25 March 1709
Thanks for success of previous recommendation. 19 April 1709
Nominations for Commission of Peace; troubles of a tenant of Lord Stamford who voted for Spencer Cowper at Beeralston; and the Plymouth Playhouse. 15 Dec 1709
Local politics, also references to Sachaverell and Atterbury. 2 May 1710
On Ld C's resignation. 29 Sept 1710
DUNCOMBE, Sir Charles [Lord Mayor of London]: riots in Spitalfields and sending of militia. 2 July 1709 [past 8 o'clock at night]
Cause of silkweavers' riot - over an engine that would wind silk very cheaply. Several machines being burnt in Swanfields. 2 July 1709 [past 10 o'clock at night]
ERRINGTON, Ben, to Mrs Woolaston: News of the rebellion, mentioning several of the participating Scots peers, and Dutch representatives to the King. 16 Jan 1715/16
ESCOURT, Richard: having resolved a difference with his players, he hopes to procure a good audience for A Tender Husband (Steele) and asks Ld C to send Lady C to assist the Duchess of Marlborough. Friday [1705-12]
Letter of thanks [?as above]. Wednesday [1705-12]
FINCH, Charles, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea: inquiry about possibility of employment in royal service. 2 June 1709 Eastwell
FORTESCUE-ALAND John, later Lord Fortescue: writes concerning speeches of K Cs at trial of Oxford traitors, including extracts. 2 Jan 1715/16
"FRANCES" to Mr Sydenham [an agent of Ld C's]: "Mr Sidenham my lord gillford was to watt of his lordship this morning the news is in the town that my lord allery [? Orrery] has been sent for and his london house hath been searcht [1] no more but I hope the family is and wish you all in town no more but your frind frances." [This letter may relate to the Layer conspiracy scare]. Undated [1723]
FRASER, Simon, Baron Lovat: very hard done by, seeks Ld C's protection. 6 April 1718
Protests zeal for crown, says still persecuted by the administration. 26 Sept 1718 Beaufort [Inverness]
The Jacobites are much cast down by the news of the death of the King of Sweden. 27 Dec 1718 Beaufort
Going north. Refers to a quarrel between Lord Seaforth's people and his own. Rumour of a gathering of the clans to invade England via Glasgow. 18 May 1719 London
Account of battle of Glen Shell. 31 July 1719 Beaufort
Consequences of Glen Sheil. 2 Sept 1719 Beaufort
News from Scotland including escape of Lord Seaforth. 5 Nov 1719 Beaufort
Sorry not to have visited Ld C at Cole Green, but unable to, owing to Lord Islay being ill. 4 July 1720 London
His only child lately dead, and his wife insulted and his servant imprisoned by the Scots - one would think him a rebel rather than a supporter of the government. 2 Aug 1720 London
Gossip from London. [14 Nov 1720]
Is thinking of returning to Scotland. 22 June 1721 London
Fulminating against Lord Roxburgh and Mr Dundas. 17 Nov 1721 Beaufort
Rejoicing at death of Lord Sunderland; also comments on Earl of Aberdeen. 28 April 1722 Edinburgh
New Year wishes; protestations of loyalty; still persecuted. 8 Jan 1722/3 Beaufort
Protestations of zeal; has not heard from Ld C for 12 months. 22 Feb 1722/3
GODOLPHIN, Sidney, 1st Earl of [Lord Treasurer]: representing that Ld C ought to attend the Cabinet Council at Kensington to consider the Queen's speech rather than go out of town. 11 April [1706]
Draft letter, Ld C to Lord Godolphin: acknowledges Ld. Godolphin's help in obtaining ? peerage. 1 Aug 1706
GODOLPHIN, Sidney, 1st Earl of: regrets Ld C's inability to wait on Queen, transmits her decision to postpone the Council until he can attend. [27 Nov 1706]
Note in reply to Ld C relating to barony patent [endorsed "Ld Tr note deliverd cross ye Counc Table to me in answ to my letter to put him in mind of procuring me a Barons Patent".] Undated, c 1706
Request to draft something for the Queen's address to the Lords, in time for the Cabinet Council that evening. [Feb 1707]
Request for thoughts on contents of Queen's answer to address by both Houses. [12 March 1707]
Thanks for advice in relation to his office; doubts expressed by the "Prince's Counsell" about the new arrangements for their salaries and other matters. 19 June 1707 Windsor
Ld C not to put himself to any unnecessary trouble on account of his health. 26 June [1709]
Letter originally enclosing a draft for consideration and correction. [Nov 1709]
Congratulations on birth of son, believes negotiations for a peace are being renewed at the Hague - writes at length on this. 17 Aug 1709 St James's
Not having seen Ld C at Secretary's office, takes leave of Ld C before going to Newmarket for a week. Postcript: believes Ld C will make sure the Queen will be notified when it is time for her to go to the house, "or else she may stay too long in the prince's lodgings". [1709]
Letter originally enclosing a Commission signed by the Queen, regrets continuation of Ld C's indisposition. [1709]
Requests Ld C's presence at Cabinet Council as Lord President and Lord Orford still out of town, and letters of some consequence have come from Holland. 29 June 1710
Appointment to meet; endorsed "Answer from E Godolphin to my Lre on his being removed". 10 Aug 1710
On his dismissal, etc - "a dissolution must follow". 12 Aug 1710
On Ld C's laying down seals. 28 Sept 1710 Althorp
General town news, hopes to see Ld C. 22 June 1711
Asking for facts in relation to the Bewdley charter to be used in publishing some material "in order to sett the late representation of the H: of C: in a truer light". 25 July 1711
Letter originally enclosing one from Duke of Marlborough, intended to be read to the Queen, "his mortifications increase." Undated
GORDON, Alexander, 2nd Duke of Gordon: hopes some of his friends abroad may be enabled to return home. 25 Dec 1717
Henrietta, Duchess of Gordon: original letter from John Gordon-Aboyne to Duchess [at that date still Marchioness of Huntly] recommending her to choose her father or father-in-law, the Duke, as arbitrator in some dispute between herself and her husband [annotated in her hand that this is John Gordon, 3rd son of the late Earl of Aboyne]. 2 May 1714
Asks for help for her husband, who is to be separated from his family for five years [letter dated in Ld C's hand 18 Feb 1714/15, but query this correct].
Copy, in her hand, of letter from her father, the Earl of Peterborough, to herself, regarding the disputes between herself and her husband. Original dated 27 Nov 1714
Copy, in her hand, of letter from her father-in-law to herself, to encourage her during her pregnancy. Original dated 8 March 1714/15
Original letter from R Strachan to the Duchess, acknowledging her commands, hearily regrets that she "persists in the design for England". [Endorsed "A Jesuit, to Lady Huntly"]. 7 April 1715 Aberdeen
She has been told that her chaplain has to register as an Episcopal minister keeping a meeting house. She finds it difficult to keep a chaplain in Scotland, but her children and the poor people need him. Requests that the King may be approached for permission to keep and help maintain her chaplain. [The Duchess maintained the Episcopal church, and instructed her children in it. The Duke was a Roman Catholic]. 20 May 1720 Gordon Castle
Copy, in her hand, of reply from Archbishop of York to a letter of hers, 7 Jan 1721/2 says he would help if could, but is not in London. Promises help when goes to London. [29 March 1721 Bishops Thorpe]
Letter enclosing a representation on the state of the Parochins of Belly and Ruthven [difficulties of maintaining Episcopal worship in Scotland], and describing her difficulties, including her suspicion that her letters are being sent to the Dowager Duchess, who is her enemy. [Letter endorsed in Ld C's hand "This I did not receive at Cole Green till 13 June 1722"]. 15 March [1722]
GORDON, John, Earl of Sutherland: about the irregular procedure in relation to the election of the magistrates at Inverness. 27 Sept 1716 [Leicester St]
GORE, Henry, mortified at having spent so long in town and not receiving any position for it. 22 Nov 1714
GREY, Henry, Duke of Kent: request to borrow money against South Sea stock to be transferred to Ld C. 6 Oct 1720
Has got money mentioned in previous letter elsewhere. 8 Oct 1720

General correspondence, H to O  DE/P/F55  1704-1722


Related information: [See letters from Duke of Newcastle in DE/P/F173 under Nottinghamshire, Gamston, 1706, referring to Harley's attitude to Lord Cowper]

Contents:
HARLEY, Edward, conveys acknowledgement of Ld C's "noble justice" on behalf of his brother Robert. 29 July 1717
HARRIS, Dr John [prebendary of Rochester]: pre-election meetings in Kent, discussion of how votes will be cast and matters arranged - influence of dockyard, etc. 28 March 1713 Rochester
Account of debate in Irish House of Lords on the question of appeals from the Irish Exchequer to the British House of Lords. 24 Sept 1717 Dublin Castle
HEATHCOTE, Sir Gilbertto Thomas Woodford: has been offered a "finely spotted" buck and doe from the E Indies for his park, but since he hasn't one, asks if Ld C would like them for his. 6 Sept 1716
Originally enclosed letter for Ld C. 10 July 1722 London
HEDGES, Sir Charles [Secretary of State]: will immediately write to Duke of Ormonde as Chancellor of Oxford about the sermon preached at St Mary's on 26 May last; also requires details of Mr Freeman, so that he can notify the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland about the post of Lord Chief Baron. 21 June 1706 Cockpit
HERBERT, William, Marquis of Powis: requests Ld C's support in asking leave from King to bring a writ of error to reverse his father's outlawry. 8 Nov 1714
HETHERINGTON, Samuel, news of Robert Harley's appointment as Lord Treasurer. 29 May 1711
Account of Duke of Newcastle's accident [which led to his death]. 16 July 1711
HODGKIN, Rev, Vincent [Rector of Hertingfordbury]: is short of money, having expenses in maintaining chancel, parsonage, etc, and tithes are not entirely at his disposal. 22 March 1708/9
Request for advancement. 23 March 1709/10
HOFFMAN, Mr [Imperial Resident in London]: case of Mme Leyencrona, widow of the late Swedish envoy, who is entitled to a mortgage on a property in Berkshire which has been sold to pay the late owner's debts, asks him to see that some money is held back until a power of attorney can be sent from Sweden, which might take some time, because of the lack of communications. 9 Nov 1717
HOLLES, John, Duke of Newcastle: thanks for concern over health; refers to possible dissolution. 2 Aug [1710] Welbeck
Has given Mr Peyton permission to pursue his interest in a certain borough. Does not see why Ld C should make submissions. Endorsed by Ld C "By this it seems he designs not to surrender on ye Dissoln - Harley has so far insinuated." 2 Sept [1710]
On Ld C's resignation. Refers to Mr Monckton [who tried, on Harley's behalf, to get Ld C to stay in the ministry]. Endorsed in Ld C's hand "This Mr M voted agt me..... for ye Question framd to reflect on me". 1 Nov [1710]
HOLLES, Thomas Pelham, Duke of Newcastle: reminds Ld C that King has appointed the following noon for giving him the staff of High Steward at St James. [21 June 1717]
HOLLINGS, J. [? a doctor] to Mr Atwell: refers to Ld C's "loss of flesh", and prescribes for this and other disorders from which he is suffering, and he should take the medicine, in spite of his great adversion to medication. 23 Jan 1719/20
To Mr Atwell: advises that Ld C return home, in spite of inconvenience of travelling. Undated c1720
HUME, Sir Patrick, 1st Earl of Marchmont: wants son Sir Andrew to be made one of the Barons of the Scottish Exchequer. 19 Feb 1708/9 Redbraies Castle
Support for Union, expected dissolution. 1 Aug 1710 Edinburgh
Letter of recommendation for Sir Andrew Don, who is to appear against an appeal from a sentence by the Scottish Lords of Sessions. 22 April 1713 Redbrass Castle
Congratulations on return to office, and thanks for kindness shown in affair of Mistress. Grace Douglas. 27 Nov 1714
HUTCHESON, Archibald, M.P: letter originally enclosing part of the report of the secret committee relating to Lord Sunderland and a draft of resolutions, asks Ld C to advise his brother Spencer of any alterations he may care to make, as Spencer will be attending the committee next day. 12 March 1720/1
Relating to the question to be asked in Parliament against the Earl of Sunderland in respect of South Sea crash, and the consequences of inaction on the matter. 13 March 1720/1 Committee Room
Notifying Ld C of the secret committee to prepare drafts towards a report, and enclosing a draft for information and advice. Saturday night [Undated]
Chances of his success in Westminster election, against the Ministry. 21 March 1721/2
Has heard of Ld Sunderland's death, has written preface to a collection of papers relating to the Westminster election. 20 April 1722
Thanks for correcting his preface [see letter of 20 April above] and enclosing letter from Lord Molesworth asking Ld. C's support for himself and Hutcheson in Westminster for the next election. 28 April 1722
JACOB, Jos: congratulates Ld C on pains taken for the public good. 15 Dec 1721 Hoxton
Long letter on ? repeal of Occasional Conformity Act...... "all I would ask is, but to be allowed the Quakers leavings, I do but desire the Liberty of taking an oath by the affirmation they reject...." 20 [Jan 1721/2] Hoxton, near the Square)
JEKILL, Sir Joseph [Master of the Rolls]: requests his presence in Commons for impeachment of Somers. [April 1701]
KENNETT, White, Dean of Peterborough: riots at Stamford; meeting house and "Whig" church attacked. Upsets caused by Pretender's invasion. 31 July 1715
KER, John, Duke of Roxburgh: [Unsigned] hopes to see Ld C next week. Thursday (Undated)
Will wait on Ld C, but preferably on the morrow, as the Lords Justices meet then. Undated
Brief note "Mr. Robert Pearson from ye D of Roxburgh for a small living 50 or 60 p an. Undated
Wishes to see Ld C to show him a letter from "our friend". Thursday 27 June
Appointment to see Ld C. Wednesday
KNELLER, Sir Godfrey: has sent Lady C.'s picture to London, wishes to know when Lady C will sit. 18 Aug [1710]
KNIGHT, Robert [Treasurer of S. Sea Co]; draft letter from Ld C to: proposals for repayment of debt by Mr W[ymondesole]. 6 Dec 1720
Reply to above that will press Mr Wymondesole to do as Ld C desires. [Jan 1720]
LAWTON, C: on state of estate at Strode, Sussex, where Ld, C's cousin Cowper lives, and how he is S restoring his fortune. 15 Aug 1717
LLOYD, Dr William, junior [prebend of Worcester]: on a rumour that a Mr Broughton is to be put out of the Commission of the Peace for Staffordshire, which would be a disservice to the government. Also recommends another name for the Commission. 25 July 1709 Worcester
Writing on behalf of his father the Bishop of Worcester: thanks him for letter, and on own behalf thanks him for suggesting preferment to Deanery or Worcester, and names others to recommend him, if required Also benefice of Alderminster is fallen vacant at Ld C's disposal, and recommends curate there, Cadwalader Griffiths 23 March 1714/15
Gift of cider and lampreys; recommends Mr Wyntle, son of Dr Wyntle of Gloucester, for one of Radcliff Fellowships. 16 May 1715 Worcester
MACKENZIE, George, 1st Earl of Cromarty: defending himself against some allegation by Lord Ross. 26 March 1709 Edinburgh
On the Union and the Scottish factions. 30 April 1709 Roystoun
Scottish affairs, Lord Ross. 17 May 1709 Roystoun
As above; appointments of Justices of Peace in Rosshire. 24 May 1709
About factions in Rosshire. 24 May 1709 Royston
The Justices of Rosshire and their complaints against one another. 31 May 1709
MANNINGHAM, Thomas, Bishop of Chichester: will attend at House of Lords to make a proxy for the impeachment. 14 Jan 1715/16
MASON, Henry, brief note to Mrs Young [at Cole Green]: Ld C's laying down the seals frightens the whole town. [C 15 April 1718]
Gives names of Commissioners of Great Seal appointed after Ld C's resignation. Thursday night [17 April 1718]
De MEDICI, Cosimo III, Grand Duke of Tuscany: in Italian [with translation attached]; hopes his envoy extraordinary, the Marquis Neri Corsini will be able to have recourse to Ld C's favour. 4 Feb 1717 Florence
MELVILLE, David, Earl of Melville and Levens recounts affairs in which he has shown his zeal for the government, and asks Ld C's interest in obtaining some mark of favour from the King. 15 March 1715/16
MERRILL, J: protestations of worthiness, having been opposed by Ld C in attempt to succeed Thomas Byde as Judge Advocate General. 10 Sept 1715 Golden Square
MOHUN, Elizabeth, Lady: wants permission for Mr Barrow to attend Ld C for an opinion. 18 Aug [1713]
MONCKTON, R [the following letters relate to attempts by Harley to keep Ld C, in office in 1710, Monckton acting as go-between]: somewhat enigmatic letter relating to various points, endorsed by Ld C "Mr Monckton's Ire a Spy of Mr H & my Answer Aug & Sep 1710"; draft of Ld C's reply also attached, dated 2 Sept. 1710 at Hertingfordbury. 28 Aug 1710
Has received orders to arrange a meeting between Ld C and another in town. 5 Nov 1713 Piccadilly
MONTAGU, Charles, 1st Earl of Halifax slowness of matters in dismissal of Lord Keeper Wright and appointment of Ld C to this post. 5 Oct 1705
About cases for great seals; is now on way to Hanover, having (stopped at the Hague to see how the treaty for guaranteeing the Protestant succession was going. Account of how this progressing. 7/18 May 1706
News of conclusion of marriage between Princess of Hanover and Prince Royal of Prussia, which has been brought about partly by the prospect of the Protestant succession in England. 22 June 1706 Hanover
Draft letter from Ld C to, in Holland: on progress of Union, politics, etc. [1706]
Thanks for Ld C's invitation into country; will give the Duke of Montague an account of the state of "that affair". 11 Sept [1708] Hampton Court
Congratulations on birth of son. 17 Aug 1709
On his brother Sir James' removal, and Harcourt's replacing him. [16 Sept 1710]
[To Ld C while on cure] proceedings in House of Lords. 23 May 1711
Has met Lady Essex and discussed disputed Portland will with her, and recommends her case to Ld C. 2 Aug 1711
Possible visit to Cole Green, weather, other matters. [20 Aug 1711]
Putting off a visit to Cole Green. 7 Aug 1712
Wishes to visit Lady C as soon as she is strong enough to admit visitors to her dressing room. 6 Oct 1713
Hopes Ld C will bring Lady C to London when she is well, enough. 26 Nov 1713
"We have certain advice that the Lady is fallen ill again, and is in as bad or a worse condition than she was in a month ago", Ld C should come to London as soon as possible. [Endorsed by Ld C "abt Qn sickness"]. 24 Jan 1713/14
Endorsed "Ld Halifax.....about his being Ld Lieutt of Ireland". 5 May 1715
MONTAGUE, Charles, Earl of Manchester: thanks for kindness to Mr Pocklington, discusses diplomatic and military moves on continent. 29 July 1707 Venice
NAYLOR, G legal [Lord Pelham's affairs]; dispute over will [?Lady Harley's inheritance]. 8 Jan 1713/14 Bloomsbury Square
NEEDHAM, Peter, copy letter from Ld C to: thanking him for his Thesphrastus. 26 July 1712
NEWELL, George: concerning a dispute between himself [as Commissary of Archdeacon of Lincoln, and Chancellor of the Diocese] and the Archdeacon's Official, on the terms of an award and a bond made on it [a question of jurisdiction]. 26 Aug 1713 Lincoln
NEWTON, [Sir] Henry, draft reply from Ld C to: thanking him for sending copy of his book 29 Aug 1713 Cole Green
Thanks Ld C for "accepting of my poor trifles" and assurance that the award drawn up in regard to the Lincoln dispute is fair [see letter from George Newell above]. 5 Sept 1713
NORTHEY, Sir Edward, Attorney General, to Robert Valpole [?original or copy]: concerning conditions of grant of office of collector of subsidy of tonnage and poundage to Sir John Shaw by a non obstante in Letters Patent, and he cannot pass a warrant sent him by Mr Walpole because it would be void by statutes of Richard II providing that customery can only be during pleasure. 21 June 1716
NORTON, Col Richard: wishes to serve his country by becoming a peer. 30 June 1717
Turns down offer of seat in lower house [offered as alternative to peerage]. 20 Aug 1717
OAKER, William: legal, regarding a case in Chancery, also a reference to his success in obtaining a post near Ld C [endorsed "abt ye Recorder of H." If this is Hertford, there is no reference to be found of Wm Oaker as Recorder at this period.] 26 July 1720
OGILVY, James, Earl of Findlater: proposal to try and dissolve Union has been dropped. Has supported the government in all things, asks for payment of arrears. 3 March 1714/15
Asks for payment of arrears over services in settling succession and Union, amongst other things. Comments on his current position, Scottish affairs, etc. 12 April 1715
His son Deskford has been committed to Edinburgh Castle on suspicion of disloyalty. Affirms loyalty of all his family, and asks Ld C to interpose for bail, or freedom on honour. 23 Aug 1715
News from Scotland of rout of Pretender's forces, and plea for liberty of Earl of kinnoull. [1715]
Refers to the reconciliation between the King and Prince of Wales, and asks him to convey his compliments to the Prince on this occasion. 20 May 1720 Cullen House
OLDMIXON, John: apology to Ld C for having offended House of Lords by publishing an unauthorized translation of a French account of the process against Lord Winton. 17 April 1716
OWEN, Captain William: thanks for a letter and his advancement. 16 June 1719, On board HMS Advice at Sheerness
Is to be commissioned for HMS Ipswich, to be a guard ship at Portsmouth. Requests favour of continued patronage. 13 April 1721
OXENDEN, Sir James: concerning ? a bill of divorce. Reference to "a Revengeful Wife arm'd with all the Pyson'd Tongues of Malice and Falsehood ....", is sure W C will see him through. 5 Feb 1704/5
Letter of introduction for his chaplain, Mr Andrews, for a living. 28 Oct 1706 Deane

General correspondence, P to S  DE/P/F56  1705 - 1722

Contents:
PAGET, Henry 1st Earl of Uxbridge: has heard Ld C has come to Bristol to take waters, hopes will benefit from them. Footnote that the inquiry into Navy affairs is again put off - the House is at present very thin for an inquiry of so great consequence. 20 June 1721 London
Hopes Ld C is not staying longer in Bristol because of a return of his complaint. 13 July 1721
Having had his own surveyor look at the house in St James Square, he cannot offer for it, as it appears to be in a much worse condition than Ld C will admit. 4 Aug 1722 Drayton
PARKER, Sir Thomas, Lord Parker, later Lord Chancellor and Earl of Macclesfield: has been trying to arrange election of Mr Clavering [probably Robert, later Professor of Hebrew at Oxford] to lectureship in "this parish", but Dr Roderick, whose death would have occasioned the vacancy, is now recovering. 9 July 1711 Essex St
Draft letter from Ld C to: explains has not waited on Sir Thomas in person [who is at Hertford for the Assizes], because this might provide food for malicious tongues. 11 Aug 1712
Copy letter from Ld C to, on resignation, recommending Mr John Hughes to be continued in office as Secretary of the Commissions of the Peace. 20 April 1718
Has been applied to by Lord Grimston to put Mr Joshua Pembrook into the Commission of the Peace for the Liberty of St Albans, but thinks Ld C knows something to his disadvantage, so requests Ld C to let him know if he is agreeable to his being put into the Commission. 5 Oct. 1719
PAULET, Charles, Duke of Bolton: sending some letters originally enclosed. 6 July 1710 Hackwood
Irish affairs - hopes Ld C will advise him. Reference to petitions of Maurice Annesley and Sherlock. Lord Wharton has taken his seat in the Irish House of Lords, having come of age, although challenged. Reference to Addison. 30 Aug 1717 Dublin Castle
Concerning Sherlock's case and prospect of trouble with the Irish House of Lords, which is to meet next day. 8 Sept 1717 Dublin Castle
More about Sherlock's case, hopes that the Irish Commons will vote the Quantum on Thursday next satisfactorily. 13 Sept 1717 Dublin Castle
Sherlock's case and Irish Lords' moves on this matter. Short account of debate on same, and result of the division, with names of peers who voted for and against endorsed on letter. 19 Sept 1717 Dublin Castle
More about Sherlock's case and Irish Lords. 21 Sept 1717 Dublin Castle
Further on the same, originally enclosed related documents. 23 Sept 1717 Dublin Castle
As previous letter. 3 Oct 1717 Dublin Castle
Parliamentary proceedings, delays caused by Speaker being unwell. 21 Nov 1717 Dublin Castle
Concerning Irish House of Lords challenging British House of Lords, and draft of reply from Ld C 21 June 1719. 13 June 1719 Dublin Castle
PAULET, Lord William: asking to be appointed Governor of St Catherine's Hospital in succession to "Mr Towneshend who Dyed this morning." 23 May 1709
Originally enclosing a letter of 13 June from the Duke of Bolton [see Charles Paulet above] his nephew. 18 June 1719
PEAD, Devel: congratulations on birth of daughter. Undated [1207]
PHILIPS, Ambrose: thanks for generosity [endorsed Mr Phillips thanks for ye 50 1." 13 Feb 1720/1
PLUMER, Col Jo: has crossed Ld C somehow [nopt clear in letter] and writes to clear matters [endorsed "Col Plummers 1re abt Moyce ....]. 25 Dec 1715
POWELL, Samuel: [endorsed "Uncle Powell about Mrs Cheney"; about plight of "cousin Cheney", now widowed, and left unprovided for, except for £12 pa left her by her uncle Booth. Presses her claim to charitable consideration. 17 March 1712/13 Hackney
POWIS, Mr J: draft letter from Ld C to: request that Assizes may be kept at Bury St Edmunds 29 May 1706
RAWSON, Dr Joseph [chaplain to Ld C]: originally enclosing copies of a poem - a panegyric on Ld C 16 Oct 1710
ROBETHON, Jean de [private secretary to George I]: relating to sale of ? an office.... " the gentleman /...... is not willing to go beyond £1500 for the 2 lives:. [Dec 1714]
RUSSEL, Francis: thanks for Ld C's part in his appointment as agent for the Commissioners of Sick and Wounded Seamen at Plymouth, of which he has heard through Sir Francis Drake. 15 Nov 1706 Plymouth
ST JOHN, Henry, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke: thanks for "humane & generous treatment" on a late occasion. 4 Sept 1714 Golden Square
Good wishes for resuming office. 11 Sept 1714 Bucklebury
ST LEDGER, Sir John, Baron of Irish Exchequer: originally enclosing a trifle from his pen. N Endorsed "Sr Jn St Leger 1re owning self ye author of ye Managers Pro & Con." 21 April 1710 Inner Temple
SCHULENBERG, Mme de: in French. Thanks for speeding up matters in relation to the "expectance of the Clerk of the Crown. [25 Oct 1717]
SEYMOUR, Charles, 6th Duke of Somerset: progress of election campaign in Wiltshire. Hopes W C has appointed Mr Pritty to prebend of Winchester, as he is much supported by the Duke of Bolton and other Hampshire gentlemen. 22 Nov 1705 Marlborough
On the elections, and results at Amersham and Chippenham. Wishes to be notified of day for sheriffs in Council. 27 Nov 1705 Marlborough
Wishes to wait on Ld C. Endorsed by Ld C "To advise if should goe out but found his business was really to get it to say yt my opinn (among others I suppose) was for his staying in: but I gave him a Contrary opin yet left him minded to stay in, if he could. Wednesday [28 Aug 1711]
Further about same. Refers to Lord G. He must answer by five that night. Endorsed by Ld C "D of Somerset to let me know in p'suance of my advice he had permitted ye Dutches to stay in Queens Service etc. I hope possibly some good may come ti to it". Saturday [1711]
SHEFFIELD, John, Duke of Buckingham: having missed Ld C at the House, wishes him to come there tomorrow morning about the committee which sits then concerning Lord Anglesey's bill. [March 1711/12]
SHIRLEY, Selina, Countess Ferrers: originally enclosing her case, with comments on it. [20 Feb 1720]
SMALLWOOD, James: news of the surrender of Tournai, general military news. 25 July 1709 before Tournay
SMART, Jona: thanks for favours shown in his "unhappy Affair". 13 March 1719/20
SOMERS, John, Baron: to summon WC to meet the Lord Treasurer at Lord Halifax's house on the morrow. Wed morning [1705]
To make secret appointment as above for following day, as Mr C in country Thursday 4 pm [1705]
Letter of introduction for Captain Lee, who wishes to enter his service, should he "accept of that place (wch I & I hope every good Englishman wishes you in possession of)". Sunday afternoon [1705]
Concern for Ld C's health, explains that no cause for alarm in letter he sent, merely did it in order to avoid sending it all the way to Windsor to Lord Sunderland, where Sir Is Rebow should properly have sent it. 19 Sept 1709 Leic[ester] Fields
Excuses himself from accepting Ld C's invitation on grounds of illhealth. [Sept 1709]
Has just come from Lord Treasurer who has just been ordered to break his white staff. Must see Ld C before Council meeting [July 1710]
Excuses self for being unable to see Ld. C. that morning. Undated
SPENCER, Charles, Earl of Sunderland: excuses himself from seeing Ld C that morning. Undated
Compliments on being given Great Seal. No good news from Vienna about Hungary - they seem more concerned about military success in Transylvania than in any treaty. Hopes to return home with Ld Marlborough who is expected in three or four days. Oct 27 - Nov 7 1705 Vienna
Patronage; asks for prebend of Gloucester for a Mr Cook, who failed to get the Deanery in competition with Dr Chetwode, and is an uncle of one of the MPs for Gloucester. 5 Aug 1707
Acknowledges receipt at Windsor of his letter and inclosures from Lord President and Sir Isaac Rebow. Says Queen entirely approves of Ld C's proposals in respect of the matter and has given orders that the writer give the necessary instructions. Hopes Ld C well enough to attend meeting at Cockpit on Wednesday morning, as several things put off at Windsor yesterday. 19 Sept 1709 Whitehall
On Ld C's being out of the administration, and prospects of the election. 30 Sept 1710 Althorp
Has received letters from Lord Marlborough in which he desires to have the opinion of Ld C and other of his friends about the time of his coming over. There are other things mentioned in his letter, and some letters enclosed from Hanover, which are worth Ld C's seeing. He is trying to get a meeting together of Ld C, Lord Godolphin, Lord Somers and Lord Halifax. 19 Oct 1710 Althorp
Has heard that Lady C is on a fair way to recovery, and now writes to say that Mr Cadogan, who is to return to Holland in a few days, wishes to wait on Ld C as he has some papers relating to the Duke of Marlborough's cause and several other things of a more public nature to discuss. 1 Nov 1713 London
Discusses death of chief Baron of Irish Exchequer, Joseph Deane, and appointment of his successor. Suggests Irish be allowed to nominate Gilbert's sucessor when he moves from King's Bench to take up the post, as a consolation for having the Englishman imposed on them. Originally enclosed letter from Lord Chief Justice Forster pressing for the appointment of an Irish nominee. 14 May 1715 Bath
Has heard from some Irish gentlemen that a bill is depending in the Irish House of Lords for confirming some bargains between Lord Clanrickard and his son, "the first a papist nonjuror, and the other, who was called up to the House of Peers in Ireland by the late Ministry and has the same Inclinations". They are supported by the Earls of Abingdon and Anglesey. The Irish gentlemen are apprehensive that such a bill, if passed, would be prejudicial to the Protestant interest in Ireland, and the writer asks Ld C to keep an eye on the matter. Is glad Gilbert has been made chief Baron in Ireland. 18 June 1715 Bath
A committee of Lords to meet at Cockpit tonight, hopes Ld C will be there. Asks him to bring University Bill, as King has spoken to him about it again. Would have waited on Ld C last night, but had some MPs dining with him, who stayed until eleven, but it was probably to good purpose, as he will tell Ld C when he sees him. 13 May 1717
Acknowledges receipt letter, which has read to King, who has ordered a Cabinet Council at Hampton Court for 5 pm, and a Clerk of the Council to attend for orders about the prorogation. HM, drinking the waters makes it impossible to have a Council in the morning. If Ld C will dine with him, he will take care that only M Bernstorff, M Bothmer, and Lord Stanhope are there, and begs he will be at Hampton Court, otherwise there will not be six to make a Council. 8 Aug 1717 Hampton Court
Originally enclosing papers relating to case of Robert Scaresbrick and others, would be glad of opinion what directions should be given to Mr Crackerode upon the matter. 14 Aug 1717 Hampton Court
Wonders whether it would be possible to have a Council at Newmarket if the King decides to stay longer than Monday, for the prorogation of Parliament and the proclamation for notice of their doing business. Asks for Commission to be sent just in case. 1 Oct 1717 [Tuesday] London
Acknowledges receipt of letter but as King not yet decided about going to Cambridge, or returning to Hampton Court, he is sending messenger back to ask for the Commission to be sent as soon as possible, in case the Council is held at Newmarket, so that the King may sign it there. Also H M intends to prorogue Parliament to 21 Nov writer already has proclamation at Newmarket. In case it does not take place there he will take care to have some of those in the Commission attend Ld C at House on Tuesday night. Thursday 2 o'clock Newmarket [Oct 1717]
The King will leave on Monday for Hampton Court, and a Great Council will be held on Tuesday morning there. Writer will keep Commission and hand it over to Ld C at Hampton Court, then "The King dines today at Lord Orford's & tomorrow at Cambridge". Saturday 2 o'clock Newmarket [5 Oct 1717]
SPENCER, Thomas to Captain William Newton at Clarecastle: apology for sending "that, that did not please you", but regrets that he should have been "reprimanded..... in the open Street amongst a cell of known Enemies to the protestant constitution". His withdrawal of friendship and custom will mean a considerable loss. Undated
STANDEN, Jos: letter originally accompanying gift of a sermon. 3 July 1711
STEBBING, Samuel: has looked to see if any accounts of ceremonies anciently observed when a Guardian or Lieutenant of the Kingdom has held a Parliament in the King's absence, without much success. 26 Oct 1716 College of Arms
STEELE, Richard: explaining his motives in having Mr Roberts present his book to Ld C. Endorsed by Ld C "Mr Steel als Bickerstaff". 17 Feb 1710/11 Berry St
Begs for a place in the Charterhouse for a child, Thomas Crump; and copy, in Lady C's hand of Ld C's answer that will try and oblige when his turn for a warrant comes round. Invites Steele into country. 12 July 1711 Berry St St James
Thanks for Ld C's kind answer to his request. Footnote that has just heard the Duke of Newcastle "is dead of a fall off his Horse". 17 July 1711
Has thought of some other way of helping Thomas Crump, wishes to transfer the Charterhouse nomination to the son of his neighbour Cavalry, a man "who has made Crowds, who know they can passe their time much better than in reading purchase my papers at a rate much above their value". 28 Jan 1711/12
Renewing above application. Has enclosed form of order to the Register of the Charterhouse. 6 March 1711/12
Wishes to succeed Dr Burnett at Charterhouse. Encloses a list of the Governors who will probably elect. 17 Oct 1715 St James St
On behalf of David Scurlock, a relative, and Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford, for a recommendation to Dr Baker to succeed Mr White as a reader at St Giles. "You formerly gave me a living for him in Wales, but the incumbent did not decease as was expected". 26 May 1720
Cover only, addressed and franked by Steele, to Mr Wattson, at Ampthill, Beds. Undated
STRAHAN, Dr William: originally enclosing two letters, which he received under a cover from the Duchess of Gordon. Apologizes for the delay, as they came by sea. 11 June 1722 Doctors Commons

General correspondence, T to Z Also including anonymous letters and draft outgoing letters from Lord Cowper, addressees unknown  DE/P/F57  1704 - [1723]
Language:  French

Contents:
TALBOT, Adelhida, Duchess of Shrewsbury begs Ld C to prevail with King to alter the manner of her brother's death [Marquis de Paliotti]. [March 1717]
TALBOT, Charles, Duke of Shrewsbury relating to a ? prophetic letter about a man residing at Whetstone. Also refers to an application for patronage of a Mr Bridges. 25 Jan 1714/15
Originally enclosing a letter relating to the appointment of a new chief Baron in Ireland, and giving Sir Richard Leving a good character. 10 May 1715
TAYLOR, John: putting forward a proposal to render the Universities more useful by instituting a regular system of visitation in the colleges, similar to the bishops visitation of the clergy. 13 Sept 1718 Calverton near Stony Stratford, Bucks
Reflections on a rumoured proposal to make some alteration to the constitution of the church. 1 Jan 1719/20 Calverton
Congratulations on "becoming the Darling of honest men of all sides, for ye Zeal to search out & punish those naughty wretches who have almost ruined this poor Nation".
[S Sea Co crash] 1 June 1721 Calverton
Acknowledges receipt of Ld C's letter to say he has recovered his health, with subsequent reflections. 10 March 1721/2 Calverton
TENCH, [Fisher]: has, at Ld C's instance, introduced the "young gentleman" to the Court of Assistance, who has been so favourably received that he will no doubt go abroad with great advantage. 27 Oct 1713
TENISON, Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury: congratulations on reappointment to Chancellorship. Urges his chaplain Clavering for nomination when the Hebrew Professorship at Oxford is considered. 22 Sept 1714 Lambeth
Translation into French in Lady C's hand of an original letter not surviving]; further concerning Robert Clavering and the Oxford Professorship [original letter written just after Coronation on 20th October]. [Oct 1714]
THOMSON, Sir William, Solicitor General: hopes Ld C will forgive this freedom in "sending a small parcel of mine I believe pretty good of ye kind", and hopes for his good health to continue. 17 July 1719
TRENCHARD, John: has heard Ld C is at the Hot Well, and therefore takes the opportunity of offering him half the first buck his keeper kills, and free range in his park, if he so desires. 24 June [1721] Cuttridge
TREVOR, Sir John [Master of Rolls]: Bath on Ld C's return to office. 29 Sept 1714
TRIMNELL, Dr Charles, Bishop of Norwich: concerning a law case. 18 May 1709 Norwich
Asking Lord C to act as godfather for his son. 4 Aug 1713
Arrangements for christening. 8 Aug 1713
Thanks for sponsoring his son. Discusses "Mr Trevor's affair". 18 Aug 1713
Desired by Dr Gibson to present his new book to Ld C. Recommends Dr Dunster for Mastership of St Paul's School. 8 Oct 1713
Regrets to hear of Lady C's illness. Thanks Ld C for engaging Mr Cowper to act for Dr Dunster in regard to Mercers Company. 15 Oct 1713
Acknowledgement of reply to previous letter. 1 Dec 1713
VOLKRA, Count: in French. Asks protection for Captain Plunket, who has been recommended by H R E to H M for inclusion in the amnesty relating to the late rebellion, as he was too young at the time to be guilty. 8 June 1717
WENTWORTH, Thomas, Lord Raby, later Earl of Strafford: letter of thanks for his activities in pleading for him. 28 July 1704 Berlin
On Ld C's appointment as Lord Keeper. 9 Nov [1705] Berlin
On Ld C resigning the seals. Undated [1710]
Congratulations on return to office. 9 Oct 1714 Hague
Has heard from Lord Bathurst that Ld C is thinking of writing to him - would be pleased to hear from him - melancholy reflections on the state of the nation. 29 June 1721 London
Concerning phrasing of clauses to put forward at third reading of bill [Notts and Leics Highways, 8 Geo I c xiii] [5 Jan 1721/2]
Concerning Ld C acting with Lord Trevor as a referee between himself and Lady Wentworth. Rumours in London that Ld C has been sent for, and that Duke of Somerset has been offered the key but refused it. Also gives names of new Scottish lords. 25 April 1722 London
Arrangements for Reference with Lord Trevor. 10 May 1722 London
Arrangements for Reference with Lord Trevor. 5 June 1722 London
WHARTON, Philip, Marquis and later Duke of: has a nominee for a vacant living in Swaledale. 2 July 1717
"The reconciliation in the Royal Family is so sudden......" the writer has been taken unawares. 24 April 1720 Newmarket
Will wait on Ld C soon. Asks Ld C to assure H R H that he will support his interest. 27 April 1720 Newmarket
Has arrived to find everything in order. Will wait on Ld C immediately he returns. Has "just returned from putting poor Ld Chief Justice Forster in his grave". 5 July 1720 Dublin
Support for Ld C and Prince of Wales. Found his country neighbours "entirely satisfied with my behaviour in Parliament & impatient to have all the Offenders (both great and small) brought to Justice". [? S Sea Co crash]. 2 Jan 1720/1 Woburn
Will wait on Ld C at time he suggests. 4 Jan 1720/1
Has to go to Aylesbury to see to Sessions, therefore asks if any petition to be presented. Is sending proxy to Ld C to use. Wed am [April 1721]
Has just returned from Malmsbury where there was an unexpected faction against him. Is willing to come to London at any time to support Ld C and his friends. Monday noon Woburn [May 1721]
Hopes waters will do Ld C good. News of progress in House of Lords. 8 June 1721 London
Hopes waters will do Ld C good. News of progress in House of Lords. 24 June 1721 London
Has been to York Races and is now at Castle Howard. Comments on poverty of the city, and beauties of Castle Howard. Political matters - dined with Archbishop of York "who talks very much in the stile of a complainant tory, Dislikes the manner in which the Directors & others have been punished". [S Sea Co crash]. 9 Aug 1721 Castle Howard
Dangers of summoning a new Parliament, especially in view of the Calamity [S Sea Co crash]. 24 Aug 1721 Wharton Hall
Unable to attend House. Thinks has been illtreated by some of the Tories in view of his opposition to the Ministry. 2 Dec 1721
Wishes to call on Ld C to ask his advice. Saturday noon Newmarket [? 1721]
WICK or WICHE J, English Resident at Hamburg: congratulations on finishing negotiations [? Union]. 10 Aug 1706 Hamburg
News of effect on Germany of the Swedish invasion of Saxony. 24 Sept 1706 Hamburg
The war in Germany and Poland. 9 Nov 1706 Hamburg
Favourable news of Marlborough's visit to the Swedish Court. Congratulations on marriage. 10 May 1707 Hamburg
Thanks to Ld C for his appointment as Envoy Extraordinary. 27 Sept 1709 Hamburg
News from continent. Reflections on the Treaty at the Hague; one of the German Dukes has turned Roman Catholic. 11 April 1710 Hamburg
New Year's wishes to Ld C. 30 Dec 1712 Hamburg
News of his son's progress, and contract to a young lady of Holstein. 7 Feb 1712/13 Hamburg
WILLIAMS, Daniel, and others: formal letter of thanks to Ld C for opposing the Schism Bill on its first reading. Endorsed "Lre fro some heads of Dissenters to op Bill @ Schisme". 7 June 1714
WOOLLASTON, R, to John Fuller, Esq: writer finds that by the royal grant to the royal servants belonging to the playhouse that they are at liberty to act anywhere and not in one place alone. Therefore if the recipient still thinks that what Mr Leigh or Mr Bullock is about is contrary to the law, they are willing to give security to appear and answer at the sessions. 19 April 1717
Refuting allegations made about him in respect of his various activities [including dealing with Fuller as above, and activities as Clerk of the Commissions of the Peace, under patronage. 10 Nov. 1717
His son is leaving the Charterhouse for Wadham College, Oxford. Endorsed "answd wth 5 gs & a 1re." 20 Aug 1719
Conveys Mr Vincent's thanks for obtaining a post for him from the Prince of Wales. 23 July 1720
ANON: Letter with cover in shorthand addressed to Lord Chancellor Cowper. Undated
ANON: Addressee not known. This and following letter in same ? female hand. Refers to illhealth of addressee. 20 Aug [1713]
ANON: Addressee not known. This and following letter in same ? female hand. Refers to recovery of addressee. 1 Sept 1713
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown: long letter to "Sir". Includes statement "I have long suspected and am now very sure, that my good friend Ld T has a mind to promote Ld F to my place....." Letter justifies his actions whilst Lord Chancellor. [Feb-March, 1716/17]
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown [but same as in previous item?]: To "Sir". Political matters. "Having your leave to write my thoughts upon what is depending here during your absence......" 1718-19
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown, in reply to request for prebend. 2 May 1719
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown [but as in previous two items?]: To "Sir". "As I would not do myself the honor of waiting on you while and discussion of bill, probably Peerage Bill of 1719. 9 Dec 1719
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown [could be to Bernstorff after the Layer Conspiracy]: to "Sir". "I thought not proper to write to you either myself or by my French Secrety...... ye imputation, wch you cannot be a stranger to, was blown over......". Undated [1723]
[Some documents in French]

Letters to 1st Earl from various members of the Cowper and Clavering families [total 44]  DE/P/F58  1690-1723

52 items

Contents:
Sir William, his father, two letters, dated 17 March, 1690/1 and 14 July, 1698 [the former contains proposals for sharing the "housekeeping" with his son]
Dame Sarah, his mother [including draft reply from 1st Earl, undated]. 16 items, 1692-1714
Judith, his first wife, two letters, dated 14 June, 1691, and undated.
Spencer, his brother, [mainly while on circuit in North Wales, but including also an undated (early) draft from 1st Earl relating to someone who has offended the Southwark Commissioners for the taking of oaths]. 14 items, 1711;1717-21
Lady Sarah, elder daughter [one letter also signed by son Spencer]. 7 items, before 1718; 1720; 1723
William, elder son [later 2nd Earl], [single letter and draft of same in mother's hand]. 2 items, before 1718
John and Margaret Clavering, half brother and sister of Mary, Countess Cowper [to summon Ld C urgently on account of the Countess being ill] 1 item, May 1720
William Cowper, Clerk of Parliaments [son of brother Spencer]. 6 items, 1707-1719
William Cowper, later Knight Harbinger to George II. 1 item, 21 April 1722
Thomas Cowper, ? brother of the Knight Harbinger [begging letter]. 1 item, 22 April 1721

Letters  DE/P/F59  1706-1723

32 items

Contents:
From Mary, Countess Cowper to her husband [mainly whilst in attendance on the Prince of Wales - family, political and court news - many letters undated]-Bundle includes drafts of some answers from Ld C

Letters from Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford  DE/P/F60  1706-1714

23 items

Contents:
Letter of introduction for Robert Griffith, whom Harley has recommended for the benefice of New Radnor. 7 April 1706
Reasons why Lord Gower should not be named Chancellor of the Duchy in the Commission. 20 May 1706
Charles Caeser, Esquire, is to be left out of the Commission of the Peace [official] 26 June 1706; Whitehall
Queen intends to have a Council at St James on the morrow, only business will be proroguing Parliament, so would be grateful if W C will send Commission to his office. 11 Sept 1706
Just come from Windsor. Queen wishes Dr Trimnel to have St James, Picadilly - matter urgent as if commendam runs out [due Oct 1st], it will be in the gift of the Bishop of London. 23 Sept 1706
Concerning St James, Picadilly, and reasons why has not spoken to W C recently. Postcript that Col Hamilton has arrived from "Allicant" to give an account of the taking of the castle there, but the Queen has not seen him yet. 26 Sept 1706
Concerning a new Great Seal, now the Union is come about. Also wishes to wait on W C, with names of young gentlemen who are now of age and may take their deceased fathers' places on the bench in Radnor. 18 Oct 1706
Originally enclosed letter received from Duke of Marlborough. 5 Nov 1706; Brampton Castle
Is preparing a warrant for W C's barony, wishes to know what title he chooses. 1 Dec 1706
Congratulations on his honour. Report that Recorder of London is dying, and recommends Serjeant Birch, for a long time Attorney to the Crown in South Wales. 11 Dec 1706
Has heard rumour that someone is trying to remove Mr Cox from being a judge in Radnor, Brecon and Glamorgan. Assures Ld C that no-one could be more suitable. 25 April 1707
Concerning a consultation with the Lord Treasurer about judges, and the quarrelsomeness of Neve, who could be replaced by Locklington. 25 April 1707
About Lord Treasurer censuring him for preferring Dr Atterbury's petition. 12 Sept 1707
About his removal from the Commission of the Peace for Herefordshire. 2 Aug 1710
Further on the same. 4 Aug 1710
Further on the same. 6 Aug 1710
Requests that he be sworn into office [as Chancellor of Exchequer] as soon as possible. 19 Aug 1710
Wishes to know when Ld C will be attended as arbitrator in settlement of Duke of Newcastles' estates. 11 Feb 1713/14
Enigmatic comment on current political affairs. 30 March 1714
Relating to the proposal to summon the Duke of Cambridge to the House of Lords. 12 May 1714
Has been retired in his family, offers his services to Ld C if he can find a use for them. 5 Sept 1714
Concerning conclusion of arbitration in Newcastle estate case, also mentions his appointment as Warden of Sherwood Forest, and recalls to Ld C that he has been Custos Rotulorum for Radnor. 14 Oct 1714
Is commanded to see Ld C on a matter of consequence. Undated [before Dec 1706]

Letters from John Hughes, post and dramatist, to 1st and Countess Cowper, and from other members of his family, some of whom lived at Hertingfordbury  DE/P/F61  1717-1722

24 items


Related information: [See draft letter from Lord Cowper to Lord Parker, 20 April 1718 (in DE/P/F56, under Parker) asking him to continue John Hughes in office as Secretary of the Commissions of the Peace]

Contents:
John: Has heard that Ld C has discussed him with Mr [Edward] Hughes and conveys his gratitude for his patronage. 28 Sept 1717
John: letter to Lady C originally enclosing a gift of a translation of a work by Fontenelle, with two additional dialogues s at the end by himself [? Dialogue des Morts]. 2 Dec 1717
Edward: Thanks for favours done by Ld C for his kinsman Hughes. 12 Feb 1717/18 Horse Guards
John: Letter on resignation of Ld C. 19 April 1718
John: Letter of thanks for a recommendation also originally enclosing a translation of Boileau. 5 May 1718
Edward: Letter accompanying the gift of a pike and carp. Expressions of gratitude. 21 May 1718
John: Enclosing verses by a Mr Welsted, a gentleman he has heard mentioned by Steele as a promising genius. He has also found two pictures that Ld C might like, and has also seen the pictures mentioned by Mr Woodford as having been brought from Italy, but does not think there are any Ld C would have liked. 5 Aug 1718
John: thanks for letter received, and discussion of Welsted's verses on Duke of Marlborough. 12 Aug 1718
John: Mews of his health, and apology for having been taken ill at Cole Green. 25 Sept 1718; Cole Green
John: Has been ill, and confined at home. Repeats thanks for his entertainment at Cole Green, hopes Lady Sarah is better. Also encloses a volume containing a dialogue in the manner of Lucian by Mr Valsh, and also some early verses of his own. Mentions possibility of his play being produced in the winter. 25 Oct 1718
John: Thanks for letter, news of health. 4 Nov 1718
John: To Lady C Thanks for receiving him, reference to a play and asks permission to dedicate it to her. Also draft reply from Lady C in answer, telling him not to dedicate to her, as this would be doing himself a disservice. 2 Dec 1718
John: Accompanying a trifle. 14 March 1718/19
John: To Lady C Has engaged Mrs Robinson [to perform for Lady C] instead of Mrs Barbier, to play the harpsichord. Has also contacted Mr Handel, who may come if not otherwise engaged. 1 May 1719
John: News of health, will have recourse to asses milk and the air of Carshalton, to which he is encouraged by the success of his visit last year. 2 June 1719
John: Concerning the Commission [of the Peace for Herts] and Mr Toller, whom he excuses. Remarks that he only recommended Ld C's neighbour at Welwyn, as far as he knows. Mentions other recommendations for insertion. 23 June 1719
Edward: To remind Ld C of his promise that he should have the house and orchard adjoining the mill [at Hertingfordbury] and a meadow also. 6 Aug 1719 Hertingfordbury
John: Letter originally accompanying a portrait of himself by Kneller, which he is presenting to Ld C. 22 Jan 1719/20
Edward: Letter originally enclosing the following item on behalf of his late kinsman Mr Hughes. 19 Feb 1719/20 Horse Guards
John: Copy of letter to Ld C of thanks for patronage and recommendation to his successor as Lord Chancellor and dedication of a new tragedy to him, part of which was written in the neighbourhood of his country seat. Endorsed "sent in a lre of Mr Edw Hughes fro Mr John Hughes after his decease". 19 Feb 1719/20
Jabez: Letter originally accompany the last work of his late brother John, thanking him for the favours shown him by Ld C. 24 Feb 1719/20
Ann: Letter of thanks for favours shown to her late son John. 1 March 1719/20
Edward: Relates to some papers placed before Ld C by Mr Sydenham. Expresses his willingness to attend on his lordship, but says he will not betray his principles. 19 Aug 1722

Letters  DE/P/F62  1705-1722

60 items

Contents:
From William Wake as Bishop of Lincoln (to 1716) and subsequently as Archbishop of Canterbury. Chiefly relating to ecclesiastical patronage, politics, and personal matters. Some letters are addressed to Lady C, and there is one letter from Mrs Wake to Lady C on her husband becoming Archbishop

Letters from John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough and Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough  DE/P/F63  1705-1721

87 items


Related information: [See DE/P/F79 and F206-7 for further material relating to the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough]

Contents:
Duke of Marlborough to Ld C, also drafts of letters from Ld C in reply, including a copy of Ld C's thanks to him on behalf of the House of Lords, 5 December 1706, and a copy in Lady C's hand of a letter from Count Wratislaus to the Duke from Vienna, 12 July 1710. 19 items, 1705-10, 1714
Duchess of Marlborough to Lord and Lady C including 10 undated items, a draft letter from Lady C to the Duchess, and copies of an exchange of letters between Queen Anne and the Duchess, under their pseudonyms, November 1704, in Lady C's hand. 68 items, 1707-1721

Diaries, accounts, and miscellaneous papers  [no ref. or date]

Compendium of Syriac language  DE/P/F64  C1670-80

1 Volume

Contents:
Inside the cover is a note in Ld C's hand as follows "This is ye Compendiu. by wch I learnd ye Syriack Dialect At Westmr Schoole all them wrote by my own hand. I found it in my Quintilian this Oct 1718 after not having seen it many years having read Quintilian ye first or 2d year after leaving that School"

School exercise book, ? 1st Earl  DE/P/F65  C1680

1 Volume
Language:  Greek, Hebrew and Latin

Contents:
Contains Latin, Greek and Hebrew concordance, and extracts, tags, etc, in these languages

Small volume, ? 1st Earl  DE/P/F66  C1680

1 Volume
Language:  Greek and Latin

Contents:
Contains translations and extracts from Latin and Greek texts, etc

Similar content to DE/P/F66  DE/P/F67  C1680-90

1 Volume
Language:  Greek, Hebrew and Latin

Contents:
Contains Greek, Latin and Hebrew concordance, also some later commonplace material

Part of diary  DE/P/F68  July 1688-Jan 1688/9

1 item

Contents:
Written in legal hand [could be either William or Spencer Cowper], describing flight of James II, the landing of William or Orange, and the journey of William and Spencer to meet him at Wallingford, [the brothers raised a small band and went to join the Prince's forces]

Original diary of 1st Earl Cowper  DE/P/F69  1705-1714

1 Volume

Contents:
At the back of the volume are detailed half yearly accounts showing his sources of income from office, 1705-10 and 1714-18, an abstract of which is to be found in the printed version of the diary (Roxburghe Club, 1833), which is in all other respects a complete transcript of the contents of this document)

18th cent transcript of DE/P/F69  DE/P/F70  Undated

1 Volume

Contents:
Correct transcript, but contains only the abstract of accounts which appears in the printed version

[no title or ref. or date]

Contents:
DE/P/F71-79 are the pocket diaries/almanacs of 1st Earl Cowper consisting of eight small printed volumes of either Goldsmiths, Almanac or Rider's British Merlin, which contain a diary section, and also an almanac listing fairs, law officers, and other information

Pocket diary  DE/P/F71  1711

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing miscellaneous notes, addresses, and lists of names [from entries in later diaries it would appear that these were names of visitors.] This volume also contains a "Memo out of Build. Art 15 Oct 171", relating to the construction of buildings - probably in connection with the building of his house at Cole Green

As in DE/P/F71  DE/P/F72  1712

1 Volume

Contents:
This volume also contains financial notes, such as details of income from various sources, bank bills in hand, etc

As in DE/P/F71  DE/P/F73  1712-1715

1 Volume

Contents:
Diary is for 1713, but also contains notes and accounts relating to his own and other people's finances, including Duchess of Marlborough's, 1712-15

As in DE/P/F71  DE/P/F74  1713

1 Volume

Contents:
Also contains notes about financial affairs and building

As in DE/P/F71  DE/P/F75  1714

1 Volume

Contents:
Also contains charges of building and furnishing the country house, 1712-14, and various notes on financial matters

As in DE/P/F71  DE/P/F76  1715

1 Volume

Contents:
Contains also charges on building, 1714-17, political notes and office notes [many too enigmatic to understand], and also notes on judges and appointments in his jurisdiction as Lord Chancellor - Justices of Peace, church preferments, etc

As in DE/P/F71  DE/P/F77  1719

1 Volume

Contents:
Also contains financial notes

As in DE/P/F71  DE/P/F78  1721

1 Volume

Contents:
Main contents of this volume consist of notes on the finances and general state of the Navy, methods of promotion, and officers' pay, also the Navy Debt, c 1714-21

Documents relating to financial transactions carried out by 1st Earl Cowper on behalf of Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, while she was abroad in 1713-14, and on his own behalf  DE/P/F79  1712-1721

18 items


Related information: [See DE/P/F73, which also contains some material relating to the Duchess of Marlborough's finances]

Contents:
Memorandum by 1st Earl of transfer of £27,000 to him by the Duchess prior to her departure, and various statements of account, receipts etc, relating to his dealings on her account, chiefly in Bank and S.Sea stock, 1712-15 [8 items]; and similar documents relating to his own financial affairs, including a defeasance from Matthew Wymondesole ? his broker, and a letter of attorney to Thomas Dowce, through whom he conducted some of his financial transactions, 1712-1721 [10 items]

Poems, etc, by Ashley, Judith and William Cowper, the children of Spencer Cowper, given at various times to Lord and Lady Cowper [Judith being better known as Mrs Madan, a minor poetess who flourished throughout the 18th. century]  DE/P/F80  1701-C1722

18 items

Contents:
Paraphrase of 3rd Ode from 5th Book of Horace by Ashley [before 1723]; short poem dated 1718, given to Lady C, in 1721 by Judith; two copies of a poem occasioned by the death of Mr John Hughes, 1720 by Judith; prologue and epilogue to The Royal Convert, by Judith, 1720; paraphrase of 4th Ode from 3rd Book of Horace, 1721, and a covering letter from Judith to Lady C in respect of it, dated 1721; three copies of a short satirical verse addressed to Ashley on his prospects as a lawyer, 1721 [endorsed by Ld C "made by niece Judith Cowper & put into her Bro: Ashleys Co: upon Litt: while He was reading it"]; an undated poem to Mr Pope, written in his works; and The Progress of Poetry, a long poem by Judith eventually published in London in 1783; treatise De Mundis Pluribus by William endorsed by Ld C "nefew W Cowpers Treatise or Extract of ye System of ye world made when at Oxford", c 1706; two copies of an elegy on the death of King James, one an original in William's hand, the other a copy in the hand of Judith, 1st wife of Ld C, dated 13 September, 1701, and attributed by her to nephew William; copy of poem in memory of Mr Hughes written in the Seige of Damascus [Mr Hughes last work], 1720; and poem addressed to Ld C, endorsed by him "made by nephew Wm Cowper & given by his Mo to my Wife Oct 1721"

Papers of Judith, 1st wife of William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]


Related information: A considerable number of Booth's business papers have survived, see DE/P/T4281-T4450
For additional items relating to Judith, see DE/P/T4445, a letter from her father Robert Booth counselling her to stay away from William Cowper, as his prospects and youth do not make him the ideal husband. She must not marry until the settlements are ready, in any case, 15 April 1685; also DE/P/T4338, bond to pay £500 for the use of Judith Booth, intended wife of William Cowper, 7 July, 1686; and DE/P/T1217, settlement by Sir William Cowper on his son William on his intended marriage, 7 July 1686

Administrative history:
Judith was the daughter of Robert Booth, a London merchant. The marriage took place sometime between June 1686 and January 1687, and a son, William, was born on 10 Sept 1687, who flourished in about 1691 (see letters from William to Judith below) but died young. Judith died on 2 April 1705

Letters from William Cowper to Judith, also letters from other correspondents  DE/P/F81  1677-C1704

88 items

Contents:
William to Judith, mainly family and legal news [Cowper was on circuit during much of this period], but some reference to wider events, especially in letter dated 15 December 1688, where he describes the journey of the Prince of Orange from Wallingford to Windsor, after his landing at Torbay [also 7 undated letters.] 66 items, 1686-1702
Other correspondents to Judith: Pennington, wife of Spencer Cowper, 3 letters, 1682, 1696 and 1698; Dame Sarah Cowper, her mother-in-law, 1 letter, 1703; B Elwes, 2 letters [about finishing paling for park at Cole Green, August, 1704; Katherine, Lady Pope Blount, 4 letters, about 1704; and two letters from members of the Nelthorpe family to one another [the Nelthorpes seem to have been closely associated with Judith, there being several references to them in the letters from her husband], being a letter from Mary Popple at ? Bordeaux to her brother Edward Nelthorpe in London, 1677, and a letter from Mary Nelthorpe to her mother in verse, giving an account of her health, 1684. 12 items; 1677-c 1740

Commonplace book  DE/P/F82  C1690-1705

1 Volume

Contents:
Contains extracts from, and comments on, Dr Lister's Journey to Paris, and the Turkish Spy, amongst other items

Copies, mainly in Judith's hand, of broadsheets, topical and literary verse, and other miscellaneous items  DE/P/F83  C1680-1705

40 items

Contents:
A copy of Laurence Hyde's speech to the King of Poland, 1677; satirical verse on the pregnancy of James II's Queen; copy of a letter from William III at Loo to Lord Somers, 15/25 August 1698 [a copy of Lord Somers' reply is in DE/P/F49]; Two copies of verses entitled "Doct: Wilds Ghost on his Majestys Gracious Declaration for Liberty of Conscience"; "An inscription intended to be set up for ye Earle of Rochester when by the happy effects of his Ministry The Chappell of St Stephen is become a Chappell to the Jesuits", 1701; two copies of a petition of the Mayor, etc, of the City of London, "design'd to be sent but was lost in the Comon Council by one", 1701; two copies of address from JPs of Worcester to William III, 1701; satirical writing "The Results of the Cabarett, 1701"; copy of an account of an interrogation of a Frenchman by the Earl of Nottingham [by the Frenchman], in connection with the Cevennes revolt, 1703; a character of Charles II, endorsed as being "by ye D of Normanby, formerly E of Mulgrave, c 1703; and miscellaneous other items

Culling papers  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Elizabeth Culling was the mistress of William Cowper, later 1st Earl Cowper, and brought him two children. She was the daughter of John Culling of Hertingfordbury Park, who died in 1687/8, and was buried in St Helen's, Bishopsgate. Her brother John died in January 1702/3 without issue, and Elizabeth inherited the estate. She died on 27th November 1703, and was buried at Hertingfordbury. Of her children, William, born on 14 November, 1697, died in Paris on 31 October, 1719. Mary, born on 10 September 1700, lived to maturity, and married one Robert Isaacson [see DE/P/F85]
The rumours about Lord Cowper's polygamy appeared to be based on the fact that Elizabeth Culling was of a station in life that perhaps would, in other circumstances, have led to her becoming the wife, rather than the mistress, of William Cowper. In her will she acknowledges that the children are her natural children, and the children were also acknowledged by Lord Cowper and his second wife, as will be seen from the correspondence [DE/P/F85]

Chancery probate of will  DE/P/F84  28 June 1703; Teste 17 Nov 1705

Contents:
Of Elizabeth Culling, who died 27 November, 1703. She left her estates, which she inherited from her brother, to her natural son William, and in default of his heirs, to her natural daughter Mary, her uncle Charles Culling joining in the Chancery action to confirm the provisions of the will, he being named as next heir after William and Mary. This document is properly speaking an exemplification of the documents concerned in the cause of William and Mary Culling by their guardians against Charles Culling, and a considerable amount of information is given about the family, the births of the children, etc

Letters  DE/P/F85  1714-1722

46 items

Contents:
To 1st Earl Cowper relating to the affairs of Mary and William Culling, his children by Elizabeth Culling, including letters from the children to their father, letters and accounts from Paul Jodrell, the children's lawyer/guardian, letters relating to the death of William in Paris in 1719, and the secret marriage of Mary in 1720 to Mr Isaacson. Also letters from Charles Culling, Elizabeth's uncle, and letters from William to the 1st Earl's second wife, Mary

Deed of trust  DE/P/F86  16 Jan 1715/16

1 item

Contents:
Between John Wheake, Clerk of Dispensations in Chancery, and William and Charles Culling for payment to the latter of part of the profits of office

LOCAL [HERTFORDSHIRE] AFFAIRS  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[Documents relating to the 1st Earl's activities in local politics, as Custos Rotulorum, and Lord Lieutenant, MP, etc]

Appointments of 1st Earl Cowper as Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum for Hertfordshire  DE/P/F87  1710,1714/15

5 items

Contents:
Letters patent, appointment as Custos Rotulorum, 10 August, 1710; letters patent, appointment as Lord Lieutenant, 16 August 1710; letters patent revoking appointment of Earl of Salisbury as Custos Rotulorum, and appointing 1st Earl Cowper in his place, 15 January, 1714/15; letters patent, appointment as Lord Lieutenant, 5 March, 1714/15; certificate of Earl Cowper having taken the oaths on his appointment as Lord Lieutenant, 29 March 1715

Other appointments  DE/P/F88  1691/2; 1705; 1715

3 items

Contents:
Appointment [by Earl of Essex, as Lord Lieutenant], of William Johnson of Ware as Clerk of the Militia, 27 February, 1691/2; appointment of Richard Woollaston as a Deputy Lieutenant, together, with a copy of the Lord Lieutenant's (Earl of Essex) patent of office, 13 July, 1705; and appointment of Ralph Freeman as a Deputy Lieutenant, 19 August, 1715

Orders in Council, etc, sent to Earl Cowper as Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Hertfordshire  DE/P/F89  1711; 1715; 1722

13 items

Contents:
Order to desist from pressing men for the Navy, as the landmen so pressed have not been found suitable, 23 June 1711; order to appoint Commission Officers and Deputy Lieutenants, 30 June, 1715; order to enforce laws against papists, 20 July, 1715; order for seizing of arms, especially those of papists, 20 July, 1715; order to Lord Lieutenant to go into his county and there regulate the militia and see that horses are provided, 19 September, 1715; order to have militia in readiness, and seize arms of all papists, 20 September 1715; official letter from Lord Townshend emphasizing importance of orders in council just issued, 21 September, 1715; order to tender oaths to papists, nonjurors and others, and to seize persons suspected of traitorous activities, 8 November 1715; order to seize persons and arms of all papists and nonjurors and make return of the same to the Council, 8 November 1715; order to take an account of all the horses in the county within 20 miles of London, 9 May 1722; draft letter from Earl Cowper to Lord Carleton about the previous item, 15 May 1722 [see also letter from Henry Boyle, Baron Carleton in DE/P/F53 making an appointment to see Lord Cowper about this, 22 May 1722]; two orders to enforce the laws against papists, nonjurors, and suspected persons, 9 May 1722

Returns from the Justices of the Peace  DE/P/F90  1715

7 items

Contents:
For the various divisions within the county of Hertfordshire of the names of those who refused to take the oaths of allegiance, or were registered papists

Letters relating to the Lord Lieutenancy  DE/P/F91  1715-16,1719

5 items


Related information: See letter from Mary Capel, Countess of Essex to Lord Cowper, February 1709/10 in DE/P/ F54, in which she originally asked for the Lieutenancy for her son, the Earl

Contents:
Letter from George Hadley to Lord Cowper excusing himself from being commissioned as a major, as being too old and inactive, 15 October, 1715; letter from same, 10th to accept commission as lieutenant colonel, 2 June, 1716; draft of letter from Lord Cowper to the Earl of Essex in respect of the latter's comments on his conduct as Lord Lieutenant, October, 1719, and reply from Lord Essex, 17 October, 1719; copy letter from Lord Cowper to Mr Secretary Craggs in respect of the above correspondence with Essex 1 November 1719

Quarter Sessions papers, William Cowper as J P  DE/P/F92  1687-C1700

17 items

Contents:
Draft minute and order relating to passing of treasurer's accounts, 10 Sept, 1687; draft or copy of order to Mayor of Hertford in respect of weights and measures, 3 October 1692, and 2 copies of abstracts from statutes relating to weights and measures; copy or draft of minutes of Special Sessions held 27 April and 22 July 1693 and 28 May and 15 August 1694, for presentments by the surveyors of highways for the half-hundred of Hertford; heads of charge at Quarter Sessions, Midsummer 1694, and heads of charges, undated [4 items]; draft letter to ? Custos Rotulorum giving details of a riot at Ware c 1693; copy of a letter to Mr Paske and Allen concerning the bailment of Dixon, undated.; and various papers, undated, chiefly abstracts of various statutes [5 items]

Parliamentary elections. Borough of Hertford, various papers  DE/P/F93  C1700-1722

12 items


Related information: For letter discussing choice of candidates for knights of the shire for Hertfordshire, see DE/P/F53, John Boteler to Lord Cowper, 10 October 1714.
For letters relating to preferment of incumbent of Herting fordbury see DE/P/F178

Contents:
[Sir William Cowper, 2nd bart, sat as MP for the borough, 1679-81, 1688-1700 and his son William, later 1st Earl, sat as junior MP for Hertford from 1695 to 1700. The Sarah Stout case, involving Spencer Cowper, precluded either father or son from sitting for Hertford after 1700. Most of the papers listed below relate to the series of petition and unseatings of MPs in respect of Hertford which took place between 1705 and 1722, the main cause of which was the creation of non-resident freemen by the Mayor and Corporation, which swung the balance in favour of the Corporation's favoured candidates. In 1722 a committee of the House of Commons passed a resolution limiting the number of non-resident freemen to three]; copy of borough charter of 1680, undated.; letter to Sir Thomas Clarke, MP [for Hertford], containing names of wrongly made freemen, and instances of the mayor and recorder bringing pressure to bear on various townspeople, undated., but c 1702-22; printed "Case of the Antient Burrough of Hertford In Relation to their Electing of Burgesses...", undated.; letter from William Johnson of Hertford to Lord Cowper, assuring him of his affection for the "honest interest", 9 June 1707; copy of poll, 4 October 1710; copy of poll, undated., but early 18th cent [Caesar, Harrison, Clarke and Dimsdale candidates]; account of cash laid out on Quo Warranto against Hertford, part of which receipted by Thomas Woodford, 11 April 1712; account of money expended for Sir Thomas Clarke and John Boteler [probably 1714 election]; account of expenses "not charged in ye last accompt" [? 1714/15]; copy petition to crown from inhabitants of Hertford, c 1714-22]; copy of poll, 20 March 1721; and case of Sir Thomas Clarke against Charles Caesar for the Borough of Hertford [printed], 1721/2

LEGAL, OFFICIAL AND POLITICAL PAPERS: Legal career before 1705, and between 1710-14 and 1718-23  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The documents listed under this heading consist of papers relating to Lord Cowper's appointment as a K C, and cases and opinions, and other papers, relating to cases in which he was involved before taking office as Lord Keeper, and in the intervals when he was out of office.
Reference should also be made to the section containing documents relating to Chancery cases heard while he was in office.
According to reference books, Lord Cowper was called to the Bar in May 1688, and became a K C in 1694. From the entries following it will be shown that a patent for King's Counsel was sought, and obtained, in July/August 1689]

Documents relating to appointment as K C, etc  DE/P/F94  1689-1704

7 items

Contents:
Letter, Robert Howard to Earl of Shrewsbury, secretary of state, asking on behalf of Sir William Cowper, 2nd bart, that his son be made of the King's "Councill learned in the Law" 26 July, 1689; letters patent appointing William, later Lord Cowper, a K C, 1 August 1689; letters patent reappointing Lord Cowper a K C, 24 June 1702; receipted bill for passing the latter patent, 29 July 1702; dispensing licences to allow Lord Cowper, being a K C, to act for the defence as follows: Nicholas Hooper and William Cowper for Martha Mossom and others, in Chancery, 14 June 1703; William Cowper for the Earl of Portland in Exchequer, 15 June 1704; and William Cowper for Lord Halifax in Exchequer, 15 June 1704

Cases and opinions, etc, to 1705  DE/P/F95  C1682-1704

15 items
Language:  French


Related information: [For further information on Lord Cowper's legal career before 1705 see the following: his letters to his first wife Judith, 1686-1702, [DE/P/F81] describing life on circuit in the Home Counties [some of these letters are quoted by Lord Campbell in his Lives of the Lord Chancellors]; letter from Henry Baker asking for an opinion, 3 September 1697 [DE/P/F53]; letter of thanks from Thomas Wentworth, Lord Raby, for pleading his cause, 28 July 1704 [DE/P/F57]; and letter from Sir James Oxenden about his proposed divorce, 5 February, 1704/5 in DE/P/F55.]

Contents:
Three cases and opinions in legal French [on land law ? theoretical exercises], undated., but c 1682-88; two decrees in Chancery (Annand v Honywood), 10 May and 22 June 1681; case, and argument on a special verdict in indictment of murder at Serjeants Inn (Rex v Owen Sullevan and others), 7 January 1694/5; statement of case and argument (Pool v Regem), c1690-1700; case and opinion, and notes for defence, Pullein v Birkbeck in Kings Bench, May 1699; copy order by House of Lords on appeal by Lord Wharton that case of Wharton v Squire (on appeal from the Exchequer) is to be tried in Common Pleas, 12 February 1702/3; cases of both sides, and extracts from imprest rolls relating to charges against Lord Halifax in Exchequer relating to the Auditorship of Receipt, 1703-4
Three cases and opinions in legal French

Case of Sarah Stout  DE/P/F96  1699-1700

39 items

Contents:
Documents relating to the trial and appeal of murder involving Spencer Cowper, after the death by drowning of Sarah Stout of Hertford, including a copy of the verdict at the inquest; a printed copy of the report of the trial of Spencer Cowper; copies of, and original, affidavits, etc, in respect of the informality in the return of the writ of appeal of murder; copies of the rules of court; printed copies of the cases of Mary Stout and Spencer Cowper; copies of documents relating to the case of Wilson against Law, a case of appeal of murder in 1694; and William Cowper's notes for his appearance as counsel for his brother in hearings before Lord Keeper Wright on the return of the writ, including those referred to by Lord Campbell in his Lives of the Lord Chancellors, vol 4, p 282

Cases and opinions, 1710-14 and 1718-23  DE/P/F97  C1710-1721

17 items


Related information: [For further documents relating to the Newcastle Reference, see letter, Lord Oxford to Lord Cowper, 11 February, 1713/14 in DE/P/F60, and letter concerning Lord Pelham's affairs, 8 January, 1713/14, from G. Naylor in DE/P/F55.
See also letter from William Oaker to Lord Cowper regarding a case pending in Chancery, 26 July 1720 DE/P/F55)]

Contents:
Earl of Portland's case, fee farm rental, and letter from Countess of Essex [daughter of Earl of Portland, who d 1709] enclosing a translation of her father's Dutch marriage contract [all documents relating to a dispute over Lord Portland's will, in which Lord Cowper may arbitrate, c 1710-12]; case and opinion relating to tithes in the parish of H [opinion by Samuel Dodd, Baron of Exchequer], 21 October 1712; copy will of Gyles Davies of Stroud, Gloucestershire, clothier, July 1712, exhibited in case Pinbury v Elkin c 1712; various documents relating to a dispute over the estates of the Duke of Newcastle [John Holles, d 1711], in which Lord Cowper acted as arbitrator, including draft letter, Lord Cowper to Earl of Oxford [Henrietta, daughter of John Holles, had married Oxford's son Edward], on his appointment as arbitrator, 12 December 1713, two letters, one from Thomas Pelham Holles, Lord Pelham [later Duke of Newcastle], 8 January 1713/14, the other from the Earl of Oxford, 22 January 1713/14, relating to the same, letter from William Monson [legal adviser to Lord Pelham ?] 8 January 1713/14, letter signed by all parties dated 12 March 1713/4 asking Lord Cowper to undertake the Reference, note dated 12 March 1713/14 stating that it is desired that Lord Cowper should consider the claims of the Duchess of Newcastle at the same time as those of Lady Henrietta Harley and Lord Pelham, two further letters from Lord Oxford, 30 March and 19 May 1714, copy agreement signed by Lord Pelham, 10 July 1714, extract from will of Duke of Newcastle relating to his bequest to Harley, and to his wife and daughter, undated, and draft proposals by Lord Cowper as referee [1714]; printed copy of plaintiffs case in Thornby v Fleetwood [Duchess of Hamilton's case], concerning the ability of a papist to inherit, etc, property under terms of 1 James I c 4 [notes by Lord Cowper in margin], February 1720/1

Political career prior to October 1705  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lord Cowper started his political career in 1695, sitting as junior M P for Hertford Borough, his father, Sir William, sitting as senior member. After the Sarah Stout case, neither was able to sit for Hertford again. After an abortive attempt to obtain a seat at Totnes in 1700, Lord Cowper became M P for Beeralston, and represented this borough until he became Lord Keeper in October 1705. His brother Spencer took over the Beeralston seat on Lord Cowper's resigning it

Contents:
The material listed under this heading consists of documents relating specifically to Lord Cowper's Parliamentary activities, and elections as M P, and also a collection of miscellaneous political material of the period 1698-1705

Small notebook  DE/P/F98  C1698-1700

1 item

Unsewn, no cover

Contents:
First section containing a journal of the 1698 Parliament [10 William III], probably kept by Lord Cowper when sitting as junior M P for Hertford, with his father as senior member. The journal covers the period from the opening of the session to 3 February following [31 pp]. The second section of the notebook contains notes on boroughs and the returning of MPs by them, quoting dates of charters and restored rights of returning M P s, also notes on various cases in connection with Parliamentary privileges, procedure, precedents, etc, relating to both Houses, including Sir Giles Mompesson's Case, and also that of Lord Chancellor Bacon [bribery], [31 pp]

Abortive attempt to become M P for Totnes: Letters and draft replies  DE/P/F99  C Dec 1700

6 items

Contents:
Between Charles Paulet, Duke of Bolton, Lord Somers and William Cowper concerning efforts to get the latter elected at Totnes, and the sabotage operation by the Mayor, who apparently favoured Sir Edward Seymour's candidates

Election as M P for Beeralston: draft letter from William Cowper to someone unnamed but acting for Lord Stamford, thanking him for re-election, and asking that Lord Stamford's agent there pay out as necessary, and the writer will then satisfy the agent; draft letter, Lord Cowper to Lord Stamford, 14 April 1708, soliciting continued support for his brother Spencer at Beeralston  DE/P/F100  ? 1705

2 items


Related information: [See letter from Sir Francis Drake (DE/P/F54), to William Cowper, promising his interest at Beeralston, and notifying him of the date of the election, (March, 1701/2 or 1705)]

Miscellaneous items relating to politics, c 1695-1705  DE/P/F101  C1695-1705

14 items


Related information: 1701 impeachments: see also letter Jekyll to Cowper DE/P/F55 summoning Cowper to attend Common for impeachment of Somers, April 1701

Contents:
Notes on provisions of 9 and 10 William III, c 32 [otherwise 9 William III c 35], being an act for the more effectual suppressing of blasphemy and profaneness, 1698; inspeximus of borough charter of Maldon, Essex, tempus Henry II, and copy petition to House of Commons from inhabitants of Maldon protesting at creation of honorary freemen, which has caused the inhabitants to be outvoted by foreigners in Parliamentary elections, c 1693-5; two printed copies of royal proclamations, one against immorality and profaneness, the other relating to high treason and succouring late King James of France, 1697-8; election poster/handbill, "A Prospect taken of England divided in the Election of the next Parliament", 1698; printed copy of order vacating written protections issued by Lords spiritual or temporal 1696, and order that same shall be posted, 1698 [ 1 item]; notes on taxation, debate, 1698, endorsed on copy of order made at Hertford Assizes; Navy Paymaster's case in respect of poundage[MS], 1698; MS endorsed "Notes taken in ye Mony-Chair", consisting of detailed notes on proceedings of Committee of Supply, February, 1698/9; notes giving detailed chronology of impeachment proceedings against Lords Somers, Portland, Oxford and Halifax, April and May 1701; copy of Earl of Maclesfield's statement in respect of Lord Orford and H M S Dolphin; printed account of proceedings of House of Lords on the observations of the Commissioners for examining the public accounts, etc 1702/3; and printed copy of 2 and 3 Anne c 20 [ Queen Anne's Bounty]

Appointment as Lord Keeper and Lord Chancellor, 1705-7, 1714, and resignation, 1718  [no ref. or date]

Grant of Lord Keeper's allowances, 14 October 1705; copies of warrants on appointment as Lord Keeper [to pass grants depending, to pay allowances out of Hanaper to Lord Chancellor as customary and to commission the Master of the Rolls and the judges to hear causes in the absence of the Lord Keeper] originals dated 14 October 1705; grant of pension of £4,000 p a to Lord Keeper, during office, chargeable on Post Office, 29 November 1705; warrant from Treasury to Postmaster General to pay the above annuity, 12 December, 1705; order in council announcing swearing in as Lord Chancellor, 23 June 1707; copy of oath of Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, as taken by Lord Cowper, 23 June 1707; and blank commission for supplying place of Lord Chancellor Cowper during any absence from the House of Lords, c 1706-10  DE/P/F102  1705, 1707

9 items

Copy of oath taken as Lord Chancellor, and Order in Council announcing Lord Cowper's taking office, 22 September, 1714; three warrants addressed to Lord Cowper, enabling him to grant briefs, to grant custody of idiots and lunatics, and to pass grants depending, 23 September 1714; receipted bill for fees for swearing in, September 1714; letter summoning Lord Cowper to be sworn a member of new Privy Council, 30 September, 1714; grant of Lord Chancellor's allowances, 14 October 1714; grant of pension of £4,000 pa during office, 25 October 1714; and draft of letter to Lord Stanhope announcing resignation, 15 April 1718  DE/P/F103  1714, 1718

11 items

Miscellaneous items relating to appointment as Lord Chancellor  DE/P/F104  C1705-10

3 items


Related information: [For letters from Sir Richard Steele to Lord Cowper asking him to procure a place in the Charterhouse for a protegé, see DE/P/F56]

Contents:
Letters patent appointing Lord Cowper, in capacity as Lord Keeper, a Governor of the Charterhouse in the place of the late Bishop of Winchester, 25 April 1707; copy of announcement of promotion of Lord Somers from Lord Keeper to Lord Chancellor, 22 April 1697; abstract of grants made by the crown to Lord Chancellor or Lord Keeper whilst in office, Henry VIII to Charles II, Undated

Miscellaneous laudatory poems addressed to Lord Cowper  DE/P/F105  C1705-1718

17 items

Contents:
Chiefly on his promotion to office, refusal of the New Year presents, creation of barony, and including one poem on the Union; by various people, including Captain JD Brevall, Joshua Bowes, K Campbell, JC [? Judith Cowper, later Madan], Mr Cunningham, Charles Dent, Thomas D'urfey [poet and dramatist], and Matthew Sylvester [miscellaneous writer]

Union of Scotland and England, 1706-7  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[Lord Cowper, as Lord Chancellor, was appointed one of the Commissioners for the Union]

Two letters from James Ogilvy, 4th Earl of Findlater and 1st Earl of Seafield, to Lord Cowper about the negotiations for the Union, 26 November 1706 and 17 January 1707; two drafts of speech made by Lord Cowper to the opening session of the Commissioners, and draft of speech made to Queen on delivering the Treaty of Union to her; MS volume containing copies of speeches made in Parliament on the Union, Nov 1606 and February 1606/7, undated.; document entitled "Proposals for putting in Exercise and practice the Union of the two Kingdomes into One ....," endorsed by Lord Cowper "Proposals fro Ld March May 707," explanation of the medals struck to commemorate the Union in 1707, c 1707  DE/P/F106  1706 - C1707

8 items


Related information: [For other items relating to the Union, see laudatory poem addressed to Lord Cowper on the Union by K. Campbell, in DE/P/F105; Queen's speech from throne, September, 1707, in DE/P/F135; documents relating to the election, etc, of the Scots representative peers in DE/P/F127; and Order in Council for defacing Great Seal and use of new one, in DE/P/F116]

Lord Chancellor as Keeper of Great Seal, etc  [no ref. or date]

Warrants to affix Great Seal, miscellaneous  DE/P/F107  July 1705 - December 1709

37 items

Warrants to affix Great Seal to various documents  DE/P/F108  Oct 1714 - June 1716

29 items

Contents:
Including ratifications of various treaties

Warrants to affix Great Seal to various documents  DE/P/F109  July 1716 - Dec 1717

18 items

Contents:
Including ratifications of various treaties

Warrants to affix Great Seal to commissions to take pirates in Indian waters [East India Co ships]  DE/P/F110  1705-9, 1714-17

28 items

Warrants to affix Great Seal etc  DE/P/F111  Feb 1715/16; Jan 1716/17

16 items

Contents:
In connection with trials, executions and reprieves of Scottish peers involved in the 1715 rebellion, including two warrants appointing Lord Cowper Lord High Steward, one warrant to issue writs for executions, and thirteen warrants relating to reprieves

Orders in Council and other documents relating to the prorogation or summoning of Parliament and Convocation  DE/P/F112  1706-10; 1714-18

43 items

Contents:
34 Orders in Council, May 1706-May 1710 and September 1714 - February 1717/18 mainly ordering that relevant writs for prorogation of Parliament and Convocation be issued; note of dates of writs issued for summoning and proroguing Parliament and Convocation, from 1689 to 1701; note of type of writs used to prorogue Convocation between 1698 and 1708, with examples from time of Henry VIII; specimen writ for prorogation of Convocation, tempus Anne; copy of writ of exoneration issued 17 October 1708 to prorogue Convocation; note relating to precedents when either of the Archbishoprics is vacant when Convocation falls due; letter from Archbishop Tenison recommending a further writ of exoneration, 11 April 1709; letter from Archbishop Tenison dated 21 January 1714/15 stating that a great fuss has been made in some quarters because the word "Anglicanae" was omitted after the word "Ecclesie" in the last writ issued to summon Convocation; and copy of writ to resume Convocation, 27 January 1714/15

Formal letters from various Secretaries of State instructing that writs be issued etc  DE/P/F113  1709-10

13 items

Contents:
10 letters ordering writs for prorogation of Parliament and for Convocation be issued, April 1709-July 1710; 1 letter ordering writs to be issued to summon Parliament, 21 September 1710; letter ordering that Lord Saye and Sele be issued with a writ of summons to Parliament, 18 February 1709/10; and letter ordering that Lord Castleton should have precedence over Lord St John, 29 June 1716

Warrant  DE/P/F114  18 Oct 1714

1 item

Contents:
Listing names and titles of new peers to be created, their precedence to be as they are listed in the warrant

Orders in Council for passing of Irish Bills under Great Seal, also 2 letters from Lord Sunderland as Secretary of State, 21 and 26 July 1709, urging the utmost urgency in passing the Irish Bills  DE/P/F115  May 1707 - Aug 1710; Sept 1715 - Nov 1717

41 items

Miscellaneous Orders in Council  DE/P/F116  1707-9; 1714-15

7 items


Related information: [For further Orders in Council and related documents, see documents relating to the trial of the Pyx, in DE/P/F124]

Contents:
Order to approve form of writ to be issued to Privy Council in Scotland for certifying the sixteen representative Scots peers, 5 June 1707; order for defacing Great Seal and use of new one, 22 October 1707; order to issue a special commission to try a murder committed by a British subject in Barcelona, 29 May 1707; copy or draft of order requiring the Mayor, Sheriff and Justices of Bristol to enforce strictly the provisions of the act of 13 Henry IV against riots, 28 October 1714; order to issue Commission of Oyer and Terminer to try the Bristol rioters, 29 October 1714; order to affix Great Seal to proclamation for electing Scots representative peers for new Parliament, 15 January 1714/15; order for proclamation be passed for election of Scots representative peer to replace the Late Marquis of Tweedale, 6 January 1715/16

Letters patent  DE/P/F117  16 April 1706

1 item

Contents:
Granting Duke of Marlborough full plenipotentiary powers

Miscellaneous documents relating to items to be passed under Great Seal, etc  DE/P/F118  1706-10; 1714-17

17 items


Related information: [See also letters from Thomas Byde of Ware Park, dated 30 May and 8 June 1715, complaining at delay in passing his patent (? as Judge Advocate General) in DE/P/F53]

Contents:
Signed proclamation of following Tuesday as a day of general thanksgiving for the success of the war, 19 November 1706; original letters of credence of Baron de Schüz, Hanoverian envoy, 18 June 1706 [NS]; appointment by Thomas Byde, Judge Avocate General, of John Thurston junior as Deputy Judge Avocate to H.M. forces in Spain, 6 April 1706; list of patent offices for life, c 1709-10; receipt from Lords Commissioners for Great Seal to Lord Cowper for close commission of Electress Sophia made under Act of Settlement, 1710, and copy letters credence for Baron Bothmer, 1710; notes concerning fact that office of Searcher of Gravesend held for life in spite of statutes against this, undated.; undated but otherwise completed writ addressed to Sheriff of Orkney and Shetland for a proclamation, 1714; draft of a patent appointing Prince of Wales Guardian of the Realm, 1716; copy of commission for government of England in absence of William III, undated., but c 1716-18; documents relating to Furness Abbey lease, concerning which a case was pending in the Exchequer whilst the lease lay before the Lord Chancellor awaiting the Great Seal [copy of minute of Lords of Treasury after a hearing on the dispute over the lease, 1717; two copies of a letter to the Lords of the Treasury about the case, and two letters from Joseph Addison to Lord Cowper, instructing him to hold back, and then pass, the lease, 25 June and 9 July 1717]; and letter from William Benson, Surveyor General of HM Works, to Lord Cowper, asking that a patent now before him to be speedily passed, 13 September 1717

Commissions of Sewers: documents relating to the inclusion, etc, of names in these Commissions  DE/P/F119  1715; Undated

7 items

Contents:
Isle of Ely, 1715, list of names for inclusion and exclusion from Lord Orford; ditto, including list of deceased members, from Mr Underwood; ditto, including a note on procedure with regard to appointment of new Commission, and Bishop of Ely's list of names, from Mr Edwards; and letter from John Rustat of Whaplode, near Spalding, to Lord Orford, 8 June 1715, referring to names for inclusion and exclusion: Kent levels, lists of names for inclusion and exclusion, both from Sir Robert Marsham, April 1715; Surrey and Kent levels, petition from various landowners asking for inclusion of names on list attached, also working copy of list of names for same Commission, Undated

3 letters and case  DE/P/F120  Dec 1715

4 items

Contents:
From Duke of Bolton regarding his right to appoint all Serjeants at Arms who have salaries from the King, including those who attend on the Lord Chancellor

Privy Council and Lord Justices  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For speech in Privy Council, 21 September 1710, see DE/P/F122]

Contents:
[The Lord Chancellor was ex officio a member of the Privy Council, and Lord Cowper was named one of the Lords Justices on the death of Queen Anne, which gentlemen held the reins of government until George I arrived from Hanover.]

Lords Justices: detailed notes on proceedings at meetings of Lords Justices, 3 August to 10 September, 1714  DE/P/F121  Aug-Sept 1714

1 file

Contents:
[56 pages, of which 24 blank.]

Heads of speech prepared by Lord Cowper to give in Privy Council against dissolution of Parliament, but which he was prevented from making, 21 September 1710 [paper endorsed "Heads p'pard to speak fro agt Dissolu Parl 710 - denyd to be heard"]; draft of King's speech to first meeting of his Privy Council, 21 September 1714 [in Lord Cowper's hand.]  DE/P/F122  Sept 1710; Sept 1714

2 items

Petitions to crown and Privy Council, etc  DE/P/F123  1705-10; 1714-18

34 items


Related information: 1714: see DE/P/F208

Contents:
Petition of William Fuller, at present confined in Queens Bench Prison for a publishing offence, 25 June 1709; documents relating to Wardenship of the Fleet Prison [petition for maintenance of chaplain, who appointed by the Warden, 1705; letter from Secretary of State enclosing petition from persons with a claim for debt against the office of Warden of the Fleet, 7 February 1709/10; two letters from Lord Sunderland, one enclosing a petition from Col. Baldwin Leighton about his taking office as Warden, March 1708/9 and December 1709; and extracts from proceedings in case Regina v Mason et al, concerning the Wardenship, and endorsed "to be sent to Coll Leighton"]; documents relating to petition of certain inhabitants of Devizes about a dispute over the qualifications of electors there, including the original petition to the Queen, and original reports of the Attorney General and Solicitor General, to whom the petition was referred, copy of poll for Mayor, 1709, and other documents [total 10], 1709/10; draft report in Lord Cowper's hand in respect of the petition of Frances Day to be granted a Commission of Review on a sentence of divorce, c 1706-10; copy of petition of John Rowley to King for office of Master of Mechanicks [endorsed by Lord Cowper "Copy of ye Petition of Rowley to ye King upon wch I got him made Master of ye Mechanicks, 1714"]; copy of petition of Scottish Lords to the King on the publication of the Memoirs concerning the Affairs of Scotland from Queen Anne's accession to the Throne to the Commencement of the Union...; letter from F Bonet, Minister of the King of Prussia, to Lord Cowper enclosing copies of petitions to the King from the deputies of the Protestants of Transylvania and Poland who are hoping to collect funds in Britain to support their college at Enyed in Transylvania, 3 December 1715; draft report in Lord Cowper's hand on a petition for a Commission of Review on a sentence of divorce in case of Smith against Smith [relating to the validity of the marriage, case originally heard in Court of Arches] c 1715; petition of Esther, Lady Willoughby [widow of Charles, 14th Baron, of Parham, who died July 1715], for financial support, c 1715-16; memorials from Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat, illustrating his devotion to the Protestant cause, and deservedness for Royal favour, and including copies of two letters from Mr Secretary Stanhope, 1715-16, promising him favours for his support of the Protestant succession, c 1718; petition of Sir Thomas May, knight, for a new grant of the office of Clerk of the Recognisances for three lives as there is at present only one left, c 1714-18; and case of the burgesses of Liverpool presented to the Lords Justices and the Privy Council, asking that the charter of Charles I be confirmed to them, as the charter of Charles II was imposed on them, c 1714-18

Trial of the Pix: exemplification of trial of the pix, March 1686/7; letter from Sir Isaac Newton, Master of the Mint, originally enclosing form of letter to be sent to Wardens of Goldsmiths' Company directing them to name a jury, and form of warrant for summoning the jury, 17 June 1707; Order in Council to require Goldsmiths' Company to summon jury for 28 July next, 23 June 1707; trial of pix at Tower, 31 July 1707; excuses from assay master and warden of Chester mint for irregularities there, 18 September 1707; Order in Council dated 14 May 1710 for summoning jury etc to attend the trial of the pix on 21 August next; formal letter, originally including names of jury, from Wardens of Goldsmiths' Company, 9 August 1710; trial of pix at Tower, 21 August 1710; trial of Edinburgh pix, same date; letter from Sir Isaac Newton to Lord Cowper enclosing notes relating to the procedure at the trial of the pix, and an extract from the Indenture of the Mint relating to the trial, 23 June 1715; Order in Council for summoning jury, etc, for trial of pix on 29 August 1716; draft charge to jury in Lord Cowper's hand, undated.; notes endorsed by Lord Cowper "Observ. from Sr Is Newton in ordr to charge", undated.; observations concerning the trial of the pix, with notes on back in Lord Cowper's hand, undated.; form of ceremony for the trial, with notes at foot in Lord Cowper's hand respecting results of trial, undated; copy of jurors' oath; a note of what is done when the Lord Treasurer comes to the Exchequer to take the oath, undated.; note of procedure at taking the oaths on 26 March, 1690/1  DE/P/F124  1686/7-1716

23 items

Miscellaneous documents  DE/P/F125  1709, 1714

2 items


Related information: [See letter from Lord Townshend to Lord Cowper in DE/P/F130 referring to necessity of calling a "great Council" to appoint a new sheriff for Norfolk, the present one having died, 23 July 1716.]

Contents:
Letter from magistrates of Edinburgh in answer to a letter from the Privy Council concerning the Palatines [distressed Protestants], asking for more details of how they can help, 7 July 1709; report, compiled at request of late Lords Justices by Thomas Bates, on the distemper of cattle at Islington, 24 September, 1714

Lord Chancellor as speaker of House of Lords and Lord High Steward  [no ref. or date]

Copy of a judgement in Sherburne v Hitch, as entered in journal of House of Lords, with amendment added, also notes of precedents for amending judgements, 1667-1704, and similar document relating to Ashby v White in January 1703/4, undated. [c 1705-10]; note of precedents of proceedings in Lords on first day of session, 1691-1708, in Lord Cowper's hand, c 1708, and document originally enclosed in letter from Samuel Stebbing, of College of Arms, October 1716, [which is filed in DE/P/F56], containing precedents of occasions on which Guardians of the Kingdom have sat in the Royal seat in Parliament in the Kings absence  DE/P/F126  C1705-1716

5 items

Documents relating to first election of 16 representative Scottish peers in June 1708, and subsequent dispute over election  DE/P/F127  1708-9

5 items


Related information: [For various Orders in Council relating to the election of Scottish representative peers, see DE/P/F116]

Contents:
Case of Sir James Dalrymple and John Mackenzie, Clerks of the Session, and Clerks of the election of peers, concerning the alleged irregularities brought before the House of Lords in connection with the election, c 1708-9; copies of three letters, August 1708, from James Erskine, Lord Grange [Lord Justice Clerk] to Earl of Mar in connection with the dispute between Lords Arrandale, Sutherland, Marchmont, etc, and the Clerks who attended the election, over irregularities, c 1708-9; two memorials concerning the election; and a copy of the poll [1708]

Petitions, etc to House of Lords  DE/P/F128  1716-1718; Undated

9 items

Contents:
Printed copy appellant's case in Viscount Montague v Maxwell, annotated by Lord Cowper, [to be heard at Bar of House of Lords, 16 May 1716]; petition from Commissioners and Trustees for Forfeited Estates in Scotland, and related documents, concerning queries about the application of the relevant act to their powers [6 items], c 1717; case of Alexander Mackenzie [attainted of high treason] in connection with forfeited estates [first page missing], 1718; and petition of Archibald Hamilton for extra time to appeal, Undated

Lord High Steward: fees and charges as Lord High Steward, 1716; form of procedure of trial of peer before Lord High Steward, undated., but probably c 1716-17; and extract from Parliament roll of 4 Edward III n 6 m 7, relating to power of peers to try peers, Undated  DE/P/F129  1716; Undated

3 items


Related information: [For warrants appointing Lord Cowper Lord High Steward, and warrants relating to the trials of peers implicated in the 1715 rebellion, see DE/P/F111. See letter from Thomas Holles, Duke of Newcastle to Lord Cowper, 21 June 1717, reminding him to attend King to be appointed Lord High Steward, in DE/P/F55]

Cabinet Council and Ministerial Discussions  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The items listed consist chiefly of notes made prior to, or during, meetings of the Cabinet Council, notes made concerning discussions with other ministers, and cross-references to the letters of various ministers discussing the formation of policy, etc]

Notes taken at Cabinet Council, undated but probably 1706-10 [endorsed 17 July], concerning argument over proposal to break off conferences on French manifesto, involving Dukes of Shrewsbury and Somerset [very enigmatic]; notes made at examinations held before the Lords of the Cabinet at the Cockpit in January and February 1705 to discover the authors of the Memorial of the Church of England [this followed a resolution of both Houses of Parliament in December that the author should be discovered, and David Edwards, a professed papist, should be apprehended, as he was charged with being the printer and publisher of the libel. Examinations include those of Edwards and his wife]; argument headed "Reasons against the Treasury being in Com[missio]n", undated.; two letters from Lord Townshend to Lord Cowper, 23 and 25 July 1716, notifying him of Cabinet Councils to be held, also that a "great Council" must be held to appoint a new sheriff for Norfolk, as the late one is dead; and letter from Paul Methuen, Secretary of State, summoning Lord Cowper to a meeting at the Cockpit, which will be concerned with France, 3 September 1716, also enclosing a copy of a letter from Lord Stair, to Mr Methuen about Jacobite intrigues in France, dated 9 September 1716 [NS]; and letter from Mr. Secretary Craggs to inform Lord Cowper that a Committee of Council is to be held every Wednesday at 11 am at the Cockpit, in order to deal with arrears of business, 14 April 1718  DE/P/F130  C1706-1716

9 items


Related information: [For letters referring to politics, Cabinet Council meetings, matters to be discussed, policy, etc, see letters of Lord Godolphin (DE/P/F54), Harley (DE/P/F60), and Lord Sunderland (DE/P/F56. Spencer)]

Ministerial discussions: notes of conferences with Lord Treasurer, chiefly about foreign affairs, 1 and 9 September 1707 [also bearing a note about a vacant living at Barsham, Norfolk]; draft in Lord Cowper's hand, and copy in French, in Lady Cowper's hand, of letter to ? Bernstorff concerning the landing of troops to deal with the rebellion, 20 October 1715; notes for a conference with Baron Bothmer, 31 December 1716, relating to attempts to discredit, government with King; notes of conference between Bishops and Lord Cowper, c 1718, in attempt to ascertain the Bishops' view on the repeal of the Occasional Conformity Act [which was actually repealed by 5 George I c 4, by which time Lord Cowper was out of office]  DE/P/F131  1707-C1718

6 items


Related information: For letters of Bernstorff, chiefly to Lady Cowper, who acted as a gobetween between her husband and Bernstorff because of her ability to write and speak French, see DE/P/F198 and 199

Political contact with George I and Prince of Wales  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The documents listed below relate to direct contact between Lord Cowper and George I and the Prince of Wales, including such items as a draft of Lord Cowper's Impartial History of the Parties, and documents relating to Lord Cowper's part in the quarrel between the Prince of Wales and the King, and the subsequent attempts to reconcile them.
The quarrel started in November 1717 over the King's naming the Duke of Newcastle as a godparent of his latest grandchild against the wishes of the Prince of Wales, and the Prince and Princess were subsequently expelled from St James in December. The king then tried to assert his right to the care and education of the Prince's children, and appoint his servants, and control his income, by means of questions to the judges to ascertain his rights. A reconciliation was eventually effected in April 1720. It is apparent from Lady Cowper's diary that there was already ill-feeling between the King and Prince as early as 1716 (see note on Duke of Argyll's dismissal in DE/P/F134)

Draft, in Lord Cowper's hand, of his Impartial History of the Parties  DE/P/F132  1714

1 item

Contents:
This presented to George I soon after his arrival in England [24 pages]

Two draft letters in English, in Lord Cowper's hand, addressed to the King, discussing measures which should be taken in regard to the rebellion [1715/16]; heads of a letter, in Latin, and in Lord Cowper's hand, to the King, 17 April 1717; draft letter in Lord Cowper's hand, and in English, to the King on the likelihood of a split in the Whig party and the Tories coming up from the country ? c 1717; beginning of ? draft of speech in George I's hand, "I have ordred Milord Cowper to declare to you in my name and words a matter I thinck of the greatest importance", Undated  DE/P/F133  C1715-1717

5 items
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Heads of one letter in Latin

Documents relating to the quarrel between between the Prince of Wales and George I  DE/P/F134  1716-18

16 items


Related information: See note about Lady Cowper's part in corresponding with Bernstorff in DE/P/F131.
[For further papers relating to the judicial aspect of the questions to the judges see DE/P/F147

Contents:
List of offices which the Duke of Argyll was turned out of [June 1716: the Duke was turned out for some reason connected with his friendship for the Prince, and reluctance of the King to leave the Prince as Guardian of the Realm when he went abroad, see Diary of Lady Cowper, p 108]; copy, in Lady Cowper's hand, of a letter from the King to the Prince, beginning "La premiere lettre que je recois de votre part mon fils, est sur des sujets aussi peu dignes de vous que de moy ...", and refers to dismissal of Duke of Argyll, undated., but probably 1716; copy letter in French from King to Prince of Wales dated 5 July 1716, announcing his intention of making him regent when he returned to Germany; copy message from Prince of Wales to King soon after the christening, November or December 1717, partly apologizing for his behaviour to the Duke of Newcastle; copy of translation [from French] of the King's instructions to the Princess of Wales about leaving St James, and the official letter sent to all foreign ministers explaining what had happened, 4 December 1717; draft, in Lord Cowper's hand, of a paper delivered to the King on 13 December 1717, being an account of what passed when he and the other lords attended the Prince to hand him a paper from the King; draft Latin letter from Lord Cowper to the King, 11 January 1717/18, protesting against his attempt to introduce a bill into Parliament to give the King absolute control over the Prince's income; document in French endorsed "Conditions d'accomodement", and dated January 1718 [probably NS], containing the King's conditions for a reconciliation. This may be a copy of the document referred to in the draft of a report to the King dated 13 December 1717; copy, in Lady Cowper's hand, of the reply of the judges to the King on the question of the care and education of the Prince's children, January 1718; note, in Lady Cowper's hand, of the Princess Anne's answer to Lady Portland when she was instructed to tell her parents that all the children were being sent to Windsor, [This note is on single sheet, numbered 49, probably torn from a volume]; copy of instruction, in French, to the Vice-Chamberlain, that he tell the Prince that he must not come to St. James to see the children without permission, which permission will be given once a week [undated, c January 1717/18]; draft, in English, of letter from Prince to King, beginning "I gladly lay hold on this occasion humbly to offer to his M to make such farther submission ..." and offering to pay for the upkeep of his children, undated, probably early in 1718; draft letter, Lord Cowper to the Prince of Wales, 10 June 1718, enclosing draft of letter in French for the Prince to send to the King, asking for reconciliation; further draft, in English, and in Lord Cowper's hand, of a letter for the Prince to send to the King, beginning "Though my former applications to yr M had not ye effect I desird abov all ...", undated., but 1718; and draft letter, July 1718, to "Sir", protesting about being reflected on for not giving his opinion about keeping the young Princesses from their father's house while he was still in office. Lord Cowper refers to a passage in a letter from "Sir" to his wife, therefore "Sir" may possibly be Bernstorff

Political papers, 1705-10, 1714-18  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The following section contains various papers of a political nature, including drafts and copies of speeches from the throne, drafts and notes of Lord Cowper's speeches, papers relating to affairs in Ireland, Scotland, Barbados and America, and to foreign policy and peace treaties, etc, and other miscellaneous material of a political nature.]

Speeches from the throne [all drafts in Lord Cowper's hand unless otherwise stated]  DE/P/F135  1707-1716/17

22 items


Related information: [For copies, etc, of speeches from the throne, 1718-23, see DE/P/F182 in section on politics out of office.]

Contents:
Heads for Queen's speech, 11 September 1707; draft of same speech by Lord Cowper, amended by the Lord Treasurer [Godolphin]; printed speech from throne, 6 November, 1707 [actual result of September notes and draft]; three drafts of Queen's speeches, 1 April 1709, two only in Lord Cowper's hand; copy or draft, in unknown hand, of speeches from throne, March 1715, [George I's first Parliament]; draft of ? previous item [the contents vary, and the speeches are much stronger in tone, and more critical, than the finished speech, but the general outline of the draft seems to indicate that this was a draft for the March 1715 speeches]; two drafts of address of Lords in reply to King's speech, March 1715; printed copy of speech from throne, 20 July 1715; printed copy of loyal address of Lords to the crown, and the King's answer, 21 July 1715; printed copy of loyal address from Convocation, and answer, 22 July 1715; two drafts of speech from throne, 21 September 1715; draft or copy, in unknown hand, of speeches from throne, 9 January 1715/16; printed copy of address of the Commons to the crown in answer to previous item, 9 January 1715/16; copy or draft, in unknown hand, of speeches from throne, 21 January 1715/16 [this item contains some ? peacock feathers]; copy or draft, in unknown hand, of speeches from throne [appointing Prince of Wales Guardian of the Kingdom], 26 June 1716; printed copy address of Lords to King congratulating him on safe return from abroad, 22 February 1716/17; and brief notes by Lord Cowper towards contents of previous item, February 1716/17

Drafts, notes and miscellaneous papers  DE/P/F136  1704-1708

8 items


Related information: [For political matters, 1705-10, see also letters from Lord Godolphin in DE/P/F54; Charles Montagu, Earl of Halifax in DE/P/F55; Charles Spencer, Earl of Sunderland, in DE/P/F56, Robert Harley in DE/P/F60 and Archbishop Wake in DE/P/F62. For the breakup of the ministry in 1710, see also letters from John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, in DE/P/F55, William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, in DE/P/F54, and R Monckton in DE/P/F55.]

Contents:
Draft of an act for restraining the press, endorsed "This Deld to me by ArchB of Cant Trimnel", 1703/4; minutes of debate on Bill of Offices, including substance of speeches, 31 January 1705/6 [in Lord Cowper's hand]; precedents for bills for enclosing commons, etc, February 1705/6; notes on documents, letters, etc, and negotiations, concerning diplomatic and military matters during the course of the war, 1705-7 [almost a day by day account of the war and the politics behind it, especially in England. In Lord Cowper's hand]; copy abstract of war prize account as laid before Commons, December 1707; notes, in Lord Cowper's hand, of steps to be taken to improve the state of the war, c1707; and two copies of Sir Simon Harcourt's speech on the disputed Abingdon election, 1708

1715 impeachments: draft articles against Bolingbroke, in Lord Cowper's hand; draft of long speech on Lord Bolingbroke in Lord Cowper's hand; draft notes relating to articles against Lord Strafford, August 1715; notes on impeachment of Strafford and subsequent moves, 1715-1717; and document entitled "Reasons why the Earle Strafford ought to be included in the Act of Grace", endorsed by Lord Cowper," Lord Straffords paper Deld July 13th 1717"  DE/P/F137  1715-1717

5 items

Drafts, notes and miscellaneous papers  DE/P/F138  C1714-18


Related information: [For political matter, 1714-18, see also letters of Archbishop Wake in DE/P/F62, and of Charles Spencer, Earl of Sunderland in DE/P/F56.]

Contents:
Notes, in Lord Cowper's hand, for speech to welcome Robert Walpole on becoming Chancellor of the Exchequer, October 1715; draft alterations to clauses in Act of Grace [3 Geo I c19, 1716/17]; account of gross produce of duty on wine licences, and net money paid into Exchequer, 1711-16, with proposal to farm the whole [a greater part, as listed, being farmed already]; draft amendments, in Lord Cowper's hand, to proposed bill to discipline universities [? after Oxford Riots, 1716]; draft petition from House of Commons to crown, proposing regulation of the universities to prevent disaffection, c 1716/17; suggestions to make dissenters easy [endorsed by Lord Cowper "given me by Dr Willis B of Gloucr in ye Sessn 1717"]; draft for Corporations Act 1718 [5 Geo I c6], in Lord Cowper's hand, annotated in another hand; note, in French, on necessity for making provision for continuity of government on death of King, as done in reigns of William III and Anne, c1714-18; small item endorsed "List of Sc Lords & how affected", containing list of names of Scottish peers marked off in various ways [no indication of what connected with]; draft of part of act for making more effectual the acts for amending the highways in the kingdom [number of horses allowed for drawing wagons, etc], c1714-18

1715 rebellion, political papers, etc  DE/P/F139  1715-1717

11 items


Related information: [For material relating to the trials of the rebels, see DE/P/F150. See also drafts of letters to Bernstorff and the King on measures to be taken in regard to the rebellion, in DE/P/F131 and F133. Also letter from Alexander, Duke of Gordon, 21 December 1717, in DE/P/F54, hoping some of his friends abroad may be able to come home, and letter from Count Volkra, June 1717, in DE/P/F57 asking for amnesty for a rebel.]
[For Welsh affairs, see letters and papers relating to appointments of Welsh judges in DE/P/F149]

Contents:
Copy letter from Earl of Kinnoul to Lord Townshend, 3 September 1715, complaining about his arrest and imprisonment; copy speech of Sir William Simpson, a Cursitor Baron, at the swearing in of the new Sheriffs of London, Michaelmas 1715, touching on the rebellion; copies of letters from the authorities of Inverness and Woodhaven, on events there, and measures they have taken, 14 and 16 September 1715; copy Whitehall paper to be published that night dealing with military progress of Major General Wills in Lancashire, and arrival of 3,000 Dutch troops at Deptford, 15 November 1715; anonymous letter addressed to "most honored mdm", with news of plot to murder Royal family when the Pretender lands, undated.; memo,, in French, of letter from Newcastle, 11/22 October [1715], that all quiet there, and troops have arrived; copy of the Pretender's declaration to the Archbishop of Canterbury [1715]; document endorsed by Lady Sarah Cowper "Suppos'd to be Ld Carnwarths confession", giving details of his movements in France and contacts with Leslie and the Pretender's court, undated.; two letters from Sir Edward Northey, 31 May and 8 July 1717, relating to drafting of the Act of Grace; and copy of articles of association made in counties Limerick, Kerry and Cork on the outbreak of the rebellion, [1715]

Scottish affairs: letter from Lord Haddington, 8 November 1716, asking for Lord Cowper's support for the Society in Scotland for propagating Christian knowledge, and enclosing a copy of the patent setting up the Society, a list of its members, a list of places where it is proposed to set up schools in the Highlands and Islands, and a copy of the report of the Commissioners set up under the Act for securing the peace of the highlands in Scotland, as to the setting up of schools and the spreading of the Protestant faith, 2 November 1716; and MS entitled "Memoire tonchant certaines affaires qui regardent le service de sa Majte en Ecosse", c1716  DE/P/F140  1716

2 items


Related information: [For documents relating to the 1715 rebellion, see DE/P/F139, and for trials of rebels, see DE/P/F150. For Scottish affairs generally, see letters of Archibald Campbell, Earl of Islay in DE/P/F54, Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat, in DE/P/F54, George Mackenzie, Earl of Cromarty, in DE/P/F55, and James Ogilvy, Earl of Findlater, in DE/P/F55. For documents relating to the Union, see DE/P/F106; for items relating to the election of Scottish representative peers, and forfeited estates in Scotland, see DE/P/F127 and 128. See also letter from David Boyle, Earl of Glasgow, about the Peerage Bill, 15 March 1718/19. For appointments of Scottish judges, see DE/P/F149 and of Scottish JPs, see DE/P/F56.]

Irish affairs: Eighteen letters, including some enclosures, from Jeffrey Gilbert, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer, on legal matters, chiefly relating to Sherlock's case, and the dispute over jurisdiction between the English and Irish Houses of Lords, October 1717-February 1719/20; twenty-eight letters from Sir John St Leger, one of the Barons of the Irish Exchequer, May 1715-January 1722/3 giving political and legal news from Ireland, many letters of relevant date concerning Sherlock's case  DE/P/F141  1715-1722/3

46 items

Irish affairs, documents relating to Sherlock's case  DE/P/F142  C1717-1719

5 items


Related information: [For further material relating to Irish affairs see letters of Charles Paulet, Duke of Bolton [Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1717-19] in D/E/P/F56; for further letters concerning Sherlock's case, see letters from Dr John Harris in E/P/ F55; for Orders in Council and related documents relating to the passing of Irish Bills, see D/E/P/F115]

Contents:
Copy of one of Hester Sherlock's petitions to the Irish House of Lords; copies of resolutions of the Irish Lords concerning the Sherlock case and the behaviour of the Exchequer Barons; extract from proceedings of Irish House of Lords, 22 September 1717; report of Lords' Committee on Sherlock's case; Duke of Leed's reasons for protesting against the vote of the House of Peers in England declaring a trial before the Lords in Ireland to be coram non judice

Barbados affairs: long letter from G. Lillington, senior member of the Council there, discussing the dissensions which split the island, and the discord between Council and Assembly, 3 August 1710; statement of condition of Barbados, its danger from lack of sufficient forces, and the disorders and difficulties amongst the people and the government, undated.[ temp Queen Anne]  DE/P/F143  1710; Undated

2 items

American affairs: seven letters from Joseph Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts, to Lord Cowper, September 1706-September 1714, defending himself against various charges, arguing in favour of further settlement of Nova Scotia, and grumbling at the cost of the war, etc. Also a letter of recommendation for a Captain Scarr Matthews; letter from Dr Lloyd, Bishop of Worcester, protesting against appointment of Col Eliseus Burgess as Governor of New England, 1 March 1714/15; two letters from Caleb Heathcote at New York, 3 February and 15 March 1714/15, to Lord Cowper, enclosing sawmill accounts; two letters from the Congregational and Presbyterian ministers of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, asking for Lord Cowper's favour, and enclosing a document called "A brief Account of the State of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England Civil and Ecclesiastical [22 signatories to letters altogether, including William Brattle, Benjamin Co loan, John Leverett, Increase and Cotton Mather, Samuel Sewall, and Peter Thacher]; account of bad state of troops posted at New York, an account of the amount of money that yearly comes into the hands of the Governor of New York, a copy of the last establishment [1700] made for the forces in New York, and a printed copy of an extract from the minutes of the general assembly of New York, 3 July 1722 [all these documents being designed to show maladministration in the province], c 1723  DE/P/F144  1706-1723

17 items

Foreign affairs: copy peace treaty [in Latin] between Frederick Augustus of Saxony, Charles XII of Sweden and Stanislaus of Poland, 1706; articles promised by the Holy Roman Emperor in connection with the treaty of Alt Radstadt, and articles of a future agreement between the Emperor and Sweden [both in Latin, but at back of second item is a note in French of the main provisions of the treaty of alliance between France and Wolffenbuttel], September 1706; copy [in Latin] of articles of renunciation by Augustus, King Poland, October 1706; copies [in Latin] of the reply of the Swedish Secretary of State to the ambassador of Stanislaus of Poland 7/17 November 1706, and of the address of the same to Stanislaus 11/24 November 1706; account, in French, of civil disturbance in Hamburg, ? c 1706; copy [in Latin] of articles declared by King of Sweden, including keeping peace of Osnabruck, 22 August 1707 [N S]; copy letter in French from Paris, 16 January 1707/8, on progress of King of Sweden into Germany; letter from the Portuguese Ambassador to Lord Cowper, enclosing a memorandum in French proposing that Great Britain should forgo her right to establish house [for merchants] in Brazil, as obtained by the marriage settlement of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza, so that the French, who have recently taken to doing this, may be made to stop, undated., c 1715-18; and notes in Lord Cowper's hand? relating to negotiations within the South Sea Co, and with the government over grant of Asiento, referring back to 1713 treaty, and after fresh treaty in 1716, c 1717  DE/P/F145  1706-8; C 1714-18

11 items
Language:  French and Latin


Related information: [See letter from Charles Montagu, Earl of Halifax, summer 1706, on marriage of Princess Royal of Hanover and Prince Royal of Prussia, and negotiations for treaty for guaranteeing the Protestant succession, in DE/P/F55; letters from J Wick, British Resident in Hamburg, on continental affairs, 1706-12, in DE/P/F57; also DE/P/F107-109, files of warrants to affix the Great Seal, including some for the passing of treaties, including the 1715 Barrier Treaty; and letter from Paul Methuen enclosing letter from the English Ambassador in Paris, 1716, in DE/P/F130.]

Miscellaneous papers  DE/P/F146  1706-10; 1714-C 1718

19 items

Contents:
Copies of Lord Halifax's letters to the Electress Sophia and the Elector, 11 April 1706; engrossed abstract of receipts and bonds of H M Customs, 1707-9; copy of loyal address of the authorities of the county of Gloucester, 18 March 1709/10; copy of Elector of Hanover's answer to Lord Rivers [Plenipotentiary to Hanover], and of report on negotiations to be carried out by him, 1710; copies of various documents relating to the charges made against the Duke of Marlborough in 1714, including copies of the certificates of the various European princes from whom troops were hired, certifying that the financial side was correct, a statement of the affair relating to the building of Blenheim Palace, 1712, an account showing the Blenheim debts in relation to the Civil List, and extracts from the journals of the House of Commons and from Act of Parliament relating to Blenheim; a copy of Robert Harley's brief account of public affairs, 1710-14, and accompanying letter to the Queen, which was laid before her in June 1714; extracts from two letters of Baron de Salgas to his brother Huguenots, 1714; part of account of a sermon preached by Dr Brett which could have been construed as anti-Hanoverian, undated.; copy of loyal address of the Turkey and other merchants in the City of London, affirming their support for the Protestant Succession, c 1715; MS copy of "A defence of the King in Answer to what is commonly called His Majesty's most gracious speech", a satirical article on the author of George I's speech to his first Parliament, 1715; "A true translation of B B...mers letter April 21o 1717" [MS, hand unknown]; and an argument in an unknown hand against the decline of the Royal Mines, beginning "The want of specie both gold and silver is now much complained of ...", Undated

Lord Chancellor as head of the judiciary  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
The following documents relate to the Lord Chancellor's activities in the legal field, apart from his function as chief Chancery judge. They include petitions, various state papers, and documents relating to the appointments of judges, Custos Rotulorum, Lords Lieutenant, and Justices of the Peace

Official papers etc  DE/P/F147  1708-10; 1717/18

10 items

Contents:
Letter from Lord Sunderland, 14 September 1708, enclosing copies of an exchange of letters between himself and Mr Dayrolle, H M Minister at the Hague, relating to a requisitionary letter from the High Court of Justice in Holland over the Queen's jewels, and requiring sworn opinions on the subject; receipt from Clerk of the Crown to the Lord Chancellor for the Duke of Argyll's certificate from the Lords of Session touching his being in the Commission of Oyer and Terminer, 14 January 1709/10; memorial concerning delays, etc., in passing of signatures in the Scottish Exchequer, and notes on the procedures involved, June 1710; draft of Lord Cowper's recommendations on the reappointment of judges, and of the Attorney-and Solicitor-General, on the accession of George I in 1714. [This is the document transcribed by Lord Campbell in his Lives of the Lord Chancellors vol 4 p 349]; notes in French on the functions of the various courts, and the necessity of raising judges' salaries, c 1714; and two letters from Lord Sunderland relating to the question to the judges about his grandchildren, the letter dated 20 January 1717/18 stating the question [whether the education and care of the grandchildren, appointing of their place of abode, and appointing their governor, attendants, and servants, and the approbation of their marriages, belongs to the King], and requiring Lord Cowper to refer this to Lord Parker [Lord Cowper made a copy of his letter to Lord Parker inside this letter], and the letter dated 23 January 1717/18, giving permission for one member only of the Prince of Wales' Council may apply to the Judges to lay before them some things relating to the question about the care of the grandchildren

Appointments and salaries of judges  DE/P/F148  C1702-C1717

8 items

Contents:
Draft or copy of Sir Thomas Trevor's patent as Chief Justice of Common Pleas, 3 June 1702; grant of precedence within the Bar to Sir Edward Northey, 2 May 1707; copy or draft of Sir Thomas Powys' patent as a Justice of the Queen's Bench, 3 June 1712; copy or draft of William Banastre's patent as a Baron of the Exchequer, 4 June 1713; unfinished revocation of grant of office of 2nd justice in Carmarthen, Pembroke and Cardigan, to Thomas Webb, and grant to William Peasley, tempus Anne; revocation of licence of John Smith, Chief Baron of Scottish Exchequer, to attend as a Baron of the English Exchequer, c 1714; notification from Treasury Chambers that a warrant has been issued for augmenting the judges' salaries, 19 November 1714; copy of Kings Counsels' report to the King on the question of whether the Welsh judges should hold office quamdiu se bene gesserint or habendum durante beneplacito nostro, in favour of the former, c 1714-17

Appointments of judges, letters, etc [all letters addressed to Lord Cowper unless otherwise stated]  DE/P/F149  1707-1710; 1714-1717/18

21 items


Related information: [For further letters, etc, relating to the appointments of judges, see letter of Sir Charles Hedges to Lord Cowper, 21 June 1706, in D/E/P/F55 relating to appointment of Chief Baron for Irish Exchequer; letters from Harley relating to Welsh judges, 1706-7, in D/E/P/F60; appointment of John Thurston junior as Deputy Judge Advocate, April 1708, in D/E/P/F118; letter from Sir Patrick Hume, Earl of Marchmont, 19 February 1708/9, in D/E/P/F55 asking for a post as Baron of the Scottish Exchequer for his son; letter from J Merrill in D/E/P/F55 about succession to Thomas Byde as Judge Advocate General, 10 September 1715; letters from Talbot (D/E/P/F57), St Leger and Gilbert (D/E/P/F141), and Charles Spencer, Lord Sunderland (D/E/P/F56), all relating to the appointment of Gilbert as Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer, 1715; letter from Archibald Campbell, Earl of Islay, about a plot to deprive Baron Scrope (of the Scottish Exchequer) of part of his salary, 17 May 1717 (in D/E/P/F54); and see also Lord Cowper's diary (D/E/P/F76) for 1715, which contains notes on appointments of judges.]

Contents:
Letter of recommendation from Lord Hartington for Mr Jessop to be a Welsh judge, 1 June 1707; letter of thanks from John Smith on being made Chief Baron of the Scottish Exchequer, 25 April 1709; letter from [Sir] John Pratt to Lord Chief Justice Parker defending himself from attacks on his character, 7 April 1710; letter from Robert Eyre about an increase in his salary, 22 April 1710; letter from Lord Chief Justice Parker concerning his salary, and a form of writ for surrender of his office, c 1714; three letters from Thomas Powys, on his dismissal from the Bench on the accession of George I, his reappointment as King's Serjeant, and desire to be allowed to come within the Bar, 21, 23, and 25 October, 1714; letter from John Ward excusing himself from being sent to Bristol on circuit, 20 November 1714; three letters from Charles Coxe, chief justice of Cardiff circuit, on possibility of not being reappointed, 11 and 28 December, 1714, and 8 January 1714/15; letter of thanks from Lord Cholmondeley for Mr Comberbach's being made a Welsh judge, 8 January 1714/15; letter from Lord Godolphin to request that Mr Beeston be made a Welsh judge in the place intended for Mr Brelton, who is lately dead, 8 January 1714/15 [the letter also thanks Lord Cowper for his favour in expediting matters relating to the sheriff of Cornwall]; letter of recommendation from Thomas Reeve [of Middle Temple] for Mr Beeston for a Welsh judge, 13 January 1714/15; letter from John Smith, Chief Baron of Scottish Exchequer, asking if he may come back to Westminster Hall, 5 May 1716 and further letter from the same, 3 July 1716, saying that perhaps he will stay where he is; letter from Sir Edward Northey concerning Nicholas Lechmere's not only insisting on the office of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster for life, but also wanting his own post, as Attorney-General, 1 June 1717; two letters from John Scrope, a Baron of the Scottish Exchequer, asking for deliverance from a country "where fraud is call'd discretion, and justice illnature, wher it is not safe to speak what one thinks or beleive what one hears, and wher it is a crime to attempt to introduce ye laws & customs of England ...", 15 June 1717, and 8 March 1717/18; memorial from Lord Stamford about undesirability of same man being appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire, Undated

Judges' instructions and incoming letters  DE/P/F150  1705/6-1707; 1714-1718

23 items

Contents:
Draft of letter in Lord Cowper's hand, to be circulated to judges concerning action to be taken when "Seditious Invectives against Her Royal Majesty" are preached in sermons given at the assizes, 24 February, 1705/6; letter from Edward Ward and Thomas Bury, on circuit at Taunton, where they are dealing with the sergemakers' riots, on the difficulties involved, including juries returning ignoramus on all the indictments 21 March 1706/7; letter from Sir Littleton Powys with news of his progress on the northern circuit, including an ejectment being brought at Lancaster by the daughter of the late Earl of Derby against the present one, 6 April 1707; letter from John Smith, Chief Baron of Scottish Exchequer, on Scottish matters, suggests Scrope might be enabled to attend in Scotland in the summer only, on account of his health, 4 April 1715; joint letter from Barons Smith and Scrope on difficulties of carrying out their duties in Scotland 28 July 1715; letter from Sir Littleton Powys on western circuit, giving news of rumours flying round the country, 10 August 1715; letter from Judges Bury, Eyre and St James Montagu giving account of trial of rebels, with recommendation for mercy, from Liverpool, 27 January 1715/16; letter from Mr Secretary Methuen originally enclosing two letters from Judge Blencowe and Sir James Montagu, excusing themselves from going to Carlisle to try rebels, 21 September 1716; two further letters from Lord Townhend on the subject of Judge Blencowe's refusal to go to Carlisle, 26 and 28 September, 1716, and draft reply on same subject from Lord Cowper, 29 September 1716; four let from Thomas Ashurst, one of the judges presiding at Carlisle, on the progress of the trials of the rebels there, the first letter containing a list of indictments found, etc, 13, 15, 17 and 20 December, 1716; letter from John Fortescue Aland, another of the Carlisle judges, on progress of trials, including a list of those who pleaded guilty, 15 December, 1716; two letters from Richard Tracy, another of the Carlisle judges, similar content, 15 and December 1716; letter from Robert Price, also a Carlisle judge, on progress there, 20 December 1716; list of names of 75 rebels in Northumberland, papists being marked with a cross, and a list of bills found against Scottish rebels, with dates of bills and pleading, but no indication of which court December 1716; draft in Lord Cowper's hand of orders to be given to judges going on circuit, includes reference to "intended Invasion fro Sw[eden]", c.1717; and letter to Lord Cowper from Sir Littleton Powys on Lord C's resignation, 12 May 1718

Appointments of Lords Lieutenant and Custodes Rotulorum  DE/P/F151  1705-10, 1714-15

7 items


Related information: [See memorial from Lord Stamford in D/E/P/F149 on undesirability of same man being Chancellor of Duchy of Lancaster and Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire.]

Contents:
List of all Lords Lieutenant and Custodes Rotulorum in England and Wales, 1705-6; official letter from Lord Dartmouth, 13 September 1710, instructing Lord Cowper to constitute the Duke of Beaufort Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire, and in the meantime not to appoint any new Justices of the Peace for that county; amended list of Lords Lieutenant and Custodes Rotulorum in England and Wales, 1715; warrant for creating Lord Thanet Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland, 10 November 1714; warrant for revoking grant of Custos Rotulorum of Worcester to Lord Plymouth, and granting it to Lord Somers, 5 January 1714/15; letter of thanks from William, Lord Fitzwilliam, for being made Custos Rotulorum of the Liberty of Peterborough, 16 June 1715; and a document headed "A List of Deputy Lieutenants for ye County of Hertf. humbly proposed to his Majesty for his Royal approbation July 4 1715"

Commissions of the Peace, documents relating to the nomination, etc, of JPs and appointments of sheriffs  DE/P/F152  C1706-1707; 1714-C1716

14 items

Contents:
Document endorsed "A list of all the Justices of Peace put in, or left out, by my Ld Keeper", containing this information for most English and Welsh counties, undated., but probably c1706; list of commissions renewed, and not renewed, to 3 March 1714/15; draft report in English, in Lord Cowper's hand, destined for the King, on reflections on Lord Cowper's handling of the Commissions and his political bias, and postscript attached relating to a motion in the House of Commons made by the Tories, but rejected, to lay before the House a list of names of all who have been put out of the Commissions since the King's accession, with note at end asking his wife to turn it all into French, ?c.1716; bundle of five affidavits relating to alleged misbehaviour by Justices in Worcester, 16 August 1714, and Birmingham, 27 November 1714 [endorsed by Lord Cowper "Affidts relating to Warwicksh. Staffordshr. and Leicestersh. 3 Justices fro" Ld Ch J Parker"; letters of recommendation to Lord Cowper for names for the Commissions of Peace, counties unknown, consisting of letter from... Piper, 18 February 1706/7, promising to act as a JP; letter from Francis Newport, 1st Earl of Bradford, 30 June 1707, protesting at suggestion that Mr Hanmer should be removed from the Commission [probably a Welsh county]; draft letter from Lord Cowper to an unnamed member of the Privy Council who has been left out of his local Commission of the Peace, 6 August 1710; letter from Marquis of Winchester, 3 December [1707] relating to appointment of sheriff and removal of someone from Commission of Peace [? Hampshire], and letter from his wife to Lady Cowper in respect of ? same matter, undated but endorsed as December 1714; letter in Latin to Lord Cowper, endorsed "This Latin Ire I recd by ye Penny p directed to Ld Cowper in Linc, Inn Fields. To thank me for removg ye Anon. Auth. fro ye Comm. of ye Peace", 16 December 1714

Commissions of the Peace: fiats, letters of recommendation etc  DE/P/F153  1706-10; 1714-16

57 items

Contents:
English counties, Bedford to Middlesex [all letters addressed to Lord Cowper unless otherwise stated]
Bedfordshire: list of present justices, with proposed additions and exclusions from Duke of Kent [endorsed by Lord Cowper "I desire a fiat may be prepared with theis alterations throughout"], c1714;
Buckinghamshire: list of names for addition or deletion from Earl of Bridgewater, Undated
Buckinghamshire [Borough of Buckingham]: list of names for addition and deletion, Undated
Cambridgeshire [Cambridge]: official letter from Lord Sunderland advising Lord Cowper that three justices for the town have been guilty of malpractice, and are to be put out of the commission 28 January 1708/9.
Cheshire [Macclesfield]: petition from Lords Derby, Riven and Mohun that Richard Johnson be removed from the Macclesfield bench, and Order in Council for his removal, 28 July 1707.
Cornwall: small slip of paper bearing note in Lord Cowper's hand "Lord Radnor Cornwall Justice put in P Error".
Derbyshire: official letter from Lord Dartmouth, 29 June 1710, for inclusion of persons listed in commission, all to be of Quorum.
Durham and Northumberland: letter from Henry Blake asking that his son in law Robert Blake be made a Justice for the Bishopric and for Northumberland, 11 December 1714; note from Lord Scarborough with names of three justices to be put out because of disaffection to the government, c1714/15, fiats for the commission of gaol delivery and pleas in Durham, 18 and 19 January 1715/16.
Essex: letter from Earl of Suffolk suggesting that as the county commission is overloaded already, no names should be added, but a few turned out, 6 January 1714; certificate concerning the drinking of Lord Bolingbroke's health at the King's Dinner on 27 April, when most of bench present, 19 May 1715.
Essex [Saffron Walden]: list of names for inclusion in commission, from Lord Walden, 21 February 1714/15, and undated list of names for inclusion and exclusion,
Hampshire [Southampton]: letter from Henry Bentinck, Lord Woodstock, asking for revival of commission of Oyer and Terminer for Southampton, 4 September, 1706.
Hertfordshire [Liberty and Borough of St Albans]: letter from William Hale of St Albans, enclosing a note of errors in the commission for the liberty, on which the Clerk of the Peace has refused to swear any justices until the matter is put right, and also asking for the inclusion of certain names, 18 January 1714/15; and letter of same date to "Sir", explaining that he has sent the previous letter to Lord Cowper, and including names for inclusion in the Commission for the Borough; unfinished draft of fiat for Borough commission, 1714.
Kent: list of names for inclusion and exclusion in commission, annotated by Lord Cowper, endorsed "in a Ire from Sr BD Feb 714/15"; list of full county commission from the Clerk of the Peace, annotated to show deaths, mistakes, etc, with names for inclusion added at the end in ? Lord Cowper's hand, 23 July 1715; list of names for inclusion and exclusion from Earl of Dorset, 27 July 1715; list of names as in previous item from Earl of Rockingham, July 1715.
Lancashire: letter from Lord W. concerning high proportion of [named] Tories holding county and duchy offices [part of letter missing], undated; list of county justices indicating whether they are Tory, violently Tory, Whig, or of Tory inclination but do the county business, 1715, with list of names for inclusion and exclusion, 1715.
Leicestershire: annotated list of names in last commission, and list of names turned out of last commission by Lord Denbigh, with names for inclusion and exclusion in new commission, undated; list of proposed justices from Duke of Rutland, 3 January 1714/15.
Lincolnshire, all divisions: two letters from Lord Castleton, 3 and 12 November 1714, advocating names for inclusion in the commissions; brief undated note from Lord Finch requesting inclusion of Clement Breton junior, in the commissions; list of names for inclusion from the Marquis of Lindsey, 12 January 1714/15; and undated list of justices dead since the last commission.
London [Liberty of Westminster]: depositions, etc, relating to committal of Mary Wood by two Westminster justices, August 1715 [6 items]; letters, affidavits and accounts relating to an investigation into the charging of fees by some of the Westminster justices when administering the oaths to the crown, December 1715 [7 items];
London [Borough of Southwark]: deposition by Walter Carwardin alleging that one of the Southwark justices had had him sent off as a soldier because he had never voted for him, 20 July 1706.
Middlesex: letter from Duke of Bedford about Dr West being put out of commission, and Mr Beating in, 5 September 1706; letter from Lord Orford, 7 September 1706, about West and Beating; official letter from Lord Dartmouth requiring Richard Warre and Erasmus Lewis to be inserted in the Middlesex and Westminster commissions, 1 July 1710; letter from Thomas Pelham Holles, Earl of Clare, 21 November [1714], suggesting a few names for the commission, etc; letter from the same, thanking Lord Cowper for taking notice of his suggestions, 7 December 1714; rough note from Sir Godfrey Kneller, undated, asking that Mr White Wickham to be included in the Middlesex commission,; and petition from the Middlesex justices that they be allowed to be in the commission of gaol delivery for Newgate, c1714-18

Commissions of the peace: fiats, letters of recommendation, etc  DE/P/F154  1705/6-1708/9; 1714-16

41 items


Related information: [For further items relating to English Commissions of the Peace, see letters from Sir Francis Drake, 1705-9, in DE/P/F54; from Robert Harley, 1706-7 in DE/P/F55; letter from Dr William Lloyd, 25 July 1709, in DE/P/F55; and various notes about appointments to Commissions in DE/P/F76 (one of the Lord Chancellor's diaries, for 1715)
For documents concerning the misbehaviour of East Anglian justices, and questions of jurisdiction, see DE/P/F180, containing documents relating to Lord Cowper's position as Recorder of Colchester]

Contents:
English counties, Norfolk to Yorkshire
Norfolk: list of names for inclusion and exclusion from Lord Townshend, undated.
Northamptonshire [Liberty of Peterborough]: list of names for inclusion in the commission of the peace for the liberty, from Lord Fitzwilliam, 1715, and list of persons for exclusion, with reasons, from his son and eventual heir, John Fitzwilliam, undated
Nottinghamshire: letter from Duke of Newcastle originally enclosing names for inclusion in county commission, 14 August 1707; list, with comments, of names in the present commission, and list for proposed commission endorsed by Lord Cowper as coming from Thomas Pelham Holles, Earl of Clare, January 1714/15.
Oxfordshire: letter from Richard Coxeter, thanking Lord Cowper for his being again included in the commission, and defending himself against various plots and allegations, 16 April 1715; list of justices for the county, undated, annotated by Lord Cowper; list of names for inclusion and exclusion, etc, from Earl Godolphin, and detailed notes against three of those it is proposed to exclude, explaining why, no date.
City of Oxford: letter from Thomas Dimock, 4 January 1714/15, to Mr Lloyd at Bernards Inn, originally enclosing an old commission, which needs to be renewed, with suggestions from Lord Abingdon for names for inclusion; certificate from city justices of surviving members of the commission, 13 January 1714/15; letter from Bernard Gardiner, Vicechancellor of the University, 14 January 1714/15, enclosing a list of members of the university who, by virtue of their posts are normally included in the city commission; letter from W Wright to Thomas Engesham [at My Lord Chancellor's house] about the commission, [17 January 1714/15].
Rutland: list of alterations to the commission, undated; list of justices for Rutland, undated.
Shropshire: letter from Richard, Earl of Bradford, making recommendations for the county bench, 27 December 1714.
Staffordshire: letter from Earl of Uxbridge trying to stop patent of one Mainwaring to be sheriff of Staffordshire, 17 December 1714; list of justices endorsed by Lord Cowper "Staffordshire-Lord Uxbridge's" [addressed to R Woolaston, the Clerk of the Commission of the Peace]; list of nine justices against whom objections made by Lord Uxbridge, annotated by Woollaston, 9 January 1714/15; recommendations for commission, undated.
Suffolk [Ipswich]: Order in Council, 13 March 1708/9 for putting out five Ipswich justices, and prosecuting them, for hindering the Commissioners for recruiting land forces and marines.
Surrey: note from Sir Jonathan Trelawney, Bishop of Winchester, asking that Mr Edward Forbes be included in the Surrey commission, undated note ? in Lord Lord Townshend's hand, "Sir Joseph Hodges for Surrey Judges by Ld Townshend".
Sussex: letter from Duke of Somerset requesting place for Samuel Pagyter Fuller in commission for Sussex, 27 July [1715]: letter from Marquis of Hertford, 18 August 1715, enclosing several lists of names for inclusion etc, in the commission.
Warwickshire: letter from George Lucy of Charlcott to "Sir", about local affairs, with comments on names for recommendation to county bench, 21 November 1714; letter to "Sir", originally containing nominations for commission, from A Oughton, of Tachbrook near Warwick, 30 November 1714.
Wiltshire: three letters from Marquis of Dorchester, 1 and 6 January 1714/15, containing various names to be left out of the commission.
Worcestershire: letter from Lord Coventry referring to complaint against some of the justices, and also giving names for inclusion and exclusion, 30 January 1705/6; seven documents relating to misbehaviour by John Goodere alias Dineley one of the county justices, and another justice, including two original warrants under Goodere's hand (original bundle], October-November 1716.
Yorkshire: letter from William Lowther enclosing an affidavit against Christopher Lowther, one of the justices, accusing him of anti-government sentiments, 27 May 1715

Commissions of the peace: letters of recommendation, etc, Welsh Counties  DE/P/F155  1705; 1714-1715; Undated

19 items

Contents:
[All letters addressed to Lord Cowper unless otherwise stated]
Anglesey [Beaumaris]: two copies of depositions by various witnesses about a riot committed by several J P s for the County of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire in Beaumaris, undated.
Cardiganshire: letter from Lord Lisburne enclosing an annotated list of current J P s for the county, and suggestions for additional names, 12 November 1705.
Carmarthenshire: letter from Marquis of Winchester, undated, listing names for inclusion and exclusion, with reasons.
Carnarvonshire: letter from Mr Justice Jessop listing names for inclusion and exclusion, [July 1715].
Denbighshire: two lists of names for inclusion and exclusion from Lord Cholmondeley, undated.
Glamorganshire: letter from Richard Jenkins of Hensoll to George Cowell at the Temple, 9 December 1714, enclosing a list of persons desired to be put out of the commission; letter from Sir H Mackworth, 16 October 1714, on the political bias of the present commission, and his own difficulties; list of names for inclusion and exclusion, endorsed as from Mr Edwin and Mr Talbot, [c1714/15]; similar list c.1715, endorsed as from Mr Edwynne, similar list, c.1715, endorsed as from Sir Rowland Gwyn; two similar lists, c.1714/15, origins unknown.
Montgomeryshire: undated list of names for inclusion and exclusion, endorsed as from Lord Bradford.
Pembrokeshire [including Haverfordwest]: letter from Sir Arthur Owen about irregular proceedings in the county and at Haverfordwest, 13 January 1714/15; annotated list of justices for the county as at 27 November 1714, and annotated list of justices for Haverfordwest as at 12 February 1714/15

Commissions of the peace: letters of recommendation, etc, Scottish counties  DE/P/F156  C1706-10

9 items


Related information: [For further items relating to Scottish Commissions of the Peace, see letter from John Gordon, Earl of Sutherland, 27 September 1716, in DE/P/F54, concerning the irregular election of magistrates at Inverness, and letters from Lord Cromarty, 1709, concerning the appointments of justices in Ross-shire, allegations by Lord Ross, etc, in DE/P/F55]

Contents:
[All letters addressed to Lord Cowper unless otherwise stated]
Edinburgh: letter from George Lockhart, originally enclosing a list of names for the commission, 16 April 1709, and copy of reply from Lord Cowper, 16 August 1709.
Inverness-shire: letter from Justices, 14 January 1708/9 complaining that they cannot administer justice properly, especially to the poor, because of interruptions by advocations [ a process in Scottish law for removing causes to a superior court].
Kincardineshire: letter from Sir David Ramsey, 26 May 1709, thanking Lord Cowper for commission for the county.
Ross-shire: a list of Tory and Whig justices, with additional names for inclusion and exclusion, from Lord Ross, 1708; memorial from several justices of Ross-shire about malpractices on the part of some of their colleagues, with list of names to be added to the commission, 1709; state of the case of Ross-shire, complaining of commission being too biased against the government, and explaining the clan arrangements in Ross which led to this, undated, c1706-10; list of current justices, annotated to indicate those it is desired to exclude, undated, c1706-10; memorial to crown from Earl of Cromarty about imbalance of commission for Ross-shire, undated, c1706-10

Documents concerning complaints against Richard Woollaston, Secretary of the Commissions of the Peace under Lord Cowper  DE/P/F157  1717

3 items


Related information: [For further material relating to Woollaston, see letter from John Dennis to Lord Cowper complaining about Woollaston obtaining money by tricks, 16 March 1720/1, in DE/P/F54; letter from Woollaston to Fuller in DE/P/F57, 19 April 1717, relating to the suppressing of playhouses; and letter, also in DE/P/F57, Woollaston to Lord Cowper further refuting allegations against him.]

Contents:
Letter from William Ashurst, J P to Lord Cowper, 23 October 1717, about the putting out of Mr Rand from the commission for ?the City, because of his joining with a Mr Fuller, another J P, in suppressing plays, which had offended Mr Woollaston [see letter to John Fuller from Woollaston in DE/P/F57], and also referring to Woollaston borrowing money from several Justices; letter from Richard Woollaston to Lord Cowper defending himself against assorted charges, enclosing copies of depositions from various people in support of his case, c October 1717

Petitions to Lord Chancellor [many have no indication whether they came to the Lord Chancellor direct, through the Privy Council, or by some other means  DE/P/F158  1706-1710

27 items


Related information: [For memorial relating to the augmentation of poor cures in the North, quoting examples, see DE/P/F168 See also Chancery petitions, DE/P/F167 some petitions to Privy Council in DE/P/F123: and for documents relating to Sherlock's case (touching on the question of jurisdiction between the Irish and English Houses of Lords), see DE/P/F141-2]

Contents:
Papers relating to proceedings in Treasury on Alexander Johnstone's petition [copies of various petitions, 1696, 1705, and 1706; copies of two letters to Duke of Newcastle, 1706; abstract of Treasury proceedings, 1702-6; and letter, Johnstone to Lord Cowper, 16 September 1706, enclosing the rest of the papers]; petition of Maurice Zuylesteyn, Esq, an army captain, for recovery of one John Cass, who escaped from custody after being handed over to be a soldier on refusing to maintain his wife at Northaw, Herts, and supporting deposition, May 1706; petitions of Gilbert Mean and John Exton of Cottered, Herts, yeoman, and supporting papers, relating to a dispute over the erection of a stable on manorial waste at Cottered, 1709; petition from corporation of Newcastle that Joshua Douglas, aged 17, may be appointed Town Clerk on the resignation of his father, who will act as his deputy, 28 May 1709, and letter of thanks from same for favourable reply received through Sir Henry Liddell, 14 June 1709; letter from Lord Sunderland originally enclosing a petition from Roger Cooke of Whitchurch for the custody of Thomas Mutchell, an idiot, 24 April 1710; petition, in Latin, from Conrad Gulcher, a protestant minister in the Palatine, c1710; letter from Lord Townshend originally enclosing a petition from the Lady Dowager Frecheville, 15 February 1714/15; petition from Richard Richardson, a merchant at the Hague, originally enclosing other papers, concerning the seizure of a merchant ship by Zeeland privateers, and subsequent danger to trade, 3 August 1715; memorial [endorsed as from SDD] concerning the state of prisoners left over from the late rebellion, and blamelessness of most of them, c.1716; petition of Thomas Baston, a bankrupt, from Kings Bench prison 15 December 1716; address of thanks from vestry of St. Michael, Cornhill, for assisting Act of Parliament to finish the tower of the parish church [3 Geo I cv], 17 April 1718; memorial for the Earl of Aboyne, relating to the necessity of extracts from proceedings of the Lords of Sessions undated.; copies of two memorials relating to the more effective suppressing of seditious libels and speaking against the government, 1716 [from JM]; petition from Commissioners empowered to put act of 9 Anne for licensing and regulating hackney coaches and chairs into action, with list of amended bye-laws intended to relieve hardship, c1716-18

Miscellaneous papers relating to the Inns of Court  DE/P/F159  1706; Undated

3 items

Contents:
Extracts from records of Inner Temple, relating to precedence of Serjeants at Law in choosing chambers, c1706; extracts from records of Middle Temple, listing Kings Counsel from 1660, and their claims to bench chambers, etc c1706; argument for passing an Act of Parliament to build a church in, and beautify Lincolns Inn Fields, and provide accommodation there for the Lord Chancellor and Chancery officials, undated

Lord Chancellor as head of Chancery and chancery judge  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The following documents relate to the Lord Chancellor's functions in Chancery, and include documents relating to the appointments of Masters of the Rolls, and various Chancery officials, fees and accounts, and cases and opinions and other legal papers]

Appointments of Chancery officers, etc  DE/P/F160  C1705-1709; C1714-1718

16 items

Contents:
Notes on holders of office of Clerk of Bankrupts, and Clerk of Bankrupts deputy, 1684-1700, and reasons for removals, etc, c1705-6 [2 items]; copy warrant for patent for Clerk of the Crown [Fisher Tench], c1706; notes by Mr Jodrell on offices at the disposal of the Great Seal, c1705-6; formal notice addressed to Lord Chancellor informing him of revocation of deputation of Thomas Jones, one of the deputies of the Clerks of the Inrollments, 29 June 1709, and sealed copy of articles exhibited against the said Thomas Jones; Dr John Edisbury's surrender of office as a Master in Chancery, 16 March 1709; list of offices to which the Chancellor properly recommends, and now held, August 1714; petition to the King from the Earl of Carnarvon for grant of office of Clerk of the Hanaper during his sons' lives, August 1715, and draft of report of Lord Cowper to the King on the subject, and fair copy of same, in French, in Lady Cowper's hand; copies of warrants for patents for Clerkship of the Presentations, 1699 and 1715; draft petition in Lord Cowper's hand, addressed to King, for the grant of the office of Clerk of the Dispensations, together with extract from statute of Henry VIII about the right of appointment to this post, undated., c1714-18; copies of memoranda, mainly 1684, relating to abuses in the Company of Cursisters, including appointment of children as deputies, undated.; copy of articles between Sir Harbottle Grimston, Master of the Rolls, and Matthew Bluck, Usher, 1679/80, [penalty bond], undated.; copy of patent of John Harris as Chafe-wax, 15 May 1675, undated

Chancery administration, fees and accounts  DE/P/F161  1702-1707/8; Undated

2 items

Contents:
Copy of book of presentment of fees made in 1597/8 (inquest set up to deal with abuses in Chancery], copy made and certified by William Grymes, Usher.; accounts of money paid in and out of the account of William Grymes, Usher, 1702-1707/8, interleaved with analysis of receipts in tenure of office of Mr Bluck, 1680-88, and Mr Grymes, 1690-1702

Chancery administration, fees and accounts  DE/P/F162  May 1709

11 items

Contents:
Returns by Masters in Chancery to Lord Chancellor of all moneys and securities in their hands, or paid out by them

Chancery administration, fees and accounts: Tables of fees of various officers, etc  DE/P/F163  1705/6: 1714/15

20 items

Contents:
Commissioners and Clerk of Bankrupts: fees received by Clerk of Bankrupts, endorsed by Lord Cowper as given in by the Deputy, Cradock, 1 November 1706 "wch seem extravagant therefore memd. to inquire how grounded"; representation of the Commissioners, 23 November 1706, in connection with exorbitant fees paid to the Clerk; list of fees payable to the Secretary of the Bankrupts, with Lord Keeper dividend shown, c1706; two copies fees and profits of office of Clerk and deputy, October 1714, including request from the deputy to be allowed to turn part of his house into his office.
Pursebearer's Office: table of fees due, October 1714.
Clerk of the Hanaper: account of payments due by patent to Lord Keeper, also account of division of robe money, and list of casual fees due to the Lord Keeper out of the Hanaper, c1705-6.
Crown Office [Clerk of the Crown]:table of fees due to Lord Keeper usually received for him by the Clerk of the Crown, who pays them quarterly or half yearly, c1705-6; fees due at the Great Seal from the Crown Office, undated.
Lord Keeper's Secretary: table of fees paid to Lord Keeper's secretary [Mr Marshall] October 1706; table of fees paid to Lord Chancellor's secretary [Mr Woodford], October 1714; comments on variations in fees noted in previous item [hand not known].
Secretary of the Presentations: table of fees of presentations in the Lord Keeper's gift, c1705-6; note on fees given to Lord Cowper, 29 December 1705, as charged under Lord Somers and the Commissioners for the Great Seal.
Porter: table of porters fees, undated.
Gentlemen of the Chambers: table of fees received by the gentlemen, who keep it all.
Clerk of Decrees and Injunctions: table of fees, undated.
Commissions of Peace: table of fees, undated.
[? Secretary of Commission's fees]
Secretary of Briefs for Fire: table of fees, undated.
Secretary of Lunatics and Idiots: table of fees, 29 October 1714

Chancery administration, fees and accounts: Accounts of fees paid to Chancery officers, etc [mainly duplicates]  DE/P/F164  1706-1710; 1714-18

69 items

Contents:
Pursebearer's Office: accounts of Chamber fees, October 1714-September 1716, including some outgoings; pursebearer's accounts, Michaelmas 1714-Midsummer 1715, and Lady Day 1716- Michaelmas 1716.
Receiver of Fines: fees accounts, Michaelmas 1714-Michaelmas 1715 and Easter 1716-Easter 1716/17.
Hanaper Office: copies receipts for Lord Chancellor's allowances, etc, payable out of Hanaper, September 1714-June 1717, and account for stationery from Clerk of Hanaper, 1716-17; accounts of casual fees due to Lord Chancellor, 1714-1717
Crown Office: fees accounts, March 1716-September 1716, March 1717- April 1718; accounts of dividend and docquet money, Sept 1706-March 1707, October 1709-September 1710, September 1714-October 1716 and October 1717-April 1718.
Clerk of Dispensations: fees accounts 1714-1718 [incomplete].
Clerk of Presentations: fees accounts, 1714-1717 [incomplete]

Chancery administration, miscellaneous items  DE/P/F165  1706;1709;1714-1717

8 items

Contents:
Certified copy 3 April 1706, of warrant and bill for riding charges for carrying Parliamentary writs, 1703/4; certified copy, 6 April 1706, of warrant and bill for a Clerk of the Petty Bag for expenses in sending out Parliamentary writs, 1702/3; account of fees returned to Lord Cowper by Arthur D'Anvers, occasion not specified, 14 October 1709; copies of account of fees due to Lord Chancellor for private bills passed in 1714 session, and 1717-18 session [from Clerk of Parliaments]; representation from the Commissioners for collecting stamp duties about sharp practice by clerks in the various courts, 31 July 1716; copies of petitions, etc, relating to the supply of the Excise Office with stationery, 10 October 1717

Chancery records  DE/P/F166  1705/6; 1708/9; Undated

5 items

Contents:
Copy of report to the Lords' Committee by Sir John Trevor, Master of the Rolls, on the state of the records of Chancery, endorsed by Lord Cowper as received from Sir John 23 January 1705/6; letter from George Jenkins, Clerk of the Dispensations, enclosing two receipts from the Rolls Chapel for the Dispensation Rolls, February 1708/9; copy of warrant and receipt, 1671 for removal of the Chancery records from the Six Clerks' office to the Tower of London, undated

Documents relating to Chancery cases  DE/P/F167  1706; 1709; 1714-1717

8 items


Related information: [See also DE/P/F158, containing petitions addressed to the Lord Chancellor, and DE/P/F123, containing petitions addressed to the crown, usually in Privy Council, and referred to judges for decisions. See also legal papers of Lord Cowper referring to his career before government office, DE/P/F95-97, and other documents relating to legal matters with which he was concerned after retiring from office, 1718-23, in DE/P/F97.
For other documents relating to law cases, see letter from Mr Hoffman in DE/P/ F55 concerning the case of Mme Leyencrona, 1717]

Contents:
Petition from servants of the Honour of Windsor asking for payment of salaries, 1699, together with opinion on recent grants affecting these, and extracts from 32 Henry VIII c 35 which originally set up the Honour, undated.: letter from Thomas, Lord Wharton, Chief Justice in Eyre of Forests, 7 January 1706/7, enclosing petition to himself from the Verderers of Windsor Forest concerning irregularity in signifying a vacancy amongst them; two copies of a case concerning the crown's claim to Kingswood Chase, and the current waste being committed there c 1714-18; notes on case concerning duty payable on crown's own wine, 1709; copy of petition of Charles Hore, owner of the market right of the skin market in Clerkenvell, and affidavit in case Dixon V Williams, attempting to stop Williams setting up another skin market in Southwark, 1716/17; 9 documents relating to case in Chancery, 1716, over claim of Basingstoke Corporation to appoint the schoolmaster at the free school; draft opinion by Lord Cowper as Lord Chancellor on case where an heir underwent recoveries in connection with estates, although disabled [? by being a Roman Catholic]; extract from charter of John, 1214, concerning election of Lord May of London, undated

Documents relating to university and ecclesiastical matters [rights of appointment, presentation, etc  DE/P/F168  1692-1693; C1705-1718

29 items
Language:  French


Related information: [See also letters from Newton and Newell in DE/P/ F55 concerning dispute over jurisdiction in diocese of Lincoln, 1713; letter from John Taylor recommending a scheme for visitation of colleges, similar to visitation of clergy, 1718, in DE/P/ F57; and letter from Archbishop Tenison, also in DE/P/ F57, concerning recommendation for Robert Clavering as Professor of Hebrew at Oxford, 1714]

Contents:
Case papers concerning the King and Queen against the Bishop of London over the right of presentation to St Martins-in-the-Fields, 1692/3, with notes on same in Lord Cowper's hand, undated.; copy of court record of case of King and Queen against the Bishop of London over the right of presentation to St. James, Westminster, undated.; copy of Doctor Attenbury's dispensation for absence as Dean of Carlisle, 19 February 1704/5; case between Dean and Chapter of Chichester and the Mayor of Chichester [relating to ancient exemption of church and close from jurisdiction of the Mayor and magistrate, and attempts by the Mayor to override this, 1706; letter from Dr Delaune, President of St Johns College Oxford, to Mr Shaw at Doctors Commons, enclosing copy of statute relating to appeals, and extract from records of Court of Delegates relating to previous appeals, 13 May 1707; letter from Dr South, Dr Sartre and Dr Gee about dispute in Chapter of Westminster Abbey over validity of church statutes, 17 November 1711; copy of Dr John Radcliffe's will, setting up Radcliffe travelling scholarships for physicians [original dated 13 September 1714], and letters of recommendation for these scholarships as follows [Lord Cowper, as Lord Chancellor, having been appointed one of the trustees]: John Radcliffe of St Johns, cousin and godson of Dr Radcliffe for himself, 3 November 1714: George Smalridge, dean of Christ Church and Bishop of Bristol, recommending Mr Broxolme of Christ Church, 4 November 1714: Joseph Addison recommending Broxolme, 29 November 1714: J Hanbury for Mr Wyntle, 16 November 1714 [and see letter from Dr Lloyd in DE/P/ F55, dated 16 May 1715, also recommending Mr Wyntle]; memorial relating to the augmentation of poor cures in the north [chiefly Lancashire and Northumberland], c 1716-18; letters from Sir Robert Eyre, Chancellor to the Prince of Wales, about right claimed for Prince of Wales to present to Welsh benefices, 24 January and 25 February 1716/17, and related documents, including extracts from charters and list of livings presented by the crown in 1603; papers relating to cause between the crown and the Dean and Chapter of Holy Trinity, Dublin, concerning the disputed admission of Robert Dougall as Archdeacon of Dublin, 1717; copy of 1 Elizabeth c 33, stating that Queen may make ordinances and rules for collegiate churches, colleges and schools, undated.; case of the statutes of Carlisle Cathedral, from the Bishop of Carlisle, undated.; memorial concerning the state of the clergy in the diocese of Tuam in Ireland, undated.; memorial, in French, on ways of uniting the interest of the lover orders of clergy with that of the crown, undated.; case of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, concerning irregularity in appointment of Visitors after a disputed election of a fellow.
One memorial in French

Miscellaneous Chancery papers  DE/P/F169  Jan 1712/13-Jan 1714/15; Jan 1715/16-Jan 1717/18

4 items

Contents:
Engrossed accounts of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel [required to be shown to the Lord Chancellor, and Chief Justices.]

Miscellaneous Chancery papers [including charities and idiots]  DE/P/F170  C1705-1718

8 items


Related information: See letter concerning custody of an idiot from Lord Sunderland, 1710, in DE/P/ F158 note of appointments of Treasurers of the Exchequer, 1672-1690; printed abstract of Thomas Horde's charity for prisoners in Oxford Gaol, 1707; copy of decree in Bridgeman v. Hill in chancery, 1690, concerning a charity payment to the minister of Teddington, undated.; affidavit of John Johnson of Newcastle concerning the Mayor of Newcastle being rude to him and to James Clavering on their making application to him for protection for their keelmen on the Tyne out of the Clavering Stella Colliery, April 1709; document containing various ideas on the reform of Chancery [rules], undated.; copy of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester's grant relating to Colchester Hospital, 1423, left with Lord Cowper by the Bishop of London for advice on what to do about the present incumbent neglecting his duties, undated

Contents:
Copy of grant by James II to Viscount Lisburne of rangership of Enfield Chase, June 1687; account of Thomas Douce as committee of Dorothy Huddlestone, a lunatic, 1688-90

Miscellaneous Chancery documents [Savoy Hospital]  DE/P/F171  C1698-1700

17 items

Contents:
Original bundle of documents relating to Savoy Hospital, including case between Hospital and the Commissioners of Sewers about drains being laid through the burial ground, projects for re-establishing the Savoy, and matters relating to the election of the Master [item bearing number 11 in this bundle contains a ground plan of the Savoy, with key]

Miscellaneous Chancery documents [St. Katherine by the Tower, collegiate church and hospital]  DE/P/F172  C1698-1709

18 items

Contents:
Documents relating to visitations, including copies of reports by various Lord Keepers, 1670-1697, copies of rules made by Lord Somers, 1698, a petition from one of the brothers, a report on the state of the hospital by Lord Cowper's chaplain, Mr Harris, a financial statement 1698-1707, account of leases renewed for same period, and eight letters and petitions from William Bisset, senior clerk resident at the Hospital, 1708-9

Preferment Papers and other documents  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
Relating to the filling of vacant ecclesiastical posts, including some papers relating to disputes over rights of presentation. The Lord Chancellor normally had the presentment of any English or Welsh living under £20 pa
For other ecclesiastical papers, and documents relating to the claim of the Prince of Wales to present to Welsh livings of small value, see DE/P/F168]

Recommendations for preferment  DE/P/F173  C1705-10, 1714-18

83 items


Related information: [For further letters and papers relating to recommendations for living, see letters from Archbishop Wake in DE/P F62 passim; Lord Cowper's diary (DE/P F76); letter from Sir Francis Drake in DE/P F54 offering to find an incumbent for the living at Ashcombe, Devon, 1706; letter from Charles Culling thanking Lord Cowper for his son St George's preferment in the Fleet, 1707; reference to a vacant living at Barsham, Norfolk in notes for a conference with the Lord Treasurer in DE/P F131, September 1707; letter from Robert Harley recommending Robert Griffith for New Radnor, 1706, in DE/P F60; letter from William Lloyd junior recommending curate for Alderminster vacancy (Worcs) 23 March 1714/15, in DE/P F55; and letter from Marquis of Wharton asking for nomination to a vacant living in Swaledale, Yorks, 1717, in DE/P F57]

Contents:
Various parishes:
Berkshire, Furley: letter of recommendation, Bishop of Salisbury to Lord Cowper for Joseph Acre, 12 November 1714; letter from Joseph Acres to Lord Cowper, 23 November 1714, on own account.
Breconshire, Defynock: letter from Rice Williams, at present incumbent of Uley, Gloucestershire, to Lady Cowper asking for her to intercede with the Prince for an exchange to the living of Defynock, 26 December 1719 [see also letter of recommendation for Rice Williams from Bishop of St Asaph in DE/P/ F175.]
Breconshire, Llandevailog: letter of recommendation from Charles Kemys to Lord Wharton for Mr Goodwin, 12 January 1714/15; ditto from Lord Sunderland to Lord Cowper on behalf of Howell Jones, also two other notes on the same subject from Lord Sunderland, 24 January 1714/15 and undated. [See also letter from D Powel under Radnorshire referring to this living.]
Bristol, St Stephen: letter of recommendation from Bishop of Salisbury to Archbishop of Canterbury for Mr Bedford, minister of the Temple at Bristol, 25 June 1707; letter from Bishop of Bristol to Lord Cowper asking for a "good and able" minister to be preferred, 26 June 1707.
Buckinghamshire, Wendover: letter from Richard Hampden to Lord Cowper asking for the nomination to this living, 12 October 1705; and further letter, 24 June 1706, recommending Mr Hort.
Buckinghamshire, West Wycombe: letter from Charles Cornwall to Lord Cowper asking for presentation for John Ursgate, who obtained a presentation from the late Lord Chancellor, but having had to go to sea in his capacity as chaplain to a man-of-war, could not wait to be instituted, and therefore requires a new presentation because of the Queen's death since then, 14 December 1714.
Devon, St Pauls, Exeter: two letters from Bishop of Winchester [recently translated from Exeter], to Lord Cowper asking him not to present one Drake, 4 September 1707, and subsequently thanking him for presenting Mr Westlake, 13 October 1707 [Drake being a strong supporter of Sir Edward Seymour.]
Essex, St Mary, Colchester: letter from Bishop of London to Lord Cowper, concerning a brief for St Mary, and thanks for his kindness to "poor Jackson", 20 June [1709].
Essex, Dovercourt: letter from Lady Effingham to ? Lord Cowper recommending Mr Curtis, [5th October 1706].
Gloucestershire, Haselton: letter from Lord Wharton to Lord Cowper, 23 December 1714, asking for nomination.
Gloucestershire, Turley on Severn: letter from Mr Justice Powell to Lord Cowper recommending Mr. Bateman, 29 September 1707.
Hampshire, Pittleworth: letter of recommendation from Bishop of Winchester to Lord Cowper for Mr White, 2 October 1717.
Isle of Wight, Whippingham: note endorsed by Lord Cowper "recd fro Mr Bridges & Mr Jervoice", recommending Mr Evan Jones [28 December 1706]; letter of recommendation from Richard Farington to Lord Cowper for Matthew Woodford, currently subdean at Chichester, 23 October 1714.
Isle of Wight, [parish not specified]: letter of recommendation from Lord Stanhope to Lord Cowper for John Gilbert, for a living in the neighbourhood of Newport, 9 October 1717.
Herefordshire, Eye: letter of recommendation from Lord Carnarvon [later Duke of Chandos] to Lord Cowper for Mr Finch, 1 December 1714.
[Herefordshire, Kingsland, see letter from Lord Coningsby under Lancashire, Aintree].
Herefordshire, Netherstaunton, otherwise Staunton on Arrow, and Tittley: letter from Edward Harley recommending Thomas Spilsbury for both livings, which are usually enjoyed by the same incumbent, 18 January 1714/15; petition from Warden and Scholars of Winchester College for nomination of Thomas Spilsbury to both livings, 9 February 1714/15; further note on same lines from Edward Harley [27 February 1714/15]; and letter from Charles Mason to Lord Cowper recommending Mr Wilson for Staunton alone, 27 February 1714/15.
Herefordshire, Stoke Bliss: letter from Thomas Spilsbury to ? Earl of Bradford asking for benefice of Stoke Bliss for self, 15 March 1714/15.
Kent, St Peter, Sandwich: letter from Josiah Burchett, M P to Lord Cowper, on behalf of the Corporation, for Gerrard de Goll, a minister of the Dutch Congregation, to be appointed, 23 March 1705/6.
Lancashire, Aintree: letter from Lord Coningsby to Lord Cowper urging that Stenen be not presented, 5 November 1717. [Letter is endorsed by Lord Cowper "The man he writes agt he after recomended". Also a note is endorsed by Lord Cowper that Mr Thomas Whittle is recommended by Mr Caswell for Kingsland (in Herefordshire).]
Leicestershire, Edmondthorpe: two letters from Sir Edward Smith requesting this living for Mr Perry, 4 July and 20 August [1709]; letter from Earl of Manchester recommending Mr Boundy, 27 June 1709 [see also letter from Earl of Manchester under Northamtonshire, Thrapston.]
London, St Bartholomews "behind the Royal Exchange": letter from M de Robethon to Lord Cowper, asking for this living for Littleton Burton, and offering the next vacancy falling to the crown in return, May 1717.
[London, St Mildred, Breadstreet, see under Nottinghamshire, Gamston].
Middlesex, St James, Piccadilly: letter from Archbishop of Canterbury to Lord Cowper, 21 September 1706, recommending Dr Charles Trimnel, at the Queen's instance [see also letter from Archbishop of Canterbury under Northampton, Kingsthorp, and letters from Robert Harley on this subject in DE/P/F60].
Norfolk, Bridgham: letter from Bishop of Norwich thanking Lord Cowper for granting this rectory to Mr Clagett.
Norfolk, Shingham: note from Lord Cowper and answer by Lord Townsend [on same sheet] concerning nomination of Huggins to this living [28 June 1706].
Northamptonshire, Courtenhall and Stanwick: memorandum from Chief Baron Ward to Lord Cowper requesting either vicarage for John Yorke, vicar of Culworth, when one should fall vacant.
Northamptonshire, Stanwick: letter from Thomas Hind requesting this living for himself, 6 November 1714; letter from Peter Needham, thanking Lord Cowper for granting him this living, 20 June 1717 [see also letter from Earl of Manchester under Thrapston below].
Northamptonshire, Kingsthorp: letter from Archbishop of Canterbury to Lord Cowper concerning recommendation of Dr Reynolds for this living. Also refers to Dr Trimnel having St James, Piccadilly [see under Middlesex], 26 September 1706.
Northamptonshire, Thrapston: letter from Earl of Bridgewater to Lord Cowper asking for nomination to this living, 28 August 1709; three letters from the Earl of Manchester asking for either Thrapston, Edmondthorp or Stanwick for Mr Boundy, June-September 1709; letter from Lord Rivers to Lord Cowper asking for this living for Mr Bradshaw, brother of Sir Roger Bradshaw, 9 September 1709.
Nottinghamshire, Gamston: three letters from the Duke of Newcastle to Lord Cowper asking for this living for Mr Berdmore, also asking for St Mildred, Breadstreet, for him, August, 1706; also note in unknown hand about a proposal to purchase a living of similar value in lieu of Gamston, undated. [The Duke's letters also refer to some criticism by Lord Cowper of Robert Harley's attitude].
Oxfordshire, Cornwell: letter from Lord Haversham to "Madam" asking for this living for Mr Kery, undated.; letter from person unknown [signature torn off] to Lord Godolphin recommending William Mervin undated.; letter from William Diston to Sir Thomas Reade, bart, on behalf of Mr Hastings, 25 October 1714.
Oxfordshire, St Clement, Oxford: letter from Bishop of Lichfield recommending Samuel Crips for this living, and also a reference to Mr Langley [for whom see under Warwickshire, Kingsbury], 25 May 1706.
Radnorshire, New Radnor: letter from D Powel to Lord Cowper asking for this living for himself, on recommendation of Marquis of Dorchester, 2 February 1714/15, [also refers to Llandevailog in Brecon, which see]
Shropshire, Great Ness: letter from J Turton to ? Lord Cowper asking for this living for Mr Langley, 17 August 1706 [see similar letter relating to Warwickshire, Kingsbury under Warwickshire].
Somersetshire, Pawlett: two letters from Bishop of Bath and Wells to Lord Cowper against Mr Giles and Mr Werg for this living, 16 November 1717 and 26 March 1718; and letter from Joseph Addison recommending Giles, 25 March 1717/18.
Staffordshire, Drayton Basset: letter from Lord Chief Justice Parker to Lord Cowper recommending John Jordan, 25 October 1715; letter from John Jordan on own behalf, 29 October 1715.
Staffordshire, Wednesday: petition from inhabitants on behalf of Edward Best, at present curate there, with endorsement by Bishop of Lichfield approving this, undated.
Suffolk, Barton Mills: three letters from Lord Orford to Lord Cowper recommending Mr Mallabar, and against Mr Drake, March-April 1709.
Suffolk, Great Bradley: letter from John Cowper to Lord Cowper for self, 22 November 1714.
Suffolk, Burgh Castle: letter from Bishop of Norwich asking for nomination, 27 November 1714.
Sussex, Barcombe: letter from J Butler to ? Lord Cowper recommending Mr Blackman, 29 September 1709.
Sussex, Midhurst and Eastbourne: letter from Bishop of Chichester to Lord Cowper concerning technicalities of presentation to these livings of one Scott, and recommending that Midhurst be given to Serene Barrett, 18 July 1717.
Warwickshire, Kingsbury: undated recommendation from Bishop of Norwich for George Antrobus; letter from J Turton to Lord Cowper asking for the nomination, 8 December 1706 [see letter from J Turton under Shropshire, Great Ness]; letter from Bishop of Lichfield to Lord Cowper recommending Mr Langley, 21 December 1706, and subsequent letter, 1 January 1706/7 saying that he was unaware that Antrobus had already been recommended for this living, and he would not like to be the "occasion of his disappointment"; letter of recommendation for Mr Antrobus from R Laughton to the Bishop of Norwich, 22 December 1706.
Wiltshire, Trowbridge: letter from William Grigg, Vic-Chancellor of Cambridge, to Lord Cowper, saying that as he has received a presentation to Trowbridge from the Duke of Somerset, he relinquishes all claim to the vicarage of All Saints [whereabouts not specified], 9 April 1717.
Wiltshire, Upton Lovel: letter from Edward Ashe of Hertsbury to person unknown asking for nomination to the living, 6 October 1714.
Yorkshire, parish unknown: letter from the Duchess of Roxburgh to Lady Cowper asking for a living near Beverley for Mr Pearson, 8 September 1715. [Endorsed by Lord Cowper"..... I did as desird, she provd ungratefull in few days aft telling most groundless & if beleivd, hurtfull lyes of me to the Princess".
Yorkshire, Howden: three letters from Archbishop of York [one to "Sir, two to Lord Cowper] and draft and copy of reply from Lord Cowper, concerning the Archbishop's objections to two nominees for the living [Bristoll and Coulton], June-July 1707
Yorkshire, Leathley: note from Mr Boyle, 15 June 1706, recommending Mr Henry Wright
Yorkshire, Richmond: letter from C Yorke to ? Lord Wharton, recommending Mr Brooke, 7 April 1706; and petition from Mayor of Richmond and others for the same [who is the Mayor's brother-in-law], 7 April 1706

Appointments to prebends, archdeaconries, bishoprics, etc  DE/P/F174  C1705-10; 1714-17

14 items
Language:  French


Related information: [See also letter from William Lloyd, prebend of Worcester, referring to Deanery of Worcester, 23 March 1714/15, in DE/P/ F55; letter from Charles Spencer, Earl of Sunderland, in DE/P F56, asking for a prebend at Gloucester as he failed to get the deanery, 5 August 1707; and letter from Charles Seymour, Duke of Somerset, 22 November 1705 recommending Mr Pritty for a Winchester prebend]

Contents:
Note in hand of Robethon addressed to Bernstorff "l'ass[istanc]e des Eveq est reglee/ selon le plan de V E Celuy de lincol - au Eveque/celuy de Glocester Dr Willis/ aura le choix de rester come/ il est ou d'estre Eveq. de lincoln/Et Mr Hoadley aura l'Eveche/que Dr Willis ne voudra point/Celuy de Bangor ne sera pas/ encore donne si tost. On/ voudroit que l'Eveque le/ gardast pendant cette session"; copy of Dr Atterbury's dispensation to be absent from Carlisle where he was Dean, February 1704/5; letter from George Drake to Lord Cowper thanking him for his prebend at Exeter, 2 August 1707; letter from Dr. Hough, Bishop of Lichfield, asking that he may be permitted to stay at Lichfield until the ordination, before his translation to Worcester, 31 August 1717; letter from ? Duchess of Buccleuch to Lady Cowper asking for prebend of Lichfield vacated by Dr. Chandler to be given to her chaplain, Dr. Richard Longworth, 7 September [1717]; two letters from Dr Trimnel to Lord Cowper, 11 August and 1 September 1707, concerning his resigning his living of Southmere before being made Bishop of Norwich; letter from John Warner to Duchess of Marlborough asking for Archdeaconry of Oxford for Dr Baker, 11 October 1714; two letters from the Bishop of St Asaph concerning a living which it has been suggested should be given to Dr Rawson, but which he intends to take himself, as he has licence to do, 15 September and 12 November 1710, and copy of licence to his predecessor to take three livings in commendam; letter from Sir Jonathan Trelawney, Bishop of Exeter, and Bishop-elect of Winchester, to Lord Cowper, concerning arrangements for his confirmation, etc, 18 June 1707; and two letters from Thomas Kinnersley to Lord Cowper concerning his fall from Lord Cowper's favour for having apparently reflected on his inability to get him a prebend, 17 August and 11 November 1717

Recommendations of clergy for livings, no parish specified  DE/P/F175  1705-1707; 1714-1717

21 items


Related information: [See letter from Sir James Oxenden in DE/P/ F55 asking for a preferment for his chaplain, Mr Andrews, 28 October 1706; and letter from John Ker, Duke of Roxburgh, also in DE/P F55 asking for a small living for Mr Pearson, undated

Contents:
Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir George Byng [later Viscount Torrington], recommending Mr Dassigney, a naval chaplain, for a shore living on account of his age, 5 March 1705/6; letter from Sir Robert Clayton, of Marden, recommending Mr Gregory, a naval chaplain, 3 June 1706; copy of letter from S D to an unnamed peer giving a character reference for Dr. Butler, 22 Aug 1715; letter from Earl of Aylesford giving Lord Cowper a living for Mr Johnson, 6 March 1714/15; letter from Col Sir John Gibson, formerly lieutenant-governor of, and M P for, Portsmouth, recommending Mr Evan Jones, lecturer there, for a living, [Jan 1706/7]; character reference for Robert Pearse, from principal and other officers of St Edmund Hall [endorsed by Lord Cowper "recd fro Ld Somers 28 June 1706"; letter from Bishop of Bangor to Lord Cowper recommending an exchange of livings, 17 July 1717; letter from Bishop of Lichfield to Lord Cowper recommending Mr Vernon, 24 December [1705]; letter from Dean Kennett to Lord Cowper recommending Mr Samuel Wood, a former naval chaplain, for a living elsewhere than his present one, in the "most unhealthy parts of Kent", 22 November 1714; petition from John Lefebure, a French minister, asking for a living for himself, [2 November 1706]; note from Lord Orford asking for a living for John Rustat, at present vicar of Wratton, Cambs, 22 July 1706; and character reference for same, 6 August 1707; letter from Rachel, Lady Russell recommending Mr Bolton for a small living in Bedfordshire, 9 April 1706; letter from Lord Galway thanking Lord Cowper for living bestowed on his chaplain, Brassalay, undated.; letter of recommendation from Duke of Schornberg and Leinster for Charles Cobbe, undated.; letter from Earl of Derby, 13 April 1707, offering living [for Mr Johnson]; letter from Bishop of Norwich to Lord Cowper concerning a living for Mr Ellys, 22 December 1714; letter from Lady Dudley, originally enclosing a petition from her neighbours in Staffordshire on behalf of Mr Betts, 30 October 1706, and subsequent letter of thanks, 15 October 1706; note recommending Lewis Thomas, present incumbent of Lanigon, Breconshire [endorsed by Lord Cowper as received from Mr Woodcock, 23 August 1706]; character reference for Rice Williams from Bishop of St Asaph, 18 January 1715

Papers relating to disputes over presentations, etc  DE/P/F176  1706; 1710; 1714-16

12 items


Related information: See DE/P F168, which contains some similar material

Contents:
Letter from Bishop of Bristol concerning dispute over presentation to vicarage of St Nicholas, Bristol, 26 July 1716; memorial from Rev Hill Denny of Little Parndon, Essex, concerning the donative of Waltham Abbey, Essex, undated.; copy of memorial in Lord Cowper's hand [endorsed by him to the effect that it was delivered to the Queen on 31 March 1706], concerning the appointment of a chaplain to officiate under the Great Seal at Tewksbury, Gloucestershire, and an application for a fresh grant in order to test the present chaplain's title; memorandum concerning possibility of reclaiming arrears of tithes at Pittleworth, Hants, on grounds that it is a rectory, undated.; documents relating to a dispute over the moieties of Sedgebrook, Lincs., and its being held with Allington, 1714-15, including letter of recommendation from the parishioners to the Earl of Nottingham for Mr Bernard Neilson, 29 December 1714, and a letter from Rachel, Lady Russell, explaining the case, 10 February 1714/15; statement of the case of the curacy of St Mary's Tower, Ipswich, concerning the election of the curate by the parishioners and the alternative right of the crown to present, undated.; and two letters from the Bishop of Norwich to Lord Cowper concerning difficulties put in the way of intended institution of Mr. Kinnersley at Lavenham, Suffolk, 21 and 28 July 1710

Miscellaneous items relating to presentations, benefices, etc  DE/P/F177  1705-1706/7; 1714/15

5 items

Contents:
List of livings disposed of by the Lord Keeper from October 1705 to Christmas 1706 [giving names of incumbents presented and of recommenders]; letter from Bishop of Lichfield, 8 March 1706/7 concerning bill before Commons for erection of a new church at Birmingham, asking for favourable consideration in Lords, and whether Lord Cowper would be willing to remit his fees, as the Speaker has promised to do; memorandum addressed to Lord Cowper concerning various clergymen whom he has to provide livings for [probably from the Clerk of the Presentations], undated. copy of a letter from Dr Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Queen Anne, 31 January 1712/13, concerning royal dispensations and pluralities [endorsed by Lord Cowper "Given me by Dr Wake B of Linc & ArchB elect of Cant'bury this 14th of Jan 1715/16"]; and note signed by T Bostle concerning right of Lord Chancellor to present to livings under £20, undated

Items relating to the benefice of Hertingfordbury, and to the appointment of Lord Cowper's chaplains  DE/P/F178  1714; 1718/19; 1722

5 items


Related information: [See letters from Rev Vincent Hodgkin, Rector of Hertingfordbury, to Lord Cowper, in DE/P/ F55]

Contents:
Letter from Lord Guernsey [later Lord Aylesford] to Lord Cowper agreeing to request of Lord Cowper that he might recommend for the next vacancy of Hertingfordbury [in the gift of the Duchy of Lancaster], 18 October 1714; letter from Rev S Linwood at Widford, to John Plumer, Esq, requesting that he might approach Lord Cowper for the next vacancy at Hertingfordbury for himself, 13 December 1714; letter from John Plumer to Lord Cowper renewing his recommendation of Mr Linwood for preferment, 20th December 1714; letter from Rev John Beck, chaplain to Lord Cowper, 16 March 1718/19, requesting an additional preferment, such as a prebend at Norwich; and letter from Richard Meadowcourt, 2 June 1722, thanking him for intention to make him one of his chaplains

Recordership of Colchester  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lord Cowper was elected Recorder in 1714 and continued in office until his death in 1723

Letters relating to Lord Cowper's election as Recorder  DE/P/F179  1714-15

7 items

Contents:
Letter from Sir Isaac Rebow, M P for Colchester, and George Clarke, Mayor, giving Lord Cowper details of the election, 3 November 1714; letter from T Greene, Lord Cowper's opponent in the election [which was disputed] putting his case for having the Recordership, but saying he will concede if Lord Cowper accepts the post, 3 November 1714; letter from Rebow and Clarke asking Lord Cowper to accept the Recordership, c December 1714; two further letters from Clarke asking Lord Cowper to take office and take the oath, as business is held up for want of a Recorder or his deputy, 1 January 1714/15 and 8 April 1715; letter from Clarke thanking Lord Cowper for accepting office, and enclosing an extract from their charter concerning the swearing in of the Recorder, 8 April 1715

Letters to Lord Cowper from various Colchester officials  DE/P/F180  1719-1722

11 items

Contents:
Letter from Robert Price, deputy Recorder concerning dispute with the county justices, and extract from William and Mary charter, with case appended, the question being whether the county justices could indict for facts committed within the borough at their general quarter sessions, 16 August 1721; letter from same, 25 December 1721, about the choosing of two new MPs for Colchester, the South Sea Scheme having aroused so much resentment there; letter from same, 15 September 1722, concerning attempts to oust him, dissension in the Corporation, etc; further letter on same lines, 18 September 1722; letter from Edward Raynham, Town Clerk, 31 March 1719, sending barrels of oysters; letter from Sir Isaac Rebow concerning Raynham's standing for election as Mayor, 7 September 1722; letter from same concerning the charter and relative powers of the Recorder and Town Clerk [Raynham wished to appoint a nominee as deputy Town Clerk, so that he could go back to the post of Town Clerk after his year as Mayor], 17 September 1722; letter from same originally enclosing a letter dated 17 September from Raynham, content relating to Mayoral election, 22 September 1722; and further letter from Raynham, 10 October 1722, announcing his election as Mayor

POLITICAL PAPERS OUT OF OFFICE: Political papers, 1710-1714  [no ref. or date]

Copies of documents relating to negotiations concerning commercial treaty, 1711, consisting of copy appointment of Harcourt, Oxford, Buckingham, etc, as plenipotentiaries to negotiate with Sieur Menager, the French envoy, and copy account of the negotiations delivered to the Queen by the plenipotentiaries; printed broadsheet, "A Letter to the Guardian about Dunkirk", c1711-12; note of draft address to crown on subject of insuperable difficulties of Anglo-Spanish trade under terms of present treaty of commerce, in Lord Cowper's hands, c 1712-13; notes by Lord Cowper on terms of former trade agreements from 1667, and progress of negotiations, c 1709-12; similar notes in Lord Cowper's hand on trade agreements and tariffs since 1664, perhaps intended for debate on bill to approve customs for the Commercial Treaty in April 1713; draft motion in Lord Cowper's hand concerning objections to the peace treaties, c 1713; abstract of an account of the state of the negotiations, c 1713 [headed "Abstrt of ye Acct of ye state of ye Treatys of Peace &c with ye Obstructions &c & wht done relating to ye Catalans"]; draft in Lord Cowper's hand, of address on subject of the commercial treaty and possibility of reversion to 1664 tariffs, etc, April 1713; note of precedents for treaties being laid before the house, with notes at end for address for the treaties to be laid before the house, also inquiry what has been done for the Catalans, and in the way of removing the Pretender from Lorraine, 17 March 1713/14; detailed notes, in Lord Cowper's hand, of progress of negotiations leading to the commercial treaty of April 1713, and shabby treatment of Parliament in presenting it to Parliament after it had been signed [April 1711 - July 1714]  DE/P/F181  C1710-14

10 items


Related information: [See letter in DE/P F57 under from leading dissenters, 7 June 1714, thanking Lord Cowper for opposing Schism Bill]

Political papers, 1718-1723  [no ref. or date]

Copy of Parliamentary bill endorsed by Lord Cowper "Copy of ye Bill for Repeal of ye Act agt occas. Conformity & ye Schisme Act with ye Clause intended to frustrate ye Test Act wch last was rejected & left out of ye Bill Dec 1718"; copy paragraph from bill "now depending" in House of Lords [passed 5 Geo I, c 21, East India trade], 1718/19; printed copy of speech from the throne, 18 April 1719; printed copy of the Lords' Committee report concerning William Benson, Surveyor General, and other officers of HM works, 1719; printed extract from Lords' proceedings on constitution of South Sea Co, 1720; draft and notes in Lord Cowper's hand for his "Trojan horse" speech against the South Sea bill, 1720; copy or draft of, and proposed amendment to 7 Geo I c 7 [Act to preserve and encourage the woollen and silk manufacturers of this Kingdom ...], 2 items, 1720/1; notes in Lord Cowper's hand for debate on bill referred to in previous item, 1720/1; notes in Lord Cowper's hand for motions against various moves by the Government [Parliament should be consulted before declaring war or ceding territories like Gibraltar, and the extrajudicial opinions of judges on points of law should not be asked when the case may be depending before them]; c 1720; printed copy of speech from the throne, 8 December 1720; further notes on South Sea Co bill, 1720; draft, in Lord Cowper's hand, of address on South Sea Co Act and powers of directors, 1720; draft, in Lord Cowper's hand, of speech in Lords on the speech from the throne [December 1720]; extract from report of the Secret Committee [on South Sea Co crash] concerning Lord Sunderland 1720/1; document in Lord Cowper's hand, endorsed by him "Notes fro Journal & wht papers called for" [in connection with debate on Navy debt], March 1720/1; some observations on the River Weaver Bill [7 Geo I c 10]; printed copy of parts of proceedings of Lords over Quarantine Act amendment [13 December 1721 [; notes, in Lord Cowper's hand, for use in debates in Lords, and copy or draft resolutions, in another hand [navy and national debts, etc], 1721 [4 items]; letter from Archbishop of Dublin, 3 June 1721, recommending the bearer to Lord Cowper [she is a widow whose case is depending in the English Lords, and is unable to prosecute it]; printed copy of speech from throne, 19 October 1721; draft or copy in Lord Cowper's hand, of address of King to City of London, and reply of Common Council, [16 April 1721]; detailed notes endorsed "Observations on ye Navy Papers", in Lord Cowper's hand [3 items], November 1721; draft in Lord Cowper's hand, headed "Dissent to expunging part of ye reasons of ye 19 Feb agt putting off ye furth cons of ye Navy Det, to be enterd Sat 3 Mar" [1721/2]; document in unknown hand entitled "Severall Remarks on the Expence and Management of the Navy [1721/2]; notes for debate on Navy debt, [1721/2]; two copies, one in Lord Cowper's hand, of a protest against retaining Standing Order No 87, 23 February 1721/2; copy of commission to Robert Gordon of Haughs for keeping the peace in the Highlands, 18 March 1721/2: brief notes for motions on public debts, c 1721/2; copy of statement of public debts, 1717-20; notes for speech on public debts, including Navy debts, 1721/2; copy in Lord Cowper's hand, of motion in Lords on capture of Spanish fleet, with note of what happened in the House when it was moved, 22 January 1721/2; further notes and figures towards speeches on Navy debt, February 1721/2, in Lord Cowper's hand [3 items]; draft of protest, in Lord Cowper's hand, concerning Lord Macclesfield's late appearance in the House of Lords and proceedings thereon, 3 February 1721/2; various notes and figures concerning the building of ships for foreign powers [for debate in January 1721/2; 6 items]; draft speech, in Lord Cowper's hand, on Customs and Excise Bill [8 Geo I, c 18]; document endorsed "Some Memorandums relating to the Public Debts", c 1721/2; draft speech, in Lord Cowper's hand, supporting the view that Dr Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester, should not have to go to the Commons to vindicate himself, 1722; document entitled "Heads for Questions to be moved in the House of Commons at proper times" [for new Session, November 1722]; draft, in Lord Cowper's hand, of protest at proposal to suspend Habeas Corpus Act, 24 October 1722; copy of protest to be entered in House against augmentation of armed forces, c 1722-3; draft of reply, in Lord Cowper's hand, to article by Cato in the St James Journal, 18 October 1722 [refers to suspension of Habeas Corpus Act]; draft in Lord Cowper's hand, of protest in respect of refusal to allow Skeene and ? Pancier to be examined at the bar of the House, c 1723; and draft, in Lord Cowper's hand, of protest on trial of Bishop Atterbury, 1723  DE/P/F182  1718-1723

56 items


Related information: [See letter from David Boyle, Earl of Glasgow, 15 March 1718/19, in DE/P/F53 concerning the Peerage Bill, and letter from Lord Wharton concerning South Sea Co crash, 2 January 1720/1 in DE/P/F57.
See also letters from Archibald Hutcheson in DE/P/F55 concerning South Sea Bubble, and letters from William Wake concerning politics, 1718-22, in DE/P/F62.
For American and Irish affairs, 1718-23, see DE/P/F41-2 and 144.
For material concerning the quarrel between George I and the Prince of Wales see DE/P/F134]

Printed copy of an abstract of the public debts remaining at Michaelmas, 1722, etc  DE/P/F183  1723

1 Volume

Contents:
By Archibald Hutcheson, 1723

Writ to summon Lord Cowper to House of Lords  DE/P/F184  14 March 1721/2

1 item

Miscellaneous political items, c 1718-23 or undated, but reign of George I  DE/P/F185  C1714-23

20 items

Contents:
Notes, in Lord Cowper's hand for speech on public debts, undated, but c 1718-23; notes on clauses in bill concerning the summoning of Scottish peers, c 1718-23; notes in Lord Cowper's hand, for debate on augmentation of the army, ?c 1718-23; notes, in Lord Cowper's hand, for speech, "Account of my trust ...", undated; further notes for speeches [occasions unknown: 3 items]; "Observations on ye Union December 23 1706", MS, endorsed by Lord Cowper to effect that came from Dr Story, Dean of Limerick and was received at Bristol in 1721; case of Edward, Lord Dudley and Ward, an infant [Irish lands, case in Ireland], ?c 1720; case of settlement of the estate of Drummond, with opinion of Robert Dundas, Solicitor General in Scotland, 1720; case, Earl of Thanet and Archbishop of Canterbury, concerning right of presentation to Buxted, Sussex, c 1720 [4 items]; and respondent's case in Haldene and Dundas against the Dean and Faculty of Advocates, concerning jurisdiction of Lords of Session and refusal to appoint Haldane as an ordinary Lord of Session, with allied documents [6 items]

Layer Conspiracy  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The following documents relate to the discovery of the Layer conspiracy in 1722, and the subsequent naming of Lord Cowper by Layer as one of the members of Burford's Club, a group of disaffected politicians. Lord Cowper protested in the House of Lords about the publishing of the names given in Layer's examination, even though there was no truth in his statements.
In the preface to the Diary of Lady Cowper, it is stated that Lady Cowper destroyed some of her papers because it was reported that a warrant to search Lord Cowper's house had been asked for, subsequent on Lord Cowper being named by Layer and also his protests against the form of trial of the Bishop of Rochester]

Key, in Lady Cowper's hand, to cypher used by John Sample [one of the conspirators]; three copies of Sample's declaration, made 15 October 1722, one copy being annotated by Lord Cowper "17 Nov 1722. This is a true copy of ye print deliverd into my hand by Ld Townshend & Ld Carteret Scrs of State in ye H of Lds yesterday being fryday ye 16 Nov instt both assuring me, what concernd me was false, very silly C"; extract from proceedings of House of Lords, 29 January 1722/3, relating to delay in publishing the trial of Christopher Layer, and draft amendments, etc, annotated by Lord Cowper, in respect of the same; MS copy, signed by Archibald Hutcheson, of his declaration in respect of the mention of his name as a member of Burford's Club, 4 March 1722; and printed copy of the same; 2 printed copies of Lord Cowper's declaration in respect of the same matter, one endorsed 20 March 1722/3; bottom half of a draft letter to the Master of the Rolls, Sir Joseph Jekyll, from Lord Cowper, apparently to accompany a copy of his declaration, [March 1722/3]; notes, in Lord Cowper's hand, for his speech in the House of Lords asking that Layer's informants be brought to the bar of the House, March 1723; and draft, in Lord Cowper's hand, of protest against the bringing of a bill of pains and penalties against John Plunket, 1723  DE/P/F186  1722-1723

13 items


Related information: [For legal papers, 1718-23, see DE/P/ F97.]

MISCELLANEOUS  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[Miscellaneous items, mainly contemporary with Lord Cowper, consisting chiefly of topical verse, copies of assorted documents, and other mixed items.]

Printed handbills, pamphlets, etc, mainly relating to political topics  DE/P/F187  1705-14

27 items

Contents:
An answer to Lord Haversham's speech by Daniel D'foe, 1705; items relating to the trial of Dr Sacheverell, 1710; copy of the Lord Keeper's speech of thanks to the Earl of Peterborough, January 1710/11; various items relating to the Duke of Marlborough and his family, and Abigail Hill; and other miscellaneous items, including a cartoon with verse attached, called The Jacobites Hopes, or Perkin Riding in Triumph, showing the Pretender riding in a coach whose horses are trampling on Moderation and Toleration

MS copies of handbills, topical verse, etc  DE/P/F188  C1702-1714

35 items

Contents:
Two copies of a verse on Francesca Margherita de L'Epine, a singer, and her conquests in the Ministry, c 1702-4; Estcourt's ballad on the battle of Almanza; a ballad on the peace treaty, 1711, to the tune of Greensleeves; The Sovereign's answer to the Gloucestershire Address [a lampoon on the ministry changes in 1710], and other material relating to the same event; and miscellaneous other items

Printed handbills, pamphlets, etc, relating mainly to political topics  DE/P/F189  1714-1724

38 items

Contents:
Speech of the Recorder of London on the King's entry into the City, September 1714; The Examiner, vol 2, nos 6 and 21, June and July 1715; speech of the Dutch ambassadors to the King, 1715; The Whitehall Evening Post, no 320, September 1720; The Freethinker, no 329, April 1721; The London Journal, nos 108 and 154, August 1721 and July 1722; Supplement to the Freeholder's Journal, no 10, March 1721/1; The Freeholder's Journal, no 23, June 1722; St. James Journal, no 15, August 1722; The Weekly Journal, 20 January 1722/3; True Briton, nos 3, 6, 15, 39-40 and 74, June 1723 - February 1723/4; and other miscellaneous items in prose and verse, some relating to Jacobites

MS copies of topical verse, handbills etc  DE/P/F190  1714-1727

18 items

Contents:
A poem addressed to Lord Hervey on his birthday, 27 August 1714; a new song on the founding of the Society of Ancient Britons, March 1714/15; letter of Archbishop of Canterbury to Hugh Speke, and his reply, c 1715; poem endorsed "Pope's ballad to some ladys in Leicester Fields", 1715 or 1716; an item relating to the South Sea Bubble called the Prophecy of the Pole in the Wall; an epistle from Arthur Grey to Mrs Murray [a cause celebre in 1721, when Grey, a footman, murdered Mr Murray for love of his wife]; undated reply to an article in the St James Journal; a verse on Bothmer; and other items

Miscellaneous MS and printed verses, literary rather than topical, dating from the first half of the eighteenth century  DE/P/F191  C1700-1760

50 items

Contents:
Copies of Kit Kat Club verses; words and music for the The Parson among the Peas, by Thomas Durfey [printed]; an early 18th century version of John Barleycorn; Pope to Swift on To make a soup; Pope to Kneller [printed] on his painting some statues; Pindar translated by Ambrose Philips [holograph] c 1721-2; a poem by Tickell addressed to Kneller; imitation in French of Addison to Kneller; and other anonymous material

Mary, Countess Cowper, second wife of Sir William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper and Lord Chancellor of Great Britain  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[Mary Countess Cowper, was the daughter of John Clavering of Chopwell, Durham, who was related to the Claverings of Callalee and Axwell, a family of Jacobite and Roman Catholic leanings.
John Clavering married twice, Mary and Anne [married to Henry Liddell], being his surviving children by his first wife. By his second wife he had several children, including John, groom of the bedchamber to George II, and Margaret, Lady of the Bedchamber to Augusta, Princess of Wales.
Mary was born in 1685, and died three months after her husband, in 1723/4. She was a Lady of the Bedchamber to Caroline, Princess of Wales, and parts of her service in this post are recorded in her Diary which was edited by Spencer Cowper, and published in 1864.
Her papers, as listed below, include a great deal of correspondence, including letters in French from Baron Bernstorff to her, acting as intermediary for her husband, who could not speak or write French. Occasionally she translated drafts of memoranda to the king, and similar documents, into French, for him.
In addition to the correspondence, her papers also contain a copy of the "diary" of Sir David Hamilton, one of Queen Anne's physicians, which relates the course of her illness, and political events of the time.
In her capacity as a Lady of the Bedchamber, she was often involved in court intrigues which are often touched on in these papers. One of the more explicit examples is the effort to persuade the Princess of Wales to interest herself in the reprieve of Lord Carnwarth, who was imprisoned after the 1715 rebellion, with Sir David Hamilton acting as go-between]

Settlement, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For draft marriage articles between William Cowper and Mary Clavering see DEP/F51. For the original marriage articles, 1706, see DE/P/F213. This document was produced as evidence in the long lawsuit which followed the deaths of William and his wife, caused by Spencer Cowper's claim on his brother's estate, and is filed with other documents relating to the case

Administrative history:
The marriage actually took place in September 1706, but was kept a secret until 25th February 1707, for no reason that is readily apparent

Miscellaneous papers, chiefly financial  DE/P/F192  1718-1723

8 items

Contents:
Receipt from Katherine Clifton for 17 gns, being 7 months' wages, 12 May 1718; receipt for £42. 10. 0 towards a proportional annuity of 5%, 28 September 1719; lottery tickets, 1719; letter from Robert Knight, treasurer of the South Sea Co, to Lady Cowper, saying has already "subscribed 500 for yourself and 500 for ye young Lady your Dau", but prices are now almost at par, 27 August [1720]; letter from John Rogers to Lady Powlett enclosing an account relating to dealing in South Sea stock between Lady Cowper and the Hon Mrs Jane Egerton, 9 June 1721; certificate showing that Mary, Dowager Countess Cowper has taken the oaths of allegiance etc in open court, 17 December 1723

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Letters  DE/P/F193  C1706/6 - 1723

53 items

Contents:
From Lord Cowper to his wife, including letters dating from before the marriage, and other letters referring to the secrecy surrounding it. The remainder of the letters contain family, political, and court news, being written when Lady Cowper was separated from her husband, being either at court or at Cole Green

Letters  DE/P/F194  1707-1723

36 items


Related information: [For poems, etc, from the children of Spencer Cowper, including Judith Madan, see DE/P/F80.]

Contents:
From various members of the Cowper family to Lady Cowper:
Her children, William, Spencer, Sarah and Anne. 13 items, 1717-1723
Pennington, her sister-in-law, wife of Spencer Cowper. 16 items, 1714-1719
Sarah, Lady Cowper, her mother-in-1 law. 6 items, 1707-1713
William Cowper, her nephew, son of Spencer. 1 item, c 1716/18

Letters from Anne and Henry Liddell and others to Lady Cowper [Anne Liddell was Lady Cowper's sister  DE/P/F195  1714-1718

17 items

Contents:
Letters from Anne, mainly family affairs including references to efforts on behalf of John Clavering of Callaly, imprisoned in the Fleet after the 1715 rebellion: also letter of recommendation, 19 September 1716, for a tailor from Newcastle, who lost most of his business because he supported the government. 4 items, 1714-1718
Extract, in Lady Cowper's hand, from a letter dated 11 October 1715, intercepted at Newcastle, addressed to the Earl of Derwent, relating to financial support for the Pretender. 1 item, 1715
Letters from Henry Liddell, husband of Anne, to Lady Cowper, including one thanking her for her efforts to obtain the post of Treasurer of the Stamp [Duty Office] for him, a further letter which originally enclosed letters from William Cotesworth and the High Sheriff of Newcastle concerning the progress of the rebels [see below]; and a letter about a visit to John Clavering of Callaly in the Fleet, and attempts to get an "ingenious confession" from him. 3 items, c 1715-16
Letters from John Johnson [? High Sheriff of Newcastle] to Henry Liddell, giving a detailed account of the movements of the rebels, their names, and other details of the rising. 5 items, Oct 1715
Letters from William Cotesworth senior to Henry Liddell, from Gateshead, giving news of the progress and aftermath of the rebellion: also letter from William Cotesworth junior on his father's behalf concerning the appointment of an undersheriff not sympathetic to the government. [Apparently Henry Liddell forwarded the letters from Newcastle and Gateshead, which were addressed to him, to Lady Cowper. Extracts from some of these letters are printed in the Diary of Lady Cowper. 4 items, Oct - Dec 1715

Letters  DE/P/F196  C1711-1722

39 items

Contents:
From John Clavering to Lady Cowper [John Clavering was her half-brother], including two letters from Eton, and twenty four from Hanover, between September 1715 and March 1717. The letters mainly refer to family affairs and business [the Claverings had extensive land owning and coal mining interests in north Durham], social gossip, and news from the Hanoverian court in the relevant letters

Letters from other members of the Clavering family to Lady Cowper  DE/P/F197  1702-1722

50 items

Contents:
Alithea Allanson [née Clavering, an aunt]: letters contain family news, comment on current affairs, also a letter from Com. Cornwall to Mrs Allanson, rejoicing on the accession of George I and Lord Cowper's return to office; and a letter from Dr Lloyd of Worcester concerning his disappointment at not getting Deanery of Worcester, 28 March 1715. 13 items, 1708-1719.
Ann Clavering [unidentifiable relative, letter written from Gawthorpe Hall, Lancs.]: congratulations on Lord Cowper being reinstated as Lord Chancellor. 1 item, 1 Nov 1714
Ann Clavering [? sister of 6th bart]: concerning death of her mother, and sending a piece of plate as a remembrance of her. 1 item, 3 April 1719
John Clavering of Lamesly [later 6th bart]: letters concerning the care of young John Clavering [Lady Cowper's half-brother]: local and political news from Newcastle and Durham. 6 items, 1707-1714
John Clavering of Callaly [took part in 1715 rebellion, see letters concerning him in DE/P/F195]: now in prison in London. Wishes to know what he can do for the best. 1 item, 22 Dec 1715
J Clavering [? Jane, wife of 3rd bart]: congratulations on her marriage. 1 item, 28 March 1707
Margaret Clavering [half-sister of Lady Cowper]: five letters mainly in Margaret's hand, being copies of letters between herself and her half-sister Ann Liddell, all dated about 1718. There seems to have been some disagreement between them on Margaret's ingratitude for her upbringing by Ann. 5 items, c 1718
Robert Clavering [a distant relative, Professor of Hebrew at Oxford, and Bishop of Llandaff]: letters to 1st Earl and Lady Cowper, mainly concerning preferment and solicitations. 7 items, 1708-1722
Grace and Jean Richards [Grace was a Clavering aunt of Lady Cowper's. Her remarriage to Richards was considered unwise by her family]: two letters from Grace announcing her remarriage, with request for patronage for her husband, covering letter in French from Jean for one of them, and draft reply from Lady Cowper. 4 items, 1716/17
Grace, Lady Wood [nee Clavering, widow of Sir Thomas, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and great aunt and ? guardian of Lady Cowper before her marriage]: two letters from Orlando Bridgeman, July and August 1702, to Lady Wood, expressing warmth of his feelings for Miss Clavering; letter from his father, D Bridgeman, stating that he has heard that his son has made an offer for Miss Clavering, and reminding her that he cannot marry without "a considerable sum", August 1702; note refusing an offer made by Dr Lloyd for Miss Clavering; and anonymous letter to Lady Wood stating that William Cowper was unsuitable for Miss Clavering to know as he was a libertine, 2 August [1705]. 5 items, c 1702-5.
Miscellaneous letters and papers: note in ? Margaret Clavering's hand about Lady Pomfret and Lady Swindon; note of entries in Ryton parish registers of baptisms of Mary, Ann and Dudley Clavering; note addressed "To Any Mrs Clavering", signed D Spencer, apologizing for inability to see her that evening; two letters addressed to "my dearest friend", and signed MC, but not in a recognisable hand, containing court gossip and trivialities; and draft letter, Lady Cowper to Lady George Howard, concerning her cousin Thompson's proposed marriage with a relation of Lady George, undated. [Lady Cowper's mother was a daughter of Sir Henry Thompson, knight.] 6 items, Undated

Letters  DE/P/F198  1714-1717

72 items
Language:  French

Contents:
From Baron Bernstorff to Lady Cowper. The letters are in French. Lady Cowper acted as intermediary between her husband and the baron, as Lord Cowper had no command of French. Also letter from T. Maccarty to Bernstorff presumably sent on by him to Lord Cowper, relating to the improvement of the lot of debtor prisoners, and offering £10,000 on behalf of someone unnamed if Lord Ross's "affaire" is agreed to by the King, 21 March 1715/16

Letters  DE/P/F199  1717-1723; Undated

44 items
Language:  French

Contents:
From Baron Bernstorff to Lady Cowper. [This file includes several letters addressed to Lord Cowper, one addressed to "Monsieur le Secretaire Francois", one in Latin addressed to VE [? Lord Cowper.] Undated letters at end of file; also drafts of nine letters from Lord or Lady Cowper (all in French, in Lady Cowper's hand), not originally dated; also two letters from CF de Kreienberg, Hanoverian Resident in London making arrangements for the baron to see Lord Cowper (endorsed 13 September 1718), and an undated letter to Lady Cowper making arrangements for a secret meeting.]
Drafts of 9 Letters, in French

Letters  DE/P/F200  C1714-1718

22 items
Language:  French

Contents:
From Sir David Hamilton to Mary, Countess Cowper, mainly covering the period 1715/16 and 1717/18, including references to the 1715 rebellion and its effects on the west country [in letters from Bath] also letters relating to an attempt to get a reprieve for Lord Carnwarth, which include two letters from Lord Carnwarth to Sir David, and a further one to ? Lady Cowper; also copy of petition, in French, from Sir David to George I on his suitability to fill a medical post at court, and letters from Sir David to Lady Cowper, 1717/18, during the quarrel between the King and the Prince of Wales; also letter dated 17 July 1715 from Nicholas Rogers of Oriel College, Oxford, to Sir David, informing him that his son is to be summoned to the Vice-chancellor's court after the riots at Oxford, and the closing of the Constitution Club.
Copy of petition, in French

Letters from Caroline, Princess of Wales to Lady Cowper, in French, mainly undated, and including a considerable number of brief undated notes (76 items) also twelve draft replies from Lady Cowper and a copy of a letter from M de Leibniz to the Princess [May 1715]; draft of letter in Princess's hand for Prince to send to King at time of the quarrel; drafts of two letters from Lord Cowper to the Princess, 19 July 1719 and 12 September 1720 concerning his wife's illness, and two draft letters from Lord Cowper to the Prince of Wales, July 1720, concerning his request for the place of Essay Master of Tin in the Duchy of Cornwall for Mr Vincent. [Lady Cowper had begun corresponding with the Princess and Mlle Schutz in Hanover before the death of Queen Anne, and some letters of this period are included. Although many of the letters bear two different numbers, at least one in the hand of Lady Sarah Cowper, the series appear to be incomplete, and it does not appear possible to file the letters according to their numbers.]  DE/P/F201  C1712-C1723

93 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Some material in French

Letters from Lady Arran to Lord Cowper (3), drafts or copies of replies to these from Lady Cowper and Pennington Cowper, and letter from Lady Arran to Lady Cowper. Also letter from Mrs Allanson, 7 December 1713, relating a story about Lady Arran's continued infatuation [Lady Arran (probably Dorothy Ferrers, widow of Lord Richard Butler, Earl of Arran, who died in 1685) became enamoured of Lord Cowper, although she appears to have received no encouragement]  DE/P/F202  1709, 1713

7 items

General correspondence addressed to Lady Cowper, A-K  DE/P/F203  1708 - 1723
Language:  French


Related information: (See DE/P/F192)

Contents:
[Nothing under letter A]
de BAVIERE, Anne Palatine to Mme de Gouvernet: [in French] wishes Mme de G to tell Princess of her part in the reconciliation between the King and Prince of Wales. 25 June 1720
BECK, Theo junior [Rev]: witty letter originally accompanying gift of trout. April 1709
de BERGOMI, Sophie: [in French] thanks for ring of hair. 20 Sept 1708
BROCKET, William and Jane [Jane an old nurse of Lady Cowper]: letter asking for post for William, her son. 14 April 1711 Moulton
BROCKET, Jane: part of draft reply from Lady Cowper. C 1711
BROCKET, Jane: asks for position for bearer, Crosfield, as some kind of household companion. 4 June 1712 Moulton
BUCKENBOURG, Sophia, Countess of Lippe and Buckenbourg, Lady in waiting to Princess of Wales: court news. 3 Sept 1717 Hampton Court
Court news. 13 Sept 1717 Hampton Court
Court news. 29 Sept [1717]
[In French] court news. [Dec] 1717
CLAYTON, Charlotte, Woman of Bedchamber to Princess of Wales, patronage. [Oct 1715]
Princess about to go into labour, Lady C to come into waiting. 9 Oct [1716]
Preparation of Lady C's lodgings at Hampton Court. Wed [1716]
Includes references to Duke and Duchess of Marlborough. 11 Aug 1716 Bath
On vacant post in Princess's household, query suitable for one of Lady C's sisters. Sat 1717/18
Refusal invitation, thanks for advice. 28 July [1720]
Personal and patronage. Friday [?c 1716]
About arrangements for secret meeting between Lady C and the Princess. undated.
About change in Ladies in Waiting [to be Ladies Bristow, Pem[broke] and Gran...., and Mrs Fortescue in place of Mrs Row]. [1718]
CLAYTON, William [husband of Charlotte]: appointment ? for dinner. 28 June 1719
DELAVALL, William, and GORMANSTON, Margaret, Lady: covering letter from WD enclosing deathbed note from Lady G [his aunt], entreating Lady C's aid towards the costs of her funeral. undated.
DESAGULIERS, JT: about a visit to his house to see Venus very clearly through his telescope, enclosing a drawing demonstrating this. 1 Aug 1716
DOUGLAS, Rabina, Countess of Forfar: to her servant William Lockhart, to ask him to collect the pictures to which Lady C had given house room. 7 July [no year]
EDGERTON, Mrs Jane: concerning repayment of a loan [for purchase of South Sea stock] 22 Nov 1721
Loss on sale of South Sea stock. 24 Dec 1721
De la FOY: Enclosing printed verses, being a translation of an inscription of "Merlin's prophecy" as relating to rival houses of Hanover and Stuart. [1715]
FRASER, Simon, 12th Baron Lovat: condolences on death of Lord Cowper. 5 Dec 1723 Beaufort
GEMMINGEN, Mlle de: [in French] misses Lady C's company. 12 July 1718
[In French] hopes Lady C will soon be better. 21 Aug 1718
[In French] hopes to see Lady C soon. 1 Sept 1718
[In French] hopes Lady C's daughter will be better soon. 10 Oct 1718
[In French] misses Lady C's company. 16 Oct 1718
Similar to above. 29 Oct 1718
[In French] sends news from Paris on command of Princess. (8 Dec 1718)
[In French]: had hoped to see Lady C "coiffee le jour de la naissance avec la dentelle que SAR Mad la princesse avoit destinée pour cette effect ....". undated. [1718]
General. [1718]
[In French] wishes to know how Lady C's mother [in law] does. 24 July 1719
[In French] regrets Lady C unwell. 13 Sept 1719
[In French] sends news from Hanover on Princess's instructions. 7 Nov 1719
[In French] her fall has made her leg very weak. 25 July 1723
[In French] regrets Lady C is unwell. undated.
[In French] regrets Lady C's health bad, Princess wishes her to take care of herself. undated.
General. undated.
[In French] asking for a book to be sent. undated.
De GOUVERNET, E, Marquise de: [in French] would have brought Lady C the letter from the Princess de Condé in which she orders Mme de G to thank Her Royal Highness for what was said by M d'Abbeville on her behalf, if had been able to do so. 17 Nov 1717 Westbourne Green
[In French] regrets "malheurs" which have befallen Lady C and Lord C. 6 Dec 1717 London
HERBERT, Anne, Countess Torrington: concerning quarrel between King and Prince of Wales. [Dec 1717]
HOUGH, John, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry: concerning attendance of Lady C's protégé for Queen's healing. Before 1714
HOWARD, Mrs. Henrietta: conveys the Princess's regret at Lady C's indisposition. 24 July [1715]
JACOB, John [cook to Lady Cowper] to Mrs Cuttler: arrangements for food supplies to be sent [? from Hertfordshire to London]. [1715]
De KEILMANSEGGE, Sophia, Countess of Darlington [in French] apologizes for not having been at home. [1714]
[In French] court news. [1714/15]
[In French] invitation to dine "chez le Roy". [1714/15]
Regrets not having seen Lady C. [1714/15]
KENT, William [servant of Lady C]: apology for not bringing some of her clothes to London. undated
Some correspondence in French

General correspondence addressed to Lady Cowper, L - W  DE/P/F204  1710-[1723]
Language:  French


Related information: See reference to Lieut Matthews in letters from Col Joseph Dudley to Lord Cowper, DE/P/F144

Contents:
LEIGH, E, to his mother or mother-in-law: has been promised money to free him from confinement. Is sorry Mrs Leigh has hidden, and left the children with her, begs she will keep them. 31 Jan 1715/16
De MARSHAY, M: [in French] news of Royal family. 24 Jan 1717/18 Celle
MATTHEWS, Scare, Lieut.: memorial addressed to Lady C for promotion. Aug 1715
MONTAGU, Charles, Earl of Halifax: way clear for Mr Liddell to be Treasurer of the Stamp Duty. [1714]
OGILBY, Elizabeth: on behalf of Mme de Gouvernet, in French. Thanks for excusing her from wearing mourning on her behalf. 3 Sept 1717 "Westburngreen"
PAGET, Henry, 1st Earl of Uxbridge: condolences on death of Lord Cowper. [1723]
PARRY, William, a servant: concerning an incident involving a young man in the household, obtaining milk for Lord C's breakfast. 2 July 1720
Apology for incident mentioned in previous letter. Refers to Lord C's health. 12 July 1720
PAULET, Anne, Lady William: Lord William to have his place, other office changes. [1715]
Court gossip. 4 Aug 1716
Court gossip, also news from Hanover. 29 Sept 1716
Court and town gossip. 27 Oct 1716
Hopes to hear the Princess safely delivered after such a long labour. 10 Nov 1716
Recovery of Princess, but loss of baby Prince. 17 Nov 1716
Gossip. 19 May 1717
Gossip. 7 Oct 1717
Gossip. 27 May 1718
Death of Lord Torrington, other matters. 2 June 1719
PITMAN, Eleanor [servant]: household arrangements, wishes to know whether Lady C wishes to retain her, as she has had another offer. 21 July 1713
Congratulations on Lord C returning to office. Wishes to be allowed to see Master Spencer. 15 Jan 1714/15 Highgate
De RENNEVILLE, Constantin de: [in French] wishes her to sit for a portrait by his son; begs for Lord C's protection. 21 April 1716 London
De ROBETHON, Mme de: [in French] court news. 11 Feb 1715/16 St James
[In French] sending a present of a glass, with her name engraved on it. [1716]
[In French] court news, etc. 18 Aug 1716 Hanover
[In French] court news, etc. 4 Oct 1716 NS Hanover
[In French] court news, etc. 18 Oct 1716 NS Ebstorff
[In French] court news, etc. 22 Oct 1716 NS Hanover
[In French] court news, etc. 15 Nov 1716 Ebstorff
[In French] court news, etc. 23 Nov/4 Dec Hanover. 1716
[In French] court news. Her husband not in favour. undated.
De ROUCY, Charlotte: thanks for drawing the attention of the Princess of Wales to her plight. undated.
RUSSELL, Rachel, Lady: Duke of Devonshire's gout is better, wants to see Lord C before leaving for Derbyshire. [1712]
ST JOHN, Angelica, Lady: gossip, political news [letter dated on internal evidence.] [1710]
Thanks for grapes. Gossip. 16 Oct 1711
Gossip. [1712]
On Lord C's return to office. [1714]
Political gossip. [1715/16]
About Lord Bolingbroke's being restored. 18 May [1717]
Gossip. Extracts from a letter from Lord B[olingbroke] to his father. [After 1716]
Note returning thanks for apology for absence. undated.
ST JOHN, Henry, Viscount Bolingbroke: copy of letter from him to his father, in Lady C's hand, endorsed "A copy of Ld Bol letter to his father given me by my Lady St John". undated
De SCHULENBERG, Mlle [niece of Duchess of Kendal]: invitation to dine with her aunt. [Before July 1716]
De SCHULENBERG, Ehrengard, Duchess of Kendal: draft letter in French from Lady C at time of quarrel between King and Prince of Wales, referring to King's dismissal of the Princess's ladies. c 1717/18
SCHUTZ, Mlle [niece of Baron Bernstorff, ? related to Hanoverian Minister to Queen Anne's court]: [in French] news of Hanoverian court, assurances of friendship, lots of English at the Electoral court. 11 Sept 1710 Celle
Draft reply from Lady C ? to previous item. 2 April 1711
[In French] on accession of George I to the English throne. Feels sure the Princess will honour Lady C when she is established in England. 24 Aug 1714 Hanover
[In French] general on same lines. 23 Oct 1714 N S
Draft reply, in French, from Lady C. 13 Dec 1714
[In French] general. News of uncle Bernstorff. 27 Sept 1715 Celle
Draft reply from Lady C. c 1715/16
[In French] general. 9 Oct 1716 Hanover
TALBOT, Adellinda, Duchess of Shrewsbury: apology for inability to visit, as she has been commanded to Richmond by H R H. [? 1718]
TAYLOR, J: letter originally accompanying gift of honey. 9 Aug 1716 Calverton, near Stony Stratford
Concerning his proposal to form the Savoy [Hospital] into a charitable institution, with himself as master. 16 Feb 1716/17 Calverton
TOOKE, Andrew [Master of Charterhouse]: concerning performance of Lord Fordwich in his part in Cato, which is better than that in The Royal Convert. 18 Nov 1721
VERNEY, George 12th Baron Willoughby de Broke: letter to a Royal Highness [? Princess of Wales] asking for ode enclosed [on subject of King's birthday] to be presented to H M. 25 Nov [no year] Newport Pagnell; [1714]
Song on the King's birthday. undated.
Pastoral verse, being dialogue between Menelaus and Amintor on a distressed Queen relieved by two generous princess. undated.
WOOLLASTON, T: news of further Jacobite plots, and a sermon preached by one Hatton, son of Sir Christopher Hatton. c 1715-16
ANON: Writing on behalf of the Princess, who is surprised not to have heard from her since being notified of her miscarriage. 22 May [no year] London
ANON: Appeal for donations on behalf of a Society of Bellringers, donations to be sent to Lady Buckeburg. 10 March 1719/20 St James
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown: concerning troubles with her maid [endorsed by Lady Sarah Cowper "Mama's letter to somebody at Bath abt. Margaret Reaves". undated.
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown: regrets recipient's misfortune. undated.
Draft outgoing letter, addressee unknown: returning a present of silk embroidery sent by a gentleman. undated.
Some correspondence in French

Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Diary of Mary, Countess Cowper  DE/P/F205  1714-16; 1720

1 file

Contents:
Original MS of diary, a large proportion of which consists of rough notes and drafts. The diary is made up of six sections or books: Book 1 - October 1714 to March 1715; Book 2 - October 1715 to January 1715/16; Book 3 - February 1715/16 to April 1716; Book 4 - April 1716 to July 1716; Book 5 - July 1716 to November 1716; Book 6 - April 1720 to July 1720. In addition there is a section containing keys to the code, used to indicate personal names throughout the greater part of the diary [a simple numerical code]. The gap in the period covered by the diary is supposed to be due to the Countess's destruction of a considerable number of personal papers when her husband's name was mentioned in connection with the Layer conspiracy in 1723. The printed version of the diary, Diary of Mary, Countess Cowper, edited by the Hon Spencer Cowper, London, 1864, although purporting to be a fairly extensive transcript, was in fact, heavily edited. The original MS contains more material than appears in the printed version

Marlborough papers  DE/P/F206  C1708-14

1 Volume


Related information: [See also DE/P/F63, containing letters to Lord and Lady Cowper from the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough]

Contents:
Copies, in hands of Mary, Countess Cowper, of various writings of Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, relating to her quarrel with Queen Anne, including: an account of a conversation with the Queen when it appeared plainly that she did not intend to keep her promise to the Duchess to let her resign her employment to her children; an account of Mrs Masham's ingratitude to the Duchess, "but not a tenth part of what has happened" [including copies of letters exchanged between the Duchess and Mrs Masham]; and an account of Mrs Masham's taking the Duchess's lodgings at Kensington

"Sir David Hamilton's Diary"  DE/P/F207  [1708-1714]

1 Volume


Related information: [See DE/P/F229]

Contents:
Copy, in hand of Mary, Countess Cowper, of Sir David Hamilton's account of the events leading up to, and the death of, Queen Anne, 1708-14, 70 pp: also copies of eight letters from the Duchess of Marlborough to Sir David, mainly in self-justification after the quarrel with the Queen, and extracts from a work entitled "Ye impartial secret history of Arlus, Fortunatus & Adolphus Ministers of State", which the Duchess had sent to Sir David, perhaps in order that the Queen might see it, c 1710-11

MS copy, hand not known, of preface and character sketches of various Scots statesman, from Memoirs of the Affairs of Scotland from Queen Anne's Accession to the commencement of the Union..... 1707 by George Lockhart, 1714  DE/P/F208  C1715-20

1 Volume

Contents:
Incomplete

The Ladies Diary, or Woman's Almanack, 1720  DE/P/F209  [1720]

1 Volume

Some pages torn out

Contents:
Contains odd notes of ? later date in unknown hand

Printed pamphlet: The Character Employments and Conduct of the late Earl Cowper [1723]  DE/P/F210  [1723]

1 item

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Bundle of miscellaneous items  DE/P/F211  C1710-C1723

21 items
Language:  French and Latin

Contents:
Copy of poem by Estcourt [endorsed "Poor Estcourt's ballad upon dining here"] c 1710-11; copy, in Lady Cowper's hand, of an account by Lady St John of the Chomley Prophecy, [1713]; copy, in Lady Cowper's hand, of verses on the Duke of Marlborough, c 1710-14; note [dated and signed] by Lady Cowper to effect that Mrs Clayton had told the Princess that the Bishop of Bristol, Dr Smalridge, had told her that it was not necessary for every private Christian to believe every part of St Athenasins' creed, 19 November 1714; an account, in Lady Cowper's hand, of the eclipse, 22 April 1715; note, in French, by Lady Cowper, concerning a dream she had, 6 June 1715; copy letter from Paris, 4 September 1715, concerning the death of Louis XIV; satirical verse, in Lady Cowper's hand, entitled "Modele d'un Mausolée pour Louis 14"; an account of the Garter investiture of the Hanover Princes at Hanover, 24 December 1716 NS; verse on Prince of Wales' birthday, 1718; account, in French, in Lady Cowper's hand of an interview between the King of Prussia and his heir, c 1718-19; satirical letter concerning "Lady Bristol's Plot", c 1721-1; copy of note concerning the Princess of Wales' efforts to help the Duchess of Ormond and her daughter to be provided for out of the estates of her husband, c 1716-20; copy, in French, in Lady Cowper's hand, of exhortation by King that votes in elections should be cast with regard to those who showed zeal for the Protestant succession, c 1714-18; copy, in Lady Cowper's hand, of an account of Portugal from Mrs Medlicoat, who has just returned from there, undated.; note, in Lady Cowper's hand, of biographical details of Mrs Manley, author of the "New Atlantis"; undated. satirical letter to a lady on the birth of her child, undated.; argument in Latin, with translation, that a learned wife is chiefly to be desired, and argument on "The Amazons are not praise worthy", undated.; copy letter from Mme la Princesse de... to M le Prince, on the latter's imprisonment, undated.; satirical exercise inviting proceedings of House of Commons on current social scandals, undated.; and account, in French, of a thief who disguised himself as a priest, and penetrated a community of missionary priests, and stole their possessions, undated
Some material in French, Latin

Cowper v Cowper, etc, and minority of 2nd Earl  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[On the death of the 1st Earl in 1723, his brother Spencer Cowper entered a claim on his estate which led to a long and complicated Chancery case, not only involving the late Earl's will, but that of his Countess, who died shortly after him, and the guardianship of the 2nd Earl and his brother and sisters, who were all minors at their parents' deaths.
Spencer's claim, which was pursued by his son William was based on the fact that he was heir to his nephew William (the late Earl's son by his first wife, Judith Booth, who died a minor), and was entitled to the estate which would have come to his nephew under the will of his grandfather Robert Booth, had he survived. He also claimed that the trusts set up in Robert Booth's will had not been fully executed.
The property involved in the dispute consisted of an estate in Westmorland, some property in St Helen's, Bishopsgate, a large amount of money, and the profits of the estate since the death of Judith, part of which had been spent by the 1st Earl on the purchase of an estate at Colliers End, Herts.
The case eventually ended in 1739]

Drafts and copies, etc, of bills and answers in Chancery  DE/P/F212  1723-1738

26 items

Contents:
In Cowper against Earl Cowper, etc

Miscellaneous documents relating to Cowper v Earl Cowper, etc  DE/P/F213  [1706];1723-1730

8 items

Contents:
Original marriage articles between William Cowper and Mary Clavering 10 September 1706 [produced in evidence during Chancery case, May 1724]; copy petition, reciting will of Sir William Cowper, 2nd, bart, and asking for execution of order to preserve title of Spencer and his heirs; copy of 1st Earl Cowper's will, dated 6 November 1722 [copy made 14 October 1723]; copy petition and order to make allowances for education of 2nd Earl Cowper, his brother and sisters, 1723/4; copy of order of Master of the Rolls in respect of the claims of the late Countess's estate's claims on the late Earl's estate, 1728; copy of Accountant General's certificate of transfer of sum in trust for Lady Anne and Hon Spencer Cowper, by John Clavering, in discharge of their share of their mother's estate, 1730; copy of Master of Rolls' order for transfer of South Sea annuities, and receipt of 2nd Earl for boxes, etc, deposited at the bank, 1730

Inventories of personal effects and household goods of late Earl and Countess Cowper  DE/P/F214  1723-1728

11 items

Contents:
Including books, pictures, and deeds and writings.
Bundle also includes copy of late Earl's will

Orders, accounts, etc  DE/P/F215  1723-1730

10 items

Contents:
Relating to administration of estate of Mary, Countess Cowper, including bill for funeral

Further accounts, Cowper v Earl Cowper  DE/P/F216  1723-1739

3 items

Contents:
Consisting of copy of account of personal estate at 1st Earl's death; account of Thomas Woodford, surviving executor of late Earl, down to 1738; and accounts of late Earl's remaining personal estate at time of the Master's last report, May 1739, etc

Accounts and other papers, Cowper v Earl Cowper  DE/P/F217  1723-1738

23 items

Miscellaneous documents relating to Cowper v Earl Cowper, etc  DE/P/F218  C1724-C1739

7 items


Related information: [For articles of agreement between William, Ashley and Rev John Cowper and the 2nd Earl in settlement of their claim against the 1st Earl's estate, 2 March 1735, see DE/P/T1220. DE/P/T1221 contains a copy of the confirming Act of Parliament]

Contents:
Account of income, outgoings, and cost of the maintenance of the 2nd Earl, his brother and sisters, c 1724-30; survey and valuation of certain lands of William Cowper, Esq, and Earl Cowper, in Hertingfordbury, 19 April 1739 [3 items, relating to proposed exchange of lands to facilitate settlement of case]; notes relating to proposed exchange between Mr Cowper and Earl Cowper, referring to Earl Cowper's private Act, 12 Geo II, c 20

Cowper of Hertingfordbury Park  [no ref. or date]


Related information: Details of the life of Spencer Cowper (1669-1728) can be obtained from the Dictionary of National Biography and Foss's Judges of England. Details of all the members of this branch of the family are to be found in the County Families volume of the Victoria County History of Hertfordshire

Administrative history:
William, eldest surviving son of Spencer, obtained, with his brother John, the reversion of the office of Clerk of the Parliaments in 1715, and continued in that office until his death in February 1739/40. He was also a J P for Middlesex and Westminster, and Clerk of the Commission for Bankrupts, 1731-40.
Spencer's other children were John D D, rector of St Peter's, Berkampsted, and father of the poet William Cowper, Ashley, who succeeded his brother as Clerk of the Parliaments until his death in 1788; and Judith, married to Col Martin Madan, who was a minor poetess (died 1756).
Spencer Cowper purchased Hertingfordbury Park from the heirs of Elizabeth Culling in the 1720s. It was sold by his great-grandson William, who lived in France, to Richard Baker of Bayfordbury in 1773]

Contents:
[The papers listed here consist of a few items relating to Spencer Cowper, brother of the 1st Earl, his son William, and other descendants]

Spencer Cowper  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For part of diary, in legal hand, written either by Spencer or William Cowper, relating to their journey to Wallingford to meet the Prince of Orange on his landing in 1688, see DE/P/F68]

Miscellaneous documents relating to Spencer Cowper  DE/P/F219  [1692]-1727/8

4 items


Related information: [For documents relating to the Sarah Stout case, 1699-1700, in which Spencer's brother acted on his behalf, see DE/P/F96.
For draft letter from Lord Cowper to Lord Stamford, asking for his continued support for Spencer at Beeralston, 14 April 1708, see DE/P/F100 (Spencer took over William's seat there on the latter's elevation to the peerage).
For verses etc, written by Spencer's children William, Ashley and Judith, and presented at various times to the 1st Earl and his wife, see DE/P/F80]

Contents:
Copy of minutes of meeting of Commissioners to tender oaths at Southwark, 27 February 1692 [Spencer lived at Southwark, is named as one of the Commissioners]; warrant for his appointment as Attorney General to the Prince of Wales, 1715; copy of dormant warrant for payment of his salary as Chief Justice of Chester, 19 February 1727/8; and a lock of his hair

William Cowper Clerk of the Parliaments  [no ref. or date]

Papers relating to the office of Clerk of the Parliaments  DE/P/F220  [1691]-C1723

9 items

Contents:
Certificate of oath taken by Matthew Johnson, June 1691, on his appointment as Clerk of the Upper House, together with a note from Sir Edward Northey to Mr Tench giving the opinion that the letters patent of this appointment should be delivered to Mr Cowper, 6 January 1715/6; copy of Sir Edward Northey's patent to take precedence at the Bar, 2 May 1707; appointment of John Jennings as acting Clerk of the Upper House, 5 October 1718; appointment, with counterpart, of John Wheake as deputy Clerk of the Parliaments, 8 October 1722; a list of reasons upon which is founded the right of the Clerk of the Parliaments to appoint a new Clerk Assistant in the Upper House, with a note of the subsequent appointment, 1723; an undated draft of a memorandum from William Cowper to his uncle, the Lord Chancellor, about one of the committee clerks; and an undated account of the state of repairs of the Clerk's house and garden, as carried out at Cowper's expense and by the Board of Works

Descendants of William Cowper, Clerk of the Parliaments  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous items  DE/P/F221  1739/40-[1773]

Contents:
Letter from J. Wight to "Sir", requiring him to attend the reading of the will of the late Clerk of the Parliaments, 20 February 1739/40; envelope addressed to "Wm Cowper Esqr in Lincolns Inn Fields, 6 June 1742; printed copy of private Act of Parliament [23 Geo II c25] to enable William, son of the Clerk of the Parliaments, to settle a jointure on his wife Frances Cecilia Madan, 1750; copy of conveyance of the Hertingfordbury estate, consisting of the house and farm, 226 acres, a toft by the churchyard [the site of 4 almshouses bought in 1762], and 2 copyhold cottages adjoining the churchyard, from William Cowper of Nancy, France [grandson of the Clerk of the Parliaments] to Richard Baker of Bayfordbury, 4 September 1773

John Clavering of Chopwell  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See letters to Mary, Countess Cowper in DE/P/F196

Administrative history:
Half-brother of Mary, Countess Cowper. Heir to his father, John of Chopwell Durham, senior, by his second wife Elizabeth Hardwicke. The Claverings of Chopwell were a junior branch of the Claverings of Callaley, Northumberland, who were a family of Jacobite and Roman Catholic tendencies.
John Clavering senior died in 1702, and his wife in 1703. John junior and his sisters were all minors at their parents' deaths and their elder half-sister, Anne, wife of Henry Liddell became their guardian.
John died unmarried in 1762 and his fortune and estates passed to his nephew, the 2nd Earl Cowper, who took the additional surname Clavering.
He was appointed a groom of the bedchamber to George II in 1731. When young he had spent some years at the Hanoverian Court
Besides the personal papers listed below, the Panshanger MSS contain other Clavering family papers, relating to John's parents and sisters (DE/P/T4867-4932), and title deeds of the Chopwell estates, which included extensive lead and coal-mining interest (DE/P/T4774-4866), and of the Potternewton (Leeds), estates of the Hardwicke family, which descended through his mother, Elizabeth Hardwicke (DE/P/T4451-4773 and T4933-4983

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Letters  DE/P/F222  1716-1760


Related information: [See DE/P/T4910-12, three letters from Elizabeth, John's sister concerning South Sea Bubble, November 1720]

Contents:
Addressed to John Clavering by various members of the Clavering and Cowper families
Sir James Clavering of Axwell [4th bart, d 1726]: as student at Oxford. 1 item, 2 oct 1724 Oxford. 1 item, 2 Oct 1724 Oxford
John Clavering [younger son of Sir James, 6th Bart]: news of his father's death. 1 item, 13 May 1748 Whitehouse
Robert Clavering [Bishop of Llanadaff and Professor of Hewbrew at Oxford, a distant connection of this branch of the Claverings]: offers of hospitality at Christ Church College Oxford. 2 items July and August 1727
Sir Thomas Clavering [7th bart]: letters concerning family affairs, local news, estate and mining interests. 11 items, 1749-1750 Whitehouse, Durham
Mary, Countess Cowper [half-sister]: small financial affairs. 1 item, 16 June 1720 Cole Green
Lady Sarah Cowper[niece]: mainly family news, also two maintained notes concerning the Princess Louisa. 13 items, 1719 - 1730
Hon Spencer Cowper [nephew]: brief letters, as boy, one undated. 2 items, 1720, undated
William, 2nd Earl Cowper [nephew]: letter of condolence on ? death of Jane Clavering [John's sister], 15 April 1759; forwarding letter, thanks for his company during the summer, 25 September 1759; comments on European affairs, 26 September 1759; his son George [later 3rd Earl], in Italy, where he has an attachment - has doubts whether he will come home in time to defend his seat at Hertford at the next election - refers to plans for his son's eventual marriage, 19 December 1759, Chipping Norton; general letter, 19 June 1760; general letter - does not think George will come home from Italy, his electors angry and himself tired of lying for him, 3 September 1760, Cole Green. 6 items, 1759-1760
Ann Liddell [half-sister]: to John at Hanover. On loss of her husband, Henry, and imminent danger to Mr Freke, his guardian - urges him to return home. 1 item, 27 Feb 1716/17 London
Henry Liddell: to John in Hanover, concerning his business affairs (collieries), giving details of lettings of collieries and wayleaves, etc, and news of family and friends, 26 March 1716; further letter, similar contents, some comments on amount of money he is drawing, 24 October 1716, London. 2 items, 1716
Herbert, Viscount Windsor [husband of Alice Clavering, sister of James, 4th bart, for whom John was a trustee]: asks John to sign surrender originally enclosed. 1 item, 6 Dec 1743

General correspondence addressed to John Clavering  DE/P/F223  1717-1743


Related information: [For additional letters from Charles Clark and Richard Capper at Newcastle, July 1730 concerning mining business, see DE/P/T4918-9]

Contents:
ASHBURNHAM, Bertram: will support him in election [place unspecified ? Marlow] if no Tory is put forward. 13 May 1730 Golden Square
BATHURST, Allen, Lord: expressions of regret on death of Lord Cowper. Does not require a token of remembrance, as will be reminded of him every time he enters the House. 13 Nov 1723 Bath
BEAUCLERK, Lord William: dinner appointment. 2 April [before 1726 Hollyport [Berks]
Enclosing Italian words and music of a song. Wishes to be sent in exchange the Duke of Wharton's song of the Countess of Drogheda. 30 May [no year] Hollyport
Arrangements to meet. Wednesday [before 1726]
BLUDWORTH, Tommy: trivialities. 2 Jan. [no year] Hereford
Trivialities. 27 Jan [no year], Oakly Park [Salop]
[Letter signed "Tommy Page", but hand and style remarkably similar]: trivialities. 5 Dec [no year] Oakly Park
BOWES, G[eorge]: application for John's vote [County of Durham]. 13 Sept [1732] Gibside
Letter of thanks for reassurance re above. 29 Sept 1732 Gibside
BRYDGES, James, Duke of Chandos: invitation to dinner. 26 April 1730
Has heard from Sir Francis Clavering that John has an agent called Silvertop, who is skilled in working and discovering coal - wishes to borrow him to inspect some land near Bath. 19 July 1731
CAMPBELL, John: is unable to come into waiting because of his wife's health, says Col Paget waited in his stead. 23 Aug 1731 Coombank
CRICHTON, William, Lord Crichton [later 4th Earl of Dumfries and Earl of Dumfries and Stair]: to arrange an appointment for John with Lord Stair. Thursday
DOMVILE, C: letter from the continent, renewing acquaintanceship made abroad. 18 July 1717
Gossip. Refers to preparations for inauguration of Emperor as Duke of Brabant. 28 Sept NS 1717 Brussels
Gossip. Refers to birth of a young Prince "whether his coming into the world won't bring over his Brother Fred: from Hanover". 1 Dec 1717
Gossip. 17 Feb 1718 Paris
HALES, T: concerning trouble with wayleaves on John's estates. Suggests how to find out what was done previously in this matter. 31 May 1724
HERBERT, HA [? Henry Arthur, later Baron Herbert and Earl of Powis]: thanks for showing ore to his man, will send more for further proofs to see whether it will bear extracting silver. 21 Sept 1724 Bristol
Regrets was unable to call on way from Richmond. Has to go into Shropshire on business. Sunday, York
Wishes to know whether he is still to join the party tomorrow night. Monday
HOBERT, J [Sir John, 5th bart]: had not realised there would be any opposition to himself and Duke of Bolton at St Ives, and since is engaged to the Duke, cannot be of use to the writer. 12 Aug 1727
LENNOX, Sir Charles, 2nd Duke of Richmond: enclosing list of nominations and proxy for election of Deputy Governor and Directors of Royal Academy of Music. 26 Nov 1727
An others: request for immediate payment of his three last "calls" [£21 altogether] in connection with the Royal Academy of Music. 25 May 1728
PENDOCK, Ph: conveys compliments of Lord Vere, from St Johns, Newfoundland, explains that he has sent furs for John and awaits his commands. Mentions appointment of Lord William Beauclerk as Vice-Chamberlain to Her Majesty. News of other friends. 26 Oct [1728] Whitehall
"PP": Two letters from an [anonymous] admirer of a lady the writer thinks John has slighted. The second letter contains a challenge. May 1721
SCOTT, Francis, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch: invitation to dinner. 17 March 1742/3 Hall-Place
Similar contents. 9 Feb [no year]
WEST, John, Lord Delawarr: letter of recommendation for a groom. Tuesday
Will try and get to dinner, but not certain. Sunday
WIDDRINGTON, W: concerning wayleaves and related problems with Lord Carlisle and Mr Banks [colliery interests]. 29 Sept [no year] Seruton

Letters  DE/P/F224  [C1727-C1740]

45 items

Contents:
From Elizabeth Douglas, Duchess of Hamilton, to John Clavering [chatty letters, containing political, country and social gossip. None of the letters is dated by year.]

Letters  DE/P/F225  C1725 - 1750

81 items

Contents:
From Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans, to John Clavering. [The duke, his brother, Lord William Beauclerk, and several other young men, including John Clavering, seem to have been close associates as young men, and this friendship continued into later years.]

Marlow election: letters and papers relating to John Clavering's election as member for Marlow, and his term as member, 1727-31  DE/P/F226  1727 - 1731

13 items

Contents:
Including correspondence [including a letter of thanks for the fire engine presented by Clavering to the town in 1731], copies of the poll, petitions and cases concerning the dispute over the election [the Lord of the Manor, Sir John Guise, was routed at the 1727 election and disputed the result], and notes of expenses incurred in connection with the election and being member

Family pedigrees, etc  [no ref. or date]

Note, in unknown hand, of extract from Camden relating to John of Clavering being called thus, instead of being known as John FitzRobert [addressed to Mrs J Clavering.]  DE/P/F227  C1720-C1750

1 item


Related information: [See pedigree of Dudley family from Doddo, Earl of Coventry to Edward Sutton, Lord Dudley (d1643), and his cousins, including Toby Dudley, c1600 (DE/P/T4970); pedigree of descent of Anne, Mary and Dudley Clavering (children of John Clavering of Chopwell, senior, by his first wife, from Toby Dudley, c1690 (DE/P/T4971); abstract of pedigree of Clavering family of Essex and Northumberland (by Dugdale) down to Sir James Clavering late of Callaley, c 1716 (DE/P/T4972); abstract of pedigree of John Clavering of Chopwell, junior, from Eustachius, a noble Norman, 1724 (DE/P/T4973); and similar abstract to 1734 (DE/P/T4974).]

Lady Sarah Cowper, elder daughter of 1st Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Lady Sarah was born in about 1707, and died unmarried 19 May 1758. She was the eldest child of the family, being about 17 when her parents died, and acting to a certain extent as a second mother to them.
She appears to have been devoted to her parents, and spent some time on compiling her "family books", which contain extracts from letters and memoirs which had been her parents, many of the originals of which are listed among the papers of the 1st Earl or his Countess.]

Contents:
The remainder of Sarah's her surviving papers are chiefly letters and miscellaneous topical items

Family papers  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[DE/P/F228-235 listed below are the "family books" compiled by Lady Sarah, c1723-1736/7, consisting of extracts from letters and memoirs which were received or kept by her parents, mostly dating from c1692 to 1723. Entries from 1723/4 onwards consist mainly of copies of letters, etc, addressed to herself, and include a considerable number from Dr Joseph Atwell, her brothers' governor, and later Rector of Exeter College, Oxford, interspersed with "diary" entries and commonplace items up to March 1736/7.]

Volume 1  DE/P/F228  [1692-1713]

1 Volume

Contents:
Copies of letters and other documents originally in her parents possession, in chronological order. There is an introductory note in the volume on the material she used, together with a note that when she had transcribed the letters, etc, she intended to present the originals to her brother Cowper. There is a loose leaf index in the front of the volume. The extracts and copies are interspersed with notes and commentary by Lady Sarah giving information about the date or people concerned.
This volume contains copies of the following documents: letters in a "vellum book" being exchanges between Queen Mary and the Princess of Denmark about the then Lady Marlborough, 1692; exchange of letters between Mrs Morley and Mrs Freeman, 1704 [see also DE/P/F63]; copy of address of thanks from House of Lords to Duke of Marlborough, December 1706 [see also DE/P/F63; letters from the Duchess of Marlborough to Lady Cowper, and copies of further Morley-Freeman items and other material to be found in DE/P/F206 interspersed with letters from Hanover (Mlle Schutz and Princess Caroline) [see DE/P/F204 and F201], and extracts from the diaries of Sarah, Lady Cowper, the 1st Earl's mother, covering the period 1709-13. At end of volume are some notes and copies of items connected with Lady Arran's infatuation with the 1st Earl [see DE/P/F202]

Volume 2  DE/P/F229  [1714]

1 Volume

Contents:
Similar content to DE/P/F228, including loose index, 1714, and various topical verses. Also copy of Sir David Hamilton's memoir [see DE/P/F207]

Volume 3  DE/P/F230  [August 1714-February 1715/16]

1 Volume

Contents:
Similar content to DE/P/F228-F229, including in addition, letters from Caroline, Princess of Wales [see DE/P/F201], Bernstorff [see DE/P/F198-9] and others, the "Impartial History of the Parties" [see DE/P/F132], extracts from her mother's diary for 1714-15 [see DE/P/F205] and letters, etc, from Sir David Hamilton [see DE/P/F200]

Volume 4  DE/P/F231  [February 1715/16-March 1717/18]

1 Volume

Contents:
Similar contents to DE/P/F228-F230, including extracts from Countess Cowper's diary to November 1716

Volume 5  DE/P/F232  [1718 - October 1720]

1 Volume

Contents:
Similar contents to DE/P/F228-F231, but no diary extracts, as gap in diary from November 1716 to April 1720

Volume 6  DE/P/F233  [April 1721]-October 1729

1 Volume

Contents:
Similar contents to DE/P/F228-F232, up to October 1723, when 1st Earl died. Lady Sarah's description of his illness and death is followed by copies of various obituary notices, etc, and then an account of her mother's illness and death in February 1723/4. From March 1724 onwards the entries take a more straight forward diary form, interspersed with letters, items of interest, topical and literary verse, etc

Volume 7  DE/P/F234  October 1729-1735

1 Volume

Contents:
Contents as latter part of DE/P/F233, including letters from Dr. Joseph Atwell [many from the continent, where he was travelling with the 2nd Earl. These describe their travels, etc.]

Volume 8  DE/P/F235  1736-March 1736/7

1 Volume

Contents:
Contents as in DE/P/F234, includes also account of illness of Princess of Orange, dated June 1735 Greater part of volume left blank

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Letters  DE/P/F236  1718-1728

68 items

Contents:
From 2nd Earl Cowper to his sister, Lady Sarah, 1718-1728 [chiefly while at school and Oxford. Family affairs, social gossip, etc]

Letters  DE/P/F237  1729-1758

78 items

Contents:
From 2nd Earl to his sister, 1729-1758. In the spring of 1729 the Earl went abroad, with the intention of staying abroad until he came of age. The letters covering the period 1729-30 are all descriptive of his travels in Europe. The remainder are chiefly concerned with family matters

Letters  DE/P/F238  1713-1757

21 items

Contents:
From other members of the Cowper family to Lady Sarah, also from John Clavering, and unrelated correspondent, Molly Howe
John Clavering to Lady Sarah. 1 item, 29 Nov 1719
Dorothy, wife of Dean Spencer Cowper, to Lady Sarah. 1 item, 18 Oct 1747
Dame Sarah Cowper [grandmother] to Lady Sarah. 1 item, 8 Sept 1713
1st Earl and Countess to Lady Sarah. 5 items, c1717-1723
Judith Madan [nee Cowper: cousin]. 5 items, 1719/20; undated
Georgina Caroline Cowper [sister-in-law]. 4 items, 1750-1757
Molly Howe [probably Mary, daughter of Scrope, Viscount Howe]. These [brief] notes appear to have been written during the lifetime of Lady Sarah's mother, and her aunt Pennington Cowper. 4 items, c1720-1724

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous items  DE/P/F239  C1723-1740

7 items


Related information: See DE/P/F81

Contents:
Consisting of: copies of some of the 1st Earl's letters to his first wife, in Lady Sarah's hand; copy of a letter from Caroline, Princess of Wales to 1st Earl, 20 July 1719; copy of verses to 1st Earl by his nephew William Cowper, 1721; a "character" of Earl Cowper; memorandum of order of mourning for the 1st Earl's funeral, allowances for mourning clothes, etc, 1723: and small notebook endorsed "A Book of songs verses &c of my own composing 1723", probably Lady Sarah's

Miscellaneous items  DE/P/F240  C1725-1758

31 items

Contents:
Copies of verses, etc, of topical interest, literary matter, etc

William Clavering Cowper, 2nd Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[William, 2nd Earl Cowper was the elder son of the 1st Earl Cowper. He was born in 1709 and died in 1764. He married first Henrietta, daughter of Henry Nassau d'Auverquerque, Earl of Grantham, who died in 1747, and secondly Georgina Spencer, the widowed daughter of John Carteret, Earl of Granville. In 1762 on his inheritance of the estates of his uncle, John Clavering, Lord Cowper assumed the additional surname of Clavering]

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]

Memorandum of terms of marriage settlement of Lady Ann Cowper [2nd Earl's sister] and James Edward Colleton, and draft of codicil, to be added to Lord Cowper's will which is in the hands of Robert Woodford Esq [Legacy of seal cups to his brother the Dean of Durham, and of money to his and his wife's servants]  DE/P/F241  C173-;Undated

2 items

Grant to Earl Cowper of £1000 annual pension out of the Irish Exchequer, 19 March 1748; account for pension for Michaelmas quarter, 1748; copy of appointment of Nathaniel Clements as agent for pensioners on the civil or military establishment of the kingdom of Ireland, 14 April 1733  DE/P/F242  1733; 1748

3 items

Diaries, notebooks, etc  [no ref. or date]

Almanac pocket diaries of 2nd Earl Cowper  DE/P/F243-4  1752; 1753

2 Volumes

Contents:
[Containing brief memoranda concerning books, pictures, shops, garden and household matters]

Extracts from and translation of part of the Annals of Tacitus, in 2nd Earl's hand  DE/P/F245  Undated

1 Volume

Contents:
[At the end of the volume are extracts from the Life of Lord Keeper Guildford]

Notes on Tacitus' Annals  DE/P/F246  Undated

1 item

Contents:
Mainly vocabulary, in 2nd Earl's hand

Scrapbooks of newspaper cuttings  DE/P/F247-8  C1753-1759; 1759-1764

2 Volumes

Contents:
On a variety of topics

Correspondence of William, 2nd Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[All letters are addressed to the 2nd Earl unless otherwise stated]

General Correspondence  DE/P/F249  [1731-1763]
Language:  French


Related information: See DE/P/F266

Contents:
AMPHLETT, Saml: Sir John Hales found dead. Affairs on Earl Cowper's Kent estates. Reference to Mr [Spencer] Cowper and the D[urha]m affair. (15 Jan 1743/4 Canterbury)
ANDREWS, Sus.: Addressee unknown. Has received a letter from her sister begging that her sister Clarke's case for admission to the Duchess of Marlborough's almshouses at St Albans should be put before Lord Cowper. 21 Jan 1762 Ockham
ATWELL, Jo: Account of death and funeral of the Master of Balliol. Gossip. 10 Oct 1731 Exeter
Gossip. 22 Oct 1731 Exeter
Financial advice. Has worked out Earl Cowper's expenses and income and found the former to come to £1000 more than the latter. 13 Sept 1733 London
Bad state of Lord Cowper's finances. His creditors are importunate. Entreats Lord Cowper to change his servants. 23 Sept 1733 Oxford
Lord Cowper's finances. Writer has decided to take orders. 20 Oct 1736 Oxford
Congratulations on the birth of a son, and on Spencer Cowper's ordination. 4 Sept 1738 Hensol
Request to loan £400. 11 June 1740 Fairford
Condolences to Lord Cowper on his "present calamity" [the illness of Lady Cowper]. Invitation to Lord Cowper to visit Fairford. 21 June 1740 Fairford
Has put off coming to London to receive the money until the end of next month. 23 July 1740 Fairford
Reminds Lord Cowper that the prebend of Windsor is vacant, suggests that he should take his brother Spencer to court so that the King should not forget him. 29 Dec 1740 Fairford
Has sent his horses to Lord Cowper while he is in London. 2 Nov 1741 London
Prebend of Westminster vacant: speculation as to who will receive it. Unliklihood of Spencer Cowper being offered it. Endorsement in Lord Cowper's hand concerning the fickleness of ministerial promises. 21 Nov 1741 London
BARTON, C: Sorry that he cannot wait on Lord Cowper on Monday, explanation, etc. [15 Jan 1743/4]
BLOUNT, Harry Pope: Ready to obey his lordship's commands in everything that lies in his power for His Majesty's service. 14 Sept 1745 Tittenhanger
BRIDGES, J: Declines offer of Lord Cowper's pack of hounds. 30 April 1743 Chigwell in Essex
BUTLER, Charles, Earl of Arran: Thanks for news of Lady Cowper's safe delivery of a son. 27 Aug 1738 Bagshot
Condolences on Lady Cowper's death. 24 Sept 1747 Bagshot
BYDE, Thomas Plumer: Obliged to Lord Cowper for appointing him a deputy lieutenant. 14 Sept [1745] Ware Park
CHASTELLAIN, [Colonel]: [In French] Asks Lord Cowper to recall Lord Fordwich from Italy, as he persists in returning to Florence, and requests permission to leave Lord Fordwich as he has no influence with him in this matter. 24 Sept 1759 Rome
[In French] Will not abandon Lord Fordwich until he is certain all attempts to get him away from Florence, to which he is due to return, are useless. 19 Oct 1759 Rome
[In French] His ignorance of the provisions of his cousin's will. Hears that Lord Fordwich is still in Florence. 7 Feb 1761 Vevey
[In French] Has sent letters to Lord Fordwich to try and persuade him to return from Florence. 18 Sept 1761 Vevey
COKE, Thomas, Baron Lovel [later Earl of Leicester]: Sorry he is unable to nominate Lord Cowper's man to succeed the postmistress at Hertford, but he is already engaged for the post. 16 Aug 1740 Holkham
To "my lord" (identity unknown). Reasons he cannot nominate Lord Cowper's candidate Coulson as the next Hertford postmaster. 16 Aug 1740 Holkham
Pleased he can now appoint Lord Cowper's man as postmaster at Hertford. 1 Aug 1741 Holkham
DRYBULLER, Jane: Addressed to Lady Cowper. Apologizing for a misfortune which happened in her ? dressmaking establishment during her absence. 15 Dec 1743
ELLIOT, W [Brother-in-law of Lord Cowper's first wife]: Has received Col Chastellain's account. News of Lord Fordwich, proving of Lord Grantham's will, news of war in Europe. 9 Aug 1757 Grove
ELLIS, W, later Baron Mendip: Will not fail to lay Lord Cowper's request before His Majesty. Has already laid several requests before His Majesty for this vacancy. Sorry to hear Lord Cowper's health is not good. 29 Sept 1763 Tylney Hall
FOX, H: Has laid Lord Cowper's letter before the Duke, and will not fail to put him in mind of Lord Cowper's recommendation of William Gostling. 4 June 1754
GRAY, Geo: Prevented from coming to Cole Green, refers to building operations there. Town gossip. Saturday [5 July 1738] Grosvenor Street
GRAY, Sir James: News from Venice, progress of war in Italy. 27 Nov 1744 Venice
Comments on the season's operas in Venice, arrival of the ambassador. Political comments. 12 March 1745 [NS] Venice
GRENVILLE, Richard Temple, Earl Temple: Reply to Lord Cowper's congratulations on Lord Temple's imminent return to government office. Mr Pitt's respects. 23 June 1757
HEWER, R: Addressed to Mr Atwell. Delayed in Italy owning to Mr How's falling ill on the road. Thanks for having engaged Mr Woodford on his behalf. Comments on his financial affairs. Italian news in postcript. 23 Jan 1731 Turin
[HOADLEY] John, Archbishop of Armagh: Thanks for Lord Cowper's congratulations. Will do all he can for Mrs Ward. 15 Dec 1742 Dublin
LAMB, John: Addressed to Rev Spencer Cowper. Ex-servant's comments on his unhappy situation. 16 June 1744 West Harling, Norfolk
LEGGAT, John: Burning of the Pretender's papers at the Exchange, trade dull, prices of lottery tickets. 12 Nov 1745 London
LEIGH, C. Proposes going to George's Coffee House by St James to see if they can get the Address presented, "the High Sheriff staying in Town only on this Affair". 7 March 1743/4
LEMAN, John: Addressed to Rev Mr Goslin. Need of Binney and his wife for firing and apparel on their admission into the Hospital. 25 March 1748
LENNOX, Charles, Duke of Richmond, Lennox and Aubigny: Copy of letter addressed to Buckner, Steward to His Grace. Description of Battle of Dettingen, and instructions to order a bonfire and beer for the populace. On the dorse is an account of Major Honywood's wounds. 17/30 June 1743 King's Quarters at Hanau
LENNOX, Sarah, Duchess of Richmond: Has had a letter from the Duke of Richmond, but he does not say whether or not he is coming. Friday morning [9 May 1733]
MacCARTY, Justin: Recommends a cure for inflammation of the lungs. 21 March 1764 Terrass, Oxford Road
[MADDOX], Isaac, Bishop of Worcester: Recommending Rev John Horsley, Rector of Thorley, as a suitable person to be inserted in the Commission of the Peace. 20 May 1748 Spring Garden
MEAD, R [Dr]: Observations on Lady Cowper's indisposition, which is mental. Recommends cure by "bleeding, vomiting and purging". 20 Oct 1739 Ormond Street
MEDLYCOTT, Charles: Sorrow at having left town, particularly because of Lord Cowper's friendship while he was there. 31 May 1736 Leasingham near Sleaford
Thanks for the honour Lord Cowper and Mr Cowper paid him in coming to stay with him. Lord Cowper missed by Medlycott and by the inhabitants of Sleaford. 29 August 1737 Leasingham
NASSAU D'AUVERQUERQUE, Henry, Earl Grantham [Father of Lord Cowper's first wife]: Has shown Lord Cowper's letter to the King. Lord Cowper's turn to wait at court next week. This letter sent to Canterbury. [9 May 1733]
Similar letter to the preceding, sent to London. [9 May 1733]
Applied to the Queen and spoke to Sir Robert Walpole on Lord Cowper's behalf on hearing of Lord Harborough's death, but the post is already engaged. [9 May 1733]
[In French] Has represented to His Majesty the case of Mr Cowper, and the King has had the goodness to receive his excuses. 20 Sept 1736
?NICHOLS, N: Asks addressee [name unknown] to use his influence with Lord Cowper to get Spencer Cowper placed under his tutorship. 26 Nov 1730 Clare Hall
OXENDEN, Sir Geo: Account of the Porteus Riot in Edinburgh. Has lost fifteen hounds with the madness, including one of Lord Cowper's. Monday 13 Sept 1736 Grosvenor Street
Pleasure at hearing that Lord Cowper is coming to Berkshire, where they will have good sport. Professions of friendship.
Enumerates size of his estates and income. 27 Sept 1737 Wittenham
Description of his property at Broome, Kent, and what he will take for it if Lord Cowper decides to have it. 23 Nov 1753 Whitehall
Has heard that there is likely to be opposition to his nomination and election as member for the county of Kent. 19 June [year not stated] Dean
PALMER, Elizabeth: Thanks for giving her leave to move to the Moat [Lord Cowper's house in Kent] should the smallpox increase in Wingham. 26 Feb 1749/50 Wingham
PELHAM, H: Has received Lord Cowper's comments on the Jew Bill, and agrees with his sentiments. Undated [1753]
PELHAM-HOLLES, Sir Thomas, Duke of Newcastle: Thought that the instruments for the lieutenancy had been despatched. Will be correct for Lord Cowper to kiss the King's hand. 29 Feb 1743/4 Newcastle House
Does not at present know what dispositions will be made at court. 13 Dec 1744 Newcastle House
PITT, William, later Earl of Chatham: As Mr Pitt is confined with gout he cannot be at court tomorrow to carry out Lord Cowper's commands. 15 Jan 1761
POYNTZ, Ste: Addressed to the Rev Mr Cowper. Account of his unsuccessful efforts to carry out certain negotiations at Spencer Cowper's behest. News of the war in a postcript. 26 May 1743 St James's
SHALLCROSS, Thomas: Comments on advertisement in Daily Advertiser? relating to Herts Association. Wednesday morning
STUART, John, Earl Bute: Office of Constable of the Tower already disposed of. 2 July 1762 South Audley Street
TOLLER, Bos: Discusses nomination of suitable pocket sheriff, gives list of names. 28 Dec 1744
Sir Harry Pope Blunt's name is in the Commissions of the Peace for the Liberty and County, but not for the Borough of St. Albans, and Sir Harry would like this omission repaired. 18 Jan 1744/5 Hertford
TOWNSHEND, Lady E: Had already engaged to hire a servant before Lord Cowper's letter arrived. 7 April 1741
WALL, --: [In French] Proposes to meet Lord Cowper at St Albans in order to go and pay his respects to Lady Georgina Spencer [who became Lady Cowper in May 1750]. 7 Sept [?1749] Londres
WALPOLE, Sir Robert, later Earl of Orford: Will lay Lord Cowper's request before the Queen tomorrow. Sorry that his lordship's ill state of health prevents his accepting the favour designed for him [the King had offered Lord Cowper a vacancy in the Bedchamber]. 3 July 1731 Hampton Court
Asks Lord Cowper to see him this Wednesday morning. [5 April 1744] Arlington Street
WARREN, Arthur: Thanks for the favour done him, with receipt for eight guineas. Warwickshire Regiment to be sent home. 23 Oct 1760 Winchester
WEST, John, Baron De La Warr, later Earl Be La Warr: Convention [of Pardo] to be considered in the House of Lords on the 27th.
Lord De La Warr has complained to the House of a pamphlet called Manners, and the author has been ordered to attend the House. 10 Feb [1739]
Account of his attempts to persuade the Earl of Grantham [Lord Cowper's father-in-law] to speak immediately to the King with regard to Lord Cowper's receiving a post in succession to the Duke of M Lord Grantham will not go to Court before Wednesday. 16 October [1739]
Lord Grantham not at Court on Wednesday, Lord De La Warr believes Lord G has lost the little sense he had. 20 October [1739]
HILL, John: Enclosed in previous letter and addressed apparently to Lord De La Warr. Lord Grantham is "out of order" and cannot go to Kensington. Asks Lord De La Warr to request Sir Robert [Walpole] to request the favour in Lord Grantham's name. 17 Oct 1739 Sutton Court
WEST, John, Baron De La Warr: Proposes a fishing expedition. 31 May 1740
Sorry that Lord Cowper will not accompany him to the Forest. Hopes his friend Lovel will do as he ought by Lord Cowper. 5 August 1740
Encloses letter from Lovel [now missing] concerning Brassey and Sir Tho Clarke. Sporting activities. Thursday [6 Aug 1740]
Hopes "the pain in your foot has carried off that violent cough". Has addressed the Lord Chancellor on Spencer Cowper's behalf. The Bishopric of Exeter remains fixed, but the successor to St Davids is not determined. 3 May [1742]
Progress of the Indemnity Bill in the House of Commons. 18 May 1742
Difficulties of his journey to Wesel with the British Army. Comments on the harsh discipline of the Prussian army. Anecdote concerning a black servant. 16 June 1743 [NS] Wesel
Will cross the Rhine on Friday. Soldiers very sickly. Fine countryside, comfortable quarters in Palaces, etc. 21 Aug 1743 [NS] Bibricht
Will stand godfather to Leicester's child. Loss of hound. Description of the French position and fortifications. 21 Sept 1743 [NS]
Has spoken to Lord Edgecumbe about the living for the Doctor [Rev. Spencer Cowper]. Has not received the second collar of brawn. 24 Dec 1743
Advises Lord Cowper to take the Bath Waters very moderately, is of the opinion that they have "stirred the Gouty Humour". His Majesty has given Lord De La Warr the Government of Tilbury. 17 Nov [1747]
Has spoken to the Duke of Marlborough about Gosling's son. Has seen Lady Caroline at concert. Her grandfather [the Earl of Grantham] at every assembly in Town. 3 Dec [?1747]
Receipe for a cure for Lady Caroline's "lingering hectic fever". Method of thawing fruit trees to save them from blight. 10 April [year not stated]
WIGHT, J: Addressee unknown. Consent of all parties not necessary before enclosure bills can be passed, but the consent of all interested parties is necessary for private bills concerning family estates and settlements. 31 Oct 1738
WILDMAN, William, Viscount Barrington:
Unable to comply with Lord Cowper's request, as no-one can be put on the list for Chelsea Hospital who has not attained the rank of sergeant. 21 Aug 1760
WOODFORD, Tho: Comments on Lord Cowper's refusing the King's offer of a vacancy in the Bedchamber. Refers to the "affair relating to Mrs Clavering." 22 July 173
YORKE, Philip, Earl of Hardwicke;
Will endeavour to obey Lord Cowper's commands with regard to excusing Mr Richard Calvert and Mr Chester from serving the office of Sheriff of Hertfordshire. 9 Nov 1745 Powis House
The House of Lords has appointed 28 July for the trial of William Earl of Kilmarnock, George, Earl of Cromartie and Lord Balmerino on a charge of High Treason, and Lord Cowper's attendance is required. 30 June 1746 House of Lords
Anon: ?Copy of letter from Lord Cowper's gardener requesting a share of Lord Grantham's bounty to Lord Cowper's servants, and asking to dine at the Second Table. Undated [before 1757]
Some correspondence in French

Letters from Dr John Savage  DE/P/F250  1735-1745/6

59 items

Contents:
[Dr Savage was Rector of Clothall and lecturer at St George's Hanover Square. Several letters were written at Grosvenor Street, some at Clothall. Mainly news of doings in both Houses of Parliament, and Town news and gossip, including some references to opera and plays. References to political pamphlets. Included in this bundle is a copy of a poem entitled A Receipt to make a Peer]

Letters from Reverend William Gostling  DE/P/F251  1742-1762 Canterbury

60 items

Contents:
[William Gostling, author and antiquary, was vicar of Littlebourne 1733-1753, and of Stone-in-Oxney 1753-1777, and a minor canon of Canterbury 1727-1777. Letters contain news of Gostling's family; local news; comments on national news; affairs on Lord Cowper's Kent estate; improvements to the Moat which William Gostling supervised; references to the making of fireworks; provision for pauper Binney (see also letter from John Leman in DE/P/F249). One letter, dated 13 May 1746, is addressed to Spencer Cowper, Dean of Durham; one letter dated 15 June 1762 is from William Gostling, son of Reverend William Gostling, to Lord Cowper]

Letters from members of Lord Cowper's immediate family  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence  DE/P/F252  [1717] - 1763

46 items


Related information: There are 4 letters from Lord Grantham concerning official matters in DE/P/F249

Contents:
Mary, Countess Cowper to her son 2nd Earl when a child [Both endorsed "Letter from Mama to Br. Billy, believe 1717"]. 2 items
Henrietta, first wife [Two of the letters are endorsed by Lord Cowper to the effect that they were written when his wife had just come out of her illness]. 5 items, 1733-1741;nd
Henry Nassau d'Auverquerque, Earl Grantham, father of the preceding [Letter from Bath referring to the proposed marriage of Lord Cowper's daughter Lady Caroline. Lord Grantham has no objection to make if the proposal is agreeable to Lord Cowper and his daughter. 1 item, May 1753
Georgina Caroline, second wife [Affectionate letters, comments on the Opera]. 2 items, 1757;nd [after 1757]
John Carteret, Earl Granville, father of preceding [Expresses pleasure at Lord Cowper's marriage to his daughter]. 1 item, May 1750
George, Viscount Fordwich, son and heir [8 letters written to his father while Lord Fordwich was at school at Chelsea, including one concerning the '45 rebellion; one letter to his great uncle John Clavering; one letter to his father written at Florence in July 1762 in which Lord Fordwich asks his father to buy Mr Clavering's house for him, and says he intends to come home in September or October]. 10 items, 1744-1747; 1762
Lady Caroline Seymour, nee Cowper, daughter of 2nd Earl [21 letters from Lady Caroline to her father dated between November 1740 and December 1747; 3 letters dated July and October 1762 and September 1763; letter from Lady Caroline's daughter Caroline to her mother, September 1763]. 25 items, 1740-1747; 1762-1763

Affectionate letter addressed to "Lord Fordwich" from "your loving wife Mary Cowper"  DE/P/F252A  Undated [18th cent]

1 item

Contents:
The identities of this couple have not be ascertained. The letter is apparently not in the handwriting of Mary, wife of 1st Earl Cowper (who in any case, obtained the title of Viscount Fordwich at the same time as that of Earl Cowper, so was probably never known as 'Lord Fordwich'). A note on the reverse of the letter appears to be in the hand of Sarah Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper's eldest daughter, which suggests that 'Lord Fordwich could be either the subsequent 2nd Earl Cowper (who, however, succeeded to that title while a minor) or his son the 3rd Earl, but neither married a Mary. The most similar handwriting to have been identified amongst the immediate Cowper family is that of Judith Cowper (later Madan) eldest daughter of Spencer Cowper of Hertingfordbury Park

Letters: Dean Spencer Cowper, Lord Cowper's brother  DE/P/F253-6  1732-1764

4 files

Contents:
[Many of these letters are transcribed in the Letters of Spencer Cowper, Dean of Durham, edited by Edward Hughes and published by the Surtees Society. The letters contain news of family, friends and acquaintances, local and national events, Cowper estates and finances. 8 letters are undated. There is one letter from Lady Sarah Cowper to her brother Lord Cowper, dated 11 September 1750 at Durham]

Miscellaneous items: Lady Sarah Cowper, Lord Cowper's elder sister  DE/P/F257  1729-1749/50

32 items


Related information: For letter from Lady Sarah and her aunt Margaret Clavering, see DE/P/F260. For letter from Lady Sarah at Durham see DE/P/F255

Contents:
2 items are fragments only. Includes letter and fragment of a letter to Lord Cowper while he was ill in Venice during his Grand Tour, 1729, account of Lady Sarah's feelings on hearing of Lord Cowper's intended marriage, 1732, letters concerning the efforts to secure preferment for their brother Reverend Spencer Cowper, the debts of the Culling family, the health of their sister Lady Anne Colleton, the reconciliation of Uncle and Aunt Clavering (John and Margaret Clavering), and advice to Lord Cowper on his health and other matters

Letters: Lady Anne Colleton, Lord Cowper's younger sister  DE/P/F258  1736/7-1749;1728

38 items

Contents:
[Intimate and amusing letters concerning mainly family affairs and gossip. Includes undated letter; one letter from J E Colleton, husband of Lady Anne, dated 28 November 1747; and letter from Lord Cowper to Lady Anne, dated 22 October 1728 at Liverpool]

Correspondence  DE/P/F259  1723-1764

32 items


Related information: There are 6 letters from this William Cowper to 1st Earl Cowper in DE/P/F58
See DE/P/F13-19 for papers of this William Cowper, and DE/P/F233 for notes about him and his family. There is one letter from this William Cowper to the 1st Earl Cowper in DE/P/F58
See DE/P/F270 for other letters from this William Cowper

Contents:
Dr John Cowper, Rector of Berkhamsted, son of Spencer Cowper and cousin to 2nd Earl Cowper [Assures Lord Cowper of his best wishes on the occasion of Lord Cowper's recent marriage, hopes to redeem himself and escape from Lord Cowper's displeasure]. 1 item, 9 July 1732 Great Berkhamsted
William Cowper, Clerk to the Parliaments, son of Spencer Cowper and brother to preceding [Legal dispute Cowper v Cowper (DE/P/F212-218); request for portrait of Lord Cowper by Mr Vanderbank; congratulations on the birth of a son; arrangements for William Cowper's introduction to the Duke of Newcastle by Earl Cowper; correspondence concerning the proposed bill for an exchange of lands between Earl Cowper and William Cowper (as in DE/P/F218); request for confirmation of permission to improve a visita by cutting down pollard elms. Includes a letter dated 31 Oct 1731 addressed to to Mr Sydenham enquiring why he has of late received no venison from Earl Cowper's park and requesting a key to the park gate, and a letter from William Ingmire written subsequent to William Cowper's death requesting Lord Cowper to join Mrs Cowper as guardian to her sons during their minorities, states that the eldest Mr Cowper would like to go to study in Holland. 15 items, 1731-1741
Ashley Cowper, son of Spencer Cowper and brother to the preceeding, and his brother's successor as Clerk to the Parliaments [Refers to efforts? to secure his late brother's office as Clerk to the Parliaments; replies to Lord Cowper's request for hounds; refuses invitation to the Moat, has now "settled into a mere domestic animal". Copy of undated, unsigned letter to "Zelim", endorsed, "In Imitation of ye Turkish Spy before 1723"]. 3 items, Undated [before 1723]; 25 Feb 1739/40; 12 Nov 1741
Lieutenant-General Spencer Cowper, son of William Cowper above [Present to Lord Cowper of a Spanish hound; efforts to obtain a commission for Mr Warren; public affairs; family news; request to Lord Cowper to back him for the deputy governorship of Hill Fort (near Teignmouth), enclosing drafts in Spencer's handwriting of letters to Mr Granville and the Secretary at War asking for the post; draft of undated letter requesting an annuity for Spencer]. 8 items, 1758-undated [?1764]
Spencer Madan, son of Judith Madan née Cowper [Asks Lord Cowper to recommend him to the Archbishop for a prebend of York. Encloses copy of a letter from J Fountayne, Dean of York, to the Archbishop of York denying that Spencer is a Methodist]. 2 items, 22 March 1758 Nunappleton; 20 March 1758
William Cowper of Lincolns Inn Fields, Knight Harbinger to George II [In Germany, has been confined to bed ill for a month, is awaiting orders to provide for the King's reception; concerning the sale of property in London, of which Lord Cowper is a trustee. Pleads with Lord Cowper to change the arrangements for the sale, so that he can provide for his stepmother and half-sister. 2 items, 14 Oct 1743 NS Worms; 8 Nov 1748!
William Cowper, identity unknown, At camp at Brentwood with the militia. 1 item, 22 August 1762

Letters from members of the Clavering and Culling families  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence  DE/P/F260  1739-1762

15 items


Related information: See DE/P/F84-86 for papers relating to the Culling family 1703-1722

Contents:
Margaret Clavering and Sarah Cowper, Lord Cowper's aunt and sister [Preferments that are likely to become [vacant, and necessity for either Earl Cowper or Spencer J Cowper to come to town to uphold Spencer's interests]. 1 item, 16 Jan 1741/2
Margaret Clavering [Sorry to hear that Lord Cowper's eyes are so bad and that he cannot drink the waters. Town news]. 1 item, 3 Dec [Before 1753] London
John Clavering of Chopwell, half-brother to 2nd Earl's mother [Circumstances of the king's grant of the prebend of Canterbury to Spencer Cowper; hope that Spencer Cowper will not marry Miss Talbot; rumour (in 1743/4) that the Brest squadron is off the coast with the Young Pretender on board, and the liklihood that he may land in Scotland or Ireland; public affairs and court news: informs Lord Cowper that he is to be his sole heir, and encloses a brief rental of his estates; extract from this letter, with a copy of the rental. Catalogue of John Clavering's books and covering, letter from Dean Spencer Cowper, 18 Aug (c1762)]. 8 items, 1742-[?1762]
Sir Thomas Clavering (? of Whitehouse), [concerning Earl Cowper's proposed purchase of the petty tithes of two farms in the parish of ? Medamsley]. 1 item, Wednesday morning Undated[? after 1762]
William Clavering [Request for Lord Cowper to intercede on behalf of William's brother Edward Clavering who is under sentence of death for his part in the '45 Rebellion; thanks for Lord Cowper's attempt to secure a reprieve, although too late]. 2 items, 15 Oct & Nov 1746 Berrington
William Culling, natural son of 1st Earl Cowper's illegitimate son, William Culling.
[Asks Lord Cowper to obtain Lord De La Warr's permission for him to sell his commission in the army, as he is now destitute owing to his aunt's and uncle's misappropriation of his fortune]. 1 item, 26 Feb 1739/40
Mary Isaacson, natural daughter of Lord Chancellor Cowper and Elizabeth Culling [Resentment at the ungrateful behaviour of her nephew William Culling after she has cared for him for twenty years]. 1 item, 14 Oct 1739 Sabridgeworth

Letters from members of the de Nassau family  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence  DE/P/F261  1741-1753

6 items
Language:  English and French


Related information: [See DE/P/F249 and F252 for the letters of Henry de Nassau, Earl of Grantham to Lord Cowper. The De Nassaus were connected with Earl Cowper through his marriage to Henrietta de Nassau, Lord Grantham's daughter]
See DE/Na/F12 for Earl Cowper's letter to Maurice de Nassau requesting his consent for the match

Contents:
H de Nassau [In French. Endorsed in Lord Cowper's hand, "Count Lalech"]. 1 item, 25 May 1741 The Hague
W M Count de Nassau [French and English. William Maurice de Nassau was uncle to Lord Cowper's 1st wife. Lord Cowper has written on the second letter, in which the Count expressed his pleasure at Lady Caroline Cowper's forthcoming marriage, that the letter was not received until after the Count's death. 2 items, 31 Mar 1750, 22 May 1753
H de Nassau [In French. It does not appear from the handwriting that the writer of this letter was identical with H de Nassau above. Writer informs Lord Cowper of the death of his wife, Adrienne Margeurite]. 1 item, 16 May 1752 The Hague
Draft letter from Earl Cowper expressing his condolences to Count H de Nassau on the death of his wife [In French]. 1 item, [1752]
G D Nassau Bergen [In French. Informs Lord Cowper of the death of his father, Louis Adrien Count de Nassau]. 1 item, 8 Mar 1742 The Hague

Miscellaneous correspondence addressed to JE Colleton, Steven Pointz, their servants and others  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence  DE/P/F262  1726-1748


Related information: See DE/P/F284 for John Hay's proposal of marriage, in verse, to Mrs Thomas 1746

Contents:
BRADLEY, Den to James Edward Colleton Esq; Congratulations to JEC on his being elected MP. Surveyor Officers "of the Wiltshire parts" are having difficulties because they have no proper warrants of appointment - will JEC therefore sign and return the two the writers has drawn up. 3 Sept 1747 Wokingham
BRASSEY: Nath to James Edward Colleton Esq; Information exhibited against James Parr for selling spiritous liquors is entirely false, and the accused is of good character. 11 Oct 1744 Read[ing]
WEBSTER, Robt to James Edward Colleton, Esq; There is a party of ten armed horsemen at the Rose and Crown Inn, Twiford [Berks]. Writer thinks they may be smugglers or worse. Thursday evening
HAY, John, [to JE Colleton]; servant's letter of resignation. 3 March 1741/2
To JE Colleton Esq; Is satisfied with his new post with Earl Cowper, except that he is confined to company "of very low taste". Undated [1742]
RICHARDS, Silvester, to James Edward Colleton Esq; letter formerly enclosing "little bill." 14 May 1741 Reading
GHOST, John, to "the Honbl Ladey Collenton; "Expresses his loyalty to the Crown during the late Rebellion. Price of cloth which he weaves. Undated [c1746]
WINTER, H, to Mrs Coller[ton]; Hopes Mrs Colleton and family will continue to deal with writer now that she is left a widow. Undated
SHIRLEY, John, jun, Butcher at Slough, to "Jonathan a sheppard living, at Esq. Collingtons at Hainshill"; Asks Jonathan to send him two house lambs, 14 June 1742
HIDE, Marthy, to Mrs Sarah Nikkols "at Mr Jeames Ederd Collinton a Squier in Gravenall Square London" [her sister]; Complains that now she is poor and in distress Mrs Nichols has not written to her and all her friends have deserted her. 10 Jan 1747/8 Hartford
TOMBES, Robert, to Mrs Nickolls "dear friend and loving felow Servant"; news of acquaintances, pet birds, etc. 27 Jan 1745/6 Hains Hill
JOHNSON, Th, to Mr Richard Pottenger, at Silchester Writer tells of his sick condition, asks adressee to speak to Mr Shipley concerning the weakness in his limbs. 29 Sept Undated Silchester
CUTLER, John and Elizabeth, Addressee unknown; Have sent a "ribspear" to the Esquire and my Lady [?Colleton]. 21 Dec 1745 Hurst
SANDERS, Katherine, to ? Mrs Mordaunt; Application for post as a servant, the writer having previously been a wet-nurse. Undated
ABLETT, Grace, to Martin Mordaunt Esq. at Sumersead House, London; Valentine letter. 12 Feb 1744/5 Milford Place
WILLIAMS, Jane, to Mr Steven Pointz; Accuses Steven Poyntz of giving her money out of court to Charles Griffith and Jane Thomas Griffith "Old mother Mordins cook. "He has no business to trouble his head about Mrs Savil Smith "for she is no kind to my Lord Halifax no more." 14 May 1746 London
HOFFMAN, Francis, to Steven Poynt[z]; Religious reflections and verses, self-justification, comment on prominent local personalities. The writer, an occupant of the Queen Elizabeth almshouses at Donnington, nr Newbury, appears to have suffered from religious mania (4 letters). 8 July; Undated
TURNBULL, [?Rev] Ri, to Hon Mrs Poyntz; Asks Mrs Poyntz to use her influence with her husband to persuade him to support an attempt to get an act passed providing for Scottish ministers widows and children. If Mr Poyntz were to procure him a chaplaincy, as he had suggested, he would be indebted to him. 26 Nov Sproustown
ANON, To Mrs Poyntz; writer appears to be a female relative of Mrs Poyntz. Thanks her for favours received, expresses loyalty to the Crown, praises the Duke [of Cumberland], then detained at Aberdeen by the inclemancy, of the weather. Letter incomplete. Undated[1745/6]
BOUCH, Eliz, to "Madame"; Thanks for addressee's part in securing her a place as a dresser in Mr Fleetwood's establishment. 2 Nov 1743
MOONE, Agnes, to William Burrow; Asks why he has not written to her. Reminiscences of their time together. Have had the finest summering at Betham that was at that town for seven years. Undated
PAGE, L, to Thomas Page "at the Faulken in Bishop Stafford"; wife's letter to husband who is in the army, begging him to secure his discharge and return home. She and his family are Quakers. 8 Dec 1726 Wellingbr'

LOCAL AFFAIRS (HERTFORDSHIRE)  [no ref. or date]


Related information: There are some letters in DE/P/F249 relating to matters referred to in this section

Contents:
Documents relating to the 2nd Earl's activities as Custos Rotulorum, Lord Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace, and to local elections

Letters patent appointing Earl Cowper Lord Lieutenant for Hertfordshire, 8 March, 1744; letters patent reappointing him Custos Rotulorum for Hertfordshire, 27 Feb 1761  DE/P/F263  1744; 1761

2 items

Papers relating to the deputy lieutenants for the county of Hertford  DE/P/F264  1756; 1764; Undated

5 items

Contents:
[Letter from Robert Darcy, Earl of Holderness, to the effect that the King has been pleased to approve the list of persons to be deputy lieutenants, 8 March 1756, and enclosed list in Lord Cowper's hand; royal warrant of approval for appointment of deputy lieutenants, 27 June 1764; list of deputy lieutenants, Undated; names of persons to be inserted in the new commission, in Lord Cowper's hand, Undated]

Appointment of justices of the peace  DE/P/F265  1727-1761

18 items


Related information: [See DE/P/F249 for letter from Isaac Maddox, Bishop of Worcester, recommending Rev John Horsley, Rector of Thorley, as a suitable person to be inserted in the Commission of the Peace, and letter from Bostock Toller concerning Sir Harry Pope Blunt's request to have his name in the Commission of Peace for the Borough of St Albans.
There is correspondence about names to be included in the Commission of the Peace, 1748-1764, including some correspondence with Earl Cowper, in QS Misc 32-43]

Contents:
[Lists of justices for the County of Hertford named in commissions of the peace dated 13 July 1759 and 30 April 1761, and list of names recommended for inclusion in the commission for the county by James West Esq, Undated (3 items); lists of suitable persons for inclusion in the commissions of the peace for the Borough of St Albans, and lists of justices appointed, 1727-1733 and Undated (8 items); names of justices for the Liberty of St. Albans, 1761 and Undated (3 items); letter from John Marriott to Bostock Toller, Clerk of the Peace, concerning the names in the Commission of the Peace for the Liberty of St Albans, 26 Feb 1761; statement in Lord Cowper's hand of the reasons why a new Commission of the Peace should be made for the Borough of St Albans, Undated; copy of the deposition of William Hunt of St Albans, innkeeper, concerning the fitness of certain persons to be justices for the Borough of St Albans; reply of Earl Cowper, as Custos Rotulorum, to the accusations mentioned in William Hunt's deposition, with particulars of the qualifications of the persons referred to by Hunt.]

Papers concerning the invasion scare, Hertfordshire Association, and '45 Rebellion  DE/P/F266  1743-1746

8 items

Contents:
Copy of a letter from the Privy Council to the deputy lieutenants authorizing them to employ persons to search for and seize all arms belonging to papists, nonjurors and other persons dangerous to the peace, 24 Feb 1743; address, in Earl Cowper's hand, to the Grand Jury at Hertford, referring to the necessity of maintaining the present constitution and asking them to appoint a day for a general meeting to enter into an Association for the "Preservation of our Laws and Liberties and the Protection of His Majesty's Person and Government," 7 Oct 1745; copy of resolutions of vestry meetings held on 8 Oct 1745, and 11 Oct 1745 in the parish of St Martins in the Fields for the raising of able-bodied men for the defence of the realm; copy of resolutions of a committee appointed by the Hertfordshire Association and of a notice issued by the committee relating to the payment of subscriptions, October 1745s letter from Row[lan]d Johnson and another from Thos Shallcross relating to Lindsey, a nonjuring clergyman and supporter of the Pretender, 7 Sept and 29 Oct 1745; letter from Sir Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle, asking for a description of Lindsey and Church and particulars of the charges against them so that he can issue a warrant for apprehending them, 9 Nov 1745; letter to Earl Cowper from the inhabitants of Willian, Hitchin, Baldock and the county around complaining of the behaviour of the parson of Willian, who would not allow his parishioners to celebrate the victory at Culloden, and requesting that the Earl should use his authority to prevent the vicar from being made a JP 15 May 1746

Correspondence subsequent to the Militia Act of 1757  DE/P/F267  1757-1758

13 items

Contents:
Copies of parts of letters from Sir John Chapman and Mr. Jennings relating to the riots at Royston against the Militia Act, Undated (1757); letter from William Pitt stating that he has ordered two troops of Horse Guards to march to Royston, in consequence of the riots reported by Lord Cowper, 6 Sept 1757; letter from James Gordon to Earl Cowper agreeing to meet Mr Jennings at Buntingford, "if such acts of sedition are not put a stop to the Mob will soon be our masters," 13 Sept 1758; further letter from James Gordon informing Lord Cowper that he has heard that there is to be a rising among the "same lawless fellows of Royston, Ashwell and other parishes that met last year" to oppose the Militia Act, and suggesting that Lord Cowper writes to the Secretary at War for troops to be ordered to the county, 20 Sept 1758; letter from William Wildman, Viscount Barrington, stating that he cannot move the troops stationed at Baldock to St Albans unless the latter can be looked on as a neighbouring town to Baldock, 30 Sept 1758; 7 letters replying to Lord Cowper's request to the writers to distribute papers relating to the Militia Act, some of them commenting on the disturbances at Berkhamsted and elsewhere, Sept 1757; letter from William Hale declining to act under the Militia Bill owing to his state of health, 7 July 1758

Miscellaneous papers relating to the Herts militia  DE/P/F268  1759-1763

11 items

Contents:
Letter from William Pitt originally accompanying commission appointing Lord Cowper Brigadier General of the Hertfordshire Militia, 16 Oct 1759; letter from Lord Shaftesbury explaining the extent of Lord Cowper's authority over the Herts Militia in consequence of his holding the commission of a Brigadier General, 25 Jan 1760; copy of warrant for pay for the Hertfordshire Battalion of militia, 2 June 1759; returns of officers' names and dates of their commissions in the Herts militia, ?1760, and 1761; list of officers in the various companies of the Herts militia, in Lord Cowper's hand, Undated; letter from the Earl of Bute informing Lord Cowper that the King does not disapprove of the appointment of John Goddard as an ensign in the Militia, 16 Dec 1761; estimate for "the small mountings," ie items of uniform, for the Herts Militia, Undated; form of commission of lieutenant in the Militia, Undated; draft "Orders" stating duties of a field officer and of the guard at Hertford and Ware, etc Undated; warrant under the sign manual of George III to Lord Cowper ordering him to disembody the Hertfordshire Militia, 22 Dec 1762; field return of the Herts Regiment of Militia as reviewed at Hertford, 26 Oct 1763

Monthly returns of the Hertfordshire Battalion of Militia, commanded by Colonel Sabine, 1 March 1760-1 Nov 1762, giving details of strength of companies, etc, and including one return of the Hertfordshire Detachment of Militia at Land Guard Fort, 1 Nov 1762 (19 items); lists of private men in the various companies of the Hertfordshire Battalion, 1759, 1760 and Undated (3 items)]  DE/P/F269  1759-1762

22 items

Correspondence mainly concerning the administration and internal affairs of the Herts Battalion  DE/P/F270  1759-1762

30 items

Contents:
Attempts by Colonel Sabine to impose military discipline on the officers and men of the militia; complaints by the officers of Col Sabine's conduct; attempts to persuade Lord Ligonier to arrange for the whole battalion to be quartered in one place: account of a mutiny in the battalion caused by the imprisonment of a drunken man; question of discharge of unsuitable recruits. Correspondents are:- Lord Ligonier (2 letters), Colonel John Sabine (16), William Cowper (3), G Jennings (5), William Plumer (2), Frederick Halsey (1), James Burgess (1)

Papers relating to Earl Cowper's activities as a justice of the peace  DE/P/F271  1745-1762; Undated

15 items

Contents:
Certificate that Lord Cowper has taken the oath on receipt of the Commission of the Peace for the Liberty of St Albans, 24 Oct 1761; copy of letter from W Gary to the Earl of Essex relating to the enforcement of the laws against forestalling, regrating and engrossing corn and grain, 12 July 1740; letter from Thomas Shallcross concerning Lord Cowper's wish to give Black a further respite, as Black's licence is liable to be suppressed, Undated; note from Edward Creswell stating that Thomas Harman is his hired servant, 8 July 1745; depositions against Charles Arnold for stealing fish and being a disorderly person, 26 Oct 1762; statement of case in question of the legal settlement of one Lane, Undated; copy of warrant to the keeper of the house of correction at Hertford to receive Thomas Nash of Little Berkhampstead and Matthew Baker of Essendon, militiamen, Undated; copy of letter to the Secretary at War on the commitment of John Young of Durham and George Moor of Warmingham to Hertford Gaol on suspicion of being deserter; from HM Army in Germany, 5 Oct. 1762, and examinations of George Moor and John Young; letter from Henry Thorowgood at Hertford giving an account of the statutes relating to highway duty, with reference to the case of Brown who has refused to do statute duty, 24 Nov 1758; Hardwicke Marriage Act 1754; Bill for Act to limit the time for killing game, etc, Undated; bill to render Prosecutions for Perjury..... more easy and effectual, Undated; heads for an Act of Parliament relating to a close season for hares and for a tax on game dogs, Undated

Papers  DE/P/F272  1751

9 items

Contents:
Relating to the murder of Ruth Osborne, a reputed witch, the ducking of her husband and the breaking down of the workhouse at Tring

Papers concerning elections in Hertfordshire  DE/P/F273  Undated [1727]; 1741; 1753

3 items

Contents:
Poll book, Hertford Borough, Undated [1727]; letter from Francis Roberts relating to a county election meeting at Hertford, the County is ready to accept as opposition "a Broomstick with a head on't," 13 April 1741; letter from P Hale, who has been informed that there have been meetings of gentlemen desirous of creating an opposition at the next general election, 16 Aug 1753]

LEGAL, POLITICAL & OFFICIAL PAPERS  [no ref. or date]

Copy of Lord Cowper's letter to Lady Ann Colleton and Mr Colleton  DE/P/F274  1734

1 item


Related information: [See DE/P/F212-218] Letter dated 8 July 1734, London

Contents:
On the progress of the case Cowper v Cowper

Copy in Lady Sarah Cowper's hand of Lord Cowper's letter to Mr Woodford explaining his refusal of the honour offered him by the King, and complaining that his request for Aunt Clavering to be made a Lady of the Bedchamber was not complied with; copy of Thomas Woodford's reply; draft letter on the same subject to Mr Clavering; draft letter to Sir Robert Walpole  DE/P/F275  1731

3 items

Notes [? for a speech] expressing loyalty to the Protestant succession; list of queries on the right of Parliament to try Mr Murray [Alexander Murray, a Jacobite, was tried by the House of Commons as the ringleader of a mob and committed to Newgate, 1751]; A Memorial of Several Noblemen and Gentlemen of the First Bank and Fortune [concerns the education of the Prince of Wales]  DE/P/F276  1731

3 items

MS transcript of the examinations of persons connected with the Porteous Riots in Edinborough  DE/P/F277  [C1737]

1 Bundle

Contents:
Examinations taken at London by [? parliamentary] committee

Copy, in ? Lord Cowper's hand, of the Duke of Beaufort's complaint before the Vicar General against the Duchess of Beaufort [in divorce case proceedings] c 1742; case Portland and others v Sir Walter Burrows, bart, re mortgage of settled estate in Queens County and County Kildare, Ireland, 1724; London Chronicle, 23 April 1757  DE/P/F278  1724; C 1742; 1757

3 items

MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS  [no ref. or date]

Medicinal and culinary recipes  DE/P/F279  C 1730-C 1750

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Mainly medicinal, including three doctors' prescriptions. Some recipes for treating farcy in horses]

Particulars, in Lord Cowper's hand, of route from Cole Green to Newcastle and back by daily stages, with the names of suitable inns for overnight stops, Undated; plan of a floor of his brother's house at the Moat [Kent] by Spencer Cowper, Undated; catalogue of coins and medals, 1738 and 1745; list of plate belonging to Lord Cowper  DE/P/F280  1738 & 1745; Undated

4 items

Catalogues of Lord Cowper's library at Cole Green, c 1740, and notebook containing alphabetical lists of books  DE/P/F281-3  Undated [C 1740]

3 items

Contents:
DE/P/F281 contains 3 loose receipts receipts of the Earl Cowper for horses, bread and milk, and drawings, 1788, 1774

Miscellaneous manuscript verse, etc  DE/P/F284  1727-1758; Undated

24 items


Related information: See DE/P/F262 for 2 letters from John Hay to J E Colleton

Contents:
Including Song in Answer to Dr Savage (in 2nd Earl's hand), Undated [before 1747]; Song on the Abbey's being shut up after the coronation in 1727; epitaph on Lady Sarah Cowper, Undated [1758]; epitaph on Dr Savage, in latin and english verse, Undated [1747]; epitaph on Col Francis Charteris Undated [c 1732]; the Courtiers' Creed and verses on a Review before Mr Walmot; Arden's verses on Mrs Poyntz' birthday, 1757; verses on the cathedral clergy of Durham; verses in latin by Deane Pointz, aged 13, addressed to Mr Poyntz at Bath, Jan 1735/6; verses by Eliza Blake addressed to the Poyntz children, to her benefactors the ladies Cowper and Poyntz, and to Lord Fordwich, Undated [before 1747]; John Hay's proposal of marriage, in verse, to Mrs Thomas, 1746 (2 copies)

Printed pamphlets  DE/P/F285  1737-1762; Undated

10 items

Contents:
[Constitutional Queries earnestly recommended to the consideration of every True Briton, Undated; Kings speeches to Parliament, December 1756 and June 1762; Brief Notes on the Creed of St Athanasius, Undated; humorous letter of Laughlin Burns relating to the French landing at Carrick-fergus in 1760; printed pamphlet containing verses entitled "L..d B.......ke's Speech upon the Convention," 1739; the Second Case of William Weston, comprising William Weston's condemnation of the actions of John Pryor towards John Stout, in the form of a letter to the Yearly Meeting of the Society of Friends, 1738/9; printed copy of the Case of Samuel Richardson over the copyright of the History of Sir Charles Grandison, 1753; 2 printed pamphlets containing correspondence between the King, Prince of Wales and the Queen concerning the Prince's flight with the Princess of Wales from Hampton Court before the birth of the Princess Augusta (1737)]

North Briton  DE/P/F286  April-Nov 1763

30 items

Contents:
[No 45, 23 April 1763; Extraordinary North Briton, 12, 17 and 21 May 1763; No 46, 28 May 1763; Nos 47-70, 4 June - 5 Nov 1763; No 46(sic), 12 Nov 1763]

A Narrative of the Affair between Mr Creswell and Miss Scrope  DE/P/F287  1748

1 Volume

Contents:
This relates to a dispute over a supposed Fleet marriage between the parties

2ND EARL COWPER AS AN EXECUTOR OF LORD GRANTHAM'S WILL  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For papers belonging to Lord Grantham and other members of the Nassau d'Auverquerque family see separate inventory DE/Na

Administrative history:
[Henry Nassau d'Auverquerque. Earl of Grantham, was the father of Lord Cowper's first wife, Henrietta. He died on 5 December 1754 leaving one surviving daughter, Lady Frances Elliot, and two grandchildren, Lord Cowper's son Lord Fordwich and daughter Lady Caroline Seymour. Lady Frances and Lord Fordwich inherited the major part of Lord Grantham's English estates, and the Dutch personal estate which Grantham had recently inherited from his brother Count William Maurice de Nassau]

Office copy of will and codicil  DE/P/F288  Undated

1 item

Contents:
Of Henry Earl of Grantham, proved in PCC on 10 December 1754 [Relates to English and Dutch estates]

Papers concerning the Earl of Grantham's estate  DE/P/F289  1754-1756

21 items

Contents:
Including lists of plate, jewellery, snuff-boxes, wines, bank-notes; room by room inventory of glass, japan chests and cabinets, and tapestries in Lord Grantham's house in Albemarle Street; Thomas Barsham's account to Viscount Fordwich, 1755; bills received from Molière and Co. at the Hague; memorandum of Lord Grantham's estates real and personal at the time of his death, with particulars of assets in England, Holland and Denmark. Many items are endorsed in the 2nd Earl's hand
[Original Bundle]

George Nassau Clavering Cowper, 3rd Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]


Related information: A considerable amount of background information, useful in the interpretation of these documents, is given in Florence and England, Essays on cultural relations in the second half of the eighteenth century, by Brian Moloney, a copy of which is available in the Record Office Search Room. The 3rd Earl's papers were used in the compilation of this work.
For the very detailed household accounts kept during Cowper's sojourn in Florence see DE/P/AF

Administrative history:
The 3rd Earl Cowper was born on 26 August 1738, the second child and only son of the 2nd Earl and his wife Henrietta de Nassau, daughter of the Earl of Grantham. He inherited the earldom on the death of his father in 1764, but by this time he was already financially independent, for he had been the main beneficiary under the will of his grandfather Lord Grantham who died on 5th December 1754. Cowper (when still Lord Fordwich) left England to go on his Grand Tour in January 1757, and despite his father's pleas and his own repeated promises to return, never came back to England except for a brief period in 1786. In Florence, where he settled, Cowper became a leader of society and a patron of art, science, literature and the Opera. Through his friendship (and that of his wife) with the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cowper was in 1778 able to procure the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, and he was later created a knight of the Order of St Hubert of Bavaria.
On 2nd June 1775 Cowper married Hannah or Anna, the youngest daughter of Charles Gore. They had three sons, who were sent to England for their education in 1781. Cowper died in Florence on 22nd December 1789

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS; Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For the deeds of settlement on the marriage of Lord Cowper and Hannah Gore, 1777-9, see DE/P/T1236-41. For letters from Charles Gore referring to his disagreements with Cowper over the marriage settlement, see DE/P/F293

Agreement  DE/P/F290  1770

1 item

Contents:
Of Rev Spencer Cowper and Margaret Clavering to empower Lord Cowper to act outside the terms of John Clavering's will in leasing the estates bequeathed by Clavering and taking down the remains of the manor house [? at Chopwell]

Papers  DE/P/F291  [1764 or after]

1 Bundle


Related information: See letters from the Nistris to Cowper, DE/P/F312/103-104

Contents:
Concerning settlements made by Cowper on his natural daughter Luisa Fortunata Beneveccetti [who later married Tommaso Nistri
[Original Bundle]

Family correspondence, and other papers concerning Cowper's family  [no ref. or date]

Letters from Lord Cowper's children  DE/P/F292  [1786-1789]

11 items

Administrative history:
[Cowper's three sons George (born 9 August 1776), Peter Leopold Louis Francis (born 6 May 1778) and Edward Spencer (born 1779) were born in Florence, but sent to England in 1781 for their education. Lord Cowper apparently intended to follow them, but did not in fact come to England until 1786]

Contents:
George Clavering Cowper, Viscount Fordwich [one letter is addressed to Henry Cowper]. 6 items, 1786-1789; Undated
Peter Leopold Louis Francis Clavering Cowper. 2 items, 1786, 1789
Edward Spencer Clavering Cowper. 3 items, 1786, 1787, 1789

Correspondence with members of the Gore family  DE/P/F293  1774-1786

21 items
Language:  French

Administrative history:
[Cowper married Hannah or Anna, daughter of Charles Gore, a watercolourist and amateur cellist in June 1775]

Contents:
Anna Gore [Letter written to Cowper before their marriage]. 1 item, Undated [C1775]
Charles Gore [Letter introducing Mr Browne, an artist; acrimonious letters subsequent to his daughter's marriage to Cowper, with copy of a letter from Cowper proposing to terminate their correspondence; letter introducing Mr Coussmaker; arrangements for Lord Fordwich's education]. 13 items, 1776; 1782-1786
R B Nicholas to Charles Gore [Long letter (11pp) mainly describing his journey from New York to Niagara Falls and up the River St Lawrence to Montreal and Quebec]. 1 item, 1774
Some correspondence in French
Emily and [? Maria] Gore [Lord Cowper's sisters-in-law. Letters comprise a reply to Cowper's condolences on the death of Mrs Gore; letter and copy letter of Henry Cowper to Miss Gore giving his condolences and complaining of the delay in informing him of the death, and Emily Gore's letter (and copy) in reply to this; unsigned letter to Cowper in French, identified by handwriting as probably from Emily]. 6 items, 1785; Undated

Letters from members of the Seymour family  DE/P/F294  1772-1789

29 items

Administrative history:
Lord Cowper's sister Lady Caroline married Henry Seymour in 1753, and died in 1773. Her elder daughter Caroline married a Mr Danby. Her younger daughter Georgiana became a source of embarassment to her family through her allegedly scandalous conduct; eventually she married Lewis, Count de Durfort]

Contents:
Lady Caroline Seymour [Mr Seymour's purchase of horses for Lord Cowper; mention of a visit from Fabbroni and Bartolozzi; etc]. 4 items. 1772; Undated [?1773]
Henry Seymour [The later letters relate to his severing all contact with his younger daughter Georgiana]. 7 items, 1773-1789
Caroline Danby, 10 items, Undated
Georgiana Seymour. 8 items, Undated

Letters  DE/P/F295  1773-1780; Undated [? 1764]

7 items

Contents:
From Georgiana Caroline, Dowager Countess Cowper [The 3rd Earl's stepmother. Her letters consist mainly of family news and gossip. Includes draft letter to Lady Cowper from 3rd Earl condoling with her ? on death of 2nd Earl, Undated]

Correspondence with Earl Spencer and his family  DE/P/F296  1772-1789

16 items

Administrative history:
[John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer, was the son of the Dowager Countess Cowper by her first marriage, and thus the 3rd Earl Cowper's stepbrother. He married Margaret Georgiana Poyntz in 1755, and died in 1783. His son George John Spencer, who married Lady Lavinia Bingham, daughter of the 1st Earl of Lucan, in 1781, succeeded to the title]

Contents:
John Spencer, Earl Spencer. 3 items, 1776, 1782, 1783
Margaret Georgiana, Countess Spencer [Including a letter written at the Queen's command recommending the painter Zoffany. 7 items, 1772-1789
George John Spencer, Earl Spencer [Death of his grandmother, Countess Cowper, 1780; his father's death, 1783; Lord Cowper's copy letter asking Spencer to use his influence to get Cowper appointed as the next envoy in Tuscany, and Spencer's reply]. 6 items, 1780-1789

Letters from Spencer and Dorothy Cowper  DE/P/F297  1759-1774

7 items

Administrative history:
[Spencer Cowper, Dean of Durham, was Lord Cowper's uncle. He had married Lady Dorothy Townshend]

Contents:
Spencer Cowper [Leasing of Panshanger, family and business affairs]. 6 items, 1771-1774
Dorothy Cowper [Congratulating Lord Fordwich on his election as Member of Parliament for Hertford]. 1 item, 1759

Letters from James and Frances Colleton  DE/P/F298  [1773]-1789

15 items

Administrative history:
[James Colleton's first wife had been Lady Anne née Cowper, the 3rd Earl's aunt]

Contents:
James Edward Colleton [Congratulations on birth of Lord Fordwich; prospects of Cowper obtaining governorship of Windsor Castle; thanks for Lady Cowper's picture. Draft letter of Cowper's to Colleton, Undated]. 6 items, Undated [1773]; 1776-1787
Frances Colleton [James Colleton's second wife. Thanks Cowper for portrait; submitting and acceptance of Lady Cowper's picture by Hamilton in the Exhibition; letters introducing Mr Head, an artist, and Mr Rice, etc.]. 9 items, 1787-1789

Letters from Ashley Cowper and his daughters  DE/P/F299  1773-1789

15 items

Administrative history:
[Ashley Cowper was a first cousin to the 2nd Earl Cowper. His daughter Harriet, who married Sir Thomas Hesketh, is well-known through her correspondence with William Cowper the poet]

Contents:
Ashley Cowper [Thanks for Cowper's grant of an annuity to his daughter Theodora]. 1 item, 1773
Lady Hesketh [Death of Lady Caroline Seymour; congratulations on birth of Cowper's son; request for financial help for her sister Theodora; asking Cowper to use his influence to get her niece's husband Mr Woodcock appointed envoy to Tuscany after Sir Thomas Mann; Lady Cowper's illness; death of her father Ashley Cowper; asking Cowper to subscribe to the poet William Cowper's Iliad; gossip; etc] 12 items, 1773-1789
Theodora Cowper [Thanks to Cowper for granting her an annuity; death of Sir Thomas Hesketh]. 2 items, 1773; 1778

Letter from William Cowper of Hertingfordbury Park and his family  DE/P/F300  1768-1789

8 items


Related information: For letters from their daughter Maria Judith, the wife of Henry Cowper, see DE/P/F302

Administrative history:
William Cowper was the 3rd Earl's second cousin. He had married Maria Frances Cecilia Madan, his cousin

Contents:
William Cowper [Refusing Lord Cowper's offer of his house in George Street. 1 item, 1768
Maria [Frances Cecilia] Cowper [Offering Lord Cowper the option of purchasing Hertingfordbury Park (her husband had died in 1769)]. 1 item, 1773
William Cowper [Son of William and Maria Cowper. Asks Lord Cowper to use his influence to get his friend Woodcock appointed as envoy to the Grand Duke; introducing the two Mr Dorriens; etc]. 6 items, 1770-1789

Letters to General Spencer Cowper from Lord Cowper  DE/P/F301  1774-1781

6 items


Related information: See DE/P/F300

Contents:
[Spencer Cowper was second cousin to Lord Cowper, and brother to William Cowper of Hertingfordbury Park.
General Cowper seems to have been much involved in Lord Cowper's affairs in England, and the letters relate to family, business and personal matters; Lord Cowper's marriage; the sending of his children to England, etc. Included is a letter from Thomas Marsham to General Cowper agreeing to take Lord Fordwich into his house and educate him]

Letters from Henry and Maria Judith Cowper  DE/P/F302  1783-1878; Undated

4 items


Related information: See DE/P/F300

Contents:
[Henry Cowper was the son of General Spencer Cowper, and had married his cousin Maria Judith Cowper, the daughter of William and Maria Cowper.
The correspondence comprises one letter to Lord Cowper from Henry and M J Cowper, 1783, a copy of a formal letter to Mrs Hare Naylor refusing her invitation for Lord Fordwich and his brothers to visit her, and her reply to this, Undated and a letter to Mrs Cowper from John Leeke concerning a misunderstanding over the payment for etc, sent to Florence 1787]

Letter from William Cowper  DE/P/F303  1786; 1789

2 items

Contents:
The poet, son of John Cowper, Rector of Berkhamsted, and the 3rd Earl's second cousin. Letter of thanks for Lord Cowper's generosity in doubling his annuity, and congratulations on his safe arrival in England; poem by Cowper "On the Queen's visit to London, March 17 1789"

Note of memorials at the church of St Michael, Cornhill, London, to the Cowper family of Ratling Court, Kent, 17th to 18th centuries; list of deaths of members of the Cowper family between 1723 and 1780  DE/P/F304  Undated [18th cent]

2 items

Epitaph in verse to Lady Caroline Seymour [Cowper's sister] by R Merry  DE/P/F305  Undated [C1773]

1 item

Certificate of baptism  DE/P/F306  24 Feb 1784

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Of Allessandro Georgeson in the church of St John the Baptist in Florence, the godfather being Lorenzo Vanni

Cowper's Grand Tour, 1757-1760  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For accounts kept by Pierre Jordan of Lord Fordwich's expenses during this period see DE/P/AF1 and DE/P/AF241 and for a statement of his expenses Sept 1759 - Jan 1760 made by Chastellain see DE/P/AF240. For notes of Italian and French vocabulary, etc, probably made by Cowper during this period see DE/P/F367

Administrative history:
Cowper, or Lord Fordwich as he then was, left England in January 1757 to make his Grand Tour, and never returned to England apart from a short visit in the summer of 1786. His tutor, Jean Chastellain was given permission by the 2nd Earl Cowper in the spring of 1760 to leave Lord Fordwich in Italy and return to his home in Vevey, since all persuasion had failed to prevail on Fordwich to return to England

British passport  DE/P/F307  23 Dec 1756

1 item

Contents:
Of Lord Fordwich, John Chastellain and two servants

Diary kept by Jean Chastellain of his Grand Tour with Lord Fordwich  DE/P/F308  11 Jan 1757 - 4 May 1760

1 Bundle
Language:  French

Contents:
In a series of notebooks
Comprising 149pp French

Manuscript geography books compiled by Lord Fordwich  DE/P/F309  1757

3 items
Language:  French

General correspondence  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For letters from Billerey to Cowper, see DE/P/F312/12.
For correspondence with members of Cowper's family see DE/P/F292-303, and for scientific correspondence addressed to persons other than Cowper see DE/P/F319

Contents:
The 3rd Earl's correspondence prior to cataloguing was in some disarray, but as far as can be ascertained the English letters appear to have been in general filed separately from the foreign language correspondence at an early date. Draft or copy letters were frequently found with the original correspondence of the person to whom the drafts or copies were addressed, and this practice has been continued when the intended recipient can be identified. Some, but not all, of the drafts are in Cowper's own hand, and many of the copies appear to be in the hand of Billerey who seems to have acted as Cowper's Secretary

English correspondence  DE/P/F310  1757-1789

11 Envelopes, 5 Bundles

ADENEY, William, Charles St Westminster [Uniforms and other items Cowper ordered have been forwarded]  DE/P/F310/1  10 July --

1 item

AMHERST, Sir Jeffrey, Baron Amherst [Letter to Amhurst drafted by ?Sir Horace Mann in which Cowper offers to raise a regiment, and Amherst's reply]  DE/P/F310/2  26 Oct 1779; Undated

2 items

ARDEN, W. London [criticising Cowper's conduct towards Mr Hare]  DE/P/F310/3  27 Feb 1767

1 item

BARSHAM, Thomas, Serjeant Inn [an executor to Lord Grantham, Cowper's grandfather. Financial affairs; statement of Cowper's account with him, 1765]  DE/P/F310/4  1763; 1765

2 items


Related information: See Barsham's accounts, DE/P/A

BENTICK, William Henry Cavendish, Duke of Portland, Bulstrode [Requests Cowper's protection for Mr Potts and Mr Lee]  DE/P/F310/5  26 Sept 1785

1 item

BINGHAM, Sir Charles, Baron Lucan  DE/P/F310/6  1779; 1781

2 items

BINGHAM, Margaret, Baroness Lucan  DE/P/F310/7  1780; Undated [C1780]

2 items

Contents:
[Including references to Cowper's Raphael; "Sir Joshua Reynolds thinks by Miss Hatfield's copy of your Raphael, that the original would be esteemed here at 4 or 5 thousand pounds"]

BLAKE, Richard [Letters to Cowper from Blake, 1787-1789; letters to Blake from Cowper, 1786-1788. News; Blake's teaching partnership with M Valloni; commissions for Cowper]  DE/P/F310/8  1786-1789

14 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Partly in Italian

BOWDLER, Thomas, Tunbridge Wells [Introducing Mr Potts, etc]  DE/P/F310/9  1 Nov 1785

1 item

BRIETZCKE, Caroline  DE/P/F310/10  1784; 1787

2 items

Contents:
[Sister of Charles Brietzcke. Asking for part of the annuity vacated by the death of Dr Majendie, and thanks for allowing her the annuity of her late sister Harriett]

BRIETZCKE, Charles  DE/P/F310/11  1776-1786

12 items

Contents:
[An official in Secretary of State's office. Congratulations on birth of Cowper's son; request for financial help for his sisters; asks Cowper to use his influence with the King on his behalf; lack of progress of his efforts to get a pension for his wife; list of new administration, 1782; congratulations on the King's allowing Cowper to take the title and arms of a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire; death of Sir Horace Mann, talk of Mr Fawkener as successor, etc]

BROOKE, JC, Herald's College [concerning Cowper's pedigree]  DE/P/F310/12  5 Dec 1777

1 item

BROWN, William [concerning books ordered by Cowper]  DE/P/F310/13  1777; 1787-1788

3 items

BRUCE, James [Has presented Lord Cowper's box of pictures to the King]  DE/P/F310/14  30 July 1774

1 item

BRUDENELL; Thomas Bruce, Earl of Ailesbury, Tottenham Park and London  DE/P/F310/15  1787; Undated [1788 or 1789]

4 items

Contents:
[Has shown Cowper's sons to the King; is using Cowper's proxy on H Cowper's advice; mentions Cowper's projected return to England; thanks for mosaic work. Includes draft letter to Ailesbury from Cowper asking for post of envoy to Florence]

BURGESS, James, London [Goods despatched to Cowper; opinion as to Hastings' guilt or innocence]  DE/P/F310/16  1787; 1789

2 items

BUTLER, James [Condolences on death of Lady Frances Eliot; his grievances]  DE/P/F310/17  6 June 1772

1 item

BYERLEY, Thomas, London [for firm of Josiah Wedgwood. Encloses bill for vases and medallions]  DE/P/F310/18  7 Nov 1786

1 item

BYRES, James, Rome [Concerning consignment of pictures by Hackert to Cowper]  DE/P/F310/19  1785-1786

3 items

CARPENTER, Lady Almeria, Park Lane, Upper Grosvener Street [Offer to sell Cowper a set of lady's gilt dressing plate left to her mother Lady Tyrconnell by Lady Bellamont; inventory of plate; Cowper's draft reply]  DE/P/F310/20  20 Feb 1789

3 items

CECIL, Emily Mary, Countess of Salisbury, Hatfield [Asks Cowper to tell his tenants and gamekeepers at Cole Green not to destroy foxes]  DE/P/F310/21  16 April - [? C1787]

1 item

CHOLMONDELEY, George James, Earl of Cholmondeley London [Introducing Mr Cholmondeley who is coming to stay at Florence]  DE/P/F310/22  29 July 1783

1 item

CLARGES, L [Lady Charges], London [Wishes to know when Mr and Miss Gore are coming to England; thanks for present of music, etc.]  DE/P/F310/23  1787; Undated

2 items

CLAVERING, Thomas, Axwell Park; Bruton Street [Introducing his nephew Clavering, now on his travels; introducing Mr Blackett; introducing Mr Turnor of Lincolnshire]  DE/P/F310/24  1781; 1784; 1786

3 items

COOPER, Samuel, Oxford Buildings, London [A servant of Cowper's in London. Letters mainly concern the despatch of letters, books and goods to Florence]  DE/P/F310/25  1787-1789

6 items

COULSON T, Hertford  DE/P/F310/26  1772

1 item

CROSBIE, W A [Asks Cowper if he can procure Morelli for the Opera House in London, etc]  DE/P/F310/27  1781

2 items

CUNNINGHAM, [General] James, St James's Place [News and gossip]  DE/P/F310/28  1786-1788

9 items

DALTON, Richard, St James [Visit to England of Gaetano Gandolfi, an artist from Bologna; patronage of art at a standstill because of the King's illness]  DE/P/F310/29  13 Jan 1789

1 item

DAMPIER, T, Bath  DE/P/F310/30  1774

1 item

DEAN, Hugh [Requests an advance from Cowper on behalf of J Hadfield, to be deducted from the cost of the picture Dean is painting for Cowper]  DE/P/F310/135  1776-1777

3 items

DEASON, Rev James [Proposal to exchange living of Fordwich with living of Durham]  DE/P/F310/31  14 Apr 1787

1 item

DEVEZIN, Michael [H M Consul in Cyprus and pro-consul in Aleppo. Mainly personal news; includes Greek baptismal certificate of Devezin's son George, and two copies of his petition to the King for the Consulship of Leghorn]  DE/P/F310/32  1777-1789

15 items

DICK, Sir John  DE/P/F310/33  1777-1787

16 items

Contents:
[News, politics, some business matters; report received of Cowper's offer to sell paintings to the Emperor; advice concerning Cowper's efforts to obtain the Garter; congratulations on Cowper's receiving the Order of St Hubert; introducing Sir Thomas Stapylton, etc. Two letters from Drummonds relating to Cowper's lottery tickets, enclosed by Dick, are included]

DIGGES, West [Concerning Lord Spencer's calling in his money]  DE/P/F310/34  13 May 1768

1 item

DILLON, Edouard [Would like some paintings copied; commissions he is carrying out for Cowper]  DE/P/F310/35  Undated [after 1775]

3 items

DOLLAND, P and I, London [concerning prism and lenses ordered by Cowper]  DE/P/F310/36  2 June 1779

1 item

DOYLE, Charles, Leghorn [An orphan, he thanks Cowper for his goodness to him]  DE/P/F310/37  18 Dec 1780

1 item

DRUMMOND; Robert and Henry Drummond and Co  DE/P/F310/38  13 May 1777

1 item


Related information: See in DE/P/F310/33

EARLE & HODGSON, Leghorn  DE/P/F310/39  1779-1788

20 items


Related information: See DE/P/F327 for letters from Earle and Hodgson to Pierre Jordan (Cowper's steward) concerning the receipt and despatch of goods ordered by Cowper, 1774-1780 & Undated

Contents:
From 1782, firm known as Earle, Hodgson and Drake. The letters in 1780 relate mainly to privateering vessels in which Cowper has shares

EBDON, Christopher, George Street  DE/P/F310/40  14 Nov 1782

1 item

ELLIS, Henry, Marseilles [Introducing Mr Palk and Mr Beck]  DE/P/F310/41  10 Dec 1788

1 item

FAWKENER, W  DE/P/F310/42  1787

7 items

Contents:
[Asks Cowper to inform the Grand Duke of the mental illness of the Marquis de Ximenes d'Arragona who is in London, encloses letter from Sir Francis Milman and Dr John Monro concerning Ximenes' state of health; further reports on Ximenes' health; letter conveying Fawkener's decision to give up his appointment as prospective minister to the Grand Duke in Tuscany]

FITZGERALD, William Robert, Duke of Leinster [Introducing kinsman Mr Sandford, and Mr Ormsby]  DE/P/F310/43  Undated

1 item

FITZROY, Augustus Henry, Duke of Grafton  DE/P/F310/44  1765, 1768

4 items

Contents:
[Cowper's application for lieutenancy of Kent; possibility of Sir Horace Mann's obtaining the Order of the Bath; Cowper's application for the Order of the Thistle]

FITZWILLIAM, Richard, Viscount Fitzwilliam, Naples [Will send copies of work Cowper is patronizing to M de Weigl, the Emperor's minister at Florence; list of Handel's works recently published]  DE/P/F310/45  7 May 1784

1 item

FORBES, George [Cowper's purchase of shares in the privateers Tartar and Earl Cowper (late Hibernia) and fortunes of these ships, etc; draft letter of Cowper's, 1781]  DE/P/F310/46  1780-1784; Undated

12 items

FREDERICK, Reigning Prince of Salm Kyrbourg, Paris [Death of his father]  DE/P/F310/47  9 June 1779

1 item

GALLINI, Giovanni Andrea Battista  DE/P/F310/48  1784-1789

5 items


Related information: See letters from Gallini in Italian, DE/P/F312/57

Contents:
Also known as Sir John Gallini, Opera, and operatic performances, fire at the Opera House. A letter of 20 Sept. 1785 includes a letter in Italian to be shown to Campigli

GASCOIGNE, Thomas [Falseness of accusations against the physician Galli who has innoculated the Neapolitan royal family asks Cowper to intercede with the Grand Duke on Galli's behalf]  DE/P/F310/49  Saturday morning

1 item

GEORGE [III], [King of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen's House  DE/P/F310/50  1773; Undated

8 items

Contents:
Thanks for copies of portraits in Florentine gallery; seven draft letters of Cowper's offering miniatures, asking HM's consent to accept Order of St. Hubert asking for Order of the Thistle, asking the King to be godfather to his first child, asking for Order of the Garter

GRANT, Peter, Rome  DE/P/F310/51  24 Jan 1781

1 item

GREEN, Mary, London [Former nurse to Cowper's children, complaining at her arbitrary dismissal]  DE/P/F310/52  22 Jan 1782

1 item

GREIG, Samuel, Petersburgh [Empress has declined to purchase two obelisks of oriental granite]  DE/P/F310/53  1/12 Feb 1781

1 item

GRENVILLE-TEMPLE, Richard Temple, Earl Temple, Admiralty  DE/P/F310/54  19 May 1757

1 item

GREVILLE, Fulke, Earl Brooke, Earl of Warwick Lyons; London [Has rendered assistance to groom with horses on the way to Florence; and chatty letter]  DE/P/F310/55  1772; 1773

2 items

GREY, George Harry, Earl of Stamford, Envil [Recommending his son Lord Grey, and Mr Pidou]  DE/P/F310/56  24 June 1787

1 item

GRIGNON, Charles, Rome [Is sending cast of Apollo. Encloses sketches from original figure in Vatican to help its assembly]  DE/P/F310/57  18 Feb 1789

1 item

GRIMSTON, James Bucknall, Viscount Grimston, Harley Street [Asking for support in ensuing election for County of Hertford]  DE/P/F310/58  6 June 1774

1 item

HAGGITT, Francis, Aix la Chapelle [Tutor to Lord Fordwich]  DE/P/F310/59  4 Dec 1783

1 item

HAILES, D, Paris  DE/P/F310/60  1784; 1787

2 items

HALE, John, Hertingfordbury [Death of 2nd Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F310/61  18 Sept 1764

1 item

HALL, Thomas, Leghorn [Offers Cowper a machine he has made for raising running water to any height  DE/P/F310/62  28 May 1787

1 item

HAMILTON, Sir William, Naples and Caserta  DE/P/F310/63  1765-1789

6 items

Contents:
Letters of introduction for Nichola Moretti, painter Wherling, musician Storace, Mr Schultzer; thanks for sending machine and request for instructions on how to use it, etc

HAMMERSLEY, Thomas [of Ransom, Morland and Hammersley. Three of these are printed]  DE/P/F310/64  1783; 1786; 1787

4 items

HARE, William, London [Financial affairs, and other business of Cowper's  DE/P/F310/65  1765

3 items

HARTOPP, Edm Cradock, Geneva [Introducing Mr Hartopp and Mr and Mrs Martin]  DE/P/F310/66  Thursday 1 Oct [after 1775]

1 item

HATCHETT, John [Has made carriage for the Grand Duke]  DE/P/F310/67  1787

2 items


Related information: See DE/P/F359

HERBERT, George, Turin; Wilton House [Letter of introduction for Sechi, first hautboy of King's Orchestra in Turin; etc.]  DE/P/F310/68  1780

2 items

HERBERT, Henry, Earl of Pembroke  DE/P/F310/69  1770; 1786-1789

5 items


Related information: See DE/P/F310/90

Contents:
Gossipy letters, two signed only "P".
References to "la Baccelli"; advice to Cowper concerning the Duke of Leeds' letter, and necessity for Cowper to return to England to get his wishes fulfilled

HOARE, Henry, London [Payments to Mr Jenkins at Rome]  DE/P/F310/70  1761

1 item

HOARE, Prince, Venice and Bath [Thanks for Cowper's patronage, etc.]  DE/P/F310/71  1780

2 items

HOARE, Richard, Siena [Recommending Mr Morison]  DE/P/F310/72  30 July 1789

1 item

JERMY, Francis [concerning supplies of goods imported for Cowper and dealings in bills of exchange]  DE/P/F310/73  1774; 1778-1782

1 Bundle

JERVIS, J, Rocketts [Introducing Major Don]  DE/P/F310/74  17 July 1787

1 item

KENT, E  DE/P/F310/75  15 May 1767

1 item

KENT, William, Rome [Cowper's account, for payments to Jenkins and others, is endorsed]  DE/P/F310/76  22 March 1760

1 item

KIRKUP, J, London [Concerning commissions of jewellery for Cowper]  DE/P/F310/77  20 Nov 1785

1 item

LONG, James Tylney, Draycote House, Wilts [Has conveyed to William Chase his brother's codicil sent on by Cowper; and Cowper's draft letter explaining reason for having opened it]  DE/P/F310/78  1789

2 items

De MAGELLAN, JH [concerning achromatic telescope ordered by Cowper from Dolland]  DE/P/F310/79  1787

2 items

MAJENDIE, Eliza, Leatherhead, Surrey [Asks that the pension granted by Lord Grantham to her husband be continued to her]  DE/P/F310/80  30 June 1785

1 item

MAJENDIE, K, London [Death of father, Rev Dr Majendie, an annuitant of the late Earl of Grantham]  DE/P/F310/81  25 Oct 1783

1 item

MANN, Sir Horace  DE/P/F310/82  1773-Undated [1782]

8 items

Contents:
[Unsigned, undated letter (c 1776) concerning the unreasonable behaviour of Mr Gore over Lady Cowper's marriage settlement; news and gossip; introducing tenor named Kelly; has been made plenipotentiary by HM (1782); draft of a letter for Lord Cowper to send to Lord North on Mr Udney's behalf, and covering letter; draft/copy letter to Earl of Hillsborough on Cowper's behalf asking for favour for Mr Brietzcke, 1780]

MILL, James  DE/P/F310/83  13 April 1771

1 item

Contents:
[Drafts of two letters, to Mr Lynch and to the Dowager Lady Cowper, which Cowper has asked him to write]

MORDAUNT, M [Lady Mary], Park Street [Requests payment to Dr Majendie's family of instalment of his annuity due at Michaelmas]  DE/P/F310/84  11 Nov 1783

1 item

MORE, Jacob, Rome  DE/P/F310/85  1782-1788

7 items

Contents:
His own pictures; offer of ancient pictures including pictures by Poussin, Carlo Morati, Romanelli and d'Arpino, designs by Jacques Raphael for two mosaic tables; landscaping he has done for Prince Borghese; Cast of Apollo he is procuring for Cowper

MURRAY, David, Viscount Stormont  DE/P/F310/86  1769; 1780

2 items

NAIRNE, Edward [Electrical machinery, experiments, etc; attempt to get Volta made a member of the Royal Society]  DE/P/F310/87  1779, 1781

2 items

O HARA, Charles, Gibraltar [Introducing Major Chapman of the Royal Irish]  DE/P/F310/88  2 July 1788

1 item

ORME, Audery, Hertford [Ill fortune of her husband, her family and herself]  DE/P/F310/89  9 Oct - [1772]; 12 Jan - [1773]

2 items

OSBORNE, Francis Godolphin Osborne, Marquess of Carmarthen [later Duke of Leeds]  DE/P/F310/90  1775-1789

9 items
Language:  French


Related information: See DE/P/F318

Contents:
[Congratulations on birth of Cowper's son, etc; letter marked "private" asking Cowper to sound possibilities for an alliance with the Emperor, 1784; Copy of this letter, and of reply received from Vienna; draft and copy of part of a letter from Cowper on this subject]
One reply in French

OTTO FRANCK & Co, Leghorn  DE/P/F310/91  1779-1783

3 items

PARKER, J [Concerning pictures ordered by Cowper]  DE/P/F310/92  1774-1775

6 items

PAYNE, Sir Ralph  DE/P/F310/93  8 Dec 1787

1 item

PERCY, Algernon  DE/P/F310/94  Saturday [? 1783]

1 item

PETTY, Sir William, Earl of Shelburne and Marquis of Lansdowne [Unable to help Cowper secure favour he seeks]  DE/P/F310/95  1782; 1785

2 items

PIERS, Pigott William [Thanks for Cowper's civilities to him while he was in Florence]  DE/P/F310/96  Undated

1 item

PIOZZI, Hester Lynch [Introducing "three [of] the most eminent musical professors in Italy"; good wishes for Cowper's future happiness when he returns to England]  DE/P/F310/97  1785; 1786

2 items

PITT, Thomas, Baron Camelford  DE/P/F310/98  1785; Undated

3 items

Contents:
Letter of introduction for Mr Manwaring; letter accompanying Cowper's coach which was formerly Pitt's

PLANTA, Joseph [Secretary of the Royal Society. Informing Cowper of his election to the Royal Society; notifying Royal Society's refusal to admit Mr Volta; thanks for two books Cowper has sent to Society]  DE/P/F310/99  1777; 1778; 1784

3 items

PLURA Jos[ep]h, Bath [Works of art Cowper is sending for exhibition have not arrived; news, etc.]  DE/P/F310/100  3 Nov 1781

1 item

RAINSFORD, Charles, Leghorn [Letter of introduction for Baron de Thuyl]  DE/P/F310/101  29 April 177[?1]

1 item

RAMUS, N, St James's Palace [Has presented box of pictures to His Majesty on Cowper's behalf]  DE/P/F310/102  16 March 1773

1 item

RAZZONICO, Abordio, Pall Mall  DE/P/F310/103  27 March 1787

1 item

ROSENBERG [? Orsini], Pisa [Archduke now ready to grant Dr Bicherai the title he asks for]  DE/P/F310/104  6 Feb 1769

1 item

SACKVILLE, John Frederick, Duke of Dorset, Paris [Thanks for present of picture by Mengs; sending of Lady Cowper's diamonds, etc, asks for Cowper's good offices for nephew Lord Thanet and Mr Rippon, and for Mlle Baccelli; death of General Cunningham; news, etc.]  DE/P/F310/105  1786-1788

3 items

SANDYS, [Rev] William  DE/P/F310/106  1778-1782

14 items


Related information: See DE/P/F328

Contents:
One of Cowper's domestic chaplains.
Public and personal news; entry of Cowper's children's baptisms at St George's; composing of inscription for monument to Machiavelli; inscription to be placed under Mengs' unfinished picture of Descent from the Cross; riots in London in 1780; has seen Cowper's children in London; warns Cowper he is unlikely to get what he wants from the King unless he comes to England and asks in person; etc

SEYMOUR-CONWAY, Francis, Earl of Hertford, Sudborne [Selection of silver for the King's christening present to Lord Fordwich  DE/P/F310/107  25 Sept 1776

1 item

STRANGE, John [British minister in Venice. Concerning portrait painted by Mr. Hoare; recommending Mr John Belucci, a teacher of languages, to Cowper's protection; offering Cowper a chance to have his post in Venice as he is thinking of retiring; letter of introduction for Charles Dickinson]  DE/P/F310/108  1780-1782

6 items

STRODE, - [Extracts from Strode's book History of the Times]  DE/P/F310/109  Undated

1 item

STUART, John, Earl of Bute, London [All vacant (Garter or Thistle) ribbons disposed of]  DE/P/F310/110  27 May 1768

1 item

SULIVAN, Stephen [Failure of his efforts to secure Order of the Thistle for Cowper; poem, "To Count Rosenberg occasion'd by being invited to sup with Corilla"]  DE/P/F310/111  1768; Undated

2 items

TAITT, John, London  DE/P/F310/112  1786; 1787

2 items

TEYSSEL, George Clifford and Teyssel  DE/P/F310/113  1776-1787

7 items

Contents:
[By 1787 known as Teyssel and Co. Letters concern Cowper's orders for newspapers, wine, smoked salmon, etc; one letter, 1779, encloses samples of fabric]

THURLOW, Edward, Baron Thurlow, House of Lords [House of Lords expects Cowper's attendance on 4 December]  DE/P/F310/114  21 Nov 1788

1 item

TOWNLEY, James, London [Thanks for kindness and civility to his son]  DE/P/F310/115  16 Aug 1776

1 item

TRESHAM, Henry, Rome [Offering Cowper a Madonna and Child with St John by Julio Romano]  DE/P/F310/116  14 Nov 1781

1 item

TREVOR, John, London; Turin [Introducing Mr Rice; thanks for letter of introduction to "la Belle Camille", etc.]  DE/P/F310/117  1787; 1788

2 items

TYLNEY, John, Earl Tylney of Castlemaine [Introducing Cavaliere Quinuonis, etc.]  DE/P/F310/118  1783; Undated

2 items

UDNY, John, Leghorn, Venice  DE/P/F310/119  1775-1788; Undated

5 items


Related information: See letter from Udny in Italian DE/P/F312/155

Contents:
British Consul at Leghorn. Letters of introduction for M and Mme Campioni, dancers at the Opera, Mr Panati the tenor and Prince Meschersky, a Russian nobleman; invitation to Lord and Lady Cowper to stay at Leghorn during the visit of their Royal Highnesses; part of draft letter of Cowper's asking for caterpillars

VEIGL [Apologies for refusing Cowper's invitation]  DE/P/F310/120  Monday morning

1 item


Related information: See foreign correspondence, DE/P/F312/157

VILLIERS, George Bussy, Earl of Jersey, styled Viscount Villiers, Coppet [Introducing Lord Jocelyn]  DE/P/F310/121  29 Nov 1780

1 item

WALLACE, John, Bedford Street  DE/P/F310/122  31 May 1787

1 item

WHELER, John [Introducing his friend Mr Clarke, etc.]  DE/P/F310/123  3 Dec 1780

1 item

WILLIAM HENRY, Duke of Gloucester [Refusing Cowper's offer of the Grove (house at Chiswick left to Cowper by Lord Grantham); will be staying at Florence two days but does not wish to accept any invitations; letters drafted for Cowper asking Gloucester to procure him the Order of the Garter]  DE/P/F310/124  1772; 1787; Undated

3 items

WILLIAMS, John, London [Was at Eton with Cowper - recommends himself to Cowper's remembrance]  DE/P/F310/125  20 April 1782

1 item

WOODCOCK, Elbro, Lincolns Inn [Legal matters]  DE/P/F310/126  20 Aug 1778

1 item

WOODFORD, Robert [Letter from Cowper to RW concerning his estate, etc.]  DE/P/F310/127  12 Sept 1772

1 item

WROUGHTON, Sir Thomas, Hotel de Carlo, Florence  DE/P/F310/128  Sunday morning

1 item

ZOFFANY, J[ohn], London  DE/P/F310/129  21 Oct 1779

1 item

ZUYLESTEIN, William Henry Nassau de, Earl of Rochford, Escurial [Has spoken to Mr Mengs about Cowper's picture]  DE/P/F310/130  28 Oct 1765

1 item

ANON [Condolences on death of a relation (? Lady Frances Eliot)]  DE/P/F310/131  Undated [?1772]

1 item

ANON [Asks for annual allowance for Mrs Bramston, left in poor circumstances after the death of Lady Frances Eliot]  DE/P/F310/132  Undated [C1772]

1 item

ANON [Reasons that Lord Cowper's request (? for Garter) is unlikely to be successful. Letter deliberately unsigned in case it comes into the wrong hands]  DE/P/F310/133  7 Nov 1780

1 item

ANON [Has asked Grand Duchess about the Box, etc.]  DE/P/F310/134  Monday night

1 item

Cowper's draft and copy letters in English  DE/P/F311  1775-1789; Undated

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Most of these are in Cowper's own hand, but a few have been drafted for him by others. The majority are undated. Included are letters concerning his gift of miniatures by Macpherson to George III; letters to members of the government or court officials asking for favours eg the dukedom of Kent, the envoyship to Tuscany, the Order of the Thistle, favours for Henry Cowper and Charles Brietzcke; request on behalf of Grand Duke who wishes to purchase two frigates; letters concerning court case pending over Messrs Dingwall's loss of jewels ordered by Cowper in 1777; concerning an electrical machine, 1789; and concerning employment of Mr Marsham as tutor for Lord Fordwich]

Foreign correspondence  DE/P/F312  1758-1789

2 Envelopes, 13 Bundles
Language:  French and Italian

Contents:
Addressed to Cowper are signed by a surname only eg Billerey, Tassara, and in others the office or occupation of the writer form part of the signature
Some of the letters in French and Italian

ARTARIA COMPAGNIA, Vienne  DE/P/F312/1  24 Nov 1785

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Concerns collection of coloured views of Vienna, etc

BACCELLI, G, Venzia; Knole  DE/P/F312/2  1789; Undated

3 items
Language:  French and Italian

Contents:
Arrangements for her to dance when she comes to Florence; etc

BALABIO, Jean Ant, Milan  DE/P/F312/3  1779

2 items
Language:  French

BARBANTANE, Le Marquis de  DE/P/F312/4  1770-1778; Undated

4 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Enticement of servant from Barbantane's service to Cowper's; news; etc

BARINI, Giuseppe, Firenze  DE/P/F312/5  1783; 1786

3 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Barini was steward of Cowper's household

BARTHELEMY, Londres  DE/P/F312/6  21 June 1787

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Has as yet been unable to obtain a passport for Cowper

BENVENUTI, Carlo, Dresda  DE/P/F312/7  22 May 1774; Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Includes draft letter to Benvenuti

BERTOCHINI, Filippo, Bolognia, Borgo S Domino  DE/P/F312/8  1783-1789

4 items
Language:  Italian

BIANCHI, Cecilia Origi, Siena  DE/P/F312/9  30 July 1773

1 item
Language:  Italian

BIANCHI, Giustina nota Campioni, Parma  DE/P/F312/10  22 May 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian

BICCHERAI, Alessandro, Bagni di Monte Latini  DE/P/F312/11  24 Nov 1777

1 item
Language:  Italian

BILLEREY  DE/P/F312/12  1782; 1783; Undated

3 items
Language:  French

BIRTELLES, le Comte de, Livourne  DE/P/F312/13  18 Oct 1779

1 item
Language:  French

BOLEMANY  DE/P/F312/14  1780; 1781

2 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Thanks for Cowper's kindness while he was in Florence; news of French troupe who have just been at Florence; copy letter to Bolemany from Cowper

BONIOMI - [illeg], Roma  DE/P/F312/15  5 Oct 1785

1 item
Language:  Italian

BOY de la TOUR et BRÖLEMAN, Lyon  DE/P/F312/16  11 Jul 1777

1 item
Language:  French

BREÜNNER, la Contesse de, Venise  DE/P/F312/17  28 Mar 1789

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Letter of recommendation for dwarf

BUSINARI, Camillo, Bologna  DE/P/F312/18  8 ? Jul 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian


Related information: See letters from Businari to Giuseppe Stracchini DE/P/F319

? BUTI, Camillo, Roma  DE/P/F312/167  30 Oct 1779

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Concerning three coloured engravings for sale

De CALSABIGI, Aux Eaux de Lucques  DE/P/F312/19  21 Jul 1774

1 item
Language:  French

CAMPIGLI, Andrea, Di Casa  DE/P/F312/20  21 ? Jul 1788

1 item
Language:  Italian

CASTIGLIONI [Le Marquis]  DE/P/F312/22  Undated

7 items
Language:  French

CASTIGLIONI neé LITTA, La Marquise, Milan  DE/P/F312/23  1783-1786

5 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Will take all possible interest in Mlle Curtz; requests Cowper's protection for a young painter; introducing Mlle Marconi Molinelli, and Cowper's draft reply to this

CATELLACI, Anto[nio], Pisa  DE/P/F312/24  25 May 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

CEDRI, Settimio, Ferrara  DE/P/F312/25  9 Apr 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian

CERRI, Ferdinando, Ferrara  DE/P/F312/26  24 Jan 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian

CETTY, Ni, Montpelier  DE/P/F312/27  17 May 1775

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
His difficulties; will return to Florence with a new set of actors

CHABRIER, BIOLET et C[ompagnie], Lyon  DE/P/F312/28  17 April 1778

1 item
Language:  French

CHARLES THEODORE, Elector Palatine and of Bavaria  DE/P/F312/29  1776-1785; Undated

4 items
Language:  French and Italian

Contents:
Includes correspondence concerning award of Order of St Hubert to Cowper

CHASTELLAIN, ---, Vevey  DE/P/F312/30  1779-1781

7 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Chastellain was the son of Cowper's former tutor. Letters concern Chastellain's marriage, the birth of his son, news and gossip

CHASTELLAIN, Jenny née Hugonin  DE/P/F312/31  1759-1780

10 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Wife of Cowper's former tutor and mother of preceding. Includes draft letter from Cowper, 1779

CHERUBINI, Luigi, Londra  DE/P/F312/32  12 June 1785

1 item
Language:  Italian

CHIMAY d'ALSACE  DE/P/F312/33  Undated

2 items
Language:  French

De la CHUSE, Solar  DE/P/F312/34  1788; 1789; Undated

3 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Comments on the Opera, etc. Includes letter from de la Chuse to Mme Camille Onerati

COCCHI, Gioacchin, Venezia  DE/P/F312/35  22 Dec 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

COLLEREDO, Charles, le Comte de, Venise  DE/P/F312/36  1778-1782

9 items
Language:  French

Contents:
6 letters from Colleredo to Cowper, including request for protection for the tenor David and recommendation for Signor Alessandri, director of music, who is going to compose an opera at Florence; 3 copies of Cowper's letters to Colleredo including thanks for recommending Mortelari, a choirmaster, and recommendation for Mr Hinner, Master of the Horse to the Queen of France

CONTINI, Bartolomeo, Roma  DE/P/F312/37  13 July 1776

1 item
Language:  Italian

CORSI, Marchesa, nata de Medici  DE/P/F312/38  17 Undated

17 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Includes Cowper's draft letter to her. Majority of the letters are unsigned, and the identity the writer is not entirely certain

COTTEMENCHE, Geneva  DE/P/F312/39  21 June 1758

1 item
Language:  French

CURZ, Andrea, Venezia  DE/P/F312/40  8 Oct 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

CURZ, Carlo, Venezia  DE/P/F312/41  17 Nov 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian

De DEGENFELD SCHONBURG, LSC née C de Nassau, Vienna  DE/P/F312/42  1778

2 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Title of Prince of Holy Roman Empire which Cowper wishes to acquire, mentions surviving members of Nassau family; draft and copy letter asking her to approach Cowper's Dutch relations relative to Cowper using the title Prince of Overkirk

DELON, Venise; Paris  DE/P/F312/43  1772; 1782

2 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Commissions for Cowper; request to Cowper to ask Grand Duke to intercede with his sister the Queen of France with regard to recognition of the ancient nobility of Delon's family, enclosing memorial concerning family of Delon

DESTOURS, le Chev[alier], Lyon  DE/P/F312/44  18 June

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Has seen clockmaker who will make Cowper a pocket thermometer

DIETRICHSTEIN PROSKAU, C[omte], Vienne  DE/P/F312/45  1774-1779

7 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Introducing M Calzabigi; commissions for Cowper - purchase of horses and procuring of a Viennese pastrycook; copies of three letters from Cowper

DONAT. ORSI E FIGLIO  DE/P/F312/46  16 Jan 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Addressed to Signor Donato Vergani at Bologna

DONDI, Elena  DE/P/F312/47  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

DURAZZO, La Comtesse Ernestine, née Comtesse de Weissenvolff  DE/P/F312/48  1781; 1787; Undated

4 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Includes copy of a letter from Cowper

ENRICO HOLST, e C[ompagnia], Livorno  DE/P/F312/49  1789

2 items
Language:  Italian

[FABBRONI, G V M]  DE/P/F312/50  Undated [C1780]

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Wishes to dedicate his book on European agriculture to Cowper

FENINI, Capitaine  DE/P/F312/51  19 Aug 1775

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Asking for help for Spanpani, a young painter and poet

FENZI, Giuseppe, Pisa  DE/P/F312/52  17 May 1785

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Letter from Cowper to Fenzi

FERDINAND [Emperor], Pisa  DE/P/F312/53  13 Mar 1786

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Thanks for present of a balance

FIRMIAN, Le Comte de, Florence  DE/P/F312/54  25 Sep 1779

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Draft letter from Cowper concerning nomination of Signor Sarti as choirmaster in the Cathedral of Milan

FORESTIERI, La Contessa Mitilde, Roma  DE/P/F312/55  23 Aug 1783

1 item
Language:  Italian

FOSSATI, Carlo Giuseppe, Rimini  DE/P/F312/168  19 Jun 1788

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
[Architect. Concerning certain engravings for sale]

GAGNONI, II Cav[aliere], Di Casa  DE/P/F312/56  1 Sep 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

GALLINI, I A [Giovanni Andrea Battista]  DE/P/F312/57  1785-1789; Undated

10 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See letters from Gallini in English correspondence DE/P/F310/48

GARDI, Francesco, Venezia  DE/P/F312/58  31 May 1788

1 item
Language:  Italian

GERINI, Maddalena Papagalli, Di Casa  DE/P/F312/59  3 Apr 1788

1 item
Language:  Italian

GIOBBE  DE/P/F312/60  Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
One letter is headed Confidenzialissimo

GIORGI, Pietro, Firenze  DE/P/F312/61  1 Oct 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

GIO MICALI E FIGLIO  DE/P/F312/62  1788-1789

3 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
One letter is signed by Gio Carlo Micali

GIUSEPPE CASTELLS E COMP[AGNIA], Livorno  DE/P/F312/63  1 July 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

?GRIVAS [Name uncertain], Rome  DE/P/F312/64  4 Jan 1785

1 item
Language:  French

?ROBERT, Maria [Surname uncertain], di Casa  DE/P/F312/65  15 May 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

GRUVEL, MD, Paris  DE/P/F312/66  2 Aug 1789

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Asks permission to dedicate his French translation of the National History of Chile, by Molina, to Cowper

GUADAGNI, Alessandro, Di Casa  DE/P/F312/67  6 July 1772

1 item
Language:  Italian

GUADAGNI, [Dr] Carlo Alfonso, Pisa  DE/P/F312/68  3 May 1779

1 item
Language:  Italian

HACKERT, Philippe, Rome & Albane  DE/P/F312/69  1779-1783

4 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Concerning portraits Cowper is asking for on Grand Duchess's behalf from Mengs' estate; has begun sketch for picture Cowper has commissioned, a view of Lake Maggiore; letter introducing Count Czernicheff and M de Bolymanni; etc

D'HAVRE, La d[emoise]lle, née p[uce]lle de Vivy, Paris  DE/P/F312/70  17 Aug 1788

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Letter of recommendation for Margeurite Gentil who wishes to marry someone in Cowper's household

HINNER  DE/P/F312/71  Undated

1 item
Language:  French

JACCETTI, Gaetano, Firenze  DE/P/F312/72  - June 1773

1 item
Language:  Italian

JENFELDT, La Comtesse de  DE/P/F312/73  12 Dec 1777

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Copy of letter of Cowper's informing her of His Imperial Majesty's intention to create him a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and asking if she has any objections

JENNER de LUCENS, Capt, au Regt Suisse d'Erlach  DE/P/F312/74  1779

2 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Includes copy of a letter from Cowper

JORDAN, Pierre Louis, Aix la Chapelle; Spa  DE/P/F312/75  1783-1784

2 items
Language:  French


Related information: See DE/P/F338 and Accounts section (DE/P/AF) for Jordan's papers

Contents:
Cowper's former steward. Letters to Cowper written while Jordan was on the continent with the Gore family and Lord Fordwich; thanks for grant of pension

IOSSI, Ferd[inand]o, Londra  DE/P/F312/76  17 June 1766

1 item
Language:  Italian

LACIFARI, Maria Umilta  DE/P/F312/77  1789; Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian

LANDRIANI, Marsilio, Milano  DE/P/F312/78  1777-1788

19 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Scientific subjects. Includes draft letter from Cowper to Landriani

De LANTELLA  DE/P/F312/79  20 May

1 item
Language:  French

LANTI, Elisabetta  DE/P/F312/80  Undated

3 items
Language:  Italian

?Le FENINI [name uncertain] L'administrateur general de l'Opera, Londres  DE/P/F312/81  5 Oct 1779

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Asks Cowper to intercede with Campigli to get David to perform in London

LEPRI, Giuseppe, Perigi; Roma  DE/P/F312/82  1771; 1774

2 items
Language:  Italian

LEPRI, Vittoria Cherofini, Londra; Roma  DE/P/F312/83  1772; 1783

2 items
Language:  Italian

LEYNER, Jean Jacques, Bergame  DE/P/F312/84  1 May 1790

1 item
Language:  French and Italian

LIECHTENSTEIN, Le Prince de  DE/P/F312/85  24 Feb 1777

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Copy letter from Cowper

LOESCH, Anspach [Personal secretary of Margrave of Brandenburg. Request for books; thanks for precious books given by Cowper on the Margrave's anniversary]  DE/P/F312/86  1780; 1784

2 items
Language:  French

LOVES d'ARGATELLE, Le Marquis, Lieutenant Generale en Service de Hesse, Bologna  DE/P/F312/87  1780

2 items
Language:  French

? LUHT [Name uncertain]  DE/P/F312/88  31 Jul 1765

1 item
Language:  French

LUSIER, Giovanni Battista, Roma; Napoli  DE/P/F312/169  1781; 1785

3 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Concerning various prints and engravings

MANFREDINI [Marchese Federigo Ferdinando, First Minister of Grand Duke. News and political comment; Grand Duchess's anxiety over Lady Cowper's health; mentions Cowper's re-hanging of his pictures, acquisition of the "Carlino Dolce"; recommends Quadal, a Moravian painter. Letter of July 1786 during Cowper's sojourn in London includes message from the Emperor Ferdinand in his own hand]  DE/P/F312/89  1781-1786; Undated

9 items
Language:  French


Related information: See unsigned letter to Manfredini, DE/P/F312B

De MARIN, ancien officier de la Marine, governeur de Rieux, Rieux  DE/P/F312/90  16 Oct 1787

1 item
Language:  French

?MASIARI, Antonio [Name uncertain], Ferrara  DE/P/F312/91  14 May 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian

MECHEL, Chrétien de, Vienne; Basle  DE/P/F312/92  1779-1780; Undated

8 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Printing and engraving for Cowper; letter of 15 Jan 1780 mentions picture by Rubens of which Cowper has first offer; letter of 28 Feb 1779 includes a priced list of engravings

De MEDICI, O[ttaviano], Firenze  DE/P/F312/93  1781; 1789; Undated

5 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F354

Contents:
Letter of 5 June 1789 has enclosed an account of expenses for the holding of masses on 4 June 1789

MEMMO, Andrea  DE/P/F312/94  29 Dec 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

MENCHI, Antonio Filippo  DE/P/F312/95  1778-1780; Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F330 and F331

Contents:
Includes draft letter from Cowper to Menchi

De MESERY ECUYER, Lausanne  DE/P/F312/96  14 Sep 1779

1 item
Language:  French

MONTANTO, Federigo da, Livorno; Montanto  DE/P/F312/97  1781; 1786

3 items
Language:  Italian

MORELLI, Giovanni, Londra  DE/P/F312/98  29 Apr 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

MORI, L'Abbate  DE/P/F312/99  27 Sep [Undated]

1 item
Language:  Italian

MOROSINI, Ange, Venise  DE/P/F312/100  5 May 1782

1 item
Language:  French

De ?NASOUNE, Le C[omte] A [Name uncertain], Caserta  DE/P/F312/101  24 Oct 1784

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Recommends clarinetist named Griesbacher of Vienna

Della NAVE, Agnese, S Giovanni  DE/P/F312/102  2 Oct 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

NISTRI, Luisa [Cowper's illegitimate daughter]  DE/P/F312/103  Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F291

NISTRI, Tommaso Husband of Luisa Nistri, di Casa  DE/P/F312/104A  10 Jul 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

OLIRA, Jean Lui, Genes  DE/P/F312/104B  18 Nov 1789

1 item
Language:  French

ORLANDINI, Anne  DE/P/F312/105  17 Jul 1784

1 item
Language:  French

ORLANDINI, Nina  DE/P/F312/173  Undated

1 item
Language:  French

ORLANDINI, Therese Butler, Florence  DE/P/F312/106  19 Jul 1784

1 item
Language:  French

PALMIERI, Domenico, Milano. Scientific subjects  DE/P/F312/107  1777-1778

3 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: For Palmieri's letters to Stracchini. See DE/P/F319

De PAO[?LI], London  DE/P/F312/108  20 Jul 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

PASQUINI, Lucrezia  DE/P/F312/109  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

PELLIGRINI, Anna and BARTOLOM M, G  DE/P/F312/110  1786; Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
One letter from Anna Pelligrini alone, the other written partly by her and partly by Bartolom

PERDRIAU, S. née de LIGONNIER, Geneva  DE/P/F312/111  1779

2 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Concerning whereabouts of Gore family; and copy of Cowper's reply

PESELES, Luisa, Firenze  DE/P/F312/112  1 June 1782

1 item
Language:  Italian

Du PEYROU, Neufchâtel  DE/P/F312/113  1759; 1779

2 items
Language:  French

PILLISIER, F.A Wardour Street Soho  DE/P/F312/114  23 July 1773

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Condolences on death of Lady Caroline; begs charity for Mile Creuze

PIRANESI, Francesco, Roma  DE/P/F312/115  17 July 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

PIST[OIA]E PRATO, S Vesco[vo]di, Prato  DE/P/F312/116  15 April 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

POLIER BOTTENS, L'ancien Doyen de  DE/P/F312/117  1767-1779

9 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Thanks for work on ornithology; gossip; asks for protection for his nephew the General de Cernenville and for Count Anislaz Potoeky

Di ?PORTARGO [Name uncertain], ? Turino  DE/P/F312/118  8 Oct 1777

1 item
Language:  Italian

PORTIA, Co[mte] de, Mannheim  DE/P/F312/119  10 May 1776

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Is returning music which Cowper sent to Monsieur Raff

PRATESI, Fran[ces]co, Livorno  DE/P/F312/120  1778-1780

3 items
Language:  Italian

PRE, Giuseppe, assistente al Gabinetto di Fisica della R. Universita, Pavia  DE/P/F312/121  26 Oct 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian

RAAFF, Monaco  DE/P/F312/122  1787

2 items
Language:  Italian

RAFFAELLI, Carlo, Prato  DE/P/F312/123  1787-1788

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
One letter addressed to Signora Teresa

De RASSE, Vienna; Concerning granting of permission for Dr. Guadagni to prolong his stay in Florence; air gun Cowper wishes de Rasse to get  DE/P/F312/124  1776-1779

4 items
Language:  French and Italian

Contents:
Includes copy of letter from Cowper to de Rasse
[3 French, one Italian]

RATI, Campana, Ferrara  DE/P/F312/125  1787-1789; Undated

5 items
Language:  Italian

?RATI, Gio[vanni] Batt[ist]a [Surname uncertain]  DE/P/F312/126  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

REGNIER du TILLET, Commissaire des Ports.... de l'Isle de Corse, Bastia  DE/P/F312/127  1779

2 items
Language:  French

RINUCCINI, Carlo, Londra; Roma  DE/P/F312/128  1766-1786

5 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
His visit to England, etc

RINUCCINI, Giovanni, Roma  DE/P/F312/129  10 April 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

ROMANELLI, Angelica  DE/P/F312/130  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

ROSSI, Geltruda Ablescheria, Napoli  DE/P/F312/131  1780-1782

3 items
Language:  Italian

ROSSI, Giovanni  DE/P/F312/132  26 May 1783

1 item
Language:  Italian

?ROSSI, Teresa [Surname uncertain  DE/P/F312/133  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

SAIN COTTARI, FRERES, Lyon  DE/P/F312/134  1776; 1779

2 items
Language:  French

Dalla SANTO di TRENTO, Giuseppe, Firenze  DE/P/F312/135  4 Oct 1769

1 item
Language:  Italian

SAUNIER, Vincent, Parme  DE/P/F312/136  30 April 1765

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
A dancer, he hopes Cowper will continue his favours to him when he is in London

SCHMID, Giovanni, Berna  DE/P/F312/137  28 March 1773

1 item
Language:  Italian

?SELLACI, Reginaldo, Seg[retario] Perpetuo, Cortona nelle Stranze dell Accad[emi]a; [Surname uncertain. Concerning affairs of the Accademia Etrusca]  DE/P/F312/138  29 March 1780

1 item
Language:  Italian

De SERPOS, Antonio, Venezia  DE/P/F312/139  1779

2 items
Language:  Italian

De SERPOS, Giovanni, Venezia  DE/P/F312/140  1781; 1789

2 items
Language:  Italian

SEVER, Lausanne  DE/P/F312/141  18 Nov 1758

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
To Lord Fordwich at Vevey

SMIT, Guiseppe, Venezia  DE/P/F312/142  4 Apr 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian

SODERINI, Gius[epp]e, Londra  DE/P/F312/143  20 Apr 1787

1 item
Language:  Italian

De SPAIN, Donaissise B[aro]ne de Spain née C[omtes]se de Nassau, A belle vue pres de Cleves, [Recommends the bearer of the letter, the head of her late husband's family]  DE/P/F312/144  2 May 1769

1 item

SPINA, Giovanni Batista, Menesia  DE/P/F312/145  14 Apr 1782

1 item
Language:  Italian

STRACCHINI, Gius[eppe], Bologna  DE/P/F312/146  30 Jan 1782

1 item
Language:  Italian


Related information: For 7 letters to Stracchini from Domenico Palmieri; 3 letters from Francesco Malacrida; 2 letters from Mariano Moreni and 3 letters from Camillo Businari see DE/P/F319]

TANTINI, Q, Domenica Mattina  DE/P/F312/147  [n.d.]

1 item
Language:  Italian

TASSARA, Vienne  DE/P/F312/148  1779-1784

5 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Includes copy of letter to Tassara from Cowper

THURM, Pise  DE/P/F312/149  17 Nov 1769

1 item
Language:  French

THURN, Le Co[mte] de, Fills, Vienne  DE/P/F312/150  1776; 1778

2 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Includes copy of letter of Cowper's to Thurn. Thurn's letter endorsed, in Cowper's hand, "Grand Maitre de Son Altesse Royale Le Grand Duke"

TIERCE, Naples; Rome  DE/P/F312/151  1775; 1781

2 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Birth of daughter; the price of his pictures; etc

TREMAMONDO, Angelo, Londra  DE/P/F312/152  1787-1788

8 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Purchase of horses, etc

TEMAMONDO, Gaetano  DE/P/F312/153  16 Sep[temb]re

1 item
Language:  Italian

TRIPEL, J C  DE/P/F312/154  Undated

1 item
Language:  French

?TYLIO, - [illeg], Livorno  DE/P/F312/170  22 Jun 1789

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Concerning purchases of books, snuff boxes, material and other furnishings and enclosing account for same

UDNY, Gio[vanni], Livorno  DE/P/F312/155  25 Aug 1789

1 item
Language:  Italian


Related information: See letters from Udny in English DE/P/F310/119

VARGE, pere et fils, Lyon  DE/P/F312/156  1779; 1781

4 items
Language:  French

Contents:
One letter is addressed to Lady Cowper

VEIGL  DE/P/F312/157  1779; Undated

3 items
Language:  English, French and German

Contents:
[French, and German with English translation]

De VENTURI, Marianne  DE/P/F312/158  Undated

5 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Three letters are unsigned and are identified by handwriting only

VENUTI, Curzio, il Prop[os]to, Cortona  DE/P/F312/159  1780

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Includes Cowper's draft letter to Venuti

VIAREGG, Le Baron, Munich; Matters relating to the Order of St Hubert  DE/P/F312/160  1783-1784

3 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Includes two copies of letters from Cowper to Viaregg

VINCERNA, Carlo, Firenze  DE/P/F312/161  9 Aug 1786

1 item
Language:  Italian

VOLPATO, Giovanni, Roma  DE/P/F312/162  1780; 1781

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
The letter of 1781 offers for sale to Cowper a Poussin landscape

VOLTA, Alessandro  DE/P/F312/163  1778-1787

14 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
12 of these letters are transcribed in Florence and England by Brian Moloney, pp 169-190. The letter which is not there transcribed is dated 7 September 1781.
A draft letter of Cowper's is enclosed in Volta's letter of 5 May 1781

De WARUKA, Spiridion, Venezia  DE/P/F312/165  1785; 1786

2 items
Language:  Italian

WILSCHECK, Le Comte de; Copy of letter from Cowper recommending Signor Sarti, an Italian choirmaster  DE/P/F312/166  5 Jun 1779

1 item
Language:  French

ZANETTI, Franciso. Offering for sale to Cowper paintings by Raphael and Guido Reni  DE/P/F312/171  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

ZOFFANY, Johann, London. Concerning two paintings by Raphael which Cowper apparently wishes to sell to King George III  DE/P/F312/172  1780; 1781

2 items
Language:  Italian

Copy of a letter  DE/P/F312A  Undated [late 18th cent]

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
From Felice Giardini at Florence, 15 Aug 1786 to Guiseppe Bonomi, architect, in London concerning plans to build a copy of "Renelagh" [Ranelagh], London, in the Cascine gardens in Florence

Unsigned letter  DE/P/F312B  6 Aug 1781

1 item
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F312/89 for letters from Manfredini to Cowper

Contents:
From Rovigo to the Marchese Manfredini offering congratulations on the acquisition of an important painting by "Frate" [Friar - perhaps Fra Bartolomeo]

Unsigned letters to Cowper  DE/P/F313  1773-1789; Undated

1 Bundle
Language:  French and Italian

Contents:
Many of them appear to be from female opera singers, and the majority are undated. At least two contain offers for sale of engravings or (unidentified) paintings. Letters which appear to be from the same writer have been placed together
One in French, the remainder in Italian

Miscellaneous draft letters from Cowper to un-named correspondents  DE/P/F314  1780-1787; Undated

1 Bundle
Language:  French and Italian

Contents:
Most letters are undated, some are in Cowper's hand and some are drafted by others. There are draft letters to named correspondents among the general correspondence, under the name of the addressee

Honours and privileges awarded to Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Warrant of George III  DE/P/F315  19 Aug 1785

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F312/42 for Cowper's correspondence with the Countess de Degenfeld Schonburg concerning his Dutch relatives' reaction to his securing this title

Contents:
Allowing Cowper to adopt the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire granted to him by the Emperor on 31 January 1778

Papers relating to the Order of St Hubert  DE/P/F316  Undated [C1782-1783]

4 items
Language:  English and German


Related information: See DE/P/F312/29 for Cowper's correspondence with Charles Theodore, and DE/P/F312/160 his correspondence with Charles Theodore's first minister Viaregg

Contents:
Membership was awarded to Cowper by Charles Theodore, Elector Palatine and of Bavaria

Authenticated copy of a grant to Cowper of the right to import specified goods into the Grand Duke's territories without paying excise duty, and covering letter  DE/P/F317  Jul 1788

3 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Exempted goods include furniture, gold, silver and metal goods, pictures, glass, machines for physics and horology, etc

Cowper's diplomatic activities  [no ref. or date]

Papers relating to Cowper's diplomatic negotiations with the Emperor Joseph II and the Grand Duke, on behalf of the British government  DE/P/F318  1780-1781; 1784

1 Bundle
Language:  English and Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F310/90 for Cowper's correspondence with Lord Carmarthen concerning the proposed alliance in 1784

Contents:
Mainly drafts and copies. In 1780-1781 Cowper attempted, at Sir Horace Mann's request, to persuade Austria to mediate with Spain on Britain's behalf, and in 1784 he tried to negotiate a treaty between Britain and Austria

Cowper as a patron of science  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See DE/P/F370 for an inventory of the scientific apparatus and equipment in this laboratory
DE/P/AF238 consists of accounts for materials needed for Cowper's laboratory, 1776-1789

Administrative history:
Cowper had an active interest in all branches of scientific knowledge, and set up in his house in the Via Ghibellina a fully equipped laboratory where experiments were carried out. In 1777 Cowper was elected as a member of the Royal Society, and he made various unsuccessful attempts to have Alessandro Volta elected as a member. There are letters in Cowper's own correspondence on scientific subjects, see particularly the letters from Edward Nairne, Marsilio Landriani, Carlo Alfonso Guadagni, Domenico Palmieri, Guiseppe Stracchini and Alessandro Volta

Correspondence  DE/P/F319  1777-1778

16 items

Contents:
Of Guiseppe Stracchini [who appears to have been living in Cowper's household]

Letters  DE/P/F319/1-7  1777-1778

7 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F312/107 for letters from Palmieri to Cowper

Contents:
To Stracchini from Domenico Palmieri

Letters  DE/P/F319/8-10  1778

3 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
To Stracchini from Francescho Malacrida (also spelt Malagrida), Modena; Mantova

Letters  DE/P/F319/11-12  1778

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
To Stracchini from Mariano Moreni, Modena

Letter  DE/P/F319/13  1778

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
To Malacrida from Mariano Moreni, Modena

Letters  DE/P/F319/14-16  1778

3 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F312/18 for letter from Businari to Cowper

Contents:
To Stracchini from Camillo Businari, Bologna. Concerning two paintings by Guercino then being offered to Cowper

Draft statement that Dr C A Guadagni is holding lectures on physics in Cowper's laboratory at his house in Via Ghibellina; [Italian]; extract from a letter concerning a steel thermometer which has been commissioned from M Goaston the clockmaker [French]; notes on scientific subjects, in Cowper's hand  DE/P/F320  Undated

4 items
Language:  French and Italian

Details of eleven kinds of seeds newly brought from Africa  DE/P/F321  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

Cowper as a patron of music and literature, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See DE/P/AF221 for receipts signed by Cowper's musicians for honoraria paid them]

List of members of the Accademia Armonici elected for the year 1773  DE/P/F322  C 1773

1 item
Language:  Italian

Copy of notice  DE/P/F323  Undated

1 item

Contents:
By Mr Bremner, music printer of London, of his intention to publish various works by Handel

Papers concerning Cowper's patronage of the theatre  DE/P/F324  Undated

4 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Copy of a letter written from Florence in reply to a newspaper report on an opera singer (Signor Aprile), etc; list of women's names (? opera singers) with their maiden names; draft letter of Cowper's in Italian concerning the ballerina G. Baccelli; List of donors of money given to the French Company (? of players)
Some in Italian

Scheme for the formation of a Societa di Buon' Umore  DE/P/F325  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

Manuscript verse  DE/P/F326  Undated

14 items
Language:  Italian, Latin and Spanish

Contents:
Praising Britain and/or Cowper

Copwer's household  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [The extensive accounts for Cowper's household in Florence are listed under the reference DE/P/AF. Included among the accounts in the Ristretti and Rappresentanze series (DE/P/AF9-17) are schemes for the reorganisation of Cowper's household which are also the subject of DE/P/F329-330. There are letters in Cowper's general correspondence relating to the receipt and despatch of goods]

Letters  DE/P/F327  1774-1780; Undated

1 Bundle


Related information: See - DE/P/F310/39 for letters from Earle and Hodgson to Earl Cowper, 1779-1788

Contents:
From Earle and Hodgson to Cowper's steward Pierre Louis Jordan concerning the receipt and despatch of goods ordered [Usually mentions name of ship bringing goods]
[Original Bundle]

Papers relating to members of Cowper's household  DE/P/F328  1777-1787

5 items
Language:  French and Italian

Contents:
[Draft appointment of William Sandys as one of Cowper's domestic chaplains, 1777; copy of grant of an annuity to Christophe Trissel Cowper's former valet [French), 1779; copy of certificate of reference for a cook (French), 1778; reference for Francesco Pozzolini, footman, (Italian) 1783; recommendation for Francesco Borsieri as a footman (Italian), 1787]

Advice to Cowper on the reorganisation of his household, which is said to be in a disordered state, Undated, and scheme for seating arrangements for meals in the household, with regulations concerning food to be served, etc, 1780  DE/P/F329  1780; Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/AF9-17, which are in the same hand

Copy and draft regulations of the household and lists of officials and servants of the household  DE/P/F330A  1779-1781

1 Bundle
Language:  Italian


Related information: Apparently includes - drafts of entries in DE/P/AF9.
See DE/P/F312/95 for correspondence with Menchi

Contents:
Includes letters from Cowper to A F Menchi, Director of the Household
[Original Bundle]

Papers  DE/P/F330B  1779-1780

1 Bundle

Contents:
Including letters addressed to Antonio Filippo Menchi, mainly concerning Cowper's household and affairs

Draft inventory of the contents of Cowper's residences  DE/P/F331  1776-1779

1 Bundle
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F369 for a formal inventory of the furniture and fittings of Cowper's palazzo, 22 Dec 1789

Contents:
Made up mainly of a series of lists, some apparently incomplete. No lists of pictures included. Includes correspondence of Andrea Marzi and Zanobi Conti with A F Menchi, 1779.
[Original Bundle]

Draft inventory of Cowper's pictures  DE/P/F331A  Undated [C1779]

1 item


Related information: This inventory was probably originally part of DE/P/F331

Contents:
[With transcript which tries to indentify paintings still at Panshanger in 1953]

Suggestions for arranging Cowper's summer quarters in the house in the Via Ghibellina  DE/P/F332  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

Papers concerning the construction of an ice-house in Florence  DE/P/F333  Undated

1 Bundle
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Including plans
[Originally Bundle]

Memorial  DE/P/F334  Undated

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Concerning proposed alterations to a house in the Piazza di S Croce in Florence which is owned by Guiseppe La Guerre, let to Cowper and occupied by Agustino Pursch, in connection with the installation of a bathroom in No 18, the adjoining property

Papers relating to plate, jewellery, etc  DE/P/F335  1773; Undated

4 items

Contents:
Most of it inherited by Cowper from Lord Grantham, and some of which was sent to Florence in 1773

Library catalogue, Cole Green and George Street  DE/P/F336  1777

1 Volume


Related information: See DE/P/F281-3 for catalogues of the 2nd Earl Cowper's library

Contents:
Stated to have been copied from an earlier catalogue

List of wines and liqueurs  DE/P/F337  Undated

1 item

Papers of Pierre Louis Jordan  DE/P/F338  1768; 1780; Undated

4 items


Related information: There is material concerning or written by Jordan passim among Cowper's household accounts [DE/P/AF]

Contents:
[Cowper's house steward in his service from 1756-1781. The papers comprise a French passport, 1768, a letter from Gaspero Giannini Cordicelli in London, 1780, and rough notes]

Letter  DE/P/F339  1786

1 item
Language:  German

Contents:
To Monsieur Augustin Pursch [one of Cowper's Musicians] from Joseph Korbmann, who was one of Cowper's chamber musicians

Letters  DE/P/F340  1789-1790

3 items
Language:  German

Contents:
To Joseph Petrides, one of Cowper's chamber musicians, from Wenceslas Heller

Letter  DE/P/F341  1783 Croyden

1 item

Contents:
From M A Singleton to her sister Mrs Singleton at Earl Cowper's, Florence

Papers relating to privateering  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See DE/P/F310/46 and DE/P/F310/39 for Cowper's correspondence with George Forbes and with Earle and Hodgson concerning his privateering ventures]

Accounts and correspondence  DE/P/F342  1780-1781

1 Bundle

Contents:
Relating to Cowper's share in the privateers Tarter and Earl Cowper, formerly the Royal Hibernian, operating in the Levant

Copy of document recording the restoration (mainlevée) of the Royal Cowper after her capture by a French frigate  DE/P/F343  Undated [C1780]

1 item
Language:  French

Copy of a letter  DE/P/F344  1780

1 item

Contents:
From George Collet, British Consul in Genoa, to the vice-consul in Savona, concerning a ship commanded by Captain Pasquale Scarniccia [the Royal Cowper]

Elections  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For disbursements on the occasion of Lords Fordwich's election (in his absence) as member for Hertford in December 1759 see loose sheet in DE/P/A (f190), and see letter from Dorothy Cowper in DE/P/F297 for an account of the celebrations on Fordwich's election]

Manuscript and printed verses, etc  DE/P/F345  1768

5 items

Contents:
Relating to the Hertford Borough election of 1768, including a printed list of the supporters of Calvert and Cowper

Newsletters  [no ref. or date]

Manuscript newsletters from Paris  DE/P/F346  Nov 1780-Jan 1781

10 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Un-numbered

Manuscript newsletters from V[ersailles]  DE/P/F347  1785

52 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Numbers 1-52 (original label says 41 and 42 are missing, but these are now present) There are two newsletters numbered 35, none numbered 36

Manuscript newsletters, ten from V[ersailles], one from P[aris]  DE/P/F348  Dec 1785-Mar 1786

11 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Numbers 1-10, 12

Le Petit Courier - manuscript newsletters  DE/P/F349  Nov-Dec 1788

10 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Numbers 46-52

Manuscript newsletters  DE/P/F350  Jan-Mar 1789

11 items
Language:  French

Contents:
Numbers 1-11, but there are two numbered 9, none numbered 10

Manuscript newsletters  DE/P/F351  June-Nov 1789

1 Bundle
Language:  French

Contents:
Numbers 23-47, but two are numbered 47, none numbered 41

Manuscript newsletter  DE/P/F352  May 1783

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
With reports from Genoa, Hamburg, Vienna, Paris and Rome

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

French passport  DE/P/F353  1762

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Issued to Lord Fordwich, for travel from Italy to Holland

Papers concerning masses held at the church of St Peter at Monticelli on 4 June 1782 and 1787 and 2 June 1788  DE/P/F354  1780; 1782; 1787; 1788

1 Bundle
Language:  Italian


Related information: See letters of O de Medici (DE/P/F312/93), one of which has enclosed an account of the expenses for the holding of masses on 4 June 1789

Contents:
Including lists of celebrants, accounts of expenses, etc. Some of the material appears to be in the handwriting of Ottaviano de Medici

Papers relating to the charitable distribution of bread to the needy of the parishes of St Lucy in the Fields and of St Simon, Florence, by Lord Cowper  DE/P/F355  July 1779

1 file
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Includes list of households, and the number in each
Original bundle

Parchment wallet  DE/P/F356  Undated

1 item

Contents:
Containing fourteen profiles, some with names endorsed

Two copies of a Memorial  DE/P/F357  Undated

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Concerning a dispute over the leasing of a palazzo owned by the Marchese Niccolo Guadagni

Papers relating to boxes rented by Cowper in the Theatre Royal in the Piazza del Duomo, 1779; bond from Ferdinando and Luigi Maria Bicchierai to Francesco Cecchi concerning Box 54 in the Theatre Royal in the Via della Pergola 1783  DE/P/F358  1779; 1783

1 Bundle
Language:  Italian

Specifications of travelling chaise for the Grand Duke of Tuscany, and watch for the Grand Duchess; "an account of the spare things belonging to the coach"  DE/P/F359  Undated

2 items

Petitions to Cowper  DE/P/F360  1779; 1782; Undated

3 items

Contents:
From Sarah Kennedy, for continuance of an annuity granted to her husband James Kennedy by the Earl of Grantham, 1779; from Anne Smollett, widow of Dr Tobias Smollett, who has lost all her property in a fire at Kingston, Jamaica, 1782; from Andrew Shepherd of Cumberland, a tumbler, for relief, Undated

Drafts of wording for the Machiavelli memorial in Santa Croce  DE/P/F361  Undated [C1782-3]

2 items
Language:  Latin

Contents:
This memorial was erected, mainly at Cowper's expense, in 1784

Elegy on the death of Abbot Pietro Metastasio by Giuseppe Ottavio Nobili Savelli of Corsica  DE/P/F362  1782

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Printed booklet

Order of sailing of the Spanish fleet, and arrangements for the reception at sea of the new king of Spain [?Charles IV]  DE/P/F363  Undated [?1788]

1 item
Language:  Italian and Spanish

Contents:
With sketches of named ships in the Spanish fleet

Explanation of aspects of freemasonry  DE/P/F364  Undated

1 item
Language:  French

List of French books for sale  DE/P/F365  Undated

1 item

Contents:
With prices

Miscellaneous papers  DE/P/F366  various dates

1 Bundle
Language:  English, French, Italian and Latin

Contents:
Including licence to Cowper to import two lengths of French cloth without tax, 1777; printed verses in French concerning "ce Pretre Tyrannique", Undated; monumental inscription of Clement IV; copy of journal letter in Italian sent by the Comte d'Artois (later Charles X of France) to his wife during a visit to Florence, Undated; "a Grammatical letter to a Lady", by Michael de Maribus; etc

Note on history of a painting by Corregio  DE/P/F366A  Undated [late 18th cent]

1 item

Notes of French and Italian vocabulary, definitions of words, German practice, etc  DE/P/F367  Undated

1 Bundle

Contents:
Mainly presumably compiled by Cowper during his Grand Tour

Miscellaneous papers  DE/P/F368  various dates

1 Bundle

Testamentary papers, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [Cowper died at Florence on 22 December 1789. For copies of his will of 22 August 1788, and two codicils of 11 November 1789 and undated, see DE/P/T1154-6; and for an exemplification of the will and codicils, dated 8 January 1790, see DE/P/T1242]

Inventory of the furniture and effects in Cowper's palazzo, house in Santa Croce, country houses called "le repos des Vieux and "de la mauvaise Tour ", theatre boxes, the contents of his stable and coach houses, and list of wines, etc  DE/P/F369  1789

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Taken on 22 December 1789, the day of his death

Inventory of scientific apparatus and equipment in Cowper's laboratory  DE/P/F370  Undated [?1789]

1 item
Language:  Italian

Manuscript and printed accounts of Cowper's last illness, and post-mortem reports  DE/P/F371  1789

1 Bundle
Language:  Italian

Contents:
[Original bundle]

Papers of Henry and Charles Cowper as executors to will of 3rd Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]
Language:  French and Italian

Administrative history:
[The 3rd Earl Cowper died in Florence on 22 December 1789. His English relatives, alarmed by news of his decline received from Catellacci his physician, were already making preparations to send out William Throckmorton as their attorney to oversee the Earl's affairs.
The carrying out of the provisions of the will (for which see DE/P/T1154-6) was bedevilled by complications. In addition to the problems of settling an estate of which many of the considerable assets of personalty were in Tuscany, the executors had to cope with opposition from Lady Cowper to their interpretation of the terms of the will, with attempts by her to secure the payment of her alleged debts by the executors, and with a dispute over the ownership of the jewellery, some of which had been pawned by Lady Cowper. The banking firm of Veraci with whom Throckmorton had lodged some of the plate went bankrupt; the plate was eventually recovered by Lady Cowper and disposed of to the Italian Mint at the time of the French invasion of Italy. The executors were also importuned by former servants of Lord Cowper for unpaid wages or annuities, and had great difficulty in determining the justice or otherwise of these claims

Contents:
The papers listed threw considerable light on the disposal of Cowper's personal property after his death, including the pictures and other heirlooms. Although the bundles are apparently original, the papers do not seem to have been sorted and there is generally a mixture of dates and subject matter in each bundle. The documents which antedate Cowper's death, eg some of his letters to Col Spencer Cowper, were presumably placed among the executors' papers because of their possible value as evidence in the case in Chancery which was pending to settle the ownership of the jewels and heirlooms. This case was eventually settled out of court (see DE/P/T1252, 1253).
DE/P/F372-383 were originally wrapped in a brown paper parcel labelled "Letters from Florence and papers relating to the affairs of the late George Earl Cowper"
Most of these bundles contain some items in French and Italian

Correspondence drafts and other papers  DE/P/F372  1789-1799

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Including papers concerning the recovery of plate "in the hands of the Jews"; letters from Lord Hervey the British Envoy in Florence as to the measures he took after Lord Cowper's death, and the slanders of Miss Seymour (Cowper's niece) against him; draft secret instructions to William Throckmorton on his mission to Florence to act for the executors; papers concerning the suit over the jewels, etc, claimed by Lady Cowper, including Corsini's accounts for setting jewels, etc]
[Original bundle]

Mainly correspondence of Charles Cowper  DE/P/F373  1789-1799

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Letters from Henry Cowper concerning proposed appointment of an attorney to go to Italy, news of progress of 3rd Earl's illness, list of the Earl's relations to be kept informed, copy of Lady Cowper's receipt for plate listing items, etc]
[Original bundle]

Papers concerning legal aspects of Lord Cowper's will  DE/P/F374  1778; 1789-1790;Undated

1 Bundle

Contents:
Including insurance of paintings for the journey to England from Italy; two letters of Lady Hesketh; letter from Lord Cowper to Col Cowper concerning jewels purchased for Lady Cowper on the birth of her second child, 1778; etc
[Original bundle]

Papers relating to the despatch of the pictures for England from Leghorn, 1790; papers concerning the sale of plate by Lady Cowper, 1798; claim of son of Lucrezia Barsi nee Pasquini for money, 1812; letter concerning financial circumstances of daughter of Tommaso and Luisa Nistri; catalogue of coaches and horses  DE/P/F375  1790-1798; 1812

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Original bundle]

Correspondence of Henry and Charles Cowper  DE/P/F376  1790-1793

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Including letters from Leonardo Frullani in Florence concerning efforts to recover the plate and string of brilliants from pawn and correspondence with Donat Orsi & Co concerning the leasing of the palazzo in the Via Ghibellina. Papers concerning Lady Cowper's debts, etc]
[Original bundle]

Similar correspondence to DE/P/F376  DE/P/F377  1790-1795

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Original bundle]

Reports from William Throckmorton in Florence concerning his attempts to recover the jewels, and Lady Cowper's fictitious bills, 1790, and other papers relating to the jewels  DE/P/F378  1774-1802

1 Bundle

Contents:
Including four letters of 3rd Earl Cowper to Col Spencer Cowper dated 1774, 1775, 1776 and 1787; letter to 3rd Earl concerning prints and pictures Cowper is purchasing, 1781; letter from Chastellain concerning his mother's annuity, 1791
[Original bundle]

Papers mainly concerning the dispute over the plate  DE/P/F379  1790 - 1800

1 Bundle

Contents:
Including case and counsel's opinion concerning the Cowper estate; letter from Mrs Starke of Exmouth concerning a piece of plate she was charged to bring from Florence, 1799; letters concerning the application of Korbmann (one of 3rd Earl Cowper's musicians) for unpaid wages, 1798; lists of plate set apart for Lady Cowper and list of plate in the hands of Veraci, 1790; copy of Lady Cowper's answer to Bill in Chancery, 1793; etc
[Original bundle]

Papers concerning annuities payable to Luisa Nistri, Lord Cowper's, illegitimate daughter, including a copy of her marriage settlement of 1782; affadavit of Antonio Passerai concerning Lady Cowper's debts, 1791; papers concerning the plate and jewels  DE/P/F380  1791-1798

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Original bundle]

Correspondence  DE/P/F381  1792-1793

1 Bundle

Contents:
Concerning the bankruptcy of the banker Veraci who held the Cowper plate, the subsequent bankruptcy of the house of Gianfiliazzi with whom some items were pawned, and the complications arising therefrom [This bundle also includes a copy of Cowper's undertaking of 14 June 1774 to pay the painter Zoffany an annuity of £100 for life]
[Original bundle]

Papers relating to the jewels  DE/P/F382  1777; 1779; Undated

1 Bundle

Contents:
Including a draft memorandum relating to the Bill in Chancery
[Original bundle]

Letter  DE/P/F383  1791

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
From Lucrezia Barsi (née) Pasquini concerning her right to an annuity under a bond of Lord Cowpers dated 1767

Processo, e Documenti in Causa Eredi Cowper e Pallini e Consorti di Lite  DE/P/F384-384A  1790

2 items
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Depositions, court decrees, etc in the case brought against the heirs of 3rd Earl Cowper for the payment of money owing at Cowper's death

Papers relating to the dispute between the Dowager Lady Cowper and her husband's executors over the jewels, plate, carriages and other matters  DE/P/F385  Undated

1 Bundle

Papers relating to the sale of plate remaining in the Dowager Lady Cowper's hands  DE/P/F386  1798

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Letters, copies of letters, etc]
[Original bundle]

Draft reply to a paragraph printed in the World deemed libellous to 3rd Earl Cowper  DE/P/F387  Undated [1790]

2 items

Hannah, Countess Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[The 3rd Earl Cowper married in 1775 Hannah (or Anna) the third and youngest daughter of Charles Gore. After her husband's death the Countess continued to live in Florence, where she died on 5 September 1826]

Letters to Lady Cowper from her mother, M Gore, Undated [1776], her husband's niece, Georgiana Seymour, Undated [1780 or 1781], Nina Orlandini, Undated, an unsigned letter in French, Undated, and a letter from Lady Cowper to Signore Clavarino in London, Undated  DE/P/F388  Undated

5 items

Three letters from Peter Leopold, Grand Duke of Tuscany (who became Emperor Leopold II in 1790) and one from his wife Maria Luisa, to Lady Cowper  DE/P/F389  Undated

1 Bundle
Language:  French


Related information: See DE/P/F310/42

Contents:
One letter relates to a visit of the Duke of Cumberland, another to the Marquis Ximenes
[Original bundle]

Executorship, and papers relating to legacies under Countess Cowper's will  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[DE/P/T1174 is an office copy of Lady Cowper's will, which was proved in London on 21 April 1827. Her solicitor John Kipling was appointed sole executor, but as her sole surviving son the 5th Earl Cowper was closely concerned in carrying out the provisions of the will. Those provisions might have been difficult to enforce in law, as considerable sums were left for pensions to servants and for the maintenance of her old horses and domestic animals, and her son was not mentioned]

Letters  DE/P/F390  1826-1828; 1832;1833

1 Bundle

Contents:
To 5th Earl Cowper from his aunt, Emily Gore, and others, following the death of Lady Cowper [Funeral arrangements, provisions of her will, etc. Includes one letter concerning the death and funeral of Emily Gore, Jul 1832]
[Original bundle]

Minutes relating to Lady Cowper's executorship, executorship account and accompanying letter, and schedule of property in Hertfordshire and Kent lately in jointure to Lady Cowper  DE/P/F391  Undated; 1829

5 items

Receipts  DE/P/F392  1826-1837

1 Bundle

Contents:
For pensions paid by 5th Earl Cowper to former servants of Lady Cowper, and for maintenance money for animals belonging to Lady Cowper

Emily Gore  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See DE/P/F390 for a letter to 5th Earl Cowper from Silvestro Grilli respecting Emily's death and the provisions of her will, and DE/P/F390 and DE/P/F425 for her letters to 5th Earl Cowper

Administrative history:
Emily Gore was an elder, unmarried sister of Hannah, Countess Cowper. She appears to have resided chiefly on the continent, and she died in Pisa on 27 June 1832

Letters from Louise, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and other correspondents in Weimar, Jena, etc.; printed Memorial of Grand Duchess Louise, and two copies of newspapers referring to her death, 1830  DE/P/F393  1812-1830

1 Bundle
Language:  French and German

Contents:
In wrapper labelled Weimar Correspondence and Papers
[Original bundle]

Letter  DE/P/F394  1823

1 item

Contents:
From 5th Earl Cowper to Emily Gore informing her of the death of Edward Spencer Cowper in Nice

Two letters to 5th Earl Cowper relating to Miss Gore's executorship  DE/P/F395  1837

4 items


Related information: See DE/P/F456 for solicitors' account for work in settling Emily Gore's estate

Contents:
One enclosing a copy of the executorship account

George Augustus Nassau Clavering Cowper, 4th Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The 4th Earl Cowper was born in Florence on 9 August 1776, the eldest of the three sons of the 3rd Earl. He was sent with his two brothers to England in 1781, where he seems to have been in the care initially of General Spencer Cowper, then of his grandfather Charles Gore and finally of Henry Cowper and his wife. He attended St Johns College, Cambridge, where he was awarded an MA in 1795. He died on 12 February 1799 while at camp with the Militia]

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS  [no ref. or date]

Letters  DE/P/F396  1787-1791

1 Bundle

Contents:
To Henry Cowper in French from Lord Fordwich, and to Lord Fordwich at school from Henry Cowper and his wife Maria Judith

Exercises, etc., in Latin and Greek, and letter in Italian to Lord Fordwich and his brother Cowper [later 5th Earl Cowper] from their father  DE/P/F397  Undated [18th cent]

1 Bundle
Language:  Greek, Italian and Latin

Papers concerning Lord Cowper's income, investments and trusts during his minority  DE/P/F398  1798-1799

1 Bundle

Letters from Smith Squire to Lord Cowper  DE/P/F399  1789

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Includes also one letter to the future 5th Earl Cowper]

Correspondence, etc  DE/P/F400  1790-1793; Undated

1 Bundle

Contents:
Concerning Lord Cowper's education and related matters, and Henry Cowper's quarrel with Lord Cowper's schoolmaster, Doctor Thompson

Letters  DE/P/F401  C1794-1798

9 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F411

Contents:
To 4th Earl Cowper
HH, concerning military movements. 1 item, Undated [c1794]
Mary [Higginson] offering to go and live with the Earl, with whom she is in love. 1 item, Undated[c1794]
John Gossling, requesting the Earl's benevolence towards the Smith family. 1 item, c1795
J Townshend concerning the date when he will vacate Tewin Water. 2 items, 1797;nd
'Gd', social matters. 1 item, Undated [c1797]
Luisa Nistri enclosing a copy of her marriage settlement. 1 item, 1798
Thomas Lloyd concerning matters at Panshanger and recovery of stolen horses. 1 item, 1798]
Mr Poore concerning coursing rights. 1 item, Undated[c1798]
[Some correspondence in Italian]

Correspondence with Charles Cowper  DE/P/F402  1798;nd

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Two letters from Charles Cowper to Earl Cowper, one regarding claims of Luisa Nistri, the other the claims of Tommaso Pasquini; two letters from Earl Cowper to Charles Cowper, one concerning money arising from the sale of the plate and the removal of furniture from Panshanger, the other concerning an annuity to Mme Chastellain]

Manuscript sonnet "On Stonehenge"  DE/P/F414  1789

1 item

Contents:
Annotated as "by W. Sotheby written at Southampton 1789"

Catalogue of books [? at Cole Green or Panshanger]  DE/P/F403  1792

1 Volume

Contents:
With, at the other end, a list of pictures in the dining room

Executorship, and matters arising from 4th Earl Cowper's will  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For probate of will of 4th Earl Cowper see DE/P/T1245; and for executorship vouchers and accounts see DE/P/A60-64. DE/P/T1166-T1172 includes extracts from the probate of annuitants under the 4th Earl's will]

Duplicate will and draft of codicil  DE/P/F404  1795

1 Bundle

Contents:
Of George Augustus 4th Earl Cowper

Schedule of furniture in Panshanger House belonging to Earl Cowper  DE/P/F405  1799

1 Volume

Contents:
Appraised 23 February 1799 by Philip Brown

Executorship papers  DE/P/F406  1799-C1803

1 Bundle

Contents:
[Including executors' account and pencilled minutes of Lord Cowper's wishes regarding certain bequests, made two days before his death]

Cases for counsel's opinion and other papers concerning Lord Cowper's executorship  DE/P/F407  1800-1801; Undated

1 Bundle

Correspondence and other papers concerning the heirlooms, and other matters arising from 4th Earl Cowper's will  DE/P/F408  1799-1802

1 Bundle

Contents:
Includes inventory of property belonging to the late Earl Cowper found in the Barrack Room, 14 February 1799, and valuations of carriages and harness, wines, books, china and earthenware

Letters to Charles and Henry Cowper concerning Smith Squire's annuity under Earl Cowper's will, and other financial matters arising from the will; letter to Charles Cowper from Thomas Pallett asking to be continued in his post as steward  DE/P/F409  1799-1800

1 Bundle

Correspondence  DE/P/F410  1799-1802

1 Bundle

Contents:
Mainly letters from Mr Kipling, Lady Cowper's solicitor, relating to matters arising from the wills of 3rd and 4th Earls Cowper

Papers relating to the payment of an annuity to Mrs Mary Higginson under Earl Cowper's will  DE/P/F411  1799-1804

1 Bundle


Related information: See DE/P/F401

Contents:
Including papers concerning the separation of Mary Higginson and her husband Lieutenant George Montague Higginson

Copies of notes of proceedings in the King's Bench on in libel cases against the Press following the death of earl Earl Cowper  DE/P/F412  Undated[C1800]

3 items


Related information: See DE/P/A64/2 for legal bill for the prosecution

Correspondence  DE/P/F413  1821-1822

1 Bundle

Contents:
Relating to the non-payment of legacy duties on Earl Cowper's property
[Original Bundle]

MISCELLANEOUS  [no ref. or date]

Colour engraving  DE/P/F415  1796

1 item

Contents:
Entitled Entitled "The New Family Guide to Marketing " illustrating cuts of meat with their average prices

Peter Leopold l Louis Francis Cowper, 5th Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[The 5th Earl Cowper was born in Florence on 6 May 1778, the second of three sons of the 3rd Earl. With his brothers, he was sent to England in 1781 where he came under the care initially of General Spencer Cowper, then of his grandfather Charles Gore and finally of Henry and Maria Judith Cowper. He attended Chrischurch College Oxford (from which he received his BA in 1797) and the Middle Temple. He succeeded as 5th Earl Cowper in 1799 on the death of his elder brother, the 4th Earl. On 20th July 1805 he married the Honourable Emily Mary Lamb, only surviving daughter of Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne, with whom he had three sons and two daughters. He died on 21st June 1837]

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For copies of Earl Cowper's marriage settlement, 1805, see DE/P/T1162 and T1255-6 and for extracts from the same see DE/P/T1200. For suggestions, following Earl Earl Cowper's death, concerning provision for his younger children under the marriage settlement, 1837, see DE/P/F456. For deed of apportionment of the portion provided for Emily Cowper, Earl Cowper's daughter, on her marriage with Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley 1830, see DE/P/T1263. For a copy of the marriage settlement of Captain Augustus William James Clifford, R.N. to Elizabeth Frances Townshend to which Earl Cowper was a Trustee, 1813, see DE/P/F445. There are draft bonds and papers relating to a loan from the Bank of England, 1824-5, in DE/P/T1206]

Bonds and associated papers  DE/P/F416  1801-1814

6 items

Contents:
In respect of loans made to Earl Cowper by Edmund Nugent and by Richard Mountney Jephson, both of Gibraltar

Copy of proposals for the marriage settlement of Earl Cowper's eldest daughter, Emily, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley  DE/P/F417  1830

2 items

Contents:
With covering letter

Faculty permitting Earl Cowper to erect a pew in Hertingfordbury Church  DE/P/F418  1830

1 item

Family correspondence  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For letters to the 5th Earl from his father, 3rd Earl Cowper, see DE/P/F397

Contents:
All letters are addressed to the 5th Earl unless otherwise stated

Letters  DE/P/F419  1799-1800

4 items

Contents:
From H[annah] A Cowper, Countess Cowper, in Italy [The 5th Earl's mother. Family matters; invasion of Italy by the French and war in Europe; two alabaster statues sent to the Earl]

Letters  DE/P/F420  1805-1814; Undated

5 items

Contents:
From Emily Mary Cowper (née Lamb) [The 5th Earl's wife. Family matters; marriage of Lord Byron; a painter called Smith. One letter with a footnote in the hand of Elizabeth, Lady Melbourne]

Letters  DE/P/F421  1794-1797; Undated

8 items

Contents:
From George George, 4th Earl Cowper [The 5th Earl's elder brother. One letter describes a tour through Germany, Austria and Switzerland, including a visit at Zurich to the famous physiogomist, Lavater]

Letters  DE/P/F422  1794-1823

55 items

Contents:
From Edward Spencer Cowper and his wife Catherine [Edward Spencer Cowper was the 5th Earl's younger brother. Subject matter includes proposal to build Panshanger, 1802; Edward Spencer Cowper's experiences as a Member of Parliament, 1802; the financial ruin of Henry Cowper's brother, 1822. Many letters written from Italy, 1815-1817, and France, 1822]

Letter  DE/P/F423  Undated [C1820]

1 item

Contents:
From Emily Cowper at Brighton [The 5th Earl's eldest daughter]

Correspondence with Henry Cowper and his wife Maria Judith  DE/P/F424  1789-1824

22 items

Contents:
Henry Cowper, a descendent of the 1st Earl Cowper's brother Spencer Cowper and hence a distant cousin of the 5th Earl, acted as guardian to the 5th Earl and his two brothers after they were sent to England in 1781

Letters  DE/P/F424/1-4  1789-1791

4 items
Language:  French

Contents:
From the 5th Earl at school in Kensington to Henry and Maria Judith Cowper
Three in French

Letters  DE/P/F424/5-20  1789-1824

16 items

Contents:
To the 5th Earl from Henry and Maria Judith Cowper [Subjects include family and estate matters; politics, 1800; purchase of a painting by Paul Veranese, 1821; trial of Hedges, 1824

Letter  DE/P/F424/21  1799

1 item

Contents:
From Samuel Virgin at Hertingfordbury to Mrs [Maria Judith] Cowper [Commiserating on the death of the 4th Earl Cowper and enclosing an elegy by Bacon - now missing]

Printed letter  DE/P/F424/22  Undated [C1821]

1 item

Contents:
From Henry Cowper to the magistrates of the County of Hertford declaring his resignation as the Chairman of the Hertfordshire Quarter Sessions

Letters  DE/P/F425  1807-1832

16 items
Language:  Italian


Related information: See DE/P/F390 and F394, and for letters to the 5th Earl concerning Miss Gore's executorship, DE/P/F395]

Contents:
From Emily Gore in Italy [Emily Gore was the 5th Earl's aunt. Family matters, including estrangement from 5th Earl's mother, Hannah, Countess Cowper and death of 5th Earl's grandfather, Charles Gore, 1807. Other subjects include the death of Elizabeth, Duchess of Devonshire, 1824, and the progress of the Reform Bill, 1831. One letter is addressed to "my dear duchess" (? the Duchess of Devonshire) and two enclose letters from Silvestro Grilli at Florence concerning the affairs of Hannah, Countess Cowper, and of former servants of the Cowper family in Italy [in Italian]. A letter from Thomas Harvey, British Government Chaplain at Livorno [Leghorn] reports the death and burial at Pisa of Emily Gore, 1832)
Some in Italian

Letters  DE/P/F426  18th/19th Cent

4 items


Related information: See DE/P/F294 for background details

Contents:
From members of the Seymour family

Henry Seymour [Annuity payable for "giving up Panshanger to your brother"; portrait of "your grandfather" (presumably 2nd Earl Cowper)]  DE/P/F426/1-2  1800; Undated

2 items

Caroline Danby [Includes reference to 5th Earl's "fine Vandyke picture"]  DE/P/F426/3  Undated [C1800]

1 item

Georgina Amelia Seymour, Countess Louise de Durfort [Seeks financial assistance]  DE/P/F426/4  Undated [18th/19th cent]

1 item
Language:  French

Letters from or concerning members of the Lamb family  DE/P/F427  1802-1834

16 items


Related information: For other papers of this family see DE/P/Lb

Contents:
The 5th Earl Cowper married Emily Lamb, daughter of Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne, and his wife Elizabeth in 1805. She had four brothers, Peniston (1770-1805) William, 2nd Viscount Melbourne (1779-1848) who in 1805 married Lady Caroline Ponsonby, Frederick, Baron Beauvale and 3rd Viscount Melbourne (1782-1853) who married Alexandrina, Countess Von Maltzan, and George (1784-1834) who married Caroline Rosalie Adelaide St Jules

Elizabeth, Lady Melbourne [largeley concerning politics  DE/P/F427/1-5  1802-1805

5 items


Related information: See DE/P/F420

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne [Ilness of his mother, Lady Melbourne, 1818 and death of his brother, the Hon George Lamb, 1833-1834]  DE/P/F427/6-11  1818; 1833-1834

6 items

George Lamb [Suicide of Sir Samuel Romilly, politician]  DE/P/F427/12  1818

1 item

Correspondence  DE/P/F427/13-16  Undated [1824]

4 items

Contents:
Concerning the legal separation of William Lamb from his wife, Lady Caroline Lamb [Includes two letters from Lady Caroline]

Letter  DE/P/F428  Undated [1830s]

1 item

Contents:
From Anne de Grey [Future wife of 5th Earl's eldest son]

Letter  DE/P/F429  Undated [C1830s]

1 item

Contents:
From Thomas Philip de Grey, Earl de Grey [Father of Anne de Grey]

General correspondence, A-K  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For letter from Smith Squire to the 5th Earl see DE/P/F399

Contents:
All letters are addressed to the 5th Earl unless otherwise stated

Correspondence  DE/P/F430  1795 - 1834

55 items

BAKER, William, Bayfordbury  DE/P/F430/1  5 Jun 1821

1 item

Contents:
[Letter incomplete. Some cutlery of Earl Cowper's found secreted under the seat of a hired carriage]

BELDON & TUCK, Tower Street, London [Request for payment of account]  DE/P/F430/2  27 Jun 1815

1 item

BERESFORD, G, Packington, Wellsbourne and Saxleby [Acceptance of living of Fordwich, (Kent); peace celebrations, 1801]  DE/P/F430/3  1799-1801

3 items

BIGGE, Charles William, Benton House [Social affairs and politics]  DE/P/F430/4  1796-1797

3 items

BLAKE, Richard, Poland Street [Requests financial assistance due to illness]  DE/P/F430/5  1800

2 items

BLAKENEY, J[ohn] T[heophilus], [?Lilford] and Temple [Social]  DE/P/F430/6  C1799-1828

3 items

Contents:
Includes copies of satirical political verses entitled "A New Hunting Song" and "Sainthood"]

BLANE, Sir Gilbert, London Physician to the Prince Regent  DE/P/F430/7  17 Jan 1817

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F430/10

Contents:
Enclosing a tract he has written and giving news of health of 'Mr Lamb'

BRASSEY, Mary, Isleworth [Estate matters]  DE/P/F430/8  1800

2 items

BURGHEISH, P A, Hyde Park Terrace [Ilness of Earl Cowper's daughter, Fanny]  DE/P/F430/9  18 Apr [C1832]

1 item

CABELLANI, Anthony, Pisa Formerly physician to 3rd Earl Cowper  DE/P/F430/10  3 Mar 1817

1 item

Contents:
Encloses copy of a tract by Sir Gilbert Blane. Refers to suffering of Italy under last French invasion. News of Hannah, Countess Cowper]

CASSAU, Sarah, Parliament Street [Request for financial assistance as she is impoverished by the death in action in India of her brother, Captain Charles John Mears]  DE/P/F430/11  30 May 1800

1 item

CAVENDISH, Elizabeth, Duchess of Devonshire, Rome [News of Earl Cowper's aunt, Emily Gore; statues being unearthed and others sculpted in Rome]  DE/P/F430/12  23 Jun 1823

1 item

CHAFY, William, Canterbury [Addressed to ? Henry Cowper, for information of the 5th Earl. Request to know values of livings of Fordwich and Swalecliffe (both Kent)]  DE/P/F430/13  4 Jun 1799

1 item

CLUTTERBUCK, Robert, Canterbury [Requesting details of descents of Earl Cowper's manors and of measurements of the Panshanger Oak]  DE/P/F430/14  4 Jun 1799

1 item

D'AGOTY, Louis [Request for financial assistance in time of illness]  DE/P/F430/15  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

ERSKINE, Thomas, Baron Erskine, Lincoln Inn Fields and Buchan Hill near Crawley  DE/P/F430/16  1802-1821

3 items

Contents:
Include verses on the Panshanger Oak and on the birth to Serjeant Kirby of twin sons and a recipe "for preserving trees"

FITZPATRICK, Richard, War Office Ill health of "Fox", probably Charles James Fox  DE/P/F430/17  Undated [C1805]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F430/18

FOX, Charles James and his wife Elizabeth, Arlington Street and Stable Yard [Appointments to meet. Ilness of Fox]  DE/P/F430/18  Undated [C1805]

4 items

FOX, Elizabeth, Lady Holland [Copy of a letter written by Captain Usher to his wife describing the removal of Napoleon to the Isle of Elba]  DE/P/F430/19  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

FOX, Henry Richard Vassall, Baron Holland  DE/P/F430/20  Undated [19th cent]

3 items

Contents:
[Enclosing copies of his translation of the Seventh Satire of Aristo and of William Stuart Rose's translation of Aristo's Orlando Furioso]

FRULLANI, Leonardo, Firenze [Florence] [Three similar letters offering assistance with business affairs in Italy]  DE/P/F430/21  Dec 1799

3 items
Language:  Italian

GRAHAM, John, All Souls [Seeking assistance in obtaining the Perpetual Curacy at Orlton, Herefordshire, 1799; concerning the Curates' Relief Bill, 1807]  DE/P/F430/22  1799-1807

2 items

GREY, Charles, 2nd Earl Grey, Downing Street [Prime Minister, 1830-1834. Concerning the Reform Bill]  DE/P/F430/23  25 Apr 1831

1 item

HALE, Richard, Harewood Social  DE/P/F430/24  Undated; 1801-1824

4 items

Contents:
Includes reference to a visit by Reverend Sydney Smith, 1824

HARRIS, James, Hampstead Road [Requests financial assistance due to poverty on account of "the lamentable Affair at Hertford" and encloses a character reference from John Borthwick Gilchrist of Clarges Street]  DE/P/F430/25  12 Aug 1828

1 item

HILL, Arthur, Marquess of Downshire, Hanover Square [Concerning conveyance of the 'Ceal' (Sele) Farm (Hertford, St Andrew) from Downshire to Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F430/26  1800

5 items

HOPPNER, J [Conveying a "little picture" to Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F430/27  Undated [18th/19th cent]

1 item

HOWARD, Charles Nevison, Viscount Andover, Holkham [Commiserating on death of 4th Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F430/28  3 Mar 1799

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F431/35

KEAN, Edward, Melksham [With the 83rd Regiment. Social]  DE/P/F430/29  27 Nov 1794

1 item

KEATE, J Exmouth [Social]  DE/P/F430/30  23 Aug 1803

1 item

General correspondence, L-Z  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence  DE/P/F431  1795-1834

72 items

LONDON, B, [- ridge] [Social]  DE/P/F431/1  2 Oct 1802

1 item

LUTTRELL, Henry, Various [Irish Society and politics 1799, virtues of town over country, preparations in Cadiz against Napoleon attacking Spain, 1809; French attitudes and politics, 1814]  DE/P/F431/2  1799-1822

13 items

MALONE, E [Concerning a picture to be delivered]  DE/P/F431/3  21 Sep, [Undated] [19th cent]

1 item

MILL[ER?], J, Bathford House, Bath [Health of 5th Earl]  DE/P/F431/4  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

MILMAN, John, Lower Brook Street [Health of 5th Earl]  DE/P/F431/5  21 Aug 1800

1 item

MOTTEUX, John, Houghton and Stratford Place [Social. Death of the Sackville Tufton, Earl of Thanet, 1825]  DE/P/F431/6  1800-1825

2 items

NORTHCOTE, James, Argyll Place [Concerning the impending election of "Mr Bell" to "the Academy"]  DE/P/F431/7  24 Dec 1824

1 item

NUGENT, George Thomas John, Earl of Westmeath, Bolton Street [Requesting a meeting]  DE/P/F431/8  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

PASQUINI, Tommaso Lorenzo, Firenze [Florence] [Requests for financial assistance]  DE/P/F431/9  1814-1817

2 items
Language:  Italian

PAYNE, J, [London] [Social. Enquires whether any property of Earl Cowper's available in Hertfordshire which he could lease]  DE/P/F431/10  17 Apr 1800

1 item

PIERCY, Frances [Appeal for financial assistance for Mrs Smith, last surviving daughter of William Cowper of Uxbridge (Middlesex)]  DE/P/F431/11  16 Oct 1801

1 item

PISANI, Fratelli, Firenze [Florence] [Sculptor. Invoice for a marble basin (sketch enclosed) and five alabaster busts]  DE/P/F431/12  6 May 1817

1 item
Language:  Italian

PULITI, Caterina, Firenze [Florence] [Request for restoration of pension, attested at the Archbishop's Palace]  DE/P/F431/13  26 Oct 1801

1 item
Language:  Italian

PLUMPTRE, J F, Eton [Accepting Lord Fordwich ?for tuition]  DE/P/F431/14  Undated [C1816]

1 item

RIDGWAY, James, Piccadilly [Delivery of "cabbet" (? cabinet) to George Street house of Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F431/15  25 Dec 1815

1 item

RYLAND, Harriet Frances, Savage Gardens and [? Tower] Hill [Younger daughter of Sir Archer Croft (who married a daughter of Ashley Cowper of Old Palace Yard). Requests for financial assistance]  DE/P/F431/16  Sep-Oct 1832

4 items

SALISBURY, E M [Invitation to join a trip to "the Priory"]  DE/P/F431/17  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

SCOTT, H, Cette, France of Messrs Harry Scott & Co  DE/P/F431/18  24 Apr 1816

1 item

Contents:
Enclosing circular letter announcing his establishment as a wine merchant in France

SMYTHE, Charles Henry [Requests financial assistance for Mrs Virgin, wife of the Reverend Mr Virgin (otherwise Colins) of Hertingfordbury who otherwise intends publication of a sermon and letters concerning 4th Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F431/19  16 Jul 1805

1 item

STANHOPE, Jane, Countess of Harrington [Social]  DE/P/F431/20  Undated [C1800]

6 items

Contents:
Includes a letter to Lady Harrington from "Is S" at Brocket Hall

STOREY, W, Mount Street [Concerning tax payable on Earl Cowper's property in the parish of St. George, Hanover Square]  DE/P/F431/21  15 Jan 1816

1 item

TOWER, C T, Weald Hall [Social]  DE/P/F431/22  3 Oct 1799

1 item

TOWNSHEND, John, Petworth [Social]  DE/P/F431/23  30 Dec [ - ]

1 item

TUCKER, Charles, Swinton Park, Bedale [Death of Mr Danby and bequest to 5th Earl Cowper of a picture by Sir Joshua Reynolds of Lady Caroline Seymour]  DE/P/F431/24  20 Dec 1833

1 item

TUFTON, Sackville, Earl of Thanet, Hothfield and Appleby Castle [Personal and social, including references to the Royal family. Political comment, especially on Catholic emancipation and on events in the wake of the Peterloo Massacre of 1819  DE/P/F431/25  Feb 1812-Sep 1825; Undated

8 items


Related information: [See DE/P/F431/6]

WHITE, Henry, Fleet Street [Invoice in respect of the Charles James Fox (newspaper)]  DE/P/F431/26  24 Aug 1815

1 item

WOOD, W, Fulham [On Shakespeare, Homer, horticulture affairs at Oxford University and other social news, Undated; deaths of Wood's three daughters and impending death of Hon George Lamb, 1834]  DE/P/F431/27  Jul-Dec [ - ]; Jan 2 1834

3 items

WYNDHAM, George O'Brien, Earl of Egremont [Death of Elizabeth, Lady Melbourne]  DE/P/F431/28  Apr 1818; Undated [C1818]

2 items

"LE CARDINAL SECRETAIRE D'ETAT" [Concerning a letter to or by Elizabeth Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire]  DE/P/F431/29  15 Feb 1817

1 item
Language:  French

"E", Upper Gr[over?] Street [Social. News from Russia. References to a visit to the House of Lords and to Elizabeth, Lady Melbourne]  DE/P/F431/30  21 Dec 1812

1 item

"M P", [Ar?] lington Street [Social. Refers to Earl Cowper's impending visit to Italy]  DE/P/F431/31  23 Aug [ - ]

1 item

"P [Th?]", Hothfield [Social]  DE/P/F431/32  26 Mar 1804; 16 Jun 1807

2 items

[ILLEGIBLE] [Social. References to Mrs Danby, Lady Harrington and others]  DE/P/F431/33  14 Jun 1795; Undated [C1795]

2 items

[ - ] NE, Robert M, Dalwhinny [Social]  DE/P/F431/34  10 Sep 1799

1 item

[ - ] ULSTON, Cashalton [Accident occasioned to Viscount to Viscount Andover]  DE/P/F431/35  Monday, Undated [1800]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F430/28

[ILLEGIBLE. Reference to an (unidentified) portrait print]  DE/P/F431/36  14 May

1 item

[ILLEGIBLE], Pisa Addressed to Giuseppe Bencini at Firenze (Florence)]  DE/P/F431/37  30 [?] 1832

1 item
Language:  Italian

ANON [Social]  DE/P/F431/38  Friday morning [Undated]

1 item

Part of an envelope addressed to Earl Cowper at Panshanger  DE/P/F432  1801

1 item

Letter; London  DE/P/F433  20 Jan 1820

1 item

Contents:
From "Henry" to his father [Both unidentified. Has delayed his return to College and intends to visit France. References to "James" and "Hugh" and to links with Scotland (Glasgow, Nielstron and Paisley)]

Notebooks, Memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

"Memoranda relative to Removals of Deeds & Papers belonging to Earl Cowper or relating to his property"  DE/P/F434  1798-1819

1 Volume

Contents:
In the hand of Charles Cowper

"Memoranda respecting the disposition of things in Colegreen House, & orders relating thereunto, on the taking down of the house"  DE/P/F435  1801-1802

1 Volume

Contents:
Also including note on a 1791 lease of Allan Keeling's messuage and lands and on inclosure of certain unidentified lands

Notes of measurements taken of the Panshanger Oak, 1719-1822  DE/P/F436  1795-1836

3 items

"Particulars of the Robbery at Earl Cowper's, as related by an accomplice"  DE/P/F437  1824-1825

2 items

Contents:
With draft bill of legal costs for prosecuting George Dudfield at Kingston for the same

Elections  [no ref. or date]

Poll book  DE/P/F438  1796

1 Volume

Contents:
Hertfordshire County Election

Poll book  DE/P/F439  1802

1 Volume

Contents:
Hertfordshire County Election

Posters and circular letters  DE/P/F440  1802

10 items

Contents:
Hertfordshire County Election

Poll book  DE/P/F441  1805

1 Volume

Contents:
Hertfordshire County Election

Poster  DE/P/F442  1832

1 item

Contents:
"To the Electors of Great Britain"

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Circular letter of credit  DE/P/F443  24 Aug 1816

1 item

Contents:
From Messrs Hammersleys & Co for Earl Cowper's trip to Italy, 1816-1817

Printed forms for appointment of an agent or attorney  DE/P/F443a  Undated [1820s]

3 items

Contents:
Details not completed but bearing Earl Cowper's signature

Poster announcing Articles of Association of the inhabitants of Tewin for apprehending and prosecuting felons [5 copies] and covering letter from Claude George Thornton, concerning the same  DE/P/F444  1823

6 items

Copy of marriage settlement  DE/P/F445  19 Oct 1813

1 item

Contents:
Of Captain Augustus William James Clifford, RN to Elizabeth Frances Townshend, for which Earl Cowper was a Trustee

Copy of documents relating to a dispute between Lord John Townshend and his nephew Lord Charles Townshend following an assault by the latter on the former  DE/P/F446  Jan 1816

1 item

Sale catalogue of the effects of Prince Lieven formerly at Ashburnham House, London  DE/P/F447  16 Jul 1834

1 item

Contents:
With some manuscript annotations

Miscellaneous verses and extracts  DE/P/F448  Undated [19th cent]

7 items
Language:  French

Contents:
In the hand of Earl Cowper and others, including extracts from an account of Sir William Cowper [later 1st Earl Cowper] going to join William, Prince of Orange at Oxford in 1688 and about political projects of Peter the Great of Russia [the latter in French], verses entitled "Memoires pour servir a l'histoire du College de la xxxxxxé" and latin verse by J Keate "On the Death of Lord Cowper"
[Some in French]

Watercolour portrait by Charles Townley of an unidentified young man, 1802; pencil sketch of a building amongst trees, annotated "Long=Wood-St Helena" and a small pencil sketch of a view of ships and landscape  DE/P/F449  1802; Undated [19th cent]

3 items

Lock of hair tied with blue ribbon  DE/P/F450  Undated

1 item

Contents:
Not identified

Poster  DE/P/F451  1810

1 item

Contents:
Advertising a sermon to be preached at Tewin Church by the Reverend William Millers for the benefit of the Sunday Schools at Tewin and Digswell

Proof pages from Volume I of Robert Clutterbuck's The History and Antiquities of the County of Hertford  DE/P/F452  Undated [C1815]

2 items

Contents:
Pages 405-416 (Harpenden) and pages 513-524 (Wheathampstead)

The Cathedral Chant Book  DE/P/F453  Undated [early 19th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
A collection of music arranged by J Marsh

Testamentary  [no ref. or date]

Will  DE/P/F454  1816

1 item

Contents:
Of Peter Leopold Louis Francis Nassau Clavering Cowper, 5th Earl Cowper, annotated as one of two original copies

Draft codicil to 5th Earl Cowper's will  DE/P/F455  1821

2 items

Contents:
[Two versions]

Executorship  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For executors' bank book and used cheques, etc see DE/P/A96-A99]

Correspondence, accounts and other papers relating to the executorship  DE/P/F456  1837-1838

1 Bundle

Contents:
Including Shield and Harwoods' account for legal work (also includes work undertaken in settling the estate of Emily Gore, the 5th Earl Cowper's aunt), Thos Dowbiggin and Co's account for provision of funeral equipage for Earl Cowper's funeral, details of various properties in Hertfordshire and suggestions respecting provisions in 5th Earl Cowper's marriage settlement

A catalogue of the pictures at Panshanger  DE/P/F457  Undated [C1837]

1 item

Contents:
With values appended

Inventory of plate belonging to Earl Cowper "taken August 31st 1837"  DE/P/F458  1837

1 item

Contents:
With later annotations to c1855

5TH EARL COWPER AS AN EXECUTOR OF THE WILL OF THE HON GEORGE LAMB  [no ref. or date]


Related information: For papers belonging to Hon George Lamb and other members of the Lamb family see separate inventory DE/Lb

Administrative history:
The Honorable George Lamb was the youngest brother of Lord Cowper's wife, Emily Mary. He married Caroline Rosalie Adelaide St Jules in 1809, but they had no issue. He died on 2nd January, 1834.
Lord Cowper and Sir Augustus Clifford were the appointed executors of Lamb's will. The main beneficiary of the will was Lamb's wife, with specific financial bequests to his two surviving brother William, Viscount Melbourne, and Frederick, Baron Beauvale (later 3rd Viscount Melbourne)

Correspondence and papers relating to the executorship  DE/P/F459  1834

1 Bundle

Contents:
Including a copy of Hon. George Lamb's will and of his marriage settlement with Caroline Rosalie Adelaide St Jules

Emily, Countess Cowper (later Lady Palmerston)  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[The 5th Earl married in 1805 Emily Mary Lamb, daughter of Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne.
After her husband's death in 1837, the Countess remarried in 1839 to Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (died 1865). Following the death of her last surviving brother in 1853, she succeeded to the fortune and property of the Lamb family, including Brocket Hall at Hatfield in Hertfordshire and Melbourne Hall at Melbourne in Derbyshire, as sole heir to the Viscounts Melbourne. She died on 11 September 1869]

Family correspondence, etc  [no ref. or date]

Letter  DE/P/F460  6 Sep 1840

1 item

Contents:
From Lady Palmerston's eldest son, George Augustus Frederick, 6th Earl Cowper [Social news, including a visit to Wrest Park in Bedfordshire]

Letters  DE/P/F461  1805-1822

5 items

Contents:
From members of the Cowper family

Maria Judith Cowper [Wife of Henry Cowper, distant cousin and one time guardian of 5th Earl Cowper. Social]  DE/P/F461/1  8 Nov 1805

1 item

Henry Cowper [Distant cousin and one time guardian of 5th Earl Cowper. Family matters, including death of wife, Maria Judith]  DE/P/F461/2-3  Jan-Sep 1815

2 items

Edward Spencer Cowper [Brother of 5th Earl Cowper. Visit to Melbourne Hall and Donnington Park (both at Melbourne Derbyshire) and Garendon Park, Leicestershire]  DE/P/F461/4  18 Oct 1807

1 item

Catherine Cowper [Wife of Edward Spencer Cowper. Journey through France; health of husband]  DE/P/F461/5  26 Oct 1822

1 item

Letters  DE/P/F462  [1804]-[1815]

6 items


Related information: For background see DE/P/F427

Contents:
From members of the Lamb family

Peniston Lamb, 1st Viscount Melbourne [Countess Cowper's father. Concerning Lord Fordwich's experiences at school]  DE/P/F462/1  Undated [C1816]

1 item

Unsigned letter  DE/P/F462/2  Undated [C1816]

1 item

Contents:
In the hand of Elizabeth, Lady Melbourne [Countess Cowper's mother. Concerning arrangements to lease Marden House (Tewin)]

Unsigned letter  DE/P/F462/3  Undated [C1815]

1 item

Contents:
In the hand of William Lamb [Countess Cowper's brother. Social]

George Lamb [Countess Cowper's youngest brother. One letter is incomplete. Relationship with Caroline (presumably St Jules), 1806, and other family matters]  DE/P/F462/4-5  1806; Undated

2 items

Unsigned letter  DE/P/F462/6  Undated [C1804]

1 item

Contents:
Apparently in the hand of Caroline Ponsonby [later the wife of Countess Cowper's brother, William Lamb. Social]

Letters and other papers  DE/P/F463  19 cent

3 items

Contents:
Relating to Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston [to whom Countess Cowper was married in 1839 thus becoming Viscountess Palmerston]

Letter  DE/P/F463/1  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
From Viscount Palmerston to his wife [Trip to Scotland with Queen Victoria]

Letter  DE/P/F463/2  31 May 1846

1 item

Contents:
From Charles Gordon-Lennox, Earl of Richmond, to Viscount Palmerston [Recommendation of an unnamed farmer]

Printed verses  DE/P/F463/3  Undated [C1864]

1 item

Contents:
In support of Viscount Palmerston when threatened with being called as co-respondent in a divorce case

General correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[All letters are addressed to Countess Cowper/Viscountess Palmerston]

Correspondence  DE/P/F464  1806-1820

9 items

H [? IMWOOD], Olivia L C, D [?] House [Helping to find a 'monthly nurse' for Countess Cowper's new baby, Lord Fordwich]  DE/P/F464/1  22 Nov 1806

1 item

L [? IEVEN], D, Harley Street [Social]  DE/P/F464/2  13 Jan, [-]

1 item
Language:  French

LLOYD, Thomas, Sele Cottage [Preparations for Lord Fordwich's accommodation and schooling at Eton]  DE/P/F464/3  18 Feb, [C1816]

1 item

R [? EMBRANDT], DE, M M, Paris [Social life in Paris]  DE/P/F464/4  5 Jan 1820

1 item

WYNDHAM, F[rances], Petworth [Anticipated proposal of marriage by Sir Charles Barrell]  DE/P/F464/5  13 Dec 1807

1 item

[?G], London [Politics; price of opera boxes]  DE/P/F464/6  14 Jan 1811

1 item

[ILLEGIBLE] [Social; politics, particularly the aftermath of the Peterloo massacre]  DE/P/F464/7-8  Oct, Undated [C1819]

2 items

ANON, [?Shiborne] Castle Social; health of King George III. Helping to find wet nurse for Countess Cowper's baby  DE/P/F464/9  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Incomplete

Notebooks, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Pocketbook  DE/P/F465  Undated [C1810]

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing a brief record of a journey in Herefordshire, Shropshire, Warwickshire and Oxfordshire, miscellaneous verses and notes of items of personal expenditure

Executorship  [no ref. or date]

Extracts from agreements bearing on Lady Palmerston's estate  DE/P/F466  Undated [C1869]

4 items

Contents:
Including an extract from the will of her brother Frederick, Viscount Melbourne) with an account of the arrears of Lady Palmerston's jointure chargeable on the estates of the Earls Cowper

Edward Spencer Cowper  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See DE/P/T1199 and T1202 and DE/P/E

Administrative history:
[Edward Spencer Cowper was born in Florence on 16 July 1779, the youngest of the three sons of the 3rd Earl. He was sent with his two brothers to England in 1781 where he was under the care successively of General Spencer Cowper, his grandfather Charles Gore and of Henry Cowper.
He attended St Johns College, Cambridge, where he was awarded an MA in 1798 and was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1797. He served as a Member of Parliament for Hertford Borough in 1802, 1806, 1807 and 1812-1817 and was Captain in command of the Herts Volunteers from 1803-1808. He resided at Digswell House and was involved in the management of the estates of his brother, 5th Earl Cowper, at one period taking over from Charles Cowper as the appointed agent in that role.
On 23rd May 1808 Edward Spencer Cowper was married at St George's Hanover Square, London to Catherine March-Philips, daughter of Thomas March-Philips of Garendon Park, Leicestershire. There was no issue of this marriage. Edward Spencer Cowper died at Nice in France on 1st February 1823 and was buried there. His widow subsequently remarried in 1827 to the Reverend Joseph Harriman Hamilton of Shepsted in Leicestershire and died in 1830]

Family correspondence  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See DE/P/F471/23 which contains a letter to Edward Spencer Cowper from his aunt, Emily Gore, 1819]

Letters  DE/P/F467  Nov 1789-Dec 1791

3 items
Language:  French

Contents:
From Edward Spencer Cowper at school in Kensington to Henry Cowper
[One in French]

General Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Copies in Edward Spencer Cowper's hand of letters written to him by Henry Luttrell  DE/P/F468  Undated [19th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
"In the course of a Tour that my Brother [4th Earl Cowper] and Luttrell made in the Continent [France, Switzerland and Italy] between September 1802 and May 1803"

Letter  DE/P/F469  18 Jul, [ - ] [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
From R[ichard] H[ale] at Harewood [Yorkshire] on social matters, including references to King George III travelling to Scotland and a recollection of William Wilberforce [Includes a transcript of the "Lambeth Articles" of 1562]

Letter  DE/P/F470  6 May 1822

1 item

Contents:
From Messrs Christie and Cathrow of Hoddesdon announcing a reduction in the price of the ale normally supplied to Edward Spencer Cowper

Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Pocket diaries  DE/P/F471/1-25  1796-1821

25 Volumes


Related information: DE/P/F471/23 contains a letter to Edward Spencer Cowper from his aunt, Emily Gore in Italy, 1819

Contents:
One for each year, 1796-1815 and 1817-1821 [Some personal accounts are recorded in the volumes for 1796 and 1797 and there are occasional notes of expenditure in some of the other volumes

The Polite Repository of Pocket Companion: annual pocket books  DE/P/F472/1-10  1805-1822

10 Volumes

Contents:
Containing memoranda addresses and odd notes of expenditure, 1805-1806, 1811-1815, 1819-1820 and 1822 [Includes references to applicants to Blue Coat and Green Coat schools, (1806 volume); arrangments at Digswell House, (1811); a note in French on the dates and places of birth and death of Charles Gore (Edward Spencer Cowper's maternal grandfather), the date of death of his wife and of his travels abroad with his daughters, (1815); newspaper cuttings of a typhus remedy and of advertisements for the sale of an unidentified estate at Leeds, Yorshire (Ward v Sykes), the lease of 13 Cornhill, London and the lease of an unidentified property at Hertingfordbury and a draft letter concerning a translation of Dante by Dr Catellacci, (1819); and various Dutch and French business cards, (1822)]

Notebook  DE/P/F473  C1800-1802

1 Volume


Related information: See DE/P/F475

Contents:
Containing miscellaneous memoranda, including personal accounts Jul-Aug 1800; an account of monies won and lost at cards, Jan-Mar 1801; a note of letters written and received, Aug 1801 - May 1802; an account of expenses at Prymont, [Germany], Aug-Sep 1801 and of money spent on prints, maps, etc in Europe, c1801-1802; a daily diary of a tour through Austria, Germany and France, Jan-May 1802 and other diary notes from the same tour, 1801-1802; a sketch plan of an unidentified French Palace, c1801-1802 and notes on Hatfield House and on Russia

Journal of a tour through England and Wales  DE/P/F474  Jul-Aug, Undated [late 18th/early 19th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire, Monmouthshire, Brecknockshire, Carmarthenshire, Cardiganshire, Montgomeryshire, Merionethshire, Carnarvonshire, Cheshire and Lancashire

Incomplete journal of a tour with the Abbé de Trevérn through Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria and France  DE/P/F475  Aug 1801-May 1802

1 Volume


Related information: See DE/P/F473

Contents:
With draft notes for the same, notes of mileages and overnight accommodation and accounts of expenditure

Incomplete journal of a tour with Henry Luttrell through West Yorkshire to the Lake District Westmorland/Cumberland  DE/P/F476  Aug, Undated [C1803]

1 Volume

Journal of a tour through France and Switzerland to Italy, September 1814-May 1815  DE/P/F477  Sep 1814-May 1815; Apr 1817

1 Volume
Language:  French


Related information: See DE/P/F478

Contents:
With marginal comments from a later visit to Italy in Apr 1817

Daily diary of a stay in Italy, January-December 1815  DE/P/F478  Jan-Dec 1815; Apr-May 1817

1 Volume


Related information: [See DE/P/F477]

Contents:
With, reversed at the back of the diary, some expanded diary entries from April-May and October 1815 and entries relating to a later visit to Italy, Apr-May 1817

Itinerary, with recommendations, for a walking tour through Switzerland  DE/P/F479  Undated [early 19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
In the hand of Edward Spencer Cowper

Elections  [no ref. or date]

Printed addresses by John Calvert, N B Dimsdale and Edward Spencer Cowper  DE/P/F480  Jun-Jul 1802

5 items

Contents:
In connection with the Hertford Borough parliamentary election of 1802

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Medicinal recipes  DE/P/F481  1808; Undated [19th cent]

2 items

Contents:
In the hand of Edward Spencer

Copies of measurements taken of the Panshanger Oak between 1768-1811  DE/P/F482  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
In the hand of Edward Spencer Cowper

Verses in the hand of Edward Spencer Cowper entitled "Thomsoniana. The Schoolmaster discharged, or the History of a Seal. A Tale. In the Style of Peter Pindar"  DE/P/F483  Undated [late 18th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
[Reverend Dr Thomson was the schoolmaster in charge of Edward Spencer Cowper and his elder brothers when they were at school in Kensington]

Part of a manuscript volume  DE/P/F484  Undated [late 18th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
In the hand of Edward Spencer Cowper containing various Latin verses and translations of Latin verses into English

Extracts  DE/P/F485  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Apparently in the hand of Edward Spencer Cowper, from a correspondence between Chandos Buckingham, Lord Buckingham, and William Philip Molyneux, Earl of Sefton in connection with anonymous letters sent to Sir Thomas Hardy and his wife and associates and to the police about the Hardys, July-August 1816

Extract  DE/P/F486  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
In Edward Spencer Cowper's hand about the extremely hot summer of 1818

Printed report  DE/P/F487  1817

1 item

Contents:
Of Directors and Visitors to the Annual General Meeting of the British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom

Copy of the Latin inscription on the monument over Edward Spencer Cowper's grave in Nice, France  DE/P/F488  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Executorship papers, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For a copy of Edward Spencer Cowper's will see DE/P/T1173]

Residuary account  DE/P/F489  12 Jan 1839

1 item

Contents:
Estate of Edward Spencer Cowper, exhibited by the surviving executors of his will, Henry Cowper and James Richardson

George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[The 6th Earl Cowper was born in London on 26th June 1806. Before succeeding to the title of Earl Cowper in 1837 he was Member of Parliament for Canterbury from 1830-1835 and briefly in 1834 served in the Government as Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. In 1835 he became a Lieutenant in the 31st Foot, having been previously an officer in the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Blue). Locally he was also Captain of the Hertford Troop of the South Hertfordshire Yeomanry Cavalry from 1833-1842.
On 7th October 1833 he married Anne Florence de Grey, daughter of Thomas Philip de Grey, Earl de Grey of Wrest (Bedfordshire). In 1849 he was appointed Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum for the county of Kent. He died in Maidstone on 15th April 1856 and was buried in Hertingfordbury a week later]

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For the marriage articles and marriage settlement of the 6th Earl (then Viscount Fordwich) with Anne Florence de Grey see DE/P/T1268-T1271. For the appointment of £15,000 portions each to the 6th Earl's brothers, William Francis Cowper and Charles Spencer Cowper, October 1839, see DE/P/T1264. There are also papers concerning the assignment in 1839 and reassignment in 1853 by the 6th Earl of a £20,000 mortgage in DE/P/T1265-T1267]

Schedule of premises  DE/P/F490  Undated [1833]

1 item

Contents:
Described in the marriage settlement of Viscount Fordwich [later 6th Earl Cowper]

Release of moiety of an annuity payable to Viscount Fordwich [later 6th Earl Cowper] by Thomas Baucutt Mash of the City of Westminster, with correspondence of James Cookney, solicitor, concerning the same  DE/P/F491  Sep 1834-Apr 1836

6 items

Papers  DE/P/F492  Dec 1851-Dec 1855

1 Bundle

Contents:
Concerning a mortgage for £9,000 and other sums of money loaned by Charles Spencer Cowper to Earl Cowper

Bond  DE/P/F493  28 Mar 1853

1 item

Contents:
For a loan of £37,000 from Alexandrine Therese Sophie Julie Lamb, Viscountess Melbourne and Baroness Beauvale, to Earl Cowper

Family correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[All the following are addressed to 6th Earl Cowper unless otherwise stated]

Letters  DE/P/F494  C1822-C1838; 1853

18 items

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's mother Emily, Dowager Countess Cowper and later Lady Palmerston [Social, family and political affairs. Visits to Waterloo (Belgium) and Wiesbaden (Germany); the "de Ros affair"; visits of the new Queen (Victoria) to Scotland and Northumberland; railways; new walk at Panshanger; 6th Earl's finances on succeeding to his father's estates; proposal concerning her jointure]

Letter  DE/P/F495  3 Jan [1836]

1 item

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's uncle, William Lamb, Lord Melbourne [Thanking for his letter of consolation]

Letter  DE/P/F496  23 Jan 1854

1 item

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's stepfather, Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston
[Signifying Queen Victoria's approval for the East Kent Regiment of Yeomanry to be styled the East Kent Mounted Rifles]

Letter  DE/P/F497  14 Feb 1831

1 item

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's great aunt Emily Gore at Pisa in Italy [Concerning the former's proposed visit to Italy. Also social comments and comments on the political situation in Ireland and in Europe]

Two letters to Earl Cowper and one to his wife from Henry Cowper of Tewin Water  DE/P/F498  Jun-Jul 1837

3 items

Contents:
[Commiserating on the death of 5th Earl Cowper]

Letter  DE/P/F499  Undated [C1835]

1 item

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's wife, Anne [Concerning a visit to an acquaintance at Ripon (Yorkshire), reactions of 'baby' (presumably the future 7th Earl Cowper) on his father's absence and hearsay about the Militia's activities at Hatfield House]

Letter  DE/P/F500  Undated [C1830s-1840s]

1 item

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's mother-in-law, Henrietta Frances, Countess de Grey [Offering congratulations on the birth of his (unidentified) daughter]

Letter  DE/P/F501  Undated [Jan 1839]

2 items

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's brother-in-law, Henry Vyner (husband of Mary, née de Grey)
[Enclosing a note by "old Penn" explaining Earl Cowper's claim to the Scottish Peerage of Baron Dingwall. Also social comment and comment on the Corn Laws]

Letters  DE/P/F502  [1832]-1843

14 items

Contents:
From Earl Cowper's siblings and their spouses

Emily [Sister, married Anthony Ashley Cooper, (later Earl of Shaftesbury). Social; 'the Regiments' in Canada; advice on transplanting trees]  DE/P/F502/1-2  Undated; Nov 1843

2 items

Anthony Ashley Cooper, (later Earl of Shaftesbury). [Brother-in-law, see DE/P/F502/1-2. Concerning the annuity paid by 5th Earl Cowper to himself and his wife  DE/P/F502/3  Dec 1840

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F507 for correspondence in connection with 6th Earl Cowper's Trusteeship of Lord Shaftesbury's Settled Estate

William [Brother. Social]  DE/P/F502/4-5  Undated [C1836]

2 items

Spencer [Brother, actually Charles Spencer. Social; view of 'steam carriage' on 'rail road', 1832; impending elections at Warrington (Lancashire) and Canterbury (Kent), 1832; the 'de Ros affair', 1836; war in Spain and the political situation, 1836; society and the spa at Wiesbaden (Germany), 1836]  DE/P/F502/6-11  Undated [C Nov 1832] - May 1840

6 items

Frances [Sister, married Robert, Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn. Social; health of father (5th Earl); death of her daughter]  DE/P/F502/12-14  Sep 1836 - Sep 1843

3 items

General correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[All the following are addressed to 6th Earl Cowper unless otherwise stated]

Correspondence  DE/P/F503  1828-1855

34 items

B[IGG?], Henry; Rochester [Concerning his promotion in the Company of Militia Corps]  DE/P/F503/18  28 Jan 1854

1 item

BINGHAM, B; Gibraltar and Madrid [Epidemic in Gibraltar; personal affairs in Madrid in connection with his (unnamed) former mistress  DE/P/F503/1  Sep 1828 - Jan 1831

6 items

Contents:
One letter encloses a copy of a letter from 'Addington' to 'Backhouse' in support of Bingham after his divulgence of "one of the most strange and romantic histories that ever came to my knowledge"]

BRYDGES, A Egerton, Strand [Requesting financial assistance]  DE/P/F503/2  27 Mar 1842

1 item

[? BURRABY], John [Commiserating on death of 5th Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F503/3  Undated [1837]

1 item

C, J [?S] [Social. Reference to purported author of Voice from the Factories]  DE/P/F503/4  Undated [Dec 1836]

1 item

[? CELINE, Edward], Hyde Park and Arlington Street [Concerning Lady Palmerston's estate and the proposed loan by Lady Beauvale to Earl Cowper  DE/P/F503/5  Feb-Mar 1853

2 items


Related information: See DE/P/F493

CRAVEN, Augustus, Italy, France and Portugal [Social and personal affairs; requesting assistance in obtaining a foreign posting; politics in England, Italy, Poland and Portugal; social life in Paris (France) and Naples (Italy)]  DE/P/F503/6  Jan 1833 - Aug 1837

4 items

DERING, R[obert], Lockleys [Concerning "Lord Dacre's mode of making a Corn Rent"]  DE/P/F503/7  27 Apr 1843

1 item

ELPHINSTONE, John, Baron Elphinstone, Madras [Life in Madras, (India), its people, landscape and army]  DE/P/F503/8  Jun-Nov 1837

2 items

FURLEY [?N] H, Canterbury [Thanks for considering him for a place on "the Commission" (?of the Peace)]  DE/P/F503/19  1 Oct 1853

1 item

LLOYD, Thomas [Health of Henry Cowper of Tewin Water; commiserations on death of 5th Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F503/9  Jun 1837; Undated [1837]

2 items

MOREL, Thomas, Piccadilly [Offering to send sparkling champagne]  DE/P/F503/20  22 May 1846

1 item

MOTTEUX, J[ohn], Beach [?-] [Commiserations on death of 5th Earl Cowper]  DE/P/F503/10  Jun 1837

1 item

PARKER, [?R], Hyde Park [?Buildings] [Requesting permission for a party to visit Panshanger to see pictures and grounds]  DE/P/F503/11  Friday [Undated]

1 item

ROGERS, J J [Concerning papers regarding the Cowper family found amongst the possessions of a Mrs Cowper, deceased]  DE/P/F503/12  Jun 1843

3 items

RUSSELL, [?], [? - ?] Crescent [Confirming has obtained permission from the Queen (Victoria) for Earl Cowper "to have the privilege of driving thro the Parks"]  DE/P/F503/13  Apr 1838

1 item

SAMUEL LEWIS & CO, London [Concerning their publication, A Topographical Dictionary of England]  DE/P/F503/21  7 Dec 1840

1 item

[?UX]BRIDGE, Bruton Street [Confirming work to be undertaken by Haines on an (unidentified) property]  DE/P/F503/14  12 Feb 1842

1 item

WILSON, Sir Thomas Maryon, Charlton House [Concerning military commissions and offence caused to him by Lord Torrington of the West Kent Commission  DE/P/F503/15  Oct 1855

1 item

Contents:
Including copy of a letter from Lord Torrington to him]

[Illegible] [Health of "my dear girl", social comment, including on the character of Sir Edward Dering and of Lord Dudley Stuart]  DE/P/F503/16  21 Nov 1838

1 item

Envelope  DE/P/F503/17  Undated [1850s]

1 item

Contents:
Addressed to Earl Cowper at Tewin Water

Letters  DE/P/F504  Mar 1834; Jul 1837-Sep 1842

1 Bundle


Related information: See DE/P/F505

Contents:
To Earl Cowper from his solicitor, Hugh Shield at London [Concerning various legal transactions, including matters of probate, insurance, general finance, family settlements and conveyances of property. Also investigation of the validity of the Nassau-Clavering name adopted by previous Earls Cowper

Letters  DE/P/F505  Jan 1839 - Apr 1842

1 Bundle


Related information: See DE/P/F504

Contents:
To Earl Cowper from his solicitor, Hugh Shield, at London, bundle labelled "Papers relating to mortgage of £20,500"

Letters  DE/P/F506  Nov 1848 - Nov 1850

1 Bundle

Contents:
To Earl Cowper from Godolphin Hastings, Rector of Hertingfordbury, and William Herbert Wodehouse of Woolmers, Hertingfordbury, with some draft replies by Earl Cowper, concerning the proposed erection of a chapel of ease at Cole Green, Hertingfordbury, and the funding of a curate for the same [Includes printed leaflet for fund raising]

Draft letter  DE/P/F506A  6 Jan 1855

1 item

Contents:
From Earl Cowper to Reverend [J?] Harvey concerning choice of magistrates for the Commission of the Peace

Letters  DE/P/F507  Nov 1855 - Feb 1856

5 items

Contents:
To Earl Cowper (as one of the Trustees of the Settled Estates of Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Shaftesbury) from Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Shaftesbury and Nicholl, Smyth and Burnett concerning the sale of part of the Settled Estates at Rockbourne (Hampshire) and Edmundsham (Dorset)

Letter  DE/P/F508  23 June [1841?]

1 item

Contents:
Addressed to "Lady Mary" from G H Cavendish, Hanover Square [Advice on intended tour of Scotland]

Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Memoranda book  DE/P/F509  Undated [C1826]

1 Volume

Contents:
In the hand of 6th Earl Cowper, including a diary of a journey in Spain, notes on Switzerland and on politics in Portugal, notes of expenses of a journey in [? France] and other unidentified accounts, lists of useful French and Italian phrases and verses in English, French and Spanish

Sundry memoranda  DE/P/F510  Undated [19th cent]

1 Bundle

Contents:
In the hand of 6th Earl Cowper, including notes on parliamentary debates over church rates and the Protestant establishment in Ireland and on the Commission on County Rates and reflections on the nature of civilisation

The Union and Parish Officer's Pocket Almanac and Guide: pocket book  DE/P/F511  1844

1 Volume

Contents:
Bearing Earl Cowper's signature on flyleaf [No other entries]

The British Almanac for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: pocket books  DE/P/F679/1-3  1851; 1853 - 1854

3 Volumes

Contents:
[The 1853 volume bears Earl Cowper's signature. No other entries]

Local Affairs (Hertfordshire)  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See DE/P/F515 for material relating to local charities]

Printed accounts of the Hertford Poor Law Union Board of Guardians for the quarters ending June 1838 and September 1842, and newspaper cutting of an advertisement for medical attendants for the same Union, 1843  DE/P/F512  Jun 1838 - Jun 1843

3 items

Contents:
[Earl Cowper was Chairman of the Hertford Board of Guardians from 1840 - 1846]

Printed poll book  DE/P/F512A  1839

1 Volume

Contents:
For the parliamentary election for the Borough of Hertford contested between the Hon. William Francis Cowper and Sir W Minto Townsend Farquhar, Bart

Printed statements of funds and rules, 1843 and 1846, and programme of Managers' meetings, 1847, for the Hertfordshire Savings' Bank  DE/P/F513  1843-1847

4 items

Contents:
Earl Cowper and his brother, William Francis Cowper, were Trustees of the Bank

Printed posters  DE/P/F514  Sep 1846

2 items

Contents:
Advertising the forthcoming Hertfordshire Agricultural Society Annual Ploughing Match and Exhibition and announcing the prizewinners at the same [Earl Cowper's name underlined amongst the prizewinners]

Charitable Organisations  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For papers relating to the Hertingfordbury and Digswell and Tewin Charity Schools (later termed 'Endowed Schools') for which the Earls Cowper acted as Trustees see DE/P/Q1-/Q37]

Hertfordshire charities  DE/P/F515  1837-[1855]

25 items

Manuscript "Particulars of the Wallinger Charity"  DE/P/F515/1  Oct 1837

1 item

Contents:
Hertingfordbury apprenticeship charity

Printed annual statement of accounts and report of the Hertford Coal Fund  DE/P/F515/2  1840

1 item

Contents:
[Includes rules of the club]

Annual report of the St Andrew's Benevolent Society, Hertford  DE/P/F515/3  1841

1 item

Contents:
For the relief of the poor

Manuscript statement of accounts of the Coal Club for the parish of Tewin  DE/P/F515/4  1842

1 item

Manuscript statement of receipts and expenditure of Bramfield School for the year 1842  DE/P/F515/5  Jan 1843

3 items

Contents:
With covering letter from the Rector of Bramfield, Reverend Mr Lewis Deedes

Printed annual statement of accounts of the Clothing and Coal Club for the parish of Digswell  DE/P/F515/6  1843

1 item

Printed statement of accounts and list of subscribers to the Hertford Lying-in Institution  DE/P/F515/7  1843

1 item

Manuscript account of subscriptions received for the building of an infant school at Burnham Green [Digswell]  DE/P/F515/8  Jan 1844

3 items

Contents:
With covering letter seeking renewal of Earl Cowper's subscription to the same

Blank copies of forms by which subscribers to the General Infirmary at Hertford can recommend patients to the Infirmary  DE/P/F515/9  Undated [C1850]

12 items

Contents:
Includes details of rules to be observed by the patients

Printed annual report and statement of accounts of the South Herts Book-Hawking Society  DE/P/F515/10  Undated [C1855]

1 item

Contents:
Charity for the dissemination of religious books, etc

Non-Hertfordshire charities  DE/P/F516  1844-1855

20 items

Circular letter, being an appeal by [Adelaide], the Queen Dowager, on behalf of impoverished Mrs Jung or Yung, with a further letter of testimony to the character of the latter  DE/P/F516/1  1844

2 items

Printed prospectus  DE/P/F516/2  1847

1 item

Contents:
For the proposed foundation of a church, mission-house and school at Sarawak, Borneo

Printed report and accounts  DE/P/F516/3  1850

1 item

Contents:
Of the Folkestone Scripture Readers' Association

Printed appeal for subscriptions to the Royal Westminster Opthalmic Hospital, Charing Cross, London  DE/P/F516/4  1851

1 item

Annual report and leaflets seeking subscriptions to Saint Mark's Hospital for Fistula, City Road, London  DE/P/F516/5  1855

6 items

Contents:
Together with a covering letter and invitation to visit addressed to Earl Cowper

Printed appeal for subscriptions to The Grosvenor Sunday Infant and Girls' School of Saint George's, Hanover Square, London  DE/P/F516/6  1855

1 item

Three tickets from the Mendicity Society  DE/P/F516/7  Undated [mid 19th cent]

3 items

Contents:
To be given to beggars to obtain admission to an address at 6 Leigh Street, London

Printed illustrated leaflet  DE/P/F516/8  Undated [mid 19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Produced by the Society for the Improvement of the Condition of the Labouring Classes outlining suggested plans for 'Double Cottages for Agricultural Districts'

Printed circular letter addressed to Earl Cowper by William Bramston enclosing a copy of his leaflet "How Do I Know That The Bible is True" and a list of subscribers who funded the distribution of the tract to soldiers, sailors and the working classes  DE/P/F516/9  Undated [mid 19th cent]

4 items

Political issues etc  [no ref. or date]

Printed leaflet  DE/P/F517  1835

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
"Comparison entre la fabrication des Poteries en Angleterre et sur le Continent" by B B. [Produced to assist in setting customs tariffs]

Printed open letter  DE/P/F518  1842

1 item

Contents:
To Sir Robert Peel, bart, from William Hainworth of Hitchin, opposing the proposed new tariff on imported livestock

Printed copy of the "Speech of The Right Honourable Viscount Palmerston..... on Lord John Russell's Motion Against a Sliding Scale of Duties on the Importation of Foreign Corn"  DE/P/F519  1842

1 item

Printed report  DE/P/F520  1848

2 items

Contents:
"Unlawful and Riotous Meetings. Provisions of the Law and the Powers and Duties of Persons in Regard Thereunto" [Two copies]

Printed copy of the "Convention between Her Majesty and the King of the Belgians Relative to Fishery"  DE/P/F521  1852

1 item
Language:  English and French

Contents:
[Seven year agreement on import duties and fishery rights]
In English with French translation

Printed copy of "The Nisi Pruis Officers Bill"  DE/P/F522  1852

1 item

Contents:
[An act providing for salaried officers to perform duties at Nisi Prius Causes in the Superior Courts of Common Law]

Printed circular letters  DE/P/F523  Jun - Aug 1855

4 items

Contents:
From William Burch of Woodford (Essex), with covering letter

Circular letter  DE/P/F523/1  9 Aug 1855

1 item

Contents:
Addressed to Members of Parliament concerning insufficient compensation offered to mill owners on the River Lee for loss occasioned by water extraction by companies supplying water to London and abuse of parliamentary system by those companies

Open letter  DE/P/F523/2  28 June 1855

1 item

Contents:
Addressed to "the People of the United Kingdom" on the iniquities of inherited wealth and the desirability of a system of reward by merit

Accompanying letter from William Burch and envelope  DE/P/F523/3-4  7 Aug, 1855; 13 Aug 1855

2 items

Coronations  [no ref. or date]

Framed watercolour  DE/P/F524  Undated [C1821]

1 item

Contents:
Depicting that part of the procession at the coronation of King George IV wherein the Marquis of Cholmondeley, the Earl of Harrington and Viscount Fordwich [later 6th Earl Cowper] are to be seen, with written description of order of head of the procession

Command of Queen Victoria to Earl and Countess Cowper to attend her coronation on 28th June and printed orders of the Earl Marshall concerning robes, coronets, etc to be worn at the coronation  DE/P/F525  1838

2 items

The Great Exhibition, 1851  [no ref. or date]

Reports produced in preparation for the proposed Great Exhibition of 1851  DE/P/F526  1849

3 items

Printed "Report on the Eleventh French Exposition of the Products of Industry" by Matthew Digby Wyatt, architect  DE/P/F526/1  1849

Printed "Report....... on the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations Proposed to be held in London in the Year 1851"  DE/P/F526/2  1849

Contents:
Inscribed on cover 'The Earl Granville'

Further printed "Report....... on the Great Exhibition ......" proposed to be held in 1851  DE/P/F526/3  1849

Contents:
Inscribed on cover 'The Earl Granville'

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Dinner book  DE/P/F527  Aug 1855-Mar 1856

1 Volume

Contents:
Recording numbers of persons dining each day in the dining room, the steward's room and the [servant's] hall with details of those "strangers" dining at the latter two tables

Annotated manuscript copies of 1st Earl Cowper's "Impartial History of Parties" and the diary of his wife, Countess Cowper  DE/P/F528-F529  [Mid 19th cent]

2 Bundles

Contents:
[Perhaps in the hand of 6th Earl Cowper or his brother Charles Spencer Cowper. The paper used bears watermarks from 1831 and 1838]

Manuscripts verses  DE/P/F530  Undated [C1830s/40s]

6 items

Contents:
Some probably in the hands of 6th Earl Cowper and his brother Charles Spencer Cowper, one addressed to "Ye Freeman of Kent" criticising electoral candidate Henry Baring and favouring Lord Fordwich [later 6th Earl Cowper], other subjects including a dinner held at Petworth Park, [Sussex], the killing of two woodcocks with one shot by Sir Francis Chantrey at Holkham, [Norfolk], and the birth of a child to Lady Agnew

Manuscript "Lines upon the Great Oak at Panshanger" by H[enry] Luttrell  DE/P/F531  Undated [1840s]

1 item

Manuscript essay: "Traité de la pontuation"  DE/P/F532  1851

1 item
Language:  French

Contents:
Inscribed to Mademoiselle Octavie Darcourt from the author, Michel

Collection of printed verses by John Batten  DE/P/F533  1840

1 Volume

Contents:
Including "A Song in Honour of our True British Queen", [c1830s/40s]; "Reflections on the Attempt to Oust the Present Ministers from Their Office", 1839; "The Nuptial Day" [on the wedding of Queen Victoria, 1840], "Lines Addressed to his Royal Highness Prince Albert, on His Marriage with Our Much Beloved and Most Gracious Queen", 1840 and "Lines on the late Attempt to Assassinate Her Majesty and Her Royal Consort Prince Albert", 1840

Printed copy of Donna Charitea, Queen of Castille: A Drama in Three Acts  DE/P/F534  1843

1 Volume

Contents:
Inscribed "From the Author"

Printed libretto of Donizetti's La Figlia del Regimento [The Daughter of the Regiment]  DE/P/F535  1847

1 Volume
Language:  English and Italian

Contents:
As performed at Her Majesty's Theatre, Haymarket, May 1847
In Italian with English translation

Printed copy of The Angler's Handbook  DE/P/F536  1846

1 Volume

Printed copy of an illustrated humorous tale Mrs Perkin's Ball by M A Titmarsh  DE/P/F537  1847

1 Volume

Printed catalogue to the "Musée Royal De Peinture et De Sculpture De Belgique"  DE/P/F538  1851

1 Volume
Language:  French

Printed leaflet  DE/P/F539  Undated [mid 19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
"On the Lord's Supper: A Pastor's Directions to an Enquirer"

Printed advertising leaflets  DE/P/F540  1842-1855

4 items

Illustrated advertising leaflet  DE/P/F540/1  1842

Contents:
Of Alexander Dean, Birmingham, manufacturer of portable mills for grinding and dressing corn, etc [sent to Earl Cowper in his role as Chairman of the Hertford Union Board of Poor Law Guardians]

Printed circular letter  DE/P/F540/2  1843

Contents:
From J. A. Meyer, Practical Chemist, London, promoting his method of destroying vermin by non-poisonous drugs

Printed circular letter  DE/P/F540/3  10 Oct 1855

Contents:
From Stephen Austin of Hertford advertising his newly published book Sákoontála [a translation by Monier Williams of Kalidasa's Sanskrit drama]

Printed circular letter  DE/P/F540/4  Undated [mid 19th cent]

Contents:
From Downman and Company, gunpowder makers, advertising their 'Ruby Gunpowder', [Two copies]

Printed price lists  DE/P/F541  1843; 1846

2 items

EP Francis's nursery at Hertford  DE/P/F541/1  1843

Arthur Mackie's nursery at Norwich, [Norfolk]  DE/P/F541/2  1846

Printed "Map showing the situation of each Roman Catholic Chapel, College and Seminary Throughout England, Scotland and Wales"  DE/P/F542  1839

1 item

Printed monthly return of army regiments and numbers stationed in Ireland  DE/P/F543  Mar 1842

1 item

Great Northern Railway London to Welwyn timetable  DE/P/F544  Jul 1855

1 item

Testamentary Papers  [no ref. or date]

Will  DE/P/F545  Jul 1838

1 item

Contents:
Of 6th Earl Cowper

Draft revised will  DE/P/F546  1855

1 item

Contents:
Of 6th Earl Cowper

Anne, Countess Cowper, and the de Grey family  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[Anne Florence Robinson was born on 8th June 1806 at St James's Square, London to Thomas Robinson, Baron Grantham, and his wife Henrietta Frances, daughter of William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen. In 1833 the Robinson family adopted the surname of de Grey on the succession of Thomas Robinson, Baron Grantham, to the Earldom of de Grey (of Wrest in Bedfordshire) and the Barony of Lucas of Crudwell.
Anne Florence de Grey married George Augustus Frederick Cowper, later 6th Earl Cowper, in October 1833.
On the death of Earl de Grey without male heirs in November 1859, the now Dowager Countess Cowper succeeded to the Wrest estates in Bedfordshire and became suo jure Baroness Lucas of Crudwell, although the de Grey title passed to a male cousin. She died in London on 23rd July 1880]

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Letters  DE/P/F547  1830s-1840s

10 items

Contents:
To Henrietta Frances, Countess de Grey

From her husband, Earl de Grey [Social, finances, visit to Newly Hall (Yorkshire)  DE/P/F547/1-4  Undated [1830s]

4 items


Related information: See DE/P/F547/10

From her daughter, Anne Florence, Countess Cowper [Social; opinions on the new Queen (Victoria)]  DE/P/F547/5  Undated [1838]

1 item

From her daughter, Mary Gertrude Vyner [Social, including a visit from Emily and Fanny Cowper and Robert Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn and a visit to Mrs Dimsdale]  DE/P/F547/6-7  Undated [1830s]

2 items

From her sister-in-law, Sarah Albina Louisa, Countess of Ripon [Wife of John Robinson, Earl of Ripon and brother of Earl de Grey. Commiserating on "your arduous undertaking" and removal abroad]  DE/P/F547/8  Oct 1841

1 item

Letter  DE/P/F547/9  Jun 1841

1 item

Contents:
From [? Denison] [Congratulating on the "great work" she and Earl de Grey are about to undertake]

Letters  DE/P/F547/10  Sep 1841

1 item


Related information: (See DE/P/F549/8-9)

Contents:
From [illegible] [Describes sea journey to France and events there. As Earl and Countess de Grey were apparently going abroad at this period this could be a letter from Earl de Grey to his wife]

Notelet  DE/P/F548  Undated [mid 19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
From Minny [Emily Cowper, the 6th Earl's sister] to Anne, Countess Cowper

Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Sketchbook  DE/P/F549  Undated [early 19th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
Of Thomas Robinson, Baron Grantham [later Earl de Grey] and his wife Henrietta Frances [Sketches include a rough pencil sketch of "Lady Grantham & her Babe" and other unidentified portraits, sketches taken at Scarborough and Thornton Dale (Yorkshire) and at Godshill Church, Isle of Wight, and other unidentified views, sketches of furniture and furnishings and ground plans of an unidentified building]

Manuscript music book  DE/P/F550  Undated [early 19th cent]

1 Volume


Related information: Italian, French, German, Russian and English songs

Contents:
Of Anne Florence Robinson [later Countess Cowper]

Sketchbook  DE/P/F551  1822

1 Volume

Contents:
Of Anne Florence Robinson [later Countess Cowper] [Identified sketches include "The Inn Yard - St Omer" "At Spa" and "At Spa - L'Hotel d'Orange", 'The Castle of God[?s]bury' and "The Castle of Drak[?-]"

Journal/commonplace book of Anne Florence Robinson[later Countess Cowper]  DE/P/F552  Sep 1827-CMay 1829

1 Volume

Contents:
Inscribed "The Gift of Mama on dear Amabel's first birthday after her Death, Sept 13 1827". Personal reflections, quotations and verses

Engagement book  DE/P/F553  Jun 1859-Jul 1871

1 Volume

Contents:
Of Anne, Countess Cowper during the summer season annually at London

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Printed copy of Recueil de Cartes Geographies, Plans, Vues et Medailles de L'Ancienne Gréce Relatifs Au Voyage du Jeune Anacharsis  DE/P/F554  1791

1 Volume

Contents:
Bearing the bookplate of "H de G" [Presumably Henrietta de Grey, mother of Anne Florence, Countess Cowper. The book consists of engravings of maps and prints relevant to ancient Greek History]

Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper was born at Berkeley Square, London on 11th June 1834. He attended Harrow School and then a private school at Silsoe in Bedfordshire, before matriculating to Christ Church College Oxford, where he obtained his BA with first class honours in law and modern history in 1855.
He succeeded his father as Earl Cowper on 15th April 1856 and was soon afterwards appointed High Steward of Hertford, the first of many such offices he was subsequently to hold, including those of High Steward of Colchester, Deputy Lieutenant of Kent and of Nottinghamshire, Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire and, most notably, Lieutenant General and Governor General of Ireland from 1880-1882 under Gladstone's government.
He became a Knight of the Garter in 1865 and from 1871 until 1874 was a Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms to the Royal Household. Locally, he formed the Hertford Rifle Club which in 1859 became the 1st Hertfordshire Rifle Volunteers. He was Deputy Chairman of the Hertfordshire Quarter Sessions and subsequently Chairman of the Quarter Sessions for the Eastern Division of Hertfordshire until his resignation in 1892. In 1889 he became the first Chairman of the Hertfordshire County Council, in which office he continued until 1901.
In 1871, after the removal of their attainder, he assumed the baronies of Dingwall in the Scottish Peerage and Butler of Moor Park in the English Peerage (brought into the family by Henrietta Nassau d'Auverquerque, wife of the second Earl Cowper) and in 1880 succeeded to the barony of Lucas on the death of his mother.
He was married on 25th October 1870 to Katrine Cecilia Compton, eldest daughter of William, 4th Marquess of Northampton, and his wife Eliza. There was no issue of this marriage.
Earl Cowper died at Panshanger on 19th July 1905 at which date the Earldom of Cowper, Viscountcy Fordwich and baronetcy of Cowper became extinct

Contents:
A Memoir of Earl Cowper, KG was privately published by his widow in 1913. A copy of this volume is available in the Record Office Library

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Settlement, etc  [no ref. or date]

Epitomes of settlements of estates in Hertfordshire, Kent, Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire on the marriage of Earl Cowper  DE/P/F555  1870-1871

1 Bundle

Contents:
With associated papers

General correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The following letters were found lying loose in the front of Countess Cowper's album of autograph letters (see DE/P/F587). This album also contains letters to Earl Cowper from H M Queen Victoria (page 1), Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (page 14), Michael Hicks-Beach (page 15), William Holman Hunt (page 27), William Blake Richmond (page 27), George Frederick Watts (page 28), Clifford Lloyd (page 54), Jacob Shellaby (page 58) and Sir Robert James Loyd-Lindsay, Baron Wantage (page 117) - for further details see DE/P/F587.
Additionally, there are a couple of letters to Earl Cowper from general correspondents in catalogue DE/Rv (see appendix to that catalogue for details), whilst Countess Cowper's A Memoir of Earl Cowper, KG quotes at length from correspondence, which has largely not survived in this collection, between Earl Cowper and a wide circle of acquaintance]

Correspondence  DE/P/F556  1878-1895

9 items

[CAMPBELL, George Douglas, Duke of] Argyll [Politics, particularly the forthcoming vote on "the Franchise Bill"]  DE/P/F556/1  30 Sep 1884

1 item

DUFF, M Grant [Sir], Madras [Congratulations on Earl Cowper's article in Nineteenth Century]  DE/P/F556/2  10 Nov 1885

1 item

[GASCOYNE-CECIL, Robert Arthur Talbot, Marquess of] Salisbury [Politics, particularly the Turkish problem and the sufferings of the Armenians]  DE/P/F556/3  30 Dec 1895

1 item

GROSVENOR, Richard, Abbey Leix, Ireland [Arrangements for leasing an unidentified property of his (? in Scotland) to Earl and Countess Cowper; references to death of his wife]  DE/P/F556/4  28 Feb 1876

1 item

[HALDANE-DUNCAN, Robert Adam Philips Haldane, Earl of] Camperdown, Charles Street, Berkeley Square [Politics, particularly the progress of the Employers' Liability Bill and the Parish Councils Bill, and the proposed resignation of Gladstone]  DE/P/F556/5  2 Feb 1894

1 item

KNOWLES, James, Queen Anne's Lodge, St James' Park [Congratulations on certain articles written by Earl Cowper; politics, particularly the situation with respect to Ireland  DE/P/F556/6-7  20 Aug 188[4?]; 23 Jan 1885

2 items


Related information: See DE/P/F587

MOFFETT, J W, Queen's College, Galway [President of Queen's College, Galway. Thanks Earl Cowper for supporting the College's corporate privileges]  DE/P/F556/8  16 Feb 1895

1 item

RINGWOOD, F H, Co Tyrone [Concerning Earl Cowper's speech about the Irish political situation]  DE/P/F556/9  15 Apr 1886

1 item

Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[There are brief extracts from diaries kept by Earl Cowper during visits to Italy in December 1854 - May 1855 and February-March 1862 in Countess Cowper's A Memoir of Earl Cowper, KG]

Scrapbook  DE/P/F557  1859-1866

1 Volume

Contents:
Kept by Earl Cowper containing newspaper cuttings of reports about public activities of himself and his brother Henry Cowper, including cuttings relating to the establishment of the Hertford Rifle Corps, electioneering activities of Henry Cowper, and speeches by both brothers to the instructional charity known as the 'Society of Arts'

Manuscript "List of Pictures at Panshanger to be lent to the Royal Academy"  DE/P/F558  1881

1 item

Manuscript particulars of measurements of the Panshanger Oak  DE/P/F559  Jan 1884

1 item

Contents:
Taken between 1719-1828, in the hand of William Frampton Andrews

Photograph albums  [no ref. or date]

Photograph album  DE/P/F560  C1868-C1884

1 Volume

Contents:
Presented by Katrine, Countess Cowper, to her husband, Earl Cowper containing portrait photographs, all unidentified, but mainly of Katrine, Countess Cowper, (including some with Earl Cowper)

Portrait photographs formerly contained in an album of Earl Cowper's  DE/P/F561  Undated [late 19th cent]

70 items

Contents:
Mostly unidentified, but including a photograph of Queen Victoria, a signed photograph of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales [later King Edward VII], 1874, and photographs identified by annotations as of Mary Ilchester, 1872, North Victor Cecil Dalrymple [in Eton School uniform], 1896 "Maurice" [a small boy], 1880, Evelyn Ashley, Wilma Norman-Neruda [violinist], and Monica Margaret Grenfell [later Lady Salmond], aged 2, 1895

Official and political papers  [no ref. or date]

Letters patent  DE/P/F562  4 May 1880

1 item

Contents:
Appointing Earl Cowper Lieutenant General and Governor General of Ireland

Report of HM Commissioners of Inquiry into the Landlord and Tenant (Ireland) Act 1870 and the Acts Amending the same  DE/P/F676  1881

1 Volume

Reports of the Select Committee of the House of Lords on Land Law (Ireland)  DE/P/F677  1882-1883

1 Volume

Report of the Royal Commission on the Land Law (Ireland) Act 1881 and the Purchase of Land (Ireland) Act 1885  DE/P/F678  Undated [1886/87]

1 Volume

Contents:
Earl Cowper was President of this Royal Commission

Illustrated printed report of the proceedings of the Special Commission of Inquiry into accusations published by The Times  DE/P/563  1888

1 item

Contents:
Concerning "the Irish Land League of Great Britain", its successor organisation "the Irish National League of Great Britain" and the alleged support of Charles Parnell, M P, for the activities of those bodies, in particular the "Phoenix Park murders", in Ireland

Printed copies of "Earl Cowper's reply to Lord Spencer at a Unionist meeting in Hertford"  DE/P/F564  1889

2 items

Contents:
Concerning the Government's policy relating to Ireland and the case against Home Rule for Ireland. Two Copies

The Naval Volunteer Home Defence Association  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[This association, headed by Earl Cowper, sought to raise support for the creation of a volunteer naval force for the defence of coastal towns]

Printed pamphlet  DE/P/F565  1885

1 item

Contents:
"The Naval Volunteer Home Defence Association: Extracts from Speeches made at Public Meetings held at Willis's Rooms and at the Mansion House, London in July 1885'

The Hertford Rifle Volunteers  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
[Earl Cowper was the founder of the Hertford Rifle Club (which was shortly thereafter designated the 1st Hertfordshire Rifle Volunteers) and was for many years Lieutenant-Colonel (and subsequently Honorary Colonel) of the Battalion to which the Volunteers were attached]

Printed booklet: "Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Dinner of the Hertford Rifle Volunteers"  DE/P/F566  1884

1 item

Contents:
[Reprinted from the report in the Hertfordshire Mercury]

Addresses to Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

An address  DE/P/F567  21 Dec 1869

1 roll

Contents:
Presented to Earl Cowper by the Vicar and tenants of Melbourne in Derbyshire on the occasion of Earl Cowper's first visit to his Melbourne estates (inherited on the death of his mother Emily, Viscountess Palmerston)

Illuminated address  DE/P/F568  29 Jul 1902

1 item

Contents:
Presented to Earl Cowper by the Chairman and members of Bishops Stortford Urban District Council on the occasion of the prizegiving to scholars of Bishops Stortford College [Framed]

Coronation  [no ref. or date]

Command of King Edward VII to the Earl and Countess Cowper to attend to his coronation on 26th June  DE/P/F569  1901

1 item

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Scrapbook  DE/P/F570  c1820s-c1858

1 Volume

Contents:
Of eighteenth and nineteenth century prints with some original drawings and watercolours, mainly unidentified, but including one of Radley Church in Berkshire, one of a house in Abingdon, Berkshire and one signed by "M Claxton 1833" [The volume appropriated for this scrapbook is an old stock book used by C Spackman, dealer in prints, pictures, etc, between 1806-1818. Some association of the scrapbook with the Kent family of Abingdon, Berkshire is indicated by annotations against some of the pictures. The latest dated item in the volume dates from 4th January 1858]

Manuscript volume  DE/P/F571  Undated [C1840s/50s]

1 Volume

Contents:
In the hand of Lord Fordwich [later Earl Cowper] being an "Abstract of lectures on the Oratori[o] of Cicero"

Volume  DE/P/F572  Undated [C1840s/50s]

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing verses in the hand of Lord Fordwich [later Earl Cowper] and one pencil sketch

Provisional epitaph "on Lady M[arian] A[Iford]"  DE/P/F573  27 Jan 1875

1 item


Related information: Found in DE/P/F601

Contents:
Written by Earl Cowper

Autograph of Earl Cowper  DE/P/F574  Undated [19th cent]

1 item


Related information: [Found in DE/P/F601]

Passport  DE/P/F575  7 May 1852

1 item

Contents:
Of Viscount Fordwich [later Earl Cowper], his brother Henry, and their tutor, for a journey in Europe [Stamped by the consulate generals of various European countries preparatory to the journey]

Printed copies of a song  DE/P/F576  11 Jul 1855

5 items

Contents:
Composed to celebrate the 21st birthday of Viscount Fordwich [later Earl Cowper], adapted from a song composed by the Hon George Lamb for the 21st birthday of 6th Earl Cowper [Five copies]

Manuscript "Pedigree of the family of Hale of Kings Walden in Hertfordshire"  DE/P/F577  30 Nov 1892

1 item

Contents:
Commencing with Richard Hale, founder of the Richard Hale School at Hertford, and showing how Peniston Lamb was heir at law of the Hale Family [As heir at law to Peniston Lamb and therefore to Richard Hale, Earl Cowper had a role in the government of Richard Hale School]

Printed map  DE/P/F578  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Showing railway lines and nearest stations to Wrest Park, Bedfordshire

Illustrated printed leaflet  DE/P/F579  Undated [C1870s]

1 item

Contents:
Advertising "H Hoadley's Annual Christmas Bazaar" at his shop at Buckingham Palace Road, London [Illustrations include figures of Gladstone and Disraeli, the Tsar of Russia, a Turk, an African tribesman and an English Policeman]

Printed circular letter  DE/P/F580  31 Dec 1892

1 item

Contents:
From C E Longmore, on behalf of the Corporation of Hertford, to the Members of Hertfordshire County Council concerning arrangments between the Corporation and the County Council to purchase Mill Bridge, Hertford, and its tolls from the Marquess of Salisbury

Sundry cuttings of newspaper articles  DE/P/F581  1888-1905

5 items

Contents:
"Bayfordbury-A Retrospect", 1888; report on the visit of the East Herts Archaeological Society to Hertingfordbury, Tewin and Digswell, 1903; reports of the presentation of the Freedom of the Borough of Hertford to Earl Cowper, of Earl Cowper's funeral and of the contents of his will, 1905

Executorship  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[Earl Cowper's widow, Countess Cowper, was appointed sole executor of Earl Cowper's will. The following items concerning her executorship of the will were found in Countess Cowper's writing box, DE/P/F601, together with papers relating to the proposed provisions of Countess Cowper's own will, DE/P/F613-F614]

Short epitome of the will of Earl Cowper  DE/P/F582  Undated [25 Nov 1887]

1 item

Contents:
[Found in DE/P/F601]

Letters  DE/P/F583  Jul-Aug 1905

3 items

Contents:
From H Manisty, solicitor, of London to Countess Cowper concerning the settling of the late Earl Cowper's will and drawing up of the will of Countess Cowper [Found in DE/P/F601]

"List of general orders to be carried out by Messrs Coutts & Co on account of the late Earl Cowper pending further instructions"  DE/P/F584  18 Oct 1905

1 item


Related information: Found in DE/P/F601

Katrine Cecilia Cowper, Countess Cowper  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See DE/P/Q39-Q47

Administrative history:
[Katrine Cecilia Compton was born on 26th July 1845, the eldest daughter of William Compton, Marquess of Northampton, and his wife Eliza, and married to Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper, Earl Cowper, on 25th October 1870. There were no children of the marriage.
Countess Cowper was involved in many charitable and philanthropic concerns: she was, for instance, President of the Hertfordshire County Nursing Association, President of the Hertingfordbury Athletic Club, and a keen supporter of Hertford County Hospital. She established a Training School for Domestic Servants at Birch Green and boys' and girls' savings banks (to encourage thrift) at Tewin and Hertingfordbury and maintained at her own expense a Home of Rest for Distressed Ladies at Hertingfordbury. She was involved in work amongst the poor in London, including assisting in the arrangement of musical concerts to provide an alternative to more reprehensible forms of entertainment and establishing and maintaining at her own expense the St Agatha Charity at Finsbury, London Countess Cowper also published a number of pamphlets of religious or philanthropic intent and after the death of Earl Cowper privately published A Memoir of Earl Cowper KG (a copy of which is available in the Record Office Library)
Countess Cowper died in France on 23rd March 1913 and was buried at Hertingfordbury]

Settlements etc  [no ref. or date]

Note on the settlements of monies by her parents on Countess Cowper (then Katrine Compton) at the time of her marriage  DE/P/F585  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

Family correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[There are transcripts of letters to Countess Cowper from her husband and from Anne, Dowager Countess Cowper, which do not survive in this archive, in Countess Cowper's A Memoir of Earl Cowper, KG. Countess Cowper's autograph letters book (DE/P/F587) also contains letters from her uncle Alwyne Compton, Bishop of Ely and from her distant cousin Frederick Oliver Robinson, Earl de Grey. The remaining items of family correspondence catalogued here were found loose in DE/P/F587, F592 or F601, as indicated]

Correspondence  DE/P/F586  1902-1905; Undated

5 items

Alwyne Compton, Bishop of Ely [Uncle. Social]  DE/P/F586/1  15 Jan 1902

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F587

Henry John Lowndes Graham Brother-in-Law. Concerning payment of death duties on Earl Cowper's picture collection; House of Lords  DE/P/F586/2  3 Aug 1905

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Countess Minto [Second cousin. Social and family]  DE/P/F586/3  23 Oct [Undated]

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

Ethel Priscilla Grenfell, Niece. Social  DE/P/F586/4-5  17 Nov [Undated]; Undated

2 items


Related information: See DE/Rv c1069/1-7 for further letters from Ethel Priscilla Grenfell to Countess Cowper

Contents:
Including suggestions of men who could make up a shooting party. Found in DE/P/F592

General correspondence  [no ref. or date]


Related information: See DE/Rv/C1608/1 for a letter to Countess Cowper from Charlotte Monkton Lister, Lady Ribblesdale

Contents:
The surviving general correspondence addressed to Countess Cowper appears to have been retained by her primarily as an autograph collection, rather than for any importance in the content of the letters. The greater part of the correspondence was kept by her in an "Autograph Letters" scrapbook (DE/P/F587 hereafter). Most of the rest of the correspondence (DE/P/F588 hereafter) was found loose in the same scrapbook. There are also a few letters in DE/P/F591

Autograph letters scrapbook compiled by Countess Cowper  DE/P/F587  C1868-C1910

1 Volume


Related information: See DE/P/F588/1
See DE/P/F588/19
See DE/P/F588/2
See DE/P/F588/3
See DE/P/F588/5
See DE/P/F588/7
See DE/P/F586/1
See DE/P/F588/13-14
See DE/P/F588/15
See DE/P/F588/24
See DE/P/F588/27
See DE/P/F588/28
See DE/P/F588/29
See DE/P/F556/6-7
See DE/P/F588/30
See DE/P/F588/31
See DE/P/F588/38
See DE/P/F588/40
See DE/P/F588/41
See DE/P/F588/44
See DE/P/F588/46
See DE/P/F588/47-48
See DE/P/F588/51-52

Contents:
The letters are grouped in the scrapbook according to shared reasons for fame eg: musicians are grouped together, surgeons are grouped together, etc. There is partial index to the letters inside the volume. For ease of use, however, they are listed here in alphabetical order, with the number of the page or pages on which the letters will be found given after the description of each letter. All letters are addressed to Countess Cowper unless otherwise indicated:
A[LBANI]-G[YE], E[mma] [Prima donna. Tickets to a concert at which she is singing at Westminster Abbey; health of her son. Page 35. 1 item, 10 Jul 1885 South Kensington
ALBERT EDWARD [Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII] Social. Page 3. 2 items 29 Nov 1874; 10 Jun 1888, Sandringham; Marlborough House
ALEXANDRA, HRH Princess of Wales/HM Queen Mother [Congratulations on birth of Countess Cowper's niece, Maria; thanks for wreaths in memory of late King Edward VII. Pages 2 and 7. 2 items, Undated; 20 May 1910, Marlborough House; Buckingham Palace
ANDERSON, Mary [Actress. Social] - page 47. 1 item, Friday [Undated] Shelbourne Hotel
ARMSTRONG, Sir Walter [Director of the National Gallery of Ireland. Social] - page 30. 1 item, 2 Jul 1900 Dublin
ARNOLD, Matthew [Poet. Thanking for advice about treatment of his inflamed eye] - page 21. 1 item, 4 Jul [Undated] Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall
ARTHUR, HRH The Duke of Connaught [Social] page 5. 1 item, 11 Jun 1875 Aldershot
ASQUITH, H[erbert] H[enry] Politician. Social; politics; the Irish problem. Page 18. 1 item, 9 Jun 1892 Elie
BALFOUR, Arthur James [Politician. Social] - page 16. 2 items, Monday [Undated]; House of Commons; New Club, North Berwick
BANCROFT, Marie E [Actress. Social] - page 47. 1 item, 9 Jul [Undated] Berkeley Square
BANCROFT, S[quire] B[ancroft] [Husband of Marie Bancroft, actress. Concerning difficulties of his wife acting with amateurs] - page 47. 1 item, 19 Mar 1887 Berkeley Square
[BARING, Evelyn, Earl of] Cromer [Peer. Impending marriage to Katie Thynne] - page 117. 1 item, 26 Sep 1901 Turf Club, Piccadilly
[BARING, John, Baron] Revelstoke [Peer. Social] - page 55. 1 item, 24 Nov 1901 Berkeley Square
[BARING, Thomas George, Earl of] Northbrook [Peer. Concerning Mrs Edwards' pension and child allowance from the Patriotic Fund] - page 51. 1 item, 22 Mar 1900 Hamilton Place
[BENSON], Edward [White]. [Archbishop of Canterbury. Arrangement of services for unidentified occasion. Incorrectly annotated by Countess Cowper as from "Rev E Tait" (the previous Archbishop)] - page 10. 1 item, 4 Mar 1885 Lambeth Palace
BERESFORD, Charlie [Charles William de la Poer. Peer. Social, including forthcoming pageant] page 16. 1 item, Tuesday [1887] Eaton Square
BERNHARDT, Sarah [Actress. In French] - page 49. 1 item, [Undated]
BISMARCK, H, [Count. Ambassador for Germany. Social] - page 52. 1 item, 29 Apr [Undated] German Embassy, Carlton House Terrace
[BLACKWOOD, Frederick Temple, Earl of] Dufferin and Ava [Peer. Social; visit of Prince of Naples; his mother's journal which Countess Cowper wishes to see] - pages 51 and 55. 2 items, 3 Aug 1891; 8 Aug 1891 Cadogan Square; Co. Down
BLUNT, Arthur C["A Cecil," actor. Ill health prevents visit] - page 47. 1 item, 13 Apr 1885 Court Theatre, Sloane Square
BOEHM, J[oseph] E[dgar] [Sculptor. Concerning Countess Cowper's request for recommendation of someone to copy certain marble statues] - page 28. 1 item, 27 Apr 1888 Fulham Road
[BOOTLE-WILBRAHAM, Edward, Earl of] Lathom [Peer. Social] - page 16. 1 item, 11 Feb [1887] St James' Palace
BORTHWICK, Algernon [Editor of "The Morning Post" newspaper. Will insert paragraph in newspaper about sale of work at St James' Square] - page 19. 1 item 26 Jun 1893 Piccadilly
[BOYLE], E[mily] C[harlotte, Countess of Cork] [Peeress. Enclosing contribution to charity sale] - page 56. 1 item, 1 Jul [Undated] Mayfair
BRACKENBURY, Henry, [Sir] [War Office. Social; South African Wars] - page 63. 2 items, 3 Jun 1900; 11 Jun [Undated] Wimbledon; War Office
BROADBENT, W[illiam] H[enry], [Sir]. [Physician. Acknowledges receipt of cheque] - page 40. 1 item, 2 [?Feb] 1894 Grosvenor Square
BRODRICK, St John [Foreign Office. Earl Cowper's speech at the House of Lords; promotion of Douglas Compton to brevet Major in the army] - pages 73 and 84. 2 items, Jul 1900; Undated [?1910] House of Commons
BROWNING, Robert [Poet. Social] - page 22. 1 item, 9 Oct 1885 Venice
BUCKLE [? G E] [Editor of "The Times" newspaper. Social] - page 19. 1 item, 27 May 1894 Russell Square
BULLEN, F[rank] T[homas] [Writer. Social] - page 26. 1 item, 21 Nov [Undated] Newcastle on Tyne
BULLER, Audrey, [Lady] [Peeress. Involvement of her husband, Sir Redvers Buller, in the South African Wars] - page 62. 1 item, 20 Oct 1899 Farnborough
BULLER, Redvers [Sir] [Peer. Social; South African Wars] - pages 60 and 62. 2 items, 25 Oct 1890; 9 Oct [1899] Bruton Street; Pall Mall
[BULWER-LYTTON, Edward Robert, Earl of] Lytton [Writer. Sympathy over death of Countess Cowper's brother and enquiring after health of her brother-in-law, Henry Cowper] - page 23. 1 item, 24 Sep 1887 Knebworth
BURDETT-COUTTS, [Angela Georgina, Baroness] [Peeress. Social] - page 56. 1 item, 14 Jun 1894 Stratton Street
BURNE-JONES, Edward [Artist. Concerning Countess Cowper's desire for one of his paintings and works done for "my dear friend Graham".] Page 28. 1 item, [Undated] Fulham
BURTON, F[rederic] W[illiam, Sir] [Head of the National Gallery. Concerning attribution of National Gallery painting "Christ Blessing Little Children" (school of Rembrandt)] - page 29. 1 item, 12 Mar 1894 Kensington
[CAMPBELL, John Douglas Sutherland, Marquess of] Lorne [Peer, later Duke of Argyll. Social; politics] - page 6. 1 item, 12 Dec 188[?5] Carton, Maynooth
[CAVENDISH], Louise [Fredericke Auguste, Duchess of] Devonshire [Peeress. Has received Countess Cowper's cheque for Lord Randolph's present] - page 67. 1 item, 17 Jul [Undated] Devonshire House, Piccadilly
[CAVENDISH, Spencer Compton, Marquess of] Hartington [Peer. Subject obscure] - page 67. 1 item, 18 Jan 1886 Devonshire House, Piccadilly
[CAVENDISH-BENTINCK, William John Arthur Charles James, Duke of] Portland [Peer. Social; is seeking horse, as requested] - page 68. 1 item, 19 Dec 1901 Witley Court, Stourport
[CAVENDISH-BENTINCK], W[inifred, Duchess of Portland] [Peeress. Alterations to house and wish to send architect to see colour of wood in Panshanger dining room.] - Page 68. 1 item, 14 Dec 1901 Welbeck Abbey, Worksop
CHAMBERLAIN, J[oseph] [Politician. Sending article on improvements of conditions for people over last fifty years] - page 13. 1 item, 21 Mar 1892 Prince's Gardens
CHAPLIN, Henry [Politican. Social; the Irish problem] - page 18. 2 items, 1 Dec 1890; 9 Jun 1900 [?] House
CHENEY, [? Edward] [Social; admiration of pictures at Panshanger; proposed redecoration of galleries at Panshanger] - page 53. 1 item, 6 Jan [Undated] Audley Square
[CHURCH, Richard William] [Dean of St Paul's Cathedral. Regrets cannot authorise service and collection in aid of Countess Cowper's work at Shoreditch] - page 11. 1 item, 21 May 1886 Ivy[?bridge]
CHURCHILL, [? Jennie] [Wife of Lord Randolph Churchill. Social] - pages 62 and 83. 2 items, Monday [Undated]; 21 Jul 1900 Hospital ship "Maine"; Great Cumberland Place
CHURCHILL, Randolph S[pencer] [Peer. Social] - page 17. 1 item, 27 Oct 1893 Upper Brook Street
CLARKE, Andrew, [Sir] [Regrets has no vote for elections to the London Orphan Asylum] - page 41. 1 item, 3 Nov 1890 Cavendish Square
COCKBURN, A[lexander James] E[dmund, Sir] [Chief Justice of England. Social] - page 43. 1 item, 2 Jun [Undated]
COLLINS, J[ohn] C[hurton] [Scholar and critic. Thanks for the cheque and appointment with Earl Cowper; influence of Tennyson on Clough] - page 53. 1 item, 22 Jul [Undated] Torrington Square
COLLINS, W M [Doctor. Congratulations on Countess Cowper's first aid pamphlet "Help at Hand"] - page 40. 1 item, 17 Jun [Undated] Belgrave Square
COLVIN, Sidney [Concerning the artist, J Storck, and Cowper paintings] - page 29. 1 item, 7 Apr 1894 British Museum
[COMPTON], Alwyne, [Bishop of] Ely [Concerning the ? Cholmothersley Charity for poor clergy, their widows and orphans.] Page 9. 1 item, 4 Jun 1886 The Palace, Ely
[?COOCH BEHAR], Maharajah of [Social] - page 8. 1 item, [Undated] The Bristol
CORTI, L, [Count] [Ambassador for Italy. Social] - page 52. 1 item, 8 Apr 1887 Grosvenor Street
CRAIGIE, Pearl Mary Teresa [Social] - page 75. 1 item, 22 Feb 1904 Carlton Hotel, Pall Mall
CURZON, George [Nathaniel, Lord Curzon of Kedleston] [Social; illness of wife. Pages 25 and 56. 2 items, 28 Mar 1894; 23 Nov 1898 Westminster
[CURZON], Mary [Wife of Lord Curzon of Kedleston. Social] - page 68. 1 item, 20 Jul [Undated] [?France]
[CUST, Adelbert Wellington Brownlow, Earl] Brownlow [Peer. Social; own ill health] - page 117. 1 item, 25 Nov [Undated] Carlton House Terrace
CUST, Lionel [Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Arrangements to visit Panshanger to see pictures. Page 30. 1 item, 17 May 190[?0] National Portrait Gallery
DASENT, G[eorge] W[ebbe] [Scholar. Social; own ill health] - page 54. 1 item, 13 May 1883 Queen's Gate
DE[?GIN] [Ambassador for Austria. Social] - page 71. 1 item, Saturday [1899]
D'ESTOURNELLES ["French Deputy". Social. In French] - page 71. 1 item, 22 Oct 1898 Hatfield House
[? DIRUNBURA, Carel] [Violinist. Thanks for kind letters and congratulations ? on marriage] - page 38. 1 item, 13 Jan [Undated] Victoria Street
DOYLE, R[ichard] [Painter. Social; own ill health; working on drawing of ? Panshanger] - page 28. 1 item, [Undated] South Kensington
DRUMMOND, Henry, Reverend [Writer. Social] - page 22. 1 item, Saturday [Undated] Grosvenor Square
[DUFF, Alexander William George, Earl of] Fife [Peer. Social] - page 6. 1 item, 22 Jul [1889] Cavendish Square
EAMES, Emma [Prima donna. Social] - page 38. 1 item, [Undated]
EDWARD [HRH Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward, son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales] [Accepting invitation to Willie Grenfell's ? wedding] - page 2. 1 item, Wednesday [Undated] South Cavalry Barracks
E[?YTON], R [Personal] - page 12. 1 item, 26 Feb [Undated] Italy
[FESTING], J[ohn] W[ogan], [Bishop of] St Albans [Requesting Countess Cowper to lay foundation stone of new church at Upton Park, West Ham, which has been funded by the Bishop of St Alban's fund] - page 11. 1 item, 22 Apr 1892 Tavistock Square
FORSTER, Jane [Widow of William Edward Forster. Concerning forthcoming elections and Earl Cowper's letter to "The Times"] - page 15. 1 item, 1 Jul [1886] Ambleside
FORSTER, W[illiam] E[dward] [Secretary for Ireland. Subject obscure] - page 15. 1 item, 1881 Dublin Castle
FROUDE, J[ames] A[nthony] [Historian. Social] - page 22. 1 item, 27 Dec [Undated] Onslow Gardens
[GASCOYNE-CECIL], G[eorgina, Marchioness of] Salisbury [Peeress. Social] - page 56. 1 item, 26 Nov [Undated] Hatfield House
[GASCOYNE-] CECIL, Gwendolen [Health of mother; South African Wars] - page 67. 1 item, 9 Nov 1899 Hatfield House
[GASCOYNE-CECIL, Robert Arthur Talbot, Marquess of] Salisbury [Peer. Has received preliminary list of demands for rent abatements, 1886; concerning an (unidentified) stud farm for sale and an (unidentified) proposed lunatic aslylum, 1892. The letter dated 1892 is addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 14. 2 items, 20 Jan 1886; 1 Aug 1892 Foreign Office; Hatfield House
[GATHORNE-HARDY, Sir Gathorne, Viscount] Cranbrook [Peer. Social] - page 16. 1 item, 23 Feb 1887 Grosvenor Crescent
GEORGE [HRH the Duke of Cambridge] [Social] - page 4. 1 item, 8 Apr 1886 Gloucester House
GEORGE, [HRH the Duke of York, later King George V] [Social] - page 4. 1 item, 22 Nov 1896 Sandringham
GILBERT, Alfred [Painter. Social] - page 29. 1 item, 7 Dec 1890 Gomshall, Surrey
GLADSTONE, Cath[erine] [Wife of William Ewart Gladstone. Concerning charity concert for orphans, etc, at Notting Hill and for a home for "poor ladies" at ? Hawenden] - page 13. 1 item, Tuesday [Undated] Downing Street
GLADSTONE, W[illiam Ewart] [Politician. Invitation to breakfast with the King of the Belgians] - page 13. 1 item, 1 May 1872 Carlton House Terrace
[GORE], A[rthur Saunders] W[illiam Charles Fox, Earl of] A[rran] [Circumstances of death in South African Wars of (David William Stanley Ogilvy), Earl of Airlie] - page 84. 1 item, 22 Jun 1900 Hertford Street
GOSCHEN, George J [Admiralty Office. Social.] Page 17. 2 items, 27 Sep 1899; 5 Nov 1899 Hawkhurst
GOSSE, Edmund [Writer. Social; own impending visit to Jutland; pleasures of readers' favourable response to a writer's work] - page 26. 1 item, 20 Jul 1900 Westbourne Square
[GREGORY, Dr Robert, Dean of St Paul's Cathedral] [Providing cards of admission for Countess Cowper to obtain seats at services at St Paul's Cathedral] - page 12. 2 items, 13 Apr 1883; 2 Mar 1900 St Pauls
GRESHAM UNIVERSITY COMMISSION [Autographs of the Commission: Cowper, Reay, Playfair, Alfred Barry, Wm S Savory, G M Humphry, G Ramsay, G F Browne and H Sidgwick] - page 57. 1 item, [Undated] St James' Square
[GROSVENOR, Hugh Richard Arthur, Duke of] Westminster [Peer. Social] - page 65. 1 item, 14 Mar [Undated] Grosvenor House
[GROVE, Archibald] [? Editor of "The New Review" journal. Acknowledging receipt of Countess Cowper's article]
- Page 20. 1 item, 8 Nov 190[?5] Paternoster Row
HALDANE, R[ichard] B[urdon] [Politician and lawyer. Social; description of Weimar.] Page 74. 1 item, 4 Apr 1899 Weimar
HALLÉ Charles [Conductor. Recommending pianists: Madam Frickenhaus and Miss Fanny Davies] - page 33. 1 item, 15 Apr 1886 Mansfield Street
HARCOURT, W V, Sir [Social] - page 17. 1 item, 9 Jan 1874 Temple
HARE, Augustus [Writer. Social] - page 21. 1 item, 2 Jul 1879 Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall
HARTE, [Francis] Brett [Writer. Willing to autograph book for Countess Cowper and would like signed photograph of her] - page 23. 1 item, 29 Jun 1889 Upper Hamilton Terrace
HAWKINS, Anthony H[ope] ["A Hope", writer. Social; rehearsals of play at Glasgow] - page 26. 1 item, 28 Sep 1899 Strand
HEALY, James - page 11. 1 item, 7 Dec 1886 Dublin
HELENA [HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein] [Social.] Page 2. 1 item, 28 Jun 1884 Cumberland Lodge
[HENSCHEL, Mr] [Singer. Details of performance terms for self and wife] - page 35. 1 item, 8 Mar 1886 Gloucester Road
HICKS-BEACH, M[ichael, Sir] [Secretary of State for Ireland. Politics. Letter is addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 15. 1 item, 30 [?Nov] 1886 Dublin
HOSMER, Hatty [Sculptress. Social] - page 29. 1 item, Wed 30 [Undated] Kent House
HOLLINGSHEAD, John [Manager of the Gaiety Theatre. Concerning (unidentified) "work" of Countess Cowper and his consultation with a Director of "Olympia" about the same] - page 46. 1 item, 20 Mar 1887 Garrick Club
HOLLMAN, J [Violin-cellist. Acknowledging receipt of a cheque. In French] - page 37. 1 item, 12 Jul 1888 Portland Square
HOLMES, O[liver] W[endall, junior] [Judge. Social] - page 44. 1 item, 15 Jul 1889 Dover Street
[HOWE], W[illia]m Walsham, [Bishop of] Bedford [Thanks for copy of Countess Cowper's first aid leaflet "Help at Hand"] - page 10. 1 item, 23 Mar 1888 Upper Clapton
HUGHES, Th[omas] [Writer. Social] - page 21. 1 item, 1 Jul 1879 Grosvenor Square
HUMPHRY, G[eorge] M[urray, Sir] [Pleasure in Countess Cowper's "Month in Palestine" and enclosing a small work of his own] - page 25. 1 item, 28 Aug 1893 Cambridge
HUNT, W[illiam] Holman [Artist. Social. The letter is addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 27. 1 item, 5 Mar 1893 Fulham
HUTTON, R H [Doctor. Concerning health of an (unnamed) woman. Letter is addressed to "Dear Sir"] - page 40. 1 item, [Undated] Brighton
IRVING, Henry [Actor. Social] - page 48. 1 item, 30 May 1894 Bond Street
JAMES, Henry [Lawyer. Social; the Irish question, with verse about the same] - page 44. 1 item, Wednesday [Undated] Hereford
[? JANETHA], Nathalie [Pianist. Concerning choice of music for soireé. In French] - page 36. 1 item, [Undated]
JELLETT, John H[ewitt] [Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. Congratulations to Earl and Countess Cowper on escaping the "terrible danger" last spring - presumably in Ireland] - page 10. 1 item, 23 Feb [Undated] Dublin
JENNER, W[illiam, Sir] [Physician. Concerning lozenges for Earl Cowper] - page 40. 1 item, 28 Oct 1887 Grosvenor Square
[KAVANAGH, Mr] [Social] - page 54. 1 item, 19 Nov [Undated] Dublin
KIRALFY, J[?--] [Manager of Earls Court. Thanking Countess Cowper for her opinions on the women's section of the Victorian Era Exhibition and on the forthcoming International Women's Exhibition] - page 46. 1 item, 10 Mar 1899 Cromwell Road
KITCHENER, [Horatio] Herbert, [Lord Kitchener of Khartoum] [Social; proposed English college at Khartoum; the South African Wars.] Pages 60 and 61. 3 items, 15 Oct 1898; 18 Nov [1898]; 28 Dec [Undated] Cairo; Belgrave Square; RMS "Dunottar Castle", off Madeira
KNOWLES, James [Editor of "Fortnightly" journal. Appreciation of Countess Cowper's article ?concerning suitable entertainment for the poor.] Page 22. 1 item, 19 Oct 1885 St James' Park
LAMBTON, Hedworth, [Captain the Hon] [Social.] Page 63. 2 items, 1 Jul 1900; Saturday [Undated] Grosvenor Square; Epsom
[LASSERRE, Monsieur] [Violin-cellist. Acknowledging receipt of cheque] - page 36. 1 item, 27 May 1879 New Bond Street
LAWSON, James A [Judge. Concerning unidentified "affair" resulting from his "action as a judge"] - page 43. 1 item, 18 Nov 1882 Upper Fitzwilliam Street
LECKY, W[?--] [Enclosing a short tract] - page 23. 1 item, 7 Apr 189[?1] Onslow Gardens
LEIGHTON, Fred[erick, Sir] [President of the Royal Academy. Concerning exhibition including paintings from Earl Cowper's collection, hanging of same and return of those not wanted] - page 27. 1 item, 1 Jul 1881
[LEVESON-GOWER, Granville George, Earl] Granville [Peer. Subject obscure] - page 14. 1 item, 28 Apr 1880 Carlton House Terrace
[LEVESON-GOWER], Millicent, [Duchess of] Sutherland [Social] - page 67.1 item, 20 Jun 1900 Cookham
LIDDELL, H[enry] G[eorge] [Dean of Christ Church College, Oxford. Concerning Jacob Shellaby] - page 9.(1 item, 13 Jun 1888 Christ Church, Oxford)
[LISTER, Thomas, Baron] Ribblesdale [Peer. Social.] 1 item, 6 Nov 1899 Clitheroe
LLOYD, Clifford [Social. Letter is addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 54. 1 item, 3 Dec 1885 Boodles, St James' Street
LOUISE, [HRH, the Duchess of Fife] [Social] - page 6. 1 item, 4 Jun 1894 East Sheen, Surrey
LOUISE [HRH, the Marchioness of Lorne, later Duchess of Argyll] [Social] - page 2. 1 item, 5 Mar [Undated]
LOUISE [Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein] [Thanks for gift of a clock] - page 6. 1 item, 2 Jul 1891
LOUISE MARGARET [HRH the Duchess of Connaught] [Social] - page 5. 1 item, Thursday [Undated] Clarence House
LOWELL, J[ames] R[ussell] [Poet. Has written a verse "To Lady Cowper on hearing The Birds at Cambridge" in praise of her singing, recited herein] - page 21. 1 item, 20 Dec 1883 Lowndes Square
[LOWRY-CORRY, Montagu William, Baron] Rowton [Social] - page 70. 1 item, Thursday [Undated] Berkeley Square
[LOYD-LINDSAY, Sir Robert, Baron] Wantage [Thanking for donation to Red Cross - huts near Netley Hospital are being erected and will soon be receiving wounded. Letter is addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 117. 1 item, 22 Jan 1900 Wantage, Berkshire
LUBBOCK, John [Sir] [Social] - page 25. 2 items, 6 Jun 1893; 3 Apr [Undated] St James' Square; Farnborough
LYALL, A[spen] C[omyn, Sir] [Writer. Social] - pages 23 and 44. 2 items, 18 May 1892; 28 Sep 1899 Queen's Gate; Faversham
[LYTTLETON, Sir George Charles, Viscount] Cobham [Social] - page 66.2 items, 4 Nov 1899; Wednesday [Undated] Stourbridge; Brooks's, St James's Street
MAAS, Joseph [Singer. Acknowledging receipt of cheque] - page 35. 1 item, 27 May 1879 St John's Wood
MacCORMACK, W [Sir]. [Doctor. Arrangements for Countess Cowper to visit Mrs Flint in hospital] - page 39. 1 item, 17 Feb [Undated] Harley Street
MAHAFFY, J [?C] [of Trinity College, Dublin. Concerning the Irish question; recommendation of young Irish tenor Victor Barry] - page 11. 1 item, 8 May [Undated] Dublin
MATTHEWS, Henry [Home Secretary. Social] - page 18. 1 item, 6 Aug 1892 Carlton Gardens
MAY [HRH the Duchess of York, later Queen Mary, wife of King George V] [Social; Christmas card, 1891] - pages 3 and 4. 2 items, [Dec] 1891; 30 Jul 1896 St James's Palace
MENSDORFF, Albert [Count] [Ambassador for Austro-Hungary. Social] - page 71. 1 item, Wednesday [Undated] Austro-Hungarian Embassy, Belgrave Square
MILNER, A[lfred, Sir] [Governor of Cape Town, South Africa. Social] - page 25. 2 items, 22 Mar 1893; 20 Nov 1898 Duke Street
MORLEY, John [Social; biography he is writing of Gladstone] - pages 13 and 24. 4 items, 15 Oct 1889; 4 Jul 1890; 24 May 1894; 13 Mar 1900; South Kensington; Elm Park Gardens
MORRIS, M, [Sir] [Chief Justice of Ireland. Subject obscure] - page 43. 1 item, Saturday [Undated]
MORRIS, Malcolm [Doctor. Can take Countess Cowper's patients into St Mary's Hospital at Paddington or into a private nursing home] - page 41. 1 item, 19 Feb 1891 Cavendish Square
MOTLEY, J[ohn] L[othrop] [Enclosing print of a picture of William the Silent engraved by Delphius] - page 26. 1 item, 10 Jun 1873 Dover Street
MUNDELLA, [?A] [Will consider Tyler when next appointing a messenger] - page 55. 1 item, 18 Dec 1893 House of Commons
NILSSON, [Marta Birgit], Countesse de Miranda [Singer. Arrangements for concert. In French] - page 35. 1 item, 24 May 1888 Kensington Court
NORMAN-NERUDA, Wilma [Violinist. Acknowledging receipt of cheque] - page 36. 1 item, 13 Jul [Undated] Bayswater
[O'HAGAN, Thomas, Lord] O'Hagan. [Chancellor of Ireland. Response to (unidentified) paper or article of Countess Cowper's; regrets departure from Ireland of Earl and Countess Cowper] - page 43. 1 item, 2 May 1882 House of Lords
PAGET, James [Sir] [Surgeon. Thanks for copy of "Lady Cowper's book". Letter is addressed to "Mr Odell"] - page 39. 1 item, 26 Mar 1885 Hanover Square
[PALMER; Sir Roundell, Earl] Selborne [Peer. Subject obscure, 1886; recommendations of Miss Odell for "the Whittington pension", 1890] - pages 14 and 44. 2 items, 15 Jun 1886; 22 Nov 1890 Petersfield; Hatfield House
PEEL, Arthur W[ellesley] [Politican. Social.], page 18. 1 item, 13 Jan 1882 Sandy, Beds
[PERCY, Henry Algernon George, Earl] Percy [Peer. Social] - page 70. 1 item, 22 Jun [Undated] Mayfair
[PETTY-FITZMAURICE], Maud [Marchioness of] Lansdowne [Peeress. Social and charity] - page 67. 1 item, [Undated] Calne, Wiltshire
PONSONBY, Henry [Sir] [Conveying H M Queen's sympathy with and donation to "the Association for the Relief of Ladies in Ireland who are in distress by non payment of Rent"] - page 53. 1 item, 5 Dec 1881 Buckingham Palace
POYNTER, Edward J[ohn] [Artist. Concerning exhibition at Royal Academy including paintings from Earl Cowper's collection, and those which are not to be hung.] Page 27. 1 item, 26 Dec 1880 Albert Gate
[PRIMROSE, Sir Archibald Philip, Earl] Rosebery [Foreign Office. Social] Page 17. 1 item, 18 Nov 1892 Foreign Office
QUAIN, R[?- ], [Sir] [Physician. Thanks for commiserations on loss of his wife] - page 39. 1 item, 5 Nov 1891 Harley Street
RICHMOND, W[illiam] B[lake] [Artist, Social; own ill health. Letter addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 27. 1 item, Friday [Undated] Brighton
[RIES, Louis] [Violinist. Acknowledging receipt of cheque and note] - page 33. 1 item, 8 Sep 1884 Camden Square
[ROBERTS, Frederick Sleigh, Lord] Roberts [Social; loss of his son] - page 61. 1 item, 5 Jan 1900 SS Dunottan Castle
[ROBERTS], Nora [Lady] Roberts [Wife of Frederick Sleigh Roberts, Lord Roberts. Social] - page 61. 1 item, Monday [Undated] [?-] Place
[ROBINSON, Frederick Oliver, Earl] de Grey [Social; rehearsal of new opera "Tosca"] - page 70. 1 item, Tuesday [Undated] Turf Club, Piccadilly
[RUSSELL] A[deline] M[arie, Duchess of] Bedford [Lace] - page 65. 1 item, 4 Nov 1901 Perthshire
[RUSSELL, Hebrand Arthur, Duke of] Bedford [Charitable donation] - page 65. 1 item, 5 Feb 1900 Woburn Abbey
RUSSELL, Odo [Social] - page 55. 1 item, 3 Jul 1874 Portman Street
[?SAUTTEY]. [Singer. Arrangements for concert, wishes Sidney Naylor to accompany him] - page 38. 1 item, 6 Jun 1888 St John's Wood
SCHUMANN, Clara [Pianist. Pleasure of recent occasion with Lady Cowper and Lady Herbert; thanks for gift] - page 34. 1 item, 1 Jun 1886 Frankfurt
[SCUDAMORE-STANHOPE, Sir Edwyne Francis, Earl of] Chesterfield [Thanks for letter "on this happy occasion" (unidentified)] - page 66. 1 item, 1 Nov [Undated] Markinch
SHELLABY, Jacob [Social. Letter is addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 58. 1 item, 25 Nov 1890 Fitzroy Square
SIDGWICK, H[enry, Professsor] [Social] -page 53. 1 item, 24 Feb 1893 Cambridge
[SOVERAL, Monsieur de] [The Portuguese Minister. Social] - page 51. 1 item, 25 Jun [Undated] Portman Square
SOVERAL, M[ary] [Social] - page 72. 1 item, 14 May 1900 Portman Square
STAAL, [Monsieur de] [Social; own ill health. In French] - page 52. 1 item, 18 Oct 1896 Chesham Place
[STANHOPE, Philip Henry, Earl] Stanhope [Peer. Social; recommends autograph collecting as a hobby] - page 65. 1 item, 29 Nov [Undated] Chevening
[STANLEY], Constance, [Countess of] Derby [Peeress. Illness of "Algy"; wishes for end of war] - page 83. 1 item, 17 May 1900
[STANLEY, Edward Henry, Earl of] Derby [Peer. Charitable contribution to "east-end scheme"] - page 15. 1 item, 14 Mar 1887 House of Lords
STEAD, W J [Editor of "The Pall Mall Gazette"] - page 20. 1 item, 23 Feb 1887
STRONG, S Arthur [Librarian at the House of Lords. Seeking permission for the Berlin Photographic Company to reproduce some of the paintings at Panshanger] - page 30. 1 item, 19 [?Feb] 1899
SULLIVAN, Edward [Sir] [Social] - page 54. 1 item, [Undated] Travellers' Club, Pall Mall
TREE, Herbert Beerbohm [Actor - Manager. Regrets couldn't act in Lady Stafford's recent entertainment] - page 48. 1 item, 12 Jul 1892 Marienbad
TREE, Maud Beerbohm [Wife of Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Social] - page 48. 1 item, [Undated] Sloane Street
[TRENCH] R C [Archbishop of] Dublin [Concerning HM the Queen's sympathy with and intentions towards "The Society for the Relief of distressed ladies"] - page 10. 1 item, 9 Dec 1881 Dublin
TREVES, Frederick [Doctor. Concerning medical examination of Mr Boswell] - page 41. 1 item, 30 Sep 1895 Cavendish Square
[VANE-TEMPEST-STEWART, Sir Charles Stewart, Marquess of] Londonderry [Social] - page 69. 1 item, Saturday [Undated] Londonderry House
VAUGHAN, Kate [Actress. Enclosing ticket for her performance. Page 48. 1 item, Monday [Undated] Oxford Street
[VESCI, DE, John Robert William Vesey, Viscount] de Vesci [Wishes to borrow bookplate showing Countess Cowper's arms, for an engraving] - page 70. 1 item, 27 Sep 1901 St James' Palace
VICTORIA, [HM Queen] [Health of Lord Ripon; the Irish problem and the anxieties Earl and Countess Cowper must be undergoing in Ireland. Letter is addressed to Earl Cowper. See also in this album letter from Sir Henry Ponsonby on behalf of HM Queen Victoria] - page 1. 1 item, 11 Feb 1881 Osborne
[VILLIERS, Sir Edward Hyde, Earl of] Clarendon [Concerning Earl and Countess Cowper's intention to attend the Coronation (of King Edward VII)] - page 69. 1 item, 6 Dec 1901 Prescot
[VINCENT], Helen [Wife of Sir Edgar Vincent. Social. Page 68. Friday [Undated] Esher Place, Surrey
WARD, Mary A[ugusta] ["Mrs Humphry Ward", writer. Enclosing tickets to Vernon Lee's course of lectures Page 24. 1 item, 20 Jun 1894 Grosvenor Place
WATTS, G[eorge] F[rederick] [Artist. Social, 1879; concerning marble bust of Clytee he carved for Lord Mount-Temple and painting he did of Earl Cowper, 1890. The letter dated 1890 is addressed to Earl Cowper] - page 28. 2 items, 5 Jul 1879, 29 Jun 1890 Kensington
WELLS, T[homas] Spencer, [Sir] [Surgeon. Concerning instructions given in Countess Cowper's first aid booklet] - page 39. 1 item, 30 Mar 1885 Upper Grosvenor Street
WERNER, Theodore [Violinist. Concerning concert proposed to be held by Countess Cowper. In French] - page 36. 1 item, 8 Apr 18[?87] Bond Street
WILBERFORCE, Basil [Concerning death and burial of "Deschamps", arrangements with respect to "poor Juliet" and involvement of Lady Mount-Temple (Georgina Cowper - Temple, widow of William Francis Cowper - Temple, Earl Cowper's uncle)] - page 9. 1 item, 16 Sep[Undated] Croydon
[WILBERFORCE], S[amuel, Bishop of] Winchester [Congratulations on engagement] - page 9. 1 item, 24 Aug [1870] Petworth
WILDE, Oscar [Writer. Thanks for enclosure; has written "a play on modern life" which he hopes Countess Cowper will see] - page 24. 1 item, [Undated] Chelsea
WINGATE, F[rancis] R[eginald] [Social] - page 60. 1 item, 27 Jan 1898 Halfa
WOLFF, Johannes [Violinist. Concerning concert proposed to be held by Countess Cowper. In French] - page 37. 1 item, Friday [1888] Cheltenham Terrace
YONGE, C[harlotte] M[ary] [Writer. Avoids the subject of "Scepticism". Letter is addressed to "Dear Sir"] - page 24. 1 item, 4 Dec 1882 Otterborne, Hants
[YORKE, Albert Edward Philip Henry, Earl of] Hardwicke [Social] - page 66. 1 item, 22 Jun 1900 Cavendish Square
"JOCK" [Military matters; is recovering from his wounds] - page 83. 1 item, 21 Dec 1899 Wynberg Hos[pi]tol I
[SARGENT, John Singer] [Artist. Concerning drawing he has done of Miss Graham] Page 30. 1 item, 18 Dec [Undated] Chelsea

Letters  DE/P/F588  1875-1915

55 items

Contents:
Received by Countess Cowper [Except for the letter from Frederica della Rovere and those letters indicated as having been found elsewhere, all the following letters were found loose in DE/P/F587]

ALBANI-GUY, E[mma], The [? Boltons] Social  DE/P/F588/1  24 May 1894

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

ALEXANDRA, [HM Queen], Buckingham Palace [Thanks for support during illness of (unidentified male)  DE/P/F588/2  Saturday [1902]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587 and DE/P/F588/17

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

ASQUITH, H[erbert] H[enry], Guildford Social  DE/P/F588/3  1 Jul 1900

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

BE[?-], Chesham Place [Details of from whom obtains his cars]  DE/P/F588/4  Tuesday [Undated]

1 item

BURNE-JONES, E[dward], West Kinsington [Commiserations on death of brother-in-law (? Henry Cowper)  DE/P/F588/5  [Undated]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

[CAVENDISH], Louise [Duchess of] Devonshire, Devonshire House [Social]  DE/P/F588/6  Saturday [Undated]

1 item

[CAVENDISH-BENTINCK], Winifred, [Duchess of Portland], Caithness Social  DE/P/F588/7  15 Aug 190[?1]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

CECIL, [?], Little Bookham [Social]  DE/P/F588/8  25 Jun [1902]

1 item


Related information: Found in DE/P/F592]

CECIL, Hugh, Beaulieu [Social]  DE/P/F588/9  [Undated]

1 item

CHARTERIS, Evan, St James' Place [Death of wife of St John ?Brodrick]  DE/P/F588/10  3 Aug 1901

1 item

CHURCHILL Winston S[pencer], Mount Street Whitehall Gardens [Social; thanks for gift of inkstand]  DE/P/F588/11-12  13 Oct 190[?7]; 30 Aug 1908

2 items

[CURZON, George Nathaniel, Baron] Curzon, Walmer Castle [Social; illness of wife]  DE/P/F588/13-14  [?19] Sep 190[?4]; 18 Oct 1904

2 items


Related information: See DE/P/F587

CUST, Lionel, Windsor Arrangements to visit Panshanger to see pictures]  DE/P/F588/15  12 May 1900

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

"D" [Illness of (unidentified) person]  DE/P/F588/16  12 Mar [Undated]

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

DAWKINS, Bertha, Marlborough House [Conveying HM the Queen's thanks for sympathy with her loss (death of King Edward VII)]  DE/P/F588/17  13 May 1910

1 item

DICKSON-POYNDER, John, Chesterfield Gardens [Social]  DE/P/F588/18  22 Nov 1899

1 item

EDWARD, [HM the King] [Telegram thanking for congratulations]  DE/P/F588/19  Undated [1909]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587]

FINLAY, R[obert] B[annatyne], Nairn [Social]  DE/P/F588/20  Sunday [Undated]

1 item

[FITZALAN-HOWARD, Sir Henry, Duke of] Norfolk, Arundel Castle [Willing to give his vote to Countess Cowper's recommendation if able]  DE/P/F588/21  28 Feb 1906

1 item

[GASCOYNE-CECIL, James Edward Hubert, Marquess of] Salisbury, Arlington Street [Social]  DE/P/F588/22  12 Feb 1905

1 item

[GLYN], Edith, [wife of Baron] Woverton, St James' Place [Social]  DE/P/F588/23  7 Jun [?1915]

1 item

Contents:
This letter is clearly dated 1915, but is addressed to Lady Cowper and refers to Lord Cowper, although the former died in 1913 and the latter in 1905. It could, therefore, be either misdated or actually intended for Lady Desborough

GOSCHEN, George, Whitehall [Social]  DE/P/F588/24  15 May 19[?]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

H, [?F] [Concerning religion and agnosticism, and Countess Cowper's pamphlet on the subject  DE/P/F588/25  22 Jun 1882

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

H[?---], L[?---] Grosvenor Street [Social]  DE/P/F588/26  3 Jun [Undated]

1 item

HALDANE, R[ichard] B[urdon], Beauly [Social]  DE/P/F588/27  14 Sep 190[?1]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

HELENA [HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein], Schomberg House [Thanks for commiserations on death of (unidentified) male  DE/P/F588/28  Saturday [Undated]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

KITCHENER [Horatio Herbert] [Politics; South African War  DE/P/F588/29  17 Jan [Undated]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

LAMBTON, Hedworth, Wing [Social]  DE/P/F588/30  Sunday [Undated]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

[LISTER, Thomas, Baron] Ribblesdale, Park Lane Social  DE/P/F588/31  Friday [Undated]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

MARGARET [HRH Princess], Clarence House [Thanks for gift]  DE/P/F588/32  31 May 1905

1 item

[MARJORIBANKS, Sir Edward, Baron], Beauly Tweedmouth [Social; sufferings of his wife Fanny]  DE/P/F588/33  27 Jul 1904

1 item

[MONTAGU, Sir Edward George Henry, Earl of] Sandwich, Hinchingbrooke [Social]  DE/P/F588/34  9 Aug 19[?04]

1 item

MORRIS, A[nna, wife of Baron] Killanin, Co Galway [Thanks for sympathy on death of her ? husband; son is sailing for South African Wars]  DE/P/F588/35  8 Jan 1902

1 item

[? NARESSO] de, Mary, Mayfair Social  DE/P/F588/36  [Undated]

1 item

Contents:
[Found in DE/P/F592]

[OGILVY, Mabell Frances] Elizabeth [Countess of Airlie], Cortachy Castle, Kirriemuir) [Concerning the memoir she wrote about her husband, (David William Stanley Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie)]  DE/P/F588/37  20 Jan 1996

1 item

[PEEL, Arthur Wellesey, Viscount] Peel, Sandy Social  DE/P/F588/38  2 Oct 1899

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

[PETTY-FITZMAURICE, Sir Henry Charles Keith, Marquess of] Landsowne [Is content for Countess Cowper to include his correspondence in her publication for private circulation]  DE/P/F588/39  6 Jan 1912

1 item

POYNTER, Edward J[ohn], Albert Gate Arrangements for Earl Cowper to visit the exhibition at the Royal Academy  DE/P/F588/40  3 Mar 1900

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

[PRIMROSE, Sir Archibald Philip, Earl] Rosebery, Epsom [Social]  DE/P/F588/41  28 Apr 1900

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

ROVERE, della, Frederica [Concerning a portrait of Cardinal de Trento, a picture by Carlo Dolci "Le Christ au tombeau" and another by ? Bonifacio of the virgin and child]  DE/P/F588/42  24 Dec 1875

1 item
Language:  French

SCOBELL, Harry, Aldershot [Social; Mrs Drummond's illness]  DE/P/F588/43  19 Jun 1905

1 item

VAUGHAN, Kate, Oxford Street [Thanks for support]  DE/P/F588/44  Sunday [Undated]

1 item


Related information: [See DE/P/F587]

VINCENT, Edgar [Sir], Esher [Social]  DE/P/F588/45  13 Apr 1902

1 item

VINCENT, Helen, Corsham [Social]  DE/P/F588/46  Sunday [Undated]

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

WARD, Mary A[ugusta], Grosvenor Place; Stocks, Tring [Recommending books for Earl Cowper to read; thanks for flowers received to be painted by Bethnal Green children and those sent to the Essendine Road School, Undated; soliciting support for the "Invalid Children's School at the settlement", 1900  DE/P/F588/47-48  28 Nov [Undated]; 17 Jul 1900

2 item


Related information: See DE/P/F587

[?--- ttarford], James, Cadogan Square; Breamore [Social; Earl Cowper's agreement to joining the Unionist Free Trade Club]  DE/P/F588/49-50  11 May 1899; 17 Aug 1904

2 item

SARGENT, John Singer, Chelsea [Artist. Concerning a drawing he has done of Miss Graham and arrangements to visit him]  DE/P/F588/51-52  [?Friday] 10th, [Undated]; Dec 1895

2 item


Related information: [See DE/P/F587]

[ILLEGIBLE] [Thanks for kind words about the play]  DE/P/F588/53  16 Dec 1901

1 item

[ILLEGIBLE], Saville Row [Social]  DE/P/F588/54  17 Jun [Undated]

1 item

[UNSIGNED] [Incomplete letter addressed to "my old darling". Personal]  DE/P/F588/55  Wednesday [Undated]

1 item

Contents:
[Found in DE/P/F601]

Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Journal of journey through France and in Italy  DE/P/F589  Jan-Apr 1874

1 Volume

Journal of a journey through France and Switzerland, in Italy, then Egypt, Palestine and the Holy Land  DE/P/F590/1-3  Nov 1887-Apr 1888

3 Volumes

Contents:
There is a pressed flower inside the second volume

Scrapbook  DE/P/F591  Apr 1882-Jun 1910

1 Volume

Contents:
Of newspaper cuttings, etc, relating to activities of Countess Cowper, including copies of articles by Countess Cowper: "Some Experiences of Work in An East End District", 1885, and "The Decline of Reserve Among Women", 1890, with reviews of and responses to the same, reviews of Countess Cowper's first aid booklet "Help at Hand" (published 1885), her travel book "A Month in Palestine" (published 1889) and her article "Realism of Today" (published 1894); cuttings of newspaper articles and/or letters to newspapers by Countess Cowper on religious and charitable issues (including in support of the "People's Entertainment Society" for provision of free concerts to the poor, 1884, and deploring - on behalf of the Agatha Association - the iniquities of applying the Factories Act to flower shops, 1901; cuttings of letters to the newspapers from Countess Cowper condemning the use of violence by women suffragists and letters of response, 1909; two letters from Frances Balfour to Countess Cowper explaining reasons why women suffragists are resorting to violence, with copy letter of reply from Countess Cowper to same, 1909; printed leaflet by Countess Cowper in support of the Liberal Unionist election candidate, Lord Baring, with particular reference to the proposal for Home Rule for Ireland, G W Gilder's leaflet in opposition to hers, soliciting support for the Liberal candidate, Cyril Flower, letter from Cyril Flower to Countess Cowper apologising for the tone of Gilder's leaflet and copy of Countess Cowper's reply to same, 1892; newspaper reports of opening by Countess Cowper of the Finsbury and Shoreditch Polytechnic for the welfare of working boys, Undated, speech given by Countess Cowper to the Hertford Pleasant Sunday Afternoon
Brotherhood, 1909, the first annual meeting of the Hertfordshire County Nursing Association, 1910, and meeting presided over by Countess Cowper to consider the formation of a branch of Boy Scouts at Hertingfordbury, 1910]

Volume  DE/P/F592  Undated [early 20th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
In Countess Cowper's hand entitled "Men" and containing alphabetical list of men [perhaps suitable for inviting to parties?]

Note in hand of Countess Cowper reflecting on her failings in behaviour and efforts for improvement, recorded each Easter  DE/P/F593  1894-1896

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

Photographs  [no ref. or date]

Photograph album  DE/P/F594  C1866-1867

1 Volume

Contents:
Presented to Katrine Compton (later Countess Cowper), perhaps by her uncle, Reverend Alwyne Compton [Portraits, mainly unidentified but presumably of the Compton family and their circle of friends, and one or two views. Labelled portraits are: Miss Anstruther; Lola Madan; Sir William Alexander; Monsieur de Charnacé; Adelaide Talbot; the Hon. Mary Primrose; Lady Harriot Grimston; the Hon Constance Primrose; Lady Margaret Carnegie; Miss Nina Elliot; H Sanguzko; E de Burgh; M Thesinger; J Callender; E Maude; M Stanhope; C Ashley; F Montagu; A Hill; A Lister, A Cowper
(Probably Adine); and HRH the Princess Mary of Teck and Prince Teck at Belton House, Lincolnshire, 1867. Also included are a group posed in front of Ashridge and a group posed in front of Belton, an unidentified interior view of a grand house, and unidentified individuals canoeing.
Coats of arms decorating the album indicate it also contains photographs of members of Earl Brownlow's family, the Chetwynd Family, Earls of Shrewsbury, and the Talbot family. The album is of highly decorative presentation]

Photograph of Earl and Countess Cowper in old age and two photographs of an unidentified woman, perhaps Countess Cowper  DE/P/F595  Undated [late 19th cent]

3 items

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

Photograph  DE/P/F596  Undated [C1880s]

2 items

Contents:
Of unidentified group of schoolgirls, with unidentified ladies in attendance [Two copies]

The Hertfordshire Technical Instruction Association  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[Countess Cowper was chairman of the Hertingfordbury Branch of this Association, which in connection with the Technical Education Scheme of Hertfordshire County Council, provided instruction in joinery, drawing and first aid]

Hertingfordbury Branch Committee Minutes  DE/P/F597  Dec 1891-Mar 1911

1 Volume

Charities, etc  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[For records of the Agatha Association, which was founded by Countess Cowper and continued by her niece, Lady Desborough, see DE/P/Q]

First aid qualifications certificate and card awarded by St John's Ambulance to Countess Cowper  DE/P/F598  Mar 1883

2 items


Related information: There is also a St John's Ambulance Association Medallion in Countess Cowper's writing box, DE/P/F601

Printed standard letter  DE/P/F599  19 Oct 1885

1 item

Contents:
From the Clerk to Christ's Hospital, London, to Miss Burke, outlining the regulations relative to the presentation and admission of children into Christ's Hospital

Printed programme  DE/P/F600  Oct 1909

1 item

Contents:
For "Ye Olde English Village Bazaar" held at Shire Hall, Hertford, in aid of renovations to be made to the Hertford Congregational Church Manse

Writing Box  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[In addition to the artefacts still retained in Countess Cowper's writing box, the box also was originally found to contain the papers catalogued as DE/P/F582-F585, F586/2, F588/2, 16 and 55, F593, F595, F598, F608-F609, F612-F614]

Countess Cowper's writing box  DE/P/F601  Undated [19th cent]

1 box

Contents:
Contains inkpot, spectacles in spectacle case, a small brush, a quill knib, a St John's Ambulance Association Medallion in box, another (unidentified) medallion (a swastika and fleur-de-lys combined) in box, a copy of a motif of the initials KC, a blotter book, a small brass handle, and five locks of hair in envelopes labelled "mother's hair", "Mitty 1838", ? "Doria's hair" "Friday morn: July 21 1905. Francis' hair" and "hair: Cowper"]

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Manuscript volume  DE/P/F602  1859

1 Volume

Contents:
Inscribed "Katie M Compton July 1859" comprising tables of Kings and Emperors of various countries and of important historical dates

Manuscript choral music book  DE/P/F603  Undated [C1880s]

1 Volume

Contents:
Entitled "Hertingfordbury Choir" and bearing the signature "Katie Cowper"

Note in hand of Countess Cowper that she has sorted through "both boxes of papers" and disposed of them as Earl Cowper wished  DE/P/F604  1904

1 item

Faculty for the erection of a new clergy vestry at Hertingfordbury at Countess Cowper's expense  DE/P/F605  Oct 1908

1 Bundle

Contents:
With copies of the petition for the faculty and associated correspondence

Letter  DE/P/F606  Jun 1908

1 Bundle

Contents:
From Keith W Murray of the College of Arms, London, to Henry Poole of Chelsea enclosing sketches of the coats of arms of the families represented by the late Earl Cowper, and colour depictions of the arms of the Clavering, Gore, Nassau, Deitz, Vianden, Catswelboge, Nassau Ormond, Butler, de Grey, Robinson, Yorke, Campbell Earl Breadalbane, Grey, Lucas, Preston, Crew, Brampton, Morieux, [? Airmine], Crane, Bray, Stanbridge Leighton and Waldegrave families [These papers are probably connected with the design of the monument erected to Earl Cowper in Hertingfordbury parish church, which bears the arms of the many families of whom he was the last representative]

Uncut sheets of Countess Cowper's privately published A Memoir of Earl Cowper KG  DE/P/F607  1913

1 Bundle

Printed pamphlets of Countess Cowper's letter "The Agnostic at Church"  DE/P/F608  1882

2 items

Contents:
[Two copies. Found in DE/P/601]

Printed booklet  DE/P/F609  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
"A Penny Pocket Book of Prayers and Hymns" compiled by Arthur G Jackson [Found in D/EP F601]

Printed booklet  DE/P/F610  Undated [19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
"To the Bereaved"

Printed programme  DE/P/F611  1911

2 items

Contents:
Of general sports to be held at Hertingfordbury on the occasion of Coronation of King George V, 22 June 1911 [Two copies. Includes names of competitors]

Note in unidentified hand of cost of certain plants and drawing of unidentified object  DE/P/F612  Undated [19th/20th cent]

2 items

Contents:
[Found in DE/P/F601]

Testamentary Papers  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [Some details of Countess Cowper's intentions with respect of her will will be found in DE/P/F583]

Descriptive inventory of Countess Cowper's diamonds which were reset as a head ornament in 1873  DE/P/F613  Undated [late 19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

Inventories of plate, etc, sent to Ettie Grenfell, Auberon Herbert and Lady Amabell Kerr, 1905, list of diamonds and to whom they are to be bequeathed, and other notes on provisions of Countess Cowper's will, Undated  DE/P/F614  1905

1 Bundle

Contents:
Found in DE/P/F601

Henry Frederick Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Administrative history:
Henry Frederick Cowper was born on 18th April 1836, the younger brother of Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper (later 7th Earl Cowper). He attended Harrow School and Christ Church College, Oxford.
He was a JP and Deputy Lieutenant for Hertfordshire and a Deputy Lieutenant for Kent and from 1865-1885 represented Hertfordshire as a Member of Parliament. He was in 1859 First Ensign, and subsequently Lieutenant and then Captain of the 1st Hertfordshire Rifle Volunteers.
He resided at Brocket Hall in Hertfordshire and died, unmarried, on 10th November 1887

Personal and family papers: Diaries, Memoranda, Etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See DE/P/F557]

"The Churchman's Almanack 1854"  DE/P/F615  1854

1 Volume

Contents:
With one diary entry by Henry Cowper recording his departure from England for the continent, July 1854

Books and pamphlets  [no ref. or date]

Contents:
[The following collection of books and pamphlets survived in two bundles, together with DE/P/F615 and F641, and are said to have belonged to Henry Cowper. Some certainly bear his signature and where they do so this is indicated]

Nineveh: A Seatonian Prize Poem  DE/P/F616  1850

1 Volume

Contents:
By the Reverend George Birch

The Ballad of Babe Christabel, with other Lyrical Poems  DE/P/F617  1854

1 Volume

Contents:
By Gerald Massey

Scenes from an unfinished Drama entitled Phrontisterion, or, Oxford in the 19th Century  DE/P/F618  1852

1 Volume

Campe's edition of The Merry Wives of Windsor by William Shakespeare  DE/P/F619  Undated [19th cent]

1 Volume

Laws of the Greek Accents by John Griffiths  DE/P/F620  1850

1 Volume

Contents:
[Bears signature of Henry Cowper]

Ciceronis Oratio Philippica Secunda  DE/P/F621  1856

1 Volume
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Bears signature of Henry Cowper

Burns' Fireside Library: Lives of Englishmen in Past Days. Third Series  DE/P/F622  1845

1 Volume

William Pitt, Earl of Chatham by Thomas Babington Macaulay  DE/P/F623  1851

1 Volume

Contents:
Bears signature of Henry Cowper

Swift and Richardson by Lord Jeffrey  DE/P/F624  1853

1 Volume

Glimpses of the Dark Ages or Sketches of the Social Condition of Europe from the Fifth to the Twelfth Century, published by the Religious Tract Society  DE/P/F625  Undated [19th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
Bears signature of Henry Cowper

A Short Practical Explanation of the Apostle's Creed published by SPCK  DE/P/F626  1835

1 Volume

Selections from the Writings of the Reformers and Fathers of the Church of England: No III "On the Creed" by Archbishop Cranner, published by SPCK  DE/P/F627  1835

1 Volume

A Plain and Affectionate Address to Young Persons Previous to Receiving the Lord's Supper by the Reverend Daniel Wilson  DE/P/F628  1845

1 Volume

Contents:
[Bears signature of Henry Cowper]

The History of Charles Jones, the Footman, written by Himself, published by SPCK  DE/P/F629  1845

1 Volume

A New Christmas Tract: or the Right Way of Rejoicing at Christmas, published by SPCK  DE/P/F630  1846

1 Volume

The Tract Magazine and Christian Miscellany. No 15, published by The Religious Tract Society  DE/P/F631  Undated [C1848]

1 Volume

The Jewish Advocate for the Young: Nos 63, 64 and 69  DE/P/F632/1-3  1850-1851

3 Volumes

Contents:
No 64 bears the signature of Henry Cowper

The Cottager's Monthly Visitor, February 1855  DE/P/F633  1855

1 Volume

The Churchman's Monthly Penny Magazine and Guide to Christian Truth. No 105  DE/P/F634  1855

1 Volume

Parley the Porter  DE/P/F635  Undated [19th cent]

1 Volume

Contents:
Religious publication. Bears the signature of Henry Cowper

Le Viellard a L'Hopital  DE/P/F636  Undated [19th cent]

1 Volume
Language:  French

Contents:
Religious publication

A Catalogue of Atlases, Maps, Plans, Globes and Astronomical, Statistical and Geographical Works published by James Wyld  DE/P/F637  Undated [19th cent]

1 Volume

Geographical and Hydrographical Notes to Accompany Mr Wyld's Maps of The Ottoman Empire and the Black Sea  DE/P/F638  1854

1 Volume

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [Henry Cowper's shared passport with his elder brother for a trip to the Continent is catalogued DE/P/F575. See catalogue DE/P/Fa for photographs of and miscellaneous writings by Henry Cowper]

Notes on the orations of Aeschines and Demosthenes  DE/P/F639  Undated [C1840s/50s]

1 Volume

Contents:
Probably in the hand of Henry Cowper

Notes on the "Oratio Obligna"  DE/P/F640  Undated [C1840s/50s]

1 Volume

Contents:
Probably in the hand of Henry Cowper

Collecting book for the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews  DE/P/F641  1844

1 Volume

Contents:
Containing one entry and bearing the signature of Henry Cowper

Posters of the results of the Harrow School examinations, July 1850 and March 1852  DE/P/F642/1-2  1850; 1852

2 items

Contents:
["Mr Cowper" appears in the "Middle Shell", 1850, and in the "Fifth Form - Fourth Remove", 1852]

Poster soliciting votes for Henry Cowper in the forthcoming parliamentary elections  DE/P/F643  Feb 1864

1 item

Contents:
[Found in DE/P/F587]

Adine Eliza Anne Cowper  [no ref. or date]


Related information: The Fane family papers are described in catalogue DE/P/Fa and include a small number of letters written by Adine Fane (née Cowper) and some notes and verses in her hand

Administrative history:
Adine Cowper was born at Great Stanhope Street on 9th March, 1843, the third daughter of 6th Earl Cowper. She married at St James', Westminster on 29th September 1866 the Honourable Julian Henry Charles Fane, son of John Fane, 11th Earl of Westmorland. She died at Richmond House, Wimbledon, on 20th October 1868, leaving two children: a son, John Francis Henry (who died in 1876) and a daughter, Ethel Anne Priscilla, who would subsequently inherit Panshanger and other of Earl Cowper's estates in Hertfordshire, Kent and London on the death of his widow Countess Cowper

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [For diaries of Adine Fane (neé Cowper) for 1866 and 1868 see DE/P/F4-F5. There is also a memorandum book of hers in DE/P/X789/F38]

Diary [Annotated "vol II"]  DE/P/F644  Aug 1857-Aug 1861

1 Volume

Ethel Anne Priscilla Grenfell, Lady Desborough  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [Most of the papers held at this office which relate to Lady Desborough are contained in catalogues DE/Rv and DE/X789]

Administrative history:
[Ethel Anne Priscilla Fane was born on 27th June 1867, daughter of the Honorable Julian Fane and his wife Adine (neé Cowper, sister of 7th Earl Cowper). Married to William Henry Grenfell (later created Lord Desborough) of Taplow Court, Buckinghamshire, in 1887, "Ettie" was a popular society hostess, a leading spirit of the Souls (an influential group of aristocrats and others with political and literary interests and aesthetic leanings) and for many years a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Mary.
Ettie inherited Panshanger, together with other Cowper family estates in Hertfordshire, Kent and London, on the death of Countess Cowper in 1913.
She died on 28th May 1952, having outlived her husband and three sons and being survived by her two daughters, Monica Margaret, Lady Salmond and Alexandra Imogen, Viscountess Gage. The Cowper estates were subsequently sold off and Panshanger itself demolished]

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Correspondence  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See catalogues DE/Rv and DE/X789]

Letter  DE/P/F645  Undated [late 19th cent]

1 item

Contents:
From John Singer SARGEANT of Tite Street, Chelsea, an artist, concerning arrangements to do a drawing and prices charged

Photographs  [no ref. or date]

Postcard  DE/P/F646  Undated [early 20th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Showing a meeting of the hunt at Panshanger

Photograph  DE/P/F647  Undated [early 20th cent]

1 item

Contents:
Of Panshanger viewed across the lake, taken by Elsden [of Hertford]

Photographs  DE/P/F648/1-2  Undated [C1920s]

2 items

Contents:
Of Marden Hill [House], Tewin, taken by Elsden [of Hertford]

Photograph  DE/P/F649  1914-1918

1 item

Contents:
Of unidentified military group, bearing rifles and displaying a trophy, with partial key to identities of individuals in the group

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Front page of magazine Eve  DE/P/F650  7 Mar 1928

1 item

Contents:
Featuring portrait of Lady Desborough, wearing the insignia of Lady of the Bedchamber to HM Queen Mary

Pages from the magazine Country Life  DE/P/F651  19 Jan 1935

1 item

Contents:
Containing a description with photographs of the "Panshanger Cock Pheasant Shoot"

Pages from consecutive editions of the magazine Country Life  DE/P/F652-F653  15 Jan 1936

2 items

Contents:
Containing a two-part illustrated article "Country Homes and Gardens Old and New: Panshanger. A seat of Lord and Lady Desborough"

Illustrated booklet  DE/P/F654  1921

1 item

Contents:
Commemorating the unveiling of the Hertford War Memorial [Includes Roll of Honour]

Illustrated souvenir book  DE/P/F655  Undated [1921-1923]

1 item

Contents:
Entitled "Hertford Castle and Its Gardens", produced in commemoration of the visit to the Borough of Hertford of the Freemen of the City of London

Programme  DE/P/F656  1935

1 item

Contents:
Of festivities to be held at Hertingfordbury to celebrate the Silver Jubilee of HM King George V on 6th May 1935

"Silver Jubilee Supplement" produced by the Hertfordshire Mercury to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of HM King George V  DE/P/F657  1935

1 item

Contents:
[Illustrations include photographs of the Thanksgiving Service in the Castle grounds, Hertford; the Hertford Battery Royal Artillery (TF) firing a Royal Salute; floodlit Hertford Castle: a procession passing along the Wash, Hertford; McMullen's Breweries 'Empire Tableau'; a fancy cycle parade at Waltham Cross Station; Hoddesdon Town Band at the head of the carnival procession and a procession passing through Hoddesdon]

Official Souvenir Programme for the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on 12 May 1937; Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving commended for general use on Coronation Day and illustrated booklet of decorations at Selfridge's in London prepared for Coronation Day  DE/P/F658-F660  1937

3 items

Order of Service for Commemorative Service to be held in the Castle Grounds, Hertford  DE/P/F661  1937

1 item

Contents:
On the occasion of the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth

Programme of festivities to be held at Hertingfordbury to celebrate the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth and programmes of sports to be held at Hertingfordbury for the same  DE/P/F662-F663  1937

6 items

Contents:
Three copies of each

Maidenhead Souvenir Programme  DE/P/F664  1937

1 item

Contents:
For festivities in celebration of the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, with a forward by Lord Desborough and portrait photographs of Lord and Lady Desborough

Christmas Pye: a booklet of verses, puzzles, etc  DE/P/F665  Undated [C1920s]

1 item

Contents:
Inscribed inside "To dear Lady Desborough from Pen Gregory"

Typescript report (with pencil drawings)  DE/P/F666  Undated [mid 20th cent]

1 item

Contents:
By J B Gold of Wendy, Cambridgeshire, architect, on the original (pre-1855) Panshanger, attributing its design to William Atkinson

Typescript copy of Harold Nicholson's memoir of Lady Desborough "Marginal Comment", published in The Spectator, and another unidentified memoir of Lady Desborough, published in The Sphere  DE/P/F667  Jun 1952

1 item

William Henry Grenfell, Baron Desborough  [no ref. or date]


Related information: The Record Office holds few of his papers, although some items will be found in the catalogues DE/Rv and DE/X789. The archives of the Grenfell family of Taplow Court, Buckinghamshire are held at Buckinghamshire Record Office

Administrative history:
William Henry Grenfell of Taplow Court, Buckinghamshire, was born on 30th December 1905. He married Ethel Anne Priscilla Fane on 17th February 1887. He was created Baron Desborough on 30th December 1905. He died on 9th January 1945

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS  [no ref. or date]


Related information: There are five memoranda books kept by Lord Desborough and his estate agent amongst the estate papers (see DE/E134). These cover the period October 1919-June 1943 and although almost entirely concerned with the estate matters for which they were originally devised, the latest dated Volume in particular includes memoranda of notable events during the Second World War, including notes of bombs dropped at Tewin, parachute flares found near Panshanger house and a proposed maternity home and proposed hospital at Panshanger, together with some general diary notes about Lord Desborough's own movements and activities

Manuscript in the hand of William Henry Grenfell, reflecting on the history of Anglo-Saxon athletics and other sports and changes in training methods over the years [Incomplete]  DE/P/F668  Undated [late 19th/early 20th cent]

1 item

Illuminated address presented to Lord Desborough for services rendered to British Fencing in his role as President of the Olympic Council during the 1908 Olympic Games at London [Framed]  DE/P/F669  Undated [1908]

1 item

Newspaper cutting  DE/P/F670  Undated [1930s/40s]

1 item

Contents:
Of a photograph of "Jim Vincent, keeper of Lord Desborough's bird sanctuary on Hickling Broad, Norfolk" giving an angling demonstration to boys of Culford School, near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk

Monica Margaret Salmond, Lady Salmond  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [Most of the papers of Lady Salmond which are held at this office, including diaries and correspondence, are in catalogue DE/Rv]

Administrative history:
Monica Margaret Salmond (neé Grenfell) was the elder daughter of Lord and Lady Desborough born on 4th August 1893. She married on 2nd June 1924 Sir John Maitland Salmond and had two children, Julian and Rosemary Laura. On the death of Lady Desborough in 1952, Lady Salmond inherited Panshanger and shortly thereafter sold the property. Lady Salmond died in 1973

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Correspondence  [no ref. or date]


Related information: [See catalogue DE/Rv]

Typescript letter  DE/P/F671  3 May 1966

1 item

Contents:
From Francis Watson of The Wallace Collection, London to Lady Salmond [Concerning a letter by Carlo Giuseppe Fossati loaned to him by Lady Salmond, pictures lent by Lady Salmond for an exhibition abroad, and an Oeil de Perdrix Service bought by Chevalier Lambert for Lord Melbourne in 1771]

Typescript copy of a letter  DE/P/F672  26 Nov 1952

1 item
Language:  Italian

Contents:
From Teresa Lodi, Director of the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence, Italy, to [Colonel] W[illiam] Le Hardy at Hertfordshire Record Office concerning Lady Salmond's facsimile transcript of Virgil's Bucolics and Georgics

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Pages from the magazine Eve  DE/P/F673  10 Dec 1924

1 item

Contents:
Containing an illustrated article entitled "Air Marshal Sir John and the Hon Lady Salmond at Panshanger"

Programme of festivities at Hertingfordbury to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II on 2nd June 1953 and programme of sports at Hertingfordbury for the same  DE/P/F674  1953

2 items

Alexandra Imogen Clair Gage, Viscountess Gage  [no ref. or date]


Related information: There is a small quantity of correspondence of Viscountess Gage and copies of the orders of her funeral and memorial services in catalogue DE/Rv

Administrative history:
Alexandra Imogen Clair Gage (neé Grenfell) was the younger daughter of Lord and Lady Desborough, born on 11th February 1905. She married on 26th February 1931 Sir Henry Rainald Gage, 6th Viscount Gage and had three children, George John St Clere, Henry Nicholas and Camilla Jane. She died in 1969

PERSONAL AND FAMILY PAPERS: Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Receipt  DE/P/F675  15 Mar 1956

1 item

Contents:
For "manuscrips in 4 brochures of Virgil's 'Georgics' and 'Bucolics'" signed by Imogen Gage

Mary, Countess Cowper, second wife of Sir William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Letters  DE/P/F680  May 1718-Aug 1719

4 items

Contents:
To Countess Cowper from Thomas Woodford [Subjects include financial matters, votes in the House of Lords and the House of Commons on a matter pertaining to Spain and Lord Cowper's part therein and other political news and news of Woodford's own business at the Court of Chancery and at the Kent Assizes (particularly the trial of "Parson ?Stewert & other Officers of ye vagrant schools... for wandring about begging in ye Parish Churches of Kent...")]

John Clavering of Chopwell  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Slip of paper  DE/P/F681  Undated [C18]

1 item

Contents:
Endorsed in the hand of the 5th Earl Cowper "1832. Hair found in an old decayed pocket Book belonging to J Clavering Esq" and containing a lock of hair

William Clavering Cowper, 2nd Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]

Memoranda of the "lands of Lady Cowper's jointure"  DE/P/F682  Undated [C18]

1 item

Contents:
Refers to income from Earl Cowper's estates in Kent settled on his first wife, Henrietta, Countess Cowper

Copy of a deed to suffer recovery of, bar the entail on and resettle the estates of Earl Cowper in Hertfordshire, Kent, the City of London and Westmorland previously subject to a settlement made by the 1st Earl Cowper in 1736  DE/P/F683  Undated [1760]

1 item


Related information: For original of this deed see DE/P/T1232-T1234

Draft agreement  DE/P/F684  1761

1 item


Related information: [See DE/P/T1148 for the original 1759 settlement]

Contents:
Of George, Lord Fordwich to concur in a £300 per annum settlement made by Earl Cowper on the Earl's brother, Spencer Cowper

George Nassau Clavering Cowper, 3rd Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]

Case and legal opinion whether Earl Cowper can bar the tail male entail on that part of the South Wales Grant payable to him  DE/P/F685  1 Nov 1774

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/F693 hereafter for some further papers concerning this grant

Contents:
By letters patent dated 9 June 1694 there was granted to Henry de Nassau and his heirs an £800 yearly rentcharge payable on Crown property in North and South Wales. £400 of the rentcharge was subsequently devised by him to Henry, Earl of Grantham, who in 1732 settled £325 of this to pass after his death to his daughter, Henrietta, and her husband William, 2nd Earl Cowper and their heirs

Draft deed to suffer recovery of, bar the entail on and resettle the Manor and Lordship of Panshanger with farm and lands in Hertford St Andrew and Hertingfordbury  DE/P/F686  1771

1 item

Copy draft deed to declare uses of recoveries to be suffered by Earl Cowper to bar the estate tail vested in him on his estates in Hertfordshire, Kent and Westmorland in order to make a marriage settlement  DE/P/F687  1775

1 item


Related information: See DE/P/T1235 for the original of this deed

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Manuscript volume  DE/P/F688  Undated [Late C18]

1 Volume
Language:  French

Contents:
Containing copies of "Suite de l'histoire d'angleterre. Lettre 47e" and "Lord Chesterfield. Lettre 228e" [Possibly in the hand of 3rd Earl Cowper]

George Augustus Nassau Clavering Cowper, 4th Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Dictionnaire Universel Francois-Latin by M M Lallemont, 1779  DE/P/F689  1779

1 Volume

Contents:
Endorsed with the signature "G A Fordwich 1785"

Traveller's writing case and contents  DE/P/F690  Undated [late C18]

1 item

Contents:
In red and green leather, with glass bottles for blotting sand etc. Also inside the case are a small corkscrew, two impressions in red wax of Cowper family seals, a newspaper cutting from The True Briton, 20 Sep 1793, containing a descriptive article and map of "The Town and Harbour of Toulon" in France, and a scorecard for a cricket match, probably in the hand of 4th Earl Cowper

Manuscript copy of a newspaper report from the Kentish Gazette  DE/P/F691  Undated [early C19]

1 item

Contents:
About the arrival of Earl Cowper at Wingham in Kent in 1797 and the celebrations attendant upon the occasion

Survey, valuation and estimate for felling the Panshanger Oak, 1795, and similar for a large oak tree near the seat of the Marquis of Townshend at Rainham, Norfolk, 1798  DE/P/F692  1795; 1798

2 items

Peter Leopold Louis Francis Cowper, 5th Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Settlements, etc  [no ref. or date]

Papers concerning the rentcharge payable to Earl Cowper from the North and South Wales Grants  DE/P/F693  Undated [early C19]; 1816 - 1819

5 items


Related information: [See DE/P/F685 for the background to these rentcharges]

Memorial  DE/P/F693/1  Undated [early C19]

1 item

Contents:
Presented to the Lords Commissioners of H M Treasury regarding the insufficiency of the Crown revenue in North and South Wales to pay the grants due to Earl Cowper and others

Correspondence and papers  DE/P/F693/2-4  1816-1817

3 items

Contents:
Concerning the arrears in payment of the North Wales Grant due to Earl Cowper

Draft release  DE/P/F693/5  1819

1 item

Contents:
From Earl Cowper to his brother Edward Spencer Cowper of a moiety (£162 10s) of the South Wales Grant due to Earl Cowper

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Letters  DE/P/F694  9 Nov 1795; Undated [1790s]

2 items

Contents:
To Hon Francis Cowper [later 5th Earl Cowper] from his distant cousin Charles Cowper of Temple Cloisters, London concerning their friendship, efforts of an unnamed person to unsettle it, the movements and motives and friendships of the Dowager Countess Cowper and other family and social matters

Letter  DE/P/F695  22 Sep 1827

2 items

Contents:
To Earl Cowper from William Atkinson of St John's Wood, Middlesex, architect, concerning a proposed minor extension to the Earl's house at St George's, Hanover Square, London and enclosing a ground plan of the proposed extension

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Memorandum  DE/P/F696  Jul 1811

1 item

Contents:
Of the measurements of the girth and height, etc of the Panshanger Oak as at 1805 and 1811

Printed notices  DE/P/F697  Oct 1808

2 items

Contents:
Of new duties payable on bills, promissory notes, bonds, etc

George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Correspondence  [no ref. or date]

Letter  DE/P/F698  31 Jul 1852

1 item

Contents:
To Earl Cowper, as Lord Lieutenant of the County of Kent, from John Eley, Captain and Adjutant of the West Kent Militia, concerning the impending call up of the West Kent Militia and preparations thereto

Notes  DE/P/F699  Undated [C19]

1 item

Contents:
In the hand of 6th Earl Cowper on the charities of Walter Bigg, 1631, and Stephen Bigg, 1646, for the relief of the poor of Fordwich and Sturry in Kent

Katrine Cecilia Cowper, Countess Cowper  [no ref. or date]

Diaries, memoranda, etc  [no ref. or date]

Pocketbook  DE/P/F700  Undated [C1877]

1 Volume

Contents:
Of Katrine, Countess Cowper, containing notes on the residents of Tewin parish, mainly names and ages with occasional other information or comment

Henry Frederick Cowper (1836-1887)  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Small portrait photograph  DE/P/F701  Undated [C19]

1 item

Contents:
Of Henry Frederick Cowper [Defaced]

William Henry Desborough, Baron Desborough  [no ref. or date]

Miscellaneous  [no ref. or date]

Newspaper cutting  DE/P/F702  2 May 1943

1 item

Contents:
Of an obituary by Lord Desborough: "The Duke of Portland: An Appreciation"

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